Archive for the ‘South Sudanese Civil Society’ Category


Amnesty International UK: Press Release
IMMEDIATE RELEASE: TUESDAY 10 FEBRUARY 2015

SUDAN: INTELLIGENCE SERVICES HOLDING TWO CHURCH LEADERS IN SECRET DETENTION

Amnesty International is urging the authorities in Sudan to disclose the whereabouts of two church leaders who were arrested by the country’s National Intelligence and Security Service in Khartoum last December and January.

Both Reverend Yat Michael and Reverend Peter Yen – of the South Sudan Presbyterian Evangelical Church – are being detained incommunicado, in an unknown location without access to their families or lawyers and are at risk of torture or ill-treatment.

Pastor Yat Michael
Reverend Yat Michael, a pastor from South Sudan was visiting Khartoum when he was taken into custody on Sunday 21 December. He had been preaching that morning, at the Khartoum North Church of the Sudan Presbyterian Evangelical Church. After the service, several men who identified themselves as Sudanese government security officers demanded that Reverend Yat come with them. They took him away without giving further explanation. The next day, the security forces went to Reverend Yat’s home and took some of his clothes and personal belongings. They informed his wife that he was being held in relation to an ongoing investigation but did not reveal any further details about the investigation, whether the reverend was under arrest and what the charges were.

Pastor Peter Yen
Reverend Peter Yen, another South Sudanese pastor who was visiting Khartoum, was arrested on 11 January when he responded to summons to report to an office of the security services. It appears that his arrest and detention is linked to a letter he delivered to the Religious Affairs Office in Khartoum inquiring about Reverend Yat’s arrest. Pastor Yat’s wife and his family have been trying unsuccessfully to find out where he is being held. They have not had any access to him since his arrest. The family of Reverend Yen has also not seen or spoken to him since he was taken into custody.

Amnesty International UK Director Kate Allen said:

“The longer these two men are held in a secret location, the greater the risk of them being tortured. To date, absolutely no charge has been brought against these two church leaders.  The authorities in Sudan must make reveal the location of these two men as soon as possible, and either charge them with a recognisable criminal offence or release them immediately.”

ENDS
To arrange an interview, or for more information, please contact Amnesty International UK’s press team
Eulette Ewart 020 7033 1548, eulette.ewart@amnesty.org.uk
Out of office hours: 07721 398 984, www.amnesty.org.uk/news  

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MNESTY INTERNATIONAL
PRESS RELEASE

30 January 2015 – For Immediate release

South Sudan:  Africa Union Peace and Security Council stands in the way of Justice in South Sudan

Spokespeople available on request

The African Union’s (AU) Peace and Security Council has failed the thousands of South Sudanese victims who are waiting for truth and justice by not making public the report of the Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan, said Amnesty International today.

Olusegun Obasanjo, former president of Nigeria and Chair of the Commission of Inquiry, was scheduled to present the report to the AU Peace and Security Council yesterday evening. But, in a move shocking to those committed to accountability, Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, tabled a motion to “defer” presentation and consideration of the report pending the finalisation of a peace agreement. Presidents Zuma of South Africa and Museveni of Uganda seconded the motion.

“What is outrageous is that the Peace and Security Council shelved the report indefinitely before its members even received copies or heard Obasanjo’s remarks,” said Amnesty International’s African Regional Research and Advocacy Director Netsanet Belay. “The AU seems to have forgotten that one of its founding principles is the condemnation and rejection of impunity.”

Over the past year, all parties to the conflict in South Sudan have committed crimes under international law, including attacks on civilians often based on ethnicity or perceived political allegiance, sexual violence and wide-spread destruction and looting of civilian property.

The Commission of Inquiry was established by the AU in March 2014. It was mandated to investigate human rights abuses and violations by parties to the conflict in South Sudan and make recommendations on accountability, reconciliation and healing in South Sudan.

“The Commission of Inquiry’s findings and its recommendations on accountability could be a critical step towards ending the impunity that continues to fuel the conflict in South Sudan,” said Belay.

Members of the AU Commission of Inquiry and its investigators conducted multiple visits to South Sudan and also met with South Sudanese living outside of the country.

Twenty-one South Sudanese civil society organizations sent a petition to the Peace and Security Council on Wednesday calling for the report to be published immediately.

“The failure to publish the report is a slap in the face of the hundreds of South Sudanese who took time—sometimes at significant personal risk—to tell members of the Commission of Inquiry what they witnessed,” said Belay.

The Government of South Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army-In Opposition (SPLM/A-IO) signed a cessation of hostilities over one year ago. Despite this, fighting has continued.

Negotiations being brokered by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) have failed to result in a peace agreement. Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, who tabled the motion to “defer” presentation of the Commission of Inquiry’s report, currently serves as IGAD’s Chair.

In a press statement yesterday, the SPLM/A-IO reiterated its call for the report to be published.

For more information, please contact:
Netsanet Belay, Africa Director, Research and Advocacy: +251 91 344 7341
Japhet Biegon, Africa Advocacy Coordinator: +251 946656241
Elizabeth Deng, South Sudan Researcher: +254 739354262


Message for Peace Co-existence to the Nation after Ending of Synod Meeting in Twic East County

By Rt. Rev. Peter Bol Arok

The Third Ordinary Session of Diocesan Synod Held at St. Paul Baping Archdeaconry

From 26-27 December, 2014

The Third Ordinary Session of Diocesan Synod Held at St. Paul Baping Archdeaconry from 26-27 December, 2014

The Third Ordinary Session of Diocesan Synod Held at St. Paul Baping Archdeaconry from 26-27 December, 2014

January 19, 2015 (SSB) — Greetings in the name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ from Bishop chairman Rt. Rev. Peter Bol Arok to the delegates of Synod on behalf of Twic East Diocese and his family.The Synod held in Twic County at St. Paul Baping Archdeaconry was well attended by over 100 delegates. We are most grateful to Hon. Dau Akoi, commissioner of Twic County together with other dignitaries among them being Deng Aguer state speaker who honoured our meeting with their presence.

It has been a challenging year for everyone most especially those in South Sudan. The U.N report records that more than 10000 died and many more been displaced in the neighbouring countries of Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and inside South Sudan and Northern Sudan.

Despite all of this we still put our hope and trust in the Almighty God to give us a year full of his blessings and love. The main reason for holding this meeting in Baping Twic County is for the sole reason of encouraging our people who are externally displaced to return home. The Anglican church of South Sudan has been working tirelessly to bring change to the people of South Sudan. Quoting the late Dr. John Garang de Mabior “we should take the town to the people and not the people to the town”

The Third Ordinary Session of Diocesan Synod Held at St. Paul Baping Archdeaconry from 26-27 December, 2014

The Third Ordinary Session of Diocesan Synod Held at St. Paul Baping Archdeaconry from 26-27 December, 2014

The vision of the Anglican church of South Sudan and particularly that of Twic East Diocese is to be self reliant. We have tried to put into place utilization measures of the little resources that we have to assist the people of south Sudan. For example, Bishop Peter Bol Arok visited the displaced persons who are in Uganda and inside South Sudan on three occasions. He brought to them medicine, clothes, powdered milk and other essentials that the people needed. The Bishop was encouraged by Mathew 25:35.

Our message to the nation of South Sudan is that of forgiveness. Without forgiveness our nation cannot move forward more so to achieve the vision and dream of the late Dr. John Garang de Mabior who worked tirelessly to ensure that the people of South Sudan have a brighter future full of aspirations and dreams. However, this cannot be achieved if we still cannot let go of what happened in the past. It is time for us to forge forward and let the past remain where it should be, in the past.

Let us seek God’s intervention in this healing process. It is through him that we can have the peace that we have longed and fought for all this time. With hatred still burning inside us it is almost impossible to work together and to walk with God.

The Third Ordinary Session of Diocesan Synod Held at St. Paul Baping Archdeaconry from 26-27 December, 2014

The Third Ordinary Session of Diocesan Synod Held at St. Paul Baping Archdeaconry from 26-27 December, 2014

Let me take this opportunity to congratulate the people of South Sudan for the unity and solidarity they showed during the referendum of 2011.

Peace be with you in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Amen

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.


Reference: TG AFR 65/2015/001
Index: AFR 65/001/2015
January 8, 2015

President Obama
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20500

Re: Arms embargo for South Sudan to protect human rights

Dear President Obama:

January 8, 2015 (SSB) —  We, the undersigned South Sudanese and international organizations, write to urge your support for a United Nations Security Council arms embargo on both parties to the conflict in South Sudan.

The conflict that erupted in Juba thirteen months ago has been characterized by a complete disregard for international human rights and humanitarian law. South Sudan’s capital Juba as well as Upper Nile, Jonglei, and Unity states have seen gruesome attacks on civilians and massive destruction and pillage that amount to war crimes and in some cases acts that should be investigated as crimes against humanity.

Serious human rights abuses by government and opposition forces as well as other armed actors allied to them have also pushed much of the country into one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises. An estimated 1.9 million people have already been forced from their homes and large areas remain vulnerable to famine.

We are aware that the US government has provided very significant amounts of aid as well as support to the peace process. Meanwhile, the South Sudanese government has reportedly been using its oil revenue to purchase weapons.

We were encouraged by the US’ suspension of military assistance to South Sudan’s army and your April 4, 2014, executive order with its strong message that the US will not tolerate human rights abuses. But despite repeated condemnation of ongoing fighting in South Sudan by the UN Security Council, the US still has not tabled a resolution calling for an arms embargo, even in the face of the high likelihood of further abuses at the hands of armed actors.

The provision of additional weapons to the warring parties and associated armed groups, in a country already awash with small arms and where a wide range of conventional weapons are in circulation, will almost certainly fuel further attacks on civilians. Despite criticism by the international community and many threats of sanctions, neither the government nor the opposition has provided any meaningful accountability for horrific abuses including widespread and systematic killings of civilians and targeting of individuals based on their ethnicity, often in their homes, in churches, and hospitals.

Much of the brutality against civilians in this conflict has taken the form of reprisal attacks for earlier violence and history suggests, because these crimes have been unaddressed, ethnic killings will continue and could drastically intensify.

An arms embargo would help to halt the supply of weapons to individuals and groups who have committed serious violations of human rights, war crimes and crimes against humanity, and protect civilians at grave risk. Such an embargo should last until there is no substantial risk that weapons, munitions and other military equipment and technology sent to South Sudan will be used to commit or facilitate serious violations of international human rights and humanitarian law.

South Sudan’s neighbors have shown support for an arms embargo. Leaders from countries represented in the Intergovernmental Authority of Development (IGAD) regional body issued a statement on November 7, 2014, threatening the belligerents with “denial of the supply of arms and ammunition, and any other material that could be used in war” if the parties to the conflict continue to violate the cessation of hostilities agreement. IGAD reported further violations of this agreement in late 2014 and has since condemned further fighting. The African Union on December 4, 2014, noted the IGAD statement and also threatened “stern action including recourse to the UN Security Council for action”.

The US should immediately table a draft resolution imposing a comprehensive arms embargo on South Sudan and do all it can to ensure its passage.

This is the only way to deny the parties further opportunities to arm themselves and continue to commit serious violations of international human rights and humanitarian law while they pursue their political ends.

Yours sincerely,

1. Action Support Centre (South Africa)
2. Amnesty International (United Kingdom)
3. Assistance Missions for Africa (South Sudan)
4. Carl Wilkens Fellowship (United States)
5. Citizens for Peace and Justice (South Sudan)
6. Charity Aid Foundation (South Sudan)
7. Community Empowerment for Progress Organization (South Sudan)
8. East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project (Uganda)
9. End Impunity Organization (South Sudan)
10. Foundation for Human Rights Initiative (Uganda)
11. Global Witness (United Kingdom)
12. Human Rights Watch (United States)
13. Humanitarian Aid Relief Trust (United Kingdom)
14. Humanity United (United States)
15. International Centre for Policy and Conflict (Kenya)
16. International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) (France)
17. Organization for Nonviolence and Development (South Sudan)
18. PAX (The Netherlands)
19. Rally for Peace and Democracy (South Sudan)
20. Seed for Democracy (South Sudan)
21. South Sudan Action Network on Small Arms (South Sudan)
22. South Sudanese Network on Democracy and Elections (South Sudan)
23. South Sudan Law Society (South Sudan)
24. Standard Action Liaison Focus (South Sudan)
25. Support Peace Initiative Development Organization-South Sudan (South Sudan)
26. The Strategic Initiative for women in The Horn of Africa (SIHA) (Uganda)
27. United to End Genocide (United States)
28. Waging Peace (United Kingdom)
29. Women Development Group (South Sudan)

——————–

For Immediate Release

South Sudan: Obama Should Support Arms Embargo
29 Groups Urge US to Press for UN Action

(Juba, January 8, 2015) – US President Barack Obama should call for and support a comprehensive United Nations arms embargo on the parties to South Sudan’s brutal conflict, 29 South Sudanese and international human rights, humanitarian, and other groups said today in a letter to President Obama. Thousands of civilians have been killed in the conflict, which began just over a year ago, in many cases targeted for their ethnicity or perceived political allegiances. An estimated 1.9 million people have been displaced, and massive looting and burning by both government and opposition forces has left towns and rural areas destroyed and abandoned.

“More weapons will mean more fuel to the fire, more attacks on civilians, arbitrary killings, rape, burnings and pillage,” said Geoffrey Duke, secretariat team leaderat the South Sudan Action Network on Small Arms. “President Obama should do everything he can to ensure that this year is not a repeat of the horrific last year for South Sudanese. Now is the time to take action.”

South Sudan’s conflict looks set to continue, and the organizations are concerned that further crimes under international law and serious human rights violations and abuses are likely.

Nongovernmental organizations have been calling for an arms embargo on South Sudan since early 2014. The US is responsible for drafting resolutions and statements on South Sudan at the UN Security Council.

The letter from 29 organizations to President Obama is available here:http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/AFR65/001/2015/en

For more information, please contact:
In Juba, for Community Empowerment for Progress Organization, Edmund Yakani (English):+211-955-214-513; or ceposouthsudan@gmail.com.
In Nairobi, for Amnesty International, Nyagoah Tut (English): +254-786-866-805; or nyagoah.tut@amnesty.org.
In Juba, for South Sudan Action Network on Small Arms, Geoffrey L. Duke (English): +211-955-166-606; orgeoffreyduke@ssansa.org.
In Nairobi, for Human Rights Watch, Skye Wheeler (English):+254-705-557-017wheeles@hrw.org
In New York, for Amnesty International, Renzo Pomi (English, Spanish):+1 347 806 1176; orrpomi@amnesty.org.


South Sudan Civil Society

   Delegation of Civil Society to the IGAD-Led Peace Process for South Sudan

        Withdrawal of Civil Society Delegation From the Plenary Session                                                                               

   Ladies and gentleman of the press

  1. First and foremost, we would like to thank stakeholders participating at the IGAD-led peace process for South Sudan and in particular the Government of the Republic of South Sudan GRSS and the Sudan people liberation Movement and Army SPLM/A in-Opposition for the time we spent together since June 20, 2014 in an attempt to bring peace to South Sudan. Unfortunately, the recounting circumstances created by the principal parties to the armed conflict at different stages made the peace process very bleak for reasons best known to them and the IGAD mediation team.
  1. The present of other stakeholders including the SPLM/A in Opposition is a partial negotiation and the IGAD mediation team did not tell us the wisdom behind this formula or made available any authority upon which such meaningful discussions and contributions by other stakeholders will not be altered or rejected by the Government of the Republic of South Sudan. If the IGAD special envoys lack such guarantee and deliberately allow the session to partially continues when in fact all work shall be put to dustbin upon arrival of the GRSS as the main challenger with the SPLM/A in Opposition, then this is a waste of time, energy and resources.
  1. After having explore the causes for the absentia of the GRSS at the talk; we found out two reasons according to the content of their letter dated 16 August, 2014 as follows
  • The GRSS want signing of the implementation matrix of the cessation of hostilities agreement CoH first with the SPLM/A in opposition before any talk on political transitional arrangement and
  • That the sufficient consensus as came in the rules of procedure to be amended and restricted to two warring parties, however, it is provided in the rules of procedure that decisions shall be reached by the two warring parties and two other stakeholders. The GRSS feel that the other three stakeholders may not be in their favor when deciding on substantive matters
  1. After such prevailing deadlock, the stakeholders were putting their hope in the adjourned IGAD heads of State and government submit where the contentious matters including renewal of the mandate following end of 60 days without peace and formation of the Transitional Government of National unity and other related issues were suppose to be done, but again in vain for reasons best known to the IGAD Special Envoys and the political leadership of IGAD member states.
  2. Finally in light of the above situations and findings as representatives of the people at the IGAD-led peace process for South Sudan, we hereby announce that we withdraw from the partial session of the peace talk. We will continue to work at our engagement level and shall be ready to return to the negotiating table once IGAD resolve the matter between the principal parties to the armed conflict.
  1. Accept the assurances of our highest respect.

THE NATIONAL PLATFORM FOR PEACE AND RECONCILIATION (NPPR)

Press Release: for immediate release
Jonglei’s Dinka and Nuer communities agree to reconcile
Peace and Reconciliation in Action

Peace and Reconciliation in Action

BOR – The National Platform for Peace and Reconciliation (NPPR) has initiated a community-based peace process in Jonglei state with Dinka and Nuer church leaders taking the lead in mediating the talks. The initiative aims at engaging the two communities of Dinka and Nuer with the sole objective of fostering peaceful co-existence between them.
The consultative programs were led by a group of pastors from the Dinka and Nuer who recently formed an alliance under the auspices of NPPR to initiate a community-to-community peace process among the Dinka and Nuer communities. The consultations in Bor targeted stakeholders from both Nuer and Dinka including elders, youth, women and religious leaders.
 –
The Pastors held consultation sessions with members of both communities in Bor town. The consultations reached out to over 200 people from both Dinka and Nuer communities including youth, women, religious leaders and community elders among others. All groups met expressed willingness to work together in fostering peace and reconciliation.
 –
The Paramount Chiefs, Head Chiefs and Executive Chiefs of Greater Bor, during a consultative meeting with the NPPR team to explore ways of ending the tribal conflicts, presented a number of grievances but explicitly stated their wish for peace.  The Chiefs unanimously called for a joint face to face meeting with Nuer Chiefs.
 –
Manyok Deng Biar, a Head Chief from Wangulei Payam of Twic East County said that they are community leaders and do not support any form of violence. He said that a joint meeting between them and Nuer Chiefs should be convened to discuss ways of defusing violence.
 –
“We are community leaders, and a good leader does not encourage violence. I want to meet the Nuer Chiefs so that I can tell them that we the chiefs are the community leaders and should not mobilize our children to go for war. We the Chiefs were the very people who could have stopped the crisis from spreading over.”  Said Manyok Deng Biar, a Head Chief from Wangulei payam of Twic East County.
 –
The youth and women from the Dinka community in separate consultations also expressed their willingness for reconciliation with the Nuer community. Both youth and women groups agreed to holding joint meetings with their corresponding Nuer Community stakeholders.
 –
“I wish the Nuer IDPs inside UNMISS camp in Bor should come out so that it sends out a positive message of peace to others who are engaged in fighting and eventually encourage them to abandon the war and seek peace.” Said Nyankiir Atem, a women leader from Twic East County.
 –
During a separate consultative meeting with Nuer women at UNMISS, Achuol Jang, who is one of the women leaders said most of the Nuer women now living in the Protection of Civilians (POC) site in UNMISS, were residents in Bor town which is the state capital and have nowhere to go but only to make peace with host (Dinka Bor) Community.
 –
While speaking during the consultative meeting, Rebecca Ayen Awan, from Duk County said that South Sudanese citizens are not realizing the truth that the politicians are only destroying the lives and future of the children of peasants while they send their children to the best schools abroad. “Politicians are selfish; they are destroying the future of our children when their children are studying abroad. They send their children to the best schools abroad and set our husbands and children to kill each other. They want their children to come also rule us and we are blind to see this.” She strongly stated.
 –
A joint meeting convened between Dinka and Nuer women in Bor was seen as one of the successful sessions. The women shared their war experiences and discovered that war affected all of them and that atrocities were committed on both communities during the fighting. Nyankiir Atem who led the Dinka Bor women to the joint meeting with Nuer women said women should set the pace towards reconciliation and the men will follow. She urged the fellow women to influence their men and children to stop fighting and opt for peace. “…..as Dinka and Nuer women, let’s join our hands together to save the lives of our few surviving men and sons. Let’s urge them to stop fighting and accept peace.” Ms. Nyankiir said.
 –
Her call for peace was also backed by her counterpart Elizabeth Joseph who also led the Nuer women to the joint meeting. Ms. Elizabeth told the women that for Jonglei to be called a state, then it must accommodate Nuer and Dinka as well as other tribes. She called for peace and unity among the women especially in the state capital Bor so that people in other areas of the state can learn from the example.
 –
His Grace Archbishop Daniel Deng Bul who is one of the Principals of NPPR, met with the Nuer IDPs representatives in UNMISS-Bor where he listened to their grievances and also shared with them the message of peace.
 –
According to the pastor’s action plan, the consultation with different stakeholders from Dinka and Nuer in Jonglei State is a process that needs continued engagements. The next phase outlines further engagements with youth, community elders, from both communities.
 –
For further information, please contact Tobias Atari, Director General of South Sudan Peace and Reconciliation (SSPRC) and head of NPPR Secretariat, Tel: 095529,  email: fagillah@yahoo.com

“I was going to my office to pick up my car but one gunman was hiding waiting for me. As I approached and opened the door and wanted to drive off but this man fired the first bullet that missed me. I then stopped the car and started running to seek shelter then i returned the fire because I was also armed with a pistol.” …….Deng Athuai

Deng Athuai a South Sudanese activist injured in assassination attempts (SBS RADIO)

Deng Athuai Mawiir Rehan, chairman of South Sudanese civil society alliance

Deng Athuai Mawiir Rehan, chairman of South Sudanese civil society alliance who survived a 2nd assassination attempt in Juba, South Sudan. He was nominated to represent the civil society in the Addis Talks but is now recuperating in hospital

*******

Your Excellency Amb. Seyoum Mesfin

Chairperson of IGAD Special Envoys for South Sudan Peace process

Members of the IGAD mediation teams

Representatives of Trioka, the European Union and China

Government of the Republic of South Sudan

SPLM/A in Opposition

And Representatives of various stakeholders

Ladies and gentlemen

First and foremost, allow me on behalf of South Sudan Civil Society to first thanks God for this wonderful day, a day that we are all witness to making peace in our country. Time for peace is now and we must bring peace to our country by immediately stopping fighting and commits ourselves for peaceful settlement under IGAD mediation process.

I must underline enough is enough as our country is undergoing turmoil that cost reportedly 10,000 lives and destroyed properties; 4 million people in need of humanitarian aid with only 1.4 million people reached with humanitarian assistance; 359,000 people displaced to neighboring countries while 1.3 million people are internally displaced with only 75,000 sheltering within UNMISS camps throughout the country according to UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs latest report.

At this stage in order to quickly avert this violence conflict, our collective efforts must be put together with that of the international community particularly the IGAD, AU, UN and the Troika to address this unfortunate and senseless killings of our own people just because of power struggle within governing Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement SPLM party by the leaders. However, all South Sudanese stakeholders made their position clear from day one that the armed conflict is political in nature and must be resolved only through political settlement.

In light of this situation, we welcome the landmark agreement to resolve crisis signed on 9 May, 2014 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia between the President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek Machar of the SPLM in Opposition, where all South Sudanese stakeholders were agreed to participate in the peace process.

With this agreement, we deplore the behaviors of the parties to the armed conflict as they are in continuous violation of the ceasefire agreement. I called upon the international community to speed up urgent deployment of monitoring and verification mechanism to ensure implementation of this agreement so that this phase of negotiations with interim calm produce peaceful outcome.

Bless are the peace makers for they are call children of God Mathew. 5.9

 Deng Athuai Mawiir Rehan

 Chairperson, South Sudan Civil Society Alliance

  And Head of Civil Society Delegation to the peace process


Dear member of civil society ,

JOINT CIVIL SOCIETY RETREAT IN NIMULE COMMUNIQUE-1

The overall purpose of the retreat was to formulate a strategy that would establish a cohesive, collaborative mechanism by which different groups within civil society utilise expertise and resources available among themselves to shape the peace process at Addis Ababa and South Sudan level.
This is the first of a series of information pieces that will be circulated to you as a member of the south sudan civil society. The nature of the information that we will be circulating will include Civil society position papers, framework documents, strategy documents and press statements.

 

The Family of Nuer Prophet Ngundeng Congratulates Pagan Amum and his colleagues For Rejecting Riek Machar’s Rebellion

For Immediate Release

The Family of Nuer Prophet Ngundeng

——

Family members of Nuer Prophet Ngundeng are profoundly delighted by the strong message of Hon. Pagan Amum Okiech and his colleagues in rejecting the armed rebellion of renegade Riek Machar who staged a failed coup on December, 15, 2013. The position taken by the former Secretary General of the SPLM and the former detainees is in line with the opinion of the people of South Sudan in regard to the senseless war Riek Machar imposed on South Sudan. There is no rational South Sudanese who could support the rebellion of Riek Machar that has resulted in the death of innocent women and children throughout the country. Only militant tribalists whose foresight is compromised by tribal hatred would support a war that has no clear national agenda apart from Riek Machar’s promise that “it is Nuer turn to eat the national cake”.

The people of South Sudan, who fought successive Khartoum regimes from 1983 to 2005, cannot agree with a power-hungry politician like Riek Machar who believes in violence as the means to achieve his political interests. After the conclusion of the CPA in January, 2005, the only thing the people of South Sudan want is peace in order for their children to go back to schools and for the parents to rebuild their livelihoods. Peace was the gift promised by the SPLM/A when the people’s Movement reached a deal with the Government of Sudan in Naivasha, Kenya. Dr. John Garang, in his speech on January, 9, 2005, told the people of South Sudan that “from now on peace will reign supreme and war will no longer kill the people of South Sudan”.

Hon. Pagan Amum Okiech, who was a signatory of one of the protocols of the CPA, witnessed the happiness and the celebrations conducted by the people of South Sudan at Nyayo Stadium in Nairobi on January, 9, 2005. The people of South Sudan, who danced that day, were celebrating the coming of peace and the end of war. They were not dancing for the position of Dr. John Garang in the Government of National Unity. But they were sending a message to the world that the children of South Sudan would not experience war again.

Hon. Pagan Amum’s rejection of Riek Machar’s rebellion is something expected because no rational South Sudan politician would wish to plunge the country into perdition two years after the independence except Riek Machar who has a history of staging coups and rebellions to achieve a political interest. Despite what he did in 1991, many South Sudanese could not anticipate Riek Machar to plunge the country into abyss because he failed to secure the chairmanship of SPLM party.

When Riek Machar returned to the SPLM/A in 2002 after running away from Khartoum, he apologized to the people of South Sudan in Nairobi and declared that he would never start another war in South Sudan again. He reiterated the same when he personally apologized to Dinka Bor victims of 1991 at the residence of Rebecca Nyandeng Mabior in Juba in November, 2011 where he wept before a crowd of South Sudan dignitaries to show remorse. Nobody could believe that he was shedding crocodile tears to placate the unsuspecting Dinka as a strategy to get the political support of Greater Bor politicians to start another war in the country as he did on December, 15, 2013.

As Hon. Pagan Amum correctly delineated, Riek Machar should be regarded as the fundamental problem of South Sudan because he started a war twice in South Sudan that led to the death of thousands of innocent women and children. His 1991 coup led to the death of not only the civilians but also the heroes of South Sudan such as William Nyuon Bany (killed in 1995 by his orders) and Kerubino Kuanyin Bol (murdered in cold-blood by warlord Peter Gatdet Yak).

It could have been a colossal mistake if Hon. Pagan Amum Okiech and his colleagues had joined the rebellion of a man whose hands have been saturated with the blood of the people of South Sudan since 1985. The political history of Riek Machar in South Sudan is written in blood because most of his political and military decisions have never been free from death and destruction. When he led SPLA Muor Muor Division in 1985, his first action was to burn down thirteen villages in Nasir, displaced thousands of civilians and killed innocent souls in the name of fighting Anya-Nya Two militias. He repeated the same thing in Bentiu where he intentionally destroyed twenty-three villages of Bul Nuer and killed innocent civilians including three chiefs. His penchant for human blood and corpse went too far when he cut off the head of Maliny Kawai in 1987 and hanged it on a tree at his Headquarters in Tharkuer for everyone to see.

Now that Hon. Pagan Amum and his colleagues took a nationalistic stance to distance themselves from South Sudan’s Jonas Savimbi, the family of prophet Ngundeng would advise them to negotiate with the Government of South Sudan to bring peace without the prophet of doom. As a signatory of the one of the protocols of CPA, Hon. Amum has an obligation to bring peace by mobilizing the world to isolate Riek Machar whose lust for power has no regard for human life.

In 1991, he started a rebellion against Dr. John Garang that killed thousands of innocent souls in the name of democracy. Within three months of 1991 Nasir Declaration, he mobilized 30, 000 Nuer White Army and ordered them to attack Dinka Bor civilians. That resulted into what is known today as 1991 Bor genocide. He repeated the same act in December, 2013 and the death toll of his rebellion is still rising and his use of the White Army to wipeout villages is still in place.

It is the obligation of the people of South Sudan to protect themselves and the country from Riek Machar’s rebels whose only objective is to turn South Sudan into Somalia where each clan is administering its own territory without loyalty to the central government. Members of Ngundeng’s family congratulate Maj. General David Yauyau for signing a peace agreement with the Government of South Sudan to cement the unity of various tribes of the country in the process of state-making and nation-building. The decision Gen. David Yauyau has taken should be emulated by Nuer renegade Generals who had been deceived by Riek Machar but have now realized that he was using them as cannon fodders to parachute himself to Presidential Palace in Juba through the backdoor.

The violent record of Riek Machar is something that should be seriously taken into account by the IGAD and the Western countries in devising a solution for a permanent peace in South Sudan. The bloody history of Riek Machar does strongly suggest that power-sharing with a character like him is a recipe for another war down the road in South Sudan should any political agreement include him in the interim government arrangement. In order to avoid war in the future, regional and international isolation of Riek Machar should be the best solution that would be consistent with historical facts that the people of South Sudan have witnessed since 1991. The international community should support the Government of South Sudan militarily to crush Riek Machar’s rebellion the same way M-23 was crushed last year in the Democratic Republic of Congo. No reasonable person would expect South Sudan to enjoy peace if Riek Machar and his loyal rebels return to Juba and enjoy the same government privileges as he did prior to his removal in July last year. It is a fact that Angola has experienced sustainable peace since the demise of Jonas Savimbi in 2002.

The family of Ngundeng is tirelessly talking to various Nuer rebel Generals to have a direct peace talks with the Government of South Sudan because their grievances are unrelated to greed and political madness of Riek Machar. The IGAD and the international community should work together with Ngundeng family to reconcile Nuer and Dinka in the grassroots level because such an approach is the only way to bring sustainable peace as it was done in Wunlit Peace and Reconciliation Conference between the Nuer and Dinka in 1999. The Nuer and Dinka civil population should be sensitized and educated by non-political actors to find their own reconciliation and peace by relying on traditional methods of conflict resolution that the two tribes used for thousands of years before the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium rule. Historically, prophet Ngundeng brought peace between Nuer and Dinka in the 19th C and was instrumental in discouraging cattle rustling between the tribes.

Therefore, the IGAD mediators and the international community should not focus on power-sharing between the rebels and the Government of South Sudan because such an approach is a recipe for another war down the road. No rational person can think that Riek Machar who has armed rebels would peacefully coexist with President Salva Kiir in the same government in a tribally-charged atmosphere. Such an arrangement did not bring unity between the North and the South but separation on July, 9, 2011. If the international community has no intention of polarizing South Sudan like Somalia, the best solution to achieve a long-term peace is for the Government of South Sudan to be supported militarily to crush Riek Machar’s rebellion.

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For contact:

Hon. Gai L. Ngundeng

Chairman of Ngundeng Historical Society

Leader of Prophet Ngundeng Family

Advocate for sustainable peace in South Sudan

Email: gngundeng@yahoo.ca

Tel. +1 (613)501-3317 (cell)

Tel. +1 (613)421-4504

 


New Sudan Foundation calls upon South Sudanese politicians to stop divisive politics and to restore unity among Nuer and Dinka

Dr. Costello Garang with Paulino Matip in Leer, 1993

Dr. Costello Garang with Paulino Matip in Leer, 1993

When listening to some South Sudanese political and self-proclaimed tribal leaders, one could come to the conclusion that traditionally there have been significant historical tensions and rivalries between Dinka and Nuer since time immemorial. These differences, it seems, could lead to serious consequences including mass killings and possible genocide. Some South Sudanese politicians and military leaders  have fueled these perceived differences with catastrophic consequences during the last months. Unfortunately, peace speeches made and intentions uttered firmly for public and international consumption, differ greatly from what is being said and marketed confidentially in so-called tribal circles.

Thousands of innocent lives have been lost. However, analyzing Dinka-Nuer relations of the last three decades shows that in most cases, schisms between the two peoples are regularly artificially created by politicians vying with each other for political power and leadership positions  within the SPLM/A.

While South Sudan has experienced inter-ethnic conflicts between Dinka and Nuer tribes in the past, for instance, because of grazing rights disagreements, cattle rustling and revenge killings, a further recent escalation of violence between the two groups has never traditionally occurred in such magnitude we are witnessing today. Only when SPLM/A-Leaders differ and fight over perceived power do usual tribal differences and conflicts get fueled out of proportions. Subsequently they degenerate to unknown levels of hatred and enmity— difficult to explain rationally— as they one we are witnessing today.

More importantly, these sort of differences also existed and still occur within Nuer and Dinka tribes themselves, as we have been witnessing frequently in Lakes States. In reality, Dinka and Nuer have many common physical and cultural attributes. The ethnological differences between the two groups are much less considerable than the ones between, for instance, Americans and Canadians or Germans and Austrians. There are countless examples of inter-tribal marriages, alliances and cooperation of all thinkable kinds. Without the two peoples mostly fighting militarily and politically side by side, the independence of South Sudan wouldn’t have been achieved.

Even during the current crisis, there are Dinka who work with Riek Machar and Nuer who support Salva Kiir – disproving the notion that the conflict is based on ethnicity. Dinkas such as John Garang’s eldest son Mabior Garang de Mabior and Dr. Dhieu Mathok are supporting Riek Machar, whereas Nuer such as Foreign Minister Barnaba Marial Benjamin, Health Minister Riek Gai, the former Chief of Staff of the SPLA, General James Gathoth Mai, and the Speaker of the National Parliament, Manasa Magok, are on Kiir’s side.

New Sudan Foundation Chairman (NSF) C Garang Ring Lual also experienced countless examples of Dinka-Nuer cooperation, for instance during his time as part of the SPLM/A Nasir Group as well as in the South Sudan Independence Movement/Army (SSIM/A). C Garang Ring Lual has proven on multiple occasions that there are really no differences between Dinka and Nuer. During his time in the Nuer-dominated SSIM/A — which was lead by Dr Machar — he never faced any problems due to his ethnicity. On the contrary, his presence as a Dinka was very much welcomed and indicated that the SSIM/A was working for all South Sudanese.

It is SPLM/A Nasir Group under Machar which first raised and clearly articulated in December 1991/January 1992 in a secret meeting with a delegation of the Sudan Government in Frankfurt in Germany, the demand for the right of Self Determination for the People of South Sudan which ultimately resulted in the independence of South Sudan. John Garang and Machar differed on how to achieve the goals of the South Sudanese resistance, marched separately for awhile but at the end came together to achieve independence. Whereas Nuer like General Gathhoth Mai were on the side of John Garang, the current NSF Chairman and Dinka, C. Garang Ring Lual, was the most trusted number two to Machar during those days.

In the 1990s, C. Garang Ring Lual was one of the very few Dinka Leaders to visit Nuer areas to preach reconciliation not only among Nuer tribes themselves, but also among them and the Dinka after the SPLM/A Split of 1991.  Where ever he went, he was warmy welcomed Nuer leaders. In 1993 he flew to Leer to meet General Paulino Matip Nhial— who was known as a “Dinka-Cannibal” at that time— to supply him with much needed medicine. While initially surprised about the Dinka visitor, Nhial very much appreciated the gesture and C. G. Ring Lual was friendly received by the Neuer Commanders of the area. Ring Lual realized that the perceived differences between Dinka and Nuer at that time were politically motivated.

In 1994, C Garang Ring Lual facilitated together with Riek Machar peace efforts between the Lou and Jikany Nuer sub-tribes. Being Dinka did not hinder his efforts. On the contrary, the Nuer were grateful for C Garang Ring Lual’s friendship and assistance and his willing to come to Akobo in those difficult days and help reconcile the Nuer tribes.

Therefore, it is reprehensible when leading South Sudanese politicians cause a rift between Nuer and Dinka for political gains. South Sudanese politicians have a moral obligation to unite the country, not to divide it. By instrumentalizing perceived differences, South Sudanese politicians are leading the country towards the brink of disaster instead of restoring unity among their people.

South Sudanese have suffered tremendously to gain independence. Their leaders now have a moral obligation to do their utmost to make sure peace is restored so that South Sudanese can focus again on developing their beautiful nation. The New Sudan Foundation is positive that this can be achieved despite the cruelty that has been taken place over the last months. There is no alternative to it. Dinka-Nuer unity is the cornerstone to a prosperous South Sudanese nation.


The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the Commission), at its 15th Extra-Ordinary Session held from 7 – 14 March 2014 in Banjul, The Gambia:

Recalling its mandate to promote and protect human and peoples’ rights pursuant to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the African Charter);

Further recalling that one of the objectives of the African Union,  as stipulated in Article 3(f) of its Constitutive Act, is to promote peace, security, and stability in the continent;

Taking cognisance of Article 23 of the African Charter which also provides for the right of all peoples’ to national and international peace and security;

Bearing in mind that South Sudan is a Member State of the African Union and signatory to the African Charter;

Commending the efforts made by the African Union to promote dialogue among the various parties towards achieving peace, security and political stability in the Republic of South Sudan;

 Concerned about recent developments in South Sudan, which have massive implications on regional peace, security and stability;

Further concerned about the humanitarian consequences of the situation in South Sudan;

Alarmed with reports of serious and massive human rights violations, including the extra-judicial killing of civilians and captured soldiers, massive displacements and arbitrary detentions, mostly on ethnic grounds;

Bearing in mind the attacks against the civilian population, and the discovery of mass graves in some parts of the country;

Denouncing the acts of warring factions against innocent civilians, contrary to basic regional and international human rights standards;

Welcoming the decision of the African Union Peace and Security Council to establish a Commission of Inquiry to investigate human rights violations and other abuses committed during the armed conflict in South Sudan and make recommendations on the best ways and means to ensure accountability and reconciliation among all South Sudanese communities;

Stressing the need for South Sudan to cooperate with the African Union Commission of Inquiry to identify perpetrators of the atrocities and hold them accountable, in line with the African Union’s firm commitment to fight impunity;

Noting the significance of effective redress for victims of human rights violations, not only at the domestic level, but also the regional and international level to end impunity;

Concerned by South Sudan’s delay in ratifying and thereafter domesticating the African Charter as well as other fundamental human rights instruments, which provide avenues of redress for victims of human rights violations;

The Commission:

Strongly condemns the attacks on the civilian population perpetrated by the parties to the conflict; 

Requests the Government of South Sudan to ensure the full protection of the civilian population;

Calls on all parties to immediately halt the violence, peacefully resolve their differences and follow through on peace agreements;

Calls on the Government of South Sudan to ensure that perpetrators of the human rights violations are held accountable for their actions 

Urges the Government of South Sudan to cooperate with the African Union Commission of Inquiry; and

Calls on the Government of South Sudan to immediately ratify and domesticate the African Charter and other fundamental human rights instruments.

Done in Banjul, The Gambia on 14 March 2014


RPD12 – Congratulating the African Union Commission – final

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Rally for Peace and Democracy  (South Sudan)
PRESS RELEASE
In Support of the African Union Commission

The Rally for Peace and Democracy (RPD) commends the African Union Commission (AUC) for appointing the Commission of Inquiry (CoI) into human rights abuses and violations in South Sudan. It is satisfying to watch four of the five members of the COI sworn-in on 12 March 2014 in the presence of the Chairperson of the AUC, Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, other dignitaries and members of the press. Having listened attentively to the speech by the Chairperson of the CoI, Former President of Nigeria Olusegun Obasanjo and having studied its Terms of Reference, RPD is happily satisfied with this maiden initiative of the Commission. Notably is the assurance by President Obasanjo that his commission will give the process their best. It couldn’t come any better from a renowned pan-Africanist, philanthropist, veteran statesman and a democrat. RPD is equally contented with the appointment of the other four members of the CoI, who are some of our continent’s leading scholars, accomplished legal practitioners and political science researchers. RPD, therefore, accords its full support to the CoI and assures its full cooperation whenever needed.


CGA CONDEMNS THE REBELS FOR KILLING SHILLUK PEOPLE IN MALAKAL 
Chollo Global Action have been closely monitoring the national crisis in South Sudan which started as a power struggle within the ruling party (SPLM), but quickly turned into a military confrontation with an ethnics tone as the rebel mainly comes from a single ethnic group.  The bulk of the current force fighting the government of South Sudan is the so-called White Army which is a savage tribal bigot militia known for attacking their neighbors with or without cause. Evidently, the current war in South Sudan is an attempt to seize the power by force in order to fulfil a prophecy of a traditional African-religion leader believed by his community to be a prophet.
Currently, the national crisis require a peaceful long lasting solution that will prevent South Sudanese from experiencing such ugly war again. It is unbelievable that the war has killed 10 thousand and displaced a million people is a short period of time. The economics devastation is in billions of dollars and might crippled the country to its knees if it continues with the current pace.
Malakal city the capital of the oil rich Upper Nile State has been captured by the rebels three times in this short period of time and it seems that every time they capture the town the rebels are growing more brutal and systematically targeting the Shilluk.
 Reports coming from the NGOs in the town depict a gloomy picture and expose a human rights catastrophic massacres, gang rape of elderly and underage ,destruction of properties, and looting in a way that have never been experienced before in Upper Nile  Community.
The inhuman attacks on the patients in the Hospitals and the random shooting at the vulnerable seeking shelter in the churches reveal that the rebel intend to wipe out the Shilluk Community.
Chollo Global Action is alarmed and disturbed by the killing of uncle Eng. Angelo Othow Nyikango, Eng. Achongrial Nyawello, Ustaz Ezra Obor, Ustaz Ywomo Daniel Othwol and many Shilluk intellectuals who were targeted by the rebels and the savage so-called White Army. We strongly condemn these killings and hold Dr. Riek Machar and the rebel’s leadership accountable and responsible for the lives of these innocent individuals.
CGA, strongly condemns the rebels for firing at a fairy carrying women and children who were trying to get out from Malakal city.  We hold Dr. Reik Machar responsible for the death of more than 150 souls who perished as a result of this barbaric shooting.
CGA, condemns Simon Kun Poch, the governor of Upper Nile State for failing to protect the citizens of Upper Nile State from rebel’s attacks.  Simon Kun Poch has failed, and it is time to appoint a caretaker governor who can bring security to Upper Nile State. Three times the coward governor has escaped the town and left the civilians behind though he is the one who urged them to return to town and gave them false assurance that the town was secure. Time alone will tell if Simon Kon Poch is a dual agent who represent the government by day and the rebel at night.
CGA, call on the national military to rescue Malakal and its inhabitants and to recruit more Shilluk youth to protect Malakal from the savage so-called White Army.
CGA, appeal to the regional governments in East Africa Region to support the SPLA and UPDF in their combat against the rebels. The UPDF intervention have saved so many lives as the rebels attack on Juba could have cost many lives. Those calling for the withdrawal of UPDF are rebel’s agents and enemies who want to see South Sudanese kill themselves endlessly.
CGA, call on the UNMIS adhere to its mandate and protect the civilians even outside its camps.  We condemn the killing of civilians in the UNMIS camp in Malakal.
CGA, calls on the UN, AU, EU, and the entire international community to pressure the rebel to withdraw from Malakal and its surrounding.
CGA, call the Shilluk community to support the government initiative for mobilization and urge all the able bodies to join the training camps to stop the barbaric killings and the immoral rapes.
CGA, calls upon all the peace loving people of the world to condemn the anarchy created by the rebels in Upper Nile State.
CGA, calls upon the IRC in Malakal to escort Shilluk youth from the UNMISS camp to go and bury their dead and retrieve the bodies that are decaying in the houses.
Finally, we commend all the peace loving people who have contributed to the peace process and donated humanitarian assistances to the IDPs. We thank the neighboring countries for welcoming South Sudanese who are fleeing the senseless war.
We urge the UNMISS and the International Community to investigate the killings of innocent civilians that occurred in  Juba, Bor, Akobo, Malakal, Baliet Bentiu, Leer, and Parieng  and to refer the culprits to the International Criminal Court (ICC).
Collo Global Action is a nonprofit organization that champion the concern the citizens of the Shilluk Kingdom as well as promotes the Human rights and democracy in South Sudan.
 
If you’d like more information about this topic, or to schedule an interview with CGA leadership, please email us at Collo_Global_Action@mail.com

By Beny Gideon Mabor, Nairobi, Kenya

“Violence never brings permanent peace. It solves no social problem: it merely creates new and more complicated ones. Violence is impractical because it is a descending spiral ending in destruction for all. It is immoral because it seeks to humiliate the opponent rather than win his understanding: it seeks to annihilate rather than convert. Violence is immoral because it thrives on hatred rather than love. It destroys community and makes brotherhood impossible. It leaves society in monologue rather than dialogue. Violence ends up defeating itself. It creates bitterness in the survivors and brutality in the destroyers.” Martin Luther King Jr, 11 December 1964.

Genesis of the crisis

This policy brief is an attempt of soul searching to the above quote of a great American civil right activist 50 years ago when violence was so rampant on ethnic lines amongst other segregation, and reflect how American Government and people manage the crisis to be where they are today. This quote is basically an answer to South Sudan today which is undergoing deadly violence amongst them. The unfolding crisis in South Sudan since 15 December, 2013 up to now have inflicted a considerable damage on social, political, economic and diplomatic impact on the Government and people of the world youngest state. It is a great setback to the hard won independence of South Sudan with renewed promise for state and nation building.

However, the two projects of state and nation building are most expensive one that primarily requires a just political and security architecture is built on inclusive basis in order to achieve an inclusive nation-state, in a defined, flexible and people-centered constitution. The constitution must spelt out division of duties and responsibilities that are discharges in the best public interest and not otherwise. On the same note, the task of rebuilding post-conflict state like South Sudan is not just a political project per se but must also involve an honest intellectual engagement for transparent reflections on all matters of present and future generations.

To revisit history, South Sudan was characterized long time ago by colonial thinkers and even racist individuals in neighboring Sudan that it is not a capable political entity in the region to govern itself, but a rich land inhabited by diverse tribal groups who have different languages, cultures, religious beliefs and permanently surviving by competition over natural resources. Indeed, the prophecy fulfilled itself with continuous ethnic violence over cattle, water point and grassing land as well as fighting over pieces of land and other resources. With this continued unrest for ages, the political leadership fails to avert this phenomena and considered communal violence as uncontrollable traditional practice since time immemorial. No justice and accountability for these war crimes and crimes against humanity ever taken place before and after independence of South Sudan.

Unfortunately, two and half years down the road with high level of state fragility caused by many factors to include lack of economic development; rampant insecurity; lack of access to justice for all and equitable service delivery; a predictable political dispute occurred between President Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit and his former Deputy Dr. Riek Machar. This dispute is evidenced by visible differentials particularly before and after 23 July, 2013 wholesale reshuffle of the Government that also relieved long saving Vice President and weighty political figures including two elected Governors of Lakes and Unity State respectively.

The grand reshuffle was meant to downsize the government to a lean and effective government for equitable delivery of services and implementation of state and nation building projects. It was in response to public outcry that too many spending agencies incurred huge capital expenditure and other cost on the expense of public services. In other words, the centralization of resources to meet cost of huge national government discredits progress and service delivery at lower levels of administration.

Apart from untold ethnic violence, the SPLM-led government now jumps into the same shoe of fighting itself. It’s noted that the political and military uprising began as a result of what is observed as Pandora box between the removed officials and President Salva Kiir in a move apparently seen by the later group as if the President want to make a new beginning with new political faces. Consequently, the disgruntled groups openly criticize President Kiir and some of them such as Riek Machar, Rebecca Nyandeng and Pagan Amum aspire for SPLM leadership that will qualify a successful candidate for presidential flag bearer come 2015 general elections.

To put records clear, the genesis of crisis in South Sudan is linked to SPLM leadership crisis on top of the agenda. The ruling party has been experiencing internal power wrangling, something which political analysts described as rejection by President Kiir to allow internal democratization of SPLM party for necessary political reforms. The timeline of activities for the ruling party to organize itself according to the party’s Constitution and basic rules has elapsed so far for reason (s) best known to the party leadership. On the other hand, the approach used by the opposition group led by Riek Machar to challenge the incumbent leadership under Salva Kiir is coupled with misguided procedures. Calendar for both elections of new party officials in a convention as well as general elections in 2015 are still at distance. In other words, any attempt at the interim to challenge Salva Kiir is unconstitutional neither the use of force to take over power be tolerated domestically and by the international community.

Another factor to the political turmoil is the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan, 2011 that was passed by National Legislative Assembly with mechanical majority members of SPLM in the August House. Article (101) of the Transnational Constitution concentrated a lot of powers in the position of the President that analysts described South Sudan politics as a zero-sum game. The constitution allows the President to singlehandedly ran the state affairs with very limited consultation including removal of elected officials which is definitely seen as a direct threat to principles of democratic governance and constitutionalism.

On December 6, 2013, the faction of leaders of SPLM at Political Bureau and National Liberation Council levels led by Riek Machar hold their first press conference where they highlighted issues facing SPLM and the country. In a press statement, the group says “the crisis reached boiling point in March 2013 when General Salva Kiir cancelled the meeting of the National Liberation Council; issued a Presidential Decree withdrawing the delegated powers from his Vice President and First Deputy Chairman.

Other decrees followed including the dismissal on false grounds of the Governors of Lakes and Unity States; the dismissal and appointment of a new Cabinet and the suspension of the SPLM Secretary General”. They went on and say “The deep-seated divisions within the SPLM Leadership, exacerbated by dictatorial tendencies of the SPLM Chairman, and the dysfunctional SPLM structures from national to local levels are likely to create instability in the party and in the country”. End of quote. Therefore, this statement is prima facia evidence attributable to the opposition group with share of responsibility of the current crisis in South Sudan.

The third factor is composition of the national army, the SPLA which is constructed with handful of militias’ factions, some of which are not integrated into SPLA mainstream as of now. However, the continuous general amnesty and integration of militias was healthy idea to buy peace and stability. Unfortunately, others took advantage of this loosely military integration and joined the army as pure civilians for monetary gains and protection of their tribal militia leaders.

This made SPLA Forces remain with spirit of ethnic solidarity. There is no one cohesive share ethos or central command and order the army must adhere to it. This is shown with the current political disagreement between two leaders of Dinka and Nuer ethnic backgrounds where the army quickly divided themselves along these ethnic lines and fought senseless war that claimed more than 10,000 lives according to the international crisis group reports.

On similar account, the fighting is not a surprise to many South Sudanese including political leadership. The fighting occurred as a result of a bad precedent set forth during the period of SPLM liberation struggle when the Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed between the Government of Sudan and the SPLM in 2005. The CPA totally fails to address past human rights violations and war crimes against humanity with political calculation to buy peace and stability on the expenses of human dignity.

The CPA did not provide any strategy of ensuring civilian oversight function of the highly militarized security architecture in South Sudan. Consequently, the CPA implementation by necessity was left in the hands of principal partners in then Sudan which consolidated the political influence of the SPLA and SPLM in the South and legitimized its hold of the political power with very minor or total lack of horizontal and vertical check and balance.

To the dismay of others, President Kiir issued general amnesties to some accused individuals in the military and political forces to go unaccounted for these grave human rights atrocities. In reward, these militant groups were included in the Government.
I totally agree with the opinion of my learned professor John Ashworth when he argued that CPA of 2005 was just a cease-fire agreement and a framework or roadmap for eventual peace. It is noticeable that CPA was to create interim stability to allow self-determination referendum for South Sudan with likelihood of secession as an independent State to end the recurrent conflict. There was no governance blueprint agreed as a bridge through which a new political, economic and social dispensation be nurtured as many people were expecting it. Most importantly, it moves the conflict from a military and rebel conflict to the political sphere, but it fails to address the issue of the separation of the military and the political spectrum.

In summary, the absence of justice and accountability made several militia leaders to continue committing human rights violations particularly taking away innocent lives in the name of democracy and good governance. They know every well that there will be no justice and accountability at end of the day, but rather the Government will pay back by appeasement, pardon, general amnesty and finally integration into military and political structure of the government as commanders and constitutional post holders. In this situation, one must be confident that there is no sense of national belonging and nationhood in South Sudan. Otherwise, there would be no reasons the national army charge with responsibility of physical protection abandon their constitutional obligation and turn to killed innocent lives, loot and destroyed properties.

Role of Civil Society In Peace Mediation Process And Beyond

First and foremost, let me shed light on civil society which can be defined as the watchdog on the activities of the government and can create political and democratic space between the individuals and the government for interaction for mutual issues. Civil society organizations are usually established inform of NGOs, social groups, associations and networks. Their work in mediation process and beyond amongst other roles include but not limited to exerting pressure on the parties to accept dialogue, increase popular understanding and support for the peace process, facilitate and increase the voice of women and other vulnerable groups, and ensure that peace accords are respected by the parties and finally ensuring restorative justice and accountability.

In a post-conflict peace-building situation, civil society has a lot of potential to promote peace-building initiatives in communities through actions such as local need assessments and reconciliation. It may also have greater importance as a corrective to political and military elites, and in its advocacy of better constitutional governance. Other vital functions of civil society groups and networks are also enshrined in monitoring tensions and providing early warning of the risks of an outbreak and recurrence of conflict. This proactive role has been played by South Sudan civil society organizations and even the government and general public have been informed of this inherent turmoil in the making, but the government turned a deaf hear.

According to the international new order, it is observed that civil society can play positive roles in conflict- prone and conflict-affected settings. Today, South Sudan is in crisis and the role of civil society organizations is to perform multiple and vital functions in building and sustaining peace. With In many cases, civil society groups may have access to, or influence over, important actors and groups where external organizations.

Strategic recommendations and way forward to crisis

After careful observation of the trend of violence going on in South Sudan and attempt to resolves crisis from different actors, one must convinced that the Intergovernmental authority on Development IGAD-led peace mediation process will definitely face challenges if the civil society and other relevant stakeholders are involved in the negotiation. In principle, all parties to negotiations are always with vested interests, but Civil Society remains a neutral force to make difference. Nevertheless, the following recommendations need to be taken into serious consideration in the mediation process:

  • Immediate implementation of the Cessation of Hostilities CoH in letter and spirit by both parties and fully allow and cooperate with IGAD monitoring and verification mechanism in providing them with security and free passage to conduct monitoring duty agreed upon by the parties.
  • Allow full participation of civil society organisations and faith-based institutions with separate seat and almost acts as part of IGAD mediation team. The civil society working group to the negotiation should do a lot of advocacy and mobilization of local and international actors during peace negotiation. The CSOs working group must prove itself as consultative forum for mediators and of course act as last resort for mediators in case of disagreement between the warring parties.
  • The IGAD mediation team should include in the agenda of negotiations the issue of constitutional reform process and recommend to all parties an immediate termination of the current flawed constitutional review process under the National Constitutional Review Commission NCRC and seek an amendment of the Transitional constitution to a well defined pro-people constitution making with a clear timeframe and allocation of resources
  • Postpone general elections in 2015 and rescheduled to 2018 and establish government of national unity with representations of legitimate political forces tasked with responsibility of providing safe environment to conduct national dialogue for healing and reconciliation as resolution to conflict agenda by South Sudanese themselves without involvement of foreign elements.
  • Call on IGAD mediation team and the African Union to establish Special Tribunal for South Sudan to conduct investigation and trial of massive human rights atrocities allegedly committed by both government and opposition group between 15 December 2013 to the date on which a comprehensive peace is achieved or back dated according to the term of reference of the court as the case may be.
  • Finally, call on the Government to do an overhaul of security sector reform including restructuring of the army and other security organs to reflect the regional composition and to professionalize it as national defense force with respectful central command and order. Afterwards, the same institutional reforms is extended to civil services to ensure right persons in right places with commitment to deliver services with transparency, accountability and sufficient check and balance.

Beny Gideon Mabor is a Human Rights Activist and work for South Sudan Human Rights Society for Advocacy (SSHURSA). He can be reached at benygmabor@gmail.com


We Want Peace, Not War in South Sudan
By Daughters of South Sudan in Sisterhood for Peace
January 9, 2014
To: H. E. Salva Kiir Mayardit, President
Republic of South Sudan
To: Hon. Dr. Riek Machar Teny, Deputy Chairperson
Sudan People’s Liberation Movement Party
Dear President Kiir and Dr. Machar,
It is with profound sadness that we learned of the recent hostilities among our people in our young beloved country. We, the daughters of South Sudan in the Sisterhood for Peace Network, are concerned about the violence that has claimed so many innocent lives. We are once again reminded of our painful past history during which our people underwent unfathomable suffering, a reason why we opted for independence. The conflict has also left many people wounded and displaced without basic amenities. We are concerned that many precious lives will be wasted especially those of vulnerable women, children, and elderly and particularly the young people who are already fighting. Lest you forget, we are writing to remind you of that long journey to freedom that paved the path for our independence where many souls paid the ultimate price.  We are here to tell you that PEACE is the precious commodity the people of South Sudan so need now, not tomorrow.
The conflict that broke out on December 15, 2013 is spreading throughout the country and has already affected all South Sudanese regardless of our, tribe, region, religion, or gender. Once again, we are witnessing the same horrors that our country experienced during the previous decades of wars. After less than three years of independence, we feel like we are back to square one in war again.
President Kiir and Dr. Machar, we call upon you as our esteemed leaders to save our country from further senseless violence. Our people have endured enough. Our citizens hope to invest in rebuilding their lives, but many are now dying from bullets of war, and preventable diseases and hunger caused directly by the bullets.  We are equally hurt to see our own brothers pointing lethal weapons against one another, which imposes another dreadful trauma on our mothers and children and all the nation.
We, the women of South Sudan at home and in the Diaspora, will not watch silently as our mothers, fathers, sisters, brothers, sons, and daughters suffer this way. We stand for peace and unity among our people. We demand an end to the violence, especially all acts of violence against civilians. We call for the implementation of reconciliation processes to bring healing to those physically, emotionally and spiritually wounded.
We applaud the efforts underway in Addis Ababa to negotiate a meaningful peace agreement. We ask both sides to make earnest efforts to reach a compromise and bring an end to the suffering of our people. Once again, we are observing the lack of women at the peace talks. Women are always the innocent victims of such conflicts and should therefore be part of the resolution. We urge you to abide by the UN Security Council Resolutions 1325 and 1820 on women, peace and security, affirm our commitment to work for sustainable peace and justice in our country ensure the vital role of women’s voices at the peace table.
We request the following as the negotiations continue in Addis Ababa:
  •  Establish and enforce an immediate ceasefire between opposing forces.
  •  Restore security and guarantee the protection of civilians.
  • Prioritize humanitarian access to displaced persons in the camps with protection for those who work with the displaced communities.
  •  Ensure that women are included at the negotiation table.
  • Ensure the participation of members of civil society at the peace negotiations.

We believe in your ability to stop the killings and restore sustainable peace in the country and hope you will stop the military solution in order to end the hostilities for peace to exist among us. May God bless your efforts to bringing permanent peace to our people and nation.

Sincerely,

Daughters of South Sudan

Sisterhood for Peace network

The Sisterhood for Peace is a network of women that reflects the geographic, religious, racial and ethnic diversity of women from both Republic of South Sudan and Republic of Sudan who are committed to promoting peace, justice, human rights and gender equality throughout all South Sudan and Sudan.
______________
Sisterhood for Peace is a project of My Sister’s Keeper • 40 Walk Hill St. · Boston, Massachusetts 02130  • Email: sisters@mskeeper.org · www.mskeeper.org

Geneva, Kampala, New York, Tuesday 24 December 2013

We, the undersigned, representatives of civil society organisations from Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan wish to express our deep concern about the military confrontations that erupted in the Republic of South Sudan on 15 and 16 December 2013. We are utterly disturbed that the violence, which started in Juba, the capital of South Sudan, has now spread to other parts of the country. This unexpected development threatens the foundation of the nascent nation and puts to jeopardy the safety and well-being of its citizens.

We wish to stress our conviction that violence and the destruction of lives and livelihoods serve no purpose and deepen the humanitarian and human rights challenges faced by the government and people of South Sudan. It is also our belief that open and free dialogue that yield a mutually accepted agreement reached through the informed opinion of all the concerned parties, constitute the only way to resolve the current political differences in South Sudan.

We appeal to the political leadership of the Republic of South Sudan to put the interest and aspirations of the populace for peaceful coexistence, progress, development and happiness as their prime objective and mission. This requires greater political sacrifices from all the conflicting parties in South Sudan and we are confident that all those concerned in that part of our country are bestowed with the necessary courage and wisdom to pursue such objectives.

We appeal to the President of the Republic of South Sudan to release, with immediate effect, all persons held for expressing political views critical of the government performance and to start, without conditions, a process of national reconciliation and political dialogue with such persons and with those who are currently under arms against the government.

We appeal to the Heads of State and Government members of the African Union, particularly members of the IGAD countries, to continue to place the situation in South Sudan as a top priority on their agendas and to consider rendering their good offices and personal intervention with the parties to the conflict in view of reaching a negotiated peaceful settlement of the on-going conflict.

We appeal to all States neighbour of the Republic of South Sudan to refrain from interfering in its internal affairs or to extend military or similar support to any party to the conflict or to take advantage of the situation for ulterior motives, but to play instead a role of promoting dialogue and reconciliation between the parties for a peaceful South Sudan.

We appeal to the humanitarian community to redouble their efforts in providing the necessary humanitarian assistance and make available basic materials needed by a growing number of civilians in different parts of the country.

We pay due tribute to all the victims of the on-going conflict, including UN staff and peacekeepers, who lost their lives on the line of duty.

Signed:

1. Abdelbagi Jibril: Darfur Relief and Documentation Centre
2. Dr. Abdelgabar Adam: Darfur Human Rights Organization of the USA
3. Abdelmageed Haroun: HAND
4. Biel Botrous Biel: South Sudan Human Rights Society for Advocacy
5. Bushra Gamar Hussein Rahma: South Kordofan Human Rights and
Development Organisation
6. Faisal El-Bagir: Journalists for Human Rights (JHR-Sudan)
7. Dr. Farouk Mohamed Ibrahim: Sudanese Organisation for the Defence of Rights and Freedoms
8. Hafiz Mohamed Ismael: Justice Africa Sudan
9. Hala Alkarib: Regional Director, SIHA Network
10. Dr. Hamid El-Tigani Ali: Associate Professor, American University in Cairo
11. Jimmy Mulla: Voices for Sudan
12. Dr. Luka Biong Deng: Kush Inc.
13. Mahjoub Mohammed Salih: Editor-in-Chief, Al-Ayam Newspaper
14. Mohamed Abdalla El-Doma: Darfur Bar Association
15. Dr. M. Jalal Hashim: Sudanese Association for the Defence of Freedom of
Opinion and Conscience (SADFOC)
16. Nabil Adib Abdalla: Sudan Human Rights Monitor
17. Dr. Nada Mustafa Ali: Visiting Professor, Women and Gender Studies, Clark
University
18. Nasredeen Abdulbari: Columbia University
19. Niemat Ahmadai: Darfur Women Action Group
20. Osman Hummaida: African Centre for Justice and Peace Studies
21. Rashid Saeed Yagoub: Journalist , France
22. Shamsaddin Dawalbait: Project on Democratic Thought and Islamic Reform
23. Professor Sidiga Washi: Babiker Badri Scientific Association for Women
Studies
24. Sabri Elshareef: Center for Democracy and Peace, New Jersey
25. Dr. Suliman Baldo: Sudan Democracy First Group
26. Suliman Hamid: Blue Nile Center For Justice and Human Rights

For media contacts:
1. Geneva: Abdelbagi Jibril: +41 79 737 97 49 and +41 76 360 95 26
2. Kampala: Biel Botrous Biel: +256 778 89 67 45
3. New York: Suliman Baldo: +1 646 467 37 24 —


Preamble 

The towns of Maar and Paliau are not cattle camps as is widely publicized in the wake of recent unprovoked Murle attacks in Twic East County. Rather, they are administrative centres for Pakeer and Ajuong Payams in Twic East County. Aside from its administrative status, Maar doubles as the Diocesan Seat of the Twic East Diocese.

On Sunday morning of 20th October 2013, the unsuspecting civil population came under a well-coordinated, indiscriminate attack; executed by a group of renegades clad in military uniform and employing modern weapons. While carrying out their horrendous crime, they vandalized homes, markets, worship sites, schools, a clinic and targeted clergymen, and health workers. Among those killed, five clergymen lost their lives including Rev. Mathayo Garang Biar and Layreader Gabriel Majak Bol. Because it was Sunday, families that were assembling in the local parishes in Paliau, Marial and Maar, were trapped in the Church compounds – exposing them even more to the risk of being killed, injured, or abducted.

Unless, there was recently an emergence of a new rebel group in Pibor County, there is no sound mind that would comprehend the pervasive misrepresentation by some quarters that these criminals are not David Yau Yau’s elements. As they withdrew, they left trail of evidence signifying their true identity as Murle and elements of rebel David Yau Yau.

Therefore:

Appalled by these willful targeting of civilians and their property; and the acts of impunity resulting from this behavior including killing and maiming of civilians; commission of acts of terror including abduction, pillaging of villages and asset stripping;

Concerned by the systematic breakdown of the rule of law and the risk of collapse of institutions of governance in the country and particularly in Jonglei State where the government is completely helpless in discharging its responsibility to protect as well as the provision of public security as a collective good;

Having registered numerous incidents in Greater Akobo and Greater Bor where government intervention has always been wanting as civilians were left to their own devices and to fend for themselves (See the attached addendum of chronology of events);

Alarmed by the progression of this conflict to engulf administrative centres and places of worship including setting attacks to coincide with religious holidays and attack of congregations;

Saddened by the inability of the United Nation Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) to fully discharge its mandate under Chapter Seven of the United Nations Charter on civilian protection and that UNMISS’ interventions come always after the fact and with little effect;

Concerned that the process leading to establishment of truth surrounding the assassination of Isaiah Abraham (Diing Chan Awuol) has stalled;

We the Bishops of Dioceses of Bor and Twic East:

1. Condemn in no uncertain terms these barbaric acts of impunity by David Yau Yau rebels and the Murle youth and urge the government and the United Nations to declare David Yau Yau as a terrorist.

2. Urge the Government and United Nations Mission in South Sudan to urgently put in place or revamp mechanisms of civilian protection in Jonglei State – including disarmament of civilians in the state.

3. Call upon David Yau Yau, Murle leaders, the government and UNMISS to accelerate release of the abducted persons including women and children and facilitate family reunion of these victims with their families.

4. Encourage the Murle leaders, the government, and UNMISS to own up to their responsibility to return all the cattle stolen in recent attacks and bring the perpetrators of these attacks to justice to account for their crimes.

5. Urge the Murle traditional authorities, political leaders, the government and United Nations to put an end to the scourge of abduction and cattle theft in Jonglei State.

6. Request all parties to Jonglei Community Peace Accord signed in Bor to recommit themselves to the spirit of peace and harmony and national unity as stipulated in the pact and the roadmap that they willingly signed.

7. Regret the failure of the government of South Sudan to protect its citizens and properties;

8. Fear that South Sudan is descending towards the failed state unless serious measures are adopted to prevent the decline towards anarchy and impunity.

9. Urge and pray for the SPLM leadership to seek out peace and harmony among its ranks and encourage tolerance in its political tradition in order to insure participation, freedom of expression and the rule of law.

10. Appeal to the government to release the final report on the murder of Isaiah Abraham and inform the public on steps being taken to bring the culprits to book and that justice delayed is justice denied.

Copy to:
H.E. The President of the Republic
H.E. The Vice President of the Republic
H.E. Special Representative of the UN Secretary General to South Sudan
Rt. Hon. Speaker of the National Legislative Assembly
Rt. Hon. Speaker of the Council of States
H.E. The Minister for Defence and Veterans Affairs
H.E. The Minister of Interior
H.E. The Minister of Justice
His Grace The Archbishop of the Episcopal Church of the Sudan
H.E. Acting Governor of Jonglei State

Addendum of Chronology of Events
As stipulated below, we would like to chronologically state the incidents, which occurred since 2009, notwithstanding the fact that numerous killings and massacres occurred in the years preceding it. In the interest of brevity, we have decided to overlook some the minor incidents which occurred throughout 2009 – 2013. However, the major incidents are detailed as follows:
1. Wernyol Attack on 10th August, 2009
a) 42 people were killed, and on the top was diocesan Bishop Commissary
b) Several others were wounded
c) A number of children were abducted
d) Houses were burned down to ashes
e) Thousands of heads of cattle were rustled

2. Killing in Jalle on 15th October 2011
a) 3 people were killed
b) 3 others were wounded
c) 3,700 heads of cattle were stolen

3. Attack of Jalle and Pan-Piol (Maar) on 5th December, 2011
a) 45 people died
b) 24 people were wounded
c) Children were abducted
d) 40 houses were scorched
e) Over 5,000 heads of cattle were stolen

4. Killing in Makuach Payam on 10th December, 2011
a) 3 people were killed
b) 5 people seriously wounded
c) Uncounted number of cattle were taken

5. Duk (Paleng) Attack on 16th January 2012
a) 8 people were killed
b) A number of residents were wounded
c) Several children were abducted
d) Number of houses were burnt
e) A large number of cattle were raided

6. In Greater Akobo Attack 8/02/2013

a) Murle armed militia have killed over 100 and wounded 67
b) Abducted 23 women and children
c) 10,000 cattle’s were raid
d) Prior to February 2013 , the Murle carried out 15 attacks in Greater Akobo

7. Pajut (Maar) in — 2013
a) 8 people were killed
b) A number of residents were wounded
c) Number of Houses were burnt
d) A large number of cattle were raided
e) Children were abducted
8. Killing in Akuaideng payam:
a. 8 People killed
b. Many other People wounded
9. Attack of Alelei (Maar) on… 2013
a. 4 people were killed
b. Several other were wounded
c. Number of houses were burn down
d. Thousands of cattle were raided
e. Children were abducted
10. Attack on Paliau and Maar on 20th Oct.2013
a. 80 people were killed
b. 88 people wounded
c. several houses were burn down
d. 25, 000 Cattles were raided
e. 24 Children were abducted


SSHURSA Press Statement: For Immediate Release: October 20, 2013

The South Sudan Human Rights Society For Advocacy(SSHURSA), condemns in strongest terms possible the deadly attack on the people of Twic East County in Jonglei State that happened today October 20, 2013. The attack targetted one cattle camp at Ajuong Payam and two cattle camps at Paker Payam. SSHURSA sends also  its most heartfelt condolences to the entire Twic East Community  and particularly to all families of  the victims. Sources SSHURSA spoke to on the ground stated 42 persons including children and women have been confirmed dead and 44 people wounded with 5 children abducted.
 “The situation is deadly, the attackers used AK 47 and Rocket-Propelled Grenades(RPG)” the County Commissioner sadly told SSHURSA. He believed the attackers were rebels of General David Yauyau operating in Jonglei State as in response by the limited police force against the attack, one person among the attackers has been killed and identified as from  the Yauyau’s rebels. Sources on the ground revealed to SSHURSA that the presence of the rebels was realized in the area and appeals were raised to the higher authorities of governments in the state and National levels  to deploy the national army, the SPLA but nothing was done.
As SSHURSA strongly condemns the attack, it also gets concerned with the reckless handling of the security of the citizens by the Government of South Sudan. The attack on Twic East would have been prevented if South Sudan has a caring  government. The negligence in protecting the people and their property is a fundamental failure of the government. The security of the people always remains as a first and serious responsibility of a responsible  government but South Sudan’s, has shown the contrary. Article 53  and Schedule A of the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan 2011 directly task the Government  with the responsibility to provide the security to the people and their property in South Sudan. The right to life is the first right which leads to the enjoyment of all other human rights and as provided under Article 11 of the Constitution and under international human rights law and isntruments which oblige the state to observe. Such a failure  is unacceptable because the government  cannot exist without the living citizens. SSHURSA condemns in strongest terms possible such negligence by the people’s government.
SSHURSA MAKES THE FOLLOWING RECOMMENDATIONS:
(a)    To the  Government of South Sudan to:
(i)                  immediately deploy  the national army in Twic East County to protect the citizens and prevent regular attacks in the area.
(ii)                strengthen the presence of the SPLA forces in Jonglei State’s insecure Counties that have suffered frequent and preventable attacks by the rebels and cattle rustlers.
(iii)               devise honest and peaceful mechanisms to address the rebellion in Jonglei state to bring frequent attacks permanently to an end.
(iv)              continue working genuinely to reach peaceful solutions to tribal conflicts in Jonglei state and deliver tangible services that will change the lives of the warring tribes to abandon savagery.
(v)                maintain continued presence of the SPLA in all insecure states in South Sudan.
 
(b)   To United Nations Mission in South Sudan(UNMISS) to:
(i)                  deploy immediately UN troops in Twic East County to prevent further  attacks.
(ii)                maintain continued presence of UN peacekeeping troops to protect people and their property in insecure and vulnerable areas which the government of South Sudan has always failed to provide with security.
 
(c)    To the States and National Legislative Assemblies to:
(i)                  raise a hot motion against the government for its inability and negligence to protect the citizens which is its first responsibility under the Constitution.
(ii)                impeach any Minister or any personnel of any office whose responsibility is to protect the people and their property in South Sudan but has failed to do so.
(iii)               genuinely get concerned, leaving politics aside, think about the lives of their constituents and viability of South Sudan as a state in transition,  work with grassroots communities and put tough pressures on governments for peaceful solutions to stop the frequent deaths  in Jonglei state and South Sudan generally.
 
(d)   To the Twic East and other Communities in Jonglei State to:
(i)                  remain calm and avoid any revenge attacks despite the deadly attack on them
(ii)                respect all the times the  importance of human dignity and life.
(iii)               work for unity and peaceful co-existence with each other for better South Sudan.
 
(e)   To rebels of David Yauyau and others in South Sudan to:
(i)                  respect human rights and respect closely the right to life
(ii)                respect the norms, rules and principles of the International Humanitarian Law.
(iii)               end rebellion and pursue peaceful means  with the government as the only best solutions to resolve conflicts among the civilized people.
SSHURSA is a non political and nonprofit making National Human Rights Organization founded in 2007 by South Sudanese Lawyers and Law Students at Makerere’s Law Development Centre (LDC), Kampala Uganda. For more information on this statement or about SSHURSA contact: 1. Biel Boutros Biel: Executive Director, Tel.  +16464318960, E-mail: sshursa2007@gmail.com/bboutrosb@yahoo.com,  www.sshursa.org, New York, USA. 2. Beny Gideon Mabor: Senior Project Officer: E-mail: benyg@sshursa.org/benygmabor@gmail.com, Juba, South Sudan. 
ABOUT SSHURSA:
South Sudan Human Rights Society for Advocacy (SSHURSA) is an incorporated non political and non profit making Human Rights organization founded in June 2007 by South Sudanese Lawyers and Law Students at Makerere Law Development Centre (LDC), Kampala-Uganda. In 2009, it became operational in South Sudan with its head office in capital city Juba and co-ordination offices in the states. It membership composes of individuals and organizations who believe in its human rights protection mandate. Its vision is to advocate for a democratic and human rights abiding South Sudan and with its mission to monitor, document and publish human rights status in South Sudan and also train general public on Constitution, the importance of human rights, fundamental freedoms of an individual, Rule of Law, democracy, Transitional Justice and International Humanitarian Law , all geared towards creating a more responsible, justice and good governance oriented South Sudan. SSHURSA pays special focus on the rights of children, women and other vulnerable groups.It also keeps close attention to the strict observance of the supreme law, The Constitution.
Motto:
“YOUR RIGHTS; YOUR DIGNITY”
For more information, contact us on:
Website:  www:sshursa.org(currently under construction)
        Tel: +211955300382/+211921114362;
Juba, Republic of South Sudan

PRESSS STATEMENT: FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE; OCTOBER 7, 2013

SSHURSA WELCOMES PRESIDENTIAL DECREE AND ASKS HIS EXCELLENCY TO DO MORE:
The South Sudan Human Rights Society for Advocacy (SSHURSA) welcomes the Republican Decree issued on Monday, October 7, 2013 by  the South Sudan President His Excellency Salva Kiir Mayardit, ordering  release of General Gabriel Tanginye, General Thomas Mabor, General Simon Gatwec Joak, Former United Democratic Front opposition leader Advocate Peter A. Sule and others. This is a welcoming move by President Kiir and we congratulate him for listening to the voices that call for justice.
General Tanginye and his two colleagues were taken into detention since April 2011 after his forces clashed with the SPLA in Kaldak area, Upper Nile State while Sule and 9 of his colleagues still at large were arrested in November 2011 after they were accused of a rebellion in Western Equatoria State.
SSHURSA has been calling on President to release them since the detainees had stayed in illegal military detention for more than three years  without charges and neither being taken before a court of law for trial.This has been a violation of their rights to fair and speedy trial as enshrined in the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan 2011. With their release, the President has done exactly what justice requires of him by virtue of his office, because keeping a person in a detention without charges or trial, is ill treatment, inhuman and amounts to complete torture. Releasing them is a correct way forward.
SSHURSA again calls upon His Excellency the President to also consider a decree on the following:
1.       Order the immeidate trial of those alleged responsible for the assassination of Isaiah Diing Abraham Chan Awuol(Isaiah Abraham) held by National Security in Juba.
2.       Order the release of all the 9 young men arrested together with Peter A. Sule who have been kept somewhere under SPLA detention outside Juba since 2011.
3.       Order the National Security or Military Intelligence to produce those who disappeared in persons of Eng. John Louis Silvio(2011), Rev. Idris Nalos Kida, Rev. David Gayin(2013), Modessa Wiyual(2012) and others to hand them to police and take them for trial if any charges.
SSHURSA thanks the President once again and urges him to do more acts which preserve the supremacy of the Constitution in which people’s rights are enshrined.
For contact on this Press statement or about SSHURSA: Executive Director; Biel Boutros Biel, Mob. Tel : +16464318960, E-mail:  bielbb@sshursa.org;   New York City, USA,
 Senior Project  Officer; Beny Gideon Mabor; Mob. Tel.+211912830920, E-mail: benyg@sshursa.org; Juba, South Sudan

Date: January 17, 2013

Subject:  Request for Applications (RFA) Danida II- 2

Reference: Danida Funding  

Project: Enhancing Peace and Security in South Sudan

Closing Date: February 17, 2013 at 4pm.

Dear Applicants,

This document is a Request for Applications (RFA) for approximately 10-15 projects titled ‘Enhancing Peace and Security in South Sudan’ with PACT that aims to promote Civic Engagement. PACT is seeking partners that will be sub-granted by PACT to implement the program in the four different locations, as listed below.

  • Areas of intervention:  Four conflict clusters: the Wunlit cluster (Covering Lakes, Warrap and Unity States); the Sobat Custer (Covering Upper Nile State); the Pibor Cluster and the Central Jonglei Clusters (Covering Jonglei State). Any application for peace building work outsides these clusters will NOT be considered.
  • Type of Award: Cost Reimbursable Simplified Grant  or Fixed Obligation Grant
  • Period of Performance:  6 months maximum
  • Ceiling Price: $30,000 USD

Qualified and interested South Sudanese organizations may obtain an electronic copy of the RFP including instructions, terms, conditions, evaluations & basis of the award, scope of work and specifications/bills of quantities by accessing this link: http://www.pactworld.org/cs/business_opportunities or submitting your tender at this email address: tenderssouthsudan@pactworld.org or in hard copy & digital copy.

Submission of Applications: Submitted applications must be written in English. The application must be submitted in two parts: 1) Technical and 2) Cost. Applications can be submitted electronically attenderssouthsudan@pactworld.org or in hard copy (or electronic by flash) to one of the three addresses below. Our preference is electronic submission. The deadline for submission is February 17, 2013 at 4pm.