Archive for the ‘Commentary’ Category

By Samuel Reech Mayen, Juba, South Sudan

Riek Machar Teny, the armed rebel leader

Riek Machar Teny, the armed rebel leader

April 27, 2015 (SSB)  —-   Dr. Riek Machar, one of the lucky South Sudanese with high academic qualifications from the United Kingdom (UK) and a former SPLA high commander climbed a shaking political ladder he created. Having gone to study in the Western world, prior to the SPLA mutiny of 1983, Dr. Riek came back in mid 80’s when the sound of the drum of revolution was at its peak.

As he arrived with the rare qualification, he went for military cadet and in a short while promoted to the rank of the high command, becoming the 8th in the SPLA military hierarchy. He served as Commander for the Wolf Division. With much of his time in the Western Upper Nile, Dr Riek served diligently.

However, in 1991, the failure of the promising army commander Dr. Riek Machar began. Dr Riek in coalition with other SPLA officers, NCOs, constables and conspiracy with Sudan Government decided to stage coup against the Chairman of the SPLM/A Dr. John Garang. This move saw the SPLA splitting with the majority of Cdr. Riek’s ethnic community of Nuer joining his movement.

Dr. Riek based his argument on the idea of separation of Southern Sudan from the Sudan against the idea of New Sudan. He claimed that the SPLM/A was being ran dictatorially by the leadership. He argued about Human rights abuses by the Movement that his new faction would correct.

The majority of the marginalized citizens of Southern Sudan thought that the newly formed faction of Dr. Riek was going to fight Khartoum government, the prime enemy of the South. Yet, in a short while, the rebellion that had its headquarters in Nasir, close to the Ethiopian border turned out to be aiming at annihilating the SPLM/A mainstream and the civil population that provided support to the Movement.

The forces that included civilians (Branded in the name of Jesh Mabor the popular white army) were armed with the support of Khartoum government. With these untrained, countless and indiscipline Jesh Mabor, the leadership of the rebel faction found a quick mean of destruction. The land of Bor was invaded furiously by the Jesh Mabor. The elderly people, women, the sick and children were killed in large numbers. In these areas of Hol, Nyarweng, Twic, Athoch and Gok that make up greater Bor, cattle which are the main source of life for the people were raided. Local buildings of byres and huts were burnt to ashes. The same kind of destruction took place in Bailiet and Khorfulus, the Dinka areas at the mid of Nuer communities.

Some elements amongst Dr. Riek forces also found it a cheap mean to acquire wives; girls and women of bearing ages were abducted. When dispute arose over who should own which beautiful woman or a girl, the final un-procedural judgment was to kill that lady who is the subject of conflict. The execution of the victims of beauty was implemented by shooting a lady at the head with a bullet to bring an end to the dispute amongst the comrades.

This period coincided with the time in which Major Jok Reng conscripted all the youths, middle aged and the young adults who could carry guns and took them to the military training in eastern equatorial region to prepare them for the offensive war of Juba. In the land of Bor, only children, women and the elderly lived in the villages at the time Dr. Riek forces attacked.

After clearing the villages, some survivors escaped to equatorial region on foot, others hided in the swampy small highlands along the River Nile (toch) and some crossed the Nile to Bhar el Ghazal. Dr. Riek settled in Panyagor in Twic and made it his second base that provides safe passage for Sudan Armed Forces (SAF). Needless to say, Dr. Riek at the time married a white lady, the foreign aid worker whom most civilians construed as the source of the confusion. Emma, Dr. Riek second wife after Angelina Teny stayed with him in frontline to keep Cdr. Riek Machar warm at the mid of directing unprecedented destruction in the area.

The SPLA-mainstream that was reduced by huge defection that almost brought it to its knees was thrown in Dilemma on whether to continue fighting with Khartoum government, the chief enemy or to counteract Dr. Riek forces, the agents of the Sudan government. The Movement was terribly weakened and frustrated by Dr. Riek and his allies’ defection.

As a result of defection and damage inflicted on the Movement by Dr. Riek’s forces, the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) re-took all the towns that the SPLA had liberated. These include Torit, Kapoeta, Magwi, Polataka and many other towns in Eastern Equatoria. In Central equatorial region, Morobo, bazi and Kaya were retaken by the (SAF). The whole of greater Upper Nile was being controlled by the government and Dr. Riek forces including Bor town. SPLA could not advance any more but only retreating. In summary, it was a small fraction of Southern Sudan that was still in the SPLA main-stream control.

In his camp, Dr Riek the politician whom many people expected change, ordered for the killing of Dinka officers and outspoken civilians on ethnic basis. Most of these people were first arrested, detained, pulled out of detention at night and killed. The continuous disappearance in the military custodies of Dinka officers and Civilians led to the defection of some of Dr. Riek’s allies who claimed the war had taken different dimension.

The other vulnerable groups in captivity of Dr. Riek forces were at the time being tortured, raped and exposed to many inhuman treatments. In one account narrated by an old woman who escaped from captivity, there was an incidence (or rather a practice), in which an abducted Dinka girl of about eleven-years was raped by a fully mature man. As the girl wept of pain, the rapist later shouted at a girl to stop crying or else he would shoot her. He warned the tender-aged girl that he had done her enough fovour for keeping her alive. The rapist added that he raped her not because he was sexually starved but a message to the Dinka female captives that the men in their community had no strength to protect them against external threat.

The other worst consequences that also came as result of the defection is that, in all the areas where Dinka and Nuer share common borders, hatred intensified, and the war broke out along those borders which had been in peace for the previous centuries. These wars melted into continuous cattle rustling even after Dr. Riek signed peace with the SPLA. These behaviors remained a permanent practice along the areas where Dinka and the Nuer share borders.

In the areas of the current Lakes state notably Rumbek East, Rumbek North, and Cueibet Counties which border Bentiu at the south, raiding that started as a result of the rebellion of Dr. Riek in 1991 did not stop. The same applied to the Counties of Warrap bordering Bentiu at the west; Gogrial East, Tonj North and Tonj East have never rested from frequent attack on the cattle camps and villages.

At the sides of Dr. Riek’s faction in the eastern Upper Nile, the war was dragged to the Gawaar, Lou, Lak and Jikany (Jikany door) lands that hosted Dr. Riek’s forces. These communities of Nuer were affected by the war since much of the 1991 White Army that fought for Dr. Riek came from them. The innocent civil population was displaced by the war and most of the Nuer in the areas fled to Ethiopia to seek refuge.

As a reward for the big blow Dr Riek had inflicted on the SPLA main-stream, the Government of Khartoum that had been supplying Dr. Riek forces with ammunitions integrated Riek’s forces into the government forces. Dr Riek and his huge forces were incorporated into the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) with the aim of wiping out the SPLA main-stream, a mission that they exerted all their efforts. As part of the rough agreement between Khartoum government and Dr. Riek, the position of High Executive Council of Southern Sudan was also given to Dr. Riek to maintain and silent him in the process of fighting his fellow Southern Sudanese.

Hon. Dr. Riek Machar returned back to the SPLM/A in 2002 as a result of peace mediated between him and the leader of the SPLM/A Dr. John Garang by the USA. On reaching agreement, Dr. Riek made two noticeable mistakes;

First, he left out all his forces still fighting the SPLA under the influence of Khartoum and came back alone. These forces later joined the SPLA in what is popularly known as Juba Declaration in 2006 with almost everyone a commissioned officer including pure civilians who joined the army for two main reasons, one, to receive salaries and two, for the furtherance of Dr. Riek ideology of must rule on whatever cost.

The second mistake Dr. Riek made was that, after signing peace with Dr. John Garang, he didn’t move to his previous controlled areas to inform the heavily armed civilians that supported him in different villages. Dr. Riek did not consult the civilians prior to signing peace with the Chairman of the SPLM/A. Throughout the interim period, these ignorant civilians still belief that the ethnic war between Dinka and the Nuer that Riek had declared was an endless exercise.

This was the main basis for continued cattle raiding and unjustified attacks between the Nuer and Dinka communities as seen in the cases of Duk and Warnyol in Jonglei State in which many innocent lives were lost.

The interim period was the most worrying time as many allegation plus the well-known Riek’s characters of his usual lust for supreme office could be in the expenses of CPA which provided the right for self-determination. People thought that he would seize power and turned to Khartoum government in case of failure. However, Dr. Riek at this very period controlled his weaknesses, and contributed positively for the accomplishment of the citizens expectations of secession.

Two years after the independence of South Sudan, when Dr. Riek was dropped from the second supreme office as a result of conspiracy against the president, no doubt anyone who knows him well knew what was loosely hanging over the nation. When the crisis erupted, before the news was confirm about the cause of the war, the prime suspect at every man’s lips was Hon. Riek Machar. Riek later confirmed this suspicion by coming out and declared the illegitimacy of president, a statement he said about Dr. John Garang over two decades ago.

Worst of all, Dr. Riek returned to the same areas of 1991, with the propaganda of huge numbers of Nuer killed and remobilized the innocent children whose fathers fought for him couple of decades ago. The innocent youths of Gawaar, Jikany, Lak and Lou Nuer were again groomed as fearless fighters and re-branded as Jesh Mabor (White army). Without any short training required for military service, the groups of children, young adults and youths who are potential heirs of the rich nation were armed and sent out by one of the most educated politicians to destroy and be destroyed.

As a result of the war caused by Hon. Dr. Riek’s second rebellion, many lives have been lost and continued to be lost; these includes civilians, in Juba war broke out at the mid of civilians and innocent lives were lost; in Bentiu masses of innocent civilians were shot indiscriminately in the mosque; in Bor, sick people were killed in the hospital and elderly people who could not run were also killed on their beds; mentally ill people who could not comprehend what was happening were shot mercilessly in the name of baseless retaliation; Many civilians drowned in the River Nile as the fled from Machar’s forces.

In Akobo, government officials, NGOs workers and Business people were attacked and sprayed with bullets in the UNMISS compound igniting act of the same nature in Bor; In Malakal, hundreds of children and women sunk with the boat as they fled the town. Physical Infrastructures have been destroyed in the three States of Greater Upper Nile. All these atrocities have been committed by the rebels in the full watch of Dr. Riek.

In the armed forces at both sides of the conflict, many youths who could serve this nation in one way or another have died in the frontline fighting one of the most senseless wars. Their bloods have been shed unreasonably; Ethnic hatred planted by the 1991 atrocities that was slowly healing has been re-ignited by the same person in the name of either ruling or killing people. The nation is now boiling with hatred, ethnics’ threats and envious political policies. Besides these, the image of South Sudan has been stained in the face of the world.

Dr. Riek Machar argued to have done all these in pursuit of principles of Democracy and human rights. Nevertheless, in the course of his struggle for power, he has done more than enough destruction that cannot allow him to rule this nation. The issue is not just Dr. Riek versus his political rivals but rather victims of his inexperienced politics against him. On the Basis of the devastation committed, Hon. Riek should independently evaluate whether his potential voters can install him into the supreme office of the nation.

Lastly, Nuer and the Dinka are amazingly reconcilable communities. This common trait should be exploited to bring permanent peace. South Sudan as a whole needs to appreciate the important of diversity and promote peaceful co-existent amongst her communities. With the experiences of wars, it’s time for the citizens to stop being used as climbing ladders by the politicians who at the end forget them.

Citizens need to understand the values of lives and property. Through the wars, nothing is achievable but deaths, destruction of property and cycles of ethnics’ hatred. Citizens need to distant themselves from these messes and unite as historical people of a free society with clear principles of building the new nation.

The author can be reached on: or 0955 079 266

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Ariik Atekdit


April 27, 2015 (SSB)  —-   One is quite astonishing to see that our people so much depend and solely believe in importing peace from Addis Ababa to South Sudan. Why can’t we make peace here at our desire? So that we will live in peaceful co-existence among ourselves and stop declaring new war fronts that would likely emerge as a result of that IGAD made peace accord. Or else stop the ongoing confrontation in Malakal.

I know the common citizens who are suffering in different angles of South Sudan won’t benefit from peace agreement that focuses on position restructures just being imposed by the IGAD-mediators onto the conflict rival parties in South Sudan.  And at times the actors of wars among our people are within the territory of South Sudan, the white army and SPLA with their commanders are all South Sudanese. Dr. Riek Machar and President Kiir are South Sudanese leaders.

If for instance, we don’t accept to bring peace to South Sudan using our own mechanism the IGAD will craft for us their junked type of peace accord; at the time we try to implement that agreement you will find that dozens of new generals will jump to the nearest bushes in their villages fighting against the implementation of that peace deal. Will that mean any peace to South Sudanese?

I thought it was only necessary to build up peace from within. Whereby everyone tells the truth, accepts the blame and announces innocence to those who deserve it with government taking the role of protecting all South Sudanese regardless of their ethnic lines or regionalism.

To what everybody knows peace cannot be transported from a foreign region as if it was material goods when in reality the hearts of those who are supposed to keep peace are full with hatred and anger to commit atrocities. South Sudanese need to make their peace initiative from churches, mosques and within our traditional, youth and political leaderships.

In the name of importing peace to S. Sudan from the Regional leaders you have just embarrassed our country and its citizens. Out of you whether in Juba, in the bush or among G10: Are there democrats to claim democratic ideology? Citizens have tried on you many times, since 2005 it is only you who have been ruling us.

Whether you are in the government, rebel groups or SPLMG10 it is better for all of you to create new personalities within yourselves.

Did you construct permanent offices or is it true that gov’t ministries are still in containers, prefabs and makeshifts in states or occupying schools? Ten years since 2005 are over! Is it true that S. Sudanese cannot rule themselves? Or still a young nation? Is the president young or are Riek and Pagan Amum young? Is the Nile River young or is it Sudd region which is young? Most of the time I can’t understand the evidences being argued about the 21 years of struggle with the intention of doing wrong and malpractices and people claim to be forgiven because they were part of the long war of struggle.

You fought for 21 years to establish a system in the name of New Sudan or a new Republic. Is this the one you have struggled for?  Over 2.5 million lives were lost for a cause. But those people are now forgotten and people are trying to create more orphans, widows and disabled.

Are you happy to see us dying every day in the name of revenge or protection of legitimacy? Can white army die for no cause just because they are sons of illiterate Nuer? Or do SPLA soldiers die because their parents have not known “the right to live of their beloved boys?”

So you have signed Arusha declaration to re-unite offices and leave us still mourning for beloved ones? Are you still calling for step-down as some of you aim to step-up and continue trade with our blood and call it peace talks?

Anyway it is not the first time that this area that has now become South Sudan begs for regional leaders to formulate for them how to live in harmony.  Our leaders continue to verbalize the need for peace but not making it happen because of the tribal hate-character in people’s hearts.

Now that the peace-talks in Addis Ababa have come to stalemate people are left speechless but our people continue to suffer. Nevertheless, both sides believe to be fighting for a senseless war. And for that reason they leaders whether in Juba, Nairobi based G10 or Pagak group have continued to bring us senseless peace every time.

Did you our G10, our rebel and our government show us your love for the nation apart from love for positions and our oil money? After winning the war and political understanding from Khartoum what was to be the next agenda for you? Struggle for power? Did you build roads, health centers or schools in our villages and in Juba? We just want peace now!

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

Marial Benjamin, minister for international affairs, with Aguer Panyang, SPLA spokesperson

Marial Benjamin, minister for international affairs, with Aguer Panyang, SPLA spokesperson

April 26, 2015 (SSB)  —-   We diplomats serving at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the Republic of South Sudan, have been following up with deep concern the rampant administrative and financial corruption in this Institution and its missions abroad.
After a careful evaluation of its consequences which could possibly hinder the progress of work in the Ministry, therefor we would like to put some facts before the eyes of the public and the country’s leadership, especially the ministry’s administration is not doing its best to tackle this misconduct as well as in the fight against corruption in the ministry.
For the sake of transparency and good governance, we pledge to scavenge administrative and financial corruption files in the ministry (Headquarters &missions) and then disclose the names of the entire gang!
First, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of South Sudan is the only institution in the country that exceeds its approved budget every year because of an unlimited recruitment and non-guided expenditures.
Second, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the only institution recruits her employees outside the functional structure approved by the Ministry of Labor and Public Service, so a number of staff has not been formally appointed, for instance they are not in the public service list.
Third, South Sudan Embassies abroad are totally different from their counterparts as the only one in the world embraces two ambassadors in one mission, where one of them to be a guest of honor for almost four years of his/her term or sometime is assigned as ‘’officer responsible for petty cash’’ which is a job that can be done by the most junior staff at the mission but not ambassador?!
Fourth, There is no transparency in the ministry and its missions abroad regarding the management of public funds and we have never heard one day that the ministry or mission has formed a committee for purchasing assets (cars, furniture and premises/residences), all work carried out either by the ambassadors or the Undersecretary, therefore we call upon the ministry to become a model of financial openness on all levels.
Fifth, running costs has been sent out monthly or quota by the Headquarters of the Ministry to the embassies, but it did not get any feedback from the missions on the face of expend for a large amount of money which is more than forty thousand dollars in the month per embassy. But it is said that the two ambassadors at the mission divided equally and a little of it left for fueling their cars, electricity bills and stationery approximately not more than two thousand dollars.
Sixth, the Ministry is ineffective due to an adequate recruitment policy, in addition it suffers from clannish and cronyism in which those who are on top positions either too old or inexperienced and they do not care about training and acquisition of modern technology, despite there are young visionaries carrier diplomats, experienced and sincere intention, but they are far and in the back row because the clannish usually works for the appointment of the Minister or the Undersecretary that can protect their interest.
In the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, there is clear disruptions recruitment; employment process has taken place secretly and outside the public service’s laws and regulations. In the ministry there are dozens of ambassadors and diplomats do not have university qualifications or appropriate previous working experience. It is almost certain that one who comes to the Ministry does not want any position except the Ambassadorial post and that is the crux of our problems in this institution.
For instance those who were good in lobbying or had channels of contact with the presidency had been upgraded to Ambassadorial position without taking into account his/her qualifications, therefore we call for open dialogue or deliberative conference to discuss the issues of the ministry.
Eventually, our activities directly involve; dig up the files of financial and administrative corruption in the ministry and its embassies abroad, highlights the entire gang and reveal hidden files through internet or local newspapers.
We call upon our colleagues to communicate with us on this email taking into consideration confidentiality (use aliases).
Please do not hesitate to provide us with the necessary information about abuses or misconduct at your end. Please joint us to correct and reform our beloved ministry, May God bless you all.

Diplomats for Reform in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation @Juba South Sudan

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Simon Yel Yel, Juba, South Sudan
President Bush with President Salva Kiir at the Oval Office, White House

President Bush with President Salva Kiir at the Oval Office, White House

April 26, 2015 (SSB)   —-   The third one was the most extortionate and dark one and definitely it is the “beginning of an end” of the US neo-imperial foreign policy on south Sudan because no fly zone and full bombardment on south Sudan will be the next executive order of Mr Obama.
 It was on Date: 31.3.2015, when the self-claimed leader of the free world Mr Barrack Hussein Obama issued an executive order 13664” I declared a national emergency to deal with the unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States constituted by the situation in and in relation to South Sudan, which has been marked by activities that threaten the peace, security, or stability of South Sudan and the surrounding region, including widespread violence and atrocities, human rights abuses, recruitment and use of child soldiers, attacks on peacekeepers, and obstruction of humanitarian operations” and went further again saying “The situation in and in relation to South Sudan continues to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States”.
 I wondered whether really south Sudan is posing an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States. I can’t what Obama wants really to tell the world. Many people will question the logic’s of Mr. Obama and Mr. Kerry’s reasoning. This executive order is a pure political hypochondria on south Sudan, no main nitty-gritty to issue such order. The United States is pitting its wits against the whole world that its national security and foreign policy is under threat by south Sudan, why our neighbours like Kenya, Uganda, CAR and others didn’t issue such order that south Sudan is threat to their national securities and foreign policies ?
It is totally buncombe and  a pure neo-imperialism in making. Well, economically or militarily it is grossly preposterous to imagine south Sudan could be a threat to the United States, let alone “an extraordinary” one. But the US is not scared of south Sudan. The only threat south Sudan poses to the United States is being a good example of how an independent country can be master of its own house, confident in leading its people, determine its own fate and knee or bow not to any country or leaders who claims to be the masters of the world and all-knowing. That is the only extraordinary threat that Barrack Obama is talking about.
Our government have demonstrated to the whole world that, no independent country be under servitude or thraldom of any other country in this world. We are not a young nation in mind, we know what is good for us and we can’t and shall allow any country to decide our destiny.
It is about month now since the US and its allies adopted the sanction regime on south Sudan. It is very important to look back and remember when the UN lost it impartiality and started to be driven by the US and decide countries to be sanctioned. In 1945 up to 1990, the UN Security Council only imposed mandatory sanctions twice, first on Rhodesia from 1966 to 1979, and then on South Africa from 1977 to 1994, these two sanctions were generally economic embargo, and the later largely an arms embargo. That was time of apartheid gov’t in South Africa and the UN was right to impose sanction though UK opposed it.
 Following the collapse of USSR in 1989, it was the time when the United States sanction and humanitarian–military intervention imperialism started to emerge tempestuously and what George A. Lopez described as the “Sanctions Decade.” The United States presided over the sanction on Sudan, Angola, Rwanda, Somalia, Haiti, Eritrea, Sierra Leona, Ethiopia, Yugoslavia by UN Security Council within about five years. The failure of sanctions as leverage tool in Iraq, Haiti, Libya and Yugoslavia was accompanied by full military interventions which destroyed millions of lives but install the United States’ GOOD BOYS.
The same sanction decades mixed with supporting the rebels to oust democratically elected gov’t or what the US termed to be “pro-democracy fighters”, coups and military interventions destroying people and nations started again in Libya in 2011 and continues in different shapes and forms; we have seen the United States’ sanctions on Syria, Russia, Venezuela and what the US called renewed sanctioned on Zimbabwe and now south Sudan’s sanction is due to be implemented in few days.
It is a laughable and asinine to say that the due sanction on south Sudan is a targeted sanctions that would bludgeon the government officials to sign peace. The language of smart or targeted sanctions does not meaningfully change the context and nature of sanctions. Rather the language sanitises the message around these sanctions, much as it is meant to help mobilise public opinion in support of the sanctions themselves.
According to the definition of sanction by the US and its Western allies, the sanctions are adopted to oblige compliance and to push for a particular world order. They are implemented to achieve political goals and, most of the time, they are always covered in the velvety magnanimousness of bringing warring parties to sign peace, like the telling palaver that says “the sanction on south Sudan will let the two warring parties sign peace”. 
This is totally a big joke. Why the UN didn’t sanction SPLA and Khartoum during the negotiations of the CPA which nearly took 5 years? Why the US didn’t sanction the Libya rebels when they rejected the peace brokered by the AU and say “The African Union initiative does not include the departure of Gaddafi and his sons from the Libyan political scene, therefore it is outdated.” says rebel leader Mustafa Abdel Jalil.
The US has never given and shall never any satisfactory explanation on sanction that it always force the UNSC to adopt. Will the US sanction the rebels if they reject the propose mondus vivendi by the IGAD? The answer is definitely NO. The US is after something, not bring the warring parties to sign peace.
In conclusion, it is next to impossible to convince anyone with a sane mind that the so-called targeted sanction will bring peace to south Sudan. If really sanction can bring peace, why south Sudan gov’t didn’t think of freezing assets of the rebels and G10 members? All the businesses of the rebels and G10 are still operating now and money goes to them like Beer Company of Rebeca Nyandeng, hotels, and banks of the rebels and G10. The gov’t believes that the peace in south Sudan can and will be brought only by negotiations not sanctions.
 I will conclude by saying “Let every nation know, we are independent nation, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any enemy to assure the survival of south Sudan as a nation and prosper as a people”.
The writer is a concerned citizen and be reached at or 0955246235

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By John Sunday Martin

“The Revolution is all about bringing positive changes, and that positive changes cannot be brought in a Nation by bad minded people;  therefore, the New Revolution will start with individual ideological changes of selfishness, to broader sense of Nationalism”

The fruition of the CPA

South Sudan in turmoil, youth are restless and agitated

April 25, 2015 (SSB)  —  We are in the era of new revolution which begins with personal attitude, and state of mind, that control our individual feelings and reasons toward our nation. The new revolution is to implant strong positive feelings and reasoning toward our nation; whereas, these very feelings, and reasoning will influence our actions – to do good things for our Nation – both as individuals, and as group. The era of liberation is over and therefore, we cannot talk of liberation struggles in south Sudanese because liberation carries certain ideologies – which are dangerous for National Unity and coexistence. The word “Liberation” in most cases, impacts certain negative doctrines of sectarianism in term of ethnical or religious as well political philosophies. Thus, even when the so called liberation is over, true unity and reconciliation remains always far from being achieved because of the negative legacy of doctrines of the word “liberation.”

Of course, if things don’t go well for some people in our community; rebellion will be perceived, which will give birth to revolution. If some of us are in struggle, and starts to complain about certainties; it means some things are not well and therefore, don’t rule the possibilities of rebellion. As matter of facts; some people have been complaining for long in our society, but we were not willing to listen to their grievance with intention of finding solutions to their problems – before that which called as their problems, turned to be our disasters. Yes, when things are not going well, people will be unhappy and when people are not happy, they will become rebels and strive for their happiness and that is the foundation of revolution in society as it is in the case of south Sudan to date. Therefore, do not blame revolts in our society, don’t claim rebels are bad, but try to find solution to the problems of rebels in meaningful manners because no rebellion without any serious reasons.

However as a nation, we cannot call any rebellion as liberation struggle because the struggle for liberation is over, we are now in era of revolution so as to give clear meaning that, the struggle is for meaningful change to enhance our happiness. To date, most south Sudanese are not happy at all with their state of governance under SPLM which has sparkled loud outcry from every society as we all are looking forward for redemption from the regime of the SPLM. These unhappiness amongst the people of south Sudan are angered by the problems of lack of development, and democratic principles in the Country; which has been the main reasons for every struggles; the decades of struggles between North and South, and now, between us, south Sudanese against the Regime of SPLM – which has put many innocent souls in nation to perish.

Lack of democratic principles; as well development in term of socio-services deliverance and the general socio-economic hardship we are facing can be rate as partial some of the problems because these are the contributing factors. However, the real problem of South Sudan is our individualistic ideologies that has manifestation on forms of political corruptions where power is misused by individuals or political organization (SPLM in this regard) for illegitimate private gain of the individual officials, or SPLM as organization; which undermines democratically principles; and to bring the failure to deliver social services and justices to the public.

These ideologies are our problems because it starts with spirit of tribalism, and lack of patriotism. Hence, to bring meaningful changes in the Country for enhancement of national unity and sustainable socio-economic development and democracy; that will rescue south Sudan from the foreseen factional ethnocentric system of governments on regional bases; there is a need for a New National Revolution that will have to target ideologies that are the real problems of our society. To target these wrong ideologies will start with targeting the:

1.Spirit of tribalism that can be defined as a free will of behavior, thinking and attitude which attracts one to his tribe’s determinations than to his social-group and Country. The spirit of tribalism normal corrupts our moral conscience and impacts an ideology in us which then limits our reasoning to only tribal values that produce behaviors, thinking and attitudes that are negatively toward other ethnicities within our societies – which in turn, affects spirit of unity and peaceful coexistence.

It is real hard for us south Sudanese to coexist anywhere among ourselves, without tensions being caused by behaviors, thinking and attitudes of certain kinds that are normal influenced by our ethnocentrism. Thus, tension amongst south Sudanese seem be spreading faster than before, though the rate of inter-tribal marriages as well inter-regional settlement has increased since south and north civil war – due to massive internal displaced.

While some people may attribute the increased in high inter-tribal as well National tensions in south Sudan to some kind of behaviors by certain group of people, but the truth is that, individual or group behavior is not the manufacturer of tribalism. On contrary, tribalism is the manufacturer of some kind of behaviors, attitudes and thinking that is odd to accommodate in some society.

It is becoming even clear that, south Sudanese seemed to be willingly to stay in peace and unity with other foreign nationals within south Sudan, than with themselves as south Sudanese because of tribalism. The problem of tribalism in South Sudan is because of past that we never tried to address it through true justice and reconciliation mechanism. In this regards of the past, tribalism can be taken as systematic making of the SPLM and this started during SPLM’s guerilla era – warfare against various regimes in Khartoum – that became only well known to most south Sudanese with the 1991 leadership crisis in the SPLM/A – that turns to be almost a struggle for tribal supremacy between Dinkas and Nuers.

The current spirit of tribalism in our society can be attributed to the legacy of SPLM/A to the south Sudanese because in first place, SPLM/A never involved in any pure national politics than political propaganda on racism, – sliding the struggle to be between Muslims and Christians, as well Arabs and black south Sudanese. SPLM/A misused the word liberation for the misunderstanding of its’ cadres and supporters – thus the word, “liberation” became widely posed amongst SPLA/M cadres and supporters as liberation from Arab-Islamists; which made unity and reconciliation very convolution even after endorsement of peace deal in 2005.

Due to the dangerous political propaganda by SPLM/A in the face of misuse of the word liberation, south Sudanese developed strong hatred towards the Arab-Islamist, and engineered the use of the Word such as “Moharais” which is referred to as “blood agent”. The word is used for those suspects to not share the ideologies of the SPLA/M by then. By then, if you are not in support of SPLM/A, and if you are considered Moharis without any just reasons – whether you work for Khartoum government, or neutralist, than you will be tortured if unlucky, summary executed. Special with the 1991 leadership struggle between Riek Machar and John Garang, the supporter of Riek Machar which consists mainly of his tribesmen, the Nuers are taken as “Moharaiseen” and this developed into deep tribal hatred between the Dinkas and Nuers and it soon spreaded to other tribes; which will take not only a time, but true national sacrifices to bring unity and reconciliation between the south Sudan’s 64 tribes.

SPLM/A’s infliction of deep hatred amongst her supporters against Arab-Islamist, and those against the principles of SPLM/A and leadership of John Garang; developed into tribalism, – after SPLM/A failed to impact ideology of revolution in the heart and mind of the people, which was the beginning of problems of South Sudan to date; under the regime of SPLM, and possible any other regime, in case if the ideology of revolution not transplanted in the mind and heart of south Sudanese completely. The politics of propaganda is what we are suffering from to date because it made SPLM to remain focused on the Central Government in Khartoum which is dominated by certain characteristics – while forgetting how to change the systems – which is the core of National Revolution that south demanded, for National integration, Peace and socio-economic development.

Therefore, when people talks of liberation than revolution, and regime change than revolution, the job of building good governance and rule of law which is the trademark of democracy remains untouchable – because democracy is functionalized by revolution. No democracy without revolution. Thus, SPLM since its’ guerilla establishment, until it accented into power, it never experienced spirit of revolution that the nation is longing for; which is the ideological changes of minds and attitudes of the power creep and domination over others, and corruptions of any kind that undermines both collective, and individual rights, and values.

The manifestations of lack of revolutionary ideology amongst the cadres of the SPLM/A, thus SPLM/A was not able to bring any changes in the Nation than to transform racial discrimination of the black afro-Sudanese by the Afro-Arab Islamists in the north into tribal discriminations in South Sudan; as well inheritance of authoritarian rules in the north, which is systematical lending South Sudan into fully sectarianism on ethnocentric.

Today, we have developed deep spirit of hatreds towards other ethnic groups, and attempted to categorical blame those tribes for every problems the nation is experiencing while regarding our-tribes to be better, and this act, is indeed the act of the spirit of tribal dominances, which is foundation of nepotism in Government sectors in term of employment where some tribes are found majority in Government while others are not. Because of tribalism, the real ideal of deployment on bases of individual merit is disappearing very fast and therefore, you can only get better position with the government if you are known by some influential individuals within the structure of the Government, and in this regard, tribal affiliation plays great roles too.

Because we are tribal, so we became morally corrupted and therefore, we no longer care whether one is competent for the position to deliver services of high standard as might be required of him by the Nation, as long the position bearer is from our tribes. Even if we do not benefit from him, but only to see that, that someone is from our tribe and all that we enjoy is the name my tribe, and nothing else, in term of services and development.

The issue of tribalism has taken deep root in the nation and therefore, almost every national political cause in South Sudan never takes heed on national interests, but sectarianism and as a result, many people have been innocently killed and tortured on bases of their tribal affiliation in south Sudan. The issues of taking politics on tribal line can be traced from start of the leadership crisis in 1991 between Riek Machar and John Garang, to the moment of Riek Machar and Salva Kirr and that becomes most unfortunate for Riek Machar’s poltical career because wherever Riek Machar seems to be taking lead for National political struggle, tribalism always blankets him and so the innocents Nuers and Dinkas suffers automatically.

The problem of associating politics with tribalism is very dangerous because whenever there is Political crisis, some tribes become soon victims – which always ember bad memories, and spirit of retribution, and this is hindering national unity and reconciliation in south Sudan – special between some ethnicities in our Nation. In despite of these experiences, we are not able to learn and we continue to allow ourselves to be used by individual power hungry politicians for their own individual goals while it is we the ordinary members of their tribes that are sufferings and dying while those very politicians and their families members are enjoying and scoring their political and economic goals. We are to some extent unable to understand so easily that tribalism is our greatest enemy which is putting this nation at the edge of destruction, and because most of us are moral corrupted by tribalism; therefore, we could not even know that, we are tribal in our attitudes and actions, and that tribalism is deep inside us because those of us who are decrying tribalism, are the same people who turns to practices tribalism in fight against tribalism. Thus tribalism is growing faster in south Sudan than ever before; and if solutions are not found quickly, then South Sudan as a Nation will soon never exist, but disintegrated factional ethnocentrism.

It is real painful to see the national socio-political leaders that are in better positions to eradicate tribalism, becoming instrument for spreading tribalism in their own communities and the nation at large – simple to reach their political and economical goal – not minding the danger of their doctrines on the national unity and coexistence for the next generation. As matter of principles, a national position is not a tribal position and therefore, a national leader is not the making of a tribe but that of a nation. So to use tribalism for clipping to power, or to sustain oneself in power like what those leaders are doing now in South Sudan, it is indeed dangerous political game because the tribe that made you into a national leader, will have some feelings of ownership of the Nation, and will attempt to consider other tribes to be inferior through your position. It also develops an ideology of tribal domination because the tribe that put you in power position will interfere in every aspect of your activities as they owned you and your office; thus you robotically become there for them and fulfillment of their interests. Therefore as it is part of your strive to sustain yourself in power, then you will start to became tribal too, and the danger of becoming tribal while holding public office are that, the other tribes becomes marginalized and it is start of national crisis.

We cannot us tribalism in fight against tribalism, because tribalism cannot be eradicated by tribalism as some politicians are practicing by mobilizing their tribe in fight against tribalism in south Sudan to date. The use of tribes in fight against tribalism only creates fertile grounds for wide spreading of tribalism. Therefore, we cannot talk of regime change without focusing of ideological changes of the people in our society because every problems that we encounters in our societies which are resulting in political corruptions and dictatorship, crimes and social injustices, are simple productions of ideologies of some individuals in our societies. Thus, the ideologies of the people in our societies must be the target of revolution if there are to be any meaningful socio-political as well socio-economic development in our nation.

Therefore, any meaningful new revolution will not ignore ideologies of the people – but target these ideologies that pose threats of any kind in our society – thus, the new revolution in our society will be the great revolutionary warfare the nation will experience because it will target the ideologies of individual south Sudanese where seeds of tribalism and lack of spirit of patriotism sprout. It will start by targeting those in power positions, and those having such ideologies in any society of south Sudanese which has become the manufacturer of evil policies, and attitudes that is affecting the national unity and development. The mission of the New Revolution is to target the demolitions of the current systems of the Governance in south Sudan, which is associated with considerable tensions on ethnocentrism and social-injustices that has resulted in the failure to deliver social services and development to the population; then will go on to focus on installations of functional systems that will address the national problems; – to make South Sudan a socialist republic without discriminations of any kind, so as to attain its’ sustainable peace and development; and this requires:-

a)Ban of tribal politics by discouraging use of tribalism for any political purpose where politicians are taking advantages of their vulnerable tribesmen, and politicizing every politics into tribal lines to gain tribal supports to achieve their own individual political goals which again result in political corruptions where nepotism are practices which systematical develops into domination of government and politics by other ethnicities.

As matter of facts when politics are done on tribal sectors in a multi-tribes nation like south Sudan, every tribe will have to take their positions to defend their values and interests which can, to some extent be a threat to the national unity, peace and development. We south Sudanese were afraid from power of domination by Arab-Islamist in north that caused us to fight for our rights, thus we are even now, as well in future, will still be afraid of being dominated by any ethnicity, and to loses our dignities, and values; because where there is tribal domination, there are cultural suppression of tribes; and in same manner, where politics is played on tribal line, democracy fades away faster as majority tribes becomes the dominance force, and threats to other ethnicities, hence problems will start to emerge in Nation on ethnocentrism.

b)Ban of urban settlements in large ethnical settings because this influences spirit of tribalism and hinders inter-cultural integration and coexistence – as locals may feel a systematic crabbing of their lands by that specific ethnicity through such settlements and this is actual the feelings of many south Sudanese –special the Equatorians to date toward other ethnicities who have settled in greater Equatoria in large ethnical settings. The fear is simple because land is the not only our heritage, but also rich resources, and to take the land away from people means to leave people without roots and natural possessions.

c)Encourage Inter-State Civil Servants Transfer Programs on fixed term bases to facilitate spirit of coexistence and cultural unification as the civil-servants will be agents of peace building and promotion of multi-cultural integrations in south Sudanese societies to enhance the national peace and unity in the Country through installation of the spirit of coexistence.

2.The Installation of the Spirit of Patriotism, in this regard, Spirit of Patriotism can be defined as will of civilized affection toward national causes, which embrace one devotional to his Country at all cost, and time. A nation is build by the patriots and it is made a better as well safe place for all law-abiding people by the spirit of patriotism. However, most South Sudanese – specifically the so called “cerebral” seem to be losing the spirit of patriotism nowadays – where they no longer treat South Sudan as Home but “working field” and the only attraction they have to south Sudan are “employment” and “financial” opportunity for their sustainability in their countries of residences abroad. The three major social indicators to show South Sudanese are losing spirit of patriotism it has to do with ideologies as they lost interests in the Country and these indicators are:-

a)The first indicator that south Sudanese are not having spirit of patriotism is because it is now becoming ideology of every financial able south Sudanese to have “a Home” abroad – special East African Countries like Uganda and Kenya. Those that cannot afford to sustain themselves in towns will prefer to voluntarily have their families to stay in the refugee camps in Uganda or Kenya as they remain in South Sudan to earn some cash to support their families in the camps.

It is because we no longer treat South Sudan as our home Country, therefore, we no longer even mind to build it and improve existing infrastructures, and provide services of high quality despising the Country’s riches to meet the demand of services by the citizenry.

It is real surprise but it is fact that, south Sudanese in their very own country, yet became as visitors as they prefer to stay in hotels and not even thinking of having a plot or rent a house in the Country. When I came in the Country, it was real surprise for me to see people who have been in South Sudan some years ahead of me and have stable business and employment in Juba; they have no home and stable properties in Juba, not even mentioning the Country. They stay in hotels and have their permanent rooms in these hotels, as they eat from restaurants while their immediately family members, spouse and children are abroad. When they say I am going home, it simple means they are travelling abroad to a country they call home while they are true south Sudanese. Even when their spouse comes on visitation to the Country, they also end up in hotels and most are not even thinking of bringing their families in south Sudan, rather they themselves are the one going for holidays in their countries of dual citizenship to join their families.

b)The second indicator that south Sudanese are losing spirit of patriotism is in the Country’s Health and education sector: The health sector has suffered the most brutal damages, since the era of Islamic regime in Khartoum, until the era of SPLM. The population of South Sudan is estimated to be around 11 million as of 2013, while there has been no increase in infrastructure development necessary to provide services to South Sudanese as the last batch of hospitals were built by (at least) the former occupying regimes in the North Sudan. Hospitals lack equipment, sufficient staffs, and recurrent expenditure to provide services effectively. As a result, there are no drugs; patients sleep on floors and medical staffs are demoralized and under paid. It is not therefore surprising as political leaders, senior public servants have lost confidence and interest in their own medical services, and instead, they prefer to be flown abroad with their families for medical treatment at taxpayers’ expense, while leaving the taxpayers themselves to die from treatable diseases.

The education sector has seen decline of standards Therefore, it is not a bombshell to many citizens to see SPLM elites and senior government officers dispatching their immediate children and family members to study in better institutions of learning outside the country on taxpayer’s money, while the financial able south Sudanese also does the same by sending off their children out of the Country for educational purpose – leaving the poor south Sudanese children to study in poor equipped schools, without proper systems in place. This shows clearly how the SPLM is a visionless regime, has no interests in human development of the citizenry, and have never treated all citizens the same in term of services. In fact, any good regime, will never serve the interests of its officials highly, than the interests of the nation and its ordinary citizen as in the case of the SPLM regime today.

There is no quality education in the Country, therefore, it is becoming dreams of every south Sudanese to send off their children to other countries for studying purpose and this is not for the high institution of learning but starting even from the preparatory schools such as kindergarten to primary schools till Universities. As a nation, we spend millions of United States dollars on sending off our children to foreign countries and if the amount we spent to send off children to foreign countries for studies can be used to improve and provide adequate educational facilities in the Country and only send off selective high institutions students to other foreign High Institutions of learning for academic exchange programs, this would have saved our economy and provided better opportunities for poor south Sudanese who are unable to send off their children abroad for studies.

c)Properties and Funds: the third indicator that south Sudanese are losing spirit of patriotism because instead of building and owning properties in South Sudan. We are fond of owning properties such as Houses abroad, including saving our money in foreign Banks than in South Sudan.

d)Dual Citizenship is the fourth indicator that south Sudanese are losing the spirit of patriotism because even if the person is a politician or government employees, they still maintain dual citizenship – those that have dual citizenship are the most so regarded “cerebrals” of South Sudan that the Nation looks upon for, as National asset to enhance the development of South Sudan.

Therefore, when we talk of the New Revolution, we are talking of desired changes that will first target the ideologies of every citizens because even if there are regime changes, or general change of leadership as well change of political system in the Country; if the people remains with the same ideologies, then revolution has not taken place because never will there be any meaningful changes in the nation to faster the spirit of the national identity as one people – which starts from individual ideological realm – to enhance sustainable eradication of ethnocentric South Sudan is facing.

Besides; any meaningful changes in the Country that will enhance sustainable peace and development starts from individual changes of ideologies toward his Country, to enhance their positive contributions for sustainable peace and development of the Country. People do not depend of their Government to develop their Nation, because it is not the Government that develops the Country, but patriotic citizens dose develop the Nation through positive contributions in socio-economic investments. The role of Government in the National development is to create socio-political and socio-economic as well provide socioeconomic infrastructures atmosphere for facilitation of development by citizens – in substantiate partnership with other foreign investors.

Therefore, the new revolution will target to eliminate the ideologies of tribalism that is first problem of south Sudan, and then it will inspire the installation of the spirit of patriotism in south Sudanese – which is very difficult tasks for of all, because it will in some case affect both individual and collective rights. However, if it can bring national coexistence and development, then it will have to be pursued – because there is no revolution without intrude on some people within any society – special those that are abstract to the revolutionary agenda and goals.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Deng Kuol Ajith Jok, Saudi Arabia

President Salva Kiir Mayaardit and his former Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny

President Salva Kiir Mayaardit and his former Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny

April 25, 2015 (SSB)  —-   Dr Machar war was diligently fought without critical assessment and lack of vision as well as exile strategies, to why war was fought and what need to achieve. Our poor innocents Nuer were mislead unknowingly through deception that Nuer were killed in Juba in 15-16Dec2013 cooked without logically independent thinking to what caused their death, who are they that died, their names etc and no properly analysis and exploring of options available on how to achieve justice for those that they claimed to have died love.

The community of Nuer were total confusion and misled by Dr Riek using propaganda and deception styles in order to win sympathies and win heart and mind of desperate Nuer without with them realising that the war is about Riek Machar to negotiate himself back to his position as a vice or prime but no about a life loss in first place.

To every South Sudanese knowledge’s and minds Riek Machar killed more innocents Nuer this war than what he claimed to have died in Juba Dec2013. Traditional when you are going to carrying out revenge attacked, it would not be done in disadvantage of you not wins or losing more but it must precisely and carefully calculated in order for you achieve victory, however, Riek Machar poor strategies, lack of visions and poor planning put the whole community of Nuer at risk and make them to be known as an enemies of the state of South Sudan

To be realistic, no one on the side of rebels can give the precise account of many lives that were loss on Dec 2013 on particularly two days war of Riek Machar failed coup attempted in Juba, I failed to understand how come Riek Machar came up with 20,000 lives loss, who give proper account on that day. Consequently Nuer people were not wiser enough to asked questions of accuracy of information and reason behind they killing before they can decided to go to war with brothers Dinka.

They should have wait to ratify and able accurately aware and rely on rightful information if the war was they only alternatives to bring justice those died. To justify the course of war against their brotherly Dinka, Nuer would have needs an independent investigation that will verify how war occurred and many have loss lives and who are they according to their names.

Therefore, no question if vice president James Wani, became president of South Sudan, Dinka Bor would have still be victims of Riek Machar because what is in his mind is that the seat and road to presidency in South Sudan is with Dinka and it foot is in Bor, regardless of division created by this war to divided Bor between South and North, we remain defined as one community as greater Bor.

Despite unknowingly, the number of Nuer killed on that every day in Juba, Peter Gatdat Yaak went on killing his second in commander in cold blood Ajak Yen, someone who was not harmful him, war time hero of North and South war of liberation unlike to Peter Gatdat who used by the government of Khartoum against Southerners. After killing Ajak, went on attacking Bor unarmed civilians who were under his protection.

Peter Gatdat like his brother Riek, acted without reasoning that he was station in Bor town, a historical town as son and not an enemy of the Bor in general, living peacefully in beautiful land of wonderful and well great people, a land that produced leaders, sons and daughters give their lives for liberation struggle and many never return home after struggle, were cowardly massacres without mercy.

Peter Gatdat would have taken vital roles to changes his mind and heart, furthermore thinks positively not to harm innocents civilian, and see alternative way of holding responsibly whoever carrying a out tribal killing in Juba. Whatever, happened in Juba, no one known it from Bor and they should not be victims of Juba government war with his vice who wanted to take government by force.

Without realization, the war spread like a wild fire a cross three states that are highly inhabited by Nuer who went door to door hunting down from town to town and villages to villages as well as churches and hospital were Dinka seek refuged were not spared, they Dinka a cross the three states became victims of Dr Riek Machar propaganda war with slogan that Nuer were killed in Juba by Dinka, which was purely lies and lack evidences to suggest that they war in Juba was focused on Nuer as Dinka in Juba also loss innocents people in Juba war.

To me this is not an isolated ferocity to 1991 couped against Dr John Garang, which was also weight heavily on Dinka Bor after Riek Machar failed to reach to Dr John Garang in Torit. They victims were Bor people; they were massacre, displaced and having their lives destroyed, they Dinka suffered massively and carried large bondages but they remains focus for liberation struggle, this has repeat itself in 2013 Riek Machar still using the same propaganda style pitted Nuer against Dinka. Furthermore Riek Machar have developed habit of pitting Nuer against Dinka in order to achieved his political ambition which make him always failed and stemmed to seek help from Khartoum in 1991.

Therefore, criticism and slogan of target killing have again emerged as a tools use by our enemies of South Sudan government who wanted to used it as weapons to implicated and replaced President Kiir that he have killed unknown number of Nuer, it was another lies played by those countries who are hosting and arming rebels despites the atrocities they rebels have committed, ignore from those countries remains to played vital roles in our country.

To me, Nuer and Dinka are brothers they needs one another despite propaganda division created by Riek Machar to put them against it each other. The common enemy of these two communities should know is Riek Machar, no Dinka is interesting of killing Nuer that is why the still hosted them in Bor Duk ku Duk and President Kiir home state but brothers on the opposite side should asked themselves, if its true that they are seeking justice to those killed in why Juba, then why killing more, why are u creating and endanger ever life of young Nuer in the name of Juba killing in Juba. Why are you not honest and open to Nuer community that you are fighting the war that you will never win even if devils is on your side.

Brothers from Nuer who are fighting in frontline while knowing that Riek Machar is living happily and waiting to have his lion share in the beautiful hotel in Addis Abbas while they are offering their life for those claimed to have died while they are living and eating free meals in UNMISS camp in Juba.

Moreover, just reflected and thinks twice of what you will achieve in this war, to prove to you that Dinka are not your enemies, despite killing in Bor, today Bor community in Duk ku Duk are holding Nuer civilians who are venerable and killers of their people but one have to used logical judgement which you people from opposition are lacking.

As we seen it in they state of Warrap where president came from, they are hosting your relative, feeding and provides them with protection, so why are you continuing with useless war if you are unable to provides protection and feeding they people you claimed they are your people. Stop the war and let realise that you have fought wrong war of one-man seat.

Writer is South Sudan living in Australia and working in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. One of South Sudan lost boy who fought in the liberation struggles, it can be reached by By Deng Kuol Ajith Jok.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Biar D’Chol Biar, NY, USA

South Sudan's President Salva Kiir (C) acknowledges his supporters as he arrives to address a rally at John Garang's Mausoleum in the capital Juba March 18, 2015.

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir (C) acknowledges his supporters as he arrives to address a rally at John Garang’s Mausoleum in the capital Juba March 18, 2015.

April 25, 2015 (SSB)  —-  President Salva Kiir Mayaardit Kuethpiny Lual, it’s well over a year and some months, and our hearts are still conspicuously burning with umbrage against the Juba, Bortown, Malakal, and Bentiu atrocious of December 2013 & 2014! …

When the smoke of a gun barrels clearly shocked our nascent nation; citizens recklessly and mercilessly killed; bodies littered the streets in the cities; businesses and houses ransacked & demolished by the very citizens; everything was in disarray. Citizens displaced from their homes.

The dead bodies sprawlingly left everywhere; vultures and animals fed on them. The deceased bodies weren’t buried with dignity, because their loved ones were on the run for their own lives. This ruthless war was thought to end with in a week or a month, but it’s now interminable.

And even today, we’re still grieving with no glimpse of hope for peace, yet to heal our hearts! President Kiir, when can we have smiles back on our faces: One year from now, or another 22 years of civil war?

This government-rebel war, though some elements termed it as Dinka vs. Nuer, suddenly dawning on us. Nevertheless, the citizens still look up to you as the legitimately elected president to deliver peace to the suffering civilians.

As a national figure, however, we’ve criticized, denigrated, and inveighed you for the speck we see, but it doesn’t mean the entire nation disrespects or hates you. Of course, there’re people, in the past & now, who had, and continuously called you: a “despot & dumb” president. Ostensibly, they may’ve done so out of frustration on how the nation’s comprehensibly descending to hell.

But, that’s not the case! I genuinely believe, that you’re not a ‘despot’ leader, as it’s being said in the social media. I know many ample things you’ve done in the past as a magnanimous, charismatic & a caring leader. You’ve amnestied many rebels more than any leader in Sudan. No one doubts that!

However, we mostly disagree with you on how you handled the nation’s affairs. I know that the cause of the government-rebel war was the power struggled between you & Dr. Riek…that the lives, bloods and monies of the South Sudanese were and still being used to protect your seat, & Dr. Riek quest for power. But, is it right to use citizens lives for you & Dr. Riek quests of power?

President Kiir Mayardit, I’ve seen it last year, very clearly, that you can easily vanquish the rebels. No doubts about that. I know that you’ve Uganda people defense force (UPDF) as an ally, stationed in Juba & Bortown; well-equipped SPLA generals & elephantine forces of the SPLA, defending nation’s sovereignty.

You can slaughter the rebels by thousands if you choose to. The rebels maybe slaughtered in hundreds or, thousands, and pursued to their territory if you decided to take that cause. That is, you can conquer their areas as you’ve shown yesteryear, in Bentiu, Malakal, and Nasir…etc.

But, what good can you achieve as the leader of the nation, continuing with such unending war? I know that as a general, you’ve fought in both Anya I & II wars, and had immensely seen the consequences, and insidious effects of the war. Generally, we just emerged out of a twenty-two years civil war a few years ago.

And the memories of the war were remarkably still fresh in our minds. The nation was still lamenting & healing from the calamities of South-North’s civil war. Believe it or not, I thought the erroneous and odious war of south & north, ingeniously taught us, and will never go back to war. But those who thought so and I were deadly wrong.

In that war, two and half million lives were lost, & that enormous would never be recovered. President Kiir, looking at that many lives lost now and in the past, why, then, continuing with this useless war? Do we want 2.5 million lives lost again? If that’s the case, then, whom are you going to rule as a president for the next extended three years that you’ll be in power?

Strictly speaking, you’re the constitutional legitimate president of the nation; unanimously voted to the office with 93 percent votes. As a constitutional president, we don’t agree with anyone trying to remove you by military means. The nation believes that you came to the office through ballot box, and will be removed through ballot box.

The entire nation believes in the constitutionality of your presidency. Thusly, where’s that pride you walked cheerfully to the stage during the inauguration in 2010? Why’re you continuing to lead down the very citizens who voted you into the office, president Kiir?

Now, the peace’s way overdue! The nation expected peace as the top agenda this year. But it seems both of you deviated into a different path. The peace wasn’t inked on March 6, 2015. President Kiir, is your instinctive gut is calling more lives lost? I’m not exactly sure!

Mr. President, let me clearly reiterated that, the rebel leader: Dr. Riek Machar is not the president of South Sudan. You’ve to know that! And since he’s not the president, he wouldn’t be the person to have a final say in the peace process, though he’s commanding the rebels.

His goal as an individual is to be a president just like you are, as he expresses it earlier in 2013. We clearly had seen that! However, he has the right as a citizen, to express his willing to compete for the top notch. But there’s different between expressing and what citizens want.

Nevertheless, the citizens will determine his kismet. Since he’s not the president, we can’t rely on him to bring peace, as his intended goals aren’t visible to the citizens yet. Hence, the nation relies on you for peace to happen. Having said that, why not use the power invested in you by the people, to bring the smiles back to the faces of Sudanese; who’re now suffering due to this reckless war?

Your attention seemed to be divided between peace & war. If you know that you’re the legitimate president of the nation, then, what’s your intended goal for the suffering citizens? It seems that you’re only worried of your presidency than the peace the entire Nation’s yearning for. As a leader, what’s your next move since the peace collapsed?

Perhaps, the nation still owns the trust in you, as a constitutional president, I believe that peace could come today if it’s your top agenda. I understand that the demands by the rebels’ negotiators convoluted the process, making peace impossible. But what can we do as a nation? Continuing to watch the nation sinking?

You’ve to know that, the rebels don’t care about the innocents suffering at the UNMISS & refugees’ camps. They’re not in any way to give in what they asking for. They may continue to demand more for their own benefits. But, the time is running out for us president Kiir. The public wants more from you. Thus, it isn’t a bad idea to temporary seeks the solution for now to save lives.

Having read last month that the peace talks in Addis Ababa, had failed. This shows that both the government & rebels weren’t genuinely negotiating a peace deal. They negotiators on both sides are taking time; because they’re sleeping at impressive hotels; they get paid by the days. So, why would they bother to expedite the peace process when they benefitting from it?

Mr. president, you’re holding the nation hostage! Don’t tell us that you’re not the problem as you said it many times. Yes, you are the problem with your fraternized! You’ven’t articulated very clearly that, “peace is the top priority.” You seem to be hiding behind the doors, & your sycophants are speaking in the media on your behalf.

Mr. president, why’re you afraid to speak publicly for the nation to see you, to hear & feel you? You always immure yourself in Juba; heavily guarded, not visiting the states to have a first look on the civilians’ lives. In fact, leave alone the civilians! You’ve never even visited your soldiers in the front lines as we speak.

And that doesn’t look good on you as the national leader. The public would love an active leader, but not a taciturn & sedentary leader. You expect the public to support you & you don’t heed for their advises. President Kiir, gets yourself in the media & be a people president!

The war shouldn’t be the focal point, president Kiir Mayardit. Having peace in the country is the only way forward to get back on track. I sincerely think bringing peace to the nation would be away to improve lives and the economy. Nothing that will make the entire nation feels happy toward you than bring smiles in their faces with “peace.” If you’re afraid that if peace comes today, you’ll not win election.

That’s not true, Mr. President! Even if Dr. Riek returns today, and starts campaigning, I don’t think anyone would vote for him if that what you’re afraid of.

The nation still stands with you, and will continue to do so if you bring peace to them. We don’t want another insurgency as a result of failed peace talk. We want peace to be delivered to the citizens. Peace is the only what the nation wants, and nothing else. May peace returns to South Sudan.


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