Author Archive

By Hon. Taban Abel Aguek, Rumbek, Lakes State

Dr. Lam Akol of SPLM-DC

Dr. Lam Akol of SPLM-DC

April 18, 2015 (SSB)  —-   In a press conference in Juba last week, the leader of South Sudan Opposition Party SPLM – DC, Dr Lam Akol criticized the government of South Sudan on being against the West. The issue seems to weave around the involvement of TROIKA in the upcoming IGAD Plus talks in Addis Ababa. The Government has since made it position clear that TROIKA should only be involved in observer role, and nothing else. And for that government spelled out its concerns which are convincing to the South Sudanese public.

I believe this position of the government on TROIKA’s role is what Dr Lam has perceived as being against the West. Those people who know Dr. Lam well are now left confused on seeing him swapped his attitudes towards the West in 2015. Dr. Lam, by the time he was National Minister for Foreign Affairs – was a hard critique of the West. Both Lam and Beshir had to depend on Russia and China to thwart the West’s effort for peace and civilians protection in Darfur in 2006.

Now that Dr Lam publicly condemns the government of South Sudan on being harsh to the same West that he used to scorn during our days of the ‘united Sudan’ is quite interesting. Perhaps, it does justify the long-held notion that in politics “there are no permanent enemies, but only permanent interests”. That remains that. But what is trending now is the developing perception among the South Sudan’s public that Dr. Lam Akol might have developed the ‘strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Hyde’.

This was coined from the novel by a Scottish writer Robert Louis Stevenson, “The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde”. And it is commonly associated with the rare mental condition often called “split personality”, referred to in psychiatry as dissociative identity disorder, where within the same body there exists more than one distinct personality. Now this has been taken to describe a person who is vastly different in moral character from one situation to another.

In politics it becomes even much worse. If one cannot agree with himself, then how does he expect people to agree with him? I heard him speak over the Miraya FM the other day and there he made me think about how many faces he has changed over the period he has been in contact with our national issues.

As mentioned earlier, in the prime years of the CPA, when Dr Lam Akol was a powerful Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Government of National Unity, he was a hard critic of the West.

I remember one of the hotly contested issues between the West and Sudan was whether the UN should deploy its forces in Darfur or not. President Beshir opted to term the UN civilian protection in Darfur as an invasion of a ‘sovereign’ state of Sudan. And Dr. Lam worked for him and agreed with him even when he said that he would ‘rather lead the war against a foreign invasion than allowing them abuse the sovereignty of the Sudan’.

The person that was doing all the shuttle diplomacy was none other than Dr. Lam Akol on behalf of President Beshir. Both Dr Lam and President Beshir lost faith in the West; and therefore, they inclined to go to the East and got sanctuary in China and Russia. Yet, in doing that, he was going contrary to the position of his then nominating party, SPLM and the then semi autonomous government in Juba.

In one of his diplomatic trips abroad, Dr. Lam claimed having achieved ‘victory’ on behalf of the Beshir’s NCP when he came back with a green light for the formation of dysfunctional hybrid force “UNAMID” for Darfur. Judged by current events, the deployment of UNAMID became a victory to Khartoum and a bad loss to the people of Darfur.

Working for Sudan Tribune Daily Newspaper in Khartoum, which some circles claimed was sponsored by Dr. Lam himself; I had no any other avenue to lodge my pleas than to take to the internet. I wrote an article titled, “South Sudan: dumped in the mouths of some Khartoum SPLM Traitors” and it was posted in Sudan Tribune. The SPLM traitor was Dr. Lam Akol and his associates that benefitted from CPA but allowed themselves to be used as walking sticks by the same old foe – the NCP.

I thought Dr Lam would stick to his old hard criticism against the West. Or else he needs to tell us what made him change his mind now to be a sympathizer of the same West he stood against during the days he was serving as a minister of Foreign Affairs in a united Sudan. That Dr. Lam has changed face to be a supporter of the same West he fought fiercely against is to me a surprise. That is Dr. Lam’s Change of face number two.

One may wonder why this should be change of face number two. Get it here again fast tracked! Dr. Lam was the architect of the document known to most literate South Sudanese as “ Why Garang must Go!”. Together with Riek Machar they decided to launch a ‘bush coup’ against Dr. John Garang. They proudly announced a coup which did not only end in shambles but, like the current war, caused skirmishes and reduced gains of SPLM/A and South Sudan.

Dr Lam, few months after accepting to work under Riek, opted to form his own party in complete betrayal to Riek. He failed to work with Dr Garang, chose Dr Riek and divorced him again in a very short time. That represents swapping of faces in very short time by him but we can call it Dr. Lam’s Change of face number one that we came to know.

Shortly after the failed coup in Juba on December 2013, Dr Lam Akol appeared to condemn the actions of Dr Riek Machar. He got the public support to lead the team of opposition parties at the Addis Ababa talks. But a few days into the talks Dr Lam changed immediately from standing with South Sudanese public position to confusingly spreading his legs over on the IGAD proposals and bilaterally chose also to hold ‘secret’ meetings with Dr. Riek Machar.

Maybe those people who argue that he was lured into an idea that both President Kiir and Dr Riek will not be allowed to participate in the transitional government impacted his decision. But still he could have been advised but he took the decision. That might have prompted him to lodge himself into possibility of replacing Kiir as the President of South Sudan. From condemning coup to supporting Riek, Dr Lam left many of South Sudanese confused. That is Change of face number three!

It was all announced that South Sudan wanted to hold elections in June this year. But backed up by the International Community and Civil Society Organizations, Dr Lam led a campaign against the conduct of elections. Dr Lam even went further by leading a coalition of political parties to court to challenge the decision. South Sudan, under that pressure, rescinded the decision to hold elections. But the decision not to hold elections also carried legal implications.

There is no way elections can be called off and put nothing in the vacuum. That would lead to constitutional crisis. The best way to accommodate the peace talks without a constitutional vacuum is seeking the parliamentary extension of the term of the Government and parliament to give room for Addis Ababa negotiations with a legitimate ruling system. That there was one Dr Lam Akol who ask for postponement of elections and the same Dr Lam who again oppose the suspension of elections represents an amusing change of mind in the swiftest of times. Change of face number four!

Dr Lam Akol ought to know – and I believe he knows – that the South Sudanese he is dealing with are not the same South Sudanese of the last decades. If Britain were to colonize South Sudan today, they would have found it very difficult. There is no way we can allow any move to go uncalculated and people are so vigilant nowadays.

It is a fact that Dr. Lam has been relevant with the South Sudanese politics since the inception of SPLM. It is a big credit to South Sudan and Democracy that there has always been an opposing voice. According to me, that is healthy politics. But it must be noted that criticism must rightfully be placed. And one should not oppose just for the sake of being in opposition.

The Opposition and all the groups that led a campaign against the holding of elections should not look at the extension of government as means for Kiir to earn extra years in power. Rather, it should be viewed as a concession by the government. President Beshir of Sudan has been constantly extending his rule through bogus elections.

South Sudan has tried to avoid such a case. Kiir would have contested elections and likely win a five year term in office. But the decision to delay elections was taken to give time for peace negotiations. By God’s grace, if the final peace deal is signed, then its terms may take complete precedence to what was done by parliament.

Someone needs to tell me how we can pass peace documents without a functioning Assembly? We need the assembly to enact into law the agreed terms of the peace agreement.

South Sudan is not against the West as alleged by Dr Lam. It’s him who holds records for being so ardently against the West. For him to change sides now is simply foxing.

Nevertheless, Dr. Lam Akol is a role model for so many young people. He is indeed a capable leader. But the society we are in is one of the most difficult ones. Every act is placed under a scrutiny. Therefore, one needs to calculate his actions and take decisions that garner the public support and then stay by them.

To change is not bad, but to keep changing is not healthy. It’s high time that Dr. Lam tries to make up his mind and tell us one thing. South Sudanese should not be told to move to sun and when they are there someone again says come to the moon.

Taban Abel Aguek works in Rumbek – South Sudan as a member of State Legislative Assembly. He can be reached at

By Mayak Deng Aruei, USA

President Salva Kiir with SPLA top Commanders at Bilpma, Juba, South Sudan

President Salva Kiir with SPLA top Commanders at Bilpma, Juba, South Sudan

April 18, 2015 (SSB)  —-  It was not long ago that South Sudan was part of the then united SUDAN. After the secession from the rests of the SUDAN, the new nation went on its own way, taking no system of the host nation. The ululations & giggling shortly after independence poured lots of hopes in the hearts of the civil population, but no enough preparations were put in place to run an independent South Sudan. The worst part being that South Sudanese celebrated their independence for too long, forgetting that the newly independent nation was in need of Infrastructures and Security in order to sustain itself in the face of economically advanced neighbors. Throughout the country, supposedly former army officers took oaths of their offices(constitutional/political posts), but continued to behave in their capacities as military officers despite their new roles as lawmakers and civil servants.

Unlike any other country in the Region, South Sudan submerged under military rule, and all the officers who once served under the SPLA never believe in their minds that fundamental changes have taken place in their lives. While in the governments(Central & states’ levels), they remained as SPLA officers, and even went further and encouraged former child soldiers to take up military trainings in order to fill positions in governments’ institutions. The nation’s leadership(South Sudan) seems to support such mindsets, and H. E dresses in military attires whenever he feel like it, and when he is sharing a security meeting. Well, dressing in military uniforms means being ready for war or showing of superiority. But do majority of South Sudanese really want to see that?

As a matter of raw facts, all the today’s youths grew up in huts that had military uniforms and guns all over. So, dressing in military uniforms means an aggression, and that by itself energize youths raised in wars to entertain and commit more violence against civil population. Verify if terroristic attitudes of Governor Matur Chut Dhuol has reduced violence in Lakes State? Verify if eye for an eye has resolved problems in Jonglei and other states? Verify if military aggression against disoriented SPLA’s deserters has deterred them from committing more atrocities on Government’s supporters and communities in their vicinities?

There is nothing wrong with military as a profession, but our people must know that most people who became soldiers were either conscripted into the Rebels group or forced by conditions that South Sudanese were in, and to liberate the Region from successive Khartoum based regimes that were hostile to African South Sudanese and other nationalities in the SUDAN( Dar Fur, Funj & Nubians). With current military lifestyle being the new reality, majority unknowingly surrendered the nation to be run more like a military camp/base, and the same command has strayed into other areas: economy and social life. As of recent months, the Army Chief of General Staff went head to head with religious leaders, particularly leader of the Cush International Church/Ministries also known Prophet as many of his prophecies have materialized in a rather a bad way. They(national leaders)cannot command every aspect of citizens’ lives and expect a free State where citizens will contribute to development of the country without constraints.

For the last number of years, President Salva Kiir has been making changes in the nation’s military leadership, but never retired Army Generals as it is the norm in other parts of the world(some were short listed as reservists). Over the years(2005-present), Generals/army officers have been serving in civilian posts for extended period of times, and returned to military branches as active Generals. For example, the current SPLA’s Chief of General Staff was Governor of Northern Bahr El Ghazal State between 2008 and 2013. He was removed by presidential decree, reinstated into the Army, promoted to the rank of Lt. General and given his new assignment as the SPLA’s Army Chief of General Staff, and where he doubled as Chairman of the SPLM in his home state (Northern Barh El Ghazal). There are other instances where those who were counties’ commissioners and states members of the parliaments returned to military service. Where can we draw a line between the SPLA as the national Army and the SPLM as the ruling political Party in the Republic of South Sudan? Remember, their military ranks are earned titles, but they cannot practice military while serving in civilian posts.

Along the same line, caretaker Governor of Lakes State, Gen. Matur Chut Dhuol was appointed by a presidential decree as a Governor & retained his military status, run the state more than a military barrack, terrorizing civilians, detaining politicians indefinitely and imprisoning them without charges. He defied call by the Council of States(Constitutional posts holders). Can somebody tell Matur to mature and Malong to adopt rule of law( Lööŋ as his name referred to in Jieeŋ). What kind of State do South Sudanese really want to have? Do they want a Nation where a minister smacks his subordinates in the face, & expect to stay as a minister or do they want a State where Government’s officials are hold to the account? To have a functioning system in a democratic State, it got to start with few steps and should start from somewhere, and be followed by those entrusted with the nation’s highest authority.

The kind of leadership that South Sudanese leaders have shown is likely to be copied by those who worked directly under them. Let’s be factual, “what you sow is what you harvest.” We fear not the current leaders, but those who would be tempted to walk the path walked by their mentors(money can recruit an army of ruthless loyalists). There is no way that South Sudanese would expect to see responsible leaders in the near future if the ones we have misbehaves publicly, oversteps their authorities, abuses their subordinates physically and misappropriates nation’s wealth with impunity. For one thing, the ones being bred in Juba and elsewhere would be no better than their mentors unless they follow the order of the world they live in. No human is made of wires, and those who labors under the presumption that their immunity is God’s given are completely wrong. No wonders, our people(South Sudanese) are very disconnected with the today’s world(no borders & no secrets), and they behaves as if they live in their own isolated Universe.

In conclusion, brutality at the top is too dangerous for the nation of South Sudan. How can youths possibly distinguish good leadership from bad/toxic leadership if national figures keeps doing the unthinkable? For those who were in the bush (SPLA’s controlled areas), stories about officers physically abusing their subordinates were everywhere, and some of us thought those would be things of the past. Sometime, one feels guilt-free for having not worked under brutal leaders in modern South Sudan. In reality, most of these leaders are well known for the bad things that they have done, and the bad image they have created onto themselves and the new republic. The mentality of being an army officer for life must be discarded altogether or South Sudan would keeps producing bad leaders, prone to violence, and who believes in physical abuse of their subordinates and in authoritative running of the State’s affairs.

The author is Mayak Deng Aruei, a doctoral student in Organizational Leadership: Organizational Development. He is also the author of ‘Struggle Between Despair and Life: From Sudan’s Marshland Village, Child Soldiering, Refugee Camp and America.” He can be reached at

This is a report about the sacking of Governor of Northern Bhar el Gazal Hon Kuel Aguer Kuel. This report is coming from the credible source but translated into English from Dinka. SBS Dinka is regarded for balanced and impartial news and stories. In regard to balancing of this report; we will be seeking the other side of this story in coming days. Johnson Raan is an official who asked not to be identified for his security reasons. Here is the report in text which was also recorded. —-By Ajak Deng Chiengkou, SBS Dinka Radio.


Read also “The Plight of Caretaker Governors in the Republic of South Sudan: The caretaker governors taking care of some states in South Sudan should start taking care of themselves first before it is too late for them” —-By PaanLuel Wel, Juba, South Sudan, written on January 29th, 2015.

By David Aoloch Bion

The seven false beliefs .

1, He believes that anyone who is appointed by presidential decree with super scale salaries, allowances is the only supporter of government. This is false. Millions support the government without those privileges.

  1. He believes anyone whose name is in Government pay sheet is the only supporter of the government, this is false, Millions support the government when their names are not in pay sheet.
  2. He believes that he is only best friend of President Kiir in Bor community. This is false. There are thousand friends of President Kiir in Bor though; they don’t meet with him on daily basis.
  3. He believes that anyone who say ‘’No to Rebels without justification or valid argument is the only supporter of the government , this is false.   Makuei   presents  the  truth of the  government  in naked  judgment while  others dressed up the truth of the government  in sound judgment . He is good in leading argument where he says no or yes to any question or statement , but other are philosophers; they go beyond yes or no answers with valid explanation.
  4. He believes that everyone must speak like government spokesperson, this is false, there must be a different between views presented by the official spokesperson and common government supporters . There are some views that can’t be expressed by the spokesperson but can be expressed by the pro –government newspapers or writers. This is why you hear in some countries, government pay secretly independent journalists to spin –doctoring the government image. All of us are supporter of the government but we can’t blindly support the government without pointing out its failures.
  5. He believes that, he is philosopher lawyer. This is false , because he has no conceptual understanding of the issues, he muddles issues, he contradicted himself four times, when I talked to  him in his office.  At first , he questioned  me  why should I write about leaked  AU Report , later , he contradicted this by  saying  , ‘’time will come  when the government  will ask those who are quoted  in the AU report’’ .
  6. He believes that anyone who is in the middle, who balances issues in the conflict, is rebel. This is false; the solution to this conflict lie in the middle,  not with extremists  at right or at the left of the conflict .  .Makuei  mind is just preoccupied and obsessed by word ’’ rebel’’ like the song of deaf man, which he sings everyday because he can’t forget it nor he  learn a new song.

The solution of any conflict always lie in the middle unless otherwise , there is absolute  winner  because the two conflicting  parties are always   far apart , one is in the far right , the other is in far left , and to agree or  compromise , they must come into the middle , where there must be concession on both side .

This is why I say the solution of the conflict lie in the middle. If the solution did not lie  in middle, then , military solution would  have been the  option but it has been repeated several times  that the conflict will not be resolved through a military mean by  both Kiir and Riek .

For example, in December 2013 , President Kiir was asked by a BBC journalist ‘’ are you going to share power with Riek Machar ?  Mr . Kiir answered ‘’ No ,  which power ? I can’t reward Riek with power ‘’ but now Mr Kiir is offering Riek the position of the 2 Vice president in power sharing . .Mr . Kiir did change his original stand  because of middle ground principles.

Also Riek in December 2013 ,  Riek told the same BBC that Kiir has lost legitimacy therefore , he had to step down , Now , Riek  did change  his original stand of  Kiir must step down because of middleness am talking about.

To cut the long story short, On April 8, 2015, I ran to Makuei Lueth   for help. Because my writing has been condemned by all Dinka Bor.   I introduced myself  like  this  ‘’  Uncle , am David Aoloch Bion , am student  at  KIU , We ,the youth are divided , some are supporting the government , some are supporting the rebellion . Some are in the middle , so am one of those in middle who fairly  balances the issues in the conflicts at  both sides  in writing  and   my writing has been condemned  by all Dinka Bor now   . I want your judgment based   on my writing too ‘’

Makuei replied ‘’ According to what you have just said  now that you are ‘’in middle’’, you are rebel or with former detainees, so you can’t complain to me  . Secondly, I have not read any single articles you wrote, so I don’t know your writing ‘’

Oh, my God. Am I rebel?

From disinterested point of view, Makuei response to me is nothing but snobbishness and snubbing at their peaks.

How can I write 57 articles defending the government and putting the government in very good position in the conflict and Makuei snubbed me and insulted me as a rebel?

How   can I write 57 articles condemning the rebellion of SPLM/A IO  in the worst terms possible  and  Makuei snubbed me and insulted me as rebel?.

I noticed Makuei is so arrogant to people because he is a friend to President Kiir and he is inside the shadow of President Kiir  but Makuei does  not know that  Kiir can fire him with or without notice any time  .

Makuei  is selfish and jealous of other people who sounds, , if Makuei was judicious ,  he would have appreciated me   and thank me for  my contribution.

Rebel youth are explaining, how the rebels are fighting a  just war in social  media like facebook , on the other hand ,I am also  explaining  , how rebels are killing innocent  people for sake of power only .

Rebel youth are explaining  , how the government has failed South Sudan , I am also explaining, how the rebels have  been contributing to failure  of South Sudan too, how rebels have been the part and parcel of the failure

Rebel youth have coined term ‘’ luethizing ‘’on facebook  to demonize Makuei, but I serious dismiss this and rubbished it. And now Makuei is calling me a rebel. ? , hahahaha

Indeed, am in the middle because I say ‘’ Government has failed but failure of the government do not justify the war of  Riek or SPLM/A IO.  Government has failed but SPLM/A  IO  and SPLM G-10 are the part of the failure of the government’’

Because of the seven reasons above , I conclude that , Makuei has a phantom head or he has the head but a blank head .


Am a supporter of the Government, who wants presidential term limits in the constitution.

Am a diehard of President Kiir , who wants  peaceful transfer of power from one  President  to another.

Newly Leaked Minutes: Another high-level meeting of Khartoum regime officials (10 September 2014) stands revealed | 4 April 2015 (English translation with link to Arabic text)

Gen. Paul Malong Awan Anei and Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen Ajok: The Lionized Extreme “Dinkaists” Army Generals

By Biar D’Chol Biar


April 16, 2015 (SSB)  —-  To the rebels, they’re the extremists, “Dinkaists” army generals they’d ever seen. But, to the pro-government, they’re the lion-hearted stars generals, passionately idolized & glorified for standing tall, fortifying the nation’s sovereignty. And their common core is: shielding President Kiir Mayardit seat at any cost. If it’ll take them to raze down mountain Imatong in the Eastern Equatoria, they’ll do so. They’ve rolled up their camouflage sleeves; ready to squash the rebels through military means. They rightly erected, safeguarding their leader until the last blood will drop out of their veins. And if anyone doubts that, it’s at his/her own perils!

The rebels, however, called them murderous, notoriously killers, and South Sudanese “Hitlers” but it’s an impenetrable to their ears. These names calling are mere shenanigans to them. These generals bottled-up for war, and it doesn’t matter whether a Dinka child’s starving at the displaced camps in Kenya, Uganda and Awerial county -Gulyar, or a Nuer child’s starving, malnourished at the UNMISS camps in Juba, Bortown, Malakal, Bentiu or Warrap state, it’ won’t deter them from pursuing their intended mission.

And their intended mission is only one thing: mangling their adversary militarily. They believed that, a rebel leader, a man who took up arms against the government: Dr. Riek Machar Teny shouldn’t be rewarded with any position within the government. Anything shied of militarily means, doesn’t appease their devouring war appetites. They want to make sure that Dr. Riek isn’t coming back to Juba, either as a first vice president or a prime minister proposed by the IGAD. They want him, to die in exile or, come back, and kissed their butts, apologized; and, accepted that he was involved in their concocted “coup” attempt. Thusly, they don’t care about the rebels quietus in the bushes, since they took up arms against the government; their employer, whom they continuously, and ardently milk until there’ll be no more petro-dollars.

Besides, the UN threateningly sanction doesn’t shake them up, so does their boss, too. But who would blame them since they don’t understand the insidious effects, and consequences of sanction imposed against the country’s top notches? As long as they’re still army generals, they’ll continue to send young South Sudanese to kiss bullets flying their ways, and shout: “SPLA OYEE!” even if one’s dead. And if they ran out of the armies, however, truth must be told; they’ll still find ways to have army. They’ll either conscript the children to fight their antagonist: Dr. Riek Machar. Or if no one’s left to fight, they’ll go to every village; patiently awaited all the baby boys coming out of women’s VJ, and continuously send them to war as long as they’re capable of carrying AK-47.

And quite frankly, the prize of illiteracy, where a few individuals take advantage of the majority, greatly played an enormous role in our country, since this reckless war starts. Because of that, South Sudanese youths at villages; either being Dinka or Nuer had been misinformed orally; that the Nuers are taking power by force when there are Nuers within the government; that Dinka are killing us because they think the government belongs to them alone, when there are Dinkas opposing Kiir regime.

But, what general public doesn’t know is that we’re one people, but only a few opportunists who hijacked the SPLM party to get rid of the others. And we glorified such kind people to the extremes. Many of us haven’t learned how to question our leaders, but rather become the “Yes men.” We continue to glamorize individuals who Balkanized our nation for their own benefits and their families. But these opportunists are just wolves in sheep’s clothing.

These highly decorated military prowess generals; who fought bravely and courageously in North-South civil war continuously degrading their outstanding legacy. Now, they’re only heroes’ to their own tribesmen, but antagonists to the other tribes. They’re believed to be the reason behind the failed peace not inked in Addis, Ababa, Ethiopia on March 6, 2015. And as long as they’re still alive, they’ll never stop singing the slogan of war, on the streets and on the national SSTV. They’ll work hard for that to accomplish their goals: Stops the reinstalling of Dr. Riek as first vice president in the republic of South Sudan.

They continue to fan the flame of war as usual. Their boss, President Kiir Mayardit puts them in charge of army. They’re the center-stage of the war; running their show skillfully tactically; and, are okay with the continuous spill of bloods of the innocent children, women as well as young men who heard their stentorian calls, and now fighting in the frontlines. Nothing will ever stop them from what they’re doing. Only if their adversary is dead, or stopped negotiating with the government.

Thusly, they’re the most trusted generals by the commander-in-chief, the president of the republic of South Sudan: General Kiir Mayardit Kuethping. So, anyone talking peace is rubbish and poppycock. If anyone says, please stops the war, people are dying! He/she would be considered as a rebel “sympathizer” or a western buffoon. But, what they don’t understand is the suffering of our civilians in foreign countries, or in their own country that led many of us to speak out. Also, the economy of the country is now crumbling on her knees because of the war, and this what concerns us all, whether at home or Diaspora. They don’t know that a war is never ‘milked’ to anyone. It’s a destruction of lives and properties and ought to be stopped!

These trustworthy army generals: Paul Malong Awan Anei and Malak Ayuen Ajok completely optimized their works in fighting this ruthless war. The countrymen and women are longing for peace to return, but they aren’t backing down the war. They rolled up their sleeves, gearing up to take it to Dr. Riek Machar and the rebels’ territory. Their oratorical enunciations at the army headquarters, and on SSTV show that they aren’t ready for a peaceful means. And theirs’ staunchly supporters are worshiping them as “lordship,” since their rhetorical speeches on SSTV and radio are stentorian every day.

Gen. Malong Awan Anei, was once fervently admired for his bravely heart in NBS in the 90s. His skillful and nimble tactics, to rid off the notoriously horsemen-Janjaweeds, that terrorized Aweil Community was unanimously praised in the entire South Sudan. And, quite frankly, he did what a son does to his community. Besides, he was praised for the formation of Mathiang Anyaar after Sudanese president, Bashire threatens to take 14 miles at the border of Sudan and South Sudan; to defend our land, and everyone was exuberant and euphoric with what he was doing.

We all know that, Khartoum government will try its best to encroach into our territory by any means. They’d shown several times with bombardments of civilians time and time again in NBS & WBS. But, the nation wasn’t afraid as long as Gen. Malong was in NBS, defending our nation.

But, instead of staying with the course of defending the nation from the north, Gen. Malong brought what was formed to shield the nation against the external enemy, to Juba clandestinely. The reason of why these militiamen were brought to the nation’s capital, remained mystery up today. But, they were in the capital, incandescently walking on the streets days & nights. But, they weren’t the national army to begin with. They weren’t policemen to guide the city either, and everyone falls short to accept the legality of bringing the militia into the capital. And up to today, no one answered why the militias were brought to Juba?

And on December 16, 2013, these militiamen, who weren’t trained as nation armies began to discriminately kill innocent Nuer in Juba when army mutiny happened at the army barrack. Was it justifiable killings? Absolutely no! But, Gen. Paul Malong was believed to have hands in this mess, because the militia belongs to him. He action let the “cat” out of the bag, and now, he’s still calling for war, which he should’ve finished sixteen months ago had he followed Dr. Riek into the bush and faced him.

But, he remained in Juba; allowed these militiamen to kill innocents who’ve nothing to do with the government without stopping them. Then, a few days later, he joined the army; took command at capturing of BorTown from White Army; a news welcomed by many civilians at the time when they don’t understand what killed them or looted their properties. And later on, he surreptitiously lobbied behind the closed-door to replace the general chief of staff of army: James Hoi Mai. And President Kiir rewarded him with chief of staff position.

Now, as a chief of staff of the army, he’s doing things he shouldn’t be doing. But because he likes to be the center stage of everything, he’s doing everything is his power to rid off his opponents. He seems to be acting as if he’s the country’s CEO. He shut down his bosses: KMK and KMJ. Gen. Malong bosses look subordinate to him, based on how he acts. It seems that he doesn’t know his role as the chief of staff of the army. Therefore, Gen. Malong needs to be told that he’s neither the president of the nation nor the minister of defense. His actions are deeply and grossly burying the country to the grave.

On the other hand, Gen. Malong intermediation of the caretaker governor, Kuel Aguer Kuel, isn’t a good approach for a well-respected person. Now, Kuel Aguer Kuel’s relieved as the caretaker governor, because Malong loyalty to the president. He’s a chief of staff of the army, and there’s no point of meddling in the NBS affairs anymore though he believes that he’s still the chairman of SPLM in the state. Well, he was a governor, but not anymore. So, why Gen. Malong keeps harassing citizens? Someone should advice Gen. Malong not to oppress and marginalize citizens. These behaviors let people go back to bush and will impede the progress of the nation.

Besides, the jailing of a journalists, such as Christopher for interviewing Kuel Aguer Kuel to air out what was going on behind closed door in NBS doesn’t look good on him easier. Gen. Malong seems to be holding all the position within South Sudan government. I completely fail to understand why is he treating citizens inappropriately? Now, he’s acting as a president, minister of defense, chief of general of army and a governor of NBS. Gen. Malong, however, needs to think about South Sudan future; a country where all 64 tribes must live together, eat together, laugh together and mix together on the same table.

We love Gen. Malong as our liberator, to be remembered as someone who’d done good deeds for our country, but not some one for bad reputations. Gen. Malong should think about our future, if he cares for our nation. He should learn how to compromise with the opponents and citizens. Gen. Malong, there’s no country in the world built on hatred. Comrade Malong, learn how to negotiate with your opponents to assail our country forwards.

Brigadier gen. Malak Ayuen Ajok is an epideictic orator as I had seen him in most of his speeches on SSTV. He vigilantly works hard every day to make sure our fallen heroes’ songs are played live continuously on SSTV for our young generation to learn more about our brothers, fathers and mothers whom we lost in the civil war. No doubt that they’re our heroes/heroines. Their songs are only our souvenirs we’ve at the moment. The nation is cemented with their precious bloods, and everyone admired Brig. Malak for what he’d been doing. Comrade keeps up a good work, and God’ll shower you abundantly. It’s one of patriots thing you’d been doing for our nation to remember the fallen heroes/heroines. But, something is still missing with Brig. Gen. Malak’s work position.

Most recently since the war starts, he’s digressed to follow a different path: exclusiveness of other countrymen and women in his patriotic works. He’d become the most notorious far leftist “Dinkaist.” He seems to be focusing on Dinka had done this and that… And that’s not what a patriotic and nationalist should be doing. What he needs to know, however, is that, he’s too big to come down, and practice tribalism. Brig. Gen. Malak must be assured that he’s a national figure & should be working on what can bring the nation together as one country regardless of our multiethnic ties and multiculturalism.

Many citizens are looking up to him as an exemplary. I do believe that he’s a paradigm to young generation; a war veteran if he isn’t aware about it. Every child is probably now dreaming to be Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen. But the speeches he’s been giving to the armies at Bilpam are nothing, but polarizing our nascent nation.

I understand that Brig. Malak Ayuen problem is Dr. Riek Machar. Well, to be honest, Dr. Riek’s entire South Sudan problem, because of the role he played in commanding White Army-Jiech Mibör to discriminately killed, raped and pillaged properties in Bortown, Malakal, Bentiu and many other areas. However, Brig. Gen. Malak should know that one-man life isn’t that important to let the nation suffers by continuously orchestrating the war. Everyone knows that Dr. Riek is avarice, and egocentric individual; we all agree on that.

But, continuing to call for more wars to confront Dr. Riek when’s sleeping at the grandiose hotel in Addis Ababa and South Africa isn’t the best option. Brig. Gen. Malak should know that our children are starving at the camps with empty stomachs with no roofs on top of them. Brig. Gen. Malak, why is it then to keep fighting a man who’s not in the country? To me, I think you’re fighting with a ghost!

If Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen believed, however, that Dr. Riek staged a coup, then, why did he let him crosses the states’ borders without following him back then? Why didn’t he follow Dr. Riek right away up to his mum’s VJ? Why did he waits that long until Dr. Riek left the country? Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen keeps shouting through microphone; ingraining war to the newly recruit soldiers’ brains; that we’ve to fight Dr. Riek and Nuers. Yes, it’s understandable to fight Dr. Riek and win triumphantly. But, will fighting change anything in South Sudan? I don’t think so! Brig. Malak Ayuen, is war what you think of when you lay your head on a pillow? Brig. Gen. Malak had repeated what MML had said before, that, a “government can’t negotiate with the rebels.”

Well, it’s true that you’re the government, and Dr. Riek is a rebel. You fundamentally believe that a government can’t negotiate with rebel. If that’s the case, why then, did Khartoum regime negotiate with us, when we were rebels? I know that Dr. Riek is a dumb leader with his sick and charlatan “Democracy.” I understand that most African leaders turn rebels when they’re not happy with the governing system or, had become power greed, and that’s what I believe led Dr. Riek back to bush second times. Or he was forced to bush when he declared to unseat his boss: Salva Kiir Mayardit.

But his rebellion was one of the stupid decisions a man ever made. Majority of people believe that he didn’t stage any coup, but his action to command white army instead of going to exile, and calls for justice for what Killed Nuers in Juba is what pissed everyone off. But, I haven’t proved his claimed innocent in this war. President Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek are equally two heads in the same coin. They were the leaders for the last ten years, and nothing they accomplished other than feuding in the offices.

Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen, I’ve to tell you that what you’re doing doesn’t make you better than those who want peace. Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen needs to know that, he’s fighting a wrong war. Dr. Riek is a problem, but how long should we continue this war? I’ve to tell you that, you ignore the war we should be fighting for; a war that took the lives of our people for centuries, and nothing is being done about it.

And to give you a head up, our problem is the one you welcomed to Juba last year. You eat with him at the same table, but had not done anything about it. He killed our elders, women and youths, and he’s not been charged with this crime. His militiamen abducted our children every year. So, why isn’t he a huge problem to us?

Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen, David Yau Yau and his Murle militiamen are the problem we’ve right now. As much as I know Brig. Malak’s older than me and he’s knowledgeable of cattle raiding that took place. He knows how many men, women that’d been killed by Murle every year. He knows how many children abducted by Murle, and they’d never been returned to our villages. Our Greater Bor Community’s assets—cattle had been driven off by Murle every now and then.

But him and sons or Greater Bor elites had been quiet in Juba. And now he’s telling us that, we’ve to go to war of Dr. Riek and Kiir Mayardit. Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen, it says, “charity begins at home.” Without our home, you and the rest would be nothing in Juba. So, why is Brig. Malak ignored the threats affecting our civilians all the time, and embark on this reckless war?

Brig. Gen. Malak Ayuen should know that the Nuers had been our neighbors; we share the same food together everyday, we inter-married with them, and to think of them as our enemies is outrageous. Hence, continuing to weigh a war isn’t work for you and our community. It’s killing our people and their people as well. Brigadier Malak Ayuen, you’re not helping with what should be done to solve the crisis affecting our nation.

Honestly, you’re teaching the values that don’t belong to our community. We’re a community of wait, a minute! Kɔn kööch! We’re not a community of teat-for-tat as it might be in other communities. We always forgive our enemies. We are resilience community, and that’s what we’re known for.

As of now, Greater Bor people in Bortown and at the villages are back and lively, kicking, energetic and dynamite! Their daily activities had resume. But, only David Yau Yau with his militiamen are what terrorizing them days and nights. Won’t this be something to think of all the time, brother Malak Ayuen? I would think you would think of some ways to help our people; to stop child abduction in our community; stop cattle raiding for our community to live in peace with their neighbors.

Frankly speaking, Dr. Riek destroyed Greater Bor community in 1991, but we forgave him until he made stupid decision to destroy our community second times. But, if forgiving Dr. Riek for second times will bring peace to stop the suffering of our civilians at the refugee’s camp, and the entire nation, then why not? I believe that the people of the republic of South Sudan will determine Dr. Riek kismet once he returned to Juba.

Brig. Malak, and Gen. Paul Malong, though Dr. Riek isn’t admitting publicly, I believe he feels ashamed for what he did to Greater Bor community & the entire nation for the second times. Nonetheless, continuing with the war will not bring back our loved ones. Gen. Malong and Brig. Malak if you need justice to be served in South Sudan, then, let Dr. Riek comes back to Juba first, and nation will determine proper procedures to find justice on both sides.

Brigadier Malak, & Gen. Malong, please stop preaching war, and come up with some strategies to save the lives of the remaining population in our nation. More wars will take away more lives; impede the developments. As the army generals, you should find ways to set up projects and research centers in perfecting the nation army instead. You need to stop war mentality, and work with what’ll bring peace and reconciliation in our nation.

I know that you’re not the men of God, but to bring peace isn’t a rocket science. Instead of being far Dinkaists, you should be moderate politicians; work hard to bring lasting peace for our civilians to return home and rebuild their lives again. I therefore, would advise you to stop weighing war with someone who is living luxury lives in hotel at foreign country.

The people, who’re dying on both frontlines, are South Sudanese citizens, and these citizens should look at each other as brothers, countrymen and women, but not enemies to one another. Comrades, start listening to citizens and bring peace to our beloved nation now!

The author’s a concern South Sudanese; resided in the states, and can be reach

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Gatkuoth Lok

Riek Machar and his wife, Angelina Jany Teny, in Khartoum with President Omar Bashir

Riek Machar and his wife, Angelina Jany Teny, in Khartoum with President Omar Bashir

April 16, 2015 (SSB)  —-  In this rigorous analysis, we shall focus on Dr. Machar, the SPLM>SPLA- IO chairman and his politico-contemporaries namely Dr. John Garang and president Kiir Mayardit. In this respect we shall briefly explore and detail the grounds on which it is inevitably right and suitable to attribute the independence of South Sudan to Machar and necessarily ascribing democracy to him undoubtedly.

Besides we will further be able to explicitly expose Machar’s political pursuit in 1990s on compared to Garang’s as well as his political ideology in evaluation to Kiir’s political ideology. In the course of this demanding discussion we expressly ought to figure out the ideals harbored by the said troika-political-leaders and to find out who among these leaders truly became instrumental in terms of his ultimate goal plus his political ideology as well during and after the SPLM or SPLA liberation struggle and who remains truly non-instrumental, not workable to date.

This in the end shall land us to sincerely and wholeheartedly admit that Dr. Machar Teny is the only politician in this Republic with his country deeply seated in his very heart. Based upon his unquestionable nationalism and patriotism in objectively choosing what works best for the citizens of this blossoming Democracy, Machar qualifies himself not only the father of this country but also the leadership best exemplar for the country as a whole, Africa and indeed fits himself for the rest of the world at best.

Having seen the topic under discussion-being workable, sounding and resounding worthy proving thesis, the key questions one is about to ask here are what the author does have in mind on the issue in question and whether or not he may be knowledgeable about the history of South Sudan. Have it gone through and examined.

Prior to embarking on the matter and giving some possible solutions to those mentioned doubts I would rather like to inform us dear readers whether or not you like it, that politics per se, in South Sudan political perspective, in my viewpoint and probably beyond is to politically morally and militarily fight for the total freedoms and benefits of the people of one’s own politically defined territory.

Coming back to the topic at issue, the question is, has Dr. Machar fought for what about which this author places him at the right side of the history of this politically defined territory known as the Republic of South Sudan? Can we rationally and empirically give undoubted and undeniable vindications to make our thesis valid? Next we shall get settled in the succeeding dialectical reasoning. What for?

Good enough, we are going to work out to give sufficient rejoinders in the following subtopics notably; ‘Machar over Garang’ and ‘Machar over Kiir’ two of which function for substantiating the given thesis. Have a look below then.

Dr. Machar over Dr. Garang

Did Machar win the history of the liberation struggle over Garang? I answer, yes he won it. Now scrutinize critically, in 1991 Dr. Machar disagreed with Dr. Garang on what to fight for. Why? Simply because Machar thought it right that to fight for Self-determination consequential to the Independence- the total beneficial freedom to the people of southern Sudan, would rather work best for the common good or will of southern Sudanese.

This Machar’s better off antithesis opposed to Garang’s bellow worse off thesis became the best choice during the referendum on Machar’s self-determination. Dr. John Garang thought it, erroneously right that to fight for unity of Sudan under new basis would rather be workable for the greater good of all marginalized Sudanese. This was or is a good idea however, unworkable. This is the straw which broke the camel’s back.

This hot rupture got resolved when Machar and Garang themselves realistically agreed to sign the comprehensive peace agreement, CPA that enshrined their pursuits and the two principal leaders made what is documented as Nairobi declaration, in 2002. This courageous decision from our dear leaders helped us to choose between their said pursuits, namely Machar’s secession and Garang’s unity of Sudan in a conducive environment. The question pops up, which one did we choose for its workability and which one did we not choose for its unworkability?

In answering this question, what got actualized in favor of southern Sudanese destiny was Dr. Machar’s political pursuit; being self-determination resultant to our breathtaking Independence, on 9.7.2011. This is now Machar’s victory. And this historic and historical victory for Dr. Machar happened when Dr. Garang died in Museveni-Kiir helicopter crash, unfortunately. Where did we leave Garang’s pursuit then? Eh, Dr. Garang’s pursuit, unanimously and contemptuously was left to Malik Aggar and Yasir Saed el Arman (SPLM or SPLA-N leaders) in the North Sudan by us who have chosen freedom in the sovereign South.

Without any doubt, it follows that our thesis that Dr. Machar won over Dr. Garang in terms of their political pursuits has been proved beyond any reasonable reservation. Any shadow of doubt yet? No, not at all, though it shall bewilder ordinary readers yet clear to those who are able to discuss ideas, ideologies and philosophies. What of the death in 1991?

Looked at superficially, one may ask why Dr. Machar’s 1991 correction declaration victimized a lot of people from different communities. And another person may enquire whether possible blames can be objectively put on both sides of the then conflict and lifting irrational bias of being unjustly judgmental on Machar and excusing Garang to remain blame-free, while in reality Garang himself was the prime cause of the war.

Yet another may still in confidence think that Garang is blameworthy while Machar is praiseworthy. A concern person still might further ask of who will be liable for the deceased death between these opposing protagonists.

Giving somewhat answers to the proceeding questions, I must say that because the prime cause of the 1991 split was Garang himself for he imposed unworkable pursuit-unity of Sudan, he, Dr John remained answerable.

Garang influenced a lot of South Sudanese including my granddad to fight for what they were less aware of. That was inhuman to use people who were unable to know the purpose of their fight against anyone, or right exponent as Machar.

All those people just followed Garang for the sake of following him. They all got lost in the world of they-ness epistemologically speaking, so to speak. So correcting this trend, for Machar was or is never ever sacrosanct, rather the reverse.

When hearing people today blaming Machar for fighting for Self-determination consequential to dream became true Independence, as pronounced by Dr. Machar himself the day before the Independence celebrations, they merely do that in hope to assassinate his very personality and to vilify his name in order for him to have no chance to become president of this country for the man shall change the false history of South Sudan, Garang’s new converts fear.

We can see that it is a manifestation of a deep seated hatred against Machar for it is known in general ethics that when two evils occur you rather go for the lesser evil. Now what do we benefit from that lesser evil which Machar opted for?

Looking into those queries and speculations-they get resolved partly by Machiavellian theory which is applicable here, for it says ‘the end justifies the means ‘.

Then, that partly the death of our people in the aforesaid war year was never intended whatsoever. This necessitates forgiveness and reconciliation countrywide in due time.

Again in the light of Machiavellian theory mentioned, the rational question to ask is, is the aforementioned 1991 case an exception? To me the answer is negative that it isn’t. Is South Sudan Independence a valuable freedom for all South Sudanese of different walks of life? I answer with affirmative, then why brooding over the death of our people whose untimely death, which is sacrificial one, turned out as our today pride? Can we not be heartened and solaced by this fact, which reads in this embodiment: our fallen heroes and heroics died in fighting for the extant independence in one form or the other; hence they did not die in vain?

For we all cry when commemorating their lives and duties as well as we all laugh when remembering their epoch achievements on our existent Independence. This kind of political action is not sacrosanct as I alluded to somewhere above. It is one of the useful-meaningful side of politics. It might resonate resembling what is known as necessary evil politically speaking. Let it be.

We have to bear it embracing the spirit of tolerance resulting to realization of our common good minus what takes us apart genuinely loving what binds us together effecting prosperity coming into existence, and this is tantamount to happiness of us all. Next we turn to discuss how Machar’s political ideology is overshadowing Kiir’s.

Dr. Machar over Mr. Kiir

Dr. Machar is now winning over Mr. Kiir. What is the reason for this? To right away answer you without any further ado, I must say that Dr. Machar has got a doable political ideology opposed to Kiir’s. This brings us to wonder of what the two political key players’ ideologies may be. What are their political ideologies then? Let us answer in the following order. Machar be first and Kiir next.

What is Machar’s political ideology? In short, Machar’s political ideology is none other than Democracy. In this democracy or government, Machar’s system of governance as he already fine-tuned- is federalism. And this federal government shall get undergirded by a federal constitution, which is the skeleton of the sovereign state of South Sudan.

Then this constitution embodies all fundamental rights, especially inalienable rights of all men and women viz: South Sudanese and others. It also contains diverse provisions on how best different public institutions can get re-established and how preeminent they ought to function.

It implies that justice content too, is guaranteed; be it the rule of law, rights and equality ….etc. Such a tremendous success be compelling us to impose both transparency and accountability rigorous application in all state public institutions and this encompasses all three government levels, notably; federal, state and county. This is synonymous to radical eradication of corruption in the country; hence it is the potential emergence of much needed prosperity.

This exactly is consequential to Machar’s would be prosperous Africa tiger: a democratic federal state of South Sudan, in which Mabior, Ajawin, Udiki, Gatdet, Tombe to mention a few from our beautiful diverse ethnic groups, all indiscriminately shall be enjoying Machar’s state of equal rights, identical dignity, equivalent opportunities based on merit and so on. Next is the instillation of the what-ness of Kiir’s political ideology, what is it all about?

Well, Kiir’s political ideology is all about dinkocracy as El Haj Paul oftentimes labels it or what the distinquished Professor David Dechand characterizes as Kiirocracy or it was also characterized as benyocracy by professor Tabn Loliong of the university of Juba and this typical government by definition is a government of Dinka by the Dinka for the Dinka. Such dinkocracy is for Dinka elders, a real substitution of democracy and its definition.

The system of governance in this respect is totally a confused way of intermittently talking to use decentralized system of governance and ending up practicing centralized system of governance that is branded as quasi decentralized system of governance directed by Dinka elders based on a policy known as muonyjiengism that embedded the necessity of institutionalizing a Jieng state, in which none-Jiengs have been criterioned to die in anywhere they are found.

South Sudanese have already witnessed the genocidal program of this Kiir’s Jieng state early when what I called Kiiroproject first got applied on Lou Nuer in 2006. This war by President Kiir killed approximately 6,000 or more.

Then the sequential killings went on to shulluk kingdom where in Owacj 2010 and so more or less thousands of unarmed people were mass-massacred, Gawaar and Laak Nuer in Kaldak in 2011were mercilessly annihilated. Bol Nuer in 2010 too were given the same treatment of their cousins and it reached Murle people in 2010-2013 where Kiir worked harder and harder to eliminate the all tribe by all means, God forbids.

This paradigmatic Kiir’s ill-sequentialism of genocide resulted to its irrational action peak on 15.12.2013 during which all Nuers of different walks of life were criterioned as 91s by none other than president Kiir Mayardit himself.

All the aforesaid homicides of non-Jiengs were meant to pave Kiir’s way to possibly institutionalize an exclusively Jieng State in which Dinka’s ‘we are born to rule and not to be ruled’ be implemented to its fullness. This has been proved right by Bona Malual, one of the Jeing council of elders who explicitly put it clear that such a state has to exist by all means necessary, or else Dinka will have nowhere to go, Malwal argued.

Such killings to institutionalize Jieng state, need to be stopped by all the targeted abovementioned Nations plus targeted Nations in potency. For if these Nations leave the problem to one Nation like Nuer, it will come to annihilate them one by one, should the Nuer be unable to stand their ground in full support of the SPLM or SPLA-IO, this is the intentionality of Kiir Mayardit.

I call upon all people South Sudan, particularly the experiencing Murle , shulluk, fertits and Equatorians, and Dinka pandang that they should not easily forget the struggle for appeasement ranks and money. That all of you have to say enough is enough in a nationalistic way to Dinka government.

To sum up our thesis, existential logic obliges us to admit that Dr. Riek Machar Teny won over Dr. John Garang. And president Kiir is being won over by Dr. Machar Teny.

Based upon his mission, the independence of South Sudan that got actualized plus his vision, democracy tied with federalism, Dr. Machar has qualified himself to be called the founding father of this country who right now settles assured at the right side of this Republic history and his rivals settle uncertain at the reverse.

I expect a bitter reactions from Kiir’s Sycophants, tribal bigots, Jieng indoctrinated lackeys, radicalized diehards, quasi professors and care free cronies, all those who unknowingly or knowingly refuse objective knowledge, may be tempted to make some premature conclusions or shall start writing non-reflected upon responses, attacking personalities.

Should any one feel like doing so, let them for methinks it is true for me to give you this simple piece of critique. If anyone should choose to write in a scientific way, let them, for that’s what I entertain most than the opposite. Have your strictures on this or otherwise.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.