Archive for the ‘PaanLuel Wël’ Category

Gen. Thomas Cirilo Swaka, SPLA deputy chief of staff for logistics, resigns from the SPLA (PDF)

In 1996, Dr. John Garang created the New Sudan Brigade, essentially an SPLA’s branch for Northern Sudan, which was deployed, via Ethiopia and Eritrea, to the Red Sea region and around Kassala. It was under the leadership of Commander Pagan Amum Okiech, Commander Thomas Cirillo Swaka, Commander Augustino Maduot Parek, among other distinguished officers of the Movement.

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While I pay tribute to Comrade Thomas Cirillo, who joined the Movement during the darkest years of the 1990s in the aftermath of the Nasir coup, when most compatriots were deserting the Movement and trooping to Khartoum, I urge him to follow the footstep of his comrade and colleague, Gen. Oyai Deng Ajak, who have managed to stay out of the Junubi-on-Junubi killing and propaganda spree. The legacy of the liberation struggle is a great honor and burden to be sacrificed on simplistic, foolish wars. I have no comment whatsoever on his letter of resignation and the reasons mentioned therein. From PaanLuel Wël

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

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January 22, 2017 (SSB) — On Saturday, the 14th of January, 2017, President Kiir issued a presidential decree that increased the number of federal states from 28 to 32. Here is the revised list of the 32 states of the Republic of South Sudan.

S/No State Counties Capital Past Governor Current Governor


1 Jonglei Bor, Twic East and Duk Bor Philip Agwer Panyang Philip Agwer Panyang
2 Fangak state Ayod, and Fangak Ayod James Kok Ruea James Kok Ruea
3 Bieh State Uror and Nyirol Waat Peter Bol Koang Moses Majiok Gatluak
4 Akobo State Akobo County Akobo Peter Bol Koang Johnson Gony Bilieu
5 Maiwut State Longchuk, Koma, and Maiwut Maiwut Peter Lam Buoth Bol Ruach Rom
6 Latjor State Ulang and Nasir Nasir Peter Lam Buoth Peter Gatkuoth Khor
7 Boma State Pochalla, and Pibor Pibor Baba Medan Konyi Sultan Ismail Konyi
8 Central Upper Nile State Akoka, Pigi, Baliet and Panyikang Malakal Chol Thon Balok James Tor Monybuny
9 Northern Upper Nile State Renk, Maban and Melut Renk Chol Thon Balok Deng Akoi Gak
10 Fashoda State Kodok and Manyo Kodok William Othon Awer Currently Vacant
11 Ruweng State Panriang and Abiemnhom Panriang Mayol Kur Akuei Thiaji de-Dut Deng
12 Southern Liech State Mayendit, Leer and Panyijiar Leer Teker Riek Dong Teker Riek Dong
13 Northern Liech State Mayom, Koch, Rubkona and Guit Bentiu Joseph Nguen Monytuil Joseph Nguen Monytuil


14 Gogrial State Gogrial West and Gogrial East Kuacjok Abraham Gum Makuach Gregory Deng Kuach Aduol
15 Twic State Twic County Mayen-Abun Bona Pariek Biar Kon Manyiel Kuol
16 Tonj State Tonj North, Tonj East and Tonj South Tonj Akech Tong Aleu Akech Tong Aleu
17 Gok State Cueibet County Cueibet Madang Majok Meen Madang Majok Meen
18 Western Lake State Rumbek North, Rumbek East, Rumbek Center and Wulu Rumbek Abraham Makoi Bol Abraham Makoi Bol
19 Eastern Lake State Yirol East, Yirol West and Awerial Yirol Ring Tueny Mabor Ring Tueny Mabor
20 Aweil East State Aweil East county Wanjok Deng Deng Akuei Deng Deng Akuei
21 Lol State Raja, Aweil North and Aweil West Raja Rizik Zachariah Hassan Rizik Zachariah Hassan
22 Aweil State Aweil South and Aweil Center Aweil Ronald Ruai Deng Ronald Ruai Deng
23 Wau State Jur River and Bagari Wau Elias Waya Nyipouch  Andrea Mayar Achor


24 Jubek State Juba County (Bari, Lokoya, Nyangwara communities) Juba Augustino Jadalla Wani Augustino Jadalla Wani
25 Terekeka State Terekeka, Jemeiza, Gwor, Tali and Tigor Terekeka Juma Ali Malou Juma Ali Malou
26 Yei River State Yei, Lainya, Morobo and Kajo Keji Yei David Lokonga Moses David Lokonga Moses
27 Tambura State Tambura and Nagero Tambura Patrick Raphael Zamoi Patrick Raphael Zamoi
28 Gbudwe State Yambio, Ezo, and Anzara Yambio Patrick Raphael Zamoi Badagu Daniel Remposa
29 Amadi State Mvolo, Mundri West and Mundri East Mundri Joseph Pachiko Joseph Pachiko
30 Maridi State Maridi and Ibba Maridi Africano Monday Africano Monday
31 Imatong State Lopa, Torit, Ikotos and Magwi Torit Natisio Loluke Manir Natisio Loluke Manir
32 Kapoeta State Kapoeta North, Kapoeta East, Kapoeta South and Budi Kapoeta Louise Lobong Lojore Louise Lobong Lojore


“We the willing, led by the unknowing, are doing the impossible for the ungrateful. We have done so much, with so little, for so long, we are now qualified to do anything, with nothing”

Prepared by Editorial Team: Kur Wël Kur, Emmanuel Ariech Deng and PaanLuel Wël

PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB): The Best Articles, Writers, of the Year 2016

December 31, 2016 (SSB) — The year 2016, in some hours, will dwindle into the past, and the people of South Sudan, along with the rest of the world, will welcome 2017. Every New Year is a joyful celebration, a celebration of the last year achievements, achievements that include being alive and healthy, recognizing the selfless leaders, whether in journalism, governance, or other important issues such as women’s rights issues, economic growth, conflicts and peace.

This year, our country, with its suffering population, has been featured hundreds over hundreds of websites all over the world, mostly in bad light. However, PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese bloggers (SSB), our own website, occupies the central stage in publishing articles, which make sense of the dire situations in our beloved country. It is also an instrumental informant to South Sudanese worldwide because it publishes opinion articles and news commentaries from South Sudanese, both within and outside the country. These opinions explain the general and specific lives and situations of South Sudanese in countries such as Australia, Britain, Canada, New Zealand, USA, and many other places where South Sudanese are taking refuge.

Today, PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese bloggers (SSB) is celebrating the diverse and excellent works of some writers and acknowledging the work of other hundred contributors, columnists and opinions-writers whose names or works won’t appear in this article. We got lots of writers on our website, and it is imperative to motivate and encourage them with something unique to mark the end of the year 2016 and the commencement of the year 2017.

Here are the 2016 review:


Barely a minute into start, the wrestling match ended inconclusively: Is it a draw or a cancellation?

November 19, 2016 (SSB) — The highly anticipated wrestling match between Gaduate Gongic Achiek Nai from Adol, Kolnyang payam of Bor County and Simba/President Magot Khot Ajak of Abiong (Ajuong), Maar payam of Twic East County,  what Philip Thon Aleu called “half a century wrestling match“, has ended inconclusively, with rival supporters debating whether it was a draw or a cancellation.

Traditionally, a wrestling round is about 3 minutes, but this one was halted about a minute into the match mainly because of some injuries sustained within the 1-minute interval. Graduate Gongic ended up with broken teeth while President Magot had a bleeding head. Possibly, in the heat of the moment, Gongic accidentally hit his teeth at Magot’s head, or conversely, Magot hit his head against Gongic’s teeth. See the clip (from Deng Dinka) above for more details and your own analysis and judgment.


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Daniella Valentino Wol: Hi PaanLuel Wel, what is your take on this “Father of the Nation” debate?

PaanLuel Wel: Sister Daniella Valentino Wol, here is what I think. According to Wikipedia, “Father of the Nation is an honorific title given to a man considered the driving force behind the establishment of his country, state, or nation.” For example, Simón Bolívar, South American revolutionary liberator who had never been a prime minister or a president or a king is considered the “Father of the Nation” in six countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Panama. Thus, if you ask me who is the “father of the nation” in the context of the man who had been a driving force in the establishment of our country, then I would think of many fathers (and mothers?) starting from the 1955 Torit Mutiny, Anyanya movement, High Executive Council (HEC) government and the seven founders of the SPLM/A as being the embodiment of men and women who had been the driving forces leading to the birth of the Republic of South Sudan. It is foolhardy to debate who, between John Garang and Salva Kiir, contributed the most to the liberation of South Sudan: they, and their comrades, were/are comrades-in-arms. My reading of Ateny Wek’s article is that he confused the meaning of “father of the nation” with the first president of a nation. Secondly, Ateny was responding to particular words said by Madam Nyandeeng Garang; unfortunately, his response, like those of President Kiir’s critics, is tainted by the prevailing war in our country. I hope that answer your question for now.

  1. Article by Ateny Wek: John Garang or Salva Kiir: Who is the “Founding Father” of South Sudan?
  2. Article by Isaiah Abraham: Who’s the Founding Father of the Republic of South Sudan?
  4. Article by Wilson Mading Koc: Ateny Wek Ateny: Dr John Garang is the Founding Father of South Sudan just like Mahatma Gandhi of India
  5. Article by Simon Deng Kuol: Mr. Ateny Wek: Challenge Madam Nyandeng without involving John Garang and Salva Kiir
  6. Article by Kuir E Garang: Planting Seeds of Discord and Contradicting President Kiir: A Response to Ateny Wek

It is inconceivable that Riek Machar can be successfully sidelined and then completely confined into political oblivion outside the country.

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan


September 21, 2016 (SSB) — Salva Kiir wants Riek Machar dead and gone, but has no clue how to achieve that; Riek Machar wants Salva Kiir dead and gone, but has no clue how to achieve that; the international community wants both leaders gone but has no clue how to do exactly that without turning South Sudan into Libya-II, Iraq-II, Afghanistan-II, Somalia-II etc. We all want South Sudan to be peaceful, stable and prosperous, but we have no clue how to do just that.

But first, is the SPLM-IO meeting in Khartoum over or still underway? Of the big heavyweights that graced the leadership of the SPLM-IO in early 2013 up to mid-2014, how many attended? When the SPLM-Nasir was formed, the internal contradictions and leadership wrangling of the mother SPLM followed and killed it. Essentially, the same fate might befall the SPLM-IO, for the very internal contradictions and leadership wrangling within the ruling party in Juba has followed, cornered, and is now strangling the SPLM-IO into premature, painful death.


By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan


September 17, 2016 (SSB) — Governor Philip Agwer Panyang, the governor of Jonglei state, has issued gubernatorial decree No 19/2016 for the appointment of 14 new county commissioners in Jonglei state. Below are the names of the new commissioners, counties and their headquarters, plus the respective communities that inhabit the new counties and their population according to the 2008 census.



Name in full Name of County County headquarters Communities 2008 Census
1.        Hakim Ajith Buny Bor Municipality Bortown Nyarweng, Bor, Twic, Hol, etc. 61,716
2.        Deng Mabany Kuot Twic North County Panyagor Kongor, Adhiok, Abek 32,892
3.        Dau Akoi Jurkuch Twic Central County Wangulei Ayual, Dachuek, Awulian 21,121
4.        Daniel Deng Manyok Twic South County Adubaar Ajuong, Pakeer 31,336
5.        Deng Achiek Jok Duk Payuel County Payuel Nyarweng 13,919
6.        Michael Malual Wuor Duk Padiet County Padiet Hol 36,526
7.        Peter Latjor Chol Duk Panyang County Pajut Aborom 15,143
8.        Deng Mabior Deng Bor South County Chueikeer Abii, Nyara, Awan, Gol 40,058
9.        William Majier Alier Bor Gok County Kolnyang Adol, Gwala, Abang, Dala
10.    Mading Akol Biar Bor East County Anyidi Palek 24,882
11.    Nhial Awan Deng Anyidi-Makuach County Makuach Ater, Adumuor 29,412
12.    Deng Garang Deng Bor Central County Werkok/Kapaat Deer, Koch
13.    Simon Thon Ayuen Bor West County Baidit Angakuei, Biong 51,532
14.    Kuot Jok Lual Bor Athooch County Kactong/Yomciir Alian, Pathuyith
15.    Luis Garang Apiu Bor North County Jalle Juet, Abodit 13,506


“James Gatdet Dak: FVP Dr. Riek Machar has dismissed Taban Deng Gai from the SPLM/SPLA (IO). He has also withdrawn and recalled him from Ministry of Mining.”

By PaanLuel Wel, Juba, South Sudan

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July 22, 2016 (SSB) — Dr. Riek Machar has dismissed Taban Deng Ghai from the SPLM-IO and also removed him from the ministry of Mining. This comes a day after the SPLM-IO politburo reportedly dismissed Riek from the position of the 1st Vice President and replaced him with Taban Deng Ghai.

It also comes within 12 hours since President Kiir issued a 48-hour ultimatum for Riek Machar to report back to Juba for work or risk replacement.

This scenario reminds one of what happened during the time of the Nasir group. By then, Kerubino Kuanyin and William Nyuon had a bitter fallout with Riek Machar.

They dismissed Riek from the Nasir group and declared themselves the new leaders, claiming previous seniority from Mother SPLM/A. Riek Machar in turn dismissed them from the party and from their respective positions.


Happy 5th Anniversary to the Republic of South Sudan!!

By Amer Mayen Dhieu (Brisbane, Australia) and PaanLuel Wël (Juba, South Sudan)

The 5th independent day anniversary

July 9, 2016 (SSB) — On this 9th of July, we, the South Sudanese, are deeply disillusioned with politicians over the war and the economic crisis. There is a palpable sense of fear, indignation and betrayal. Too many conflicts colliding with too little conciliation in Juba.

There are plethora of ills bedeviling the new nation, including blunders committed by our political leaders, blunders that only add fuel onto the fire, precipitating the downhill slide into the dark abyss.

We are ranked second only to Somalia among the failed states in the world. Our infant oil-dependent economy has collapsed, along with social amenities and physical infrastructure. Corruption is running amok in the country, sparing not even the office of the president. And our honorable politicians have been providing a bizarre episode in a drama of epic confusion.

Apparently, the country has run out of able and good leaders that the prodigal son is the one proclaiming our salvation and redemption from the failed Messiah.


“A man came and found an animal killed and he demanded to be given ‘ɣäm’ (thigh) but someone among the people said, look at this guy, how could he be so greedy that he asked for ‘ɣäm’ (thigh) instead of ‘lɔ̈ɔ̈m’ (rib) and so he was given ‘lɔ̈ɔ̈m’ (rib). Meaning if we want Southern Sudan, we must start by asking for the whole Sudan and then surely we will be given South, but if we started with asking for the South, we would gain nothing as the Anyanya One case attest. The people of South Sudan should know that no man marries an ugly woman and no woman marries an ugly man. The unity of the Sudan has not been made attractive. I and those who joined me in the bush and fought for more than twenty years have brought to you CPA in a golden plate. Our mission is accomplished. It is now your turn, especially those who did not have a chance to experience bush life. When [the] time comes to vote at referendum, it is your golden choice to determine your fate. Would you like to vote to be second-class citizens in your own country? It is absolutely your choice, Dr. John Garang’s famous “Rumbek Exhortation” delivered on May 15, 2005 at Rumbek Freedom Square, upon his arrival in Rumbek for the commemoration of the 22nd anniversary of May 16th in Rumbek, Southern Sudan.

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

Tribute to Dr. John Garang

The Genius of Dr. John Garang: Tributes to the Late SPLM/A’s Leader Dr. John Garang de Mabioor (Volume 3) Paperback – July 11, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël (Editor)

June 23, 2016 (SSB) — Garang Mabioor Atem Aruai—popularly known as Dr. John Garang—was born on 23rd June 1945 into a peasant Dinka family in Buk village of the Awulian community, Kongor District in Jonglei State, Upper Nile Region of the historical Sudan. Garang was the sixth of ten children—six boys and four girls—born to Mabioor Atem Aruai from the Awulian clan (Patem, pan-ayen) and Ghak Malwal Kuol from the Kongor clan (Padol, pareng), both of Twic Dinka from the Greater Bor Dinka Community.

Young Garang left his home district of Kongor at the age of ten after the death of his father to attend school in Bahr el Ghazal. He went to Tonj Primary School (1954), followed by Bussere Intermediate School (1958), and then Rumbek Secondary School (1962) when the Anyanya One war broke out. Just after joining Rumbek Secondary School, teenage Garang was expelled for participating in a Southern-wide student-led strike—one that was fomented by the legendary Southern freedom fighter, Marko Rume.


A Tribocratic Analysis of the New Cabinet for the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) of South Sudan (Part 1)

In this article, the author argues that the recent formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGONU) has violated the principle of Tribocracy because President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar have marginalized the Dinka (-4%), Equatorians (-3%) and Nuer (-2%) while over-representing the Minority Group (+9%). The Dinka should have been given 16 ministers; the Equatorians 13 ministers; the Nuer 8 ministers and the Minority Group 4 ministers, which translates to 38%, 32%, 19% and 11% of the cabinet respectively.

By PaanLuel Wël, Bor, Jonglei State

28 states of RSS

The 28 states of the Republic of South Sudan


May 4, 2016 (SSB)  —  Under tribocratic dispensation, there are four political caucuses, seventeen political constituencies and numerous political sections in the Republic of South Sudan. The political caucuses are the Dinka, Nuer, Equatorian and the Minority Group. The Minority Group are those ethnic communities that are not Dinka, not Nuer and not Equatorian, such as the Shilluk, Murle, Fertit, Anyuak etc. The political constituencies, a subset of the political caucuses, are: the Rek Dinka, Agaar Dinka, Padang Dinka and Bor Dinka for the Dinka political caucus; the Western, Central and Eastern Equatorians for the Equatorian political caucus; the Lou Nuer, the Jikany Nuer, the Liech Nuer and the Phow Nuer for the Nuer political caucus, and lastly, the Shilluk, Fertit, Mukaji, Buny, Anyuak and Luo for the Minority Group political caucus. Based on the 2008 census, the Dinka political caucus represent 38% of the national population; the Equatorian 32%; the Nuer 19%, and the Minority Group 11%.

For the political constituencies within the Dinka political caucus, the Rek Dinka (Gogrial, Tonj and Aweil) represent the largest portion of the national population at 19.86%; the Agaar Dinka (Aliab, Atuot, Agaar, Chiech and Gok) represent 7.93%; the Padang Dinka (Panaruu, Thoi, Abyei, Luach, Ageer, Paweny, Rut, Aloor, Nyiel, Abiliang, Dongjol and Ngok Lual-Yak) represent 5.88%, and the Bor Dinka (Nyarweng, Hol, Bor, and Twic East,) represent 4.50%. For the political constituencies within the Nuer political caucus, the Liech Nuer (Leek, Nyuong, Dok, Bul, Hak, Jangei, and Western Jikany) represent 5.87%; the Jikany Nuer (Gajaak, Gajook and Gaguong) represent 5.29%; the Lou Nuer (Akobo, Nyirol and Uror) represent 5.13%, and the Phow Nuer (Gawaar, Laak and Thiang) represent 3.02%.

For the political constituencies within the Equatorian political caucus, the Central Equatorians (Bari, Mundari, Kuku, Pajulu, Kakwa, Lokoya, Nyangwara, and Keliko) represent 13.36%; the Eastern Equatorians (Lotuho, Buya, Taposa, Madi, Acholi, Lango, Didinga, Logir Lopit, Pari, Tenet, Horiok, Nyagatom, Dongotano) represent 10.99%, and the Western Equatorians (Zande, Mundu, Moru, Balanda, Baka, Avukaya, Jur-Bhel) represent 7.48%. For the political constituencies within the Minority Group political caucus, the Shilluk (Chollo kingdom) represent 2.98%; the Fertit (Balanda, Jur-Chat) represent 2.49%; the Luo (Jur-Chol, Jur-Bhel) represent 2.04%; the Mukaji (Murle, Kachipo and Jie) represent 1.79%; the Anyuak (Pochalla) represent 0.80%, and the Maban (Buny) represent 0.55%.


 “The greatest patriotism is to tell your country when it is behaving dishonorably, foolishly, viciously.” –Julian Barnes

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan


The signpost welcoming the arrival of Riek Machar in Juba, put up by the government, at the site of Shirkhat suburb of Juba before the Juba Bridge

April 14, 2016 (SSB)  —-  When one gets married, one has to compromise, out of sheer necessity, some lifelong principles for the sake of the new relationship. Similarly, the IO and the government, contrary to prevailing national circumstances, are yet to catch up with the stark reality that they are in a new, fragile, relationship.

Being in Juba, the IO should cease behaving like keyboard warriors on Facebook where one can do and say as one wishes without immediate and serious consequences. They should arrive, conduct themselves and live in Juba with the full knowledge that President Kiir, contrary to their public sloganeering, did not “GO”.

HELLO, Salva Kiir is still THE president, and Juba is in Africa, not in the WEST.

For the government, they should stop flattering themselves that it is business as usual in Juba; they failed spectacularly to defeat the rebellion, the knowledge of which compelled them to sign a humiliating power sharing arrangements with the very person they wanted “dead or alive.”


By PaanLuel Wël, Bor, South Sudan

Governor Agwer Panyang

The newly appointed governor of Jonglei state, Col. Philip Agwer Panyang, with Defense Minister Gen. Kuol Manyang Juuk and Information Minister Michael Makwei Lueth in Bor, Jonglei state

March 7, 2016 (SSB)  —  Before Agwer arrived in Bor: there were 8 MPs, 4 MPs and 2 MPs for Bor, Twic East and Duk counties respectively, a power ratio of 4:2:1.

After Agwer arrived in Bor as governor, and added 7 extra MPs to make 21 MPs for the new Jonglei state, there are now 12 MPs, 6 MPs, 3 MPs for Bor, Twic East and Duk Counties in that order, which is, AGAIN, a power ratio of 4: 2: 1

Clearly, Governor Agwer simply maintains the existing power ratio, whatever it was based on. Surprisingly, neither Twic East nor Duk County has ever contested this power ratio before the arrival of Agwer in Bor


Who is President Salva Kiir Mayaardit?

 By PaanLuel Wël & Simon Yel Yel, Juba, South Sudan

President Kiir's speeches after independence

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan. Grab your copy at

  1. Birth, Childhood and Education

He was the commanding officer, a captain in charge of the national army, at the Bentiu military garrison, when Chevron discovered oil[1] in Unity state in 1978.

Because he could not be trusted by Khartoum, being a southerner and ex-Anyanya officer, he was immediately transferred to Malakal, and northern troops under northern command were brought in and placed in charge of the newly discovered southern oilfields.

In 1994, he survived[2] a plane crash in Kapenguria, Kenya, when a chartered plane he was travelling in from Wilson Airport, Nairobi, to Nimule fell from over 25,000 feet, killing all passengers including the pilot, except Salva Kiir and his body guard.[3]

He escaped unscathed, with only minor injuries to his arm. As president, he later survived a joint Egyptian-Sudanese assassination plot on his life, according to Wikileak Dossier.[4]

He is the only surviving founding member of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A). He has been described as the ‘Biblical Joshua’ who led his beleaguered people to the “Promised Land shortly after the rise and fall of Moses.”[5]

His name is President Salva Kiir Mayaardit, the current president of the Republic of South Sudan.

Kiir Kuethpiny Thiik Atem—popularly known as Salva Kiir Mayaardit—was born on the 13th of September, 1951, into a pastoral Dinka family in Akon village of the Awan-Chan Dinka Community, Gogrial District in Warrap state in the Bahr el Ghazal Region of the historical Sudan. He was the eighth of the family’s nine children—six boys and three girls—born to Kuethpiny Thiik Atem of Awan-Chan (Payum clan) and Awiei Rou Wol Tong of Awan-Chan (Payii clan), both of Gogrial Dinka from the REK Dinka community.


David Yau Yau’s New Year 2016 Gift to the Republic of South Sudan?

By PaanLuel Wel, Karatina, Kenya


David Yau-Yau, the Murle militia leader who led a military rebellion against the gov’t of South Sudan leading to the creation of the Greater Pibor Administrative of which he (Yau-Yau) has been appointed the administrator by President Kiir.

December 31, 2015 (SSB) — The National Courier, citing a purported UN source, reported that David Yau Yau has killed the father of Baba Medan, the former deputy governor of Jonglei state and the newly appointed governor of Boma state (GPAA):

Sources in Pibor including a leaked UN Situation Report indicates a tense situation in Pibor after unconfirmed reports that forces loyal to David Yauyau killed the father of newly appointed Governor of Boma State. It is alleged that Yauyau loyalists are furious that Yauyau was not made a governor. On Tuesday according to a leaked UN report, “30 meter long trench have been dug by armed personnel from David Yau Yau’s Cobra Faction close to their HQ and former UNMISS water point in Pibor main town. 60mm mortar gun stands are position in the trenches facing Likuangole. (The mortar range is approximately 1.5kms). Ammunition boxes are also placed in the trenches.” — Copyright © 2015 The National Courier


By PaanLuel Wël, Karatina, Kenya

28 governors swearing in ceremony in Juba

The swearing in ceremony of 28 governors in Juba, South Sudan, 29 Dec 2015

December 30, 2015 (SSB)  —  President Kiir has sworn into office 28 governors today in Juba, South Sudan. The governors were appointed on Christmas Eve, 24 December 2015, as part of the implementation of the ‘establishment order’, a decree issued in October by the president.

The rebels of Dr. Riek Machar, who have been opposing the ‘establishment order’, since October, swiftly condemned the appointment of the 28 governors, terming it a flagrant violation of the IGAD peace deal. Riek Machar called upon the president to rescind his decree and to table the issue of 28 states before the JMEC for discussion.

Interestingly, the appointment of the governors came against the backdrop of the arrival of the first batch of the rebels’ advance team in Juba. It therefore caught most people, especially Taban Deng Gai, the leader of the advance team, by surprise. The presence of the rebels’ advance team in Juba has somehow mellowed the response from the rebels in Addis Ababa for fear that their members might be targeted.


By PaanLuel Wël, Karatina, Kenya

Taban Deng Ghai and President Kiir, Juba, Dec 22 2015

Taban Deng Ghai and President Kiir, Juba, Dec 22 2015

December 24, 2015 (SSB) — In the euphoria of welcoming back the rebels in the name of peace and reconciliation and, hopefully, national rejuvenation, we still have a white elephant in the room—the establishment order of the 28 states that was recently approved by the national assembly.

Although the president is yet to appoint the 28 governors, the decree still hangs ominously like the sword of Damocles over the minds of Junubeen.

There is a palpable feeling that the minute the government implement the 28 states decree, chances are high that the rebels might decide to evacuate Juba for Pagak—effectively boycotting the formation of the transitional government just as they have been threatening.

Not only would this mark the death of the IGAD peace deal but would also herald the resumption of military offensives across the country.


NilePet Reduces Fuel Prices by 42% in Juba

Posted: December 17, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël in PaanLuel Wël

By PaanLuel Wel, Juba, South Sudan

Nilepet increases fuel rates in Juba

December 17, 2015 (SSB)  —  A little maths can sometimes clear up muddled thinking. Has ‪#‎NilePet‬ increased or reduced the fuel prices in Juba?

Yes, you heard me right.

Majority, with fury, have already condemned the supposed hiked prices. But is it true, intrinsically speaking? Let’s see, taking the depot rate as the baseline.


NilePet increase fuel prices from 6ssp ($0.33) to 21ssp ($1.17) per litre, up 300%

Nilepet increases fuel rates in Juba

December 17, 2015 (SSB)  —  South Sudan’s state oil company, NilePet, has increased fuel prices by 300% and 250% for wholesale and deport rates respectively, effective from today—December 17th, 2015

Wholesale prices used to be 5ssp ($0.28) per litre while depot and retail rates were 6ssp ($0.33) each. Now, it is 20ssp ($1.11) for wholesale, 21ssp ($1.17) for depot and 22ssp ($1.22) per litre for retail.

NilePet took the decision after all petrol stations in Juba decided to shut down their services due to uncertainty over fuel prices in the aftermath of the floating of the South Sudanese pound by government, effectively devaluing the pound by 485% overnight.


What is Government in the View of Dr. John Garang? Dr. John Garang Talking to the SPLA Military Officers about Leadership and the Role of the Government in Readiness for the Post-CPA Era in the Republic of South Sudan


The Genius of Dr. John Garang: Speeches on the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA); Paperback – November 26, 2015 by Dr. John Garang (Author), PaanLuel Wël (Editor)

November 27, 2015 (SSB)  —  With the advent of peace, comrades, we have reached a new phase of our armed struggle, a new phase of transforming the guns and the bullets—that is military power—into political power, and using the political power to achieve socio-economic development rapidly. This is because there is no meaning of revolution—the revolution is meaningless, unless it makes our people happy, unless the masses of our people, as a result of our glorious revolution, become prosperous.

Socio-economic prosperity quantifiable with the degree to which people go ahead and advance in their individual and communal lives: they get food, they get shelter, they get clean drinking water, they get healthcare services, they get social amenities, they get economic infrastructure such as roads, they get jobs and so forth. Unless we provide these essential services to our people, unless the revolution provide these things to our people, then the people will prefer the government of the NIF that provide salt to the government of the SPLM that does not provide anything to its people.

This is simple arithmetic: if the SPLM cannot deliver anything and we just shout REVOLUTION! REVOLUTION!; and yet the cattle of the people are not vaccinated; their children are not vaccinated or sent to school; there is nothing to eat, there are no roads, there are no basic necessities of life—there is no cloth, no needle, not even a razor blade—when the barest minimum of essential things of life are not available, then the people will drive us into the sea, even though there is no sea here, they will find one. Mind you, we have no other choice.