Archive for the ‘Featured Articles’ Category


We Share the Grief and pain with the family and Relatives of late Uncle Lual Diing Wol and the entire Aweil Dinka community

By Mawien Athian Athian, Tito Awen Bol and Garang Dong, Nairobi, Kenya.

commander lual diing wol

Commander Lual Diing Wol with John Garang, Salva Kiir, and Yusuf Kuwa Mekki

February 9, 2016 (SSB)  —-  Baba Africa, it is so early to leave us, Uncle “Lanbaar,” it is too soon to go away from us; Uncle Lual Diing Wol, it is not the time for us to see you parting with us forever. You are a man known by all for your principles and satires that you add in every speech with nation always at heart.

As members of Mading Aweil Community and friends to the children of the late Uncle Lual Diing Wol; and as nationals, we are heavily touched by the passing-on of veteran Lualdit. Late Lualdit or Baba Africa has not just been a politician and a revolutionist; but a man that had been keeping the movement lively from the days of struggle to independent.

lual diing wol

Baba Africa, Lual Diing Wol, during the war of liberation, in Kidepo in 1992

Per that, we grief with the aggrieved family and relatives of Late Lualdit wherever they are (South Sudan and those abroad), and we are humbly asking the family and relatives to take heart and indeed understand that Baba Lanbaar is not even a man of Aweil community but a national figure who will remain to be honour and respected for what he stood for and all he achieved. Hence, you are not alone in tears and mourning but with the nation of South Sudan across the three geographical divides (Regions) of our Country.

Commander Lual Diing Wuol

Among the unfortunate groups that fell victim to Akuot/Ghai’s vindictive machination were the over a thousand recruits from “Ngok Dinka of Abyei led by Bagat Agwek Acaak” and the over “10,000 recruits from Aweil” led by the veteran politician Lual Diing Wuol who later became a close friend of, and a longtime political advisor to, Garang.

While hearing the sad news at night, we were saying “we wish it is not true”, but the fact remains; wishes cannot change the nature! Sun rise and set, as well the hero is born and passed on. We strongly thank the family because you injected immeasurable level funds for treatment but nature contradict yours and our wishes.

Rest in Peace Uncle Lual Diing Wol-Baba Africa!

Writers can be reached through their email contacts:

Mawien2select@gmail.com

Awenbol2007@yahoo.com

garangdong@gmail.com

R.I.P Commander Lual Diing Wuol

Posted: February 9, 2016 by PaanLuel Wël in Featured Articles, History, People

Uncle Lual Diing Wol

“Because of this gross violation, I have decided not to be part of the government that will not see participation of representatives of the people and this is why I have this morning called and told both President of the government of southern Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit and his deputy, Dr. Riek Machar Teny never to consider me as part of their future government. Because I have seen that this upcoming government will not be the government of the people by the people and for the people,” said Lual Diing Wol on May 6, 2010 when he rejected an appointment by President Kiir

“Dear All. This is to inform you that we Lost Lt. Gen Lual Diing Wol famously known as Baba Africa or Landbar yesterday at around 5:00 Pm Yesterday at Aga Khan Hospital Nairobi. It took me time to announce his death because I was busy making some arrangement. I thank all people of South Sudan for their firm stand with us during this hour of tragedy. I would also like to appeal to our government and the opposition to allow the presence of all those who intend to mourn with us and put our political differences aside because my father was a man of all South Sudanese, Baba Africa was a lovely Father,Grandfather, uncle and comrade to all South Sudanese without discrimination. R.I.P Landbar all your proverbs will be missed by your people specially SPLA comrades but you did all a man can do to his people and Country. I would also like to appreciate All those South Sudanese who visited us in both hospitals Germany and Aga Khan.” Sultan Malong Diing

Commander Lual Diing Wuol

Among the unfortunate groups that fell victim to Akuot/Ghai’s vindictive machination were the over a thousand recruits from “Ngok Dinka of Abyei led by Bagat Agwek Acaak” and the over “10,000 recruits from Aweil” led by the veteran politician Lual Diing Wuol who later became a close friend of, and a longtime political advisor to, Dr. John Garang.

February 9, 2016 (SSB)  —  Garang left nothing to chance in his high-powered courtship of Gadhafi’s assistance. The survival of the movement and the fate of his people depended on his success in winning over Gadhafi, even for a brief period of time. Thus, Garang cobbled together a well briefed and amply prepared delegation led by Commander Lual Diing Wuol, then the SPLM representative to Tripoli.

Recounting the events of that effectual charm offensive to win over Gadhafi, Garang beamed that “we reached a good understanding with Gadhafi and so he gave us lots of arms and ammunition, including anti-aircraft missiles. We knew, of course, that his would be a temporary support because once Nimeiri was overthrown, this support would come to an end. So, we stockpiled a lot of arms and ammunitions. Having received these arms, we became very strong and began overrunning enemy camps; making ambushes and virtually annihilating military convoys and taking over all of their equipment.”

commander lual diing wol

Commander Lual Diing Wol with John Garang, Salva Kiir, and Yusuf Kuwa Mekki

The SPLM/A, in a desperate strategic move to obtain arms and ammunitions from the Libyan government, played little dirty tricks too.

lual diing wol

Baba Africa, Lual Diing Wol, during the war of liberation, in Kidepo in 1992

Commander Lual Diing Wuol, then based in Tripoli, Libya, described it this way:

“We explained to Al-Gadhafi that ‘central in SPLM/A’s ideology was the Third World Theory expounded in Al-Gadhafi’s Green Book.’ Al-Gadhafi was impressed. Once Al-Gadhafi was satisfied with the SPLM/A’s ideology, logistical support was pledged. The delegation came back to Addis Ababa to break the good news to the Movement’s leadership…the delegation members had studied Al-Gadhafi‘s Green Book on ‘Third World Theory’ and had used many quotations, which impressed the Libyan leader. Subsequently, arms and ammunitions were ferried daily to Bilpam and Bonga training camps.

When the Libyan commitment to supply logistics became evidently clear, the SPLM/A adopted a strategy: to graduate one battalion every month and each time the head of the Popular Bureau (Libyan Ambassador) in Addis Ababa was invited to attend the passing out of the new recruits celebration. Each time a battalion was graduating, the Libyan office in Addis Ababa sent large quantities of arms and ammunitions equal in number to the new graduates.

What the Libyans did not know or expected to know was that it was actually the same battalion that was graduating every month, just to secure more arms quickly…after a full year of this game, the SPLM/A had stockpiled enough to recruits and train a whole division to start a military campaign.” Arop Madut Arop, Sudan’s Painful Road to Peace: A Full Story of the Founding and Development of the SPLM/SPLA, 2006, p. 91; and as quoted in “Who Killed John Garang, by PaanLuel Wel, 2015, p. 184

Lual Diing Wuol

Commander Lual Diing Wuol, popularly known as Baba Africa


South Sudan’s Sovereignty at a possible slaughter

By Ariik Atekdit Mawien, Tonj, South Sudan

RSS coat of ARMS

South Sudan’s coat of arms, in which the eagle symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty, and the shield and spear the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.

February 5, 2016 (SSB)  —  It is an enormous challenge and disgrace at the same time to create a country in 21st century and have its sovereignty and independence rights of the citizens being abused several times while the system in government keeps watching and hopes that political miracles will be sent from heaven to rescue this nation. Sovereignty is solely based in the land, the laws, and citizens and in personality of the president of the country and the government. An external breach on such subjects immediately can be referred to as an attack of the country’s sovereignty.

Sovereignty by itself means: the state of which a nation makes its own laws and controls its resources without the coercion of other nations. Sovereignty gives the ruler of any nation to have supreme power over all things in his own nation. It is the right of being internally independent from outside and having the right and freedom to protect your nation from any external abuse. This is what it means in the rest of the world accepts in South Sudan where sovereignty is under “no man’s care.”

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By Daniel Machar Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

peace for south sudan

peace for south sudan

February 5, 2016 (SSB)  —-  I would like to ask the commission for National Healing, Peace and reconciliation to set an awareness to preach all the communities of South Sudan the importance of peace in the nation. All members should be from all the communities and the government should monitor all groups in whatever they are doing. The awareness should be all level of societies in the country.

The awareness team should be mandated to organized campaigns on domestic violence, tribalism, nepotism, corruption and segregationist people. All these should discourage during peace awareness, people should be encourage loving each other as people in one nation.   It will also endeavour to promote justice and democratic principles, to expand human rights and strengthen non-military means of peace-making.

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By Awut Mayom Agok, Paris, France

Awut Mayom Agok

Awut Mayom Agok, a South Sudanese student in Paris, France

February 4, 2016 (SSB)  —  The growing inequality in South Sudan have a broad social, political and economic effects by reducing stable demand for services, undermining the inclusiveness and responsiveness by political and economic institutions, limiting access to education, and stunting individual development.  Yet our understanding of how these policies interact with the broader economy is limited.

Unequal growth concentrates wealth in the hands of a tiny slice of consumers who can only spend so much money. In turn, the vast majority of earners are left with nothing for living. Low growth makes everyone poorer than they otherwise might be, including those who own the means of production.

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By Daniel Machar Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

kiiriek peace deal not viable peace

President Kiir and Riek Machar peace deal: is it a viable peace?

February 3, 2016 (SSB)  —  I begin by expressing my admiration for the effort done by the warring parties to reach an agreement to form the transitional government of national unity within short period to make full implementation of peace agreement and therefore, the issue of 28 states will be discus later. I express my heartfelt appreciation for the contributions made by the former president of Batswana and the current president of Joint Monitor and Evaluation Committee (JMEC) Festus Mogae for his full commitment to persuade the leaders of South Sudan warring parties in-order to bring peace to their country.

I would like to thank the rebel chief negotiator Hon. Taban Deng Gai for his most helpful participation in this juncture to bring peace to the people of South Sudan with the help of his delegation. And most of all, I congratulate the president of Republic of South Sudan H.E Salva Kiir Mayaardit, who has given new meaning to the term shuttle diplomacy. This agreement would not have been reached without his incredible persistence and determination. From the outset, he put South Sudan squarely on the side of peace and cleared the path so that both sides could join together reached an agreement and put outside the issue of 28 states to be discus later.

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By Gatluakz Khot, Juba, South Sudan

peace for RSS

February 3, 2016 (SSB)  —  First and foremost, I welcome the adoption by the parties to the agreement of the communiqué of the 55th extraordinary session of the IGAD council of ministers. In spite of the alteration of the initial sequence in the much anticipated execution of the August accord, the step taken to accept it is a crucial break through.

However, varieties of reactions and views regarding the communiqué have drawn my attention, analysis and response. At some points, I agree on the views which are opposed to the formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) before the amendment of the constitution which incorporates the agreement. At other points, it is imperative to discern that the communiqué dictates and that it puts on hold the amendment of the constitution pending the disagreement between the two warring parties on the 28 new states.

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By Mayen D.M.A. Ayarbior, Juba, South Sudan

Riek Machar

Politics is hindering public investment in South Sudan

January 31, 2016 (SSB)  —  The current impasse caused by the IO’s condition that links formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) with suspension of the 28 states is a typical case of the idiomatic ‘shooting the messenger’. Having championed the cause of federalism within the context of the ‘current’ civil war, the IO would surely have felt more triumphant if their envisioned 21 states had been accepted toady. Hence, “in principal” the SPLM-IO agree to formation of an overblown number of states in South Sudan, certainly more than twenty in number.

To the fair minded, the IO could not be outright intransigent in its argument that his proposal was rejected by every other institution and country involved in negations, including Juba, on the grounds that it (proposal) needed to be part of the constitutional making process. But whether through the door or window, the issue of federalism envisioned and promoted by many South Sudan, including the IO, have now become a reality – even if many may question the viability of their structures. The IO shouldn’t worry about who gets the credit as they will also be remembered for initiating the whole thing amidst this very juncture of resolving a civil war.

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By Job Kiir Garang (Kiir-Agou), Canada

tolerance

Tolerance, not unity, is what is needed within the splm party

January 31, 2016 (SSB)  —  It was with disappointment to learn that our liberation pioneers, veterans, and wounded heroes, such as Commander Deng Alor Kuol d’Arob are vilified by the grandkids of NCP-sponsored sectarian opportunists and unpatriotic lots who dined with the genocidaire regime when the true sons of land bled to death. Such one hero was and is Deng Alor who was severely wounded in battles in Pochalla and Northern Bahr el Ghazal in each case he was left for death before being rescued by his loyal and courageous troops.

Before the foundation of the SPLA/M, Deng Alor had served as a First Secretary in the Sudan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which he shortly left to found the Abyei Liberation Front (ALF) in 1981, along with Chol Deng Alak (the former SPLM Cadet Instructor).

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By Daniel Machar Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

Riek Machar

Politics is hindering public investment in South Sudan

January 29, 2016 (SSB)  — Over the past four months, the inflation caused by devaluation of Currency has been the subject of powerful debate at the street of Juba city till now. But today, instead of dwelling on the economic risks, I would like to turn instead to another important topic that is the relationship between economic stability and peace in the country. It is my abiding credence that they are intimately tangled. If you lose one, you are likely to lose the other item. Peace is a necessary requirement for trade, sustained economic growth, and prosperity.

In turn, economic stability, and a rising prosperity that is broadly shared both within and among outside image foster peace. Ultimately, peace and prosperity feed on each other. I believe history teaches us this lesson. We all remember how the Countless Unhappiness created fertile ground for a devastating war. More recently, in many parts of the country, economic instability provoked political upheaval, social unrest, and conflict.

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Peter Makuach, Juba, South Sudan

tolerance

tolerance, not unity, is what is needed within the splm party

January 28, 2016 (SSB)  —  The FDs have nominated Deng Alor, John Luk Jok and Cirino Hiteng as Ministers in the proposed TGONU as per the (ARCISS).

If one is nominated for any constitutional post in the Republic of South Sudan as per the constitution and for that matter ARCISS, there is a criteria that must be fulfilled in order to qualify for that position.

Below are some of the traits that are expected:

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The National Constitutional Amendment Committee(NCAC) on 27 January 2016 has its work come to standstill

Malcolm X

It is all about the mindset

WHY?

January 28, 2016 (SSB)  —  This is because the government representatives have requested for indefinite adjournment. They claimed that until the outstanding contentious issues have been resolved, the amendment process could not continue. We have called this as ‘technical withdrawal’ from the process since we could have cleaned the whole amended text of the Constitution and to only fix the contentious areas once they are resolved.

The contentious issues are the following:

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Dear Mama Ayendit,

By Deng Kur Deng, Pennsylvania, USA

Madam Ayen Mayaardit

The first lady, Madam Mary Ayen Mayaardit holding a sick baby on SSTV

January 27, 2016 (SSB)  —  I reach out to you today as a son of South Sudan—as a man who has seen violence firsthand, and knows what it has done to our country. Our people have been through enough pain, Mama Ayendit, but we all continue to pray for the future of our country with what little hope we have left. Our hope is in people like you, Mama Ayendit. You have done some remarkable things for the right cause; you have shown that you care about the people of South Sudan. In fact, you and our President General Salva Kiir have never deserted our struggles, which is very important when we speak about solving the more pressing issues in the country.

As a First Lady of South Sudan, you are an undisputed champion for the people. You stand beside the President throughout our country’s most trying times, and during our struggles even now. You continue to be very instrumental to what we stand for as a country. As a citizen of our beloved country of South Sudan, I have heard great things about you as a First Lady, which is why I am reaching out to you now with a request: I would like to see you to do more on your part to address the education of girls and the harmful practice of early marriage. The South Sudanese all watched with pride when you visited a little girl in the hospital after she become an orphan from an airplane crash. I was very proud of you and overjoyed to see you in action.

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By Mayen Ayarbior, Juba, South Sudan

Riek Machar

Politics is hindering public investment in South Sudan

January 27, 2016 (SSB)  —  In order to explain the important role people’s purchasing power will always have on economic growth, John Maynard Keynes, the father of modern macro-economics, once referred to gainful employment as being at the heart of his theories. He supported his arguments with an assertion that even if there was no jobs to give, the government could make people dig holes and give them money, then make them refill the holes and give them money. They will use that money to purchase goods and services, hence provide an incentive for producers to produce, and employ more workers for more production. It creates and economic cycle which includes more taxes for government from higher economic activities.

To the simple mind, Keynes’ contention would seem absurd, but it is what makes presidents win elections in the developed world. [Un]Employment has been at the heart of all presidential debates across the world because it determines whether a clique of leaders understand the fundamentals of running an economy or not.

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By Deng Kur Deng, Pennsylvania, USA

alliance high, Bor

The first form one students of Alliance [2009]. Front line from left; Akau, Achol, Thon, Guet, Bol, Amer, Chol. Back line from left; Diing, xxxxxx, Bok, Ngong, Deng, xxxxx, Alier

January 27, 2016 (SSB)  —  It is obvious that we the people of Jonglei have uttered enough complaints for something that we would fight for at any cost. It seems that South Sudan has been liberated, but Jonglei has yet to be liberated from the enemy within. Therefore, it is now our obligation to use the right hammer on the right nails, and we are hoping that comrade Aguer is overwhelmingly seen as the right man for this job.

For far too long, we have shown faithfulness to our neighbors, but now, these more languorous approaches are not working. Therefore, we must adopt better language to get our messages across. Governor’s actions may be looked at or considered as a regional war if it takes such turn, but if the intent is to maintain security in the state, then such actions are the only way to contain these many problems in Jonglei.

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By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

famine, hunger

The specter of famine is haunting South Sudan

January 27, 2016 (SSB)  —  We will never settle very fast and would always be suffering from backwardness because of the above-mentioned subject. In the International point of view, class conflict can take many different forms: direct violence, such as wars fought for resources and cheap labour; indirect violence, such as deaths from poverty, starvation, illness or unsafe working conditions; coercion, such as the threat of losing a job or pulling an important investment; or ideologically, such as with books and articles promoting capitalism.

We all know this by experience when we fought Khartoum government.  In the past the term Class conflict was a term used mostly by socialists, who define a class by its relationship to the means of production — such as factories, land and machinery. From this point of view, the social control of production and labour is a contest between classes, and the division of these resources necessarily involves conflict and inflicts harm.

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By Samuel Reech Mayen, Juba, South Sudan

28 states map

Map of 28 states

January 24, 2016(SSB) — Oppositions promise citizens to tarmac for them a road from town A to town B if it is voted into power. But when the government buys that idea and paves the road, it doesn’t cause alarm. A government in power does what is in the interest of the citizens to win their support. It is not a problem in the rest of the world.

But this is not the case in South Sudan. Because some politicians are politically naïve, they do not want their ideas to be implemented by someone in power. They prefer the ideas buy from the public to wait until one comes into power to implement them. This is the reasons the newly created states brought peace implementation to a deadlock.

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By Abel Majur Leek, Juba, South Sudan

Majak, Marial Benjamin

Marial Benjamin and Majak Agot, during the Extra-ordinary SPLM Convention in Juba, January 2016

January 23, 2016 (SSB) —- Leaders are not made or born, but they are self-made and self-developed. Noel Tichy explains that leaders are not born but they are taught with the implication of making the choice to be taught and to follow the teachings. Leadership is a total sacrifice and not for privileges. A leader must motivate others to follow his vision, to support and achieve the goals and objectives that he sets. Leaders have to earn the followers’ trust, respect, and confidence. Leadership is communicating people’s worth and potential so clearly that they come to see it in themselves, according to Stephen R. Covey.

This he explains further that the people/citizens must feel an intrinsic sense of worth (value) with unconditional love regardless of behaviour or performance. Covey also regards leadership as an “enabling art” that enables other arts and professions to work together in a nation, organisation or a family set-up. This is possible with the highest manifestations of four intelligences of all great achievers and leaders, which are vision, discipline, passion and conscience.

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By Esir Bol Bol, Juba, South Sudan

corruption

From rags to riches: the amazing transition of the South Sudanese Minister

January 21, 2016 (SSB)  —-  Firstly, I would like to congratulate president of the Republic of South Sudan for taking this bold decision to create 28 federal system of governance in South Sudan. The formation of additional 18 states has absolutely confirmed the SPLM’S vision of taking development to the people. Secondly, I would like to start this article by congratulating all the interim governors which were appointed by president of South Sudan H.E. General Salve Kiir Mayardit.

In the connection, I would also like congratulate Bona Panek Biar for his appointment as interim governor for newly created Twic state. It is indeed a great step forward for South Sudanese and Twic Mayardit in particular, to manage their affairs once and for all. However, this move is not going to emancipate South Sudanese citizens from political crisis within their regions. There is going to be political, economic and security instability within newly created states.

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By Mayen Ayarbior, Juba, South Sudan

rss

Celebrating the 4th anniversary of South Sudan’s independence

January 19, 2016 (SSB)  —  Having taken the all-imperative first steps towards formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU), notwithstanding the current stalemate about the 28 states, we all hope that South Sudan is on the right path to becoming a viable nation-state. To all intents and purposes, every other political task is going to be built from scratch because our first (and hopefully last) real civil war has exposed our fragile institutions which could not prevent the war from breaking out.

For that reason of having incapacitated state institutions, the country’s perilous steps with nationhood sucked-in the entire world. From the UN Security Council, AU and its Security Council, Torika, EU, IGAD, to individual neighboring and distant countries all extended their help to South Sudan. Such initiatives from Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, South Africa, China, etc. created multiple platforms for the Government, SPLM-IO, SPLM-FDs, Civil Society and other political parties to discuss the civil war from a much deeper perspective beyond pointing accusing fingers toward individuals from opposite camps.

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