Author Archive

Can South Sudan find a new day?

Posted: May 23, 2017 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Deng Mayik Atem, Arizona, USA

Cholera in Ayod

Deadly Cholera Outbreak in Jiech and Mogok Payams of Ayod County

Dr. John Garang de Mabior stood in the middle of the soccer field at Pinyudo. Dressed in military fatigues and spoke carefully in Dinka and paused for the translators to repeat his words in Nuer and Arabic. “I give you the pen in the right hand and a gun in the left hand. You are the future. You are the seed for the new Sudan.”

We students were ready for the military training. Led by Kiir Chol, we sang our readiness.

Our Commander-in-Chief said, “You, Red Army, when you are going to do this training together, but for now you need to study for your education. Your war will be a war of tomorrow, a war of development.” During my years in Pinyudo I took both sides of John Garang’s message seriously. I worked hard at my military training and I worked just as hard to master my books. I tried to harden my body to be ready for battle while I tried to develop my mind to be ready for the challenges of the future.

It was a long struggle to win the war; and in the end, we didn’t win a new life for all Sudanese but the right for South Sudan to its own existence. At least, the Comprehensive Peace Agreement gave us an opportunity to set down our guns and take up those pens. South Sudanese independence has been won, it was time for our country’s leaders to make use of those who have been educated in the arts of peace so that we could win a new battle, the one against poverty and disorganization.

Have we succeeded in making that transition from war to peace, from military training to education? Sadly, the answer is no. Instead of drilling wells, building schools, constructing road, our nation is buying weapons. Tribe fights tribe. Community battles community.

What has gone wrong? First, the SPLM has never reinvented itself. When the movement began, its goal was to revitalize an existing system, the nation of Sudan. As that goal gave way to the creation of a new state, the SPLM failed to explore what that new situation would mean. Specifically, the SPLM failed to design a government that would provide central authority and respect tribal differences. More particularly, the tribes and communities that were in alliance with the government in Khartoum during the war still view the SPLM as a Dinka movement. The SPLM has failed to persuade and educate those areas leaving our country with unhealed sores, sores that produce anger and rebellion.

We need a national convention with the goal of nation building not just the continuation of the SPLM.

In order to have a successful national convention it will be necessary to include those who have an education and who can articulate new goals and methods. The people who have served our country with gun in hand have to recognize that there are others who have followed the example of John Garang and many other SPLM leaders and sought an education in addition to military


And, while the SPLM continues to be the central inspirational source for our country’s future, we have to recognize the goal of including all our citizens as we move ahead.

Moving ahead is necessary. Ours country is rich in resources and possibilities. Sadly, it is also filled with pessimism and a sense of hopelessness. Those with no opportunities and education have little choice but to march around with weapons. That is what is happening today in South Sudan. It is not what we want or need for our future.

That is why any national conference must include participation by and consideration of the young. Offering our youth, the opportunities of the modern world will be a big step in stopping the internal strife and turning South Sudan to a nation of peace and prosperity.

The author, Deng Mayik Atem, one of the “Lost Boys of Sudan,” is currently Secretary General of the South Sudanese Community Association in Arizona. A graduate of Arizona State University, Mr. Atem has dual citizenship in the US and South Sudan, and recently visited the country of his birth to see family he has not seen for over thirty years. He is currently writing a memoir, “A Journey Across World.” You can reach him via his email:>

It is time for President Salva Kiir to Give up Power

Posted: May 23, 2017 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Denggak Kur Denggak


As far as how the future of South Sudan looks, there are few things to keep in mind among many South Sudanese —it is definitely looking dull, unpredictable. To many, life is worthless, and it is quite worrisome to many of us who love this country dearly. One thing is clear, which you deserve to know is that, President Kiir will never reconcile the people of South Sudan. Deal with that fact by reflecting on what has been going on for years now. There isn’t much in the way of options left as the people of South Sudan have tried and initiated peace, but kept going back to war, tried collaboration after collaboration, and peace after peace with various groups, and nothing seems to come out of that.

Weak peace treaties were negotiated—some of which were finally and loosely signed. I had felt at some point that this peace was going to work, but it didn’t. Imagine, since the war started, many human rights watch dogs have estimated over 50,000 South Sudanese people have perished and it is continuing to add up as war continue to engulf many areas in the country. And for what? I wouldn’t say the president is impervious to all those who have died and those who are suffering as the consequences of on going war because the president took arms to save lives of the people of South Sudan; but I have personally realized that the job is too heavy and people are too traumatized and have run out of trust to listen to the president; therefore, change is the one option left and it is unavoidable.

Many feel indifference to the suffering of soldiers and average citizens alike. This whole idea that soldiers are “trained to die” is not exactly what you think its. These many men dying are not made out of plastic but human flesh like everyone else. A soldier is a family member of someone else, so these many soldiers who are dying are not just soldiers but family members of our society. In fact, those who have died and continue to fight the war since 2013 are generally and predominantly from Aweil area and in other areas within Bhar Ghazel and you know this. You wonder why are we fighting? Now, I am a supporter of General Salva Kiir Mayardit’s government and in fact I am an assigned ambassador of South Sudan doing what a proud citizen can do. However, I am personally sympathizing with families who are suffering and dying on a daily basis.

Think about this, the SPLA/IO and the government peace is now holding on barely to nothing compared to all things attempted. It is more difficult because these wars are now businesses of elites to get rich at the expense of the most vulnerable population. Tribes are rebelling against the government at a higher rate more than before. What is happening to us, seriously? It is obvious and quite convincing that the president has lost a grasp of things in the country whether militarily, economically, and socially as it has been indicated by hundreds of people that are dying every month. Don’t get me wrong, the army is very strong, but that is not enough to say they have things under control. The problems of South Sudan have increased because there is no trust left as a notable threat is the circle who took advantage of the results of civil war, which is made up of those who were not part of the civil war and know nothing about life in the bush, so death after death, rebellion after rebellion and suffering after suffering become the results. This is not normal and the country can’t and will not progress in the middle of all this continuous chaos created by a few.

Now, given my position, I wouldn’t want to be mistaken for rebelling against the government or demonizing leaders, but just that I’m stating the facts. You can do your best by assigning me to what you feel fit—wait to denounce my words. You have every right to be resentful because you are entitled to it, but know that I am equally embittered too by what has affected us all and will continue beyond these very words. Allow me to stand and voice what I truly believe should happen to you and to your families. However, you are bound to find out that those who have clearly failed the country are the reasons why the exiting of a president is a solution to our problems. The South Sudanese shouldn’t worry of who is getting the position of president, with that, I can honestly say, if the president decided to hand over power to someone within Bhar Ghazel, that it may create doubts in the country, but some of us who need a break from war, death, suffering, economic crisis, and famine need peace, revitalization of economy, and stability in the country don’t care about the region where the president comes from.

The people need a fresh start regardless of where the president is coming from or let me put it blatantly, hand over the leadership to a person of your choice whether in Bhar Ghazel. However, if the president is serious about the country and lasting peace, he should at least give a chance to Dr. Majak Agoot until 2018, the only person with plans, who is qualified, and suitable for the job. People are dying, the leadership doesn’t seem to be sympathetically moved by the array of problems facing us in the country such as death, famine, economic crisis, wars on various fronts, and many more. Resignation of president is sincere way to look and reflect on things in the country. Let us be honest, the president can hold on to power as much as he wants, but he must also know that nothing will come out of his persistency besides more sorrow as we have witnessed in our families. This is a simple fact. You don’t hold on to power for the sake of being called president but you do so when people are happy. People are not happy.

For instance, a paper came out recently stating that everything is upset in South Sudan, even babies who are easily excitable by anything are not happy. Truth be told, babies are not eating anything and the environment they are exposed to is so violent, so how could anyone be happy in such an environment. Having a deep-seated perception of deception that people are happy and willing to live through unending excruciating pain is based on pretentious factors. Think about this for a minute, promises exhausted by the SPLM/A have been officially reneged and this hurt more than anything to those who have invested so much in the fight. What is the way forward honestly in South Sudan? Many South Sudanese have wondered and asked question after question about the end of our problems. Those of us who have pledged loyalty to the leadership of the president are finding it incredibly excruciating to continue to support the him when he is not supporting the will of the people of South Sudan—to live peacefully. It is the just cause to accept the obligations of the people.

Events forthcoming could be exceedingly overwhelming given that many tribes are mobilizing to continue to wage a losing war. More often than not, death has become our culture as conscience has been long overshadowed. As we speak, the country is near collapse and the decision is in the hand of the president with many politicians in his administration. Time seems to be working against the will of the people; therefore, people’s trust is drastically disappearing, so it is our responsibility to remind General Salva Kiir, the man who fought in both wars is to restore human dignity in South Sudan by purely giving up power. Now, we have our country, but we are doing more damage to ourselves beyond what the enemy did to us. As of right now, the current war is not relevant and many of the sound minded South Sudanese have denounced the war time and time again, but the war continues to drag on. Lives of many South Sudanese have no value and as such, human dignity deserves to be restored in the country.

One step toward stabilizing the country is with president to choose between himself and the people. It is with certainty and urgency which have the courage to ask President of South Sudan general Salva Kiir Mayardit to make a life time decision—a decision to faithfully transfer power to members of the SPLM. Comparatively speaking, I and many South Sudanese feel exhausted and drained mentally and emotionally by the direction of the country; therefore, the time is now for the president to ceremonially transfer position of presidency to the people or hand it to someone else. Right now in the country, people speak of torque, which is a force needed for rotation and this whole recycling of individuals isn’t helping us shift gears. You have noticed that reshuffling after reshuffling, and minister after minister and and in the end, no progress in the country. People under the president are the supreme cause of our problems and the president should now invest in his honest replacement, this will serve him a legacy. As many have noticed, President Kiir’s presidency is stained with blood through decisions made by individuals he placed trust in. The country run by those who are interested in running the country using substructures that only allow them to do more damage, especially in tribal elements. The time is now. Kiir Mayardit must exit the presidency.

This article was written by Denggak Kur Denggak aka Raanmangar. You can reach him at

Why Firing Gen.Paul Malong is a Common Disaster!

Posted: May 18, 2017 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Kuach Loch Garang, Calgary,Canada

May 9, 2017 Marks the new beginning in South Sudan political development the day the President of the Republic of South  Sudan 1st Let.Gen.Salva Kiir Mayardit issued a decree to fire Gen.Paul Malong Awan who was then the Chief of General Staff of the SPLA Army. Replacing Him with Gen.James Ajongo Mawut of the  bravest and  the toughest Generals in the history of South Sudan struggle.Gen.Ajongo was one of loyalists and patriot generals who stood in face many challenges since the civil war  broke out in 2013.Therefore, no doubt about is commitment and competitiveness to handle his new assignment. However, Change of General Malong had caused havoc because of some controversial administration conflict it’s associated with.

This change was expected by the members of  general public but the way it happened caught many South Sudanese people with great surprise.In fact, it should have not surprise anybody because South Sudan has been ruled by gossip and there is no classified information from top to bottom.The way the President handle was misguided.

In fact, there have been so many rumours in the last two to three months that Gen.Paul Malong who was the Chief of Staff  and Gen.Akol Koor managing Director of National Security Apparatus were not in good working relations. Since I do not know what brought them head to head, I do not and will not delve deep in that affairs but will focus on this evening of decree and impact it does and what may happen God forbid in South Sudan political dynamic.

Many theories indicate that nations failure or success rest on their government institutions effectiveness and efficiency .Therefore, South Sudan might have a problem because its institutions are not working efficiently for the benefit of the nation.If not, Gen.Akol Koor as a director of South Sudan National Security has a very important role to play in national security and public safety.Gen.Paul Malong as the Chief of Staff has a great responsibility of  national defense and national border territory from foreign aggression and enternal security  especially when the country is  in war with itself. Minister of Defense and Minister Security in office of the President plus president himself make a great team  which of people of South Sudan rely on them for safety daily.

Unfortunately, if these institutions and the leaders who oversee them have no good working relationships , it’s show the national security and security of the general public could be compromised for the lack of cooperation. As a result, the president should devoted a lot of time and resources to solve the conflict between these generals feud! Unfortunately,the president  took a short cut and decided to fire Gen.Paul Malong instead of getting rid to both of them to show the fairness at least or find another amicable solution.

Again,It’s a responsibility of the president to do what he sees fit but he must consider the consequences his action may cuase before he makes it! Remember, all human according to the Holy Bible are all children of God created in his own image but sometimes God favour others as he called Israelite as chosen people.Most importantly, God proclaimed that Jesus is the only Son he loves the most without giving the reason why when we are all his children. Similarly, President Kiir as a father of the nation, he has the right to keep and fire as he wants but he needs to consider time factor.

Why Salva Kiir sacked or fired Malong Awan now?

President Salva Kiir needs to be reminded of four very important events in which Gen.Paul Malong helped him direct or indirect to became to where he is today. In 2004 Standoff conflict between Dr.John Garang Mabior C in C of the SPLA Army who was  in New Site then and himself Gen. Salva Kiir vice president then in Yei

That conflict of 2004 started when Dr. John had differences with Salva Kiir and wanted to get rid of him.As time almost an Harvest where people South Sudan we’re wait to sign CPA in few months to come, generals generals from great region of  Bhar El Ghazel viewed that as an opportunity Dr.John Garang could eliminate Gen.Kiir and deny them fruits of their hard labor in struggle. Therefore, Bhar El Ghazel Gen.Paul Malong teamed up and joined hands together to challenge Dr.John Garang.In that struggle, comes slogan United we stand and divided we fall.

Because Dr.John Garang was nationalist and patriot South Sudanese,he prioritize South Sudan hopeful of peace and so he accepted peaceful dialogue which was convened in Rumbek,Lake State .In the conference,people of South Sudan resolved the conflict between  two brothers and heroes Dr.Garang and Gen.Salva Kiir Mayardit. They also moved on to put their house in order to head to anticipated CPA pact.

Gen.Salva Kiir Mayardit kept his position of the  vice President of SPLM while Dr.John Garang continue as the chairman and C In C. In July 2005 when the unfortunately helicopter crashed  took the life the hero Dr.John Garang, Gen.Kiir was selected by his comrades and becomes the President of South Sudan in secession of South Sudan from Sudan in 2011.As a result, Gen.Malong should at earn a credit from you from!

April 2010 Elections

Another equally important event was April  2010 elections. During this election, many candidates decided to run as independent because the process candidate selection was unfair according to their claims. NBG state was one the states dominated by independent candidates.However, Gen.Paul Malong did what he could to win  the elections on the SPLM tickets in your support .As a result of that  election of 2010, great number of Aweil  citizens hated Gen. Malong because of his relationship with you.Yet, When frauded and defeated members of independent  candidates wanted to complaint, Aweil Citizens were able to convince them to give up their rights for the South Sudan to have awaited referendum as united South Sudanese. Gen.Malong even though he was hated because you , he had never shy away  from supporting you. In fact,he was quoted as he called you his best friend as he claim that nothing would separate no matter what. Even though you wanted Gen.Malong and Gen.Dau to fight and destroy Aweil community peaceful state, they were able to find amicable way of resolving their political differences. Unfortunately, you took all these good deeds of Gen.Paul Malong for granted fired in humiliation way..

2013 Civil War

When the Liberation council Convention turned into chaos in Dec. 2013,you declared it as coup d’etat. When the hell get loose and the conflict broke out into nasty war, you went to the hiding but Gen. Malong took a tough decision to  leave his state position of Governor then and joined active cambate to fight against your political rival  Dr. Riak to Machar.Gen. Malong was a volunteer to fight off rebels from  sabotaging the country and protect national constitution.Gen.Malong continue to fight on voluntary basis while he was overseeing his job as a governor and was defending your leadership.As the war get tougher and difficult, many political leaders and generals in the army saw Gen.Malong as the best replacement to then Chief of Staff Gen.James Hoth Mai.

Gen.Malong was tough and committed to his new job and so he gained a lot loyals among the high ranking generals, politics is and the general public.As a result, SPLA was able to achieve a lot of victories and they denied Riek Machar from gaining a lot territories and was almost about to totally defeat rebels.As a result, Gen.Malong was not a jobless to praise you for appointing him as Chief of Staff but he was a governor of the one of  greatest states in Bahr El Ghazel.Without Gen.Malong and his army well trained youthful army the “Mathiang Anyors, 2013 civil  war could have  been different .

July or J1 deadly war

Finally in July 2016,one of the very deadly war broke out in Presidential Palace aka  J1 and that  was a very dangerous lethal war  if Gen. Malong and his army were not brave enough to confront IO fighters, things could have more uglier than it was. Gen.Malong was able to defeat aggressive IO fighters and chased Riek Machar for 40 days until DRC.

In Fact, the above mentioned events shows that Gen. Paul Malong has contributed a lot in liberation of this country and  in helping you to become the president, in addition, he played extra effort to keep you in power has the president.Most importantly, Gen.Malong should be thanked and credited for saving your life from the rebel leader Riek Machar both in December 2013 and July 2016

As a result,  firing  him or sacking him at this time,shows that there is no appreciation  to what he has done to you as the  president and as his personal friend as he called you.

Last and but not the least, Gen.Paul Malong’s patriotism is acknowledged by many South Sudanese for leaving his job as a  governor in order to save the nation from imminent rebellion. On May 9, 2017,Gen.Paul Malong was right to leave Juba on same day of  his firing because the situation was very volatile  and that could have resulted in unpredictable catastrophic event.

Remember it was announced on Monday before the news of his sacking that there was protest and many were arrested .National Security was busy haunting down some people wanted in participating in peaceful demonstration.

Many eyes witnesses saw Juba streets fully deployed by heavy army.This deployment was not done by General Malong and that alone indicate there a dirty conspiracy against he decided to avoid anticipated clashes in very populated city Juba.There was a  fear that Gen. Malong could be provoked by Akol Koor and would stand by bullied and thing could turn uglier. As a peace loving citizen,  Gen.general.Malong decided to leave -Juba to avoid a deadly conflict within and among civilian population.Therefore,  it is someone who does not care about the safety of civilians population who blame Gen.Malong for leaving Juba. Otherwise, Juba could have  turned to battlefield given the fear was horizon, hungry populations,and unhappy citizens who facing economic hardship.

Finally, President Salva Kiir , needs to know that firing or sacking Gen.Malong from position of Chief of Staff is his constitutional right including retiring him from active military duty if he thinks he is fitter than him.However, Humiliating and blackmailing him afterward  is not will not be entertained by  majority of Aweil people if not the whole South Sudan.Gen.Paul Malong regardless of human errors, he has a noble place in history of South Sudan.

Kuach Loch Garang Deng is a concern South Sudanese Canadian residing in Calgary,Canada. He can be reached at


Open letter to the President, Republic of South Sudan!

Posted: May 18, 2017 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Sunday de John
New Delhi, India
Dear President, Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit,
Affable greetings to you and blessings,
It has been long since the team and I met you personally in Nairobi on your way back from United States of America. The meeting that we had with you was on developmental pilars. As a group we didn’t meet you so as to solicit for any material gains. Our thirteen point document was meant for the good of South Sudan. It was not based on any culpable conspiracies.
We gave you our multi-million dollar points on the national agenda for free. Categorically, we stressed for the need to harness our oneness as South Sudanese, the need for static security, the need for reforms, the need for lasting peace, the need for development and particularly on the serviceability of roads network, electricity and water.
We too stressed on the need for a grand goal of quality health care and quality education. Each of the big desired goals was hinted on well. With you we felt at home, you had not shown any supercilious character. For your information, you are a cordial president.
You calmly responded to us and on many counts affirmatively. Your answers were brilliant and you manifested the highest level of shrewdness and finally we gave you  a useful book, in case you had time to go through it.
You promised that you would work together with your team to achieve some of our useful proposals for the good of our country and you as well espoused the need for some points to be charted as long term goals. Later, and that was, within a period of one month, you started gracefully with launching of roads construction but that faltered just within a week. We were first elated and the  elation regressed as if it was struck by killjoys, almost immediately.
However, this letter isn’t meant to hold you accountable for the minutes of the previous meeting. In other words, I am not invoking any antecedent matter. As a concern member of the public, I am expressing my points as an act of benevolence to my top leader.
Dear Sir, it is true that our country is now at the peak of serious frazzle. Almost every nut and bolt have loosen. Your leadership is at a crossroads. Things are not in your favour. Your loyalists are being tempted by the state of the affairs and some are in the state of despair. Others have picked a quarrel with you even without a genuine trigger. This is a point in time when your last best ability must be applied.
Rebellions have eaten away the greatest portion of what we call a nation. The downturn of economy has birthed serious drawbacks. Cracks are visible; I am telling you in good faith. It seems, your friends are too abandoning you or rather, they seem to be shouldering their own crosses. Rebellions are increasing, economics has faltered, few are calling for your exit and famine is deeping its fangs for a lethal bite, are you in peace with all these? Caution!
Dear Sir, as reported by Reuters, all the rebels and some members of G10 have unified their rank and file for a robust force to oust you. A document addressed to the Secretary, United States, Treasury department, signed by nine American Congressmen and Congresswomen is in circulation detailing all the strategies in place to throttle your regime.
Likely, you are making more enemies by instituting reshuffles of derisory value. I trust, these are in your disposal. You ignore them and then engross your thoughts in settling cases of disgruntled individuals within your cabinet. Wasting your potential time responding to Facebookers yet vital matters that need attention are unattended to.
Sir, how do you revive your dead foreign policy? How to you at least attenuate or at most abate rebellions? How do you resuscitate the economy in coma? How do you enfeeble the the strong famine? Forget about the development, and tell us, how do you detonate the time bomb regime change plan by the America and her allies? How do you revive people’s confidence in your leadership? All these questions beg serious answers and they are the nuisance, worse than Facebookers. Do you have answers to them?
If members of G10 are scattered worldwide, doing their own businesses, for example, Kosti Manibe, Oyai Deng Ajak are on course working closely with Dr. Riek Machar Teny or his remnants to form robust force against your regime, Gier Chuang maintaining silence in his new abode at the neighborhood, Pagan Amum Okiech busily sueing a female Facebook ranter in US, shamefully requiring a translator, and Dr. Majak Agot Atem in his comfort zone fighting you intellectually with his tweeter handle, and Cerino Hiteng trading accusations on peace agreement violation here and there, knowing that all have a common denominator, to depose you of power, what do you think is wise in Deng Alor’s and John Luk Jook’s occupancy of the seats in the government? Do you think they will cease weakening your foreign policy? You need a Foreign policy of high competency.
Dear Sir, since when did Gen. Paul Malong Awan become your enemy? A man on the wishlist of sanctions’ enforces sent to the streets of South Sudan would become angry even if he were to be the coolest man on earth. Again, with Gen. Paul Malong in the cold, do you think the already sanctioned Generals, namely Marial Chanuong Yol, Santino Deng Wol and Jok Riak would psychologically augur well with the act having witnessed you giving a cold shoulder to their Ex- Chief? Think about that.
Dear Sir, appeasement that you had and have been rendering to any heterodox is one of the tools being used not by anybody else but yourself to enhance the levers of your downfall. In another comportment, disappointing those who selflessly sacrificed in serving your interest is another reason why you are in trouble. Dancing to the tune of noise makers is apathy in itself.
Dear Sir, sit down and think towards solutions. Your supporters need stable country. If they continuously go to beds hungry, they will be angry. They will stop calling your name on good note. They may cry foul or cry over spilled milk and I think all these do not serve their earlier good purpose of voting you into the office for their service euphorically.
This piece is meant to communicate the grievances at hand. Basic needs are no longer obtainable. Wake up and try hard to piece some shreds. Wake your comrades up from their deep slumber and at least salvage your faces by doing something very little.
I don’t have time to talk about how the systems are rotting because of corruption. Truly it is a public knowledge that nobody has been arrested,  tried and sentenced to a certain serving for corruption sake. It is also a public knowledge that prisons are full with people jailed arbitrarily that they have quarrelled with your top Generals or Ministers, have written articles on bad governance or have refused to steal. Others have been murdered in cold blood for such non-criminal purported offenses and the corrupt are enjoying pudding in the expense of the poor.
Sir, I am a loyal citizen, I have no alternative nationality or alternative government until next elections. I don’t want you out, instead I want you to serve me per our contract terms. I hope this finds you in good health. Accept my belated revolutionary wishes for this May 16. Till then.

Deng Akech Deng

Gogrial State communal conflict has reached its climax and if not addressed urgently, it may cause unrepairable damages. Gogrial is one of the states embroiled in a communal conflict since 2004 but as of recent, the conflict has taken an ugly turn.

As you may be aware, there has been a dispute between Aguok and Apuk communities of Gogrial which can be traced back to 2004 when Gogrial County split into two Counties namely Gogrial East and Gogrial West Counties. The administration of Gogrial County and the processes leading to the division of Gogrial County into two counties are sometimes believed to be the causes of this conflict. Differences began to develop between sons of Aguok and Apuk in Gogrial County Administration before the split in 2004. The grudges started as some people were complaining and accusing one another of less representation in the County as a result of ill intention of one community to marginalize the other. This disagreement between intellectuals or rather politicians widen when the county split. Being misled by the differences, the cattle keepers recklessly entered the political arena causing the conflict between Aguok and Apuk. The fighting has been on and off probably depending on the government of the day in the State starting with the then Warrap State. The conflict is a communal in nature but in reality, it is a political fight between politicians from Aguok and Apuk over political posts in Juba and Kuajok State Capital.

Hence, its resolution depends on and requires a Governor who exhibits neutrality, integrity, justice and political maturity and commitment. This way, the individual with known competences as outlined above will be able to utilize these attributes to influence, unite and focus the masses in the state on mutual understanding and co-operation thereby achieving unity among the people and subsequently control the state, leaving no room for sloppy politicians to infest and demonize civil population.

I know that this conflict is an embarrassment for each and every one of us from Gogrial State. That is why I endeavored to add my voice to those voices calling for immediate end to this embarrassment. Therefore, I urge whoever is concerned to unite and join efforts to finding amicable solution to end this this nightmare once and for all. I particularly appeal to our President H.E. General Salva Kiir Mayardit, the President of the Republic of South Sudan to consider the pleas of the people of Gogrial State especially ordinary people’s views regarding the resolution of the Conflict.

The views of the common men and women, and the majority of youths and intellectuals are that, bring in a new Governor; enthusiastic and charisma one, capable of influencing people through political will and commitment to co-operate and work with people alike without segregation or discrimination. A just and integrity individual who will use the rule of law to maintain law and order, use political will and commitment to unite people.

Who has a political will and commitment to end the conflict between Aguok and Apuk communities in term of leading the state? This is a question which frequently get asked whenever Aguok and Apuk feud is being discussed. In the last two weeks, the question would generate a list of names for recommendation for Governorship but now the answer revolves around a recommendation for two prominent individuals. Among the famous and desired candidates are Gen. Acuil Tito Madut, first Commissioner of Gogrial County during the SPLA era (1990s) former IGP, and former Minister of Local Government and Law Enforcement Agencies Warrap State, and former Deputy Minister of Interior, the Republic of South Sudan and Hon. Victor Atem Atem, former Commissioner of Gogrial East County and former Minister of Education, in the then Warrap State and Gogrial State. These gentlemen exhibit qualities and competencies and command lots of respect from the population of Gogrial State given their diverse experiences. Some of the people suggested previously are engaged at national level. Therefore, the choice for the next Governor of Gogrial State favoured and zeroed on the two cited individuals according to the wishes of the people of Gogrial State especially the youths and the grassroots communities.

In conclusion, the conflict in Gogrial State between Aguok and Apuk Communities is out of control of the state government as it has been stated times again and again by state authorities themselves including the Governor and MPs. It has gone beyond the extent it has ever reached and if not urgent measures are put in place, it is likely to deteriorate further and may even draw in neutral neighbouring communities. This undesirable conflict is both embarrassing and damaging to the whole of South Sudan as the state should have been exemplar to rest of the states. As this conflict is being fought by communities for and on behalf of politicians, its resolution requires the attention of our President. The people of Gogrial State are calling for installation of a new Governor, the one that can turn things around, maneuver and unite politicians, traditional leaders, women and youths to work together for tranquility to prevail in Gogrial State

The Author is a concerned citizen and can be reached at:

The 34rd anniversary of May 16th

Posted: May 16, 2017 by PaanLuel Wël in History, Junub Sudan

Peace and reconciliation in South Sudan is the only rewards we can offer to our martyrs who sacrificed everything for our freedom and liberty

May 16th anniversary

Readings for the 34th anniversary of May 16th:

  1. Dr. John Garang and the May 16th Bor Uprising, by PaanLuel Wel
  2. Glimpse of History: Maker Jool Deng was not the only Martyr of May 16th Bor Uprising, By David Aoloch Bion

  3. Dr. John Garang’s Last Speech Marking the 22nd Anniversary of May 16th, 2005, By Dr. John Garang

Garang and Kiir

Garang and Kiir, with Aguer Manyok Aguer Deng (young man)

Kiir and Garang, liberation day

Dr. John Garang and Commander Salva Kiir Mayaardit, during the liberation era


kiir and garang

Commander John Garang and Commander Salva Kiir in Rumbek, during the war of liberation struggle

in the company of Dr. John Garang: once upon a time, we were united.

Garang, Kiir, Riek and Wani

John Garang, Salva Kiir, Riek Machar and James Wani Igga

pagan and john garang

Commander Pagan Amum Okiech, with Chairman Dr. John Garang and Commander Yasir Said Arman, Rumbek Senior, 2003


By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

Hagana Festival

Hagana Festival

May 15, 2017 (SSB) — It has been a while since I thought about this topic concerning the role of money in crisis of South Sudan. When Comprehensive Peace Agreement (the CPA) between the Sudanese People Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) and National Islamic Front (NIF) regime, Southern Sudan was created, which was administered as an autonomous region from Northern Sudan.

The autonomy of Southern Sudan was to last for six years (2005-2011), which should be followed by referendum, in which all South Sudanese or sixty four tribes currently in South Sudan have to decide whether to become independent nation called South Sudan or continue to be part of larger Sudan.

Indeed, after six years South Sudanese decided to vote for separation. Consequently, they voted for independent South Sudan and in July 2011 the current Official Flag of South Sudan was raised and the Flag of Sudan that many of us associated with all predicaments that were facing South Sudanese under Khartoum was lowered. As the Official Flag was being raised, the crowd was wild with joy while braving simmering sun of Juba.


We’re currently running a campaign for South Sudanese Australians to encourage them to get tested for hepatitis B. To give some background, our campaign features Doctor Garang Dut, who was born in South Sudan and is now a doctor in Australia. Dr Dut is encouraging everyone from the South Sudanese community to talk to their doctor and get tested for hepatitis B

Get tested, hepatitis B can be treated if it_s found early (PDF)

As many as one in 18 South Sudanese Australians have hepatitis B. If left untreated, one in four of these people will develop liver cancer. The good news is that hepatitis B can be treated if it’s found early.

For more information about the campaign please refer to:


Gok State governor

Gok State Governor relieves and appoints new state government officials

May 15, 2017 (SSB) — Gok state Governor, Madhang Majok Meen, on Saturday this week end has issued an order, relieving state Minister for Agriculture and Forestry, Hon. William Manyuon Wantok and Marial Nyuar Meen from the commissionership of the newly created Anyar Nguan County.

Governor also issued another Order, Appointing William Manyon Wantok as the Commissioner of Anyar Nguan County, Gabriel Akot Chirong as political Advisor, Daniel Awet Majuec as Education Minister replacing John Marik Makur, who had resigned earlier January, 2017 due to lack of accountability and Mismanagement of state resources including road renovation by the state Governor, Joseph Maker Mathiang, a former political Advisor and now appointed as Technical Advisor for Economic, Mario Dongrin Bol, Technical Advisor for Health and Apollo Madok Chol, Technical Advisor for  Education and Angelo Mabor named as Director General for the Ministry of Agriculture .

The positions of Ministry for Agriculture and Security Advisory remain vacant and the reason for changes was not cited in the order. The order comes into effect from 13th May, 2017.

The new changes have been received with mixed reactions, some people said that, the governor has undermined power balance, while others are saying that, some are not the technocrats but accommodated for the sake of self-services delivery.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

Becky: The Missing Key

Posted: May 15, 2017 by PaanLuel Wël in Awuol Gabriel Arok, Poems.

By Awuol Gabriel Arok, Juba, South Sudan

John Garang wih the family of Jambo

John Garang wih the family of Jambo

My living ghost; tell the world my distress,

I am alone in the desert, among deadly scorpions,

Their tails like summer’s barks,

My bag is locked; and I have no key to open it;

Yes, Becky; the missing key.


Communique from Taban-led committee to Jonglei

Communique from Taban-led team to resolve the Dinka-Murle conflict

By Yom Mayen Awan, Bor, South Sudan


Yom Mayen Awan, Bor, South Sudan


May 14, 2017  (SSB) — South Sudan is a country handicapped by the competing interests, a country where truth are hard to be told, a country where political issues are taken as ethnic issues and at the same time where thousands of people died every year.

Currently, there is a question of why we are fighting. It is a bit hard to understand what it is that is behind all these extraordinary death. We should all know that the root cause of these dreadful violent is simple: Political influence.

Political influence has been the greatest hazard to the death of our innocent citizens in the sense that some politicians are taking advantage of these innocent citizens for their own benefits. Listening to our politicians in the name of leaders, their followers and sycophants, you get very worried.


The End of Bullying, Harassment and Humiliation: The Sacking of Gen. Paul Malong Awan has changed the meaning of Mutiny and Rebellion in South Sudan

By Mayak Deng Aruei, California, USA

Generals Pieng Deng Majok, Paul Malong Awan and Malual Ayom Dor at the Bor Airport during the second liberation of Bor, 2014

Generals Pieng Deng Majok, Paul Malong Awan and Malual Ayom Dor at the Bor Airport during the second liberation of Bor, 2014

May 14, 2017 (SSB) — At a very young age, children are told to remember the Golden Rule: “Treat others how you want to be treated.” The headlines for the news outlets in South Sudan, and in the Region of East Africa was about the sacking of the SPLA (South Sudan) Army Chief of the General Staff. For a country that celebrates nothing other than big names, the firing of General Paul Malong Awan caught millions South Sudanese by surprise.

The actual facts as to what transpired on May 9, 2017 can be traced to fundamental of security in the country. Adding to the fading trust among the high-ranking members of the SPLM & the SPLA, the 32 federal states are proving something else. It was a rumor until General Paul Malong Awan was relieved, his well guarded place couldn’t be infiltrated, all attempts thwarted and “he ran away to Yirol before handing over the office to the incoming Chief of the General Staff” according to the President.


CMD Rapid Response to Cholera Outbreak in Cattle Camps and around Jiech and Mogok Payams, Ayod County

By CMD Team, Ayod, South Sudan

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

May 14, 2017 (SSB) —- A CMD Rapid Response Team was deployed fast in Ayod County- Jonglei State to respond to cholera outbreak around the cholera camps in Jiech and Mogok Payams. 45 deaths had been reported, 40% of those being children and youth before this swift intervention.

The CMD team is supporting the County Health Department that had been overwhelmed by the number of cases; coupled by lack of supplies and capacity to contain the spread of cholera in the location. The situation is worsened by accessibility challenges as these are hard to reach and often-insecure areas.

A team from CMD responded fast with limited resources, and with the support of the health cluster embarked on collecting samples from suspected patients that were brought to Juba for laboratory tests and examination.


By Wol Deng Atak, Nairobi, Kenya

Kiir, Ajongo, Kuol, Wani, Awet, Malual Ayom

Kiir, Ajongo, Kuol, Wani, Awet, Malual Ayom

May 13, 2017 (SSB) — I expected National address from President Salva Kiir Mayardit, but instead I heard hate speech against media and the former Chief of Staff. In short the president’s speech was punctuated by numbers of hate remarks and complains rather than directives to the nation.

Kiir’s speech today confirmed that national security in Juba has been acting on his orders to crack down on the media. This is made clear in his reference to media as the causes of violent in South Sudan. Is it, sir?

Perhaps this claim is not true. Surely when President Kiir disagreed and exchanged bitter words with his colleagues at SPLM leading to a bitter fight with his arch rival, Dr. Riek Machar in 2013, did the media give them the choice of words that led to violent confrontations?


By Sunday de John, New Delhi, India

Generals Pieng Deng Majok, Paul Malong Awan and Malual Ayom Dor at the Bor Airport during the second liberation of Bor, 2014

Generals Pieng Deng Majok, Paul Malong Awan and Malual Ayom Dor at the Bor Airport during the second liberation of Bor, 2014

May 13, 2017 (SSB) — The Republic of South Sudan first. Anything else later. That is what one can say at least to soothe himself especially when a danger is looming. In the recent wake, a lot has been happening. Of all that had happened nothing has shaken my country the much it was and is being shook by the departure of Gen. Paul Malong Awan Anei aka King Paul from Juba via Terekeka on counts of travelling to his cradle land of Aweil.

This happened immediately after he was relieved by the President of the Republic of South Sudan. According to reliable sources, Gen. Paul Malong Awan had a desire to travel to his backyard and do his personal businesses like most South Sudanese are doing especially in this rainy season when cultivation is of paramount importance to agro-pastoralists like Gen. Paul Malong.


By Kur Wël Kur, Adelaide, Australia

Kiir, Ajongo, Kuol, Wani, Awet

May 13, 2017 (SSB) — Is South Sudan dictatorial or democratic? I can’t help asking myself this question. It’s a question I know the answer to. And the answer is a big-bellied fat no. But before I gauge our beloved country in any of these systems of governance, I will have to make an impression that even the governance in the state of nature is much better than the type of governance in our beloved country.

Because in nature, all the hierarchical animals observe some rules in their societies. For example, threats to power (dominance) and territory are viewed differently.  Among the hierarchical animals, power is individualistic but territory is communal. Any male/ female,  which aspire for the dominant female’s/male’s position, must prepare for an individualistic challenge (war). The rest of the members would either spectate, or go about their businesses when the challenger and the dominant female or male are viciously attacking each other.


By John Achiek De’Mabior, Bor, South Sudan

Civil society organizations in Bor

The street protests is being spearheaded three civil society organizations in Bor: the Jonglei Institute for Peace, democracy and Development (JIPDD), the Kreative Nile Family (KNF) Drama group and the Jonglei Civil Society Network (JCSN)

May 13, 2017 (SSB) — Jonglei State authorities have order crackdown and summary arrest of the Civil Society Activists in Jonglei State capital _ Bor. This comes after a couple of peaceful demonstrations organized by the group of civil society activists on the street of Bor on Tuesday and Wednesday of this week.

The street protests is being spearheaded three civil society organizations in Bor: the Jonglei Institute for Peace, democracy and Development (JIPDD), the Kreative Nile Family (KNF) Drama group and the Jonglei Civil Society Network (JCSN).

Among those detained are four member of JIPDD: Daniel Deng Anyang, Yom Mary Buol, John Achiek De’Mabior, Jongkuch Jo Jongkuch; Geu Philip Akau of KNF, while Dau Junior of KNF; Juuk Othana Mading of JIPDD and Wenne Madyt Deng of Jonglei Civil Society Network are on the run. Some of them have reportedly gone to the villages to evade arrest, while others are hiding in Bortown with relatives.


The Politics of Post-Garang SPLM/SPLA Government

By Deng Diar Diing, Mombasa, Kenya

May 16th anniversary

May 12, 2017 (SSB) — If I were within the close circle of comrade Salva, I would be worried, very worried. To those of us who studied science, experiments are carried out to develop empirical formulas and those formulas are iteratively applied while continuously incorporating constants and previously insignificant variables until you arrive at a stable scientific formula that’s applicable invariably.

Now, with the way the audience of war and targets have been shifting unpredictably, I would be worried if I were within the circle. Stability and predictability are important in any operations and discourse for that matter.

Remembering 2012, the whole war started as a contest of egos between Riek and Cde Salva not to mention the Garang-boys coup d’etat folklore that got sung since Garang died and eventually got beaten down by more significant events.


“When a dictator takes over a country by illegal force, the rules of global trade, as determined by the rich world, automatically hand to that dictator legal property over the country resources” said Thomas Pogge, a political theorist.

By Wenne Madyt Dengs, Juba, South Sudan

Kiir, Ajongo, Kuol, Wani, Awet, Malual Ayom

May 12, 2017 (SSB) — I wonder how South Sudan got by a beautiful shoe-spring, taking as little as two years and finally went ugly. Everything modern was chopped up by President Kiir’s tyrannical knife. Tribal-politics, greed and immorality are mixed-up in the youngest country’s capital city, Juba. You would get security stooges moving in every corner of the city direly looking for innocent lives to kill, and all becomes dictatorial…..this is not the South Sudan Koryom, Muor Muor, Jamus, Tiger, Katiba benat, Engas and all gallant battalions of Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) fought for.

The transition, however, seems like to resist all of us due to persisting incitement; which opens up tribalism as we bear it on our foreheads equally, it has been always embraced by our current corrupt regime. We, as the citizens of this great nation have unknowingly sold our great prestige to President Kiir and few top leaders from our respective tribes who joined up in making South Sudan a hopeless nation.  We must be ashamed of ourselves as far as I am certain that we’re responsible for this veracity.