Archive for the ‘Contributing Writers’ Category


The Tri-stage Cycle of Racism: The Self-brainwashing, Self-victimizing and Self-destructive nature of Racism on the People of Africa

By Thiik Mou Giir, Melbourne, Australia

Friday, April 26, 2019 (PW) — Being subjected to racism, studying racism, understanding racism, and struggling against racism often happen simultaneously. One approaches the subject thinking that racism is something normally carried out by the majority against the minority people. Although this is true at the preliminary stage of racism, it is not the case in a more advanced stage of racism.

In the more advanced stage of racism, the victims of racism; namely, the black people themselves, start to practice racism against themselves. They become self-brainwashing, self-victimizing and self-destructive people. In any place, in any region, and in any country, where racism exists, white supremacy enters into the popular consciousness of the oppressed, the black people.

For instance, you observe your daughter’s skin is getting lighter and lighter and you suspect right away that she is applying some whitening creams on her body. You get disappointed and no matter how much you try to dissuade her, she is determined not to give in. You tell yourself that she is only a girl; she is immature; she is weak; she wants to become a Kawajia.

(more…)

By Pal Chol Nyan, Juba, South Sudan


National Youth leaders – (From left to right) Dr. Albino Bol (NYU leader), Deng Bol Aruai (Red Army leader) and Abraham Awolich (Sudd institute), January 2017, Juba

Friday, April 26, 2019 (PW) — Hot on the heels of the dissolution of the NYU whose term has elapsed and the subsequent appointment of the steering committee led by Mr Bak Salva to prepare for the election of the new body (vide Ministerial Order); there have been some disgruntled and bigoted social media users who have been ranting to have their voices or grievances heard without a semblance of shame.

They consist of two groups mainly our cousins from Greater Bahr el Ghazal states; those in favour and against the former President of the NYU. These Youth are sharply divided as can be seen from the venom they have been spitting in the media against one another; they have taken it upon themselves to settle their scores using the position of the NYU as a Trojan horse by stirring up the situation and calling themselves names with some even questioning the legality of the Ministerial Order.

(more…)

By Makeer Kuol Koriom, Melbourne, Australia

President Kiir's Bahr el Ghazal tour, Feb 2019
President Kiir’s Bahr el Ghazal tour, Feb 2019

Friday, April 26, 2019 (PW) — Since December 2013, President Kiir Mayardit has confined his presidential roles to Juba. Hints of economic and political developments are limited to the capital town. The president is only seen in public during celebration of national events in Juba. His visits to regional towns and hinterlands are rare. Recently, however, President Kiir Mayardit had surprised South Sudanese with a visit, dubbed as ‘peace tour’, to Bahr el Ghazal. This tour was the second tour to the region since 2013 political upheaval.

When we divorced North Sudan, we didn’t expect our nascent political class to backslide the country to guns as means of settling political differences. We thought our amorphous elites would use dialogues or debates, as opposed to violence, to address all forms of political differences.

But, it seemed, the long struggle for national liberation from Khartoum successive regimes had corrupted our leaders with moral turpitudes. No doubts, the 21-year- war, had inveigled, if not glued to, them with war philosophy. For these leaders; negotiations and dialogues are hard endeavours for engineering political solutions. Had our leaders knew how to debate political issues; 2013 crisis would have been averted.

(more…)

By John Deng D’Duot, Seattle, USA

Friday, April 26, 2019 (PW) — With the recent revolution in Khartoum, many people within Khartoum are thinking about whether there will be a possibility to unite Sudan. “South Sudan and Sudan.” However; such thinking will first have to meet the litmus test of disunity, inequality, and development for all. It will also have to meet the litmus test of why the South Sudanese voted for the Separation for the first place. 

The issue of reunification of the two independent Sudan is being talked about everywhere in Khartoum but its reality remains as an option to be explored.  Adhieu Majok, a British-Dutch South Sudanese, an analyst, and a writer; who writes on the promotion of peace, girls and women rights and youth inclusivity in South Sudanese politics, wrote an article about this: Title: “willing Sudan’s uprising reunite North Sudan? In trying to answer this possibility of reunification of the two countries, she is content just like many other South Sudanese; who have suffered from the hand of the Khartoum regime spearheaded by the former Sudanese President: Omar Hassan Ahmed El Bashir.  

(more…)

By Garang Michael Mamingdit, Nairobi, Kenya

Monday, April 15, 2019 (PW) — In 1989, the young, charismatic and decorated Islamic army officer, Brigadier General. Omer Hassan Ahmed Al Bashir took power in a bloodless coup d’état against the then democratically elected government of Prime Minister Sadig Al Mahdi.

Yet again, 30 years later, on 11th April 2019, Al Bashir was ousted in a bloodless people’s revolution. To his credit, Omer Al Bashir’s bloodless entry and exit of power is quite a unique contrary to the violent tradition of post-colonial African leaders’ ascendant to power. But that’s just it, little credit in the ocean of Bashir’s 30 year dictatorship, corruption, censorship and blunt impunity.

Who could have thought mere bread prices and cost of living will solidify the collective grievances of the people, and turn it into a historic revolution that will de-throne one of the most brutal African military dictators of our time? The answer lies in the definition of people’s power. Thanks to the relentless protest of the Sudanese people, under various groups and associations determined to unchain freedom and liberty.

(more…)

The roles of teachers as vibrant agents of change and the enormous challenges besetting their teaching profession

By Abraham Mabior Rioc, Hong Kong, China      

Friday, April 5, 2019 (PW) — The teaching profession in some countries, especially the developing nations, has often been ignored in terms of allocation of enough educational resources to meet the societal goals of quality education. As a result, this renders the profession less desirable when it comes to national intake quota per se and also contributes to low morale among instructors at all levels of education.

In most cases, the position of a teacher is very important in the society for it disseminates important messages and vital information through learning and teaching domains which are pertinent to professional and intellectual development. For this reason, the teaching profession continues to lose its brilliant and qualified manpower to other sectors despite the vital roles they play in the nation building. 

In one of his lectures at St. Lawrence University in Uganda, Prof. J.C Sekamwa, a prominent professor of Education in Uganda had this to say: “Teacher is like a father who loves all his children irrespective of their behaviors and manners”. In a different context, in his teaching, he would always tell us (his students) that teaching, and learning is the opposite side of the same coin and each supplement one another. In this respect, it implies that a teacher is like a biological father or mother who does not discriminate against his or her own children–being the lame, weak, thief, mention them. 

(more…)

RE: An open letter to H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic: The Israeli Project of Learn and Earn to South Sudanese Youth is not a Scholarship but Rather a Modernized Slavery

Bek Dhuorjang Chol, Juba, South Sudan

Gen. David Uri Ben Uziel (AKA Tarzan or John), the Israeli soldier who fought with the Anyanya one freedom fighters in the 1960-70s under the leadership of Gen. Joseph Lagu

Thursday, April 4, 2019 (PW) — Your Excellency the president, gregarious greetings to you and best wishes. Mr. President, I wish to appreciate your tremendous efforts exerted to sign the revitalized peace agreement to ensure a peaceful resolution of the conflict in our country. The ongoing implementation process is applauded as a step towards sustainable peace and stability in our beloved country.

Your Excellency, I would like to contextualize on your speech addressed to the nation during the peace celebrations organized in Juba last October 31st, 2018 in which you call on the nation to revive the economy and lay the foundation for critical transport, communication, power, and agricultural infrastructure before the end of the transitional period. It would be better for young people to embark on agricultural activities by identifying farms and cultivate to supply our market at a cheaper rate as part of their contribution to nation building.

On the 27th September 2017, the first batch of 20 South Sudanese students were sent by the National Youth Union in collaboration with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation and the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security to the State of Israel particularly Tel Aviv the capital for what was known as the “Learn and Earn” program in Kinneret college initiated by H.E. Hanan Goder, the Israeli Ambassador to South Sudan, Mr. Oren David the director of Kinneret College in Galili and Mr. Nasim Hadad one of the staff of the college.

(more…)

The upcoming State and Opposition pilgrimage to the Vatican: The Case of the South Sudanese Peace Process

By Pal Chol Nyan, Juba, South Sudan

President Salva Kiir with Pope Francis, Vatican, March 2019

Tuesday, April 2, 2019 (PW) — Rumours had it that there would be a high profile political pilgrimage to the Vatican by the State and Opposition officials this month. It is said that the pilgrimage is meant to reconcile the warring factions of South Sudan especially the politicians, the protagonists of this deadly war, who have been on each other’s necks for nearly five years.

In the process, the divided SPLM political pilgrims would be required to observe two of the seven sacraments; that is repentance and then they would be prayed for as they seek for forgiveness. This is consistent with the Catholic and Anglican Communion norms and teachings.

It is a public knowledge that South Sudanese politicians have been branded by the region and the International community as corrupt, intransigent, self-seeking and uncaring for their downtrodden people they impoverished and subjected to untold suffering.

(more…)

Al-Sabah Children’s Hospital in Juba: A shocking experience of the dilapidated state of healthcare system in the Republic of South Sudan

By Rajab Mohandis, Juba, South Sudan

A view of Juba City, South Sudan

Tuesday, April 2, 2019 (PW) — Al-Sabah Children’s Hospital is the largest and one of the best-funded children’s health centers in South Sudan. Unfortunately, it could also be ranked as one of the most poorly manned healthcare centers in the country. I chose to go public because of my shocking and sad experience with this hospital. May be this alarm will help save one life.

I had no knowledge of the level of ineffectiveness of health facilities in Juba until I had a practical experience trying to save the life of my child. My little son was born on March 12, 2019 at a health center in Gudele, a suburb of Juba City. The midwife who attended to my wife refused to accept my sister and a couple of elderly female relatives who wanted to witness the birth of the child and provide any help during the delivery. This particular midwife was unprofessional and very arrogant.

I am told this is a common behavior among midwives in Juba. Unfortunately, I have heard of terrible experiences of women on labour in the hands of these midwives.

(more…)

Hon. Salvatore Garang Mabiordit: The victim of exotic politics of egregious lies and distortions

By Simon Yel Yel, Juba, South Sudan

Minister of Finance and Economic Planning Salvatore Garang Mabiordit

Thursday, March 21, 2019 (PW) — Thought not blood, unmeasurable ink has been spilt over the Minister for Finance and Economic Planning, Hon. Salvatore Garang Mabior. But the truth remains: He is not corrupt as being misleadingly alleged. That’s the reason I don’t buy all these corruption allegations born of consummate hatred and insipid circumlocution which have been circulating on the online media for sometimes now. It’s merely a political attrition in play.

All these platitudinous sermons carry no shred of truth by any imagination. They are being purposely contrived and propagated by his political nemesis to settle political scores. However, his legacy is imprinted in a hard stone. Even if he is thrown into political oblivion by this exotic politics of subterfuge and egregious lies – and I am sure he will withstand all the odds and continue climbing the ladder of stardom and greatness, his legacy is written in the hard rock.

Upon his appointment, he has successfully managed to ameliorate the living conditions and that is why the country is now economically convalescing. Get your popcorn and let me peel your eyes. His achievements are ineffable and here are the headlines.

(more…)

By Tong Kot Kuocnin and Ms. Yar Telar Deng, Nairobi, Kenya

Peter Biar Ajak is a South Sudanese PhD student of politics and world affairs at Cambridge University in the UK; he was detained by agents of the national security at Juba International Airport on his way to Aweil for the celebration of Red Army Day.

Wednesday, March 20, 2019 (PW) Abstract: This paper deals with the “Rights of arbitrarily arrested and detained persons in South Sudan”. It is based upon the juridical norms of criminal law which presumes that the “thousand of accused persons can be punished but one innocent shouldn’t be punished arbitrarily”.The paper explicitly articulate that one of the basic tenets of our legal system is the benefit of the presumption of innocence of the accused person till he/she is found guilty at the end of the trial conducted by a dully constituted open court of law based on the evidence gathered. The reason being that the rights of an accused person not to be arbitrarily arrested and detained are sacrosanct. The accused in South Sudan are accorded certain rights, the most basic of which are found in the South Sudanese Transitional Constitution, 2011.

Kerbino Wol Agok

I. Introduction

There are several key pieces of legislation in South Sudan that relate to arrest and detention, most notably the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan, 2011 and the Code of Criminal Procedure Act, 2008.

The Transitional Constitution 2011 sets out a comprehensive Bill of Rights that promotes life and human dignity, personal liberty, equality before the law, the right to a fair trial and freedom from torture. The Code of Criminal Procedure Act, 2008 sets out the procedures for arrests and detentions and allocate powers to the relevant authorities.

(more…)

By Peter Wek Mabiordit, Juba, South Sudan

Tuesday, March 19, 2019 (PW) —- Peace is an important thing in human life. It is demonstrated by our daily actions toward others. The noble choice of doing right things depends on individual’s attitude and behaviors. When we behave in the right manner, our behaviors immediately translate into peace. For the last 3 years there had been a search for a lasting peace in South Sudan. Many agreements had been signed but dishonored.

The Khartoum peace agreement signed in 2018 is another step towards lasting peace. Although critics argue that it will not hold because it does not address the root causes of conflict, I’m optimistic that there are chances of achieving peace because our leaders have expressed their full commitment to implement it.

But how do we achieve lasting peace in South Sudan? Well, in my opinion, real peace starts from within ourselves and extends to others. For us to achieve happiness in life, we must allow the strings of love and unity to bind us together. When we understand the meaning of life, we learn to appreciate the very reason of our existence. True freedom and the right to life are only exercised when we own the spirit of nation building and avoid illegal activities like corruption, gambling, robbery, rebellion and revenge killings.

(more…)

By Baak Chan Yak Deng, Wau, South Sudan

Tuesday, March 19, 2019 (PW) — Peace does not rest in the charters and covenants alone. It lies in the hearts and minds of all people. So let us not rest all our hopes on parchment and on paper, let us strive to build peace, a desire for peace, a willingness to work for peace in the hearts and minds of all of our people. I believe that we can. I believe the problems of human destiny are not beyond the reach of human beings. Cynicism masquerades as wisdom, but it is the farthest thing from it.

Because cynics don’t learn anything. Because cynicism is a self-imposed blindness, a rejection of the world because we are afraid it will hurt us or disappoint us. Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. If there is a mystical chord in democracy, it probably revolves around the notion that unexpected music can resonate from politics when people are pursuing questions larger than self I have seen that ennobling effect in people many, many times expressed by those who found themselves engaged in genuine acts of democratic expression, who claimed their right to define the larger destiny of their community, their nations.

(more…)

By Makneth Aciek, Khartoum, Sudan

Sunday, March 10, 2019 (PW) — Cpt. Mabior; one of the most lucid, powerful and nuanced thinkers of our time, a true revolutionary concerns with “consciousness tuned to the highest pitch of refinement”— explores the chronicle of events in his arrestingly titled and arrestingly argued “pubic service Announcements”.

Aiming to reveal the deepest strata of reality; he focused his precocious wisdom on informing South Sudanese of the contradictions surrounding the implementation of R-ARCISS and how the alleged reunification of the SPLM will never change the predicament of the nation. He articulated this with stunning succinctness that calls for imagining nobler alternatives to the dicta and mindsets of regime predatory nature.  For long time now, Cpt. Mabior’s writings attuned us to consider the tectonics of change on the scale of revolutionary truth! The biggest question is, are south Sudanese really reading him? 

Truth is the only way South Sudanese can wrest order from chaos; it is the only way we can construct a foothold so we may as a nation climb toward peace and harmony. This is one of Mabior’s most countercultural yet incisive points; it has little or nothing to do with politics! Rather than dealing with petty surface facts, as South Sudan politic is apt to, he dwells in largest truth; urging local masses to stop seeing themselves as naturally despondent people that would embrace any effort from the regime to legitimize their self-view as victims.

(more…)


Why should the issue of the name of the County ‘Alabek County’ be a dividing factor for the Lou-Mawien/Lou-Ariik Community of Tonj State?

By Abraham Mabior Rioc, Hong Kong, China

Monday, March 4, 2019 (PW) — Following the creation of 32 states in 2015 by the President of the Republic H.E. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, new problems seem to be gaining momentum in communities with regards to the naming of some of the administrative units such as state, county, Payam or Boma. On the foreground, the decision was received with mixed reactions and feelings by South Sudanese communities as an appealing message of taking towns closer to the people.

Basically, the president of the Republic was applauded by the majority for having made one of the boldest and wisest decision to create new states and counties. On the contrary, some critics and communities criticize the decision of the president due to their own understanding and perceptions of the decree. Nonetheless, it was meant to take towns and basic services closer to the people as their demands.

In this context, Lou-Mawien/Lou Ariik community was one of the geographical locations that received the news with open arms and immediately kneeled down to receive and seize the responsibility of their own county with both hands and one mind. As in the process of naming the county, the first name that was at first glance declared by the President was Lou Ariik County. (more…)


By Mayen Deng Alier, Juba, South Sudan

Monday, March 4, 2019 (PW) — South Sudan is considered a single-party state by many people. This is because the existing parties are either friendly to and affiliated with the ruling SPLM or they are some briefcase political parties in the bush fighting the SPLM government. This has made every political decision in the country prone to monopoly by SPLM; the latest being the reunification of the party—an initiative now being advanced as a national agenda, when it is just a single political party’s program.

In the year 2014, as the forces allied to Dr. Riek were fighting the government the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM), National Resistance Movement (NRM) and African National Congress (ANC) suggested that the best way to solve the conflict was to reunite the SPLM House. As a result, the Entebbe and Arusha negotiations were initiated by President Kikwete and Museveni, leading to the signing of Arusha Agreement on 21 January 2015.

As a sign of good faith, the former Secretary General of SPLM, Cde Pagan Amum came back to Juba in July 2015 to retain his spot and jump start the reunification process. However, the visit was short lived as Pagan returned to exile pointing fingers at the government for not being serious in the implementation process of Arusha Agreement. (more…)


There is no Res nullius land to be ceased in South Sudan

By Moses Nyara, Juba, South Sudan

F4FA369F-A280-4F5A-9DD5-707D49CC2B97.jpeg

Sunday, March 3, 2019 (PW) — Rights over land in South Sudan are never lost or abandoned so as to become res nullius. The idea that  the land must belong to the government is not only a deliberate plan to extinguish seisin of the land in South Sudan but a threat to the existence of the South Sudan State.

South Sudan is not a settled territory. The South Sudan Nation State did not result from a conquest.  Land rights in South Sudan predates any nation State or government. There has never been acquisition of sovereignty over any land in South Sudan. Not by the French; the British or the Arabs. Our ancestors fought viciously against such a vice. There is no one to who we must swore fealty or make homage.

The utterance in in Bahr al Ghazal region during the so-called dialogue meeting in Wau that the land must belong to the state is nothing but an attempt to introduce the English doctrine of tenure and must be resisted. (more…)


By Marial Mangar Akol, Juba, South Sudan

img_2190
Saturday, March 2 2019 (PW) —
Ever since the inception of our independence, the Republic of South Sudan, the education system had been looming before our watchful eyes. The pitiable newly born nation has at the early stage stranded, moribund and barefaced at the hand of most insignia and fealty leaders.

They may say it’s because of country political turmoil but the reality is that those running the ministry of Higher Education are galaxies of unlettered, undescribed subset not qualified to delineate or typify the most productive national ministry. I referred to Ministry as an institution run by undescribed personals for reasons that, there is no proper line of approach between the ministry and five public Universities.

They made an overestimated admission that at the end fall victim. In these universities, 50% of students supposedly are government sponsored while the same percentage enrolled themselves directly to boost university administration financially. They failed in so doing and lastly failed to question university why they ask this huge amount from students as they are responsibly in paying all their due costs.

(more…)


By Kur Ayuen Kou, Melbourne, Australia

Dr Majak Agot with President Kiir, December 2018

Dr Majak Agot with President Kiir, December 2018

Friday, March 01, 2019 (PW) — We are told the SPLM is enroute to another political remarriage…. Again!! Someone would ask if it was in relation to human family. But they said, in politics, there are no permanent friends or enemies. Physicist Isaac Newton’s third law of motion also clearly stated “what goes up must come down.”

The big hawks of the party met, deliberated and made a number of recommendations that became a public document few days ago…..thanks to the active online sniffers. The current document contains nothing new from early communiques. It recommended among others the need to reinstate previously sacked members of the Political Bureau as was constituted prior to the politically self-inflicted war of 2013.

The SPLM Political Bureau is the executive arm of the party that make decisions on behave of its other organs. It was consisting of 27 members prior to South Sudan’s Independence. After South Sudan succeeded to statehood, it was obvious that the Northern sector of the party will branch off to form the SPLM North. The mother party was left with 20 members as hereunder. (more…)


The role of active bystanders in the provision of quality education during emergency situations in South Sudan

By Abraham Mabior Rioc, Paris, France

education

Friday, March 01, 2019 (PW) — Education has been considered a tool for socio-economic progress at family through national level. For this reason, it remains a desire for the general public to receive an elitism of the education system both during emergency and non-emergency situations. Basically, this enhances the acquisition of quality and relevant skills as well as meaningful knowledge that can answer societal problems in different forms. In most of the developing countries including South Sudan, education has largely been undermined and ignored by policy actors and their implementing political agents. Undeniably, it is clearly manifested in the performance of education system, poor or inadequate tangible educational facilities simply because most of the country’s citizens are passive bystanders within the wider South Sudanese education circle.

 In this setting, South Sudanese are passive bystanders when it comes to the provision of education at all levels. By definition, active bystander is someone who can speak and act immediately when sensing something unusual going on in his or her presence. In contrast, passive bystander is someone who does not take part in the situation or say something at all.  In fact, these types of people exist in every society including at family and bureaucratic levels.  From the perspective of education in emergencies, schools at community level have been affected differently as a result of dynamic cultural, political, and social factors which need immediate interventions from active bystanders. As a point in case, most of the political leaders, academics, and practitioners have always remained inactive when it comes to educational decision-making and immediate intervention in the face of crises. (more…)