Archive for the ‘PaanLuel Wël’ Category

Fundamental Factors in the Root Causes of the December 2013 Crisis and the Civil War in South Sudan: An Analysis of and Response to Hon. Arop Madut Arop’s Article “How Political Wrangling in the Ruling SPLM Party Wrecked South Sudan Apart In December 2013” and Comrade Mabioor Garang de Mabioor’s Article “The Root Causes of the December 2013 Crisis in South Sudan, Part 1-3

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

The Flag of the Republic of South Sudan

The Flag of the Republic of South Sudan

Sunday, July 15, 2018 (PW) — Five years into the political, military, economic and humanitarian crisis in South Sudan, and peace is still a distant chimera to the beleaguered souls caught up in the vicious conflict across the country. One glimmer of hope, so far, has been that the High-Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) of the 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS), under the auspices of the Inter-Governmental Agency on Development (IGAD), would offer a viable solution to the intractable conflict in South Sudan.

While much was, and still is, predicated on the hard political compromises and security arrangements that the leaders of the warring parties – particularly President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar – are, and will be, prepared to make, the expectation was that the Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities (CoH) would be promptly negotiated, honestly signed and faithfully adhered to by the warring parties. The subsequent phase would have been to craft a feasible political resolution of the debilitating crisis in form of a revitalized, expanded and inclusive Transitional Government of National Unity (TGONU) based in Juba, South Sudan, with security guarantees to all leaders of the warring parties.

However, the fate of the IGAD-led High Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) of the 2015 peace accord still hangs in the air, precariously, as phase two of the Khartoum round of peace talks was abruptly adjourned to next Tuesday, the 17th of July 2018, owing to continued irreconcilable differences over the fundamental issues of governance, couple with lingering doubts related to the signed security arrangements and permanent ceasefire agreements. (more…)


By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan


President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, Addis Ababa, 2015

Tuesday, June 19, 2018 (PW) — President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar are reportedly conducting their long-awaited face-to-face meeting tomorrow in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. This crucial meeting – their first contact since the infamous dogfight at J-1 in July 2016 – comes against a backdrop of the dismal failure of the IGAD-led Intensive Interlinked Consultation (IIC) in Addis Ababa, which collapsed yesterday without any major breakthrough on the main outstanding issues pertaining to chapter 1 and 2 of the 2015 ARCSS.

The main point of contention among the warring parties appears to be the spirited attempt by opposition parties to change the status quo in Juba by demanding the total dissolution and reconstitution of all state apparatus, and the strong determination by the government to maintain and perpetuate the status quo as presently constituted, with few changes here and there to placate the opposition and international community.

Various attempts by IGAD to break the deadlocks, including the introduction of a revised abridging proposal of the High Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) of the 2015 ARCSS fell flat on its face. The revised bridging proposal of the HLRF is not a great improvement from its predecessor, however. (more…)

By Emmanuel Ariech Deng (Addis Ababa) and PaanLuel Wel (Juba)

HLRF Hall of Deliberation


Wednesday, May 23, 2018 (PW) — South Sudan’s sworn enemies and bitter rivals have unanimously united in rejecting the compromised power sharing formula and security arrangements offered by IGAD’s Bridging Proposal towards the outstanding issues in the High Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) of the 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

The IGAD’s Abridging Proposal had proposed a revitalized transitional government headed by a president, supported by three vice presidents, and a power sharing ratios of 55% to the government, 25% to the SPLM-IO, 10% to the SSOA, 5% to the SPLM-FDs and the other 5% to the Other Opposition Parties (OPP).

The government has rubbished this proposal and instead insisted on a transitional government headed by a president, with four vice presidents, two of which would be nominated by the government. More importantly, the government seems to be incensed by the apparent removal of Taban Deng Ghai’s position.

Moreover, the government has vetoed the power sharing formula and has instead proposed the following ratios: Government 65%, SPLM-IO 15%, SPLM-FDs 5%, National Alliance Parties 5%, Parties of National Agenda 5% and South Sudan Opposition Alliance 5%. (more…)

By PaanLuel Wel (Juba) and Emmanuel Ariech Deng (Addis Ababa)

CEPO fact sheet on the power sharing arrangement

Monday, May 22, 2018 (PW) — The Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), unveils a new peace proposal on power sharing and security arrangements as South Sudan’s warring parties and stakeholders at the High Level Revitalization Forum of the 2015 ARCSS in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, signed a partial agreement on the cantonment of forces and reaffirmed their commitment to the cessation of hostilities agreement.

IGAD was compelled to release the “Abridging Proposal” after the failure of the warring parties to resolve outstanding issues pertaining to power sharing and security arrangements of the revitalized transitional government of national unity. Under the new IGAD’s compromised peace proposal, the revitalized transitional government will be headed by a president nominated by the current government of national unity in Juba under the leadership of President Kiir, 1st VP Gen. Taban Deng and VP Dr. James Wani. (more…)

Chances for a peaceful resolution of the conflict in South Sudan falters at the HLRF in Addis Ababa as warring parties struggle to save faces amid crushing Deadlock and tight deadline

By Emmanuel Ariech Deng, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Emmanuel Ariech Deng

Emmanuel Ariech Deng is the PaanLuel Wel Media (PW) correspondent covering the HLRF of the 2015 peace process in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Monday, May 21, 2018 (PW) — Chances for a timely conclusion and peacefully resolution of the raging conflict in South Sudan are faltering in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, as the final day of the IGAD-led High Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) of the 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS) is marked by a crushing deadlock, characterized by partisan blame gaming and political haggling among the warring parties.

As of this evening, IGAD, the East African regional bloc that has been mediating the peace process since December 2013, has pushed HLRF until tomorrow, giving more time for the secretariat to complete its work on the report of South Sudan Council of Churches in conclusion of its consultation process that has been going on for five days in the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa building in the heart of Addis Ababa city.

The negotiation file is still with the Church Group until tomorrow to bring the parties to the plenary consensus. There are reports that the IGAD council of ministers will take over the decision to adjourn or extend the talks by tomorrow. The media was lately informed today in the evening to convene tomorrow at nine for a detailed report.

Speaking during the press briefing this evening, Hon. Michael Makwei Lueth, the government spokesperson, had this to say: “Yes, this morning the intra-South Sudanese dialogue continued with its task and yesterday, the two sub-committees of governance and security had presented their reports to the leadership committee.” (more…)

Major breakthrough reported at the HLRF as Government delegation endorses the formation of an inclusive revitalized transitional government

By Emmanuel Ariech Deng, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Weeping and prayers at the 4th day of the HLRF

Weeping and prayers at the 4th day of the HLRF

Sunday, May 20, 2018 (PW) — A major progress has been made at the IGAD-led High Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) of the 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS) as government delegation endorsed the formation of an inclusive revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (TGONU) in Juba, South Sudan.

The breakthrough was announced via a press statement this afternoon in Addis Ababa by South Sudan’s minister for information and government spokesperson, Michael Makwei Lueth. “So far we have agreed on inclusivity. This is something agreed even though we are still in disagreement on the type of inclusivity,” Hon. Michael Makwei revealed. He also added that the warring parties have agreed on cantonment of all forces.

According to Michael Makwei, this is a major concession on the part of the government which has been insisting on maintaining the status quo in Juba, with President Salva Kiir, 1st Vice President Taban Deng and Vice President James Wani Igga, at the helm of the revitalized transitional government. The SPLM-IO has proposed that the composition of the revitalized transitional government should include all parties invited to and currently participating at the HLRF in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. (more…)

This is an excerpt from the introduction to the speeches, before and after independence, of President Salva Kiir, “Salva Kiir Mayardit: The Joshua of South Sudan,” edited and published by Simon Yel Yel and PaanLuel Wel in February 2016

By PaanLuel Wel (Juba) and Simon Yel Yel (Kampala)

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Wednesday, May 16, 2018 (PW) — May 26, 1983, marked the day President Kiir revolted against Khartoum’s repressive regime and joined his comrades in the bush. By then, Captain Salva Kiir was a mid-level military intelligence officer in the Sudanese army stationed in Malakal, Southern Sudan. His rebellion came in the wake of the May 16th Bor and May 20th Ayod Uprisings led by Major Kerubino Kuanyin Bol and Major William Nyuon Bany respectively.

Why did it take that long—from May 16th up to May 26th —before Salva Kiir rebelled against Khartoum? This was mainly because he was the one coordinating the security and intelligence of the Underground group. For example, when Khartoum decided to launch a dawn attack on Bor, it was Salva Kiir who passed that message to John Garang in Bor informing them that Khartoum had finally decided to attack Bor. Using that insider information which only an officer in the Sudanese military intelligence could have access to, John Garang and Kerubino Kuanyin were able to strategize and repulse the dawn attack with minimal casualties on their sides.

Secondly, when Khartoum dispatched a battalion from Malakal to take reinforcement to Bor, Salva Kiir passed that crucial message to John Garang and William Nyuon. After the troops arrived in Ayod on their way to Bor, Nyuon lured their officers into a bogus meeting during which they were arrested and killed. Their soldiers were then attacked and scattered, never to reach Bor. (more…)

The Commissioner of Kongor County, Gen. Garang Bul Pageer, announces the establishment of four Payams (4) and sixteen (16) Bomas of Kongor County in Jonglei State, South Sudan

By PaanLuel Wël, Kongor, Jonglei State

Customary book, final cover July 2017

The Customary Laws of the Greater Bor Dinka Community: Legal and Basic Rules for Self-Administration, 2017 Paperback – 28 Jul 2017, edited by Makwei Mabioor Deng (Editor), available on Amazon

April 8, 2018 (SSB) —- In a decree entitled, “Establishment of Kongor County Structure in the level of Payams and Bomas”, the Commissioner of Kongor County, Gen. Garang Bul Pageer Alaak, announces the establishment of four payams (4) and sixteen (16) Bomas in Kongor County, Jonglei State, South Sudan. As per the stipulations of the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, in regard to traditional authorities, a Paramount Chief is in charge of a County, a Head Chief is in charge of a Payam, an Executive Chief is in charge of a Boma while a Sub-Chief is in charge of a Village. In Jonglei state, each county is allocated four payams, with each Payam comprising of four Bomas. Therefore, Kongor County has four head chiefs, one of whom also doubles as the acting paramount chief – acting because the selection of new paramount chiefs (as well as all other traditional posts) is pending general election. Head Chief Duot Ajang Duot (Duot-mang’ai) is the acting paramount chief of Kongor County while Thon Diing Duot, Chol Tor Deng Yong and Dau Tor Akuei are the acting Head Chiefs. The four head chiefs in charge of the four payams are assisted by 16 executive chiefs in charge of 16 Bomas. Each Boma consists of one executive chief and three sub-chiefs, a total of four.

The four (4) payams of Kongor County announced by Commissioner Garang Bul Pageer are: Pakuor Payam (Piom-Wun-Aguer, Piom-Awan, Than-Anyieer and Pachol) under Paramount Chief Duot Ajang Duot; Payom Payam (Mabior, Duk-Peeny, Khiir and Dier-Roor) under Head Chief Thon Diing Duot; Garalei Payam (Piom-Bioor, Manyang, Badhoot, and Agom) under Head Chief Chol Tor Deng Yong, and Pageer Payam (Pamot, Pajomba, Piom-Ang’uet and Agher-Rot) under Head Chief Dau Tor Akuei. The sixteen (16) Bomas of Kongor County are: Piom-Awun-Aguer Boma under Executive Chief Chol Alaak Pageer; Piom-Awan Boma under Executive Chief Barach Aruei Barach; Than-Anyieer Boma under Executive Chief Bol Nyuon Akoi; Pachol Boma under Executive Chief Kulang Dau Lual; Mabior Boma Executive Chief Maluk Chol Bul; Duk-Peeny Boma under Executive Chief Makwei Bior Awuol; Khiir Boma under Executive Chief Agoth Ajang Aguer; Dier-Roor Boma under Executive Chief Bul Gak Bul; Piom-Bioor Boma under Executive Chief Ajang Dhieu Ajang; Manyang Boma under Executive Chief Dhieu Maketh Deu; Badhoot Boma under Executive Chief Ariik Bol Ariik; Agom Boma under Executive Chief Atem Achuoth Panyagor; Pamot Boma under Executive Chief Awuol Deng Awuol; Pajomba Boma under Executive Chief Akoi Apiook Bol; Piom-Ang’uet Boma under Executive Chief Akol Mabior Jok, and Aghek-Rot Boma under Executive Chief Aguer Ajang Kuir.


The Principles of Tribocracy (Part 8)

Posted: February 9, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Opinion Articles, Opinion Writers, PaanLuel Wël, Philosophy

Debunking the Myth of the 64 Tribes of South Sudan

The purpose of this article is to debunk the prevalent myth of the so-called 64 tribes of South Sudan, by arguing that there is no coherent and sound basis for how the original architects of the “64 tribes” could have logically arrived at number “64” with respect to the definition of the word tribe. Instead, the article proposes 10 nationalities, with 131 tribes, of the Republic of South Sudan. Nonetheless, the conclusion of the article is that neither the nationalities nor the tribes per se truly reflects and presents the political reality of the country – hence, the imperativeness of tribocracy.

By PaanLuel Wël, Bor, South Sudan

RSS coat of ARMS

South Sudan’s coat of arms, in which the eagle symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty, and the shield and spear the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.

February 9, 2018 (SSB) — South Sudan, like much of Sub-Saharan Africa, is a tribal nation. Government is formed and run along tribal lines; war and rebellion are declared and fought along tribal lines; corruption and nepotism are initiated and perpetuated along tribal lines; employment and scholarship opportunities are offered and obtained along tribal lines; job and army promotions are done along tribal lines. Marriages and social events are conducted along tribal lines. More often than not, everything is done and run along tribal lines in South Sudan. Therefore, tribalism is the modus operandi and the basic organizing unit of the South Sudanese society is the tribe. If so, then which are the tribes of South Sudan? By conventional wisdom, there are 64 tribes in the Republic of South Sudan. In this article, this conventional wisdom will be referred to as the 64-tribe paradigm.

According to Gurtong Trust – Peace and Media Project, these 64 tribes are: the Dinka, the Nuer, the Zande, the Bari, the Kakwa, the Kuku, the Mundari, the Nyangwara, the Pojullu, the Acholi, the Shilluk (Chollo), the Anyuak (Anyuaa), the Balanda-Boor, the Balanda-Bviri, the Bongo, the Jurchol (Luo), the Maban, the Jur Man-Ang’eer, the Pari, the Shatt (Thuri), the Adio (Makaraka), the Lotuka (Otuho), the Dongotona, the Ifoto, the Imatong, the Lango, the Logir, the Lokoya, the Lopit, the Avukaya, the Baka, the Jur (Beli & Modo), the Keliku, the Lugbwara, the Lulubo, the Madi, the Moro, the Moro Kodo, the Mundu, the Uduk, the Didinga, the Larim (Boya), the Murle, the Tenet, the Suri (Kachipo), the Aja, the Bai, the Banda, the Binga, the Feroghe, the Gollo, the Indri, the Kara, the Mangayat, the Ndogo, the Ngulngule, the Sere, the Woro, the Yulu, the Toposa, the Jiye (Jie), the Nyangatom, and the Tid.

While many South Sudanese intellectuals and foreign observers have consistently lauded the dazzling beauty of “unity in diversity” presented by the 64 tribes, few have bothered themselves to inquire into the genesis of these 64 tribes. More so, there has been little debate on the methodology and framework used to probe into and arrive at the 64 tribes. How, for example, was it possible that some ethnic groups such as the Bari speakers, with similar language, common descent, culture and history, have been divided up into various tribes while others such as the Dinka and Nuer speakers, with similar language, common descent, culture and history, have been lumped together as one tribe respectively?


By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan


President Bush with President Salva Kiir at the Oval Office, White House

January 23, 2018 (SSB) — The governments of the United States and Australia are planning to deport a combined total of about 413 South Sudanese natives, majority of them reportedly from the Dinka community alone. Around 227 South Sudanese natives are slated for deportation from the US while more 186 South Sudanese natives are under detention in Australia, awaiting deportation to Juba, South Sudan.

According to federal laws on Immigration and Citizenship from the USA and the Commonwealth of Australia, nationals of foreign countries who have been in the country as permanent residents for less than a decade are subject to deportation to their countries of origin if they engage in the violations of immigration or/and criminal laws.

The 413 natives of South Sudan awaiting deportation to Juba are accused of participating in criminal acts such as armed robberies, mugging, carjacking and home invasions, which make them liable to be deemed as a major threat to public safety. Unbeknown to them, engaging in such violent activities is a major violation of their visa rules which they signed up to as part of their resettlement processes in Australia and the USA.


The Episcopal Church elects Bishop Justin Badi Arama of the Diocese of Maridi to replace Archbishop Dr. Daniel Deng Bul as Primate and Archbishop of South Sudan

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

Justin Badi, elected Primate of the Anglican church in south Sudan and Sudan

The Episcopal Church elects Bishop Justin Badi Arama of the Diocese of Maridi to replace Archbishop Dr. Daniel Deng Bul as Primate and Archbishop of South Sudan

January 20, 2018 (SSB) — The Episcopal Church of South Sudan has elected Rt. Rev. Justin Badi Arama, the bishop of Maridi Diocese, as Primate and Archbishop of South Sudan. Initially, there were four candidates vying to succeed Archbishop Dr. Daniel Deng Bul as the Primate and Archbishop of South Sudan: Bishop Francis Loyo of Rokon Diocese and the Dean of the Province of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan; Bishop Monday Bismark Avokaya of Mundri Diocese; Bishop Justin Badi Arama of Maridi Diocese, and Bishop Abraham Yel Nhial of Aweil Diocese.

However, on the eve of the voting day at the All Saints Cathedral in Juba, Bishop Francis Loyo and Bishop Monday Bismark Avokaya dropped out on their own volitions. Thus, it became a hotly contested, two horse race, between Bishop Justin Badi Arama of Maridi Diocese and Bishop Abraham Yel Nhial of Aweil Diocese. There were 159 eligible Electoral College voters. When voting was conducted, counting done and results announced, the two candidates were separated by a mere single vote. Bishop Justin Badi Arama of Maridi Diocese won with 80 votes, while Bishop Abraham Yel Nhial of Aweil Diocese got 79 votes.


By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

RSS Flag

A young South Sudanese girl poses with the flag of South Sudan

January 6, 2018 (SSB) — This is a humorized account of the persons of the year – the most influential South Sudanese leaders for the year 2017. To the reader, catch feelings at your own risk. To our dear leaders honored herein, congratulations for making it to the list of the most influential South Sudanese leaders of the year 2017. To the security agents, chill and enjoy. To the unknown gunmen, yeng’o man? Let’s begin, shall we?


“We the willing, led by the unknowing, are doing the impossible for the ungrateful. We have done so much, with so little, for so long, we are now qualified to do anything, with nothing”

Prepared by the Editorial Team

PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB): The Best Articles, Writers, of the Year 2016

December 31, 2017 (SSB) — Last year 2016, we highlighted and celebrated our writers by showcasing their writings for the year 2016. As part of that tradition, we bring to your desk/screen the best of 2017 as featured on PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese bloggers (SSB) website.

The year 2017, in some hours, will dwindle into the past, and the people of South Sudan, along with the rest of the world, will welcome 2018. Every New Year is a joyful festival, a celebration of the last year achievements, accomplishments that include being alive and healthy, recognizing the selfless young leaders, whether in journalism, governance, or other important issues such as women’s rights issues, economic growth, conflicts and peace.

This year, our country, with its suffering population, has been featured hundreds over hundreds of websites all over the world, mostly in a bad light. However, PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese bloggers (SSB), our own website, occupies the central stage in publishing opinion articles and analysis featuring ordinary South Sudanese, which make sense of the dire situations in our beloved country.

It is also an instrumental informant to South Sudanese worldwide because it publishes writings from South Sudanese, both within and outside the country. These opinions explain the general and specific lives and situations of South Sudanese in countries such as Australia, Britain, Canada, New Zealand, USA, UK, EU and many other places where South Sudanese are taking refuge.

Instead of being constrained by the ritual of the “top 10” best opinion articles and writers, we have elected to showcase the rich compilations of the best writings from the best opinion writers and sociopolitical and economic analysts. By “best” we simply have in mind a piece of writing that best highlight the horrors of the civil war and economic crisis that our people are enduring in dignified humiliation; a piece of writing that best capture and present not just a constructive criticism of our leaders from all sides of the political, economic and conflict divides, but also a feasible resolution of the ills that has been ailing our country since the advent of the CPA and into independence.

Today, PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese bloggers (SSB) is celebrating the diverse and excellent articles and news analysis of our best writers and acknowledging the work of other hundred contributors, columnists and opinion-writers whose names or works won’t appear in this article. We got lots of writers on our website, and it is imperative to motivate and encourage them with something unique to mark the end of the year 2017 and the commencement of a happy – prosperous and peaceful – New Year 2018:

Here is the 2017 review:


You are cordially invited to the wedding of Amer Mayen Dhieu of Paan-Lual, Dachuek and Makwei Mabioor Deng of Paan-Bioor, Kongor, today on the 14th of October, 2017, at Emmanuel Jieng Parish (12pm-3pm) and reception at Freedom Hall (4pm-12am) in Juba, South Sudan.

Amer with Paanluel Wel

Amer Mayen Dhieu with PaanLuel Wel in Juba, August 2015

Biographies of the Bride and Bridegroom

  1. The bride: Amer Mayen Dhieu also known as Amer-Nyanguen was born in Baping Boma of Nyuak Payam in Twic East County. Born to Achol Mading Agok of Ajuong Pagan, Nyopiny Paan e Geu and Mayen Dhieu Thon Lual of Dachuek, Paan Lual, she is the only girl and the youngest of the four siblings. Just after her birth, her parents flew to the neighboring country of Kenya where she partially spends most of her childhood before they migrate to Australia in early 2008. At early teenage age while in Australia, Amer became committed to education and was determined to finish her high school and pursue he university studies. Three years after finishing her high school, she was awarded her first bachelor of Social science with the double major in Psychology and Human services from Christian Heritage College in Brisbane Australia and at the year 2014. She finishes her post-graduate studies and was awarded Master of International Relations specializing in Human Right and International Security. Just after her studies, Amer was intrigued to share the educational opportunities with young girls she has left behind, specifically in Kakuma Refugee Camp where she grew up. On the same year, she co-founded a charity organization called Twic East Girl Scholarship Program that aims to provide four years scholarship to Twic East Girls in Kakuma. The program currently has sponsored 8 girls and is due to take another four this ending year as of the coming two years. Beside, Amer is also a social and women empowerment activist as well as a writer. Her aim is to empower more women through education and social change. Her hobbies include reading books and watching Ted Talk card3
  2. The Bridegroom: Makwei Mabioor Deng (Pande Bior, Kongor) is the firstborn to the family of Mr. Mabioor Deng Garang (Pande-Bior, Wut Kongor) and his two beloved wives, Monica Akuol Gak Atem (Pan-Aleu, Abek) and Mary Keji Lado (Rejaf, Bari). Makwei is the firstborn son, in a family of six brothers and four sisters. Living siblings: Makwei has three brothers (Jubai Mabioor Deng, Kuol Mabioor Deng, and Garang Mabioor Deng) and three sisters (Apul Mabioor Deng, Adhieu Mabioor Deng and Abul Mabioor Deng). Deceased siblings: Three brothers (Jubai Mabioor Deng, Chol Mabioor Deng and Deng Mabioor Deng) and one sister (Apul Mabioor Deng) have unfortunately passed away. Education and works: Makwei graduated with a double major in Economics and Philosophy from The George Washington University, Washington D.C, USA, in May 2012 and is currently working as the regional program coordinator, based in Bor, for the USAID-funded VISTAS program, being implemented by AECOM International. He is a writer and an accomplished author of “Who Killed Dr. John Garang”; the editor of the essential speeches and writings of the late SPLM/A leader, Dr. John Garang, published as “The Genius of Dr. John Garang, vol. 1-3”; as well as a co-editor (with Simon Yel Yel) of President Salva Kiir’s speeches before and after independence published as “Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan.” His first published book is in Dinka language, “Pioocku Thuongjang: The Modern Standard Elementary Dinka.” He is the managing editor of PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB), where he is famously known by his pen-name of “PaanLuel Wël”.Church Wedding and Reception at Freedom Hall

Past Governments of President Kiir: The Dynamic Interplay Between Power Politics and Ethnicity in the Republic of South Sudan under a Tribocratic Paradigm (Part 3)

In this article, my contention is that all past governments of President Kiir, from the post-CPA government in 2005 to the post-July 8th government in 2016, have violated the principle of Tribocracy because the president has marginalized the Equatorians (-5.86%) and Nuer (-2.62%) while over-representing the Dinka (+4.75%) and Minority Group (+3.75%). Of the 389 political positions of President Kiir’s past governments, the Dinka should have been given 148 positions; the Equatorians 124 positions; the Nuer 74 positions and the Minority Group 43 positions, which translates to a tribocratic equilibrium of 38%, 32%, 19% and 11% of the government respectively.

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

RSS coat of ARMS

South Sudan’s coat of arms, in which the eagle symbolizes vision, strength, resilience, and majesty, and the shield and spear the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.

I: General Introduction

August 19, 2017 (SSB) — In his much-publicized resignation letter of February 11, 2017, the former SPLA Deputy Chief of General Staff for Logistics, Gen. Thomas Cirilo Swaka, writes that President Kiir, instead of developing the country and professionalizing the national army, has “concentrated on coordinating and planning for establishing and entrenching Dinka ethnic domination, and pursuing a strategy of turning the SPLA and other organized forces into brutal tribal forces that serve as instruments of control and clinging to power.”

In what amount to a manifesto of his National Salvation Front (NAS), “South Sudan: The Compelling Case for Change, How, and Towards What Outcomes,” which was released on March 6th, 2017, Gen. Thomas Cirillo rubbishes the essence of the national constitution by accusing the president of being the primary author and principal beneficiary of the transitional constitution of the Republic of South Sudan.

In principle, Gen. Thomas Cirilo contention is that the national army and the transitional constitution of South Sudan are being systematically deployed by the president to protect, consolidate and perpetuate the economic interests, political domination and security guarantees of the Dinka tribe—a group of people whose loyalty to their group is greater than which they demonstrate towards the nation of which they are part of, according to a quote by Gen. Thomas Cirilo.

The premise of Gen. Thomas Cirilo’s argument is the domination of the army and government by the Dinka community, the result of which is the marginalization of other communities as the Dinka-controlled government and Dinka-dominated army cater exclusively to the political, security and economic interest of the Dinka people.

The resolution of the national conflict, according to Gen. Thomas Cirilo, will not just be the dethronement of President Kiir, but also the institutionalization of a national policy framework to address Dinka ethnic hegemony, and marginalization of other communities in all its forms in the entire public and private sectors of the Republic of South Sudan.


Uhuru Kenyatta

“Pres. Uhuru asking Pres. Kiir: “Will you detain him again if things go wrong?” Kiirdit: Hey, inu if he rebels again, I will detain him.” Caption by Madit Magot

Like most of my fellow Junubeen whose Kenya is the second home—and who are more conversant with the political intrigues, and politicians, of Kenya than they are of their own in South Sudan—the voting process has been so far so good. It is only a matter of about 30 mins (5 pm EAT) before all voting process stop, and the critical stage commences: the counting and transmission of votes from polling stations across the country to the central polling center at the Bomas of Kenya in Nairobi city, where vote tallying will begin to determine the winners. This is the most critical phase of the election process and where tempers might flare up. That stage will commence in about 3 hours’ time or so, once votes start arriving from the over 40 thousand polling stations across the country. As we all wait and pray for calm voting process and peaceful election outcome for Kenya, may the best candidate emerge the presidential winner, irrespective of their political leaning and ethnic background. Let’s remember that any violence in Kenya will devastate South Sudan and could lead to the fall of the government in Juba ~~~~Monologue from PaanLuel Wel~~~~~

The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) decree-ically becomes the South Sudan People’s Defense Forces (SSPDF), akin to the Ugandan People’s Defense Forces (UPDF), if you will. How much of the SPLA was actually SPLA? The change should be welcomed by those to whom the name SPLA means the historical sacrifices and struggle of their loved ones, a sacred heritage to be honored and glorified, rather than abused and desecrated.

president salva kiir



The 12th Anniversary of Dr. John Garang’s death: Return in Peace (R.I.P) Dr. John Garang de Mabioor

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

The Late SPLM/A Leader, Dr. John Garang de Mabioor Atem Aruai.

July 30, 2017 (SSB) — Dr. John Garang, the former SPLM/A leader, was killed on Saturday, 30 July 2005, near the town of New Cush in Eastern Equatoria state, in a helicopter crash on his way back from Rwakitura, Mbarara district in western Uganda, to New Site, Eastern Equatoria state, South Sudan, after paying a two-day private visit to his longtime friend, President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda.

Among those killed onboard the M1-172 presidential chopper were Dr. John Garang and his aides: Lt. Col. Ali Mayen Majok, Lt. Col. Amat Malwal, 1st Lt. Deng Majok Kuany, 1st Lt. Mayen Deng Mabior and 1st Lt. Oboki Obur Amaybek on the Sudanese side; on the Ugandan side were: Chief Pilots Col. Peter Nyakairu and Captain Paul Kiyimba; Flight Engineer Major Patrick Kiggundu; a Protocol Officer at the Presidential Palace, Samuel Andrew Bakowa; the helicopter’s Jet Officer Lt. Johnson Bahebya Munanura; a signaller with the Presidential Escort, Corporal Hassan Kiiza; and a flight hostess on the helicopter, Lillian Kabaije

On this 12th anniversary of Dr. John Garang’s death, the following articles—and poems—might help us to make sense of his untimely demise and, more importantly, to commemorate his illustrious life as one of our revolutionary fighters in the cause of the liberation of South Sudan.


By Simon Yel Yel & PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

Kiir's speeches before independence, cover

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan. Grab your copy at

July 24, 2017 (SSB) —They say if you don’t have nothing to say, say nothing. This altruism could have been realized by Kharubino Kiir to say nothing about our book in his vendetta article against J-1 and specifically against Ateny Wek and Mayiik Ayii Deng. He falsely added our book on his items of discontent to buy the brain of the readers.

That is why we have decided to pen this rebuttal of his article on the part that touched the book we edited: “Salva Kiir Mayardit: The Joshua of South Sudan

To make it crystal clear to all our beloved readers, the speeches, articles, and letters to the President that we compiled into two books (speeches before and speeches after independence) were not done with an intention to endear ourselves, and gain access, to the president of the Republic of South Sudan.

We did it using our own finite resources and limited time, solely as a tribute to the legacy of President Salva Kiir Mayardit, one of the few South Sudanese Patriots who has dedicated their entire lives to the cause of the South Sudanese people.


As South Sudan was preparing to celebrate the first anniversary of its independence in July 2012, I penned an opinion article for a discussion on the BBC, on whether or not the world’s newest country had, then, lived up to the hype of independence–the promise of the liberation struggle.

  1. Viewpoint: South Sudan has not lived up to the hype

On the 5th anniversary of South Sudan’s independence, Amer Mayen Dhieu and I co-authored an opinion article, one that was much more optimistic than the former, to mark the fifth anniversary of our independence. It was posted on the very day that guns were blazing at J-1.

2. July 9th and the beckoning of civic duty in South Sudan

As we commemorate the 6th anniversary of South Sudan’s independence, we ought to remind ourselves of the painful journey, the era of armed liberation struggle.

First, let’s pay solemn tributes to the martyrs, their families and survivors of the 1992 Juba Massacre, after the failed SPLM/SPLA Operation Jungle Storm (OJS) on Juba in July 1992.

Secondly, let’s commemorate also the momentous and triumphant arrival of Dr. John Garang in Khartoum, the video above, on the 8th of July, 2005, to mark the commencement of the implementation of the CPA.

Thirdly, to all South Sudanese young men in uniform, from both sides, who lost their lives on July 8th during J-1 fighting: we salute you and MALESH.

Lastly, happy sixth anniversary to the Republic of South Sudan!!!!
By PaanLuel Wel, Juba, South Sudan


6th anniversary of July 9th