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Posted: November 21, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Featured Articles

“It’s time to keep our people connected”

By Wenne Madyt Dengs (A poet and Journalist)

Commissioner Elijah Mocnom Wuor of Duk County at koyom

Commissioner Elijah Mocnom Wuor of Duk County at koyom

I have completely confirmed from a trusted sources that a meeting was conducted on 20th Nov 2014 in Bor at Garden Resort Hotel which was perpendicular to the meeting in Juba on the same date at De’ Havana lounge (A night club) but the meeting was conducted during the day time according to the sources who were participants of the conference.

I have been in silence since politics is believed in South Sudan to be a dirty game but it has touched my tail at last.

The two meetings were held as celebration of the lost-position of Rev. /Hon. Elijah Mochnom Wuor Kuany (the said former commissioner) who has been illegally removed by greedy politicians of Duk Payuel and blind-folded dudes of Duk Padiet whose mouth open for county monetary resources especially the Constituency Development Funds (CDF) which I clearly know that it will never help them. (They are just running after money in simple language).

Based on Garden Resort meeting, I am fully sure that the result didn’t favor both side as Dongchak, Pagaak, Padiet, Payuel,and Ageer Payams of Hol & Nyarweng sections are left with their mouth open and their hearts beating for least leadership but my advice to the people of Duk County is that let us not be in hurry of taking cold drinks at hotels and bars in reference to destroy the legacy and future of our beloved county Duk which belongs to all.

Coming to the meeting which was conducted in the heart of the city in De’havana a club of course, it clearly stresses out that the fact lies in the hand of jealous and political motivated goons who needs to delete the corner stone of future of Duk county’s upcoming generations.

I clearly mentioned that politicians from two facets of Hol community are fore mostly master-minded in the removal of Hon. Elijah Mochnom.

In my personal flash back without time to waste; the pending known case of Padiet Payam (Padiet town) which has been gravely fueled by some honorary  individuals like Mathiang Mabuur, leaving alone other vagrant standers who remain with their mouth tightened.

No matter what the conditional and transitional state constitution spells out about the roles of governor to relieve commissioners or equivalents. The real natives of Duk County who lived in deep villages of Duk County could not prop up with such a ridiculous and outrageous thought of doing away with people’s leader like Hon. Elijah Mochnom who stood firm during the crisis.

Since Rev./Hon. Elijah Mochnom Wour stepped into the position of commissioner-ship there are uncountable physical changes. I am not meaning that he should not be removed but “in near future” not just in a rush as the caretaker governor H.E Koang (Koang means Alcohol in Thok Nath)  in collaboration with chiefs and Duk County politicians had concluded in shallow minds of “HAND TO MOUTH”.

Mochnom is a leader who is more than a meaning of his name: Leaders are born NOT ball as some hobos who set up in Juba and start installing the constipation of ideas and diarrhea-ing of words

Who can tell me if I stand and ask what Hon. Elijah Mochnom did during the crisis in Duk County?

I am sure the answer will be I/WE DON’T KNOW in defend of novice political individuals who work hard to attain their personal interest.

However, I am sorry if you can forget what Elijah Mochnom did during the crisis.
I have two tangible prevalence of the killing of numerous people in Duk Padiet and Hon. Elijah Mochnom showed his stance by remaining firm and persevere the fangs of situation with cradle people of which he was almost captured by Murle.

Concurrently, during the forth crisis Mochnom didn’t go anywhere. He remained in Panayagoor and later resumed Poktap after the rebel forces where chased out by the government’s forces.

If you critically think of these incidences really as a native of Duk County without interest behind, you will realize that Hon. Elijah fits to be a true leader ignoring so-called politicians of Duk County.

I will never mind this time to mention what I am practically sensing and physically seeing in the bottom of my eyes as a citizen of Duk County in particular.

Duk County is large by land mass with low population directly connected to killing of Duk people by neighboring counties of Lou Nuer and Murle Counties throughout since 16th century.

This time, we need to join our hands and look for courageous, committed and hardworking leaders who will work hard to achieve the developmental goal like Hon. Elijah Mochnom Wour Kuany .

Coming to the system of commissioner-ship, we agree that it should be given to Panyang Payam which is again a semi-autonomous and buffer zone between Duk County and “INFESTED” Uror County of greater Akobo. To bring you into the point, Panyang Payam was former part of Payuel Payam which was galvanized as Duk Lual Anyang (DLA) after it has caused a lot of lives of its inhabitants
I only regret the absence of Hon. Maker Deng Malou who died before Duk County has become a land of coward and glutton politicians in collaboration with old-aged chiefs who are meant to eat but not to lead the people of Duk County.

Let us forget about money but let us mind about the management of people and our impending resources in our beautiful land of Duk.

Writer can be reached through:

BY Dr Lam Akol

The current civil war in South Sudan, like all conflicts, must end up one day in a negotiated peaceful settlement. Although parties to the conflict realize this obvious fact, they try to extract unrealistic concessions from their opponents and in the process lengthen the conflict and new demands come in. I witnessed in Addis Ababa last August an informal argument between a member of the government delegation and another from the delegation of the rebels (SPLM/A-IO). The former asked the latter as to why they were asking for a federal system when that was not the cause of the war. The latter retorted: But Yau Yau took up arms because his election was rigged, how did he end up with an administrative area for Pibor? The gist of this story is that war is dynamic and keeps shifting, not only in the balance of forces but also in the demands of those who join the fray, and therefore the sooner it is brought to an end the better for all. Good negotiator must be conscious of this reality and understand that no agreement is possible if he/she doesn’t address the main concerns of the other side.

On the 9th of May, the two principals of the warring parties agreed that the Addis Ababa peace talks include all stakeholders. This decision was adopted by the 26thsummit of the IGAD heads of state and government on the 10th of June. As a full stakeholder, the political parties presented on the 21stof July to the IGAD mediators a paper outlining their position as to how the current civil war could be brought to an end through the IGAD-mediated negotiations. The salient points of the position paper were as follows:

  1. The shootout on the 15thof December 2013 was just a spark to the pent-up grievances and failures in governance since 2005. Hence, any resolution to the conflict must address the root causes of the crisis.
  2. There shall be an agreed transitional period led by a transitional government of national unity tasked to implement the peace agreement and prepare the country for free and fair elections towards the end of the transitional period.
  3. The Parties are to negotiate and agree on critical reforms in all sectors of the state, such as security sector, economy, service delivery, judiciary, civil service, etc. These agreed reforms, including implementation mechanisms, shall constitute the peace agreement.
  4. Given their record of failure in governing since 2005, the two warring parties are not alone capable of implementing the critical reforms demanded by the peace agreement that will pave way to a healthy multi-party democratic system after the transitional period. Hence the need to include other stakeholders in the transitional government.
  5. Despite their failure that led to the current crisis in the first place, the two warring parties have to lead the transitional government for the war to stop. It was suggested that the SPLM-in government and SPLM-in opposition share the top executive branch of government as President and Prime Minister, respectively. The rationale was that this is the only formula that can guarantee that power is not concentrated in one person or group.
  6. Power sharing ratios between the various stakeholders were suggested for negotiation.

This proposal was presented as a package for negotiations. We never for a single minute claimed or believed that it was a ready solution. It was just one among several to be presented by the stakeholders for negotiations. Indeed, all stakeholders presented their various positions in a plenary of IGAD mediation in Addis Ababa on the 15th of August 2014. The delegation of the political parties tabled the same position paper.

It is a cause for optimism that the political parties’ formula for the top executive (President/PM) has been adopted. However, we are concerned that the focus of attention is unduly turning to one aspect of the problem (power sharing) but it is clear that there is an attempt to empty the original proposal on the powers of the President and the PM from its contents, rendering it worthless. The purpose of this paper is to explain why a delicate balance needs to be preserved for the formula to work and to bring the debate back to its right course, which is what really do we want accomplished during the transitional period.

It must be stated from the outset that the crux of the matter is the reform agenda and accountability for the atrocities committed during the fighting. The transitional government is not the solution but a tool through which the agreed solution would be implemented. Therefore, the stakeholders should be expending much of their energies on discussing the reforms required to deliver to our suffering people a just and sustainable peace, not just a stoppage of war that will erupt again sooner or later.

What is meant by sharing power between the President and the Prime Minister?

Democracy is about checks and balances so that power is not abused by its concentration in one person or a group of people. This war was triggered by the struggle over power, hence power must be restructured as part of the solution. It is our considered opinion that to bring this war to an end and pave the way for a level ground for a peaceful South Sudan, executive power should be shared between the president and the Prime Minister.

Some will jump and say: but our constitution does not provide for a position of the Prime Minister, how come it is being discussed? The answer is that all stakeholders have agreed that the peace agreement that will be concluded at the end of the negotiations shall be incorporated in the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan. Hence, nothing stands against discussing ideas not included in the constitution. Others will also say: an executive Prime Minister would render the position of the President to be just ceremonial. Again, this is an expression of either ignorance or mere propaganda that has no basis in fact as we shall show below.

We shall consider a number of countries that are under a presidential system and have the positions of both the President and the Prime Minister, and briefly refer to the powers of each. The first example is France, the mother of Republicanism. The President is an executive president and deals with specific functions whereas the Prime Minister is the head of government, i.e., he presides over the meetings of the Council of Ministers and directs government’s business. Some will say that France is a developed country and may be far removed from our conditions. Then let us take two other examples in Africa; one in East Africa and another in North Africa.

In the Constitution of Rwanda 2010, the provisions related to the President and the Prime Minister are in Articles 116-125. whereas the President no doubt wields enormous power, the PM presides over the Cabinet and Article 118 defines the powers of the PM that include: appointment of civil and military officers with the exception of those appointed by the President, signs orders in respect of appointment and promotion of junior officers of Rwanda Defence Forces and the national Police, signs orders of the Prime Minister relating to the appointment and termination of service of specified senior public servants.

Egypt, which is historically a centralized state had for a long time adopted office of the Prime Minister in its constitution. For instance, in the 2012 constitution, the powers of the President are under Articles 132-154 whereas the powers of the Cabinet come under Articles 155-167. Article 141 stipulates that the President exercises his powers through the Prime Minister, his deputies and the Ministers except on some specified matters. Article 143 stipulates that the President may call the Cabinet for consultation on important matters and chairs the meeting in which he is in attendance. Article 155 stipulates that the Cabinet comprises the PM, his deputies and the Ministers, and that the PM is the head of government, supervises its work and directs it in the performance of its duties. Article 159 deals with the competences of the Cabinet.

It is to be noted that in both Rwanda and Egypt, the President may call for a meeting of the Council of Ministers to discuss important matters, and in this case he chairs the meeting. It is also noteworthy that in the three examples mentioned there is no position of a Vice President. More examples could be cited but the space shall not allow. What is important is to provide real examples of sharing power under a presidential system so that the debate is on substance rather than mere rhetoric or disinformation. What is required is to be creative enough in working out a formula acceptable to all. Some quarters have cited what one may term as fringe cases. These are not worthy of consideration here as these cases do not address our concern in this respect, which is a meaningful sharing of power, not empty titles.

The role of the other stakeholders

The current IGAD led peace talks are of multi-stakeholder format. It was also agreed that within this format there are other models, if need be, such as bilateral, trilateral, etc. Therefore, people should not lose sight of this fact. The attempt of the last IGAD summit for the two warring parties to agree on the definition of powers between the President and the Prime Minister was in place only as far these two positions are concerned since all stakeholders have agreed that the two positions go to them. However, the two warring parties have no right to discuss the other positions (Vice President and the two deputies to the Prime Minister) in the absence of the other stakeholders. In the same vein, the stakeholders should devote more of their time in negotiating other important aspects of the crisis such as governance, economic matters and security arrangements including power sharing percentages between the stakeholders.

Some detractors of the stakeholders are on record saying: we discovered that these stakeholders have an agenda. Of course, they have an agenda, otherwise why would they be stakeholders. The agenda of the political parties is to bring about peace as outlined above. We believe that the status quo is untenable and we need a sustainable peace that must bring about critical reforms and fight impunity. This is a public agenda and did not need to be ‘discovered’.

Others say: the political parties should have no position, their role is only to narrow the gap between the warring parties. This is absurd. The political parties are not mediators to be tasked with “narrowing the gap between the warring parties”. They have a position which could form the basis of the resolution of the conflict. As stakeholder, they have every right to try win over the other stakeholders to agree with them. A political party that has no position on such a vital issue as how to bring peace to our country is not worth the name.

In conclusion, the definition of powers between the president and the Prime Minister must be approached with an open mind so that we leave it behind us in order to embark on handling more serious matters in relation to the peace process. As important as it is, it is not the main concern in trying to work out a peace agreement. Let us not forget that the peace agreement is meant to correct the mistakes of the past, rebuild confidence of our people among themselves and between them and their government, and usher in a just and sustainable peace founded on good governance and respect of human rights.

Nakuwa Jr., UK

President Salva Kiir with SPLA top Commanders at Bilpma, Juba, South Sudan

President Salva Kiir with SPLA top Commanders at Bilpma, Juba, South Sudan

For the first time since the liberation struggle (bush years), South Sudan’s leaders, have taken the initiatives to solicit vast resources from within have to initiate development instead of begging or apply for highly priced loans.

Elsewhere yesterday, I also read that the Government issued an ultimatum to those government officials who have used the government as a cash cow to cater for their needs in the hotels, with some of these ‘needs’ highly questionable on the principle of morality and priority. Can you believe that there are government officials who have been living in very expensive Juba hotels since CPA was signed, all at the expense of the government, in spite of receiving housing allowances and other government freebees?

Anyway, the coming together of these Bilpam generals to build these medical wards to cater for their wounded comrades is unprecedented and commendable, and an illustrative proof of how the ‘multiplier effect’ can work in nation building, especially IF we really care. Just imagine if political leaders (not just military echelons) also thought of kick-starting and spur several development projects in their respective constituencies/areas using the same or similar thinking. We would have had enough schools, clinics, clean water and other social amenities for everyone throughout the country. In general, when people commit/invest their own hard-earned resources (time, money and energy) into something, they add value, and that sense of ownership will lead will lead to more sense of care, responsibility and accountability, which is ultimately equal to sustainability and efficiency.

Ideally, Gen. Brig. Gen. Majier Deng Kur did not have to wait to see the shocking state of those wounded soldiers in tents to be inspired and motivated solicit these funds to build those wards. Investing in functional and universally accessible health care by all throughout South Sudan, not just for the military, should have been one of the top priorities for this government. Budgetary allocations must be thoroughly reviewed and any distributive formulas should be realigned such that less and less national funds are allocated to the military, the office of the president and national security and more allocations for health, education, providing clean water, more food and repairing up the social cords/bonds that have been broken by the current war.

A healthy, educated, less-armed and peaceful population is ideal and a lot better for the economic well-being and prosperity for our country than having a heavily armed & crazily tribalised army and nationality security apparatus whose propensity to turn those lethal weapons onto their own unarmed & unsuspecting ignorant civil population is unbelievably high.


The architects of Rumbek downfall must face justice to quell down the fears of insecurity.

By Dominic Dut Chol, Rumbek


Rumbek on its recognition was known as the land of peace all the way through the historical background of Sudan and even after the independent. From my disinterest point of view, the blame on citizens alone contributes to an acknowledgement that Rumbek crises shall not end until the architect of this disunity are brought to justice.  There are pyromaniacs who practice tribal slur that sets the fate of Rumbek on fail and to cause trouble for their recognitions.

As I mentioned above, injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere, every community’s issues are governed by justice and this only happens in an environment where the rights of citizens are valued and recognized. The leadership of one man decision can be term as a negative impact of every state development. It has been noticed that speaking the truth in Rumbek is digging yourself a grave before your death. This has led to a flee of almost every intellectual youth living on exile in other states to protect their existence on earth and with some joining the national army out of their will. In my view, the youth of Rumbek particularly should unite all its three counties of Rumbek east, north and Centre and face this challenge openly to bring back the name of Rumbek to its peaceful existence.

Every incident that happens is blamed on the citizen and the daily statement is citizen not cooperating with the government, does the so called government of Lakes state value the citizen rights. There is no government without people it is only through people that makes a government. A true leader is always recognized by the fellow citizens.

As lakes state continues to experience this discontented type of leadership the vulnerable citizens of lakes state shall continue dyeing innocently and the government will continue accusing the citizens for not cooperating. The corporation of citizens comes when the leadership itself is cooperating. However, the scattered type of government we have in that state is contrary to the peace initiative that the whole country is advocating for.

The call for a change in the current leadership is not only to remove the leader but to install the leadership that will accommodate citizens’ rights and restores justice. If not done, there are high chances of danger which to my understanding can aggravate the situation to an extent of high magnitude. The current military leadership will not be the solution to the fundamental crises of Lake State, therefore, the National government should open eyes and revise the current insecurity situation of lakes state than listening to the negatives accuses on citizens from the current government in the state

The national government should avail justice in that state and bring down the architects of those crises for trial. These community misunderstandings if not fueled by some hypocrites leaders who claims to be politicians in that state, the crises would have not reached this level. The state of insecurity currently in lakes state and particularly Rumbek is extraordinary and this is caused by failed leadership in managing the citizens with peaceful hearts rather than hearts of discriminations.

Oh no, the government must do something and real fast to stop this blood shedor else the great danger lies ahead if the  contempt that is heaving in the hearts of Lakes state citizens is not given an answer

To end here, let’s meditate over this and other important issues pertinent to service delivery to our people and Nation Building.

The Author of This Article is a South Sudanese from Lakes State, Rumbek Central County, Mayom Payam. Find him on

By Emmanuel Malual Makuach, Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya
Alarming rates of malnutrition among children in Kakuma Refugee Camp has emerged as a international concern and warning about serious malnutrition among small children and elderly people is being voiced.
An international  medical organization has warned of the alarming rates of malnutrition among thousands of children who are in desperate need of foods assistance and medical care.
Among the options being discussed are opening up of feeding programs for the elderly and the young malnourished children.
According  to health worker in charge of community health in the camp, Madam Mary, children under the age of 5  to 59 months are the most malnourished.
Moreover, malnutrition is highest  in  some countries with internal conflict and shortages of food than countries without conflict.
Health workers who carried out  assessment from January to April this year in the camp and the border areas have come out with a report saying that the children and elderly people from conflicts zones such as South Sudan and Somalia are the most affected by the malnutrition.
The UN High Commissioner for Refugee (UNCHR), the World Food Program (WFP) and the UN Children Fund say that the camp is home to 237100 refugees from the conflicts in neighboring South Sudan and Somalia.
Mary, one of the health workers, says that the camp is in harsh environment which is the most challenge the new arrival from South Sudan confront. This is coupled with the ill-advised Kenya government’s policies that prohibit farming, grazing or work outside the camps. This means that refugees entirely dependent on food aid.
Renewed conflict in South Sudan has seen another 40,000 new arrivals into the camp since mid-December 15th,  2013. That has contribute big numbers of refugees, resulting to food shortages and acute malnutrition crisis that is being witnessed in the refugee camp among children and elderly people.
(Reporting by Emmanuel Malual from Kakuma, Kenya; Editing by PaanLuel Wel from Juba, South Sudan)

Mekonen Tefere, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Peace Ambassador [Gatwech Koak Nyuon] Condemns the Drinking water poison in Kule refugee camp of Ethiopia and urges the UN and Ethiopian Government to Thoroughly Test the Water before Distribution and Investigate the Cause behind the Poison.

Oxfam is tasked with water distribution in Kule Camp.

Gatwech deliberately talked to the refugees’ leadership through the mobile phone and confirmed that the incident had already taken place. More than 200 refugees are pronounced to be patients and admitted in MSF Hospital at Kule One (1).

Peace Ambassador discloses to the Media that refugees from ‘Zone-C’ become poison’s victims. He hoped that the Ethiopian Government and UN will work closely to implement the meticulous investigation to discover the cause of the poison and suggest the pre-testing for water as well as weekly water-tank cleansing by the concern Agency who deal with water. He said.

Gatwech strongly condemns the incident and term it as “lack of skill and specialization or motivational incident”.

Early this year in July, Gatwech launched his personal campaign to voluntary work as a voice for refugees by conducted a research in Refugee Camp and later named by Ethiopian Churches to be a Peace Ambassador. He launched a video Camp titled ‘Urgent call of prayer by Gatwech Koak Nyuon ’ two months ago and recently launched a pictorial campaign through his Official Fan Page ‘KICK WAR OUT OF SOUTH SUDAN’.

Ehtiopia is nearly hosted more than 190,000 refugees mainly from Nuer tribe in Western Region of Gambella.

The author can be reached on:

Last evening (16/11/2104), I held a meeting with H.E Salva Kiir and his delegation, together with a team of 11people led by Maama Rebecca Garang,at Statehouse Entebbe. We discussed ways and means of resolving the conflict in South Sudan. I urged the warring factions to reconcile and ease the suffering of the people of South Sudan.

Museveni: Last evening (16/11/2104), I held a meeting with H.E Salva Kiir and his delegation, together with a team of 11people led by Maama Rebecca Garang,at Statehouse Entebbe. We discussed ways and means of resolving the conflict in South Sudan. I urged the warring factions to reconcile and ease the suffering of the people of South Sudan.

IGAD is delaying peace in South Sudan, claims President Kiir.

“Whenever we are about to reach a peace agreement, the IGAD imposes recess and holidays, this is why peace has not yet been signed. But we are committed as a government to bring peace to this country…It is now time to look to the future. With your tremendous support, we have collectively done so much but to take our country to the next level, there is still more to be done,” said Kiir while inaugurating a new ward at Juba military hospital, Juba, South Sudan.

This was the same time when President Kiir (and his team), and Madam Nyandeng with her 11-group, met President Museveni in Entebbe, State House.