Archive for the ‘Junub Sudan’ Category

UNMISS Condemns Killing in Bentiu

Posted: April 22, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

 United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) Media & Spokesperson Unit Communications & Public Information Office

PRESS RELEASE date 21 April 2014.

UNMISS condemns targeted killings of hundreds of foreign and South Sudanese civilians in Bentiu

UNMISS strongly condemns the targeted killings of civilians based on their ethnic origins and nationality in Bentiu. UNMISS also strongly condemns the use of Radio Bentiu FM by some individuals associated with the opposition to broadcast hate speech. While some SPLA in Opposition commanders did broadcast messages calling for unity and an end to tribalism, others broadcast hate messages declaring that certain ethnic groups should not stay in Bentiu and even
calling on men from one community to commit vengeful sexual violence against women from another community.

UNMISS Human Rights investigators have confirmed that when SPLA in Opposition forces captured Bentiu on 15 and 16 April, they searched a number of places where hundreds of South Sudanese and foreign civilians had taken refuge and killed hundreds of the civilians after determining their ethnicity or nationality. “These atrocities must be fully investigated and the perpetrators and their commanders shall be held accountable”, said the Officer in Charge of UNMISS, Raisedon Zenenga, who also reminded the parties of their respective obligations to protect civilians and called on them to immediately stop the targeting of innocent, unarmed civilians, and to respect the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement they signed in January.

At Bentiu Hospital, on 15 April, several Nuer men, women and children were killed for hiding and declining to join other Nuers who had gone out to cheer the SPLA in Opposition forces as they entered the town. Individuals from other South Sudanese communities, as well as Darfuris, were specifically targeted and killed at the hospital. On the same day, the SPLA in Opposition forces entered the Kali-Ballee Mosque where civilians had taken shelter, separated individuals of certain nationalities and ethnic groups and escorted them to safety, while the others were killed. More than 200 civilians were reportedly killed and over 400 wounded at the Mosque. At the Catholic church and at the vacated WFP compound, SPLA in Opposition soldiers similarly asked civilians who had
taken refuge there to identify their ethnic origins and nationalities and proceeded to target and kill several individuals.

Between 15 and 17 April, UNMISS extracted hundreds of civilians who were facing threats of violence in several places in Bentiu and Rubkona where they had taken refuge. Over 500 civilians, including many wounded, were extracted from the Bentiu Hospital and other places, while thousands were escorted as they walked to the UNMISS base. The Mission is currently protecting over 12,000 civilians in its base.

For further information or media enquiries,

Acting Spokesperson: Joseph Contreras – +211 912 1788 39


Attack on UNMISS Compound: What Happened in Bor?

Posted: April 18, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

Gunmen kill at least 20 in attack on South Sudan UN base: US envoy

Gunmen have killed at least 20 people and wounded 70 others when they stormed a United Nations base in South Sudan, the US envoy to the world body said.

Ambassador Samantha Power strongly condemned the “brazen, inhuman attack on unarmed civilians” in the war-ravaged town of Bor.

The United Nations (UN) had previously said dozens of civilians from a rival tribe had been wounded in the “unprovoked” attack before peacekeepers fought them off.

Almost 5,000 civilians are sheltering inside the fortified base of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), one of the most bitterly contested regions in the four-month-long conflict splitting the country.

“The United States strongly condemns the recent attacks by armed groups in South Sudan that have purposefully targeted civilians as well as UN Mission in South Sudan sites and personnel,” Ms Power said.

She called the latest attack “particularly egregious,” noting that the heavily armed group of attackers used rocket-propelled grenades to breach the compound and fire on the people inside.

“This latest outrage against the people of South Sudan is an affront to the international community and violates fundamental principles of civilian protection,” Ms Power said, adding that UNMISS sites should be considered “inviolable”.

The United States, she said, will collaborate with its allies to determine who was responsible for the “horrific attack” and bring its perpetrators to justice.

Ms Power also urged countries that have committed additional forces to UNMISS to speed up their deployment.

“The people of South Sudan deserve the opportunity to begin rebuilding their country, and to develop the national and local institutions they need to put South Sudan back on a path toward stability and democracy,” she added.

“But that process can only begin in earnest when all parties to the conflict adhere to the January 23 Cessation of Hostilities agreement, lay down their weapons, and engage constructively in inclusive political negotiations led by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development.”

Ms Power urged the country’s leaders to “put the safety and wellbeing of their fellow citizens above their own short-sighted political and economic interests, or risk the future of their country, the welfare of their people and strong international consequences”.

UNMISS said its forces returned fire – first firing warning shots and then taking part in a ferocious gun battle – before the fighters retreated.

The gunmen had initially approached the camp “under the guise of peaceful demonstrators” intending to present a petition to the UN, before opening fire and breaching the compound, according to the mission.

The civilians had fled into the base weeks ago amid brutal ethnic massacres in the world’s newest nation.


Redefined CPA: Community-Led Peace Agreements

Posted: April 17, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

 It is becoming increasingly clear that the IGAD-led mediation process in Addis Ababa will not lead to a definitive resolution to the conflict in South Sudan in the near future. Three months after the cessation of hostilities agreement, there has been no progress on implementation modalities, tabling of an agenda and declaration of principles. And yet the talks have been adjourned (yet again) to April 31st 2014 ‘to give time for the mediators to consult with the heads of IGAD’. We have fully prioritized this externally driven process of mediation as the sole response to the current crisis. This, despite misgivings about whether those currently at the negotiating table fully represent the needs and fears of the communities affected and impacted by the conflict. Indeed, there have been numerous calls for inclusion of various stakeholders in the Addis Ababa talks, but fewer calls for a parallel mediation process that engages the grassroots. This must change. It will be important to recognize that the victims and perpetrators of this conflict are interchangeable to an extent, numbers involved are huge and in the case of the Nuer, impact entire age-set(s). Conversely, reasons for sustained violence continue to evolve; for some this is retaliation – albeit, seemingly no point at which they are sated – others would like to overthrow government, while for those in Addis, it is about political reform(s). It is presumptuous to believe that all these differing viewpoints will be addressed solely in Addis Ababa. In addition, this conflict has impacted entire communities: over one million persons displaced, there is no valid estimate of the numbers of civilians dead but we do know that they are many and entire towns burned to the ground. This has intensified an environment of distrust amongst communities who will have to continue living side by side. There are also fears that this conflict, if left to escalate further, could lead to splits within the greater Nuer community, and that communities on the sidelines of the conflict will become embroiled in it. We must de-escalate this situation. Community-led processes of dialogue, truth, justice and restitution can potentially tackle outstanding issues including how to re-establish law and order at the grassroots; disarming or rehabilitation of armed youths and processes for the return of the displaced persons – including perhaps compensation. They allow communities to identify their missing and dead, and redress grievances. Community-led peace agreements can inspire a lasting peace, leading perhaps to a new definition of CPA; Community-led Peace Agreements. Numerous examples of community peace-building and conflict resolution processes exist in South Sudan. This article draws lessons from these past efforts (see appendix), in an attempt to offer modalities for engagement at the grassroots.

The leader of South Sudan’s rebels has vowed to attack the capital Juba and target crucial oil fields, warning in an exclusive interview with AFP that the civil war will not end until the country’s president is removed from power.

Former vice president turned rebel chief Riek Machar branded his arch rival, President Salva Kiir a “dictator” and said he saw “no reason for power sharing”.

The comments came as the conflict in the world’s youngest nation enters its fifth month, and amid warnings of looming famine and floundering peace talks.

READ: UNSC warns of famine in South Sudan

“If we are to remove the dictator, Juba is a target, oil fields are a target,” Machar said late Monday in a secret location in Upper Nile state, one of South Sudan’s key oil producing regions.

“We are only resisting a regime that wants to destroy us,” Machar said, adding he still hoped a moribund ceasefire deal signed in Ethiopia in January “will be respected by both parties.”

The conflict in South Sudan has left thousands dead and forced around a million people to flee their homes since fighting broke out on December 15 in the capital Juba, before spreading to other states in the oil-rich nation.

READ: Refugee conditions worsen in the Sudans

The fighting is between soldiers loyal to Kiir against mutinous troops who sided with Machar, who was dismissed as vice-president in 2013. The conflict has also taken on an ethnic dimension, pitting Kiir’s Dinka tribe against Machar’s Nuer people.

Seated in a plastic chair in his basic camp — a dozen mud huts on flat grasslands — the 62-year-old Machar said he was willing to hold face-to-face talks with Kiir, but also that he saw little point.

“What would we discuss? You are a discredited leader, you have committed massacres, I hope he accepts that,” Machar said.

Letter: Dear Mother

Posted: April 15, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

Originally posted on Nyamilepedia:

By Puk Goar,


Former child soldiers attending  primary school after the peace returned to the area.(Photo: AFP)

April 14, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — This morning I will be leaving for Paloch a key oil-filed [oil field] in the very heart of Upper Nile. Machar told us that closing down the oil will force kiir to stop bringing more Uganda that fuel the war. And maybe we shall realize peace in our nation.

However, I know you are already gone and my two sisters in Juba. So I am not fighting for Machar but for the freedom of your daughter in Kakuma camp who have been there since independence. If you were not killed and my uncles in Juba today I could be doing my final exams in Ethiopia by the end of this year. Something I wish you could be proud of, but now you are gone.

This will be my third…

View original 195 more words

EVERY so often someone asks me: “What’s your favorite country, other than your own?” I’ve always had the same answer: Taiwan. “Taiwan? Why Taiwan?” people ask. Very simple: Because Taiwan is a barren rock in a typhoon-laden sea with no natural resources to live off of — it even has to import sand and gravel from China for construction — yet it has the fourth-largest financial reserves in the world. Because rather than digging in the ground and mining whatever comes up, Taiwan has mined its 23 million people, their talent, energy and intelligence — men and women. I always tell my friends in Taiwan: “You’re the luckiest people in the world. How did you get so lucky? You have no oil, no iron ore, no forests, no diamonds, no gold, just a few small deposits of coal and natural gas — and because of that you developed the habits and culture of honing your people’s skills, which turns out to be the most valuable and only truly renewable resource in the world today. How did you get so lucky?”

US announces sanctions in South Sudan conflict

Posted: April 11, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

The United States, which backed the independence of South Sudan, will take targeted sanctions against those involved in the conflict which has ravaging the young nation for the past four months, the State Department said. Secretary of State John Kerry met Thursday with the South Sudanese Minister in the Office of the President, Awan Riak, the department said in a statement. This comes as the country which gained independence in July 2011 is torn by a civil war between the army of President Salva Kiir and rebel fores loyal to former vice president Riek Machar. President Barack Obama signed a decree April 3 authorizing punitive sanctions, such as seizure of assets and visa bans, against anyone in South Sudan deemed to be threatening peace efforts, targeting UN peacekeeping forces and violating human rights. The sanctions “can and will be used against those who contribute to conflict by undermining democratic processes or institutions or by obstructing the peace process and against those who commit human rights abuses in South Sudan,” the State Department statement said. The US “will not stand by while the hopes of a nation are held hostage to short-sighted and destructive actors,” the statement said, without specifying who would be targeted by the sanctions nor when they would be imposed.

In the heat of the South Sudan heat, forces allied to President Salvar Kiir Mayardit and his former deputy Dr Riek Machar are locked in mortal combat for political power with fears that the world’s youngest nation could disintegrate. But in far off Nairobi and London, noisy battles are boiling in the house of General Kiir with a woman purporting to be his wife hurling ‘missiles’ at his elder daughter, Christina Adut Nardes.

In a stern letter seen exclusively by The Nairobian, Aluel William Nyuon Bany, who claims to be Kiir’s wife sternly warns Adut to steer clear of her marriage and threatens unspecified consequences if she persists. Reminding Adut that “I didn’t choose a relationship with your dad” since “it has been happening for at least 10 years”, Nyuon Bany nostalgically narrates the scene of her traditional wedding. “The Payun clan and a great many happy witnesses attended my wedding. It was so beautiful. The bulls that were sacrificed were of…the highest order,” she recalls. “I was undressed as the daughter of William Nyuon and was clothed and accepted as the wife of Kiir Marial-dit. They took me as a Nuer, as a hero’s daughter; (I became) the love of his life and his wife but I DO NOT (emphasis hers) need to be your stepmother”.

Aluel is the daughter of the late Sudan People Liberation Army (SPLA) leader William Nyuon Bany who alongside Dr John Garang, Salvar Kiir and Arok Thon Arok were the top four generals of the movement in its early days. He died in 1996, leaving several children, most of who live in the United States today. She made headlines in 2011 after she went missing in Juba where it was later alleged that powerful people with connections in government had kidnapped her. Explaining that she already has a powerful surname, Aluel firmly dictates her position by exhausting events surrounding the president’s family. “Try as you will, if and when I leave your dad, it will because I chose to do so. I’m Ethiopian by birth, South Sudanese by descent and a naturalised Briton. Please feel free to choose the jurisdiction where you seek your legal redress,” Aluel dares Nardes. “Stop meddling with my marriage and deal with your own marital problems…let your dad be with the woman he loves…allow us our choice. Consider this a written warning.”

Talking to The Nairobian on phone from Juba, an official from the South Sudanese government warned that the media should stay clear of matters of the first family. “These are matters that are very sensitive and should not be published,” the source who chose to remain anonymous said. “Whatever is happening between this lady and Nardes should not go to the media at the moment. This is a criminal since the President has only one wife, Mama Mary Ayen Mayardit. She is a criminal who should be arrested,” he warned. Joseph Lual, head of security at the South Sudan Embassy in Nairobi, called the newsroom to echo the same sentiments, saying what he knows is that Aluel lives in London.

This latest scuffle comes in the wake of another incidence last month when President Kiir’s son Manut Salvar Kiir was arrested by police officers from Muthangari Police Station for allegedly assaulting his sister Winnie Aguem while drunk at their Manyani East Road house in Lavington. Although Manut was released later, the South Sudanese leader is said to have convened a family meeting in Juba where he warned members against misbehaving in public. “I have always told you to behave in a way that would not create inconveniences to other people, because the way you conduct yourself would be interpreted to mean different things by different people,” Kiir was quoted by the Sudan Tribune. “You have to understand that you would never be alone wherever you go. So be careful with whatever you do. The real issue would be twisted and politicised.”

The incident led to political critics in Juba drawing the parallels between the incident and the president’s political life. “If you cannot manage your own family, it follows automatically that it won’t be possible managing millions of people with different family members from different ethnic groups,” the same paper quoted an anonymous source saying.

An editor was arrested and the English version of The New Sudan Vision banned after it published an opinion alleging that President Kiir’s daughter Adut had eloped with an Ethiopian immigrant, then considered a symbol of national shame. The said immigrant, Nardes Gebeyehu Alemneh, is now Adut’s husband after a high profile wedding in Juba where the president officially handed her over to her husband.

Aluel notes the fact that the country was generally against the wedding to the son of an Ethiopian elite when she tells Adut “allow us our choice. Just like the whole country grudgingly allowed your choice”.

Read more at:

Report from Gordon Buay on James Koang Chol

Posted: April 11, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan


Report from Gordon Buay

Today, the renegade Gen. James Koang Chol, popularly known as CDR, was wounded in a fight with the youth of Parieng loyal to the government of South Sudan.

It has to be recalled that Maj. Gen. James Koang ran to Karassana in March and joined Brig. Gen. Makaal Kuol, who commanded 450 terrorists who were chased out of Bentiu town in January by Maj. Gen. Mathews Puljang Top.

Today, the armed youth of Parieng attacked him and his forces in their hideout around Karassana area. The rebels lost 10 soldiers and left behind 15 AK-47s and two RPGs. Renegade James Koang was wounded in the leg but managed to escape towards Sudan border.

Before his defection, Maj. Gen. James Koang was highly respected SPLA officer who never joined any militia group against the SPLM/A Movement. After Riek Machar’s first coup of 1991, he remained with Dr. John Garang and was credited for liberating Western Equatoria from Jalaba. It was John Garang who nicknamed him “CDR” because of his zeal to fight against the enemy.

He condemned Riek Machar in 1991 and continued liberating the South under the leadership of John Garang. When he declared his defection in January this year, a lot of South Sudan patriots and nationalists were shocked because nobody could believe that CDR would join a tribal warlord like Riek Machar that he condemned in 1991. President Kiir was not convinced and he believed that CDR was a hostage of Nuer extremists who surrounded him.

Up to now, we don’t believe that CDR is free because he was surrounded by dangerous tribalists who might have killed him if he refused to listen to them. Based on his contribution to the liberation of South Sudan, he is the only rebel that our government can pardon and return him to the national army.

CDR is the only rebel we cannot kill if captured because he might have been forced to rebel by Nuer extremists. Because of his contribution to the liberation of South Sudan, we wish him quick recovery and return to Juba.

We would like to tell Gen. James Koang that President Kiir still loves you as his brother. Nobody would believe that CDR could rebel to fight his own comrades. We will pray for your quick return to Juba. CDR, you are a hero on the wrong side. Riek Machar is a terrorist that cannot be followed by nationalists like James Koang.

It for this and other many factors earlier identified that America prefers Kiir to be out of power, sources claim and he is either replaced by Ms. Garang or Riek Machar. At worst, Garang’s son, Mabior Garang can be the other alternative. To confirm this theory or fact, there are reports within the diplomatic community, America has secretly contacted South African government to give safe passage to Kiir once he agrees to step aside and give perks befitting a retired Head of State.

US President Barack Obama was among the first world leaders to congratulate South Sudan on the signing of a cessation of hostilities agreement in January, which he described as “a critical first step toward building a lasting peace”.

 Now, South Sudan’s leaders need to work to fully and immediately implement the agreement and start an inclusive political dialogue to resolve the underlying causes of the conflict, Obama said then.

 “The full participation of political detainees currently being held by the Government of South Sudan will be critical to those discussions, and we will continue to work to expedite their release” Obama said.

But it appears, Obama’s patience on the South Sudan leader, Salva Kiir is wearing out. First diplomatic sources say, Obama is not happy that Kiir has not lived to the expectations of America and the international community of “playing a constructive role”.

Equally disappointing, the United States which has long supported the aspirations of the people of South Sudan for independence, has found Kiir a stumbling bloc towards peace through his actions, first by detaining political prisoners against the American wishes as well as the development partners.

To Obama in order to regain the trust of their people and the international community, South Sudan’s leaders must demonstrate their sustained commitment to a peaceful resolution of the crisis.  But to America, Kiir has not lived to this expectation and still believe in military option if peace negotiations in Addis Ababa fails.

 To Obama’s disappointment, to ensure that the lives of their people and future of their young country are not further marred by continued violence, and that individuals who have committed atrocities are held to account, Kiir prefers, only the rebel force should be brought to account because they attempted to overthrow a legitimate government.

 “Obama administration feels Kiir’s leadership has been challenged and may not make it to the next level,” a source knowledgeable with South Sudan-America relations said. Another source said, America considers Kiir a weak leader as opposed to late Dr. John Garang and has shown dictatorial tendencies.

 “He (Kiir) has failed to galvanise unity within the army and even in the ruling SPLM,” the source added.

The source say, Obama is also worried that Uganda may not stay long to prop up Kiir because of the war in Somalia and the Central African Republic.  Once Uganda departs, Washington fears, Kiir’s political base will become more shakier and hence a possible coup within.

It is because of the war in Somalia and CAR that Washington asked Uganda army to leave South Sudan territory.

Secretary of State John Kerry and President Obama’s new top diplomat for Africa, Ms Linda Thomas-Greenfield, said the cessation of hostilities agreement signed between South Sudan and renegade Riek Machar forces also requires foreign troops to pull back to defensive positions.

“We feel deeply committed, given past lessons, to try to prevent the chaos and the genocide that too often comes [out] of the violence that can occur if things break down,” Mr Kerry told journalists during a virtual press conference. “We don’t want this to cascade into a more violent repetition of the past. So, that’s why we’re committed.”

The fighting between soldiers loyal to President Salva Kiir and his former deputy Riek Machar broke out on December 15. Uganda sent it’s troops several days later to fight alongside forces loyal to President Kiir.

An estimated 8,000 people are said to have been killed and thousands displaced from their homes since December 15.

Ugandan officials, in response to Washington’s initial February 8 call for withdrawal of foreign forces, insisted the UPDF were invited by Kiir and would stay put on South Sudan soil, but that position seems under consideration.

Withdrawal of Ugandan troops, the only foreign force that raced to prop up Kiir’s faltering government, is one of pre-conditions set by Machar’s group at the ongoing IGAD-brokered talks in Addis Ababa. Ethiopia has joined Norway in publicly asking the UPDF to leave.

Both Ms Thomas-Greenfield and Secretary Kerry said they will remain deeply involved in issues of South Sudan because the US government under various administrations invested heavily to secure its independence from Sudan.

The other concern by America is that under Kiir’s watch, her rival China has managed to grab eight lucrative oil deposits while her companies, Exxonmobil and Haliburton are taking over only four deposits, tilting the balance of power in influencing issues in the newest country in favour of Beijing.

The African Confidential in its February Edition reported that immediately Garang was killed along with eight Ugandans and six other Sudanese in a helicopter crash July 30, 2005, cracks emerged in the leadership of the then semi-autonomous state.

The death of Garang caused riots and killings in the streets of Sudan, an indication of a power vacuum.

Two incidents tested the capability of the new leadership in Juba, headed by Kiir, a few days after taking over the mantle.

There was a mutiny of troops under the Joint Integrated Unit (JIU), a force set up under the Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/A and Khartoum in December 2006. The mutineers shot their way into Juba town from their base across the River Nile demanding salaries, looting shops and paralyzing businesses. It was on personal intervention of Garang’s widow Rebecca that the mutineers were convinced not to march to State House, and so they called off the mutiny. Since then Mrs. Garang has remained at the heart of South Sudan politics even after she was relegated by Kiir. Analysts believe with Kiir exiting, America favours Mrs Garang as his immediate replacement because of her appeal to the SPLM members and those from other parties but with a strong believe in the South Sudan cause.

The other theory is that analysts believe Sudan’s Omar Bashir is behind the current conflict in South Sudan because of the oil reserves that the South took over when she attained independence.

Landlocked South Sudan seceded with most of the formerly united country’s oil fields, but Sudan retains the ports and facilities needed to get that product to market. A row over transport fees led to a 16-month standoff, shuttering production of about 350,000 barrels per day.

African Confidential reported that what has riled Khartoum is Uganda government’s current feasibility assessment of transporting some of its crude oil to the coast through the planned Juba-Lamu pipeline – in effect bypassing Khartoum – which has been collecting exorbitant fees from her neighbor to fuel her crumbling economy.

According to international media reports, a Japanese company, Toyota Tsusho Corporation, has been contracted by the Kenya and South Sudan governments to lay 2000 kilometers of pipeline to transport crude oil from South Sudan to the Kenyan coast.

Toyota Tsusho Corp. plans to lay down pipelines with a total length of 2,000 kilometers for oil exports from South Sudan and Uganda via Kenya, according to sources within the oil industry.

One of the pipelines will transport oil from South Sudan to the Kenyan port of Lamu, allowing South Sudan to bypass the existing pipeline going northward to a Red Sea port via Sudan with which it has kept strained ties since its independence in 2011 following a two-decade-old civil war.

The Ugandan government is joining the new company as Toyota Tsusho plans to connect the South Sudan-Kenya pipeline with another from the Albertine Graben of Uganda. Toyota Tsusho is spearheading the project for which investments are expected to total more than US$5 billion.

With this massive project under way, America whose oil reserves are dwindling by the day, may not afford to have  a weak leadership in Juba.

It for this and other many factors earlier identified that America prefers Kiir to be out of power, sources claim and he is either replaced by Ms. Garang or Riek Machar. At worst, Garang’s son, Mabior Garang can be the other alternative.

Riek Machar

To confirm this theory or fact, there are reports within the diplomatic community, America has secretly contacted South African government to give safe passage to Kiir once he agrees to step aside and give perks befitting a retired Head of State.

 All said and done. There has not been a true confirmation from either Obama administration or Kiir on what is happening between the two. As we keenly monitor events in South Sudan, our eyes and ears remain open to receive the new developments.


A leading member of South Sudan’s ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) has called on the international community to follow America’s lead by putting additional pressure on the government in Juba in a bid to help quickly resolve that country’s conflict. Rebecca Nyandeng, widow of SPLM founder, the late John Garang welcomed President Barack Obama’s executive order that paved the way for U.S. sanctions on anyone threatening the stability of South Sudan, as well as those committing human-rights abuses. “Somebody like me would welcome what President Obama did, because it is us in Juba who pushed the international community so hard for us being stubborn not to accept to reach an agreement, while the people of South Sudan are yearning for that,” said Nyandeng. “Those people who are suffering under the trees, those in refugee camps, none of us as leaders are thinking about them, and the raining season is almost here.”  Nyandeng disagreed that the US is meddling in South Sudan’s internal affairs. “They always criticize anybody who tells them that what [they] are doing is wrong. They criticized the UN and the representative of the UN Secretary General. They don’t want to hear anybody telling them that they are making a mistake,” said Nyandeng. She expressed regret about allegations of ongoing human rights violations due to the conflict. Nyandeng called for more targeted sanctions to serve as an incentive for the leaders in Juba to find a solution to the conflict. “Individual sanctions [are] very important, because the government is doing what they wish. If there is no pressure they can be stubborn at the talks in Addis Ababa [Ethiopia]. But if there is international pressure, I think they would listen,” said Nyandeng. Nyandeng however says additional sanctions on senior officials of the administration are likely to expedite the peace negotiations. “The government has been stubborn because the international community [called] for the release of all political detainees, but they only released seven and left four with one under house arrest. They are also denying the seven released detainees from participating in the negotiations and this is where the problem comes from,” said Nyandeng. She says it is the responsibility of President Salva Kiir’s government to reach a negotiated settlement with the rebels as part of its mandate to protect civilians as enshrined in the constitution.

Dear all,

I want to clarify to the people of South Sudan that the decree issued by President Obama was aimed to freeze the assets of selected individuals within the government and among rebel officials. President Kiir is NOT among the individuals the US government wants to target.
I would like to inform the public that nobody among the government officials has any property in USA. Members of SPLM-Opposition are the ones with properties. Pagan mum has a house in Colorado; Deng Alor has a house in Seatle and three houses in California; Majak Agot has a house in Texas and Ezekiel Lol has a house in North Carolina bought with stolen referendum money.
Our government will start engaging the US in higher level next week to workout bilateral understanding between the two friends and to smooth the relationship between the two sovereign states.
Our relationship with US government depends on whether President Obama has accepted the following principles to guide the peace talks between us the rebels.
1. Riek Machar and his rebels must accept that the government of President Kiir was democratically elected government that cannot be toppled via the use of force.
2. President Obama’s administration has accepted in principle that the government in Juba is a legitimate government that cannot be overthrown by anybody. President Obama personally made his position clear last year after the conflict and expressed, in no uncertain terms, that the U.S. will NOT accept the overthrow of the democratically elected government.
3. Peace between us the rebels must be guided by the spirit of brotherhood, inclusiveness and respect for democratic principles. Thus, recognition of the South Sudan government as a democratically elected government is a prerequisite for any meaningful dialogue with the rebels.
4. It is the position of the government that Riek Machar must renounce violence as a means to achieve his political position and must, without equivocation,  accept that the government in Juba was democratically elected and it is a legitimate government which has the mandate of the people of South Sudan.
5. The U.S. government, in order to play a positive role in the peace talks, must strongly tell the rebels that the idea of overthrowing the legitimate government of South Sudan by force will NOT be entertained by the U.S and its allies.
After the aforementioned principles are accepted by the Obama’s administration, our government is willing to negotiate with the rebels to reach a political settlement. However, we cannot reach any settlement with the SPLM-Opposition unless they renounce violence and the desire to unseat a democratically elected government.
Gen. Gordon Buay

Is the Gov’t Case against the G-4 Collapsing?

Posted: April 5, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in History, Junub Sudan

Lead Prosecutor James Mayen says the government’s cases against Pag’an Amum and three other prominent South Sudanese politicians is not collapsing, after a group of prosecution witnesses failed to appear in court today on the final deadline set by the judge. The South Sudanese special court set up to rule on the treason charges made against four SPLM politicians met again Friday at the High Court premises in Juba, near the Juba Teaching Hospital. The court today threatened to close the case after the prosecution failed to bring witnesses to testify against the four prisoners. It also ruled that the prosecutor should bring the witness who is responsible for having recorded audio of phone calls that the prosecution seeks to introduce as evidence.


Former South Sudan army commander denies link to coup attempt

April 8, 2014 (JUBA) – The South Sudanese army’s (SPLA) former chief-of-staff, Oyai Deng Ajak, has denied court testimonies he was involved in an alleged coup attempt to depose president Salva Kiir from power through military means.

Ajak is among three senior officials from the governing Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) charged with treason in connection to their alleged role in the violence that swept the country in mid-December last year.

The claims were made in court on Monday by witnesses testifying for the prosecution at the trial of the four officials, some of whom presented incriminating telephone recordings allegedly containing the voices of some of the four accused.


Ajak, who also served as the former minister for national security, has described the prosecution testimony as being “cooked” by dishonest security officers.

“All the audios that were claimed to be my voice have been edited. It is the world of technology and the dishonest department of national security manufactured them as evidences. They cooked them with the ministry of interior. I know very well, in my life, I have never failed to make changes in anything I do but I failed to do anything in national security as a minister for two years because they (security) complicate everything. Even the two officers who said they recorded the audio are not from the department of interception. I know all personnel in that department,” an emotional Ajak told the packed court room.

He told the judges that the testimony presented of his involvement in the alleged failed coup attempt contained no tangible evidence.


However, Ajak has confirmed that former unity state governor Taban Deng Gai, who fled Juba for the bush after the eruption of violence and is now leading rebel negotiations, informed him on the morning of 15 December that tensions were building as a result of an attempt to disarm guards loyal to former vice-president Riek Machar by some armed units within the presidency.

The former military officer gave a detailed account of his movements on 15 December, the day clashes erupted in the capital, Juba, between rival factions of the presidential guards, triggering violence across the country as government forces battled Machar-aligned rebels for control of key areas.

Ajak said he was at his home with Gai when the latter received a phonecall, during which he became visibly agitated.

He said Gai, who was speaking in the Nuer language, interrupted his conversation with the person on the other end of the line to inform him that guards of the former vice-president had called to ask for help because they had been surrounded by armed units and were already unarmed as their weapons were in the stores.

“Taban advised me that the problem has to be resolved now otherwise Riek’s officers are going to cause problems and Taban gave me the phone and I talked to them simply telling them to be calm,” said Ajak


He described South Sudan’s security apparatus as the “main problem” in the country, accusing Thomas Duoth, the director general for external security, for failing to adequately communicate the situation with Kiir, who could have influenced the guards to remain calm.

“He (Thomas Duoth) failed to reach the president within [the] shortest time possible but took almost 10 hours to tell the president what was going on. These dishonest personnel are the problem,” he said “All what has been said is not true.I served as chief of general staff of the SPLA and did not overthrow the government, why now?”

According to Ajak, at about 11:45pm (local time) the same day his body guard informed him that shooting had erupted at the Gaeda military barracks.

After hearing the news he immediately jumped in his car and drove to the house of James Hoth, the army’s current chief of general staff. However, after his friend assured him the situation was under control, he decided to return home again.

“I returned to the house and when I arrived home, Taban immediately called me and said the guards of Riek Machar are under pressure and Riek had given them [the] OK to take their guns. This is what happened. And as you can see, I did not initiate any communication as it is being alleged. I was only receiving calls,” he said.


As well as treason, Ajak and his co-accused – former secretary-general Pagan Amum Okiech, former deputy defence minister Majak D’ Agoot and and former diplomat Ezekiel Gatkuoth Lol – are facing charges of incitement of the masses, causing disaffection among police or defence forces, defaming the government and undermining the authority of the president.

Both Machar and Gai have also been charged in absentia.

The South Sudanese government has called on the court to impose maximum penalties against the four political detainees, despite mounting international pressure for their release.

Meanwhile, observers say the treason case highlights the challenges that exist between the three power centres: the executive branch of government, the fledgling judiciary and parliament and the army, widely viewed as fragmented and ethnically divided.

Thousands have been killed and more than one million displaced in the conflict, with a tenuous ceasefire agreement signed by warring parties in January failing to halt the violence on the ground.


Originally posted on Nyamilepedia:

By Nyanyuon Bany
Nuer-IDPs 2014-04-03 at 8.23.41 PM

Internally displaced persons living in flooded UNMISS camps after heavy rain in March 2014 (photo: submitted|Nyamilepedia)

April 03, 2014(Nyamilepedia) — It is assumed for the purpose of this reply that the topic confined to Naath in Juba is not an attempt to ignore the suffering of South Sudanese around the country. This include Dinkas under attack in rebel occupied places and other tribes which we sadly forget to respectfully mention in this Dinka/ Nuer narrative of the conflict.

It is also assumed that Tearz Ayuen is not living in the UNIMISS compound and therefor giving me the liberty, as a person outside of that compound to reply with the same distance and constraints.

I do not doubt and believe that Tearz Ayuen is a passionate and patriotic South Sudanese who care for all its people. But I disagree with him on many topics, including this. And thus…

View original 1,552 more words

Guilty of False Coup Allegation in Juba

Posted: April 3, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Commentary, Junub Sudan

By Manyok Mabiei, USA

From my field of Criminal Justice System, “a false allegation” is considered in which a person deliberately accuses another person of a crime that he did not commit and does so with full knowledge that the accused person is not guilty of that crime. It is some time as a form of revenge, an attempt to divert attention away from a guilty side, or as a way for the accuser or accusers to prevail in an ongoing dispute. The tactic for making falsely claims about a person’s behavior varies by jurisdiction in some places is treated as a crime in itself.

One of the difficulties in handling “a falsely allegation” is that there are some of the cases in which it is impossible to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that someone has committed a crime even if he or she is in true of guilty. I considered a “false allegation” as a dangerous crime tough to overweigh and approve beyond the facts of reasoning of mankind.

I was silenced from a word “coup” since the outbreak of violence in mid of December, 15TH, 2013. While, I was busy searching for the enough evidences if that was a coup on that day of December, which turns a young nation into massive conflicts. As according to my views and some sources of evidences, this is a bitter humiliation in South Sudan.

Before, I begin “a false allegation coup” in Juba. President Kiir Mayardit is a longest veteran of the Sudan People Liberation Movement and same time he is an elected President of South Sudan. There is nothing this leader was expected to learn from her nation and the whole world that he wasn’t learned from his long struggles in the bush.

However, a survivable of the Sudan People Liberation Army/Movement and President of South Sudan Mr. Kiir Mayardit is ruling a nation into dark style of jungle laws. The 1983 SPLA Manifesto has not been changed, even though the South Sudan got fully independent as a country. As according to my understanding in a current Constitutional of the South Sudan there is no “term limit” of the President, as a matter of fact cause violence in the nation. I read the current Constitutional and there is no “term limit” was mentioned on it.

A last year of July, a President Kiir Mayardit was reshuffling his cabinet, ministers, and his party members at same time. At this point, is not a first time he made a reshuffling of his cabinet and members of his party, since he was in the Office of President in 9years! He made a reshuffling several times, but not including his Vice-President and large number of his cabinet. That was a good move, but it is not common in the society of law and the world of democratic.
It’s can be happen from any democratic society to give president some powers to remove any of his or her in the cabinet, but not all of them at one. There are some positions president have limit of powers to remove some of the positions including – - Chief Justice and Vice-President in the country without approvable from Legislative Branch.

Well, Mr. President Kiir sacks an entire cabinet and fired all his ministers and deputy ministers, along with Vice-President Riek Machar Teny. No answer was provided for the entire cabinet reshuffle on July, 2013. A message was announced on Tuesday evening broadcast South Sudan television a “presidential decree” from Salva Kiir, saying he had dismissed all of his cabinet ministers, including his vice-president, and ordered an investigation into the secretary general of his ruling SPLM party Mr. Pagan Amum.

President Kiir was sacked all his cabinet and others without using a language of admiration to address public and former leaders. I heard his announcement, while I was in my village Dotwong, Bor along the Nile River on the radio. I told the people in my present that “South Sudan will be in red zone” and it came true after I left the country on November, 5, 2013.

“Why should there be instability in South Sudan? This is a Constitutional problem (Kiir) is the head of the government. The decree provided no reasons for the complete dismissal rather than use a “term limit” in every position in the government. A word “decree” was commonly used by President of South Sudan to avoid his own cabinet and legislative branch to deal with public affairs. A word is commonly used by President Kiir in the government, which can’t help.

From my own presumption a word “decree” use by President Kiir is an unlawful to help the country. In any society of law like United States of America, if president need any change, it can be approved by the Members of Congress and Senates. Then the request will work or it can die without return back to president. It seems to me, President Kiir is working alone avoiding his own cabinet and members of his party to share the public affairs. This seemed to me, as a lack of confident and mistruth of fear to people around him as a part of problem.

For example, President Kiir had suspended Pagan Amun, the secretary general of the SPLA/M party, and launched an investigation against him, without mentioning further details. Mr. Amun was known as South Sudanese top negotiator in peace and cooperation talks with the North Sudan.

Mr. Amun is a well-known as a long veteran of the SPLA, since the beginning of the Movement. Amun was removed from his position as a secretary of the party and other politicians without legislative branch notification or awareness. Amun was engaging calling his President 10-times to call a general meeting of the party, because the rules of party were expired and he was kicked out in the party.

And President Kiir Mayardit was not responded until mid of December, while everything was built up from his party during reshuffling of cabinet and members of party.

So, what was really happened to look at in July, 2013? Mr. President Kiir was sacked entire cabinet and fired all his ministers and deputy ministers, along with Vice-President Riek Machar Teny. He also fired his own secretary of the party Mr. Amun. No reason was issued for the complete cabinet reshuffles on July, 2013, until now.

Do any concerns citizen blindfolded on that day these politicians from top to bottom in the government were sacked and fired should go out and silence without saying anything? I can say a person who is not in our living world can’t believe from that reshuffling nothing could happen.

Being a leader and public figure like Former Vice-President Riek Machar and Pagan Amun who were serving the nation within and outside were built up huge allies in their long term leaderships. As well as we know that Dr. Riek Machar Teny marriage two women from powerful nations. Emma McCune Teny was a British native and Becky Teny from United States. These two women will give him an “upper hand” of supports from Western countries not to pay attention on South Sudan domestic violence.

And Mr. Amun was a well-known through negotiator with Khartoum Government and some other allies with South Sudan. These two leaders were built up strong network outside and within the country. I doubt these politicians and public figures can go out and sleep without saying anything against Kiir leadership. Besides, that in mid-December Mr. President Kiir was overwhelmingly with a lot of pressures within a party to a call general meeting. On Saturday, December, 14, 2013 was a beginning of the first meeting in Nyakuron Cultural Center in Juba – - And there was no serious threat at that day as well as everyone was waiting, how, President Kiir will address the nation and thankful to those who serve the country from jungle to free land.

On day two Sunday, December, 15, 2013 there was “red eyes and hate faces” within the building things were turning ugly as well. Mr. President Kiir was mentioned in the meeting that, “some people were defected away in 1991,” such kind of language scared some of the politicians at that day without returning to the last meeting.

On Monday, December, 16, 2013, an entirely cabinet those who were fired with some ministers and deputy ministers, along with Vice President Riek Machar Teny were not return to join the last meeting in Nyakuron Cultural Center. Some of them were accused by President Kiir said that, “some people here were defected away in 1991. Is that correct to President Kiir to mention those words in the conference? If the Government of South Sudan open up the old files, so President Kiir Mayardit file should be open too like those criminals. We can open his file the time he was almost defecting away in Rumbek, Lakes State. Kiir was accusing Dr. John Garang that, “he carrying the SPLA as a briefcase with him anywhere he go.” Mr. Kiir also sings a song with one of the lady who attends the meeting on that day.

I believe some of these ministries were attends meeting to hear what President Kiir will say, like thanks and honors for their long serves in the nation. But things turn out in the meeting as a political threat and no peaceful dialogue. I believe to myself that people like Dr. Majak Agoot and Honorable Deng Alor will not take the guns and point them to their own people. If that true, then Mr. Kiir can turn a gun to other Dinka too.

On Monday, December, 16, 2013, was an ugly day in the history of South Sudan. President Kiir was accused his Former Vice-President Riek Machar was a “coup” attempt, while Mr. Riek Machar was hiding in Juba from house to house to get the exit, when things were turn brutally.

Well, what could happen if these politicians attend the last meeting on December, 16, 2013? I presume that if the politicians were attending the meeting, there could be no violent because Kiir side was waiting the politicians’ side what is their intention, before they can take action.

The question remains from Kiir side on that day, why these politicians were not show up in the last meeting?

Here is a right place I came up with this Title “Guilty of False Allegation Coup in Juba,” because Kiir side were presuming these politicians are not showing up today, maybe, they have plan “B” like a coup to overtake the government through the military action. This is the time they lost a point of reasoning and rush to the Headquarter of Military and disarm a man with circle marks. I’m not taken any side but I’m vision it.

But in military rules to disarm someone there are a few chances for survival or not survive. At that moment the South Sudan was in high alert of conflict, and was not easy to give-up your tool to someone easily.

Therefore, the politician’s sides were blaming Kiir side of using a word of rebellion of 1991 in the meeting and that why they don’t show up in the last meeting on Monday. Another point of view, maybe, Dr. Riek Machar was having plan “B” while some other politicians were not aware about his journey.

Why? A man was hiding from house to house in Juba and until he left to Bor at night. He was in Juba on December, 14, 15, 16, 17 and until he left Juba on Wednesday, December 18 to Bortown at night through motor boat along the Nile River. I believe if Riek Machar was not left Juba at that day and stay in his house or run to UN Company. I think the country could not reach this brutally stage of suffering.

I believe a “coup” is power assume political to control of the country by decisive change of government illegally or by force. There are three types of coups that I believe. (1) To use the military action to overtake the government by force. (2) To assume control of government, while current leader take a leave of absent. (3) To use political tactic to control military and assassinate a current leader.

These three types of coups – - Is Riek Machar fit in to attempt a coups in South Sudan on that day?

If this was a planned “coup” by Former Vice-President and other politicians who were struggles to reform the systems of Juba. Why not these politicians were not found in one place during outbreak of violent in Juba, if this was a planned coup? As according to my understanding all these politicians were in Juba in their houses until the government orders a warrant arrest, while other three were escaped arrest including Riek Machar, Taban Deng, and Alfred Gore flew to Bortown at night.

If this was a planned “coup” maybe, Dr. Riek Machar was using plane “B” while the other politicians were not aware about his objective.
I still doubt to some of these political detainees to take the guns against their own people in term of leadership. When, I look at this case of these detainees who fought the war in their lifetime.

On the other hand, Dr. Riek Machar was a well-known in the history of Sudan as “a coup plotter and defector” from earlier 90s-2000s. As for example, in August, 21, 1991 Riek Machar Teny was defected away from the SPLA/M and formed his own party called Nasir-Faction including Dr. Lam Akol Ajawin, as a masterminded supporter.

Mr. Riek Machar was defected away in frontline near Juba; and went to his village to recruits his own tribal men and led them to Borland for attack.

At that time Dr. Riek Machar in 1991, was killed nearly 10,000 and unaccountable civilians in Borland were being abducted by their tribal men. Maybe, Dr. Riek Machar was a mindset to weaken the Movement behind by killing the civilians in Bor and some other communities; as well he did again in December, 2013.
While, Dr. John Garang de Mabior was wagering a secular and democratic of the whole Sudan in which the Southerners would have full representation in Khartoum regime; while Dr. Riek wanted a fully independent South Sudan right away from Khartoum regime. How come you seek for the separation, while you are not even recognize first by ruling government?

As well some of people saying that, “if you looking for peace stand for war and there will be a chance for peace.” “Right away from Riek Machar was dangerous miscalculation move.”

In August, 21, 1991, Riek Machar, Lam Akol and Gordon Kong announced that John Garang should be kick away from the SPLA and they can take power over the Liberation as their private agenda. This was a part of the Nasir-Faction. Dr. Riek Machar was involved in the Bor massacre, where 10,000 civilians were killed in Bor in 1991, while some were died in the years later from the resulting of famine and diseases.

After, that in 1997 Dr. Riek Machar was defected to Khartoum regime after he was defeated by the SPLA forces and he became head of the government-backed South Sudan Defense Force (SSDF).

In additionally, in 2000 he left the SSDF and formed a new militia, the Sudan People’s Defense Forces/Democratic Front (SPDF). After all, he recognized that the Southerners are almost getting full independent from Khartoum regime, and then he changed his signal and rejoined the SPLA/M, as a Senior Commander to support Dr. John Garang during the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2000.

Dr. John Garang was accepted Dr. Riek Machar back to the Movement in Nairobi, Kenya in 2000, so that they can defeat a common enemy.
All these conspiracies were made by Dr. Riek Machar was spreading all over in South Sudan, as the vast majorities can’t believe him. Even if he trying his best of political move to clean his image.

There are still pains and recalls in some people minds that parents were kills from his political crime.

What was really happened in Juba might be “a coup” in some people minds, but I still doubt, as to say, “A political ideology,” of threat to the environment.
I will believe and join the believers of word coup, if President Kiir Mayardit will not run in 2015. That the time I will agree as a “coup plotter” was designed by Riek Machar Teny with his allies in Juba. Now, I will call it “a tactical scare allegation” to some of political candidates in coming election.

More to the points, some sources were described that there was no “coup” in Juba; because all the politicians were supporters of the South Sudan during struggle and referendum and they can’t make a coup to their own nation. The United States and United Nation were pointed out that there was no “coup” the time they look at it. Ms. Susan Page is Ambassador to the Republic of South Sudan from United States and she was invited to Northwest University in Illinois. She describes much about the conflict in South Sudan.

Along the lines, it is difficult in my own view to make a “coup” to any leader came from Dinka side. It can happen, but it is dangerous to those who don’t think beyond the risk takes.

Similarly, Dr. Riek Machar was trying to overtake the liberation in 1991 against John Garang and he was failed to achieve power. To take power by force against Dinka man is a suicide in my own view.

It can be easy to make a coup some of the smaller communities in South Sudan, but it can be difficult to make a coup against a Dinka community leader through violent. This is bad to say, but it true from the nation I knows where every citizen considers himself or herself as a tribal man or woman rather than consider himself or herself as a nationalist. unaccountable underpays on his backyard. Well, these three women they don’t known themselves because they are from different countries around the world, as his first wife so-called Anelina Teny from Nuer in South Sudan, second wife from British so-called Emma Teny and lastly but not lastly Becky Teny from United States as native of Minnesota state.

If December, 16, 2013 was a coup attempt against President Kiir through military action by Dr. Riek Machar, it could be worse nightmare and call it a 24 hours President of South Sudan. I know Riek Machar was not over control of the military in South Sudan during an outbreak of violent.

This is a simple case there is no way the citizens should be fool by individual because of self-interest in leadership. Dinka and Nuer had same similarities of culture background, since they were cousins in the history of South Sudan. In term of braveness or aggressiveness no one can claim much better than other since in their competences in thousand years ago.

Dinka is a majority amongst 64 tribes, but does not mean that they can fight Nuer to an end in short period of time in South Sudan. That is a wrong assumption to do so; evenly Dinka is 3.8 million in South Sudan according a referendum records in 2010. And to make calculation 3.8 million to 1.6 million it turn out that two Dinka and extra were fights against one Nuer. This will not even solve the mass-conflict in South Sudan if people fight against one another.
This gives North Sudan a chance of happiness in the CPA agreements.

But there is no easy solution the way I see South Sudan heading to. I don’t favoring military solution should be answer, because there are a lot of consequences on it. It is not a problem to any side to use self-defend between the government and rebel side, but there should be plan “B” in all side.
It is not a bad idea to fight a long war with common enemy like before, but this war is a war of madness and greediness.

More to the points, there is no government will function peaceful if there is a conflict between the communities. When, I look at it, there is no easy solution, but there is an easy solution if government thinks wise enough to safe the nation. To avoid military solution will prevent a nation not to fall in long civil wars and sufferings.

If anyone in Kiir position what will you do to make peaceful dialogue? I think the best tool to defeat your friend. Just simple to thanks and give them credits of their serving their nation.

No reason was provided for the complete cabinet reshuffle on July, 2013.

I will not agree with those who believed that an outbreak of violence in Juba was a “coup” while I called a “political tactic to scare” toward politicians in coming election in 2015.

By Manyok Mabiei who is currently in Chicago, IL. He is concerns citizen in term of humanity and dependently thinker. He is a one of the SPLA-Chapter Founders in Chicagoland as a leader and Former Red-Army of South Sudan in 1987. He can be reach

What Is South Sudan Without International Community?

Posted: April 1, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

Originally posted on JUBA-EYEZ: My Country, My Life:

“Drowning man clutches at straw”. So cliché but saturated with meaning! South Sudan is harnessing all possibilities to survival, however, all the desperate attempts are rather obliterating. Here is how Juba kills herself when she thinks otherwise:

Intentionally biting hands that feed her…

So stupefied by the seemingly unending conflict, the government in Juba has resorted to what she does the best: The Blame Game. It is uncommon for the SPLM-led government to apply blames at any point in any crises, but extending it to United Nations and its affiliates is a mere shot at its own head.

Since the incidence in Bor—Minister for information and broadcasting corporation, Machael Makuei Lueth’s, refusal to enter United Nation Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) compound that house thousands of terrified internally displaced persons, mainly from Nuer ethnicity, the government of South Sudan has conceived an impression of UNMISS possibly backing the insurgents. Rationally…

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Dr. Bior Kwer Bior

Call it appeasement, call it a reward for bad behaviors, or call it any unpalatable name in the book, if you will, but the long awaited peace between the government of South Sudan and Yau Yau’s SSDF-cobra faction has been inked this past week. Last week, in one of my random political opinion notes, I said something that was frowned upon by many people. I said that Yau Yau might have stumbled upon a solution to the Jonglei State’s problem, which has been eluding our politicians.

This statement was in reference to Yau Yau’s multiple states solution to the chronic problem in Jonglei State, which our government has been unable to solve since it flared into a full blown civil ward. It got many people uneasy, and some really angry. Those who respect me enough approached me privately and nicely asked me to retract my statement, lest it would be used against me in the future. My ardent detractors went as far as calling me a hypocrite.

The latest are probably mad at me because I have been vocal on my vehement rejection of any peace with Riek Machar. To these people, my sudden turn around to welcome someone who might have probably pained me more than Riek Machar amounts to unacceptable dose of hypocrisy.

By these criticisms, I am unmoved. I have my reasons for not wavering, but before we delve into that, let’s soberly look at the terms of Yau Yau’s peace agreement, or appeasement agreement as the detractors of this novel development would like to call it. If we don’t like them, then we can go on our normal crazy-man’s spree, calling each other vicious and mean names.

1. In the Greater Pibor Area, an entity whose borders are yet to be legally demarcated, there will be established an area administration called the Greater Pibor Area Administration (GPAA).

2. This political entity will be governed by someone whose functions will be equivalent to those of a state governor.

3. The area will be divided into six counties, which are going to be administered by commissioners, whose powers will be equivalent to those of state counties commissioners.

4. The Presidency in the central government will establish a development fund for the Greater Pibor Area (GPA), and this fund will jointly be managed by someone to be appointed by the President of the republic of South Sudan.

5. The other provisions have something to do with how Yau Yau’s men will be appointed ministers in both the national and the state governments.

I think the last provision is where the appeasement part creeps in, but if calling them honorable will stop them from raiding children and wrestling cattle, then let it be. It is either that, or they will have Yau Yau’s head on a stick in Likuangule before he reaches Juba to receive his V8s, titles, shitload of money and concubines.

The provisions of this agreement obviously set up a pseudo-state within the state of Jonglei for Murle ethnic group. This has to be admitted from the get-go because it makes no logical sense to continue to pretend that something is not happening when it actually is happening.

I am not unmindful that this is South Sudan and anything bizarre can happen, but I am still struggling to understand how this area governor will take orders from someone sitting on the bank of the River Nile in Bor, someone whose powers are equivalent to his/her. I don’t think anybody thought about how redundant this is going to be, but again, we’re political mavericks here; we don’t have to adhere to the already established political operation mechanics. We like to devise our own.

In my previous piece, I rejected any attempt to establish a state in Pibor area solely for Murle people for the fear that others in Jonglei State may use the precedent to split the state into many warring tribal states. Jonglei state is already giddy with excitement, ready to blow itself asunder, and this agreement has just made it very easy for this eventually to be realized. It is now inevitable that this cumbersome state will finally be sliced into many manageable states that may be single-tribal or multi-tribal in nature.

However, the fear of this eventuality is probably unfounded. The state of Jonglei is unfathomably vast. It is cumbersomely huge, which makes it an administrative and a logistic nightmare. What is the point of having a state whose government has difficulty accessing the areas in which it writs run? In the eyes of our people in the far-plunge villages of Jie at the Ethiopian border, there always existed no government. Not only that, the influence of the government sitting feebly in Bor, precariously unaware of the things going on at the periphery, only stops at Pakwau area, leave alone those far-fetched villages, say in Anuak, Jie, Murle, and Akobo areas.

Therefore, this peace agreement could be read differently. It was probably signed after realizing the difficulties inherent in the management of Jonglei state, and that the state ought to be dismantled, dismembered and transformed into smaller administratively manageable states that are multi-tribal in nature. This agreement ought to be welcomed in that context and should be rapidly replicated for the other greater areas throughout the state of Jonglei. In this context, I propose the following scenarios:

1. The similar set-ups should be instituted for the Greater Bor area, which will be comprised of Bor County, Twi East County, and Duk County. This should be referred to the Greater Bor Area Authority (GBAA). The counties making up this area are large, and should be further divided into smaller counties. Bor County may give birth to three counties, Twi East to Two, and Duk County should probably remain the same.

2. Greater Fangak area should have similar administration; Greater Akobo area should be administered similarly.

These area administrations in conjunction with their counties commissioners will spearhead the development of their own areas. They should be given enough autonomy so that they don’t have to rely on the corrupt bureaucracy in the state government that is out of touch with the little guy at the periphery and the reality.

All these area administrations should have their funds established by the presidency, and the management of these funds should not be managed at the state level. After all, the state government in Jonglei is heading for extinction, thanks to this peace agreement.

These political arrangements will drastically weaken the central state government since they reduces the areas in which its unwelcomed writs run. This weak state government should now be relocated out of Bor Town to some place very insignificant where it will quietly await its slow painful demise. Eventually, the state of Jonglei will give rise to the following states:

1. Greater Bor State
2. Greater Pibor State
3. Greater Fangak State.
4. Greater Akobo State.

Or better yet, to avoid having states that are uni-tribal in nature, the greater areas of Akobo and Fangak may be lumped together to form one state north of Jonglei, while the greater areas of Pibor, and Bor may be pieced together to form another state south of Jonglei. These states will be small enough and manageable.

The resources from the central government will be equitably shared, compared to the present arrangement in which the meager resources coming from the central government are sponged up the gluttonous state government, which is feebly sitting at the River bank in Bor doing nothing really tangible for the citizens in the villages.

The citizens of the Southern Jonglei state may choose during a conference to either keep their state capital in Bor, or relocate it to another ideal place such as Boma. The citizens of the northern Jonglei will pick a place of their choosing for their capital. The citizens of the northern Jonglei (Akobo, and Fangak) should greet this proposal with eagerness since this will solve the recurrent problem of money/materials/food destined for their areas disappearing in Bor as they have always been made to believe. They can choose to airlift anything intended for their areas from Juba so that nothing of theirs should ever pass through Bor. These arrangements need to be speedily done to give Lt. Gen. Kong Nyuon enough time to put in place necessary arrangements geared at the efforts to relocate his capital either to Akobo or somewhere else before the rainy season commences.

As far as the names go, the inhabitants of these states may later choose different names as they deem fit instead of north or South Jonglei, but for the purpose of the present nomenclature, let them remain like that. As the citizens of Jonglei state, we ought to jump on this opportunity earnestly and push for these political dispensations.

These political arrangements will solve our chronic problems, which have been mistrust, resources scarcity, insecurity, lack of appreciable level of development, and unfathomable hatred of each. These vices have been crippling the development in our state. The solution has been sitting there, ready to be stumbled upon. Multiple states solution is what will deliver us from these chronic evils.

Dr. Bior Kwer Bior is a citizen of Jonglei state. He currently resides in Bor Town, Jonglei State, and works with the State government as the Medical Director of Bor State Hospital. He also teaches at Dr. John G. Memorial University of Science and Technology in the department of Life Sciences and Technology. Dr. Bior holds B.S., M.S., and PhD degrees from the University of Vermont, USA. He can be reached at:


Posted: March 31, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan


President Kiir’s Son Arrested for Drunkenness in Kenya

Posted: March 29, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

Assault lands drunk Kiir’s son in trouble

South Sudan President Salva Kiir’s son was arrested in Nairobi for assaulting a family member while drunk.

He was, however, released from custody by police on Friday without being charged.

Nairobi county police commander Benson Kibue said that the suspect  became violent prompting the family to inform the police.

His mother, South Sudan’s First Lady Mary Ayen Mayardit, reported to the police that her son Munuti Salva Kiir, 23, was drunk and had become uncontrollable.

He quarrelled and later assaulted his sister Winnie Salva Kiir injuring her. Officers led by Muthangari chief inspector Hannington Kirimi rushed to Ms Ayen’s residence on Manyani East Road, where they arrested and took him to custody.

Munuti was to be charged with assault and being drunk and disorderly but was on Friday released unconditionally. “We decided to release him after the family informed us that they had solved the matter amicably,” said the police boss.

When Saturday Nation visited the family’s residence, members of the family said they were not aware of the incident and added that Munuti left for Juba on Thursday.

A Wednesday record at the police station indicated that the President’s son was placed in custody while intoxicated.

Mr Kiir, 62, has been the president of South Sudan since its independence in 2011.

Meanwhile, South Sudan has written to Kenya to arrest a former senior government official who was sacked but refused to hand over.

The official is expected to surrender a firearm and diplomatic pass, among other things.