Archive for the ‘Featured Articles’ Category

By James Okuk (PhD), Juba, South Sudan


Botswana’s ex-president, Festus Gontebanye Mogae, chairman of the Joint Monitoring and evaluation commission for South Sudan peace deal

November 28, 2015 (SSB)  —  Friday 27th November 2015 had marked a very important step forward on the path of peace in the Republic of South Sudan despite lagging behind the schedules in the last wasted three months of pre-transition period. This good news had not happened out of a chance but determination by the Former Botswana President and prominent Veteran African personality, H.E. Festus Gontebanye Mogae.

His biography and profile alone tells in advance the wonders of peace dividends that could be expected in South Sudan soon. Gontebanye was born on 21th August 1939 at Serowe in the Central District of Botswana where he grow up and pursued his first formal education. Later he went to study economics at the universities of Oxford and Sussex in the United Kingdom.


What is Government in the View of Dr. John Garang? Dr. John Garang Talking to the SPLA Military Officers about Leadership and the Role of the Government in Readiness for the Post-CPA Era in the Republic of South Sudan


The Genius of Dr. John Garang: Speeches on the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA); Paperback – November 26, 2015 by Dr. John Garang (Author), PaanLuel Wël (Editor)

November 27, 2015 (SSB)  —  With the advent of peace, comrades, we have reached a new phase of our armed struggle, a new phase of transforming the guns and the bullets—that is military power—into political power, and using the political power to achieve socio-economic development rapidly. This is because there is no meaning of revolution—the revolution is meaningless, unless it makes our people happy, unless the masses of our people, as a result of our glorious revolution, become prosperous.

Socio-economic prosperity quantifiable with the degree to which people go ahead and advance in their individual and communal lives: they get food, they get shelter, they get clean drinking water, they get healthcare services, they get social amenities, they get economic infrastructure such as roads, they get jobs and so forth. Unless we provide these essential services to our people, unless the revolution provide these things to our people, then the people will prefer the government of the NIF that provide salt to the government of the SPLM that does not provide anything to its people.

This is simple arithmetic: if the SPLM cannot deliver anything and we just shout REVOLUTION! REVOLUTION!; and yet the cattle of the people are not vaccinated; their children are not vaccinated or sent to school; there is nothing to eat, there are no roads, there are no basic necessities of life—there is no cloth, no needle, not even a razor blade—when the barest minimum of essential things of life are not available, then the people will drive us into the sea, even though there is no sea here, they will find one. Mind you, we have no other choice.


The Eulogy of Our Beloved Late Dr.  DING  COL  DAU  DING (MBChB;  DPhil (PhD);  BSc (Hons)): Nov 21st 1975  –  Oct 28th 2015

By Dr. Dau Col Dau Ding (the elder brother of the deceased)

Dr. Diing Chol Dau Diing

Dr. Ding Col Dau Ding: A Selfless Young Scientist Life Tragically Cut Short by bullet to the head

November 27, 2015 (SSB)  —  Friends, loved ones and family; It is a privilege under the eyes of God for me to honour and pay tribute to a very special and precious person which we have tragically lost; my younger brother, my best friend and my soul-mate, Dr. Ding Col Dau Ding.

All lives that we lose within our new country are precious and this one has truly affected many of us more than most. Ding was tragically taken away from us all just under one month short of his 40th birthday. We are all devastated and heartbroken, and the pain and sorrow we feel as a family is more than words can ever express or I can say.


By Ustaz Mabior Rioc Manyang, Juba, South Sudan


Demo-cracy or Demo-crazy?

November 27, 2015 (SSB)  —  According to Yoloye (1980), he defines education as weapon for combating ignorance, poverty and disease: as a bridge between confusion and comprehension, As dam for concerning man’s store of civilization, as a rocket for transporting man from a state of intellectual subservience to a state of intellectual sovereignty. Here, I am recalling the anecdote of a proud professor with the shabby boy who was the boat rower and what went wrong eventually.

One day long ago a certain learned professor, theoretically at least, well versed in philosophy, psychology and Mathematics made arrangements with a boatman in the islands to take him across the river in a rowboat. The professor proudly considered himself as educated, rich, and a master of life and a shabby boy was poor who seemed not to have studied much and only a boat rower. As they were going, the proud professor idly wondering how best to pass the time during crossing, thought of showing off his knowledge to the boatman, so he asked the shabby boy few questions before he was drowned.


The Biography of Our Beloved Late Dr.  DING  COL  DAU  DING (MBChB;  DPhil (PhD);  BSc (Hons)): Nov 21st 1975  –  Oct 28th 2015

“An Angel with Healing Hands (Ding-Dit de Wol)”

Dr. Diing Chol Dau Diing

Dr. Ding Col Dau Ding: A Selfless Young Scientist Life Tragically Cut Short by Death


November 27, 2015 (SSB)  —  This booklet is dedicated to those who are inspired by Ding’s achievements and performance in life. It is particularly pertaining to the dictum of Dr. John Garang De Mabior that brought him back to South Sudan:

“For those who did not experience bush life can still contribute in many other ways in a free, independent South Sudan.”

Dr. Diing Chol Dau Diing

Dr. Ding Col Dau Ding with Dr. John Garang in the UK


By Ustaz Mabior Rioc Manyang, Juba, South Sudan

alliance high, Bor

The first form one students of Alliance [2009]. Front line from left; Akau, Achol, Thon, Guet, Bol, Amer, Chol. Back line from left; Diing, xxxxxx, Bok, Ngong, Deng, xxxxx, Alier

November 25, 2015 (SSB)  —  Education is a wider concept with no single standard definition agreed upon by the scholars and academics. Plato defines education as a process of drawing and guiding children towards the principle which is pronounced right by law and confirmed as a truly right by the experience of the oldest and the most just. In other words, education in its general sense is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, positive attitudes and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research.

However, the most agreed definition of education is that, it is a process of transfer, consumption; accumulation and adoption of skills, knowledge ability and change of attitudes among the individuals or between groups of people. It is both a conscious and unconscious process that aims at creating desirable changes in both individuals and the society in which the inhabitants interact. Education may also include informal transmission of such information from one human being to another. Any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational.


By Sunday de John, Nairobi, Kenya


President Salva Kiir Mayaardit, first president of the republic of South Sudan

November 24, 2015 (SSB) — When the peace agreement for the resolution of conflict in South Sudan was brokered by Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), a number of issues were tabled, discussed and agreed upon even without adequate consent from the government.

The signed Peace Agreement came as a consequence of unwarranted compromise. It wasn’t a demand so tangible so that rebels could claim the superiority on the negotiation table.

It was accepted as a result of feasibility and the fact that the sufferers of the war aren’t the wealthy rebels but innocent South Sudanese who have suffered unmatched damages either mentally, socially or physically following a destructible war fought in the last 35 months.


“Never ever give up in life, fight forward don´t give up’’

By Abel Majur Leek, Bor, Jonglei State

Sabina Dario Lokolong, deputy minister for humanitarian affairs and disaster management

Sabina Dario Lokolong, deputy minister for humanitarian affairs and disaster management, Nov 2011

November 24, 2015 (SSB)  —  Politics is defined as activities associated with governance of a country or area. From etymological enquiry, the word politics derives from the Greek word ‘politikos’, which means ‘of, for, or relating to citizens.’ Thus, Wikipedia defines politics as ‘an art or science of influencing other people on a civic or individual level.

More narrowly, it refers to achieving and exercising positions of governance.’ Politics, therefore, is about the people-exercising power or influence in such a way that there is equitable allocation and management of limited resources, opportunities, and privileges for the happiness, peace, security, good health, and general prosperity of the people.


By Mayen D.M.A Ayarbior, Juba, South Sudan

burden of nationality

The Burden of Nationality

November 24, 2015 (SSB) –-  In the last three articles on “Safer paths out of our wartime economy,” I argued, inter alia, that closing a budgetary deficit has rarely been used by governments as reason for currency devaluation. Instead, the balance of trade economic considerations are the main reasons why central banks devalue local currencies.  It is done when a country wants its industrial goods to be cheaper and more desirable, hence exporting more and benefiting through an economy of scale.

If a country is in actual need of a local currency it just prints it, then controls its allocation through relevant monetary and fiscal policies. Hence, a deficit in local currency should have no direct relation to the U.S. dollar, unless the deficit in question is in dollars, which is possible for a country which is dependent on imports of goods like South Sudan. But then devaluation will not get you more dollars.


By Daniel Machar Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan


May peace and reconciliation prevail in South Sudan!!

November 24, 2015 (SSB)  —  Right now, we have our President who holds the executive powers, the legislative powers, power over the military, and the power to veto the drafted constitution or create another constitutional committee if he wishes. If this alone wasn’t disconcerting enough, let’s add to it the fact that there is no organized opposition to him, he seems intent on continuing the time-honored tradition of hiring loyalist unqualified hacks and lackeys for important government positions, he doesn’t seem to have any intentions of being democratic or even create a government out of the coalition that he created, with his supporters viscously attacking anyone who criticizes him, sometimes with religious overtones.

One would think that our president must have a huge mandate to be able to pull this kind of crap on all of us, but surprisingly enough, he doesn’t. He won with 99%, with almost half of his votes coming from secular innovative voters who simply didn’t wanted Dr. Lam Akol to win. In reality, if someone did the math, one would realize that at least 7.5 million of the 8 million voters who voted in the presidential elections in Southern part did not vote to have the war again in the country.


By Mok Dei Gual, Kampala Uganda

john luk

Minister John Luk at press conference in Juba, 7 April 2011

November 23, 2015 (SSB)  —  Before I start to put my comment on what the people used to talks about daily that, the former Minister of Justice John Luk is the one who formulated Transitional Constitution which killed civilians in the country.

First of all, I want to let most people know that, the current constitution we have, permitted students to have rights to critics any politician in the country. Students have rights to direct all politicians by criticizing them and that is an evidence, the Juba University students used to debates politically.

From today on ward, I want to defend the former Minister of Justice John Luk for false accusations which the people of South Sudan started accusing of him. John Luk is the peace lover person who always want the people of South Sudan to remain peaceful and he does not instigate violence since he joined politics in the country.


Living in the Shadows of Darkness: The Invasion and Annexation of Anyuak Land of Akobo by the Nuer Community

By Peter Okello, Nairobi – Kenya

Nuer white army

South Sudan Rebels: Nuer White Army Fighters

November 23, 2015 (SSB)  —  From the onset of the “so called” NUERS, coming into the blessed land of “Anyuak” – in particular AKOBO in earlier 1930s, nothing good had been prevailing. The policy of tricking our people, which they claimed to be peaceful migration into the interior of AKOBO, the claim that “their land is dry and no grass for their cattle is the deadliest agreement if not the least outrageous reasons that our ancestors granted to these “inhumane culprits”. The Akobo elites and historians perfectly knows the evolution of “pathetic Nuers” into the land of Akobo.

I am not interested to narrate the chronology of the Nuers exodus into our land but for the record, allow me to give you a glimpse of the darkest days of our people. During the Anyanya I civil war, most of our peoples’ villages in Akobo town were brutally burned down, massive killing of our innocent civilians by the then Government of Sudan, claiming that the Ciro Anyuak members were collaborating with the Anyanya I regimes.


By Philip Thon Aleu, Juba, South Sudan

28 states

November 23, 2015 (SSB)  —  There are many women’s activist groups in Juba and hundreds nationwide championing women’s and girls’ rights. Their objectives include, but not limited to girl child education but there seems to be little impact if any at all.

In South Sudanese communities, girls and women play central roles. In most of our traditional settings, women take care of children from birth to adulthood. And I should say mothers continue to shape our characters till death part us. This is because many communities practice polygamy and men have little control over individual children. Every woman therefore grooms her children. The stress that comes with many wives overstretches man’s ability to influence his children. Even in monogamous communities, women also play central roles in uprising children as men search for food, defense the territory and take public services.


“A man can truly be blind if all his senses are completely death’’

By Abel Majur Leek, Atlabara, Juba, South Sudan

emaciated victims of the South Sudanese conflict

emaciated victims of the South Sudanese conflict

November 22, 2015 (SSB)  — The youths are the leaders of tomorrow, a tomorrow that can only be imagined by the elders of today of which they may not be part off. The youth form the powerful strata of any society, the youths in any society plays an indispensable role in the dynamic changes that occurs in that society. The power the youths hold is usually seen when they need a change in the order of things.

The South Sudan youth must rise up as a matter of urgency and not continue on their slumbering bed and believing in the everyday statement of our dear political class “The youth are the leaders of tomorrow”. The same political class that has embezzled the treasury, destabilized our economy to enrich their families and associates with the resources meant to create jobs and social amenities that would have made life worth living for the South Sudan youth.


By Samuel Reech Mayen, Kampala, Uganda

Mayen Yong Jok, killed in Jalle

R.I.P Mayen Yong Jok

November 21, 2015 (SSB)  —-  In the first quarter of the year 2007, H.E. President Salva Kiir visited the counties of Greater Bor. Prior to his address to the public in Panyagor, Chief Dau Reech Deng was asked by the other chiefs to express the grievances of the community to the President. In his presentation, Sultan Dau elaborated how the community was being affected by Murle cattle raiders who are also kidnappers.  He asked the President to make a decision that could end the atrocities that are committed by cattle raiders who are supported by their malicious politicians.


By Arol Dut Jok Dau, Juba, South Sudan

...the late Luol Chol...valiant revolutionary singer of Koriom Division...with Garang'e Mabior in the background under under the tree...with Kuol Majak standing guard

The late Luol Chol, a revolutionary singer of Koryom Division, with John Garang in the background sitting under the tree…with Cde. Kuol Majak standing guard

November 21, 2015 (SSB)  —-  South Sudan’s youth in this context must be understood from the perspective of what contributions they can make for their country’s national building. Puzzling as such, is the fact that the youths’ instrumental role in this country has lost its meaning. As a matter of reality, there is no hesitation to pose a question on when shall the South Sudanese’s youths bear out the hope this nation has in them for its building whether it could be the case today or in future?


IGAD Juba summit suspended indefinitely

Posted: November 21, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël in Featured Articles, Junub Sudan

Kiir sign the IGAD peace proposal

President Kiir signs the IGAD peace deal in Juba, South Sudan, on 26 August 2015

Nov. 21, 2015 (SSB) – A regional summit for South Sudanese peace in Juba has been postponed indefinitely, the government announced on Friday.

The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) head of states and governments meeting scheduled for Monday November 23 will not go ahead due to logistical and tight businesses, information minister Michael Makuei announced said on Friday.

Makuei cited tight schedules for Presidents of IGAD countries for the delay.


By Malith Alier, Juba, South Sudan

“When they come together, they loot the country’s resources but when they disagree, they kill us” anonymous

Hon Jemma Nunu Kumba

Hon Jemma Nunu Kumba

November 18, 2015 (SSB)  —  Just before 2013, the SPLM as a party exhibited major signs of imploding within. The party members began to accuse each other of failing the party and therefore the country in one way or the other.

Way back and just before 2010 Sudanese general election, one faction of the SPLM of Dr. Lam Akol, named SPLM-DC broke away and contested the election in the then semi-autonomous Southern Sudan. Dr. Lam Akol was the only brave Southern Sudanese to confront Salva Kiir in Southern Sudan. The other opposition parties cowered away like puffs of cloud.


South Sudan needs to restore peace and stability among the communities; we are tired of war. Enough is enough.

Mading Abraham Majur, Kampala, Uganda

pagan and wani

VP James Wani Igga greeting Pagan Amum in New York

November 17, 2015 (SSB)  —  On 15th. Dec. 2013 thousands of South Sudanese losses their life in Juba fighting, Despite the ruthlessness of the regime, different  rebel groups have been formed and battling government, recruiting young boys in violent acts against the government that have seen a big number of South Sudanese loose lives at the expense of other people’s selfish interests. For instance of David Yau Yau, the chief administrator of Pibor and Johnson Oliny, who was been recruiting children under age of 13-14 years old.


A Respectful Confutation of a Vice Chancellor, Prof. John Akec’s Economic Outlook

By Mayen D.M.A Ayarbior, Juba, South Sudan

Mayen Ayarbior

David Mayen Ayarbior is the spokesperson of the the South Sudanese Vice President, Hon. James Wani Igga

November 17, 2015 (SSB)  —  In Africa, while it is always difficult to write an article which aims at proving a good leader wrong without getting a non-academic recoil, it is even more so when such a leader is a renowned and learned educator. As I read an article written by non-other than the Vice Chancellor of Juba University himself, Prof. John Akec, I found myself disagreeing with his academic argument that South Sudan should close its budget deficit through total abolition of currency controls. I hope that the VC shall take this rebuttal as he has surely been considering academic critiques of well-established scientists, which is so much encouraged and promoted in the academic fraternity.

Having written an article in the October 26th edition of Juba Monitor, and as a learned citizen who happened to also be an economist, I found it imperative to write this confutation so that when inflation becomes galloping after the central bank abdicates its responsibility over currency stabilization, some of us will say that we presented our hypothesis but it was thrown onto the garbage bin.