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In a meeting on the 19th of October 2014, SPLM members met in Victoria Australia and resolved to support on principle, the new developments to achieve peace in South Sudan through the recent SPLM intra party consultations in Arusha Tanzania, the recent regional East African Leader’s meeting in Juba, consultaions between the rebel leadership team with the Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyata in Nairobi and the on going ‘hopefully final’ Peace negotiations in Addis Ababa Ehiopia.

The SPLM in Melbourne Victoria is highly appreciative to the continuous serious efforts being made by the East African Leaders and the Country leadership (and encourage them to continue doing so) to bring the war in South Sudan to an end so that South Sudanese people embark on concentrating on developing their Country with total peace to all the cizens around the new Country.

SPLM members here will continue to monitor the peace process and keep updating the communities in Australia and work hard on humnitarian efforts to help those adversely affected by the war.

South Sudanese Citizens, a hysterical chauvinism they offer to their leaders & great selfishness from the same leaders in return.
By Deu  Lueth  Ader   
The aforementioned titled is vividly crystal & remained lingering in everyone’s mind but apparently nobody bothered him/herself to air it out to the public what he/she realized. From the genesis of the political consciousness in South Sudan, people of South Sudan maintained their loyalty to their leaders, irrespective of whether they are being taking care of by their leaders or not. Dear readers I am too eager to share my own grievances and some of you might have felt these grievances, whether for those who are under the influence of rebels or Government.
Political crises in the South do not victimize only the State institutions, however; the citizens are the most vulnerable group that pays an immense price and subject to all the brutal acts as a result of every chaotic situation causes by political unrest. The most wonderful thing from my beloved citizens of South Sudan, is that, the chauvinism they offer to their unscrupulous leaders is none other than fanaticism, for both the rebels and the Government are being supported by their people with nothing in return for their allegiance other than bloodshed as rewards. The Government of South Sudan since its inception has never provided any tangible thing to satisfy the people whom they lead, security, basic needs and so forth; to its people but rather they do manipulate them merely to gain their political will.
Regardless of what I have mentioned, they (citizens) don’t care; they are maintaining their support % percent to the same leaders, leaving aside the grievances of being denied their rights by the leaders. When you look at all these stuffs you would find that, the people of this nation are either honest people who can’t rebuke their leaders may be for bigoted reasons or fearful of reprisal, to this trepidation they reserve and go mute. They are entirely deluded in their paranoia by their leaders without notifying whether they are not been taking of.
From the onset of the recent rebellion which has been triggered by the political outrage in Juba, one may bog down, thinking, and I should be naïve to ask what kind of South Sudanese people are. Both Nuer & Dinka have been pursuing unforeseen objectives, the rebellion which is currently being spearheaded by Dr, Riek Machar has not been understood by the so called white Army but Dr, Machar manipulated them irrespective of ambiguities it holds. As rational thinking persons, the objectives of the rebellion should have been crystalized prior to take any action that led eventually to unjustified loss of thousands of lives on both side.
Dr, Riek’s rebellion is fraught with a lot of confusions; it is speculated as misunderstanding which occurred among themselves as politicians but the last straw is tribal. He tells different thing when he is among Nuer, that his main objective of rebellion is to extract out the Nuer people from the bondage of Dinka kingdom ship something which was zealously received by Nuer as a real leader who can salvage them from unfair treatments they claimed to have been levied against them by Dinka according to them. While when he (Dr, Riek) is in the political arena he justifies his rebellion as sparked-off by the confusion and misunderstanding which occurred within the ruling party SPLM.
It is so imperative that, as the people of this Nation, there are no grievances among the citizens themselves, but they are being used as tools by the retarded politicians for their political purposes. This political delusion must stop and embrace ourselves as brothers of one Nation and leave these disgruntled politicians alone, and see them in next two years there would be no any anarchy, for they would realize that you have eschewed supporting them from their political might.
The Author of this Article can be reached at

Why SPLM Should Not be A Political Party?

Posted: October 27, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Featured Articles

By John Adoor Deng, Australia



Many people who have the focus in South Sudanese politics, these days have been bombarded with many coined Acronyms around SPLM. Truthfully, it has been a sense of confusion in digging to understand why do people defect from SPLM but later align themselves again with the SPLM in terms of retaining the Acronym; examples in his context are SPLM-DC, SPLM_OP, & SPLM-FD respectively. For clarity and for layman consumption, SPLM stand for Sudan people liberation movement, SPLM-DC stands for Sudan People Liberation Movement for Democratic Change, whereas SPLM- OP stands for Sudan People Liberation Movement in Opposition, and lastly SPLM-FD stands for Sudan People Liberation Movement Former Detainees.

This article shall explore historical origin of political parties, and unpack the significant reasons surrounding the importance of SPLM in the South Sudanese history of struggle and in the context of political genesis of freedom, and as well as the current political dispensation of South Sudan as a new republic. The article shall expose implications depicting why SPLM should not be a political party, but a national common identity that should be left with either national army or other national commonly shared ideology.

On the onset, it is essential to first look at the origin of political parties in the world, their common ideologies so as to understand whether what we popularly call the South Sudan really fit in the context of the world politics. The origin of political parties goes back to the 1600s. The ancient Greeks, who were pioneers in developing democracy, had no organized political parties in the modern sense. The senate of the ancient Romans had two groups that represented people with different interests — the Patricians and the Plebeians. The Patricians represented noble families. The Plebeians represented the wealthy merchants and the middle class. Although these two groups often mingled, at times they voted as factions or parties, on particular issues that were important to the groups they represented. In Africa, the governing system used were chiefdoms, eldership and kingship along separate tribal groupings

For many centuries after the fall of Rome (AD 476), the people of Europe had little voice in politics. Thus, there were no true political parties — only factions that supported one noble family or another. Political parties developed as representative assemblies gained power. In England, this change began after what was called the Popish Plot of 1678. These narrowly based parties were later transformed to a greater or lesser extent, for in the 19th century in Europe and America there emerged parties depending on mass support. However, the 20th century saw the spread of political parties throughout the entire world. The political parties are guided by their ideologies; common in the western world politics are conservatism and liberalism. For example, in the United States of America, the Democratic Party represents liberal ideals, while the Republican Party commonly represents conservative ideals.

Apparently in Africa, arm struggle was used as a major tool in the quest of independent in many countries in the continent. Arm struggle was predominantly the strategy used to unseat the colonial regimes. Contextually, after Sudanese (both Arabs & indigenous African) fought and achieve independent of Sudan in 1956. The South Sudanese was forced conditionally to wage second war for the independent of South Sudan. The independent which was later achieved in 2011. Historically, the SPLM was born in the second phase of South Sudanese quest for independent; it was thus a tool used to achieve South Sudan independence. Hence, SPLM was not meant to be a political party in scientific terms but an ideology meant to rally all South Sudanese around a common agenda which was than the self-determination of South Sudan with hope to culminate into total independent of South Sudan. The key word was liberation and movement. Obviously, it becomes inactive after independent. The question is liberation from what after independent?

This brings me to parade significant reasons dictating why SPLM should not be a political party. The following in my view have sharpened my intellectual impetus on opposing the existence of SPLM as apolitical party in South Sudan.

Firstly, SPLM has an outdated or already achieved mission that was a total liberation of the people and land of South Sudan. The independent was brought by a liberation movement carried by all South Sudanese people. This memorable and sacrificial work of all people from all work of life, from all creeds, faith, and gender cannot be narrowed to a single membership based entity.

Secondly, SPLM has become a source of conflicts, political bullying, and divisions with some cadres saying they are the ‘real liberators’ and questioning a patriotism of others who in really sense contributed to the struggle just like them. It is clear from daily utterances from SPLM speakers that boosting on who did what during the struggle is the only slogan being repeated each day.

Thirdly, SPLM is using the gone war rhetoric instead of policies that enhance social and economic development of a newly born country. It is not democratic in practical terms although democratic terms are used in pretense.

Fourthly, current SPLM is old school based, most of the powerful cadres in the current SPLM lack conventional knowledge of current political civilization. The world has moved from institutional power to people’s power. Hence, SPLM still holds to institutional power in the expense of people’s power.

Fifthly, SPLM is still using what Professor Anyang Nyiogo of Kenya call a political militarism. They act militants instead of using power of political persuasion. Honorable members of parliament like to be referred to as ‘Generals’ instead of civilian politician preferably.

Sixth, quitting SPLM is equated to deleting history of struggle. Quitting SPLM is seen as betrayal. It is this very reason that people leave SPLM but added in SPLM in their names (SPLM- DC, SPLM -OP, SPLM -FD) so that they are accepted or given credit of struggle. These are foundation set on falsehood rather than on ideologies

Having stated these, SPLM as a historical name that connotes the struggle of the people of South Sudan should be only instituted on a ground where all South Sudanese people should feel belong to and embrace it proudly. Realistically, SPLM should only be aligned to a commonly shared identity. For example, the national army fit this very well or other institutions such veterans, etc. The rationale and benefit of taking off SPLM name in politics are to provide:

  • Equal platform of all parties to compete on policies and strategies for social and economic development of South Sudan.
  • Encouragements of parties that are now badly labeled as non-contributors to the war of liberation to active participate without intimidation.
  • An opportunity for South Sudanese to sees and practice politics.

As an SPLM file member, I believe that for the change to occur, SPLM must be repositioned, reconfigured, refocused to fit the current human political civilization or migrate it to commonly shared institutions.   I also believed that a political party must be ideologically driven and that the membership of the party is crowded by people who identified with the party‘s ideology.

Although ethnicity has shaped most of the African political parties, it is important for South Sudan, a country born lucky in the 21st century to embrace what I now call current human civilization. With this realization, SPLM should not be a political party.

The Author is John Adoor Deng, Director of Civil Society Organization in Australia, Former President of Sudanese community of Queensland INC, & Former President of the Federation of Sudanese Australian communities. He is reachable by emailing:

By Mekonen Tefere

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

In a four (4) hours video hot debate facilitated by electoral board and experts, the candidates faced hard talk from experts and audiences.

Denay Jock Chagor, a South Sudanese American facilitated the debate in a video connected event.

Mekonen Tefere, an independent journalist based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia investigates candidates’ and audiences view after the debate.

On Saturday, 25 October 2014, the Acting Chairperson of [for] Nuer Community in Ethiopia – Nhial Wal Dap admits that the general election is adjourning to be held on Saturday, 01 November 2014. The election will kick-off by 10:00am-04:00pm and the result will be announce right after the voting.

South Sudan torn apart by man-made crisis in December 2013 and more than 188,000 Nuer are believed to be refugees in Western part of Gambella Region, Ethiopia.

In a separate interview, the Electoral Board Technical Assistant said that the video is used for future practical experience for other Nuer around the globe.

Mr. Garwech Kewer Kong who is also a sound Engineer and Electoral Board Technical Assistant added that the video would soon be release on the YouTube after election.

The debate was conducted in Nuer Language and two questions were purposely debated in English to test the candidate’s potential in Foreign Language.

John Jekow Doluoth, David Kew Mathiang and Gatwech Koak Nyuon were known to compete for the presidency.

The Acting Chairperson Mr. Nhial Wal Dap added that the key positions to be elected are:

  • Chairperson
  • Deputy Chairperson
  • Secretary and
  • Finance

President will nominate the rest of the positions such as Information and others.

Quality, Partnership and Education Accountability

Posted: October 27, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Education, Morris Mabioor

By Morris Mabior Awikjokdit,

When talk about quality education, all learners should be facilitated in the attainment of the highest standards of learning through teaching of excellent quality. Quality is brought about by maximizing the efforts of all those responsible for the education of learners and by coordinating all the structures of the system so that centers of education, from pre- school to university, are places where effective teaching, learning and research take place and where the highest standards of achievement, in accordance with ability, are obtained by every student.

I have an opinion that, the government has abounded duty to promote the highest standard of education and learning for all. This entails giving attention to various interdependent factors, including the quality of curriculum, teaching and assessment, the quality of teachers in schools, schools and institutional arrangements, and planning processes. The government should also develop rigorous procedures for the evaluation of educational effectiveness and outcomes, and with due regard to the legitimate autonomy of individual institutions.

Building education partnership

Building the principle of liberalization and on the creation of enabling environment, the government should follow an education policy that encourages and strengthens partnerships in educational development. A cardinal principle is the acceptance by all parties that the various partners participate by right and not by sufferance in educational provision. To promote this participation, the government needs to create conditions that allow the human, financial and other resources under the control of private and voluntary agencies, communities and religious bodies to be channeled without hindrance into education sector of South Sudan.

The development of a strong commitment to partnership will require improved cooperation among various stakeholders, coupled with better coordination and planning of educational provision. Accordingly, while recognizing the rightful autonomy of individual institutions, the government will promote constructive cooperation that will enhance the welfare of all students.

Education accountability

There are many legitimate competing demands for resources in the country. The amount of money available for education of South Sudan is limited and it require further budgetary plan to be carried out by the Ministry concern to cater full payment of teachers, allowances, accommodation and their capacity building as well. To ensure the best possible use of available resources and allow for full public accountability, the governments require ensuring that effective systems are in place at national, states and counties, and institutional levels for evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency with which resources are used. Accountability measures need more attention to be paid to how well education serves parents, learners and the wider community at large.

The goals of the education system

In the light of what I have mentioned in my earlier article, the national Ministry of education should set for itself the goals of producing a learner capable of being animated by a personally held set of civil moral and spiritual values; developing an analytical, innovative, creative and constructive mind; appreciating the relationship between scientific thought, action and technology on the one hand, sustenance of the quality of life on the other; demonstrating free expression of one’s own ideas and exercising tolerance for other people’s view.

  • Cherishing and safeguarding individual liberties and human rights.
  • Appreciating South Sudan’s ethnic cultures, customs and traditions, and upholding national pride, sovereignty, peace, freedom and independence.
  • Participating in the preservation of the ecosystems in one’s immediate and distant environments
  • Maintaining and observing discipline and hand work as the cornerstones of personal and national development
  1. Increasing access to education and life skills training
  2. Building capacity for the provision of quality education
  3. Creating conditions for effective coordination of policies, plans and programmes.
  4. Rationally resource mobilization and utilization.

These goals will inform the education policies and practices of all partners in educational provision and they will also be the basis for teaching and learning in schools and colleges.

The author is a freelance opinion writer and a professional experience teacher based in Warrap state- Kuajok. He can be reached by email: or contact: 0954243501, 0912646306

By David Aoloch Bion

The message that leaked from the closed door meeting of SPLM party in Juba this week is that President Kiir has agreed to give the executive powers to Dr. Riek for the sake of lasting peace in country   . This was the message brought to him by the regional leaders,  President Kenyatta and the Prime Minister of Ethiopia .  This is goodwill decision from the patriotic statesman like him. He is convinced that peace must come at his expense of giving up executive powers. This is goodwill agreement. President Kiir will be the ceremonial head of state. Dr Riek will be the head of government.

Therefore, he will restructure South Sudan at his own discretion. Dr . Riek will rename South Sudan as the Democratic Federal Republic of South Sudan. As the new Commander in Chief , he restructure the army from  tribal SPLA into conventional , non-partisan , professional , national army  call South Sudan Defense Forces  He will restructure the Government from the corrupt, non –performing  to the clean , performing government .

In the first  place Dr Riek will work as the Prime Minister of all South Sudanese . After he make sure that all key , government position are held by his allies . He will change to real Riek of  1991 and Riek of 2013 . He will conspire with the International Community, whose policy now is Peace first Accountability second, he will arrest Kiir and hand him to the ICC to answer questions  on Juba Massacre .

President Kiir is now persuaded by the regional leaders to give up power for the sake of peace  . This is what the regional leaders  did to former of President of Liberia  Ck=harles Taylor  , the African leaders persuaded him to give up  power with promise he will be protected after he left power , but at the end arrested he was handed to the ICC , he is prisoner in the Hague now  . So does Kiir ,if  he give executive to power to Riek , he will be arrested after one year and hand over to the ICC.

So Mr .Kiir , don’t give us shock and awe  message next week in Addis Abba by saying you have given executive powers to Riek Machar and you are the ceremonial president , it is better you accept the defeat and  resign and give Riek the presidency of the country or you remain  the executive president come sunshine or rainfall. .

Or if you have concerned or worried about the suffering of the people and you want peace in the country, then both of  you step aside with Riek and give the leadership of the country to new people . There, both of you wait for the ICC as the UN says ‘’ PEACE THEN ACCOUNTABILITY’’

By David Aoloch Bion

Recently, the IGAD leaders, President of Kenya, Prime Minister of Ethiopia, and Prime Minister of Uganda held convention on the South Sudan crisis in Juba. The details of the convention were not revealed to the public, however, according to the sources close to President Salva Kiir , it says the IGAD leaders asked President to choose from the three  options.

  1. Giving up executive powers to Dr. Riek Machar or
  2. Giving up the chairmanship of the SPLM party to Dr. Riek so that after interim period ,Mr. Kiir should  not contest for upcoming election and then Dr Riek will  contest on the SPLM ticket or
  3. Implementation of sanction by IGAD countries against him. This means If Mr Kiir does not accept the two conditions, the International Community will impose sanction on Kiir Government and the IGAD will implement it by blockading Kiir in Juba . Isolating South Sudan, South Sudan oil will not go to international market. South Sudan will not buy goods from Uganda, Kenya; therefore Kiir government will fall.

This is true,  but rather the  question , Which country among IGAD countries that has no problems?   Which country has it problem being solved the way South Sudan crisis is trying to be solved? All IGAD countries have problems, Ethiopia has problem, Uganda has problems, Kenya had   problems, Sudan has problems,

Ethiopia has the rebels’ movement called the Oromu People Liberation Movement; these rebels are killing people in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian government has not given executive powers because the rebels are killing people.  For this reasons Ethiopia can’t tell South Sudan to give executive powers or presidency to rebels.

Kenya had violence in 2007 when Ralia Odinga accused Mai Kibaki of rigging election. Was Ralia Odinga given executive powers or presidency because people were being killed by Odinga supporters?  No. For this reason Kenya can’t tell South Sudan to give executive powers to rebels .

Uganda has the rebels Lord Resistant Army that cut the mouth of people. Has the Uganda government given the executive powers or Presidency because they are killing people? No . For that reason  Uganda can’t tell South Sudan to give executive powers to rebels .

Sudan has the rebels in Darfur, Nuba  Moutains , and Blue Nile . Has Sudan given executive powers or presidency to rebels because they are  killing people? No. For that reasons Sudan can’t tell South Sudan to give executive powers to rebels.

South Sudan has the rebel SPLM/A. If South Sudan gives executive powers to the rebels, it will be the bad precedence in the history.  Today President Kiir will give executive powers or presidency to Riek , because Riek is killing people , tomorrow another person will wake up and start shooting , killing people , on the reason that he does not want Riek , Riek will give executive powers  to him  , then another person will rise against that person and the system of REWARDING POLITICIANS  for  KILLING with political power   continues . Therefore  South Sudan will be chaotic forever.  For this reason  South Sudan will not give executive powers to rebels.

International Community and IGAD should not create the doctrine of precedence of rewarding for killing, they should not reward the politicians with political power for killing of people, Dr Riek should not be rewarded for political violence he should be accommodated only.   International Community  should stop threatening South Sudan with sanctions  and  IGAD should stop threatening South Sudan  with implementation of the sanctions , because sanction is not the solution, the ultimate aim of sanction is to removed Kiir and his allies from Juba and bring Riek Machar and his allies who are in the bush to Juba . If Riek come to Juba, those in Juba will go to the bush and wage war against Riek as what Riek is doing now . Where is the solution therein?.

Here is the solution, first, IGAD and the International Community should allow President Kiir as the executive president of the Republic for the Interim period and Dr Riek be accommodated   as the Prime Minister, who is the head of government business, Dr Riek must be in the Interim Government because if he is not in the government he will get bankrupt. Second, the constitution must give the president two terms in the office. Therefore, President Kiir started in 2011 and he is legible for another term. He MUST peacefully transfer the power in 2020 to another, elected President, not the negotiated president as IGAD is pushing for. Not military junta president as rebels were pushing for.