Author Archive


By Morris Mabior Awikjokdit

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To the modern citizen of the West, peace is an ideal and war is a tragedy. Depending on his or her political orientation, war may even be considered inexcusable under any circumstances. At the heart of this dogma is the idea that war is a disruption of a state of peace, brought on by greedy warmongers like Riek Nyadak, Mabior Nyandeng Chol and so forth, the military industrial complex or some modern day variation on the old 21st century labels. But what if rather than being a disruptive force, war is actually the father of peace.

To pretend that peace is more natural state for humanity than war is to exercise a great deal of denial regarding human nature. We are no more creatures of peace in South Sudan and the entire world, than any member of the animal kingdom. The difference is that we have a greater capacity for choice, to be moral protectors and defenders, rather than predators. But that is a choice that some may make, and others will not. And for as long as men will remain men, there will be men who prey on others for unity peace, prosperity, and stability of the young nation, and men who must study the arts of war and killing in order to resist them.

Peace is not a higher moral state, or even the absence of war, it is the product of wars and conflicts that have been successfully won. Or it is the product of the threat of violence and war. Whether it is the police station a few blocks over, where well armed men sit guarding other more dangerous men, the army base a few miles over or a few states, counties headquarters and Bomas over the peace we have is the product of violence and force. And anyone who pretends otherwise is lying to himself and to us.

To perpetuate peace requires more than mutual understanding, tolerance and a willingness to join hands and dance in a circle with a rainbow of colors regardless of races, ethnics’ background and region. Those things can only come about after a great deal of violence, and also often represent a society that is no longer in touch with the realities of the world and its own need for survival. Because as long as violence remains within human nature, and as long as it represents an effective tool for conquest, dominance and acquisition, we must not only know war instead of peace loving country men and women, but be the best at it that we can be.

There cannot be peace without war, because war is a necessary prerequisite to peace

There cannot be peace without war, because war is a necessary prerequisite to peace. To have peace, one must created a society, a nation and a political space in which domestic and foreign violence is checked. Otherwise the society becomes nothing more than the Riek attitudes of misleading Nguendeng prophetization. And uncomprehending they let it happen, because the Eloi allowed themselves to become sheep, and where there are sheep without sheepdogs, there will soon be shepherds to rule them or wolves to prey on them. With the EU and AU growing fixed interests on one side, and rising immigrant related violence on the other the West looks to be gaining both.

The de-legitimization of war in the West came about for one primary reason, because war no longer seemed like a useful tool for obtaining peace. As the weapons of war became more destructive, war came to seem less like a protective force, and more like an apocalyptic force. With WW1’s generations lost, gas masks and battlefield trenches, war appeared to have become a senseless thing. A revolted under age youth proceeded to embrace decadence, chaos and anarchy, best exemplified by Dadaism. WW2 appeared to restore something of a moral order, but the rise of nuclear war and MAD, took the apocalyptic warfare of WW1 to an entirely new level, with weapons of mass destruction that threatened to destroy everything in sight.

This sort of bleakness caused even otherwise sensible men to put their faith in international orders and organizations, such as the UN, and the growing enlightenment of humanity, believing that with enough education, a form of reciprocal pacifism could be achieved in which no one would find any purpose in harming anyone, thus ending any need for violence or war. As absurd as such a premise may be, variants of it continue to command the philosophies of foreign affairs on both sides of the warring parties.

Diplomacy is considered supreme, tolerance is the watchword, and national defense takes a back seat to both. Even war itself has been transformed into “Nation destruction”, (instead of nation building of South Sudan) becoming a tool for this global educational project of reciprocal pacifism, the thinking being that if we can remove the democratic elected government by force, what will International community and UN gain? We will not give their peoples a chance to assert that just like us they don’t want to fight anymore.

Having learned nothing from WW2 about the causes of war, the illusion of a world of reciprocal pacifism dominates the dialogue and educational processes of four generations of children with the result that the children of the West become Eloi-like, more and more so in every generation. And the Morlocks are sharpening their teeth and becoming more plentiful.

There are no happy endings anywhere in sight, because as it turns out the reasons underlying many wars are not as simple as the proverbial evil tyrant living in his castle and oppressing his people. Yes many of our enemies do have an evil tyrant over them, but the dirty little secret of human nature is that few tyrants would endure if the majority of their people did not support them on at least some level.

The task of the West is to make war meaningless again in South Sudan for their selfish gains. The bleakness of modern war, whether it is gazing at counters that will launch ICBM missiles that will turn the world into a single great sheet of glass, or maintaining endless patrols against insurgents, has a way of making it seem meaningless, a useless tool of stalemate, and an endless waiting game without conclusion or greater meaning.

The fundamental meaning of war is that it is a tool that protects, defends and enables peace. To enable that peace, war must have a definitive purpose and a definitive conclusion. Endless watches on the sand dunes waiting for a possible insurgent attack, negotiating with tribal warlords whose loyalties switch every season and adapting to the local culture is not war, but colonialism or nation building. Such conflicts have conclusions and goals that cannot be achieved by military means, only enabled or protected by the military, and only serve to render armed force into a body guarding role.

To make war meaningful, it must have a true target and goal that can be achieved by military means. “Bring me the head of Osama bin Laden”, is a military goal. “Teach administrative management to four nephews of the local warlord so he can reform local government”, is not. You can use the military to try and reach such a goal, but you can also try to use a gun to turn a screw. It just isn’t the best match of the tool for the job. Turning the military into the Peace Corps is a mismatch of institutions that drains strength and purpose from the military, into a project inspired by neo-pacifist ideals.

There can be no peace without war, but peace is not a military project. Only clean wars that settle conflicts in enduring wars can bring peace. To try and blend the two is to create never-ending wars. Policymakers, who fear to use the military to destroy the enemy, instead draw out war into an endless exercise in bloodletting with no end in sight. And such wars quickly make the public lose faith in the whole idea of military solutions. They transform war into a meaningless hopeless farce, thus making pacifism and appeasement seem moral and plausible by comparison.

The moral way of war is to serve as a protective force for a vigorous and healthy society, to deter and destroy enemies, to protect, defend and maintain the conditions in which peace is possible. When war ceases to become a useful tool, the survival of the society itself becomes endangered. Just as the collapse of the human immune system foreshadows a serious infection, the collapse of faith in military solutions and the growth of anti-war sentiment, foreshadows a major conflict to come. There can be no true peace without war, only the peace of temporary appeasement, to be followed by subjugation and slavery.

The author is a freelance opinion writer and a professional teacher based in Warrap State- Kuajok. You can reached him by email: morrisawikjok@yahoo.com


Congrats to President-elect Jokowi of Indonesia, the world’s biggest Muslim-majority nation, and third biggest democracy. Amidst vicious wars involving radical Islamic outfits such as Hamas in Gaza, ISIS in Iraq/Syria, Boko Haram in Nigeria, Janjaweed in the Sudan, Hezbollah in Lebanon, Al-Shabab in Somali/Kenya and the worldwide networks of Al-Qaeda Inc., Indonesians have shown that Islam is not synonymous with violence nor incompatible with democracy. Seen against the backdrop of the recent tragedy in Eastern Ukraine involving the downing of the Malaysian plane, the outcome of this “free and fair” election is a needed respite for the people of Southeast Asia, of which Indonesia is the regional leader.

By PaanLuel Wel, Juba.


By Kur Wel Kur
Mabioor de Garang, Deng Atem Wal and Riek Machar in Nasir

Mabioor de Garang, Deng Atem Wal (Jesus Deng Mading-Chuai) and Riek Machar in Nasir

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Fake attributes and true attributes of any person part ways always. The engineers of wars explain the reasons for wars to the stakeholders in different manners, Adolf Hitler rallied Germans with lies to march into blazing fires.
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However, at the end of the war (WWll), Hitler robbed his surviving citizens of their last right, an explanation, why they lost the war because he committed suicide. Riek equates to desperate opportunists who in the past, tried to propagate their hidden interest by using different strategies but they failed.
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As time goes, S. Sudan’s war takes its rightful position like jigsaw puzzle pieces.  In this war, the truth evaporates unnoticed because no room for undecided and neutral supporters. George W. Bush’s phrase, “you either be with us or with them (no in between)” snares the true nature of this war.
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This note will discuss the inconsistencies in the rebels’ “democracy” campaign: Gatdet’s terrible mistake and the latest humiliation of Mabior Dr. John!
Firstly, Gatdet unveiled the first inconsistency in Bentiu when he indiscriminately butchered Nuers (civilians) and Darfureans (traders). The act sent away many supporters of rebels including the super power, US. US bought the “democracy” campaign from Riek, however, after the slaughtering of Darfureans, US began having low opinions about Riek’s democracy.
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The dumb-headed Gatdet should have known that US spent 1.28 billion dollars for Darfureans’ welfare since 2003 (October, 2003 to 2006), so killing them angered them (Americans) and cost Riek’s rebellion a fortune! With the killings of the civilians (unsupportive Nuers and Darfureans), US directed its full support towards peace negotiations and some support for Kiir’s government.
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We witnessed US change of direction when the secretary of State, John Kerry jetted to Juba and uttered this statement, “there was no equivalency between president Kiir, an elected leader, and rebel leader.” This began the weaknesses of Riek’s campaign and a new dawn of Kiir’s defence. The rebels lost all the towns they occupied except Akobo; Riek has to care for his campaign, the less he loses direction for his war as in 1991.
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Secondly, in the  murkiness of Juba’s politics, Riek preached his fake change of governance in S. Sudan so he won himself a few followers from others tribes, Mabior Garang included, and the majority of his tribe’s population, as usual, took everything by his(Riek’s) words but the sayings holds, all that glitters is not gold. With this truth, General Lul Ruai Koang surprised the many when a harsh statement oozed out of him towards Mabior Garang.
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For those who read not, the statement goes,
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“the days when one man, his wife and two  young sons would come, kill, hijack, own, deny, disregard, work tirelessly to distort or try to burry part of history made by fighters before him are long gone and consigned to history books.”
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The statement shocked many because high profile functionaries (in the rebellion) the likes of General Ruai should understand fully the lifeline of their claims; they should know Mabior and Mama Nyandeng legitimise their (Riek and supporters) rebellion so they must treat them with a great care, otherwise, accusation that rebellion is one tribe owned holds. It shocked some of us who didn’t know the intention of Riek and his senior officers from his tribe when they stirred chaos in our country, until Mr. Ruai declared their intention.
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They intended to rewrite the history written by a charisma and political ingenuity of a man whom the innocent world still mourns his death. A man whom his son joined those who wish to rewrite his (the man’s) history. Mabior sacrificed lots for backing Riek’s claims, so the best Riek and his supporters should offer him are respect and loyalty, but not backfiring him.
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I sympathise with Mabior because I compare him to that submissive antelope that joined the hyenas thinking that befriending the enemy would secure his life, however, not! One day, hyenas and that antelope saw another antelope at the distance, the hyenas and the antelope (their friend) started chasing the antelope but it got away so the stupid, angry and hungry hyenas turned to their friend as their meal. Mabior must know as Kiir got away, these hyenas will turn to him. Some people lost their lives in the same instance.
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In conclusion, at the end of everything when every lie dies, no more feelings for lies, and the truth radiates with life, we, the citizens will rally behind S. Sudan and not behind our tribesmen. However, our egos in which, we support our own kind, be it, in character, blood or friendship will bog us down for very long time.
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With tribalism in our blood and characters, we edge away from nationalism and endorse tribalism, so persons from other tribe cannot speak their minds around us without us threatening them.

By Bol Khan

The frog represents the country, the Republic of South Sudan; while the crane represents the syndicates of corrupt barons fronted by those fictitious companies.

The frog represents the country, the Republic of South Sudan; while the crane represents the syndicates of corrupt barons in Juba and in the bush destroying the country.

Many if not all African Leaders have something in common. Once, one is elected into office or otherwise he/she subsequently chose to cling onto power for life and brutally abuse it. By rapidly enriching themselves, drawn governing styles based on ethnicity, nepotism with high degree of corruption. Which eventually would result in killing or assassinating potential figures who might raise up in the middle to install democratic and human rights rules. They do that on the pretext of dealing away with former colonials.

They would even order their security personnel to execute their disastrous directives. You can see them killing innocent people today and tomorrow swiftly begin to set up bogus investigation committees to investigate gross human right violations they committed. Thirty four (34) African countries out of Fifty-four (54) countries which signed Rome- Status agreement are now complaining.

That African Governments should form a continental court which will look into human rights abuses, in Africa. How come the same person who slayed people can again give himself/herself a chance to set up an investigation committee to investigate, the crimes he/she committed? No there is no logic at all in this kind of demand by African siting Leaders. The rumors, being that African leaders are now forging ahead with plans to set up their own regional court.  Such a notion is unacceptable.  It must be a sneaky way of giving themselves an obvious immunity in the process.

On the other hand, it would be an attempt to avoid the Hague-based International Criminal Court (ICC). And a clear indication that African Leaders want to distant themselves from natural and world justice. It must be rejected because they want to find saver way to kill people even much more than they had been doing or stay in offices without facing accountability.

A continental court, for instance, established in 1998 by 20 countries—none signature of Rome Agreement has so far did nothing to bring into book those African leaders who have been committing crimes. African Union, either, has becomes an Organization which offers nothing good to the continent’s innocent citizens. It sometimes involves in crimes investigations. Does AU’s deserve existence? I see no reason for an AU organization existence because it doesn’t solve Africans problems.

Those who lead the Union once became, Ministers, Diplomats and Presidents in their countries. Do we expect them to apply justice? No we don’t! They form Committees on Human Rights Abuses for investigations. From an investigation committee comprises of complicities: can victims expect fair investigation results?

problem

In the case of South Sudan. An investigation committee is reportedly formed and investigating human rights abuses, committed following the aftermath of Dec 15 2013. Just over the last two weeks or so, Justice John Wuol Makec in his capacity as committee’s Chairperson has allegedly invited the 15 Dec in Juba, Jonglei, Unity, and Upper Nile states’ Survivors to go to the Committee’s respective offices in Juba and those states mentioned. That “ I the Chairperson of the Investigation Committee do hereby inform the public and IDPs inside and outside the UNMISS camps that the committee is ready to interview the survivors, families of victims, eye witnesses and relevant institutions to obtain information and evidence related to the killing of innocent persons.

The venues for investigations in Juba, he allegedly said, would be the Investigation Committee’s Office which is located at East of KCB Buluk Branch and South of Lokita Petrol Station along Street of the Ministries. And in respective Offices of the Committee in Jonglei (Bor), Upper Nile (Malakal), and Unity (Bentiu) states.

The fixed date for investigations in Juba was started on 1th-25th, July and on 10th-25th, July in those three states of Greater Upper Nile. So the question, here, is what do we expect from that investigation committee? I’m less interested in any investigation being done by indigenous. The committee’s investigations would have been appreciated and inclusive if those, Refugees in Unganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, and IDPs in Wau and remote areas of Greater Upper Nile were to be involved. Will the Committee go to them there? Otherwise. What is the reason why IDPs are still living in the UNMISS’s bases in Juba, Wau, Malakal, Bor and Bentiu? What are they doing there? Are they in a hiding, for their lives?

There was a slight mistake. Even if we today decided to make a confirmation researches around the globe, I don’t think that survivors or victims are the one who go to investigation committee’s centers themselves. Rather they are the committee’s staffs or members who used to go and investigate the survivors/victims wherever they are/may be. Would they (survivors) really speak up their minds freely in those centers?

What if you go and recognized in the center the one who abused your rights. Would you be given a permission to tell he is the one? If IDPs can have such a freedom to move around up to the Committee’s centers, then I can say that those IDPs are there for nothing. They should instead return to their houses. Oh, are their houses safe and empty? This is another question which needs responsible answer. Investigation committees on Human right in less-developed world, Amnesty International, Human Right Watch and all International Organizations working on Human rights issues do not ask Survivors to go to their countries respective offices.

It would be good enough, if African Union (AU) can further wider its attention to problems facing ordinary Africans. Anyway, we can understand that the continent is working on Human Right Issues and how Justice can be achieve in Africa. Let us rest our case here. However, I, the author, strongly believe that corn won’t secure or expect fair justice from that court composes of chickens.

        Bol Khan is a concerned citizen, reach him on bolkhan39@yahoo.com


By Kossmoss Gajang, Australia

The 21 federal states proposed by Riek Machar

The 21 federal states proposed by Riek Machar

Suppose there were no such widespread outcry about ‘some’ majority tribe(s) covering political and economic sky ‘at the expense’ of other smaller tribes, in South Sudan, it would have been a laughable proposal to claim a need for more federation, as opposed to more decentralization of governing powers and resources. In a country peopled by less than 15 million people, a federation of ten states is more than enough. Even Australia, a country more populated, at around 22 million people, has less than ten states.

But, then, Australia is a country that belongs to folk of common interest, irrespective of national origin of individuals therein. So, the fundamental problem in South Sudan’s governing system is not a lack of federalism per se but rather the supremacy of centralization, which confers enormous powers upon one individual, including a particular power of significant injustice, a power to sack a people-elected governor.

But perhaps it can safely be argued that it is not the mere presence of such powers that caused the ongoing civil war, there are many other factors, not limited to deliberate disloyalty and political sabotage among the leading class, for example.

Fantasy aside. South Sudan is a country of tribes, some, if not all of which, have more or less dealt with outside oppressive forces for more than one hundred years. As a result of such struggle, suspicion and prejudice have taken roots among some individual tribes toward each other. The policies of the ‘closed district’ doctrine, which sought to ban Arabs’ activities in the then southern Sudan, only made matters worse. Because according to that doctrine, the authenticity and distinctiveness of each tribe were to be kept unblemished by their neighbour’s cultural influence.

Therefore, though South Sudanese have shared the same outside enemies, they never endorsed unity of efforts to confront their common enemies, for the realization of common comfort and liberty. It can, however, be exaggerated that they did come together, toward the end of the last century, for a common goal, to be free and determine their destiny. In this determination of their destiny, they have called for many kinds of governing systems, including, importantly, the call for federalism.

It is imperatively important that this gale wind of more federation, in South Sudan, be widely discussed and analysed as much as possible- such that the masses understand the nature of the ‘beast’ they are about to hunt and kill. It is also particularly important that our people understand, once implemented, the reversal of such a system will dwell near the impossible. It is out of the necessity to participate that I intend to opine.

Until the so-called ‘Jieng Elders’ weighed in with their version, as to what form of federation should be inherently and uniformly just, I have thought all along that the case for the current federalism would win the favour of a bigger portion of South Sudan’s population. However, since the Jieng are the majority, while the incumbent president is also a Monyjang, it would have been, to Equatorians and Dr. Riek’s camp, an imposition, willy-nilly, on the ‘minorities’ a system in which the latter only perceive injustice- and the possibility of bullets being employed to achieve ‘victory’ where popular opinion fails would have not been mitigated.

So, it is only fair that the ‘Jieng Elders’ joined the march for the consensually perceived ‘fair’ system of governance- federalism. In principle, the proposed federation of 23 states, by the ‘Jieng Elders’, can still deliver just as equally a good as the current ten-states federation would have done, had there been productive efforts made to make it work.  Even more beneficial, some of the proposed 23 states are homogenous to a certain degree, which could compensate for miscomprehension (fuelled by illiteracy) that results from majority of our people being able to speak only their own tribal language, as opposed to Arabic or English or both. In the short run, enormous benefits could be reaped; whereas in the long run, most people would be positively affected by education and commerce, to either speak English or Arabic or both.

One other positive outcome of such federation is that those regions who possess technical knowledge with other natural resources would be able to grow without being accused, by their counterparts, of dominance at the expense of any tribe or state. However, there is also one inherent problem too: those regions that possess less technical knowledge and less natural resources will lag behind significantly; and such regions would form economically-low class.  In short, there are potential benefits and challenges in the proposed federal system.

The masses should understand that natural resources will no longer belong to the federal government, otherwise the creation of even more states would not make sense. For example, the majority tribes such as the Jieng and the Nuer would still wield political and economic domination- over smaller tribes- and the problem would have remained unresolved. Except for wildlife, Nile waters and the land’s surface, any resources underneath the surface of the land should belong to the state.

Meanwhile, I should reserve the right to opine, on the sharing of powers and distribution of natural resources between the federal government and states governments, for another occasion.

KMG@2014


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The African Union condemns the attack on Nasir town

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MEDIA ADVISORY


Main Prison in Juba, South Sudan

It’s death row in a prison in South Sudan. Most of these people will die because of famine and illnesses. The rest will be executed.

 

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RECLUSOS EN LA PRISIÓN CENTRAL DE RUMBEK

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Rally for Peace and Democracy
(South Sudan)
REF: RPD/PR-16/14
PRESS RELEASE

South Sudan Government’s Military Stockpiling to Undermine Ongoing Peace Efforts

The Rally for Peace and Democracy (RPD) is profoundly perturbed following recent reports by media and human rights groups that the Government of South Sudan is importing $38 million worth of military hardware comprising missile and grenadelaunchers, pistols, machine guns and ammunitions.

The reports present evidence of the source of the weapons (Hong Kong, China), the name of the manufacturer and consigning company (NORINCO), and quantity and categories of the weapons.

This irresponsible act is taking place despite:

1. Authoritative predictions of imminent humanitarian disaster as expressed by highly-placed personalities and none other than the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon. Man-made food insecurity situation of the worse kind, affecting one-third of the population of South Sudan, is said to be looming menacingly as a result of the ongoing armed conflict.

2. The Government of South Sudan signed the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement, which in unequivocal terms states that the parties to the conflict shall “refrain from taking any actions that could lead to military confrontations including all movement of forces, ammunition resupply, or any other action that could be viewed as confrontational”. Hardly a month has gone past when leader of the government, Lt. General Salva Kiir Mayardit, re-committed to honouring the CoH.

3. Oil production – the main source of income to the Government of South Sudan – has fallen by about two-thirds, which has led to heavy borrowing by this government and salaries of civil servants and uniformed forces are paid in small arrears after elapse of two to three months. In addition, essential social services (health and education) have suffered severely since independence.

4. Due to ill-advised and unilateral decision to close oil production for a good part of 2013, the government was obliged to implement austerity measures, which led to tremendous economic melt-down. This forced some population to return to the republic of Sudan or back to exile in neighbouring countries.

5. China, the sole supplier of the military stockpile, is a Permanent Member of the UN Security Council, which has strongly condemned military atrocities in South Sudan and even pledged to contribute with more peace keeping forces to enforce and maintain peace in the country. China is also the leading importer of the South Sudanese oil and a leading investor inits oil industry.

RPD reserves no words to condemn both the Government of South Sudan and that of China for their reckless and callous move to refuel the bloody conflict in South Sudan. Taking it further, RPD strongly urges the United Nations, the African Union and European Union to block the arms consignment on the account that it is a flagrant violation of the internationally brokered Cessation of Hostilities Agreement and also an act that is definitely going to increase to the already high death toll.

RPD further urges imposition of military embargo on South Sudan and holding its president accountable for the deliberate violation of the cease fire agreement.

RPD Interim Secretariat
July 22, 2014


The Government of South Sudan has tasted the fruits of her Nepotism in Foreign policy


By David Aoloch Bion

The Government of the Republic of South Sudan led by President Salva Kiir has poorest relationship with the whole World because of her nepotism policies in the job opportunities and in the public services . This youngest nation got independence in 2011. Shortly, the government established her embassies around the World. When the ambassadors to work in these foreign missions were appointed. It was not done on the merit of the qualification and expertise but it was based on nepotism.
When the ambassadors were appointed, the Government Ministers and the 24 SPLM political Bureau members met in hotel in Juba and each Minister and each Member gave the name of his or her brother or sister or any qualified relative or a friend to President Salva Kiir . President Kiir without any reservation or doubt, he appointed the ambassadors as recommended by his political allies in the government and in the SPLM party.
In 2013, President Kiir falls out with the 17 SPLM Political Bureau members who gave him the list of his ambassadors. President Kiir sacked these men in the government. These sacked government ministers began talking ill about the Government. The ambassadors in foreign capitals began talking ill about the government too
. Instead they ambassadors should speak as the representatives of the government; they were presenting the interest of their relatives who disagree with government as the interest of the government.
When the fighting broke out in Juba on December 15, fighting also broke out in the South Sudan embassies abroad. The ambassadors, who were recommended by either, those leading the rebellion or those who were detained were expressing their political divide rather than national foreign policy agenda/interest , they were saying there was’’ no coup ‘’. From there the host country thought that ambassador is presenting national views while the ambassador has already taken side.
If the ambassadors were appointed on merit, this diplomatic damage would have not happened because the ambassadors would have not known any other interest than the interest of the Government of South Sudan that appointed him or her.
South Sudan has a poorest diplomatic relationship with World, it is a good experience, so next time any government in Juba should not appoint ambassadors on recommendation from someone but on merit and experience of the work.

A MAD RICHMAN IS NEVER RESPECTED OR TAKEN SERIOUS

Posted: July 22, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary

John Adoor Deng, Australia

whose head?

whose head?

South Sudan is archeologically believed to be mineral rich country in the world and in Africa in particular. It has enormous potential for oil, gold mines, animals and a fertile land, capable of satisfying needs for local consumption and exports. The country borders many countries which in a practical sense, gives South Sudan credible opportunities for trades and business operations.

With this realization, economists referred to South Sudan as an African food basket. The question then becomes when is South Sudan going to be an African food basket? Is this economic prophecy fulfil- able in South Sudan?

Indeed, one would hold an ambivalent position in this regards. We had the opportunity to demonstrate and portray this rich endeavor both to the world and to our own good -selves.   However, the ruling elites failed at the very genesis of the making of our country. For example, they could not even manage to fairly distribute the ready-made resource (oil money).

Disgracefully, the amount of $20 billion since 2005-2013 ended in few pockets while the innocent heroes and war victims, languish in poverty. The country (South Sudan) as I write this piece; lack medical facilities, roads, clean water, electricity and poor agriculture, etc. The nation is rated low as failed and one among the most corrupts countries in the world.

This brings me to my subject title, a mad rich man is never respected or taken serious. This is true of South Sudan‘s current situation. Observably, the country is now engaged in a needless war within herself. Each day the two unfortunate warring factions slaughter each other, destroyed little individuals infrastructure buildings, kill and displaced innocents civilians caught on both sides of the conflicts.

In my view, these obnoxious actions qualified the present South Sudanese influential leaders, who in one way or the other, architected the current situation as mad men and women. Stupidly, they are proud about the oil and other resources that they could not even manage to make good use of in terms of equitable distribution and infrastructural development. The oil in South Sudan instead of being regarded as a blessing from God to us, it is humanly now turned into a curse resource.

During the civil war between the North Sudan and Southern Sudan, we used to refer to then oil as blood oil. I remember the protest we did in Kenya so that Kenyan stops doing business with Sudan with oil. Today, our oil is becoming a curse resource; it’s only benefited few bellies and secondly the oil now is being use to fuel this needless war.

Both factions are selling future barrels of oil through agreements with scrupulous companies. This is robbing the next generations of South Sudan, who will live only to pay debts and have nothing to benefit from the oil. The present leaders have scared off friends and goodwill allies of South Sudan. As nobody respect   a rich madman, so is South Sudan to the world.

The Author is John Adoor Deng, BA, BTH, MPRL, MPPP_current and Director of South Sudan Foundation (SSSF). He is reachable by emailing johnadoordeng@yahoo.com.au

BUAY: SPLA REPULSED REBELS’ ATTACK IN AYOD

Posted: July 22, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Press Release

SPLA REPULSED REBELS’ ATTACK IN AYOD

For Immediate Release

July, 22/7/2014

The rebels of Riek Machar once again violated the Cessation of Hostilities and attacked Ayod town at 8:30 AM. The attackers were White Army commanded by renegade Duop Lam, former Minister of Law Enforcement in Jonglei State from 2009 to December, 15, 2013.

The SPLA forces repulsed the attack within one hour and inflicted heavy casualties on the marauding White Army. The SPLA forces, after conducting searches, found 64 dead bodies of the rebels most of whom are young boys below the ages of 18.

As it is now obvious that Riek Machar’s rebel-terrorists declared war against the government in a blatant violation of the Cessation of Hostilities signed in Addis Ababa, we request the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia to dismiss Riek Machar from Ethiopia. The purpose Ethiopia hosts Riek Machar in hotel in Addis Ababa is to facilitate negotiations between the Government and the rebels. But since Riek Machar is not interested in peace, the Ethiopian Government must dismiss him from Addis Ababa.

It came to our attention that the wounded combatants of Riek Machar are being treated in Gambella, Ethiopia. After the SPLA defeated the rebels in Nasir on Sunday, the wounded rebels found their way to Gambella town. More than 54 wounded rebels are being treated in Gambella right now.

The Government of South Sudan is appealing to Ethiopian Government to ensure that wounded rebels are not treated in their territory. The Government of South Sudan signed border security agreement with the Government of Gambella region in 2011 so that no rebel is allowed to destabilize the border. The Government of South Sudan has so far deported 25 Ethiopian rebels to Addis Ababa to ensure that Ethiopian rebels do not use South Sudan territory to destabilize Ethiopia. Therefore, Ethiopian Government must implement the agreement by preventing wounded rebels to have access to hospitals in Ethiopia, particularly Gambella region.

For Contact:
Gen. Gordon Buay
Member of Other Armed Groups Integration Committee
Juba, South Sudan
Email: gordonbuay@hotmail.com


‘SOME PEOPLE ARE BLIND,THEIR GREED FOR LEADERSHIP HAS BLIND
THEM’

By Desmond Mabior

The 21 federal states proposed by Riek Machar

The 21 federal states proposed by Riek Machar

My dearest ‘greater Bor’ peers or fellows i greet you. I am aware and its clear that some of you are in support of pending ‘federalism’ result which were submitted by ‘Riek’ and his delegation. Fine that’s up to you if you’re in support of that but for ‘ME’ its a big NO for my personal view that will later follow.

Well as you read this, many of you may piss me off and even ignore this ,some may suggest that I am a mad man(or boy for those who are older than me) and some may agree with me and the final results is we’re all humans and and each every individual have his/her right to choose what he/she do,like or desire.

But that’s not the reason I chooses to waste my precious time to write this note or article today. Let me outset by sharing this quote with you today ‘ The only thing worse than being blind is having sight and no vision’. You can translate it on your own opinion but for me this is what I mean about that.

It’s clear that many of you are against ‘Kiir’ and its government. Especially your claimed illiterate, dictator ,murderer,failure ‘Kiir Mayardit’ himself. Were many of you have continually asked him to go,were many of you wrote and continually writes articles of asking him to go ‘Kiir must go’. The same ‘Kiir’ you and your pathetic,selfish,greed leaders who later become chameleon ruins his reputation in public and domestic eyes now. But I will not talk about it now.

Let me suggests in my view that ‘Kiir’ himself is not the problem. The problem are your chameleon leaders and possibly his Bar-el-gazaal fellows. Especially those chameleon, pathetic, selfish, greedy leaders who ruined Kiir reputation by first concentrated on ‘stomach- filling’ sport. They looted public funds for 8 years. They stole all the petrodollars. They fattened their wives and concubines with it, and stashed millions in foreign banks.

And when they had had enough, when their bellies were about to burst open, they changed the game. They shifted to It’s-my-turn- to-be the-president. Leaving innocent citizens ‘destitute’ in neighboring countries refugees camp. And you’re now blaming Kiir for that? You’re blaming him for taking action against the chameleon, pathetic, selfish, greedy leaders who ruin his reputation and are threatening his seat/leadership?

Let me concluded by saying ‘YOU AND YOUR NUERS’ are “selfish”. Let me be sincere with you that you’re not fighting against the poor leadership or Bar-El-Gazaal domination,dictatorship and undeveloped government that you claimed. You’re simply fighting for your self- interest ,self-benefit. You’re only interested in what will favour, develop Upper Nile region only.

I understand many of you doesn’t want or wished Riek to be the president after all but you’re using him as a tool to kick Kiir out of his seat. And I hope so far you have experienced the aftermath of it now ,I hope you have experienced now how attacking a person at his home (seat) can resulted. Why are you (South Sudanese) and your opposition leaders are in such hurry for development or settlement? Do you have any idea how long,struggle and presidents it took other countries you’re now comparing yourself with to achieved their own achievement,which resulted to their current good outcome(development, democracy and good governance etc)?

Of course you have a long way to go in real facts but because of your undermined minds, greediness of leadership,hurry for development and selfishness you’re accusing an innocent man (Kiir) of dictatorship,corruption, illiteracy etc. These will never take you anywhere my dear citizens and I am sure if you kick Kiir out that will be the thing you will keep doing to the leaders that will follow him and you will have no leaders forever.

So be careful my dear Borians (Buor)with sides you took, because you’re always the victims of every conflict, massacre that occurred in South Sudan just because you deeply involve yourself and first take sides in every political views.

And I look forward to the day that South Sudan will be a united, peaceful, developed country but that will depends on how you treat your authorities, leaders period!


Let’s Reject Tribalism & Nepotism and use our diversity as our strength.

By Mr. John Mading Mabor

Bentiu, UNMISS Camp

Bentiu, UNMISS Camp

Day in day out, we live in a state of fear because of wars within, up and around us. Thinking that it’s not affecting us, we just shrug the issue off and continue with our daily lives. All these wars begun as a result of something, most of these being tribal conflicts. We may consider a tribal war as gnat on the toe of a giant, but these petty wars could explode into something greater, take for example the civil war in Libya; it all started as a result of tribal conflicts South Sudan has a similar case on its soil, we should be careful about how we handle the issue of tribal conflict.
This article is also an appeal to the powers that be, that they may hurry to solve these conflicts and that the people themselves take a stand to end the conflict.
To get a better understanding of what this article is all about we would need to ask ourselves several questions such as; what is Tribalism? What is Nepotism? Do they exist? Why do people feel so superior about their tribes over others? On the other hand, why are some high level educated citizens caught in this uncivilized tradition?
My purpose of putting through this piece of writing is to show that tribalism and nepotism are first of all serious problems that are being ignored in our country and that they have crude consequences.
According to wikipedia.org (an online based encyclopedia), Tribalism is a behavior, attitudes that are based on being loyal to a tribe or other social group. It is the very first social system that human beings have lived in. Tribalism can also be said as the possession of a strong cultural or ethnic identity that separates a person as a member of a one group from members of another group.
The Merriam-Webster dictionary also defines tribalism (among other definitions) as the exaltation of one’s tribe above others. In other words tribalism is the feeling that one’s tribe is superior to some other tribe or all tribes. As a result the tribalists have a disdain and often disrespect for the tribes they think are inferior to their tribe. Such people therefore discourage association in any form be it marriage, work, or friendship with tribes they deem to be inferior. In most cases they have derogatory names for the tribes they deem to be inferior.
In South Sudan almost every tribe has such names for other tribes. Words like, Nyam-nyam’, ‘Jengee’ “Jang” etc are all examples of such derogatory words used to demean and disrespect people of other tribe. Nepotism on the other hand is the showing of favoritism for relatives or friends based upon that relationship, rather than on an objective evaluation of ability or suitability, for instance by offering employment to a relative, despite the fact that there are others who are better qualified and willing and able to perform the job.
The word nepotism is from the Latin word Nepos meaning “nephew” or “grandchild“. Simply put: We will define Tribalism as the exaltation of one’s tribe over others, and then Nepotism as simply “square pegs in round holes”.
These two concepts are intertwined; you cannot speak of one without mentioning the other. They have been in existence since time immemorial and would continue to be, if nothing is done to check these concepts.
As Africans, we must know how deep Tribalism and Nepotism has gotten into our society and the effect it’s having on our development as a continent and as South Sudanese we also see likewise. Let’s not consider these concepts to be something farfetched, in fact the trickle down effects of tribalism and nepotism are still prominent and ongoing in our country today.
First and foremost, let’s take a peek into our family situation. In today’s South Sudan, there are some families from particular tribes that do not allow socialization of their members with other tribes. One may doubt the existence of such ideas in modern times, but it does truly exist , with parents telling their children right from their infancy not to bring certain people of a particular tribe home ”in other words for marriage”. Therefore, looking at the current ongoing crises and the dimension it plunged this country into. Clearly this was as a result of tribalism and nepotism.
And the ongoing conflict might just divide our political parties along tribal lines and don’t be surprise in future when one of the political party pulling a faction of the populace due its tribal affiliations whiles another tribal faction leaning towards a political party. With the determining power lying with another tribal faction, such division is predictable considering how the defectors of the current crisis are from one tribe.
Furthermore, the ongoing situation in our country is glaring proof that tribalism and nepotism are eminent in our beloved country today, but looking at the root cause of all the crises and strife that happened was also as a result of conflict between two ethnic groups /tribes. Thus we can clearly state that the state of affairs concerning tribalism and nepotism is as it was in the past if not, has even worsened.
Considering ethical issues one would like to look into various sectors and look at them in terms of the problems that take place in those areas. Ethical issues or problems are found in Areas like; Family (inter-marriages), Work and employment, news agencies (news houses) Politics (politicians). Keep in mind, there cannot be anything ethical unless an issue of doing right or wrong is debated. Within the family, ethical issues arise as to when parents strictly warn their children not to bring any person from a particular tribe home in term of marriage.” This character is passed onto the children from a very tender age. Hence our serious tribal differences, division of South Sudan – not into regions but rather tribal sectors.
In addition, the issue of employment is a really serious one. Nowadays getting a job is no longer about qualification but rather about “who you know”. i.e. (if someone is from your tribe, you have a higher chance of attaining a job). The negative effects of tribalism in South Sudan are not farfetched. First of all tribalism breeds nepotism. Once people feel that their tribesmen are better than people from other tribes they tend to surround themselves with their tribesmen when get into positions of trust.
The tribalists are willing to hire people from their tribe who may not otherwise be the best candidate for the given job. Such actions deprive the nation of the right people for the right job. That is square pegs in round holes. (Putting unqualified persons in positions due to tribal relations.)
South Sudan Politicians in general are major contributors to these ethical issues. During elections these politicians tend to rely on the public’s weakness when it’s directed towards their tribal affiliations. Politicians know that they have nothing better to offer when it comes to issues of national development so by playing the tribal card they are able to skip the issues at stake and Dr Riek Machar is the case in point. They fail to recognize that their actions cause more harm to the very state they want to govern thus looking at the incidence of December 15 2013, the crises was by political party.
It is very important to note that tribalism and nepotism is tightly woven together, you cannot speak of one concept without mentioning the other and some of its causes are such as bad leadership, Selfishness by serving personal interests instead of the needs of the people, corruption, contribution from our political leaders – careless utterances and incitement by politicians polarized political issues.
Discrimination against members of different tribes which in turn encourages hatred among people of different tribes, which in turn could lead to all out wars. Contributing to social disintegration, and thus makes the resort to violence more likely-and more deadly.
If only tribe members are given certain privileges, people who are even qualified but do not belong to the said tribe would resort to paying bribes to attain the said privileges then corruption would only worsened and our economy will be slowing down since only people of the same tribe want to help each other as the rest suffer. – Negative growths of the economy as people serve their own interests and those of their relatives.
As South Sudanese we should embrace tolerance / peaceful coexistence – the ability to accept another’s faults, view and opinion, without hate or malice as well as encouraging inter-tribal marriages – this would create a mixed tribe, offspring’s of the union would not have specific tribal alliances and in employing, employers should look out for competence and not tribal similarities.
Tribalism and Nepotism are issues that our country faces and has to keep up with. Both lower the levels of development as they are the breeding grounds for corruption and conflict. Ironically, our leaders who are supposed to show us the right path and lead us to success as they work with us to develop and improve our economy are the biggest participants in it.
Doing unto others what we would want done to us and acknowledging that justice emerges when negotiating without social differentiation we see ourselves as tribal before national…it is high time we see ourselves as national before tribal…With one mind and one accord let’s be one people.
By: Mr. John Mading Mabor, Public Policy Analyst
Deputy Chairperson of the Public Relation Society of South Sudan (PRS)
I can be reached on: Email: jonmadine@yahoo.co.uk 

James Gatdet Dak, Riek Machar’s Spokesperson

“Our high level delegation to Kampala led by the Deputy Chairman, General Alfred Ladu Gore, has returned to Addis Ababa safely on Monday evening after spending the whole day in the Entebbe Airport. The Ugandan government refused to receive them despite President Museveni himself having made the request for a meeting. The Ugandan embassy in Addis Ababa also facilitated the travel and had informed the government accordingly. Thanks to the media for publishing and broadcasting the visit to the public. Otherwise we wouldn’t have known what would have happened to them if the visit was made a secret.”


The Small Arms Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment (HSBA) for Sudan and South Sudan is pleased to announce the release of a new Issue Brief: “Protective Measures: Local Security Arrangements in Greater Upper Nile”, now available for download:

http://www.smallarmssurveysudan.org/fileadmin/docs/issue-briefs/HSBA-IB23-Local-security-arrangements-in-Greater-Upper-Nile.pdf

About this Issue Brief:

Local security arrangements (LSA) are a long-time feature in rural South Sudan, and they have a particularly strong presence in Greater Upper Nile due to the marked security gap—the inability of official state security forces to respond to the security needs of civilians. Local security concerns include persistent cattle raiding and militia group activity, as well as the effects of the long-term proliferation of weapons and ammunition.

This Issue Brief discusses the organization of LSAs in Greater Upper Nile and their impact on local security dynamics in the region, drawing on original research conducted in Mayom county in Unity, Uror county in Jonglei, and Fashoda county in Upper Nile prior to the outbreak of widespread conflict in Greater Upper Nile. The tradition of LSAs in these areas was a factor leading to the rapid mobilization of armed youths at the outset of the recent crisis.

In particular, this Issue Brief focuses on the complex ways in which LSAs reflect local security dynamics and cultural norms surrounding the role of youths in providing protection for their own communities. It describes the security environments in the case study areas, LSA structures and functions, and the impacts of the LSAs on security levels. In doing so, it considers state security policies and practices—including civilian disarmament campaigns—that influence LSA formation, as well some of the security dilemmas associated with LSAs.

Protective Measures” is the 23rd Issue Brief published by the Small Arms Survey’s HSBA. All previous Issue Briefs are available for download in English and Arabic from:

http://www.smallarmssurveysudan.org/publications/issue-briefs.html

Remember to refresh your web browser to ensure access to all the latest updates.

For questions, comments on content, or feedback, contact:

Yodit Lemma
HSBA Project Coordinator
Small Arms Survey
yodit.lemma@smallarmssurvey.org

Follow the HSBA on Twitter (@Sudan HSBA) and Facebook (Sudan HSBA – Small Arms Survey)


By Mangong Mawien Madut
Opening ceremony: ministry of Communication

Opening ceremony: ministry of Communication

Our State South Sudan  is one of the nations internationally recognized  by  various global organizations in three years back.Having the country like South Sudan which the central government is mandated and publicly accepted  by her citizens is more important than any other  thing.Citizens doesn’t only feel proud of having centralized government but they first love the sovereignty of their nation which whole world called now Republic  of  South Sudan after long waited Referendum fulfilled by people the South Sudanese citizens in 2011 when majority of civil population voted for separation.

How hopes of citizens were not only failed but regrettably destroyed by Juba Elites
Who are Juba Elites ?

Juba  elites  are  a small group of people who  are/were controlling  a disproportionate amount of wealth and  political power since 2005 to the date of their  outdated political disagreement which resulted into bloodshed  in modern world of peaceful settlement of problems.

they are/were selective groups who run the government of South Sudan  friendly  and favorably since the transitional interim government but unexpectedly they challenged each other, criticized themselves for the total failure of the ruling party SPLM and forgotten that the citizens knew their good and poor  performances in government  from the date they assumed the positions.

Elites of Juba thought they are /were more clever enough to corrupt the system, embezzled the public funds and failed to implement the urgent basic human needs  and at the same time instead to sit down as top government officials and advise themselves to stop misappropriation of the country ‘s resources and build for us a modern nation South Sudan because no one among them is  poor compare to  others they just  went out  barely and publicly to challenge  themselves and tell the total failure of country without knowing that the poor civil population  in this country alright knew how they are being failed by them {Juba Elites} but they poor civilians kept silent for having no an alternative to Juba government of selective politicians.

So elitism of Juba government  ‘s top politicians was not their intelligence but luckiness to met as a true friends who can never and will never make an accountability to themselves despite of how too much they are corrupting the government provide that  they are in the system and practicing  the similar scandal.

That is what happened to them not intelligence nor an interests of South Sudanese citizens to leave their country being mishandled to the extend of  high corruption  but it was their time {Juba Elites}  to do what they expect not what  citizens expects to be down by the politicians who loves their people and State.

Internal division of Juba Elites.  
As the common saying put it,  politic is a dirty game. which  had misinterpret rated itself since an emerge of  an earlier political theories. So   I think it is not the case  here in politics of  modern world. the theory that says politics is a dirty game is more to be contradicted in nation of learn t politicians and people.Then for the case of Juba Elites politics, how the politic came really to its common saying as a dirty game . Despite that the theory of politics being  a dirty game was rejected by young people who made independent and accurate research about politics. But majority of people  agreed when  Juba Elites divided themselves into groups mainly  Gen. Salva Kiir his group and Dr. Riak Machar his group.
The division came surprising and sharply when the two leaders presented their ambition for the chairmanship of the ruling party SPLM for the 2015 elections. the top politicians of SPLM disagreed in an appointment of the party ‘s chairperson to compete with main opposition leaders.The politics they  played in SPLM  for election ticket revealed to many people  that politics is a dirty game. Giving more questions to people of how Gen. Salva Kiir fell out with his long time true friends in SPLM who can never disagreed with him in any circumstances If it was not a believe  theory of politics being  a dirty game trying to happen and show itself in Africa ‘s youngest nation which truely  engulfed our country into bloody  civil war.
No more debate, politics is a true dirty game If it is ill-played based on what happened to our nation South Sudan. The  current crises facing the innocent people who doesn’t know anything in politics is not only  horrible but painful leaving  blame always on top politicians who carelessly enforced the experienced war to poor people.This war is  not only destructive, divisive but continuously is implementing unshaken  hatred between the Jieng and Nuer  If there will be no sincere sensitization of Nuer and Jieng ‘s civil populations about their closeness and relativity and their  none  business on Kiir and Riak ‘s heedless  war by rejecting unhelpful orientations.
later when almighty  God make it,  bring a comprehensive peace among the misled communities to understand the position they are supposed to take in any political disorientation, the government has to take necessary measures in reconstruction and transformation of the societies  by educating them well  not to make any mistake again to back up the politicians who doesn’t need the enjoyment  of  stability of  country.This is time for poor people to take their children to school instead to be misused in any situation  created by those who want to come to power or maintain their positions. It is an essential and has to be considered seriously by victims.
Problems needs political settlement to end the senseless war
It would be better for two leaders of two groups the warring parties to sit down and honestly convince themselves on how to bring lasting peace to country.. They have to reconsider the suffering of civilians as currently the innocent are displaced from their homes and forced to homeless. Dialogue is a solution to grievances and political differences.
If both leaders really loves and cares for people, then they have to give peace chance and forget interests they are pursuing.
Author is reached on mangong120@gmail.com

One People One Nation

Posted: July 21, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in David Aoloch

One People, One Nation

By David Aoloch Bion

Love your neighbour as you love yourself
The Lord says
But we love our land more than ourselves
Our neighbours
And that is why
We voluntarily sacrificed,
Willingly died in million as martyrs

We love our land more than ourselves and
Our neighbours that is why
We sank deed in the Ocean of Debauchery
Turned our barrels against ourselves
Betrayed, sold our just cause for rewards of
Empty glories;
Glories as hollow as reed
Bitten one another‘s ear to suck a base gain
Gain as stink as carrion

We love our land more than ourselves
And our neighbours that is why
We come to gather today to reunion as
One People, one Nation, one God
By God‘s will and willing,
We forgive one another
And have forgiven one another
Forget past history of killings and counter killings
Draw up mutual roadmap for development to catch up
With developed and free world


By Bol Khan Rom

Bishop Deng Bul (in red), praying with President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Bishop Deng Bul (in red), praying with President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Daniel Deng Bul was appointed in April 2013, with Republican Decree by President Kiir, as South Sudan Healing, Peace and National Reconciliation Committee’s Chairperson. Deputized by South Sudan admired Bishop Paride Taban. The National Reconciliation Committee under Daniel Deng Bul was given a tremendous task to reconcile South Sudanese people. To relief the twenty one years (21) war trauma which might have had affected and twisted the thinking of certain elements in different communities across South Sudan. Daniel Deng Bul, three years before this similar task but in a state level, had been once sequentially or simultaneously mediating Peace between George Athor and GoSS, among the Murle, Lou Nuer and Bor Dinka as well as between David Yau Yau and GRSS.

Primarily, all these peace mediations were, under the auspice of Daniel Deng Bul, in Jonglei state level started right from mid-2010 to 2012. However, Daniel Deng Bul basically failed to initiate even anything that could be seen related to peace among Jonglei state communities. He reconciled neither Geoge Athor Deng and GRSS, ethnic conflicting groups(Murle, Lou Nuer & Bor Dinka) by the time nor GRSS and South Sudan Democratic Movement SSDM/A—Cobra Faction of David Yau Yau. Therefore, a question which this piece aim to establish is: Can Daniel Deng Bul who basically failed in a state level, succeed to bring peace in a national level? Which one is more complicated, state or national task? Is there anybody optimistic that Deng Bul will ever succeeded in reconciling South Sudanese people? It happens but seldom, for a person who failed to solve a family-like issue to succeed in a broadest one in a national level. This is one thing to note.

In the same token, is Daniel Deng Bul among the personalities who do succeed in bringing peace? What are the criteria always needed of a person to be appointed as a Mediator? Can anybody tell me those characteristics? How to bring peace and reconciliation among ethnical, politically divided society like South Sudanese, isn’t simple. Is it?

Look when Daniel Deng Bul was sworn into office and set to leave Juba for Jonglei in order to reconcile the aforementioned communities. He immediately started the work as soon as he could reach the state. Initially, Deng Bul in the state called for an inclusive conference, he said. Unfortunately, the people who were present in that meeting held in Bor, intended by Deng Bul, were all from one side of the conflict. The inhabitants of Bor County. Other groups were excluded from the conference. As they were in Pibor uniformed and other remote places in the far east of the state. In that conference the excluded communities were termed criminals, destroyers and given stereotype names by the organizers.

The same became also the case in GRSS and SSDM/A- Cobra Faction peace process under the Chairmanship of Deng Bul himself. Perhaps because of his deeds, Daniel Deng was seen partial throughout. That might be the reason why he failed to mediate peace in Jongle state. Words and statements like, “The Murle, Lou Nuer are the cause of insecurity in the state, they are the ones who raid cattle, loot other people’s properties and David Yau Yau is a criminal who could be burn alive if found, compared to Dinka Bor who are peaceful”. Again Daniel Deng was quoted as saying “David Yau Yau was a notorious and criminal who killed people in disguise of democracy”.

Conference that meant to include all sides to the conflicts concentrated only on two sides if not one. The Murle in Pibor and other communities couldn’t be involved, as you the readers read earlier on. The author is not an expert in peace, conflicts and resolution but he doesn’t believe that such divisive statements from a mediating body could welded wounds.  As result, there came a lots of questions from the excluded sides.

Which, automatically, led to a premature failure of Jonglei state peace process under Daniel Deng Bul. That is to say, Daniel Deng failed in mediated peace between the GOSS and George Athor, among the Murle, Lou-Nuer, Bor Dinka traditional conflicts and that of GRSS and SSDM/A- Cobra Faction of David Yau Yau.

There was only a breakthrough in Jonglei state when Bishop Paride Taban was tasked to take over from Deng Bul and mediated peace between the GRSS and SSDM/A- Cobra Faction of Yau Yau. An admired Bishop, Paride Taban, who really experienced in how two or more conflicting sides are mediated. Globally, Bishop Taban was in early 2013 won UN Peace Award. Indeed, Paride Taban when took the job over from Deng Bul he truly brokered a fruitful peace between the GRSS and SSDM/A-Cobra Faction. We have now GRSS and SSDM/A-Cobra Faction peace Agreement signed in Addis Ababa, brought by Bishop Paride Taban. The later did not periled the issues around the solution to that problem. Otherwise there would have been no agreement today called SSDM/A-GRSS of GPAA.

Let’s return to South Sudan Healing, Peace and National Reconciliation Committee’s role. Daniel Deng Bul was tasked to reconcile South Sudanese people before this current turmoil could erupted. Did Daniel Deng Bul’s Committee bring to an end communal conflicts in Lakes state? I think the Committee didn’t make any progress. Only the similar divisive statements were instead attributed to the Committee’s leadership. Take for example, a political prayer delivered in a Parliament last year by a certain Archbishop. Amid the then SPLM creating National crisis: “In which Almighty God was asked by that certain Archbishop to take the life of anybody who wanted to challenge Salva Kiir in a SPLM‘s Chairmanship.”

It was being repeated in several occasions in Juba. Are these the prayers that can help reconcile the people of South Sudan? How do you see it now? I mean the work of Daniel Deng’s Committee. Hasn’t it process been paralyzed? Apart from those examples, where is an independency they claim? There is no independency seen nation-wide. Independency never means I should organize a one sided conference. Yes I can organize it there but also in the other place, where it’s necessitate.

Also, independency never means organizing just prayers in the Churches. Do the audiences take your points in that Churches you preach in?  Do that words touch and find what is in the hearts of grassroots. Independency doesn’t imply to hold meeting in a Freedom Hall in Juba city and say you’re reconciling the nations. For instance, have you ever held a peace conference in Kajo-Keji, Maridi, Renk and Raga? Leaving the most internal conflict-affected people of Lakes State wondering about what kind of reconciliation you might be doing there in your own local language.

Independency never means you ethnically distort perspectives in context. Independency means not to say by yourself that you’re independent of your associated belief, politicians or whatever might be seen an obstacle to peace. Succeeding in bringing peace to the nation isn’t something one can just wish for. Rather it is something you’re characterized practically. Something you do, something you are, and something you talk impartially. As Bishop Paride Taban does and other Churches leaders. To engage in conflicts, you need not to buy a knife that cuts but a needle that sews. Healing and Reconciliation is to understand both sides.

And it should, however, be a must for those sides involved to have confidences in you. If you cannot access all sides to the conflicts 24 hours, then you’re reconciling who with who? Or they might have lost confidences in you. Alas, you will have no chance to go to one side, describe the suffering being endured by the other side and produce solution or way forward. And then go to other side doing the former and the latter repeatedly, which is the basic step of making successful peace and reconciliation. If that one cannot happen to you then you won’t taste the solution or fulfill this step. It must be worth for you to resign. Give the responsibility to next colleague to have a try.

Lastly, not the least, I would hope that South Sudanese people have convinced that talks between GoSS and George Athor—Movement have failed. Jonglei state Communal peace imitative among the Murle, Bor Dinka and Lou- Nuer Communities was failed. Moreover, the talks between SSDM/A of David Yau Yau and GRSS have also failed at the end of 2012. All these three mediations made by Daniel Deng Bul were prematurely failed in Jonglei state level. But became successful when Bishop Paride Taban had stepped in.

In the same way, Daniel Deng Bul has already failed in the national level. He cannot succeed in bringing Reconciliation to South Sudanese people whatsoever much more time he can be awarded. For, his leadership lacks reconciliatory attitudes required in mediation. Keeping Daniel Deng Bul as Peace, Healing and National Reconciliation Committee’s Chairperson is tantamount to telling South Sudanese people that don’t reconcile.

Therefore, the Responsibility of reconciling the nation, if we’re really in need of reconciliation, should be handed over to our well-regarded Bishop, Paride Taban. Bishop Paride Taban is one of the most South Sudanese potential Religious Leaders to reconcile South Sudanese without one, two three. President Kiir should decree into National Reconciliation top office, Bishop Paride Taban. Let Bishop Taban take his overdue precise job!

The writer is a South Sudanese, he can be reached at khanrom8@gmail.com


SPLA Completed Mopping-up Operation Near Nasir Town

For Immediate Release

July, 21, 2014

Gordon Buay with President Kiir, December 2010, in Canada

Gordon Buay with President Kiir, December 2010, in Canada

The SPLA forces launched a mopping-up operation on Monday morning by attacking the rebel-terrorists who assembled at Ketbek (2 km from Nasir town). After they were chased out of Nasir on Sunday, the rebels moved to Ketbek hoping to attack the town again. However, the SPLA Mechanized Platoon, supported by two helicopter gunships, attacked the rebels at 9 am and flushed them out of Ketbek. The SPLA inflicted heavy casualties and captured 10 PKM rifles, two 12.5, and 20 AK-47s. The SPLA forces counted 75 dead bodies of rebels at Ketbek.

The Government of South Sudan is very saddened for the loss of young kids deceived by Riek Machar to fight the SPLA forces that are equipped with tanks and helicopter gunships. The fighting in Nasir is the most deadly one since Riek Machar declared himself as a rebel leader last year to topple a democratically elected Government. Within two days of fighting in Nasir, the White Army lost over 1,300 kids who should have been in school. This is a great loss to the Nuer in particular and the people of South Sudan in general. Most of the White Army who are now dying are between the ages of 14 and 18. These kids are the future of South Sudan but Riek Machar is killing them for his own parochial political ambition.

The Government of South Sudan is appealing to Jikany Nuer to save their children from Riek Machar. The number of the White Army killed in Nasir within two days is seven times greater than the number killed in Malakal fighting from December, 2013 to May, 2014. The commander of SPLA forces in Nasir shed tears when he saw the dead bodies of 14 years old kids who are supposed to be in school.

Riek Machar is an evil incarnate who wants to finish the Nuer younger generation. The Nuer intellectuals, elders and chiefs need to sit down to save their tribe from somebody like Riek Machar. The people of South Sudan are mourning the deaths of young Nuer kids deceived by the vicar of Ngundeng. What Riek Machar is doing to Nuer is a crime against humanity.

As a Government, we are appealing to Nuer to save their community from Riek Machar. The death toll of the White Army in Nasir from July, 20—21 is unfathomable and peace-loving South Sudanese are crying why Riek Machar is killing Nuer kids because of a political power. The Nuer must stop Riek Machar from killing their kids. Stopping Riek Machar is a collective effort of the Nuer to save their community.

For contact:
Gen. Gordon Buay
Member of the Other Armed Groups Integration Committee
Email: gordonbuay@hotmail.com


By Desmond Mabior

Mabioor de Garang with Riek Machar in the bush

Mabioor de Garang with Riek Machar in the bush

Dear brother Mabior Garang De Mabior,

Its my hope that you’re doing great wherever you are now. And may you stay bless in wherever you’re.

Its clear that you’re with rebels now. And its clear that you’re against Kiir and its government, the government you ,your boss (Riek) and supporters are allegedly accusing of dictatorship, failure,illiteracy and many that I could count for a whole day. And that’s the reason you,Riek and your supporters are asking for federalism now,the federalism that you have no idea of it’s results in the near future, the federalism that will not even favour your own State,county, payam and community that you came from in terms of country’s natural resources or country’s income.

Many of your supporters who encouraged you in your letter,articles always start it off by pointing out a few good things that you’re fighting for and suddenly switch, explaining what they’re supporting you for. Those are the ones who always want to prove themselves that they’re failures. Others even supports your awful articles you writes against the GOSS. Such group is mainly composed of beggars, flatterers. (Tearz Ayuën) called them sycophants, generally. And I called them in dinka language ‘Koch ke wun chi kuaath’ , I don’t know if that’s the correct spelling in Dinka language.

Mabioor de Garang with Riek Machar, Nairobi

Mabioor de Garang with Riek Machar, Nairobi

Well ,if you have chosen to continue or go ahead with your pending pleasure, interest and case then that’s fine! but that’s not the reason I chooses to waste my precious time writing this note or article today. I simply writes this to advise you and to represent and show you the facts,truths you have ceased to see or you’ve been ignoring since. You’re against your late father’s(nation’s father) best and longest friend ‘President Kiir Mayardit’.

You called him dictator, illiterate. But you suddenly forgotten that this same man:

a) Was the most loyal and close friend to your father(nation’s father). You and your supporters called him ‘illiterate’ but you have forgotten that this same man did contribute allot to the Paradise you and your boss ‘Riek’ are trying to hijack or rob from him now. He sacrifice his chance of later become literate politician just to obey Late Dr John Garang command or wishes (he didn’t asked to be release to go to school when others who are now literate politicians were released by late Dr John Garang to go to school from front line). And you’re now calling him ‘illiterate’? That sound funny to me.

b)Was he not the same man whom your father (nation’s father) abandoned and sidelined in Yei for two years without contact or update on the CPA peace process? And when he asked late Dr John Garang on how the peace is progressing his words were ignored and manipulated. However, with his good conflict resolution skills and the love,respect he had for late Dr John Garang as a brother they resolved their differences with your father (nation’s father) in Rumbek in 2004 peacefully.

c)Was he not the same man who show or demonstrated his respect, love and loyalty for your father(nation’s father) by employing your mother(nation’s mother)?He appointed her as a minister of road before independence and later appointed her to be his advisor (president advisor) .When other SPLA commanders,soldiers who did  went to front line are struggling with their families. And you’re ungrateful?!

d) A man whose government did not and will never abuse,say bad words to your father(nation’s father)and his entire family. He can grant or give you anything you want anytime because of the loyalty he has for your father (nation’s father) and importantly the achievement of Dr John.

e) A man who has and always ignored your criticism for or toward his leadership. A man who tortured and even sent some mere activists to an early graves just because they criticized his leadership and their fathers are not famous or known in the history of South Sudan.

Mabioor de Garang with Hussien Maar in Addis Ababa, rebels' delegation

Mabioor de Garang with Hussien Maar in Addis Ababa, rebels’ delegation

And many more favours he did to your family and you’re comfortably leaving this man for the man who betrayed your father(nation’s father). The man who called your father (nation’s father) a dictator. A man who killed and left nobody on some of your community plot or land. A man whose his current military spokesman is talking bad against late Dr John Garang.

You and your supporters must be saying this to yourselves now: “What’s this boy talking about? Is he drunk or mentally deranged? Someone please take him to a mental hospital. Does he know who I am? Who is his father anyway? Does he really know my father? Does he know that I have a power? Is he aware that I can send him to an early grave. You can even ignore my words and quote this ‘we in a world world were everyone have an opinion’.

And you can take my words seriously and put them into action but its up to you. Am not asking you to stop or leave what you desire but am asking you to redeem yourself because you may regret what you are doing to yourself now later .

Mabioor de Garang with Gen. Daau Aturjong, Nairobi

Mabioor de Garang with Gen. Daau Aturjong, Nairobi

Mabiorkääi I believe your father (Late Dr John Garang De Mabior) had a reputation in you, that was the reason he gave you those name, your grandfather name ,in fact his father’s name. Don’t let them go in vain, use them very well. I am surprise to see you in politic at your age. I thought you were still moaning your father. I didn’t even thought you would join rebel like the way you did .

I was expecting you to have put politic aside and think of building yourself and then later join politic because I have never see a politician who is like you

- Who have not even plant himself (get married – you’re not married if am not wrong)
- Who’s still living in his parents house.
- Who doesn’t have buttocks (ang’uem), stomach.

Mabioor de Garang, Deng Atem Wal and Riek Machar in Nasir

Mabioor de Garang, Deng Atem Wal (Jesus Deng Mading-Chuai) and Riek Machar in Nasir

And claim to be a politician, am very surprise of you my dear bro!

Mabiorkääi ‘hurry has no blessing’

Mabiorkääi ‘achin kë ye yök ë tong chi welnhom baai, ee ng’ong ë rot’

Mabiorkääi don’t allow yourself to be Riek’s Oginga Odinga of South Sudan.

Mabiorkääi be a man of your own principles and the greater Bor will be behind you and you will be a leader.

May God Bless You