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By Deng Kuol Ajith Jok, Saudi Arabia

President Salva Kiir Mayaardit and his former Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny

President Salva Kiir Mayaardit and his former Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny

April 25, 2015 (SSB)  —-   Dr Machar war was diligently fought without critical assessment and lack of vision as well as exile strategies, to why war was fought and what need to achieve. Our poor innocents Nuer were mislead unknowingly through deception that Nuer were killed in Juba in 15-16Dec2013 cooked without logically independent thinking to what caused their death, who are they that died, their names etc and no properly analysis and exploring of options available on how to achieve justice for those that they claimed to have died love.

The community of Nuer were total confusion and misled by Dr Riek using propaganda and deception styles in order to win sympathies and win heart and mind of desperate Nuer without with them realising that the war is about Riek Machar to negotiate himself back to his position as a vice or prime but no about a life loss in first place.

To every South Sudanese knowledge’s and minds Riek Machar killed more innocents Nuer this war than what he claimed to have died in Juba Dec2013. Traditional when you are going to carrying out revenge attacked, it would not be done in disadvantage of you not wins or losing more but it must precisely and carefully calculated in order for you achieve victory, however, Riek Machar poor strategies, lack of visions and poor planning put the whole community of Nuer at risk and make them to be known as an enemies of the state of South Sudan

To be realistic, no one on the side of rebels can give the precise account of many lives that were loss on Dec 2013 on particularly two days war of Riek Machar failed coup attempted in Juba, I failed to understand how come Riek Machar came up with 20,000 lives loss, who give proper account on that day. Consequently Nuer people were not wiser enough to asked questions of accuracy of information and reason behind they killing before they can decided to go to war with brothers Dinka.

They should have wait to ratify and able accurately aware and rely on rightful information if the war was they only alternatives to bring justice those died. To justify the course of war against their brotherly Dinka, Nuer would have needs an independent investigation that will verify how war occurred and many have loss lives and who are they according to their names.

Therefore, no question if vice president James Wani, became president of South Sudan, Dinka Bor would have still be victims of Riek Machar because what is in his mind is that the seat and road to presidency in South Sudan is with Dinka and it foot is in Bor, regardless of division created by this war to divided Bor between South and North, we remain defined as one community as greater Bor.

Despite unknowingly, the number of Nuer killed on that every day in Juba, Peter Gatdat Yaak went on killing his second in commander in cold blood Ajak Yen, someone who was not harmful him, war time hero of North and South war of liberation unlike to Peter Gatdat who used by the government of Khartoum against Southerners. After killing Ajak, went on attacking Bor unarmed civilians who were under his protection.

Peter Gatdat like his brother Riek, acted without reasoning that he was station in Bor town, a historical town as son and not an enemy of the Bor in general, living peacefully in beautiful land of wonderful and well great people, a land that produced leaders, sons and daughters give their lives for liberation struggle and many never return home after struggle, were cowardly massacres without mercy.

Peter Gatdat would have taken vital roles to changes his mind and heart, furthermore thinks positively not to harm innocents civilian, and see alternative way of holding responsibly whoever carrying a out tribal killing in Juba. Whatever, happened in Juba, no one known it from Bor and they should not be victims of Juba government war with his vice who wanted to take government by force.

Without realization, the war spread like a wild fire a cross three states that are highly inhabited by Nuer who went door to door hunting down from town to town and villages to villages as well as churches and hospital were Dinka seek refuged were not spared, they Dinka a cross the three states became victims of Dr Riek Machar propaganda war with slogan that Nuer were killed in Juba by Dinka, which was purely lies and lack evidences to suggest that they war in Juba was focused on Nuer as Dinka in Juba also loss innocents people in Juba war.

To me this is not an isolated ferocity to 1991 couped against Dr John Garang, which was also weight heavily on Dinka Bor after Riek Machar failed to reach to Dr John Garang in Torit. They victims were Bor people; they were massacre, displaced and having their lives destroyed, they Dinka suffered massively and carried large bondages but they remains focus for liberation struggle, this has repeat itself in 2013 Riek Machar still using the same propaganda style pitted Nuer against Dinka. Furthermore Riek Machar have developed habit of pitting Nuer against Dinka in order to achieved his political ambition which make him always failed and stemmed to seek help from Khartoum in 1991.

Therefore, criticism and slogan of target killing have again emerged as a tools use by our enemies of South Sudan government who wanted to used it as weapons to implicated and replaced President Kiir that he have killed unknown number of Nuer, it was another lies played by those countries who are hosting and arming rebels despites the atrocities they rebels have committed, ignore from those countries remains to played vital roles in our country.

To me, Nuer and Dinka are brothers they needs one another despite propaganda division created by Riek Machar to put them against it each other. The common enemy of these two communities should know is Riek Machar, no Dinka is interesting of killing Nuer that is why the still hosted them in Bor Duk ku Duk and President Kiir home state but brothers on the opposite side should asked themselves, if its true that they are seeking justice to those killed in why Juba, then why killing more, why are u creating and endanger ever life of young Nuer in the name of Juba killing in Juba. Why are you not honest and open to Nuer community that you are fighting the war that you will never win even if devils is on your side.

Brothers from Nuer who are fighting in frontline while knowing that Riek Machar is living happily and waiting to have his lion share in the beautiful hotel in Addis Abbas while they are offering their life for those claimed to have died while they are living and eating free meals in UNMISS camp in Juba.

Moreover, just reflected and thinks twice of what you will achieve in this war, to prove to you that Dinka are not your enemies, despite killing in Bor, today Bor community in Duk ku Duk are holding Nuer civilians who are venerable and killers of their people but one have to used logical judgement which you people from opposition are lacking.

As we seen it in they state of Warrap where president came from, they are hosting your relative, feeding and provides them with protection, so why are you continuing with useless war if you are unable to provides protection and feeding they people you claimed they are your people. Stop the war and let realise that you have fought wrong war of one-man seat.

Writer is South Sudan living in Australia and working in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. One of South Sudan lost boy who fought in the liberation struggles, it can be reached by By Deng Kuol Ajith Jok.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Biar D’Chol Biar, NY, USA

South Sudan's President Salva Kiir (C) acknowledges his supporters as he arrives to address a rally at John Garang's Mausoleum in the capital Juba March 18, 2015.

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir (C) acknowledges his supporters as he arrives to address a rally at John Garang’s Mausoleum in the capital Juba March 18, 2015.

April 25, 2015 (SSB)  —-  President Salva Kiir Mayaardit Kuethpiny Lual, it’s well over a year and some months, and our hearts are still conspicuously burning with umbrage against the Juba, Bortown, Malakal, and Bentiu atrocious of December 2013 & 2014! …

When the smoke of a gun barrels clearly shocked our nascent nation; citizens recklessly and mercilessly killed; bodies littered the streets in the cities; businesses and houses ransacked & demolished by the very citizens; everything was in disarray. Citizens displaced from their homes.

The dead bodies sprawlingly left everywhere; vultures and animals fed on them. The deceased bodies weren’t buried with dignity, because their loved ones were on the run for their own lives. This ruthless war was thought to end with in a week or a month, but it’s now interminable.

And even today, we’re still grieving with no glimpse of hope for peace, yet to heal our hearts! President Kiir, when can we have smiles back on our faces: One year from now, or another 22 years of civil war?

This government-rebel war, though some elements termed it as Dinka vs. Nuer, suddenly dawning on us. Nevertheless, the citizens still look up to you as the legitimately elected president to deliver peace to the suffering civilians.

As a national figure, however, we’ve criticized, denigrated, and inveighed you for the speck we see, but it doesn’t mean the entire nation disrespects or hates you. Of course, there’re people, in the past & now, who had, and continuously called you: a “despot & dumb” president. Ostensibly, they may’ve done so out of frustration on how the nation’s comprehensibly descending to hell.

But, that’s not the case! I genuinely believe, that you’re not a ‘despot’ leader, as it’s being said in the social media. I know many ample things you’ve done in the past as a magnanimous, charismatic & a caring leader. You’ve amnestied many rebels more than any leader in Sudan. No one doubts that!

However, we mostly disagree with you on how you handled the nation’s affairs. I know that the cause of the government-rebel war was the power struggled between you & Dr. Riek…that the lives, bloods and monies of the South Sudanese were and still being used to protect your seat, & Dr. Riek quest for power. But, is it right to use citizens lives for you & Dr. Riek quests of power?

President Kiir Mayardit, I’ve seen it last year, very clearly, that you can easily vanquish the rebels. No doubts about that. I know that you’ve Uganda people defense force (UPDF) as an ally, stationed in Juba & Bortown; well-equipped SPLA generals & elephantine forces of the SPLA, defending nation’s sovereignty.

You can slaughter the rebels by thousands if you choose to. The rebels maybe slaughtered in hundreds or, thousands, and pursued to their territory if you decided to take that cause. That is, you can conquer their areas as you’ve shown yesteryear, in Bentiu, Malakal, and Nasir…etc.

But, what good can you achieve as the leader of the nation, continuing with such unending war? I know that as a general, you’ve fought in both Anya I & II wars, and had immensely seen the consequences, and insidious effects of the war. Generally, we just emerged out of a twenty-two years civil war a few years ago.

And the memories of the war were remarkably still fresh in our minds. The nation was still lamenting & healing from the calamities of South-North’s civil war. Believe it or not, I thought the erroneous and odious war of south & north, ingeniously taught us, and will never go back to war. But those who thought so and I were deadly wrong.

In that war, two and half million lives were lost, & that enormous would never be recovered. President Kiir, looking at that many lives lost now and in the past, why, then, continuing with this useless war? Do we want 2.5 million lives lost again? If that’s the case, then, whom are you going to rule as a president for the next extended three years that you’ll be in power?

Strictly speaking, you’re the constitutional legitimate president of the nation; unanimously voted to the office with 93 percent votes. As a constitutional president, we don’t agree with anyone trying to remove you by military means. The nation believes that you came to the office through ballot box, and will be removed through ballot box.

The entire nation believes in the constitutionality of your presidency. Thusly, where’s that pride you walked cheerfully to the stage during the inauguration in 2010? Why’re you continuing to lead down the very citizens who voted you into the office, president Kiir?

Now, the peace’s way overdue! The nation expected peace as the top agenda this year. But it seems both of you deviated into a different path. The peace wasn’t inked on March 6, 2015. President Kiir, is your instinctive gut is calling more lives lost? I’m not exactly sure!

Mr. President, let me clearly reiterated that, the rebel leader: Dr. Riek Machar is not the president of South Sudan. You’ve to know that! And since he’s not the president, he wouldn’t be the person to have a final say in the peace process, though he’s commanding the rebels.

His goal as an individual is to be a president just like you are, as he expresses it earlier in 2013. We clearly had seen that! However, he has the right as a citizen, to express his willing to compete for the top notch. But there’s different between expressing and what citizens want.

Nevertheless, the citizens will determine his kismet. Since he’s not the president, we can’t rely on him to bring peace, as his intended goals aren’t visible to the citizens yet. Hence, the nation relies on you for peace to happen. Having said that, why not use the power invested in you by the people, to bring the smiles back to the faces of Sudanese; who’re now suffering due to this reckless war?

Your attention seemed to be divided between peace & war. If you know that you’re the legitimate president of the nation, then, what’s your intended goal for the suffering citizens? It seems that you’re only worried of your presidency than the peace the entire Nation’s yearning for. As a leader, what’s your next move since the peace collapsed?

Perhaps, the nation still owns the trust in you, as a constitutional president, I believe that peace could come today if it’s your top agenda. I understand that the demands by the rebels’ negotiators convoluted the process, making peace impossible. But what can we do as a nation? Continuing to watch the nation sinking?

You’ve to know that, the rebels don’t care about the innocents suffering at the UNMISS & refugees’ camps. They’re not in any way to give in what they asking for. They may continue to demand more for their own benefits. But, the time is running out for us president Kiir. The public wants more from you. Thus, it isn’t a bad idea to temporary seeks the solution for now to save lives.

Having read last month that the peace talks in Addis Ababa, had failed. This shows that both the government & rebels weren’t genuinely negotiating a peace deal. They negotiators on both sides are taking time; because they’re sleeping at impressive hotels; they get paid by the days. So, why would they bother to expedite the peace process when they benefitting from it?

Mr. president, you’re holding the nation hostage! Don’t tell us that you’re not the problem as you said it many times. Yes, you are the problem with your fraternized! You’ven’t articulated very clearly that, “peace is the top priority.” You seem to be hiding behind the doors, & your sycophants are speaking in the media on your behalf.

Mr. president, why’re you afraid to speak publicly for the nation to see you, to hear & feel you? You always immure yourself in Juba; heavily guarded, not visiting the states to have a first look on the civilians’ lives. In fact, leave alone the civilians! You’ve never even visited your soldiers in the front lines as we speak.

And that doesn’t look good on you as the national leader. The public would love an active leader, but not a taciturn & sedentary leader. You expect the public to support you & you don’t heed for their advises. President Kiir, gets yourself in the media & be a people president!

The war shouldn’t be the focal point, president Kiir Mayardit. Having peace in the country is the only way forward to get back on track. I sincerely think bringing peace to the nation would be away to improve lives and the economy. Nothing that will make the entire nation feels happy toward you than bring smiles in their faces with “peace.” If you’re afraid that if peace comes today, you’ll not win election.

That’s not true, Mr. President! Even if Dr. Riek returns today, and starts campaigning, I don’t think anyone would vote for him if that what you’re afraid of.

The nation still stands with you, and will continue to do so if you bring peace to them. We don’t want another insurgency as a result of failed peace talk. We want peace to be delivered to the citizens. Peace is the only what the nation wants, and nothing else. May peace returns to South Sudan.


© Copyright Biar D’Chol Biar.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Karin Zeitvogel, WASHINGTON, D.C.—

The U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan and South Sudan, Donald Booth, said in a major policy speech that South Sudan’s political leaders are responsible for nearly 11 months of conflict that has displaced 1.8 million people, claimed thousands of lives and pushed the young country to the edge of famine. 

“This conflict is the product of a failure of leadership, a collective failure by those who helped to deliver South Sudan its independence, not least among them, the dominant political party that controls the government, the SPLM,” he said in the speech delivered Thursday at the Atlantic Council’s Africa Center in Washington.

Booth said that instead of all South Sudanese uniting around a common cause — “building a peaceful and prosperous state” — after independence in 2011, the world’s newest nation became mired in a battle of political ambitions and a power struggle within the SPLM.

“The people of South Sudan are now paying the price, as the aspirational principles of justice, equality, diversity, human rights and decentralization that catalyzed the struggle (for independence from Sudan) lie abandoned,” Booth said.

‘Shame on us’

Around a month into the conflict in South Sudan, Booth said a “prominent” government party official told him, “Shame on us, shame on us. We failed to learn the lessons of those African liberation movements that have gone before us.” He did not name the official.

Booth said the main task the country faces is  ending the fighting that has driven the country to the edge of ruin. The only way to bring llasting peace to South Sudan, Booth said, is through an inclusive peace process, not just a deal between political elites.

“A concentration on the interests of elites was a prime ingredient in the making of this conflict,” Booth said. “Yet another elite accommodation among the very actors responsible for the fracturing of South Sudanese society will not and cannot deliver a sustainable peace.

​”There has been, throughout the crisis, too great an emphasis on who can and should lead the country going forward, an unfortunate but familiar characteristic of South Sudan’s highly personalized politics,” he said.

Negotiators at peace talks in Ethiopia have focussed too much on who should head a transitional government, and too little on what the country’s leaders need to do to bring peace and development to the young nation, he said.

“The focus cannot only be on who occupies the presidential palace but on what needs to be done to put South Sudan on a path to peace and prosperity,” he said.

Man-made crisis

Booth called the crisis in South Sudan “man-made.” Millions of people face severe food insecurity, and, in spite of the international community stepping up with aid — the United States alone has pledged three-quarters of a billion dollars for South Sudan, Booth said — enough help is not getting through to people who need it.

“The warring parties bear full responsibility for this crisis and the suffering of the South Sudanese,” the U.S. Special Envoy said.

He also slammed the government and opposition for failing to fully commit to the peace process, led since January by regional bloc, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).

Both sides have “attempted to walk back” on commitments made when they signed a cessation of hostilities agreement in January, Booth said, accusing the government and opposition of weakening the peace process, narrowing its scope and “excluding others from the negotiating table, all the while continuing a senseless fight on the battlefield.”

“We cannot stand idly by as the warring parties neglect the suffering of their own people,” he said, adding that the United States is mulling imposing tageted sanctions on more individuals who it says are fueling the crisis in South Sudan.

The United States and the European Union between them have already levied sanctions, including asset freezes and visa bans, on several South Sudanese officials who they say have been fueling the crisis.

Booth said the time might be right for the “broader international community to … authorize targeted United Nations Security Council sanctions” on South Sudanese individuals. This would send a “unified signal that this senseless war is unnacceptable and that those responsible for its continuation will pay a price.”

U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power said early this month that the world body could impose sanctions on individuals on both sides of the South Sudan conflict, if the IGAD-led peace talks do not make substantial progress soon.

By David Aoloch Bion


April 25, 2015 (SSB)  —   Food for thought:  ‘’There is NO Rebel movement that defeats a legitimate Government unless there is a weak leadership’’.

In 1991 , Riek Machar staged theoretical coup against Dr John Garang  at  Nasir in Upper Nile  while John Garang was at  Torit in Eastern Equatoria . In his hallucination, he sent his forces to go and arrested John Garang .

On their way to Torit , they started killing any living things from Duk , Twic , Bor. Within weeks of Riek forces marching to Torit , thousands of civilians were killed- a bloodbath.

After bloodbath in Duk , Twic , Bor and Mangalla  , John Garang  understood  that Riek is rabid dog  and his murderous acts  would not be underestimate under any normal circumstances ,

Thus , John Garang resolutely decided to deal with Riek  militarily  . Dr John Garang authorized military action against  Riek , so SPLA Mainstream attacked Riek forces at Magalla , they defeated Riek forces , SPLA  Mainstream swept Riek  forces through Bor , Twic and Duk until they returned to  Nasir .

The war between SPLA Mainstream and Riek Stream continued for 4 years from 1991 to 1994 until Riek accepted defeat and he ran to Khartoum .

After defeat, Dr Riek Machar realized the legitimate demand and rights of all South Sudanese so he called Dr John Garang to make peace him . Dr John Garang said , he had no problem with him . He told Riek to reconcile first with those who he killed . The people who Riek killed were Dinka and Nuer , so Riek organized Nuer and Dinka to  reconcile  and  indeed they  made peace at Wunlit Conference  At Wunlit Conference , it was community to community peace process , there were no observers and there were no protocols .

After  Wunlit Conference ,  Riek reported himself  to John Garang ,  he apologized to Garang  ,then  Garang reinstated him into the SPLM/A in 2002 .

Back to my original question to President Kiir .  How did John Garang defeat Dr Riek Machar ?

Garang defeated by virulent force

It is up to President Kiir to revisit history, to find out what theories, methods and practical  did John Garang use to defeat Dr Riek ? , what virulent force needed to crush the rabid dog Riek Machar .

It is up to President Kiir to stop endless negotiation and first weaken Riek militarily as it is said; there is rebel that can defeat legitimate leader unless the leader is weak. Look,  fighting has been taking place in Damascus for  6 months but because Assad is strong, he defeated the rebels. Look in neighbouring Sudan . what is the fate of Darfur rebels now ?

It is up to president Kiir to” give war a chance for at least 5 years”  and rabid dog Riek  will accept peace. Riek does not know the legitimate rights of others, he claims to be the only person who have a legitimate right.

Even if peace is signed now ,  you will see  fighting again in Juba , the day Riek will arrive there .

South Sudanese peace must come like in Wunlit way   . SPLM/A IO peace with Government do not need mediators, because in Wunlit , there were no mediators , it does not observers because in Wunlit , there were no observers .. It does not need protocols, there were no protocols .

it must be people to people peace .

President Kiir must revisit  how John Garang dealt with Riek . Period .

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Biar D’Chol Biar, USA

South Sudan Rebels: Nuer White Army Fighters

South Sudan Rebels: Nuer White Army Fighters

April 24, 2015 (SSB)  —-   In olden days, Southerners, mostly the Dinka and Nuer were well-known warriors; using bludgeon to bash their heads, cracked and fractured their skulls during the fight; shells & spears were only weapons used to fight one another at villages and cattle camps. The fighting would either be Dinka vs. Dinka, Nuer vs. Nuer or Nuer vs. Dinka. They’re Nilotic people, livings along the Nile River, and their fighting never ceased! Theirs’ feuding has been going on for centuries and even today at twenty-first century is continuing.

The Dinka, however, called themselves: Muɔnyjäŋ, and the Nuer: Nääth. And the meaning of these names sometimes sounds crazy, when one thinks of them. Each of this tribe thinks one’s better than the other. But, there are other sixty-two tribes that they lived, and shared country with, but looked invisible to them.

And now, with newly proliferated acquired modern weaponries such as AK-47s, hand grenades & rocket propel grenade (RPG), in which one could kill someone in matter of milliseconds, it hard to think of what future will bring among these tribes with their backwardness thinking. These tribes think of war as the only mean to settle disputes, rather than dialogue. The world’s robustly changing at speedy path, but Dinka and Nuer are not.

Their disputes always resulted in bloodsheds. Many people among these tribes had been to school and are holding Bachelors, Masters and PhDs; they had learnt of human values, but nothing has change their way of thinking. They’ve degrees, but their degrees are of no used or whatsoever. The only thing that might have changed is the dressing code. I could be wronged with the dressing code; but believe it or not, no one wears animal skins anymore.

And now, with the current war going on in the country, every now and then, it’s about attacks and counterattacks; capture and recaptured. They cycle has been going on for nearly sixteen months now. But, who’s fighting whom? They said it’s the government fighting the rebels. But, the majority fighting in the government side is Dinka, and on the rebel side is Nuer. So, when one hears of killings that took place, who do you think of being killed? The same Dinka and Nuer men who lost lives!

Generally, there’s no single day one logs onto a face book, Talk of Juba, Sudantribune and many other websites, and haven’t read reports of killings that happened in the country. It’s either a Dinka man or, a Nuer man that lost a live. And these killings are all about who should control the country leadership and resources, mainly, the government center in Juba. And the killings happening today have nothing to do with hatreds toward Dinka or Nuer. It’s purely megalomania and avarice of the top-notch jobs. Nevertheless, the citizens are supporting these narcissistic leaders.

These egocentric leaders are bragging of their sickened “democracy and federalism.” This leaves one to wonder, what kind of democracy that killed, intermediate, tortured, jailed opponents, practicing rampant corruption and cronyism? Realistically, there are many countries in the world, practicing “democracy,” but no one kills civilians for the sake of “democracy.” This kind of behavior is purely bedeviled!

We do have a bountiful country size of France or Afghanistan, with rich minerals, huge oils reserved under the ground which other countries don’t have, abundant lands with rainfalls for agriculture, unique animals that can attract tourism, Nile River whereby fisher could be enormous support to the economy of the country. But still, we’re fighting over the bone: the leadership only in Juba. These leaders had ignored the aforementioned to propel our nascent nation forwards instead, they’re locked-down in leadership style. But does presidency position matter then the lives being lost everyday? I don’t really know!

More interestingly, this brought me to think of the saying I heard while at Kakuma refugees’ camp in the late 90s, where one elder said, “How could Sudan be a peace nation when those who’re now in power were the “offenders” or misbehaved kids at their homes, sent away by their parents, but found ways to educate themselves, and the parents left the well-intended kids at home; tending parents’ cattle. These people don’t have hearts of humanity; nothing changed them from when they were kids; not the school nor the life they’ve been through.

Don’t expect anything to change even if we’ve our own country. They’ll rob, manipulate in their wills to be in power.”  Well, is it true these leaders were sent to school because they misbehaved at home? I doubt that, because there are many fine educators in the South Sudan government; thinking about the nation day and night, and have no chance or whatsoever to save the nation. But only few individuals that ruined the country for their own benefits.

But the situation leave me to think of this saying, and question myself, do our leaders really have sense of humanity? If so, then, when are they going to think of our people; to stop the killings and find ways for us to live in peace and harmony? This killing is taking lives of citizens everyday, and no one averts this endless situation. This reckless killing left so many scares and wounds in our hearts. But more annoying is, we’ve our nation, and are the only one tearing it apart. We have no one to blame as the scapegoat.

We used to blame the Arabs; that they marginalized, and oppressed our people. But, now, who’s marginalizing and oppressing whom? It’s we oppressing and marginalizing one another! So, what’s the real solution to this mess? I don’t really know, but it’s up to these leaders to figure out way forward.

I wish and hope these leaders find some ways in ending this reckless killings peacefully. If they don’t, then, there’s no future for us, and our kids if this killing continues. I’m yearning for peace to return so does many others as well. I wish our leaders put aside their differences, and save the nation from collapsing.

A nation and civilians are the backbone and foundation of any country. Let’s stop killing one another, and find ways to live together as brothers and sisters. SAY NO TO TRIBALISM! ONE NATION, ONE PEOPLE! SOUTH SUDAN IS MY TRIBE AND YOUR TRIBE!

© Copyright, Biar D’Chol Biar

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By John Sunday Martin
The 21 federal states proposed by Riek Machar

The 21 federal states proposed by Riek Machar

“We prefer federalism in the interest of National Unity; but if we will not have National Unity through federalism, then let us be as we are, to preserve our coexistence as Multi-Tribe Republic”

April 24, 2015 (SSB)  —-   The secession of the South from the Republic of Sudan (North); it never addresses the issue of nepotism, discrimination and marginalization – that the Southerners have encountered- under the extremist, Arab-Islamists in the North for the past centuries. On contrary, the secession deteriorated the issue of nepotism, discriminations, and marginalization in the South. whereas the SPLM\A government and regime is dominated by almost only two ethic groups – who held the real power and authority while other ethnic groups are effectively marginalized, and deprived of the full exercise of their political rights, that is right to freely participate fully in the affairs of their governance.

Marginalization in the South under the SPLM Administration has manifested itself in the tribal tensions, discriminations on the bases of ethnocentric, as well as nepotism across the entire States – which, has native effects on the national Unity of South Sudan, social and human development, as well socio- economic recovery. In dispute, SPLM have no clear plans to re-address all these challenges; and the SPLM\A leadership acted in the inspiration and encouragement of tribalism by considering other ethnic groups as second-class citizens. Of which, this very acts are the major reasons the people of South fought against, for the last few decades of north – south civil war.

The act of domination, discrimination, and nepotism is creating South Sudan to be ungovernable (Failed state), more so, the current system of decentralization is not fully, in fact, it remains dysfunctional, as per the power vested in the person of president; to dissolve the state and fire the popularly elected governor. Supplementary, the system never fully empowered or mandated the states with vested power to govern itself free, though our states have full structures of government such as Executive, Judiciary and legislative and this turned to be in actual sense the same game the Islamic regime in Khartoum played when it awarded the south with autonomy after Anyanya War.



Therefore, in understanding of the major sources of the conflicts in the Country, we are somehow complied to believe that the solution to the problem to our south Sudanese problems was, and will never be “Secession,” as this is evidenced by the ongoing conflicts, and socio-political turmoil and failure to govern the Country. Therefore, some are now again taken on believe that, solution to our problems lays in genuine Federal system.

However, if secession that we went for could not find solution to our problems but brought more problems for our national coexistence and unity, how possible are we that, federalism can bring solutions to our problems? Federalism and ethnocentrism cannot get married and in situation of federalism where there is tribalism like in south Sudan, then divorce must be expected. We cannot risk the future of our nation’s unity with the spirit of federalism; unless in situation first solutions are found to our pressing problems that is ethnocentrisms.

We cannot plant federalism where spirit of ethnocentrism is existing in our hearts because that can turn federalism in view, into formal split which will start with rejection of those we views as trouble in our midst; and that will be the foundation of the disintegration of South Sudan into factional republics that will be too far from recognition by international Community; and lend us back to another era of inexistence. There are already some indicators that we don’t want other ethnicities in our midst and therefore we want them to leave us alone; to date, in some part of south Sudan, we will prefer to lease our land to foreigners, but not to certain ethnic groups, and what could be the possible reason? Logical because we consider them land crabbers, troublemakers and they are not welcomed in our midst. Thus we need federalism and therefore, the motive is what matters in this regard of the need for federalism.

Federalism is never bad in our situation as a nation, but the motives for the call for federalism are what we need to examined to save the national unity and coexistences.

Federal is good because it is the system where the Government is decentralized, as the power and authority to govern is vested locally in the States – rather than the broad based central governance system. In this sense, federalism becomes the building block of the national political order on territorial bases – where a political structure of Government covering particular region within the Nation; and in democratization, federalism becomes key in recruitment of formal channel of equal representation, egalitarianism and the re-distribution of power and socio-economic development of every ethnicity. In addition, it is what eliminates marginalization of every indigenous group as well, believes, culture, and race.

Indeed, federalism if called for, in south Sudan with good motives it will employ sustainable Peace, Security, and socio-economic development of every ethnic group. It is also the most complete form of Government that south Sudanese can seeks to employ to accommodate all tribes, race and religious believes in governance, as it has separate government institutions for different parts of the territory of the Country. In the ideal of federalism, the power and authority of the Nation divided to the separate Regional based Authorities to govern themselves effectively within the framework of the Federal Republic that falls into two pillars:

a) The autonomy of the component parts (State) – that is to run their local governance affairs fully, without interference from the federal Republic and,

b)The deep spirit of the Unity and co-operation as well as mutual commitment of all people from different geo-political structures (State), as each state shall seek the measures of autonomy while the Federal Republic focus on national policies for the betterment of all.

In the situation of south Sudan we already have structure in place like states, these structures can only transformed democratically into federal states that are autonomous, with its own Government consisting of the Legislative, Judiciary and Executive; that is upheld by its own constitution that bonds each state to the Federal Republic, and its functions; as it is also in the case of the Federal Republic.

making sense of federalism in South Sudan?

making sense of federalism in South Sudan?

Indeed, In order to accommodate the ethnic, cultural, and religious diversities in South Sudan, and to ensure maximum participation of the people in the running of their government affairs, we have to commit ourselves to the establishment of a federal system of government, based on the geopolitical boundaries. The federalism is the fundamental and the inalienable right of the people from different geopolitical boundaries, “to the rights to the freedom to self-determination.” The ideal of the federalism system shall be based on the ‘bottom-up’ approach. As per the experience of the south Sudanese, calls for federalism has been there during the Juba conference, held in 1947.South Sudanese politicians also asked for federalism in 1955 in Torit and 1963 during a Khartoum meeting”, and the call was as strive to resolving conflicts, problems of power and authority and the distribution of wealth, because this is the only way for the unity, stability, and sustainable development of the South Sudan as whole can be guaranteed but that was times tribalism has never taken deep roots in our heart as of now.

Our problems by then is with Arab-Islamist in the north but now, our problems are amongst our very selves and therefore, the question is whether federalism is suitable for our Peaceful coexistence as Nation, or it will bring this nation into disintegrated republic on ethnocentrism? The question can only be answered correctly on the bases of the reason why we need federalism and in this regards, the motive behind for the call for federalism in South Sudan. Federalism can be suitable in situation where we as nation have deep love for each other, and are in high spirit of coexistences and unity but not is situation as we are total enveloped with spirit of hatred, tribalism and disunity because these that we are wrapped with, will destroy our national unity and coexistence that can split our nation into tribal factions on regional aspect.

As matter of fact, those that are calling for federalism are in most cases those who are not only happy with the current system of Governance, but with some ethnicities. Therefore, if care not taken, federalism will fall into wronged purpose and it can be employed to reach designed end in view. That can definitely be to bring to an end the current system of governance under SPLM, but also to avoid some of those unwanted in our midst and give a try – to a bigger project of self-determination. South Sudan is too small in actual sense to be ruined on federal system if we have good national political leadership that puts the interests of the nation first, then their individual selfish, and tribal interests.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Philip Thon Aleu, Juba

The current state of RSS

The current state of RSS

April 24, 2015 (SSB)  —-   A week since the council of ministers approved a request by the office of the president to set aside millions of pounds to prepare for celebrations of fourth Independence Day (ID), there have been nagging over the same the period of time. There are even some stupid questions whether it is necessary to mark ID this year?

It all started when information minister Michael Makuei Lueth told reporters on April 17th, as usual after every meeting, that a total of 129 South Sudanese Pounds is approved for the ID nationwide. But he stressed that the amount requested for reconstruction of John Garang Mausoleum is pending further study to establish if it will be possible to do the reconstruction before July 9th. Much as there is no question that information minister mentioned 129 million, there is a need for clarification of how that money would be used.

So the office of president, through the press secretary attempted to do exactly that but seem to have flattered because Ateny Wek Ateny did not tell the public what information did not say; how is the money being divided to the states and what amount is going for what? Instead, he slashed the money to about 30 million pound. Alternatively, the information should have the courage to retract his statement. Or is Honorable Michael Makuei unable to call a press conference on this? Those are the questions worth asking and hopefully will be answered soon or later.

That aside, why would a nation debate how much she is required to prepare for ID? As a people, our memories are still fresh, and should be refreshed again, that no amount of money assisted us in achieving independence from the onset of the struggle in 1947, 1955 and 1983 to 2011. Millions of people died, millions orphaned. Millions amputated and millions others physiologically disturbed by the wars to achieve our independence.


If it means spending a billion to give us a platform to remind ourselves that July 9th means South Sudan, so be it. There are issues of rampant corruption here and there and that is the first thought in everyone’s mind when money is mentioned. But again, we cannot refuse to move forward because money will be stolen. How much is being siphoned without publicly on TV, radio stations or written on newspapers? Corruption should not hold the nation hostage.

Some opposition politicians and citizens said the money allocated for celebrations should have been given to assist starving citizens due to lack of food or used to provide medicines to the empty shelves in the clinics and health centers. I am sure there is money for those projects but it is being eaten silently. If you read 2014/2015 national budget, those sectors are catered for. So it is better for the opposition politicians and those concern citizens to be well acquainted with national budget and follow it implementation critically. Where there is a loophole, beat the loud drum and alert the public that this amount is available and a certain politician from the ruling SPLM party is sitting on it.

That would make sense and somebody would take those critics seriously. But just waiting for an announcement from the government, react spontaneously without giving a second thought would, in a layman’s language, mean opposing for the sake of opposition. It is important to note there are national interests, public interests and political interest. ID is a national interest. Any nationalist should put some “however” where it is due but suggesting marking July 9th is unnecessary is illogical.

It is time for politicians and us the citizens to try our very best to encourage our people to be more self-reliance and press the government to provide such environment in a constructive manner. We can even be more aggressive constructively provided that does not involved violence.

© Philip Thon Aleu, 2015.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.