Archive for the ‘Featured Articles’ Category

By Reng’o Gyyw Reng’o, Addis Ababa

Just over a month ago, a well placed individual in the system, South Sudan, confided in me and told me the information I did not understand, – Khartoum had been supplying weapons to Juba, during and after the December 2013 crises. The gentleman was very happy. The only question that I asked, was, ” don’t you think Khartoum is doing the same thing to the other side?”. His answer was no. “Why would they?” He asked. I said ” for the same old reasons, wanting to fail South Sudan and now that we are fighting each other, Khartoum might be interested in seeing us annihilating each other!” I was assured Khartoum now needs Jaath [oil] flowing.

While my fears were not addressed, the gentleman sentiments were not isolated. Khartoum’s ambiguous hibernation during the crises, made many regional and international analysts happy. They were praising Khartoum , believing a new era has dawn between Khartoum and Juba. The notorious Islamist Ali Karti, Sudan’s foreign Minister gave concrete assurances of his country’s neutrality in the conflict. He had also taken part in the IGAD’s mission to South Sudan to resolve crises.

However, piecing together number of evidences and occurrences today between South Sudan and Khartoum, it makes me believe that my misgivings then are coming home. First of all, Khartoum was kept out of the countries interfering in South Sudan current conflicts. This is in spite of the fact that it was ferrying weapons to the government in Juba. As long as it was supporting Kiir’s government clandestinely, public relations placard dictates that it was a neutral friend.

You know President Kiir has been accused by his colleagues of flirtation with Beshir, NCP and Khartoum. It was evident in the press release during the December 2013 when the SPLM opposition accused Kiir of wanting to establish a new party that will work the NCP. Only serious minded citizens did not believe that. Otherwise, the gullible groups took the message serious.

There were other developments that were convincing that a new beginning has just arrived in the relationship between Juba and Khartoum. Juba had requested Khartoum to deploy troops in South Sudan to protect oil fields. To effect this, Minister of Defence, Hon. Kuol Manyang Juuk, had to pay a visit to Khartoum just over two weeks ago. Sudan thus has become one of the two neighbouring countries that are seen publicly to be supporting President Kiir. The other being Uganda.

Last week, President Kiir paid a visit to Khartoum to meet President Beshir. It was assumed number of issues were discussed, peace talks, implementation of cooperation agreements, oil protection, etc. However, Abyei, and border demarcation were not mooted. The two issues were not on the table for discussion. Juba read into the mind of Khartoum,-raising these would be a red line. After all, they are “not crucial issues” at the moment.

As soon as President Kiir left Khartoum for Uganda, Sudan’s AirForce bombed Panriang and other areas in Unity State. People were shocked. What was it that Kiir had gone to fetch in Khartoum, “peace or bombs?” I discussed this with my friend Paanluel on the facebook. Below were our exchanged.

P: Khartoum bombing Panrieng county. Kiir was in Khartoum 1-2 ago.
Me: They were welcoming him with bombs.
P: Apparently, yes.
Me: Who might they have targeted? Are there Riek’s rebels in the area, therefore helping Kiir?
P: No. Bombing the civilians.
Me: Hahaha…He has lost it all. That is a message for Kiir to interpret.
P: Bad.
Me: Have they condemned it?, I mean the Kiirs.
P: Aguer Panyang was doing the laundry.
Me: I do not know when Kiir will wake to the reality of politics, and development. He has revejuvanted Beshir to strength and potency, and now Beshir is slapping him incessantly on the face.
P: Yeah and Beshir is consolidating his position. While kiir is fighting everyone in the RSS. Beshir is wooing his political rivals.
Me: That is what I have seen over the media.
p: Consolidation and with consolidation comes the exigency of creating distraction. Possibly a conflict with RSS wud be a perfect one.
Me: A sound politician would that, to consolidate at home? I mean I would do that.
P: And create trouble abroad to keep the consolidation intack, and the public occupied with “cockroaches in Juba.”
Me: Hahaha… Kiir is a toddler when it comes to that politics. I would have done just that, when crises where developing in Juba, to divert the rebels.
P: yep. Beshir [is] doing it, perhaps.
Me: We would be fighting along the border now, while seeking international mediation

Khartoum in its crafty ways, was quick in denying any bombing. That was one negative development.

Just few days ago, Juba announced that its intelligence reported massive movements of the Sudan Armed Forces along the border. The Military Spokesperson Philip Aguer made an alarm. However, Khartoum through its armed forces spokesperson denied the allegation. Yesterday but one, Sudan Tribune website published Khartoum or Sudan’s reservations on IGAD’s mediation, accusing IGAD’s process of being bad. We noticed something that was growing.

On Tuesday 14th April 2014, all of a sudden, Bentiu, Capital of Unity State fell to Riek Machar rebels that were alleged to have come from Sudan. South Sudan Military Spokesperson, Col. Philip Aguer, accused Sudan of not only offering sanctuary to the South Sudan’s rebels but also training and supporting them. Still, Khartoum has denied that accusation as if there is going to be a day they will accept any accusation.

We knew something was developing when rebels went silent. It might be that they have now made another agreement with Khartoum over the oil. I had just raised an alarm the other day, that the Juba’s way of handling Khartoum is wanting in all aspects. That type of foreign policy relations would definately backfire. Juba wake up. I am missing Mading Ngor on that.

The Mystique Nile River (Part-I)

Posted: April 16, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Featured Articles, Malith Alier

By Malith Alier

 Stand on the banks of the River one lovely evening like this and watch the River flow north in one style, progressively determined for its destination. The cadet blue water takes after the River valley silts. The Riverbanks are lush with evergreen grasses that drink from the River day and night at no cost. Huge green trees parade calmly morning and evening along the course of the River. They play with the mighty wind during the day in contrast to the morning and evening posture.

Stand on the banks and watch the shadow of the trees cross to the other side of the River during sunrise and sunset. The sun mysteriously throws plant shadows across to commune with one another on the divide in a spiritual union.

The River attracts every creature, insects, birds, reptiles, amphibians and above all people who develop inseparable association for millions of years with the River. The River is their life and their life is the River.

Crocodiles, hippos, fish and insects dominate the second longest River in the world. The crocodiles are the strongest of the reptiles. They police the Nile down to the bottom. They are master swimmers and live longer than any other creatures in the Nile. Their teeth grow continuously. The new ones push the old ones out in gradual replacement. They must have the strongest jaws in the world to support the long teeth that are in perpetual growth.

Walk on the Nile one evening and notice amazing scenery, the nature’s gift of water that nourishes flora and fauna. The water swirls on the deepest spot as it moves with speed like a dancing crane. This is one of the latent powers that enable the water to redefine the River course. The water has the power to carry away soil and vegetation in its passage. It soaks hard ground and dissolves it despite resistance. The rocks underneath are laid bare by the same power that dissolves and erodes the less compacted soils.

The Nile feeds and keeps alive the Mediterranean Sea in Arabian Egypt. The people of Egypt who demand exclusive use of water also regard it as a give from the almighty. This false entitlement perception is a result of the Anglo Egyptian treaties of 1929 and 1959. These not only deprived the upstream peoples of their natural accession but also set a dangerous course for the future generations to contend with.

River Nile is like a great serpent moving from highlands to lowlands. It dug a trench million years ago where water collects from the mountains through the valleys and eventually to the sea. It waters the fields that feed mankind.

Lake Victoria joins the countries of East Africa of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. This is thought to be the important source of the Nile. The city of Jinja is the first exit point of the River. The River meanders through Uganda, DRC, South Sudan, Sudan and finally Egypt. Egypt is the self-appointed mother or father of the Nile River who has never been.

The total length the River is approximately 3,700km or 2,300 miles from the city of Jinja to the delta.

The Nile is given names in sections from the Lake to the sea. From Lake Victoria to Lake Albert is Victoria Nile. Albert Nile is after Lake Albert in Uganda. Bahr El Jabal is from Nimule to where it is joined by Bahr el Ghazal River and that section becomes White Nile. It eventually becomes River Nile from Khartoum where it is joined by Blue Nile, which emanates from Ethiopian highlands.

The Busoga People in Jinja continuously collect water hyacinth (Eichhonia Crassipes) barred by a dam immediately after the River exit. This is one way of keeping the Lifeline River from pollution this strange weeds whose native abode is South America. A few metres upstream after the bridge are Bujagali Falls. This is where Uganda generates much of its electricity supply. The water holds back, collects and superimposes on the rock forcing its way and creating incredible energy as it falls. Man has realized that this can be harnessed to generate power for lighting and industry usage.

The other waterfalls on the way from Uganda to south Sudan are Karuma falls, Murchison falls and the lesser Fulla rapids. Water features like these are not only for power generation but are also tourist attractions. Towns or cities with waterfalls serve as tourist attraction sites. The incredible sights and thrill or sport are difficult to erase in the memory of those who witnessed them forever.

Listen to water roars as you approach Murchison or Karuma falls. The mountain devils unleash wails for help as water splash mercilessly between the rocks. This is a rite of passage with force even the mountains cannot deny. The Nile creatures dare not to be careless on the falls for their lives may be in danger. The canoe people and the swimmers exercise extra care over the falls. And then there is the Murchison Falls National Park. Uganda is blessed with plenty of animals in the wild. These animals are threatened by urbanization, pollution and poaching. It has become a habit for all countries to provide protection to these wild creatures in game Reserves and Parks. This is the age of harnessing nature in modernity. Waterfalls are for sports and generation of energy and wild life generates income through tourism. Poaching is the killing of endangered wildlife for meat or parts like tusks for sale. This is illegal in most countries including Uganda.

The Nile associated vegetation are in form of papyrus, tall bamboo like grasses, reed mace (Typha Latifolia), water lettuce (Pistia Stratiotes) and water hyacinth (Eichhonia Crassipes). Large fruit tree like mangoes are a feature of the River valley.

River Nile is not the only source for fresh water, fish fruit trees but it also used in other beneficial ways. Watch the people mould bricks on the banks in Juba. Young men build huge hillocks of moulded earth, which is burnt to increase strength for construction of shelters. This is an important source of income in Juba in particular. Young people who are unemployed successfully engage in brick molding which in turn make them useful contributors in the development of their country. Self-employment is the word.

Stand on the Nile and look at the fishermen traversing the River in canoes morning and evening. These are called “atooc” in Dinka. They have special skills in dealing with the River. They hollowed logs for use as canoes. They are usually seen rowing canoes with small oars or bamboo, which is lowered down to push the canoe forward in shallow sections close to the banks. This is also the case in rocky and shallow sections in the middle of the River. The catches include tilapia, Nile perch and other variety.

In South Sudan, the nomads depend on the River like no one else. Crossing to either side seasonally is like a sport. This usually is motivated by the search of green pasture during dry season. The cattle owners envy the greens on the western side of the River known as “toc” the night before the crossing is a colorful night. Certain rituals are performed like those of the Israelites when they crossed the Red sea. This is usually to avert disasters like the refusal of a herd to successfully cross all in one accord. Someone volunteers to kill a cow. Others perform prayers, usually someone whose ancestors were the ones who led such activity. In this way, crocodiles and other animals that have potential to destroy the epic journey are put to rest that day.

By Amer Mayen Dhieu

I apologize. I might end up with a different interpretation of your beautiful poem. Forgive. But as simple as you have stated, all you need is a village girl: somebody in the village. Indeed, you describe some reasonable attributes you love to see in your future village-girl-wife.

That has triggered a burning question ringing on my mind. Are you indeed looking for the actual village girl or a particular type of woman with your desired-attributes? Are you aware that a village may just be a place to live, which might have minor influence on individuals?

Good on you, you really know the type of woman you want to marry. But I suppose you failed to state clearly the actual type of woman you need. Let’s squeeze it between two warring terms: “village and modern girl”. You have chosen a village girl but the attributes you have stated are not for a village girl but for a reasonable and well educated modern girl.

Your description is that of someone who knows how to operate a bank a/c and know how to save your money; of someone who can read and write and who can appreciate and enhance your ambitious way of writing; of someone that can be devoted to your ideas since you are too devoted to them too. This is not a village girl but a well-educated modern girl. That’s the one you need.

Modernity judging on its parlance has been mis/overused. I guess this is what makes you abhorrence to the term itself. But I assure you that those who like to bend their loves one like their belts are not the modern one.

The modern ones are those who aim to push their husbands to the limit; those who encourage them to be who they are; those who support them to reach their potentials and possibilities; those who value and appreciate differences and partnership of teamwork on the family level; a woman that can lead you through your learning journey.

Do not shy away from the truth. With what I read from your point of view, you do not need a village girl. You need a girl with the above-mentioned experiences; a woman with compassion to provide you with understanding and empathy; to bring you hope and inspiration.

If I am not wrong, if I am not ending up with a different interpretation of your beautiful poem, then this is the woman you describe but might have been given a wrong name of a “village girl”.

She’s not a village girl. It’s a girl that got banking experience to save your money. She’s a girl who have read, “person centred care approach” from the academic books to let you rises to your ambitious way of thinking. She is the modern girl, not the village girl.


By Mama Junub

Oh my God! It is sickening. How some grown up and well educated adults struggle with self-insecurities. I never struggle to understand what services SBS DINKA and other South Sudanese News sites are giving back to the society. I found nothing but an amazing, commendable job in what they are doing. How do you feel when someone makes you a bed and invite you to have a rest on it? Do you hate that person for giving you free space to lie down and have a rest?

Come on people; let us be honest with ourselves. These guys are giving you and I a space to share our points of view, debate our own issues, express ourselves and our views through articles and letters and press releases. Again it is free of charge. We read and listen to this program and other news sites for new ideas. What is really the issue with people attacking individuals behind these great services? Something I completely do not understand.

So many direct attacks have been made publicly toward individuals working behind these services. Did you ever ask yourself what is it that you are really attacking them for? They are not the one who only expresses their views. The only prepare ground for people to come and communicate their views and opinions. If you think they are not doing well by allowing those you do not like to come and participate in the program or blog. Fair enough go and established your own program or blog to help you choose the people you want to share ideas with.

I do not want to go deep, but I think you are struggling with your own insecurities, if you hate what they are doing then do not turn that radio channel on or do not open the webpage. Easy brezy! There is no point of giving them negative feelings when we all know that they are doing a great job to our community and us. Why do we really care whether what SBS DINKA is doing is part of the role in its contract? Why do you want to know all that anyway? It’s a good service so enjoy it; if not, then do not be bothered and just stay away baby.

Remember no one ever promise us that views opinions are always the same. They are not. You come with yours and I come with mine. This will give us all a bigger picture to look at thing in hand in an inclusive manner. If I didn’t say what’s in your heart, that didn’t give you a right to hate. You are not against each other; it’s that you have different opinions on given topics.

Please let’s us all be courageous and appreciative of each other. Let your heart admits that they are doing these things for us. All in all I love my PaanLuel Wël and that’s all I care.


By Deng Simon and PaanLuel Wel


By Elijah Deng Simon

Instead of incriminating Emmanuel Jal, Jok Madut, Ajak Chiengkou or Deng Elijah, we should be incriminating the system. It is this system that instructs us to do what we are doing; sorting the truth from different perspectives.

It is the system that creates and exploits these perspectives to turns Mabior against Dau , Puljang against Koang, Olony against Ogat, Wanni against Lado, tribes against tribes and regions against regions because the system is reaping these [regionalism, tribalism, nepotism, corruption, and divide and rule] for its own gains; to reign for 100 or 1000s years as long as we remain in our narrowed comfort zones.

Your incriminations and selective praises nurture the crippled system while reaping your intelligence and respect. A bad system would reduce you to believe that Ajak is your hero and Jal is your enemy and vice versa, when there is no profound ground to prove that the two can’t work together for a collective interest instead of your interest! 

–Way forward —

Since the coup allegation has collapsed, divide and rule has failed, regionalism as well, and war won’t bring a sustainable solution. Instead of defending “status quo” we should defend the nation and to defend the nation the perpetrators must be held accountable. It is unreasonable to end a presidential term prematurely but it is highly irresponsible and illegitimate that over 4 millions people re in a food shortage, over 1 million displaced and over 10,000 (well above 30,000) people died. So there must be a trade off and the best trade off is to teach the upcoming leaders that they will be forced to step down prematurely should they imitate Salva Kiir and his crooks.

Our lives as citizens can’t be traded off for any other gain(s). The short term solution is for Kiir to step aside and the long term solution would be to elect a patriotic and visionary citizen to reconcile and rebuild the nation after this interim government. Dr. Riek has a constitutional right but does not have to lead South Sudan as a president, however, the country has to be transformed and reconciled for the next generations to enjoy freedom,justice and equality!


By PaanLuel Wel (Response to Deng Simon)

Elijah Deng SimonI absolutely concur with you that “Instead of incriminating Emmanuel Jal, Jok Madut, Ajak Chiengkou or Deng Elijah, we should be incriminating the system” because, as you rightly pointed out, “It is the system that creates and exploits these perspectives to turns Mabior against Dau, Puljang against Koang, Olony against Ogat, Wanni against Lado, tribes against tribes and regions against regions…” But while you may take the system to be President Kiir and his henchmen who seem to know nothing about what is going on in the country, some people would go further and say that the system in question includes not just the President, but Dr. Riek Machar (who had been no. 2 in that very system for 9 years) as well as the 11+ political detainees who are currently presenting themselves as better alternatives to the bloodied hands of President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar.

Therefore, if indeed the system is the stumbling block to the realization of long lasting peace and political stability in South Sudan, and there is no reason whatsoever to doubt that postulation, it entails that the best way forward is not just to get rid of President Kiir, but rather the whole system which include, in addition to the President, Dr. Riek Machar and the 11+ political detainees. Bearing in mind that there was no coup in Juba and that the 11+ political detainees are already out of power, the next people to go from power are President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar. The logic is simple: neither President Kiir nor Dr. Riek has been able to decisively defeat the other notwithstanding over 4-month of continuous fighting. Therefore, to paraphrase your statement, the short term solution is for President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar to step aside from their respective power bases and the long term solution would be to elect a patriotic and visionary citizen (say Dr. Marial Benjamin or Wani Igga, for example) to reconcile and rebuild the nation after this interim government.

Whereas it is certainly true that President Kiir and Dr. Riek have constitutional rights to contest the ‘next election’, they should not necessarily be part of the interim government if fighting has to stop in South Sudan. Of course, such course of actions in which both President Kiir and Dr. Riek would be barred from being part of a transitional government is an anathema to their respective supporters, and few avenues abound, barring international military intervention, to bring about such course of event as they are the ones wielding Kalashnikov in the entire country. Of course, the government of President Kiir is wishing for a swift military victory over the rebels, akin to the decisive defeat of the Tamil Tiger rebels in Sri Lanka. On the other hand, the rebels under Dr. Riek Machar are entertaining the thought that they would ride into Juba like Paul Kagame in the 1990s while Presient Kiir is taken to the ICC for killing the Nuer in Juba.

Well, both are wishful thinking, for the government will never completely defeat the rebellion even if they were lucky enough to kill or capture Riek Machar, and neither will the Rebels realize their conjured up triumphant march to Juba for the best the rebel can achieve is a Somalization of South Sudan.

–Way forward —

But for us South Sudanese to have meaningful, serious and constructive dialogues, the best and only way forward other than an outright military victory as wished by the government and as dreamed up by the rebel is two-fold: (1) Going back to the status quo–an interim government with both President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, in their respective pre-July 23rd positions and seniority or (2) charting a new course–a transitional government without President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, back by international military forces. But of course, my pro-rebels friends Deng Simon and Jesus Deng Mading-chuai would prefer an interim government without President Kiir while my pro-government friends Simon Yel and Gordon Buay would want nothing more than the blood-dripping head of Dr. Riek Machar.

And thus, stalemate–political and military–set in and Addis Ababa talks are treated as a necessarily evil to be tolerated but never taken seriously. The government is wishing, and the rebels are dreaming, for a decisive military victory!! The conversation is yet to commence because there are no genuine conversationalists, only Kiirists and Machariists rule the air, the web and the field!!

Till then, the present carnage in Bentiu might soon get replicated in Bor and Malakal and over again as it has been the case. President Kiir is majestically unperturbed, Dr. Riek is boyishly excited and their supporters are marching, cheering on and wishing and dreaming while the DREAM “for the next generations to enjoy freedom, justice and equality!” is being stymied!

Junub Thudan in the hands of the same monkeys in different forest!

By Tearz Ayuen, Juba



You must please citizens, not tribal representatives. At this critical time, you should work harder to stop the nation from falling apart, completely, by preventing a coup d’état, the real one, from happening. In reality, almost every South Sudanese is a passive rebel.

Should anyone decide to dethrone you today, Juba denizens, irrespective of ethnicity, could give up their lives in the name of new leadership because you are hors de combat. You’ve lost both arms and legs in the war, war against underdevelopment, against national disunity. You just cannot develop South Sudan. You cannot unite us. You cannot solve SPLM problems because you’re the problem. You no longer have what it takes to drive South Sudan forward. You piss off everyone, including your admirers. People are so weary of the things you do and do not do.

As a result of December 15 incident, thousands are dead, about a million are homeless, either in UN protection sites or in neighboring countries as international beggars, foreign investors have pulled out and the list goes on and on.

However, there is a room for redemption. You can redeem yourself, Mr President.

You should work to win many people as possible. Actually, people do not need much from you. You should simply pay your employees regularly, build roads, electrify Juba and beyond and inculcate, in your security apparatus, respect for civilians, pay soldiers regularly and work towards winning common man’s admiration, not of bush comrades.

Mr President, even after the crisis which is also deeply rooted in your inability to provide basic services to the people, you still do not pay your employees on time, even those wounded in battlefields. Civil servants waiiit for salaries. It’s so hurtful for a civil servant to see his or her colleague live lavishly when his family is starving. How does one continue to stand by a leader who doesn’t give a kcuf about the welfare of his supporters’ children? By supporters, I’m referring to teachers, university lecturers, doctors and nurses and everyone else on the government payroll.

As a young person, I don’t need financial aid from you to establish myself, neither do I have to be recruited by the Labor Ministry in order to settle; I simply need electricity. Running a business in this country is so costly. It’s made difficult by unavailability of electricity. With government power, I could set up a small business for myself. For example, barber shop, music shop or even a small bar.

pende ngong

Mr President, South Sudanese need road networks so badly. Not only are roads for movements of people from point A to B and vice versa, but also for goods. Due to bad roads, truck owners ask for more from traders who in turn increase food prices. Who is at the receiving end? – Your voters. In Juba, nobody is maintaining the roads. The tarred ones have developed potholes, fishponds.

Look at the beautiful Juba-Nimule road, the pride of South Sudan. It has been damaged by trucks but the concerned ministry has never thought of repairing it. In Juba, Yei road (from the National Security building to checkpoint) is an eyesore. Bad roads not only cause road accidents but they also destroy vehicles slowly by slowly.

An army is a very important arm of any government. Soldiers are a useful group of citizens in every country. They defend their country against external aggression (e.g. 2012 Heglig mini-war), internal disturbance like the current crisis. If it wasn’t for the loyal soldiers, you could not have been in Juba right now. Besides, I believe many ethnic Nuer soldiers defected not because they really like Dr Riek but because they felt your government wasn’t looking after them properly, it doesn’t care about soldiers. It is sad to be approached and begged by a loyal SPLA soldier: “Ya weledna saidu ana. Ena makelta min awel-umbari. Adini shuoya gurush. Shala gene bes.”

The bottom line is: loyalty is a soap; it wears out. Pay your soldiers, always. They have families to cater for. If you treat them well, they will all detach themselves from tribal affiliations…..and they will have undivided allegiance to you.

Mr President, anger builds up in each citizen in the country, particularly Juba. All this is aroused by members of security’s uncouth behaviors. The movement they discover you don’t belong in the ‘kingdom’, they pester you with screwed up questions on suspicion that you might be a rebel. They should know by now that all the rebels left Juba long time ago. Every Juba resident, be he or she a Nuer, Chollo, Bor or Bari, is not a rebel.

By the way, why do national intelligence agents drive numberless vehicles? How intelligent is that? Why do they sleep in five star hotels, in rooms marked “national intelligence guy, don’t disturb”. How intelligent is that? Why do they brag that they are the security guys in bars, weddings venues, funerals etc, how intelligent is that?

Finally, it’s better, Mr President, to be disliked by a bunch of five hundred thankless, corrupt, backstabbing bush comrades than to be wished death upon by nine million people who need nothing from you but schools, roads, clean drinking water, health services, security, power.

Tearz ©2014


Posted: April 10, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Featured Articles

By Deng Mach, Kampala

Bor Defence Force???

Bor Defence Force???

In my understanding the nation does not belong to individual(s) but for those who acquired it by birth, registration and naturalization. It is always my surprise to hear some of our colleagues claiming to be the owners of this nation. I think they should be mindful of foods on their tables and regard the nation as ours in general, so that all of us should have equal contributions, may it be opinions or otherwise.

If the government is to work effectively and progressively, we need to revise the policies of employment. The real and genuine document-holders are virtually stranded in the streets while the fake and forged document-holders enjoy the fruit of someone’s sweat instead. They went to school (genuine document-holders) in order to deliver services to the people of this nation.

Is there a room for every citizen in South Sudan to work as it was said by Dr. Garang? I think today someone may interpret it in his own way “he meant a room to sleep but not a room to work”. A room to work is acquired by those who were mistakenly/intentionally employed without proper documents to accommodate them in the fields and that is why we lack job creators because we do not have well trained human resource managers.


If the unity of South Sudanese during referendum would have existed up to today, then the current crisis in our country wouldn’t have happened. And this is where “who owns South Sudan” comes in otherwise we would have said “We own South Sudan” where everyone has equal rights, freedom of expression, freedom of speech and personal liberty instead of victimizing individuals because of social, economic or political backgrounds. If we are to transform this nation, we need to avoid “who do you think you are” in public.

South Sudan will forever remain ours in generations to come. So why do we need to tarnish the image of this nation? We swear for this nation by voting during referendum to be called the “Republic of South Sudan” but now who own South Sudan? While we are fighting on a tribal basis, how will we stop this crisis when we don’t know the consequences or the outcomes of this senseless killing and victimization? Where is the justice for all? Where is prosperity and liberty for all? Shall we die because of public or individual interest?

What are we fighting for? Is it the liberation of leaders or land and its resources? Should we give up to acquire normal peace and political stability? Should we always seek refuge in other countries? When shall we grow up and die in our ancestral land?

Let’s embrace the sense of unity and equality for all regardless of political, social or economical backgrounds to be the citizens with common purpose for this nation. Instead of war and tribal animosity, let’s talk of economic prosperity, social justice, individual liberty and societal equality for all since we have a very unique skin (black color) portray in our national flag which bind us together for this nation.

We will never compare South Sudan with our belongings is the first one because we are all bound in it. Let’s preach love for all citizens, let’s shun tribalism and embrace peace.

Once again if we remember the past then we need to avoid it by encouraging civilizing interaction and togetherness. Otherwise if South Sudan was at the current state during the struggle then automatically the SPLM/A would have not managed to achieve the CPA.

Let’s convince each other and live together as a nation. ONE NATION, ONE PEOPLE!!

Hypocrisy vs. Truth-telling in South Sudan

Posted: April 10, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Featured Articles

By Matiop Alier

Every individual living being, to paraphrase Ralph Waldo Emerson, can be good at both art of truth-telling and insincerity. Intelligibly, I might have a mind of secondary not first order, but I’ve seen the misery of others and I’d never wish them a double bad luck in life. The current conflict or civil war, as many western media outlets have already put it, has exposed the unknown among South Sudanese intelligentsia. Our South Sudanese are seemingly good at rendering insincerity and self-deception. How dare they preach tribalism and clanism, with all of sudden unflinching trickery to turn themselves into high priests of nationalism, remains nothing than a facet of hairsplitting and self-deception. What does nationalism means to you, to me and to others, when we’ve been cajolingly colluded with our foreign friends, governments and agencies to destroy our new country and praising war promoters like the UN?

Aren’t you being ashamed or even aware that your acts of shuttling between foreign capitals, tapping names of your government officials for more sanction and everything that comes along with it, would have unimaginable serious consequences on future diplomatic arena? Aren’t you aware that your actions in the beginning of this current conflict were nothing than package of ethanol which bred the current war further to an extent, to which it took so many lives and millions of others, still sitting under shed of trees waiting for their death? What’s wrong with our folks for real?

Oh wait a minute . . . we are told, the only shortcut to bring about a just lasting peace to our country is by concocting against its leadership and wishing for quick demise of her leadership, including by means of sanction and supporting the rebellion? Well and good. But if you’re truly for a sincere peace than war, than why in the first place being an inseparable parcel of that group which procreated the current conflict? The essence of waging a war is not to bring about a much needed change and development, but rather it’s a slow method of exterminating the poor and needy people in quarters of our human society. If both children of politicians and wealthy people cannot and will not drive war machines, nor can they work at a bomber or a warhead plants, nor can they drive military armory war machines in battlefields of war, than this simple logic confirms why war is a mean to end large part of human society.

The hardest part of war is not losing it. It’s rather a long term care given to its victims: orphans and widows. Unfortunately, to train a mind that’s firstly taught to be an insincere in the beginning is almost harder as impossible as riding a Trojan horse across Atlantic Ocean. A very close friend of mine once told me and I quote him, “The so-called writers of South Sudan and social commentators have amassed degrees in conflict resolutions, but they’re sadly good at enflaming human conflicts.” I thought he’s wrong but I’m dead wrong.

However, the recent anecdotal sentiments from South Sudanese educated and writers . . . isn’t that we can’t tell the truth, but that we can never admit the truth. This sadistic precinct is not only a source of rather a new skepticism about the so-called acquired education, which has undoubtedly transformed deserts of America and Europe into a Paradise in western hemisphere, but it aims to cultivate in the reader a complete distrust of your own faculties of truth-telling. Most importantly, truth-telling is my starting point, and it reveals how badly we’ve become lately in disseminating lies and deceits on daily basis, especially on Facebook. The most interesting thing that I’ve hard time to fathom is, the same mind which spreads tribalism and clanism is, on the other hand, the very same mind, which pronounces nationalism and enormous amounts of lies on social networks, apparently with little squirm.

Alas, if there’s anything that the western education and civilization has amusedly failed to deliver on the face of the Earth, than it’s an ethical transformation of mind of an African citizen in South Sudan, into viable being capable not only from delivering their citizens from rural poverty and backwardness, but the truth-telling institution. History connotes the past and the past connotes the presence . . . We can’t dispel yesterday literary works as of no more relevancy in current events. Consistency is a rarity virtue, but it’s a dictum of good writers and truth-tellers. This means if you’re then with the White Army and Dr. Riek Machar Teny/Nyandeng Chuol Atem’s forces in the beginning of South Sudan conflict, than it’s morally relevant to stick around them, because the damage is already done.

There are few things which to be learned from our intelligentsia. One, the current conflict has reduced our people into mere insincere beings who are only good for telling nothing, but lies, with little than a child’s mind in an adult’s body. Ask me why and I’d elaborate more on this assertion. Another point of contention is the fact that our daily writings or rather rants on social media, don’t reach out to our people, or address the problems at hand. Instead, either your reader has been consumed by pretext of war hallucination or both of you; the former and the latter are self-suffering from amnesia to realize how badly you’ve become lately. Or you have been taking your reader for granted, in assuming the readers are always interested in you, instead of assuming that it’s your job to interest us all!

Honestly speaking, if you’ve been trying to be sincere enough by trying to clean off your stained image than begin by admitting your wrongdoings, including offering a sincere prayer to God or your forefathers to redeem you from impurity. I’m not being superstitious here, but this mechanism may capture heart of our local population, who’d shouldered the brunt of conflict in every way and major. Probably your good soul would receive a better rite of purification and forgiveness not self-aggrandized obfuscation of nationalism with tribalism, etc.

A true compatriot and patriotic citizen regardless his/her sociopolitical standings would stand tell by his country whether it’s good or bad leadership. This leadership at a certain point in time will go but the nation and its forebears or guarantors will live on forever. It only take you few days to destroy your country and there what remains is only a mere land, not anymore a country. Nationalism means knowing this simple fact: governments don’t last for centuries, but forebears of that country are not only guarantors of its survival, but they lived now and forever.

Let’s not destroy our home country, because of current government under leadership of Salva Kiir Mayardit and every general we’ve deemed unfit to govern our homeland, because they’ll relinquish leadership of our republic tomorrow and the burden of nation building including sanction, which we’ve been lobbying day in out will fall on shoulders our relations, friends, etc.



Posted: April 10, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Amer Mayen, Featured Articles

By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane

On this day, the world was given a star, a super-man and a super-human. After all we thought April was only a month for “fools”. We were wrong. Just nine days after April fool’s day, we are blessed with a wiser, genius and awesome human being. APRIL TENTH is everything you been, we been, and I been waiting for. It’s April Tenth, It’s a prince’s birthday.

It makes you and I and we sad that the previous tenth of Aprils were his birthdays. We let them passed by us. We never got a chance to wish this sweet, kind, loving and caring prince a happy birthday, we never sent him our loves wishes. I mean many tenths of Aprils had passed unnoticed. But today we share the joy with him. It was the day, that the one we love and adore most was born. It’s tenth of April. It’s prince’s birthday!

April tenth did not only give us just a human. It gives me, you and we a full package. The one we felt very much connected with, very smart, intelligent, respectful, intellectual and philosophical prince. With no doubt we could say he’s the one we could live for, been waiting and looking forward to sharing the rest of our lives with. It’s April tenth. It’s prince’s birthday.

The days we spend with prince.You know how he make us feel. How voluntarily he offer himself, his effortless support just to let us see through the world and through our inner-self. How he appreciates us, make us feel wanted, make us feel loved, safe and very well looked after. You know what this day means to you, me, we. It’s everything to us. It’s the day we receive the light of our feet, peace of our minds and the love of our lives. It’s tenth of April. It’s prince’s birthday!!!!

Today mark prince’s first birthday with us. It is a blessing that we have reached this day, with him in our lives. Sincerely, we thank God for that. We admit that we will be there for him and he will be there for us. We feel blessed and chosen. The light of our darkest world was born. On April the Tenth, Let’s all together, deep down in our hearts, our minds and our souls receive him for he is what we need to live for. It’s tenth of April!! It’s Prince’s birthday!!

Happy birthday to the one that the world loves, adores, cherishes and respects. He lives in us and will forever live with us. With love, respect and pride we appreciate his greatness and it’s today that this piece of writing is dedicated to him. Happy birthday prince! It’s tenth of April and it’s Your Birthday. We wish you a belated happy birthday.


By Lam Wuor 

TO: UNCHR Canada, Calgary Chapter
Associate Executive Officer: Rada Krnjaja-Howe

The purpose of this letter is to address the recent misuse of the name of the South Sudanese Association in Calgary in an unsanctioned March 24, 2014 rally in downtown Calgary. This rally was against the UNMISS operations in South Sudan. The views expressed in this protest do not reflect the views of the South Sudanese Association in Calgary, but rather the misuse of the name of our association by individuals of the Dinka nationality supporting the ongoing genocide of Nuer civilians in South Sudan.

We the South Sudanese Association in Calgary wish to express our deepest gratitude to the UNMISS and UNCHR for their operations in our native South Sudan. UN food aid, education, and resettlement programs have helped save and improve the lives of countless thousands. Since the December 15, 2013 wave of ethnic cleansing began, UNMISS compounds in the capitals of Unity State, Upper Nile, and Jongeli: Bentiu, Malakal, Juba and Bor, have served as the sole refuge for civilians fleeing government sponsored door to door raids on the Nuer ethnicity. To date an estimated 6,500 men, women and children have lost their lives. Outside UMISS walls Nuer civilians have been subject to firing squads. Many of these individuals were distinguished professionals: Civil Servants, Jurists, and Doctors. Among them, University of Calgary graduate Doctors without Borders MD, Dr. Thomas Lul, killed February 13, 2014 in a government sponsored raid. Sadly, his death has been incorrectly reported as a casualty of crossfire by South Sudan state sponsored media.

As of January 31st an estimated 84,000 civilians have taken shelter in UNMISS compounds across the country. That number is set to grow as fighting continues. What is more, as a result of the prolonged fighting, US Aide estimates 695,000 people have been displaced and a famine for the 2014 year now looms over the affected Nuer areas of Unity and Uppernile State as farmers cannot plant. In the ongoing genocide, the presence of the UNMISS is vital to the preservation of human life in South Sudan. However, Canada has been activity involved with the United Nations since its establishment in 1945. Since then Canadian peacekeepers have contributed in almost every particular peacekeeping task. However, the role of Canadian diplomacy was to bring peace and solidity between combatant nations. In case of south Sudan now Canada’s role in the United Nations is slowly while their involved into south Sudan settlement is highly needed.

We sincerely thank you for your organization’s presence in South Sudan and encourage your organization to strengthen current operations to the goal of preserving and improving the lives of the South Sudanese people.


Lam Wuor

The author is deputy Secretary of the South Sudanese Community in Calgary and graduate from faculty of sociology at Mourn Royal University

By Malith Alier 

UNAMID Whistleblower: UNAMID Work in Darfur is a Cynical Farce
What about UNMISS in South Sudan?

UNAMID stands for United Nations Assistant Mission in Darfur. This UN mission in Darfur came about as a result of the 2003 conflict by the sons of Darfur with government of Sudan. The conflict killed and displaced several tens of thousands of people in the Western region of the Sudan. This was at the time the then Southern Sudan was about to ink a Comprehensive Peace Agreement. The negotiations were on progress toward that goal. However, today, the 9 of April 2014, the former Spokesperson of UNAMID drops a bombshell about the work of the UN mission in Sudan. Aicha el Basri calls the work of that UN force a “cynical farce” according to the BBC focus on Africa.

What is then a cynical farce?

A cynical farce is a travesty or circus carried out by a pessimistic person or organisation like UNAMID. These were the words of a former UNAMID’s spokesperson turned whistleblower. A whistleblower is someone who discloses secret information about an organisation he/she worked former. The most recent whistle blower is Edward Snowden, a former CIA worker who is now taken asylum in Russia.

It is always said that any actions done in secret will one day be broadcast on the rooftops. This is what happened to UNAMID under the former head, Ibrahim Gambari. It may also still the case today.

It is good that this information has come in the backdrop of several strikes against UNMISS in South Sudan and the apology by Ban Ki Moon on the twentieth commemoration of the Rwandan genocide in Kigali under the watch of UNAMIR. The UN Secretary General accepted that the UN mission in Rwanda did not do more to save genocide victims during the onslaught in 1994. This is an unfortunate apology because the same genocide is occurring in Darfur under the watch of the same world body but no one dares to acknowledge so. UNAMIR, UNAMID or UNMISS they all are UN missions of failure.

The United Nations Mission in South Sudan under Hilde Johnson is also a cynical farce. This is what Arianne Quentere, the Mission’s spokesperson like Asha will tell the world later when it’s all over. These people just want to protect their livelihoods in the UN by not tell the truth that the Mission is failing in its duties to protect civilians in worst affect areas. Those who died in Akobo, Bor, Malakal and Bentiu should have not died if UNMISS was having steel teeth. We all knew the circumstances under which they died.

What was the response of Harve Ladsous, the head of UN Peace Keeping Operations to the damning disclosure?

It ran something like this; that the UNAMID in Darfur have been working under difficult conditions. That the government of Sudan has not been supportive enough of the UNAMID and that the Security Council did not act or respond in good time to correct the situation. This was after an insight truth telling that Ladsous accepts the failures of UNAMID after denials of that observation in the past.

This was in contrast to the same Ladsous who harshly criticised the government and the people of South Sudan when they expressed the same grievances as those expressed by Asha.

The conscience of those who went on strike against Hilde Johnson is clear. Though most if not all did not go through the Status of Forces Agreement, they knew that something was seriously amiss. Failure to protect civilians and involvement in the conflict itself are just too clear to anybody in the country. Keeping silent on certain events that affect the country like the December 2013 coup adds to the list.

South Sudanese are not sable rattlers but if push too far, they can act. The information coming to us is that those weapons are already released to the UNMISS. However, the government needs to inform those who went on demonstrations about the findings of the investigation by UN delegation from New York and its own findings. The UN is always talking about transparency and accountability. This is the time for both as a matter of demonstration to the people of this country.

The government has not been transparent and accountable to the people of this country on many occasions. I am not talking about the issues of corruption here but I am talking about issues of life and death. The Athor’s white helicopter was widely publicised during its capture. Months later it disappeared into thin air like the UN weapons including landmines that were released without a fluff up. The same applies to various criminals who are displayed on television on their arrest but disappear later under different circumstances.

Some of us South Sudanese are convinced that Hilde Johnson has lost the little credibility left after the events that happened in the country since independence. She, like Ibrahim Gambari has to move on for the UNMISS to rebuilt trust with South Sudanese under new management.

By Kut Alier Apollo

Just what is happening to Dr. Bior Kwer Bior Jr, and how much longer are we to be afflicted by this ingenious smokescreen that has induced so much phlegm, distorted so much vision and generated so much heat but has offered scant illumination?

I was taught to understand that to become a real Doctorate holder, critical thinking and objective assessment of events and issues would have to be second nature. Indeed, I never for once doubted this comprehension, which Dr. John Garang, Prof. Ajuoi Magot, and others clearly epitomized. Unfortunately, a few years after attending Law School, the likes of Dr. Bior Kwer and Dr. Riek Machar have cast some doubts on this understanding of the sense of judgment of the Doctorate holders.

Just towards the end of last year and beginning of this year, I read the literary salvos being fired by Dr. Bior Kwer Bior Jr against Dr. John Garang’s family, the political detainees in Juba and anybody else who has taken their time to asses where the truth lies in south Sudan’s privations. I was so distraught that this giant and pre-eminent South Sudanese scholar took to the internet to exchange the literary pugilism. How devoid of ideals and how ignoble is the whole contemporary system! The fact that scholars like Dr. Bior join in committing this sin against the image of intellectuals, even though they continue to emphasize the dignity of that image, is quite in keeping with his present activities. He talks about the just government measures, but fails to acknowledge the atrocities it has perpetrated against its own constituents.

However, Dr. Bior is not a man willing to run away from controversy. He seems to relish controversy, not that this really matters. But what is difficult to explain is his choice of the above victims as the epicentre of his controversy. I am quite aware that scholarship knows no bounds, and that true academics are citizens of the world. No area of study or the world is taboo to their microscopic scrutiny. The only pain however is the distortion of facts, the positing of imaginary theories that bear no similarity with reality, and the throwing of truth, objectivity and humanism to the mongrels. Dr. Bior has recently been guilty of the latter.
He compartmentalized the major South Sudan tribes into ‘vocational groups,’ by overlooking the big picture, using the mentioned victims as his slogan of scrutiny; he has vigorously encouraged the injection of “cell anatomy” into the legal system (although south Sudan is far from stem cell technology and its controversies.) leave the legal matters and interpretation of the statutes to the legal minds, they need not be approached literally only, a single sentence can alter the case!!

In the course of finding out what makes Dr. Bior tick, I discovered that he is a lecturer at John Garang University, Jonglei State; a confidant to Prof. Aggrey (former chancellor of that university) and had courted the so-called mighty and powerful in the state and Juba as well. Thus, Dr. Bior believes that south Sudan is well known to him so much that he wants to be a part of the history that is reshaping it. One has no doubt that Dr. Bior, being the intellectual that he projects to be, knows that South Sudan and its government is sick to the bones. His friends rule South Sudan and virtually brought it to her kneels. Could it be that Dr. Bior is part and parcel of those who are bleeding South Sudan? Is this why his lenses are blurred; his sense of truth and humanism perverted and one-sided? Only God knows the answer.

Otherwise, how can Dr. Bior be so open and willing to be surrounded by the military kleptomaniacs’ mentality, which is virtually paralyzing South Sudan? If Dr. Bior were indeed an academic of high repute, would he not have been introspective about the source of $ 4,000,000,000.00 (that’s a four with a hell lot of zeros) to South Sudan, and its sudden disappearance among 75 public officials and other grassroots beneficiaries? Is it out of place for Dr. Bior to see the inverse logic of having a lecture series in John Garang University, whilst most South Sudanese Universities, including his teaching post, are just like glorified high schools? Needless to say that his powerful friends contributed in no little way in making university education unattractive in South Sudan. Something isn’t right. There is more than meets the eye!

Without a doubt, Dr. Bior with his penchant for controversy, determination to covertly mesh in an illogical way ethnicity, politics and education, is not doing a favour to the cause of scholarship. Rather than continue on the path to illuminate by being a beacon of objectivity, strong moral character and humanism; Dr. Bior instead has settled for the very antithesis of what a distinguished Doctorate holder should be. “Tell it not in Gath”, it appears that Dr. Bior is heading towards the fate that befell and awaiting some of his ‘mighty friends’ in the Government. History indeed has not informed the Dr.

By Manyang Duany Jok

Reviewing both atrocious acts: 91’s and 2013 by Riek Machar, something comes into my mind of who is fool Riek as one of the Nuer educated icon, whose his great reputation among Nuer community is only to waging war against Dinka led government or Nuers as people, who most of them seems to be leaning back by not questioning Riek’s vision which its purpose is to link Nuer heroism with destruction of South Sudan political destiny.

In flashback to his 91’s rebellion against Dr. Garang SPLM/A’s, Riek understood that the freedom, and the leadership the South Sudanese were longing for was in the hand of Khartoum headship, yet he mobilized most Nuers against the SPLM/A to divert it from focusing on liberating Southerners for the betterment, in the hand of Islamic regime. As the result, the SPLM/A later ended up defending itself from both Riek’s and Islamic group in Khartoum instead to advance to the North of the Country (Sudan).

Not only had the Riek’s rebellion almost brought the SPLM/A into its knee, but also planted a seed of division and plunged South Sudanese into counter-insurgency against themselves which resulted later: Riek’s, Paul Matip’s, Peter Gatdet’s, William Nyuon’s, Karbino Kuanyin’s group against one another and also not all in favor of the SPLM/A.

As such, the SPLM/A’s effort by then to confront Sudan Government, and to liberate the whole marginalized Sudanese had now been swayed and it stuck defending its own neck from being cut off by both Southern militia and Islamists in the former Equatoria Region of the South Sudan from 1990s through CPA time.

The Riek Machar aim with his influence among the majority of Nuer was to dismantle the SPLM/A and to elevate himself to be a chairman of the movement with his own formation(SSIM/SSDF) without calculating the damages his political upheaval will cause against the people he claimed to be leading.

Coming to recent December 15th, 2013 coup attempt, Riek mobilized majority of the same Nuer who he also deceived in 91 to carry out his failed political objective this time against Salva Kiir two years old Government prior to independent without calculating its risks.

Nuer Culture

Exploring generally Nuer People’s culture and connecting it with series of disadvantage events instigated by Riek in the South Sudan with Nuer majority support, beginning from 1983, the birth of the SPLM/A through independent two years time of the birth of the New Nation, Republic of South Sudan, Nuer culture remains strong, reflective and dynamic.

Nuer culture is reflected in the way they do thing like the rest of people in the world, let leave alone impatience and retaliatory conflict among Nuer community.  Nuers are socially accommodative; they accept other tribe men to be one of their own without discrimination, but not by abduction like some of tribe in South Sudan do, but only through migration. They are very protective; they choose to die first before anyone they foster in their community is stranded in a danger; they are great believers and followers of a leadership which they trust at the same time either magically or diplomatically.

Why Most Nuers don’t reject Riek Decisions (1991 &2013)?

This question can be answered through observation of domesticated duck and its ducklings. When duck takes a lead, the ducklings follow even still when duck leads them into deadly latrine/pit without analytical reasoning of how harmful is the latrine/pit.

Here, which is the fool between the adult mother that failed to lead its offspring into a secure and a safe direction or offspring which keep following their mother’s lead even to the risky way? The answers is, the mother is the fool because is an adult, has worldly experiences, and reasoning capacity, which is equivalent to Riek Machar’s PHD compared to its duckling. For Riek supposed to use his academic sense to lead whole Nuer people toward education and development, with majority of them support to his vision, he led them into violence war; however, he is the duck and a numerous of his Nuer supporters are ducklings.

When inquiry asks why most members of Nuer community don’t question Riek is direction but still following Riek like ducklings and their mother, it is because they are overconfidence of his PHD, his political propaganda, and have un-swaying belief over his leadership in collaboration with cooked prophesies by witchdoctors/spear masters (Wurnyang, Dak Kueth, Nguen Deng), which easily help him to shape their heart toward his harmful way.                                      

Coming back to the two recorded horrific events (1990’s &’2013-14’) he triggered through the desire of a leadership with majority support of Nuer tribesmen both during liberation struggle and the recent days of Coup attempt; it was their spiritual belief of him to be leader which compel most of them to fall apart like dominos from both SPLM/A in the past and the Republic of South Sudan in present by joining him with conviction that he would create another route to score assumed expectation/privileges claimed to have been blocked by Dinka led government as his propaganda goes.

Riek Machar

Riek was born the unappreciative man. This was exhibited when Dr. John Garang honored him and granted him to be a Sector commander in upper Nile among other seniors, yet he devalued it and rebelled against the government (SPLM/A) which promoted him, and in the process he planted the seed of a division and hatred in the South Sudanese territory-Dinka versus Nuer.

After his expectations were not met in Khartoum, he returned to the SPLM/A (2002) in shame, yet he was accommodated as a number three (3), third to late Dr. John Garang in the Movement he almost utterly destroyed in the course of his split and a fight against it.

Accompanied by very poor historical records of nationalism documented in 91’s, in the aftermath of Dr. John Garang’s abrupt death, with worries of his criminal creditability not to spoil his Nuer fans and followers again for more rebellion and disunity among South Sudanese with CPA at hand , Riek was anyway rewarded with vice president position, in the Government of South Sudan and still maintained it to the Republic of South Sudan, which he didn’t deserve; it was under the offer to buy peace, yet he still acts disorderly against the leadership which escalated him by under estimating the position he was holding, but aimed high; consequently, this resulted into his late year 2013 termination.

In his disregard of the vice president position, he acted like a hen honored by the owner and served a grain in a clean plate to eat, yet it scuffs it into dirt, and picks it up there on the floor. This is exactly Riek Machar. He wanted to scuff down the SPLM party into dirt and to ask the rest of his faithful members to snatch the appropriate positions on the floor, in which each of them prefers and to declare themselves the leaders of the Republic of South Sudan. He preferred disorganized thing than the organized ones like a chicken does.

In relation to his chicken alike personality with less conscience and short recollection disorder, Riek broke down in tears and gave a whisky generated apology at fallen heroes/heroin celebration (2012) to Bor People in the compound of Late Dr. John Garang’s wife, Nyandeng Chol, who recently divorced Garang family for him ( Riek Machar).

Regardless of his crocodile tears down his cheek, which encouraged Nyandeng to be one of his great enthusiasts, Riek lost his 91’s massacre memories he created in Bor and he reiterated it in late 2013 through current year 2014 in the same area with its expansion to Malakal and his home State, Unity. Through common sense knowledge of war, of course all parties: innocent/guilty (Dinka, Nuer, Mandari, Anyuak, Murle, shilluk & etc ) paid the price.

In support of his pursuit of unfavorable leadership, many Nuer civilians like other die every time in the course of his desires (as recorded in two events, 91& 2013) without anyone of them questioning his egos/dishonesty, but only caring most about him and his wrong direction, no matter whatever price they will pay for, they are there for him at all cost at the time of his needs either devilishly or righteously. Yet Riek does not think about their rights and privileges (beyond the settlement in western world granted to all refugees through interview) including: right to life, to be educated, and to be developed for a better like he does not care for the rest of South Sudanese, who he deceive to violently follow his lead; however, Riek is not a Nuer, but majority of Nuers are Riek Machar.




By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane

Since the last election, South Sudan government, local state, legal and illegal authorities such as David Yau-Yau have all armed local defense forces and militias to fight insurgency, political corruption, insecurities and minorities’ freedom in the country. However, from December 15, there has been a renewed interested in counter-insurgency practice with many defense forces emerging from government and South Sudan’s local communities. The recently formed Tiger/Gelweng, Bor and Shilluk community Defence Forces, established by ‘coalition of the willing’ in the names of protecting their communities, appears to be waging small wars among South Sudanese ethnic communities. It is not clear to me how fighting such wars can help unravel the danger of the failed state scenario in the country.

Like the insurgency itself, counter-insurgency as security strategy has a long history of theoretical approaches built on best practices. Such practices has already been applied by other world superpowers like the United State in the case of Afghanistan as part of their security strategy which rarely meet its intended goal. However, are these recently formed militias in South Sudan going to apply this strategy in a professional way as administer by the School of thought in international relations? Personally, I doubt it and think that it may actually do more than the good we all desperately need.

First, these militias are basically being formed to defend their villages, strategic or administrative towns such as “Tonga”, the town claim to be in the process of forming the Shilluk Defense Force. They are also being formed to protect lives of helpless people in the villages. But besides all these positive reasons, the imperative question is whether or not this is what South Sudan want to achieve the already dying peace? In my opinion, the answer is no. Formation of local defense forces is a fomentation of ethnic tension that can develop into inter-ethnic civil wars and later genocide.

For instance, the Shilluk Defence Forces are waging war against their fellow Nuer Militias, the so-called White army. The concept of these community-based wars is that whoever is ethnically Nuer (Dinka/Shilluk) is defined by Shilluk (Nuer/Dinka) militias as the Nuer (Dinka/Shilluk) Militia and vice versa. This is why these tribal militias often end up massacring children, women, unarmed civilians etc. indiscriminately, because at the back of their minds, they are simply killing the “militias” from the other community. The Nuer white army that devastated Bor, probably, was thinking along that line. Otherwise, it is just hard to understand why they would kill helpless patients in hospital or youth mama and pastors in the churches.

This concept is also applied in the case of “Gelweng” and Yau-Yau militias. These two militias are difference from Bor and Shilluk Defence Forces. Their perceive goal is to tackle power struggle and political corruption whether at the state or federal level. Nonetheless, for them to achieve these goals, both militias do end up killing civilians either to make their point or just to terrorize them in the believe that it would induce the government to attend to their political agenda. Civilians are therefore targeted based on their perceived political leanings and allegiance, not for any particular crimes they might have committed. It is mostly based on who is supporting who and whose political figure is supporting which political figure. Such dividing and old school strategies in my view are pushing country backward to the point that one can expect civil war or ethnic genocide in the near future.

Not to bore you with interpretation of the already obvious practice, the burning question is that what are these militias bringing to the table of nation integration and peace building process? To me the growth of tribal insurgency, failure to tackle it by national army and the influence of counter-insurgency security strategy use by both side explain nothing but proliferation of tribal armed militias, a serious development that may send our country the Somali way. The exponential growth of these ethnic based militias is contributing to the reluctance by the rebels and the government to embrace serious negotiations for peace and reconciliation in Addis Ababa. The two warring sides are the direct beneficiaries and instigators of these armed groups, each of which is hoping to win an outright military victory over the other using tribal militias.

Another point is that these local militias form in the name of protecting villages, the strategic town and people do often time engage in destructive violence against the citizens of South Sudan regardless of where they belong. Most small wars they fought have already resulted in Juba, Malakal, Bentiu and Bor Massacre. This shows that if counter-insurgency or Insurgency is the security strategies chosen by both the rebels and the government or their illegal supporters, then it is time for government and rebel top figures to immediately cease violence. They should never misconceive it as the best way forward to achieve military victory nor peace and reconciliation in the country.

In conclusion, government and rebels officials are seen celebrating the horrendous handiwork of these local militias. Reported by Sudan Tribune, information minister Philip Jiben Ogal proudly congratulated his Shilluk Defence Forces for playing a role of recapturing Tonga Town, the administrative headquarter of Panyikang country. One puzzle that I have failed to understand is: are these government and rebel figures supporting peace through war or an immediate cessation of hostilities. There is no military victory without loss in lives and property, and these government and rebel leaders must know that if indeed they are fighting for a position to serve the best interest of the general public of South Sudan. They must take charge of protecting civilians, instead of using civilians’ lives a shield to fight their heinous wars.

With these misplaced strategies, it is fundamentally clear to me that both the rebel and government are attempting to build fake peace while fighting war through local defense forces. The increase of local defense forces “exemplifies the deleterious effect of exogenous, militarized state that undermined international legal process of peacebuilding and state-building in all levels”. This is not the quick way to bring peace to the country.


By Heskey Dzeng

Well, I will address you as Mama Rebecca Nyandeng, not as Mama Rebecca Garang for some motive. First, you are a beautiful woman, natural by look, but in heart, I do not know. Your natural beauty means no man can even say No to you. But you are ugly in politic. Secondly, you are the wife of our hero and icon,Dr. John Garang, whom the world respect highly. Though he is not bodily present with us today, his soul is roaming amongst us. No sane person can say shit things on him, but you did and said the damn things against him.

Mama Nyandeng, I dropped Christian name here, simply you are unclean, you have broke norms and commit adultery, you are not longer faithfully to South Sudan as the mother of the nation. You are a sinner, you have divorced your late husband and married a demon and cruel man in politic, a man who traitored your husband, a man who backstabbed and weakened your husband movement for a decade against Khartoum regime, who plotted against your sweetheart, killed thousands of innocent civilians for fake democracy.

Mama Nyandeng, when your late husband died in the helicopter crashed of 2005, just six months into the peace deal signed in Kenya, without tasting the fruits of five decades of his struggling, it was a great tragedy to us, the South Sudanese. We had mourned more than you or your children or the new husband. Simply put, Garang was the man of the people. He was your husband at night only. He was not leader of Awulian or Twic East County, Dinka Bor and Dinka or even Upper Nile region, but the leader of South Sudanese and Africa as traditional artist Tor Awuou Adeer’s song immortalized it.

Just one time when Garang passed away did you come out showing strong leadership. I appreciated your fortitude at that time, you make yourself strong, you have stood firm with citizens rather than Garang’s commanders. You comforted and consoled the entire nation and even the world. That was why we reached yesterday, and this where I crowned you the as mother of the nation, before you claimed yourself as the mother of nation in media because you have showed the quality of good woman left behind with children. If you were weak, I think the country would have resorted to war again.

In Africa belief or South Sudanese traditional norms, when a man dies and leaves a wife behind, people don’t cry too much, they said the wife will take care of the children. But when the wife dies, it is a big blow because man is not good in parental care, and if he marries again maybe that woman will not be at home with another woman’s children.

But now Mama Nyandeng, you are not like the real woman left behind with children; you have misused Garang’s legacy; you use it for showing up and for your own political and personal benefit than that for the sake of  South Sudanese. You are dividing the country’s politicians and the societies.

Not to bore you, Mama Nyandeng, yesterday success was yours but today failure is yours too, you are not far from the genesis of the problems. I thought you would relinquish politics in the aftermath of your husband death. I thought you would be the watchdog in our Country, and to protect the legacy of your husband because some demonic politicians are working to delete it in the mind of people. But because you want to carve your own political self out of your late man, you went in without cleaning your hand, brain and feet. That is why you have been messing up, becoming a prostitute in politics, moving up and down, make yourself to be cheating. Simply you don’t have the quality of a good politician but you want to inherit John Garang’s legacy. That was why you chose to become a politician in the ruling party, SPLM.

Mama Nyandeng….. Salva Kiir, Riak Machar, Taban Deng, Pagan Amum and you and more others, all of you are actors of violence, none of you is good pliz.

Mama Nyandeng, the problems that started as a bitter power struggling in the SPLM, then turned to violence on mid-December last year, for sure, you have a hand or a lip in it.

In the aftermath of fighting in Juba, you didn’t come out as the mother of the nation or the country’s watchdog to condemn it and calls for calm, you just tears heaped blames on Kiir and joined Riek’s faction instead to remained neutral as mother of nation, but just fuelled the violence, saying something worse that can route to genocide, but thank God it wasn’t turn out, which I believed no woman has said it before and no woman will say it again, quoted ‘Nuer were being targeting in Juba’, though it happened you cannot said it on speck at time tension at high gear, if you are real mother of nation and wise politicians, who don’t want bloodshed.

I knew, Riak Machar has disabled you, when he threw swindle apologized on citizens of Dinka Bor at your home compound in Juba a years back, due to what he did in 1991 but it repeated itself, that was politic game, does not mean he says a true, but you are not politician, you just stick on it… out and that has turned to chaos today.

Mama Nyandeng, you are snake in this violence, as mother of nation or watchdog, you cannot take side, but you did it and that why you see violence rooted and obstructed toward the peace talks. You would have advised them [reformists] to wait for general election if you are really mother of nation, so you are a driver of radical change while Riak Machar is manager and Taban Deng as conductor, so do not be surprise again, and you know well that most of radical change retort to violence.

Well, President Salva Kiir has not done enough to the citizens and nation itself, but Riak Machar is not alternative person to surrogate Kiir if you are really mother of nation as you usually fool the worldwide.

Mama Nyandeng, this is not time to blame President Kiir…………but time to look for solution to end suffering and death because blaming will not bring peace back but it will add in. please I urges you to advocate for peace and stability than activist for President Kiir’s mistakes on media houses [local and global] as you always did it.

Last and not a least, Mama Nyandeng, you have lost credibility and dignity in your class and entire citizens of South Sudan, you are not long a mother of nation, but mother of bloodshed, but because you are woman, you just turn deaf ear. Therefore I advice you, I cannot tell you to quit politics rather than continues, because you are already soiled, so play a game that you will win and if you want to be politician in future, first consult the high-flying women politicians in the Africa, as you stayed in Kenya now, I suggest you to see Kenyan prominent woman politician Mrs. Martha Karius, she will coach you and advice you on how to become great woman politician in South Sudan, but I doubt whether you will manage.

In conclusion, Mama Nyandeng, if you can listen, it is not too late, possibly you can quit politics and doing other business to serves South Sudanese.

Heskey Dzeng @2014

The UN, US and the EU are planning to attack Pres. Kiir using ‘protecting civilians’ as pretext should fighting starts in Juba again

David Aoloch Bion

Storm is gathering for President Salva Kiir, but he will not see the cloud until the thunder struck J1 in the way he did not see the signs of the coup until the bullet missed him in December 15th. He will not discover the plan of UN chief Hilde Johnson until he is arrested by UN soldiers like Laurent Gbagbo of Ivory Coast .He will not know covert operations of United State foreign policy of regime change until he is killed like Mamuar Gaddafi of Libya or he is in dock at ICC like Charles Taylor of Liberia

This is how the storm is gathering .The USA has sent six Osprey Warplanes to Uganda to hunt for Joseph Kony of LRA  .Is Joseph Kony active and threat? The USA and UN want use Kony hunt as smokescreen and in the midsentence they will attack Salva Kiir.

When coup happened in December 15, both UN and US dismissed it saying there was no evident for coup. What does this mean? They were reechoing the statement of Riek that says ‘’there was no coup’’.

The following is the brief history of US foreign covert operation against the regime it considers as hostile

The United States had planned to overthrow 23 government around the world and indeed it successfully overthrown seven governments, the countries where coups were attempt by US intelligence , the CIA are Syria, Guatemala, Indonesia , Cuba, DRC, Dominican Republic, South Vietnam,, Brazil, Argentina, Angola, Turkey, Philippines, Iran, Libya , Somalia, Ukraine, Venezuela, Afghanistan, Chile , Poland. …etc

The United Nation had overthrew one of her too, the government of Ivory Coast but it denied and this is what the UN chief in Ivory Coast ridiculous said after it overthrew the government

‘’Gbagbo made mistake after mistake and in the end lost everything. We intervened to prevent a disaster. We did not believe it was outside forces that were responsible for ousting Gbagbo. The UN will clear the stronghold of Gbagbo like Yopougon tomorrow “

To call spade a spade, the two big things on earth UN and US are not happy with president Kiir. Because Mr. Kiir has been killed politically by mouth of three people, Riak Machar, Rebecca Nyandeng and Hilde Johnson. Kiir now smelling in US, UN and EU

In seven overthrown government by USA, Syria is the good example to explain the crisis in South Sudan. Syria got independence in 1946. Husein Zaim, the chief of staff met with CIA on to seize power, he asked American fund and help with the promise that once in power he would make the decision that benefit their national interest. The CIA helped him plotted and succeeded in a coup after he took powers; he approved  Trans Arabian Pipeline, a project to transport Saud Arabia oil to Mediterranean port.

It is Zaim story Riak Machar is telling Americans. Riak says USA struggled to make South Sudan get independent, but they never benefited from it. He said once he is power (riak) he would cancel the Chinese contracts and give them to America. America blessed the Riek coup, but not involved like Syria of 1949 because there is no pretext.


The rebels have been directed by UN, US and EU to sneak into Juba and start fighting like in December 15th. From there UN will pass a resolution authorizing military intervention call Operation Protecting Civilians in their words meant ‘’to prevent the massacre’’… The US will now take the lead, its warplane which are stationed in Uganda will attack government forces loyal to Salva Kiir from the air and the rebels will advance on the ground like what NATO did in Libya from there Salva Kiir will then be either be killed or arrested.

How president Kiir will survive the might of US army? He must do the following four things

  1. Securing Juba from rebel attacks, he must make sure that fighting does not erupt in Juba again like December 15th. So the West will not get pretext to attack him.
  2. Speedily deployment of the IGAD forces to counterbalance the pro rebels UN soldiers
  3. Speedily resolution of the conflicts by making painful concession apart from him stepping down
  4. Kiir must come out publicly about his rule timetable. He must tell his people how long he will be in power when he will peacefully transfer power to another president. This will give moral to those people who want change peacefully.

Your people Mr. President don’t want to hear Hilde Johnson paraphrasing the words of Ivory Coast UN chief like this ‘’ Kiir made decree after decree and he lost the legitimacy’’

One thousand years ago, the wise man wrote to Roman General Julius Caesar, with note on letter , open it urgently, Julius ignored it saying he was in rush to parliament , he was assassinated as he entered the parliament building , when the letter was opened latter it was found the wise man was arguing him not to go to parliament because assassins were hiding there .

Towards the Death of the Nascent Nation

Posted: April 7, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Featured Articles

By Stephen Par Kuol.

America will never be destroyed from outside. If we falter and lose our freedom, it will be because we destroyed ourselves alone”_ Abraham Lincoln.

Just like it happens in the institution of marriage, death can also do nations apart.  The so known as citizenry (not the geophysical unit) is the human entity we call “Nation”. Being mortal as they are, nations are born and die .South Sudan was born on July 9, 2011 and can die any time sooner or later if the founding ideals that gave it life in the first place are not meticulously nurtured and safeguarded. In another word, life span of a nation is solely dependent on competence or sobriety of the political leadership entrusted with its endowments and security.  Comrade Edward Lino in his recent article entitled: “A Look at Ourselves the Way We Know Not” made the following delicate observation to depict the ongoing crisis in the country: “So sad did we learn even nations could be lost when we encountered the wise closing their eyes not to witness endowments swishing to a direction through which they fear things might disappear”.

True, even the independent and sovereign nation can be lost. Of late, Kiir and the company have been vocally citing the sovereignty as the sole power of state to shield tyranny but that is old school of diplomacy. Sovereignty is a possession of the people. Hence, you can not use it to kill the people and still claim that the nation is still a live. Like the humanity itself, sovereignty is vulnerable and mortal. The anal of world history is littered with several nations and empires that once lived but died and are still dead. The former Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, Tibet, Catalonia and Kurdistan are in that inexhaustible list of dead nations. It is called demise of sovereignty in the language of the international law. Our African continent is full of nations in their deathbeds at the time of this writing. Somalia, South Sudan, Libya and Central African Republic are currently in critical care units, if you will. According to the recent failed state index, South Sudan is one of the four most dangerously unstable countries in the world today and the December 15, 2013 tragedy proved that valid.

Having reached the point of no return in the decay of political militarism within the liberation movement turned- ruling party,( SPLM/A), South Sudan was plunged into a comatose by its own political leadership on December 15, 2013. The rest is history. All we have come to know is that dreams and hopes of so many millions who have invested so much in the leadership of the said liberation movement were dashed to ashes when the hell broke loose leading to a genocidal death qualitatively akin to that of Rwanda. It was an organized savagery in which the so called democratically elected President resurrected the ghosts of ancient inter- tribal feuds buried for years with a vengeance that turned the nation into a society of murderers. Neighbors killed their neighbors and soldiers in the army lynched their comrades in arms. Under the jungle state of emergency declared by the President, hailing from Dr. Riek Machar’s ethnic group became a death sentence without due process . Those who share racial features and tribal marks with that ethnic group equally paid dearly.

The President who kept reminding the nation of 1991 inter-communal violence directly commanded his Dootkubeny tribal militia from the presidential palace to commit genocide, military vandalism, heinous war crimes and crimes against humanity in the name of fighting a fabricated coup. That operation of shame directly commanded by the Commander in Chief, sidelined the National Security and the Army dismantling the very core foundation of our historical national liberation army(SPLA).To many of  our  people, that was a crude treachery to our liberation heroes and heroines who died together to bring us the freedom we lost on December 15, 2013. Our martyrs under the heroic leadership of Dr. John Garang De Mabior must have been rolling in their graves to see the surviving leadership of the revolution shamelessly allowing their sacrifice of blood and treasure to go in vain. Even more agonizing is the plight of those who returned home limbless with lives shattered from physical and mental wounds of war.

I particularly feel for those who are physically confined to wheel chairs because of the struggle, war widows, war orphans and majority of our people condemned to illiteracy by the war of liberation and that failed leadership in Juba. Thus, I had to write this piece to mourn the eminent death of my nation, a nation I voted with my feet to liberate at tender age and defended with my pen at this age from overt and accelerated destruction.  With this, I sadly acknowledge that the darker forces stronger than many of us have overcome concerted efforts by millions of patriotic South Sudanese to maintain the fabric of our hard- won republic. That is what I hinted in an article entitled:  The Republic as a Responsibility stressing the vitality of collective responsibility to keep it a live and healthy which is remote and hopeless as things stand now.

Evidently, Kiir Kuethpiny Mayardit and the coterie at the helm do not want to read the writings on the wall that like all nations that died violent deaths, South Sudan can be relegated to the dustbin of world history at any time now in their bloody hands. One is well aware that talking about the death of the nation we all gave live and love is psychologically unacceptable but it must come home to all of us that death is doing us a part. Experiences and experiments else where like in Rwanda and Yugoslavia have proven that the premeditated death known as genocide inflicts deep scars on the collective psyche of the nation. Genocide breaks the socio-cultural fabric of the society in question. It is a violent social earth quick that shakes the very core and threads of nation’s existence (trust and confidence). I have always held the opinion that South Sudan is trust.

Once that is broken, the nation ceases to exist and that is what genocide has done in South Sudan. Genocide breeds deep-seeded mutual mistrust, victim mentality and collective denial of the death itself. The criminal psychology of genocide is a vicious cycle of self-destruction that endures and rages to kill the nation in question at the end of the scores.   Genocide traumatized nations like South Sudan do not stand to honestly face the filth and the ugly face of genocide. They rather tend to live under perpetual denial and collective defense mechanism that does not help the cause of both the victims and offenders.  That is why even well documented crimes like Holocaust in Nazi Germany and the genocide in Armenia are still denied by some racist bigots. I have been reading some writers from the government fraternity defending the genocidal death by equating the genocide in Juba with the revenge killings that ensued afterword.

True, as Comrade Morris Yoll asserted, “the death of all, whether in Juba or any other parts of south Sudan is death that must be condemned”. However, what is deliberately kept under the carpet is the cold truth that those deaths were caused by that premeditated deaths (genocide) ordered by the President of the Republic in Juba. Hence, the logic of cause and effects has it that the criminal responsibility of all those deaths still weighs heavier on the President of the Republic who planned and executed that barbaric campaign of death and mass-killing. All the other deaths were collateral damages that are difficult to control even under the simple law of physics.

We can read this article and other relevant literature on nation’s death and state failure but it will do little justice without asking the following questions:  what kills nations and what is the common cause of nations’ death?.  Well, empirical researches in this field have arrived at a scientific conclusion that all the collapsed and failed states in Africa and beyond were ruined by coconut-head despots like Kiir Kuethpiny Mayardiit of South Sudan. The Despots first kill the state and the state failure leads to the death of the nation. Despots are nearsighted creatures who see things only through the spectacles of power games and brute force to cling to morally bankrupt political power.  The despots and their vampire sycophants don’t care even if the country collapses over them as long as their pond is secure. The despotic regime as we have seen in South Sudan will eventually self-destruct from within largely owing to internal-contradictions and divisions but it can eventually take down the nation to the grave with it at the time when nobody can save its last breathe.As analyzed afore, under Kiir, death is doing us apart.

The man is good for nothing but cold blood killing and military vandalism using foreign mercenaries to set his own town like Leer, Bentiu and Malakal on fire. One South Sudanese politician who worked with Kiir since the liberation period described him as a typical village tyrant. I would rather describe him as Idi Amin of South Sudan.  In my book, mediocrity, sloth, godlessness, cowardice, using the law selectively or ignoring it, hopeless corruption and ruthless inter-tribal violence will define the new country under Kiir Mayardit. In South Sudan today, the government has morally lost the reason for its existence as it becomes a source of insecurity for the populace. General Salva Kiir has subjected the nation to a police state and red terror in Stalin’s fashion. Fear and violent death lurks on every nook and fissure of our social firmament.

Development has gone with the winds. Hunger, ignorance, poverty and disease are presently ravaging the land, while the government bulks feebly before it, incapable of arresting its rampaging onslaught on its subjects. One ethnic group in the country is lumped together as coup plotters or fifth columnists and left only with the choices to die in cold blood, wage a war of survival or take refuge in UNIMISS camp where future is never certain. In this political thuggery, the president has murdered over 20,000 of his voters mobilized by none other than his Running Mate and the Deputy he plotted to murder on December 15, 2013 but still claims legitimacy by virtue of being elected in the year 2010 and mandated in the year 2011 to continue up to the year 2015.

This defies logic and common sense if common sense is ever common. That is why we are adman that Kiir Kuethpiny Mayardit must leaf us a lone if we are to avoid the eminent death of our nation. Otherwise, our destiny is one like conjoined twins. Only death will do as a part. That is why we must all work hard to avoid this collective death. As we seek peace and reconciliation, let’s meet each other halfway, understand, compromise, tolerate, love, share, listen, recognize, accept, support and ultimately reconcile without Kiir.

Should that fail to settle well with all of us, then what rises from the ashes is a country that few of us will recognize, like, or learn to accept submissively and that is what I call the death of the nascent  nation.

By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane

Under chapter VIII of UN Charter, the United Nation has been frequently enforcing “sanctions” on states and non-state actors as a tool to restore peace and order in the world. On small states, the United State of America, acting as the “global policeman”, uses sanctions to repel aggression against them or other allied countries, restore human rights order or put pressure on those nations supporting aggression against other weak states such as the current case in the Crimea.

However, just after the end of the Cold War, many policymakers in world capital cities and reputable research from academicians put pressure on UN with great concern for and doubt about the effectiveness of sanctions on targeted countries. This pressure put UN Security Council in an awkward position to coin such terms as “Smart Sanctions”. By Smart Sanctions, the UN Security Council claims to be only targeting specific individuals with financial sanctions, travel ban and diplomatic sanctions and certain regimes with Arms embargoes.

On the 3rd of April 2014, President Obama of the United State of America issued a statement listing sanctions about to or had been enforced on South Sudan in relation to the current military situation in the country. In justification for the sanction on Juba, President Obama stresses that “Those who threatened the peace, security or stability of South Sudan, obstruct the peace process, target UN Peacekeepers or are responsible for human right abuse and atrocities will not have a friend in the United State and run the risk of being sanctioned”.

The one-million-dollar question is: can sanctions help the already failing state of South Sudan? I am going to argue that the sanctions are not going to be effective because both the government and the rebels do not care about the citizens of South Sudan or about their international reputation. Therefore, if both parties to the conflict don’t care about the lives and welfare of their own citizens and supporters and nor about how they are perceived by the international community, why would anyone think that the sanctions would bring any positive change to the ongoing conflict in the country?

First and foremost, what message would the imposition of sanctions on Juba say about who is responsible for the crimes committed in the aftermath of the December 15th skirmish? What message does it convey to the general public of South Sudan? To me, it is too inconclusive and hard for any side (rebel or government) to accept responsibility for the killing, destruction and displacement meted out upon South Sudanese citizens. With confusions and war panic still reigning across the country, both sides are still blaming each other for an alleged genocide committed with horrible memories of rapes, absurd killings, and other human rights abuses.

Nevertheless, both sides are said to have committed crimes against humanity, with rebels in Bor, Akobo, Malakal and Bentiu and government in Juba. If that is true, it is the case that both sides are threatening the stability of South Sudan and are responsible for human right abuse and atrocities. Therefore, the sanctions imposed by Washington are both directed on the Government of South Sudan and the rebels. Rebels are said to be celebrating the imposing of sanctions on South Sudan and yet, they are part of the saga. The sanctions are imposed on the government as well as on the rebels.

However, will the sanctions serve their purpose in Juba and other places occupied by rebels? As I mentioned above, I think the sanctions will not achieve their intended goal because the government doesn’t care about the citizens and the rebels don’t care about their supporters. Secondly, both sides to the conflict don’t give a damn about their international reputations. The rebels believe that the US government is targeting President Kiir, not them. According to South Sudan’s Minister for information, Michael Makwei Lueth, the government considers the move from Washington to be an implicit support to the rebellion. The government in Juba believes that it can survive the sanctions if the alternative is to reward Riek Machar for his “failed military coup” against the government.

Secondly, the history of sanctions and their effectiveness in the past is ridden with failures and adverse effects on unintended targets. For example, the UN Security Council enacted crippling economic sanctions on Iraq’s oil in the 1990s. The sanctions were intended to bankrupt and bring down the government of President Saddam Hussein. But instead, financial difficulties occasioned by the sanctions only affected the averaged Iraqis. It resulted in chronic hunger and disease outbreak, leading to the death of nearly one million Iraqis. Going through this example make you wonder if the enforced sanctions will serve their purpose in the current conflict of South Sudan or will simply exacerbate the situations by affecting not the intended leaders but the averaged South Sudanese people.

To me, the Obama Administration may not have thought through the whole business of sanctions properly and thoroughly. I am not saying sanctions are no longer effective but only to those who cares about their citizens and of their international reputations. Despite being a member of the United Nations and now aspiring for Arab League membership, South Sudan has already lost credibility for good international reputation. Last year, for instance, it was ranked the 3rd failed state just next to Somalia—a country with no government at a time. Moreover, South Sudan was among the top most corrupt states in the world.

For the US to enforce such sanctions on a country with half of its population being illiterate and poor, top government officials being the most corrupt, and the government being the cause of political instability, is more like using man own sword to kill him. This means that the general public of South Sudan is being killed using their fellow citizen’s sword. Mostly, it is the sword of the government officials and rebels. These government officials and rebels have got nothing to lose: not their own citizens and supporters, not UN membership, or international reputation.

Because the government and the rebels have nothing to lose, they would not care about stopping the conflict, human right abuse and atrocities in the country. But if the sanctions won’t serve their envisioned purpose, should there be another quick and most effective way for the United State of America to stop this conflict and save the nation from failing apart? If there is, and I think there is, that way is urgently needed, not these sanctions that won’t put any effective and urgent pressure on the government and the rebels.

AMER@ 2014

By Malith Alier, Juba

It is no secret anymore. It is officially endorsed by the President and only awaits implementation by the Secretary of Treasury in consultation with the secretary of State.

The move by the Obama Administration to impose targeted sanctions on those officials on both sides of the conflict generates mixed reactions in the country. Like any other political issue, there are those who are for and against the sanctions. Those who are against the sanctions would like the downtrodden to continue to suffer and those who have access to resources to continue to enrich themselves unfairly.

The country’s oil has been flowing to the world markets since inking of CPA in 2005. The CPA wealth sharing clause agreed a fifty per cent to the South and fifty per cent to the central government in Khartoum. However, the government in Juba was recalcitrant with the large amounts of petrodollars allocated to it. First was the denial of non receipt of the agreed amount. The government maintained that it received less than fifty per cent because the central government deployed less transparency over oil. The SPLM government in the South was totally ignorant of the barrels produced in a daily monthly or yearly basis.

The same lack of transparency was the norm in the Southern government. The ordinary south Sudanese eyes were fixed on referendum and for that reason not bother to know about oil and other issues considered less important at the time. Second, the war impoverished government officials took advantage of the state of South Sudanese who emerged from the devastating conflict and were desperate to rebuild their lives before the D-day. The petrodollars allocated to the government disappeared before reaching Southern Sudan. Each one of us knows the case between the first Minister of Finance and the SPLM secretary General about the disappearance of US Dollars 30m in the 2005/2006 financial year. That was the first crack in the financial mismanagement by government officials.

The President declared war on corruption and to that effect established anticorruption body to fight it. Assets were declared but so far the people of South Sudan did not know whether the huge cash stashed away in US and Europe was disclosed. The list of suspected 75 super rich was published, but that did not end corruption. It was too little too late.

The six failures of the government were highlighted, but no reforms were introduced. SPLM vision and mission is collapsed, foreign policy has failed, corruption was thriving, tribalism paralysed the system and violations of the constitution were points noted by the very SPLM members. However, it was business as usual. Then is the war pitting SPLM against SPLM and SPLA against SPLA.

Enough is enough, enters President Obama of the USA. “And here I declare a national emergency to deal with that threat” the Citizen Newspaper April 5 2014.

I order the Secretary of Treasury to freeze your money, homes, cars, boats or private jets on the US soil. This is not only that, it also extends to those in possessions of US companies abroad. Your assets may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn or otherwise dealt in at your wish. I have taken this position because your crimes are as red as crimson. The cries of the people of South Sudan have reached me in the white House and I have to act in their interest.

Thank you Obama, the money was forever stolen from us. It was never to return. The country leaders were soliciting direct foreign investment but ironically siphoned away huge sums to be stashed in developed countries that do not need it. You have acted wisely by not sanctioning the country as a whole. The ordinary citizens will not feel pinch of the super rich sanctions. The SPLM led government employed too much talk but too little action for public good.

 US President Letter to Congress on South Sudan April 2014


Pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), I hereby report that I have issued an Executive Order (the “order”) declaring a national emergency with respect to the unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States posed by the situation in and in relation to South Sudan. The order does not target the country of South Sudan, but rather is aimed at persons who threaten the peace, stability, or security of South Sudan; commit human rights abuses against persons in South Sudan; or undermine democratic processes or institutions in South Sudan. The order provides authority for blocking the property and interests in property of any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State.