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AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL, PRESS RELEASE

17 July 2014

UN: South Sudan arms embargo crucial after massive Chinese weapons transfer

The United Nations Security Council must impose a comprehensive arms embargo on South Sudan, Amnesty International urged after receiving reports of Chinese small arms and ammunition proliferation amongst both sides in the conflict.

The organization also has confirmed that China supplied a further 1,000 tonnes of small arms and light weapons worth US$38 million to the country just over two weeks ago.

“China is playing a dangerous diplomatic game with the lives of millions of people in South Sudan. It has pledged to provide peacekeeping troops to protect civilians, and at the same time has sent over 1,000 tonnes of arms,” said Elizabeth Ashamu Deng, South Sudan Researcher at Amnesty International.

“Such arms are likely to fall into the hands of both parties to the conflict and be used to fuel the atrocities threatening civilian lives.”

The Security Council, of which China is a permanent member, has already condemned violations of international humanitarian law in South Sudan, including extrajudicial executions and ethnically targeted violence.

In May, the Security Council amended the mandate of the UN peacekeeping force in South Sudan (UNMISS) to focus on protection of civilians, supporting the implementation of the cessation of hostilities agreement, investigating human rights abuses and violations and creating conditions for delivery of humanitarian assistance. China has pledged a full battalion of some 850 troops to join this peacekeeping operation.

A UN arms embargo designed to help stop gross violations of human rights and war crimes would require every state to take all necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer of arms to South Sudan. Pending such an embargo, states should immediately suspend international arms transfers to South Sudan.

The Chinese shipment

Chinese state-owned defence manufacturer NORINCO sent more than 1,000 tonnes of weapons and munitions worth millions of dollars to the South Sudanese government armed forces in a shipment that arrived last month. It included rocket systems, thousands of automatic rifles and grenade launchers, 20,000 grenades, hundreds of pistols and machine guns, and several million rounds of ammunition.

According to the shipping documents and related information, the massive arms shipment was loaded onto the Hong Kong-based vessel Feng Huang Song in two batches before leaving the Chinese ports of Dalian on 8 May and Zhanjiang on 15 May 2014. It reached Mombasa, Kenya on 7 June and the cargo was unloaded three days later, destined for the South Sudanese government in Juba in fulfilment of a contract signed on 3 April, 2013.

Amnesty International is aware of reliable reports that Chinese ammunition manufactured in 2013 for Chinese-made CQ assault rifles has recently been used by armed opposition fighters as well as government-aligned armed groups. CQ 5.56×45 assault rifles were first observed in South Sudan in 2013 with South Sudanese rebel groups, some of whom stated they had been armed by Sudan. In addition, Chinese heavy machine-gun ammunition manufactured in 2013 has been found in the hands of fighters of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), a Darfuri rebel group that has fought alongside South Sudanese government forces and committed grave human rights abuses.

“This additional flow and proliferation of deadly equipment from China into South Sudan’s raging war will set the country back decades and pave the way for increased criminality and violence among civilians – even long after the current armed conflict ends,” said Elizabeth Ashamu Deng.

“Given the ongoing pattern of atrocities in South Sudan, it is a no-brainer that these weapons and munitions will be used to commit and facilitate further serious violations of international human rights and humanitarian law. The Security Council must roundly condemn any such flows of weapons and impose a comprehensive embargo on all arms transfers to South Sudan.”

Ongoing atrocities

Since the armed conflict erupted on 15 December 2013, the USA and European Union have already suspended military support to South Sudan. The decisions came amid ongoing crimes against humanity and war crimes committed by both South Sudanese government and opposition forces.

On two recent missions to South Sudan, including one this month, Amnesty International documented how both sides have targeted people, including women and children, based on their ethnicity. They have killed individuals seeking refuge in hospitals and places of worship. These atrocities have generally involved the use of small arms and light weapons.

“The rebels shot dead the four people in the beds next to mine,” a civilian patient named John told Amnesty International, referring to a raid on Malakal hospital by forces loyal to former Vice President Dr Riek Machar in mid-February 2014. Individuals have also been shot dead in hospitals in Bor and Bentiu.

In the South Sudanese capital Juba, too, civilians have repeatedly been targeted using small arms and light weapons. A resident of the city’s Jebel Kujur area described to Amnesty International how government soldiers attacked his home on 17 December 2013:

“My house was surrounded with heavy artillery and many soldiers as well. Gun shots were fired at me and my relatives in the house, and three of them were killed on the spot.”

Nyaliap witnessed the massacre of 11 men in Pariang County, Unity state by government forces in December 2013. A group of about 20 soldiers “stripped them naked and tied their hands behind their backs. They lined them up…and they [shot] them from behind.”

Amnesty International continues to call for accountability for all those responsible for such actions by government and opposition forces, which constitute war crimes, crimes against humanity, and other serious human rights violations.

Background

The Bloomberg news agency reported on the Chinese arms transfer on 9 July (“China Sells South Sudan Arms as Its Government Talks Peace” by Ilya Gridneff) and also released the shipping documents to Jane’s Defence Weekly (“South Sudan takes delivery of Chinese ATGWs” by Jeremy Binnie).

The Chinese company NORINCO combines manufacturing, research and trading of arms and related equipment.

Between 2007 and 2008 various large shipments of arms arrived in South Sudan from Ukraine via Mombasa. It is not clear if Ukraine was aware that South Sudan government forces were the intended end-user, and not Kenya, as stated in the documentation.

Public Document
****************************************
For more information please call Amnesty International’s press office in London, UK, on
+44 20 7413 5566
email: press@amnesty.org
twitter: @amnestypress
 
International Secretariat, Amnesty International, 1 Easton St., London WC1X 0DW, UK

 


By Concerned Jieng Community Elders, Juba, South Sudan.

south sudan, state headquarters

south sudan, state headquarters

Introduction:

People of South Sudan have not agreed on the system of governance they should adopt to rule themselves peacefully. The recent Agreement between the government and the Murle Community led by YauYau has revealed the tendencies of people of South Sudan to govern themselves through ethnic administrative set up like the choice of Murle for autonomous administrative unit away from greater Jonglei state.

This move is indicative of the rejection of the ten states inherited from the government of Khartoum as stipulated in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). It further suggests also that majority of people of South Sudan prefer ethnic administrative arrangements better than former greater regions of the provinces of Equatoria, Upper Nile and Bahr al Ghazal as a solution to tribal rivalry over the resources with the strongest dominating the ethnic minorities or minority making false claim of marginalization in the larger administration, thereby creating enmity between ethnic communities that eventually result into violence of the rivaling communities.

Given the above argument, the choice to opt for an ethnic administration, can easily be adopted from the past colonial administrative set-up of twenty-three districts, as they stood on 1st` January 1956. These districts were wholly or partially set up on ethnic arrangements, except in few cases where some minority communities were put together with larger communities for possible governing conveniences at that time which might have now negatively or positively changed with the change of communities’ attitude towards each other.

Therefore, a solution acceptable to such minority could be addressed in whatever suitable manner. In general therefore minorities must be accorded or facilitated chances of choices to remain in their current authority, form their own administrative unit when viable or choose to join another community or administrative authority they share borders with.

The 21 federal states proposed by Riek Machar

The 21 federal states proposed by Riek Machar

Federal Arrangement:

Many people of South Sudan are demanding for application of federal system as one of the solutions to govern the country peacefully. There is no problem with the federal governance except the fact that the country was marginalized by Khartoum and left without development. Therefore, there was need for the country to consolidate itself for some reasonable period of time to use available resources for equitable development until suitable time to apply federal system where-after each administrative unit or state would have a chance to run its own affairs with available resources of that state without much difficulty. But as things stand now, this step has to be skipped and the federal system be introduced because the demand for it is a wish of the majority.

There are many countries which are federal based. Some examples of nations with good federal systems are Germany, Canada, etc. These federal systems can be examined and improved for application that suit South Sudan. For example in these federal systems, each Federal state depends on its resources except where government have the right of resources like customs, taxes and other specified rights spelt out in the federal constitution.

The rich states make contributions to the federal government pool fund for its budget and contribution to the poor states. The federal government source of revenue comes from customs, VAT, etc., and other specified taxes in the constitution. These taxes are either collected directly by the federal government or by the state or Municipality on behalf of the federal government.

Other detailed power structures of federal arrangements are embodied in the federal system of governance depending on the model of choice from any federal arrangement and to be agreed upon and adopted by the people of South Sudan.

south sudan map by counties

south sudan map by counties

Constitutional Review for Permanent constitution preparation:

For the people of South Sudan to develop and adopt a system of federal governance, they have to go through established institutions of the Transitional constitution for governance if they believe in good governance that respects established systems. Therefore, the current constitutional review process must be followed without resorting to short-cut initiatives to avoid future shortcomings that may result into poor definitions and wrong application of federal system in the constitution that would eventually fail good governance. Hence, the application of a federal system must pass through a constitutional review process leading to permanent constitution.

The Three Provinces of Southern Sudan and Districts as of 1st` Jan. 1956:

Equatoria Provincial Districts:

1. Kapoeta; 2. Torit; 3. Yei River; 4. Juba; 5. Maridi; 6. Yambio; 7. Tumbura

Bahr Al Ghazal Provincial:

1. Yirol; 2. Lakes; 3. Jur River; 4. Raga; 5. Aweil; 6. Tonj; 7. Gogrial;

Upper Nile Provincial Districts:

1. Renk; 2. Malakal; 3. Nasir; 4. Pibor; 5. Akobo; 6. Bor; 7. Bentiu; 8. Pangak; 9. Kodok.

The above former twenty-three provincial districts can be developed into states to replace the current ones inherited from Khartoum.

Specific cases:

Distinct cases that may require ethnic solutions could be resolved in direct consultation with the affected community wishing to either have its own administration, be joined to another community of their choice or remain within the same community. There shall be developed standards and criteria that can qualify an ethnic community to have a state in the consideration of population, resources and security.

Proposal for federal states:

The sub-committee charged with the purpose for structure of federal states agreed that the colonial districts are the best that can be used to structure federal states as this was based on the nationalities or ethic structure which was wholly in some cases and partial on others given realities on the ground.

This arrangement would allow nationalities to develop their languages with no serious problems, easy understanding of themselves due to illiteracy, backwardness and suspicion. In this manner much would be achieved in the long run when education changes the attitude of suspicion and backwardness thereby coming together and embracing larger communities for better understanding, achievement in development and love for greater improvement of life.

The committee then went down to discuss the terms of references: population, economy, cultural affiliation, geographical alignment, security consideration or any other dictating realities on the ground like ethnics integration settlement for instance.

south sudan map by state

south sudan map by state

The committee was able to arrive at the following results after heated debate and reasoning as thus:

List of States, Counties and Headquarters (H/Q):

E1 Imatong State:Torit +Ikotos+ Lafon+ Magwi; H/Q Torit
E2 Lomurnyang State: Kapoeta S. + Kapoeta North + Kapoeta East + Budi; H/Q Kapoeta
E3 Maridi State: Mundri West+ Mundri East + Mvollo + Ibba; H/Q Maridi
E4 Gbudwe State: Anzara + Yambio + Ezo + Tumbura + Nagero; H/Q Yambio
E5 Jubek State: Juba +Terekeka; H/Q Juba
E6 Yei River State: Yei + Kajo-keji + Morobo + Lainya; H/Q Yei

B1 Wau State: Bagari + Jur River; H/Q Wau
B2 Aweil State: Aweil South + Aweil Center; H/Q Aweil
B3 Lol State: Aweil West + Aweil North + Raga; H/Q Raga
B4 Aweil East State: Aweil East; H/Q Wanyjok
B5 Kiir State: Twic + Abyei; H/Q MayenAbun
B6 Gogrial State: Gogrial East + Gogrial West; H/Q Kuacjok
B7 Tonj State: Tonj North + Tonj East+ Tonj South; H/Q Tonj
B8 Lakes State: Yirol East+ Yirol West+ Awerial; H/Q Yirol
B9 Rumbek State: Cueibet + Rumbek East + Rumbek North + Rumbek Center + Wulu; H/Q Rumbek

U1 Liech State: Rubokona + Guit + Leer + Mayendit + Panyijar + Koch + Mayom; H/Q Bentiu
U2 Ruweng State: Panrieng + Abiemnom; H/Q Abiemnom
U3 Eastern Nile State: Renk + Maban + Melut + Baliet + Akoka + Pigi; H/Q Malakal
U4 Western Nile State: Panyikang + Kodok + Manyo; H/Q Kodok
U5 Jonglei State: Bor+ Twic East +Duk; H/Q Bor
U6 Bieh State: Fanjak+Ayod+Akobo+ Nyirol+Uror ; H/Q Ayod
U7 Latjoor State: Nasir+ Ulang + Maiwut+ Longuchok; H/Q Nasir
U8 Boma State: Pibor+Pachalla+Buma; H/Q Pibor

All the borders of these new states shall be based on 1956 borders of the three provinces of Southern Sudan by then.

Capital City

1. Ramciel shall be the capital city of the Federal State.
2. Juba shall be the temporary seat of the Federal Government until relocation to Ramciel is determined.
3. The residents of Ramciel and Juba shall have full measure of self-government. Particulars shall be determined by law.
4. The Administrations of Ramciel and Juba shall be responsible to the Federal Government until relocation to new Capital of Ramciel is finalized.
5. Residents of Ramciel and Juba shall in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, be represented in the National Legislative Assembly.
6. The special interests of Lakes State in Ramciel and Central Equatoria in Juba, regarding the provision of social services or the utilization of natural resources and other similar matters as well as joint Administrative matters arising from the location of Ramciel within Lakes State and Juba within Central Equatoria State, shall be respected. Particulars shall be determined by law.

*This is based on a thorough consultative study with various communities of South Sudan from September 2013 – June 2014.

Is There True Love ?

Posted: July 17, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in David Aoloch

Is there a true love?

By David Aoloch Bion

The true love
Is not taking vows near
The alter in the temple
or in the garden
And break them when divorce come
or when one dies
The true love
is making he and she
The Siamese twins
Who can’t
Separate either
In the thread of air.
or
In the pebble of soil
The true love
is Siamese twinness
Now and hereafter
.but it never since the creation


The days when one man, his wife and two young sons would come, kill, hijack, own, deny disregard, work tirelessly to distort or try to burry part of history made by fighters before him are long gone and consigned to history books…writes Lul Ruai Koang, Military Spokesman for SPLA in Opposition

———–

Office of Director for Information & Moral Orientation&

 Military Spokesman for SPLA in Opposition

 Date: 16-7-2014

 Report N0.79

 Sub: SPLM/SPLA Official Website Exists Not Fake

———-

 The Director of Information in the Office of Commander In Chief and the Military Spokesman for SPLA (Opposition) takes this golden opportunity to put records straight following reports published by Nyamilepedia and Sudan Tribune on 15th July 2014 which states that ‘’the SPLM/SPLA’s Office of Information and Public Relations informs the people of South Sudan and their sympathizers that the armed opposition is currently building a website and a smartphone app that are yet to be launched.”

Captain Mabior Garang De Mabior went on to deny the existence of http://www.splminopposition.org, disowned it as the official website of the movement and urged the people to ignore it.

The Office of Director for Information and Moral Orientation in the Office of Commander In Chief and the Military Spokesman for SPLA (Opposition) would like to inform the people of South Sudan, supporters and regular readers that the website had been the official website of the armed resistance movement for the last four months and that it’s being hosted in Calgary Canada under able leadership of  Comrade Charles Piones as its co-founder and founding Chief Editor.

Comrade Mabior, while still the Deputy Spokesman for SPLM Delegation on Peace Talks in Addis Ababa did not bother to establish a website for our supporters to be kept updated about peace talks as well as made no efforts in knowing the level and degree of sacrifices made by our Gallant SPLA forces in the battlefields.

It had been this very website he is denying and disowning today that kept the whole world informed about PLM/SPLA’s remarkable achievements.

Secondly, upon his appointment as the Chairman of National Committee for Information and Public Relations, Comrade Mabior Garang De Mabior did not take a minute to be briefed by officers in charge of Department for Information and Moral Orientation on SPLA Affairs in order to familiarize him-self with what had transpired, achieved and put in place long before his appointment.

If Mabior wants to establish a website for his shadow Ministry of Information and Public Relations, he should not and must not start by denying, disowning, discrediting and throwing into dustbin efforts and sacrifices made by other comrades in the armed resistance.

The days when one man, his wife and two young sons would come, kill, hijack, own, deny disregard, work tirelessly to distort or try to burry part of history made by fighters before him are long gone and consigned to history books.

There is no room for hijackers in people’s resistance movement the SPLM/SPLA but only those who come to add value, compliment, supplement, improve or create new things without getting into conflict with comrades.

 Brig. Gen. Lul Ruai Koang,


PROPOSED NEW STATES BY THE SPLM_IO:
1. Akobo
2. Bor
3. Raga
4. Wau
5. Gogrial
6. Yei
7. Maridi
8. Torit
9. Kapoeta
10. Pibor
11. Fangak
12. Tonj
13. Yambio
14. Juba
15. Yirol
16. Rumbek
17. Unity state
18. Fashoda
19. Soba
20. Northern Upper Nile
21. Northern Bahr el Ghazal state

———-

South Sudan’s Machar unveils plan to create more states (ST)

South Sudan’s former vice-president, Riek Machar, who for the past seven months has been leading an armed opposition faction of the ruling SPLM party has unveiled his group’s plan to create more states in implementing a resolution on a federal system of governance in the country.

The proposal calls for restructuring South Sudan into more administrative units, transforming the former 21 British colonial districts into new states.

Currently South Sudan has 10 states which Khartoum created in 1994 when the two countries were still one.

In a press release issued on Wednesday by the rebel leader’s spokesperson James Gatdet Dak outlining the proposal, the new states boundaries shall remain as they stood in 1956 when Sudan, from which South Sudan broke away in 2011, became independent.

Dak said the proposal is a public document meant for a wider consultation with the stakeholders in the country and abroad.

“Stakeholders and the general public are welcome to discuss or comment on the proposal,” he said.

The opposition leader’s spokesman explained that a resolution was passed by the rebel group in April in Nasir adopting a federal system of governance for the country.

He said creation of more states will also promote development as it will take towns to the people.

PROPOSED NEW STATES

In the new states proposal, former Kodok district becomes Fashoda state with its capital in Malakal town while Renk district, combined with Akoka county shall be known as Northern Upper Nile state with capital in Paloich town.

Nasir district and Baliet county become Sobat state with capital in Nasir town and Fangak district as Fangak state with capital in Fangak town, meanwhile Akobo district becomes Akobo state with capital in Waat.

Pibor district becomes Pibor state with its capital in Pibor town and the old Bor district shall become Bor state with Bor as its capital, while Bentiu district remains Unity state with its present capital in Bentiu.

Aweil district is already Northern Bahr el Ghazal state with capital in Aweil town, but Wau district shall be elevated to state with Wau town as its capital.

Former Raga district as Raga state with capital in Raga town and Gogrial district becoming Gogrial state with capital in Gogrial town. Tonj district as Tonj state with capital in Tonj and Rumbek district as Rumbek state with its capital in Rumbek.

Yirol district becomes Yirol state with capital in Yirol town while Yambio district as Yambio state with its capital in Yambio. Maridi district becomes Maridi state with capital in Maridi town.

Yei district elevated to Yei state with its capital in Yei and Juba district, which is currently the seat of the national government, becomes Juba state with Juba as its capital.

Torit district shall be elevated to Torit state with its capital in Torit town while Kapoeta district shall detach and form Kapoeta state with capital in Kapoeta town.

Dak further said the proposal by the leadership of the SPLM [in opposition] also recommended relocation of the national capital from Juba to Ramciel in the centre of the country.

The opposition faction also expressed the desire to restructure and reform all sectors of governance on the basis of a democratic federal constitution.


By Malith Alier, Juba

ramadan1

First of all I welcome myself back on panluelwel blog since I have been off the stage for about three weeks. The year twenty fourteen is such a bad year as ushered in by the December power struggle in the SPLM. It is not out of place to call it annus horribilis or horrible year. War, predicted famine, cholera, sanctions, defections, named them have dented our resolve to progress peacefully like China.

The UN predicts that this country is likely to experience famine in six months time right after the last year unfortunate events. For this reason, the very UN has intensified appeals for donations to counter the looming famine. This burden is the responsibility of all, beginning with South Sudanese themselves and not least their government.

However, the government has other ideas. The president today, donated food to the fasting South Sudanese Muslims to break their month long fast. The donation was announced by the presidential advisor on religious affairs, Fr. Mark Lotada.

However, He did not disclose why it was necessary for the president to donate food worth SSP 300,000 to the relatively affluent Muslim community in the country. The Muslims have investments in every sector in the country not to say the individual business each Muslim owns. They have large investments in property, schools, healthcare, agriculture, banking et cetera. Their per capita income is higher than anyone else, organisation or individual in South Sudan.
It is not the first time for the president to do something marvellous for the Islamic community.

Every year since CPA and every Ramadan, the president throws up breakfast for the community as it ends the fasting month. Despite the apparent glaring absurdity, the rest of the country turns a blind eye on the habit. It is not clear whether this is political or social endearment. Another thing which is not clear is whether the President’s contribution comes from his pocket or from public purse. This is what the religious advisor or the Bureau for Religious Affairs in the Office of the President should tell us.

Critically, South Sudanese ought to look at the interaction of the government and religion in the context of the Interim Constitution. The Interim Constitution states that the country is a secular state that bears no association with any religious tenets and dogmas. It therefore, shouldn’t condone and promote any religion particularly in the public affairs like important gatherings such as Independence Day celebration and other important public functions. This seems not to be the case.

ramadan2

More often than not, the two dominant religious leaders have been invited to grace government and public functions contrary to our conviction as enshrined in the constitution. This is one of the numerous violations of the constitution by the present government. Christianity and Islam are not the only two religions in the country. There are other religions that should be accorded the same treatment if it is acceptable to include religion in the functions of the state. The same government who was formed because of alleged discrimination should know better than this.

Some of the reason for the exclusion of religion in the government and public affairs stems from the old Sudan where religion (Islam) and the state are part and parcel of the other. The issue of religion was therefore, used to exclude others from government. There was a mantra that no non-Muslim should rule Muslims. This is the concept of an infidel who should be converted to Islam by all means. This is the basis why south Sudanese in their protracted struggle and after the CPA decided it was time to exclude religion in State affairs. Religion is a private matter between god and individual and should be treated as such. If religion is regarded as a tool for discrimination then it is wise to place it outside public affairs so that individuals exercise it in private with whatever they believe in.

The generosity of the President and the first family is unprecedented after the December fifteen crisis. Food has been donated to the SPLA wounded soldiers and even to the displaced people in camps. This is something that is commendable in all respect. However, a friend in need is a friend indeed. The Muslim community does not deserve the same treatment particularly if the funds donated come from the public coffers. At the time of crisis like this, generosity should be seen to target the deservedly needy and we have many of them in and outside the country.

The Islamic community in south Sudan is affluent and influential minority group that has a grip on the country’s wealth. It has a skewed economic advantage based on neo-colonial era after 1956 Sudan independence. It was the Islamic community that was solely exploiting the country through commerce and other means not available to the indigenous people of South Sudan. Their endeavour started with slave trade which later commuted to commodity trade in the later part of 19 century. This is simply to say that the Islamic community in the former Sudan and the Muslim minority group in present day South Sudan have long association with wealth and influence over other communities in the regions.

That influence many times is negatively antagonistic to the indigenous people of African descent. Enslavement, conquest, forced conversion, political hegemony and divide and rule are some of the negative aspects they brought along with them.

The Islamic terrorism which is menacing the world awaits South Sudan as the Muslims amass in the country. Somalia is in chaos, Kenya is under attack from Al Shabab, Uganda was bombed in 2012, CAR is in disarray. Therefore, there is no cause to entertain Islam which is associated with terrorism. The South Sudan Islamic community which is the darling of the president is indeed a hydra with so many heads that make it capable of striking without notice. The examples above confirm this fact.

Politics breeds strange bed fellows. The government should note that mediocre politics and softly approach has already landed the country in current abyss.
A complete separation of religion and state is the best way forward for South Sudan. This helps the state to avoid unintended consequences as was the case in the old Sudan and other Islamic countries.

Despite the fact that we have a constitution that separates religion and state, nobody has so far challenged the state for non-adherence to the constitution. The Constitution seems to have been taken for granted not only in reference to religion but also in many other respects. This must cease. Organisations or even individuals must come out to challenge the state in matters of the Constitution.

This is a democratic right enshrined in the same Constitution. A nation that does not honour its Constitution goes adrift and may land in chaos. This is not an outlandish proclamation, it has already happened to us twice in the old Sudan and now.


Sudan – Assessment of Justice, Accountability and Reconciliation Measures, 2014

ASSESSMENT OF JUSTICE, ACCOUNTABILITY AND RECONCILIATION MEASURES
IN
SOUTH SUDAN

WE MUST BE SOBER-MINDED ABOUT FEDERALISM

Posted: July 15, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Featured Articles

By Philips Al-Ghai

south sudan map by counties

south sudan map by counties

While the country lies apparently on the verge of falling apart, recent weeks have seen the infiltration of calls for federalism into the national agenda.

Typically, like any other political debate in S. Sudan, cheerleaders have already spiced it with sentiments that suggest dishonesty, contempt, and mistrust as they attempt to lure their flocks into embracing their take. Phrases like “rebel agenda”, “agenda of Equatorians”, “saving Equatoria from Dinkocrats”, “to get rid of Dinka” etc are currently floating in the mouths of many.

Nevertheless, it is noteworthy that 1) Federalism is a national agenda and deserves opinions of S. Sudanese from all walks of life. Those harboring cognitive allergies to this topic might need to see their psychiatrists. 2) It should not be used as a tool to hold the current government for disguised political ransom. It carries more value for all S. Sudanese than just individual interests.

Although I am a strong supporter of federalism, a system that would mark the next politico-economic step towards the prosperous S. Sudan in my definition, recent calls for federalism leave a lot to be desired.

Let’s be a bit rational about this. It is an overhaul of the existing system, a change easier said than done in reality.

Establishing a viable federal system would need careful study of failures of the current political system –which are countless of course, identifying common pathologies that need to be remedied by the federal governments, and ensuring that better alternatives are at hand. Otherwise, recycling the present selfish, abusive, aliens-to-the-rule-of-law, unambitious, ‘Oyee’ stooges in the national parliament, as crude as they are, for instance, would spell a whole different disaster for ordinary S. Sudanese who are certainly in dire need of change. It is in the hands of these same individuals that the nation is rocked by conflict, still nursing unspeakable poverty and poor delivery of services. What would federalism bring if it happens tomorrow? Just as the conversion of units doesn’t change the quantity of a substance, giving these lots new micro-niches in the name of federalism won’t make them any different at the look of things.

Furthermore, the federal system, whichever form it will be, would require prior evaluation of the national budget, current & future state of the economy, and terms of sharing resources, just to name a few. Yet none of the above is possible with the current state of affairs. So, how is federalism possible without any of these? Or are they not necessary altogether? These, I feel, cast serious doubts on sincerity in the voices calling for federalism now.

Although it is a commendable agenda, federalism at this point is utterly misplaced and mistimed. An unrealistic, disguised maneuver of opportunists trying to nurture safer foraging nooks for themselves, it seems. A resolute action to taming the reigning bloody thieves would have laid concrete foundation for the revolution of people’s power that can be advanced into federalism.

Whatever the motives, we must not lose sight of the future. Federalism promises long-term solutions to most of our problems. I believe. But it must be given direction. It must be geared towards salvaging S. Sudanese from the rule of elites. A slight mistake in crafting it, which is likely to happen if we choose to cloth the elites with federalism and shuffle them around, is bound to break S. Sudan into pieces that would be hard to assemble.

We must approach it with more rationale than taking it at face value!

-

Philips Al-Ghai is a proud S. Sudanese and can be reached at alghai211@gmail.com or on Twitter @ Al_Ghai211.

The Black Lamb

Posted: July 15, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in David Aoloch

 
Black Lamb
By David Aoloch Bion

Where is the lamb
Here is the lamb

Where is black lamb
Here is black lamb

Under shade
Which shade ?

This tree shade
I don’t see

Shade of wisdom, Sir
I don’t see in my memory, Dear

Unfold your pages, Sir
what wise see,
Under tree shade in sunny day
Ordinary man need ray
Of firelight to it in sunny day
Easily

 

 

AN EAGLE EYE

Posted: July 15, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary

By Dut Lual Anei

Years of marginalization are seem gone as the dawn for change and evolution to the modern era emerges but the designed and calculated lack of probity with non existence of political will are driving away the hopes people have towards a serviced society. East or west is waiting for effective service delivery; nonetheless the road to Christianity has many wishes and believes that a priest or father is holly and a God chosen with un-reputable characters dedicated to love and blessing.

The salesians family of Don Bosco under the diocese of Rumbek are on records for their long stay during and after the struggle for independence and freedom in South Sudan, with a man of high profile of moral, integrity and discipline is remembered by Tonj community by the name of Fr. John Lee Tae Soak, who was a Korean national and had devoted his time and life for the God’s mission in Tonj of warrap state. Unfortunately, untimely death claimed the life of a man widely known for his artistic and medical knowledge in addition to his title in the church, rightly remembered for his ‘will’ to the people of Tonj. May his soul R.I.P,We will always miss you!

The departure of Fr John Lee left people of Tonj with his ‘will’ focusing on education by renovating the girls based school of Mayom Abun, construction of rural roads all over areas of Tonj and establishing international health centre where he had emphasized the building of a national hospital with 300 rooms to be built in Tonj but here is a reverse of the reality.

The unforeseen modification later caused inconsistencies altering the written ‘will’ through the search for faith while on the other hands, involving a big fish and an ideal businessman who either deliberately or unknowingly underestimate the stakeholders of the ‘will’. The late didn’t only leave the ‘will’ but also series of connections with profound relationship to his home country. This was remarkable when a brass band of Tonj taught by the late Lee went for historic visit to Korea dated 12th Oct. through 20th of 2012.

Talent was exhibited in front of the home based knowledgeable group prompting them to assure them with un-wavering support to the people of Tonj leading to the establishment of smile Tonj project centred home but paralyzed instantly later. Focus groups, media of both Korean and South Sudanese state own television covered the event objectively and the visit was finalized by the signing of letters of no objection for the tapes to be televised internationally or nationally by all the participants with whom i obtained a copy dated October 2012 with no prejudice or biasness.

The content of no objection letter goes, ‘my name————–, visited Korea from Oct. 12.2012 through Oct.20th 2012. i know SSTV of South Sudan and KBS of South Korea filmed all our activities including the preparation period and during our stay in Korea. I confirm that i have no objection to the broadcasting of the produced films in South Sudan and South Korea through SSTV and KBS of Korea. I want to receive the copy of the film’.

Those were the words of the student who was part of the visit. The poetic justice of victimization led to the sabotage of broadcast for the film which was initially covered by the South Sudan television (SSTV) and the Korean KBS by co-opting some students to sign objection letter as details emerged later. Thereafter, an alleged diversion of the said ‘will’ to an unknown location also occurred and the question to answer is, what role is any church tasked with when there are no corporate social responsibilities directly or in directly expected of if?

This is clear after the commitment letter was written to the society with whom ‘will’ was initially directed to and here are the true words of the late Fr. Lee family who said, ‘since our visit to Tonj, our family are thinking of all the people and the priests and sisters every day. Tonj is like a mental home to our family. We hope to visit Tonj again someday and share the delight of constant improvement which will be foreseeing the future of the South Sudanese sanctuary, on the behalf of us, PLEASE pray for our re-visit to Tonj’. Still no wonder!

In conclusion

Factors to the delay of the ‘will’ would need to be investigated as to what happened to the ‘will’ ? by the warrap state or central government, And to also authorize the concern parties to televise or broadcast the films unconditionally so that South Sudanese can see what was taking place in the eyes of an official.

Finally, to summon and to the best knowledge ask the alleged Fr. Shjain Job, Salesian of Don Bosco to explain the conditions pertaining the ‘will’ and to reaffirm his neutrality with the brass band team leader by then and thereafter Salesians of Don Bosco priests or fathers need to stay away from the Korean based Fr. John lee’s ‘will’ activities voluntarily while also examining who is behind the delay of the promised visit and since it was a request for us to pray for its happening, we prayed and the failure to revisit is in the hands of third parties who should be caution seriously against ill intention. I pray for attention and action!!

The author can be reached through duticanei@gmail.com


While South Sudan’s Defence Minister General Kuol Manyang Juuk said the order was placed “well before” he assumed his post in July, the timing of the shipment shows which side China is backing.

By Mapuor Malual Manguen

addistalks

It is just under seven months now since war broke out in South Sudan. But ever since then, everyone has been calling for peace. These calls are made in churches, public rallies, in songs, and in the press, but the opposite has continued to take its toll; the war raged on.

The retired Catholic Archbishop of Torit Diocese, Emeritus Paride Taban told the BBC’s focus on Africa at the eve of the 3rd Independence Anniversary of South Sudan, that both President Salva Kiir Mayardit and rebel leader Dr. Riek Machar have often called for “peace, peace, peace” that never been forthcoming. Yet, the two leaders are the principals of SPLM/A factions that are involved in ongoing civil conflicts. Every other South Sudanese whether neutral, government or rebel supporter is equally wondering as to why leaders declare peace in public while their field commanders continued to engage in devastating war.

And this is what begs the question of who calls the short in the hierarchy of rebels and government. Are the principals unable to control their field commanders? Is there presence of foreign underhand groups that could be pulling strings from behind so that they achieve their economic or national interest at the expense of dear lives of South Sudanese? Can our leaders be patriotic enough to say no to this conspiracy? Are protagonists of this war students of anarchy and warmongering philosophy? Now that the country has been reduced to shambles where cities and towns had been vandalized, thousands killed or maimed; where over a million are displaced and social fabrics torn apart, who is then a winner?

In my view, the winner in this South Sudan’s barbaric war is our former mother country, the republic of Sudan whose leaders have preached a stereotypical argument that “South Sudanese cannot govern themselves” to be granted an independent state. Another winner is the African Union (AU) that was reluctant to support referendum for self-determination of the people of South Sudan. Jean Ping, the former AU Commission Chairman told Radio France International in an interview in 2010 and I quote, “Will the independence of Southern Sudan not lead other players in Darfur and in other places, which are currently not asking for independence, to seek independence as Southern Sudan will have done? We have a feeling that we are sitting on a powder keg,” end quote.

It should be note that Africa is home to many secessionist groups that may seek to replicate the South Sudanese experience and work for self determination. This scenario is what worried regional powers with minorities in their own countries.

It is against this backdrop that African leaders could be part of conspiring cycle to fail South Sudan so that they justify their argument and to warn those African secessionists not to repeat what South Sudan did when they separated from Sudan only to butcher themselves two years later.

The conspiracy to fail South Sudan is being manifested in the region through IGAD member countries. The approach that IGAD countries are taking in South Sudan civil war is intended to snail-move the peace process as conflicts drag on and for warring parties to get time to mobilize their forces in terms of recruitment, training and equipment to be capable and lunch more devastating war.

As Uganda, a member IGAD country has firmly weighed its support behind South Sudan government, the other member countries such as Sudan, Kenya and Ethiopia seemed to be sympathizers of rebels. The rebels have established their offices in Nairobi and Addis Ababa. They have made these member countries including Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya as safe haven for recruiting their forces and stage their strategies to bring down government of South Sudan. In theory, IGAD forfeits its good faith and credibility just because of their individual economic and political interests in South Sudan. And the mysterious South Sudanese peace talks sponsored and hosted by the same IGAD appears more complicated and non ending.

The author is journalist, blogger, political and social affairs commentator based in Juba. He can be reached at mapuormalual@yahoo.com


My views about the undeniable shortcomings and errors of the current government in Juba, South Sudan, have been seriously misrepresented in a post on The East African by Kevin Kelley (July 12, 2014).  Although I was interviewed by Mr. Kelley, there were critical omissions in his questions to me, and it was an error on my part not to demand greater specificity about the “lobbyists” that he suggested have been hired to help President Salva Kiir and the Juba government.

An Aa Pax Day

Posted: July 14, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in David Aoloch

By David Aoloch Bion
-
The most divine day the most human day
On an aa aa aa aa aa aa aa pax day
The holy Verse in the Bible was read
The holier verse in the Quran was recited
The holiest verse in the Yacth was quoted
The three books were opened as
The three witness of oaths of armistic & commitment
At zero hour the drums beaten the bell rang
And one minute of singing was observed
Across the skin-across the tongues
Everyone sang unknown song before across the country
They danced, jumped and many timed-someersault
The candles lit the bonfires lit.
-
Before an ink dry on the dossier
The fists unfolded for bleeding & dying to stop
The mouths smiled for venom to evaporate
The red eyes turned greenest as olive leaf
The dark hearts changed whitest as Gabriel hair
The dead forgotten the scares forgiven
The foes first luncheoned in one plate
The birds perched the animals lied down at last
The trees leafed the grasses sprouted
The whole Sudan risen to it own
Knees from blood and dark ashes
And revitalized and quintessenced on Jan 9
-
Note, i wrote it when the peace was signed between the government of Sudan and rebell Sudan People Liberation Movement /Army [SPLMA on January 9 2005 that ended 21 year war

The Infidels

Posted: July 14, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in David Aoloch

By David Aoloch Bion

-

Greatest blasphemy and sin

To black race and religion in history of humanity

For wanderers to call black

Infidels or slaves,

Abeed or kadir

To be jihadized or islamized

-

Wanderers, the hordes of Satan,

Intoxicated with ill-divine cocaine

How can you call black kafir,

When they believe in many gods

And their children believe in Yahweh,

The creator of the universe

-

Wanderers! Bear in mind that

Nationalism is the mother of widows

Sovereignty is the grandmother of orphans

Freedom is the future of

And hopes in their fatherland

The tears of our people concerning

Outstanding Grievances outside and inside their land

Due to wanderers

Are billions of barrels of petrol to?

Armed forces to keep on fire burning

For next hundreds of years until baobab falls

The upside down, tree fall

And forever

-

Note; this poem is from the collection of ‘’The Revolutionary Poems’’ published on Gurtong Trust in 2008


Juba faulted for paying lobbyists in Washington

By KEVIN J KELLEY
In Summary
  • President Salva Kiir’s government agreed earlier this year to pay $480,000 to the Podesta Group, an influential representative in Washington.
  • $240,000 was paid to KRL International, a consulting firm helping Juba communicate more effectively with US policy makers.
  • Independent Diplomat Inc, a Washington lobbying group, is receiving $100,000 this year for its services to South Sudan.
Activists who helped persuade the US government to back Independence for South Sudan are now criticising the country’s rulers, in part for spending nearly $1 million to retain three lobbying firms in Washington.
The beleaguered government of President Salva Kiir agreed earlier this year to pay $480,000 to the Podesta Group, an influential representative in Washington for a variety of countries.
South Sudan is also paying $240,000 to KRL International, a consulting firm that is helping the authorities in Juba communicate more effectively with US policy makers.
Independent Diplomat Inc, a Washington lobbying group that has worked for several developing countries, is receiving $100,000 this year for its services to South Sudan. The firm has also been paid at least $100,000 for its advocacy on behalf of President Kiir’s administration in previous years.
“It’s a good argument to say the government should be spending its money on its people and reconciliation and peace-building,” said Akshaya Kumar, a South Sudan specialist at the Washington-based Enough Project.
Although they had long urged US officials to support South Sudan’s quest for independence, leaders of Ms Kumar’s group have now shifted in rhetorical tone and political alignment.
In a 2012 commentary, Alan Boswell, a Nairobi-based correspondent for a US newspaper group, said that in supporting the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement’s military campaign for independence from the Sudan government in Khartoum, “the activists made a critical mistake.” He added: “They seemed to think that the SPLM rebels represented a virtuous mirror image of Khartoum’s evils.”
Eric Reeves, a university professor and leading US critic of the South Sudan government, said that Juba’s spending on Washington lobbyists is “very difficult to justify.”
South Sudan has enough expertise in-country and within its diaspora to advocate effectively for its interests in the US, Prof Reeves said. In addition, paying lobbyists nearly $1 million “looks terrible in the midst of a bloodbath,” he added.
Meanwhile, as South Sudan officials write cheques for expensive lobbyists in Washington, United Nations humanitarian agencies are scrambling to raise funds in a desperate effort to avert a calamitous famine in the country.

My wedding Vows

Posted: July 13, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Amer Mayen, Junub Sudan

By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Dear Fiancee and the soon to be Husband

Today is our wedding day! congratulations for your biggest achievements. I am not talking of your recent degree or your recent million dollar wages but for being a man enough. You have maned up and want to marry a woman. I believed you know, you are marrying a woman. Just to remind you on how far you have come, how well you have performed and for making a right choice to marry a woman, I would like to ride you through to some precious stories and major changes that women have brought to our world. Please pardon me to commit a sin on our wedding day. I mean allow me to be racist by limiting the stories of success only to our African women, because you know what our position as Africans is in the global arena. We are poor almost, in everything but I am talking of knowledge here, yet our women have perform really well in their respective countries of origin.

See how African countries are politically embarrasses in global politic. In 2003, the watchdog group Transparency International ranked one of African oil rich country Nigeria as number one country that practice corruption at its best. Because Nigeria has a woman, “Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala left her job as a vice president at the World Bank to become the country’s finance minister, and by 2005 Transparency International was hailing Nigeria as one of 21 most improved states” Before I promise to bring the improvement of this kind to your world just like woman Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala in Nigeria, let me also give you another success story brought upon by another African bear, African owned woman. You know that today, all I want is to make you realises how great the decision you have just made, I mean wanting to marry a woman. I don’t want to fail you by not giving you the true meaning of women on our wedding day. After that awesome performance from Ngozi, she also added improvement to “banking, insurance, the foreign exchange market, pensions, and income taxation”. See! signing this marriage certificate today is not just coming with single package but a full one. A woman. Similar story happen in Liberia when they decided to have a woman. President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf. She “prioritise the eradication of corruption” and she won that goal. Isn’t that a good performance from a woman. The one you are getting married to today.

But before that honey, I have to admitted that seeing this mass of population watching over us, including your mother, my mother, your uncles, mine too, your brothers and sisters as well as mine and this group of relatives, cousins, friends, workmates, your Exes and my Exes and country-mates, inside me there is uncertainty thoughts about why they are all here today. Some especially your extended family and my one, maybe some of our friends too are here to wish us a happy moment in our wedding. Some are here to have fun with us and share your joy of marrying a woman BUT baby, those of Exes and Enemies within are wishing us a good luck. Trust me! these people are the right one. They know exactly what will happen after tonight. I mean after this fairytale wedding, and for this reason I feel like Schapelle Corby. Incase you have no clue of who Schapelle Corby is; she is Australian woman who left her home country with friends and few family members for a holiday of lifetime in Bali; the Indonesian’s Island famously known worldwide for its tourist attraction. Unluckily a bunch of cannabis’ bag was found in her luggage bag before she exited Indonesian main Airport and was handcuffed and send to Indonesian jail. The lady managed to fall in love while in jail and bear her owned child. The good luck message our Exes and Enemies within are wishing us tonight is a full message and should not be ignored or taken for granted. To make sure we have a good luck, there are some deals we have to reach before the priest glued us in the perceives eternity of love

Baby, no matter how much women tried to convince their fellow men counterpart that we are equal and should be allow to try the best we can to made important strides together, “ the trend line has not been straight” and for this reason I am not enjoying the early union like these Exes and Enemies within. “In recent interviews with hundreds of female leaders in over 30 countries, I have discovered that where women have taken leadership roles, it has been as social reformers and entrepreneurs, not as politicians or government officials” I do not know what this discovery mean to you and I feel the need of knowing it before we sign the marriage paper. Having an idea of what you think about this positive side of women will bring about a “more cooperative and less conflict-prone “ marriage life between us and it is significance we discuss this earlier because at the back of my mind I feel that this promise is yet to be fulfilled.

“Granting that only few women are breaking through traditional barriers and becoming presidents, prime ministers, cabinet members, and legislators” it is also important you are aware that “more women too are postponing marriages, others are living unmarried with partners” so they can exit anytime they feel humiliated while other women are “outliving their husbands” This social changes comes with the increases of women abuse that goes unreported. Bear in mind I am not talking of that small domestic violence but the underrepresentation of women in higher positions resulting from lack of support, starting from the husband title you want to make yourself today to the general public. Because women are not protected by the laws, community and by their partners, community’s outliners or queue-jumpers are brutality taking it to different level by posting threat of physical harm to few women who have decided to break the traditional chain. According to Phoebe Asiyo, “a prominent Kenyan member of parliament, the greatest expense for women running for parliament in Kenya is around-the-clock security, which is necessary because of the danger of rape, a common intimidation tactic” One example of this tactical intimidation forces upon women who want to see changes in society is Mary Okumu, a Stanford-educated Kenyan public health expert, who was brutally beaten up when she decided to stood for election in 2002. “Okumu says that she and other candidates routinely carried concealed knives and wore two sets of tights under their dresses in order to buy more time to scream during an attempted rape” Not only this but she also reported that “ for women political aspirants the violence also includes foul verbal abuse, beatings, abduction, and death threats”.

See! with greater sense of independence and “more flexible lifestyles” that me and my fellow women want to live, there are uncertainty about the goodness of our post-wedding life because we never discuss this issues when we were just boyfriend and girlfriend. Oh wait a minute! I think we chat about it only a few times but I feel you were sugar-talking me in order to find entry to come and exploit my world just like your fellow men. I know that is a bit too harsh to mentioned it here while we are almost to finish our walk down the aisle, but honey, that is our African way of encouraging a real man. It is a way to encourage you to be a real gentleman that can possibly manage to deal with women’s harsh and crazy side.

Baby “women are still severely underrepresented in governments worldwide. A recent World Economic Forum report covering 115 countries notes that women have closed over 90 percent of the gender gap in education and in health but only 15 percent of it when it comes to political empowerment at the highest levels” and for this reason I can’t just sign our marriage certificate. You must first make me feel like one day regardless of my African poor background I can still be like those of Maya Angelou, “usually have attributes more similar to those of Indira Gandhi, Margaret Thatcher, and Golda Meir”. Naming these women might make you think as if only our mother Africa is where women contributions are not recognised. Do not let Barack Obama or John Kerry comes and make you feel as if they have done their country’s women a favour. The pattern of under-representing women in government and other higher positions is also holds for the United States of America, where only “16 of 100 members of the Senate and 71 of 435 members of the House of Representatives are women”. Do not also let president Ahmed Khazai of Afghanistan or King of Saudi Arabia comes and preach the same message to you because their women who aim to be politicians are facing the same critical situation too. Same thing is happening in United Kingdom where the monarchy is headed by a woman. Their “percentage of women in parliaments have declined from approximately 33 percent to 17.5 percent in 1997 and 10.6 percent in 2004”

Now you have heard of all that women are facing, the underrepresentation of women around the world. I am not asking you to make me feel like Mitchell Obama who is now widely known because she is Barack’s wife instead of her famous law degree or make me feel like Madam Ayen Mayaardit who is well respected and protected by men because she is the first lady and the wife of the president of the Republic of South Sudan. I don’t want to be the only protectable woman while my fellow ladies are being gang-raped on the street because they opts to be heard and represented. I don’t want to be the first of my African women and of the world too, I want to be given a ground created by you to have initiative that called upon more women to join politic and other higher professions like the one of Liberian women that cry out to her fellow women, that she is lonely upstairs (upstairs mean parliament) and she want her fellow women to join her.

Sweetheart remember Rebeca Grynspan, the former vice president of Costa Rica? she voices the same men domination stating that “society doesn’t provide conditions under which women can do their jobs with tranquility and leave their children home with peace of mind, even if the can count on stable, supportive partners” like yourself. The changes for women to be recognised as active participants in national affairs will not only comes with you changing only me but with you allowing me to go outside and scream to the bystanders on the street and the neighbourhood that women need to be freed without you feeling ashamed for my act that breached our societal norms, that is assume by the society as an act of shame. It will start with you being the first notifying the police when you see an act of women abuse. It will start with you writing to the general public and the head offices that women need to be represented in higher positions, that more women are needed in the parliament. It will start with you teaching gender equality in schools, universities and colleges. Over all it will start with you being the first responder of every act that downplayed women roles in homes, communities and national affairs and with you being women advocate

Baby, in contemporary world the pressures for women to win public vote is improving but, what happen to the few women who have made it to the parliament is still very disappointing. You see that video clip of President Salva Kiir addressing parliament regarding the formation of interim government. Women were not made speakers but singers. I mean parliament entertainers. Even though the current media policy are very much strict in South Sudan, Honourable, the minister of information really need to look for that video and banned it from viewing on Youtube. I know it contained a lot of significant informations concerning our current national conflict but with those women clapping and singing, it only portray how our cultural norms have enslaved the brains of our brave women. Honey these women didn’t want to stand there clapping without questioning the president or other male cabinet members but it is the only way the can survived being branded as prostitutes or stay unfired in the parliament. Remember what happened to the widow of our founding father of our nation Dr John Garang. When his wife was interview by the Western media, she innocently state the real fact of what was happening in Juba capital in the night of December 15. Her Honesty and position as politician of all tribe in South Sudan landed her in a seat that every single youth of his children age called her a prostitute when she’s not but a faithful widow. This happened always to women of her kind. Every woman that stood in front of thousand of audiences to speak her mind and her views is the bitch and a prostitute of our society. Forgetting how much she have suffered during struggle before she found herself a home in Nairobi, A youth made up of under thirties were the first to disgraced her.

This is the actual fact we women are facing and for me not to feel like Schapelle Corby, my dreams, goals and objective must first feel safe before we sign our marriage certificate. This is because you have made a very right decision to be with a woman and for you to know how great your choice is, I have to remind you about what you can do to make your woman a great of all. This is by making her make her other fellow women the greatest of all. Now that all you are doing is smiling and nodding after reading my long vows, I am convinced that you are agreeing with what I have just mentioned. my confidence to marry you is growing second by second by second, and I am feeling like robbing the priest with that unsigned marriage certificate and sign it without his direction. Baby the man is wasting our time. The time to go out and remind society about the “fundamentalist interpretation of Islam threatening women’s nascent political hopes in countries such as Kuwait, where women gained the right to vote and run for office elections but do not win any parliamentary seats”. Similarly to the “Afghanistan and Iraq, where new constitutions reserve a quarter of parliamentary seats for women, but in danger of backsliding into a collision with resurgent extremism” and in Africa where”African women, who traditionally do the hard work of cultivation and all of the family rearing, are facing the similar epidemical men’s power domination.

Now that you are picking up your pen to sign our marriage certificate, let me assure you that you are also signing the responsibility to preach to the world that women’s participation is needed in political sphere. As “the Sierra Leonean activist and former presidential candidate Zainab Bangura points out, The real power isn’t in civil society; it’s in policymaking.” Women’s contributions in our national affairs and of the world too will bring a very important change to our world. Our nation do not need to undermine women potentials. Promoting our intellectual women to higher positions can strengthen and broader our national economy. A global research union poll conducted in the year 2000, “found that 80 percent of the respondents believed that increased representation of women renews public trust in government, which in turn helps economic welfare” I want our post-wedding life not to include the Dinka strict social norms and traditional ethical standards that subjected women to remain silence and house product. Now that baby you have heard of all the good virtue of marrying a woman you can now ask the priest to pronounce us as Husband and wife but let him excluded God and love eternity because the moment you start forgetting all of that I just mentioned to you, I will start the campaign in our house, with you and that shows we might have up and downs that might force us to renew our vows in oder to make sure you are understanding and stay updated with the conditions surrounding our marriage.

Congratulation for not being A gay. Congratulation for making a right decision to be with a woman; the precious creature, the peace-loving being and the compassionate humankind of all times.

Note: All the credit goes to the Author of “Let Women Rule”, Swanee Hunt the Director of the Women and Public Policy Program at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and Chair of the Initiative for Inclusive Security. She is one of the authors in Foreign Affairs Magazine. Most of her article have inspired me and have become the foundation of my interest in international women affairs. All the quoted words comes from her famous article “Let Women Rule”

For inconvenience, you can reach the author of “my wedding vows” on her Facebook page; Amer Mayen Dhieu.

The Fox and The Crane

Posted: July 12, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in David Aoloch

By David Aoloch Bion

the fox came, found the crane
laid five eggs up the tree in nest
the fox went and moulded
an axe of mud
he came under the tree
and tried to cut it down
the crane cried
”please, don’t cut, my eggs’
‘give me one egg and I leave it”
the fox demanded
the crane gave fox one egg
the fox left
the fox came for second time
he tried to cut the tree
the crane cried
”please, don’t cut, my eggs”
”give one egg and I leave it ”
the fox demanded
the crane gave him one egg
the fox left
the fox came for third time
the crane gave him one egg
the fox came for the fourth time
the crane give him one egg
the fox came for the fifth time
he tried to cut the tree
since one egg remained in nest
the crane said’’ YES fox cut the tree ‘’
the fox laughed because he threatened
crane with AN AXE OF MUD
he left
” one good day is worthy four bad days”
the crane said

-

Note: the origin of this poem is oral tradition of South Sudan



Here is the speech of president Museveni, so lofty and uplifting.
m7
I came here to congratulate you on the 3rd anniversary of your independence.
The people of South Sudan suffered for a long time and for no good reason. We were, therefore, very happy when you finally got your independence 3 years ago.
As the Bishop said when he was praying, there may be problems but the fact of your independence is irreversible and I congratulate you.
Countries and societies are like human beings. As you grow up you face a lot of challenges, but if you learn from those challenges you will succeed. Am sure the people of South Sudan have learnt through your experience during the period of liberation and after liberation.
When I first came here, the town was ending by the first hill. Now it is beyond that hill and is also encroaching another hill in the distance. All those houses are not built by the Government of South Sudan. It is the people of South Sudan whose energies have had been stiffled and which were unleashed by your independence.
The peace which was agreed in Addis is important. If all parties respect the Addis agreement, it will mean total peace of the country and you would continue with your journey of progress.
Near here, you have your relatives called Ugandans. Those relatives will always stand with the people of South Sudan.
With these few words, I congratulate His Excellency Salva Kiir and the people of South Sudan. I wish you success in all enterprises you are engaged in.