Archive for the ‘Junub Sudan’ Category

My People in Khartoum

Posted: September 2, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan


my people in Khartoum

By David Aoloch Bion

The war took my people to Khartuom
The war destroyed my people
The war destroyed their culture
The war destroyed their identity
The war lost their values and ethics

My people in Khartoum
They walk barefoot
They beg on the streets
They sleep on street
They sleep in open air
They sleep under unfinished skyscrapers
They’re chased anytime under skyscrapers
They sleep in tents of cardboards
They sleep in tents of sisal and nylon sacks
They eat leftovers from Northern dining tables
The children scavenged in dust pin

My tears drop, dropp ….dropp hundred
Times for their suffering
My mouth jeers, jeers ….jeers hundred
Times for their suffering
May my people sail on my tears home South
The war is over
Go home and build your beautiful grass houses
That don’t leak like cardboard and sack tents
Go and cultivate the land of your fathers
Leave Khartoum, leave Khartoum
Where there’re first, second and third classes
Of people

David Aoloch Bion : 
February  2011 Khartuom

SPLM Leaders Decry the IGAD-Proposed Interim Arrangement

Posted: September 2, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

Position of SPLM Leaders on IGAD protocol

South Sudan is Staring into the Abyss of Crippling Famine

Posted: September 2, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

It’s Famine Stupid.

By Wel Andrew Makuet, Australia

South Sudan is staring inthe face of a crippling famine. Policy makers in the government and ex-government officials have failed this nation. The economy is in the state of inertia with over reliance on oil exports and undiversified economy.

With lack of no long-term economic policy in place, it was bound to happen as mismanagement and internal political crisis led to shocks on the economy.

All economic indicators coming out of South Sudan are worst than what most believe. Gross Domestic Product has fallen to almost half of what it was since January 2012 from USD20.78Billions to USD13.8Billions. Sourced [Trading Economics].

With rising inflation and negative growth rates which are ingredients of an economic crisis. Thus South Sudan is effectively in a recession and will be for the unforeseeable future, not until government comes up with sound economic policy reforms that will address:

a) Less oil dependency
b) Opening mineral explorations
c) Vast agricultural potential and,
d) Establish a monetary authority to manage currency inflation.

According to the UN and other NGOs sources, it is estimated that 3-4 million people are at risk of dying of hunger. Not once have I heard of any contingency plan or strategy from the government in tackling this famine,despite all the evidence of greater looming disaster.

From your air-conditioned mansion like houses in Juba to five star hotels in Addis Ababa, no urgency whatsoever, nada. Does glossing over this issue make the problem go away? Not necessarily, but it might give Juba ruling elites some kind of business as usual.

You know those honorable so and so. Nothing is more important to these “well meaning ” elites then what positions they are entitled to, or titles they ought to be called.The opportunity cost of not addressing the impending famine will be grave. Juba, it is a matter of national security.

Who are you going to lead?If we let our people die of hunger.It’s really an embarrassment of highest order to let charity/aid organizations take the lead in sounding the alarm and taking action to reduce the severity of famine.

Once upon a time,South Sudan liberation struggle was fought on the backs of this venerable population. They were just peasant farmers, who use to give their little harvest to SPLA. Now they are nothing to SPLM/SPLA then a used toilet paper. It’s imperative upon the Juba regime to do the right thing.

Suspend fat salaries of all ministers and the president for a month or two and you;the government produces a plan on confronting this issue.

Remember these starving South Sudanese will be going to polls come next election and I hope they don’t forget what the government did/didn’t do in their time of dire needs.

Wel Andrew Makuet is a concerned South Sudanese in Melbourne, Australia. He can reach

Follow the links below for the latest available information and analysis from the Small Arms Survey on Dissident Militias in South Sudan.

Darfur Peace Process and Chronology – overview (2 September 2014)
Updates the status of the implementation of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, the positions and activities of the non-signatory opposition groups, and the security situation on the ground in Darfur–highlighting mounting inter-tribal violence and the increasing role of pro-government militias.

Darfur Peace Process Chronology – 2014 chronology
(2 September 2014)
A chronology of events on the ground in Darfur and new developments in the peace process in 2014 (through 30 June).   

For questions, comments on content, or feedback, contact:

Yodit Lemma
HSBA Project Coordinator
Small Arms Survey

Follow the HSBA on Twitter (@Sudan HSBA) and Facebook (Sudan HSBA – Small Arms Survey)

By Mamer D. Jur, Australia

I would like to inform my community that I am really worry about the future education of all our born South Sudanese – Australia; if we cannot do something about it, as parents and the community to help our children to takes advantage of the profound education in this country Australia. They need a courageous helps fromthe parents to support them in theirs studies. I know that many parents are not educated in English way. But traditionally they are intelligent; and they know the norms and the values of where they come from.

Such norms and values can be passing to the young children who have no idea about traditionally norms and values.Knowing your culture as a person, is more than anything in a human life. Cultures,norms and the values makes people who they are; yesterday and today in the diversify world. However, parents can still do their bit to encourage theirs children to study to be educated people; so that they could be better people in the future.

Telling those stories of struggling, suffering, hungry and thirsty, will makes them grow up knowing that, life is sometimes unfair to some humans’ beings in the universe; children needs to learn history of who they are from their parents. I am really appealing to many parents, especially parents who are graduates, and undergraduates to help their own children through into the journey of knowledge and education. As say goes ‘charity begins at home’.

I cannot really blame parents who has never walk to the classroom door.If theirs children are doing poorly in numerous schools in the States and the Territories. Because they do not know anything to add to their children learning, regarding school matters. Moreover, parents of know – how should do more to helps their own children.I think more could be done to solve this puzzle of poor performances of our children in schools.

Education is the only thing which will bail us out of many things which are facing us as refugees in21st century. And who will bail us out of these crises? Our born Australian citizens can change that pattern of poverty in us; laziness, talkativeness, and outside beauty and blank in the head. These young children are very intelligent; but we need to do more to help them to be even more intelligent.

These young children are in the competition with the other children of theirs ages for the future jobs prospect in this country Australia; ‘if some of us do not know that’. As a community at large, we need to be an organise community which has their own medical Doctors, Nurses, Midwifery, Lawyers, Engineers, Police Officers, Judges, and Parliamentarian and Business Personnel and other areas of profession of which are of the benefit to the community.

Why is it important to give extra hands to educate our/your children in their early childhood?

• Respect their parents, siblings and other people in the community.
• Know God as create of universe; living things and non – living things.
• Learn basic things at home. For example, cleaning, making their bed once they are awake, and all other hygiene duties. This how they learn to be responsible people.
• Knowing the differences between ‘wrong and right’ ‘good and bad’.
• Just and unjust. Fairness/unfairness.
• Equality
• So that they could grow up as better people in the future;
• Knowing why the humans are important above all the other creatures of universe.
• Be smart in their classrooms.

It is very important for the parents to educate their children at home once they have learnt how to walk and talk. And importantly when they have started attending kindergarten, parents should start teaching them how to:

• Scribble – that how they learns how to write.
• Read – do some readings for them if necessary.
• Take them to the library to read independently under the supervision of one of the parents ’or borrow

children books from the library especially when people are busy not to go the library, and of course people are very busy.

Such routines will helps them learn how to writes and read effectively. It will help them with theirs grammar, pronunciations, and analytical skills of solving problems. It is the parents’ duty to inspect their children exercise books in order to read comments from the teachers. And to make sure that they do their homework. To make sure that they do their prescribe readings from the school. It is also very important for the parents to know what their children are learning in the school.

With advance in technologies, parents need to be vigilant to discourage ‘too much Access’ of technologies by their children. Such technologies destroy children learning capacity in other areas of studying which requires other competence apart from the computer literacy. Parents should reserve adequate time for children to be allowed/ not allow using these technologies.

These tech devices which many children are addicted to them are:

• Video games.
• Facebook.
• Smart Phones.
• Mobile Phones.
• Tablets, iPad, and iPhone.
• Television.

What we needs as a community to avoid/prevent today and in the near future is that;

• To make sure our children/youth do not end up behind bars (prison). Currently numbers of our youth are serving their prison terms in juvenile centres and also in the adults’ prisons in all the States and the Territories. It seems that we South Sudanese have a higher rate of incarcerations compares to other refugees’ numbers.
• Encourage children to go to school in their early ages will helps them to understand the important of education and why it is very important to be an educated person.
• Encouraging young girls to think about school rather than thinking of getting marriage while they are not ready to confront the world.

For the last 10 years I had learnt that our children and teenagers were not; and are not doing very well in their studies whether in primary schools, secondary and the university. I did not really carryout any research to back up what I am trying to explain.

But I had been in this State of South Australia for nearly 13 years since my arrival from Africa in 2002. Many of our youth are really doing very well; they speak very good English somehow, some speaks slangs English because of the mixed culture and the influence of mother tongue.

And what I had notice was that, African – American slangs were dominate every time I speak with some of the youth. Many of them act as if they know English very well, when they are having a conversation with people; face to face chat. But I assume that they could not write clearly as they speak.

Certainly, I do believe that some of them could not even read or write properly, it is a nightmare and a shocking saga. But for the record, they are wasting their valuable time believing that they know the language.

Furthermore, I had also learnt that 8 in 10 of South Sudanese youth fail their final year, which is year 12. Then once they had failed year 12, they choose to do bridging course at the universities.This is a brilliant idea, to correct some stupid mistakes which have led them to fail.

But for some reasons many of them never finish such course. Many of them rock up at the university.To disturb the peace of well truly discipline students who has goals to achieve. Not a Facebook material and addict, and perhaps beauty thinking tank that has no future in this ever changing world.

Apparently, some of them are brave and chosen to undertake a TAFE course which is a good thing to do. They can do certificate IV or diploma for a period of 1 or 2 years and it will give them a credit to transfer to any University. Then they can do a bachelor degree at University of their choice in Australia.

But I do have sympathy for all South Sudanese youth who were born during the war and in the refugees’ camp. They had never had any convenient or quiet place to study normally, likechildren who were born in free war countries. In addition to that,their parents do not have a formal education to advise them about the important of education.

The fact is that, majority of South Sudanese youth were born oversea and they had been through many things which children of their ages should have not been through. And I could not blame their parents for their down falls; for poor performance in schools, disobeying of the laws, and disrespecting of law enforcing personnel.

Another fact is that, 98.5% of their parents are illiterate. They do not know how to write or read. So it is very difficult for these parents to help them do their homework, reading, and even computing skills.For that reasons, many youth became frustrated, stressed and depressed when things get tougher at school.

Then they chose indirectly to drop-out from the school; by walking with theirs friends who do not go to school because of the same conditions. Then they start drinking, taking drugs, smoking and stealing. And all these kind of behaviour are unlawfully under the law. So if they are caught stealing they are punishes as criminals and put away for sometimes – in prison.

In conclusion, I hope that all South Sudanese who holds certificates, diplomas, degree of sort, would not make a mistake to neglect to educate their children. I believe it will be horrific for someone who is working in the factory very hard to feed his/her family.

To let his/her child ended up in the factory like him/her. It will be a challenge for many people if this happens, because his/her child was born in this country Australia like any other child. So all the opportunities which were closed to him/her for some reasons will be available and open to his/her child to explore them.

NB: it is important if we can watch news and current affairs sometimes during weekdays and weekends. Rather than watching DVD videos all the times.

Declare state of emergency in Lakes State

Posted: August 27, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Mapuor Malual Manguen

South Sudan in chaos

Lakes State in chaos

On August 25, 2013, the National Legislative Assembly overwhelmingly passed a resolution requesting the President of South Sudan to remove Caretaker Governor of Lakes state, Maj. Gen. Matur Chut Dhuol.

This followed reports and recommendations of both Lakes state parliamentary caucus in the National Assembly and security Ministers who were summoned to Parliament to explain deteriorating security situation in Lakes state. All are said to have recommended removal of the Governor so that reconciliation processes are started under new leadership in the state.

The anarchy that has ruled Lakes state for over a decade has claimed thousands of lives as magnitude of conflicts has continuously kept worsening with new conflicts arising and old ones moving to more complex and complicated levels. This anarchy has been manifested in ruthless sectional vendetta killings, cattle rustlings, land disputes, robberies, and complete breakdown of law and order.

With all these crimes, the authorities whether state or national government has not tried most of these cases in courts of law nor did it make significant arrest of culprits (with a few arrested individuals detained without trial or escaped from detention centers).

Thus, the relatives of deceased would resort to taking law into their own hands by using channel of revenge killings. And anarchy and lawlessness began to reign in the state. The result of condition is that youth armed themselves to teeth to extent of overlooking and overwhelming state authorities.

The central government has tried to address this “cancer” as some people may call it, by changing state leadership intermittently. But this largely became a window dressing as new administrations failed to rein in killings and all sorts of crimes.

Since inception of the Government of Southern Sudan in 2005 through to independent South Sudan, Lakes state has been governed by six governors (two of whom were under caretaker base including incumbent one). The intervals to which these Governors were appointed or relieved are short and very close because each of them could not address the major task – the restoration of law and order – in the state.

So, will recommendations of Legislature and security Ministers not suffer the same setbacks? Will it not be another window dressing? Is change of governors an appropriate solution to cancer of Lakes state? Are/were Governor(s) or politicians part of Lakes state vendetta? Has the President of South Sudan been appointing incompetent Governors? Is it the system of governance (decentralized system) that failed Lakes state? Why can’t citizens of Lakes state able to cooperate with any single Governor including the one they democratically elected? And above, are people of Lakes state anarchic and ungovernable?

The Legislatures and Security Ministers should answer these questions under which they should make concrete recommendations to President on the way forward. Moreover, the President should this time review his sacking and appointing spree of Governors of Lakes state. He should no longer bow to demands of egotistic politicians of Lakes state who always want to feed on anarchy of our state. They have never been honest in addressing this cancer head on but rather use the situation as bait for political appointment.

For example, majority of Lakes state Politicians in Rumbek and Juba are united in their call to remove Maj. Gen. Matur Chut from helm of power but, divided on who shall replace him. This is because each group is fronting their own candidate on the pretext of going to arrest the situation. Unfortunately, they are the same politicians who made previous demand for removing former Governors. This is pure window dressing and can no longer solve this cancer but aggravate it.

Since several approaches have been exhausted – including sacking and appointing spree – there is no need to follow the same approach that failed before. Two issues must be option in my own view.
First, maintaining the current Caretaker Governor but under certain conditions. He should be armed with all necessary resources that will enable him handle that wild situation.

There should be more deployment of police and SPLA in the state to undertake comprehensive disarmament of all civilians and arrest all suspects currently at large. The central government must shift complete attention to arrest the situation by establishing special body to investigate all accumulated criminal cases and start legal procedures immediately.

Secondly, state of emergency must be an option should the President agree with recommendations of the National Legislative Assembly and Security Ministers. The Military should be sent to Lakes state and handle that situation until no single gun is in the hands of civilians.

The author is journalist, blogger, social and political commentator based in Juba. He can be reached at

It has come to the attention of the SPLM/SPLA that an UNMISS aircraft went down under mysterious circumstances near the Airport in Rubkona, Unity State. The SPLA Commanders in the field reported to the SPLM General Headquarters that troops heard a loud explosion, and upon investigation found that
an aircraft had crashed.
The propaganda machine of the Government of South Sudan has reported this unfortunate incident as
having been carried out by SPLM/SPLA troops under the total command of Gen. Peter Gadet. The
SPLM/SPLA would like to take this opportunity to refute these malicious allegations leveled by the
propaganda machine of the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS).
The area in which the plane was reportedly shot down is government held territory, if indeed the
aircraft was shot down. It is unfortunate that the GRSS propaganda machine is trying to capitalize on
this unfortunate event to score political points.The SPLM/SPLA empathizes with the families of those
that perished as a result of this unfortunate event.