Archive for the ‘Featured Articles’ Category


THE AFRICAN GENIUS–Issue 3

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

South Sudan's President Salva Kiir (C) acknowledges his supporters as he arrives to address a rally at John Garang's Mausoleum in the capital Juba March 18, 2015.

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir (C) acknowledges his supporters as he arrives to address a rally at John Garang’s Mausoleum in the capital Juba March 18, 2015.

May 4, 2015 (2015)  —-   On Sunday, April 29, 2015, there was an informal get-together by members of the Agaar Dinka community at the residence of one of their sons, Bol Makueng, South Sudan’s deputy minister for education, in Juba, South Sudan.

The Hon. Bol Makueng told the gathering, “We must be frank to ourselves and the world around us,” because it would not be unthinkable if President Salva Kiir Mayaardit “stays longer in power than expected, citing the period spent by revolutionary leaders in other African countries.”

Speaking of those who don’t like the president, Bol Makueng added, “they must accept that President Salva Kiir Mayardit is going nowhere anytime soon, and they must prepare for a long wait because I don’t see our people changing their minds to choose [an] alternate leader soon.”

So what do the South Sudanese make of Bol Makueng’s startling statement? Well, one conclusion would be to think that the honorable minister has inadvertently let the cat out of the bag. Another conclusion would be to take him at his word: he is thinking out loud as a free citizen of South Sudan addressing his guests in the privacy of his own residence.

Let’s examine the former rather than the latter for a minute. Surely, there are several factors currently at play that might compel the president to consider running for many presidential terms in direct contravention of the transitional constitution of South Sudan. These factors will, more or less, have everything to do with the legacy and interest of the SPLM party.

For example, any circumstance or prevailing condition that would threaten the power, honor, interest and legacy of the SPLM and of President Salva Kiir might induce him to seek unlimited presidential terms in power, with or without the blessing of the interim constitution.

The first and foremost reason could be if there is no viable successor to the president within his own camp. Before Pagan Amum fell out of favor with Kiir in July 2013, there was the assumption that Wani Igga or Pagan, rather than Riek Machar, might be Salva Kiir’s successor. With the departure of Pagan, there is only Wani Igga left.

If the president and his inner circle feel that Wani Igga cannot be entrusted with the power, interest, honor and legacy of the SPLM, then the party might settle for Salva Kiir as president for life. The president could then be “forced” to govern until a suitable successor could be groomed and anointed to protect the power, interest, honor and legacy of the SPLM and of President Kiir.

The second reason could be the “Riek Factor”. In the event that no strong and unifying political figure emerges within the government camp, it might be inconceivable for the supporters of the government in general, and the Dinka community in particular, to retire President Kiir only for Dr. Riek Machar to inherit the kingdom.

Of the majority who back the government in the current civil war, most support the president because of their strong opposition to the prospect of Dr. Riek Machar becoming the president of South Sudan. Therefore, fear of a Riek presidency, if nothing else, would necessitate Kiir to press for unlimited terms of power in breach of the constitution.

After all, it is easy to contemplate a political scenario where parliament amends the constitution to commensurate with a new political reality. The robber barons of South Sudan—the 75 Mafioso—would briskly gang up to propose and pass the amendment. These thieves need political protection and would naturally press for the president to stay put to safeguard and perpetuate their ill-gotten gains.

The third factor, as cited by the Hon. Bol Makueng, is the propensity by African revolutionary leaders to cling to power at all costs. With the exceptions of Mwalimu Julius Nyerere of Tanzania and Nelson Mandela of South Africa, almost all of the revolutionary leaders of post-colonial Africa have, in one way or the other, striven to stay in power for life. Among the current leaders are President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, Omar Bashir of the Sudan, and until recently, Muammar Gadhafi of Libya and Hosni Mubarak of Egypt, to mention but a few.

What is so interesting—or controversial—about the legacy of these revolutionary African leaders is their blatant claim that their power grab is necessitated by the lack of a viable successor. In other words, they are forced against their will and conscience to stay at the helm when they would rather be resting at home with their families or drinking beer with their old war buddies.

“When a country sees no alternative leader,” the Hon. Bol Makueng reminded the Agaar Dinka audience at his Juba home, “the incumbent leader continues to lead because people are happy with the style of leadership of that particular leader. We have seen this happening in Sudan, in Uganda and as far [away] as Zimbabwe. This is not because these leaders do not want to leave power but [because] the people themselves in these countries are the ones who do not see the alternative.”

Fourthly, there is the “Burundian Factor”. The peace deal in Burundi between the rebels and the government ended the civil war in 2006 and saw the enthronement of Pierre Nkurunziza as the country’s new leader. Five years later, he won the presidential elections. Now, the ruling CNDD-FDD party has nominated Nkurunziza as its candidate in the June 26, 2015 presidential election, which would hand him his third term in office since the end of the civil war.

Unsurprisingly, the opposition is accusing him of clinging onto power in direct violation of the constitution that bars him from running for a third term. But according to Nkurunziza and his supporters, the first term does not count because he was not elected by the people of Burundi in a general election in 2005. Rather, he was designated to head the coalition government born out of the peace deal.

Thus, they claim only the second term counts because it was his first duly elected presidential term; following that reasoning, he is now running for his second official term in office. Street demonstrations have broken out in Bujumbura, the capital city, and at least five people have died so far.

You may wonder how this is related to South Sudan and President Kiir. Well, according to the leaked report of the AU Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (AUCISS) that questioned the legality of President Kiir’s constitutional mandate as the elected president of South Sudan rather of Southern Sudan, there is a compelling reason to believe that President Kiir stands a good chance of arguing that he has never been elected in a general election as president of the Republic of South Sudan and should therefore now be give his constitutional and democratic right to run for his first full term as the democratically elected president of the Republic of South Sudan.

Some others asked the Commission: Is President Kiir an elected President or an elected Vice President, and of South Sudan or Sudan? After all, Salva Kiir was elected as Vice President, and not President. And that election was organized by the Republic of Sudan, not South Sudan. For that matter, South Sudan has never had an election since it became independent.”

According to Ngundengism, Riek Machar was prophesied to be the first president of an independent South Sudan. Therefore, the insinuation that President Kiir is not an elected president of South Sudan but of Southern Sudan, to the supporters of Riek Machar, still leave them an ample room to fight for and claim the divined title of the first president of the Republic of South Sudan.

Unwittingly, however, they are playing into the hand of Kiir and his inner circle to press for a fresh start of his reign as an elected president of the Republic of South Sudan. The fact that this statement was made by President Kiir’s political opponents would further strengthen and justify his resolve to press for a fresh start of his official presidential terms.

Finally, if President Salva Kiir Mayaardit were to consider and press to run for his first elected term as president of the Republic of South Sudan, he would not be the first leader to exploit such political loopholes. In 1992 when the multi-party system arrived in Kenya, President Daniel Arap Moi, who had then been in power for decades, successfully argued that he should be allowed to run for his first official term as the democratically elected president of Kenya since he had never been democratically elected in his past terms. He successfully ran and reigned for the next ten years until he handed power over in 2002 after his second term was over.

Verily, if the political rivals of President Kiir do believe that he was merely elected as president of a defunct entity called GOSS and therefore has no constitutional right whatsoever to be regarded as the first democratically elected president of the Republic of South Sudan, then doesn’t President Kiir deserve the right to offer himself for the chance to stand for his first elected term as the president of the Republic of South Sudan?

PaanLuel Wël, the Managing Editor of PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers, is a South Sudanese national currently residing in Juba, South Sudan, where he works for one of the International NGOs. He graduated with a double major in Economics and Philosophy from The George Washington University, Washington D.C, USA. He is the author of “Return in Peace (R.I.P) Dr. John Garang and the editor of the speeches of Dr. John Garang, published as “The Genius of Dr. John Garang, Vol. 1 &2“. He is currently working on two books to mark the 10th anniversary of the death of Dr. John Garang: Vol. 3 of “The Genius of Dr. John Garang” and “Who Killed Dr. John Garang“, an account of events and circumstances leading to the death of the late SPLM/A leader in July 20005. You can reach him through his email: paanluel2011@gmail.com


By Mayak Deng Aruei, USA

Paramount Chief Edward Amum Okiech, father of Pagan Amum

Paramount Chief Edward Amum Okiech, father of Pagan Amum

May 3, 2015 (SSB)  —   The Chollo/Shilluks who are going through many horrors of our time must know that their own sons have opened a death corridor, and which passes through their homeland. There can be no meaningful peace in the Kingdom of Shilluks if their sons don’t stop being too ambitious to lead, too vocal in South Sudan’s affairs and too easy to catch political fires. The fact that certain people want to lead, be seen as leaders and want to make profound impacts on political grounds, their people will be forced to take part in the madness fuels by tribal sentiments.

So long as Dr. Lam Akol Ajawin, Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba, Gen. Pagan Amum Okeich, Gen. Oyai Deng Ajak and Gen. Johnson Olony/Oliny or whatever the correct spelling is , and if they continue to aims high for military and political influences, Shilluk Kingdom would not be peaceful. For unknown reasons, people are mixing national affairs with local’s land disputes. That is not only in Shilluk Kingdom, but across South Sudan where people are so confused, and cannot differentiate between national issues and local issues. Please go down the river of life and follow the trail.

First, let’s look at what the Shilluk Kingdom really means to South Sudan as a sovereign State. We know for a fact that Chollo/Shilluks have been ruled by Kings for centuries, and they are still under Monarch with some influential Chiefs leading the ways in the affairs of their Society and the Nation as a whole. Are we supposed to be discussing tribes when talking about crises in the Republic of South Sudan? Hell yeah, why not? The raging fire in South Sudan was fueled by tribal hatreds, and Shilluks have their part in the crisis.

For that reason, reaching to the bottom of our problems is the way to prepare for better future, absence the tribal mindsets. There is something very unique about the Shilluks, they have been very active in Sudan’s politics, played crucial roles in the liberation struggles, took part in the split of the SPLM/SPLA in 1991, famously engaged the Government of Southern Sudan on many avenues, and continued to do so after the independence of South Sudan. But why are Shilluks seen everywhere while their numbers are very few?

For God knows, Shilluks are too ambitious to lead and fragmented to hang on to their cause. Well, that is a too simplistic way to describe a tribe. As a matter of facts, Shilluks are not alone in that quest, some small sub-tribes of Jieeng/Dinka(Chiefdoms), well known for shaping young boys into effective leaders have built enemies over time, out of nowhere, and have had their villages overrun several times, and by those who charges them with being too eager to lead, along with coined/made up terms, “born to rule.”

Without exaggerating what this community (Shilluk) really means to South Sudanese, we must give credits to those who have sacrificed their energies and times for the good cause of South Sudanese. For one thing, politics is not for everyone, but those who aspires to be politicians know or should know the risks associated with leading in a multiethnic nation like the Republic of South Sudan.

In the fresh politics of South Sudan, some of Shilluks, politicians and army officers are household names, for good or bad. We know that people like Gen. Oyai Deng Ajak, a courageous SPLA commander, the first Army Chief of SPLA General Staff in the Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan, former minister for Regional Cooperation, and lastly served as minister for Security in the Office of the President was a well respected Officer during the liberation struggle.

Along the same line, Gen. Pagan Amum Okeich was one of the high ranking member of the SPLM/SPLA (after the SPLM/SPLA-High Command became defunct), one of the key players in the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), SPLM Secretary General between 2005-2013, and who campaigned pretty hard for the full implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement(CPA).

And of course, we know the two vocal doctors: Dr. Lam Akol Ajawin and Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba. As many people may remember, Dr. Lam Akol was alleged to have been the main Architect of the 1991 SPLM/SPLA’s split, a political Monster in both the Sudanese and South Sudanese politics, an academician whose education never become obsolete and the most feared opposition leader by the South Sudanese Government in Juba.

For record, Dr. Lam Akol has written about the tragic event of 1991, presented a very detailed account of the event, and those who reads for future generations can infer that he has admitted his roles, and blamed some acute fouls(killing of Dinka’s officers) on his boss, Dr. Riek Machar.

Before heading to the warlords, Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba is another controversial political figure who switches sides whenever his political views are threatened, and never keep quiet regardless of mounting pressures on his life. Let’s also give him credits for he sacrificed his leg for the good cause of South Sudanese.

Down the line, we know those of Colonel Robert Gwang(may be a General now in the Government of take whatever you like/want), the then leader of the SSDM/A-Upper Nile Faction. In that same death squad, the now Gen. Johnson Olony was one of Robert Gwang’s deputies. The two warlords had a heated showdown before Robert Gwang signed his own peace deal with the Government of Southern Sudan, leaving Johnson Olony to sacrifice few brainless boys for his own political good. These dudes, Gwang and Olony are criminals, they ought to be charged, tried for using children to fight senseless wars, abusing their youthful time and diminishing their opportunities to succeed in life.

The warlords(Robert Gwang and Johnson Olony), with the help of the Sudanese Government in Khartoum engaged the Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan before the historic Referendum. If there is any particular tribe that South Sudanese should fear, then it is not the Jieeng/Dinka or Nuer/Naath, but the Shilluks in the Shilluk Kingdom. Given their acquaintance with Arabs civilization, the Shilluks are relentless, and they forge political Alliances in any community.

Let’s analyze the grand picture, especially their quest for powers and recognitions in all walks of life. Let’s take a deep breath, and focus on political venoms that they injects in any political wrangling. Well, that is not all fatal, and can be utilized for the good of South Sudan. It is of a prime importance that we(South Sudanese) reexamine who we are, and move forward with a full understanding of ourselves.

While they have been known as trouble makers, we should consider that particular community as a model for coexistence. Over the years, Shilluks have been very influential in all corners of politics in the Sudan and South Sudan, and if they have managed to played such roles, overcame being too few, in the middle of populous tribes(Dinka & Nuer), then who cannot wow his/her supposedly hardcore political rivals?

Not yet finished with the narrative story of the century. The Shilluks are well known for befriending all kinds of people, and they entertains political marriages throughout South Sudan. Take for instances the many Shilluk Kingdom’s daughters that are married, have established their families in Dinka’s prominent families: Paramount Chief Deng Malual Aleer of Nyarweng and other families across South Sudan.

As recent as the 1980s, Cdr. Nyachigak Nyachiluk, one of the first SPLM/SPLA fearless field commanders, and a prominent Murle got married to daughter of the Shilluk’s Paramount Chief, Amum Okeich, sister to Pagan Amum and she has been all at odd with the Government of South Sudan. And the other being the then Cdr. Oyai Deng Ajak, who got married to a Dinka girl(name withheld for the obvious reasons), a marriage suspected by many to have earned him the greatest trust among Jieeng.

All of these events make Shilluks rather a very unique people one can work with, and people who have crossed tribal boundaries. While Shilluks are easy going, they are also very sticky, and cling to their ambitions at the expense of their kinfolks.

Despite all the shortcomings, Shilluks Kingdom is very crucial and a place where people should look for coexistence rather than killing their ambitious effort to lead others. If Dr. Lam Akol fearlessly contested against President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, the Tribalists of our time, lost the election and still kept his ambition high enough, and engaged the Government of South Sudan and lived through State directed wraths, what else is the effective leadership?

If the then Cdr. Oyai Deng Ajak successfully led predominantly Dinka soldiers, and succeeded in getting the Movement to where it should have been, what else is the effective leadership? If Pagan Amum has won the hearts of Dinkas & Nuers, pushed the Sudanese Government in Khartoum to sign the Referendum bill, what else is the effective leadership?

If col. Johnson Olony fought a meaningless war against the Government of South Sudan, signed the peace with the Government and was trusted again to deputize Gen. Johnson Gony Biliu, what else is the effective leadership?

Just a side note: not everyone who is too ambitious become a leader? Greed and dishonesty brings people down. Oops, I don’t know about the 75 blacklisted corrupt officials in the Government of South Sudan? The President of the Republic reserved the right to retract the charge he made, withdrew the case and we don’t know what happened since then? With all the back and forth gear shifting, there is a huge price attached to being too ambitious.

We know for a coin that Government of South Sudan tried several times to connect Dr. Lam Akol with armed militias in Shilluk Kingdom, charges he denied categorically, and was exiled for two years.

In all of these messes, a reality check will surely guide us through the moment of confusion. How many innocents have been lost or have lost their lives in those wars fought by those officers against the SPLA-Government, whether they have some links with Dr. Lam Akol or pure loyalists of Gen. Johnson Olony?

As recent as April, 2015, Dr. Lam Akol’s house was allegedly surrounded by security elements/national security agents, and it happened immediately after fighting broke out between Gen. Johnson Olony’s Government allied militias and armed guards of Governor Kun Puoch. Who is losing in all these maniacs?

The last statement made by Gen. Olony claimed that he is still with the Government. What? So, killing in South Sudan is an entertainment? Where in the world can active army General stage a coup against state’s government, and still be considered as being loyal to the central Government?

Won’t it be nice to connect all the dots? During the second South Sudanese liberation struggle, there was a Dinka’s Band known as “Akut ë Kuëi.” and they composed songs that warned Jieeng/Dinkas (Junubiin in general) against taking part in many meaningless wars. They had this to say: ‎”…Muɔnyjäŋ wek bë thöök ë tëreek, wek Jiëëŋda bë thöök ë tëreek ( Jieeng you will be finished by wars…).”

As we speak, Dinkas, Nuers and Shilluks are finishing themselves for no good reason, and the same song can be applied to the three tribes that dominates South Sudanese politics. It was not long ago that Gen. Johnson Olony was a notorious Rebel commander, allied with the Government, fought against rebelling SPLA’s forces around Malakal, was seriously wounded, and has now started another war with the Government and under the pretext of not wanting the Governor of Upper Nile state.

What do we make of all those scenarios? Well, you can make your own judgments, generate your own opinions, but I will tell one thing. Leadership is not all about doing good things all the times, it is about mobilizing, energizing and keeping followers closer to the visions. Good leadership delivers on promises, and leaders in that path tries to strategize on the best course to serve the people.

The other day, Dr. Lam Akol was asked by the SBS Radio’s Host, and about his former political rival, Dr. John Garang de Mabior, and he had this to say:

“Dr. John Garang always know what he is doing, how he is doing it, and you can only disagree with him because you don’t like what he is doing.”

That is statement tells us something very important, and all the aspiring politicians should take notes: honesty in politics is a path to success, and provides roadmap to all sorts of shortcomings. For those who only hates their opponents, dismiss what they are doing and fails to avail their own visions, they runs the risk of being seen/viewed as incompetent leaders.

As the freedom fighters get weaker and weaker every single day, former child soldiers, the Red Army/Jesh Al-Mer are filling in the gaps(few are towns’ mayors, counties commissioners, military officers and others are states ministers). The displacements and replacements of the warlords is not going to be done in a single day, a month or a year, it will be a gradual change that the society as a whole must envision. We know for one that humans do not live forever, and the mentality of leaders’ children taking over without proper training is just too unrealistic.

We can tells from the files and ranks of the SPLM/SPLA, and the kinds of people who made names during the liberation struggle. The Shilluks case was presented as a way to reexamine who we are as South Sudanese, and why certain people are dominant and visible in politics, and all other areas of life. People don’t wake up in a given morning and become Army Generals, the same thing apply to competent leaders/politicians.

If South Sudanese really want to achieve beyond extraordinary, then they should stop fighting senselessly, invest in education and start the reconstruction of their COUNTRY immediately. What? Can South Sudanese really strategize on the best course to run the country? Yes we can, but only if competent leaders are put in charge of public programs, and not those who cannot even prepare a simple speech for a symbolic commencement since independence.

We have learned that political wrangles, aided by illiterates are very catastrophic, and should cease if South Sudan is going to be a nation where citizens move freely. The fruits of our independence have been enjoyed by few, and that is why South Sudan have been burning all these years.

A while back, somebody familiar with the refugees’ lives had this to say: “hungry refugee is an angry refugee.” In our case, poor freedom fighters can plunge the country into meaningless wars, and they are likely to revisit what they are good at, killing self-made enemies and political opponents to get by.

Take for instance the bunch of semi-literates and illiterates in the Tiger Battalion(Presidential/Republican Guards), loyal to individuals rather than the country and White Army from the let’s go, and who plunged South Sudan into the ongoing war. Those who reads should feed their brains with things that make sense, and those who hears should feed their hearts with courageous songs that encourages people to live side by side.

In concluding this piece, Shilluk Kingdom is in peril because its own sons are too ambitious to lead, and they have done that for decades. That is not a bad thing, but in a NATION where tribes rules, a Kingdom like Shilluk, and in the middle of war-liking Nilotics is likely to be burning every year.

As a refreshment, Shilluks fought in all wars: alongside the Khartoum based regimes, in the SPLM/SPLA Main Stream, split along with Dr. Riek Machar in 1991, defected with William Nyuon Bany in 1992, defected back/returned to the SPLM/SPLA in 1992, fought successful battles in the Bright Star Campaign, implicated in the 2013 coined up “attempted coup”, are part of the G-10 and some are active players in the SPLM-in-Opposition’s political drama.

We are quick to judge what Shilluks are all about, but they are nationalists, key players in South Sudan’s politics, and they would be like that until Dinkas & Nuers start investing in education rather fighting senseless wars, and over chairmanship of the derailed ruling Party. The terms ‘Belittled and Betrayed’ opened up a pandora for discussion, and may or may not means much when it come to political aspirants across the board. The Besiege and the Surge continue Junubiin!

The author here is Mayak Deng Aruei, a doctoral student in Organizational Leadership: Organizational Development. He is also the author of ‘Struggle Between Despair and Life: From Sudan’s Marshland Village, Child Soldiering, Refugee Camp and America.’ He can be reached at Kongor.da.ajak@gmail.com


By Ariik Atekdit, South Sudan

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May 1, 2015 (SSB)  —   Whenever one talk with people who come from villages in Warrap State, the first complaint they raise is lack of food commodities in the local markets. Majority of that population are cattle owners and have since last year been selling their cows to face hunger with their properties.

In Akop district of Warrap State, a bag of 100 kg of sorghum is being directly exchanged with an heifer (cow). That is too much; when at times that cow could be sold at 2000 SSP in Wau. So our people are being cheated because if they don’t pay then the rainy season would arrive and all roads will be blocked and there will be no food even available in the market.

The innocent population has from time to time contacted their relatives in towns: Juba or Wau at least to supply their families because at time they fear that their cattle would even finish. Prices in the local markets are high and almost majority of poor villagers cannot afford the hiking prices of commodities. In reality things are tough and life is on test and the future is dark. Can you imagine!!

If no food is availed for this population it is more likely that the shortage of food will repeat itself next year because no one expects the population of empty stomachs to till a large land this year to produce enough food. How would they make when they are starving now and very weak work?

I thought something would be done because at least this population can’t be watched at without giving a hand of help. For all these years many thought road connecting Greater Bahr el Ghazal with the rest of South Sudan was vital. The government has promised every now and then to construct a permanent highway to help that population and to ease transport of people and commodities to those ends.

This is a government obligation and it is the only organization to handle that because the community cannot manage with their resources. The Highway all along from Juba up to areas like Aweil and Abyei area is a big project and demand government to sacrifice and build it.

If any person tries to imagine with me that if a 50-Kg bag of sorghum is sold @ 400 SSP in Wau at this time. How much would it be in July, August and September when the seasonal roads are totally blocked?

People can easily die, right? They can die easily because even the internal roads of those areas won’t be functional again. There is a need to supply their markets so that the people can fill their stocks as earlier as now.

Malaria had been another threat to that population for the previous years, the disease has been killing innocent population and the said members of parliament (MP) in the national government kept silent to provide drugs that would rescue the life of innocent people. Today the MPs are tying the lips not even to a word about hunger in greater Bahr el Ghazal region because they are celebrating extension of their terms. We shall ask the President to send them home because they are not any longer our representatives. They are representatives of their own wives and children they are now keeping in Uganda, Kenya and beyond. The local population cannot be made victims of the ongoing crisis while MPs and other government officials celebrate extension tenure in foreign lands.

hunger

So what happen is that the citizens help the government and the government doesn’t help its people. For your information, some families have their sons fighting in the frontlines, in Unity State, Jonglei, or Upper Nile. They are there to protect the government from collapse. Some of them might be in Juba. And at times their vulnerable parents are just left to die because of hunger. Is that fair for the government?

Of recent, I have heard that there is the so-called Letter of Credits (LCs) that gives loans to state governments to provide commodities that would drop prices in villages to make our people afford.  But are the commodities going?

Some states have already reported that LCs has been diverted to personal accounts by some individuals. Warrap State government last week has reported that about 15, 000 bags is on the way to the state but until today it has not been verified whether it will reach or disappears somewhere.  But even that food will not be enough my dear people.

By simple arithmetic if you divide 15, 000 bags to 6 counties in Warrap State plus Abyei area then roughly we will have 2000 bags going to one county. And for instance, for a county that has 10 Payams like Tonj North, you will end up giving 200 bags to one Payams.

madness

And if for example the Payam has about six bomas it means about 30 bags will be entitle for a boma’s population. In most cases the population of each boma is estimated to be more than 5000 people, thirty bags is not enough for them point blank.

Frankly speaking, that food is not enough. We want to encourage our business community to send more food commodities to Warrap State to rescue life from perishing. It will be shameful to report that people from the President’s home state are dying of hunger.

To what I can see, this issue wants people from the national government or the trusted individuals to handle it. Our people need to be taken care of. Most of the villagers don’t want free distributed food, but they want to sell their cows and buy the food with their money. They want the market to be brought nearer to them with affordable prices.

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By John Sunday Martin

South Sudan's President Salva Kiir (C) acknowledges his supporters as he arrives to address a rally at John Garang's Mausoleum in the capital Juba March 18, 2015.

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir (C) acknowledges his supporters as he arrives to address a rally at John Garang’s Mausoleum in the capital Juba March 18, 2015.

“We elected and mandated them to go and represent us;
but then they failed us as they turn to represent their individual
political parties. Our parliamentarians have disgraced us and
therefore, they are part of our problems as nation.”

May 1, 2015 (SSB)  —-   Our nation is infiltrated with spirit of evilness and every bad thing seems to be happing under our very roof, starting with corruptions, systematic abuse of power, and the pathetic state of human rights. Even our parliamentarians have also developed another negative concept – circa the ideology of the political representation.

If your conscience is just and right then you will be disappointed in situation where your political representatives have turned the People’s House (Parliament) as a club for promoting, supporting and protecting SPLM and her leadership – in every unappreciative business in the Nation – while not presenting our problem as constituency.

Our political representative that we elected and mandated to represent us in the National or State parliament, they rebelled against us now because of their moral corruptions and so we are in trouble – with no one to listen to us or voice our concerns.

They have turned to support SPLM and they all do this in the name of the SPLM as political Party, Patriotism, and even for favor and rewards; and therefore, the question is whether our very own Parliamentarians were elected by the SPLM, or the People in their constituencies; More so, to wonder whether they were elected by the people to present SPLM or constituencies.

This pathetic ideology by the Country’s legislators is a major cause of all the failures of this nation, because of some serious National political challenges, which has to do with:-

First; Good Governance and Rule of Law which is referred to,

1)As systematic process of decision making and process by which decision are implemented (or not implemented) and this is characterized in eight amalgamations such as:-

a. Participatory,
b. Consensus orientated,
c. Accountability,
d. Transparency,
e. Responsive,
f. Effective and efficient,
g. Equitable and inclusive and,
h. That which follow / respects the law.

2)The second as the systematic principal of the administration in which all person, institution and entities, public and private including the State itself are accountable to the Law.

This means that, good governance and rule of law is the science of the politics pertaining to the government of the human society; – which is expectable and is adhering to the principal of the supremacy of the law.

Ideology of political representation – which is the deliberate representation of the society by individual in the governance system through legislative assemble (Parliament) where power to pass, amend and repeal the law for the interests and will of the people are uphold.

Therefore, good governance and rule of law as well the parliament are deliberate acts of the government which is the science of politics of governing the human society. This means that, the method of governance and even the laws chosen by the particular human society reflects the core value of the particular society, and that is what makes the society to exist. In this regard, a society which is not political well organized is a dead living society, – where it is left behind in term development and social service, as such society is boldly marginalized.

As matter of facts, social justices and socioeconomic development in general becomes difficulty for such society to achieve, and in meantime, other societies and individual in power gets opportunity to misuse and manipulate them (Such society) for their own societal or individual political and economic benefits.

To prevent such issues from existing in our World; the political logicians during the epoch of great revolutions and reformations, came up with ideology that, every human society Nationwide is expected not to be ruled but to rule themselves – through involvement in their governance systems. This inspires the creation of the legislative wing of the Government (Parliament) which is formulated by the political representatives (Members of Parliament) – to represent the people from different localities nationwide, with aims and functions:

a)To check and monitor the work of the executive and balance their power

b)To formulate policies and legislation so as to safeguard the popular will and interests of the people in different corner of the Nation;

c)To Represent the popular will, choice and interests of the people in decision making process in the Legislative House

d)To ensure that, the Government of the people is run free and fair for the benefits of the entire citizen

e)To prevent the individual people in power positions (especial the executive) from imposing their individual political and economic interests on the Nation; and to refrain them (Executive) from abusing the State and Office.

However, it is most unfortunately that, South Sudan’s parliamentarians becomes a great disenchantment to the people of this great Nation; which is bringing prospection of South Sudan to the dimming as results of their (Parliamentarians) malfunctions; as they have turned their mandates and functions to support and protect the policies of the SPLM as political Party; as well as interests of the individual leadership of the SPLM in the Executive.

The political dogma and impiety of the nation’s parliamentarians is positioning the Country in the shameful state – where good governance and rule of law is disappearing, and is reproducing systematic human rights violations, corruptions, insecurity threats, and lack of social development and social services deliverance for the Nation.

South Sudan is no longer becoming democratic State because in any democratic States, the Parliament remain the power house of Government and therefore, there is no subject in the sphere of the internal Government on which the Parliament cannot legislate; there is no existing law and policies that it cannot repeal; there is no unwritten undertaking of the executives (Presidency and ministers) that it is compelled to honor; and there is no court of law that can declare its’ decisions illegal.

This is because parliament is the representative house that represents the popular will and interests of the citizens, and this gives power to the Parliament to question and hold any person in power position, including the President of the republic accountable; of course, not only that, but also with power to impeach the President and declare any decision of the President illegal.

In realization of the power of the parliament, in comparison of the state of governance and rule law in south Sudan, and high level of corruptions by the executives. It becomes great disappointment because the parliament is failing to protect the Nation from the autocracy.

De facto, the South Sudan’s Parliament is the source of the Nation’s problems and therefore, reformation in the Parliament is the only tool to enhance good governance and rule of the law that the country is losing under SPLM; Reformation of the Parliament is the only mean to eradicate massive corruptions, injustices and dictatorship; the reformation in the Parliament is the only mean to hold the Nation’s Executives accountable, and to bring about national Peace, Security and Development.

This reformation means, the South Sudan Parliament needs new blood of patriotism and unselfish individuals – who will put the interests and the will of the Country (Citizen) first, than his or her own will and interests; and even that of his or her Party.

South Sudan needs change in order to restore the nation’s Hope and this change will only be manifested if we as nation from every constituency have developed positive spirit of not sending people to represents us in Parliament on the bases of their political parties, but their spirit of patriotism, and ability to credible represent our problems, as well defend our rights; even if that, may have implications on him from the opposing forces. That will only happen when we fresh blooded political leaders in the Parliament in order to bring the real change the Country demands; and those are the leaders with spirit of new revolution that our society demands.

The establishment of Parliament is not only the act of democracy, but functional democracy in any society and therefore, by Democracy, we are meaning the form of government in which all eligible citizens have an equal say in the decisions that affect their lives. Democracy allows eligible citizens to participate equally—either directly or through elected representatives—in the proposal, development, and creation of laws. It encompasses social, economic and cultural conditions that enable the free and equal practice of political self-determination.

If the above prescriptions can fall within the function of our parliament and democracy; why is it that, we are not having that functional democracy in the Country? As matter of facts, we have a parliament in a place and we have chosen representative form of democracy where we as a nation can elect our representative, why is it that we are not being effective represented and as result there is a national outcry?

The problems are because of the moral corruptions that have destroyed the spirit of consciousness and integrity in us. because of our moral corruptions, we elects people who are moral corrupted not only to lead, but to represent us in political atmosphere and even if things are not going well, we cannot take that decision to say enough is enough to them and have them replaced by new blood of leadership as if we are bewitched.

Therefore, to address some of our pathetic state of affairs in south Sudan, it will not only have to be the matter of regime change but also building self-integrity and spirit of consciousness to stimulate us not to compromise our rights for other individual’s interests through political and economical manipulations. It should be our credo to not allow those who are moral corrupted to get our mandates for them to not only to represent, but also not lead us – even if they are our very own brothers.

A brother who is greed and selfish, is not your true brother because he will only thinks of himself and therefore, you will die of hunger while they have food and will never give you. We are dying of poverty related problems such as hunger, thirst and other treatable sickness not because we do not have resources to address of crucial poverty problems, but because of our greed and selfish politicians.

Our parliament can play a major role to bring good governance and rule of law to enhance socio justices and social services deliverance and eradication of mass poverty in our society but this can only happen if those in the parliament are credible and patriots who cannot betray their constituency as well the nation for their own individual interests.

 –

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from 

Elders Between Politics and Traditions

Posted: May 1, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Featured Articles

Expressing opinion is not disrespecting elderly my Australian friend: elders between politics and traditions

By Biar John

May 1, 2015 (SSB)  —-   In South Sudan, one of the many things all traditional cultures have in common is deep regard for elders. Traditionally, elders can treat younger people without respect – and it may be part of the many processes involved in passing knowledge to younger members of the community. It is an unquestionable privilege. This is because they are the diaries of tribal societies; whatever they do may be wrong sometimes. But right or wrong, it is always assumed to be within the context of the traditional training processes, in which their expertise on the society lies, and it is generally never questioned.

Their knowledge of historical events, traditional values, religions, and experience about everything within the domain of their understanding about present and past gives them an unquestionable edge over everyone below them, age-wise. They are the picture carriers keeping tradition and history alive and important to the younger members of society.

However, changes have impacted on the societies, and two different types of elders are seen today, in south Sudan. In addition to traditional elders, there are political elders. And this author’s anecdotal definition of a political elder is that it is an elderly person whose job is to, expectedly, represents his electorate, draws attention to their preoccupations and defends their interests, in exchange for a handsome peoples’ salary paid to them by the peoples’ government to provide quality peoples’ services. And the same definition applies for younger people, too, if they are politicians. The definition is a reflection of the fact that politicians bear great responsibility for leadership and representation of their constituents and their country, regardless of how old they can be. This puts them all (young and elderly alike) in the crosshairs of ordinary citizens, provided they have a responsibility to do a political representation.

In the context of political representation as explained in the third paragraph above, respect can be taken as a privilege; not a right for politicians. The politicians get their financial desires met in full and are more able to remedy themselves at will from public coffers than most ordinary people, and that is their other privilege. With that being the case, shouldn’t respect, then, be a two – way traffic? Shouldn’t they respect the people they represent, in return? If their needs are met in full but still can’t give enough of the service they are expected to deliver – shouldn’t the represented express their dissatisfaction with their performance?

When people disapprove of the administration’s policies, actions, performance, political decisions, and failures, it is politics in its purity. When the criticism is directed at politicians’ character and personalities, that is when it can be regarded as disrespect. But because we are a confused society, we mix traditions and politics – and there are always confusions when politicians are criticized. Politics and traditions are so intertwined that the entire population is persuaded to adopt a completely false belief – based on exploiting people’s individual pride and ignorant. There is, generally, an embarrassment in speaking up even when things are wrong, because you may be disrespecting an elderly. When people see things not right and they talk, there, sure, is a traditional someone that gives himself the responsibility to castigate them. Tradition is making everyone so reluctant that no one wants to be a lone voice of disagreement.

As far as this author understands, the politicians are not ‘beings’ from other planets. They are members of the same communities from which all other south Sudanese come, and someone has got to speak their minds if things don’t go right. The only worrying problem is that they don’t listen. The scathing criticisms they (politicians) face are light-hearted, and even the president of South Sudan once acknowledged that those who criticize him do so out of self-entertainment; not with the full aim of trying to overthrow the government. But while some, of course, do it so to self-entertain, there are others who do it with absolute believe that they (politicians) will get the message and make some necessary adjustments to improve the welfare of the ordinary citizens; not overthrow the government.

Is it impossible for one to overthrown a government without setting a foot on the ground? Of course, there are people who think it can happen; notwithstanding, Dr. Riek has tried both on the ground and on the net but can’t change anything in the slightest. So, why should, we non-politicians believe it is possible to overthrow the government when the government itself does not believe so? If the real opposing politicians out there can’t have much impact, would anyone else on the internet really do anything? When Riek’s attempt to diplomatically defame the government around the world can do much, would anything else work?

With all these facts in hands, would anyone still believe that internet can overthrow the government? Admittedly, yes. There was an article recently here (6 days ago, from someone in Australia, on this web) whose content was wholly its author’s misunderstanding of articles posted on this web previously by some guys. The author of that article appeared to be someone who cares more of the nation’s politicians than everyone.

In the beginning of his article, the dude appeared to be critical of those guys’ political perspective, but later in the article, infused a barrage of personal attacks on the personalities of the guys. In his pretentious outrage, he made some accusations on many things and more, including labeling the guys as being “miseducated and disrespectful of elders”. But Despite the attacks being of personal nature, those to whom they were thrown do not intent to return the favor or indulge in a similar business. They only pity and leave him at their mercy.

It is understandable, we are all traumatized and unhappy – we lost so much in our lives and personalities. We are full of tones of inadequacies. One may wonder if our unhappiness can be measured. But believe it or not, it is possible. It is easy to measure how unhappy we are. Just, socially, observe how much of hearsays and gossips we gather, how much gossip we spread, how much alcohol we consume, how much we pretend to know more than others and you can see how terrible we, really, are. Let’s feel sorry for ourselves.

It is common to see us build our egos falsely, that is what our brains want us to do. Many must have observed right here on the net that when we debate we cover deep lack of self-confidence by throwing a couple of bombastic paragraphs with a little expertise on grammar to look like we are so educated and then walk around with heads high, believing we are now smart. We then start looking down upon others. When those we look down ignore, we think we are feared. At the same time, we are so fragile that we criticize others but when criticized back, we buckle and crumble terribly into negligible pieces that are too difficult to put back together. It is all human, however.

But one very important thing to know is that both the group siding and protecting the politicians, and those who attack the politicians as well as the politicians themselves are suffering from the same mental injuries sustained during the many years of war and suffering. It is idiotically delusional to label any particular individuals as being the only ones suffering them and not include yourself.

Because of all the terrible sufferings we went throw, we have so many unmet goals and achievements. And we are chronically unhappy. And so unhappy that everywhere we go, we carry our unhappiness with us like a big obnoxious buttock (or bum to be euphemistic) in a small crowded space. You know how annoying a huge bum in a small crowded space can be -– pushing everyone around with it and not caring too much what they think about us. This situation is, of course, easy to observe in social media. There is so much anger being vented, anyhow.

South Sudanese have taken Facebook as a place where wicked or mischievous motives or intentions are expressed at will. Almost everyone that uses it has, at least, experienced some annoying posts twice or more. And politicians have more brutally borne the brunt of this contemptuous ridicule from those Facebook’s smart-arse than any others. But they (politicians) have experienced this criticism not just in social media, but also outside from many other people including the president himself. Can’t we remember that, few years ago, the president accused the constituencies of supplying politicians who maintain silence in the parliament, even, at a time when their contribution is highly needed on national issues?

This author has seen the internet wickedness many times. There have been fishy posts from hacks and hearsay gatherers who masquerade as advisers, challengers, educators and so on, on Facebook and many other sites including this Panluel wel. The author has seen some attacking Facebook’s inbox messages, which the original sender would have meant for a single trusted friend, who at the end of the day turned out to not be so trusted, by letting the messages end up in the message box of the very person whose character the messages were attacking. Now the attacker is on compassion; he really feels sorry for him.

Internet has, amazingly, been used merciless to bash the hell out of each other. It is a kind of place where by even if you are nobody – there is somebody out there with enough time in their hands to make sure he/she makes you feel like are you are somebody. Through character bashing, you can be grunted a sudden rise in popularity, which makes you an attractive source to scapegoat. Perhaps our politicians are the most popular people, there.

In short, there should be no respect for anybody who does not deserve it, whether they are elders or not, in politics. The only way to deserves respect is for politicians to demonstrate that they are worthy of respect. This is another way of saying that politicians “earn” respect based on political performance, not on how old they are. Let the age thing remain with the tribal communities.

It is in traditional societies that elders often feel entitled to treating younger people without respect. Now, the political elders have emulated the same and are mistreating and torturing the wider society in a similar way. It is absolutely wrong My South Sudanese Australian bro.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from 


By Malith Alier, Juba, South Sudan

salary

Salary in SSP: the infant salary in an infant nation?

April 30, 2015 (SSB)  —-   South Sudan’s independence in July 2011 arrived while the country was unprepared in many fronts. The controversial transitional Constitution was rushed in at the last minute so as to allow the swearing-in of the first president of the Republic.

On the economic front, the country was at the horns of dilemma whether to use local currency or US Dollar instead. Perhaps the level of unpreparedness was a result of the bickering over sticking CPA issues like the border demarcation, share of assets and liabilities as well as the explosive share of petroleum revenues.

Most of these issues continue to dog South Sudan today in a bad way. The convertibility of Pound to other major and regional currencies is the case this author weighs in through this piece. The architects of the South Sudan economy most likely envisaged that using US Dollar was not a good start but the realities on the ground proved this otherwise. The fact that this country continues to be a net importer of everything is the antithesis in the whole argument.

Many economists in this country believed that the South Sudanese Pound is simply overvalued against other currencies and therefore, nobody, country or individual is ready to trade on it. Also refer to article authored by Garang Atem Ayiik on the Pound and its convertibility on this blog.

A scan of neighbouring countries currencies shows that our pound is the strongest against all; Ugandan Sh2800/1, Kenyan Sh90/1, Sudanese SDG8/1, compared to South Sudanese Pound officially at SSP3.16/1. However, the black market in South Sudan is precisely reliable than you think. The South Sudanese is SSP9.00 per Dollar as we speak. It is only at this rate one can find willing buyers and sellers. The official rate cited above is the rate at which the government supplies Dollars to banks and other financial institutions.

Faced with this economic despair, the government attempted to unify the two parallel rates i.e. the black market and official into one in November 2013 something vehemently opposed by the lawmakers arguing that the country can’t afford it. The reverse to the status quo thus far prove unsustainable. Therefore, the government is once again preparing to convene an economic conference involving economists from the country and the region to discuss this pervasive unification of the parallel markets. Most likely, some recommendations will emerge among them; I think is the adoption of USA currency, the Dollar as the official currency for South Sudan.

This proposition is not farfetched. Many countries had done so in the past and it helped their economies weather the challenges they faced. According to Wikipedia, countries like Panama, Ecuador, Es Salvador, East Timor or Timor Leste, Zimbabwe, Palau, Federated States of Micronesia, Marshal Islands, British Virgin Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands have successfully adopted the US Dollar as home currencies and are comfortable using it to transact day to day business with ease. Some of these countries have accustomed its use simultaneously with their home currencies.

Zimbabwe on the African continent, adopted the US Dollar in recent years at the time when its ZimDollar was affected by hyperinflation. Zimbabwe printed trillions of its valueless Dollars to be carried in bags and counting became a major problem along with storage.

South Sudan is facing similar situation as Zimbabwe. The country’s pound is losing value very fast and it was revealed that the country is contemplating printing more many. Its reserves to last for five years mentioned in 2011 have dried. There is the shortage of foreign currency as oilfields are rundown by the raging conflict. The military expenditure is billion Dollars overnight.

The way out is to adopt the US Dollar as the country’s official currency to stop the headache around the ill-fated Pound. The adoption of the US Dollar does not affect the country’s sovereignty. The adopted currency will only act as the medium of exchange, store of value, unit of measurement or simply a legal tender full stop.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from 


By Philip Thon Aleu, Juba, South Sudan

SPLM-Leaders Faction, formerly known as the SPLM Political Detainees

SPLM-Leaders Faction, formerly known as the SPLM Political Detainees

April 30, 2015 (SSB)  —-   The former detained politicians, known as G10, continue to assume huge political capabilities than they deserve – a year since they were released and dashed into exile. The group, with former SPLM Secretary General Pagan Amum as a de-facto leader, has been traversing world cities to showcase their political influence in South Sudan.

Like marauding cattle raiders, they have been positioning themselves as better alternatives to lead South Sudan – even at the expenses of our country sovereignty by suggesting UN Trusteeship which would cost the dignity of our people. Their reasoning is based on having not taken side in this “senseless war” – the two words all the parties to the conflict and FPD [Former Political Detainees] group insert in every speech.

Many articles have been written before and this one once again attempts to dissuade the supporters for the continued false hopes. The G10 are absolutely not better than President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar.

The strength of a politician is tied to his or her position in the government or army. After being relieved in the government famous reshuffle in July 2013, the influences of former ministers like Gen. Gier Chuang Aluong, John Luk, Gen. Oyai Deng, Kosti Manibe, Dr. Majak D’Agot and others had reached near dead-end. As for Pagan Amum, his dismissal from SPLM most influential post was the end of his political strength. Other members of G10 had their chances of influencing our country’s politics reserved in the SPLM party.

Unfortunately after being arrested at the outbreak of war in December 2013 and consequently released following intensive diplomatic pressure on the government, the G10 missed another chance by leaving the citizens behind to die in this “senseless war.”

The G10 opted to go on lobbying missions to London, Washington D.C, New York, Oslo etc in a true reflection of their political bankruptcy in the country.

Nobody would dare to deny that the G10, like other SPLM leaders, contributed tremendously to the liberation of our country. They did not die in the war because God saved them for a purpose. But equally true of them, including the SPLM in Government, the SPLM in Opposition, they contributed to the mess this country is witnessing today by ignoring core needs of the citizens and instead invest their energies to power struggle for political power only.

One is always puzzled when the supporters of G10 claim that they are saints in the mess of this country. They are not. Take each of them and examine the portfolio held before December 2013 to 2005. You will realize that each of them had a chance to change the course of this country by delivering real services and avert further suffering to the citizens. They did not. If they are the ‘messiah’ for South Sudanese, what would make one to believe those claims?

Happy reunion of the former political detainees in Nairobi Kenya

Happy reunion of the former political detainees in Nairobi Kenya

The assertion that G10 is a group of qualified South Sudanese nationalist is completely inadequate because their actions while in offices are not different from any group. There is nothing that differentiate them with any South Sudanese politician in Juba, Addis Ababa, Nairobi or in the bush with Riek Machar.

There is only one seat for the presidency in our country and there are many positions to serve the people. Did the president stop Pagan Amum from building SPLM offices? Did the president stop John Luk Jok from writing a people’s transitional constitution? Did the president stop Dr. Majak D’Agot from paying soldiers on time and have them properly nationalized?

The only person among the G10 who tried his best is former interior minister Gen. Gier Chuang Aluong who stabilize Juba’s neighborhoods. But again, that does not stop there. One has to go down a little more and ensure that the police is not an enemy to the civilians.

Placing a false hope on the G10 is completely unfortunate. The only chance that waits them is a return to the country, even if that means risking their own security. Come home to engage in civil sensitization for better South Sudan. If the SPLM is rigid to reform, then form your party like Gen. Buhari of Nigeria and you never know, things would tilt in your favor because this country will continue to exist as long as the world does. SPLM gave birth to South Sudan but SPLM is not the South Sudan state.

So holing up in Kampala or Nairobi or wherever would only means that the G10 want South Sudan to ‘nurture through dews.’ Or ‘luok ee theec’ in Dinka dialect. That is impractical and my opinion that your influence is being exaggerated will continue to hold some waters.

If it is not a self-interested grouping, then G10 is capable to exist as a body and do better politically, non-violently. Failure to do exactly that would translate into the G10 portraying an incorrect image to South Sudanese.

© Philip Thon Aleu, 2015

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from