Archive for the ‘Contributing Writers’ Category


By John Deng Diar Diing, Mombasa, Kenya

peace-for-south-sudan

Wednesday, December 19, 2018 (PW) — As said by many writers and political commentators including myself in many occasions, the war of 2013 should have never occurred, it should have never been fought and should never have been authorized. We are all aware that there had been mismanagement and feeling of marginalization by some communities within the government of South Sudan since 2005. It was and still is a fact that is evident statistically in terms of jobs distribution and access to national cake.

And yes, some communities have been deliberately kept out of reach of national cake. Nonetheless, it did not and it does not warrant war. Therefore, it is good that some semblance of peace has been signed. It should be embraced and promoted. All these holdout rebels should just give this peace a chance. There is no better war among brothers whatsoever. We need peace; our people need peace. No one is justified to wage war; be it government or rebel.

The way forward should be to give comrade chairman, Gen. Salva Kiir a benefit of the doubt that he might have been hijacked by perpetual detractors of liberation who never rested for 22 years of the just war. And that, he might have realized where the wheel lost the track. If it is anything to go by, then his SPEECH in Lobonok can be taken as a reflection of this intention. Since the spirit of comradeship has been signaled in that audacious speech, he should be allowed to make good of his missteps as he endeavors to reunite the ranks. (more…)


By Tong Kot Kuocnin, Juba, South Sudan

Burnt oil tanker along the Nimule-Juba road, Sept 2016.jpg

Burnt oil tanker along the Nimule-Juba road, Sept 2016.jpg

  1. Introduction

Thursday, December 18, 2018 (PW) — On World Environment Day celebrated on the 5th day of the Month of May 2018, First Vice-President Taban Deng Gai presided over the launch of the country’s State of Environment and Outlook Report, a first for the country. The publication is the result of a joint study by UN Environment and the Ministry of Environment and Forestry.

The report acknowledges that the ongoing strife in the country “is the major impediment to good governance, the productive use of natural resources and the protection of the country’s environmental assets”. It highlights the lack of effective institutions to resolve disputes over ownership of natural resources peacefully and the challenges of millions of refugees, returnees and internally displaced persons. It also notes that climate change and natural hazards have further complicated the environmental situation facing the country.

The report further highlights how climate change could exacerbate access to safe water, lead to poor sanitation and food insecurity. It adds that “a flourishing agriculture sector, which depends on the viability of land and water resources, is crucial to long-term peace and development”. It also recommends that “disaster risk reduction and climate adaptation measures need to be implemented to build a climate resilient society”. (more…)


By Mayen Dengdit, Denver-Colorado, USA

face of god

Sunday, December 16, 2018 (PW) —- In the early morning of December 16th (according to western conception of night and day), which is the final hours of the night  of December 15th (according to African conception of day and night), I woke up from a strange dream . As human beings, we all have dreams, yet we loose details to tangible life issues and challenges; thereby relegating our dreams into oblivion.

But this dream was different and, according to me at least, worth sharing, since it’s about God and suffering women and children in South Sudan. But more so, because, as my close family member with whom I shared it morning told me: “seeing the face of God is  one of the great blessings of life” to me and the people I dreamed off. Without further ado, this was my dream, which I immediately put down writing.

 I dreamed that I was taking humanitarian aid to the Upper Nile region of South Sudan. I was on a wooden mid-sized boat with a few other people  (we were 9 in total on board), moving on the Nile and our mission was to take food items, including Corn Soya Blend (CSB), to malnourished people (women and children in particular) in isolated islands in the wetlands of Upper Nile. It was after sunset and was getting darker and ominous. (more…)


By Hatem Dhieu Dau, Melbourne, Australia

Twic East Community in the USA

Twic East Community in the USA

Saturday, December 15, 2018 (PW) — The subject of psychology and behaviour is controversial. It is a mixture of unquenchable desire, or as Freud calls it–the urge or drive for a thing or service. But only as through its unconscious realm. This’s intellectual deep. Bottom line, however, is that “behaviour”—whether manifested by a group or by an individual person(s) is the main concern of the science of psychology. Behaviour is the only thing one needs to know, under-stand, and could this also explain: why there is such a thing like Organizational behaviour–simply the behaviour of an idea. All your organs have, each, every one, an individuated behaviour as that organ. Even mere tissues’ excitation can be a big proof—- of its utility and functionality.

In Twi East, we should Trust–in it–nowhere else we can: The Being of us as a place and at the same time as a way of our life, spatially bounded by geographical boundaries, only to know of when Garang’s call for the liberation of the whole Sudan, strategical, tactical, and/or plenary;  for us to choose a direction. Uncle Abel Alier in his major book (1999), “Too Many Agreements Dishonoured” in Sudan could explain the intermittent social and political strifes that have characterized, to a larger extent, the relationship between Sudan’s central government and its far-plunged peripheries.

In fact, by the time that uncle Abel wrote his book, there was only one agreement, the Addis Ababa Agreement, signed between the Southern-based Anya-Nya Rebels and the Khartoum-based Government of Sudan, under president Jafaar Al Neimeri; that agreement ended the First Sudanese Civil War which ran between 1955-1972; it granted the South a Semi-autonomous status. Nimeiri’s regime, which into power through a military coup practised quite contradictory politics reflected in his shifting alliances between political camps. Neimeri’s regime ended a democratic government by the time it came to power. It was later deposed from power through a military coup in Sudan in 1989. (more…)


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

images

Saturday, December 15, 2018 (PW) — Each of us was born with nothing on hand at the time of birth. This fact needs no one to be reminded about. On equal measure some of us go on not to gain much out of this world in the way of riches.

Nature has adequately endowed my country, South Sudan with natural resources that could make everyone in the country to be adequately catered for but this is not the case. We have abundance of livestock, vegetation, fish and recently oil wealth.

Despite abundance of the above natural wealth and the low population people remained extremely poor compared to neighbouring countries. Some of the reasons why people remained poor include; war, tribal or internal conflicts and lack of general productivity by organisations and individuals alike.

War alone has the greatest potential to imposed displacement and destitution on the country. The 1983-2005 and the 2013 – 2018 upheavals are the best examples for South Sudan. (more…)


By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan

pagan and wani

VP James Wani Igga greeting Pagan Amum in New York

Wednesday, December 12, 2018 (PW) — The reunification of SPLM party’s members is the only fundamental solution to solving the country’s differences and it will open up government data to citizens, public institutions will become more transparent and accountable to the people of south Sudan. As stipulated in Article 4.1.1 in Revitalized agreement on the conflict resolutions stated that; political leaders and stakeholders shall ensure that the RTGoNU is transparent and accountable, with legal, institutional, policies and procedures fully functional for sustainable development.

By encouraging available and shareable data. The government of the people can help, and promote innovative citizens -centric services when the members of the party come together and should develop a code of ethics and integrity for public officials emphasizing the value of honesty and integrity to expand spirit the nationalism and promote respect for public property.

The unity provides the opportunities to involve innovators from inside and outside the country to create innovative way to tackle new and existing problems. This will be a potential way of increase public sector efficiency and effectiveness. The unity of the party will also highlights new opportunities emerging for public sector innovation and raising awareness on some of the main implications that need to be tackled to successfully attain the benefits of the citizens of South Sudan. (more…)


By Yanta Daniel Elisha, Juba, South Sudan

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Tuesday, December 11, 2018 (PW) — Waging war is voluntary just like peacemaking so it is not surprising that peacemaking is gaining momentum in South Sudan. However, determining that there is relative sustainable peace in South Sudan is still very difficult because the yardstick seems too short to measure it instantly.

Peacemaking and war waging depend on people’s will. How do we measure the will of the political leadership or management of South Sudan?

I am coming to answer such a question and more, later in the discourse. For now, let us understand what yardstick is and what peace is. Is peace a concrete noun to be measured by a yardstick? What is used for determining an abstract noun like peace?

Yardstick according to the Wikipedia is a straightedge used to physically measure lengths of up to one yard (3.0 feet or 0.9144 meters long) high. Yardsticks are flat boards with markings at regular intervals. In the metric system, a similar device measuring up to one metre is called a metre-stick. (more…)


BY JB -JOK BIOR, NAIROBI , KENYA

Wednesday, November 28, 2018 (PW) — South Sudan Students’ Association in Kenya {SSSAK} is facing one its worst crises in more than a decade of its inception, a trend that has turned the former comrades into political foes. The students’ association is now entering its fourth month of chaos and uncertainty. Nothing specific seems to be happening, well, not anytime soon. Everything is currently paralyzed in a standstill. We now have a legal case pending in a Kenyan court and it is until mid- December before its fate is determined.

But, as things stand and considering how hectic December will be, it’s most likely that we might welcome a new year, while still finger pointing each other, concocting unimaginable stories and trading accusations. In another twist, this students’ political mess has dragged in South Sudan Embassy in Kenya and this is the basis of my writing; to separate lies from the truths. But first, allow me take you through the genesis of this particular crisis.

In the month of August, this year, the SSSAK Interim Leadership headed by Ayuel Taupiny Malek as its President, came to end and that meant the executive was to start the electoral processes as dictated by the SSSAK Constitution. The electoral commission was appointed, vetted and instituted in consultation with the relevant organs of the association. The Commission then declared various elective positions vacant and interested student aspirants, from the various universities in Kenya, seized the opportunity and applied. (more…)


Our Tribes, religions and regions will never unite us; only South Sudanism will unite us as Dr. John Garang would have said

By Ngoi Thuech, Dodoma, Tanzania

John Garang

John Garang’s prophecy

Monday, November 26, 2018 (PW) —- We are all caught up in the most stupendous midst of peace. It is not that we are only tired of war, in essence, no one gets to enjoy the good things a life can offer in a time of war. Martin Luther King, Jr once said that “those who love peace must learn to organize as effectively as those who love war.” Our people are still sensitive to the psychological traumas of the recent war and we ought to perpetually avoid weaponizing words as tools for further ethnic divisions and hatred.

Instead of being too sensitive to fight each other over ethnicity, we should rather be quick to defend each other when such ethnic hatred ensues. Peace is hard to maintain, but people can easily be provoked to fight themselves and in a matter of a few months, they could easily destroy relationships that took decades to create, not to mention the billions of dollars that were spent on building the infrastructure.

So, instead of returning a fire for fire, peace would only elude us and we could end up with one war after another. We are better off finding shared commonalities that will act as binding knots to keep us together in times of uncertainties instead of focusing on the different aspects that we don’t know about each other yet. Our liberation hero Dr. John Garang de Mabior used to say that our tribes, religions, and regions would never unite us; it is only Sudanism (now South Sudanism) that will unite us. (more…)


By Deng Agok Ageer, Australia

Fake News

Monday, 26 November 2018 (PW) —- Few months ago, we saw this unprecedented wedding that was held in Nakuru-Kenya. At the time, I didn’t put a lot of thoughts into it until, the other day when I came across it again, couple with this stories trending about Nyalong wedding, which is also called auction on CNN. Underneath all our social interactions, I have realised, that, we have become accessories of our bad publicity. I know we have enigma of sorts which has become slowly bad PR.

A lot is going wrong to put it that way and So, I though it’s imperative now to shed some lights on certain issues. I will base my thoughts mostly on the context of Nakuru’s wedding that, I just alluded above. What am I talking about? Well, some of us who saw the video, or the picture below, will remember exactly how un-comforting that video was and still is.

I am afraid, that, videos is still circulating around the world. If you saw that, video at that time, then, imagine the how embarrassing it was for the individual, the organisers involved and most importantly for the country the videos came from! With that said, how do you think the world would react to it? In your own imagination, what do you think is being said generally about us? (more…)


By Ayuen J. Awan, Juba, South Sudan

HIV-AIDS prevention: Thank to PrEP and PEP, you can protect yourself and love ones from HIV/AIDS

Thank to PrEP and PEP, you can protect yourself and love ones from HIV/AIDS

Monday, November 26, 2018 (PW) — I was in one of clinics in Juba couple of months ago for routine HIV test, something I do after every end of three months to establish my status on this incurable epidemic posing threat to human lives in the world today. It is advisable by medics to test after every three months because new HIV infections become detectable by lab tests after that period. In 2017, there were 36.9 million people living with HIV in the world, of which 180,000 were from South Sudan.

Although there is no data clearly comparing prevalence of HIV in villages and towns, it can be basically assumed that the disease is evenly distributed among populations. Regional data show greater disparity depending on geographical location and the nature of neighborhood. South Sudan population movement is very dynamic – producing a uniform mix of urban and rural people – living side-by-side, socializing, sexualizing and trading together throughout the year, in towns and villages.

Even without such data, it is still extensively held in South Sudan that town people are more exposed to HIV than the rural inhabitants who live in villages and informal settlements like cattle camps and fishing grounds. This is a notion more ingrained particularly in villagers which the urbanites also uphold leading to the rise in the demand for village girls over their civilized and educated counterparts in urban areas. Villagers strongly believe that AIDS is endemic to Urban settings just like urbanites believe that virgin girls are in the village.

(more…)


By Ngoi Thuech, Dodoma, Tanzania

federalism

Do Not Confuse a Camouflaged Call for Confederation for Call Federalism

Sunday, November 25, 2018 (PW) —- What do South Sudanese confuse federalism with? Merriam Webster defines it as “the distribution of power in a federation between the central authority and the constituent units (as states) involving especially the allocation of significant lawmaking powers to those constituent units.” In the 1970s Jaafar Nimeri turned the former Northern provinces into decentralized regions. Joseph Lagu and his followers saw this as an opportunity to get rid of the Nuer and Dinka in the Equatoria region who they saw as job grabbers.

This political sensation later popularly became known as ‘Kokora.’ Kokora means to divide or division in Bari. It means ‘re-division’ to its antagonists. “In practice, ‘Kokora’ meant expulsion of non-Equatorians from government and civil service positions in the regional capital of Juba and elsewhere, and their reposting to their home regions” (Douglas H. Johnson’s quote from his Rift Valley Institute Research Paper 1: Federalism in the History of South Sudanese Political Thought).

Today when non-Equatorian people hear the call of federalism from the Equatorian people they probably confuse it with another chauvinistic regionalist call to send them to their home regions. If we dare look again at our governing system, what we have in place is federalism. We have federalism, but it is sort of a car that is taken out of the road and use for something else altogether, let say, its owner uses it as a bath shelter instead of using it to drive himself/herself to work or all sort of social gatherings. We inherit federalism from North Sudan. We have 32 governors and 32 state governments all subordinating to one central government in Juba; if that isn’t federalism, then federalism has lost its true meaning. (more…)


President Trump is Damn Right: CNN and BBC are Fake News Peddlers – The Ke’eny of Nyalong Ngong Deng Jalang from Lakes State.

By Ajang Barach-Magar, Wangulei, South Sudan

Nyalong Ngong Deng Jalang, Awerial County, Lakes State

Nyalong Ngong Deng Jalang, Awerial County, Lakes State, whose bride price consist of 500 cows, 3 V8s, and over $10,000

Friday, November 23, 2018 (PW) —- The hoopla that greeted Kok Alat & Nyalong’s marquee marriage is menacingly refusing to dissipate and is now finding its way to the international headlines albeit as an absolutely fake stunt. The matter assumed a stunning new twist when the American media giant, CNN – an organization one may be forgiven to venerate as a beacon of unfettered code of ethics, integrity/or credibility, reported that a family in South Sudan used Facebook to auction off their under-age girl. The grim reality is that while the high profile nature of the marriage surprised the whole Dinka country, for it has a touch of madness it is utter rubbish to allege that Nyalong’s family conducted anything figuratively close to an auction.

For a start, the primary objective of this article seeks to clarify that the alleged auction was neither mooted nor materialized. The family members of the bride, who allegedly resorted to social media to find eligible suitors for her, are illiterate. None of them is capable of scribbling their name on a piece of white paper. The closest they get to use technology is via mere voice calls on their cell phones. Why, then, would CNN’s moral turpitude lead them to veer off track so far as to fabricate a story against such a humble family? The whole thing is a fat white lie. Not only that. CNN’s conduct lends genuine credence to the American President, Donald John Trump’s consistent accusation that CNN are no more than a bunch of fake news peddlers.

Before delving further, let’s shed light on the standard Dinka traditional marriage practices. There are three methodologies used to achieve the state of union. Please note that since all the three methods exist as descriptions in English rather than abstract entities, it is more convenient to trot them out in Dinka and for that, I petition your mercy for the vernacular indulgence.

(more…)


H.E. FVP .Gen. Taban’s decision to reunify the party (SPLM) restored peace and will implement social reforms in the country.

By Dut Deng kok, Juba, South Sudan

kuol-manyang-and-taban-deng

Kuol Manyang Juuk, Taban Deng Ghai, Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth etc in the USA

Friday, November 23, 2018 (PW) —- The first vice president of the Republic of South Sudan H.E Gen. Taban Deng Gai is a greatest strength, humble, effective and good dependable politician. Your Excellency, you play very significant roles in this peace process, that is true democracy, you really redefined democracy like an American great man called Abraham Lincoln as the government of the people, for the people, and by the people.

The recent government of South Sudan is become the government of the people, and by the people, because the leadership that believes in the future of societies is really the government of the people, you created the meaningful life to young people in this country because these wars disadvantage youth and women particularly in many ways, although Youths are perpetrators and war victims, we need Youth to understand their roles in the country.

You love people with your all heart, mind, soul and striving to help your citizen as a true mark responsible politician. You give high regards for morality. We have seen a true democracy in south Sudan, democracy is not only just an approach to political governance but a culture which touches on every facet of human life. (more…)


By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

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Wednesday, November 21, 2018 (PW) — Much of this animosity can be attributed to the reputation fraternities have for engaging in unwise, irresponsible, demeaning, and more other amoral. During the previous war, it’s this addicted misunderstanding that made South Sudanese broken up and scattered to the four winds. Only the small, nonconformist fraternity was left to fight the war to its last days.

What is wrong with acïbïklëuic and abuklëuic? To me, all are very shining advertising slogans unless the two groups are politicizing it or each group is very keen to become arrogant and domineering.

In Dinka areas, someone who don’t have plans or who do not want to work must meet some provocations from his relatives, especially his father and his age-mates in order for him to work very hard for his own future. I’m using “him/his” because no “her” in those days was a breadwinner. In case “her” may complains, please make sure that I’m not writing my opinions about this modern world where a teenybopper become an end consumer of her private part in restaurants without permission from her toiled mother.

(more…)


By Jok WaMonychok Juba, South Sudan

Saturday, November 17, 2018 (PW) —- In reference to the United Nations Security Council(UNSC) ‘s Resolution on Abyei, I would like to shade light on fundamental contents of the document. At first I was confused on what to call it; extension of United Nations Interim Security Forces for Abyei (UNISFA) mandate or the autonomy granting a self-rule for Abyei until the final status is determined. My mom called me late last night to congratulate me saying we are celebrating the resolution which grants Abyei an autonomy. I had to tell her what I have read is different and the document was ambiguous to me. I read it again today and I am compelled to highlight some points here.

First and foremost, I am delighted and fairly made hopeful by the steps taken by UNISFA and UNSC in turning their eyes and hearts to the sweltering suffering of Ngok-Dinka of Abyei. As written by the Secretary General in the letter of 20 August 2018(S/ 2018/778) taking note of security situation in the area as criminal in nature considering nonexistence of military threats though there is a presence of Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) in Kech, ignorantly referred to as Diffra and the South Sudan security personnels in the area, the security has taken the center stage of UNISFA’s mandate. The insecurity being described as criminal in nature still remains a threat to the civil population and thus demands draconian measures to quell the threat.

As of now, economic activities and development have been derailed by this so-called criminal in nature threat. However, a light at the end of the tunnel remains glowing tremendously with full authorization of all necessary measures to protect civilians by UNISFA regardless of whoever is imposing the violence as per UNISFA mandate under paragraph 3 of resolution 1990(2011). It further reiterates the confiscation and destruction of any weapon found in the area as Abyei falls under Safe Demilitarized Border Zone (SDBZ). And considers the security situation within and along the borders of Sudan and South Sudan as threat to the peace and security of the world. On the other hand, Abyei Police Service will come into force immediately. The appointment of Civil Deputy Head of the Mission signals a positive move towards having our Abyei back.

(more…)


Engineer Akol Lual Lual Akol’s Role in Transforming the Concept of Education among the Refugees in Kakuma, Kenya

By Deng Diar Diing, Mombasa, Kenya

The Late Akol Lual Lual Akol

Tributes to the Late Engineer Akol Lual Lual Who Pioneered Academic Excellence in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya

Monday, November 12, 2018 (PW) — The outpour of grief and shock from the Jesh Amer and Lost Boys community following sudden death of Eng. Akol Lual Lual Akol has left many to wonder to the pattern and girth of appeal this gentleman had. It is clear that Akol has been mourned by a population that had its roots in Jesh Amer of Dima, Fugnido and Polataka who eventually found themselves in Kakuma. This is not to discount the fact that there are a lot of people who have and still are mourning in silence out of intensity of sorrow or lack of access to the social media.

It has also to be noted that those who showed their grief in public domains are not making it for a show of association but rather, hero’s death just like John Garang was, are normally too sad to bear individually and normally are communal angst. After all, a problem shared is half solved.

Akol Lual Lual was laid to rest yesterday in his village of Akon. May God rest his soul in peace. To all the outpour of commiserations and eulogies about the life of Eng. Akol as an inspiration to his peers, I would like to bring forth the processes that led him to be a hero of this important constituency. As a beneficiary of his epic academic journey and someone who took a mantle of my time following his inspiration, I feel spellbound to explaining why we love this gentleman that dear.

There was this Catholic Scholarship program called Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) that used to sponsor the top 3% percent of refugees who sat for Kenya Certificate of Primary Education for secondary education to Kenyan Public Schools. Akol Lual Lual, Marial Kuol, Samuel Anyieth, Chol de Guin and Bior Gayo won this scholarship in 1994(This group was later joined by Peter Gatpan Thoar). William Andrew was sponsored in 1993.

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By Ms. Adol Makeny Dhieu, Sydney, Australia

Nyalong Ngong Deng Jalang, Awerial County, Lakes State

Nyalong Ngong Deng Jalang, Awerial County, Lakes State, whose bride price consist of 500 cows, 3 V8s, and over $10,000

Monday, November 12, 2018 (PW) —- What happened to Nyalong Ngong Deng Jalang in the recent times is outrageous and we are all livid by it. Many have expressed their angers, one way or the other and in different forums since the marriage became known, all through to its settlement.

I applaud and encourage your rage to go beyond press releases; but for you to continue to pursue other meaningful ways to device lasting solutions to the issue at hand. However, I viewed that a legal action against Nyalong’s family (both families and accomplices), or a suit brought solely in relation to her marriage, will serve not but rogue justice.

Here is why: (more…)


After the Transitional Period, Salva Kiir Needs to Set an Example and Allow a Free and Fair Elections

By Ngoi Thuech, Dodoma, Tanzania

President Kiir's speeches after independence

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan

Saturday, November 10, 2018 (PW) — What Peter Biar Ajak termed as a generational exit should not mistakenly be interpreted as an all-out call for our aging liberation generation to retire from active politics and allow the new and upcoming youthful generation to give it a try this time around. The late Senator John McCain of Arizona served his people up to the very last of his breath when he passed away this past summer. He was a war veteran, much like our current leaders are. So, being from a military background doesn’t necessary socialize you to rule dictatorially and hold the country hostage as a ransom for personal enrichment. One thing that sets the late John McCain with our liberation leaders was that the former came from a stable and liberal democratic nation whereas our leaders come from a region whose democratic institutions are absent or nonexistence.

South Sudanese are forever going to be thankful to Salva Kiir and Riek Machar for inking the peace deal to work together in one unity government as a testament to their faith that for once they can put aside their differences and work for the betterment of their people. Many countries on our East African block have two presidential term limits which run for a total of eight to ten years. President Uhuru Kenyatta said recently that it is unconstitutional to run for a third term in Kenya. President Kiir took up the presidential crown after we gained our independence from Sudan. And by the end of the Transitional Period, he would have been in power for ten years, much like the time normally spent by the Kenyan presidents at the State House. The probable reason why there is a limit on a presidential rule is perhaps to avoid what the political scientists called the political decay, a scenario which entails lack of accepting new ideas and overall democratic institutional upgrade. (more…)


By Tito Awen Bol, Juba, South Sudan

Saturday, November 10, 2018 (PW) — I keep wondering if peace can divide or unite the partners. I am not so young nor unmindful not to have known what happened after signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) or not to have read other cases of peace in the World so as to draw comparison to the recently signed peace agreement in South Sudan duped as R-ARCISS. After signing of the CPA, some of the Southern and Northern Parties joined Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) as opposition coalition while some of the Northern and Southern Parties joined the National Congress Party (NCP) as ruling coalition. Hold on reader: just know that my writing is not so much of the opinion leathered and loathed with any form of negative interest but just drawing the observation for future correction and reference by the analysts and opinion leaders of my kind.

To begin with, the word revitalization means rejuvenation or resuscitation of the Agreement on the Resolutions of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCISS) which was at death bed then as a result of the J1’s ‘‘dogs fight’’ as popularly termed by most of the analysts and political commentators. That supposedly means that the agreement that was signed would have been the best agreement capable of addressing the root causes of post-independence issues and differences which possibly were the ones that led to 2013 and repeatedly led to 2016 aggressions and subsequently the present polarization & conflicts.

Papers were still not dry of the ink when the Revitalized-Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCIS) was signed on 12th September, 2018 when several breakaways emerged from different political parties that were parts and parcels or simply the signatories to the agreement (R-ARCISS). South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA) which is the major opposition coalition was the first victim of split when most of its member parties defied & refused the call from the chairperson to sign the agreement though some were at a later date ‘intimidated’ to sign. They made their position real after the final signature by its leader-Mr.Changson Chang. (more…)