Author Archive

The Intractable Challenge to Modernizing the Republic of South Sudan vs. Building Ramciel City

By David Mayen Ayarbior, Juba, South Sudan


David Mayen Ayarbior, a Lawyer, Political Economist, and International Security specialist, is the author of House of War: Civil War and State Failure in Africa

February 12, 2017 (SSB) — A couple of weeks ago our country (Juba City) was ornamented by a visit from His Majesty King Mohammed VI of Morocco which lasted for about twenty-four hours (or two days).  During the visit, South Sudan and Morocco signed MOUs and Cooperation Agreements in many areas, including mining, agriculture and more important: construction of a whole new capital city in Ramciel.

Being one of the richest businessmen in Africa, the Moroccan King’s first visit to a sub-Saharan African country would not have been possible if he wasn’t convinced that it made good business sense. Nonetheless, it remains a very good gesture from the King to look for business in our country. Like a few other sub-Saharan countries, the potential opportunities for huge business profit in ours are immense.

The visit has been discussed by South Sudanese everywhere. For those in government it wouldn’t have happened at a more opportune juncture as this one, where only condemnations are flying all over the place. Not only has the government been chastised by the international community and accused of all kinds of human rights violations, its very legitimacy is being challenged by potent rebellions at home. It is also struggling with “managing” the economy.


By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

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February 12, 2017 (SSB) —- In most of the African countries that have been at war for a very long time peace remained elusive. This is because peace and development have proved far more difficult and complex to achieve than the Afro-optimists envisaged in the immediate post-independence period, owing to a range of domestic and external factors (see; Peace & Conflict in Africa edited by David J. Francis).

Externally, Africa is perceived as a continent stricken by wars, poverty, perpetual political instability and armed conflicts, unrelenting economic crises, famines and diseases. Because of that the external powers who try to bring peace to Africa see it as hopeless continent, which prompts their decision to impose the peace as they understand it.

Consequently, they end imposing what is called Liberal Peace Project Tradition, in which peace building is understood in term of intervention designed to facilitate the establishment of durable peace and prevent the recurrence of violence. Such intervention as it has been observed by some writers peacekeeping, peace support operations, disarmament, demobilization, rehabilitation and reintegration.


Let’s support girl-child education: A South Sudanese girl shines in the Ugandan 2016 PLE results

Authored by Dr Isaac Ayii Ayii (PhD), Juba, South Sudan

Akech Wol Ayii Madut

Akech Wol Ayii Madut: 2016 PLE RESULT: MTC-95, ENG-85, SST-97, SCI-83, CRE-89

February 12, 2017 (SSB) — In South Sudan particularly among the cattle keepers, girls are seen as wealth through acquisition of bride price popularly known as dowry paid after the girl by the boy’s family, however, the culture and belief need to change so that, we value our sisters and daughters the same way we value our brothers and sons in term of education which is an ingredient needed for development of human kind irrespective of gender.

Hence, girl education is incumbent upon us to ensure recruitment, retention and completion of educational goals for each child be it a girl or a boy although others see girl education as a waste with the belief that she would be married off to a distance family or any other reasons.


Being My Brother’s Keeper: Towards a Theology of Reconciliation among the Lost Boys of Sudan

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A Praxis Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of Saint Paul School of Theology in Candidacy for the Degree of Doctor of Ministry

By Anderia Lual Arok, Kansas City, USA, May 20, 2016

Copyright © 2016 by Anderia Lual Arok All rights reserved


February 11, 2017 (SSB) — I am a Priest in the Episcopal Church, originally from South Sudan and now living in Phoenix, Arizona. My experiences during the 58 years I lived in Sudan, including living through the long years of civil wars has heightened my desire to pursue a course of study for a Doctoral Degree in Global Health and Wellness. When I was in Kosti (Northern Sudan) many people were displaced from the South to North, and they came naked, without food, shelter and basic needs. They would come at all hours of the day, and we would take them to refugee camps where the non-governmental organizations (NGO’s) could start helping them. The NGO’s and churches registered the names of people, kept statistical data on the refugees as in some cases, people disappeared from the camps, spirited away by Islamic regime security forces who believed they were rebels. Refugees were provided with food, blankets, shelter, cooking utensils, and medical personnel were also sent to deliver health services; registrations for schools were arranged, clean water projects were set up, and environmental assessments for healthy living were also done.

Many of the people working for the NGO’s and churches laid down their lives for the sake of others. My experiences reaffirmed my belief that indeed, we have a responsibility to care for our fellow human beings. The Lost Boys of Sudan were among the refugees who suffered greatly from the civil wars. When the Arab regime in Khartoum (now North Sudan) began to attack villages in South Sudan, entire villages were destroyed and many people were killed. Those who survived these attacks fled for their lives and banded together in small groups, eventually joining other groups in other places on their journeys to freedom. They became known as the Lost Boys of Sudan.


Gen. Thomas Cirilo Swaka, SPLA deputy chief of staff for logistics, resigns from the SPLA (PDF)

In 1996, Dr. John Garang created the New Sudan Brigade, essentially an SPLA’s branch for Northern Sudan, which was deployed, via Ethiopia and Eritrea, to the Red Sea region and around Kassala. It was under the leadership of Commander Pagan Amum Okiech, Commander Thomas Cirillo Swaka, Commander Augustino Maduot Parek, among other distinguished officers of the Movement.

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While I pay tribute to Comrade Thomas Cirillo, who joined the Movement during the darkest years of the 1990s in the aftermath of the Nasir coup, when most compatriots were deserting the Movement and trooping to Khartoum, I urge him to follow the footstep of his comrade and colleague, Gen. Oyai Deng Ajak, who have managed to stay out of the Junubi-on-Junubi killing and propaganda spree. The legacy of the liberation struggle is a great honor and burden to be sacrificed on simplistic, foolish wars. I have no comment whatsoever on his letter of resignation and the reasons mentioned therein. From PaanLuel Wël

What the South Sudanese politicians should learn about the resignation?

By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda


February 10, 2017 (SSB) — It has become a culture in South Sudan to see the Government employees just resign as they wish sometime with or without following the right procedure. Such a conduct should stop with immediate effect. Even if a person is happy with the system because of poor performance of the government, that does not warrant a politicians under normal circumstances to break the rule of procedure in the resignation process.

The law is that if one wants to resign from the system because of bad governance or another belief he or she holds against the system, then, he or she must follow the right procedure in order to show that he or she knows the system and if her or she is given an opportunity he or she may be able to establish the system.

However in the recent time, some of the politicians who have shown that they are fighting for good governance are not showing how good governance works by following the right procedure and right system. What they must learn from today onward is that good governance start with good system and good system comes through following right procedures in all that is done.


By Mach Samuel Peter, Bor, Jonglei State


Mary Ayong Malual

February 10, 2017 (SSB) — On February 9, 2017, raiders attacked Pakow cattle camp of Twic East. The cattle raided by the Murle armed men are being tracked by the police and other members of law enforcement agencies.

On the other hand, report from Commissioner of Bor South County confirms that the ladies abducted from Pariak were later “found killed and their bodies mutilated by the Murle abductors”.

The police of Bor South County is following the criminals towards Pibor of Boma state. Two children were abducted and 1,000 goats stolen.


By David Matiop Gai, Juba, south Sudan

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February 10, 2017, (SSB) — Identifying youth leaders is a sole responsibility of those leaders who are already in leadership. The future of youths in South Sudan is uncertain. Youths are couched for executing tribal conflicts, followers of weak and self-ambition politicians, failed politicians, tribal politicians, and their potential talents supposed to be use for national development is always exploited by these politicians and put youths as a fence for their own protection.

Youths always died in a big number in South Sudan, and nobody mind about their lives even parents. Both those in leadership, and parents failed to advise youths because youths long time ago live by advices of elderly people and parents. Lives of youth hood is stupid, and fool,  they relayed on their own strengths and ability, and therefore, elders, leaders, and parents  adjust youths on the right paths of save life.


By Kerubino kocrup, Nairobi, Kenya


February 10, 2017 (SSB) — I call upon all South Sudanese across the world to dismiss SPLA- IO propaganda against the South Sudan Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya regarding the disappearance of Dong Samuel Luak and Aggrey Idri Ezbon. For the past two weeks, SPLA- IO remnants and their International organization’s cohorts have been fabricating malicious allegations that it is the South Sudan embassy responsible for the kidnapping of activists, Dong Samuel and Aggrey Idri claimed to be allied to the opposition leader Dr. Riek Machar.

I would wish to assure the public that the South Sudan Embassy in Kenya under the stewardship of our humble ambassador Chol Mawut has nothing to do with the whereabouts of the two activists.  Now it is known that the friends and relatives of the above mentioned victims have already filed a case at the Nairobi Milimani courts against suspects who have no connections with the South Sudan Embassy in Nairobi or even the Government whatsoever.


JMEC Quarterly Report on Implementation of the Peace Agreement

Posted: February 10, 2017 by PaanLuel Wël in Reports

JMEC Quarterly Report on the Implementation of the Peace Agreement (PDF)

Ceasefire & Transitional Security Arrangements Monitoring Mechanism (CTSAMM)

PRESS RELEASE: CTSAMM Reports on Violations

The mandate of Ceasefire & Transitional Security Arrangement Monitoring Mechanism (CTSAMM) based on Chapter II of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS) is to monitor and verify the implementation of the implementation Permanent Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements (PCTSA). Through the extensive investigative work done by the Monitoring and Verification Teams (MVTs) under CTSAMM, incidents of conflict, allegations of violations and breach of the PCTSA by the two parties; SPLA and SPLM/A have been investigated and reports combined.

There are eight (8) investigative documents of which seven (7) areviolations of the PCTSA. The reports are as follows:

  1. CTSAMM Report 70 – Violations in Juba
  2. CTSAMM Report 71 – Violation in Leer Area, Upper Nile
  3. CTSAMM Report 72 – Violations in Unity State
  4. CTSAMM report 73 – Alleged violations in DigalaBoma, Central Equatoria
  5. CTSAMM Report 74 – Violations in the Malakal Area
  6. CTSAMM Report 75 – Alleged violations in Juba
  7. CTSAMM report 76 – Fighting in Nassir, Upper Nile State
  8. CTSAMM REPORT 77 – Monitoring Report January 2017

The documents attached to the press release offer incident summary, assessments and recommendations to the warring by CTSAMM. The information has been condensed, however to obtain a comprehensive report of the publications, please visit the CTSAMM website at:


Success of government begins from an individual working in the government: The case of Honourable minister in the office of the president of South Sudan, Mayiik Ayii Deng

By David Deng Chapath, Kampala, Uganda

RSS coat of ARMS

South Sudan’s coat of arms, in which the eagle symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty, and the shield and spear the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.

February 9, 2017 (SSVB) — In my recent visit to South Sudan I was surprised to observe some notable changes that had taken place in the office of the President of the Republic of South Sudan, General Salva Kiir Mayardit. There is in other words rule of law and good management in the office unlike in the past when the State house was turned into a den of mismanagement.

As observed in the above paragraph, the following changes had taken place: there is strict observance of the rule in the State House; no more shadow dealings or cheatings; there is order in the State House as rules are being applied equally to all the people who want to see the President. As a result, the conflicts that used to occur frequently in the State house are minimized to the lowest level. Resources in the State are being protected unlike in the past when millions of dollars were siphoned away from the State House.

In general, the State House is now the real state house and it is no longer the State House by name as it used to be.  In the past State House was controlled by the relatives of the President without his authorization and corrupt the system, which extremely affected the relationship of the President with the citizens of South Sudan.  However, today there is a success in the State House or J1 in Juba which shows that there will be success in the government.


By Baak Chan Yak Deng, Juba, South Sudan



February 9, 2017 (SSB) — The South Sudan economy faces twin challenges of high inflation and low growth. Most of the short term policy instruments at our disposal trade off one for the other. For example, the RBI has raised interest rates to combat inflation. This may lower inflation, but hurts growth because it increases the cost of funds for companies.

Nearly all short term fixes are going to face this problem that they can’t solve both inflation and growth together. But in the long term, there is a way we can reduce inflation and increase growth simultaneously. The way to we do this is by investing heavily in infrastructure. This includes both creating new infrastructure and improving existing infrastructure.

The three areas where we need to tackle inflation are housing, transportation, and food. House prices are much too high relative to average incomes, and increased construction will make housing more affordable. When it comes to transport, poor roads and poor public transport make transportation expensive and slow. This affects both the movement of individuals, and of goods. Better transport infrastructure will reduce the cost of transportation, and thus lower inflation.


National Constitution Amendment Committee: A critical Mechanism in the implementation of the Peace Agreement

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February 9, 2017 (SSB) — JMEC Chairman, H.E. Festus Mogae, officially opened the reconvening of the NCAC review meeting in Juba today by expressing optimism in the execution of the mandate of the committee.

Speaking during the NCAC review meeting, the chairman said, “I agree with the NCAC Chairman’s statement to the JMEC plenary yesterday that the NCAC is a very critical mechanism in the implementation of the peace agreement and that the successful execution of your mandate will indeed be a cornerstone for the implementation of the Agreement”.

“As you may be aware, the work of the NCAC was frustrated in part by the initial refusal by the government of the Republic of South Sudan to accept the first appointee by IGAD to chair this committee. When Mr Gichira Kibara was appointed, we were very eager to get an approval from the TGoNU before finalizing his offer, and even though it took time, we are now happy that he is finally here and enthusiastic to take up this important assignment”, he said in part.


Press Statement by Colonel Gai Chatim Pouch: For Immediate Release

Riek Machar with Ban Ki-moon

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon meets with Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon

February 9, 2017 (SSB) — After a long struggle against my own conscience to represent that rogue ethnocentric police state of  Salva Kiir Mayardit as a soldier and diplomat for the last four years, I issue this press statement to inform the people of  South Sudan and the public press  to declare that  I Colonel Gai Chatiem Puoch, have officially joined the people struggle in pursuit of equality and  justice  spearheaded by the SPLM/A(IO) against Kiir’s  kelptocratic ethnocentric  police state from February 2, 2017.

As mentioned above, it has been extremely difficult to continue serving Kiir’s regime due to the following major reasons:


The use of force and governance:  Is the use of force necessary for good governance in South Sudan?

By David Deng Chapath, Kampala, Uganda

Tribute to Isaiah Abraham

Tribute to Isaiah Abraham: The Dark Ages of South Sudan Liberation

February 8, 2017 (SSB) — The readers of this article may find it odd for combining the force and governance as the co-existence of the two is not always seen clearly in the democratic society. According to the Constitution of South Sudan, South Sudan is a democratic country that must respect human rights and democratic principles.

When we talk of human rights as seen in the above paragraph, we are simply talking of the respect of personal liberties and freedoms, and that is the reason why the use of force is not frequently observed in democratic country.

However, where the country is in chaos as we see in the case of South Sudan, then there is a need for the use of force to reform the people in order to maintain law and order, which means that the use of force is necessary in South Sudan.


By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda


The released political detainees are: former cabinet affairs minister Deng Alor Kuol; former minister of telecommunications and postal services Madut Biar Yel; former youth minister Dr. Chirino Hiteng; former finance minister Kosti Manibe; former roads and transport minister Gier Chuang Aluong; former justice minister John Luk Jok, and former Lakes state governor Chol Tong Mayai; while those who remain in detention are: Pagan Amum Okiech, former secretary-general of the ruling SPLM party; Oyai Deng Ajak, former minister for national security; Majak D’Agoot, former deputy minister of defence and Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth, former South Sudanese ambassador to the United States.

February 8, 2017 (SSB) — The recent resignation by the Gok State Minister of Education, Gender and Social Welfare, Hon. John Marik Makur, has caused a raw in the social media and in particular on facebook.  Many people gave various comments on the report posted by Journalist Manyang Mayom on his timeline carrying the reasons for the resignation of Hon. Former Minister of Education.

In that post, Manyang reported Marik makur to have said the following as quoted below—

 “After having reviewed and evaluated over the past ten months as a minister; numerous aspects of our morale and constitutional responsibilities towards service delivery and development to our communities, which apparently not realized and mainly attributed to manners and ways of your leadership.

Therefore, I concluded that my contributions and many vital projects developed by the institution (ministry of physical infrastructure) I led; were consistently not awarded or deliberately ignored and quite often were passed over or misdirected. Therefore, I felt to have sufficient grounds to honorably submit this resignation for no other reasons than personal convictions.


By Madol Madol Aguer, Juba, South Sudanteg-scholarship-program

February 8, 2017 (SSB) — Our young girls who are supposed to be our future wives, mentors, coaches and more importantly co-lives share that have the biggest responsibilities are unfortunately mistaken the freedom and trusts granted to them by uncles, fathers and mothers. When I talk of asset, it is the business term describing the wealth one has in the business apart from the goods and services given the firm, shop and industries. Therefore, Girls are our national asset in South Sudan base on the asset’s definition and generally the whole world can agree with me if I said that girls are an asset of any nation.

I valued them because am here because of the woman, my mum. Am a graduate because of her strong encouragement and continues support during unpredictable journey and I believe that any angel who will married me deserved the honor and respect for that matter. I do not see any different between female and male since we are both creatures of God and we resemblance God’s image, we live in the temporary all of us, we have equal opportunity before him, and we have equal rights whether we misused it. We are the children of God.


By Mach Samuel Peter, Bor, Jonglei State


Mary Ayong Malual

February 7, 2017 (SSB) —- On January 4 2016, four women from Baidit took off to collect wild fruits in the bushes of Palep village of Angakuei area. At 10 Am, they were attacked by Murle armed men who left two of them dead and two others lying in critical conditions at Bor state hospital. A 67 year Mary Ayong Malual sustains 7 spear wounds on her ribs, back and throat. She explains the incident to Mach Samuel Peter at or state Hospital on Tuesday.

“The raiders came with hundred of goats. Some of them dress like women. Others put on breast holders with their hair plaited like women. In front of me they spear the chairlady of Baidit women association Nyariak Long dead on spot, when I try to run, one of them speared me through the ribs and enthusiast my neck with spear, they remove my shoes and a phone on my neck. I fall down unconscious. They also spear my neck four times, my back twice and it was a group of over 30 Murle armed men,” 67 year old Mary Ayong Malual explains in bed at Bor state hospital.


By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, Juba, South Sudan

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February 7, 2017 (SSB) — The National Dialogue announced by President Salva Kiir as an initiative to “end violent conflicts in South Sudan, reconstitute national consensus, and save the country from disintegration and usher in a new era of peace, stability and prosperity” is misleading and not within the framework of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan ARCISS as is being purported.

Though this may sound surprising to some if not most, President Kiir has no authority to form any committee under Article 101 (j) of the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan TCRSS, the Article he cited in the Republican Order NO.27/2016 for the formation of the National Dialogue Steering Committee.

Under the terms of ARCISS, which ought to prevail over the TCRSS, the power to nominate, appoint and establish independent Commissions, interim and ad hoc Commissions and Committees shall and can only be exercised under:

  1. Chapter One, Article 8 (1) read together with Article 8 (1) (3) which require the President to act in consultation with the First Vice President in order to reach at mutual understanding and agreement. Or
  2. Chapter One, Article 9 (1) (3) read together with Article 9 (1) (3) (2) which give the Council of Ministers, with the agreement of two-thirds (67%) and a quorum of at least twenty-three (23) of its Members present, the authority to decide in the event of a deadlock.

Even if the government would argue that the required consultation was conducted, the fact that the President’s Order has been based on the Article101 (j) simply makes it (the Order) inconsistent with the ARCISS. In other words, a body formed based on the TRCSS, violating the very letter and spirit of the ARCISS, cannot be within the framework of the ARCISS.


By Jongkuch Jo Jongkuch, Bor, South Sudan

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February 7, 2017 (SSB) — Yes peace can be our triumph when we are all unites; I’m urging all the politicians and all youths to keep us out of war in South Sudan. We should take example of the speech by Martin Luther, “The Quest for Peace and Justice” during the Nobel Lecture.

It is necessary to love peace and sacrifice for it and we must concentrate not merely on the negative expulsion of war but on the positive affirmation of peace in our country, South Sudan.

We must see that peace represents our superiority as young nation South Sudan, peace is the only superior way to discords war. South Sudanese must transform the dynamics of power struggle from the negative arms groups.