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By David Mayen Ayarbior, Juba, South Sudan

(R-L) Presidents Yoweri Museveni, Uhuru Kenyatta, Paul Kagame and South Sudan Defence Minister Kuol Manyang Juuk at the 10th Summit of Heads of State of the Northern Corridor.

(R-L) Presidents Yoweri Museveni, Uhuru Kenyatta, Paul Kagame and South Sudan Defence Minister Kuol Manyang Juuk at the 10th Summit of Heads of State of the Northern Corridor.

July 26, 2015 (SSB) —- In part one of this intended series of short articles on S. Sudan’s accession to EAC we have seen the basic elements of two key perspectives on whether South Sudan should or should not join the regional economic block. The group against accession argues from a market-access perspective, which holds that producers of goods invariably benefit more than consumers; while the group for accession argues from the trickle down effect perspective of economic growth, which holds that regional prosperity will surely engulf S. Sudan – “the rising tides of economic growth shall lift all boats.”

Weighing the merits and demerits of those two perspectives is informed by the fact that once S. Sudan joins EAC, there are implications which will continue even if it later decided to opt out, if not sent out. If it later finds out the hard way that the decision to accede to the regional market was hasty, there will be no Germany to keep on pumping billions of EAC shillings or U.S. dollars into the ‘blood streams’ of its collapsing or colonized economy. On its way out, it will either be given a golden coffin to carry home as royalty or, God forbid, sent out in that very coffin with the hope that, like Jesus, it finds its own way to resurrect and start again as an “independent” state with huge debts to pay and middle industrial class to create.

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By Manon Jok Aleu

July 25, 2015 (SSB)  —  IGAD Second CPA in South Sudan is the disintegration of the New Nation agreement”
Council of Ministers

  1. GOSS 53% Ministerial portfolios (16 Ministers)
    2. SPLM –IO 33% of ministerial portfolios (10 minsters)
    3. SPLM former Detainees 7% of ministerial Portfolios (2 ministers)
    4. Other Political Parties 7% ministerial portfolios (2 ministers)
    5. The council of minsters shall comprise thirty 30 ministers, organized I three sectoral clusters. Governance, 1o ministers, Economic 13 minsters and service delivery 7 ministers.

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PROPOSED COMPROMISE AGREEMENT ON THE RESOLUTION OF THE CONFLICT IN THE REPUBLIC
OF SOUTH SUDAN, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA MM 2015

INTERGOVERNMENTAL AUTHORITY ON DEVELOPMENT

TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE

Acronyms……………………………………………………………………………..1 PREAMBLE……………………………………………………………………………3

Chapter I: Transitional Government of National Unity of the Republic of South Sudan

  1. Establishment, Seat and Term of TGoNU………………………………………..5
  2. Mandate…………………………………………………………………………..5
  3. Composition of TGoNU ………………………………………………………….6
  4. Structure of the Executive of the Transitional Government of National Unity….6
  5. President of the Republic…………………………………………………………6
  6. First Vice President of the Republic……………………………………………..8
  7. Vice President of the Republic……………………………………………………9
  8. Powers, Functions and Responsibilities Required to be Exercised Jointlyby the President, the 1st Vice President and the Vice President…………………..10
  9. Decision Making and Consultation Procedures in the Executive of the TGoNU…10
  10. Council of Ministers……………………………………………………………. 11
  11. The Transitional National Assembly and Council of States …………………….14
  12. Judiciary………………………………………………………………………….15
  13. Pre-Transition Period and National Constitutional Amendment Committee ….. 15
  14. Transitional Institutions and Mechanisms……………………………………….17
  15. Structure and Composition of State Governments in Conflict-Affected States….17
  16. National Elections ………………………………………………………………..18

Chapter II: Permanent Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements

  1. Permanent Ceasefire………………………………………………………………20
  2. Separation, Assembly and Containment ………………………………………….21
  3. National Architecture for Permanent Ceasefire …………………………………..22
  4. Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangement Monitoring Mechanism (CTSAMM) ………..23
  5. Demilitarization and Arrangement for the National Capital ………………………23
  6. Transitional Third Party Security Unit (TTPSU) …………………………………24
  7. Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR) …………………………………24
  8. Unification of Forces ………………………………………………………………26

Chapter III: Humanitarian Assistance and Reconstruction…………………27

  1. Agreed Principles for Humanitarian Assistance and Reconstruction………………27
  2. Special Reconstruction Fund ( SRF) ……………………………………………….28

Chapter IV: Resource, Economic and Financial Management Arrangements..29

1. General Principles. …………………………………………………………………29

  1. Institutional Reforms ……………………………………………………………..29
  2. Review of National Legislation …………………………………………………..32
  3. Resource Management ……………………………………………………………32
  4. Environment protection …………………………………………………………..35
  5. Public Finance and Economic Management ………………………………………35
  6. Enterprise Development Fund ………………………………………………………38
  7. Economic and Financial Management Authority (EFMA)…………………………39

Chapter V: Transitional Justice, Accountability, Reconciliation and Healing…40

  1. Agreed Principles for Transitional Justice……………………………………….40
  2. Commission for Truth, Reconciliation and Healing (CTRH)……………………402.1. Establishment of the Commission for Truth, Reconciliation and Healing (CTRH)………………40

    2.2. Mandate and Functions of the CTRH………………………………………..41

    2.3. Personnel and Appointment Procedures……………………………………..42

    2.4. Rights of Victims and Witnesses……………………………………………..42

  3. Hybrid Court for South Sudan (HCSS)…………… ……………………………..433.1. Establishment of the Hybrid Court for South Sudan (HCSS) ……………….43

    3.2. Jurisdiction, Mandate and Primacy……………………………………………43

    3.3. Personnel and Appointment Procedures………………………………………44

    3.4. Rights of Victims and Witnesses……………………………………………..44

    3.5. Criminal Responsibility, Convictions and Penalties………………………….44

    3.6. Use of Findings, Documentation and Evidence …………………………….45

  4. Compensation and Reparation Authority (CRA) …………………………………45
  5. Ineligibility for Participation in the TGoNU or Sucessor Governments ………….46

Chapter VI: Parameters of Permanent Constitution ……………………….47

Chapter VII: Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC)……..49

Chapter VIII: Supremacy of this Agreement and Procedures for Amendment of the Agreement…………… 51

Signatures of Parties, other Stakeholders, Adherents, Guarantors and Witnesses to this Agreement………52

APPENDICES
Appendix I: Transitional Government of National Unity of the Republic of South Sudan…………………………..57

Appendix II (Diagram): Permanent Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements…………….60

Appendix III (Matrix): Permanent Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements………………61

Appendix IV: Humanitarian Assistance and Reconstruction…………………………….65

Appendix V: Resource, Economic and Financial Management Arrangements…………66

Appendix VI: Transitional Justice, Accountability, Reconciliation and Healing…………72

Appendix VII: Parameters of Permanent Constitution……………………………………73

Appendix VIII: Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC)…………………. 74

PREAMBLE

The Government of the Republic of South Sudan (hereinafter referred to as the “GRSS”),

The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (in Opposition) (hereinafter referred to as (SPLM/A-IO),

The SPLM Leaders (Former Detainees),

The other Political Parties of South Sudan, in their individual capacities,

jointly referred to as the “Parties” to this Agreement;

Joined by other Stakeholders: Representatives of CSOs, Women’s bloc, Faith-Based Leaders and Eminent personalities,

Acknowledging the need to promote inclusivity and popular ownership of this Agreement and hence create a mechanism to include individuals and organizations: Representatives of the country’s diverse communities, youth groups, traditional chiefs, professional societies, academia, business community and others whom shall be referred to as Adherents to this Agreement;

Committed to achieving enduring peace and stability in the Republic of South Sudan;

Accepting the immediate need to bring an end to the tragic conflict on-going in the Republic of South Sudan since 15 December 2013, which has had such disastrous economic, political and social consequences for the people of South Sudan;

Profoundly regretting the suffering and distress caused to the people of South Sudan by the conflict on-going in South Sudan since 15 December 2013 and apologising unconditionally to the people of South Sudan for all the suffering and distress caused by the devastation, loss of life and instability resulting from the conflict;

Acknowledging that social strife, disharmony between communities and mass violations of human rights has profound historical roots in our society, which pre-date the current conflict;

Committed to national reconciliation, accountability, healing and combating impunity among the highest priorities of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU),

Determined to build an inclusive and democratic society founded on the rule of law;
Firmly committed to end the culture of the use of force, as a means of settling differences and

misunderstanding and to promoting a culture of peace and dialogue;

Cognizant that a Federal system of government is a popular demand of the people of South Sudan and of the need for the TGoNU to reflect this demand by way of devolution of more power and resources to lower levels of government, and to initiate that a federal and democratic system of governance that reflects the character of South Sudan and ensures unity in diversity be enacted during the permanent constitution making process;

Further accepting that the humanitarian situation in the Republic of South Sudan remains extremely precarious, and in need of urgent action by the Parties, the Transitional Government of National Unity and the international community;

Recognizing that all efforts must be made to continue and augment the provision and facilitation of humanitarian assistance and protection;

Convinced that the sharing and allocation of wealth emanating from resources in South Sudan shall ensure that the quality of life and dignity of all citizens are promoted without discrimination on the grounds of gender, religion, political affiliation, ethnicity, and language;

Appreciating the concerted efforts of all members of IGAD-PLUS and its Member States, and their leadership of the IGAD-led Mediation process for South Sudan;

Further appreciating the critical support provided by the international partners and friends of South Sudan;

Cognizant of the critical role played by the United Nations Mission in South Sudan in the discharge of its mandate including protection of civilians, and facilitation of humanitarian assistance;

Re-affirming existing commitments to the Cessation of Hostilities (CoH) Agreement of 23rd January 2014, its subsequent rededication and implementation matrix;

Recalling the 9th May 2014 Agreement to Resolve the Crisis in South Sudan and the 1st February 2015 Areas of Agreement on the Establishment of the Transitional Government of National Unity in the Republic of South Sudan;

Further re-affirming these commitments to form a Transitional Government of National Unity, comprising all the Parties, to lead South Sudan to democratic Elections and a permanent constitutional order;

Recognizing the need for institutional and structural reforms to ensure effective governance in the Republic of South Sudan, during the Transition, and thereafter;

Unreservedly committed to the terms of this agreement; hereinafter referred to as the Agreement and hereby agree as follows;

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By Cde Deng Alor

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 24th July 2015

Capital Hotel, Aferwotk Tekle Hall

Your Excellency Chair of IGAD;

Your Excellencies IGAD Special Envoys;

Your Excellency Representative of Troika;

Your Excellency Representative of China;

Your Excellency Representative of EU;

Your Excellency Representative of IPF;

Your Excellency Representative of UN;

Your Excellency Chief Negotiator of the GRSS;

Your Excellency Chief Negotiator of SPLM/A – IO;

Your Excellency Representative of Political Parties;

Your Excellency Representative of the Faith Leaders;

Your Excellency Representative of the Eminent Personalities;

Your Excellency Representative of the Civil Society Organizations;

Your Excellency Representative of the Women Bloc;

Ladies and Gentlemen:

July 24, 2015 (SSB)  —-  On behalf of my colleagues – the SPLM Leaders (Former Political Detainees) – and on my own behalf, I would like at the onset to express my deepest gratitude and appreciation to IGAD Heads of States, IGAD Foreign Ministers and the IGAD Special Envoys, AU and the International Community for their firm commitment for pursuit of peace in South Sudan. Throughout this crisis, we have witnessed the unfailing companionship and support accorded by the region and the international community to the people of South Sudan. As we gather here today for this exercise for the submission of the compromise agreement, the hopes of our people for a fresh beginning have been rekindled. It is this flicker of hope which has always sustained us under the most distressful life cycles of our struggle for peace, liberty, and statehood.

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REF: PRESS LETTER (STATEMENT) ON THE CURRENT PEACE NEGOTIATION IN ADDIS ABABA

Breaking news from Addis Ababa: Three serious events around South Sudan are likely to happen today: (1) US President Barack Hussein Obama arriving Nairobi, Kenya and proceed to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia tomorrow Saturday 25 July instant and will have statement on South Sudan(2) African Union Peace and Security Council to release AU Commission of Inquiry Report on South Sudan this afternoon and (3) IGAD Mediation Leadership to give us (stakeholders) a proposed Compromise Peace Agreement CPA today at 3:00pm at Capital Hotel. Hope all is going to be well for us and God bless South Sudan–Beny Gideon Mabor on his Facebook page

July 24, 2015 (SSB)  —-  South Sudan Youth for Peace and Reconciliation (SSYPR) is a Youth Organization (INGO) formed by South Sudanese Colleges’ and Universities’ students from various ethnic backgrounds studying in Kenya, Uganda and South Sudan, our membership runs across the diversity of our nation. The core mission is to advocate for Peace and reconciliation among the citizens of South Sudan. SSYPR is currently operational while finalizing with registration in Nairobi and Juba, and is soon joining the big peace and reconciliation fronts as it has already launched its peace caravan earlier at the levels of S.Sudanese students and Communities in Kenya while waiting for certificates in the few coming weeks.

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IGAD Special Envoy Announces the Proposed Compromise Agreement to Achieve a Sustainable Peace in South Sudan

IGAD Logo

July 23, 2015 (SSB) — The IGAD Special Envoys announce to all South Sudanese stakeholders the release of the proposed Compromise Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan.

The proposed Compromise Agreement has been developed through the extensive negotiations by the South Sudanese stakeholders since the IGAD mediated negotiations began in January 2014. It reflects the ideas, concerns, and interests of the South Sudanese parties and stakeholders.

It responds to the demands of the South Sudanese people for an inclusive Transitional Government of National Unity that will reform the security sector and issues of economic governance and reform, address justice, accountability and national reconciliation, and finalize a permanent constitution before leading the country to elections.

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Dear PaanLuel Wel Readers,

Hope you are doing well.

Like many of you, we are following developments in Addis – both the resumption of IGAD Plus led talks and the AU’s planned meeting to consider its Commission of Inquiry report, closely. As President Obama embarks upon this historic trip to Kenya and Ethiopia this week, I am writing to share four new pieces from our team at Enough.

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