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Dr John Garang’s PhD Dissertation: Identifying, selecting, and implementing rural development strategies for socio-economic development in the Jonglei Projects Area, Southern Region, Sudan

John Garang de Mabior, Iowa State University, 1981


Dr John Garang’s PhD Dissertation: Identifying, selecting, and implementing rural development strategies for socio-economic development in the Jonglei Projects Area, Southern Region, Sudan (PDF, 292 pages)


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By Luka Manyang Kuol, Nairobi, Kenya

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October 24, 2016 (SSB) — Lol Community in Kenya is one of the communities which were form during the presidential decree which turn 10 states to 28 States in the Republic of South Sudan. The community branched out from Aweil Community formerly known as Aweil Youth Association in Kenya ( AYA_K).

The formation started with interim leadership, constitutional committee which brought the drafting constitution later passed into law as agreed by majority and the electoral committee to conduct the election.

The Community elected, Lino Ngor Atuer, as the chairperson, Maper Jel Garang, the Secretary General, Aman Atak Deng, the Secretary for finance; all of them in Community leadership while in the other side of Lol Community Women Group in Kenya, the body under the leadership of community, Monica Abiar Ariath, was elect as the Chairlady of Lol Community Women Group.


Where there is no vision, the people perish: but he that keepeth the law, happy is he.  Proverbs (KJV)

By Thiik Mou Giir, Melbourne, Australia

October 24, 2016 (SSB) — There is a profound wisdom in this biblical verse.  Since the outbreak of violence until this day, people continue to die and suffer.  No one knows whether there will be accountability.  No one knows whether people who have caused this turmoil will be brought to court where justice (law) will be allowed to take its course.

It is important for people to ask questions because, as one philosophers said, “the unexamined live is not worth living”.  We must examine and learn from this oblique situation.  Perhaps the answer to the following questions may assist us to reach a more positive conclusion as to what has got us this low and how we can rise again.


Opening statement by US Ambassador to South Sudan, Amb. Molly McPhee, during the plenary meeting of the Joint Monitoring & Evaluation Commission, 19 October 2016, Juba, South Sudan


Molly McPhee, US Ambassador to South Sudan

October 23, 2016 (SSB) — The United States welcomes the convening of this plenary session, and endorses the Chairman’s balanced and constructive statement. The events of July, and the subsequent deterioration in the country triggered by the fighting, is deeply distressing to old friends of South Sudan like the United States.

I am not sure it is possible for me to fully express the profound disappointment and loss of confidence felt by the leaders and people of my country. Frustration with the poor decisions that culminated in the battles of July and despair at the appalling aftermath have deeply shaken our bilateral relationship.

We do not believe the violence that erupted last July was inevitable. The leaders of both the government and the armed opposition failed to seize the opportunity offered by the peace agreement to put down their weapons and resume the task of building this young country, a vital task that was first disrupted in 2013. Many of us in this room worked very hard to create the conditions for a second chance, for a new start. We now share in the disappointment felt by the people of South Sudan.


The 1995 SPLA Offensive on Kapoeta

Posted: October 23, 2016 by PaanLuel Wël in History, Junub Sudan, Videos

By Joe Mabor, Malaysia

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October 22, 2016 (SSB) — What attitude do you have towards reading? Do you want to be successful in university or life in general? Although a few people find pleasure in reading, many take it as a burden and never dare to read at their will. But do you know what reading can do for you? Though many of us know that reading can make one successful and wise, we tend to avoid it due to a bad impression towards reading that was developed at an early age.

Many of us hated reading in school probably because we had struggled to memorize what our teachers had given us in order to pass exams. The continued improvement in quality of life is done through learning.  Reading is learning. Without learning there is no progress in life. It is therefore important to understand the power of reading in our life process. Reading enhances our academic performance in school. Students who like to read usually perform much better than those who don’t.


Press statement from Yassir Arman

In Reaction to the Indicative Evidence on the Use of Chemical Weapons by the Sudan Government: The Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLM-N) Suspends All Political Engagement with the Sudan Government and Demands that the Humanitarian Crisis and Civilian Protection to be Addressed Separately.

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October 22, 2016 (SSB) —- The recent Amnesty International report offers strong indicative evidence of the use of chemical weapons by the government of Sudan in Darfur. It has uncovered the appalling horrors befalling innocent civilians caught in the grip of a genocidal war when the world is neither looking nor hearing anguished cries of the victims.

The report sets forth a qualitatively new dimension to the genocidal war in Sudan, and as such, the people of Sudan, the region and the International Community should take it seriously. The Sudan government has continuously undermined the international humanitarian law; therefore, this time, it should not be business as usual.

Dr. Tom Catena, the dedicated humanitarian personality and surgeon at the Mercy Hospital in the Nuba Mountains, had testified that he cared for victims who suffered paralysis, blurred vision, vomiting and some with diarrhoea. In his view, these are undeniable symptoms of exposure to organic phosphate or nerve gas. Moreover, Amnesty international report on the use of cluster bombs in the Two-Areas.


Dear Brother John Wuoi Athieu, R.I.P in Adelaide, the City of Churches

By Kur Wël Kur, Adelaide, Australia

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Dear John,

October 21, 2016 (SSB) — Today, I am writing this letter to your living soul to inform you of your resting place. John, you’ll rest in Adelaide, the City of Churches. A city where you became a father; a city where your lovely and precious four children were born; a city where you spent most of your time, loving life in Australia.

Remember, your children are here. Your best friend, Anyieth Mabiei Yuol is here. Adelaide Cobra, the Dinka wrestling team you co-founded is here. Adelaide was a big part of you more than any other city in Australia. John, it’s taking so long (3 weeks already, since you passed away.) to bury your body because we’re waiting for your loving mother. Hopefully, she arrives from South Sudan soon.

John to remind you of the cause of our death! On 27 September 2016, you landed in Darwin (Northern Territory) to look for work. And in that fatal night, the night of 1st October, you were in the same car with Anyuat Kur Deng and Aguto Majhok was driving the car. As the city (Darwin’s) news reported, the car you were traveling in collided with a road train (with three carriages) head-on, hitting the last carriage of the road-train.


By Dak Buoth, Nairobi, Kenya

Riek vs Taban

The battle over the SPLM-IO leadership

October 21, 2016 (SSB) — It is always said a king who betrays his comrades does not deserve to be crowned, Ever since the renewed conflict occurred at State house in Juba on 8th July 2016, there has been nonstop conversation between the fanatic followers of embattled SPLM-IO factions’ dubbed SPLM-IO Crown hotel and SPLM-IO in Bush. The latter is headed by Taban Deng (successor) and the former led by Riek Machar (Predecessor).

You would recall that Taban and Riek returned to Juba from wilderness on 21ST December 2015 and 26th April 2016 respectively. Before and after they jetted back to Juba on the aforementioned dates, the duo and their supporters were under one political camp, the mother SPLM-IO whose cardinal objectives include inter alia: to dethrone President Salva Kiir and uproot his tatter regime altogether either via military or political means available at their disposal.


Republic of South Sudan

Office of the President

Directorate of State House (J1-m4) Administration

Date 14/10 2016

Subject: Apology Letter

Dear Hon. Akot Abiem, Deputy Governor of Gogrial State.

October 21, 2016 (SSB) — In reference of your letter to the office of the minister in the office of the president dated Aug/26 2016 which you started out about my being defaming and insulting you that you were supporting Businessman Mr. Makiir Gai Thiep to held position of Aguok Community Leader as on other hand with Aken Mou.

On my behalf, I had no reason to comment on what believe to be your home Contentions between you and Aken Mou, your uncle son to be true and nothing was known between you and me to suggest that there might be truth in such Claims.



PRESS RELEASE: (For Immediate Publication)

21 October 2016, Juba, South Sudan


October 21, 2016 (SSB) — CTSAMM has convened and hosted a two day Civil Society consultation workshop to deepen grassroots engagement. Representatives from South Sudan’s vibrant civil society have gathered together to engage with CTSAMM, strengthen involvement and improve collaboration.


In his opening remarks, the Chairman of CTSAMM, Major General Molla Hailemariam, said, “Grass roots engagement is critical to the effective implementation of the Agreement.


By Mach Samuel Peter, Bor, Jonglei State

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October 20, 2016 (SSB) — The governor of Jonglei State H.E. Philip Aguer Panyang Jot has earnestly welcomes the division of new Jonglei state into Bor and Jonglei States. The governor reveals following the campaign for governorship of Bor state in Juba where the idea originated. The decree for the re-division of Jonglei state is expected before the end of this month.

In an exclusive interview with PaanLuel Wël website, Aguer said the map of South Sudan justifies the argument that Jonglei state is larger and populace enough to be divided into two states. The new Bor state will comprise of the 8 counties of former Bor County meanwhile Jonglei state will be a combination of 6 counties of former Duk and Twic East counties.

The Greater Bor community leadership in Juba, the members of parliament where the idea originated from adopted the idea and forwarded it to the president of the republic of South Sudan Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit. Jonglei State governor said if the national level and Greater Bor community in Juba finalize the division it must be welcome at all levels of Jonglei state government because planning and budgeting are as well done at national level.



October 20, 2016 (SSB) —- We the members of the greater Padang Jieng community in North America would like to take this opportunity to express our sincere gratitude for the leadership role you have played since 2005 to the present time. Mr. President, the members of the Padang Jieng Community in Diaspora and back at home in South Sudan, remain supportive of your work to bring peace to our country of the Republic of South Sudan through the right initiative which led to the lawfully creation of 28 States. You know very well Mr. President how the citizens of Padang Jieng have continued to stand firm behind the government of South Sudan with unwavering solidarity since the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in 2005. We continue to stand with your leadership to protect the constitution of our country from internal and external invaders. Subsequently, Padang Jieng everywhere felt overwhelming and relief from internal marginalization. When your leadership gave Padang their two states from 28 states, it was for the benefit of peace, stability and the security of the whole South Sudan. The creation of 28 safe many lives across South Sudan during the Juba coup attempt on July 8, 2016, at the J1 (presidential palace), by rebel leader Riek Machar, to subvert the government. Why should Taban Deng get permission to run the show of putting the people back to war?


By John Deng Ateny, Perth, Western Australia


Your need food, seriously?

October 20, 2016 (SSB) — South Sudan made headlines internationally for its independence and for its oil resources.  Many oil nations and their multinational corporations bid for South Sudanese Oil development. The interest in South Sudan oil is ongoing.

 The assessment of commercial viability and technical extraction of hydrocarbon deposit is very complex; it includes a number of significant variables, estimation of resources, reserves, proven reserve, probable reserve and possible Oil reserves.

Petroleum deposit form when sufficient hydrocarbon is concentrated at the earth crust. Petroleum resource deposit is defined as accumulation of oil and gas in the ground that may or may not be economically recovered. The portion of resource that is economically recoverable at a given time is referred to as petroleum reserve.


By Simon Deng Kuol, New York, USA

October 21, 2016 (SSB) — My Dear South Sudanese: with the greatest respect and honor to you, I hereby ask you to join me to manage a nonpartisan professional organization call “National Agency for Policy Alternative” (NAPA). National Agency for Policy Alternative is a policy agency that shall serve South Sudan’s public institutions and private sectors at all levels.

The idea of forming National Agency for Policy Alternative was decided on 11 July 2011 in Juba, South Sudan by me, but I was not had time during these past years. For that main reason, the positions of the board of directors’ chairperson, deputy chairperson, secretary, treasurer and other members of the board of directors remain open. Similarly, the positions of the executive office such as vice president, legal adviser, managing director, director for administration and finance, director for public sector policy, director for private sector policy, and many other directors’ positions remain vacancies.


By Mach Samuel Peter, Bor, Jonglei State

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October 20, 2016 (SSB) — The governor of Jonglei State H.E. Philip Aguer Panyang Jot has warned the teachers to re-open schools with immediate effect. The teachers of both primary and secondary schools in Jonglei state laid down their tools demanding the government to fulfill their long list of grievances last week.

In a teachers’ petition letter entitled “closure of schools” addressed to the governor of Jonglei state copied to Rt. Honorable speaker, ministers, directorate of secondary and primary education signed by 11 representative of the teachers, the staff are demanding that salary increment be effective in February 2016 salary and paid in arrears, permanent appointment, promotion of teachers who have been in one grade for 15 years and over, payment of phase two and phase three effective 25th July 2016 salaries and inclusion of both cost of living and computer allowances.


Brief History of South Sudan And Brief Profile of Salva Kiir Mayardit
By Comrade Larco Lomayat, Kampala, Uganda
October 19, 2016 (SSB) — South Sudan’s struggle for independence started way back in 1820, with many people going to the bush and leaving behind their wives, children and families. The fearless warriors staked their lives for the sake of liberating Southern Sudanese from the pangs of suppression and oppression. This led to the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement, also known as the Addis Ababa Accord in March 1972.
The agreement, signed by Sudanese president Jaafar Muhammad Numeiry and Joseph Lagu of the Anya Nya (a southern Sudanese rebellion movement), ended the First Sudanese Civil War. The agreement was a series of compromises aimed at appeasing the leaders of the insurgency in Southern Sudan, after the first Sudanese civil war proved costly to the government in the North. The agreement granted Southern Sudan autonomy, creating the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region.
However, Numeiry’s government in Khartoum dishonored all the peace agreements including the Addis Ababa Agreement, sparking the second Sudanese civil war.
This series of events is what eventually led to the formation of the SPLA/M in1983. The SPLM/A put up a spirited fight and refused to lay down their tools until the Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed, ending the war in January 2005. This also saw Dr. John Garang appointed First Vice-President of The Sudan and President of Southern Sudan in January 2005.
However, Dr. Garang died in a helicopter crash on July 30, 2005, and Cde. Salva Kiir Mayardit was chosen to succeed as First Vice- President of Sudan and President of Southern Sudan.
South Sudanese geared up for the forthcoming independence referendum where they had to make a choice between being “second class citizens in their own country” or “free people in their independent state”.
In April 2010, Kiir was re-elected with 93% of the vote, marking a major step in the process of secession. Following his re-election, Omar al-Bashir reappointed Kiir as the First Vice-President of Sudan in accordance with the interim constitution.
Then came D-day, January 9, 2011, when Southern Sudanese voted over 99% for freedom. This session is the reason South Sudanese celebrated Historic Independence on July 9. 2011; that was birth of 54th country in Africa and 193rd in the world.
On July 9, 2011, the world gathered in Juba to witness the birth of the newest nation in the world. More than 3,500 dignitaries from around the world and over one hundred thousand South Sudanese and friends of South Sudan from all over the world attended the celebrations as South Sudan officially got her Independence. On the same day, the UN formally recognized South Sudan. In his welcome speech, the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon, committed to support the new nation. He said: “Together we welcome the Republic of South Sudan to the community of nations. Together we affirm our commitment to helping it meet its many responsibilities as a nation.”
Subsequently, on July 14, the South Sudan flag was raised in New York and South Sudan was officially recognized the United Nations as the 193rd member state.
Following that, on September 23, 2011, the President of South Sudan, H.E Salva Kiir Mayardit, for the first time delivered the speech of the nation in United Nations General Assembly New York. He added his voice to what the many dignitaries had said and committed their support to South Sudan
and other nations. He remarked: “We remain strongly committed to maintaining peaceful and mutual beneficial relations with all states and particularly with our neighbors.”
It is on the same day, September 23, 2011, that President Salva Kiir, for the first time also met United States of America President Barrack Obama and the prime minister of Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu.
To conclude the grand event, South Sudan raised its flag in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and was officially welcomed to the African Union as the 54th nation. Long live South Sudan. Your sweat has finally paid off.
There is someone who was behind the freedom and the independence of South Sudan, that person tirelessly worked so hard to see his people free, he took his people and crossed the river to the Promised Land. That person is called Salva Kiir Mayardit who his brief profile is here below:
Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit
Current Position:
·       President of the Republic of South Sudan
·       Commander in-Chief of the Sudan people’s Liberation Army (SPLA)
·       Chairman of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM)
Personal Details:
·       Born in 1952 in Akon, Gogrial County, Warrap State, South Sudan
·       Married with eight children
·       Christian (Catholic)
Qualification and Experience:
·       Attended Akon Primary School.
·       Attended Secondary School in Kuajok in Gogrial County.
·       Attended Sudan Military College in infantry training and graduated as Second Lt in Sudan Armed Forces as an outstanding and leading graduate in military and academic performance.
·       Attended Sudan Military College in Military Intelligence training
·       Ascended to the Rank of Captain in Sudan Military Intelligence
·       Served in various military garrisons in North and Southern Sudan
As Member of the First Rebellion In Southern Sudan:
·       Joined the first Southern Sudan Rebellion Army (Anya-nya) in 1960 at age of 17 years old.
·       Attend first guerrilla warfare training in the early 1960s
·       Participated in various guerrilla warfare in Southern Sudan till the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement in 1972.
As A Founding Member of the SPLM/SPLA:
·       Participated in the early formation of the SPLM/A with his comrades Col. Dr. John Garang, Lt Col. Karbino Kuonyin Bol, Lt Col. William Nyuon Bany in the Sudan Armed Forces in the early 1980s.
·       Participated in the rebellion in 1983 under the leadership of the late Dr. John Garang, followed by Kerbino Kuonyin, William Nyuon, Salva Kiir and Arok Thon Arok.
·       Member of the First SPLM/A Military-Political High Command Council in 1983 and that included Col. Dr. John Garang, Lt Col. Karbino Kuonyin Bol, Lt Col. William Nyuon Bany, Hon. Joseph Oduho, Justice Majier Gai, Major, Salva Kiir, and Major Arok Thon Arok.
·       He was a commander of the first SPLA Battalion (Tiger) and commanded various SPLA forces that captured many towns in different parts of New Sudan, particularly in Blue Nile, Upper Nile, Equatoria and Bahr el Ghazal regions.
·       Commanded the SPLA training during the liberation struggle and assumed many key and strategic positions during the liberation struggle including command of SPLA, military intelligence and administrative supervision of some regions of New Sudan.
·       After the split of the SPLM in 1991, Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit remained with Dr. John Garang as Second in command of the SPLM/A to Late Dr. John Garang.
·       He was elected unanimously by the SPLM First National Convention in 1994 as the Deputy Chairman of the SPLM.
As Peace Maker:
·       He led the SPLM Delegation to the Sudan Peace Talks in Abuja, Nigeria in 1993.
·       He led the SPLM first delegation to the Sudan Peace Talks in Kenya in 2002 and that resulted in the signing of Machakos Protocol on July 20, 2002 and which granted the people of Southern Sudan the right of self-determination by 2011.
·       Supervision of Darfur Peace Talks in Abuja, Nigeria.
·       Supervision of Eastern Sudan Peace Talks in Asmara, Eritrea.
·       Initiated the unification of Darfur movements for the peace talks.
·       Initiated peace talks between Ugandan Government and Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA).
·       Concluded Juba Declaration between SPLM and other Southern armed groups to be incorporated in the Sudan People’s Liberation Army.
As Chairman of the SPLM:
·       After the death of the Late Dr. John Garang in 2005, he was unanimously elected by the SPLM Leadership as the new Chairman of the SPLM.
·       He was unanimously elected by the SPLM Second National Convention as the Chairman of the SPLM in 2008.
·       He is the Chairman of the SPLM National Liberation Council.
President Salva Kiir’s House In Luri
Dear all,
Greetings from Kampala, Uganda
Recently, the so called Sentry has collected false information from the Internet and other social media and issued a report falsely accusing and claiming among others that President Salva Kiir Mayardit has built a Big or Huge House (Mansion) in Lurit, an area situated few kilometers South of Juba.
On September 19, 2016; Two Great Longtime American Friends Namely Mrs. Deborah Martin and Mrs. Faith McDonnell and I (Larco Lomayat) met with President Salva Kiir for three hours in his office at J1 in Juba. The meeting was fruitful whereby many issued were discussed including the claimed house in Lurit.
During the three hours meeting, I asked permission from the President if we could go and see the claimed mansion, without hesitation; President Salva Kiir granted us permission to go and have a look at the house.
On September 22, 2016; Lt. Gen. Marial Chinuong, Commander of South Sudanese government’s Presidential Guards organized few soldiers to escort us to the visit the site.  Mrs. Faith McDonnell and I went to Lurit and found out that what was reported by Sentry was 100% BIG LIE (FALSE CLAIM), the truth of the matter is, Salva Kiir does not own a house in Lurit, that house is a Government Presidential House; still under construction with Local Materials made right from site in Lurit.
Again, it is not a mansion as was falsely claimed by Sentry Report. Take a look for yourself pictures of the house which were taken on September 22, 2016. Up to now the house is still under construction.

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Retraction of my article, “Is Madam Nyandeng the Mother of the Nation, If yes Then how?”

Press statement from Ateny Wek Ateny, Juba, South Sudan

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October 19, 2016 (SSB) — I am writing to retract my article entitled as above because I have taken heed to the advices from my good friends across the world asking me to retract the item and chorus from South Sudanese Australians responding to those who are insulting me.

Some of my good friends are in Bor Community to whom I value their friendship the most. And choosing to defend my views HAS given me sleepless nights. For those who know me well, I do not give up easily on any matter I take to champion.


My compliment to Ateny Wek Ateny for retracting his controversial article challenging Dr. John Garang and wife as not true father and mother of the Republic of South Sudan

By Peter Kuot, Juba, South Sudan

kiir and garang

Commander John Garang and Commander Salva Kiir in Rumbek, during the war of liberation struggle

October 19, 2016 (SSB) — Last week I saw Ateny Wek Ateny the Presidential Spokesman post a very controversial article on his Facebook page which was also published on the Dawn Newspaper in which he appeared to dispute the public faith in Dr. John Garang de Mabior and wife Rebecca Nyandeng as the father and mother of the Nation. His article which I think he only composed and published it to just serve a polemic purpose instead puts forward claims and justifications for President Salva Kiir and wife Mama Ayen Mayardit as the true father and mother of the nation respectively. I never jumped into the debate though I got a strong feeling to encounter this elusive article, a feeling that I managed to fight off because at the state of affairs of our country now, this is not what we have to debate.

I have read so many emotional and arrogant comments online in response to this article and how brother Ateny Wek Ateny tried all his best to respond to the comments. This article came in at a time when innocent civilians were killed on Yei-Juba road, Juba-Kajo-keji road, others on Juba-Nimule road and the killings continues, others we hear in the media while other go completely unreported. This is a trying time which we need to put our efforts and spirits together to find solutions to such desperate situation in the country.


By David Matiop Gai, Juba, South Sudan

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October 19, 2016 (SSB) — Our big family is at all cost in dividend. Why can’t we look after it for now? Probably failure comes by wrong dreams as six leaders think at once to be leaders for one post at the same time caused divisions, and opinions distinct in directions; maybe eventually lack of nationalism approved by proudness of south Sudanese leaders against their own people by valued chair most important than civil populations .

I don’t mean division of states or people, I mean divisions from hearts, desires, self-ambitions, opinions, concepts, ideologies, believes, selfishness, greediness, political thoughts and those political high figures that contributed to physical fighting in South Sudan and thoughts of nation destruction, loose of lives, loose properties, and all sources of crimes committed in the war, but still I have a dream for a peaceful South Sudan because the state of wars and destructions don’t lived forever. There after come a peaceful South Sudan.