Archive for the ‘Commentary’ Category

Peace Ambassador strongly condemns the killing of highly intellectual young men in Akobo East.

Yohannes Pal Kuek was just an innocent intellectual who went to Akobo for Data Collection on his Master’s Degree Thesis.

Yohannes Pal Kuek was just an innocent intellectual who went to Akobo for Data Collection on his Master’s Degree Thesis.

May 21, 2015 (SSB)  —-  I’m deeply sorry for what happened in Akobo County today (Wednesday May 20, 15), the killing of two highly intellectual young men by civilians because of inter-clans revenge among Akobo’s citizens.

To be honest, I’m deeply dismayed by the tragedy death of both Mr. Yohannes Pal Kuek and Mr. Puok James (Pow James) who is also a very well known journalist. Pow James has been actively reporting on Radio Tamazuj from Akobo. This incident on them is a crime against Humanity and this must be highly investigated.

It’s not the first time; the clans in Akobo have been targeting the intellectuals who are far from the clans’ skirmishes. Civilians used to fight among themselves, but revenged their love ones by killing an intellectual instead of the killer who killed the person.

Pal and Puok had nothing to do with this conflict between Chie-tot and Chie-Majoak of Akobo East. Of course, Yohannes Pal is from Chie-tot, but he knew nothing about the conflict. He was just an innocent intellectual who went to Akobo for Data Collection on his Master’s Degree Thesis. Mr. Puok James was innocently killed because he walked with his friend – Pal. They both were killed while visiting some NGOs’ vicinity in order to access Internet.

I therefore urge the authority in Greater Akobo particularly Akobo East County to intervene and quickly hold an emergency meeting with civilians to decide whether the intellectuals are no longer needed in society so that they can evacuate the County.

Intellectuals are our doctors, teachers, administrators…etc. There is no way at all to target them in such useless and nonsense conflict. I want the Greater Akobo in Abroad and at Home to quickly dispatch a team on the ground and address this issue.

Yohannes Pal held Diploma in Accounting from Queen College in Addis Ababa, Bachelor of Arts in Accounting and Finance from Ethiopia Adventist College and Master Degree in Economics in Unity University in Ethiopia while Puok James with Bachelor in Journalism and Communication.

Once again! I strongly condemn the incident in the strongest term possible as Peace Ambassador and I strongly appeal to Authority in Akobo to critically look into situation so that civilians are aware of the importance of an educated person.

Civilians need to refrain from such acts otherwise a possible evacuation of intellectuals caused by fear will be imminent in Akobo County.

I extend my heartfelt and condolences to the deceased family to leave everything’s to God.

As an actor, I met Puok James during 2010 General Election in Akobo and we talked about how we should act a movie to curb such crimes that include the clans’ skirmishes in Greater Akobo. This was after I released my Movie in 2009.

Puok was a great and talented young man who openly talks to people while Yohannes Pal Kuek was my mentor who taught me Science subjects in Class Eight (8). Pal repeatedly taught me Introduction to Economic during my First Year in University and recently guided me on my Research paper early this year.

Mr. Pal is my role model and I must say that I learn so much from him.

I will always remember these two gentlemen as brothers, charismatic leaders and visionaries!! I believe a Foundation will be one-day build for them by Akobo Community to honor their roles.

I pray for God to comfort their family.

Let them rest in peace, Amen!!

Peace Ambassador Gatwech Koak Nyuon

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, +251933002269

By Samuel Reech Mayen, South Sudan

rss in tatters

May 20, 2015 (SSB)  —-   South Sudan is in dilemma on whether to please the international community in the expenses of the government of the people or disciplining her indiscipline society. Most often, pleasing the international community is a vague concept which is rarely achieved.

Frankly speaking, the UN, the USA, UK and some of the international Institutions played great role in pushing Khartoum’s regime to fully implement the provisions of the CPA. Their role set good atmosphere for free and fair referendum. Thus, the independent of South Sudan is a result of this remarkable cooperation. However, tackling the threatening rebellion in the country by the government sparks condemnation from the international community.

The threat of sanctions which is being reiterated by the international community bound the hands of the government in dealing with the internal insurgency that has caused immeasurable suffering. The rebels however dance to the tune as it is a continuation of their initiated transaction of destruction

Prudently speaking, war crimes and genocide have been committed by these habitual rebels. They have exploited the looseness of the law and pressure from the international community to be treated leniently.

Since all peace talks and amnesties attempts to unit people have failed, it is time to do what should have been done longtime in the past. This group of Gen. Gatdet, Gen. Tanginya, Gen. Gatwich Dual, Gen. Oliny, Gen. Mabor Dhol and their chief Dr. Riek should be declared as criminals and arrest warrants should be issued against all of them. This will stop them from unhelpful switching of sides from time to time. They will therefore remain in the bushes as clear rebels and fugitives.

Looking back into the history of the SPLA, there was high level of indiscipline that was contained by strong authority. In the mid 80’s, there were many cases of disorderliness that could have obstruct the progress. The soldiers used to rob the civilians off the property to feed themselves despite the commitment made by the Chiefs to contribute cattle and various foodstuffs to feed the SPLA. Some soldiers deserted from the frontline.

In response to these unwanted attitudes and behaviors, the Movement established military tribunal that passed appropriate penalties against the offenders. These tribunals were established and their jurisdictions were clearly stipulated with the purpose of regulating the conducts.

On this basis, the SPLA observed and respected the principles of the International Humanitarian Laws (IHL). This is clearly indicated by the number of Prisoners of War (POW) released at different intervals but also managed to ignore baseless accusations. If the SPLA was being wavered by the threats of the international community, the independence of this nation would not have been achieved.

To date, the SPLA has not deviated from these lawful practices. Since the beginning of the insurgency in the country, many Prisoners have been captured and reintegrated into their communities faster than ever. Amnesties that are being abused by the rebels have been given by the government severally. The most challenging is the failure of the international community to appreciate the positive role that the government has played to bring peace to the nation.

These devastating rebellions need to be fought both legally and military; legally by issuing arrest warrants to the top rebels who have committed crimes that have ruined the country and militarily by dispersing their forces.

The Republic of South Sudan needs to make use of her sovereignty. It is a legal responsibility of the government to prosecute generals that have been pushing for ethnic wars. Government also has the lawful obligation to protect lives and property by stopping any one disturbing peace with in the territory of South Sudan.

Since the SPLA does its role in line with the Humanitarian Law and respect for Human rights, no reasonable Body will blame the government for ending the rebellion. It is the prime Constitutional role of the South Sudan Armed forces to provide efficient security in the country.

The author lives in Juba and can be reached at: or 0955 079 266

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit the material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By David Aoloch Bion, Uganda

President Salva Kiir, Governor Paul Malong Awan (Blue suit) and Cabinet Affairs Minister Martin Lomuro (black suit) during the public rally in Aweil, NBeG

President Salva Kiir, Governor Paul Malong Awan (Blue suit) and Cabinet Affairs Minister Martin Lomuro (black suit) during the public rally in Aweil, NBeG

May 18, 2015 (SSB)  —  Informally, the SPLA Chief of General Staff, Lt .Gen Paul Malong Awan is referred as King Paul. Many people misunderstand this nickname of Gen. Malong . They misinterpret it as Malong being evilest in their strongest words. This is wrong inference and assumption. Mr. Malong is not behaving badly the way they perceive .

Gen. Malong is honoured as King Paul because of the 3 following reasons.

1 .Waging the war without external help.  Malong fought single-handedly as Anya Anya Two leader in Bare el gazal region from 1978 to 1983. At that time, Malong fought Sudan Army without any external support in term of logistics. Where did he get ammunition? Where he get food? No one knew, but, he fought for five years for the freedom of South Sudan  until he joined SPLM/A in 1983, when all Anya Anya joined SPLM/A then.  Here , he never asks anyone like a King . King always never asks for help from any one because he has everything always.

2 . The Defense of Boma . Malong  defended Boma Garrison from being captured by Sudan Army from 1992 to 1995 till  he was reinforced from Equatoria. He held out in Boma for 3 years  . Kapoeta at South of Boma was captured by Sudan army. Pochalla at the North of Boma was captured by Sudan army . He stood in the middle with gallant SPLA soldiers. Here, they called him a ‘’King of the Mountain’’, from mountain Boma .

3. His Generosity. Malong loves Humanity. Malong is a generous man . Malong is compassionate man  when he was a Governor of Northern Bare el gazal State. He was dinning with poor men and women in the state. At that time, Malong would organize a dinner for the poor SPLA war veterans in the state. At the table, he would say ‘’ it is the nation that stress you, take some of your lives and you are suffering now. Enjoy yourself; one good day is worth 30 bad days  Mr. Malong adopted  \this generous culture from European Royals. In Europe, the poor waits to eat the King’s dinner every year.  For example, on July 6, 1902, King Edward of England invited 456, 000 poor all over UK to come and eat dinner at his palace .

Here, they call Malong ‘’ King Paul’’ because he organized a dinner for the poor like the King Edward of England did in July 6, 1902.. In the name of God , the King will never lose .

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit the material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

South Sudanese Musician Emmanuel Jal: “Peace Maker or Hate Speaker”

By Buk Arop, Edmonton, Canada

South sudanese muscian Emmanuel Jal: a warchild?

South Sudanese musician Emmanuel Jal: a war child?

May 18, 2015 (SSB)  —-  Emmanuel Jal is a self-proclaimed peace soldier beating South Sudanese war drums. While he is collecting peace awards in the West, he is effectively contributing to tearing South Sudan into pieces by preaching tribalism in South Sudan. Armed with celebrity status, his messages can have far-reaching impacts on the ongoing civil war in South Sudan. Acknowledging and amplifying the loss of civilian lives of one tribe in the conflict while turning a blind eye to the loss of civilian lives of another because of our political or tribal allegiance is an incitement of tribalism and subsequent violence; Jal is implicated in such malicious, cock-eyed shenanigans. This act is detrimental to society and only serves his shortsighted personal interests. I think it is a matter of time before Western media and institutions that are captivated by his story see the gap between his ferocious stance on South Sudanese conflict and his peace activist’s persona. One can only hope that Jal’s confidants are not blind to the fact that he is en route to self-destruct and needs to change course.

I became an instant fan of Jal in 2009 after listening to his TED Talk presentation entitled ‘The Music of a War Child’ in which he speaks of how his experiences made him hate all Muslims and Arabs. He later came to a realization that the war was driven by elites who use religion to control power for economic exploitation purposes and not by the Muslims and Arabs as he initially perceived it. Likewise, I am hopeful that Jal will one day come to a realization that that tribalism is not the epicenter of the current South Sudanese Civil War, but power and greed –that tribes are being used as political pawns. I became an instant fan because some aspects of his story resonated with mine. Like most lost boys, being born in a war era was a curse that robbed me of a normal childhood. My experiences include being conscripted as a child soldier in Pinyudo Refugee Camp in Ethiopia where I spent 4 years and another 8 years in Kakuma Refugee Camp in Kenya, before finding tranquility in Canada 15 years ago. My first encounter with Jal was in August of 2013 when he was brought to Edmonton by the John Humphrey Centre for Peace and Human Rights as a Keynote Speaker for their Global Youth Assembly. South Sudan Development Foundation coordinated with Gatwitch Records and the John Humphrey Centre for Peace and Human Rights in hiring him to headline an event which was intended to raise funds for shipping textbooks to the Upper Nile University in Malakal, South Sudan. The fundraiser was unfortunately unsuccessful due to poor attendance; it was a big setback for South Sudan Development Foundation to say the least.

Any conscionable South Sudanese would attest to the cold fact that tribalism is a venomous element that is front and center in every aspect of South Sundanese life – including social, political and professional. One of my high school teachers in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Mr. Martino Atem Kunjok, once referred to tribalism as “South Sundanese HIV/AIDS” in one of his lectures. He made this reference at a time when the HIV/AIDS epidemic was unmercifully ripping families apart in East Africa. Almost every student in that classroom felt the validity of the comparison; we all wished that was not the case. Unfortunately, the unnerving realities of our experiences of tribal clashes in Kakuma Refugee Camp (i.e. Bor vs. Bahr el Ghazal; Dinka vs. Nuer) measure up to this epidemic beast. In a nutshell, tribalism is a volatile aspect of South Sudanese social fiber –hence, those who want to advance their political or personal interests often tap into it shamelessly. It is disgraceful enough that our politicians are culprits of this vindictive practice, and absolutely unacceptable for an internationally renowned peace activist like Jal – to be worsening epidemic of violence and divisiveness. In this context, I think Jal should be challenged by any peace loving individuals from any corner of the World.

I thought highly of Jal up until he unleashed the tribal monster in him in the ensuing months after the former Vice President (now rebel leader) was removed from his elected office in July 2013 by President Salva Kiir. In one of his Facebook posts in August 2013, Jal wrote: “The Current Government in South Sudan is promoting tribalism First class citizen is a Dinka second class citizen is Nuer (naath) 3rd class is any other tribe.” Clearly, this claim has no basis –it is absolutely has not roots in South Sudanese polity. Jal’s intention on such claims is to instigate tribalism. His incitement of tribalism and violence peaked in December 2013 when he posted graphic images of dead bodies from atrocities committed in other African countries on social media and attempting to make them pass for evidence of the government’s atrocities against Nuer in Juba, South Sudan. Emmanuel eventually bowed to pressure of the public outcry – he deleted the post, apologized and stated that he will be more careful in the future about posting unverified material. Jal subsequently deleted the apology as well – for reasons only known to him. One can argue that it is honorable of him to have retracted the post and issued an apology; after all we are human beings and susceptible to making honest mistakes. Unfortunately this delinquency was not an isolated incident, but part of his explicit tribal and partisan propaganda illustrated by his peculiar statements in mainstream and social media that are inconsistent with political realities in South Sudan.

Given that things are often misconstrued and/or taken out of context on social media, I had not challenged Jal on all his distortion of facts in relation to South Sudanese conflict on social media since he went on a roll. A vast majority of individuals who had challenged him on Facebook had generally done so with a strong sense of anger; as a result, their key message was generally buried as it was overshadowed by the negative tone that came across as personal, partisan or tribal. I can see how Emmanuel Jal can easily dismiss these individuals as his haters. So I held back from challenging him on Facebook because I didn’t want my constructive critique to be misconstrued –after all I am his fan!

My second and most recent encounter with Jal was in March 2015, when he was in Edmonton as part of ‘This is Our Canada’ Alberta Tour organized by the John Humphrey Centre for Peace and Human Rights. In this most recent encounter, having become fully aware of Jal’s rigid one-sided view on South Sudanese politics, I was at first hesitant to engage on South Sudanese politics with him and so I kept redirecting our conversation to topics unrelated to South Sudanese politics, but Jal persistently kept looping back to South Sudanese politics. I eventually decided to accept the challenge in the hope that the face-to-face dialogue may be somewhat productive in contrast to social media setting. As we engaged in discussing South Sudanese politics, I pointed out the gap between his peace activist’s persona vis-à-vis his incitement of tribalism in South Sudan.

I went on to offer Jal friendly advice to live up to his peace activist’s image when addressing South Sudanese political issues. I pleaded with him to use his influence for the greater societal good –that his messages have the potential to take or save lives and that he needs to be responsible about what he says in the media. I emphasized that he should choose to be the voice of reason for the voiceless South Sudanese facing despicable political atrocities in South Sudan. I reminded him that he should choose to be on the side of peace –that he should be on the side of innocent civilians that are paying the ultimate price irrespective of their tribal backgrounds. I also spoke to Emmanuel about the fact that he is being referred to as a young Nelson Mandela. I think Jal should be inspired by Mandela’s legacy of fighting for freedom, justice and equality for all, reconciliation and forgiveness. On the contrary, Jal’s messages and public façade exemplifies an anathema of Mandela’s spirit and works.

It is unfortunate that Jal was generally dismissive to my counsel –he would smile and respond with bizarre tribal statements (that are not fit to be mentioned in this article) and kept telling me “you don’t get it”. I truly wish Jal was right on this assertion –that he is doing the right things that contribute to a peaceful South Sudan and that I am the one who is not getting it. Even though he was dismissive and obviously oblivious of the merit and good intentions of my advice and private constructive critique of his peace activist’s persona, I was still optimistic that Jal would go and think about our conversation and reconsider his destructive stance on South Sudanese polity. Unfortunately, he went on singing the same old songs in his interviews on 630 CHED and CBC Radio among other media outlets. I felt obligated to finally go public – hence my March 21, 2015 tweet: “Emmanuel Jal, a peace soldier beating South Sudanese war drums, is Ban Ki-moon aware?” I was making reference to the UN peace award presented to Jal by Ban Ki-moon in December 2013. Jal had also collected The Dresden Peace Prize, Mattie J. T. Stepanek Peacemaker Award, The Calgary Peace Prize and South Sudan Development Foundation’s Peacemaker recognition –which I personally presented to Emmanuel Jal in August 2013.

Minister Faust, a friend and host of MF Galaxy who was among those who had interviewed Jal while he was in Edmonton in March 2015, expressed an interest to interview me upon seeing my tweet about Emmanuel Jal, for which I am grateful. This was an opportunity to challenge some absurd claims that Jal had made in his interviews on MF Galaxy, 630 CHED and CBC Radio among others – not to mention on social media. You can access my interview as well as Jal’s with Minister Faust at . On the weekend before the interview was aired I posted the following tweet: “I responded to some of Emmanuel Jal’s claims about South Sudan on MF Galaxy, stay tuned for my interview with Minister Faust coming up on Monday!” And literally within seconds Emmanuel Jal responded with the following tweet: “Good luck with the interview the truth is out President has destroyed South Sudan the evidence is all over.” This was a typical one-sided Jal’s hypothesis that everything wrong about South Sudan is to be exclusively blamed on President Salva Kiir. In respond I tweeted: “Emmanuel Jal there’re evidences from neutral sources showing both Kiir & Machar have targeted civilians, why exclude Machar in your equation?” As I expected, our decorated peace activist had no answer to such a balanced question that holds both leaders accountable for atrocities committed against civilians by their respective forces (as noted by neutral sources such as the Amnesty International, Human Right Watch and United Nations among others).

It is very unfortunate that mainstream media in the West has the tendency of anointing individuals with celebrity status like Jal as experts and that any erroneous thing they say about any subject matter is packaged as the truth and sold to society. Hence, the West is misinformed and remains in the dark about the true nature of despicable atrocities in places like South Sudan! In this context, I applaud Minister Faust for the interview opportunity on MF Galaxy. I think it had set a new benchmark and so now there are potential other media outlets will take note and incorporate the voices of average citizens who speak the truth from a non-partisan and non-tribal perspective.

The dilemma is that the foreign media is wooed and blindfolded by Jal’s extraordinary story, so they are more emotional than rational when interviewing him –hence, there is zero fact-checking done on his claims. So, what baffles me is that South Sudanese journalists who are better equipped to see through Jal have not shown any interest in interviewing him to address questions such as why he deviates from his international peace advocate persona when it comes to South Sudanese polity. To the best of my knowledge, The Independent, a Juba-based newspaper, is the only South Sudanese media outlet that has challenged Jal’s peace activist’s image –the headline on the front page of its April 10, 2014 issue read “Peace Maker or Hate Speaker” and featured a photo of Jal being presented a peace award by UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon. In a nutshell, Jal is exploiting the emotional susceptibility of Western media and public apathy prevalent in South Sudan at the moment. Jal is also successfully exploiting the non-challenging nature of South Sudanese –so the Western media is not hearing any challenge to Jal’s fabrications.

In his interview on MF Galaxy, Jal talks of being considered a rebel and getting death threats from the Government of South Sudan for being an activist, for speaking out for freedom, justice and equality for all. First of all, those who are cognizant of South Sudanese politics and Jal’s talking points on South Sudan would attest to the fact that Jal doesn’t speak out for freedom, justice and equality for all as he claims –particularly on South Sudan. So this is simply laughable. Secondly, as I am obviously not a government spokesman, I am not going to comment on whether he is getting death threats or not. However, my hypothesis is that if Jal is indeed getting death threats from President Kiir’s government, it is more likely for his personal, partisan and tribal views such as: i) All the name calling he has unleashed on President Kiir (i.e. he has been making claims in the media that Kiir is possessed by demons, an alcoholic, a crackhead, a tribal leader etc.); ii) Highlighting the government’s killing of Nuer civilians while being willfully ignorant of the rebels’ killing of Dinka civilians; iii) His incitement of tribalism and violence through social media; iv) That President Kiir had united all the South Sudanese tribes and armies of neighboring countries to orchestrate an ethnic cleansing against Nuer; and v) That President Kiir sold a portion of South Sudan’s land to Brazil.

All these and many other claims by Jal are extremely speculative at best, or blatant and reckless fabrications with violent consequences. In his interview with Moses Mutabaruka in The African Perspective Magazine in February 2014, Jal addressed the question of being criticized for defending Dr. Riek Machar’s side by saying: “My mom is Dinka, my dad is Nuer, I have a child whose mom is Dinka, so why should I choose to hate one side and love one side?” Evidently, Jal had publicly chosen a side and I couldn’t have posed a better question than the one he had posed himself. So tell your country Jal, why choose a side when you have blood connection on either side? In response to whether he would speak out against Dr. Riek Machar, Jal said: “Yes of course, why would I keep quiet, because if he’s doing that and he’s killing other people and I keep quiet, that’s destroying the country because it’s not going to bring any peace.” Again, a self-incriminating statement because the reality is that Jal had not been speaking out against atrocities committed by rebel leader, Dr. Riek Machar; subsequently, he is destroying the country as he rightfully stated in his own words.

I don’t know of any South Sudanese who is not a political pundit –any South Sudanese social gathering (including weddings and funerals) of two or more individuals involves talking politics. So every South Sudanese has an opinion on any subject matter related to South Sudanese politics – which is captivating but sometimes debilitating when some individuals present their opinions as the gospel. Nevertheless, one can easily ignore such individuals in those “fifteen minutes of fame” small talk in social settings. What we as a society cannot afford to ignore are celebrities like Jal who are using their status to publicize their biased version of reality to the ignorant media that had anointed them. That is why I am challenging Jal to live up to his peace activist persona by acknowledging and preaching the truth.

The starting point for the truth is the various neutral sources out there –which have confirmed targeting of civilians by both parties to the conflict. In a 100 page report, Human Rights Watch stated that: “Government and SPLA/M-in Opposition forces have, together with allied forces, since December 2013 committed extraordinary acts of cruelty that amount to war crimes and in some cases potential crimes against humanity. These forces have pillaged and destroyed civilian property including homes, humanitarian infrastructure like the cars and offices of aid agencies, and medical facilities, including key hospitals. Both sides have ruthlessly targeted places of refuge, including churches, hospitals, and UN bases.” One would expect to hear a peace activist like Jal to echo such non-partisan message. Unfortunately, in the gospel according to Jal, President Kiir is the dictatorial crackhead alcoholic tribal leader possessed by demons who had united all the South Sudanese tribes and foreign armies to orchestrate an ethnic cleansing against Nuer; and the World is turning a blind eye.

For the record, I am still a fan of Jal. So hopefully this article is not misconstrued as a personal attack; I have nothing personal against him. What I am against is his distortion of facts which instigates tribalism and subsequent violence in South Sudan. As African wisdom puts it ‘a good friend is he/she who tells you on your that you wrong when you are’. Because it is from such audacious counsel that we grow into better individuals. I am skeptically hopeful that he can change and be on the right side of history. However, until Jal lives up to his peace activist’s persona, peace loving individuals (including friends and fans) have moral obligations to challenge him. I think it is reprehensible for noble organizations and institutions to be bestowing peace awards on Jal when even a cursory investigation into his claims would reveal the hollowness of his peace posturing. I can’t speak for other organizations from which Jal has collected peace awards. However, in my capacity as President of South Sudan Development Foundation, it is relevant to state in this article that I will be proposing to the board that the Peacemaker honor bestowed on Emmanuel Jal be revoked immediately.

In conclusion and last but evidently not least, I would like to see a scenario in which Jal is truly a peace activist who is tirelessly advocating for peace in South Sudan. He can use his celebrity status to establish a diplomatic working relationship with President Salva Kiir and the rebel leader Dr. Riek Machar; he could then diplomatically continue to consistently and persistently pressure both men to compromise and end the dreadful atrocities through a peacefully negotiated political settlement. By being a non-tribal, non-partisan peace activist that toils for no-violence resolution and the greater good of South Sudan, Jal could do peace concert tours in all the 10 states of South Sudan in collaboration with artists from various South Sudanese tribes. Such a robust peace activism would have a tangible impact in the pursuit of a prosperous, peaceful and democratic South Sudan. By embracing an action-oriented peace advocacy of this calibre, Jal would foster an atmosphere of peace, reconciliation and forgiveness among South Sudanese. In doing so, Jal would be contributing to the eradication of the “South Sudanese HIV/AIDS”. In achieving such a noble and monumental threshold, Jal would incontrovertibly be deserving of his current collection of peace awards, worthy of being compared to Nelson Mandela, and potentially a candidate for the Nobel Peace Prize.

Buk Arop is the President of South Sudan Development Foundation; you can reach him through his email: or on Twitter @bukarop

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit the material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Manon Jok Aleu, New York, USA

The fruition of the CPA

The fruition of our long struggle

May 17, 2015 (SSB)  —   Our long Journeys of liberation had taught us to in believe in humanity and rational of human beings, ideal of freedom, believe in our aspiration of struggles of liberation; our guiding principles of the SPLM of ideas of liberation; we believe in equality, justice for all, irrespective of ethnicity, religion, region , social status or gender, the ideal of decentralization and devolution of power, the ideal of democracy and political pluralism, prosperity, harmony and social cohesion of our people, the ideal of supremacy of the rule of law and separation of powers and the ideal of accountability, transparency and good governance, these mentioned are the sweetness of guiding star of our long journeys of liberation and hope for Good governance from 1955-2005.

Yet we can witness fellow comrades still engage themselves in horrible actions in our own government, that we people expected to stand and believe in our principles of guiding star, disunity of our diverse ethnics-of our 64 tribes, intertribal fights “Cattle Raiding”, competition communities over resources, “Land issues”, inefficiency in managing public affairs “Corruption”, ineffectiveness of our security agencies “citizens lacking fairness security or lacking rule of law” and economic dysfunction in the country.

Today, our society is in a state of moral and administrative crisis in managing our state affairs in the new nation. This crisis has many symptoms, the most dramatic being the remorseless increase in levels of behaviors and attitudes of in-laws acts, we have witness those criminal immoral in after math of December15, 2013 rebellion imposed on our state by coward groups in Juba City, Unity State, Jonglei State, Upper Nile state as well as other locations in the country, why all this evils things happen, all origins from wrong practices of our state, fragile laws and social institutions of our country, all of which from our governance system that being led by those leaders of our liberation, citizens of the Republic of South Sudan ensured them trust in guiding us with wisdom, rational, logic and making good judgement, for the most respects and stand by ideals of our guiding of principles –our long journeys and hope for good governance, unfortunately, the all fails us and fails our new nation.

Then there is the decline of social and moral values of Nilotic cultural believe in impressing peace and respects to one another that our ancient from grandfathers to grandfathers are destroyed and substituted with new culture of power struggle over leadership, the decline of public trust in leadership and the weakened public consensus on any sort of addressing social, political and civic values which form our moral values, loves your neighbors, fed those who needs food, welcoming your guests and honors them, do not lies, do not take ways human live in cold blood, do not rape, work heard to fed your family, respects all human, all mentioned were Nilotic ethnics group common values and common sense ( Nuer, Dinka, and Cholo).

To me, it seem like the common sense of our good values are being compromised today in the new South Sudan and the wisdom we gain from our great fathers are turn into lies and delusions of today living were hatred, selfishness, division amongst our communities are being celebrates by those who thinks and we called them our leaders of modern South Sudan. We refrain ourselves from committing to any our culture values and guiding star of principles of liberation and comradeship that soul of ideal of freedom and independent of the promise land –Republic of South Sudan.

Is something gone wrong with our South Sudanese people or is the problem is we have the nation with no leader to guide us? Are we really serous in developing and designing a nation building project, peace building project and reconstruction of our nation by ourselves before thinking about friends or neighbors who may interesting to helps us? Do we believe that people are corrupted or the ineffectiveness of our system of government gets corrupted?

We accept and recognize the challenges of our new nation, because is it only way forward we can develop a healthy framework for effective and good governance. I believe that we needs not just effective democratic governance but the right kind of government, where people are being recognize and above the power of elitist –the state peace, harmony, unity and justices, equality and prosperity for all the people of South Sudan. The new Republic of South Sudan needs governance not just focused on politics and publics management alone, instead we need governance systems that include good economy, statehood, and societies that is more proactive in engaging in national interest projects and ready in building a just institutionalized state.

The complexity and un-controllable border of our landlocked nation with the sweeping power of economy and exchange between borders that are worries for economy competitions amongst them the East African nations, our dependency on oil production and unfinished business in related to our borderlines issues with our former oppressors regime in Khartoum. How can we govern these challenges process and the complexity of economic, cultural and political interactions domestically, regionally and internationally and the current rebellion “war of choice” imposed on the people of South Sudan, without idealizing and promoting the nation state?

We need to borrowed and learned a lessons from these nations world who passed through challenges and complexity of emerging nation like our country before us; Charles Handy had stated interesting point” Almost everyone have come to believe in this world that human institutions must follow the guidance of moral purpose(s) for a human way of living, for a general good or a common human –well –being which is capable of being shared by everyone and which provides a standard for both needs for good legislation “a Sound good constitution” that impressed “We the people” and respect of idealized of good governance. What are the basic principles for good governance?

What other scholars or internationals institutions say about it, what are emerging consensus on good governance, for reader the expectation and outcome may not give final answer, but some sort of insight what it mean for good governance to called may have been a central debate for these questions are of course part of the best practice, may not be apple to apple rather than an apple to orange, why because what people may called good governance in North America may not necessary same in South America; however, principle of good governance- are more human common sense and human values, I believe knowing or recognizing between wrong doing and right doing is not far closure to the ideal of good governance; people government, government of the people ,stand by people and for the people.

The debate of ideal form of good governance has been a consensus discussion question for the world political thinkers. Since the creation of the Republic government, Plato, Philosophers and practitioners have been looking and searching for the best way of creation of good governance, a society build on moral values and the best form of statehood. The Romance Empire philosophers have contributed and worked for building a good governance; For example, Platon, in his book, “The state” and “Politic” and “the Law,” the idea of “the Republic” the People, all were envisioned on the ideal state and ideal political governance.

In contrast, since 1955-2011, the people of South Sudan have been hoping and struggling-to have a just peace land that belonging to all, where justices, equality and prosperity shall not ever be compromise in the final destiny of the New Republic of South Sudan. Our long journeys of liberation and hope for good governance of our own has being compromised by those who we called our leaders on December15, 2013.

The people of the New Republic have been promise and dream to have a just state, where Politics and the law are the governance; Platon have posed the interesting questions in Romance empire” Who will Guards the Guardians”? Does our excitement and happiness during a joyful celebration before and after July9, 2011, had make us forgettable about who will be guards our leaders and who will be the guardians, believe me or not was the gold question that we missed in drafted the interim constitution of South Sudan that was drafted and adopted by these who we called our leaders, without pay attention to consequences and complexities of after math of July9,2011, the era of the Republic of South Sudan; indeed, the states and governments in history basically based their power on people they are being governed rather than persuasion in order to drive the consents of public citizens of their subjects.

I am proud to myself because I was against Hon. John Luk, drafted Interim constitution for being lacking more consensuses that should have driven more from the people of the republic rather extension of the old Sudan system type of government into new nation. The ideal government that should have been established right way after independent on July9, 2011 should have been interim government to prepare people for the new permanent constitutions and a fresh election in the country, after peace building and healing process are being completed and delayed much more issues so call post independent with our former oppressors in the Khartoum regime, to deal with them after putting our house in order first.

These we called our leaders have focused too much searching for policies to have people conformed to their interest, such as keeping legislatives members and president in the power for another four years more in government rather searching for ways to increase public control over policies that are governing us; leaving behind fundamental debate for important questions: How should we governance ourselves? How can we governing the new Republic? What type of system of government that can fit our situations, decentralize system of government, more centralize system of government or what called Federalism paradise?

South Sudan we have started in wrong way and we must make turn now, not even tomorrow; our system government have developed institutional protection type form of government, that look like prevented the people from the arbitrary exercise of coercion and public citizens consensuses in Nation Building and peace building, that should have been realized by increase communication and collective reflection from our policies and actions in building as just way forward for good governance. I believe the more we strive or struggle over governs or leadership, the less we succeed in the nation building and good governance.

In conclusion, the institutions and politics that we should build in our state shall create a tools of transformational leadership style in dealing with who will be the next leader rather than competing over power struggle as the situation currently in the country. The Ideal of liberation for these who had opportunities to actively physically involved in liberation days, shall ever nor never used as a tool in considering the state as the steward of dominant classes and an institution to alleviate class that have not had opportunities to share in struggle or contribute physically. I believe we all equal in one way or another have made a different toward liberation in different ways; as well as we all voted one vote counted on January9,2011.

We must and shall recognize the ideal of our late leader Dr. John Garang “Taking Town to Village” that is the good governance that our people hopes for many years comes; Let us build our state in the basis –where the government become a servant of the people, state where people are treat equals and where alleviation of the wicked problem such as poverty, education, social issues and etc..

Are being considers and address by their government; let us impress the ideal of liberalism , ideas that are attach to our liberation goals; I believe our guiding principles of liberation should have taught us in believing in the minimum –state and demands of the limitation of the state authority from obsolete power legislations; in other hand, it advise the expansion of individual freedoms that lead to a flexible market community to meet the demands of the changes in our economic development and progress in any circumstance as the situation now in the country, government is to regulate and mentoring the market, government is not a business.

Our government institutions shall promote market exchange in domestically, regionally and internationally and the state institutions shall have no right to control people vices in the country. The success of our country requires, to have role of actor player as an organization that shall be both all –inclusive and unitary at the same time in perceive our diverse in social and culture in representing symbol of over 64 ethnics nation.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit the material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from

A letter to Biar John

Posted: May 17, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Contributing Writers, Kur Wël Kur, Letters

Dear Biar John,

May 17, 2015 (SSB)  —  Before, I write why I send you this letter, I oblige myself to check on your well-being because each of us acts a brother’s or sister’s keeper. I hope you will read this letter in a good health. With that said, I would like to address some of your arguments in your recent article as follow: In your own words, am I competing? Am I defending politicians? Your criticisms on my writings.

In your own words

In your own words, you mentioned how connected we all live and I do agree with you. Apart from crossing lines on this site (Paanluel Wel), we may have crossed bloodlines. So your step siblings could call me their nephew. However, it doesn’t stop us from engaging in arguments, which aim to correct us in critical areas. Although, I cannot give myself a privilege of littering this letter with abusive words or sentences as you did in your recent article.

I don’t need to call anyone to know you because I know you so if I stepped on your toe in the article I originally posted of which you responded then you need to address that part. Otherwise, I hold no grudges on you.

Am I competing?

Reading your article took me long to unearth what you intended me to understand because you concealed the information from sentence to sentence, withholding it (information) for long time from me, your reader. You accused me of so many things, which includes “competition”. I believe you wrote untrue statements about me competing. I don’t think I am competing. Competition doesn’t reel around my head.

Am I defending politicians?

Biar, I understand that politicians represent their constituencies and so they should listen to the voices of the voters. Or they deserve to shoulder the blames if anything goes wrong. However, some people befuddled me when they derailed from criticising the policies to spewing personal insults on politicians. I do understand that we (South Sudanese) lost many lives, which outweighed any insult but we must observe critically what went wrong with our seniors, the least we repeat it when get a go.

I know, writing about politics attracts envy among supporters of different political ideologies so labelling me as a supporter of politicians dented my heart not. Biar, we can appear fair in the faces of political situations especially if none of our relatives occupied any post but if the reverse happens, we distant ourselves from those who criticise our relatives in political posts. You may deny this but in the quietest hour of the night, you will admit it as true.

Your criticisms on my writings

My dear brother, I welcomed your dislikes of what I wrote and how I wrote it. In fact, different types of writings float on the webs and many publishers printed some writings and rejected some other types. They based their decisions on either the market of a particular genre or based rejections or acceptances on their (publishers) tastes.

So brother, telling me “you don’t understand what I write”, doesn’t bother me. I can choose to inflate my writings with expletives and weak verbs and get away with praises for writing nice or I can choose brevity and get myself critics who believe in expletives. “There’s hate between us” or “hate exists between us”. All sentences mean the same thing and grammatically correct but the two sentences will split the readers into two groups, those who fall for the former and those who drift towards the latter. So thanks for your criticism.

Your criticisms and why I take it as a good thing. I like your criticism because it validates or negates thoughts. And those thoughts, which worth no criticisms fade away easily. Through criticisms, we learn a lot of new sides of stories.

To rest this letter, I believe you understand my position. I welcomed your criticisms and no grudges on my side. I treat this engagement as a point of clarification.

So thanks,

Yrs.’ Kur Wel Kur.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit the material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from 

Dear Mamer Deng Jur

Posted: May 17, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Contributing Writers, Letters

By Biar John, South Sudan

May 17, 2015 (SSB)  —-   I am sorry that it took so long to respond to you. I could not respond to you in time as I had just run out of internet. But luckily I had it back in the morning, and I was able to write this piece for you.

Before I get to the point, I have to tell you that I am one of those who do not react to situations quickly. I have ignored lots of mischievous cyber behavior for a long time. I don’t easily respond to cyber things that are annoying; maybe I should be called a lazy bastard for being such sluggish. Or I am not good at quickly analysing hidden attacks on myself. Or maybe I am one of those who learn things late and I may acquire the moniker “The late Bloomer” as a result.

To get into the point my friend, I am one of those who write to self-entertain. I don’t write regularly, but when I am bored I entertain myself by writing. And as you might have read everything I post, they are sometimes full of grammatical errors, other times not. That should be enough to tell you how not serous I am with whatever I post. However, some of those who read them don’t take them for what they are. They serve a different purpose for them.

Recently, I wrote a piece in which my analysis was on south Sudan chaotic political system in which there are a lot of political ambiguities in many political spheres including constituency representation. Within that article, I talked about how most of the MPs were hand-picked when those proposed by their constituencies were deemed to be political unfit by the political the bogeyman. And by bogeyman, I was referring to the higher ranking SPLM members, who when communities choose their leaders, will jump in and oppose them, and then put their preferred ones.

I, then, concluded with how South Sudan is a system of hegemony or a style of leadership where one can pull off some sort of control and power of over a group that is addicted to having him in leadership. And as result of that piece, an attacking piece of article came out just a few days later.

The article had some of the following contents:

“Our empty criticisms, their habits of nagging the president or system with the same opinions convey nothing than misusing freedom of expression. My brothers, the mind-numbing thoughts of dying of AIDS or hepatitis B, must worry us a lot than logging on our Facebook’s accounts to rant on the president or ministers.

Until we confront ourselves and correct our mistakes, which we avoid all the times, then all the hard talks or writings in which we condemn the elders and South Sudan’s government officials are just meaningless indulgence.

Our rants about president are escapism. Our notions of being the alternatives are myths. Our Facebook’s statuses are avoidance of our families’ issues.

Changing ourselves is the easiest and most beneficial contribution we’d ever done to our lives and to our beloved country.”

And you Mamer replied, and I believe my mind can’t fail me, that you hope they (those opinion writers) will learn from the writer.

When I wrote another article in which I talked about people writing articles based on hearsays and gossips, which was in direct reference to your friend’s libelling opinion writers as night club guys who should first work on themselves rather than attacking elderly, you wrote the following piece:

“Reply to your article about GM seeds. Your thoughts and analysis were bright and meaningful, I wish that, many of us could reform their writing of ‘hearsay’, which are baseless; and write critically about issues, which will affected us in short and long terms.

Well I know many people do really enjoy reading those nonsenses political opinions, which is fair enough in my mind. But it is pretty good if those nonsense were considered by those ‘filthy and evil politicians and their followers.

Smartest countries know exactly what they grow, eat, drink, and smoke, likewise smartest people know what they eat, drink, and smoke. But dumb ‘KNOW no none’.

To retired, I think that 95% of opinion articles posted to Paanluelwel are based on ‘hearsay’ political activities, which they don’t even articulate wel

I am advising many authors including myself to write like Kur Wel Kur, and Paanluel wel. No hard feeling if you don’t like my suggestion.

For that reason, I think many of us are just bunch of ‘ANIMAL FARM’. ‘Can’t think for themselves.”

In your yesterday’s post, it appears that you are treating my post as being out of context, even when you know that your friend began the whole thing by indirectly attacking my piece, and it is evidenced by the above excerpt.

And you were the first to come out and start defending your friend after seeing the word “bombastic “in my post article, which you believed was a nonsensical opinion piece. It was then followed by another comment from your friend, which was of self-defensive nature, that everyone knows how he writes.

You, together, started defending each other straight after seeing my post, which was an indication that you had attacked me, and then start anticipating something to come from me. If you didn’t know what you have been, together, doing, how you could have just jumped to the defence of each other without asking exactly what was going on.

I hope you are not trying to whitewash the whole thing by pretending to be the ones being taunted. And I hope you will come out with a better explanation, due. Since day one, your friend has been an astray loose cannon, and all along side, you have been cheering him up as he maim people with articles full of hidden mischief.

And to let you know dudes, I am not a nightclub guy as you and your friend would have imagined. I wonder how you came to that conclusion.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit the material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from