Archive for the ‘Commentary’ Category


By Reng’o Gyyw Reng’o, Addis Ababa

I wish to talk about Riek Machar’s hubris for power in South Sudan and how he wants to access the power. The “how” question, has been answered by the use of Nuer as the only mean for Riek to acquire power in South Sudan. The two have spoiled each other’s opportunities. The Nuer has spoiled opportunity for Riek and Riek’s failure every time spoils the image of the Nuer in the eyes of the South Sudanese.

Riek Machar attempts to seize power is ever diverted by the Nuer’s actions. First, in 1991 the coup against Dr. John Garang failed when the Nuer rose in support of their son Riek Machar, and in the process diverted their “revolutions” turned against the Dinka targets instead of the political leadership. This led to the Bor Massacre.

Again, Riek Machar challenged Salva Kiir’s leadership and when the Nuer soldiers in the presidential guards rose in support of Riek, it preempted the window of opportunity Riek had forged with a good number of non-Nuer politicians. The Non- Nuer colleagues of Riek would have canvassed nationwide support for him. This opportunity was again lost because the Nuer soldiers acted impulsively and diverted another opportunity for Riek Machar.

Peter Gatdet Yak and James Koang, two leaders who would act responsibly as national leaders, instead brought themselves down to the tribal level, created apprehensions in the minds of other tribes, when they declared their rebellions as revenges against the Nuer killings in Juba, of course which I think was true. The whole business became self-defence for other ethnicities. Riek’s opportunity was spoiled. Nuer defections from the army of South Sudan led to them being ostracized by the rest of communities. Riek lost support from the rest of communities. Hence he lost opportunity to access power.

Killings in Akobo, captured of Bor and killings, ethnic targets of non-Nuer in Bentiu at oil sites, Bentiu and Malakal towns made the Nuer’s revolutions senseless and ethnic in character. A leader with a national cause and moreover a community with a national cause would try its best to live above hatred and revenges, by even liberating and protecting those people who do not come from their own ethnic groups. Tit for tat, makes the national cause flees. Unless, the Nuer did not have the national cause as their agenda, their cause is trampled under revenges which is still ongoing.

While I condemn the target killings of Nuer in Juba and of recent in Bor, everything has become revenges against revenges. More target killings reported in Bentiu makes the whole thing visionless, directionless and unacceptable. The Nuer’s leaders and armed people are mobilizing other communities against them indirectly or directly. May I ask Riek Machar and the Nuer, was the real cause to avenge the Nuer killed by the Dinkas or national army or to liberate the country? I heard you talking about having ideological differences with Salva Kiir?

Don’t you think there is a big and clear gap between what you are pursuing and the actions of your ethnic soldiers. The Nuer, yes can conduct a revolutionary war on their own but not the way they have been doing it since 1991. You remember you were joined in 1991 by Dinkas such as Telar Riing Deng, Makeer Benjamin, Dhol Achuil, DengTiel Ayuel Kur, Dr. Achol Marial etc against John Garang, their own ethnic brother but when you and the Nuer launched the Bor Massacres, they redefected back to the Movement and rejoined John Garang. They said if the war was about the Nuer against the Dinka, then why should we be part of it?

Now, the eleven detainees were clearly your supporters against President Kiir. However, when your people overtook them in their support of you, they decided to keep aloof. They have refused to join you in the rebellions. And can I tell you and my people the Nuer, the eleven politicians refused not because your soldiers were and are Nuer but because of the nature of the destruction, killings and ethnic targetings in some places like Bor. Why killing in the church, mosques, mad people on the streets, hospital, the aged and children? Why?

I remember the words of an Old Gaawar man, Chuol who spoke during the Greater Upper Nile conference in Juba of recent, where he said, ” there is something unique with this blackman that makes him difference from the whiteman, the yellow man and the red man. This blackman easily forgives and easily forgets.” And Mzee Chuol added a question, ” what brought the Nuer to Bor?” To me, his message required soul-searching for a leader like you.

Like the 1991 group which had supported you, the recent groups were overtaken in support of you and not only that, they became secondary victims of your soldiers’ actions. Thus, they withdrew their support.

Unless, really your war is ethnic, which no one can help if it is, but if it is national in character and aims at rescuing all the South Sudanese, then the approach and methods are and have been wanting. You need not blame the South Sudanese for anything, you need to look inwards for mistakes. The Nuer have spoiled your opportunities. Advise them to stop killing their “enemies” for them to have wider support across the South Sudanese society.

And whenever you fail in your attempts, the Nuer as a community consequentially suffers because of those failures. The situation thus becomes a chicken and an egg issue between you Riek and the Nuer.

These are my observations. I am far away from both parties in the conflict.


By Juliana Bol

It was a bit disturbing to hear news of our citizens in the IDP camps (where they are seeking protection and shelter) celebrating the recapture of Bentiu -in light of what this recapture actually occasioned.

200 civilians [allegedly] killed in a mosque. Non-Nuer civilians and foreign nationals targeted and killed. Nuer men and women in a hospital killed for not being supportive or rather celebratory over the rebel forces ‘success’. Hate speech broadcast on a local radio station, calling for the rape of women.

https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/hundreds-feared-dead-bentiu-massacres

Were we celebrating that a group of us now have to run and seek protection and shelter? Disturbingly, were the victims of this war celebrating the victimization of others? Are we seeing the creation of a ‘permanent victimhood’ that denies the existence of an equally victimized ‘other’? Historically this kind of moral ambiguity has been a prelude to victims becoming perpetrators whose actions, regardless of scale – they themselves perceive as warranted and a form of self-defense. This is a disturbing development.

In addition, does this mean that we have no empathy for those who are currently hiding in the bush and are not concerned when even more of us join them? The 800,000+ South Sudanese men, women and children whom we know are not in United Nations Protection of Civilians (PoC) camps, but we do not know where they are.

Also, what does it say about the international community, when we only condemn the actions of one group of actors, in this case the youths in Bor, and fail to equally condemn the actions of the actors in Bentiu? The international media widely reported the Bor massacre; international actors correctly condemned the actions of the youth involved. However, there has been a lack of condemnation of the actors in Bentiu, there has been no widespread calls for an investigation, despite that the Bentiu massacre took place in the same week as the Bor massacre.

Do the people of Bentiu not deserve equal consideration and if this is so, we should sincerely ask ourselves why. Because this makes us appear to be only quick to condemn actions that seemingly hold the government culpable (in this case in their failure to protect the IDPs) but then we remain silent on the need to hold the rebel army equally culpable. If this is the case, then we must question not only our partiality but also our humanity.

Lastly, perhaps we should be even more apprehensive when we hear reports of community youths reacting to this crisis with violence. Thus far, the communities of the affected have not engaged either the rebels or the SPLA, and have instead remained on the sidelines. About two weeks ago, there were reports of the Shilluk community mobilizing to form a community defense force (granted, this claim has since been retracted) and now we hear of youths in Bor attacking a group of the defenseless that they associate with the rebellion. I wrote an earlier article about the need to engage with the communities of the affected, in order to avoid an escalation of this kind of reaction. This needs to happen, sooner rather than later. We also need to begin to engage with the Nuer community – these are their sons and daughters – these actions cannot be culturally acceptable even if this were blood feud or retaliation.

This has been a horrible week for South Sudan. I reiterate that time is running out for us, we are on a precipice. Let us do all that we can to ensure that we do not fall into the abyss.


By Dr. Bior Kwer Bior

When Gadet and his defecting army descended on Bor and maimed the unarmed civilians, this barbarism was invariably excused on the ground that the Nuers were avenging the death of their people who were allegedly slaughtered in Juba. Then the Lou Nuer white army came and killed the churchgoers, the patients on their hospital beds, and a score of other UNARMED civilians, and that too was excused on the ground of vengeance on the killings in Juba. The SPLM-7 didn’t raise a condemning voice, and nobody accused the Lou Nuer politicians in the government of instigating the violence. The 700+ Bor civilians killed will never get justice; their killing didn’t bother anybody’s conscience, not even in the highly conscientious UN circle.

When the unfortunate incident happened in Bor, which was largely provoked by the UNMISS’s lack of effective mechanisms to disperse a crowd, I see a change of attitudes. All of a sudden, the killing of UNARMED civilians constitutes war crime, and the SPLM-7 came out loudly looking for someone to hang. There are insinuations, especially from the DISGRUNTLED group, that the happening was somehow instigated by the Dinka Bor intellectuals in the government. This is presupposing, quite absurdly, that those people on the ground, the ones whose relatives were maimed by those rebels masquerading as IDPs in the UNMISS compound, aren’t pissed off about the fact that the killing of their relatives has virtually been swept under the rug of political expediency.

This war is messy, and I think nobody doubts this. More of these unfortunate incidents will continue to characterize our people’s troubled co-existence unless something drastic is done to speedily bring this war to an end. But if we’re going to be picky on the atrocities to condemn, we’ll keep missing the point, and justice will continue to elude us. We need to get our asses off this Orwellian world in which we believe, without a shred of qualm, that all unarmed civilians are important but some unarmed civilians are more important than others.

It would be more just if the people who are now bent out of shape by the Bor incident come out in pull force and condemn the killings which took place in Bor, Bentiu, and Malakal in which the Nuer armed youth attacked and butchered unarmed civilian from the other ethnic groups. These incidents ought to be collectively investigated so that justice is served equally.

If we don’t do this, then we are still sleeping and we will surely be jolted off this prolonged bout of sleep by the loudest bell of the unfortunate Rwandanization of our country.


At Least 27 People Have Been Killed In UNMISS camp In Bor

By Achiek Jok Riaak 

BOR – More than 27 people have been killed during a fighting which erupted at UNMISS camp in Bor following a peaceful demonstration carryout by youth members of Bor county on Thursday.

Critic Ngueny said that Bor county youth were demonstrating peacefully with ultimate that Members of Nuer sheltering at UNMISS camp should be evacuated after they have discussed the number of issues provoking situation in Bor town.

“The youth from Bor county were demonstrating peacefully on the position that white Army who had participated during the crisis in Bor must leave the UNMISS camp within 72 hours but unfortunately during their marching toward UN Compound to hand over their petition to the head of mission in Bor, the United Nation Peacekeeping Force begun to shoot at the protesters,” Said Critic Ngueny.

No any clear information from the UNMISS office in Bor to clarify the cause of the clash between the civilians and them at the camp.

According to Ngueny statement, the youth were all annoyed on the ground following two days celebration carryout by the White Army group refuge at UNMISS camp in Bor after Bentiu, the headquarters of Unity state retaken by rebel force two days ago.

The Internal Displaced Peoples who are given protections by UNMISS at their base celebrated the recaptured of Bentiu by anti-government forces.

A UN health worker, William Oyual told the media that at least 20 people were killed during the fighting but other source said that death casualties from Nuer side are more than 61 people apart from 7 youth who got killed during the clash.

Bior Kuer, who works at Bor civil hospital, said another two people died at the health facility from wounds suffered during the fighting.

Panchol said that 14 people from protesters have been wounded meanwhile the number of the wounded people from IDPs is still unclear as the number is fluctuating from more than 60 up to 100.

The secretary of Bor community, Abraham Mach has said that youth were protesting the petition regarding the case of the White army inside the UNMISS camp.

Mach said that they give some copies to the government organs and they were heading to UNMISS compound to handed over a copy to UNMISS authorities petitioning that the White Army inside the UNMISS camp should be evacuate meanwhile in the process the UNMISS and the Nuer inside the UNMISS start firing at them not knowing that they were coming to handed the petition to them at the camp.

“I had just received the letter this morning, and the letter was addressed that the youth demand the urgent evocation of White Army members inside the UNMISS camp, calming that they always celebrated the fallen of others town under the rebel loyal to Riek Machar,” Mach said.

He said that, the office of Bor community is against anything that is violent, “they youth informed as that their protest is a peaceful protest, so if it is peaceful, then how can you denying them. how can you deny youth or a citizen of Jonglei who is perching in the names of peace or who is sacking she or he think is right in the name of protest.”

Abraham Mach said that they are for peace, UNMISS is here to help the people of South Sudan particularly people of Jonglei and anybody in the state and that is why UNMISS is here, they are here to facilitate peace in the country, and not to respond to any violent.

The UN Mission in South Sudan their statement released on Thursday strongly condemns the deadly and unprovoked attack on its base in Bor and they (UNMISS) has called on South Sudan’s leadership to uphold its responsibilities to protect all South Sudanese civilians and maintain public order.

The UNMISS has calls on all national, state and local authorities and forces to protect all civilians, to ensure that the inviolability of United Nations premises is protected, and to take effective measures to prevent a recurrence of such attacks.

Almost 5,000 civilians are sheltering inside the fortified base of the UN mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) in the town, one of the most bitterly contested regions in the four-month-long conflict in the world’s newest nation.

Majok said the demonstrators had clashed with peacekeepers inside the base, but it was not immediately clear who had fired the shots.

Information Minister Michael Makuei said that a “huge number” of gunmen, seeking revenge for the rebel capture of the oil-town of Bentiu two days ago, overwhelmed government forces in a bid to slaughter the terrified and trapped civilians.


By Mama Junub

Oh my God! It is sickening. How some grown up and well educated adults struggle with self-insecurities. I never struggle to understand what services SBS DINKA and other South Sudanese News sites are giving back to the society. I found nothing but an amazing, commendable job in what they are doing. How do you feel when someone makes you a bed and invite you to have a rest on it? Do you hate that person for giving you free space to lie down and have a rest?

Come on people; let us be honest with ourselves. These guys are giving you and I a space to share our points of view, debate our own issues, express ourselves and our views through articles and letters and press releases. Again it is free of charge. We read and listen to this program and other news sites for new ideas. What is really the issue with people attacking individuals behind these great services? Something I completely do not understand.

So many direct attacks have been made publicly toward individuals working behind these services. Did you ever ask yourself what is it that you are really attacking them for? They are not the one who only expresses their views. The only prepare ground for people to come and communicate their views and opinions. If you think they are not doing well by allowing those you do not like to come and participate in the program or blog. Fair enough go and established your own program or blog to help you choose the people you want to share ideas with.

I do not want to go deep, but I think you are struggling with your own insecurities, if you hate what they are doing then do not turn that radio channel on or do not open the webpage. Easy brezy! There is no point of giving them negative feelings when we all know that they are doing a great job to our community and us. Why do we really care whether what SBS DINKA is doing is part of the role in its contract? Why do you want to know all that anyway? It’s a good service so enjoy it; if not, then do not be bothered and just stay away baby.

Remember no one ever promise us that views opinions are always the same. They are not. You come with yours and I come with mine. This will give us all a bigger picture to look at thing in hand in an inclusive manner. If I didn’t say what’s in your heart, that didn’t give you a right to hate. You are not against each other; it’s that you have different opinions on given topics.

Please let’s us all be courageous and appreciative of each other. Let your heart admits that they are doing these things for us. All in all I love my PaanLuel Wël and that’s all I care.

MAMAJUNUB@2014


By Deng Simon and PaanLuel Wel

———————

By Elijah Deng Simon

Instead of incriminating Emmanuel Jal, Jok Madut, Ajak Chiengkou or Deng Elijah, we should be incriminating the system. It is this system that instructs us to do what we are doing; sorting the truth from different perspectives.

It is the system that creates and exploits these perspectives to turns Mabior against Dau , Puljang against Koang, Olony against Ogat, Wanni against Lado, tribes against tribes and regions against regions because the system is reaping these [regionalism, tribalism, nepotism, corruption, and divide and rule] for its own gains; to reign for 100 or 1000s years as long as we remain in our narrowed comfort zones.

Your incriminations and selective praises nurture the crippled system while reaping your intelligence and respect. A bad system would reduce you to believe that Ajak is your hero and Jal is your enemy and vice versa, when there is no profound ground to prove that the two can’t work together for a collective interest instead of your interest! 

–Way forward —

Since the coup allegation has collapsed, divide and rule has failed, regionalism as well, and war won’t bring a sustainable solution. Instead of defending “status quo” we should defend the nation and to defend the nation the perpetrators must be held accountable. It is unreasonable to end a presidential term prematurely but it is highly irresponsible and illegitimate that over 4 millions people re in a food shortage, over 1 million displaced and over 10,000 (well above 30,000) people died. So there must be a trade off and the best trade off is to teach the upcoming leaders that they will be forced to step down prematurely should they imitate Salva Kiir and his crooks.

Our lives as citizens can’t be traded off for any other gain(s). The short term solution is for Kiir to step aside and the long term solution would be to elect a patriotic and visionary citizen to reconcile and rebuild the nation after this interim government. Dr. Riek has a constitutional right but does not have to lead South Sudan as a president, however, the country has to be transformed and reconciled for the next generations to enjoy freedom,justice and equality!

———————

By PaanLuel Wel (Response to Deng Simon)

Elijah Deng SimonI absolutely concur with you that “Instead of incriminating Emmanuel Jal, Jok Madut, Ajak Chiengkou or Deng Elijah, we should be incriminating the system” because, as you rightly pointed out, “It is the system that creates and exploits these perspectives to turns Mabior against Dau, Puljang against Koang, Olony against Ogat, Wanni against Lado, tribes against tribes and regions against regions…” But while you may take the system to be President Kiir and his henchmen who seem to know nothing about what is going on in the country, some people would go further and say that the system in question includes not just the President, but Dr. Riek Machar (who had been no. 2 in that very system for 9 years) as well as the 11+ political detainees who are currently presenting themselves as better alternatives to the bloodied hands of President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar.

Therefore, if indeed the system is the stumbling block to the realization of long lasting peace and political stability in South Sudan, and there is no reason whatsoever to doubt that postulation, it entails that the best way forward is not just to get rid of President Kiir, but rather the whole system which include, in addition to the President, Dr. Riek Machar and the 11+ political detainees. Bearing in mind that there was no coup in Juba and that the 11+ political detainees are already out of power, the next people to go from power are President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar. The logic is simple: neither President Kiir nor Dr. Riek has been able to decisively defeat the other notwithstanding over 4-month of continuous fighting. Therefore, to paraphrase your statement, the short term solution is for President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar to step aside from their respective power bases and the long term solution would be to elect a patriotic and visionary citizen (say Dr. Marial Benjamin or Wani Igga, for example) to reconcile and rebuild the nation after this interim government.

Whereas it is certainly true that President Kiir and Dr. Riek have constitutional rights to contest the ‘next election’, they should not necessarily be part of the interim government if fighting has to stop in South Sudan. Of course, such course of actions in which both President Kiir and Dr. Riek would be barred from being part of a transitional government is an anathema to their respective supporters, and few avenues abound, barring international military intervention, to bring about such course of event as they are the ones wielding Kalashnikov in the entire country. Of course, the government of President Kiir is wishing for a swift military victory over the rebels, akin to the decisive defeat of the Tamil Tiger rebels in Sri Lanka. On the other hand, the rebels under Dr. Riek Machar are entertaining the thought that they would ride into Juba like Paul Kagame in the 1990s while Presient Kiir is taken to the ICC for killing the Nuer in Juba.

Well, both are wishful thinking, for the government will never completely defeat the rebellion even if they were lucky enough to kill or capture Riek Machar, and neither will the Rebels realize their conjured up triumphant march to Juba for the best the rebel can achieve is a Somalization of South Sudan.

–Way forward —

But for us South Sudanese to have meaningful, serious and constructive dialogues, the best and only way forward other than an outright military victory as wished by the government and as dreamed up by the rebel is two-fold: (1) Going back to the status quo–an interim government with both President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, in their respective pre-July 23rd positions and seniority or (2) charting a new course–a transitional government without President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, back by international military forces. But of course, my pro-rebels friends Deng Simon and Jesus Deng Mading-chuai would prefer an interim government without President Kiir while my pro-government friends Simon Yel and Gordon Buay would want nothing more than the blood-dripping head of Dr. Riek Machar.

And thus, stalemate–political and military–set in and Addis Ababa talks are treated as a necessarily evil to be tolerated but never taken seriously. The government is wishing, and the rebels are dreaming, for a decisive military victory!! The conversation is yet to commence because there are no genuine conversationalists, only Kiirists and Machariists rule the air, the web and the field!!

Till then, the present carnage in Bentiu might soon get replicated in Bor and Malakal and over again as it has been the case. President Kiir is majestically unperturbed, Dr. Riek is boyishly excited and their supporters are marching, cheering on and wishing and dreaming while the DREAM “for the next generations to enjoy freedom, justice and equality!” is being stymied!

Junub Thudan in the hands of the same monkeys in different forest!


By Tearz Ayuen, Juba

addistalks

MISTER PRESIDENT,

You must please citizens, not tribal representatives. At this critical time, you should work harder to stop the nation from falling apart, completely, by preventing a coup d’état, the real one, from happening. In reality, almost every South Sudanese is a passive rebel.

Should anyone decide to dethrone you today, Juba denizens, irrespective of ethnicity, could give up their lives in the name of new leadership because you are hors de combat. You’ve lost both arms and legs in the war, war against underdevelopment, against national disunity. You just cannot develop South Sudan. You cannot unite us. You cannot solve SPLM problems because you’re the problem. You no longer have what it takes to drive South Sudan forward. You piss off everyone, including your admirers. People are so weary of the things you do and do not do.

As a result of December 15 incident, thousands are dead, about a million are homeless, either in UN protection sites or in neighboring countries as international beggars, foreign investors have pulled out and the list goes on and on.

However, there is a room for redemption. You can redeem yourself, Mr President.

You should work to win many people as possible. Actually, people do not need much from you. You should simply pay your employees regularly, build roads, electrify Juba and beyond and inculcate, in your security apparatus, respect for civilians, pay soldiers regularly and work towards winning common man’s admiration, not of bush comrades.

Mr President, even after the crisis which is also deeply rooted in your inability to provide basic services to the people, you still do not pay your employees on time, even those wounded in battlefields. Civil servants waiiit for salaries. It’s so hurtful for a civil servant to see his or her colleague live lavishly when his family is starving. How does one continue to stand by a leader who doesn’t give a kcuf about the welfare of his supporters’ children? By supporters, I’m referring to teachers, university lecturers, doctors and nurses and everyone else on the government payroll.

As a young person, I don’t need financial aid from you to establish myself, neither do I have to be recruited by the Labor Ministry in order to settle; I simply need electricity. Running a business in this country is so costly. It’s made difficult by unavailability of electricity. With government power, I could set up a small business for myself. For example, barber shop, music shop or even a small bar.

pende ngong

Mr President, South Sudanese need road networks so badly. Not only are roads for movements of people from point A to B and vice versa, but also for goods. Due to bad roads, truck owners ask for more from traders who in turn increase food prices. Who is at the receiving end? – Your voters. In Juba, nobody is maintaining the roads. The tarred ones have developed potholes, fishponds.

Look at the beautiful Juba-Nimule road, the pride of South Sudan. It has been damaged by trucks but the concerned ministry has never thought of repairing it. In Juba, Yei road (from the National Security building to checkpoint) is an eyesore. Bad roads not only cause road accidents but they also destroy vehicles slowly by slowly.

An army is a very important arm of any government. Soldiers are a useful group of citizens in every country. They defend their country against external aggression (e.g. 2012 Heglig mini-war), internal disturbance like the current crisis. If it wasn’t for the loyal soldiers, you could not have been in Juba right now. Besides, I believe many ethnic Nuer soldiers defected not because they really like Dr Riek but because they felt your government wasn’t looking after them properly, it doesn’t care about soldiers. It is sad to be approached and begged by a loyal SPLA soldier: “Ya weledna saidu ana. Ena makelta min awel-umbari. Adini shuoya gurush. Shala gene bes.”

The bottom line is: loyalty is a soap; it wears out. Pay your soldiers, always. They have families to cater for. If you treat them well, they will all detach themselves from tribal affiliations…..and they will have undivided allegiance to you.

Mr President, anger builds up in each citizen in the country, particularly Juba. All this is aroused by members of security’s uncouth behaviors. The movement they discover you don’t belong in the ‘kingdom’, they pester you with screwed up questions on suspicion that you might be a rebel. They should know by now that all the rebels left Juba long time ago. Every Juba resident, be he or she a Nuer, Chollo, Bor or Bari, is not a rebel.

By the way, why do national intelligence agents drive numberless vehicles? How intelligent is that? Why do they sleep in five star hotels, in rooms marked “national intelligence guy, don’t disturb”. How intelligent is that? Why do they brag that they are the security guys in bars, weddings venues, funerals etc, how intelligent is that?

Finally, it’s better, Mr President, to be disliked by a bunch of five hundred thankless, corrupt, backstabbing bush comrades than to be wished death upon by nine million people who need nothing from you but schools, roads, clean drinking water, health services, security, power.

Tearz ©2014

WHO OWNS SOUTH SUDAN?

Posted: April 10, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Featured Articles

By Deng Mach, Kampala

Bor Defence Force???

Bor Defence Force???

In my understanding the nation does not belong to individual(s) but for those who acquired it by birth, registration and naturalization. It is always my surprise to hear some of our colleagues claiming to be the owners of this nation. I think they should be mindful of foods on their tables and regard the nation as ours in general, so that all of us should have equal contributions, may it be opinions or otherwise.

If the government is to work effectively and progressively, we need to revise the policies of employment. The real and genuine document-holders are virtually stranded in the streets while the fake and forged document-holders enjoy the fruit of someone’s sweat instead. They went to school (genuine document-holders) in order to deliver services to the people of this nation.

Is there a room for every citizen in South Sudan to work as it was said by Dr. Garang? I think today someone may interpret it in his own way “he meant a room to sleep but not a room to work”. A room to work is acquired by those who were mistakenly/intentionally employed without proper documents to accommodate them in the fields and that is why we lack job creators because we do not have well trained human resource managers.

HOW IT CONTRIBUTE TO THE CURRENT CRISIS

If the unity of South Sudanese during referendum would have existed up to today, then the current crisis in our country wouldn’t have happened. And this is where “who owns South Sudan” comes in otherwise we would have said “We own South Sudan” where everyone has equal rights, freedom of expression, freedom of speech and personal liberty instead of victimizing individuals because of social, economic or political backgrounds. If we are to transform this nation, we need to avoid “who do you think you are” in public.

South Sudan will forever remain ours in generations to come. So why do we need to tarnish the image of this nation? We swear for this nation by voting during referendum to be called the “Republic of South Sudan” but now who own South Sudan? While we are fighting on a tribal basis, how will we stop this crisis when we don’t know the consequences or the outcomes of this senseless killing and victimization? Where is the justice for all? Where is prosperity and liberty for all? Shall we die because of public or individual interest?

What are we fighting for? Is it the liberation of leaders or land and its resources? Should we give up to acquire normal peace and political stability? Should we always seek refuge in other countries? When shall we grow up and die in our ancestral land?

Let’s embrace the sense of unity and equality for all regardless of political, social or economical backgrounds to be the citizens with common purpose for this nation. Instead of war and tribal animosity, let’s talk of economic prosperity, social justice, individual liberty and societal equality for all since we have a very unique skin (black color) portray in our national flag which bind us together for this nation.

We will never compare South Sudan with our belongings is the first one because we are all bound in it. Let’s preach love for all citizens, let’s shun tribalism and embrace peace.

Once again if we remember the past then we need to avoid it by encouraging civilizing interaction and togetherness. Otherwise if South Sudan was at the current state during the struggle then automatically the SPLM/A would have not managed to achieve the CPA.

Let’s convince each other and live together as a nation. ONE NATION, ONE PEOPLE!!


Prospects for Peace in South Sudan

Speakers include:

Awan Guol Riak
Minister for the Presidency, Government of South Sudan

Hypocrisy vs. Truth-telling in South Sudan

Posted: April 10, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Featured Articles

By Matiop Alier

Every individual living being, to paraphrase Ralph Waldo Emerson, can be good at both art of truth-telling and insincerity. Intelligibly, I might have a mind of secondary not first order, but I’ve seen the misery of others and I’d never wish them a double bad luck in life. The current conflict or civil war, as many western media outlets have already put it, has exposed the unknown among South Sudanese intelligentsia. Our South Sudanese are seemingly good at rendering insincerity and self-deception. How dare they preach tribalism and clanism, with all of sudden unflinching trickery to turn themselves into high priests of nationalism, remains nothing than a facet of hairsplitting and self-deception. What does nationalism means to you, to me and to others, when we’ve been cajolingly colluded with our foreign friends, governments and agencies to destroy our new country and praising war promoters like the UN?

Aren’t you being ashamed or even aware that your acts of shuttling between foreign capitals, tapping names of your government officials for more sanction and everything that comes along with it, would have unimaginable serious consequences on future diplomatic arena? Aren’t you aware that your actions in the beginning of this current conflict were nothing than package of ethanol which bred the current war further to an extent, to which it took so many lives and millions of others, still sitting under shed of trees waiting for their death? What’s wrong with our folks for real?

Oh wait a minute . . . we are told, the only shortcut to bring about a just lasting peace to our country is by concocting against its leadership and wishing for quick demise of her leadership, including by means of sanction and supporting the rebellion? Well and good. But if you’re truly for a sincere peace than war, than why in the first place being an inseparable parcel of that group which procreated the current conflict? The essence of waging a war is not to bring about a much needed change and development, but rather it’s a slow method of exterminating the poor and needy people in quarters of our human society. If both children of politicians and wealthy people cannot and will not drive war machines, nor can they work at a bomber or a warhead plants, nor can they drive military armory war machines in battlefields of war, than this simple logic confirms why war is a mean to end large part of human society.

The hardest part of war is not losing it. It’s rather a long term care given to its victims: orphans and widows. Unfortunately, to train a mind that’s firstly taught to be an insincere in the beginning is almost harder as impossible as riding a Trojan horse across Atlantic Ocean. A very close friend of mine once told me and I quote him, “The so-called writers of South Sudan and social commentators have amassed degrees in conflict resolutions, but they’re sadly good at enflaming human conflicts.” I thought he’s wrong but I’m dead wrong.

However, the recent anecdotal sentiments from South Sudanese educated and writers . . . isn’t that we can’t tell the truth, but that we can never admit the truth. This sadistic precinct is not only a source of rather a new skepticism about the so-called acquired education, which has undoubtedly transformed deserts of America and Europe into a Paradise in western hemisphere, but it aims to cultivate in the reader a complete distrust of your own faculties of truth-telling. Most importantly, truth-telling is my starting point, and it reveals how badly we’ve become lately in disseminating lies and deceits on daily basis, especially on Facebook. The most interesting thing that I’ve hard time to fathom is, the same mind which spreads tribalism and clanism is, on the other hand, the very same mind, which pronounces nationalism and enormous amounts of lies on social networks, apparently with little squirm.

Alas, if there’s anything that the western education and civilization has amusedly failed to deliver on the face of the Earth, than it’s an ethical transformation of mind of an African citizen in South Sudan, into viable being capable not only from delivering their citizens from rural poverty and backwardness, but the truth-telling institution. History connotes the past and the past connotes the presence . . . We can’t dispel yesterday literary works as of no more relevancy in current events. Consistency is a rarity virtue, but it’s a dictum of good writers and truth-tellers. This means if you’re then with the White Army and Dr. Riek Machar Teny/Nyandeng Chuol Atem’s forces in the beginning of South Sudan conflict, than it’s morally relevant to stick around them, because the damage is already done.

There are few things which to be learned from our intelligentsia. One, the current conflict has reduced our people into mere insincere beings who are only good for telling nothing, but lies, with little than a child’s mind in an adult’s body. Ask me why and I’d elaborate more on this assertion. Another point of contention is the fact that our daily writings or rather rants on social media, don’t reach out to our people, or address the problems at hand. Instead, either your reader has been consumed by pretext of war hallucination or both of you; the former and the latter are self-suffering from amnesia to realize how badly you’ve become lately. Or you have been taking your reader for granted, in assuming the readers are always interested in you, instead of assuming that it’s your job to interest us all!

Honestly speaking, if you’ve been trying to be sincere enough by trying to clean off your stained image than begin by admitting your wrongdoings, including offering a sincere prayer to God or your forefathers to redeem you from impurity. I’m not being superstitious here, but this mechanism may capture heart of our local population, who’d shouldered the brunt of conflict in every way and major. Probably your good soul would receive a better rite of purification and forgiveness not self-aggrandized obfuscation of nationalism with tribalism, etc.

A true compatriot and patriotic citizen regardless his/her sociopolitical standings would stand tell by his country whether it’s good or bad leadership. This leadership at a certain point in time will go but the nation and its forebears or guarantors will live on forever. It only take you few days to destroy your country and there what remains is only a mere land, not anymore a country. Nationalism means knowing this simple fact: governments don’t last for centuries, but forebears of that country are not only guarantors of its survival, but they lived now and forever.

Let’s not destroy our home country, because of current government under leadership of Salva Kiir Mayardit and every general we’ve deemed unfit to govern our homeland, because they’ll relinquish leadership of our republic tomorrow and the burden of nation building including sanction, which we’ve been lobbying day in out will fall on shoulders our relations, friends, etc.

~Metabolic@2014


By Lam Wuor 

TO: UNCHR Canada, Calgary Chapter
Associate Executive Officer: Rada Krnjaja-Howe

The purpose of this letter is to address the recent misuse of the name of the South Sudanese Association in Calgary in an unsanctioned March 24, 2014 rally in downtown Calgary. This rally was against the UNMISS operations in South Sudan. The views expressed in this protest do not reflect the views of the South Sudanese Association in Calgary, but rather the misuse of the name of our association by individuals of the Dinka nationality supporting the ongoing genocide of Nuer civilians in South Sudan.

We the South Sudanese Association in Calgary wish to express our deepest gratitude to the UNMISS and UNCHR for their operations in our native South Sudan. UN food aid, education, and resettlement programs have helped save and improve the lives of countless thousands. Since the December 15, 2013 wave of ethnic cleansing began, UNMISS compounds in the capitals of Unity State, Upper Nile, and Jongeli: Bentiu, Malakal, Juba and Bor, have served as the sole refuge for civilians fleeing government sponsored door to door raids on the Nuer ethnicity. To date an estimated 6,500 men, women and children have lost their lives. Outside UMISS walls Nuer civilians have been subject to firing squads. Many of these individuals were distinguished professionals: Civil Servants, Jurists, and Doctors. Among them, University of Calgary graduate Doctors without Borders MD, Dr. Thomas Lul, killed February 13, 2014 in a government sponsored raid. Sadly, his death has been incorrectly reported as a casualty of crossfire by South Sudan state sponsored media.

As of January 31st an estimated 84,000 civilians have taken shelter in UNMISS compounds across the country. That number is set to grow as fighting continues. What is more, as a result of the prolonged fighting, US Aide estimates 695,000 people have been displaced and a famine for the 2014 year now looms over the affected Nuer areas of Unity and Uppernile State as farmers cannot plant. In the ongoing genocide, the presence of the UNMISS is vital to the preservation of human life in South Sudan. However, Canada has been activity involved with the United Nations since its establishment in 1945. Since then Canadian peacekeepers have contributed in almost every particular peacekeeping task. However, the role of Canadian diplomacy was to bring peace and solidity between combatant nations. In case of south Sudan now Canada’s role in the United Nations is slowly while their involved into south Sudan settlement is highly needed.

We sincerely thank you for your organization’s presence in South Sudan and encourage your organization to strengthen current operations to the goal of preserving and improving the lives of the South Sudanese people.

Sincerely,

Lam Wuor

The author is deputy Secretary of the South Sudanese Community in Calgary and graduate from faculty of sociology at Mourn Royal University


By Kut Alier Apollo

Just what is happening to Dr. Bior Kwer Bior Jr, and how much longer are we to be afflicted by this ingenious smokescreen that has induced so much phlegm, distorted so much vision and generated so much heat but has offered scant illumination?

I was taught to understand that to become a real Doctorate holder, critical thinking and objective assessment of events and issues would have to be second nature. Indeed, I never for once doubted this comprehension, which Dr. John Garang, Prof. Ajuoi Magot, and others clearly epitomized. Unfortunately, a few years after attending Law School, the likes of Dr. Bior Kwer and Dr. Riek Machar have cast some doubts on this understanding of the sense of judgment of the Doctorate holders.

Just towards the end of last year and beginning of this year, I read the literary salvos being fired by Dr. Bior Kwer Bior Jr against Dr. John Garang’s family, the political detainees in Juba and anybody else who has taken their time to asses where the truth lies in south Sudan’s privations. I was so distraught that this giant and pre-eminent South Sudanese scholar took to the internet to exchange the literary pugilism. How devoid of ideals and how ignoble is the whole contemporary system! The fact that scholars like Dr. Bior join in committing this sin against the image of intellectuals, even though they continue to emphasize the dignity of that image, is quite in keeping with his present activities. He talks about the just government measures, but fails to acknowledge the atrocities it has perpetrated against its own constituents.

However, Dr. Bior is not a man willing to run away from controversy. He seems to relish controversy, not that this really matters. But what is difficult to explain is his choice of the above victims as the epicentre of his controversy. I am quite aware that scholarship knows no bounds, and that true academics are citizens of the world. No area of study or the world is taboo to their microscopic scrutiny. The only pain however is the distortion of facts, the positing of imaginary theories that bear no similarity with reality, and the throwing of truth, objectivity and humanism to the mongrels. Dr. Bior has recently been guilty of the latter.
He compartmentalized the major South Sudan tribes into ‘vocational groups,’ by overlooking the big picture, using the mentioned victims as his slogan of scrutiny; he has vigorously encouraged the injection of “cell anatomy” into the legal system (although south Sudan is far from stem cell technology and its controversies.) leave the legal matters and interpretation of the statutes to the legal minds, they need not be approached literally only, a single sentence can alter the case!!

In the course of finding out what makes Dr. Bior tick, I discovered that he is a lecturer at John Garang University, Jonglei State; a confidant to Prof. Aggrey (former chancellor of that university) and had courted the so-called mighty and powerful in the state and Juba as well. Thus, Dr. Bior believes that south Sudan is well known to him so much that he wants to be a part of the history that is reshaping it. One has no doubt that Dr. Bior, being the intellectual that he projects to be, knows that South Sudan and its government is sick to the bones. His friends rule South Sudan and virtually brought it to her kneels. Could it be that Dr. Bior is part and parcel of those who are bleeding South Sudan? Is this why his lenses are blurred; his sense of truth and humanism perverted and one-sided? Only God knows the answer.

Otherwise, how can Dr. Bior be so open and willing to be surrounded by the military kleptomaniacs’ mentality, which is virtually paralyzing South Sudan? If Dr. Bior were indeed an academic of high repute, would he not have been introspective about the source of $ 4,000,000,000.00 (that’s a four with a hell lot of zeros) to South Sudan, and its sudden disappearance among 75 public officials and other grassroots beneficiaries? Is it out of place for Dr. Bior to see the inverse logic of having a lecture series in John Garang University, whilst most South Sudanese Universities, including his teaching post, are just like glorified high schools? Needless to say that his powerful friends contributed in no little way in making university education unattractive in South Sudan. Something isn’t right. There is more than meets the eye!

Without a doubt, Dr. Bior with his penchant for controversy, determination to covertly mesh in an illogical way ethnicity, politics and education, is not doing a favour to the cause of scholarship. Rather than continue on the path to illuminate by being a beacon of objectivity, strong moral character and humanism; Dr. Bior instead has settled for the very antithesis of what a distinguished Doctorate holder should be. “Tell it not in Gath”, it appears that Dr. Bior is heading towards the fate that befell and awaiting some of his ‘mighty friends’ in the Government. History indeed has not informed the Dr.


By Manyang Duany Jok

Reviewing both atrocious acts: 91’s and 2013 by Riek Machar, something comes into my mind of who is fool Riek as one of the Nuer educated icon, whose his great reputation among Nuer community is only to waging war against Dinka led government or Nuers as people, who most of them seems to be leaning back by not questioning Riek’s vision which its purpose is to link Nuer heroism with destruction of South Sudan political destiny.

In flashback to his 91’s rebellion against Dr. Garang SPLM/A’s, Riek understood that the freedom, and the leadership the South Sudanese were longing for was in the hand of Khartoum headship, yet he mobilized most Nuers against the SPLM/A to divert it from focusing on liberating Southerners for the betterment, in the hand of Islamic regime. As the result, the SPLM/A later ended up defending itself from both Riek’s and Islamic group in Khartoum instead to advance to the North of the Country (Sudan).

Not only had the Riek’s rebellion almost brought the SPLM/A into its knee, but also planted a seed of division and plunged South Sudanese into counter-insurgency against themselves which resulted later: Riek’s, Paul Matip’s, Peter Gatdet’s, William Nyuon’s, Karbino Kuanyin’s group against one another and also not all in favor of the SPLM/A.

As such, the SPLM/A’s effort by then to confront Sudan Government, and to liberate the whole marginalized Sudanese had now been swayed and it stuck defending its own neck from being cut off by both Southern militia and Islamists in the former Equatoria Region of the South Sudan from 1990s through CPA time.

The Riek Machar aim with his influence among the majority of Nuer was to dismantle the SPLM/A and to elevate himself to be a chairman of the movement with his own formation(SSIM/SSDF) without calculating the damages his political upheaval will cause against the people he claimed to be leading.

Coming to recent December 15th, 2013 coup attempt, Riek mobilized majority of the same Nuer who he also deceived in 91 to carry out his failed political objective this time against Salva Kiir two years old Government prior to independent without calculating its risks.

Nuer Culture

Exploring generally Nuer People’s culture and connecting it with series of disadvantage events instigated by Riek in the South Sudan with Nuer majority support, beginning from 1983, the birth of the SPLM/A through independent two years time of the birth of the New Nation, Republic of South Sudan, Nuer culture remains strong, reflective and dynamic.

Nuer culture is reflected in the way they do thing like the rest of people in the world, let leave alone impatience and retaliatory conflict among Nuer community.  Nuers are socially accommodative; they accept other tribe men to be one of their own without discrimination, but not by abduction like some of tribe in South Sudan do, but only through migration. They are very protective; they choose to die first before anyone they foster in their community is stranded in a danger; they are great believers and followers of a leadership which they trust at the same time either magically or diplomatically.

Why Most Nuers don’t reject Riek Decisions (1991 &2013)?

This question can be answered through observation of domesticated duck and its ducklings. When duck takes a lead, the ducklings follow even still when duck leads them into deadly latrine/pit without analytical reasoning of how harmful is the latrine/pit.

Here, which is the fool between the adult mother that failed to lead its offspring into a secure and a safe direction or offspring which keep following their mother’s lead even to the risky way? The answers is, the mother is the fool because is an adult, has worldly experiences, and reasoning capacity, which is equivalent to Riek Machar’s PHD compared to its duckling. For Riek supposed to use his academic sense to lead whole Nuer people toward education and development, with majority of them support to his vision, he led them into violence war; however, he is the duck and a numerous of his Nuer supporters are ducklings.

When inquiry asks why most members of Nuer community don’t question Riek is direction but still following Riek like ducklings and their mother, it is because they are overconfidence of his PHD, his political propaganda, and have un-swaying belief over his leadership in collaboration with cooked prophesies by witchdoctors/spear masters (Wurnyang, Dak Kueth, Nguen Deng), which easily help him to shape their heart toward his harmful way.                                      

Coming back to the two recorded horrific events (1990’s &’2013-14’) he triggered through the desire of a leadership with majority support of Nuer tribesmen both during liberation struggle and the recent days of Coup attempt; it was their spiritual belief of him to be leader which compel most of them to fall apart like dominos from both SPLM/A in the past and the Republic of South Sudan in present by joining him with conviction that he would create another route to score assumed expectation/privileges claimed to have been blocked by Dinka led government as his propaganda goes.

Riek Machar

Riek was born the unappreciative man. This was exhibited when Dr. John Garang honored him and granted him to be a Sector commander in upper Nile among other seniors, yet he devalued it and rebelled against the government (SPLM/A) which promoted him, and in the process he planted the seed of a division and hatred in the South Sudanese territory-Dinka versus Nuer.

After his expectations were not met in Khartoum, he returned to the SPLM/A (2002) in shame, yet he was accommodated as a number three (3), third to late Dr. John Garang in the Movement he almost utterly destroyed in the course of his split and a fight against it.

Accompanied by very poor historical records of nationalism documented in 91’s, in the aftermath of Dr. John Garang’s abrupt death, with worries of his criminal creditability not to spoil his Nuer fans and followers again for more rebellion and disunity among South Sudanese with CPA at hand , Riek was anyway rewarded with vice president position, in the Government of South Sudan and still maintained it to the Republic of South Sudan, which he didn’t deserve; it was under the offer to buy peace, yet he still acts disorderly against the leadership which escalated him by under estimating the position he was holding, but aimed high; consequently, this resulted into his late year 2013 termination.

In his disregard of the vice president position, he acted like a hen honored by the owner and served a grain in a clean plate to eat, yet it scuffs it into dirt, and picks it up there on the floor. This is exactly Riek Machar. He wanted to scuff down the SPLM party into dirt and to ask the rest of his faithful members to snatch the appropriate positions on the floor, in which each of them prefers and to declare themselves the leaders of the Republic of South Sudan. He preferred disorganized thing than the organized ones like a chicken does.

In relation to his chicken alike personality with less conscience and short recollection disorder, Riek broke down in tears and gave a whisky generated apology at fallen heroes/heroin celebration (2012) to Bor People in the compound of Late Dr. John Garang’s wife, Nyandeng Chol, who recently divorced Garang family for him ( Riek Machar).

Regardless of his crocodile tears down his cheek, which encouraged Nyandeng to be one of his great enthusiasts, Riek lost his 91’s massacre memories he created in Bor and he reiterated it in late 2013 through current year 2014 in the same area with its expansion to Malakal and his home State, Unity. Through common sense knowledge of war, of course all parties: innocent/guilty (Dinka, Nuer, Mandari, Anyuak, Murle, shilluk & etc ) paid the price.

In support of his pursuit of unfavorable leadership, many Nuer civilians like other die every time in the course of his desires (as recorded in two events, 91& 2013) without anyone of them questioning his egos/dishonesty, but only caring most about him and his wrong direction, no matter whatever price they will pay for, they are there for him at all cost at the time of his needs either devilishly or righteously. Yet Riek does not think about their rights and privileges (beyond the settlement in western world granted to all refugees through interview) including: right to life, to be educated, and to be developed for a better like he does not care for the rest of South Sudanese, who he deceive to violently follow his lead; however, Riek is not a Nuer, but majority of Nuers are Riek Machar.

Contact# Jokmanyang@hotmail.com

 


By Heskey Dzeng

Well, I will address you as Mama Rebecca Nyandeng, not as Mama Rebecca Garang for some motive. First, you are a beautiful woman, natural by look, but in heart, I do not know. Your natural beauty means no man can even say No to you. But you are ugly in politic. Secondly, you are the wife of our hero and icon,Dr. John Garang, whom the world respect highly. Though he is not bodily present with us today, his soul is roaming amongst us. No sane person can say shit things on him, but you did and said the damn things against him.

Mama Nyandeng, I dropped Christian name here, simply you are unclean, you have broke norms and commit adultery, you are not longer faithfully to South Sudan as the mother of the nation. You are a sinner, you have divorced your late husband and married a demon and cruel man in politic, a man who traitored your husband, a man who backstabbed and weakened your husband movement for a decade against Khartoum regime, who plotted against your sweetheart, killed thousands of innocent civilians for fake democracy.

Mama Nyandeng, when your late husband died in the helicopter crashed of 2005, just six months into the peace deal signed in Kenya, without tasting the fruits of five decades of his struggling, it was a great tragedy to us, the South Sudanese. We had mourned more than you or your children or the new husband. Simply put, Garang was the man of the people. He was your husband at night only. He was not leader of Awulian or Twic East County, Dinka Bor and Dinka or even Upper Nile region, but the leader of South Sudanese and Africa as traditional artist Tor Awuou Adeer’s song immortalized it.

Just one time when Garang passed away did you come out showing strong leadership. I appreciated your fortitude at that time, you make yourself strong, you have stood firm with citizens rather than Garang’s commanders. You comforted and consoled the entire nation and even the world. That was why we reached yesterday, and this where I crowned you the as mother of the nation, before you claimed yourself as the mother of nation in media because you have showed the quality of good woman left behind with children. If you were weak, I think the country would have resorted to war again.

In Africa belief or South Sudanese traditional norms, when a man dies and leaves a wife behind, people don’t cry too much, they said the wife will take care of the children. But when the wife dies, it is a big blow because man is not good in parental care, and if he marries again maybe that woman will not be at home with another woman’s children.

But now Mama Nyandeng, you are not like the real woman left behind with children; you have misused Garang’s legacy; you use it for showing up and for your own political and personal benefit than that for the sake of  South Sudanese. You are dividing the country’s politicians and the societies.

Not to bore you, Mama Nyandeng, yesterday success was yours but today failure is yours too, you are not far from the genesis of the problems. I thought you would relinquish politics in the aftermath of your husband death. I thought you would be the watchdog in our Country, and to protect the legacy of your husband because some demonic politicians are working to delete it in the mind of people. But because you want to carve your own political self out of your late man, you went in without cleaning your hand, brain and feet. That is why you have been messing up, becoming a prostitute in politics, moving up and down, make yourself to be cheating. Simply you don’t have the quality of a good politician but you want to inherit John Garang’s legacy. That was why you chose to become a politician in the ruling party, SPLM.

Mama Nyandeng….. Salva Kiir, Riak Machar, Taban Deng, Pagan Amum and you and more others, all of you are actors of violence, none of you is good pliz.

Mama Nyandeng, the problems that started as a bitter power struggling in the SPLM, then turned to violence on mid-December last year, for sure, you have a hand or a lip in it.

In the aftermath of fighting in Juba, you didn’t come out as the mother of the nation or the country’s watchdog to condemn it and calls for calm, you just tears heaped blames on Kiir and joined Riek’s faction instead to remained neutral as mother of nation, but just fuelled the violence, saying something worse that can route to genocide, but thank God it wasn’t turn out, which I believed no woman has said it before and no woman will say it again, quoted ‘Nuer were being targeting in Juba’, though it happened you cannot said it on speck at time tension at high gear, if you are real mother of nation and wise politicians, who don’t want bloodshed.

I knew, Riak Machar has disabled you, when he threw swindle apologized on citizens of Dinka Bor at your home compound in Juba a years back, due to what he did in 1991 but it repeated itself, that was politic game, does not mean he says a true, but you are not politician, you just stick on it…..watch out and that has turned to chaos today.

Mama Nyandeng, you are snake in this violence, as mother of nation or watchdog, you cannot take side, but you did it and that why you see violence rooted and obstructed toward the peace talks. You would have advised them [reformists] to wait for general election if you are really mother of nation, so you are a driver of radical change while Riak Machar is manager and Taban Deng as conductor, so do not be surprise again, and you know well that most of radical change retort to violence.

Well, President Salva Kiir has not done enough to the citizens and nation itself, but Riak Machar is not alternative person to surrogate Kiir if you are really mother of nation as you usually fool the worldwide.

Mama Nyandeng, this is not time to blame President Kiir…………but time to look for solution to end suffering and death because blaming will not bring peace back but it will add in. please I urges you to advocate for peace and stability than activist for President Kiir’s mistakes on media houses [local and global] as you always did it.

Last and not a least, Mama Nyandeng, you have lost credibility and dignity in your class and entire citizens of South Sudan, you are not long a mother of nation, but mother of bloodshed, but because you are woman, you just turn deaf ear. Therefore I advice you, I cannot tell you to quit politics rather than continues, because you are already soiled, so play a game that you will win and if you want to be politician in future, first consult the high-flying women politicians in the Africa, as you stayed in Kenya now, I suggest you to see Kenyan prominent woman politician Mrs. Martha Karius, she will coach you and advice you on how to become great woman politician in South Sudan, but I doubt whether you will manage.

In conclusion, Mama Nyandeng, if you can listen, it is not too late, possibly you can quit politics and doing other business to serves South Sudanese.

Heskey Dzeng @2014

SPLM MUST CEASE DELIBERATION

Posted: April 7, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary

By Ajak Lorya

You told us the common enemy was an Arab. Today you are telling us our tribes are our enemies and we must kill each other. Those dying and in mass graves are the orphans and widows whom you drove their fathers and husbands to perish in the front line. You have the millions of dollars in foreign banks,assets and I have no bicycle, but footing thinking of what, to eat(Janyjaro or beans) on a daily basis. My stomach is full of worms while you bath with mineral water yet the Nile is less than a kilometer .

Tin lamp has reddened my eyes trying to read ABC to eradicate illiteracy and your children are sick of air conditioners abroad. Roads, medical services and good education are gone dreams and you claim to be leaders and liberators of enslaved citizen in Sudan.

You promised to take the town to people and the reverse is true as witnessed by angels and devils. Our votes have become sources of our insecurity and you want us to give you another chances to feed your foreign accounts.

Did our relatives sacrificed their lives so that you can have a separate highway in the capital Juba? Who has created classes that we fought to do away with? Where is Abyei and borders of RSS? Were we not united during referendum? The trust that we had in you is gone SPLM party.

Finally; your U turn against our needs is enough and you should stop feeding us with bullets. We are going to forgive you not because you deserve forgiveness on earth or in heaven but to safe the remaining orphans and widows so that they can form a prosperous One Nation, One People(RSS).


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Report on the trial of G4 in South Sudan

Makuei Kuir Biar is a member of the public who attended Court proceeding in Juba South Sudan where the four politicians are on trial on charges of treasons. This court came as a result of the December Juba crisis which was termed as a coup by the Government but disputed by the opposition as deliberate attempts by the Government in order to suppress the rest of political organisations.

http://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/dinka/highlight/page/id/327834/t/Report-on-the-trial-of-G4-in-South-Sudan/in/english#undefined.gbpl

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Akutë kɔc ke dhetem jam në kake Panë Junup Thudän

Participants: Deng Duot Bior, Amer Mayen Dhieu, Deng Mayom Lueth, Mangok, and Adut Anthony dharuai

http://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/dinka/highlight/page/id/327830/t/The-forum-of-6

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Interview with Dr Luka Biong Deng

BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America has signed an executive order that will allow the congress and his Government to impose sanctions to individual South Sudanese who are believed to have perpetuated the violence or wanted to promote violence across the country, These conditions will apply to all parties involves in the fighting.

http://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/dinka/highlight/page/id/327846/t/Interview-with-Dr-Luka-Biong-Deng/in/english

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Interview with Atem Yaak Atem

Atem Yak Atem is a former Deputy Minister of Information and Broadcasting in Republic of South Sudan, a professional journalist who has served in various high profile positions Sudan Government, Sudanese People Liberation Movement and freelance writer for various newspapers.

http://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/dinka/highlight/page/id/327842/t/Interview-with-Atem-Yaak-Atem/in/english

Towards the Death of the Nascent Nation

Posted: April 7, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Featured Articles

By Stephen Par Kuol.

America will never be destroyed from outside. If we falter and lose our freedom, it will be because we destroyed ourselves alone”_ Abraham Lincoln.

Just like it happens in the institution of marriage, death can also do nations apart.  The so known as citizenry (not the geophysical unit) is the human entity we call “Nation”. Being mortal as they are, nations are born and die .South Sudan was born on July 9, 2011 and can die any time sooner or later if the founding ideals that gave it life in the first place are not meticulously nurtured and safeguarded. In another word, life span of a nation is solely dependent on competence or sobriety of the political leadership entrusted with its endowments and security.  Comrade Edward Lino in his recent article entitled: “A Look at Ourselves the Way We Know Not” made the following delicate observation to depict the ongoing crisis in the country: “So sad did we learn even nations could be lost when we encountered the wise closing their eyes not to witness endowments swishing to a direction through which they fear things might disappear”.

True, even the independent and sovereign nation can be lost. Of late, Kiir and the company have been vocally citing the sovereignty as the sole power of state to shield tyranny but that is old school of diplomacy. Sovereignty is a possession of the people. Hence, you can not use it to kill the people and still claim that the nation is still a live. Like the humanity itself, sovereignty is vulnerable and mortal. The anal of world history is littered with several nations and empires that once lived but died and are still dead. The former Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, Tibet, Catalonia and Kurdistan are in that inexhaustible list of dead nations. It is called demise of sovereignty in the language of the international law. Our African continent is full of nations in their deathbeds at the time of this writing. Somalia, South Sudan, Libya and Central African Republic are currently in critical care units, if you will. According to the recent failed state index, South Sudan is one of the four most dangerously unstable countries in the world today and the December 15, 2013 tragedy proved that valid.

Having reached the point of no return in the decay of political militarism within the liberation movement turned- ruling party,( SPLM/A), South Sudan was plunged into a comatose by its own political leadership on December 15, 2013. The rest is history. All we have come to know is that dreams and hopes of so many millions who have invested so much in the leadership of the said liberation movement were dashed to ashes when the hell broke loose leading to a genocidal death qualitatively akin to that of Rwanda. It was an organized savagery in which the so called democratically elected President resurrected the ghosts of ancient inter- tribal feuds buried for years with a vengeance that turned the nation into a society of murderers. Neighbors killed their neighbors and soldiers in the army lynched their comrades in arms. Under the jungle state of emergency declared by the President, hailing from Dr. Riek Machar’s ethnic group became a death sentence without due process . Those who share racial features and tribal marks with that ethnic group equally paid dearly.

The President who kept reminding the nation of 1991 inter-communal violence directly commanded his Dootkubeny tribal militia from the presidential palace to commit genocide, military vandalism, heinous war crimes and crimes against humanity in the name of fighting a fabricated coup. That operation of shame directly commanded by the Commander in Chief, sidelined the National Security and the Army dismantling the very core foundation of our historical national liberation army(SPLA).To many of  our  people, that was a crude treachery to our liberation heroes and heroines who died together to bring us the freedom we lost on December 15, 2013. Our martyrs under the heroic leadership of Dr. John Garang De Mabior must have been rolling in their graves to see the surviving leadership of the revolution shamelessly allowing their sacrifice of blood and treasure to go in vain. Even more agonizing is the plight of those who returned home limbless with lives shattered from physical and mental wounds of war.

I particularly feel for those who are physically confined to wheel chairs because of the struggle, war widows, war orphans and majority of our people condemned to illiteracy by the war of liberation and that failed leadership in Juba. Thus, I had to write this piece to mourn the eminent death of my nation, a nation I voted with my feet to liberate at tender age and defended with my pen at this age from overt and accelerated destruction.  With this, I sadly acknowledge that the darker forces stronger than many of us have overcome concerted efforts by millions of patriotic South Sudanese to maintain the fabric of our hard- won republic. That is what I hinted in an article entitled:  The Republic as a Responsibility stressing the vitality of collective responsibility to keep it a live and healthy which is remote and hopeless as things stand now.

Evidently, Kiir Kuethpiny Mayardit and the coterie at the helm do not want to read the writings on the wall that like all nations that died violent deaths, South Sudan can be relegated to the dustbin of world history at any time now in their bloody hands. One is well aware that talking about the death of the nation we all gave live and love is psychologically unacceptable but it must come home to all of us that death is doing us a part. Experiences and experiments else where like in Rwanda and Yugoslavia have proven that the premeditated death known as genocide inflicts deep scars on the collective psyche of the nation. Genocide breaks the socio-cultural fabric of the society in question. It is a violent social earth quick that shakes the very core and threads of nation’s existence (trust and confidence). I have always held the opinion that South Sudan is trust.

Once that is broken, the nation ceases to exist and that is what genocide has done in South Sudan. Genocide breeds deep-seeded mutual mistrust, victim mentality and collective denial of the death itself. The criminal psychology of genocide is a vicious cycle of self-destruction that endures and rages to kill the nation in question at the end of the scores.   Genocide traumatized nations like South Sudan do not stand to honestly face the filth and the ugly face of genocide. They rather tend to live under perpetual denial and collective defense mechanism that does not help the cause of both the victims and offenders.  That is why even well documented crimes like Holocaust in Nazi Germany and the genocide in Armenia are still denied by some racist bigots. I have been reading some writers from the government fraternity defending the genocidal death by equating the genocide in Juba with the revenge killings that ensued afterword.

True, as Comrade Morris Yoll asserted, “the death of all, whether in Juba or any other parts of south Sudan is death that must be condemned”. However, what is deliberately kept under the carpet is the cold truth that those deaths were caused by that premeditated deaths (genocide) ordered by the President of the Republic in Juba. Hence, the logic of cause and effects has it that the criminal responsibility of all those deaths still weighs heavier on the President of the Republic who planned and executed that barbaric campaign of death and mass-killing. All the other deaths were collateral damages that are difficult to control even under the simple law of physics.

We can read this article and other relevant literature on nation’s death and state failure but it will do little justice without asking the following questions:  what kills nations and what is the common cause of nations’ death?.  Well, empirical researches in this field have arrived at a scientific conclusion that all the collapsed and failed states in Africa and beyond were ruined by coconut-head despots like Kiir Kuethpiny Mayardiit of South Sudan. The Despots first kill the state and the state failure leads to the death of the nation. Despots are nearsighted creatures who see things only through the spectacles of power games and brute force to cling to morally bankrupt political power.  The despots and their vampire sycophants don’t care even if the country collapses over them as long as their pond is secure. The despotic regime as we have seen in South Sudan will eventually self-destruct from within largely owing to internal-contradictions and divisions but it can eventually take down the nation to the grave with it at the time when nobody can save its last breathe.As analyzed afore, under Kiir, death is doing us apart.

The man is good for nothing but cold blood killing and military vandalism using foreign mercenaries to set his own town like Leer, Bentiu and Malakal on fire. One South Sudanese politician who worked with Kiir since the liberation period described him as a typical village tyrant. I would rather describe him as Idi Amin of South Sudan.  In my book, mediocrity, sloth, godlessness, cowardice, using the law selectively or ignoring it, hopeless corruption and ruthless inter-tribal violence will define the new country under Kiir Mayardit. In South Sudan today, the government has morally lost the reason for its existence as it becomes a source of insecurity for the populace. General Salva Kiir has subjected the nation to a police state and red terror in Stalin’s fashion. Fear and violent death lurks on every nook and fissure of our social firmament.

Development has gone with the winds. Hunger, ignorance, poverty and disease are presently ravaging the land, while the government bulks feebly before it, incapable of arresting its rampaging onslaught on its subjects. One ethnic group in the country is lumped together as coup plotters or fifth columnists and left only with the choices to die in cold blood, wage a war of survival or take refuge in UNIMISS camp where future is never certain. In this political thuggery, the president has murdered over 20,000 of his voters mobilized by none other than his Running Mate and the Deputy he plotted to murder on December 15, 2013 but still claims legitimacy by virtue of being elected in the year 2010 and mandated in the year 2011 to continue up to the year 2015.

This defies logic and common sense if common sense is ever common. That is why we are adman that Kiir Kuethpiny Mayardit must leaf us a lone if we are to avoid the eminent death of our nation. Otherwise, our destiny is one like conjoined twins. Only death will do as a part. That is why we must all work hard to avoid this collective death. As we seek peace and reconciliation, let’s meet each other halfway, understand, compromise, tolerate, love, share, listen, recognize, accept, support and ultimately reconcile without Kiir.

Should that fail to settle well with all of us, then what rises from the ashes is a country that few of us will recognize, like, or learn to accept submissively and that is what I call the death of the nascent  nation.

DEAR NAATH (NUER) IN UN JUBA BASES

Posted: April 3, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Featured Articles, Tearz Ayuen

By Tearz Ayuen, Juba

You have been sentenced to unspecified jail term and you do not know it. And the charge pressed against you by the government, your government, is innocence. You are guilty of nothing. You’ aren’t, in any way, party to the Dec 15 incident. You didn’t attack anyone. You didn’t kill anyone. You didn’t rebel against the government. You didn’t loot.

It’s been four months now since you fled to UNMISS compound. I understand why you had to leave your house in Gudele, New Site, Mia-7: the democide – the dreadful things you saw last December when the army extended an uncalled for hostility on you. I understand how you feel to lose a husband or brother. I acknowledge the pain you suffered, witnessing grand butchering of your beloved ones by ruthless soldiers. I feel you. I know they looted your valuables – furniture, TV sets, vehicles and so on.

Now, you and your fellow tribesmen are crammed in the UN compound where living conditions are so pathetic, so inhumane. You’ve lost your dignity. You and your children eat one meal per day. At times, they go to bed hungry. I understand rainstorm makes your life unbearable there. The makeshift tents are often blown away, leaving children unsheltered. With the rainy season approaching, an outbreak of cholera or of any other water-borne disease is imminent.

I believe you owe the UN your life for the protection they provided. You could have been killed if it wasn’t for the peacekeeping forces. However, I am sorry to say that the protection they are offering you is something else. I think they’ve commercialized it. Yes. Nobody amongst the ‘good Samaritans’ wants you to leave the camp. Why? – Because your presence there makes them more job secure.

This is why “The United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) and other agencies have started relocating thousands of civilians sheltering in Tongpiny camp, UN protection of civilians area, to a new location at UN house in country’s capital Juba” – UN website, March 17, 2014.

Anyone who claims to be concerned about your welfare would work harder to ensure that you return home, and not prolong your stay at the compound.

So, my message is simple: Go back home. That lengthy stay at UN protection sites is a booby-trap. You cannot live a life of a pauper in your country, especially when your house is a mile away. Your children have to go back to school. Go home.

Unite as one people and walk out of that compound. Don’t even look for means of transport. Just march on the streets of Juba. Fear not. Let whoever wants to kill kill. After all, he or she would never extinct Nuer people. Never.

Tearz ©2014

Guilty of False Coup Allegation in Juba

Posted: April 3, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Junub Sudan

By Manyok Mabiei, USA

From my field of Criminal Justice System, “a false allegation” is considered in which a person deliberately accuses another person of a crime that he did not commit and does so with full knowledge that the accused person is not guilty of that crime. It is some time as a form of revenge, an attempt to divert attention away from a guilty side, or as a way for the accuser or accusers to prevail in an ongoing dispute. The tactic for making falsely claims about a person’s behavior varies by jurisdiction in some places is treated as a crime in itself.

One of the difficulties in handling “a falsely allegation” is that there are some of the cases in which it is impossible to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that someone has committed a crime even if he or she is in true of guilty. I considered a “false allegation” as a dangerous crime tough to overweigh and approve beyond the facts of reasoning of mankind.

I was silenced from a word “coup” since the outbreak of violence in mid of December, 15TH, 2013. While, I was busy searching for the enough evidences if that was a coup on that day of December, which turns a young nation into massive conflicts. As according to my views and some sources of evidences, this is a bitter humiliation in South Sudan.

Before, I begin “a false allegation coup” in Juba. President Kiir Mayardit is a longest veteran of the Sudan People Liberation Movement and same time he is an elected President of South Sudan. There is nothing this leader was expected to learn from her nation and the whole world that he wasn’t learned from his long struggles in the bush.

However, a survivable of the Sudan People Liberation Army/Movement and President of South Sudan Mr. Kiir Mayardit is ruling a nation into dark style of jungle laws. The 1983 SPLA Manifesto has not been changed, even though the South Sudan got fully independent as a country. As according to my understanding in a current Constitutional of the South Sudan there is no “term limit” of the President, as a matter of fact cause violence in the nation. I read the current Constitutional and there is no “term limit” was mentioned on it.

A last year of July, a President Kiir Mayardit was reshuffling his cabinet, ministers, and his party members at same time. At this point, is not a first time he made a reshuffling of his cabinet and members of his party, since he was in the Office of President in 9years! He made a reshuffling several times, but not including his Vice-President and large number of his cabinet. That was a good move, but it is not common in the society of law and the world of democratic.
It’s can be happen from any democratic society to give president some powers to remove any of his or her in the cabinet, but not all of them at one. There are some positions president have limit of powers to remove some of the positions including – - Chief Justice and Vice-President in the country without approvable from Legislative Branch.

Well, Mr. President Kiir sacks an entire cabinet and fired all his ministers and deputy ministers, along with Vice-President Riek Machar Teny. No answer was provided for the entire cabinet reshuffle on July, 2013. A message was announced on Tuesday evening broadcast South Sudan television a “presidential decree” from Salva Kiir, saying he had dismissed all of his cabinet ministers, including his vice-president, and ordered an investigation into the secretary general of his ruling SPLM party Mr. Pagan Amum.

President Kiir was sacked all his cabinet and others without using a language of admiration to address public and former leaders. I heard his announcement, while I was in my village Dotwong, Bor along the Nile River on the radio. I told the people in my present that “South Sudan will be in red zone” and it came true after I left the country on November, 5, 2013.

“Why should there be instability in South Sudan? This is a Constitutional problem (Kiir) is the head of the government. The decree provided no reasons for the complete dismissal rather than use a “term limit” in every position in the government. A word “decree” was commonly used by President of South Sudan to avoid his own cabinet and legislative branch to deal with public affairs. A word is commonly used by President Kiir in the government, which can’t help.

From my own presumption a word “decree” use by President Kiir is an unlawful to help the country. In any society of law like United States of America, if president need any change, it can be approved by the Members of Congress and Senates. Then the request will work or it can die without return back to president. It seems to me, President Kiir is working alone avoiding his own cabinet and members of his party to share the public affairs. This seemed to me, as a lack of confident and mistruth of fear to people around him as a part of problem.

For example, President Kiir had suspended Pagan Amun, the secretary general of the SPLA/M party, and launched an investigation against him, without mentioning further details. Mr. Amun was known as South Sudanese top negotiator in peace and cooperation talks with the North Sudan.

Mr. Amun is a well-known as a long veteran of the SPLA, since the beginning of the Movement. Amun was removed from his position as a secretary of the party and other politicians without legislative branch notification or awareness. Amun was engaging calling his President 10-times to call a general meeting of the party, because the rules of party were expired and he was kicked out in the party.

And President Kiir Mayardit was not responded until mid of December, while everything was built up from his party during reshuffling of cabinet and members of party.

So, what was really happened to look at in July, 2013? Mr. President Kiir was sacked entire cabinet and fired all his ministers and deputy ministers, along with Vice-President Riek Machar Teny. He also fired his own secretary of the party Mr. Amun. No reason was issued for the complete cabinet reshuffles on July, 2013, until now.

Do any concerns citizen blindfolded on that day these politicians from top to bottom in the government were sacked and fired should go out and silence without saying anything? I can say a person who is not in our living world can’t believe from that reshuffling nothing could happen.

Being a leader and public figure like Former Vice-President Riek Machar and Pagan Amun who were serving the nation within and outside were built up huge allies in their long term leaderships. As well as we know that Dr. Riek Machar Teny marriage two women from powerful nations. Emma McCune Teny was a British native and Becky Teny from United States. These two women will give him an “upper hand” of supports from Western countries not to pay attention on South Sudan domestic violence.

And Mr. Amun was a well-known through negotiator with Khartoum Government and some other allies with South Sudan. These two leaders were built up strong network outside and within the country. I doubt these politicians and public figures can go out and sleep without saying anything against Kiir leadership. Besides, that in mid-December Mr. President Kiir was overwhelmingly with a lot of pressures within a party to a call general meeting. On Saturday, December, 14, 2013 was a beginning of the first meeting in Nyakuron Cultural Center in Juba – - And there was no serious threat at that day as well as everyone was waiting, how, President Kiir will address the nation and thankful to those who serve the country from jungle to free land.

On day two Sunday, December, 15, 2013 there was “red eyes and hate faces” within the building things were turning ugly as well. Mr. President Kiir was mentioned in the meeting that, “some people were defected away in 1991,” such kind of language scared some of the politicians at that day without returning to the last meeting.

On Monday, December, 16, 2013, an entirely cabinet those who were fired with some ministers and deputy ministers, along with Vice President Riek Machar Teny were not return to join the last meeting in Nyakuron Cultural Center. Some of them were accused by President Kiir said that, “some people here were defected away in 1991. Is that correct to President Kiir to mention those words in the conference? If the Government of South Sudan open up the old files, so President Kiir Mayardit file should be open too like those criminals. We can open his file the time he was almost defecting away in Rumbek, Lakes State. Kiir was accusing Dr. John Garang that, “he carrying the SPLA as a briefcase with him anywhere he go.” Mr. Kiir also sings a song with one of the lady who attends the meeting on that day.

I believe some of these ministries were attends meeting to hear what President Kiir will say, like thanks and honors for their long serves in the nation. But things turn out in the meeting as a political threat and no peaceful dialogue. I believe to myself that people like Dr. Majak Agoot and Honorable Deng Alor will not take the guns and point them to their own people. If that true, then Mr. Kiir can turn a gun to other Dinka too.

On Monday, December, 16, 2013, was an ugly day in the history of South Sudan. President Kiir was accused his Former Vice-President Riek Machar was a “coup” attempt, while Mr. Riek Machar was hiding in Juba from house to house to get the exit, when things were turn brutally.

Well, what could happen if these politicians attend the last meeting on December, 16, 2013? I presume that if the politicians were attending the meeting, there could be no violent because Kiir side was waiting the politicians’ side what is their intention, before they can take action.

The question remains from Kiir side on that day, why these politicians were not show up in the last meeting?

Here is a right place I came up with this Title “Guilty of False Allegation Coup in Juba,” because Kiir side were presuming these politicians are not showing up today, maybe, they have plan “B” like a coup to overtake the government through the military action. This is the time they lost a point of reasoning and rush to the Headquarter of Military and disarm a man with circle marks. I’m not taken any side but I’m vision it.

But in military rules to disarm someone there are a few chances for survival or not survive. At that moment the South Sudan was in high alert of conflict, and was not easy to give-up your tool to someone easily.

Therefore, the politician’s sides were blaming Kiir side of using a word of rebellion of 1991 in the meeting and that why they don’t show up in the last meeting on Monday. Another point of view, maybe, Dr. Riek Machar was having plan “B” while some other politicians were not aware about his journey.

Why? A man was hiding from house to house in Juba and until he left to Bor at night. He was in Juba on December, 14, 15, 16, 17 and until he left Juba on Wednesday, December 18 to Bortown at night through motor boat along the Nile River. I believe if Riek Machar was not left Juba at that day and stay in his house or run to UN Company. I think the country could not reach this brutally stage of suffering.

I believe a “coup” is power assume political to control of the country by decisive change of government illegally or by force. There are three types of coups that I believe. (1) To use the military action to overtake the government by force. (2) To assume control of government, while current leader take a leave of absent. (3) To use political tactic to control military and assassinate a current leader.

These three types of coups – - Is Riek Machar fit in to attempt a coups in South Sudan on that day?

If this was a planned “coup” by Former Vice-President and other politicians who were struggles to reform the systems of Juba. Why not these politicians were not found in one place during outbreak of violent in Juba, if this was a planned coup? As according to my understanding all these politicians were in Juba in their houses until the government orders a warrant arrest, while other three were escaped arrest including Riek Machar, Taban Deng, and Alfred Gore flew to Bortown at night.

If this was a planned “coup” maybe, Dr. Riek Machar was using plane “B” while the other politicians were not aware about his objective.
I still doubt to some of these political detainees to take the guns against their own people in term of leadership. When, I look at this case of these detainees who fought the war in their lifetime.

On the other hand, Dr. Riek Machar was a well-known in the history of Sudan as “a coup plotter and defector” from earlier 90s-2000s. As for example, in August, 21, 1991 Riek Machar Teny was defected away from the SPLA/M and formed his own party called Nasir-Faction including Dr. Lam Akol Ajawin, as a masterminded supporter.

Mr. Riek Machar was defected away in frontline near Juba; and went to his village to recruits his own tribal men and led them to Borland for attack.

At that time Dr. Riek Machar in 1991, was killed nearly 10,000 and unaccountable civilians in Borland were being abducted by their tribal men. Maybe, Dr. Riek Machar was a mindset to weaken the Movement behind by killing the civilians in Bor and some other communities; as well he did again in December, 2013.
While, Dr. John Garang de Mabior was wagering a secular and democratic of the whole Sudan in which the Southerners would have full representation in Khartoum regime; while Dr. Riek wanted a fully independent South Sudan right away from Khartoum regime. How come you seek for the separation, while you are not even recognize first by ruling government?

As well some of people saying that, “if you looking for peace stand for war and there will be a chance for peace.” “Right away from Riek Machar was dangerous miscalculation move.”

In August, 21, 1991, Riek Machar, Lam Akol and Gordon Kong announced that John Garang should be kick away from the SPLA and they can take power over the Liberation as their private agenda. This was a part of the Nasir-Faction. Dr. Riek Machar was involved in the Bor massacre, where 10,000 civilians were killed in Bor in 1991, while some were died in the years later from the resulting of famine and diseases.

After, that in 1997 Dr. Riek Machar was defected to Khartoum regime after he was defeated by the SPLA forces and he became head of the government-backed South Sudan Defense Force (SSDF).

In additionally, in 2000 he left the SSDF and formed a new militia, the Sudan People’s Defense Forces/Democratic Front (SPDF). After all, he recognized that the Southerners are almost getting full independent from Khartoum regime, and then he changed his signal and rejoined the SPLA/M, as a Senior Commander to support Dr. John Garang during the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2000.

Dr. John Garang was accepted Dr. Riek Machar back to the Movement in Nairobi, Kenya in 2000, so that they can defeat a common enemy.
All these conspiracies were made by Dr. Riek Machar was spreading all over in South Sudan, as the vast majorities can’t believe him. Even if he trying his best of political move to clean his image.

There are still pains and recalls in some people minds that parents were kills from his political crime.

What was really happened in Juba might be “a coup” in some people minds, but I still doubt, as to say, “A political ideology,” of threat to the environment.
I will believe and join the believers of word coup, if President Kiir Mayardit will not run in 2015. That the time I will agree as a “coup plotter” was designed by Riek Machar Teny with his allies in Juba. Now, I will call it “a tactical scare allegation” to some of political candidates in coming election.

More to the points, some sources were described that there was no “coup” in Juba; because all the politicians were supporters of the South Sudan during struggle and referendum and they can’t make a coup to their own nation. The United States and United Nation were pointed out that there was no “coup” the time they look at it. Ms. Susan Page is Ambassador to the Republic of South Sudan from United States and she was invited to Northwest University in Illinois. She describes much about the conflict in South Sudan.

Along the lines, it is difficult in my own view to make a “coup” to any leader came from Dinka side. It can happen, but it is dangerous to those who don’t think beyond the risk takes.

Similarly, Dr. Riek Machar was trying to overtake the liberation in 1991 against John Garang and he was failed to achieve power. To take power by force against Dinka man is a suicide in my own view.

It can be easy to make a coup some of the smaller communities in South Sudan, but it can be difficult to make a coup against a Dinka community leader through violent. This is bad to say, but it true from the nation I knows where every citizen considers himself or herself as a tribal man or woman rather than consider himself or herself as a nationalist. unaccountable underpays on his backyard. Well, these three women they don’t known themselves because they are from different countries around the world, as his first wife so-called Anelina Teny from Nuer in South Sudan, second wife from British so-called Emma Teny and lastly but not lastly Becky Teny from United States as native of Minnesota state.

If December, 16, 2013 was a coup attempt against President Kiir through military action by Dr. Riek Machar, it could be worse nightmare and call it a 24 hours President of South Sudan. I know Riek Machar was not over control of the military in South Sudan during an outbreak of violent.

This is a simple case there is no way the citizens should be fool by individual because of self-interest in leadership. Dinka and Nuer had same similarities of culture background, since they were cousins in the history of South Sudan. In term of braveness or aggressiveness no one can claim much better than other since in their competences in thousand years ago.

Dinka is a majority amongst 64 tribes, but does not mean that they can fight Nuer to an end in short period of time in South Sudan. That is a wrong assumption to do so; evenly Dinka is 3.8 million in South Sudan according a referendum records in 2010. And to make calculation 3.8 million to 1.6 million it turn out that two Dinka and extra were fights against one Nuer. This will not even solve the mass-conflict in South Sudan if people fight against one another.
This gives North Sudan a chance of happiness in the CPA agreements.

But there is no easy solution the way I see South Sudan heading to. I don’t favoring military solution should be answer, because there are a lot of consequences on it. It is not a problem to any side to use self-defend between the government and rebel side, but there should be plan “B” in all side.
It is not a bad idea to fight a long war with common enemy like before, but this war is a war of madness and greediness.

More to the points, there is no government will function peaceful if there is a conflict between the communities. When, I look at it, there is no easy solution, but there is an easy solution if government thinks wise enough to safe the nation. To avoid military solution will prevent a nation not to fall in long civil wars and sufferings.

If anyone in Kiir position what will you do to make peaceful dialogue? I think the best tool to defeat your friend. Just simple to thanks and give them credits of their serving their nation.

No reason was provided for the complete cabinet reshuffle on July, 2013.

I will not agree with those who believed that an outbreak of violence in Juba was a “coup” while I called a “political tactic to scare” toward politicians in coming election in 2015.

By Manyok Mabiei who is currently in Chicago, IL. He is concerns citizen in term of humanity and dependently thinker. He is a one of the SPLA-Chapter Founders in Chicagoland as a leader and Former Red-Army of South Sudan in 1987. He can be reach manyokmabiei@aol.com.


WHAT NEED TO BE DONE: A FRANTIC SEARCH FOR A DURABLE PEACE IN JONGLEI STATE

Dr. Bior Kwer Bior

Call it appeasement, call it a reward for bad behaviors, or call it any unpalatable name in the book, if you will, but the long awaited peace between the government of South Sudan and Yau Yau’s SSDF-cobra faction has been inked this past week. Last week, in one of my random political opinion notes, I said something that was frowned upon by many people. I said that Yau Yau might have stumbled upon a solution to the Jonglei State’s problem, which has been eluding our politicians.

This statement was in reference to Yau Yau’s multiple states solution to the chronic problem in Jonglei State, which our government has been unable to solve since it flared into a full blown civil ward. It got many people uneasy, and some really angry. Those who respect me enough approached me privately and nicely asked me to retract my statement, lest it would be used against me in the future. My ardent detractors went as far as calling me a hypocrite.

The latest are probably mad at me because I have been vocal on my vehement rejection of any peace with Riek Machar. To these people, my sudden turn around to welcome someone who might have probably pained me more than Riek Machar amounts to unacceptable dose of hypocrisy.

By these criticisms, I am unmoved. I have my reasons for not wavering, but before we delve into that, let’s soberly look at the terms of Yau Yau’s peace agreement, or appeasement agreement as the detractors of this novel development would like to call it. If we don’t like them, then we can go on our normal crazy-man’s spree, calling each other vicious and mean names.

1. In the Greater Pibor Area, an entity whose borders are yet to be legally demarcated, there will be established an area administration called the Greater Pibor Area Administration (GPAA).

2. This political entity will be governed by someone whose functions will be equivalent to those of a state governor.

3. The area will be divided into six counties, which are going to be administered by commissioners, whose powers will be equivalent to those of state counties commissioners.

4. The Presidency in the central government will establish a development fund for the Greater Pibor Area (GPA), and this fund will jointly be managed by someone to be appointed by the President of the republic of South Sudan.

5. The other provisions have something to do with how Yau Yau’s men will be appointed ministers in both the national and the state governments.

I think the last provision is where the appeasement part creeps in, but if calling them honorable will stop them from raiding children and wrestling cattle, then let it be. It is either that, or they will have Yau Yau’s head on a stick in Likuangule before he reaches Juba to receive his V8s, titles, shitload of money and concubines.

The provisions of this agreement obviously set up a pseudo-state within the state of Jonglei for Murle ethnic group. This has to be admitted from the get-go because it makes no logical sense to continue to pretend that something is not happening when it actually is happening.

I am not unmindful that this is South Sudan and anything bizarre can happen, but I am still struggling to understand how this area governor will take orders from someone sitting on the bank of the River Nile in Bor, someone whose powers are equivalent to his/her. I don’t think anybody thought about how redundant this is going to be, but again, we’re political mavericks here; we don’t have to adhere to the already established political operation mechanics. We like to devise our own.

In my previous piece, I rejected any attempt to establish a state in Pibor area solely for Murle people for the fear that others in Jonglei State may use the precedent to split the state into many warring tribal states. Jonglei state is already giddy with excitement, ready to blow itself asunder, and this agreement has just made it very easy for this eventually to be realized. It is now inevitable that this cumbersome state will finally be sliced into many manageable states that may be single-tribal or multi-tribal in nature.

However, the fear of this eventuality is probably unfounded. The state of Jonglei is unfathomably vast. It is cumbersomely huge, which makes it an administrative and a logistic nightmare. What is the point of having a state whose government has difficulty accessing the areas in which it writs run? In the eyes of our people in the far-plunge villages of Jie at the Ethiopian border, there always existed no government. Not only that, the influence of the government sitting feebly in Bor, precariously unaware of the things going on at the periphery, only stops at Pakwau area, leave alone those far-fetched villages, say in Anuak, Jie, Murle, and Akobo areas.

Therefore, this peace agreement could be read differently. It was probably signed after realizing the difficulties inherent in the management of Jonglei state, and that the state ought to be dismantled, dismembered and transformed into smaller administratively manageable states that are multi-tribal in nature. This agreement ought to be welcomed in that context and should be rapidly replicated for the other greater areas throughout the state of Jonglei. In this context, I propose the following scenarios:

1. The similar set-ups should be instituted for the Greater Bor area, which will be comprised of Bor County, Twi East County, and Duk County. This should be referred to the Greater Bor Area Authority (GBAA). The counties making up this area are large, and should be further divided into smaller counties. Bor County may give birth to three counties, Twi East to Two, and Duk County should probably remain the same.

2. Greater Fangak area should have similar administration; Greater Akobo area should be administered similarly.

These area administrations in conjunction with their counties commissioners will spearhead the development of their own areas. They should be given enough autonomy so that they don’t have to rely on the corrupt bureaucracy in the state government that is out of touch with the little guy at the periphery and the reality.

All these area administrations should have their funds established by the presidency, and the management of these funds should not be managed at the state level. After all, the state government in Jonglei is heading for extinction, thanks to this peace agreement.

These political arrangements will drastically weaken the central state government since they reduces the areas in which its unwelcomed writs run. This weak state government should now be relocated out of Bor Town to some place very insignificant where it will quietly await its slow painful demise. Eventually, the state of Jonglei will give rise to the following states:

1. Greater Bor State
2. Greater Pibor State
3. Greater Fangak State.
4. Greater Akobo State.

Or better yet, to avoid having states that are uni-tribal in nature, the greater areas of Akobo and Fangak may be lumped together to form one state north of Jonglei, while the greater areas of Pibor, and Bor may be pieced together to form another state south of Jonglei. These states will be small enough and manageable.

The resources from the central government will be equitably shared, compared to the present arrangement in which the meager resources coming from the central government are sponged up the gluttonous state government, which is feebly sitting at the River bank in Bor doing nothing really tangible for the citizens in the villages.

The citizens of the Southern Jonglei state may choose during a conference to either keep their state capital in Bor, or relocate it to another ideal place such as Boma. The citizens of the northern Jonglei will pick a place of their choosing for their capital. The citizens of the northern Jonglei (Akobo, and Fangak) should greet this proposal with eagerness since this will solve the recurrent problem of money/materials/food destined for their areas disappearing in Bor as they have always been made to believe. They can choose to airlift anything intended for their areas from Juba so that nothing of theirs should ever pass through Bor. These arrangements need to be speedily done to give Lt. Gen. Kong Nyuon enough time to put in place necessary arrangements geared at the efforts to relocate his capital either to Akobo or somewhere else before the rainy season commences.

As far as the names go, the inhabitants of these states may later choose different names as they deem fit instead of north or South Jonglei, but for the purpose of the present nomenclature, let them remain like that. As the citizens of Jonglei state, we ought to jump on this opportunity earnestly and push for these political dispensations.

These political arrangements will solve our chronic problems, which have been mistrust, resources scarcity, insecurity, lack of appreciable level of development, and unfathomable hatred of each. These vices have been crippling the development in our state. The solution has been sitting there, ready to be stumbled upon. Multiple states solution is what will deliver us from these chronic evils.

Dr. Bior Kwer Bior is a citizen of Jonglei state. He currently resides in Bor Town, Jonglei State, and works with the State government as the Medical Director of Bor State Hospital. He also teaches at Dr. John G. Memorial University of Science and Technology in the department of Life Sciences and Technology. Dr. Bior holds B.S., M.S., and PhD degrees from the University of Vermont, USA. He can be reached at: biordengchek@gmail.com