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Experts unveil a plan to hold discussion on South Sudan’s Crisis, Root Causes & Approaches for Resolution next week in Washington, DC

Mekonen Tefere, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

April 2, 2015 (SSB)  —  A Group of Experts comprises of South Sudanese, Academicians and International Activists have disclosed to hold a panel discussion on current South Sudan’s crisis. “Its Root Cause and Approach for Resolution would dominate the discussion.” Nhial Chuol Tut, one of the organizers said online from Washington, DC.

The event will take place on Wednesday, Apr 8 2015 from 6:00 pm – 7:30 pm at American University, 4400 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, D.C. 20016 SIS, Abramson Family Founder’s Room.

The organizer said that the focus discussion would penetrate and exhaust the burning points that amount to root cause with serious brainstorming. The discussion will also witness some well-known and recognized South Sudanese tough Activists and former politicians with join presentation from International Activists. The speakers will include: Hon. Sophia Pal Gai – Former Member of South Sudan’s Parliament, Hon. Agnes Nyoka – Former Member of South Sudan’s Parliament and Activist, Dr. Joseph Deng Malual – Social Worker for South Sudan’s “Lost Boys”, Omer Ismail – Senior Policy Advisor at Enough Project while Meghan Stewart – Vice President of Public International Law & Policy Group will moderated the event.

The report published on nyamilepedia on March 31, 2015 quoted that, a list of retired senior military leaders, mostly former major and brigadier generals of U.S army, including the former Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Henry Shelton, call on president Obama, Ambassador Rice and Secretary John Kerry to step up their efforts to impose sanctions and arms embargo on South Sudan.

Meanwhile, US President Obama stated in an executive order seen by medias that he is determining to ensure safety in South Sudan. “In accordance with this provision, I have sent to the Federal Register for publication the enclosed notice stating that the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13664 of April 3, 2014, with respect to South Sudan is to continue in effect beyond April 3, 2015.” Barrack said in his statement.

Since December 2013, over 1 million have been forcibly displaced and over 20,000 people have been killed in South Sudan in the country’s newest conflict with failed mediated peace process by regional block ‘IGAD’ in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

The highly awaited event will deliberately pin point the dangers commitment by warring factions on innocent civilians, root cause of the conflict and its resolution that would recommend the inclusion of peaceful settlement.

The White House, Office of the Press Secretary added that “The situation in and in relation to South Sudan, which has been marked by activities that threaten the peace, security, or stability of South Sudan and the surrounding region, including widespread violence and atrocities, human rights abuses, recruitment and use of child soldiers, attacks on peacekeepers, and obstruction of humanitarian operations, continues to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States.” The report partly read.

American University and Creative Peace Initiatives are jointly organizing the event in Washington, DC.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

There appears to be a noticeable confusion and unnecessary panic concerning what President Obama said about the situation in South Sudan. The statement in question, declaring the conflict as posing “an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States” was made last year, 3 April 2014, not this year. It is only being renewed now: “…the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13664 of April 3, 2014, with respect to South Sudan is to continue in effect beyond April 3, 2015.”—-From the Editor of SSB


The White House

Office of the Press Secretary

Letter: Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to South Sudan

Dear Mr. Speaker: (Dear Mr. President:)

Section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)) provides for the automatic termination of a national emergency unless, within 90 days prior to the anniversary date of its declaration, the President publishes in the Federal Register and transmits to the Congress a notice stating that the emergency is to continue in effect beyond the anniversary date.  In accordance with this provision, I have sent to the Federal Register for publication the enclosed notice stating that the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13664 of April 3, 2014, with respect to South Sudan is to continue in effect beyond April 3, 2015. 

The situation in and in relation to South Sudan, which has been marked by activities that threaten the peace, security, or stability of South Sudan and the surrounding region, including widespread violence and atrocities, human rights abuses, recruitment and use of child soldiers, attacks on peacekeepers, and obstruction of humanitarian operations, continues to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States.  For this reason, I have determined that it is necessary to continue the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13664 with respect to South Sudan.




Executive Order 13664 of April 3, 2014

Blocking Property of Certain Persons With Respect to South Sudan

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emer- gencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) (NEA), section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (8 U.S.C. 1182(f)), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code,

I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, find that the situation in and in relation to South Sudan, which has been marked by activities that threaten the peace, security, or stability of South Sudan and the surrounding region, including widespread violence and atrocities, human rights abuses, recruitment and use of child soldiers, attacks on peace- keepers, and obstruction of humanitarian operations, poses an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States, and I hereby declare a national emergency to deal with that threat.

I hereby order:

Section 1. (a) All property and interests in property that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States person (including any foreign branch) of the following persons are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in: any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Sec- retary of State:

(i) to be responsible for or complicit in, or to have engaged in, directly or indirectly, any of the following in or in relation to South Sudan:

(A) actions or policies that threaten the peace, security, or stability of South Sudan;

(B) actions or policies that threaten transitional agreements or undermine democratic processes or institutions in South Sudan;

(C) actions or policies that have the purpose or effect of expanding or extending the conflict in South Sudan or obstructing reconciliation or peace talks or processes;

(D) the commission of human rights abuses against persons in South Sudan;

(E) the targeting of women, children, or any civilians through the commis- sion of acts of violence (including killing, maiming, torture, or rape or other sexual violence), abduction, forced displacement, or attacks on schools, hospitals, religious sites, or locations where civilians are seeking refuge, or through conduct that would constitute a serious abuse or viola- tion of human rights or a violation of international humanitarian law;

(F) the use or recruitment of children by armed groups or armed forces in the context of the conflict in South Sudan;

(G) the obstruction of the activities of international peacekeeping, diplo- matic, or humanitarian missions in South Sudan, or of the delivery or distribution of, or access to, humanitarian assistance; or

(H) attacks against United Nations missions, international security presences, or other peacekeeping operations;

(ii) to be a leader of (A) an entity, including any government, rebel militia, or other group, that has, or whose members have, engaged in any of the activities described in subsection (a)(i) of this section or (B) an entity whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order;

(iii) to have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, logistical, or technological support for, or goods or services in support of (A) any of the activities described in subsection (a) (i) of this section or (B) any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; or

(iv) to be owned or controlled by, or to have acted or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order.

(b) The prohibitions in subsection (a) of this section apply except to the extent provided in this order and by statutes, or in regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, and notwith- standing any contract entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the date of this order.

Sec. 2. I hereby determine that the making of donations of the type of articles specified in section 203(b)(2) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to section 1 of this order would seriously impair my ability to deal with this national emergency, and I hereby prohibit such donations as provided by section 1 of this order.

Sec. 3. The prohibitions in section 1 of this order include but are not limited to:

(a) the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; and

(b) the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services from any such person.

Sec. 4. I hereby find that the unrestricted immigrant and nonimmigrant entry into the United States of aliens determined to meet one or more of the criteria in section 1(a) of this order would be detrimental to the interests of the United States, and I hereby suspend entry into the United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of such persons. Such persons shall be treated as persons covered by section 1 of Proclamation 8693 of July 24, 2011 (Suspension of Entry of Aliens Subject to United Nations Security Council Travel Bans and International Emergency Economic Powers Act Sanctions).

Sec. 5. (a) Any transaction that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or avoiding, causes a violation of, or attempts to violate any of the prohibi- tions set forth in this order is prohibited.

(b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.

Sec. 6. For the purposes of this order:

(a) the term ‘‘person’’ means an individual or entity;

(b) the term ‘‘entity’’ means a partnership, association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization; and

(c) the term ‘‘United States person’’ means any United States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign branches), or any person in the United States.

Sec. 7. For those persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order who might have a constitutional presence in the United States, I find that because of the ability to transfer funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of measures to be taken pursuant to this order would render those measures ineffectual.

I therefore determine that for these measures to be effective in addressing this national emergency, there need be no prior notice of a listing or determination made pursuant to section 1 of this order.

Sec. 8. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this order. The Secretary of the Treasury may redelegate any of these functions to other officers and agencies of the United States Government consistent with applicable law. All agencies of the United States Government are hereby directed to take all appropriate measures within their authority to carry out the provisions of this order.

Sec. 9. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to submit the recurring and final reports to the Congress on the national emergency declared in the order, consistent with section 401(c) of the NEA (50 U.S.C. 1641(c)) and section 204(c) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1703(c)).

Sec. 10. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

THE WHITE HOUSE, April 3, 2014.

We have Lost Sense of Nationalism of our Identity

Posted: April 1, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Daniel Machar Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

The fruition of the CPA

The sense of nationalism and national identity at its best

April 1, 2015 (SSB)  —-   Never allow today’s disappointments of baseless war to overshadow our future dreams we have to look into possible solution to this baseless war in the nation. No wonder the outside world ignores our views on even matters that concern us most. Remember our views get considered only where there is more for the foreigners to gain.

Unfortunately, in most cases, we tend to ignore history and learn nothing from it, thus ending up repeating many mistakes of the past. That is why in most countries, especially in Africa, there are more classroom achievers than those who apply knowledge for the benefit of mankind.

Today personality has become more important than national things. The shameless greed has emboldened people to even use God as a way of mollifying the populace to subjugation, spiritually and mentally. Fear and respect have become so inextricably synonymous that some people have been able to betray their families for a hollow promotion. Such is the situation that when they reach the pinnacle of power, they are unable to think for the welfare of the local people. Anyone who talks about change becomes an enemy of the state without even being heard, listened to and appreciated for a different point of view!

Forgetting that, the only permanent occurrence in nature is change. Each stage of growth is towards achieving the ultimate, which is productivity before death. Change must not only be physical but also mental, so as to use all available resources to leave a legacy to be emulated. By the grace of God, humans were made in His image and people should not just only thinks and hope for positive change but it may be different to what you expected.

Unfortunately, South Sudanese political practice is to maintain one’s position for life and all those who do not conform are prosecuted, persecuted and destroyed. Thus, in South Sudan there is no leadership mentorship for continuity and no plans for inadvertent eventualities. Every occurrence is a surprise. Hence, coups by physical and character assassinations have become the order of the South Sudanese political arena. Our leaders fear criticism, no matter how constructive!

Where have we gone wrong? South Sudan has been one country where the guidance of God has been most recognizable. We peacefully got independence and acceptance to international organizations; we learnt fast to govern ourselves at resonance with the international conventions we acceded to; simultaneously we strived to guard against losing our identity. We have fall apart with negatives foreign policy while abandoning our cultural policy of leadership we realize that we have mostly picked the bad habits from the foreign and discarded the good in our culture.

Greed is ruling this country at all levels of the body politic. Our late hero Dr. John Garang De Mabior would not recognize this country if he returned. We have ‘developed’ even the skills of distorting the truth. What are the things we should copy and do, where all, irrespective of social status, can effectively participate? I shall suggest a few that are so mundane yet so important for us all to stop and prevent the erosion of economic capacity to turn around this adverse situation we are in.

The respectfulness of people to other communities, which has always been associated with South Sudanese, has gone. The bad examples have been strengthened by children’s rights without responsibilities and the consequent degradation of parenthood. Where education is no longer parent based, the fabric of social stability collapses. There is just too much unproductive political debate that is issued to accommodate hatred policies and have lost a lot of business because some potential partners are just unable to cope up with modern system of business in the nation.  This is common in public offices, state corporations and even small enterprises in the absence of the owner.

It has become unconsciously a culture of pulling down the office, not understanding that when the enterprise collapses, one is the first one to suffer. The leaders themselves are no good example given the way they treat subordinates and communities: they come late at community functions and, by tiring the hungry people, manage to avoid confronting the simple problems at hand. Their self-interest becomes most important. Once greed has infiltrated reason, solutions are lost in the labyrinth of always trying to accommodate particular interests at the expense of the nation. Thus disrespect for others develops to be the norm.

Suddenly, the leaders, who at taking throat, vow to serve the communities, are able to boldly tell the populace that they are not accountable to them, let alone the national assembly; then there is no way we can together solve our problems. As long as there is no established die-heart that may fulfill people in delivering and good performance through public funds due to lack of stabilize system, delivery of services will always be substandard and we shall continue to reward mediocrity in this nation.

Government members will always act on instructions and not on reason. The consequence is the suffering of the clientele of the services. For example, are the tariffs we pay for services anyhow related to the quality of service we are receiving? Who regulates electricity and communications services?

Do they know what it is to be regulated and how? What operational guidelines or practices are they using, particularly to protect the user from profit-driven mercenary predators? These service facilities are meant to economically empower the populace not to impoverish it. The current state of tariffs in South Sudan is unrelated to the quality of service. Hence it appears to the uninitiated to be unjustifiably high. We have lost sense of who we are that is why the cost of incompetence is immeasurable!

The writer is the Student at South Sudan Christian University for Science and Technology (SSCUST). Contact him on

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Simon Yel Yel and Bol Madut Ayii, Juba, South Sudan
“It is bad that a rebel leader in the person of Riek Machar should be given red carpet reception in Nairobi as that might portray Kenya as a partial peace arbiter” say 5 CORD Kenyan MPs, Hon.  Stephen Mule, Hon. Ken Okoth, Hon. Abdullahi Diriye , Hon. Agustino Neto and Sen. Daisy Kanaiza.
IGAD's 28th Summit on South Sudan in Addis Ababa, 07/11/2014-
April 1, 2015 (SSB)  —  When one talks of history of south Sudan and all liberation movements be , the SANU, SSLM/ Anya Anya ,SPLM/A against the Khartoum regime , one can’t escape to mention the name of Ethiopia and Kenya and acknowledges the pivotal roles they had played supporting the liberation movements, politically, diplomatically and economically. These two countries were and still friendly to south Sudan since the liberation movements started in 1947.
Their supports will never be forgotten at all. They hosted and support war refugees in Kakuma and Gambela. They were very welcoming and friendly to south Sudanese who were in Kakuma and Gambela refugee camps and also in big cities.
 The two governments didn’t see south Sudanese with disdain and xenophobic during liberation struggle but they see them like their citizens. Some of south Sudanese who were able to be in boarding schools with Kenyans and Ethiopians were very well treated like citizens with no discrimination at all.
The relationship of security organs with south Sudanese at large in Kenya and Ethiopia was not piercing. Some south Sudanese young men got private scholarships from good-hearted Kenyans and Ethiopians. The big percentage of educated youth now in south Sudan had acquired their education in Kenya and Ethiopia. But the strange thing now is in making.
Since the foiled coup attempt in 15th Dec.2013, the stand of Kenya and Ethiopia remain questionable on these crisis. It was June last year when Riek Machar started what he called” diplomatic tour to neighbouring and friendly countries”, He went to Djibouti , Sudan and Kenya plus other countries. President Kenyatta was the only president who received him in “RED CARPET” among all the countries he toured.
President Kenyatta broke the record as the first democratically elected president to show his support of rebel leader to the world by welcoming him with RED CARPET. Something which has never happened in world history. President Arap Moi , Mwai Kibaki and even his own father Jomo Kenyatta have never done that before to any rebel leader that they supported be , William Deng of Anya nya one or Dr. John Garang of the SPLM.
President Kenyatta have gone far beyond the US which is known of regime changes by supporting the rebels but have never welcome any rebel leader with RED CARPET in white house. US supported the Libya and Syrian rebels but they have never shown their support in that form at all.
We can vividly remember Nov 2012 when President Kenyatta came to south Sudan with his team to engage president Kiir to help Kenyatta ascending the presidency. President Kiir promised him to help and work with him if he is elected by Kenyans and denounced the ICC as never been fair with Africans. President Kiir even went to witnessed his swearing in ceremony and that shows he(Kiir) is committed to working with Kenyatta .
Kenya is investing in south Sudan more than any other country in Africa, Kenyans  have banks and hotels plus others. Many people were shocked in Oct last year to hear that Kenyan government was considering sanctions against the government of south Sudan.  Hon. Michael Makuei and Hon. James Kok went and conducted press conference in Nairobi explaining the genesis of the crisis to the Kenyan government officials and warned them there would be consequences if Kenya would sanction south Sudan. We couldn’t believe Kenya planning to do that.
Every country can be Jekyll and Hyde but no one expect Uhuru’s regime to show us such ugly and brutal face to south Sudan when we opened up everything for them. Every month Kenyans who are making business in any part of south Sudan do send billions of shillings back home to boost their economy. What other good thing do Kenyan government want south Sudan to do for them?  Everyone astonishes, why did Kenya become rebels’ den?
Any person who wants to rebel to Riek Machar always make announcement in Kenya and then proceed to Ethiopia first and then comes back and stay in hotel being paid for by the Kenyan government. ” We will mention few people, like Dau Aturjong and Edward Lino who are suffering from male ‘menopause and megalomania.
Kenya has become permanent home for the G11 , no more going ahead nor returning back. They are being well provided for by the Kenyan government. Eating free lunch, breakfast, dinner and sleeping freely in very expensive Windsor hotel.
Thanks to opposition MPs who felt that the Kenyan government is doing what it shouldn’t and decided to table motion to the parliament requesting the government to expel G11  and we quoted” The said leaders were to help in the peace process and the negotiations taking place in Ethiopia, and not live in opulence at the expense of the Kenyan taxpayers”  but for whoever in the government is fine with what the government is doing . Though they didn’t win the motion, it still shows that there are some Kenyans who feel bad seeing their government playing cheat and hide politics in south Sudanese crisis.
Their (G11) work is just to demonise president Kiir and push for the IGAD peace mediators to consider the biased report of Obasanjo not to involve president Kiir and Riek in proposed transitional government of national unity. They considered themselves to be impeccant and true national leaders that can only bring unity to all south Sudanese and end tribalism and corruption if they are allowed to lead the transitional government.
The Kenyan government is hypocritical holier-than -thou to show it really stand on this crisis. It is in dilemma and could not able to take one side to support, either G11 or Riek Machar. Looking at the historical background of Kenya it has been used to support any rebellion like that of Sudan when its (Kenya) opened her doors to accommodate SPLA generals, so it seems like becoming mind set for Kenyan government that helping rebels is something good even if the rebels (SPLM in government) that they had supported to come into power still they engage helping another rebel to topple that government.
What do the Kenyan government expect the SPLM in the government to do? Can the SPLM government give them some ministerial positions or the share in oil? What else do every country that had supported the rebel movement to ascend to power expect than business cooperation in return?  Now in South Sudan the market is being control by Kenyans from commercial banks to hotels, therefore any proposal by Kenyan government to sanctions South Sudan means it sanctions itself.
Ethiopia and the current peace negotiations between two warring parties in South Sudan:
Ethiopia has never brought peace to south Sudan since the genesis of the civil war. Though literal meaning of it is new flower that smells so sweet and romantic, people still wonder why it always gives us the smell of the rotten egg when we need something fresh. We thought it would give us the pleasant and fresh smell of sweet oxygen of peace not carbon dioxide of war.
Since 1972, the peace brokered by Ethiopia has never been materialized though all means exhausted even to the extent of scarifying a bull still comes out with no sweet smell of flower. What flower will it really, could it be Rafflesia arnoldii? The peace between the president Nimery and Anya Anya 2 turn not peace to be respected as it was clearly demonstrated by the Sudanese then president Jafaar Nimery that it was not Quaran or Holy Bible which the peace means to be like.
Although the Addis Ababa peace accord was not implemented by the Sudanese government as it was agreed, the support by the Ethiopian government in initiation of peace should not go unrecognized, the then Ethiopian Emperor engaged the two warring parties in the Sudan to reach an agreement in Ethiopian capital Addis in 1972, this shows that the regime in Ethiopia have been playing and still playing vital role in searching for peaceful settlement of any dispute within any African conflict.
The one year peace mediation in Ethiopia under the auspices of Ambassador Seyoum Mesfin has been viewed by South Sudanese as well as the region at large that it will not bear fruits due to partiality of the mediators and impossible demands always putted by the rebel. To the surprise of many rightful thinking members of Society, the mediators proved to be bias beyond any reasonable doubt. Whenever the rebels violated the secession of hostilities, it has been always the government who is to be condemned by mediators and the international community but not the rebels.
The mediation in Ethiopia is being viewed by many people as a smart coup in making against the government because the mediators do propose always every items of rebel’s demands that are not even subject to any mediation at all if the mediators are really impartial. Throughout the process of negotiations, the government has been always giving up everything by accepting the power sharing government with Riek’s rebels but still IGAD coaching  the rebel mediators to ask for the position of executive prime minister which seems to be another way of implementing Riek,s failed coup attempt in negotiations table.
After the failure on the 5th March to reach an agreement, the IGAD mediators have come up with another way of compelling the government to accept unbecoming demands of the rebels by announcing that they will invite Troika, UNSC and AU to participate directly in the next round of talks in Addis. This new move is not really to bring peace to South Sudan but to install Riek Machar to power by threatening the government with sanctions and military action should it fail to accept the rebel’s demands.
The recently adopted sanctions regime on South Sudan was proposed by troika and presented by US in the UNSC meeting. Since the above mentioned bodies had already taken their positions, will they be impartial in the next peace talks scheduled to take place in Addis?
In conclusion, since the negotiations in Addis seems not be bearing fruits due to partiality of the mediators and the involvement of the western powers through Ethiopian government, we recommend that the next round of peace talks should be relocated to other country within Africa, either Zimbabwe or Rwanda and to be headed by the new chief mediator.
For the Kenya, the Kenyan government has done many diplomatic fouls and it is high time for South Sudan government to revise diplomatic relationship with Kenya.
The writers are south Sudanese concerned citizen citizens. Simon Yel Yel can be reached at or 095524635, and Bol Madut Ayii can be reached at or 0956252721
The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

The Cheap Academic Gossipers of Higher Institutions

Posted: April 1, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Ayuel Madut Chan, Kenya

April 1, 2015 (SSB)  —-   Dear viewers and readers of PaanLuel Wel: South Sudanese Bloggers, few weeks ago somebody by name Peter Ngor Atem wrote a defamatory article against the very author of this article that I am in four schools in the city center and how do I manage to attend to them all within a day due to their proximity and time relevancy in attending the classes. I was challenged to identify my school or schools just like Dut de Machine from Kenyatta University before I be confirm Skype or Nairobi street master of English but not in class in any way. That sounds good!

My articulated research find out that it was a deliberate and well organized work of gossipers from one of the hotels in the city center whom these gossipers turn to be a university of gossips. The hotel name is Frelas Food Court to be precise. In their discussion they used Peter Ngor Atem, student from University of Nairobi as their tissue paper because they are much afraid to face me either academically or in any way they could.

They are real cheap gossipers of Nairobi Street that recruit people on daily basis. If one wants to get admission from their school of gossips he or she has to pass a test in rumor mongering. Who is ready for their test? Very hot test for only few can survive after several attempts.

First allow me to say the hotel is very popular for good services it offers to its customers and manager and all attendees to customers are heart-warming persons with no tainted behavior in all capacities of their professions. That is amazing of them and May God blesses them for being so kind to all.

These brothers took the courtesy of this hotel and turn its place to gossiping against individuals like me, government or rebels especially in South Sudan. They are capable of gossiping against anything that is brought before them. Just print any message in the web site and forward it to them they will miss classes and attend to it or just go to them in the hotel and ask for their assistance in anything concerning you against individual they will fancy of it until you get your reward and next day you can’t miss to seek admission into their school of rumor spreading.

My brothers are politicians, lawyers, business minded individuals among many other careers but their chief career in which they are capable to excel and pass with flying colors is hopefully rumor mongering and fancy. In that institution of cheap rumors they will be given first class honor degrees in “Rumor and fancy making.” I bet they will be honored without doubt.

But will they be given first class honors in their institutions of learning after their studies? Few lawyers are graduating soon and I am waiting with my mouth widely open. Will they get a pass? I bet! Ayuel Madut, the street student as they claimed will have the last laugh for I, Ayuel De Madut will invite them to my graduation any time soon or near future. They will get tickets to my graduation even if it means that I should deny my family an opportunity in particular the first in the list is Peter Ngor Atem, the tissue paper of the clever rumor mongers. Please do not turn down my offer in case I don’t change my mind.

I want to declare publicly that I have a bet with these Frelas rumor mongers to be precise that none of them will beat me academically or any other professional career in Class/school except I can’t defeat them in rumor dissemination and fancy. And that for sure I can’t bet with them when it comes to gossiping about others.

My simple questions to them are, why should my school be a concern to them? What is the important of my school to them? Since they know I am an eloquent speaker and tower above everybody especially in student public debate as they said in their previous article. Are they jealous of me? That for sure is a human phenomenal fact and I can’t blame them.

To confirm or satisfy your curiosity just visit the institutions I indicated to you in my previous article and simply ask for Ayuel, you will be surprise for new titles my dear cheap gossipers and you will be sorry to yourselves as to why you tainted the good name of your our own innocent brother who is even very close to you when it comes to students politics. I know you will be sorry for life because the world now knows you are just disgruntled well-known lecturers of gossips in Frelas University of Gossips.

I just want to advise my fellow country men and women who go to that hotel for food to only take their food and drinks from well and good serviced waiters but not to join any cocoon of gossipers who are permanently seated in that hotel for reasons well known to them if not just gossiping. Please take this seriously and do not leave that hotel for them and even I will be interested to come there not for gossips but food and drinks because I love the services and food there.

I also wanted to say that these brothers are not enemies but just I will take them as my academic opponents and jealous individuals who cannot reach my class in all capacity. I love being challenged academically. I want to advise my brothers to concentrate in their institutions to get first class honors in academic fields than getting honors in fields that are not recognized in any society even in their families. We were brought up knowing that gossiping is an act of crime against victims like me.

My fellow man in school of thoughts Peter Ngor Atem you are innocent of any crime and all I want you to do dear brother is to stop being involved into well plans of individuals. Did I ever meet you in private meeting? Did I ever meet in direct public debate especially for students? Did I ever hurt you in any way that I don’t know? Your answer to above questions will be no brother, why? Indeed I have never seen you in any SSSAK meeting except the last one after your recruitment to be part of electoral commission for SSSAK.

My research of you tells me that you were student of law from Nakuru town campus of UON. Now after joining Nairobi main campus in just two months in January you just surprise me brother. I know few idiots in MKU especially the ones who recruit you in January to share meals and gossips with you are the ones behind the article in your good name. Inoorero University is being phased out and that is the only information they know but do they know Ayuel is a distance learner in the institution I indicated to them in previous article? They said they are well armed with information, what information? Gossiping?

But why should you and those dark evil forces conspire against me? What have I done to you? All I know we shake hands when we meet except your smile is what you have never shown me bro. Anyway you have invite academic war to yourselves be prepared that to show that your gossip about me was not just mere propaganda but real one to convince whoever you were to alert about it.

Thank you very much for next article will basically be person to person education background to all I know were involved in my defamatory article of last month. You will pay dearly unless you apologize to me my brother Ngor and All sons of Lucifer behind you.


The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

Saturday March 28th, 2015




I. Introduction

April 1, 2015 (SSB)  —-  The Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders wishes to inform the South Sudanese citizens and the whole world of an ominous cloud that has been gathering momentum regionally and internationally to destabilize South Sudan. The scheme was initially masked by the pretentious actions of a few neighbors who presented themselves as concerned friends of South Sudanese whose mission was informed by humanitarian need to help the Republic of South Sudan out of the ongoing situation. This thin veil of pretentious posturing is slowly being lifted and the real faces of the conspirators are beginning to emerge. The ongoing unpredictable behavior of Kenya near our eastern borders is a case in point.

The real intention of the international community, which has been quite critical of the government since the commencement of the ongoing crisis, has now been unmasked by the recently leaked AU Commission’s report with its damning recommendations on South Sudan situation. As much as they would want to officially deny it, this report has once and for all laid bare what the regional and international actors have been hatching covertly against South Sudan. It is unequivocally clear that the world is hell bent on thwarting the South Sudanese aspiration to be a free, and sovereign people.

If one takes a disinterested look at the leaked AU’s commission report, it is not difficult to come to a sad conclusion that what has been obstructing peace since the government unilaterally called upon the rebels to sit down and resolve their differences as brothers and sisters is not necessarily the intransigence of the warring parties, as we have continuously been made to believe, but the interference of external forces, which, like the rebels, want to see an elected president removed illegally. This clandestine plan to thwart the progress of our nascent democracy by illegally removing an elected President is coupled with an even more sinister motive that seeks to destroy the historical legacy of our people’s movement, the SPLM, its achievements, and the whole literature of our liberation struggle.

It appears now that South Sudan is locked in weird whirlwinds of intersecting regional and international interests that are divergent, yet unified on one thing – the destabilization of South Sudan and the need to dismantle the existing government. This may appear to some as being alarmists, but the truth is that there is enough evidence to suggest that the plans to revoke South Sudan’s sovereignty and make it ungovernable are now complete and set. Three main reasons support this conclusion: (1) The leaked African Union Commission Report, (2) The behavior, speeches, and actions of some regional and international actors, and (3) The recently leaked IGAD Plan of Action.

II. The Leaked AU’s report and its recommendations

The recommendations of the leaked AU commission report clearly show that the Troika countries are unanimous in their view that President Kiir and his government can no longer lead the country. Hence, the South Sudan’s problems can no longer be negotiated and settled through a peace agreement. According to Hilde Johnson, former Special Representative of Secretary-General in South Sudan, UNMISS, the whole system “needs a reboot”, as one would intentionally crash a stalled computer ostensibly to restart it afresh. In political lingo, however, ‘Rebooting’ the system means dismantling the existing institutions of governance and restarting them from scratch. The only problem now is what they called “a central conundrum”, which is that the Jieng and Nuer nationalities would not accept any actions that negate their hard won independence.

Sadly enough, the African Union Commission of Inquiry, which was tasked to investigate human rights violations and the causes of the conflict bought into this thinking, taking a cue primarily from the Troika countries and the UN Secretary-General Representative to South Sudan. The AU Commission pulled out a common hackneyed mantra called, “an African problem needs an African solution”, essentially accusing supposedly naïve western counterparts for the inadequacy of their understanding of complex and intricate African problems. To the Commission, the problem of the Troika members and other western allies is that they lack social context, which is something they believe is necessary as it allows the actors in taking stock of historical, political, economic, social and moral spheres related to a peculiar African problem before one ponders on how to resolve it.

What seems to inform this line of thinking is the thought that South Sudan was going to precipitously fall and so it will be up for grabs. The AU Commission seems decided to prevent the Troika and UN from picking up the pieces as the two are unqualified and so the more qualified regional body, the AU should take South Sudan’s sovereignty to the Union’s custody. Fortunately, South Sudan still has a government and its sovereignty remains with its people.

To arrive at an African solution in South Sudan, in the thought of AU Commissioners, one must isolate the so-called planners of the political violence from their constituencies. One of the ways in which such sequestration could be effected is the creation of Transitional Government that excludes those that are considered politically accountable for the crisis. The reasoning is that South Sudanese have lost their sovereignty because of the violence. Therefore, the AU Commission proposed a transitional period with three distinctive features: (1) A High Level Oversight panel (non- South Sudanese) to guide the period of transition, (2) A transitional government that excludes those politically accountable for the crisis, and (3) A transitional program that addresses the question of justice in different forms.

Since South Sudanese sovereignty will be housed at the continental Headquarters in Addis Ababa, the Oversight Panel shall be answerable to the Peace and Security Council of the African Union and its members to be appointed directly by the Peace and Security Council of the African Union, mandated by and shall report to both the AU and the UN Security Council. The panel would be made up of three persons; finance expert, security expert and an expert in statecraft all under a permanent Chairperson. The assumption here is that South Sudan has been mismanaged in three areas – the finance, the military and South Sudanese are clueless about governance.

These plans could not come into effect unless there is an absolute silence of guns. In their view, the best way to put the conflict to an end is to engender in an interim transitional period for five years, led by a Transitional Executive. Members of the Transitional Executive shall be South Sudanese. Thereafter, a collegial presidency drawn from three broad geographical constituencies of Bahr el Ghazal, Equatoria, and Upper Nile regions and shall be chosen through a process overseen by the High Level Oversight Panel, which shall be instituted through a three-step process: (1) There shall be broad consultation, leading to nominations by different sectors of society in a process designed to identify “persons of consensus”, (2) Vetting by a reconvened all-South Sudan Political Parties Convention expanded to include representatives of civil society, churches and chiefs, (3) Ratification by parliament.

The said Executive Council shall constitute the cabinet and shall be appointed by the Collegial Presidency in consultation with the Parliament and the High Level Oversight Panel. The Commission recommends that anyone who was in the cabinet in the past before the dissolution of government in 2013 shall be excluded from any government.

The Commission seemingly suggests the dissolution of all government institutions, except for the parliament. The reason for the dissolution of these institutions is not given. It is not clear how the formation of the Transitional Executive would actually end the conflict. There are a number of undeclared assumptions underpinning some of these recommendations. Perhaps, one of the assumptions is that the people of South Sudan are so fed up with the government and so they will sit and watch it being dismantled and taken over by neocolonial usurpers.

Another assumption is the idea that there is no national army and so no person would put up a resistance to an African Union takeover. Notwithstanding the condescending nature of such assumptions, they are dangerously wrong. Any person who underestimates the will of liberators to defend the price of their liberation struggle is simply toying around with fire. What is not also so clear is what this transitional executive, serving under the African Union would actually do for the people of South Sudan. The Commission recommends three sketchy tasks of the said Transitional Executive as: (1) Political justice through state reform. In the view of the commission, the key to the pursuit of the political justice in the transitional period is the exclusion from high office of all those held politically accountable for the mass violence. The political justice would be achieved through a two-pronged process of demilitarization and democratization, (2) Resettlement of refugees and IDPs as well as (3) Criminal Justice.

Regarding the Security Sector reform, the Commission recommends the establishment of an African Oversight Force, comprised of troops from African countries beyond the surrounding region. The said force would operate under the AU command, but under UNMISS and thereafter, the High Level Oversight Panel shall appoint a joint African/South Sudanese Military Commission, whose members are to be drawn from senior military persons from both the South Sudan and other African countries and whose mandate is to draw up a program to build the capacity, screen, reduce, reorganize and “where necessary”, retain the forces that currently exist under the umbrella of the SPLA. The Commission holds the view that the army should be diversified like the parliament through democratization process at the local level.

The Commission’s view is informed as alluded to in the previous section by the assumption that there is truly no national army and that South Sudanese are of course assumed to be incompetent and so the African Oversight Force with the help of some handpicked military personnel from South Sudan and other African countries shall form and run the army. This of course would complete the destruction phase of the liberation history and the re-writing of the history will begin from there.

The most glaring question here is how the AU Oversight Panel and the Oversight Force are going to be financed. The Commission certainly believes that South Sudanese oil and mineral resources should fund AU operations. To this effect, the Commission recommends that the African Development Bank, in coordination with the World Bank and the International Monitoring Fund, establish an active and continuous oversight over all key public financial institutions in South Sudan.

The Commission further recommends that all oil proceeds be placed in an escrow account under the oversight of this joint committee, and that these funds be used to finance both the recurrent expense of government and administration, and the funding of the triple transitional mandate, including the cost of the African Peace-keeping Force. Therefore, South Sudanese are not only going to be robbed of their sovereignty, independence, and the erosion of their liberation history, but their resources are up for grabs and plunder by the continental body and its cohorts.

What is evident from the foregoing summary of the recommendations of the Commission is the revocation of South Sudan’s sovereignty, which shall be placed under a fuzzy leadership of the African Union and the UN. The Commission does not acknowledge the existence of an elected government and failed to make reference to our historic and collective decision to self-determination. It is not clear how the AU and its three- person panel would handle resistance that will surely be erected against their doomed ploy to take over our country. This proposal is of course similar to placing the country under UN Trusteeship; the only difference is the vocabulary. The world should know that South Sudan’s sovereignty and its independence are irrevocable and that those who will try this shall meet the rage of men and women who liberated this country.

When these recommendations are read together with the UN resolution 2206/2015 on the imposition of sanctions on individuals deemed to be obstructing the peace, it is clear that the international community is decided that South Sudanese crisis needs no diplomacy but coercive measures. Obstruction of peace is of course an obscure abstract whose meaning is only fully understood by those imposing sanctions. In our view, imposition of sanctions and laying hurdles in the way of negotiations are the clear definitions of obstruction of peace process.

III. The Troika and IGAD hands in the peace process

The reviewed clandestine actions of AU Commission of Inquiry and its sponsors shed more light on the recent statement by John Kerry, the U.S. Secretary of State, on March 2, 2015 in which he questioned the legitimacy of the government and that of the President of the Republic of South Sudan when he said, “Legitimacy is not a presumed right of any government. It is conferred by the people, and it is sustained only by demonstrating leadership to protect and serve all citizens – responsibilities the government has neglected”.

This statement stands in sharp contrast with Secretary Kerry’s statement on May 2, 2014 here in Juba when he declared that there should be “no moral equivalence between an elected president and a rebel leader”. What informed the change of the Secretary’s position? How much worse has South Sudan government done since the last time Mr. Kerry was here? This position has to be read together with President Obama’s speech that addressed the people of South Sudan directly, bypassing the South Sudanese leadership, a direct violation of diplomatic etiquettes, but is part of the scheme to try to undermine the country’s leadership.

This is where the Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia picked up his cue in his inflammatory speech on March 5th, 2015 where he directly incited the people of South Sudan to rise up against their leaders, who, according to him, have abdicated their responsibilities. This is the man who is the head of IGAD, the body that is mediating peace. How do you mediate between two leaders for whom you hold no respect? It should be obvious that when a mediator despises its own clients, it goes without saying that the mission would certainly fail and so the causes of the failure of the IGAD-led peace talks should be sought within the premises of IGAD.

All these conspiracies are converging in the so-called IGAD-Plus peace initiative. The leaked IGAD action plan shows clearly that the peace process is no longer a South Sudanese affair, but it will be a hijacked peace process in which many in the international community are going to hold their sticks high on the heads of the warring parties. Should the two leaders fail to sign an agreement they did not negotiate, this will be used as a pretext for the invasion of South Sudan and the implementation of the African Union recommendations.

IV. Misunderstanding of the current unrest as a Nuer – Jieng war

The question that sorely begs asking is: Why is the international community trying to destroy South Sudan? We the members of the Council, based on our extensive analysis of the prevailing international opinion, are convinced that the international community’s opinion is ill- advised and misinformed. The international actors seem to have succeeded in painting the current conflict as a war between the Jieng and Nuer. This is a terrible superficial understanding of a conflict that is complex and historically deep-rooted. The war that is raging in South Sudan has its roots in the internal intrigues of the SPLM party; it has nothing to do with Jieng and Nuer, however much of it is misconstrued internationally and regionally. The Nuer and Jieng are societies with historical and politicalties. These societies harbor no genocidal intents toward each other. Between these two communities, people have been taken and given through inter-tribal marriages; there are intricate webs of relations between these two communities that cannot easily be thrown into the dustbin of political paranoia.

Although it is erroneously being spread that in the midst of this conflict the Jieng are out to ethnically cleanse the Nuer, the facts on the ground speak to the contrary. This is a terrible propaganda that demands disapproval. For instance, presently, the displaced Nuer civilians are taking refuge in the two Jieng dominated States of Warrap, Lakes, and even in Jonglei state were the Jieng are also a sizable majority. The Jieng civil populations in these three states have received the Nuer IDPs with open arms. There have been no incidences in which these Nuer IDPs were lynched by their host communities.

Also, the Nuer who have not bought into Riek Machar’s political ideology continue to serve in the government, which is erroneously being portrayed as a Jieng Government. These Nuer nationalists are exerting powerful influences to bring back peace to the country. If there is a war between the Jieng and Nuer, and if the present government is a Jieng government as it is being alleged, why then are these Nuer politicians partaking in the alleged genocide against their kin and kith?

It should therefore be admitted that what the Republic of South Sudan is dealing with is a sad political unrest, which stemmed from a failed coup attempt by Dr. Riek Machar and cohorts. This group of disgruntled politicians sought to usurp people’s power militarily. A similar situation happened in 1991 when Riek Machar’s coup against Dr. John Garang polarized the two communities of Nuer and Jieng. Eventually, these communities managed to contextualize the conflict and were able to reconcile. These grassroots efforts eventually culminated in the return of Riek into the SPLM in 2002.

In order to attain a just and lasting resolution to the present war, the international mediators need to give the people of South Sudan a chance to work out a solution, starting from the grassroots levels all the way to the national levels. In fact, similar efforts are being exerted at the grassroots levels. Currently, there are ongoing community dialogues between the Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders and the Nuer elders. There are also talks going on between the Jieng and other South Sudanese communities to find ways in which a common alliance of progress could be forged. We believe that these dialogues will eventually culminate in a homegrown solution to the current crisis.

We are also confident that the leaders will eventually listen to the voices of reason originating from these community dialogues. We believe without any shred of doubt that it is through these grassroots efforts that this conflict could be amicably ended. Also, the government is committed to dialogue with the rebels and other dissidents unconditionally. Given a chance, these efforts will bring about a peaceful resolution to the current conflict, and the suffering of our citizens will be alleviated. However, these efforts are being blatantly ignored by the regional and international actors who are trying to push for their agenda, which is now beginning to emerge as an attempt to obstruct the peace process to justify the forceful takeover of South Sudan.

V. The Council’s vehement opposition to re-colonization of South Sudan

Given this situation, we would like to alert the world of the inherent complications that will be engendered by this planned invasion of our country. Our country is very fragile, socially, economically, and politically. The long bouts of the relentless civil wars that our people have gone through have shaken our country to the core. Any disturbance in the present setup will drastically send our country, and by extension the region, spinning dangerously into the abyss.

Despite the prevailing rhetoric in the international circles that this external intervention will bring the ongoing conflict to an expeditious end, the fact of the matter is that the current situation will be worsened by this external meddling. Given the tribal nature of the current insurgencies, armed and unarmed dissidents, it is conceivable that these groups will be emboldened by their newly found power, as they will definitely attack other tribes. This will encourage an arm race among various tribes, as every tribe will be trying to acquire means of self-defense. What will then invariably ensue is a complicated web of tribal warfare at a scale never before witnessed in the history of South Sudan. This will send our population fleeing to foreign countries to seek refuge in the refugee camps where they will reside in sub- human conditions.

Not only that, the governance vacuum that will be created will encourage non-state actors such as terrorists’ organizations to establish training camps where they will launch their campaigns against the free world. The neighboring countries may also feel bothered by the lawlessness near their borders and may choose to invade parts of South Sudan just to push the chaos away from their borders. It is also conceivable that these neighboring countries may start extracting South Sudan’s vast natural resources illegally.

If this is allowed to happen, the struggle of the martyrs who laid down their lives to free this country would have been wasted; the lives of our citizens would have been plunged into unnecessary risk, the dignity of the South Sudanese and that of the African race in the entire Sudan would have been insulted, and the United Nations, that assembly of free nations, would have abdicated its obligation to serve as the shield for the weak and the preserver of peace. By allowing this to happen, the UN would have instead purveyed an unfathomable violence against one of its members.

Given the pending destruction of our country and our dignity as a people, we would like the world to know that, like any other people in the world, the South Sudanese reserve the right to defend themselves against unjust aggression anywhere and at any time. Our internal contradictions notwithstanding, the world must understand that the South Sudanese will unite in their resistance against any imposed agreement.

It should also be made known to IGAD and the African Union that South Sudan will not become a testing ground for crude and new governance theories and that such attempts will be resisted to the fullest. As for the proposed African Oversight Force, it should be clear to the continental body that such a force could only touch ground in South Sudan only with the government’s permission. Any movement of such force illegally into South Sudan would be an act of war and will be met with a tested resistance. We want peace, but it has to be our homegrown, not a regional or international peace that undermines the sanctity of our sovereignty.

Signed on behalf of Jieng Council of Elders:

1.Justice, Ambrose RinyThiik
2. Hon. Joshua Dau Diu
3. Hon. Aldo Ajou Deng
4. Hon. Deng Dau Deng
5. Hon. Charles Majak Aleer
6. Hon. Parmena Awerial Aluong


The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

“”Nobody’s ambition is worth the blood of any Nigerian. The unity, stability and progress of our dear country is more important than anything else. I congratulate all Nigerians for successfully going through the process of the March 28th General Elections with the commendable enthusiasm and commitment that was demonstrated nationwide. I also commend the Security Services for their role in ensuring that the elections were mostly peaceful and violence-free. To my colleagues in the PDP, I thank you for your support. Today, the PDP should be celebrating rather than mourning. We have established a legacy of democratic freedom, transparency, economic growth and free and fair elections,” President Goodluck Jonathan said in a statement issued after his election defeat.