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Press Statement from Dr. Riek Machar on the Peace Talks

Posted: February 27, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël in Press Release

riek machar press statement on the peace talks

The Feather of Glory ( a Novella )

Posted: February 26, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël in David Aoloch
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By David Aoloch Bion

Chapter Nine

Ten days had just passed. Madut returned to Abuk’s home. Abuk told him to come after six days to cement their relationship. Six days passed and Madut came back. He was taken to the hut. Inside the hut Madut cleared his throat and said “our word has been mediated and coordinated by my brothers and your sisters, and I would like to hear from your mouth” Madut demanded.

“In my opinion, I don’t want you” Abuk said.

“Why don’t you want me?”

“I just don’t want you”

“Tell me the reason”

“No reason”.

The two had talked for a long time, for three hours until Abuk she had admitted him as an engagement man. Then Maduk asked that he wanted to know one point about their engagement. “There were three types of engagement, acceptance and admission. The girl would accept a man if there were no other men, and she doesn’t love a man – this is called a paprus man until the man she loves comes. The girl could accept a man because the man has been disturbing her for a long time. The girl could accept a man if she really loves him and if the man says he wants to marry her, she accepts”. Abuk said she really loved him.

From that point, the two moved to another social back ground. Both asked each other mothers, brothers, sisters until the sun sets and she escorted Madut out.

After one month Madut returned back. He told Abuk that he would like to hear only one sentence from her mouth.

“Do you love me?” Madut asked.

“Yes”

“How?”

“In fact I love you, my love for you is deeper than Marianas Trench, and higher than Mount Everest”.

“Show me your love.”

“How shall I show it to you? I have shown it to you, that is why you are here in our home.”

“If you can’t show me your love, you have made a mistake of accepting me.”

“No, I will never show it to you here in our home. My mother can’t sleep with a man in this home and I do the same. I want to remain a virgin if you want to marry me”

“Who is a virgin? What is virginity? It is just a little virtue”

“Well, it is a little virtue, you know. Might is the origin of life, but mightier is the little aim achieved – it is little and I am pleasant to achieve”

“I doubt whether there is a daughter who is a virgin, unless unborn daughters”

“It’s up to you. I know for sure unborn are virgins, but pure virgin is a daughter who obeys her mother’s whispers on a man.”

“You turned down my request. You make me feel little and foolish”

“Do you think all you requested can make you great and wise?”

“Yes.”

“Oh, my man. Greatness and wisdom is gained by countless thanks and praises of your deeds and words, not by the number of the girls and women you touch. Remember, flies touch their women.”

“Don’t abuse.”

“ I’m not abusing you, you are the one abusing me.”

“In which way am I abusing you when expressing my love for you?”

“You know the girl is abused and humiliated by men through fornication, prostitution, hugging, kissing in public, and visiting engaged men’s houses.”

“I don’t understand what you mean! Love is one of the oldest virtues on earth, and one of the grave morals in every society.”

“Oh yes my man. That is one of  the grave morals, but if you practice it at your father’s house it will result into prostitution and prostitution is one of the greatest evils in every culture of wise people.”

“You don’t love me truly” Madut lamented.

“I truly love you but, I simply stick to traditionalism – traditional ways of life and pure love. True love strictly takes a long time to grow, longer time to ripen, and longest time to taste, harvest and enjoy, Abuk declared.


By David Aoloch Bion

The United Nations, United States, Ethiopia, Kenya, Troika countries and their inviter, the SPLM /A I O and G-10 are the Bloc of Evil.  They are preparing to overthrow President Kiir after July 9, 2015,  the expiry of his term in office. Why this bloc is deposing  Mr . Kiir from office?.

Because the Political crisis of South Sudan has been philosophized by many  Think Tanks and political analysts and the conclusions of all studies suggested the problem is Salva Kiir and is  Salva Kiir only . If he is removed from office South Sudan will be become  a paradise.

The Bloc of Evil has finalized the details’ of the plan. the implementer of that plan is  United Nations.  United Nations  have brought 200 tanks to South Sudan.  Who is UN going to fight with 200 tanks. It is Salva Kiir . These UN tanks were detained by the Government of South Sudan  in Nimule but were later on released .  These tanks will be used by the UN to overthrow President  Kiir as UN did to Laurent Gbabo in Ivory Coast .

If you observe how the tone of IGAD chief Mediator in addressing delegates, you will know something is cooked already, if you observe the threatening speech of Trioka representative, you will know something secret is running. if you observe the US draft sanctions document , you will see there is covert operation  going on.

The self –evident  from  history  says ‘’ if US and UN are against you , your days are numbered ‘’ , we have many examples of that ,the following  are the leaders who were overthrown  by the UN and US ,  Saddam Hussein of Iraq, Slobodan  Milosevic  of Yugoslavia , Laurent Gbabo of Ivory Coast , Mamuar Gadaffi of Libya ., Omar Mullah of Afghanistan  etc .

Also , in some cases ,where  these UN and US intervened , the situation  in those countries worsened , for example in Somalia , Iraq , Afghanistan, Congo ,

Let takes Libya as example ,  when NATO overthrew Gadaffi , after Gaddaffi ,  five government ruled in five years , each year has  its own government  . Now as we speak, there are two governments and parliaments ruling in Libya.  And this is   the result of US and  UN actions

The Bloc of Evil has planned that  if there is no peace up to July , 10  2015 , there is no way Kiir  will  claim  legitimacy any  more  , then the Bloc will move in and remove Kiir .

The Bloc of Evil  has decided ,  even if the Transitional Government of National Unity is formed and fighting erupts again , the UN will move in and get rid of the illiterate  president  once and for all. Because he will  be  illegitimate  then .

UN and US  are not removing Kiir now  because he is still legitimate  .

This is what  the UN and US  have been  ding to small weak countries like South Sudan . so  South Sudan is not exceptional in the international politics and must taste the wrath of Western Imperialism and neo – colonialism. It is now upto Mr , Kiir to play  his card wisely  ,because the Western imperialists are  are unmanageable  guys . When they take you on, they will  either kill you like Gadaffi or they imprison you like Laurant Gbabo  and Charles Taylor of Liberia  or you go in hiding  like Omar Mullah of Afghanistan.

,i  assure you guys, If the Bloc of Evil overthrow President Kiir , Kiir government will be the last stable government in 20 years . Every year, there will be new government in Juba. South Sudan will move from bad governance to anarchy

I assure  you , If the Government of Kiir is toppled,  Kiir supporters will not use convention warfare to resist   as Riek  White Army is doing , they will use unconventional warfare of blockading  all roads leading to Juba and every towns in the country  until that puppet   government  falls  within one year , mark my words .


By Gatkuoth Lok

I have just noticed that Kiir called for general amnesty in the country.

What for? What do we make of this?

Hey, in the mind of our Kiir, he erroneously thought that time has come for the opposition forces under Dr. Machar to join him one by one since naive n lackey gen. Lul Ruai submitted himself with his lovely victimized wife to his Juba govt.

This must be one of the core reasons why he broke his promise to turn up for peace negotiation in Addis Ababa, for the last round of talks on 19th this feb.2015

In his general amnesty, president Kiir asked the white army to put down their guns to come home. Look, does Kiir want to mass-massacre the white army as he himself finished Nuer civilians in Juba? What do u think of a movement with all its fundamental objectives and ultimate goal? Do you Kiir, dream of having again all the presidential powers which you previously abused in the first place?

Is Kiir confusing our military commanders with those of militia commanders, notably; BapinyMunytueil, David YauYau, n Johnson Ulony who got coopted all, n left behind their goals? These commanders gave up to fightKiir in order for them to garner some enticing appeasements of military ranks?

Can Kiir compare these commanders with SPLA generals; namely Gen. Gatwech Dual, the current chief of general staff, Gen. Peter Gatdet Yaka, Deputy chief, for operation, Gen. Dau Atourjuong, Deputy chief for training SPLA, among others?

Is he confusing our exponent political leaders with superficial political leaders as those of Hon. Prof. Dr. lam akol ajawin, Hon. Dr. Riek Gai Kok, Mr. Tutkew Gatluak, Rev. hon. Kuol Chol Awan and young sycophant and lackey ambassador, Gordon Buay Malek?

To all afore-asked questions, I answer, no, Kiir must not get confused to opt for deceptive political trajectory in wild hope that he might ensure his life presidency coming into existence in this Republic of ours.

Therefore; we refuse to believe that Kiir is anointed King of Awan Chan clan of Warrap to preside over all South Sudanese by force.

We refuse to believe that being bribed by your own money control by Kiir’s thugs is the only celebrated life today in South Sudan.

We also rejected that some people were born poor n shall die poor n that the ruling tribe is blessed n each member was born rich n shall die rich n also born to rule n not to be ruled. This is the crux of muonyjiengism policy from which all our crises come.

We r all tired of Kiir’s dictatorship based on the aforesaid policy n that it must be uprooted n be replaced with democracy though with high prices, we have to pay since it embodies all our soul desires viz: the rule of law, equality and rights of various sorts- consequential to accountability, which radically reduces corruption in the Republic.

This must be actualized, no matter what.

It implies that dictatorship characterized with bulk of impunity cases, including the ongoing Museveni-Kiir’s genocide, tribalism, nepotism, cronyism n all ill-isms must be dealt with in our life time.

Well, let’s call it a nice piece of today… for our evening reflection dear friends of goodwill.

I remain humble n patriotic.


This is a speech by Patrick Loch Otieno Lumumba, commonly referred to as Prof. PLO Lumumba, a Kenyan national and a former Director of Kenya Anti-Corruption Commission from September 2010 to August 2011. He is currently the Director of The Kenya School of Law. Extracted by Deng Lueth Yuang for general information purpose ONLY.

Africa’s Worst Tragedy: Economic Disorientation – A Case of South Sudan! When I look at Africa,

Many times, I ask myself, “What would happen if Mwalimu were to rise up and see what is happening?”

Many times, I would ask myself, “What would happen if Kwame Nkruma and Patrice Lomumba were to rise up and see what is happening?”

Because what they would be confronted with is an Africa where the Democratic Republic of Congo is unsettled. There is a war going on there. But is not on the front pages of our newspapers, because we don’t even control our newspapers and the media. As I speak to you, the Central African Republic is at war. But we talk of it only mutedly. As I speak to you now, in South Sudan, the youngest nation in Africa, the Nuers have risen against the Dinka. As I speak to you now, Eritrea is unsettled. As I speak to you now, there is unease in Egypt and there is unease in Libya, in Niger it is no better, in Senegal in the Casamance. In Somalia, is no better. Africa is at war with herself. This is what they would be confronted with.

They would be confronted with an Africa which statisticians and romantic economists said it is growing but which in truth is stagnated. That is the Africa they would be confronted with.

They would be confronted with an Africa, which Prof Mulama intimated in her presentation here is an Africa, which is suffering from Schizophrenia. It does not know herself. They would be confronted with an Africa whose young men and women have no interest and no love for their continent.

They would be confronted with an Africa where a young man and young woman are constantly humiliated at the embassies of European countries and at the United States of America as they seek the almighty green card.

They would be confronted with an Africa where young men and women from Niger, Nigeria Senegal, Mali and Mauritania drown in the Mediterranean as they seek to be enslaved in Europe. This time around, Africans are not wailing and kicking as they are being taken away to be enslaved. They are being seen wailing and kicking as they seek to be enslaved in Europe and America.

This is the tragedy of Africa. They would be confronted with an Africa where people have lost their self-pride. An Africa where Africans are not proud of their things.

An Africa where in the hotels of Dar es Salaam or Nairobi, even food has foreign names. When we fry potatoes, we call them French fries even when they are fried in Dar es Salaam. That is the Africa that they would be confronted with. They would be confronted with another Africa , an Africa that does not tell her histories. An Africa whose story is told by Europe and America – the CNN, Radio deutsche welle, radio France. That is the Africa they would be confronted with.

They would be confronted with young men and women who have no pride in Africa. When they want to enjoy themselves, they sing the praises of football teams from Europe and America – it is Manchester United; it is Arsenal; it is Real Madrid and Barcelona!

Not Yanga, not Mvulira Wanderers, not GorMaiah, not FC Leopards. Nooo. That is an Africa they would be confronted with.
They would be confronted with an Africa which does not enjoy its theatres and dramas. An Africa that celebrates Leorando DiCaprio

It Celebrates AnelinaJoli and Brad Pitt. An Africa that does not celebrate Genevieve Naiji of Nigeria, or Isa Dominic or Olou Jacobs of Nigeria.

It does not celebrate Bongowood, or Nollywood, or Riverwood. It celebrates Hollywood. That is the Africa with which they would be confronted. They would be confronted with African women whose greatest source of joy is cheap great been Mexican bean soap opera – la Fatrona, la merdamivena, the de rich de la cray.

Why must we remind ourselves of these realities? Because throughout out the ages, the battle has been always the battle of the mind. And if your mind is conquered, then you are going nowhere. And that is why in the ages of enlightenment, the great Rene Descartes said “Kijitohigo sum’ – I think therefore I am;

And therefore if Africans are to begin to make a contribution in their affairs, Africans must begin to think. But the question is: are we thinking?

We have universities in their numbers. Tanzania has universities including Dar es Salamm. Nairobi has universities as indeed Kampala as indeed South Africa, Johannesburg.

We have all these universities.

We have engineers. But our roads are not being made by Tanzanian civil engineers. It is the Chinese who are present in this assembly who are making our roads. So we have engineers who cannot even make roads. We have doctors whom we have trained. But when we are sick, particularly if we are of the political class, depending on who colonized you – if you are colonized by the United Kingdom, you rush to London. If the French colonizes you, you rush to Paris, if you are colonized by the Portuguese, you rush to Lisbon and if you are colonized by Spaniard, you rush to Madrid, Spain.

And recently because the Asians are beginning to get their act together, we run to India. And very lately because the Arabs are also beginning to get their act together, we run to Dubai; not withstanding that we have the Kenyattas hospitals of this country, the Mwimbilis of Tanzania, the Kiris-Honeys-Baragwonats of South Africa, and the Mama Yemos of Kinshasa in Zaire or Democratic Republic of the Congo. But we have no faith in our doctors. In the area of education, we also don’t have faith.
Our political class introduced something that they call free education.

But it is free indeed, free of knowledge.

Because they are so suspicious of those institutions, the typical African politician would not dare take their children to those schools.

Their children will be educated in the British System, in the America system so that when they graduate they go to the united kingdom, to the united states; not that there is anything wrong with those institutions but their agenda is wrong because our leaders long lost the script and often describe for whom they are, our misleaders.

But we are co-authors of our own misfortunes.

Whenever we are given an opportunity to elect our leaders, we are given a blank cheque. And if you permit me a little latitude, and if you give me a blanket cheque and you allow me to analogise and you say that I am given the blanket cheque to buy a Mercedes Benz, what we do is that when we are called upon having been so empowered, we buy what one calls a ‘tutktuk’ from India and expect it to behave like a Mercedes Benz!

How does that happen? Because what we do is to elect thieves; we elect hyenas to take care of goats; and when the goats are consumed, we wonder “why?”

US Presents UN Draft Resolution on South Sudan Sanctions

Posted: February 26, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

US Presents UN Draft Resolution on South Sudan Sanctions

Published Wednesday, February 25, 2015
The United States on Tuesday presented a UN draft resolution on imposing sanctions in South Sudan, where warring factions have repeatedly failed to abide by agreements to end 14 months of war.

The measure was submitted to the Security Council a day after Ethiopia opened a new round of negotiations between the warring sides that were billed as a final opportunity to reach a sustainable peace deal.

Under the resolution, the Security Council could impose targeted sanctions such as a global travel ban and an assets freeze on individuals who are deemed a threat to the stability of South Sudan.

The draft raised the possibility of imposing an arms embargo on South Sudan, a measure strongly backed by European countries despite concerns that the ban could penalize President Salva Kiir Mayardit’s forces more than the rebel fighters of Riek Machar.

“The political leaders have repeatedly failed to put their narrow political and economic agendas aside in order to find political solutions that could bring a measure of stability,” a US official said.

“In light of that, our goal is to work with our partners to move forward with a sanctions resolution that will lay the groundwork for imposing costs on those who continue to fail to work toward a solution,” said the official who spoke on condition of anonymity.

Seven previous ceasefires have failed to take hold in South Sudan, which exploded into violence in December 2013 after a falling-out between Kiir and his then-Vice President Machar.

UN peacekeeping chief Herve Ladsous told the 15-member Security Council that prospects for a breakthrough were dim.

“The likelihood that either side could soften its stance remains low,” Ladsous said.

Tens of thousands of people have died in the 14-month conflict, 1.5 million have been displaced and 2.5 million are in dire need of food aid in South Sudan, which declared independence from Sudan in 2011.

More than 113,000 civilians have fled to UN bases for protection as government troops and fighters are accused of waging terror campaigns of rape and killing.

Regional negotiators have now set a deadline of March 5 for Kiir and Machar to reach a final peace deal that includes a transitional unity government.

A second deadline of April 1 has been set to launch preparations for the transition that should be completed no later than July 9.

US officials described the two deadlines as “milestones” and said the Security Council would decide at those times whether to move forward and impose sanctions, once the resolution is adopted.

A vote on the US-drafted resolution at the Security Council could take place next week, diplomats said.

The draft resolution threatens sanctions against those involved in recruiting child soldiers or who block deliveries of humanitarian aid as well as leaders who fail to advance peace negotiations.

It provides for a panel of experts to be established and a sanctions committee that will report to the Security Council on the situation in South Sudan.

The United States announced plans in November to present a sanctions resolution, but the measure ran into resistance over the arms embargo provision and shifting positions from African governments in the region.

Over two dozen armed forces — including government soldiers and allied militia backed by Ugandan soldiers on one side, and a range of rebel factions on the other — have been battling it out for the last 14 months.

Fighting has raged this month in the northern Upper Nile state, with the government warning that rebel forces were splintering, making any negotiations increasingly complicated.

In early February, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon accused South Sudan’s leaders of putting their own interests above those of their people after they failed to reach a power-sharing deal.

The warring factions have earned a reputation as slow talkers and hard drinkers, during the latest European Union-funded negotiations in Ethiopia, which cost at least $22 million, according to diplomatic sources.

South Sudan sanctions loom as US presents draft UN resolution

Waning patience over repeated failure of ceasefire agreements prompts US to propose global travel ban and asset freeze
President Salva Kiir and Riek Machar attend a ceasefire ceremony in Addis Ababa last May. After seven unsuccessful attempts to end the civil war in South Sudan, the country could face sanctions.

South Sudan’s warring factions are a step closer to facing sanctions after the US presented a UN draft resolution threatening a global travel ban and assets freeze.

The resolution is a signal the US is losing patience with the repeated failure of the two sides “to put their narrow political and economic agendas aside” and stop fighting.

Similar language emerged from the UN’s peacekeeping chief, who accused both the government and rebels of “a serious failure of leadership that remains focused on its pursuit for power rather than care of its people”.

The US measure, which was submitted to the UN security council on Tuesday, came a day after the latest round of negotiations to end South Sudan’s 14-month civil war began in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa.

Seven ceasefires have failed to take hold in South Sudan, which erupted into violence in December 2013 after President Salva Kiir accused his vice-president, Riek Machar, of plotting a coup.

Tens of thousands are thought to have died in the fighting, which has displaced 1.5 million people internally and forced another 480,000 into neighbouring countries. Although famine was averted last year, the UN estimates 3.9 million people will face food insecurity in South Sudan in 2015, with 2.5 million becoming severely food insecure.

The draft resolution raises the possibility of an arms embargo on the world’s youngest country – a measure strongly backed by European countries despite concerns that the ban would penalise Kiir’s forces more than Machar’s rebels.

“The political leaders have repeatedly failed to put their narrow political and economic agendas aside in order to find political solutions that could bring a measure of stability,” a US official told AFP.
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“In light of that, our goal is to work with our partners to move forward with a sanctions resolution that will lay the groundwork for imposing costs on those who continue to fail to work toward a solution.”

Asked why the resolution did not explicitly call for an arms embargo, a US official told Reuters the idea was to take an “incremental approach”, gradually increasing pressure on the warring factions.

Earlier this month, Valerie Amos, the UN under-secretary general for humanitarian affairs and emergency relief coordinator, backed calls for an arms embargo.

“Anything that takes weapons off the streets, out of countries and out of communities will help us because ultimately for us it’s about bringing peace,” she told the Guardian. “If there are no weapons, it’s harder for people to fight, peace will come sooner and we can get more aid to the people who so desperately need it.”

Despite the latest US moves, however, the UN’s peacekeeping chief, Hervé Ladsous, told the security council “the likelihood that either side could soften its stance remains low”.

He said the peace talks had been marred by “a serious failure of leadership that remains focused on its pursuit for power rather than care of its people”, adding: “There is now an urgent need to reinforce the mediation efforts, as well as to impose consequences on the parties if they fail to show willingness to compromise, and continue engaging in a conflict that will result in further loss of innocent lives.”

Regional negotiators have now set a deadline of 5 March for Kiir and Machar to reach a final peace deal that includes a transitional unity government.

A second deadline of 1 April has been set to launch preparations for the transition, which should be completed no later than 9 July.

US officials described the two deadlines as milestones and said the security council would decide at those times whether to move forward and impose sanctions, once the resolution is adopted.

A vote on the US-drafted resolution at the security council could take place next week, diplomats said.

The draft resolution threatens sanctions against those involved in recruiting child soldiers, as well as those who block deliveries of humanitarian aid and leaders who fail to advance peace negotiations.

It provides for a panel of experts to be established along with a sanctions committee that would report to the security council on the situation in South Sudan.

Although the US announced plans in November to present a sanctions resolution, the measure ran into resistance over the arms embargo provision and shifting positions from African governments in the region.

More than two dozen armed forces – including government soldiers and allied militia backed by Ugandan soldiers on one side, and a range of rebel factions on the other – have been battling since December 2013.

Fighting has raged this month in the northern Upper Nile state, with the government warning that rebel forces were splintering, making any negotiations increasingly complicated.

Last week, the UN children’s agency, Unicef, said that at least 89 boys – some as young as 13 – had been kidnapped by gunmen as they were preparing to sit school exams in the town of Wau Shilluk in the north of the country.

Both sides have been accused of using child soldiers. Unicef estimates that at least 12,000 children have been recruited.

South Sudan, which won independence from Sudan in July 2011, is also facing a worsening health crisis. On Tuesday, the World Health Organisation (WHO) appealed for $90m (£580m) of additional funding to provide vital health services to about 3.35 million people in South Sudan. The WHO said the disruption caused by months of fighting had weakened health systems and led to recurrent outbreaks of communicable diseases. It also noted that more than 80% of services are now being provided by international organisations.


By Isaac Achol Malony

‘Only when the last tree has died
The last river has been poisoned
and the last fish has been caught
will we realised that we cannot eat money’

Based on the Cree saying of the wise Indian Scholar.

The initiative to establish the center for environment and Nile conservation has come as a result of strict observations made by scientists based in South Sudan on how rapidly the environment is being polluted. Well ware of the highest level of pollution being discharged directly into the river Nile and the surroundings; also well acquainted to long term pollution cases of rivers like the Ganges in India and the Ruhr in Europe and how the people and Governments there are now regretting such a state of being.

Hence we are coming up with a proposal to establish the Centre for environment and Nile conservation in South Sudan in order to preserve our environment and waters by teaching our people (public) and spread awareness to all before it’s too late to rescue the situation. There is a very high release of pollutants into the air and the water ways in South Sudan and up stream in Uganda.

The centre will focus on giving awareness on dangers of polluting the environment so badly so quickly to the current high levels of pollution within few years especially within the last decade and the speed with which it is escalating; which is quite alarming.

The targeted outcomes of this center will be to protect the abundant resources in the Sudd basin and other areas mainly for the seek of human race’s benefit worldwide and particularly the South Sudanese, Ugandans, Sudanese, Egyptians and others who depend or enjoy the Sudd basin and the Nile resources. Most of the pollutants going into the river are non degradable materials like PET bottles, glass materials, plastic bags, and all kinds of plastic materials from broken chairs, tables etc.

There are also many cases of observed and to some extent, unconfirmed sewage discharges into the river Nile and its tributaries especially small feeder streams in South Sudan that join it. The air in South Sudan is also being badly polluted within the vicinity of populated areas by burning tires, plastic bags and bottles anyhow; releasing possibly highly carcinogenic gases into the air of which people around the surroundings just keep breathing in with no choice at all. The said materials we are spoiling our environment with are successfully recycled in other parts of the World but such kind of practice is nonexistent in South Sudan, therefore worsening the situation and leaving the only option of dump everything everywhere with volumes increasing day by day.

We are seeing more water factories and other manufacturing properties coming up very rapidly in South Sudan, the oil sector is also seen to develop effectively in the next years to come with some number of refineries that may spring up, this raises a very worrying phenomenon of increased uncontrolled pollution of our environment.

The issue of generators is also disturbing with high levels of noise and smoke pollution. Although it’s well known in South Sudan that people have no choice for clean power sources like hydroelectricity electricity, solar (existent but very minimally used) and other clean sources, the population generally resorted to the use of the said generators, the public can be made aware of clean options like the solar energy which many over look in South Sudan.

Thus extensive teaching of the population can turn the scenario around. There is also an alarming manner in which petroleum waste is being disposed of here in south Sudan; this kind of waste is well known to have long term effect on the environment with tendency of being transferred to further locations by running water polluting large land surface and water sources from where it was dumped.

The Centre plans to liaise effectively with other world conservation and study centers, the government of South Sudan and great Lakes Countries, the UN Environmental body and other relevant institutions especially regionally. It will work hand in hand with the university of Juba or any designated University and other local institutions for effective outreach to the students studying in South Sudan so as for them to benefit from the teachings, deliver the message to the population and benefit from it as well so as some of them will take lead in environmental conservation in the near future.

The scientists involved being well aware of the kinds of pollutants affecting South Sudan, will take tours around the World in Countries of interest and in neighbouring Countries to acquaint themselves with better means of containing the pollution locally, they will also print campaign materials to spread environmental awareness among the communities and frame academic teaching materials to the students in South Sudan.

The group will also work hard to ensure effective running of this Centre.

Cde Isaac Achol Malony can be reached on: achol.isaac@yahoo.com