By Juach Garang Bul, Perth, Perth, Australia
October 6, 2015 (SSB) — It was not until I awoke on Saturday morning and accessed social media that I discovered that president Kiir had issued a presidential decree extending the current ten States to twenty-eight, dividing South Sudan into ethnic States. This puzzled me, and I asked myself why the president would issue such a feudal decree. The creation of more States is not that bad in and of itself, but it’s unlikely to do much to solve any problems either, nor was the current set up the primary cause for conflict in the young nation. The decision should lie with the people of South Sudan, not the president alone. The people should have the final decision on if they want twenty-eight states or not. There are some communities that should be given individual statehood, but not all of the communities that the President has indicated.
The claim of the majority of South Sudanese was to have a practical federal system in which all levels of governments rule themselves without interference from federal government. The creation of twenty eight States had not been demanded, as some of my colleagues have claimed. As such, the president and his closed cohorts came up with this decision against the demands of the South Sudanese people. It is a decision that seems like a political intrigue to appease some political elites who want to revolt against the regime in Juba, and join Riek Machar. It may also be a political decision made to purposely rift Dinka living in the Greater Upper Nile, vanquished by Nuer in the region.