Archive for the ‘Junub Sudan’ Category


Originally posted on Weakleaks!:

Uncle Elijah Malok Aleng is irreplaceable. The man was brutally honest and was never afraid to speak the truth. I just wish he did not go this soon; South Sudan needs him, people of Bor community needs him, and his little grandchildren needed him the most. The legend will be terribly missed,” Aduei Riak reacts to the breaking news of Uncle Elijah’s passing .

Like the heartbreaking news of the chopper accident of Dr. John Garang de Mabior and the crew on July 30, 2005, this news of the passing of Uncle Elijah on October 30, 2014, is unbelievable! Uncle Elijah Malok Aleng passed on in Nairobi Hospital at 1.20PM today (October 30) after a month of battling stroke and diabetes.

Personal Comments 

History Book by the late Elijah Malok...Unfortunately, he passed away before launching the second edition of this history!

History Book by the late Elijah Malok…Unfortunately, he passed away before launching the second edition of this history!

It is disturbing! I have been praying…

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An Assessment of the so-called Governors’ Forum

Posted: October 29, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Malith Alier, Juba

Opening ceremony: ministry of Communication

Opening ceremony: ministry of Communication

The Office of the President (OP) spends millions of money each year on a forum known as the Governors’ Forum. The Governors’ Forum is a gathering of the ten States Governors to discuss “relevant” matters that affect their respective states and in relation to the central government in Juba. The OP organises this forum since 2011.The fourth Governors’ Forum in a row kicked off yesterday at Freedom Hall in Juba.

The roads leading to Freedom Hall were littered with soldiers from the army and the police to protect VIPs attending the gathering. It is like previous gatherings were some main roads are temporarily closed for security reasons. This is usually done as a matter of precaution because South Sudan is not a haven for terrorists like al Qaeda or Boko Haram. The nearest to home terror group is al Shabab which mostly operates in Somalia and Kenya. That is just a side ditch for your consumption.

The Governors’ Forum was and continues to be a well intentioned forum for this country with a decentralised regime. The existence of National, State and County Governments meant that a forum such as this, acts to bring those levels of government together to discuss matters of governance in a single arena. This is also the case in other nations with such arrangements such as federal systems of governance. It is therefore, appropriate for South Sudan to have such forum.

The OP was right to initiate such a forum. However, there are concerns with the phrase “Governors Forum” and also with what is under discussion since 2011.

The phrase “Governors Forum” does not bring out clearly the meaning and the arrangement in which various levels of government participate. It’s not only the Governors of the ten states who participate in that forum but also the OP and other national ministers and even some county Commissioners and parliamentarians from states and National Legislative Assembly. There participate also the other areas Administrators like the Pibor and Abyei. This is where the problem lies and therefore, makes the discussion a talkfest.

Some of the governors expressed lack of follow up on the past forums. Governor of Warrap in particular expressed to the media non compliance to the previous resolutions. This is true. The citizens witnessed the past forum but nothing tangible was so far achieved in the history of such forum. If my memory failed me, anyone can correct it.

There exists a presidential advisor on decentralisation and intergovernmental linkages. This is where the so-called “Governors’ Forum” should have been modelled on. Simply put, the forum should be renamed “Inter-Governmental Forum/Board” because it involves all levels of the decentralised government. The gathering should be upgraded from its parochial to broader perspective that includes every. The ten Governors feel that the forum is solely theirs and tend to think in narrow way.

The other thing is, what has the forum achieved in its four year history? Evidence suggests that nothing this country should be proud of for putting money on the forum. The Governors, because of their narrow approach tend to push for their state interests to leaving the rest of the country behind. They mostly dwelled on further budgetary allocations even in 2014 where war is raging in many parts of the country.

Over the past two days, no governor or other participants talked about federalism, power sharing or the predicted famine. These are the pressing issues under the spotlight. Don’t tell me that the theme for this year’s forum is “National Reconciliation to Restore Peace, Unity and Reconstruction.” Reconciliation and reconstruction are far way like cupids in the sky.

The Governors’ Forum will continue to be a talkfest if not renamed Inter-Governmental Forum or Board. The Forum is broader than just governors of the ten states. It includes other emerging administrations and even the central government. So, the OP should be open-minded.


Kiir promises to retain loyal Nuer in transitional govt–Radio Tamajuz

“…I will do all I can to protect the interests of my Nuer brothers and sisters who stood with me during this difficult time. Your interest will never be affected; I will ensure all of you remain in your current position and add also more portfolio to what you currently have.”…….Salva Kiir Mayardiit reassures the top Nuer politicians in Juba

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir met top loyalist Nuer politicians over the last few days in Juba where the politicians expressed concern over their positions if peace is reached with the rebels.

Ateny Wek Ateny, the president’s press secretary, told Radio Tamazuj that the Nuer politicians wanted assurance from the president that their positions would not be affected in any transitional government of national unity.

The officials include Manase Magok Rundial, Riek Gai Kok, John Gai Yoah, Barnaba Marial Benjamin, Kuong Danhier Gatluak, General James Hoth Mai, and various members of parliament.

Ateny said that Kiir reassured them that their positions will not be affected by the peace talks, but pointed out that members of the next government will be based on merit.

“A Nuer official will not be removed because there is another Nuer in opposition coming in to take over, thus all the Nuer who are in opposition faction will get chances in a transitional government,” he said.

The spokesman further said the issue of the internality displaced persons (IDPs) who are sheltering in UN bases across the country was also discussed as well as the reconciliation process.

Ateny said nearly 70% of contentious issues at the peace talks have already been completed, adding the main hindrance in the talks is powers of the prime minister.

He indicated that South Sudan is being governed by a presidential system which gives powers to the president only not prime minister as demanded by the rebels.

“The rebels want to change the system to a parliamentarian, but that one needs referendum with participation of citizens ـــــ and that should be done after elections,” he said, likely referring to the proposed 2015 vote.

Kiir to meet Bashir  

Ateny also said that Kiir’s long-awaited visit to Khartoum is not cancelled, but he disclosed that they have not yet been notified by the Sudanese government on the visit.

He said Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir has been busy with his party’s general convention which concluded over the weekend.

Ateny pointed out that the visit was a request by Kiir to meet al-Bashir to discuss the implementation of the Joint Cooperation Agreements between Juba and Khartoum.


By Mekonen Tefere

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

In a four (4) hours video hot debate facilitated by electoral board and experts, the candidates faced hard talk from experts and audiences.

Denay Jock Chagor, a South Sudanese American facilitated the debate in a video connected event.

Mekonen Tefere, an independent journalist based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia investigates candidates’ and audiences view after the debate.

On Saturday, 25 October 2014, the Acting Chairperson of [for] Nuer Community in Ethiopia – Nhial Wal Dap admits that the general election is adjourning to be held on Saturday, 01 November 2014. The election will kick-off by 10:00am-04:00pm and the result will be announce right after the voting.

South Sudan torn apart by man-made crisis in December 2013 and more than 188,000 Nuer are believed to be refugees in Western part of Gambella Region, Ethiopia.

In a separate interview, the Electoral Board Technical Assistant said that the video is used for future practical experience for other Nuer around the globe.

Mr. Garwech Kewer Kong who is also a sound Engineer and Electoral Board Technical Assistant added that the video would soon be release on the YouTube after election.

The debate was conducted in Nuer Language and two questions were purposely debated in English to test the candidate’s potential in Foreign Language.

John Jekow Doluoth, David Kew Mathiang and Gatwech Koak Nyuon were known to compete for the presidency.

The Acting Chairperson Mr. Nhial Wal Dap added that the key positions to be elected are:

  • Chairperson
  • Deputy Chairperson
  • Secretary and
  • Finance

President will nominate the rest of the positions such as Information and others.


RVI – Juba University Lectures 2014 – Announcement – 13 October 2014 (1)


By Morris Mabior Awikjokdit

The start of a school year brings with it a crop of anxious parents hoping their child has an excellent teacher. And recently, policymakers have wondered whether the playing field is level when it comes to getting that excellent teacher. Education managers must ensure that “family income and race still too often predict how likely a child is to attend a school staffed by great educators.” Beginning in April next year 2015, states will need to submit plans to the National Ministry of Education to ensure that “poor and minority children are not taught at higher rates than other children by inexperienced, unqualified, or out-of-field teachers.

On the surface, this is a reasonable response to the issue of inequity in access to quality teachers. But how large of a problem is teacher inequity really? Looking at recent analysis and research on teacher equity suggests two conclusions. If equity is defined as access to teachers with particular characteristics such as experience, the problem seems large. But if equity is defined as access to effective teachers, those that contribute more to test score growth, the problem does not seem large. This is not to say issues of teacher equity should be ignored, but that proposed solutions should be proportional to the problem.

One proxy for effectiveness is experience, as the ministry of Education’s statement notes. What kinds of students are taught by inexperienced teachers? Minority enrollment is not as accurate a predictor of achievement as disadvantage, however. With Ellie Klein’s assistance, I looked at the relationship between teacher experience and disadvantage from the 2011 Schools and Staffing Survey, a nationally representative survey of teachers conducted by the National Center for Annual Education Statistics. These data show that a bit more than 50 percent of inexperienced teachers (those with less than four years of experience) are teaching in high-poverty schools. In contrast, 19 percent of inexperienced teachers are teaching in affluent schools.

That’s a big difference. An inexperienced teacher is nearly three times more likely to be in a high-poverty school than in an affluent school. And the inequity appears to be getting more pronounced. In 2007, according to the same AEC and EMIS data source, about a third of inexperienced teachers were teaching in high-poverty schools and about a third were teaching in affluent schools.

But an even better proxy for teacher quality is effectiveness, a teacher’s ability to move students ahead on tests. Assigning disadvantaged students to weak experienced teachers rather than to strong inexperienced teachers does not tackle the underlying equity issue.

To get a sense of the magnitude of teacher inequity viewed through the lens of effectiveness, we need to measure effectiveness in some way. Suppose we measure it as “value-added,” using a statistical model to attribute to teachers an amount of test-score growth shown by their students during the year. If two teachers had similar students at the start of a school year, the one whose students have higher test scores in the spring will have higher value-added. There is lots of debate about these models, but they are appealing as a uniform approach for measuring the vague concept of teacher quality. (As an aside, calls to reduce the frequency of testing, such as here and there. Not having annual testing means student growth can no longer be measured, which means forgoing efforts to assess effects of policies to spur student growth.)

The Institute of Education Sciences funded three studies of the teacher-quality issue, using value-added models and measures of student and school poverty. The studies included thousands of teachers and tens of thousands of students in a wide range of states and counties. Because value-added measures rely on annual test scores, the studies report results for teachers from fourth to eighth grades, the grades for which annual tests are required. Results from two studies are discussed here and the third study had consistent findings.

In the poorest primary schools, 19 percent of teachers were high performers. Equity would mean 20 percent of teachers would be high-performers regardless of a school’s poverty level. So, there is evidence of some inequity, though it is not overwhelming.

Gaps were larger in middle schools. In the most affluent middle schools, 32 percent of English and language arts teachers were high performers. In the poorest 20 percent of middle schools, 12 percent of English and language arts teachers were high performers (the differences were smaller in math). These gaps varied widely between county with some county having larger gaps and others having none at all.

Another study focused on the match between disadvantaged students (not schools) and effective teachers. It showed that the “effectiveness gap” is small. The overall score gap between disadvantaged and advantaged students was 28 percentile points in reading. That’s a big gap. The study showed that distributing students equitably among teachers would reduce this gap to 26 percentile points (in math, the study estimated that a 26 percentile-point gap would be reduced to 24 points). A closer look found that differences were larger in some districts and near zero in others.

Using this evidence, an ideal policy guaranteeing students equitable access to effective teachers could reduce a small amount of the achievement gap (about seven percent of it, the 2-point reduction divided by the 28-point base).The actual effect would likely be smaller. The effect also relates only to narrowing the gap. It’s hard to predict what will happen to overall achievement. It could go up or down.

The author is a freelance is opinion writer and a professional experience teacher based in Warrap state- Kuajok. He can be reached by email: morrisawikjok@yahoo.com


By Choul. C Puoch

This may not be the first time South Sudanese gets surprised by the political behavior of Michael Makuey Lueth in South Sudan. His political manifesto is associated with legal speaking style (but purely lying) and as well as military commanding strategy which he added into his lifestyle during the struggle. I think it’s difficult for Makuey to ever adjust his political behavior that would make him charming and inspiring rather than aggressive and divisive propagandist.

To me, Michael Makuey has lost his status as “Honorable Minister” and has become a “Horror-able Minister”. That is how I can address him. If Makuey Lueth can behave like an angry Lioness at ordinary civilians and the media, how then has he been behaving in peace talk on those he really calls enemy? Someone at the peace talk could accurately tell us about this.

I have come to learn that there is a behavior derived from the politics of Sudan with the Arab and being practiced unknowingly at this time of history in our Country: The Mistrust. It was very difficult to truth an Arab man and even his words, no matter how sweet and friendly they sound. Our unique belief was that, the Arabs are not our people and we shouldn’t be with them. That very belief had even increased the portion of mistrust behavior to a total and permanent mistrust on the Arab of the North Sudan and had let us finally to our independence, something we should proud of as an outcome of our struggle.

However, the negative outcome of that behavior is the fact that it has not been washed away in the heart and attitude of our people and especially, the politicians. Well, you may not cross a muddy environment and expect your feet to be clean after crossing; you have to wash them first after crossing and from there, you will see their cleanliness and free from mud. If you don’t wash and only continue your journey ahead, it’s obvious that the mud will only dry off on your feet and you will carry it to your final destination. To say the least, you are dirty and people will definitely see you as such. That is what exactly happening to some of us, especially those in politics and governance.

Most of our politicians in The Republic of South Sudan didn’t wash their feet after crossing the muddy environment which took us some 49 years to cross – they are still carrying with them the mistrust behavior on anyone. You can imagine that the mud was too much, and too long to walk through and it was not only on the feet, but I think it went to neck and head.

One of the most affected fellows by this scenario is Horror-able Michael Makuey Lueth. It’s only in Salva Kirr’s regime to appoint such an anti-civilians person to the most civil engagement ministry, the ministry of information and communication. It was not even by career because Makuey is a Law graduate who has nothing to do with information and communication.

Unverified information has leaked out that Makuey doesn’t pray. The time he prayed the other day was all about asking God to kill for him Taban Deng Gai. A member of his family has revealed as they were chatting in their hotel in Nairobi recently. I believed this information and have rated it with absolute reality base on my observation on Makuey Lueth.

Michael believes that he can and will defeat the SPLM/A-IO in the shortest time possible. He thinks that those in the opposition are his permanent enemy, they can never be one again and he can never and would never trust any of them in times to come. His wish remains to be the idea of defeating the SPLM-IO and not to negotiate with them and find a peaceful solution to address their differences and bring the lost peace back to the people of South Sudan.

You would believe all those aforementioned once you closely monitor the behavior of Makuey Lueth during the peace talk: When people are likely heading toward peace direction, Makuey adopt the behavior of stupidity and confusion as it’s not his dream and interest. When people are stuck during the peace process, Makuey adopt the behavior of aggression, total mistrust on those involves in the peace talks and pursue his bloody divisive propaganda. He sees the moment of constrain in peace process as his opportunity to pursue his dream of defeating the SPLM-IO and not thinking of finding ways and means to bringing peace and stability back to the people of South Sudan.

The recent statements he made in a press conference in Nairobi after the adjournment of peace talks by IGAD mediators is a simple prove to my observation. Honestly, sometime he speaks statements which I don’t understand!

That behavior of Michael Makuey can absolutely be called “uncivilized politics”. It’s in contradiction to the modern politics of inspiring people. Michael Makuey believes that they (Him and his rooks) are ruling and forcefully controlling us. But something must be clarified to Michael; we, the South Sudanese, and more specifically the Dinka and the Nuer, can never be ruled or forcefully controlled. We didn’t succumb to a kingdom formation as we value every man to be the same to other men. We couldn’t manage to live under a kingdom that time and we will never live under it forever. We will never live our life under oppressor, aggressor etc. We would militarily, politically, socially and diplomatically fight you to your end, and not our end. Think about this in the social and political aspect of it, please.

The SPLM/A –IO has already been established. Its ideologies have been introduced; they are there and will forever be there. If you don’t like federalism, it has already been introduced, accepted and will forever be there. If you don’t like those politicians in the SPLM-IO, please quite the politics of South Sudan and do not make it tasteless. If you choose to be an anti-civilian person, please quite the politics as well and go home.

This fighting, to be honest, is by South Sudanese, for South Sudanese and with South Sudanese. It will and can be stop anytime soon but people of your kind will still be pursued by the spirit of dead South Sudanese and will appear at night to them as ghosts and you will feel the pain at last. You better understand this or otherwise, you have the mandate to bring peace to South Sudanese and should negotiate in good faith before things are out of hands. You must cease speaking divisive propaganda toward the ordinary civilians; try and adjust your political behavior and pursue the politics of inspiration because you are not a puppet of Salva Kirr; are you? You are a politician still with potential of saving not only greater Bor as an MP but also as any other public office including the presidency. Are you not capable Horror-able Makuey?

Chuol C. Puoch is a South Sudanese living in South Sudan; (But currently in Kampala in time of writing this piece) he can be added/follow on Facebook with his name mentioned above, on twitter @ChuolChot and via email: chuolchotson@gmail.com . You can also access and follow his words onwww.chuolchotson.wordpress.com