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An analysis by Kuer Garang Manyok after having listened to Riek Machar interview on SBS Dinka Radio
Kuer Garang Manyok

After listening to Dr Reik Machar interview on SBS Radio Dinka by Ajak Deng Chiengkou, am pretty much in agreement with so many other listeners who’ve already expressed their opinions with respect to how the controversialized interview played in audience ears. While the interviewer might have been overcome by hyped self-esteem (of interviewing the highest figure in South Sudan politics) otherwise, anxiety I tend to take it relatively easy on Ajakguong Deng. Perhaps Ajak should take it easy on his staunch critics and, advisably, turns such into opportunities for potential improvement for next time.

My biggest surprise however, was how Dr Reik Machar, the rebels leader, failed to capitalize on a perfect opportunity that would otherwise be very hard to repeat itself sometimes soon. Reik Machar could not produce even one credible point besides his ‘run for dear life’ which is already a giveaway!

Despite restlessness and unnecessary interruption by the interviewer, I think Reik Machar should have still find ways to credibly communicate his part of the story. Remember the interviewer has monopoly on the questions but the interviewee reserves the right to answer ANY question the way he/she deems suitable to his intended message. Reik, the interviewee, failed this simple logic. Perhaps Dr Machar is exactly what his archrivals and other political opponents say he is: just a ‘paper doctor’.

Not to mention his doctoral dissertation/major that’s Strategic Planning, how can the most controversial leader; with much more to prove, in the country not swayed even a single listener – am well aware though that majority of the SBS Radio Dinka program listeners dislike him anyway. But, still that does not mean the truth would have refused its way into their ears. After all, the benefits of saying the truth would have outweighed his calculated thoughts of reservation – I believe Reik Machar was judgmental and that he wasn’t bothered convincing whoever was listening.

Machar’s denial of who orchestrated killing in Mading-bor was rather disturbing. If Gadet didn’t initiate it, who did? Being Reik’s right hand man, inarguably, Gadet started the rebellion in Mading-bor; summarily killing the Dinka soldiers including (General?) Ajak Yen after Reik Machar announced his rebellion and called on the military to topple Kiir government. Least, if any, is there to be defended about this ‘must die’ bastard call Gadet. The man (Gadet) is indefensible and Mr Machar should have worried more about himself than defending the already-on-deathbed criminal.

Comparatively, this was Mr Machar’s worst interview. The rebel leader should know that if he ever wants South Sudanese citizens to take him seriously, he must redeem himself trustworthy otherwise, he remains the worst murderer in the country despite having ‘ran away from Juba to save his life’. Why does his life worth more than any other citizen’s life or why should citizens worry about what would have happened to him when he doesn’t give a crap about their thoughts of him.

By Anteneh Yilma, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

As South Sudan entered crisis in December 2013, Ethiopia as a sisterly Country received more than 100,000 refugees from South Sudan. Some refugees are believed to move toward Uganda and Kenya while similar numbers of refugees are expected to settle in Sudan. Gatwech Koak Nyuon, a young man from South Sudan launched his campaigns to end 8 months conflict in his Country through ‘power of prayer’, a campaign which has been publicly supported by Christians communities around the World.

In three days conference organized by Youth of Lebu Kale Hiywot Church in Addis Ababa, Gatwech strongly urged the Christian Communities around the World to pray for South Sudan. He did not blame the warring parties but term the crisis as leadership struggle and it should simply be solved through dialogue and nonviolence. He added that thousands of deceased who lost their lives in the conflict will never be rose again. Meanwhile; the continuation of war between warring parties will swipe the productive ages and hinder the development in South Sudan. Both warring parties are due to kick-off next round of talk on July 30th, 2014. So far, IGAD had given 60 days to cease the fighting but both parties trade an accusation on battle of Nasir last weeks.

In a very emotional, provoking, charismatic speech attended by more than 200 youth, he hotly elaborated that “Christian Communities must bring this issue to an end through the power of prayer”. The audiences were so applause!! A 28 years old young man stood tall with purple suit was alone in the conference; I found him friendly and compassionate. Gatwech is the first South Sudanese to visit Lebu Kale Hiywot Church for the first time in history since its establishment in 1920s.

Ethiopian Kale Hiywot (Word of Life) Church (KHC) is the largest evangelical denomination in Ethiopia. Started in the early 1920s by pioneering Serving In Mission, formerly, Sudan Interior Mission, (SIM) missionaries, Kale Hiywot Church thrived in the South Central and South Western corners of the country during the five-year Italian occupation in the 1930s (Wikipedia).

Some audiences described Gatwech as the best motivational speaker ever. “He is so young; I didn’t expect this campaign to be initiated by him. His words inspired me. God loves him indeed!!” Mindaye Yohannes described.

Lebu Kale Hiywot Church’s elders received prayer request to continue with it until a change is seen through power of prayer in South Sudan. Currently the overall Ethiopian Kale Hiywot Church has about or more than 7,774 local congregation and estimated 6.7 million members and adherents.

South Sudan problem is our problem as Africans, as children of God and as member of entire Human family. I also urge the Christian Communities to put this very hot issue to their concern either at family level or at church level wherever they reside.

On their parts, the Lebu Kale Hiywot Church conference facilitator congratulated Mr. Gatwech for his roles as a peace maker and forwards the prayer request voluntarily.

Consequently, one of an Evangelist declared him to be an Ambassador for Peace on their prayers. “On behalf of my congregations, I declared Mr. Gatwech to be an Ambassador for Peace and South Sudan will soon recover from the dust”. An Evangelist Teshome.

Gatwech said that he would not give up. Instead he urged more prayers so that he should extend his visit to other African, European and US Countries for more prayers.

“As I started my campaign in Addis Ababa, this is just the beginning. I need more help from people so that this message should reach out globally and the only way to make this happen should be through prayers”. He calls on willingly people to pray for Ukraine, Syria, Central Africa Republic, Congo, Libya, Somalia etc…

Gatwech speaks ‘Amharic’ and currently schooling in Mekane Yesus Management and Leadership College, a College administered by Ethiopian Evangelical Mekane Yesus Church in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

He disclosed that he is working on Documentary to be released on YouTube so that people will pray bases on real situation.

The Author is an independent writer on Education and other Human Rights Issues based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. He should be reach on:

Lies versus Truth: Despite Dr Peter Aduok and Mabior Garang ‘’ Appeal to Fear ‘’, the Truth will finish putting on it shoes

By David Aoloch Bion

“A lie can travel half way around the world while the truth is putting on its shoes’’ …..Mark Twain

Fighting broke out on December 15, 2013 in South Sudanese capital, Juba. On December 16 in the afternoon, President Salva Kiir announced it was a coup. In the evening the same day on BBC focus on Africa , former Minister of Education ,Dr Peter Aduok Nyaba ,using his persuasive powers he acquired in philosophy , he launched the coup plotters propaganda . He applied the ‘’ appeal to fear and pity ‘’ fallacy in propaganda

Propaganda is always communication aim at influencing the attitude of the community toward some cause or position by presenting only one side of the argument, it presents the facts selectively, that is by lying or omission to encourage a particular cause or uses loaded messages to produce an emotional rather than reasonable response to information presented .it is form of ideological warfare.

On BBC World Service, Mr .Aduok dismissed Mr . Kiir’s coup version of the event , he said there was no coup , but mutiny triggered by the disarming of Nuer soldiers by the Dinka soldiers , in the ensuing fighting 20, 000 Nuer women and children were killed in door to door searches . This is what Mr. Aduok told the BBC

‘’yesterday in the evening ,President Salva Kiir ordered Maj Gen .Marial Ciennoung, commander of the Presidential Guard (The Tiger Battalion) to leave the meeting venue and return to the barracks to disarm the troops. After disarming all ethnicities within the guard, Marial ordered that the Dinka members be re-armed. The officer in charge of the weapons stores opened them and rearmed only the Dinka soldiers. A Nuer soldier passing by questioned this and a fistfight then ensued between the two and attracted the attention of the commander and his deputy to the scene. His deputy, from the Nuer ethnicity, began to question this order too and a fight ensued when surrounding officers saw the commotion. The Nuer soldiers also re-armed themselves. Fighting erupted between the Dinka elements of the Presidential Guard and the Nuer elements.. Civilian casualties began when the Dinka elements of the SPLA began targeting Nuer civilians in the capital city of Juba , killing 20 000 Nuer women and children in door to door execution. This is not a coup but a mutiny ‘’

On December 18, Dr Riek echoed Mr Aduok version by coining it as the Juba Massacre of 20, 000 Nuer women and children without giving any details

What Mr Aduok did is an ‘’ appeal to fear and pity ‘’ fallacy and nonsense in the argument and propaganda. The appeal to fear propaganda seeks to build support by instilling anxieties and panic in general population. Indeed, the false claim of killing of 20, 000 Nuer women and children caused fear and panic among the Nuer . This force the Nuer to rise up in self –defense against the imaginary enemy Dinka. This was the reason the Nuer in the name of White Army mobilized themselves voluntarily to come to Juba to avenge.

The question is, Are the 20, 000 Nuer women and children killed in Juba? Time will separate propaganda and lies from facts and truth

What Mr Aduok did was what the Germany Minister of Propaganda, Mr Joseph Goebbel did during World War 2 , when he exploited Theodore Kaufman fictitious story ‘’ Germany must perish ‘’ . This was to claim the Allies sought the extermination of the Germany people.

Now the rebels are claiming that the Dinka Regime of Salva Kiir is seeking to exterminate Nuer

Is this claims true or just negative propaganda?. The answer is the truth is putting on it shoes
Mabior Garang de Mabior is second ,rebel propaganda machine , using his father legacy to blackmail the South Sudanese State . The rebels believe that when Mabior disagree with government of Salva Kiir and sided with rebels, Therefore the rebel are right and just and will win as John Garang won And whole world will stand with Rebels . Mabior is always preaching using ‘’ appeal to pity and fear ‘’ fallacy too .

Mr Mabior is demonizing President Kiir by saying he ordered the execution of the Nuer women and children in Juba on December 15 to 18 . This is what Mabior always write in Paanluel Wel and Nyamilepaedia blogs

‘’’a private army trained, armed and financed by the President Kiir conducted a house to house search, murdering 10,000 Nuer women and children) between the 15 and 18 of December, 2013’’

Is this claim true? . NO, NO HUNDRED TIMES NO! , this is negative propaganda. These are just glittering generalities, they are just emotionally appealing words that the rebels applied to mobilize Nuer to commit military suicide and gain sympathy from the International Community.

Mabior should know that demonizing someone is unhelpful to any cause. When Cdr Kerbino Kaunyin Bol dehumanized Dr John , he appealed to Dinka Bare el gazal to leave John Garang and join him , this never help Kerbino , this was his ‘’appeal to fear and pity’’ on BBC ,

‘’ Sons of Bare el gazal , sons of Bare el gazal , Garang is using you like a fire wood , stop fighting for him’’ ,

Kerbino repeated this until he came back to Garang , You too , Mabior and Aduok will vilify Mr . Kiir until you will come back and call him a boss for one minute before you attempt the third coup

This is not the first time Mr . Aduok misinforms and disinforms the world. He did it in the liberation struggle, in his book, ‘’South Sudan: the politic of Liberation’’ Mr Aduok dehumanized Dr . John Garang de Mabior by saying , Garang manage the movement like personal enterprise , he said Garang ordered the Dinka soldiers of Koryom to attack Mundari civilians , looted cattle , raped women , he prophesized that the Movement ran as personal enterprise and killed Mundari civilians could not win and would not win .

The history showed us that John Garang won.

However, did any South Sudanese see any achievement of Nasir CUOP and KHARTUOM PEACE agreement? But all of us can see the achievement of Garang whom Riek and Aduok demonized before the world like they are doing to Salva Kiir now

Another question is Salva Kiir misrule the country so Riek has the right to overthrow him . That is correct. What about John Garang what has he done for Riek to try to overthrow him in 1991?.
The road of lies is nearing to end, the lies started in 1991, but they ended in 2002 when Riek came and confess to Garang de Mabior . History repeat itself, Again the lies started in 2013 and will end when Riek come and apologizes before Salva Kiir.

Finally, the propaganda of appeal to fear and pity never helped the German People during World War 2 .

In the Bible, it is said, the dog vomit and eat it vomit again, . Now Dr Peter Aduok Nyaba and Mabior Garang de Mabior are vomiting but they will eat their vomit when the lies ends and truth arrive after delaying from putting on it shoes

President Salva Kiir is weak but morally right. He must go but ceremonially not violently as you think.

By Job Kiir Garang


Dear readers, I must say that the political situation in South Sudan has, over the past seven months or so, been very toxic. In fact, I have almost come to a conclusion that for most of us who participate in various social media, we are not helping at all in trying to solve our problems as South Sudanese. We are immersed in senseless and ultimately endless tribal dog-fight. No tribes bring that fight to the forefront than the two biggest tribes in the country i.e. the Dinka and the Nuer. I happen to be a Dinka myself and I am sure there are many from my side of the great tribal divide who might be shocked by my apparent full support for Dr. Riek as the only man who can pull us out of the abyss of dark ages into a more prosperous and brighter future for our beloved country.

My heading does not need an explanation as to what my stands are. Being a veteran myself, I must admit that the country we so heartily fought for against a faith-driven regime is ever falling behind. The hopes and aspirations we had are ebbing out. The future looks bleak and there seems to be nothing but absolute hopelessness at the end of the tunnel. Reason? A bunch of thugs and political hustlers have decided to run the country as a personal property and the sad part, and probably the reason behind the sudden eruption by our nation into civil conflict, is the fact that a small faction of the country (infact a sub-tribe of Gokrial) is running the show in every department within the government. Anyway, let me not get ahead of myself. Having stated where I stand politically, I have the burden to try and explain why I think Dr. Riek is the only hope we have right now and not the cowboy.

First and foremost, I will start with Salva Kiir Mayardit. They always say, give credit where it is due. Having fought in the SPLA liberation war alongside the like of them, I must say that he was one of the best in the business. No one would come second to Dr. John Garang if they were a bunch of numb nuts. He was, during the struggle, our proverbial Moses of the Bible. He was supposed to take us all the way to the promise land and he sure did try. Sadly for most of us, he never learned from the master. Instead of following the scripts left behind, he chose to do it his own way: the failed ways as we have come to know them. Firstly, he has no vision for the country. He is non-ideologue.  The worse of them all is the fear mongering tactics that his government has employed during his office tenure. Instead of acknowledging the fact that a healthy government can only grow out of nuances or differences debated with civility, he shamelessly fires and dissolved his cabinet.His constant belief that the problems in South Sudan are mainly being propagated from outside (UNMISS to be exact) is utter ignorance. Clean your own mess Mr. before you start pointing fingers. I am sure the many South Sudanese who lost their jobs, and notably, those in the government never got fired by an external body. It was all up to the president himself.

And when war broke out, he did very little to help bring the fighting to a sudden halt. If anything, members of his inner circles masterminded some of the worse killings in the capital, Juba where many Nuer civilians as well as soldiers got murdered in cold blood. Some innocent brothers of Dinka origin who happened to have the same facial marks as Nuer were also brutally killed. Many of the South Sudanese, with sound ideas to help move the country in a better direction are always suppressed and in worse case scenario, intimidated and offered death threats. A persistence of any kind would cost someone a job and even worse, their lives. Autocracy is a crazy form of government in my opinion or even the opinion of any sensible human beings. Salva Kiir has exercised it to the fullest and the results are out there for everyone to see. The country is a failed state even at its apparent infancy: the proverbial flower nipped in the bud. The civil society has been unjustly destroyed and denied every bit necessary for survival. Kiir’s brothers and sisters have become the vultures of the wild that feed off the land and the people for their selfish gains. The Dinka tribe has become a bad taste in the mouth these days. A mentioning of the word itself seems to make smaller tribes cringe detestation. Every Dinka is guilty by association.

Some States within the country have been fighting grounds for many years during the struggle and even today. Kiir has done very little to try and clean up those states in order to bring about peace. Jonglei and Upper Nile States are being systematically destroyed by turning the Nuer against their Dinka counterpart and other tribes in their surroundings and the government has always turned a non-sympathetic eye. It has often thrown the tribal crisis into the woodwork. The innocent majority continue to be voiceless. Sadly for them, there seems to be very little hope insight. The younger generation has no hope. The old guards are holding on to power that they cannot even handle with any sensible approach.No provision of public services to the people that need them the most, neither international intelligence, or domestic intelligence and most journalists are hiding in fear that they might be convicts of the regime if they express their ideas i.e. no freedom of the press.  Kids of the less fortunate are becoming the mattresses upon which the powerful and the self-made greedy millionaires sleep on. They are the used and reusable tools by the wealth-thirsty few in association with the president. Comes the hour, comes the man, this greed to remain in power will surely be tested.

Turning my argument in support of the man: Dr. Riek Machar, I must say in advance that we are living in an age where the last thing we need is division. I have a deep conviction that if the Dinka and the Nuer could live in harmony without political fear mongering and distractions, South Sudan would be a peaceful country. Riek might have come from a tribe in South Sudan where members easily pick up arms whenever one of their guy (Riek in particular) has had difference in opinion with the Dinka leaders but am sure given the chance to lead, he might settle the dust that is ever blowing in the air of that beautiful country. Below are some of the reasons why I feel Riek can make a good if not better leader: Firstly, just have a quick glance at his opposition cabinet. Despite his movement being predominantly Nuer in manpower, it surely does look very inclusive. It is what few or indeed many would describe as the microcosm of South Sudanese future. His cabinet is representative of many if not everyone in South Sudan. You have the Equatorians, the Dinka, the Nuer, the Shilluk and many more are expected to be part and parcel of his vision for South Sudan and I am sure the youth will have a say in his government. That would be a country worth building and caring for.

Secondly, Riek has always fallen short of recognition on a number of occasions.  He has been a victim of political rigidity by his Dinka counterparts either during the political struggle or in the aftermath. His desire to drive the country in a more unified direction has always been perceived by those above him as a secret agenda to overthrow them. He has always been portrayed as someone greedy for power. He is always victimized as a tribalist when in truth, we do have proven tribalists in the shape of Kiir and his cohorts. False claims of coup have been blamed against him while the truth remains the same old fear mongering tactics by the president who owns every single power in the country.  When there was a dire need to sign the Addis Ababa cease fire, the president dragged his feet while those that he accused of having planned a coup against him (Riek included) were desperate to get it done and bring an end to the appalling bloodshed of the innocent civilians. The brief message to all South Sudanese is this; if you believe in democracy and peaceful co-existence, the wise thing to do right now is join forces in turning the pages of an old-fashioned, non-progressive, greed-driven, divisive politics and replace it with (although never tested) alternative form of the government that seems on paper the opposite of what we have been accustomed to over the last 9 years.  I’m sure, given the opportunity, Riek and his political crew might be able to tackle some of the issues of our time for I do believe that with the help of nationalists like Hon. Pagan Amum, Dr. MajakD’Agoot, Cde MabiorGarang de Mabior and the rest of the regiments, he might be in the right position to help solve the main problems such as Education for all, poverty, political corruption, war, famine and so on.

As a message of intent for a better South Sudan, I call upon those that dare to dream and change our country for the best. This must start with a public outcry (not that we have not been doing so) but this time we have to be loud and clear. To all my brothers and sisters who feel left out, this is the time. We have to gather efforts and make our voices are heard. We have been silenced for long and I am sure everyone is beginning to feel the pinch. I know there are lots of people that feel the president still has some gas in his tank and would be disappointed by our message, but I can just urge you to look at this issue from a different angle: an angle that looks at ourselves as nothing but good neighbours with our counterparts on the other side and the only way forward is to try and prevent Political leaders setting us apart. If these six major States of Jonglei, Upper Nile, Unity, Central, Western and Eastern Equatoria do unite, I can assure you that there will be stability and an eventual birth of a long lasting peace. Fighting does not solve any problem. The president has supported Murle especially YauYau’s group. Most of the people in Jonglei state got disarmed except the Murle who carry out attack on civilians in Twic East, Duk, and Nuer. The government (under the leadership of Kiir) never intervened. He ignored the assault on the people aforementioned as though nothing happened. We are hereby throwing our full support for Riek Machar. He might not have totally clean hands but give him the office of the president and the rest will be judged afterwards. The events of December last year leading into 2014 have convinced many that Kiir is a failed leader and the last thing we need is to stick with him and hope that things will change in the future. No country should be governed within the confines of a bar (better known in Juba as Home and away).

I, or as better known as Kiir-Agou and a veteran of the struggle, live in a country where voices are heard regardless of your status. I would love to see a South Sudan that images or exhibits the same kind of life that I experience here. I am sure deep down every South Sudanese feel the same way. I was a loyal servant to that country for 14 years and it is sad to see it goes into the drains. I am not writing to please anyone but I have a group of people that have decided to petition my decision. They are about sixty right now to be exact and the main call is we have to all man up and take a stand to make our country a better one.

RIEK Tosha!

Pressure Mounts for the interim government’s positions

Posted: July 28, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary

Where will I work If interim government starts-off? Some people at pressure now

By Daniel Machar Dhieu
In this crisis, there are people with ideology of where they will be place by new era of interim government that seem to be appropriate system for at least three years as IGAD is working hard and make peace is prevail in South Sudan despite of who would lead the interim government.
Many people found of asking themselves that, what my position in that coming government in-case peace reach now? Where will I work? All these question and doubted has blocked the peace progress in Ethiopia Capital. Some people already concluded by withdrawing on preaching peace in country and turned to delaying tactics in-order to maintain their positions because if there is peace then he would be removing.
The phenomena of maintaining stability is at lost, our leaders have generally risk the philosophy of leadership. They failed completely to govern us people in this beloved nation South Sudan and greedily killed their own people whom they claimed to be their supports.
Do good leaders murder their people just because of power struggle? It impossible, South Sudan should not be ruled by interest and rumors from virus people that are parasite to the government and rebel at large. South Sudan is already a sovereign state with independence constitutions that government the State and people at large.
In my views, our leaders are not interesting in peace process otherwise absent of co-existence of people in the nation is their thought. Therefore, I’m requesting the entire citizens to note in their mind that no stability or peace will come if we keep silence.
Let wake up and look for solution to calm the situation. Almost, hunger is on its way   attacking our local people across the country. Will Kiir and Riek defeat hunger in any sense? No.

Why the Dinka don’t trust Nuer !

Posted: July 28, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Featured Articles

By Kur Wel Kur

Dinka and Nuer tribes acquired the hatred from the years of successive struggles for the stolen dignity and land, their pride occupy the central place in their lives. However, when it comes to consistency, Dinka people strode into burning sulphur, choosing death than to surrender their dignity; a decision termed by others as stupid and arrogant.

Most Dinka people holds their dignity close to their hearts because of thousand reasons, but the pride of owning a country today tip-topped these reasons. Nuers oscillated thousand times. For this reason, Nuers, calling for a “change of governance”, “democracy”, “federalism” or creating “21 or 23 states” will relieve us not! But desperate moves in attempt of permanently burying the Dinka tribe in the depth of the ocean.

A crystal clear message for every Dinka to digest; though we must critically and creatively do something about it, the Dinka people must absorb information in our current situations and operate in the parameters of saving our beloved country. Nevertheless, those citizens or tribes that preach hatreds or a country or leadership free of Dinka must challenge themselves with the task to accomplish their wishful thinking if they can.

This article will discuss why Dinka don’t trust Nuer today. In successive years, Dinka and Nuer people led liberation struggles and waged wars against the Khartoum governments. The liberation struggles came in phases: first Sudanese civil war (phase Ⅰ), and the second Sudanese civil war (phase Ⅱ).

I will concentrate on the second Sudanese civil war (phase Ⅱ) for sake of this article. PhaseⅡ: in 1975, dissatisfied ex-soldiers took arms in eastern Upper Nile and formed AnyanyaⅡ, the majority of Nuers with negligible numbers of Dinka led this movement and Gai Tut as its leader. The 1972 Peace Agreement disintegrated gradually because Jafaar Nimeiri’s government began conducting policies that violated the Addis Ababa Agreement as Abel mentioned in his book. The Agreement finally collapsed in 1983 when fully trained soldiers with some officers defected from the government army. They then, moved to Ethiopia, which became the SPLM/A (some called it phase Ⅲ of liberation struggle) nursing home.

The SPLM/A and Anyanya Ⅱ disagreed over who to lead the movement, in that incident, Gai Tut (Nuer) lost his life. Akuot Atem, a Dinka, lost his life too in the hands of Nuers as a revenge for Gai Tut’s death. As a result, AnyanyaⅡ split, some soldiers led by commander Gordon Kong Chuol joined the SPLM/A and some soldiers opted to join the Khartoum government, where the Khartoum used them to fight the SPLM/A, they attacked SPLM/A recruits on their way to BilPam, Ethiopia. SPLM/A with the help of Ethiopia trained thousands of soldiers so SPLM/A liberated most towns in the south Sudan except Juba, Wau and Malakal.

With South Sudan in the horizon of falling altogether into the hands of the SPLM/A, SPLM/A concentrated all its operations around Juba! The Nuers freedom fighter, Riek Machar defected from the SPLM/A in 1991, a defection, which devastated Bor people. Most of Nuers’ officers including a highly valued high commander, William Nyuoon Bany followed Riek. The Khartoum government capitalized on the split and recaptured most towns in S.Sudan including the SPLM/A’s headquarters, Torit.

The movement in a weak state deployed two guerrilla tactics: • Moved its headquarters into poorly defined borders of Sudan-Uganda (e.g. Pogee) and Sudan-Kenya (e.g. Nadapal and Key Base). • Set up army barracks and internally displaced camps in mountainous terrains, for instance, New Cush, Natinga, omerie and lobone The tactics worked because the enemy couldn’t dare to aerial bombarded the SPLM/A in these poorly defined borders and their ground offensive was always a disaster on their sides as they could not accessed the camps and barracks because of the terrains.

Meanwhile, Riek signed peace deal with The Khartoum, 1997 peace Agreement. An agreement, which the Khartoum dishonoured, yet again. Riek prodigally returned to SPLM/A head down leaving some Nuers working and fighting for the Khartoum government. Thereafter, in 2005, SPLM/A and Khartoum government signed a Compressive Peace Agreement under vigilant eyes of Dr. John Garang Mabior. So why hate Dinka? In the Second phase of liberation process, Dinka and Nuer obtained much of bitterness and hatred we see today.

So most of harsh writings, which denounced Dinka received their energies from such histories facts; writings such as Lul Ruai Koang’s, regarded the defectors and power-minded likes of Gai Tut. However, the Dinka despised the Nuers because they killed Akuot Atem, a politician who collaborated with them in AnyanyaⅡ; and that’s why, some Dinka people are worried about Mabior Garang because he occupies the same situation as Akuot did!

The history repeats itself, we saw it in 1991 and saw it again in 2013 when a mad man ran away with his same fake democracy as reason in both rebellions. So if one of them, Gatdet or Riek, loses his life today in the hands of government forces, Mabior will lose his in the hands of Nuers, his friends, God forbids but that’s Nuers’ nature.

In conclusion, my South Sudanese, I know Mr. Kiir must shoulder the blame, the cross, regardless of the heavy criticisms from the world, regardless of public humiliation, regardless of exhaustion, regardless of how many times he fell, he must get on his feet before the Simon of Cyrene comes to his rescue because he is the PRESIDENT However, his failures as a person, weigh less than being a Dinka; he committed no crime as a citizen than a crime he ‘committed’ for having come from the Dinka tribe.

This, represents the true nature of our problems today. Dinka must think twice every time they join the dance of pseudo-democracy, pseudo-federalism and pseudo-21 states because most people from other tribes covet a country or leadership free of Dinka.

N/B, Readings: Sudan: Independence through Civil Wars, 1956-2005 (by Mollie Zapata) and too many agreements dishonoured (by Abel Alier Kwai).

List of martyrs in the history of South Sudan

Posted: July 26, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in David Aoloch, History

By David Aoloch Bion

In Living Memory of Cdr. Dhieu Warabek Ayuel, who was killed in the last battle of Torit, 2002, on the eve of the CPA.

In Living Memory of Cdr. Dhieu Warabek Ayuel, who was killed in the last battle of Torit, 2002, on the eve of the CPA.

(a) List of Martyrs in history of Republic of South Sudan.

In South Sudan some people want to steal the history and for that reason, they are mixing up the names of martyrs with names of heroes, these spectators who contributed nothing during the war don’t want to make clear distinction between these two categories of the elites, so that they get a chance to fix their names in-betweens the unclear history

The names of real martyrs who died in battle are follows;

Name of the martyr and the Battle they died in

Pte Maker Jol Bor 1983
Cdr Francis Ngor MACIEK Malual gahoth
Composer Mangok Kuch of Muor Muor Khor Makuach , Juba- Bor road
Compose Magiir Deng of Muor Muor Khor Makuach ,, ,,
Cdr Kuai Kuei Juba 1992
Spiritual leader Bith Juba 1992
Cdr Majok Mach Aluong Kapoeta 1994
Cdr Anyar Apiu Kapoeta 1994
Composer. Capt . Luol Kapoeta 1994
Capt. Akech Mach Kapoeta
Major Thon Nyok
Capt Alier Bior Ashwa Brige 1994
Cdr Mayen Akuek Yei 1997
Cdr Tito Tong Yei 1997
Cdr Geu Athar kuei Bor
Capt Thon Agot Terekaka
Cdr Lino Langar Lueth Gorial
Pilot Cdr . Caesar Madut Ring Gorial
Cdr Anyar Mayol Gorial
Cdr Dhieu Warabak Ayuel Torit 2002
Maj Alier Aguto maker Torit 2002
Cdr Inasio Torit 2002
This is an example of the martyrs, you can finish the list with names and a battle each was killed.
Note ; 1 only the battles of SPLA against Arabs not South –South Battles.
2 Don’t include anyone who died of a disease in the hospital.

(b) list of heroes and heroine in history of South Sudan

Hon . William Deng Nhial
Gen . Joseph lagu
Dr . John Garang de Mabior
Gen .Salva Kiir Mayardit
Gen .Kuol Mayang Juuk , the Mobliser
Gen . Daniel Awet Akot , the Mobliser
Gen . Jok Reng Magot
Gen . James Hoth Mai
Gen. Oyai Deng Ajak
Gen. Pagan Amum
Gen . Gabriel Jok Riak
Gen . Wilson Deng , deng wek
Gen . Malual Ayor
Gen . Obote Mamur
Gen . Majak Agot
This is an example; you can finish the list according

(c) list of defenders of constitution 2013 war in History of South Sudan

Brig . Ajak Yen Aayak
Brig Abraham Jongroor Deng
Lt . Col .Ajak Madit
2lt Santino Yel Makuach
Maj . Deng Mayom
Pte Mamer Garang Ayol
2LT Santino Tong
2lt Manyang Anyang
Maj Oluak
This is an example , you finish the list accordingly

(d) List of unclassified or the questionable leaders in history of South Sudan

Cdr . Kerbino Kuany Bol , the architect of the liberation , killed by Peter Gatdet an SPLA Ally

Gen Samuel Gai Tut killed by SPLA Forces

Hon . Akuot Atem Mayen killed by Anya Anya 2 itself

Cdr . William Nyuon Bany killed by unclear forces of Elijah Hontop

Justice . .Martin Majier Gai , the author of SPLM/SPLA manifesto killed by SPLM/SPLA itself

Cdr Arok Thon Arok , backslider

Dr Riek Machar Teny . leader of 1991 bloody coup in Nasir

Dr Lam Akol Ajawin , backslider

Cdr Martin Makur Alaiyau killed by SPLA /SPLA itself

Dr Juach killed by SPLA itself

Dr Madut killed in Nimule by SPLA itself

Cdr Benjamin Bol Akok killed by SPLA itself

Cdr Glario Modi , killed by SPLA forces

Cdr Theophlus Ocheing , the leader of EDF , SAF ally that captured Torit from SPLA in 2002

This is an example; you can finish the list accordingly

Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan


The African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (AUCISS), led by H.E. Chairperson, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo, former President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, on Sunday, 20 July 2014 in continuation of the fact finding work which African Head of State and Government tasked the Commission to carry out as a means of reaching sustained peace and stability in South Sudan.

The visit is the third by the Commission to South Sudan and the second to be led by the Chairperson of the Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan. During the first visit, the of Inquiry on South Sudan had the opportunity to meet with the President of the Republic of South Sudan, H.E. General Salva Kiir Mayaardit as well as a segment of the society; while during the same period, the Commission was able to meet the opposition leader, Dr Riak Machar in Nasir. As part of the Commission’s engagement, it also met with the Group of 11 politicians that were accused of planning a coup d’état. The Commission of Inquiry had the opportunity of visiting the affected states of Upper Nile, Unity and Jonglei, where it had the first hand experience of the events that took place in these states.

The Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan is again in Juba to continue its fact finding mission and had the opportunity of meeting again with H.E. General Salva Kiir Mayardit and other very senior Cabinet Ministers including senior members of the SPLA, Police and the Intelligence services. This exercise is intended to offer more in-depth attempt at understanding and establishing the facts as it pertains to the events of December 15 and beyond.

It is equally important to point out that current exercise will not be restricted to Juba, its environ and to government circle, but also include wide engagement with the other states of the Republic and segments of the society including the academia, political parties, media, youth and faith based organizations. In this regard, the Commission engaged and held useful discussions with the Ministers of Defence, Internal Affairs and Cabinet Affairs, where different dimensions of the current situation were explored in a frank and open manner. The Commission of Inquiry also had the opportunity of meeting with the Governor of Central Equatoria who also gave another dimension to the on-going situation.

The Commission met with the Chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces as well as the Commander of the Presidential Guards. The Commander of the Presidential Guards invited the Commission on a tour of the Unit’s cantonment which threw light into the on-going narrative of the current situation in the country. Other key individual that was met was the Director-General for National Intelligence and Security who also gave useful explanations as to the events that unfolded and are still unfolding in the country.

Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan met and consulted with the IGAD Mediators, Amb Mesfin Seyoum and General Simbeyou his team during which useful information was exchanged between the parallel processes. The Commission also had useful discussions with the IGAD Verification and Monitoring Team.

The Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan will extend the scope of the current activities to the other States of the Republic that were not affected by current conflict in order to obtain first hand, their impression of the situation in the country and what in their opinion may be the way forward for the nation.

The civil society including women’s group, the private sector, academia and the media were also consulted here in Juba and this engagement will still continue in the other states of the Republic.

The Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan further intends to commence its investigative work to enable it ascertain or otherwise the facts already obtained in order to come to relevant conclusions for transmission to the Peace and Security Council.

The African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan seizes this opportunity to once again, express its appreciation to H.E. General Salva Kiir Mayardit, the cabinet and other government officials, including the good people of South Sudan who have all given their time to engage faithfully with the Commission.

Press Releases and Announcements

Press statement of H.E. Obasanjo on the third visit of the African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (En)

Media Advisory: Second Field Mission of The African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan to Juba, South Sudann (En)

President Yoweri Museveni meets the Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (En)

Press Statement: The Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan undertakes consultations in Nairobi (En)

Media Advisory: Regional Visit of the African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (En)

The AU Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan to Undertake its First Field Mission to Juba (En)

Announcement: The African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (En)

South Sudan Commission of Inquiry sworn-in (En)

South Sudan Commission of Inquiry established and members appointed (En)

Interim Report of the African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (CISS) (En)


Posted: July 26, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Press Release

For Immediate Release
July, 24, 2014
The Constitutional army of the Republic of South Sudan, the SPLA, sent a reinforcement to Nasir after the rebels of warlord Riek Machar violated the Cessation of Hostilities signed in Addis Ababa on January, 23rd, 2014. The international community was shocked on July, 20, when the rebels of Riek Machar attacked Nasir town while the IGAD forces were being deployed to eight points as agreed by the Government and the rebels in Addis Ababa on May, 9 and June, 10 agreements.
The SPLA Chief of General Staff, Gen. Paul Malong Awan and the Deputy Chief of General Staff, Lt. Gen. James Ajongo Mawut, flew to Malakal on Wednesday to oversee the deployment of new forces to Nasir. Before their departure for Nasir, Gen. Paul Malong Awan explained to the SPLA forces that their job in Nasir is self-defense and urged them to respect the Cessation of Hostilities signed between the Government and the rebels in Addis Ababa. Gen. Malong seriously advised them to only exercise the right of self-defense if under attack from the rebels and no SPLA force should launch any offensive against the rebels as per the agreements signed in Addis Ababa to cease all the hostilities.
After finishing the briefing from the Chief of General Staff, 1,200 SPLA forces were transported to Nasir on Thursday by three cargo planes, four transport helicopters and one helicopter gunship. The new SPLA forces were warmly welcomed by the Chiefs loyal to the Government. The Paramount Chief of Nasir County congratulated the commander of SPLA forces in Nasir, Brig. Gen. Peter Wiyual Khor for treating well the civilians.
For Contact:
Gen. Gordon Buay
Member of the Other Armed Groups Integration Committee
Juba, South Sudan


For Immediate Release
July, 26, 2014

The SPLA Chief of General Staff, Gen. Paul Malong Awan, flew to Nasir on Friday to boost the morale of the SPLA soldiers. The SPLA soldiers danced and sang the songs of the liberation struggle when Gen. Malong stepped out of helicopter. Gen. Malong himself started singing the song of Tiger Battalion in Nuer language saying “Nasir shall be liberated”. The song was composed in Nuer language by late Captain Tut of Tiger Battalion in 1983. Unfortunately, Captain Tut was killed by the forces of Riek Machar in Nasir in 1992 because he was protecting Muolana Manyuon and Commander Kim Aluong from being killed after Riek Machar gave orders for their executions.

Gen. Paul Malong and the Deputy Chief of General Staff, Lt. Gen. James Ajongo Mawut, flew to Malakal on Saturday morning after spending the night in Nasir town with SPLA forces. The Chief of Staff met with all the SPLA officers to sensitize them about the Cessation of Hostilities signed on January, 23rd. Gen. Paul Malong Awan explained to the SPLA forces that their job in Nasir is self-defense and urged them to respect the Cessation of Hostilities signed between the Government and the rebels in Addis Ababa. Gen. Malong seriously advised them to only exercise the right of self-defense if under attack from the rebels and no SPLA force should launch any offensive against the rebels as per the agreements signed in Addis Ababa to cease all the hostilities.

The Constitutional army of the Republic of South Sudan, the SPLA, sent a reinforcement to Nasir after the rebels of warlord Riek Machar violated the Cessation of Hostilities signed in Addis Ababa on January, 23rd, 2014. The international community was shocked on July, 20, when the rebels of Riek Machar attacked Nasir town while the IGAD forces were being deployed to eight points as agreed by the Government and the rebels in Addis Ababa on May, 9 and June, 10 agreements.

For Contact:
Gen. Gordon Buay
Member of the Other Armed Groups Integration Committee
Juba, South Sudan


Posted: July 26, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan


By David Aoloch Bion

Women were circling dancing
Husband of one woman
Came to watch circle dance
His wife put song in snide

‘’ the lion metamorphoses
The cannibal of our forest
Will eat me
I give him calabash full
And the gluttony needs more
The cannibal will eat me
My dear friends’’

The husband understand the innuendo
And he jumped in to dance
He put song
‘’ silliness of this woman
Is displayed in her red gum
Is it beauty of her gum
Or is it to be thanked for
Red gum’’


Posted: July 26, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan


By David Aoloch Bion

Racism is self deception
of illusionist mind
Deception says because of
my color
I am the best race

Illusion says because of my
I am superior race

And all races are as simple as
Elephant eating single termite
at three o clock at noon who
laughs at movement
of his chewing mouth shade

And am as complex as angel flying
between heaven and earth

Black race
White race
Brown race
Are triplets of insect none of them bath in
Running holy water
But all bath in stagnant water
at cobra and fox pond

Second Creation

Posted: July 26, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

Second Creation

By David Aoloch Bion

No strongest and biggest animal in this universe
No weakest and smallest animal in this universe
Only brave animal in this universe
Only coward animal in this universe
Hands, leg, teeth, fangs, stings and poison were
First creation for fighting and self- defense

This widened a gap between the strong big animals
and the weak small animals.
The strength of the weak was in blood and heart
Bullet, blades, tip, shell, clubs, and stick were
Second creation to bridge the gap between them

No more strength no more weakness
Only cowardice and courage now
This second creation changed the laws of universe
From respect or fear the king of men or jungle and beasts
To a new doctrine of:

‘’Through an eye of creator see yourself as a lion
Through an eye of humiliation see lion as a worm’’
Never answer provocation, threat, conquest, occupation,
or aggression by girl friendly/ smile or cowardly joke

Although l am neither amongst the biggest nor strongest
Animals in this jungle, I can assure all of you
From man to leopard, elephant to lion that
If Mount Everest provoke me,
And I think upon it, and I decide upon it
And I pass a resolution upon it
At 12 o’clock midday
It rubble can’t be seen
At 6 o’clock in the evening.

By Apioth Mayom Apioth, USA

africa colonies map

There has never been a better time than now to return to our African linguistic roots. The 1884’s Scramble for Africa (also called Partition of Africa) brought us unforeseen divisions and rivalries whereby we are explicitly known as Francophone, Lusophone, Anglophone, and Italophone, respectively. At any given moment, whether it is a conflicting issue that needs resolution, African states leaning toward the axis of Anglophone orientation gang up against the Francophone, or it could be Afrolusophone versus Afroitalophone, muddling it up over matters of economic interests.

It is not a question of whether we are enriching the European languages with our ingenuity, rather it is a call to put our authenticity in perspective that we will never discover our true genius by continuing to use other people’s languages. We could still enrich foreign languages by way of translation; a true literary work of genius could get noticed at any instance the word is out. Literary works, such as Camara Laye’s The Dark Child, Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart, Wole Soyinka’s Death and the King’s horseman, and Ngugi wa Thiong’o’s Weep Not, Child, are exceptionally rare works of intelligence.

Indeed, those are true gems of literature, but could they have done more, or how come they stopped from there? To put it another way: Was their ingenuity complete, or was it in fragments? What if there are still some undiscovered geniuses lingering in the hades of the unfamiliarity with these foreign languages?

When Europe was mired in a debacle of the dark ages, they didn’t have the enlightening period called the Renaissance, until they discarded Latin. For an African Renaissance to take off, going back to our native languages is the first step towards launching a dawn of a new era. Our native languages are rich with a burgeoning tradition of progress; for no matter how tempest the foreign languages they maybe, we do not have a deep understanding of their sly ways. We have an exuberant attachment to our native languages, almost spiritual.

That connection makes it easy for us to wade through impossibilities, and, in the midst of this scuffle, our languages and us, have fused into one thing, becoming inseparable over time. It is not just our genius that we are trying to unearth from our native languages, myths, fables, and even, knowledge of ecosystems and species of both plants and animals, and their interactions with our domiciling environments, could all be lost if we do not come up with a swift answer to this nagging hurdle. Every once in a while, a scientist would appear and state, I have discovered this species of plant, and I have discovered that species. What these scientists always avoid to take into account before rushing to publications of their discoveries, is failing to ask the indigenous communities if they knew anything about the species in question.

It turns out that most of the time, the names of the species of plants and animals, they are belatedly discovering were already commonplace in the local languages of the said communities. Not only that, many of today indigenous communities have the ability to derive certain medicines and medicinal herbs from the varied wild species of plants and animals, they have been interacting with for centuries in their ecosystem milieu.

In the foreseeable future, it is predicted that global cultures and languages that encompass national borders are going to take center stage. As times goes on, more and more languages, are going to bow to pressures of the most influential languages. Many more languages are going to disappear altogether from the face of the earth. Language as a medium to carry one culture from one pocket of the globe to another cultural hub, is going to be more prominent than ever. And since we have no idea of where the next hegemonic, all conquering languages, are going to hail from, shouldn’t we put our house in order right now, before the sun calls it a day?

This is where our return to our native languages comes shouting hard on our necks. Our native languages were taken only for a ride by the imperial capitalist West. They were only taken for a nightmarish ride up to the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, but they were eventually returned to us, changed, and needing a new system of mothering. The reservoirs of our native languages are still wet, they haven’t entirely been laid to waste by the poisonous fangs of the European languages. All they yearn for is the constant nourishment by the beloved sons and daughters of the continent.

Our world is increasingly becoming smaller, and all we have to do is to return to something so familiar, something we have all known along, but have neglected for far too long, our mother tongues; be it a Dinka of South Sudan, Shona of Zimbabwe, or Yoruba of Nigeria; We call for something that has our authenticity written all over it; something that will carry our unique experience to the world stage. It is time to wake up our hibernating and graying native languages from the chambers of our granaries, where the termites have been eating their way into their hearts for quite some time now.

Once the world finally succumbs to the common phrase called the “global village,” it would not be our interest to gloat over how much we have achieved as a race, rather, our humble preoccupation would be to contribute our unique experience to the global plate; where it would be intended to improve the futuristic aspirations of mankind. Our world is always ever-changing, and we are always in need of ingenuity to rescue us from moments of frustration, even experiences of life and death. It is time to invest more of our effort and resources into our native languages, entities that hold sacred followings, in a sense, analogous to the spiritual attachment of the land of Africa itself.

In case, we fail to pay heed to this urgent call, we won’t have much to contribute to the betterment of mankind since we will only be playing on unfamiliar grounds of the European languages, which are bound to produce second-rated ingenuity, if there is a boon at all.

I didn’t know, but the chaps who frame these issues, have apparently been talking about how the “Beijing Consensus” on development, i.e., whether Africa should follow China’s way, or as President Uhuru Kenyatta would put it, “look East,” or there is an even better model closer home, the “Kigali Consensus” and, less so but gaining popularity, the “Addis Ababa Consensus.” In short, development and security first, and democracy later or not at all.



This week, we have been at a conference on Africa on the banks of Lake Como, outside Milan, the Italian fashion capital. Lots of clever people who research on, and have written about, Africa were in the house.

It is interesting that 75 per cent of the conversation, in the end, was not about the broad Africa as such but six countries: South Africa; Ghana, a shining star whose lights are dimming; Rwanda; Ethiopia; Kenya; and Nigeria, a giant that refuses to die and defy all laws of nature, economics and history, and is being throttled by Boko Haram terrorists.

During coffee breaks, when the microphones weren’t near, a few chaps whispered to me that it cannot be an accident that the most important economies on the West African coast (Nigeria) and on the eastern side (Kenya) are hobbled by terrorism.

They think there is a grand conspiracy by an evil hand somewhere, designed to bring down Mother Africa.

I never even for a second entertained such a thought, so I was caught so off guard by the claim I couldn’t say anything. The only thing is that they didn’t say who the main conspirator was, but it is truly an intriguing idea.

But the two African countries that were mentioned almost every 10 or so minutes were Rwanda and Ethiopia.


I didn’t know, but the chaps who frame these issues, have apparently been talking about how the “Beijing Consensus” on development, i.e., whether Africa should follow China’s way, or as President Uhuru Kenyatta would put it, “look East,” or there is an even better model closer home, the “Kigali Consensus” and, less so but gaining popularity, the “Addis Ababa Consensus.” In short, development and security first, and democracy later or not at all.

The house was divided down the middle, with several people arguing the “Kigali Consensus” is an authoritarian model destined to fail in the end, while others making the case it was the way that was best suited to the peculiarities of Africa.

I was surprised that this “Kigali Consensus” thing is big out there, and so a good conference neighbour from Chatham House in London offered to send me a paper that was written about it — and he did.

Apparently it gained currency after Liberian President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf said: “The one country that I had wanted to follow was Rwanda… We had the advantage of natural resources. But we did not have the advantages they had of capacity, work ethic and discipline. We also departed from Rwanda in terms of the implementation of democracy.”

But for today, we will focus a little more on the Kenyan case. The Western types, generally, were enamoured of Kenya and described it as a country “with a weak state and strong private sector” as opposed to Ethiopia that is a “strong state with no private sector.”

However, because Kenyans are able to make decisions about their leaders and how the country is governed more than Ethiopians, Kenyans are considered to be “citizens” and a few fellows referred to Ethiopians as “subjects.”


Academics are an interesting lot, and it is good to hang out with them a little — not too much, though. They can derail you.

Kenya had fellows batting for it, and someone acknowledged that yes, unlike Ethiopia, with its empire and the entrenched (and deeply conservative) Coptic church, Kenya has no history of a strong state. But what is seen as a “weak” state and institutions is not how it fails. It is how it succeeds.

A “weak” state has limits on how much power it has to prey on the private sector (compare that with Ethiopia, where the State, ruling party and military corporations dominate the economy).

Secondly, Kenya’s “weak” state means that it is easier to negotiate claims against it and to extract concessions too. Because it is not inflexible and you can get something from it, the country has had relative stability “without any sustained long-time violent conflict” and avoided the mass appeal of radical politics. So the present problems of terrorism, by this logic, are an anomaly.

One might agree or disagree, but for a few days, it was refreshing to listen to people grappling with Kenyan problems in a highly intellectual manner, without hurling tribal spears. It was worth every minute of it.

south sudanese pondering the Kiiriek's mess in Juba

south sudanese pondering the Kiiriek’s mess in Juba

By Gatwech Koak Nyuon, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Kule1 was first established while Kule2 was later established as an extension of Kule1 due to increase arrival of the refugees from South Sudan. The camp established on 17 May 2014. Above 1000 individual refugees from South Sudan mostly from States of Upper Nile, Jonglie and Unity State arrive everyday (Tamirat Ayelle, UNHCR protections).

Both Kule 1&2 are located 47km away from Gambella town while 7km away from Itang Town. The camps are found in mountainous area with sandy soil mixed with some rocky. The area is green and may remain green even in the dry season (Martha Nyanchiew Kotdah), a women leader in Kule2 described. Both Kule1&2 currently hosted almost 100,000 refugees purely from Nuer tribe. South Sudan has more than 60 tribes with Dinka as the majority and Nuer as the second majority (2008, Housing and Population Census).

So far, UNHCR predicted the camp should accommodated 30,000 but due to daily arrival of the refugees, the services fall short because of the high growth of the population. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is providing water in Kule2 with GOAL-Ethiopia seriously providing feeding for malnutrition children. Even though it’s green, the camp remained white with tents sealed blue on top with UNHCR logo.

Gatwech interviewing a woman under her tent in Kule-2 Refugee Camp.JPG

Gatwech interviewing a woman under her tent in Kule-2 Refugee Camp.JPG

The exact number of refugees should not be told due to the   huge growth of conflict, the drought in some areas of Upper Nile, Unity and Jonglie States while the frequent alert of famine in South Sudan is eminent. More refugees have disclosed that they choose to come to Ethiopia because they trust the Ethiopian government should protect them better.

All these led to the pushing factor for South Sudanese refugees to come to Kule1&2. South Sudan as a Christian Country, the Nuer refugees never missed to pray under trees.

The refugees cited that they would be very happy if some missionaries would volunteer to preach the gospel in order to erase the trauma. “I have no Bible because we were attacked in Nasir by the government troops and we just ran for our safety with nothing at hands”, an under Tree Church Deacon who asked her name not to be published said.

UNHCR and other International partners are seriously demonstrating help on refugees. Now, the survey is underway and the UN believes it will soon open some schools for refugees in the near future.

Both warring parties have been negotiating in Addis Ababa under Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) with negative outcome. The refugees loss hope and they believe that the truce mediated by IGAD will bear no fruit. Instead they urged Christians Communities around the globe to pray for the crisis.

rssin mess

It’s just beyond their capacity. “The UN is doing better and remain will do better” Elizabeth Nyakong Puk, a widowed refugee coming from Nasir, Upper Nile State told me while assessed the situation in Block-B. Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs is a government partner for UNHCR in Ethiopia protecting refugees while the UNHCR deals with assistance.

Finally, this article is my research finding in Kule1&2 on how UN and its partners put more concern on refugees. As a researcher, I recommended that UNHCR and other partners are doing enough and we should only help to pray for South Sudan because a single word of prayer will make a difference!

The Author is currently doing his undergraduate in Leadership and Development Studies at Mekane Yesus Management and Leadership College and undertaking his Thesis entitled ‘The Impact of current South Sudan Conflict on Refugees in Kule 1&2 ’, he is also an Actor, Director and Producer of BROWNSTONE MOVIE, a Nuer Movie advocating for girl child education in South Sudan. He is currently living in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and should be reach on:

Originally posted on Weakleaks!:

NB: This post was from my “Old Flame” published on December 6, 2013 in reaction to Mandela’s death… (

Salva Kiir running his office in the bush in the 1980s.

Salva Kiir running his office in the bush in the 1980s.

History is a good god of its own. It has the ability to bestow and also withdraw. It has two faces, and can alternate them in two phases accordingly. The faces of the historical coin are faith and fate. One face is human in nature; the other is God’s. If a man shows one, history changes the other. This means if a person is faithful to history, history will in turn be not fateful to that one. This is seen in Mandela’s biography: human in the beginning, god in the ending—humanity in phase I, spirituality in phase II. However, for Salva Kiir Mayardit, I am afraid! Having seen how far and fast in his sleeping he is slipping into the…

View original 1,532 more words

Origin of Death : How it came about

Posted: July 24, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in David Aoloch

Origin of Death: How it came about

By David Aoloch Bion

longest time ago, Nhialic,
The Creator the God
Created Garangdit, the son of mud
his wife Abukdit ,the daughter of crane
Ordained Oxpecker the yellow black eye bird
As priestess and gave her piece of broken gourd
he told her
‘’ if mankind aged and die, burry him or her’’
She, oxpecker will throw piece of gourd in River
If enters water, come up and floats
She, priestess will fly to highest altitude
and prays, proclaims in deepest voice
‘’O Nhialic, the Creator
May mankind resurrect, live again on earth
Like piece of gourd that float again on water’’
Nhialic, the God gave this message to oxpecker,
Priestess and went to Nhial, his home
in hidden and unknown direction

On earth when mankind die
Is buried and oxpecker priestess performed
Piece of gourd ritual
Mankind resurrect and no death forever then
One day man set forest on fire
Fire burned oxpecker water droplike nest on tree
Six eggs of oxpecker burned in nest on tree
Mourning her eggs ,
oxpecker burned piece of gourd in funeral rite in revenge
and Never informed mankind

Days later man died and buried
Relatives sent oxpecker the, priestess to perform rite
oxpecker went and picked piece of shard of pot
And threw in River, shard of pot sank
In water, she flew in highest altitude
Prayed and proclaimed in deepest voice
‘’ O Nhialic the Creator
May mankind die and never come to live
On earth again like this shard of pot
that NEVER come back from water’’
There came death forever
oxpecker flew to wild became wild bird
Nhialic never came from Nhial

South Sudanese are deadly FUNNY

Posted: July 24, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in PaanLuel Wël


The gov’t has a war to wage against the rebels in the bushes. The gov’t has a peace to make with the rebels in Addis Ababa. Instead, it is busy talking of moving the national capital from Juba to (not Ramchieel as previously proposed) either Wau or Rumbek. How could that be the gov’t priority in the midst of death and destruction?

Recently, the rebel military spokesperson, Lul Ruai Koang, attacked the legacy of Dr. John Garang and questioned the value/contribution of Mabioor de Garang to the rebels’ cause. Today, Mabioor released an article in which he attacked (not Lul Ruai but) Pagan Amum and his group for allegedly claiming the legacy of Dr. John Garang.

Surely, something does not add up there, for among Pagan Group is Madam Nyandeeng and the person that Mabioor urgently need to respond to is Lul Ruai, not Pagan. Don’t Pagan and his comrades have a right to abstain from the killing spree under the watchful eyes of President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar?

The nation has a deadly war to cease, the peace to achieve, the reforms to initiate and the reconciliation to make. Yet, it is embroiled in a meandering debate over federalism. How will federalism solve the leadership question (the constitution of the interim gov’t) between Salva Kiir and Riek Machar? How could federalism be a priority in the midst of war when its rightful place shud be under the “reforms to be enacted” agenda?

But this is South Sudan. As Dan Warabeh would put it, mai fipol har bery puni. Deadly puni por dhat matta.

By PaanLuel Wel, Juba.

“He who performs jihad out of his office should not offer advice to those in the trenches” –The Syrian rebel coalition known as the Army of Islam responded with disdain to the Dubai-based Hamas leader, Khaled Mashaal, who had urged them to desist from using violence to oust President Bashar al-Asaad of Syria. Is this Mabioor’s message to Pagan in this article?

By Cpt. Mabior Garang de Mabior

Dr. John Garang and his family: Garang, Madam Nyandeng, Mabior and Chol

Dr. John Garang and his family: John Garang, Madam Nyandeng, Mabior and Chol

The legacy of the late Dr. John Garang de Mabior has been significantly quoted, however, it is hardly understood even by those that claim to have been his lieutenants. There is no legacy of the late Dr. John Garang, there is only the people’s struggle. The late John Garang was a Man that fulfilled his responsibilities as an individual to the people’s struggle. We should be speaking of the example of Dr. John Garang not his legacy. The legacy of Dr. John Garang de Mabior is destroying the Republic of South Sudan through its misuse by South Sudanese celebrity politicians.

The word legacy is defined by the Webster dictionary as: “1leg·a·cy noun \ˈle-gə-sē\: something (such as property or money) that is received from someone who has died: something that happened in the past or that comes from someone in the past.” If this is applied to the political situation in South Sudan, and we invent something called the legacy of Dr. John Garang; it begs the question who is the heir to this legacy?

The answer to this question has divided the leadership of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) as the different interest groups are contending over this legacy. The SPLM in Government under Salva Kiir, and the SPLM Political Leaders under Pagan Amum are fighting over the legacy to the exclusion of the third group under Dr. Riek Machar. The two groups the SPLM under Salva Kiir and the SPLM Political Leaders under Pagan Amum are in addition trying to assassinate the character of Dr. Riek Machar in the name of this legacy.

This barbaric war in the Republic of South Sudan arose out of a leadership crisis in the SPLM Polit-Bureau. The SPLM leaders; namely, Salva Kiir, Riek Machar, Pagan Amum, and Rebecca Garang had expressed their desire to contest for the chair of the SPLM at the National Convention scheduled for May 2013. The victor of these primaries would become the flag bearer for the SPLM at the general elections scheduled for April, 2015.

The Chairman of the SPLM recognizing that his popularity had waned, started to collude with his trusted henchmen to hatch a plot of eliminating those they perceived as a threat. The Chairman began his actions by dismissing the entire cabinet including his running mate Vice President Dr. Riek Machar on July 24, 2013. This was followed by the illegal dissolution of the structures of the SPLM on November 15, 2013.

The leadership of the Political Bureau countered by calling for a Press Conference on December 06, 2013 in which they exposed the dictatorial tendencies and rampant corruption in the government. The crisis came to a head on December 15, 2013 when the Chair of the SPLM in his capacity as the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces declared that he had foiled a coup and that he was moving to arrest the leaders.

The President stated:

The SPLM is fully committed to peaceful and democratic transfer of power and will never allow political power to be transferred through violence. In response to the criminal acts of yesterday committed by these disgruntled groups and for the sake of the security and safety of our citizens I hereby declare a curfew to be observed from 06:00 AM – 06:00 PM until further notice…

The government will ensure that the culprits answer for their crimes before the appropriate law institutions…

The Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces made these allegations prior to any investigation and without evidence. The leaders of the SPLM were subsequently rounded up and placed under arrest, while a private army trained, armed and financed by the Presidency conducted a house to house search, murdering 10,000 South Sudanese citizens (including women and children) between the 15 and 18 of December, according to a report by International Crisis Group (ICG). The community report puts the figure above 20,000.

The ethnic based massacre that took place in Juba from the 15 – 18 of December was carried out in the name of the coup allegation made by the C-in-C , that has since been disproven in South Sudan’s Courts. The violence that ensued in the name of this coup has now left South Sudan in a cycle of revenge killing leaving the most vulnerable of our citizens at risk.

The legacy of the late Dr. John Garang has been misused by the political elite within the SPLM while all along betraying that legacy. These celebrity politicians are using the legacy in order for their celebrity to be more renowned, they are trying to present themselves as the alternative to President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Dr. Riek Machar in the eyes of the international community. The legacy of Dr. John Garang could have been used in order to continue the struggle to bring about fundamental change in the country. Alas!

The misuse of the idea of the legacy of Dr. John Garang led to a leadership crisis within the SPLM Political Bureau. The crisis in the SPLM Political Bureau consequently led to the Juba Massacre; and subsequently to the current fighting in the country. The leadership of the SPLM Political Leaders after conspiring to take power, albeit through peaceful means; have failed to take their responsibilities as leaders by dissociating themselves from the destruction that their challenge to President Salva Kiir’s leadership has visited on our people.

The SPLM Political Leaders after uniting against the tyranny of Salva Kiir and pledging to remove him from power using democratic processes, betrayed the movement that worked tirelessly to secure their release from illegal detention. The SPLM Leaders under Pagan Amum upon their released betrayed the movement under the false premise that they don’t believe in violence. They have gone further by trying to present themselves as the alternative on the basis of (supposedly) being the custodians of the legacy.

In conclusion the SPLM leaders and indeed South Sudanese leaders should not be talking about the legacy of Dr. John Garang, they should instead be talking about the example of the late Dr. John Garang de Mabior who sacrificed his whole life for the sake of the marginalized people of the Sudan. The SPLM political leadership should learn from this example and sacrifice everything for the people of South Sudan instead of being holier than the Pope.

Cpt. Mabior Garang de Mabior

Nairobi, Kenya – July, 2014

The Red Army Foundation, Juba

The Red Army Foundation, Juba

The Red Army Foundation would like to announce to all its members and the general public that on 29th July, 2014, the 2nd Anniversary of the Red Army Foundation shall be commemorated. This important event is scheduled to take place at Freedom Hall, starting from 8:00am and the Chief Guest shall be H.E. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, the President of the Republic of South Sudan and Patron of the Red Army Foundation.

The Red Army Foundation was officially registered on 24th September, 2012 as a National Patriotic Organization with the main objectives of preserving the Red Army Legacy of patriotism and dedication to the nation, and instilling the same spirit of patriotism among the contemporary generation of young people today, while bringing together the members of the Red Army under one umbrella, to serve and empower them, advocate for their recognition and promote their active participation in the nation building process, in light of their historical contribution to the SPLM/A liberation struggle for freedom, dignity and the wellbeing of the people of South Sudan.

At this occasion, the Red Army Foundation shall officially launch the formation of the Red Army Patriotic Corps, which is the wing of the Red Army Foundation that has been specifically established to spearhead the cause of patriotism and dedication to the nation, because we believe that all citizens should love their country and have a duty and responsibility to willfully serve their country and one another, in the spirit of community and national service, as we work together to develop and safeguard our nation, as one people, united in diversity and peacefully coexisting together.

The Red Army Foundation shall also launch the establishment of the Red Army Memorial Education Trust (RAMET), which is a body under the Red Army Foundation that is particularly established to promote Educational Development and Educational Excellence on behalf of the Red Army Foundation, in accordance with the values of the Red Army, right from the days of the liberation struggle, when attending school at Red Army camps was compulsory and educational excellence paramount, under the guardianship of the SPLM/A, and consequently, some Red Army members received opportunities to study abroad and many have continued in the same spirit of Educational Excellence, to attain advanced academic qualifications.

We therefore take this opportunity to cordially invite all Red Army members, former Red Army commanders, camp managers, caretakers, teachers, former Red Army leaders, well-wishers and the general public to come and attend this joyous and momentous occasion.

We would also like to inform the Red Army that membership registration is currently ongoing and a free Red Army T-Shirt and Cap being given to each registered member.

Thank You,

National Secretary for Information
Red Army Foundation