Archive for the ‘Featured Articles’ Category


By Reng’o Gyyw Reng’o, Addis Ababa

I wish to talk about Riek Machar’s hubris for power in South Sudan and how he wants to access the power. The “how” question, has been answered by the use of Nuer as the only mean for Riek to acquire power in South Sudan. The two have spoiled each other’s opportunities. The Nuer has spoiled opportunity for Riek and Riek’s failure every time spoils the image of the Nuer in the eyes of the South Sudanese.

Riek Machar attempts to seize power is ever diverted by the Nuer’s actions. First, in 1991 the coup against Dr. John Garang failed when the Nuer rose in support of their son Riek Machar, and in the process diverted their “revolutions” turned against the Dinka targets instead of the political leadership. This led to the Bor Massacre.

Again, Riek Machar challenged Salva Kiir’s leadership and when the Nuer soldiers in the presidential guards rose in support of Riek, it preempted the window of opportunity Riek had forged with a good number of non-Nuer politicians. The Non- Nuer colleagues of Riek would have canvassed nationwide support for him. This opportunity was again lost because the Nuer soldiers acted impulsively and diverted another opportunity for Riek Machar.

Peter Gatdet Yak and James Koang, two leaders who would act responsibly as national leaders, instead brought themselves down to the tribal level, created apprehensions in the minds of other tribes, when they declared their rebellions as revenges against the Nuer killings in Juba, of course which I think was true. The whole business became self-defence for other ethnicities. Riek’s opportunity was spoiled. Nuer defections from the army of South Sudan led to them being ostracized by the rest of communities. Riek lost support from the rest of communities. Hence he lost opportunity to access power.

Killings in Akobo, captured of Bor and killings, ethnic targets of non-Nuer in Bentiu at oil sites, Bentiu and Malakal towns made the Nuer’s revolutions senseless and ethnic in character. A leader with a national cause and moreover a community with a national cause would try its best to live above hatred and revenges, by even liberating and protecting those people who do not come from their own ethnic groups. Tit for tat, makes the national cause flees. Unless, the Nuer did not have the national cause as their agenda, their cause is trampled under revenges which is still ongoing.

While I condemn the target killings of Nuer in Juba and of recent in Bor, everything has become revenges against revenges. More target killings reported in Bentiu makes the whole thing visionless, directionless and unacceptable. The Nuer’s leaders and armed people are mobilizing other communities against them indirectly or directly. May I ask Riek Machar and the Nuer, was the real cause to avenge the Nuer killed by the Dinkas or national army or to liberate the country? I heard you talking about having ideological differences with Salva Kiir?

Don’t you think there is a big and clear gap between what you are pursuing and the actions of your ethnic soldiers. The Nuer, yes can conduct a revolutionary war on their own but not the way they have been doing it since 1991. You remember you were joined in 1991 by Dinkas such as Telar Riing Deng, Makeer Benjamin, Dhol Achuil, DengTiel Ayuel Kur, Dr. Achol Marial etc against John Garang, their own ethnic brother but when you and the Nuer launched the Bor Massacres, they redefected back to the Movement and rejoined John Garang. They said if the war was about the Nuer against the Dinka, then why should we be part of it?

Now, the eleven detainees were clearly your supporters against President Kiir. However, when your people overtook them in their support of you, they decided to keep aloof. They have refused to join you in the rebellions. And can I tell you and my people the Nuer, the eleven politicians refused not because your soldiers were and are Nuer but because of the nature of the destruction, killings and ethnic targetings in some places like Bor. Why killing in the church, mosques, mad people on the streets, hospital, the aged and children? Why?

I remember the words of an Old Gaawar man, Chuol who spoke during the Greater Upper Nile conference in Juba of recent, where he said, ” there is something unique with this blackman that makes him difference from the whiteman, the yellow man and the red man. This blackman easily forgives and easily forgets.” And Mzee Chuol added a question, ” what brought the Nuer to Bor?” To me, his message required soul-searching for a leader like you.

Like the 1991 group which had supported you, the recent groups were overtaken in support of you and not only that, they became secondary victims of your soldiers’ actions. Thus, they withdrew their support.

Unless, really your war is ethnic, which no one can help if it is, but if it is national in character and aims at rescuing all the South Sudanese, then the approach and methods are and have been wanting. You need not blame the South Sudanese for anything, you need to look inwards for mistakes. The Nuer have spoiled your opportunities. Advise them to stop killing their “enemies” for them to have wider support across the South Sudanese society.

And whenever you fail in your attempts, the Nuer as a community consequentially suffers because of those failures. The situation thus becomes a chicken and an egg issue between you Riek and the Nuer.

These are my observations. I am far away from both parties in the conflict.


By Juliana Bol

It was a bit disturbing to hear news of our citizens in the IDP camps (where they are seeking protection and shelter) celebrating the recapture of Bentiu -in light of what this recapture actually occasioned.

200 civilians [allegedly] killed in a mosque. Non-Nuer civilians and foreign nationals targeted and killed. Nuer men and women in a hospital killed for not being supportive or rather celebratory over the rebel forces ‘success’. Hate speech broadcast on a local radio station, calling for the rape of women.

https://radiotamazuj.org/en/article/hundreds-feared-dead-bentiu-massacres

Were we celebrating that a group of us now have to run and seek protection and shelter? Disturbingly, were the victims of this war celebrating the victimization of others? Are we seeing the creation of a ‘permanent victimhood’ that denies the existence of an equally victimized ‘other’? Historically this kind of moral ambiguity has been a prelude to victims becoming perpetrators whose actions, regardless of scale – they themselves perceive as warranted and a form of self-defense. This is a disturbing development.

In addition, does this mean that we have no empathy for those who are currently hiding in the bush and are not concerned when even more of us join them? The 800,000+ South Sudanese men, women and children whom we know are not in United Nations Protection of Civilians (PoC) camps, but we do not know where they are.

Also, what does it say about the international community, when we only condemn the actions of one group of actors, in this case the youths in Bor, and fail to equally condemn the actions of the actors in Bentiu? The international media widely reported the Bor massacre; international actors correctly condemned the actions of the youth involved. However, there has been a lack of condemnation of the actors in Bentiu, there has been no widespread calls for an investigation, despite that the Bentiu massacre took place in the same week as the Bor massacre.

Do the people of Bentiu not deserve equal consideration and if this is so, we should sincerely ask ourselves why. Because this makes us appear to be only quick to condemn actions that seemingly hold the government culpable (in this case in their failure to protect the IDPs) but then we remain silent on the need to hold the rebel army equally culpable. If this is the case, then we must question not only our partiality but also our humanity.

Lastly, perhaps we should be even more apprehensive when we hear reports of community youths reacting to this crisis with violence. Thus far, the communities of the affected have not engaged either the rebels or the SPLA, and have instead remained on the sidelines. About two weeks ago, there were reports of the Shilluk community mobilizing to form a community defense force (granted, this claim has since been retracted) and now we hear of youths in Bor attacking a group of the defenseless that they associate with the rebellion. I wrote an earlier article about the need to engage with the communities of the affected, in order to avoid an escalation of this kind of reaction. This needs to happen, sooner rather than later. We also need to begin to engage with the Nuer community – these are their sons and daughters – these actions cannot be culturally acceptable even if this were blood feud or retaliation.

This has been a horrible week for South Sudan. I reiterate that time is running out for us, we are on a precipice. Let us do all that we can to ensure that we do not fall into the abyss.


By Dr. Bior Kwer Bior

When Gadet and his defecting army descended on Bor and maimed the unarmed civilians, this barbarism was invariably excused on the ground that the Nuers were avenging the death of their people who were allegedly slaughtered in Juba. Then the Lou Nuer white army came and killed the churchgoers, the patients on their hospital beds, and a score of other UNARMED civilians, and that too was excused on the ground of vengeance on the killings in Juba. The SPLM-7 didn’t raise a condemning voice, and nobody accused the Lou Nuer politicians in the government of instigating the violence. The 700+ Bor civilians killed will never get justice; their killing didn’t bother anybody’s conscience, not even in the highly conscientious UN circle.

When the unfortunate incident happened in Bor, which was largely provoked by the UNMISS’s lack of effective mechanisms to disperse a crowd, I see a change of attitudes. All of a sudden, the killing of UNARMED civilians constitutes war crime, and the SPLM-7 came out loudly looking for someone to hang. There are insinuations, especially from the DISGRUNTLED group, that the happening was somehow instigated by the Dinka Bor intellectuals in the government. This is presupposing, quite absurdly, that those people on the ground, the ones whose relatives were maimed by those rebels masquerading as IDPs in the UNMISS compound, aren’t pissed off about the fact that the killing of their relatives has virtually been swept under the rug of political expediency.

This war is messy, and I think nobody doubts this. More of these unfortunate incidents will continue to characterize our people’s troubled co-existence unless something drastic is done to speedily bring this war to an end. But if we’re going to be picky on the atrocities to condemn, we’ll keep missing the point, and justice will continue to elude us. We need to get our asses off this Orwellian world in which we believe, without a shred of qualm, that all unarmed civilians are important but some unarmed civilians are more important than others.

It would be more just if the people who are now bent out of shape by the Bor incident come out in pull force and condemn the killings which took place in Bor, Bentiu, and Malakal in which the Nuer armed youth attacked and butchered unarmed civilian from the other ethnic groups. These incidents ought to be collectively investigated so that justice is served equally.

If we don’t do this, then we are still sleeping and we will surely be jolted off this prolonged bout of sleep by the loudest bell of the unfortunate Rwandanization of our country.


By Malith Alier

It is true that President Kiir reiterated that he would not take the people of South Sudan to war many times since independence. He also promised that the events of 1991 would not be allowed to happen again during the National Liberation Council (NLC) meeting on the 14th December 2013 a day before it all unravelled into the current distressful conflict. Both, the promises of not taking people of South Sudan to war and the prevention of 1991 have come to negative. What does the President tell the people of South Sudan as the situation untangle further?

It is four months now since the beginning of the conflict, but no solution is insight. Yes there is the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) led peace process in progress in Addis Ababa. However; this may not yield instant fruits. The government negotiators are telling us that IGAD is dragging its feet and so much worse are rebels who are emboldened by easy capture of towns from the government. This precarious scenario prompted the writer of this piece to alert the government in order to devise a new approach to tackling this war.

This viewed is shared by many concerned citizens within and without the country. I have read two important articles by concerned citizens one from Australia and another from Malaysia. Both articles have one thing in common, alerting the government to change gear on the current conflict. It is now up to the government on the other hand to heed to these calls for its own survival and that of the majority of South Sudanese.

Now let’s analyse both statements by the President in the lens of management. Consider ideal and practical standards in management circles. The President thought it ideal not to take the country back to war or allow the event of 1991 to happen again. This was his vision for the country that has been in war since creation. He thought that the country could not afford another war because its people are war wary at best and with that in mind he wanted people to rebuild their lives in peace at least during his presidency. This proposition did not materialise why because he failed to take practical steps to realise that. The proposition that there will be no war is a mere wishful thinking without demonstrated path for peace.

This is where something called SWOT analysis comes in. SWOT is an acronym for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. I wonder whether the government advisers committed themselves to this process of identifying Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and possible Threats to a country called Southern Sudan or later South Sudan. One expected that the late Dr. John Garang had this in mind and that was why he fought hard to retain the SPLA as one of the strengths in Southern Sudan.

Now let’s list these in turn.

Strengths

1. The SPLA
2. Southern Sudan Interim Constitution
3. The Troika: USA, UK and Norway
4. The CPA
5. UNMIS or United Nations Mission in Sudan

Weaknesses

1. Too many agreements dishonoured
2. Militias allied to government in Khartoum
3. Corruption
4. Tribalism

Opportunities

1. Oil revenues
2. The CPA – referendum
3. Autonomy during interim period
4. Vast prime agricultural land
5. MTDF or multi Donor Trust Fund
6. Goodwill from International Community
7. JIUs or Joined Integrated Units

Threats

1. SAF or Sudan armed Forces
2. Border
3. Tribalism/nepotism
4. Oil
5. Abyei
6. Militias

Our existential threats as a country have now multiplied as opportunities diminish in the current conflict. There is a gathering cloud over the nation where rebels kill everything that has life, UNMISS is double-face, USA wields sanctions, destruction of oil infrastructure and forced oil shut down, Sudan support of rebels, IGAD dragging feet and the looming famine in about five months as predicted by UN agencies. Can the current government emerge intact under such weighty threats? The guess is yours and mine. Some people may argue that the situation is not yet desperate to require desperate measures. Whatever the case, the time is now. Formation of a war Cabinet is long overdue. The talk about government of national unity, interim government or coalition government is a non-event. War cabinet is the answer.

The essence of war Cabinet

President George W. Bush said during Iraq war in 2003 that the war was not going to be a campaign of half measures. True, there is no small war that one should handle by a campaign of half measures not least the current rebellion. South Sudanese know themselves better. They fight to the best of their ability when the fight is among themselves compared to when they fight foreign invaders or Arab colonisers. Big towns like Bor, Malakal and Bentiu have exchanged hands eleven (11) times in four months, something that did not happen in 21 years of the SPLA versus SAF war. Malakal like Juba and Wau never came nearby by the SPLA rebels leave alone being captured despite efforts by all South Sudanese to liberate Sudan from the Arab minority rule. Only Bor exchanged hands at least three times, but not in four months as seen recently. This is a breakneck speed!

The American assistant envoy to Sudan and South Sudan reminded us that it is not business as usual during his meeting in Washington with the Minister in the Office of the President, Mr. Awan Guol Riak. Nobody should remind the President and people of this country about this position. It is self-evident. Having more than twenty ministries and subject to expansion not only flies in the face of the lean government proposal but also a hindrance to a successful conduct of the war.

The war Cabinet (Ministries) should comprise of no more than fifteen ministries as follows:

1. Ministry of Defence
2. Ministry of Interior
3. Ministry of National Security
4. Ministry of Health
5. Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Preparedness
6. Ministry of Cabinet and Parliamentary Affairs
7. Ministry of Dams and Water Resources
8. Ministry of Transport Roads and Bridges
9. Ministry of Communication, Broadcasting and Telecommunication
10. Ministry of Finance and Commerce
11. Ministry of Energy and Mining
12. Ministry of Foreign Affairs
13. Ministry of Education

The main aim is bringing the war to an end perhaps a benchmark of six months is in order. To do this, there are two main frons i.e. the domestic and international fronts. The domestic face of South Sudan needs to change to reflect the new realities of the war. Fuel and food rationing should apply, travel restrictions particularly that of foreigners should be imposed, recruitment which is in progress should continue, emergency laws which are ill defined in greater Upper Nile should be strengthened, contract with UNMISS should never be renewed and so forth.

On the international front, the country should try to identify hostile countries and keep a low profile from them, should strengthen cooperation with friendly nations so that more breathing space is created, do away with missions of hostile nations existing in the country and limit travel abroad by ministers and other government officials who waste scarce public resources even if they go outside to talk ill of the country and its leadership and then come back like angels to continue draining the very country they have no love for.

The former Sudan successfully resisted the massive efforts by the SPLA by metamorphosing regularly as conditions change. Neimeri was deposed by the military and General Sawara el-Dahab took over after which elections were held. Sadig El Mahdi who won the elections was deposed by General Beshir who is the current President of the Republic of Sudan. When General Beshir came, a lot of changes took place domestically including the ones earlier cited in this article.

In order to stay abreast with the Khartoum war tactics, Dr. John who was as shrewd as the Arabs employed creative reasoning premised on the commitment and motivation of the SPLA and the people of South Sudan. A training of no less than six months was accorded to recruits before going to the field. The recruits were divided into military formations and given interesting names derived from well known fierce African animals like Lion, Cobra and others. Some situational names like “Dhalan” the angry and “Majnun” the mad one were also given. Further, some targeted campaign names were also the norm. Bright Star Campaign or BSC and Operation Jungle Storm or OJS among others were operational names that caught the attention of every SPLA and were like catch phrases.

Time has come now for the President to try those solutions that work. The government of South Sudan tried reintegration of militias, pardon of military renegade officers who should have instead face the music for various crimes including treason charges went unappreciated.

The SPLA soldiers fighting the rebels needs a regular morale boosting particularly visits by the minister of Defence and the President on other more important occasions like the fall of Bentiu, Malakal or Bor. They also need replenish of military supplies and not forgetting regular salary and perks for their families’ upkeep.

The Addis Ababa peace is not coming anytime soon. This necessitates full commitment to the war by formation of a War Council. This helps solve lots of problems like waste of scarce resources.

Identification of existential threats is half the solution to the current conflict which is sometimes misunderstood as ethnic conflict between the major tribes in the country. Therefore, the government of the day should identify and effectively utilise available opportunities to achieve maximum advantage over the rebellion.


At Least 27 People Have Been Killed In UNMISS camp In Bor

By Achiek Jok Riaak 

BOR – More than 27 people have been killed during a fighting which erupted at UNMISS camp in Bor following a peaceful demonstration carryout by youth members of Bor county on Thursday.

Critic Ngueny said that Bor county youth were demonstrating peacefully with ultimate that Members of Nuer sheltering at UNMISS camp should be evacuated after they have discussed the number of issues provoking situation in Bor town.

“The youth from Bor county were demonstrating peacefully on the position that white Army who had participated during the crisis in Bor must leave the UNMISS camp within 72 hours but unfortunately during their marching toward UN Compound to hand over their petition to the head of mission in Bor, the United Nation Peacekeeping Force begun to shoot at the protesters,” Said Critic Ngueny.

No any clear information from the UNMISS office in Bor to clarify the cause of the clash between the civilians and them at the camp.

According to Ngueny statement, the youth were all annoyed on the ground following two days celebration carryout by the White Army group refuge at UNMISS camp in Bor after Bentiu, the headquarters of Unity state retaken by rebel force two days ago.

The Internal Displaced Peoples who are given protections by UNMISS at their base celebrated the recaptured of Bentiu by anti-government forces.

A UN health worker, William Oyual told the media that at least 20 people were killed during the fighting but other source said that death casualties from Nuer side are more than 61 people apart from 7 youth who got killed during the clash.

Bior Kuer, who works at Bor civil hospital, said another two people died at the health facility from wounds suffered during the fighting.

Panchol said that 14 people from protesters have been wounded meanwhile the number of the wounded people from IDPs is still unclear as the number is fluctuating from more than 60 up to 100.

The secretary of Bor community, Abraham Mach has said that youth were protesting the petition regarding the case of the White army inside the UNMISS camp.

Mach said that they give some copies to the government organs and they were heading to UNMISS compound to handed over a copy to UNMISS authorities petitioning that the White Army inside the UNMISS camp should be evacuate meanwhile in the process the UNMISS and the Nuer inside the UNMISS start firing at them not knowing that they were coming to handed the petition to them at the camp.

“I had just received the letter this morning, and the letter was addressed that the youth demand the urgent evocation of White Army members inside the UNMISS camp, calming that they always celebrated the fallen of others town under the rebel loyal to Riek Machar,” Mach said.

He said that, the office of Bor community is against anything that is violent, “they youth informed as that their protest is a peaceful protest, so if it is peaceful, then how can you denying them. how can you deny youth or a citizen of Jonglei who is perching in the names of peace or who is sacking she or he think is right in the name of protest.”

Abraham Mach said that they are for peace, UNMISS is here to help the people of South Sudan particularly people of Jonglei and anybody in the state and that is why UNMISS is here, they are here to facilitate peace in the country, and not to respond to any violent.

The UN Mission in South Sudan their statement released on Thursday strongly condemns the deadly and unprovoked attack on its base in Bor and they (UNMISS) has called on South Sudan’s leadership to uphold its responsibilities to protect all South Sudanese civilians and maintain public order.

The UNMISS has calls on all national, state and local authorities and forces to protect all civilians, to ensure that the inviolability of United Nations premises is protected, and to take effective measures to prevent a recurrence of such attacks.

Almost 5,000 civilians are sheltering inside the fortified base of the UN mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) in the town, one of the most bitterly contested regions in the four-month-long conflict in the world’s newest nation.

Majok said the demonstrators had clashed with peacekeepers inside the base, but it was not immediately clear who had fired the shots.

Information Minister Michael Makuei said that a “huge number” of gunmen, seeking revenge for the rebel capture of the oil-town of Bentiu two days ago, overwhelmed government forces in a bid to slaughter the terrified and trapped civilians.

President Kiir Should Learn From the Past

Posted: April 18, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Featured Articles, Simon Yel

By Simon Yel

President Kiir will not learn from the past until he heard in SSTV or miraya FM that ” president Kiir was ousted some few hours ago” in the way he did not learn the plan of disgruntled group when they had conducted their press release on Decc.6.2013 and boycotted the NLC meeting not until the bullet missed him in December 15th.

President Kiir will not will discover the plan of UN chief Hilde Johnson until he is arrested by UN soldiers like Laurent Gbagbo of Ivory Coast in the same way he didn’t discover how Riek and Taban managed to escape Juba .

President Kiir will not learn that UN is supplying weapons to the rebels and equipping her troops to fight the gov’t until UN start capturing Lakes,Wau and Warrap . The recently intercepted UNIMISS vehicles in Lakes state full of munitions and lethal weapons should have been a great lesson for him to learn from though he always refuses to listen to NS reports, I didn’t know that he will also refuse to use his own eyes to learn what the hell Halide is doing behind the scene of keeping peace but it became the same ” as ears as eyes”. Yesterday(16.4.2014) during the launch of Food Security Council and the Agriculture Season 2014 , he ordered the security organs not to search again the UN vehicles and other related humanitarian organisations but in the same day evening , the three(3) UN ferries were caught on river Nile near Bor( Bor port) heading to Bentiu full of ammunition and lethal weapons.

President Kiir will not learn operations of United State foreign policy of regime change until he is killed like Mamuar Gaddafi of Libya or he is in dock at ICC like Charles Taylor of Liberia or until Pentagon release another press confirming their support to the regime change like what they did in south Vietnam “For the military coup d’etat against president Ngo Dinh Diem of south Vietnam , the U.S. must accept its full share of responsibility,”says Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara in 1963.

President Kiir will not learn the interest of EU and USA diplomats nor even learn from president Putin’s speech during the crisis of Ukraine and I quoted ” our western partners have come to believe in their exclusivity and exceptionalism, that they can decide the destinies of the world, that only they can ever be right. They act as they please: here and there, they use force against sovereign states, building coalitions based on the principle “If you are not with us, you are against us.” To make this aggression look legitimate, they force the necessary resolutions on the UN Security Council and the UN”, until John Kerry and William Hague call for military action against his gov’t and say ” he is a man who has killed thousands of innocents civilians on tribal line and he has across the red line and hence lost his legitimacy” . I though what is happening in Syria and Ukraine should have great lesson for Kiir to learn who exactly the western nations are .

President Kiir will not learn about how many gov’ts did US overthrow until he reads the newspaper while in prison that USA had overthrown 24 gov’ts eg ,Syria, Guatemala, Indonesia , Cuba, DRC, Dominican Republic, South Vietnam,, Brazil, Argentina, Angola, Turkey, Philippines, Iran, Libya , Somalia, Venezuela, Afghanistan, Chile , Poland and recently south Sudan .

President Kiir will not learn that the UN has a record of overthrowing one gov’t on her own , the gov’t of Ivory coast which UN had claimed that “Gbagbo made mistake after mistake and in the end he lost everything ,We intervened to prevent a disaster” until Halide Johnson says ” Kiir made decree after decree and he lost the legitimacy’’ and ordered UN to clear his stronghold like Aweil, Rumbek and Warrap like what UN had done in Ivory cost clearing Yopougon the stronghold of Laurent .


By Malith Alier 

Reports coming from Bor, Jonglei State’s capital that people are being killed by UNMISS “protection force” is the first of its kind. Under whatever circumstances, it should never have happened. The UNMISS which has now taken a partisan stand did not use force in Gumuruk and Akobo when about seven members of its staff were killed by attackers from the Counties of Pibor and Akobo respectively.

The latest development is a sign that the current conflict has so far acquired a three notch height. It is advisable for UN mission to note that fact. More than five people dead and many more injured by the UNMISS which is suppose to protect civilians is not a simple matter. Let’s recalled that UNMISS was advised to evacuate those they think are in danger to safer places because its compounds were never meant to be for camps of displaced people. From now on nothing will prevent such occurrences from taking place while this conflict persists.

The people of Bor are not to blame in this situation because of UN and government negligence. This is because there are many unpalatable events that have spelt doom to cooperation among the host community, IDPs and the UNMISS.

First of these is the weapons saga that surfaced in Rumbek early in the year. This has had irreparable damage to the relationship. The same saga surface once again when a boat carrying fuel was discovered to have a hidden cache of weapons and munitions on board. This caused disagreement between the State Governor on the one hand and security and the residents of Bor on the other. The Governor argued that they should be allowed to proceed to Bentiu which is still experiencing fierce battles and also under threat of rebel control citing their clearance from Juba by Ministry of Interior.

Secondly, is the imposition of a Governor on the people of Bor and other scores of Counties whose inhabitants have not rebelled. He himself is seen in the lens of rebellion because his County of Fangak is under rebels’ control. This is evident from the fact that he recently appointed new County Commissioners of Fangak, Uror, Nyirol, Ayod and Akobo replacing the ones who joined Riek Machar conspirators. Note further that he had stones thrown at him with his entourage at the same camp when he went to persuade the IDPs to leave the camp and join the rest of civilians. Therefore, he is neither credible nor reliable in the eyes of the rebels and government supporters. The rebels think of him as a sell-out but the government supporters regarded him as sympathetic to rebels. His appointment of Baba Medan whose County was involved in another devastating rebellion is like adding an insult to injury.

Thirdly, those who shelter in the UNMISS camps are rebel core supporters who celebrate every little victory scored by the rebels either on the battle field or in Addis Ababa on political level. The capture of Bentiu was a major victory they celebrated in such away to annoy the residents of Bor City. There is a saying that says do not abuse the crocodile while you have not crossed the river. The rebels should have known that those who dying on the front line have family members in Bor who do not share their happiness brought about by the fall of Bentiu. Had they celebrated quietly in doors, the results should have been different. What they did was an intolerable height of folly.

Last but not least is the genesis of this entire ongoing and unfortunate hostile environment beginning last December. It has stoked hostilities and drove wedges among communities and between communities and the UN Mission. Riek Machar and President Kiir will have an uphill battle to reunite a country ethnically divided down the middle if either wins the fight for the soul of South Sudan.

The people of Bor are among the most tolerant people in this country. This tolerance was shown the night before the fall of Bor on 18 December 2013. Two brothers close to Nuer camp popularly known as “ci Nuer ben?” in Dinka were mercilessly slaughtered by the rebels who hid in the camp. There was no retaliation despite Dinka being the majority in the town.

The events of 1991 seemed to have been tacitly forgiven however, the 2013 and running conflict where the so-called white army ransacked and killed thousands of innocent people for the second time will take years to heal. The living dead still haunt us in whatever we do. Nobody celebrates death except the IDPs in Bor compound under the watch of UNMISS. This celebration is utterly intolerable and deserves what it gets. Just imagine if it were the other way round. Would they accept it, absolutely no?

The demonstration in Bor is a result of temperature boil over in the heat of towns falling to rebels and the subsequent celebration by the displaced people not knowing that they are in a different territory that is mourning not only the lost of towns but their sons being killed in the battles. People should not offend sensitivities of others particularly in relation to death. It is un African to celebrate death event that of your enemy.


By Reng’o Gyyw Reng’o, Addis Ababa

Just over a month ago, a well placed individual in the system, South Sudan, confided in me and told me the information I did not understand, – Khartoum had been supplying weapons to Juba, during and after the December 2013 crises. The gentleman was very happy. The only question that I asked, was, ” don’t you think Khartoum is doing the same thing to the other side?”. His answer was no. “Why would they?” He asked. I said ” for the same old reasons, wanting to fail South Sudan and now that we are fighting each other, Khartoum might be interested in seeing us annihilating each other!” I was assured Khartoum now needs Jaath [oil] flowing.

While my fears were not addressed, the gentleman sentiments were not isolated. Khartoum’s ambiguous hibernation during the crises, made many regional and international analysts happy. They were praising Khartoum , believing a new era has dawn between Khartoum and Juba. The notorious Islamist Ali Karti, Sudan’s foreign Minister gave concrete assurances of his country’s neutrality in the conflict. He had also taken part in the IGAD’s mission to South Sudan to resolve crises.

However, piecing together number of evidences and occurrences today between South Sudan and Khartoum, it makes me believe that my misgivings then are coming home. First of all, Khartoum was kept out of the countries interfering in South Sudan current conflicts. This is in spite of the fact that it was ferrying weapons to the government in Juba. As long as it was supporting Kiir’s government clandestinely, public relations placard dictates that it was a neutral friend.

You know President Kiir has been accused by his colleagues of flirtation with Beshir, NCP and Khartoum. It was evident in the press release during the December 2013 when the SPLM opposition accused Kiir of wanting to establish a new party that will work the NCP. Only serious minded citizens did not believe that. Otherwise, the gullible groups took the message serious.

There were other developments that were convincing that a new beginning has just arrived in the relationship between Juba and Khartoum. Juba had requested Khartoum to deploy troops in South Sudan to protect oil fields. To effect this, Minister of Defence, Hon. Kuol Manyang Juuk, had to pay a visit to Khartoum just over two weeks ago. Sudan thus has become one of the two neighbouring countries that are seen publicly to be supporting President Kiir. The other being Uganda.

Last week, President Kiir paid a visit to Khartoum to meet President Beshir. It was assumed number of issues were discussed, peace talks, implementation of cooperation agreements, oil protection, etc. However, Abyei, and border demarcation were not mooted. The two issues were not on the table for discussion. Juba read into the mind of Khartoum,-raising these would be a red line. After all, they are “not crucial issues” at the moment.

As soon as President Kiir left Khartoum for Uganda, Sudan’s AirForce bombed Panriang and other areas in Unity State. People were shocked. What was it that Kiir had gone to fetch in Khartoum, “peace or bombs?” I discussed this with my friend Paanluel on the facebook. Below were our exchanged.

P: Khartoum bombing Panrieng county. Kiir was in Khartoum 1-2 ago.
Me: They were welcoming him with bombs.
P: Apparently, yes.
Me: Who might they have targeted? Are there Riek’s rebels in the area, therefore helping Kiir?
P: No. Bombing the civilians.
Me: Hahaha…He has lost it all. That is a message for Kiir to interpret.
P: Bad.
Me: Have they condemned it?, I mean the Kiirs.
P: Aguer Panyang was doing the laundry.
Me: I do not know when Kiir will wake to the reality of politics, and development. He has revejuvanted Beshir to strength and potency, and now Beshir is slapping him incessantly on the face.
P: Yeah and Beshir is consolidating his position. While kiir is fighting everyone in the RSS. Beshir is wooing his political rivals.
Me: That is what I have seen over the media.
p: Consolidation and with consolidation comes the exigency of creating distraction. Possibly a conflict with RSS wud be a perfect one.
Me: A sound politician would that, to consolidate at home? I mean I would do that.
P: And create trouble abroad to keep the consolidation intack, and the public occupied with “cockroaches in Juba.”
Me: Hahaha… Kiir is a toddler when it comes to that politics. I would have done just that, when crises where developing in Juba, to divert the rebels.
P: yep. Beshir [is] doing it, perhaps.
Me: We would be fighting along the border now, while seeking international mediation

Khartoum in its crafty ways, was quick in denying any bombing. That was one negative development.

Just few days ago, Juba announced that its intelligence reported massive movements of the Sudan Armed Forces along the border. The Military Spokesperson Philip Aguer made an alarm. However, Khartoum through its armed forces spokesperson denied the allegation. Yesterday but one, Sudan Tribune website published Khartoum or Sudan’s reservations on IGAD’s mediation, accusing IGAD’s process of being bad. We noticed something that was growing.

On Tuesday 14th April 2014, all of a sudden, Bentiu, Capital of Unity State fell to Riek Machar rebels that were alleged to have come from Sudan. South Sudan Military Spokesperson, Col. Philip Aguer, accused Sudan of not only offering sanctuary to the South Sudan’s rebels but also training and supporting them. Still, Khartoum has denied that accusation as if there is going to be a day they will accept any accusation.

We knew something was developing when rebels went silent. It might be that they have now made another agreement with Khartoum over the oil. I had just raised an alarm the other day, that the Juba’s way of handling Khartoum is wanting in all aspects. That type of foreign policy relations would definately backfire. Juba wake up. I am missing Mading Ngor on that.

The Mystique Nile River (Part-I)

Posted: April 16, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Featured Articles, Malith Alier

By Malith Alier

 Stand on the banks of the River one lovely evening like this and watch the River flow north in one style, progressively determined for its destination. The cadet blue water takes after the River valley silts. The Riverbanks are lush with evergreen grasses that drink from the River day and night at no cost. Huge green trees parade calmly morning and evening along the course of the River. They play with the mighty wind during the day in contrast to the morning and evening posture.

Stand on the banks and watch the shadow of the trees cross to the other side of the River during sunrise and sunset. The sun mysteriously throws plant shadows across to commune with one another on the divide in a spiritual union.

The River attracts every creature, insects, birds, reptiles, amphibians and above all people who develop inseparable association for millions of years with the River. The River is their life and their life is the River.

Crocodiles, hippos, fish and insects dominate the second longest River in the world. The crocodiles are the strongest of the reptiles. They police the Nile down to the bottom. They are master swimmers and live longer than any other creatures in the Nile. Their teeth grow continuously. The new ones push the old ones out in gradual replacement. They must have the strongest jaws in the world to support the long teeth that are in perpetual growth.

Walk on the Nile one evening and notice amazing scenery, the nature’s gift of water that nourishes flora and fauna. The water swirls on the deepest spot as it moves with speed like a dancing crane. This is one of the latent powers that enable the water to redefine the River course. The water has the power to carry away soil and vegetation in its passage. It soaks hard ground and dissolves it despite resistance. The rocks underneath are laid bare by the same power that dissolves and erodes the less compacted soils.

The Nile feeds and keeps alive the Mediterranean Sea in Arabian Egypt. The people of Egypt who demand exclusive use of water also regard it as a give from the almighty. This false entitlement perception is a result of the Anglo Egyptian treaties of 1929 and 1959. These not only deprived the upstream peoples of their natural accession but also set a dangerous course for the future generations to contend with.

River Nile is like a great serpent moving from highlands to lowlands. It dug a trench million years ago where water collects from the mountains through the valleys and eventually to the sea. It waters the fields that feed mankind.

Lake Victoria joins the countries of East Africa of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. This is thought to be the important source of the Nile. The city of Jinja is the first exit point of the River. The River meanders through Uganda, DRC, South Sudan, Sudan and finally Egypt. Egypt is the self-appointed mother or father of the Nile River who has never been.

The total length the River is approximately 3,700km or 2,300 miles from the city of Jinja to the delta.

The Nile is given names in sections from the Lake to the sea. From Lake Victoria to Lake Albert is Victoria Nile. Albert Nile is after Lake Albert in Uganda. Bahr El Jabal is from Nimule to where it is joined by Bahr el Ghazal River and that section becomes White Nile. It eventually becomes River Nile from Khartoum where it is joined by Blue Nile, which emanates from Ethiopian highlands.

The Busoga People in Jinja continuously collect water hyacinth (Eichhonia Crassipes) barred by a dam immediately after the River exit. This is one way of keeping the Lifeline River from pollution this strange weeds whose native abode is South America. A few metres upstream after the bridge are Bujagali Falls. This is where Uganda generates much of its electricity supply. The water holds back, collects and superimposes on the rock forcing its way and creating incredible energy as it falls. Man has realized that this can be harnessed to generate power for lighting and industry usage.

The other waterfalls on the way from Uganda to south Sudan are Karuma falls, Murchison falls and the lesser Fulla rapids. Water features like these are not only for power generation but are also tourist attractions. Towns or cities with waterfalls serve as tourist attraction sites. The incredible sights and thrill or sport are difficult to erase in the memory of those who witnessed them forever.

Listen to water roars as you approach Murchison or Karuma falls. The mountain devils unleash wails for help as water splash mercilessly between the rocks. This is a rite of passage with force even the mountains cannot deny. The Nile creatures dare not to be careless on the falls for their lives may be in danger. The canoe people and the swimmers exercise extra care over the falls. And then there is the Murchison Falls National Park. Uganda is blessed with plenty of animals in the wild. These animals are threatened by urbanization, pollution and poaching. It has become a habit for all countries to provide protection to these wild creatures in game Reserves and Parks. This is the age of harnessing nature in modernity. Waterfalls are for sports and generation of energy and wild life generates income through tourism. Poaching is the killing of endangered wildlife for meat or parts like tusks for sale. This is illegal in most countries including Uganda.

The Nile associated vegetation are in form of papyrus, tall bamboo like grasses, reed mace (Typha Latifolia), water lettuce (Pistia Stratiotes) and water hyacinth (Eichhonia Crassipes). Large fruit tree like mangoes are a feature of the River valley.

River Nile is not the only source for fresh water, fish fruit trees but it also used in other beneficial ways. Watch the people mould bricks on the banks in Juba. Young men build huge hillocks of moulded earth, which is burnt to increase strength for construction of shelters. This is an important source of income in Juba in particular. Young people who are unemployed successfully engage in brick molding which in turn make them useful contributors in the development of their country. Self-employment is the word.

Stand on the Nile and look at the fishermen traversing the River in canoes morning and evening. These are called “atooc” in Dinka. They have special skills in dealing with the River. They hollowed logs for use as canoes. They are usually seen rowing canoes with small oars or bamboo, which is lowered down to push the canoe forward in shallow sections close to the banks. This is also the case in rocky and shallow sections in the middle of the River. The catches include tilapia, Nile perch and other variety.

In South Sudan, the nomads depend on the River like no one else. Crossing to either side seasonally is like a sport. This usually is motivated by the search of green pasture during dry season. The cattle owners envy the greens on the western side of the River known as “toc” the night before the crossing is a colorful night. Certain rituals are performed like those of the Israelites when they crossed the Red sea. This is usually to avert disasters like the refusal of a herd to successfully cross all in one accord. Someone volunteers to kill a cow. Others perform prayers, usually someone whose ancestors were the ones who led such activity. In this way, crocodiles and other animals that have potential to destroy the epic journey are put to rest that day.


By Amer Mayen Dhieu

I apologize. I might end up with a different interpretation of your beautiful poem. Forgive. But as simple as you have stated, all you need is a village girl: somebody in the village. Indeed, you describe some reasonable attributes you love to see in your future village-girl-wife.

That has triggered a burning question ringing on my mind. Are you indeed looking for the actual village girl or a particular type of woman with your desired-attributes? Are you aware that a village may just be a place to live, which might have minor influence on individuals?

Good on you, you really know the type of woman you want to marry. But I suppose you failed to state clearly the actual type of woman you need. Let’s squeeze it between two warring terms: “village and modern girl”. You have chosen a village girl but the attributes you have stated are not for a village girl but for a reasonable and well educated modern girl.

Your description is that of someone who knows how to operate a bank a/c and know how to save your money; of someone who can read and write and who can appreciate and enhance your ambitious way of writing; of someone that can be devoted to your ideas since you are too devoted to them too. This is not a village girl but a well-educated modern girl. That’s the one you need.

Modernity judging on its parlance has been mis/overused. I guess this is what makes you abhorrence to the term itself. But I assure you that those who like to bend their loves one like their belts are not the modern one.

The modern ones are those who aim to push their husbands to the limit; those who encourage them to be who they are; those who support them to reach their potentials and possibilities; those who value and appreciate differences and partnership of teamwork on the family level; a woman that can lead you through your learning journey.

Do not shy away from the truth. With what I read from your point of view, you do not need a village girl. You need a girl with the above-mentioned experiences; a woman with compassion to provide you with understanding and empathy; to bring you hope and inspiration.

If I am not wrong, if I am not ending up with a different interpretation of your beautiful poem, then this is the woman you describe but might have been given a wrong name of a “village girl”.

She’s not a village girl. It’s a girl that got banking experience to save your money. She’s a girl who have read, “person centred care approach” from the academic books to let you rises to your ambitious way of thinking. She is the modern girl, not the village girl.

AMER@2014


By Mama Junub

Oh my God! It is sickening. How some grown up and well educated adults struggle with self-insecurities. I never struggle to understand what services SBS DINKA and other South Sudanese News sites are giving back to the society. I found nothing but an amazing, commendable job in what they are doing. How do you feel when someone makes you a bed and invite you to have a rest on it? Do you hate that person for giving you free space to lie down and have a rest?

Come on people; let us be honest with ourselves. These guys are giving you and I a space to share our points of view, debate our own issues, express ourselves and our views through articles and letters and press releases. Again it is free of charge. We read and listen to this program and other news sites for new ideas. What is really the issue with people attacking individuals behind these great services? Something I completely do not understand.

So many direct attacks have been made publicly toward individuals working behind these services. Did you ever ask yourself what is it that you are really attacking them for? They are not the one who only expresses their views. The only prepare ground for people to come and communicate their views and opinions. If you think they are not doing well by allowing those you do not like to come and participate in the program or blog. Fair enough go and established your own program or blog to help you choose the people you want to share ideas with.

I do not want to go deep, but I think you are struggling with your own insecurities, if you hate what they are doing then do not turn that radio channel on or do not open the webpage. Easy brezy! There is no point of giving them negative feelings when we all know that they are doing a great job to our community and us. Why do we really care whether what SBS DINKA is doing is part of the role in its contract? Why do you want to know all that anyway? It’s a good service so enjoy it; if not, then do not be bothered and just stay away baby.

Remember no one ever promise us that views opinions are always the same. They are not. You come with yours and I come with mine. This will give us all a bigger picture to look at thing in hand in an inclusive manner. If I didn’t say what’s in your heart, that didn’t give you a right to hate. You are not against each other; it’s that you have different opinions on given topics.

Please let’s us all be courageous and appreciative of each other. Let your heart admits that they are doing these things for us. All in all I love my PaanLuel Wël and that’s all I care.

MAMAJUNUB@2014


By Deng Simon and PaanLuel Wel

———————

By Elijah Deng Simon

Instead of incriminating Emmanuel Jal, Jok Madut, Ajak Chiengkou or Deng Elijah, we should be incriminating the system. It is this system that instructs us to do what we are doing; sorting the truth from different perspectives.

It is the system that creates and exploits these perspectives to turns Mabior against Dau , Puljang against Koang, Olony against Ogat, Wanni against Lado, tribes against tribes and regions against regions because the system is reaping these [regionalism, tribalism, nepotism, corruption, and divide and rule] for its own gains; to reign for 100 or 1000s years as long as we remain in our narrowed comfort zones.

Your incriminations and selective praises nurture the crippled system while reaping your intelligence and respect. A bad system would reduce you to believe that Ajak is your hero and Jal is your enemy and vice versa, when there is no profound ground to prove that the two can’t work together for a collective interest instead of your interest! 

–Way forward —

Since the coup allegation has collapsed, divide and rule has failed, regionalism as well, and war won’t bring a sustainable solution. Instead of defending “status quo” we should defend the nation and to defend the nation the perpetrators must be held accountable. It is unreasonable to end a presidential term prematurely but it is highly irresponsible and illegitimate that over 4 millions people re in a food shortage, over 1 million displaced and over 10,000 (well above 30,000) people died. So there must be a trade off and the best trade off is to teach the upcoming leaders that they will be forced to step down prematurely should they imitate Salva Kiir and his crooks.

Our lives as citizens can’t be traded off for any other gain(s). The short term solution is for Kiir to step aside and the long term solution would be to elect a patriotic and visionary citizen to reconcile and rebuild the nation after this interim government. Dr. Riek has a constitutional right but does not have to lead South Sudan as a president, however, the country has to be transformed and reconciled for the next generations to enjoy freedom,justice and equality!

———————

By PaanLuel Wel (Response to Deng Simon)

Elijah Deng SimonI absolutely concur with you that “Instead of incriminating Emmanuel Jal, Jok Madut, Ajak Chiengkou or Deng Elijah, we should be incriminating the system” because, as you rightly pointed out, “It is the system that creates and exploits these perspectives to turns Mabior against Dau, Puljang against Koang, Olony against Ogat, Wanni against Lado, tribes against tribes and regions against regions…” But while you may take the system to be President Kiir and his henchmen who seem to know nothing about what is going on in the country, some people would go further and say that the system in question includes not just the President, but Dr. Riek Machar (who had been no. 2 in that very system for 9 years) as well as the 11+ political detainees who are currently presenting themselves as better alternatives to the bloodied hands of President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar.

Therefore, if indeed the system is the stumbling block to the realization of long lasting peace and political stability in South Sudan, and there is no reason whatsoever to doubt that postulation, it entails that the best way forward is not just to get rid of President Kiir, but rather the whole system which include, in addition to the President, Dr. Riek Machar and the 11+ political detainees. Bearing in mind that there was no coup in Juba and that the 11+ political detainees are already out of power, the next people to go from power are President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar. The logic is simple: neither President Kiir nor Dr. Riek has been able to decisively defeat the other notwithstanding over 4-month of continuous fighting. Therefore, to paraphrase your statement, the short term solution is for President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar to step aside from their respective power bases and the long term solution would be to elect a patriotic and visionary citizen (say Dr. Marial Benjamin or Wani Igga, for example) to reconcile and rebuild the nation after this interim government.

Whereas it is certainly true that President Kiir and Dr. Riek have constitutional rights to contest the ‘next election’, they should not necessarily be part of the interim government if fighting has to stop in South Sudan. Of course, such course of actions in which both President Kiir and Dr. Riek would be barred from being part of a transitional government is an anathema to their respective supporters, and few avenues abound, barring international military intervention, to bring about such course of event as they are the ones wielding Kalashnikov in the entire country. Of course, the government of President Kiir is wishing for a swift military victory over the rebels, akin to the decisive defeat of the Tamil Tiger rebels in Sri Lanka. On the other hand, the rebels under Dr. Riek Machar are entertaining the thought that they would ride into Juba like Paul Kagame in the 1990s while Presient Kiir is taken to the ICC for killing the Nuer in Juba.

Well, both are wishful thinking, for the government will never completely defeat the rebellion even if they were lucky enough to kill or capture Riek Machar, and neither will the Rebels realize their conjured up triumphant march to Juba for the best the rebel can achieve is a Somalization of South Sudan.

–Way forward —

But for us South Sudanese to have meaningful, serious and constructive dialogues, the best and only way forward other than an outright military victory as wished by the government and as dreamed up by the rebel is two-fold: (1) Going back to the status quo–an interim government with both President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, in their respective pre-July 23rd positions and seniority or (2) charting a new course–a transitional government without President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, back by international military forces. But of course, my pro-rebels friends Deng Simon and Jesus Deng Mading-chuai would prefer an interim government without President Kiir while my pro-government friends Simon Yel and Gordon Buay would want nothing more than the blood-dripping head of Dr. Riek Machar.

And thus, stalemate–political and military–set in and Addis Ababa talks are treated as a necessarily evil to be tolerated but never taken seriously. The government is wishing, and the rebels are dreaming, for a decisive military victory!! The conversation is yet to commence because there are no genuine conversationalists, only Kiirists and Machariists rule the air, the web and the field!!

Till then, the present carnage in Bentiu might soon get replicated in Bor and Malakal and over again as it has been the case. President Kiir is majestically unperturbed, Dr. Riek is boyishly excited and their supporters are marching, cheering on and wishing and dreaming while the DREAM “for the next generations to enjoy freedom, justice and equality!” is being stymied!

Junub Thudan in the hands of the same monkeys in different forest!


By Tearz Ayuen, Juba

addistalks

MISTER PRESIDENT,

You must please citizens, not tribal representatives. At this critical time, you should work harder to stop the nation from falling apart, completely, by preventing a coup d’état, the real one, from happening. In reality, almost every South Sudanese is a passive rebel.

Should anyone decide to dethrone you today, Juba denizens, irrespective of ethnicity, could give up their lives in the name of new leadership because you are hors de combat. You’ve lost both arms and legs in the war, war against underdevelopment, against national disunity. You just cannot develop South Sudan. You cannot unite us. You cannot solve SPLM problems because you’re the problem. You no longer have what it takes to drive South Sudan forward. You piss off everyone, including your admirers. People are so weary of the things you do and do not do.

As a result of December 15 incident, thousands are dead, about a million are homeless, either in UN protection sites or in neighboring countries as international beggars, foreign investors have pulled out and the list goes on and on.

However, there is a room for redemption. You can redeem yourself, Mr President.

You should work to win many people as possible. Actually, people do not need much from you. You should simply pay your employees regularly, build roads, electrify Juba and beyond and inculcate, in your security apparatus, respect for civilians, pay soldiers regularly and work towards winning common man’s admiration, not of bush comrades.

Mr President, even after the crisis which is also deeply rooted in your inability to provide basic services to the people, you still do not pay your employees on time, even those wounded in battlefields. Civil servants waiiit for salaries. It’s so hurtful for a civil servant to see his or her colleague live lavishly when his family is starving. How does one continue to stand by a leader who doesn’t give a kcuf about the welfare of his supporters’ children? By supporters, I’m referring to teachers, university lecturers, doctors and nurses and everyone else on the government payroll.

As a young person, I don’t need financial aid from you to establish myself, neither do I have to be recruited by the Labor Ministry in order to settle; I simply need electricity. Running a business in this country is so costly. It’s made difficult by unavailability of electricity. With government power, I could set up a small business for myself. For example, barber shop, music shop or even a small bar.

pende ngong

Mr President, South Sudanese need road networks so badly. Not only are roads for movements of people from point A to B and vice versa, but also for goods. Due to bad roads, truck owners ask for more from traders who in turn increase food prices. Who is at the receiving end? – Your voters. In Juba, nobody is maintaining the roads. The tarred ones have developed potholes, fishponds.

Look at the beautiful Juba-Nimule road, the pride of South Sudan. It has been damaged by trucks but the concerned ministry has never thought of repairing it. In Juba, Yei road (from the National Security building to checkpoint) is an eyesore. Bad roads not only cause road accidents but they also destroy vehicles slowly by slowly.

An army is a very important arm of any government. Soldiers are a useful group of citizens in every country. They defend their country against external aggression (e.g. 2012 Heglig mini-war), internal disturbance like the current crisis. If it wasn’t for the loyal soldiers, you could not have been in Juba right now. Besides, I believe many ethnic Nuer soldiers defected not because they really like Dr Riek but because they felt your government wasn’t looking after them properly, it doesn’t care about soldiers. It is sad to be approached and begged by a loyal SPLA soldier: “Ya weledna saidu ana. Ena makelta min awel-umbari. Adini shuoya gurush. Shala gene bes.”

The bottom line is: loyalty is a soap; it wears out. Pay your soldiers, always. They have families to cater for. If you treat them well, they will all detach themselves from tribal affiliations…..and they will have undivided allegiance to you.

Mr President, anger builds up in each citizen in the country, particularly Juba. All this is aroused by members of security’s uncouth behaviors. The movement they discover you don’t belong in the ‘kingdom’, they pester you with screwed up questions on suspicion that you might be a rebel. They should know by now that all the rebels left Juba long time ago. Every Juba resident, be he or she a Nuer, Chollo, Bor or Bari, is not a rebel.

By the way, why do national intelligence agents drive numberless vehicles? How intelligent is that? Why do they sleep in five star hotels, in rooms marked “national intelligence guy, don’t disturb”. How intelligent is that? Why do they brag that they are the security guys in bars, weddings venues, funerals etc, how intelligent is that?

Finally, it’s better, Mr President, to be disliked by a bunch of five hundred thankless, corrupt, backstabbing bush comrades than to be wished death upon by nine million people who need nothing from you but schools, roads, clean drinking water, health services, security, power.

Tearz ©2014

WHO OWNS SOUTH SUDAN?

Posted: April 10, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Featured Articles

By Deng Mach, Kampala

Bor Defence Force???

Bor Defence Force???

In my understanding the nation does not belong to individual(s) but for those who acquired it by birth, registration and naturalization. It is always my surprise to hear some of our colleagues claiming to be the owners of this nation. I think they should be mindful of foods on their tables and regard the nation as ours in general, so that all of us should have equal contributions, may it be opinions or otherwise.

If the government is to work effectively and progressively, we need to revise the policies of employment. The real and genuine document-holders are virtually stranded in the streets while the fake and forged document-holders enjoy the fruit of someone’s sweat instead. They went to school (genuine document-holders) in order to deliver services to the people of this nation.

Is there a room for every citizen in South Sudan to work as it was said by Dr. Garang? I think today someone may interpret it in his own way “he meant a room to sleep but not a room to work”. A room to work is acquired by those who were mistakenly/intentionally employed without proper documents to accommodate them in the fields and that is why we lack job creators because we do not have well trained human resource managers.

HOW IT CONTRIBUTE TO THE CURRENT CRISIS

If the unity of South Sudanese during referendum would have existed up to today, then the current crisis in our country wouldn’t have happened. And this is where “who owns South Sudan” comes in otherwise we would have said “We own South Sudan” where everyone has equal rights, freedom of expression, freedom of speech and personal liberty instead of victimizing individuals because of social, economic or political backgrounds. If we are to transform this nation, we need to avoid “who do you think you are” in public.

South Sudan will forever remain ours in generations to come. So why do we need to tarnish the image of this nation? We swear for this nation by voting during referendum to be called the “Republic of South Sudan” but now who own South Sudan? While we are fighting on a tribal basis, how will we stop this crisis when we don’t know the consequences or the outcomes of this senseless killing and victimization? Where is the justice for all? Where is prosperity and liberty for all? Shall we die because of public or individual interest?

What are we fighting for? Is it the liberation of leaders or land and its resources? Should we give up to acquire normal peace and political stability? Should we always seek refuge in other countries? When shall we grow up and die in our ancestral land?

Let’s embrace the sense of unity and equality for all regardless of political, social or economical backgrounds to be the citizens with common purpose for this nation. Instead of war and tribal animosity, let’s talk of economic prosperity, social justice, individual liberty and societal equality for all since we have a very unique skin (black color) portray in our national flag which bind us together for this nation.

We will never compare South Sudan with our belongings is the first one because we are all bound in it. Let’s preach love for all citizens, let’s shun tribalism and embrace peace.

Once again if we remember the past then we need to avoid it by encouraging civilizing interaction and togetherness. Otherwise if South Sudan was at the current state during the struggle then automatically the SPLM/A would have not managed to achieve the CPA.

Let’s convince each other and live together as a nation. ONE NATION, ONE PEOPLE!!

Hypocrisy vs. Truth-telling in South Sudan

Posted: April 10, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Featured Articles

By Matiop Alier

Every individual living being, to paraphrase Ralph Waldo Emerson, can be good at both art of truth-telling and insincerity. Intelligibly, I might have a mind of secondary not first order, but I’ve seen the misery of others and I’d never wish them a double bad luck in life. The current conflict or civil war, as many western media outlets have already put it, has exposed the unknown among South Sudanese intelligentsia. Our South Sudanese are seemingly good at rendering insincerity and self-deception. How dare they preach tribalism and clanism, with all of sudden unflinching trickery to turn themselves into high priests of nationalism, remains nothing than a facet of hairsplitting and self-deception. What does nationalism means to you, to me and to others, when we’ve been cajolingly colluded with our foreign friends, governments and agencies to destroy our new country and praising war promoters like the UN?

Aren’t you being ashamed or even aware that your acts of shuttling between foreign capitals, tapping names of your government officials for more sanction and everything that comes along with it, would have unimaginable serious consequences on future diplomatic arena? Aren’t you aware that your actions in the beginning of this current conflict were nothing than package of ethanol which bred the current war further to an extent, to which it took so many lives and millions of others, still sitting under shed of trees waiting for their death? What’s wrong with our folks for real?

Oh wait a minute . . . we are told, the only shortcut to bring about a just lasting peace to our country is by concocting against its leadership and wishing for quick demise of her leadership, including by means of sanction and supporting the rebellion? Well and good. But if you’re truly for a sincere peace than war, than why in the first place being an inseparable parcel of that group which procreated the current conflict? The essence of waging a war is not to bring about a much needed change and development, but rather it’s a slow method of exterminating the poor and needy people in quarters of our human society. If both children of politicians and wealthy people cannot and will not drive war machines, nor can they work at a bomber or a warhead plants, nor can they drive military armory war machines in battlefields of war, than this simple logic confirms why war is a mean to end large part of human society.

The hardest part of war is not losing it. It’s rather a long term care given to its victims: orphans and widows. Unfortunately, to train a mind that’s firstly taught to be an insincere in the beginning is almost harder as impossible as riding a Trojan horse across Atlantic Ocean. A very close friend of mine once told me and I quote him, “The so-called writers of South Sudan and social commentators have amassed degrees in conflict resolutions, but they’re sadly good at enflaming human conflicts.” I thought he’s wrong but I’m dead wrong.

However, the recent anecdotal sentiments from South Sudanese educated and writers . . . isn’t that we can’t tell the truth, but that we can never admit the truth. This sadistic precinct is not only a source of rather a new skepticism about the so-called acquired education, which has undoubtedly transformed deserts of America and Europe into a Paradise in western hemisphere, but it aims to cultivate in the reader a complete distrust of your own faculties of truth-telling. Most importantly, truth-telling is my starting point, and it reveals how badly we’ve become lately in disseminating lies and deceits on daily basis, especially on Facebook. The most interesting thing that I’ve hard time to fathom is, the same mind which spreads tribalism and clanism is, on the other hand, the very same mind, which pronounces nationalism and enormous amounts of lies on social networks, apparently with little squirm.

Alas, if there’s anything that the western education and civilization has amusedly failed to deliver on the face of the Earth, than it’s an ethical transformation of mind of an African citizen in South Sudan, into viable being capable not only from delivering their citizens from rural poverty and backwardness, but the truth-telling institution. History connotes the past and the past connotes the presence . . . We can’t dispel yesterday literary works as of no more relevancy in current events. Consistency is a rarity virtue, but it’s a dictum of good writers and truth-tellers. This means if you’re then with the White Army and Dr. Riek Machar Teny/Nyandeng Chuol Atem’s forces in the beginning of South Sudan conflict, than it’s morally relevant to stick around them, because the damage is already done.

There are few things which to be learned from our intelligentsia. One, the current conflict has reduced our people into mere insincere beings who are only good for telling nothing, but lies, with little than a child’s mind in an adult’s body. Ask me why and I’d elaborate more on this assertion. Another point of contention is the fact that our daily writings or rather rants on social media, don’t reach out to our people, or address the problems at hand. Instead, either your reader has been consumed by pretext of war hallucination or both of you; the former and the latter are self-suffering from amnesia to realize how badly you’ve become lately. Or you have been taking your reader for granted, in assuming the readers are always interested in you, instead of assuming that it’s your job to interest us all!

Honestly speaking, if you’ve been trying to be sincere enough by trying to clean off your stained image than begin by admitting your wrongdoings, including offering a sincere prayer to God or your forefathers to redeem you from impurity. I’m not being superstitious here, but this mechanism may capture heart of our local population, who’d shouldered the brunt of conflict in every way and major. Probably your good soul would receive a better rite of purification and forgiveness not self-aggrandized obfuscation of nationalism with tribalism, etc.

A true compatriot and patriotic citizen regardless his/her sociopolitical standings would stand tell by his country whether it’s good or bad leadership. This leadership at a certain point in time will go but the nation and its forebears or guarantors will live on forever. It only take you few days to destroy your country and there what remains is only a mere land, not anymore a country. Nationalism means knowing this simple fact: governments don’t last for centuries, but forebears of that country are not only guarantors of its survival, but they lived now and forever.

Let’s not destroy our home country, because of current government under leadership of Salva Kiir Mayardit and every general we’ve deemed unfit to govern our homeland, because they’ll relinquish leadership of our republic tomorrow and the burden of nation building including sanction, which we’ve been lobbying day in out will fall on shoulders our relations, friends, etc.

~Metabolic@2014

IT’S A PRINCE’S BIRTHDAY.

Posted: April 10, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Amer Mayen, Featured Articles

By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane

On this day, the world was given a star, a super-man and a super-human. After all we thought April was only a month for “fools”. We were wrong. Just nine days after April fool’s day, we are blessed with a wiser, genius and awesome human being. APRIL TENTH is everything you been, we been, and I been waiting for. It’s April Tenth, It’s a prince’s birthday.

It makes you and I and we sad that the previous tenth of Aprils were his birthdays. We let them passed by us. We never got a chance to wish this sweet, kind, loving and caring prince a happy birthday, we never sent him our loves wishes. I mean many tenths of Aprils had passed unnoticed. But today we share the joy with him. It was the day, that the one we love and adore most was born. It’s tenth of April. It’s prince’s birthday!

April tenth did not only give us just a human. It gives me, you and we a full package. The one we felt very much connected with, very smart, intelligent, respectful, intellectual and philosophical prince. With no doubt we could say he’s the one we could live for, been waiting and looking forward to sharing the rest of our lives with. It’s April tenth. It’s prince’s birthday.

The days we spend with prince.You know how he make us feel. How voluntarily he offer himself, his effortless support just to let us see through the world and through our inner-self. How he appreciates us, make us feel wanted, make us feel loved, safe and very well looked after. You know what this day means to you, me, we. It’s everything to us. It’s the day we receive the light of our feet, peace of our minds and the love of our lives. It’s tenth of April. It’s prince’s birthday!!!!

Today mark prince’s first birthday with us. It is a blessing that we have reached this day, with him in our lives. Sincerely, we thank God for that. We admit that we will be there for him and he will be there for us. We feel blessed and chosen. The light of our darkest world was born. On April the Tenth, Let’s all together, deep down in our hearts, our minds and our souls receive him for he is what we need to live for. It’s tenth of April!! It’s Prince’s birthday!!

Happy birthday to the one that the world loves, adores, cherishes and respects. He lives in us and will forever live with us. With love, respect and pride we appreciate his greatness and it’s today that this piece of writing is dedicated to him. Happy birthday prince! It’s tenth of April and it’s Your Birthday. We wish you a belated happy birthday.

AMER@2014.


By Lam Wuor 

TO: UNCHR Canada, Calgary Chapter
Associate Executive Officer: Rada Krnjaja-Howe

The purpose of this letter is to address the recent misuse of the name of the South Sudanese Association in Calgary in an unsanctioned March 24, 2014 rally in downtown Calgary. This rally was against the UNMISS operations in South Sudan. The views expressed in this protest do not reflect the views of the South Sudanese Association in Calgary, but rather the misuse of the name of our association by individuals of the Dinka nationality supporting the ongoing genocide of Nuer civilians in South Sudan.

We the South Sudanese Association in Calgary wish to express our deepest gratitude to the UNMISS and UNCHR for their operations in our native South Sudan. UN food aid, education, and resettlement programs have helped save and improve the lives of countless thousands. Since the December 15, 2013 wave of ethnic cleansing began, UNMISS compounds in the capitals of Unity State, Upper Nile, and Jongeli: Bentiu, Malakal, Juba and Bor, have served as the sole refuge for civilians fleeing government sponsored door to door raids on the Nuer ethnicity. To date an estimated 6,500 men, women and children have lost their lives. Outside UMISS walls Nuer civilians have been subject to firing squads. Many of these individuals were distinguished professionals: Civil Servants, Jurists, and Doctors. Among them, University of Calgary graduate Doctors without Borders MD, Dr. Thomas Lul, killed February 13, 2014 in a government sponsored raid. Sadly, his death has been incorrectly reported as a casualty of crossfire by South Sudan state sponsored media.

As of January 31st an estimated 84,000 civilians have taken shelter in UNMISS compounds across the country. That number is set to grow as fighting continues. What is more, as a result of the prolonged fighting, US Aide estimates 695,000 people have been displaced and a famine for the 2014 year now looms over the affected Nuer areas of Unity and Uppernile State as farmers cannot plant. In the ongoing genocide, the presence of the UNMISS is vital to the preservation of human life in South Sudan. However, Canada has been activity involved with the United Nations since its establishment in 1945. Since then Canadian peacekeepers have contributed in almost every particular peacekeeping task. However, the role of Canadian diplomacy was to bring peace and solidity between combatant nations. In case of south Sudan now Canada’s role in the United Nations is slowly while their involved into south Sudan settlement is highly needed.

We sincerely thank you for your organization’s presence in South Sudan and encourage your organization to strengthen current operations to the goal of preserving and improving the lives of the South Sudanese people.

Sincerely,

Lam Wuor

The author is deputy Secretary of the South Sudanese Community in Calgary and graduate from faculty of sociology at Mourn Royal University


By Malith Alier 

UNAMID Whistleblower: UNAMID Work in Darfur is a Cynical Farce
What about UNMISS in South Sudan?

UNAMID stands for United Nations Assistant Mission in Darfur. This UN mission in Darfur came about as a result of the 2003 conflict by the sons of Darfur with government of Sudan. The conflict killed and displaced several tens of thousands of people in the Western region of the Sudan. This was at the time the then Southern Sudan was about to ink a Comprehensive Peace Agreement. The negotiations were on progress toward that goal. However, today, the 9 of April 2014, the former Spokesperson of UNAMID drops a bombshell about the work of the UN mission in Sudan. Aicha el Basri calls the work of that UN force a “cynical farce” according to the BBC focus on Africa.

What is then a cynical farce?

A cynical farce is a travesty or circus carried out by a pessimistic person or organisation like UNAMID. These were the words of a former UNAMID’s spokesperson turned whistleblower. A whistleblower is someone who discloses secret information about an organisation he/she worked former. The most recent whistle blower is Edward Snowden, a former CIA worker who is now taken asylum in Russia.

It is always said that any actions done in secret will one day be broadcast on the rooftops. This is what happened to UNAMID under the former head, Ibrahim Gambari. It may also still the case today.

It is good that this information has come in the backdrop of several strikes against UNMISS in South Sudan and the apology by Ban Ki Moon on the twentieth commemoration of the Rwandan genocide in Kigali under the watch of UNAMIR. The UN Secretary General accepted that the UN mission in Rwanda did not do more to save genocide victims during the onslaught in 1994. This is an unfortunate apology because the same genocide is occurring in Darfur under the watch of the same world body but no one dares to acknowledge so. UNAMIR, UNAMID or UNMISS they all are UN missions of failure.

The United Nations Mission in South Sudan under Hilde Johnson is also a cynical farce. This is what Arianne Quentere, the Mission’s spokesperson like Asha will tell the world later when it’s all over. These people just want to protect their livelihoods in the UN by not tell the truth that the Mission is failing in its duties to protect civilians in worst affect areas. Those who died in Akobo, Bor, Malakal and Bentiu should have not died if UNMISS was having steel teeth. We all knew the circumstances under which they died.

What was the response of Harve Ladsous, the head of UN Peace Keeping Operations to the damning disclosure?

It ran something like this; that the UNAMID in Darfur have been working under difficult conditions. That the government of Sudan has not been supportive enough of the UNAMID and that the Security Council did not act or respond in good time to correct the situation. This was after an insight truth telling that Ladsous accepts the failures of UNAMID after denials of that observation in the past.

This was in contrast to the same Ladsous who harshly criticised the government and the people of South Sudan when they expressed the same grievances as those expressed by Asha.

The conscience of those who went on strike against Hilde Johnson is clear. Though most if not all did not go through the Status of Forces Agreement, they knew that something was seriously amiss. Failure to protect civilians and involvement in the conflict itself are just too clear to anybody in the country. Keeping silent on certain events that affect the country like the December 2013 coup adds to the list.

South Sudanese are not sable rattlers but if push too far, they can act. The information coming to us is that those weapons are already released to the UNMISS. However, the government needs to inform those who went on demonstrations about the findings of the investigation by UN delegation from New York and its own findings. The UN is always talking about transparency and accountability. This is the time for both as a matter of demonstration to the people of this country.

The government has not been transparent and accountable to the people of this country on many occasions. I am not talking about the issues of corruption here but I am talking about issues of life and death. The Athor’s white helicopter was widely publicised during its capture. Months later it disappeared into thin air like the UN weapons including landmines that were released without a fluff up. The same applies to various criminals who are displayed on television on their arrest but disappear later under different circumstances.

Some of us South Sudanese are convinced that Hilde Johnson has lost the little credibility left after the events that happened in the country since independence. She, like Ibrahim Gambari has to move on for the UNMISS to rebuilt trust with South Sudanese under new management.


By Kut Alier Apollo

Just what is happening to Dr. Bior Kwer Bior Jr, and how much longer are we to be afflicted by this ingenious smokescreen that has induced so much phlegm, distorted so much vision and generated so much heat but has offered scant illumination?

I was taught to understand that to become a real Doctorate holder, critical thinking and objective assessment of events and issues would have to be second nature. Indeed, I never for once doubted this comprehension, which Dr. John Garang, Prof. Ajuoi Magot, and others clearly epitomized. Unfortunately, a few years after attending Law School, the likes of Dr. Bior Kwer and Dr. Riek Machar have cast some doubts on this understanding of the sense of judgment of the Doctorate holders.

Just towards the end of last year and beginning of this year, I read the literary salvos being fired by Dr. Bior Kwer Bior Jr against Dr. John Garang’s family, the political detainees in Juba and anybody else who has taken their time to asses where the truth lies in south Sudan’s privations. I was so distraught that this giant and pre-eminent South Sudanese scholar took to the internet to exchange the literary pugilism. How devoid of ideals and how ignoble is the whole contemporary system! The fact that scholars like Dr. Bior join in committing this sin against the image of intellectuals, even though they continue to emphasize the dignity of that image, is quite in keeping with his present activities. He talks about the just government measures, but fails to acknowledge the atrocities it has perpetrated against its own constituents.

However, Dr. Bior is not a man willing to run away from controversy. He seems to relish controversy, not that this really matters. But what is difficult to explain is his choice of the above victims as the epicentre of his controversy. I am quite aware that scholarship knows no bounds, and that true academics are citizens of the world. No area of study or the world is taboo to their microscopic scrutiny. The only pain however is the distortion of facts, the positing of imaginary theories that bear no similarity with reality, and the throwing of truth, objectivity and humanism to the mongrels. Dr. Bior has recently been guilty of the latter.
He compartmentalized the major South Sudan tribes into ‘vocational groups,’ by overlooking the big picture, using the mentioned victims as his slogan of scrutiny; he has vigorously encouraged the injection of “cell anatomy” into the legal system (although south Sudan is far from stem cell technology and its controversies.) leave the legal matters and interpretation of the statutes to the legal minds, they need not be approached literally only, a single sentence can alter the case!!

In the course of finding out what makes Dr. Bior tick, I discovered that he is a lecturer at John Garang University, Jonglei State; a confidant to Prof. Aggrey (former chancellor of that university) and had courted the so-called mighty and powerful in the state and Juba as well. Thus, Dr. Bior believes that south Sudan is well known to him so much that he wants to be a part of the history that is reshaping it. One has no doubt that Dr. Bior, being the intellectual that he projects to be, knows that South Sudan and its government is sick to the bones. His friends rule South Sudan and virtually brought it to her kneels. Could it be that Dr. Bior is part and parcel of those who are bleeding South Sudan? Is this why his lenses are blurred; his sense of truth and humanism perverted and one-sided? Only God knows the answer.

Otherwise, how can Dr. Bior be so open and willing to be surrounded by the military kleptomaniacs’ mentality, which is virtually paralyzing South Sudan? If Dr. Bior were indeed an academic of high repute, would he not have been introspective about the source of $ 4,000,000,000.00 (that’s a four with a hell lot of zeros) to South Sudan, and its sudden disappearance among 75 public officials and other grassroots beneficiaries? Is it out of place for Dr. Bior to see the inverse logic of having a lecture series in John Garang University, whilst most South Sudanese Universities, including his teaching post, are just like glorified high schools? Needless to say that his powerful friends contributed in no little way in making university education unattractive in South Sudan. Something isn’t right. There is more than meets the eye!

Without a doubt, Dr. Bior with his penchant for controversy, determination to covertly mesh in an illogical way ethnicity, politics and education, is not doing a favour to the cause of scholarship. Rather than continue on the path to illuminate by being a beacon of objectivity, strong moral character and humanism; Dr. Bior instead has settled for the very antithesis of what a distinguished Doctorate holder should be. “Tell it not in Gath”, it appears that Dr. Bior is heading towards the fate that befell and awaiting some of his ‘mighty friends’ in the Government. History indeed has not informed the Dr.


By Manyang Duany Jok

Reviewing both atrocious acts: 91’s and 2013 by Riek Machar, something comes into my mind of who is fool Riek as one of the Nuer educated icon, whose his great reputation among Nuer community is only to waging war against Dinka led government or Nuers as people, who most of them seems to be leaning back by not questioning Riek’s vision which its purpose is to link Nuer heroism with destruction of South Sudan political destiny.

In flashback to his 91’s rebellion against Dr. Garang SPLM/A’s, Riek understood that the freedom, and the leadership the South Sudanese were longing for was in the hand of Khartoum headship, yet he mobilized most Nuers against the SPLM/A to divert it from focusing on liberating Southerners for the betterment, in the hand of Islamic regime. As the result, the SPLM/A later ended up defending itself from both Riek’s and Islamic group in Khartoum instead to advance to the North of the Country (Sudan).

Not only had the Riek’s rebellion almost brought the SPLM/A into its knee, but also planted a seed of division and plunged South Sudanese into counter-insurgency against themselves which resulted later: Riek’s, Paul Matip’s, Peter Gatdet’s, William Nyuon’s, Karbino Kuanyin’s group against one another and also not all in favor of the SPLM/A.

As such, the SPLM/A’s effort by then to confront Sudan Government, and to liberate the whole marginalized Sudanese had now been swayed and it stuck defending its own neck from being cut off by both Southern militia and Islamists in the former Equatoria Region of the South Sudan from 1990s through CPA time.

The Riek Machar aim with his influence among the majority of Nuer was to dismantle the SPLM/A and to elevate himself to be a chairman of the movement with his own formation(SSIM/SSDF) without calculating the damages his political upheaval will cause against the people he claimed to be leading.

Coming to recent December 15th, 2013 coup attempt, Riek mobilized majority of the same Nuer who he also deceived in 91 to carry out his failed political objective this time against Salva Kiir two years old Government prior to independent without calculating its risks.

Nuer Culture

Exploring generally Nuer People’s culture and connecting it with series of disadvantage events instigated by Riek in the South Sudan with Nuer majority support, beginning from 1983, the birth of the SPLM/A through independent two years time of the birth of the New Nation, Republic of South Sudan, Nuer culture remains strong, reflective and dynamic.

Nuer culture is reflected in the way they do thing like the rest of people in the world, let leave alone impatience and retaliatory conflict among Nuer community.  Nuers are socially accommodative; they accept other tribe men to be one of their own without discrimination, but not by abduction like some of tribe in South Sudan do, but only through migration. They are very protective; they choose to die first before anyone they foster in their community is stranded in a danger; they are great believers and followers of a leadership which they trust at the same time either magically or diplomatically.

Why Most Nuers don’t reject Riek Decisions (1991 &2013)?

This question can be answered through observation of domesticated duck and its ducklings. When duck takes a lead, the ducklings follow even still when duck leads them into deadly latrine/pit without analytical reasoning of how harmful is the latrine/pit.

Here, which is the fool between the adult mother that failed to lead its offspring into a secure and a safe direction or offspring which keep following their mother’s lead even to the risky way? The answers is, the mother is the fool because is an adult, has worldly experiences, and reasoning capacity, which is equivalent to Riek Machar’s PHD compared to its duckling. For Riek supposed to use his academic sense to lead whole Nuer people toward education and development, with majority of them support to his vision, he led them into violence war; however, he is the duck and a numerous of his Nuer supporters are ducklings.

When inquiry asks why most members of Nuer community don’t question Riek is direction but still following Riek like ducklings and their mother, it is because they are overconfidence of his PHD, his political propaganda, and have un-swaying belief over his leadership in collaboration with cooked prophesies by witchdoctors/spear masters (Wurnyang, Dak Kueth, Nguen Deng), which easily help him to shape their heart toward his harmful way.                                      

Coming back to the two recorded horrific events (1990’s &’2013-14’) he triggered through the desire of a leadership with majority support of Nuer tribesmen both during liberation struggle and the recent days of Coup attempt; it was their spiritual belief of him to be leader which compel most of them to fall apart like dominos from both SPLM/A in the past and the Republic of South Sudan in present by joining him with conviction that he would create another route to score assumed expectation/privileges claimed to have been blocked by Dinka led government as his propaganda goes.

Riek Machar

Riek was born the unappreciative man. This was exhibited when Dr. John Garang honored him and granted him to be a Sector commander in upper Nile among other seniors, yet he devalued it and rebelled against the government (SPLM/A) which promoted him, and in the process he planted the seed of a division and hatred in the South Sudanese territory-Dinka versus Nuer.

After his expectations were not met in Khartoum, he returned to the SPLM/A (2002) in shame, yet he was accommodated as a number three (3), third to late Dr. John Garang in the Movement he almost utterly destroyed in the course of his split and a fight against it.

Accompanied by very poor historical records of nationalism documented in 91’s, in the aftermath of Dr. John Garang’s abrupt death, with worries of his criminal creditability not to spoil his Nuer fans and followers again for more rebellion and disunity among South Sudanese with CPA at hand , Riek was anyway rewarded with vice president position, in the Government of South Sudan and still maintained it to the Republic of South Sudan, which he didn’t deserve; it was under the offer to buy peace, yet he still acts disorderly against the leadership which escalated him by under estimating the position he was holding, but aimed high; consequently, this resulted into his late year 2013 termination.

In his disregard of the vice president position, he acted like a hen honored by the owner and served a grain in a clean plate to eat, yet it scuffs it into dirt, and picks it up there on the floor. This is exactly Riek Machar. He wanted to scuff down the SPLM party into dirt and to ask the rest of his faithful members to snatch the appropriate positions on the floor, in which each of them prefers and to declare themselves the leaders of the Republic of South Sudan. He preferred disorganized thing than the organized ones like a chicken does.

In relation to his chicken alike personality with less conscience and short recollection disorder, Riek broke down in tears and gave a whisky generated apology at fallen heroes/heroin celebration (2012) to Bor People in the compound of Late Dr. John Garang’s wife, Nyandeng Chol, who recently divorced Garang family for him ( Riek Machar).

Regardless of his crocodile tears down his cheek, which encouraged Nyandeng to be one of his great enthusiasts, Riek lost his 91’s massacre memories he created in Bor and he reiterated it in late 2013 through current year 2014 in the same area with its expansion to Malakal and his home State, Unity. Through common sense knowledge of war, of course all parties: innocent/guilty (Dinka, Nuer, Mandari, Anyuak, Murle, shilluk & etc ) paid the price.

In support of his pursuit of unfavorable leadership, many Nuer civilians like other die every time in the course of his desires (as recorded in two events, 91& 2013) without anyone of them questioning his egos/dishonesty, but only caring most about him and his wrong direction, no matter whatever price they will pay for, they are there for him at all cost at the time of his needs either devilishly or righteously. Yet Riek does not think about their rights and privileges (beyond the settlement in western world granted to all refugees through interview) including: right to life, to be educated, and to be developed for a better like he does not care for the rest of South Sudanese, who he deceive to violently follow his lead; however, Riek is not a Nuer, but majority of Nuers are Riek Machar.

Contact# Jokmanyang@hotmail.com