Author Archive

By Chuol C. Puoch

While the moment (SPLM/A-IO) is growing, developing and getting stronger on daily basis, it is very crucial to write this piece of words as a cordial and patriotic advice to the fellows serving under the dictatorial regime a.k.a demokirratic goverment.

SPLM/A – IO is succeeding beyond anyone’s expectation; many were thinking that it would end up submitting itself to the government of Salva Kirr at the end of the day while others were thinking that it’s merely an evil plan of Dr.Riek Machar to kill South Sudanese, probably because he always like to kill people as they claims. Others were lying that it’s a Nuer rebellion which would be destroyed in 4 days or 30 days. Then, if I can ask; does/will any of the above perceptions be holding the ground of reality? Absolutely NO!

What exactly is happening now within the government of Salva Kirr is that, no body cares about the whole system but their exclusive multiple segregated personal benefits out of the system – their financial continuity and stability. There is no true and realistic flow of information to and fro among their various leadership units. What exactly is happening among themselves (pro-government) should either be call “political seduction for financial gains” or “intentional state destruction and corruption with impunity”. There is no official communication even within the cabinets to the presidency. People like Michael Makuei Lueth the information minister, Barnaba Marial Benjamin the foreign affairs minister never gave the correct status of their government to the presidency as they are the people getting how their government is rated nationally and internationally.

The minister of interior, Aleu Ayieny Aleu has been doing illegal business by releasing the police personals for robbery in and outside Juba; they have been looting the properties of innocent civilians in Juba, killing innocent people, and destroying houses of people at night. They have set up hundredth checkpoints only between Nimule-Juba highway. The ministry of defense is divided into three: the ministry of Kuol Manyang Juuk, reporting to the president their nonsense, the ministry of Paul Malong Awan reporting as well to the president and the ministry of Buay Malek and other special persons among the army with their report going directly to the president who is also their C-in-C. All those people among others never reported the reality to their highest office.

It’s worth mentioning that their only objective is to remain where they are so long as they enjoy the state services through corruption with impunity. The illegitimates governors and commissioners of the three states of greater Upper Nile are badly running dirty deals with the resources of their various constituencies. They falsely believe that they are protected under the leadership of Salva kirr and they will remains safe for as long as Kirr is going to be there for them. Is that true? Will Kirr remain with them for long time from now? Absolutely NO! Kirr as a person who has been a president before his madness will be recognize and given a political asylum if at all ICC will forgive him. How about the other DEMOKIRRATES? Have you defined your exit route(s)?

If you were people with political maturity and plans, you would have, at this time, realize that you are going to hell; you have chosen to be war mongers instead of searching for peace and stability of the Country, your end is so dark to be seen clearly but you choose to remain the way you are. You should’ve changed your mind and join the SPLM/A – IO, and any of you will be accepted before it’s too late. If you were to be looking for peace, your darkening future would gradually be getting bright as you may be integrated into the moment. But, should the SPLM/A – IO succeed militarily as you want, many of you will not even be accepted to wash the plates and houses in diasporas, leave alone thinking for political asylum.

Your communities have already disowned all of you and they will not accept your settlement in their villages because you have almost ruined their future and deprived their prides and dignity, for your bad representation of their image. They can even curse you to death if you will try to settle in them.  I am happy that your end is not too far from now, get ready!

Chuol C. Puoch is a South Sudanese living in South Sudan; he can be added/follow on Facebook with his name mentioned above, on twitter @Chuolchot and via email: . You can also access his words on

Celebrities Turning Political Activists

Posted: August 22, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Featured Articles

By Athian Mayen

South Sudanese musician, Emmanuel Jal

South Sudanese musician, Emmanuel Jal

You will never turn activist unless you strongly feel bad about a thing or two and that you can bring change somehow, and usually its folks from the West who turn activists, it could be campaign against animal consumption (vegetarianism), environmental activism but what I want to heed to is the impact of political activism.

Political activism can buzz quickly and profoundly if the persona is a public figure, and for that matter South Sudan has a host of Celebrities known internationally for Music, Sports and Modeling, and luckily in these modern times messages are spread effectively through entertainment industry.

In July of 2011, that one time, who among our superstars wasn’t here with his camera crew flipping the V-sign, citizens born or spent much time outside, that’s the unforgettable moment you point to and say we were most united.

However, In the light of current events in the country, you would expect an intervention from our won like Luol Deng, Alek Wek, Emmanuel Jal, the countless models roaming Europe and many more, to get involved a bit in philanthropic work particularly in their beloved country rather than spending time on some Ice bucket challenge.

To show you that they are true greats, here are some of their accomplishments and how famous they are: Luol Deng nearly a million followers on Facebook, face of Britain Olympics, been to the greatest teams in the NBA list goes on. Alek Wek, featured in hundreds of runway events, enough print and telly adverts.

As for Emmanuel Jal, his stance has never wavered therefore I’m not surprised but I would be lying if I said ‘this country’ is not in heart always. We have many others struggling to come up, but till then shall I mention them.

Compared to other African countries, the heights of fame these fellows have reached is incredible but are they blind to the war this time round? Um, I don’t know. All I know is that, they spend time helping countries that don’t need help, rather than directing those efforts at their Motherland.

Additionally I don’t doubt their social conscience and humanitarian work, I’d just love to see them resume advocacy that they once did, and you all know their voices are much more important than the Ambassadors putting up in those villas. They can help in clarifying issues.

Virtually, the years these immigrants spent abroad are showing development and growth professionally and other ways. Athletes and famous people generally usually use their influence to great effect, and in times of turmoil and despair we’ve seen leaders spring up for example, Vitali Klitscko the Ukrainian heavyweight boxer, George Weah the former Liberian presidential Candidate and Didier Drogba the Ivorian captain etcetera.

I like Didier Drogba, not only for his football skills but how he’s become the face of post-civil conflict Ivory Coast, here’s what he did. ‘Drogba picked up the microphone in the dressing room and, surrounded by his team mates, fell on his knees live on national television, He begged both warring factions to lay down weapons and within a week his bold wish had been granted’.

Later when asked about it, he had this to say. “It was something I did instinctively, “all the players hated what was happening to our Country and reaching the World Cup was the perfect emotional wave to ride”.

At times during press conferences, some stubborn Journalists deviate from the subject and bring questions concerning your homeland, that’s when you know that it’s sad that some of us put the countries of resettlement ahead of South Sudan.

Above all, you’ve always been figures of unity and pride of this nation; we would just appreciate it if one Diaspora greats would surprise us with a different formula to address the conflict, a star that can be like Late Manute Bol, because we need peace as soon as possible.

Till then you Contact me at “”

South Sudan rebels accept presence of Ugandan troops to keep peace

By Elias Biryabarema

KAMPALA (Reuters) - South Sudan rebels have agreed to let Uganda maintain its forces on South Sudanese soil until a regional body deploys a peace keeping force, a spokesman for the Ugandan government told Reuters on Friday.

The new stance by the rebels, which is a 180-degree turn from their earlier position of demanding withdrawal of the troops from South Sudan, could open a way to mend ties between the insurgents and Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni.

At least 10,000 people have been killed since fierce fighting erupted in December, pitting President Salva Kiir’s government forces against supporters of Riek Machar, his former deputy and longtime rival.

Since the conflict in Africa’s youngest nation erupted in mid December, the Ugandan leader has stood by the South Sudanese government, angering the rebels.

Peace initiatives by the regional group of nations, the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD), have so far failed to end the conflict, fought along ethnic lines between Kiir’s Dinka community and Machar’s Nuer people.

Ofwono Opondo, the Ugandan government spokesman, said a rebel delegation in Uganda met a government team led by Salim Saleh, brother of President Museveni, who acts as his senior advisor on defence and security.

“We explained to them why we deployed in their country and they agreed that we can stay there until IGAD deploys,” Opondo said. “They also agreed that a military option can not bring lasting peace in South Sudan.”

Opondo said Ugandan officials explained to the visiting rebels that Uganda had not deployed its troops to take sides in the conflict, but rather it went “in to stop a genocide”.

The rebels said they were encouraged by their meeting and that they recognised Uganda’s influence on the South Sudanese leadership and its potential to help find a settlement.

“We believe it can play a positive role in influencing the GoRSS (Government of the Republic of South Sudan) to commit to the ongoing peace process,” the statement said.

Analysts say Uganda is reluctant to pull out its troops, a move it fears could trigger a collapse of the Kiir-led government, creating a full-blown war across a nation that has emerged as one of its key export markets.

Regional countries and some western powers have voiced concern in the past that Uganda’s deployment was complicating efforts by IGAD to resolve the conflict.

On May 9, Machar and Kiir signed a ceasefire and agreed to form an interim government by Aug. 10, but they missed that deadline as peace talks in Addis Ababa stalled.

Last week, the United Nations Security Council warned it could impose sanctions on the warring sides, due to repeated violations of the ceasefire, amid growing fears of a man-made famine in the country.


Posted: August 22, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

BY EMMANUEL MALUAL, Rumbek,  Lakes state

News in lakes state are always shocking the country and the neighbors of  lakes  state. On the  morning of August 19th, I received a call from the payams administrator on the situation in Yirol west.

According to him, he said that now we are scared because of the attacks that are being carried by the people from Rumbek  East especially Akot payam, the neighboring payam with the Aluakluak payam.

He also said that insecurity is the order of the day like in April the attackers came and killed a man and girl in marial bek area. Yet that was after the peace conference which was held in Alualkluak which brought all traditional chiefs together plus the two commissioners of Yirol West and Rumbek East to find out the solution to the problem.

Just a day earlier, children and women were spending a night at the bush because of more attacks to the people in the villages like Tungul, marialbek. A pregnant womam was killed in Marial bek too.

Part of Agany village have been living in fear since January. Their farming activities have not been successful due to insecurity  in the state. The group of cattle raiders is a big challenge for peace and instability in the state.

This problem has also brought about acute shortage of food because there is no farming activities  in the areas affected by the  cattle raiding.

That is all about the situation in the lakes state in particular Rumbek East and Yirol west concerning the on-going cattle raiding in the state.


Posted: August 22, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Mading De Manyok

peace deal“Peace, in the sense of the absence of war, is of little value to someone who is dying of hunger or cold. It will not remove the pain of torture inflicted on a prisoner of conscience. It does not comfort those who have lost their loved ones in floods caused by senseless deforestation in a neighboring country. Peace can only last where human rights are respected, where people are fed, and where individuals and nations are free” – The XIVth Dalai Lama

It is not too late to have peace vertebral in South Sudan nevertheless the two belligerent parties’ peace talks in Addis Ababa cubicle. The dirty fighting that is going on now between Juba government and the rebel forces under Riek Machar will not yield whatsoever but a annihilation of lives and the properties of the peace of South Sudan. Thriving, war had transpired and mounting to power through navies all miscarries. But for how long will this irrational warfare keep going? Thousands if not millions of lives have been lost during the seven months of fighting.

Our people are in distracted lives whether within or outside South Sudan. Their lives are not into expectations of first class citizens though some live in aa extraordinary contour apartments or high towers athwart the world. South Sudanese people needs to exercise their standard breathes. However, this futile war that young nation is gearing into upshot to deprivation. Syndromes and bugs are spreading like wildfire to citizens for instance cholera outbreaks, measles to mention but few.

South Sudan needs peace and it will not derive from outside countries that we are pursuing humanitarians and pecuniary support from. It will come within us South Sudanese by consecrate or detriment ourselves into – peace.

I would resembling to let South Sudanese frontrunners especially the President of Republic Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit and dissident leader Riek Machar Teny to apprehend that South Sudanese citizens are beholding aimed at peace to exercise their normal daily life identical other countries citizens. Through peace, we can earn everything which every South Sudanese desire to achieve as first class citizens.

Everything is important for levelness of our circadian routine. However, peace is such an important aspect of life that we South Sudanese habitually discount or even do not realize specifically during the intervening period of Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005 time. We acquired up arms against ourselves, butchery our own innocent civilians and former

rebel leader David Yau Yau is the preeminent of these homicide innocent civilians without accountability. South Sudanese people never experience a peaceful environment because of ambiguous and greedy on power. It not only depends on our efforts but also on the surrounding and the people we live within.

To get peace and cheerfulness in life we need to correct ourselves and even our contiguous needs to be in our indulgence. Since it comes from within, all our relations also need to be nourished to get love and peace of ourselves. In fact giving and getting peace in life is not difficult as we routinely think. But love and the feeling of sacrifice for others always brings the eternal peace of heart like never before.

First, we should have the destination chosen where peace of mind and the utmost satisfaction is felt by us. After fixing up the destination we need to work towards earning it every second i.e. peace. Even if we are very much dedicated in earning satisfaction and peace, there are many reasons that might affect and play a role of hindrance between us and our destination as South Sudanese citizens – we all need peace to prevail in our nation.

Besides, South Sudan belongs to all sixty plus tribes and no tribe own the nation. It is our duty as true citizens to bring peace back and work together to rebuild our beloved nation. South Sudan will not be call a country when one of our beloved tribes Nuer, Shilluk,Acholi, Madi, Kakwa, Bari, Mundari, Dinka, Murle, and all supplementary tribes you know are not in, it will not be call a nation when we hated one another.

Remember,all the office bearers we are fighting on their veracious are not proprietors ofSouth Sudan but you as a citizen. All those politicians will leave but South Sudan will not and never go anywhere. It is our allotment land endlessly. 

Everyone needs peace and it’s very imperative to obligate it.

A child gets peace in the arms of his/her mother.

A partner gets peace of life when his/her hand is held by his/her who works

along all the difficulties of life with him/her.

A homeless gets peace under a shelter.

A beggar gets peace with the piece of bread.

The fire of hunger gets peace with food.

Love gets peace in the heart of someone.

An old aged gets peace in the words of respect.

A relation gets peace with the pillars of trust and understanding.

And at last, a soul gets peace when meets in the eternity.

South Sudan need peace and it begin with you and me.

Mading De Manyok © 2014 

By Garang Atem Ayiik, Juba


  1. Introduction

John Maynard Keynes, a British economist pioneered the role of government in term of using monetary and fiscal policies to keep the economy on track during 1930s great depression. His intellectual economic breakthrough provided comfort to economists about their ability to control the direction of economic growth till recent financial crises.

Recent financial crisis points to insufficiency of these tools, however, policy makers have learnt to combine private and public sector twin – interests in a complementary manner to achieve desired economic policy objectives for public and private sectors good.

South Sudan, a nation once described by its late founding father, Dr. John Garang ‘as never got a tarmac road since creation’ has recently got some pockets of costly tarmac roads in capital, Juba and 192 Km Nimule – Juba financed by USAID resulting in ‘peace dividends’ as commonly described in Juba.

Though these roads and other inter-states roads can be equated to ‘peace infrastructure dividends’, it is inadequate, costly and slow in delivery mechanism. With all states without tarmac road, rail, water, sewage and airport net-works, there is a great need to review infrastructure financing in South Sudan to accelerate infrastructure progress.

  1. Financing Conditions and Options

Monetary policy has evolved overtime, at each stage, economists, policy makers and independent analysts identified challenges and propose a policy prescription. The genesis for instituting and reforming many Central Banks around the World has been to make them independent in term of making their monetary policies with little influence from the politicians.

South Sudan requires creative, workable well thought financing mobilization, this can only happens with a strong regulatory and independent infrastructure financing environment. The first step is to conceive institutions, relationship and objectives manned by people competitively recruited.

These institutions’ objectives range from needs identification, financing mobilization, and implementation. It is important each key stage is assigned to an independent institution within infrastructure system to ensure internal control as it happens in the corporate World.

In corporate world, a case of Oil Company, production, processing, marketing and sales of oil are handle by independent wings of the same company to ensure results and successes are measured at each stage, remuneration and progress of individuals in charge is attached to progress of their units.

Key issue is whether to have institutions for need identification – Authority; Financing – Investment; and implementation – Need implementation run on corporate model. Thorough conceptualization, and sustainability studies are very important ingredients in conceptualizing these initiatives. Without independent procurement processes, and contracts enforcement mechanisms important international players can easily be ‘crowded out’.

Once you have infrastructure needs identified by an independent authority, these needs will reflect economic priority, otherwise, needs will be based on ad hoc non-economic relationship which affect national equity and harmony.

The next stage after independent needs assessment is to finance the project, in my view, South Sudan should have an independent investment wing, this institution, will mobilized funds from excess government source like Pension Scheme and Future Funds at agreed interest rate. At start, government and donors can put ‘seed money’ and thereafter, run as corporate organization. Where possible, it can be co-owned by private companies.

I am imagining electricity, water, roads, rails, airports and sewage supply as partially owned by private sector in commercial viable areas. Just to paraphrase, electricity supply will be owned by an independent company owned by South Sudan Electricity Corporation, Infrastructure Investment Authority and other private investors.

South Sudan Electricity Corporation roles will be limited to its ownership but more importantly as regulatory organization. The key issue here is not about which institution but the concept of independency to identify, finance and manage viable infrastructure projects.

In term of roads supply, need assessment will be done by government authority, financing will be done by Infrastructure Investment Authority in conjunction with other private financiers that will own the road and collect money from the users. This approach will apply to all infrastructure and utilities goods.

In areas where it is not economically viable for Infrastructure Investment Authority and other private financiers, the government can provide services in the interim, but at any time it is viable for private sector, the government, can always sell its investment.

Whether this is a wild thought in an environment of South Sudan, South Sudan got to think outside the box. Initiatives that encourage independency, and business environments are keys to having a robust economic progress. Private sector lead – economic growth was key model used by Asia tigers and South Sudan might want to try this path.

  1. Conclusions and Recommendations

Private sector lead infrastructure development with government influence might be a very important model. South Sudan needs to engage private financiers in a controlled and prioritized manner. Government investment wings in this sector will be key;

Economic growth depend on confidence and unleashing private sector potential in South Sudan is essential. Government has been the main employer because of limited private sector growth. Better infrastructure development, supported by good regulatory environment, will expand private sector in South Sudan and this will reduce un-employment pressure;

The natural resources potentials have high value in an environment of good infrastructure. Today an investor in South Sudan starts from the basic – water, sewage, electricity and costly transport network. This article call for reduction of this cost to the investors and citizens through a national investment these services;

South Sudan has Future Fund and Pension Scheme which have potential to hold huge sum of money if their operation and independency is institutionalized. It is only in an environment of strong private sector lead economic – growth model that this monies can be reinvest- as there is no capital market in South Sudan;

South Sudan got to be creative in financing and prioritizing infrastructure projects to make progress. Recently, LAPSSET project, a project conceived and developed by Kenya that the authors believe is meant to open up Northern Kenya but fashioned as regionally initiative, attracted the attention of everyone including South Sudan;

This is what happens in an environment without well-thought and continuous economic investment modelling. Without inter-states roads in South Sudan, South Sudan needs to prioritize inter-states road in South Sudan and lobby Kenya to tarmac Lokichar – Lodwar road to divert traffic from Uganda for goods destined to Eastern Equatoria and Jonglei states instead of LAPSSET;

Development is not resources given, Singapore and Malaysia demonstrated this. South Sudan got to sit and draw its intended economic path – resources aside, policy makers and citizens must and should add value for South Sudan economic progress.

Garang Atem Ayiik is an independent South Sudan Economic Policy commentator. He can be reached at

By Mapuor Malual Manguen,

Early this week, a UK based newspaper, The Huffington Post reported that Ferguson Riots Delight Iran, China and Egypt. These countries are among other states around the world whose human rights records often come under harsh criticisms from US government and its funded-institutions such as Human Rights Watch.

Equality, freedom of assembly, freedom of expression and non discrimination on whatever grounds, are some of the elements of good governance and democracy which US preaches or imposes on weaker states in its foreign policy styles.

With unrest in Missouri, sparked by the shooting of Michael Brown, an unarmed black teenager gunned down by white Police Officer Darren Wilson; and subsequent heavy deployment of the US National Guard to clampdown on rioting black community and some of their white sympathizers, the table has been turned on US by what it considers as repressive regimes.

US authorities have been told to show restraint in dealing with the racially charged demonstrations in Ferguson, Missouri – by the Egyptian government. In a bizarre turnaround, authorities in Cairo used language similar to that offered by Washington when Egypt was facing its own protests from Islamist demonstrators in 2013 – an uprising that led to the deaths of hundreds of Muslim Brotherhood supporters.

According to Reuters, the Egyptian Foreign Ministry released a statement on Tuesday saying it was “closely following the escalation of protests”

Criticism of the US over Ferguson has similarly flowed from other repressive regimes, including China, with a comment piece published by the state-run Xinhua news service on Monday upbraiding the US for the “racial divide” that “still remains a deeply-rooted chronic disease that keeps tearing US society apart, just as manifested by the latest racial riot in Missouri”

“Each country has its own national conditions that might lead to different social problems. Obviously, what the United States needs to do is to concentrate on solving its own problems rather than always pointing fingers at others,” reads part of the article.

Russia and Iran have not been left behind either by telling off Obama administration to mind its own business, with Iran going as far as peddling a more insidious and conspiratorial line, blaming the riots in Ferguson on Jewish control of the US government.

With a two-week-old racial unrest in Missouri, will US stop behaving like Angel of good governance and concentrate on solving its own internal problems? US must understand that it can commit same mistakes it has always considered as repressive.

Firing tear gas and use of water canon to disperse peaceful protesters just like what its National Guard did in Missouri, has been undemocratic to US government especially when this approach is used in other countries.

This is hypocrisy of Americans who could not remove speck in their eye before removing it on others’.

The author journalist, blogger, social and political commentator based in Juba. He can be reached at

By Daniel Machar Dhieu
Dictatorships better control the elements of discipline and order in society. They enforce personal discipline because they promote a State founded on patriarchal and hierarchical important, through the implementation of strict policies based on personal security and international respect on a community basis. Evidence of this argument, is Taiwan and Holland, where Confucianism is the primarily ideology promoted in the society.
This ideology focuses on the importance of interpersonal relationships based on the performance of individual roles in society and also based on fixed principles of authority. Resulting in a productive based society triggering continues economic growth showed in the last years as general report concerned. All ruling government needs discipline, disregard the form of the government. It is true that dictator may breed personal discipline, but dictatorship itself is not a good breeding ground.
Discipline is a description of the way we act in pursuit of our goal. One of the scholars name Dewey describe discipline as “A person who is trained to consider his actions, to undertake them deliberately, is in so far forth disciplined. Add to this ability a power to endure in an intelligently chosen course in the face of distraction, confusion, and difficulty, and you have the essence of discipline. Three key words in disciplines are, consider, deliberate, and “an intelligently chosen course in the face of distraction, confusion, and difficulty”.
These three keys refer to one main point, which the discipline comes from the person itself, not by the pressure of the government. Disciplines are the backbone of any constitutional countries to exist. Disciplines made an order that came from public awareness, not by public security. Thus, the obedience of the citizen will comes from the consent of each citizen, not by a pressure from the dictator.
Therefore, in our country South Sudan where every persons activating for leadership and putting all clams on democracy giving more rooms in blaming government of failing the state with poor development target. There is need for strong dictatorship system to install in place to run the country in-order to sustain the situation where citizen themselves are threat to their government.
The country is habited by over sixty-four (64) tribes with deferent ideologies. The mentality of six-four tribes is more dangerous to be rule by democracy means unless dictatorship government that may force them to work in the same wing. The spirit mentality of these tribes is that, there is no one above any tribe.
The dictatorship system is mostly effective in controlling public institutions such as security mandate, building bilateral relationship with other countries and distribution of resources to its habited people. In relation this system also it’s a lot work in controlling variables institutions. 
These variables institutions are (in broad strokes): education, health and economic welfare. Although dictators don’t always get optimal results, this failure or success comes from their decisions and not from a lack of control over these variables institutions.
Dictatorships can control the health and education of its population better because they can decide how to allocate the resources (funding, students, professors, infrastructure, and supplies) to prepare new professionals for the health and education sectors; and they can determine the curricula, salaries and place of employment in a way democracies can’t manager.
For example, In 1970s Uganda under dictatorship leader late Idi Amin Dada, in surprise he developed Uganda more than other leaders in Uganda history. That was due to his dictatorship modality in ruling although he does not build bilateral relationship with other country. During Amin regime government schools, hospitals and national barrack were build across the country for example Munni girl in Arua and Moyo senior secondary school in Moyo district and in term of health centre Malango was also build in his regime and many more. 
So, the system is more developmental compare to democracy. Those countries under dictatorship leadership are not distance from development instead they are best in maintaining their stability. In-other hand they do block external power in their country status whereas democracy countries cannot temper to do because of this problem they are always influence by foreign powers.
In conclusion, I would like to inform those who are planning to install new government to focus on dictatorship government in South Sudan for easy administration and governing all societies of South Sudan. South Sudanese are very complex enough to be rule by democratic mean.

Malith Alier, Juba

What more can a patriotic citizen do in this country than to right a dysfunctional situation. Juba, Wau and Malakal are former headquarters of the former three southern provinces of the then Sudan. Every South Sudanese have an idea of what they look like and at least are informed about them in the past and present.

Juba, Wau and Malakal were also used as garrison towns during the wars of liberation, both the Anya nya and the SPLA wars.
Juba, in the former Equatoria province has its fair share of controversies. It is the birthplace of Kokora. It is inhabited by the most selfish and enigmatic tribes in form of the Bari speakers.

This author is not sure why Juba was chosen in 1972 after APA to host the headquarters of the Southern Region (SR) when it was not suitable for the purpose. The same mistake reoccurred in 2005 after the CPA. The entrenched selfishness characterised by hostility of the Bari speakers is what made patriotic citizens of Western Bhar El Ghazal to invite the capital for Wau nahr!

On the 16 July 2014, Mr. Rizik Zachariah Hassan suggested that the capital be transferred from Juba to Wau in a rare gesture of goodwill never seen or heard of from anybody in this country. He went on to defend the suggestion on the 16 August exactly one month later on many grounds among them is the issue of “land grabbing” supposedly prevalent in Juba.

Land grabbing is the single important issue cited by the Jubans or the host community year in year out. This is such that people who come from elsewhere outside Equatoria region are all land grabbers.

On the other hand, Wau is unlikely to dwell so much on the land grabbing because it has a master plan lacking for Juba as explained by the Governor. Another advantage of Wau over Juba is that, people there are more peaceful and hospitable compared to Juba. This means that people allow proper processing of plots and issuance of title deeds in a transparent way which is not the case in Juba. The Bari speakers and other Equatorians are the ones who connive to issue themselves and foreign magnates with land titles exclusively. This is how low nationalism has become in Equatoria.

Wau has learned from the shenanigans of Juba. Juba is a place of shifting sands. The 1980s Kokora and the post CPA contention of central and state governments over a piece of land called Juba. A scenario where every government wants to outmanoeuvre the other over land without regard to the law is surely untenable. It is therefore; fair to say that this stalemate over Juba is a result of lack of leadership in a strong personality at both levels of the government.

Governor Rizik is there to correct this misunderstanding over Juba. He has what it takes to move beyond Juba crisis. First of all, he is the first Governor to sequestrate the State headquarters from the County headquarters. He managed to move two County headquarters which were in Wau to Bagari and Nyinakok, something impossible anywhere in the whole of South Sudan. He overcame both procrastination and protest in the County headquarters.

Based on this, Governor Rizik may be in a position to move the State headquarters away from Wau as soon as the proposal is accepted by the government and the people of South Sudan.

Benefits of hosting the Capital (main)

 Provides ready market for local goods and services
 Many services to citizens in the area e.g. security
 Employment of local people in public and private sectors

The myopic people of Juba and by extension of Equatoria failed to see these advantages over the rest of the country.
Viability of the proposal

Juba was not at the level it is now before 2005. It was at the level of Wau and Malakal by the virtue of being one of provincial capitals in the Southern Region. However, its status was greatly elevated after 2005 because it not only became headquarters of semi-autonomous region but also became the capital for independent South Sudan. More or less the same applies to the other cities in the country.

Governor Rizik’s proposal is in line with taking development to other less developed areas in South Sudan. The development we see in Juba today can be taken to Wau in the form of capital transfer from Juba-to-Wau-to-Ramciel.

The issue of resources can easily be addressed in many ways. The petrodollars are there to assist the transfer. There are also the donor funds for development as well as that of the business community. There is nothing to lose in this scenario because it all goes for one thing, development of South Sudan.

It is not only South Sudan that moved its capital from one region to another. It happens all over the world for reasons such as ours. The issues of limited land, strategy and other risks are the reasons for doing so. In many cases, the transfer is but for the benefit of the whole nation.

The proposal governor Rizik put forward and taken at the face value is a gesture of patriotism. He saw that the government and people of South Sudan were stuck over Juba for simple solvable thing called land. South Sudan has abundant land with relatively low population compared to other countries in the region.

The quarrel over land should only be heard from East Africa but not South Sudan. South Sudan’s population density is only 13 people per square kilometre. The countries of East Africa have over a hundred people per square kilometre.

It is therefore, advisable for people of this country to share all the resources including land amicably without segregation. This is what the people of Western Bhar El Ghazal espoused.

Majak Abot Aluel, Juba

President George W. Bush welcomes Rebecca Garang,  the Minister of Transportation, Roads and Bridges of the Government of  Southern Sudan, to the Oval Office, Friday, Feb. 10, 2006 at the White House.  White House

President George W. Bush welcomes Rebecca Garang, the Minister of Transportation, Roads and Bridges of the Government of Southern Sudan, to the Oval Office, Friday, Feb. 10, 2006 at the White House.

Dear Daniella Valentino Wol,

Your consecrate jubilation and reaction on the relieved of Mama Rebecca Nyandeng de Garang was indeed a juvenile act and completely immature behavior for you to respond to an elderly mother to the scope beyond political opinion. Dirt

FYI, the President has proactive constitutional powers to either remove or appoint any person to any portfolio in the country. It is not all about being from fox of alcohol or fox of backwardness {Awan Mou or Awan Chan}. Nations are not built on sections; it is all about democratic good governance.

Government positions are not seize to the grave, people comes to give services to the public and go to do other living of their professionalism, therefore flattering Kiir Mayardit for the removal of Mama Rebecca doesn’t need you to buy him a glass of milk, but if you are so energized and still excited for his deed, then you can buy him milk from Scottish blend {branded for 12 years}

The true thoughtful and understanding of politics on the other side of the Nile is deteriorating to the degree of clans and tribes, hence placing the like of Mama Rebecca to be the victim of a crawling nation to the freedom of expression, and other bill of rights enshrined in the constitution.

What happened was not an illiterate translation of Dinka theory of inheritance of wives as you stressed it; however it is exactly a political paradigm seen in 1991 when Dr. Riek Machar, Justice Telar Riing Deng, Dr. Lam Akol, Justice Dengtiel Ayuen Kur and others joined hands to work together because of the uniformity of their political ideologies.

In evidence to the history of the struggle, Kerubino Kuanyin and Faustino Atem Gualdit, Dinkas from Bahr el-Ghazal, had been among the founders of the SPLM but had fallen out with John Garang and had been jailed. They escaped and joined Riek in 1993, with their forces making an important addition to the formerly Nuer-dominated SPLA-Nasir. Kerubino became deputy Commander in Chief.

After this addition of forces from other ethnic groups, Riek’s movement and force was called the SPLA-United from 1993 to 1994. In September 1993, President Daniel Arap Moi of Kenya held separate talks with Garang and Riek Machar. In October 1993 the US Congress hosted a meeting between Garang and Riek. The two agreed about various subjects related to a cease fire and reconciliation between the two factions.

In the light of the above, the coalition of political ideas doesn’t define the basis of being a rebel, especially within the party transformation. Late Kerubino is still being regarded now as a hero of struggle because of his eminent contribution he had made in the liberation, despite the other negative copy of him.

You can’t refer her as SEX Rebecca Nyandeng for the reason that she differs political with President Salva Kiir. Even President Kiir himself can’t afford to cruelty affront Mama Rebecca on masculinity despite their divergence in political reformation in the SPLM. This tendency of abhor among the anti- Mama Rebecca’ s group deserves to be condemn in the strongest term possible in view of the fact that it is damaging personality of genetic.

Moreover, Daniella !! in referring to you as a female, it is incredible indeed for you to abuse another woman on the basis of sex yet you can’t provoke on how you yourself often go to divan with your resembling and conduct experiment of the ox-horns.

In regards to the children of Dr. John Garang de Mabior {R.I.P}, they can’t be fed by the government, nor can the government pay their school fees and medical cost, they are like other orphans of South Sudan. If am told that, the government is now paying for orphans, widows or disables, then there are many orphans that the government can cater for.

You can’t ironical staged the chunk of abuses on Mama Rebecca, just to believe that you are sarcastically advocating for her children to be helped by the government.

The discrepancies that befall the SPLM in Dec, 2013 were issues of political transformation and predicament of governance in the country. President Salva Kiir, Dr. Riek Machar, James Wani, Mama Rebecca and Pagan Amum expressed their interest and willingness to contest the SPLM Party Chair.

This is what happened, no more, no less. It has nothing to do with the personality of Mama Rebecca Nyandeng since she was exercising her democratic right. The race was not for the presidency, it was a party reorganization {Convention} as spelled out very clearly in the SPLM Manifesto.

David M. Abotmatiop @2014

Honourable Eliaba James Surur – Biography And Political Career, 1930-2014

By LB Lokosang

Husband, Father, Teacher, Statesman, Liberator, Leader, Example- The Late Honourable Eliaba James Surur 1930-2014

Husband, Father, Teacher, Statesman, Liberator, Leader, Example- The Late Honourable Eliaba James Surur 1930-2014


Hon. Eliaba James Surur was born in Mongalla in the present day Juba County on 21st November 1930 to the Pojulu family of Solomon Loboka Surur of Yondoru Sub-chieftainship. At the age of nine, he went to live with his sister Esther Nyeri Loboka who was married to sub-Chief Ruben Logodok of the Ligi area of Wonduruba Chieftainship.


In his early childhood, Hon. Eliaba James Surur enrolled at Yondoru Approval Village Primary School from 1944 to 1945, later moving to Yei Elementary School (1946 to 1947) and thereafter to Loka Intermediate School from 1948 to 1950. In 1950 he had a near-fatal car accident on Lirangu-Anzara road, where he broke both thighs, was hospitalized at Lirangu Hospital and recovered. This is how he got the nickname of “SOLID ROCK”. In 1951, Hon. Surur went to Rumbek Secondary School where he completed his studies in 1954.

Professional Work Career and Training

Hon. Eliaba Surur joined the teaching profession in 1955, but following the 18th August 1955 Torit Mutiny, all schools were closed down in Southern Sudan. From 1957 to 1958 he began teaching in Bahr el Ghazal Province and Atar Intermediate in Upper Nile Province. In 1958 he attended the Institute of Education at Bakht El Ruda in Ed Duweim in Northern Sudan, where he was awarded a Diploma in Education. He was also offered another course at Bishop Gywnne Theological College, where he attained a Certificate in the Teaching of Christian Religion in the same year.

In 1959 Hon. Eliaba Surur was appointed to teach at Juba Technical School. In 1960 he was transferred to Palotaka School (Old Okaru) and promoted to Deputy Headmaster. He was transferred to Lainya Technical School and promoted to Headmaster in 1964. While at Lainya (100 kilometers west of Juba) Hon. Surur visited Juba regularly.  

Role in the First Liberation Struggle

In 1964 Hon. Eliaba James Surur narrowly escaped murder at the hands of the Arabs during the infamous Juba Massacre. The enemy attacked his residence but failed to identify him among his family members.

Besides teaching, he was involved in politics. It was not surprising then that, after the fall of General Ibrahim Abboud on 26 0ctober 1964, Hon. Surur was elected as chairperson of the Southern Front Yei River District Branch Office Branch. He left South Sudan after the Juba Massacre in 1964 and joined the ‘Anyanya 1’ Liberation Movement (SSLM/A) known as the South Sudan Liberation Movement/Army. He was appointed the Movement’s representative to Aba in the then Zaire (now Democratic Republic of Congo), where he was responsible for purchasing arms for the Movement.

Hon. Eliaba James Surur was appointed Information Officer in President Aggrey Jaden’s Office in the Southern Sudan Provisional Government (SSPG). In 1968 Hon. Surur was appointed as Commissioner of Central Equatoria Province stationed at Morta Headquarters under President Jaden’s SSPG.

In 1970 Hon. Surur was appointed Chief Education Officer (CEO) of the liberation movement under Colonel Joseph Lagu Yanga’s government of Anyanya. In 1971 he attended educational planning courses at Makerere and Dar El Salaam Universities.

In 1972, he returned to Southern Sudan after the Addis Ababa Peace agreement and became the Acting Director of Education in the Regional Ministry of Education under the then regional High Executive Council Government of Vice President Abel Alier. He was then appointed as first Deputy Director of Administration, Regional Ministry of Information, Culture Youth, Sports, Social Welfare, Wildlife conservation and Tourism; one of the largest Ministries in the Regional Government.

Political Life and Accomplishments

Hon. Eliaba Surur entered politics again in 1975 and contested one of the largest constituencies in Central Equatoria, comprising of part of Yei River, Mundri and Juba districts. He was elected as first member of Regional Assembly in Juba in December 1973. He held the post of Chairperson of the Specialized Committee for Information and Culture of the Assembly.

In 1986 Eliaba Surur contested for elections in the Southern Sudan under the ticket of the People’s Progressive Party (PPP) and won the elections, where he left for Khartoum to join the National Government. All the seven Sudan African Parties were operating in Khartoum fighting for the rights of the African Sudanese People.

Honourable Surur managed to win the favour of the seven African Parties namely, People Progressive’s Party (PPP), Sudan African National Party (SANU), Sudan African People’s Congress Organization (SAPCO), Sudan People Party (SPP), Sudan African Congress (SAC), Sudan Federal Party (SFP) and Sudan National Party (SNP), becoming the President heading the Union of Sudan Africa Parties (USAP) in the National Assembly in the Northern Islamic Front (NIF) Government in Khartoum.

In 1986 Eliaba Surur stood for the presidency of the Republic of Sudan against Prime Minister Sadiq El Mahdi; he lost and became opposition Leader in the Government leading the campaign for recognition of oppressed Black Africans in the Sudan. He held public rallies in the North calling for Equality, Freedom and Justice, where he became a target of the NIF government advocates for appointment of three governors of three southern regions of Bahr El Ghazel, Upper Nile and Equatoria, through USAP mandate in the National Assembly.

These were the words that Hon Eliaba uttered to the august House during his period as opposition leader in the National Assembly, after he was defeated in the Presidential race:

We have now come to realize that the northern brothers have clearly come out to prove to the rest of the African race in the Sudan that they are moving northwards and the Southern Brothers in the Sudan move southwards”.

This statement was in line with that of our late hero, Dr. John Garang de Mabior, who said: “in the bush of Southern Sudan, I lead the liberation movement of the people Southern Sudan for their desired destination”. This destiny is what South Sudan celebrated on 9thJuly 2011.

Hon. Surur suffered several arrests and was tortured during his political career in the North. In 1994 he was tortured almost to death and released after sustaining an internal blood clot in the head. He was referred to Nairobi, Kenya for medical treatment.

While in Kenya on medical management, the then leader of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement and Army (SPLM/A), Dr John Garang de Mabior, called for Honourable Eliaba Surur. The two leaders held a long discussion about the struggle.

Both Dr. Garang and Hon. Surur came together again at Narus in South Sudan, where Dr. Garang assured Hon. Surur of his commitment to bring USAP, which was fighting the liberation war inside the Government of Sudan, to join the SPLM/A, since both parties shared a common goal.

Eliaba James Surur agreed with the SPLM/A leadership’s call and was appointed as Chairman of the National Mobilization Commission for the three regions of Bahr El Ghazal, Upper Nile and Equatoria.

Soon after transferring from Nairobi to Kampala Uganda, Hon. Surur started the campaign in all refugee camps in Uganda and the bush of South Sudan. His main message was that South Sudanese in exile should come back and face the enemy, who was taking their land for good. The move rescued the SPLM/A from defeat and was followed by tremendous gains in the field, including the capture, within one week in March 1997, of towns all the way from the Sudan border, to Kaya, to mile 40 on the Yei–Juba road.

Honourable Surur also attended conferences on peace with the Sudan held in Asmara Eritrea, alongside the SPLM/A leadership in his capacity as Leader of the Union of African Parties (USAP). Soon after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was signed between the SPLM and the Government of Sudan under President Omar Hassan al-Beshir, Hon. Surur attended South-to-South Dialogue meetings held in Kenya to plan the implementation and running of the Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS). He also initiated and advocated for the formation in 2003 of the Pojulu Community administrative centre at Kenyi Payam for promotion of SPLM/A activities in the Equatoria Region and South Sudan in general.

After the signing of the CPA, Honourable Surur returned to lead his party of USAP 2 and was appointed as Member of Parliament for the National Assembly following nomination by intellectuals from his County of Lainya. However, he only worked in Khartoum for few months and left for Juba to join the Southern Sudan legislative Assembly (SSLA) on a USAP 2 ticket.

When the first elections of April 2010 were conducted, Hon. Surur retired from politics and came down to unite his party with the SPLM ranks for the sake of the Referendum for self-determination of South Sudan, to work as one team, as he did during the Liberation war by mobilizing the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) forces to get what the South Sudanese desired. According to Hon. Surur, the merging of USAP 2 party with the SPLM was for the benefit of the South Sudanese people. In his words, “this is why all of us voted for total independence, which we enjoy today”.


Honourable Eliaba James Surur died aged 84, on 15 August 2014 in Kampala, Uganda, of kidney failure. Prior to his demise, Hon. Surur suffered a long spell of illness, which caused him to seek medical treatment in Nairobi and Kampala. His was predeceased by two wives, Monica Pita Surur, who passed away in 1983 and Julia Dudu Surur who he tragically lost on 15th December 2013. In addition, he was predeceased by two children, Philip, who passed away in 1978 and Beatrice Keji, who passed away in 1980. Hon. Surur is survived by two of the mothers of his children, Lucia Meling Joseph and Janty Awang and his living children: Hastings Lemi, Diana Jokudu, Johnson Lokioro, Peter Wani, Kiden, Emmanuel, Noel, Joseph, John Lobojo, Levi Nyoma, Vicky Misuk, Sheila Hope and David Latiu

The information shared in this obituary was provided by the deceased’s children and edited by LB Lokosang (

Metamorphosis of Africans’ problems: Super viruses emerged in Africa (part three)!

By Kur Wel Kur

“Not only did those terrorists burry the economic prospects and future of this Airline in the depth of international flight business’ ocean but they also sent the hopes of Africans whose lives and their population sustainability depended on Boeing 777 contents to edges of extinction!”

As Africans, We die of anything; the poor skills in economics, kill us; the poor politics takes our lives; a mosquito injects us with the malaria parasite (plasmodium); the same mosquito ‘transfuses’ a HIV infected blood into us veins; nevertheless, we die, HIV negative! Does it make sense?

We need an epidemiologist (a scientist) to explain how an anopheles (mosquito) carries and transmits the malaria virus into humans’ blood but cannot transmit HIV. This, a puzzle that we desire someone to unlock just as we beg God to issue a hint about why the Malaysians’ flight MH17 and not Singapore’s plane, which had two minutes difference a head of MH17? The Malaysians’ MH17 and mosquito present a simple case for us (Africans) to ponder.

The agents (MH17 & mosquito) show no common signs or relations to push us into reasoning but the carriers relate as such: one carrier has aesthetics in its gut that kills the virus (HIV) and the other killed the HIV/AIDS researchers (probably cure to the murderer of masses). We must envision them in these ways.

So dear readers, let’s tackle this article in the manners of mosquito with the malaria, MH17 with HIV/AIDS researchers and the outbreak of Ebola virus.

The twists that surround HIV/AIDS

Since AIDS emerged as early as in 1959, and it became aggressive in 1986, the so-called experts offered many fallacies about its origin, an origin, which remains questionable. Experts pointed to the chimpanzees as the hosts of the virus; not just any chimpanzees but chimpanzees in Congo’s forest, Africa! This airlifted us to our next question, how did the humans acquire the virus? Dear readers, answering this question as the “experts” reported, troubles me in a great deal. Humans in Congo acquired the virus through zoophile (cross-species sexual activity).

Sadness in these senses, whoever did it, a Congolese or non-Congolese residing in Congo then, presents the defending cases as to why the “experts” marching straight to the darkest and hottest corners of hell, lied to Africans and innocent countries. The impossibility of this act, a sexual contact with a chimpanzee! Alive or dead chimpanzee? Did the offender did it alone or in the company of other poachers? The “experts” arguments can’t answer these questions!

In addition, other theory (bush meat theory) acknowledged the poacher/hunter’s accidental cut himself by a knife smeared with virus infected chimpanzee’s blood.

However, none of these theories settled the doubts in Africans’ and other innocents’ minds because of the selectiveness and high mutation rates of the virus. Selectiveness in which blood-sucking parasites such as tsetse flies, ticks, mosquitoes and leeches can’t transmit the virus! Whatever reason the experts proffered, carries little weight because, though these parasites suck blood without injecting the blood of HIV victims into bloodstream of their (mosquitoes) healthy preys, what if we squash a blood-loaded parasite into a fresh cut on our bodies? The adamant experts still believe, HIV can’t infect us. The precise and selective way to transmit the virus, throw us into observing the missing links in their (experts) explanation (regard them as fallacies). Therefore, a human creates the disease (HIV/AIDS), we suspect.

Again, zidovudine and other HIV medicines that prevent HIV from the mother to the child during pregnancy and childbirth, produced other chances of even greater doubts. The abilities of scientists to identify acid in parasites like mosquito, which kills or impedes the virus from mutating; however, they (scientists) can’t invent the drugs to HIV by mimicking acid in mosquito’s gut, sends us off. For the shame of innocent children’s deaths, they gave zidovudine; as a recognition of humanity (human rights) or justice for unborn children.

MH17 with HIV/AIDS researchers

As the world blamed the Russia and pro-Russia rebels from Ukraine for Malaysian Airline Flight MH17 (Boeing 777) tragedy, the truth lingers somewhere marked ‘classified and confidential’! The nerds and hackers such as Julian Assagne and spies like Edward Snowden own our world; the haters of Africans knew the Boeing 777 contents (top AIDS researchers) before the actual date of its take off! The well informed terrorists planned their attack way ahead; terrorists who in the laboratory, cultured the virus (HIV).

If not an intentional tragedy, how in the world would Singapore’s Airline flight with just 2 minutes different sieved in safe? Many countries such as Pakistan, Thai, Qatar, Etihad and Emirates used the same route and Virgin Atlantic used the route in just 30 minutes (140 miles away) but only Malaysian airline received the missile. “Not only did those terrorists burry the economic prospects and future of this Airline in the depth of international flight business’ ocean but they also sent the hopes of Africans whose lives and their population sustainability depended on Boeing 777 contents to edges of extinction!”

My final point, another super virus, EBOLA resurrected in the West Africa as the mission troops of HIV/AIDS deployed by the terrorists come to an end. Ebola first appeared around Yambio in my homeland, South Sudan and Democratic republic of Congo in 1976, they reported.

It (Ebola virus) exhibits same characteristics as HIV though they emerged in different times; the viruses remain sisters with one mission, that’s to reduce Africans’ population. Ebola virus’ host: monkeys and fruit bats. It has a short incubation period; high death rates than does AIDS with no known treatment.

In conclusion, some people introduced HIV/AIDS and Ebola virus (super viruses). Their high mutation rates keep the pharmaceutical companies running with luxurious profits; a big picture we must pay a great attention.

By PaanLuel Wël

ebolaIn one way or the other, this current unfortunate conflict in South Sudan will end, with Dr. Riek Machar being an integral part of the interim government and President Kiir Mayaardit as the head. There is no other way around it.

What that mean is that KiiRiek and their fanatical supporters would have to come to terms with that eventuality, sooner the better. Given the way things stand now and the conjectures of their supporters, both sides have long way to go.

In spite of their extremism, none is able to do away with the other militarily, nine months and counting. You would be forgiven to think that there are AU/UN-mandated international peacekeepers keeping them apart. Yet, none is prepare to appreciate this military stalemate and embrace the full reality of the situation.

In December 2013 and up to the early part of 2014, it was all about “Kiir must go” and “Riek must be captured, dead or alive.” Power sharing in a transitional coalition government was an anathema to both parties. To the government, they could not countenance sharing power with the “prophet of doom.” To the rebels, it was a taboo (a betrayal of the dead ones) to even think about sharing power with “Killer Kiir.”

Pass forward and the same people who were so adamant about the infeasibility of “us” sharing power with “them” have now totally embraced the idea of an interim government encompassing all the stakeholders to the conflicts.

Still, there are petty stumbling blocks, with President Kiir insisting that he would never offer a position of the prime minister to Dr. Riek Machar and with the rebels releasing an outlandish paper in which they demand 70% of the interim government.

In my view, both positions are untenable. In order to end the war and abate further catastrophe in our beloved nation, President Kiir should offer the prime ministerial position to Dr. Riek Machar and the rebels must unequivocally endorse President Kiir as the leader of the transitional government.

Moreover, the post of the deputy prime minister should be given to Pagan Amum while Wani Igga maintain his position of the VP. Real talks should then commence on the transitional powers of the president, VP, prime minister and deputy PM, among other positions and outstanding issues.

Furthermore, the parties should look seriously into the rebel’s paper on wealth sharing, in order to blunt the allure of Juba/central government, which has been the Achilles’ heel of most African countries.

Dr. Riek Machar, like all rebels all over the world, is a spoiler. He has to be contained and accommodated as it was once done in 2002 for the sake of peace and unity among South Sudanese.

It is therefore upon the president to spearhead the sharing of power with the interest of the country (not his) in mind.

That means President Kiir must make some painful concessions for the sake of peace and stability. The post of the prime minister, for instance, should be substantive, not cosmetic, for Dr. Riek Machar to have a face-saving negotiation strategy.

Election should then be held within two years with Kiir, Riek, Pagan, Nyandeng, among others, competing for the presidency in a free and fair democratic election overseen by regional and international observers to reduce the chances of the losers crying foul and relapsing into violence to perpetuate being in power through a never-ending interim governments.

That election would demand President Kiir to be proactive and sensitive, and Dr. Riek to wean himself from Nuer nationalism, venturing beyond his tribal base.

Till then, the imperative now is to create the position of the premier for Dr. Riek Machar. The war must end now; let’s stop beating about the bush.

We are all South Sudanese with equal stakes in the war and peace in this country.

Riek Machar treacherous journey

Posted: August 21, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Junub Sudan

From plotting a failed coup to ending in foreign land

By Steve Paterno

After failing to ascend to the helm of power through party structures, the overly ambitious Riek Machar turned into violence as a means to an end.

The violence that Machar unleashed, plunged the country into abyss. Worst yet, there is no any viable political ideology behind that personal ego, which caused this carnage. So, to sustain the blood thirst, Machar embarked on “ideology of revenge” as a tool to mobilize his tribal Nuer militia also known as the White Army to avenge and kill on his behalf.

When some quarters within South Sudanese intelligentsia started discussing ’federalism’ as an alternative to the current ’centralized’ system of government, Machar quickly jumped in a bandwagon, claiming that ’federalism’ is actually the real ideology behind his rebellion. As he tried to articulate ’federalism,’ he ended up patching tribes, clans, families, totaling them to twenty something “Federal States of South Sudan,” a euphemism for Somalization.

Unfortunately, for Riek Machar, it seems it is too little too late. His once military might that he banks on is crumbling on the onslaught of SPLA. Machar himself is forced for exile, perhaps perpetually. The negotiations for several times is once again stalled. Both principal warrying parties already boycotted the talks, with each issuing new demands as preconditions to resume the negotiations.

Now it seems the government strategy will likely look like the following scenarios.

First, the government will maintain in theory the Addis Ababa talks for diplomatic cover as well as a delaying tactic so as to score military victory as a result.

Secondly, the government will likely step up its military operation in an attempt to score military victory. Along the same line, there will be efforts to encourage mass defection among military ranks.

Thirdly, there is going to be doubling of efforts to lure opposition leaders back to the fold, follow by defections. This will eventually weakens opposition resolve.

If the current trend continues, the above scenarios may likely prevail.

Steve Paterno is the author of The Rev. Fr. Saturnino Lohure, A Romain Catholic Priest Turned Rebel. He can be reached at

A Tribute to Ambassador Susan Page

Posted: August 21, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Featured Articles

By Biel Boutros Biel, Kenya

“At times our own light goes out and is rekindled by a spark from another person. Each of us has a cause to think with deep gratitude of those who have lighted the flame within us” (Albert Schweitzer)

On 18 August 2014, I happened to read a version of news story published by the Sudan Tribune online: (, that a top United States ambassador was due to ‘leave’ South Sudan. My heart threw a beat and it was rightly so, it is Ambassador Susan Page (Amb. Page), to be leaving! As I read through the news material, my mind recalled the courageous articles and statements on South Sudan, ocassionally authored and issued by Amb. Page. I wondered aloud within, thinking the gaps, the learned Ambassador would leave behind! However, my thoughts lamely reconciled, that perhaps, the new Ambassador ‘Charles Twining’ reported to replace her, would be giant enough to share his ‘candle’ without fear or favour.

Whom should we thank?

Sometimes, as human history would have it, there are individuals who do much priceless work for others but remain uncelebrated. However, if there are few international figures that the poor and the oppressed South Sudanese should give thanks to; Amb. Page, is among those who rock it! Her love for the ‘republic of vulnerable’ and most especially the Africans, from Rwanda unto us, it would be inglorious not to thank her. Amb. Page stood with us, South Sudanese, not only at the times she was posted to Juba as the United States Ambassador to South Sudan, but also since then and through the times of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement(CPA) between South Sudan and North Sudan. At that time, she was a legal advisor to Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).Using her legal knowledge, Amb. Page was one of the brains behind the drafting of the CPA protocols. In her own words she said;

I think about how privileged I am to have witnessed the signing of the document that ended the longestrunning Civil War in Africa (

For sure, the CPA gave us the right to vote for our final freedom as South Sudanese people. For some, it might be ambitious to say, that I believe the ‘Oyee’ we say on every 9th Day of July, Susan Page has a ‘page’ in it.

How far has this iron lady put South Sudan into her heart?

It can never be contested that since 6 December 2011, when she arrived in Juba, to take up her position, Amb. Page has never looked back. She stood with us; at times, she even says things that South Sudanese government might not be happy to hear.

It is on record for most of us, working in human rights defence that, Amb. Page pushed much on South Sudanese government to conduct thorough investigations on who killed our colleague Isaiah Abraham.

She also has oftentimes stood tall and bold when the freedom of speech and expression is abused by the agents of our government. In May 2013, while commenting on press freedom Amb. Page stated that; 

the state has the constitutional mandate to protect journalists.

I think, this was a gentle reminder on how our ‘holy lords’ in the government should have known that the protection of a free speech, is not a privilege to be accorded to the citizens at the mercy of the state but rather a right that people’s government should not abuse and instead, protects it.

Amb. Page never stopped there, seeing our country as a close political ally to her own, she was bold enough to clearly convey the concerns of the U.S. government over our messy media situation and she remarked that; the US government is very concerned about the deteriorating levels of press freedom in the country. The continued push back, intimidations and harrassment of journalists is a violation of their rights and freedoms

Rightly to say so, Amb. Page, has come to South Sudan not to monitor the abuses of human rights and rule of law per se and to report the same to Obama’s administration so that a guilotine is put on our ‘Hitlers.’ No, she believes that her presence is meant to continue moving together along the thorny road with the poor and oppressed South Sudanese in their quest for true liberty. This explains why in many ocassions, she has always made statements that raise eyebrows and leave some conscience guilty among those who entirely claim the ownership of the liberation struggles with the same song ‘holier than thou’.

Amb. Page, understands us and sincerely believes that we are not hopelessly hopeless, but a people with dignity, who are only devastated by the effects of protracted wars. In 2012, to be sure, that the ‘iron lady’ means business for us, while in interviews with the media she said; 

———–they really had to start from scratch. We are not talking about just ordering some new furniture they didn’t have pens, papers, and stationery, let alone computers, electricity, and running water, vehicles, roads. It certainly is nation-building, but to try to encourage South Sudanese along their path to build a nation and using their resources to try to help the citizen population.

Those words said by a diplomat, show how deep she is in our shoes. Amb. Page, in the current South Sudan’s civil war, she remains hopeful and a source of our encouragement. Like United Nations former head in South Sudan, Hilder F. Johnson, Amb. Page, even at the point of uncertainity, she feels our hurt, pains and sufferings and wants us to have hope still as she said; 

Do not to lose sight of your dream of building a united and prosperous country, even in the wake of the violence that has wracked South Sudan ( 

To my mind, Amb. Page wants a peaceful South Sudan and since December 2013 when evils through our ‘votes’ befell South Sudan, yet it has been her wish that peace should return. She sometimes states things that neither please the Juba government nor the rebels but she believes South Sudanese have burning issues which could only be resolved through peaceful dialogue and she said: 

We reiterate, there can not be a solution militarily to this conflict that is first and foremost political and where demands of people need to be heard. U.S. government will continue to press for a national dialogue for South Sudan to promote democracy and the interests of all South Sudanese people.

Much as some of the things pushed by Amb. Page, didn’t succeed until the time of her leaving, issues such as apprehending and bringing to justice the suspects on the assassination Isaiah Abraham and making sense to the advocacy of the media freedom, however, it could be argued that, it has been because, the learned Ambassador’s words, have always landed unheard in the ears of ‘politically active generals.’  

Amb. Page understands South Sudanese and to many, she is a fearless lady who believes in freedom for all. Her courageous stance and hopeful statements on South Sudanese issues, to some powerful gurus, they seem ‘foreign interferences in domestic affairs’ whereas, to the oppressed and dying South Sudanese, she speaks the very issues for which our colleague Isaiah Abraham wanted South Sudan to be freed from and the same that led to the 15 December 2013 bloody start.

John F. Kennedy once remarked; we must find time to stop and thank the people who make a difference in our lives

Precisely to assert, I would say, this is the time to thank Amb. Page, for truly, she believes in the fundamental freedom discourses for which men like South Sudanese leader Dr. John Garang and American civil rights icon, Martin Luther King, died for. That is why, the ‘iron lady’ has been saying things which a certain Minister of Information would say; ‘she has exceeded her mandate.’

One for home:

Ambassador Susan Page; kindly convey to President Obama that, the current shape of affairs we are in from Nimule to Renk, from Raja to Gambeila, if not completely peacefully dismantled, then South Sudan will not have a stable future any time soon. Tell Mr. President that the wounds are too big to be healed by a mere coalition government as the negotiations in Addis Ababa would suppose. Neither the Ocampo’s language nor the Chinese guns would offer solutions.

Tell him, the ongoing war is not about Dinka versus Nuer but more deeply rooted, in the evils against which men like Riek Machar and Salva Kiir, spent their youthful lives fighting successive Sudanese governments. Tell him that, in order to have a peaceful, reconciled and united South Sudan once again, South Sudan needs a complete u-turn in its structure and state composition. The economic gap between the poorest of the poor and comrades who have become too rich too soon, isn’t anything to trace aside.

Tell him that the common South Sudanese are looking for a governance system that won’t glorify individuals but one that will adore supremacy of the Constitution, a system that won’t care who becomes the President but that, which ensures;- that the president acts in accordance with the just laws, the one which ensures that the poor are fed from the oil money and revenues for which their sons, husbands, relatives, wives etc, died.

A system which ensures that the votes are not stolen, that one which ensures that the parliament is dominated by the people’s representatives, that the judiciary is not for the in-laws, that the army is not for the tribal warlords.

Kindly pass to him, that deep grievances, injustices, oppression, dictatorship, name them, have taken over South Sudan, that these evils are the ones controlling the country and the only solution is to have peace negotiations that asks; questions still not asked. That addresses not only why there is civil war but that goes deeper to explore how this war should have been prevented.

Thank you Ambassador Susan Page for sacrificing your worth for Africa and particularly, for standing with South Sudanese people at the times we most needed you.

Truly, from CPA hitherto, you have been one of us and we only hope that you will always remain standing with the oppressed people though you might soon find yourself in the politics of the ‘Kerrys’ of this world.

For Ambassador Charles Twining, over to you sir!

The author, Biel Boutros Biel, is an Executive Director of the South Sudan Human Rights Society for Advocacy (SSHURSA). He fled to exile since December 2013 and is currently pursuing his Master’s of Laws Degree (LLM) at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. He can be reached on: /

Riek Machar’s War Expansion to Bahr el Gazel Region

Posted: August 21, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary

War Expansion to Bahr el Gazel Region: The last squashing of the stupor government of gluttons

By Chuol Chot Puoch

Just the title, hundreds if not thousands, will value me as a war monger. However, that should not be the case; I am among the very few South Sudanese looking at this Country with anti-tribalism lens, praying days and nights for peace to dip its roots in this beloved land of South Sudan. If I want to fight, If I want to sit and if I want to shout; perhaps, I may have a concrete reason to why I may do so. Read further and understand that I am not a “war monger” but a “peace advocator”.

Highlight on the destruction of Greater Upper Nile:

Let’s first start with Malakal town which was intentionally destroyed, looted and emptied by the government of South Sudan through the traitors and disgruntled rats under the political leadership of Simon Kun Puoch Mar Weng and military leadership of Johnson Gony Biliu Puoch. After the initial eruption of violent on 15th December 2013 in Juba, it took couple of days for the violent to start in Upper Nile State. The delay in the eruption of the violent was due to the absent of the BIG traitor Simon Kun Puoch, the governor from the state. Upon his arrival, Kun was so harsh and negative on Nuer fellows who were mourning the death of their love ones massacred in Juba and as a result, he finally made his orders to arrest some individuals accusing them of supporting the said attempted coup in Juba.

As people were angry, confused and mentally stranded, the only option to rescue their life was to act in self defense by not accepting to be arrested by the security gangs of Kun Puoch. Then the war erupted in the state capital and the government supporters were expelled from the towns leaving hundred bodies dead. To prove that no one planed the war, whether in Juba or Upper Nile region, the members of police forces, the Wild Life, the Prison and the youths remained in the town for more than two weeks with no military or political leadership. Everyone was under his/her own command and security.

Then, the government reorganized itself outside Malakal town and finally, the members of those defected units withdrew from the town after the rumors of the government’s plan to attack them. Random shooting was made, especially in the Southern part of the town as they were heading to Doleip Hill, south of Malakal. The government claimed the victory, unfortunately, the devil plan of looting, destroying, and burning the lovely city of Malakal came into the rat’s mind, the commercial stores located in many different parts of the city were all emptied and given to their troops with orders from Kun Puoch, the governor. All the houses owned by Nuer were burnt to ash, women and girls raped, pastors killed and tortured, children tortured and everything was a mess!

Hunting and slaughtering stations were set up in Malakal, Melut, Paloc, Panyikang, Renk and many other places. Officials and staffs working in all those areas, including the oil companies, were murdered and massacred with zero remained. Bahr el Gazel members in the army intensively raped almost every women present in the government controlled areas claiming that they have left their wives in Bahr el Gazel for the defense of the People of Upper Nile. They were acting as the only masculine troops considering the others to be women carrying penis. That was horrible and terrible!

The act initiated by the leadership of the state was then adopted and followed by the citizen allying with the government especially in Malakal. After the final withdrawal of the SPLA – IO troops from Malakal on the 19th of March 2013, Malakal city witnessed the ever seen looting and destruction. The town was burning almost for the whole month. Markets were created in Akoka, Melut, Kodok and Renk and were given the name “SUK MALAKAL” because the properties and items being sell/exchanged there were all brought from Malakal city. In UNMISS log-base in Malakal, almost every single person from Dinka and Shilluk tribe is currently sleeping on a bed and mattress, sitting on modern chairs with refrigerators loaded and parked all over the compound.

The same scenario happened even with a higher degree of destruction in Unity and Jonglei state respectivel; Nuer houses and properties were all looted and burnt, children slaughtered, women and girls were raped in “G-UNIT style” leading most of them to death. I always nearly go mad when I think about all these.

Then, why is it importance to spread this war to greater Bahr el Gazel:

With exception of very few individual including myself, leadership of a person in a certain public office like presidency, ministerial and gubernatorial post are always taken by people for tribal representation; not to move far from here, they are sometime given as well for tribal representation and domination, that is abominating!

In the beginning of this crisis, if it was not because of this belief that public seat are taken tribal, elders and youths from Bahr el Gazel region would have reverted and challenged the situation and eventually overcame it. In one way or another, they would have forced the government to stop killing, recruiting the children and so on. In lieu of our expectation, they simply choose to dance, celebrate and blindly support the Kirr’s leadership as a Bahr el Gazel gift which can never be taken away. If you were in Juba in the aftermath of the massacre till this very date, 3 quarters of the Bahr el Gazel population is in Juba, most of which are civilians. I have been wondering why they decided to unofficially migrate to Central Equatoria.

Whether you like it or not, they have already chosen the hell direction and they needs to be dealt with appropriately. I mean, if Salva Kirr is turned into a doll and placed in J1 or in the office of the president today, Bahr el Gazelians wouldn’t leave that doll so long as it’s there as a doll from them. Believe me or not, there is no peaceful solution to this conflict, not Kirr or greater Bahr el Gazel will ever accept peaceful resolution and compromise simply because the destruction, the raping, the looting and the extreme death that has happened in greater Upper Nile region is only seen on screen and heard on air.

It’s not been a dream of any of us, not even the active front line commanders of the SPLA – IO to escalate this war or even spread it to other parts of the Country like greater Bahr el Gazel. But, the only window of opportunity to rescue this nation from finishing and permanently fragment itself is to fight the war once and for all, aiming at bringing peace and stability, good governance with reconciliation and healing topping the list of the objectives.

It’s worth mentioning that, there are hundreds of thousands of youths from Bahr el Gazel ready to take up arms against the dictatorial government of Salva Kirr under direct command of Gen. Dau Aturjuong Nyuol. The same is in greater Equatoria where three quarters of the population is in full support of the SPLM-IO and the other remaining quarter is either neutral, undecided or oblivion of the happening.

In conclusion:-

I have no intention to advocate for the escalation of this war, but I understand that continues instability which can be corrected and managed in the Country but left continuing, is indeed, a lack of patriotism and nationhood; in fact, it’s stupidity! I call upon the leadership of the SPLM – IO to abandon luxury in Addis Ababa and come back to the bushes here to finally rescue our people. I call upon all South Sudanese to understand that Salva Kirr has no interest in bringing peace to our Country, not now or anytime in the future and therefore, we need to be politically, socially, diplomatically and militarily be operational and supportive to the SPLM – IO as it’s the only hope to restore peace and stability back to our beloved Country. Red lines, bloodlines and bone-lines have been drawn all over for us not to cross, though our rights, dignity and freedoms are all drawn in there untouchable, they are ready to draw even more if we don’t say “enough is enough”.

Chuol C. Puoch is a South Sudanese living in South Sudan; he can be added/follow on Facebook with his name mentioned above, on twitter @chuolchot and via email:

Get Over Rebecca Nyandeng and Mind your own Business

Posted: August 21, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

E Nyandeeng ci ber piac yalo e T.V. nyin ka ye e lo theer xon?

By Deng Lueth Mayom Ayiik

Well, we now know why the SSTV was dominated by Nyandeeng’s condemnations and several individuals were writing very inappropriate articles about the legendary woman!

The plan to fire her (a joke) was underway and the fear of unknowns were overwhelming. One of this fears is the fact that firing Nyandeeng will attract another series of media interests to interview her. So, the strategy is no difference from what was used when the senior SPLM leaders were fired and then the SPLM leadership processes were launched.

The intention being that their firing would be used against them to silent them so that they can not oppose the SPLM chairman or to smear them and completely destroy them in the political arena if they choose not to be silent or supportive of the chairman.

The same strategy is what has been used here again in the firing of Nyandeeng. Now if the media approach her for interviews, anything she says will be termed as arising from the fact that she just got fired, lol!!!

Well, a reasonable person can ask a few questions about the claimed keeping of Nyandeeng on the pay roll.

How was she receiving her salaries? Through direct deposits to her bank account or was she traveling to Juba to collect her salaries the entire time she has been out of the country? Or was her money wired through Somalia, money gram or Western Union to her in Kenya? I am just curious!

Nyandeeng was not on the pay roll. The claim was used to attract her back to the government side. It was also used to project the supposedly good image of Mayardit!

Cut Nyandeeng a slack! She is a brave woman and history will judge her with time! She is not a rebel, she is an opposition to Kiir dictatorship rule. She is mad because she believes the country is in the mess it is in because of President Kiir’s actions! And who doesn’t agree?

She is not in the peace talks, leave alone, commanding a rebel army on the ground!

Cut the woman a slack and focus on hammering a deal with your rebel counterparts to silent the guns so that we can all work to bring peace back to our beloved country and leave the rest to the history and time!


Posted: August 21, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Alier Ateny

Bany Kiir Mayaardit

Bany Kiir Mayaardit

During SPLM/SPLA Movement, General Salva Kiir Mayardit was well known for being clumsy and unreliable when it comes to military operation. In almost every operation he led, anything must go wrong. For example, Intifada brigade fought itself under his commands in earlier 90s, just few weeks after completing their training; Kapoeta fell back to the enemy when he claimed to have missed the enemy in the desert. And his slowness and poor decision making costed more lives during ‘Uyahana’ or Eritrean War of 1991, also known as the dark days of Gilo River.  In the latter case, general Kiir was charged with the task of evacuating minors (lost boys) and other civilians when Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) defeated Mengistu’s forces and kicked pro Mengistus out of Ethiopia, Kiir did not know what to do to save lives of those civilians who looked up to him for security. One of his critics had this to say in the onset of the current civil war in the country, ‘Kiir actually doesn’t look like a daredevil man who enjoys horrible things, but he just doesn’t have an intrinsic know-how to help him make right decisions’’. This is very true; in fact most of his mistakes are stupid and avoidable, including the current civil war. It is very easy to remember what Kiir didn’t do right than otherwise, and he would have a gut trying to explain why he didn’t do it right, he thinks he has mastered the art of justifying the unjustifiable.

When it comes to leading people of South Sudan out of despair to their dream live, Kiir Mayardit is not the right choice for that noble call, he is a wrong leader in such a demanding time. South Sudan needs a leader who is driven by an ambition for change, and an aspiration to impact lives of the ordinary citizens for better, not the one driven by lust and greed. South Sudan will literally be a nation that is condemned to perpetual agony and disgrace if Kiir Mayardit remains the president of South Sudan now and into the future. Peace and unity will continue to be a dream that would never come true for the people of South Sudan. And if it does come true, it won’t hold for much longer as long as Kiir is still occupying the highest office in the nation. His phobia for a political challenge often turns him into a ruthless and rapacious being, in other words, there is no crime that president Kiir and his cohorts would not commit just to remain in power unchallenged. He would easily relapse or resort into violence against any challenger and/or critics who eyes his seat or criticizes his dodgy actions. The faked coup attempt in December last year was a tactical move against his potential challengers; it was concocted to deflect public attention from the realities of his failure, and confuse the very people who live with the consequences of his manipulations. This gives him an opportunity to indoctrinate them with an official propaganda, rooted in the interest of those who exercise power with him in the government.

Kiir and his henchmen have developed a paranoid belief that anyone talking about what the regime should be doing, or did not do is plotting a coup and trying to grasp power from them by force. Any individual or group of individuals overheard singing those choruses of development like good governance, democracy, respect for human rights, economic prosperity, nipping off systemic corruption, national healing and reconciliation, rule of law, law and order are branded power hungry, indiscipline, disruptive, and in the worst case scenario; traitors. Many citizens have lost their lives in such a way; they are made to disappear or openly shot in a broad day light by the so called national security guards. Daniel Kuer Bol put it quite rightly on his online post, You cannot have a nation where leader of a country is mindlessly killing his own citizens and foolishly believes he is killing the enemy, you cannot have a nation where the national army is made up of members of one tribe, you cannot have a nation where the presidential guards loot and kill citizens at will, you cannot have a nation where the leader of a country commits scandalous acts with impunity and above all, you cannot have a nation where the leader of a country believes in violence as the way to resolve political disagreements.

Kiir’s regime fits the primary characteristics of a political cult group, which include authoritarianism, exclusion, close-mindedness, and dogmatism among others. Although President Kiir never went through any proper formal education in his entire life, he awarded himself an academic title of Dr. because why not? John Garang was a Dr., Riek Machar is a Dr., and Lam Akol is a Dr., yet people have been mind numbed to the point that they could not see anything wrong with this move as they could not see anything wrong with Kiir instigating the 2013-2014’s conflict. They think it is okay as long as it makes our super leader happy; after all he was elected. ‘’The word elected representative has been made meaningless by our Junubiin people, does being an elected representative of the people give person a license to kill or drive the country into turmoil? Elected leaders use election as if it is a license to kill or take the country back to the lowest level. What does it mean when you are an elected representative but don’t acts like one?’’ (Awut Garang Kuir).

The People of South Sudan have been structured into the bunch of docile robots who can only be programmed and deprogrammed at will by Kiir’s opportunists regime, who tells people one thing today and totally different other tomorrow. For example, the public was led to believe that, Yau Yau is the worst enemy of the nation some few years ago, now they are deprogrammed to switch from that believe and look to him as a man of peace, the only equivalence of Pope John Paul the II according to president Kiir. Kiir’s words and actions don’t rhyme at all. Remember his July 9th, 2013 speech? My dear citizens, I have not forgotten you. I am aware that many of you cannot afford a meal every day. I am aware of that mother who struggles to feed her household of twenty people with less than twenty pounds a day. I am aware of the SPLA soldier whose salary cannot meet all of your needs.  You struggle to pay your house rent, feed your family, pay school fees and pay for medical treatment. These scenarios must change. As your President, I promise you that we will work tirelessly to change them (president Kiir). Again, another lip Service of glamorous speeches which could not be backed up by an action, Kiir would just says things in an attempt to diffuse the situation or attribute the blame, he does not always say what he means, or means what he says, he is the most political conman ever.

President Kiir has set a very low benchmark for future leaders of this great nation, SPLM Party has now been infested by bunch of sycophants and deadwoods, people who are there just to cover up his incompetent and strengthen his hold on power. The party will continue to produce leaders of very low calibre unless a change in political culture is given a chance; Kiirism is not a way forward, but a disaster to the nation. Kiir and his colleagues think that politics is a dirty game and requires dirty minded people to play it, they are dead wrong. Leaders like Muammar Gaddafi of Libya, Saddam Hussein of Iraq and Hosni Mubarak of Egypt did think in the same way, Kiir’s regime should learn something from their demise and similar ordeal should be avoided at all cost.

In conclusion,

Unlike his former boss Dr. John Garang de Mabior, president Kiir is somewhat illiterate; he did not do any formal studies, which categorizes him as an uneducated. This could be the reason why most of his victims are educated ones. However, to his credit, he left his studies at young age for something equally worthy and even more honourable, the ANYA-NYA ONE Movement, which later gave birth to the SPLM/SPLA Movement.

Blaming, Pointing Fingers is a Tool by Incompetent Leaders

Posted: August 21, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Nathaniel Athian Deng, Canada

South Sudanese politicians and citizens should understand that acknowledging one’s mistakes, accepting responsibilities for one’s actions and choices, and taking up the challenge to correct the subsequent failures are some of the most significant steps to reach a viable solution in any conflict resolution.

It will make a great difference if the South Sudanese leaders at the peace talks in Addis Ababa understand their roles in causing the current crisis, instead of waiting to object the proposals from the IGAD mediators and boycotting the roundtable talks for one reason or the other. The leaders’ behaviour is understandable because accepting the responsibilities comes with additional challenges to correct the mistakes and shoulder the accountability for the atrocities, two difficult tasks of which no leader would want to fall a victim.

The remaining strategy the leaders resort to is blaming each other on the cause of the crisis, passing time in luxurious hotels, and imposing impractical conditions on the opponent group.

However, the war continues on the ground where citizens are dying of gunshots, hunger and diseases on daily basis. There is a disconnection between the politicians’ opportune worlds in Juba and Addis Ababa and the citizens’ miserable worlds in the refugee and displaced camps in Kenya, Ethiopia, and Uganda, among other neighbouring countries.

The claim that there was a coup in Juba (even when there are no evidences to support the claim in a court of law) neither validates acceptance and sympathy for the innocent lost lives and property nor impact the outcomes of peace in Addis Ababa. Such claim does not justify the reasons why there is war in the nation because war can result from other causes rather than a failed coup attempt.

For example, the SPLA was fighting Khartoum successive, oppressive regimes for over two decades, but the cause of rebellion was not a failed coup attempt. The claim from the government and the supporting thinktanks and individuals that citizens should just believe there was a coup because there is no war without a coup is void of logic. In fact those who cling onto this claim have already lost the battle because of lack of evidences to prove such claim in a court of law.

The lack of presenting evidences led to the subsequent actions by the government to release the detainees and fire individuals such as James Hoth Mai and Mach Paul for not supporting the claim that has not supporting evidences.

The struggle to shift accountabilities for the atrocities is the unfortunate reality that delays the peace progress. The few elites who are clinging on to the coup claim argue that the rebels are responsible for the atrocities in the nation.

To this group, accepting that there was no coup seem to amount to ‘nothing happened’ because the rebels and rebel supporters use the lack of evidence from the government to argue that that the government is responsible for the atrocities in the nation. Nevertheless, the rebel and allied groups equally fail to convince the world because their claims to support lack of coup plan are not validating absence of coup.

For example, coup does not have to planned by military leaders and executed by soldiers commanded by army dignitaries. There are no black and white techniques to plan, attempt and execute a coup because politicians and protesters have previously staged successful coups in different parts of the world.

Both the government and rebel groups fail to realize that the argument about coup, or lack thereof, is not the only way to describe the crisis that has brought the nascent nation to its knees. Because there have been more coups that were announced before the December 15 crisis, and there were no evidences that have been brought forward, the independent thinkers may then conclude that the fear to lose power among the leaders led to the deadly plans that have led to this crisis.

Arguing that there was a mishandling of political conflicts makes the honesty the South Sudanese yearn for more truthful and humane. The best justice we can accord to the dead and the suffering is to say the truth, seek the solutions to end the killing and then put in place the strategies to prevent such atrocities from happening in similar or related manner.

I am writing this piece because the shift in tones (that seem to pushing the claim about coup) from the individuals working for the national thinktanks such as The Sudd Institute is troubling. What really happened to those independent research institutions? Are there some threats of closure (like that of Catholic Radio Station) that the individuals hope to avoid by the shift from ‘institutional neutrality’ to ‘institutional partiality’ (to temporarily favour the government for survival)?

Even in such fear, the independent research institutes should understand that suffering for maintaining the right position in any crisis is more dignifying and honorary than lying to avoid temporary consequences.

The South Sudanese politicians and elites should put the needs of the citizens first before the interests of their parties and institutions. From the presenting facts since the war started in December, no side is free from the accusations of violations to human rights and crimes against humanity. The best way to come to term with reality is neither brushing away the claim about coup nor clinging to claim about coup that has no current presenting evidences.

The main steps in reaching one’s mental and emotional liberation and independence include (1) taking pride in and appreciating what one does for a living or for fun; (2) accepting responsibilities for one’s choices and actions; and (3) continuously assessing one’s own assumptions, behaviours, principles and values, in view of the above two steps.

Nobody is free until one learns self-evaluation and self-criticism and takes appropriate measures to address the presenting challenges. Are South Sudanese not yet aware of the causes of their demises and suffering?

By Andrew Thanypiny

In case of Nyandeng, I don’t know how did it come to these two concepts: having Nyandeng appeared in your post/writing, then you are against the government (rebel), or you have planned an internal attack within the Greater Bor Community (GBC). Why do we have something has no sense got its place?

Thus, those who may not even join Riek may have different perspectives of seeing Nyandeng’s stance against the government, and that should not be construed as is bringing them close to Riek’s camp or deliberately hurting the status qua of the GBC .

Dissidents are not the government rebels, but are seeing the government operations in different views, and it is not a token of the rebellion. Any one who is defending Nyandeng case, according to my view, is neither a rebel nor s/he is against the union of the GBC.

We have to be realistic in matters involving life and death decision, all assumptions have taken lives of the innocent people as we are still seeing the perpetuating of this ugly war.

The cause of this war was an assumption of something which has never been materialized in a clear sense, preempted and it is ever the mistake which has never been done as we are still seeing death toll, which has been taking different fashion on daily basis.

Are we warring on which front? In fact, It has to be said clear so that anyone should not be a standby of his/her enemy. Are we fighting this war within our community for different motive or is that of the name? I don’t know actually where am I at!

Here is the thing brothers and sisters: this war will be rested soon, the government will be changed very soon, in five/ten years, it doesn’t matter how long it will take, provide that it will be overtaken by other different people.

Thus we will come back again as one people, the GBC, or whichever name will be best for us. The politics in South Sudan will remain blended in our life, and we will need one another just tomorrow.

I know our people say that because of this, while they are looking for that. They don’t say a real thing they are looking, and it is hard to be inferred by our leaders.

When the name is fixed, then something which will never be fixed will come up, fair sharing with selfishness will never be fixed, and that’s a source of a problem, and they don’t want to talk about it.

To me, this is a line I am standing on, I see our differing on this lens. And, even though a problem of the name will be fixed, I will still be skeptical of the fair-sharing!

Nyandeng is not a problem, but our community’s problem has been imported into the South Sudanese politics affairs, which will not solve our problem in good faith.