Archive for the ‘History’ Category

The Speech of President Kiir, during the opening of the national assembly, 21 February 2017 (PDF)



Gen. Thomas Cirilo Swaka, SPLA deputy chief of staff for logistics, resigns from the SPLA (PDF)


Gen. Thomas Cirilo Swaka, SPLA deputy chief of staff for logistics, resigns from the SPLA (PDF)

In 1996, Dr. John Garang created the New Sudan Brigade, essentially an SPLA’s branch for Northern Sudan, which was deployed, via Ethiopia and Eritrea, to the Red Sea region and around Kassala. It was under the leadership of Commander Pagan Amum Okiech, Commander Thomas Cirillo Swaka, Commander Augustino Maduot Parek, among other distinguished officers of the Movement.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

While I pay tribute to Comrade Thomas Cirillo, who joined the Movement during the darkest years of the 1990s in the aftermath of the Nasir coup, when most compatriots were deserting the Movement and trooping to Khartoum, I urge him to follow the footstep of his comrade and colleague, Gen. Oyai Deng Ajak, who have managed to stay out of the Junubi-on-Junubi killing and propaganda spree. The legacy of the liberation struggle is a great honor and burden to be sacrificed on simplistic, foolish wars. I have no comment whatsoever on his letter of resignation and the reasons mentioned therein. From PaanLuel Wël

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

January 22, 2017 (SSB) — On Saturday, the 14th of January, 2017, President Kiir issued a presidential decree that increased the number of federal states from 28 to 32. Here is the revised list of the 32 states of the Republic of South Sudan.

S/No State Counties Capital Past Governor Current Governor


1 Jonglei Bor, Twic East and Duk Bor Philip Agwer Panyang Philip Agwer Panyang
2 Fangak state Ayod, and Fangak Ayod James Kok Ruea James Kok Ruea
3 Bieh State Uror and Nyirol Waat Peter Bol Koang Moses Majiok Gatluak
4 Akobo State Akobo County Akobo Peter Bol Koang Johnson Gony Bilieu
5 Maiwut State Longchuk, Koma, and Maiwut Maiwut Peter Lam Buoth Bol Ruach Rom
6 Latjor State Ulang and Nasir Nasir Peter Lam Buoth Peter Gatkuoth Khor
7 Boma State Pochalla, and Pibor Pibor Baba Medan Konyi Sultan Ismail Konyi
8 Central Upper Nile State Akoka, Pigi, Baliet and Panyikang Malakal Chol Thon Balok James Tor Monybuny
9 Northern Upper Nile State Renk, Maban and Melut Renk Chol Thon Balok Deng Akoi Gak
10 Fashoda State Kodok and Manyo Kodok William Othon Awer Currently Vacant
11 Ruweng State Panriang and Abiemnhom Panriang Mayol Kur Akuei Thiaji de-Dut Deng
12 Southern Liech State Mayendit, Leer and Panyijiar Leer Teker Riek Dong Teker Riek Dong
13 Northern Liech State Mayom, Koch, Rubkona and Guit Bentiu Joseph Nguen Monytuil Joseph Nguen Monytuil


14 Gogrial State Gogrial West and Gogrial East Kuacjok Abraham Gum Makuach Gregory Deng Kuach Aduol
15 Twic State Twic County Mayen-Abun Bona Pariek Biar Kon Manyiel Kuol
16 Tonj State Tonj North, Tonj East and Tonj South Tonj Akech Tong Aleu Akech Tong Aleu
17 Gok State Cueibet County Cueibet Madang Majok Meen Madang Majok Meen
18 Western Lake State Rumbek North, Rumbek East, Rumbek Center and Wulu Rumbek Abraham Makoi Bol Abraham Makoi Bol
19 Eastern Lake State Yirol East, Yirol West and Awerial Yirol Ring Tueny Mabor Ring Tueny Mabor
20 Aweil East State Aweil East county Wanjok Deng Deng Akuei Deng Deng Akuei
21 Lol State Raja, Aweil North and Aweil West Raja Rizik Zachariah Hassan Rizik Zachariah Hassan
22 Aweil State Aweil South and Aweil Center Aweil Ronald Ruai Deng Ronald Ruai Deng
23 Wau State Jur River and Bagari Wau Elias Waya Nyipouch  Andrea Mayar Achor


24 Jubek State Juba County (Bari, Lokoya, Nyangwara communities) Juba Augustino Jadalla Wani Augustino Jadalla Wani
25 Terekeka State Terekeka, Jemeiza, Gwor, Tali and Tigor Terekeka Juma Ali Malou Juma Ali Malou
26 Yei River State Yei, Lainya, Morobo and Kajo Keji Yei David Lokonga Moses David Lokonga Moses
27 Tambura State Tambura and Nagero Tambura Patrick Raphael Zamoi Patrick Raphael Zamoi
28 Gbudwe State Yambio, Ezo, and Anzara Yambio Patrick Raphael Zamoi Badagu Daniel Remposa
29 Amadi State Mvolo, Mundri West and Mundri East Mundri Joseph Pachiko Joseph Pachiko
30 Maridi State Maridi and Ibba Maridi Africano Monday Africano Monday
31 Imatong State Lopa, Torit, Ikotos and Magwi Torit Natisio Loluke Manir Natisio Loluke Manir
32 Kapoeta State Kapoeta North, Kapoeta East, Kapoeta South and Budi Kapoeta Louise Lobong Lojore Louise Lobong Lojore


Government of South Sudan: Official report of the Investigation Committee on the Terrain Hotel incident of 11 July 2016

Note verbale dated 4 November 2016 from the Permanent Mission of South Sudan to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council

The Permanent Mission of the Republic of South Sudan to the United Nations presents its compliments to the President of the Security Council and has the honour to forward the official report of the Investigation Committee on the Terrain Hotel incident of 11 July 2016 (see annex).

The Permanent Mission of the Republic of South Sudan kindly seeks your assistance in having the present note verbale and its annex circulated among the members of the Security Council as a document of the Council.

Annex to the note verbale dated 4 November 2016 from the Permanent Mission of South Sudan to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council

Official report of the Investigation Committee on the Terrain Hotel incident of 11 July 2016


The nature of offences committed at Terrain Hotel against foreign aid workers and other foreign and local residents on 11 July 2016 are a reminder of the terrible consequences of the July fighting. What occurred at Terrain, particularly to the victims of rape, was inexcusable and deserves condemnation. I personally would not have been able to understand the feelings and distress caused to these victims if it were not for my appointment to lead this investigation. Through this investigation I and my colleagues were made to understand the physical and mental pain caused to the victims of this unfortunate incident. The Committee was also aware of the untold suffering caused to other victims of the fighting that occurred from 8 to 11 July 2016. While investigating these serious allegations, the Committee was mindful of its mandate to establish the facts of what took place at Terrain in the afternoon and evening hours of 11 July 2016. The Committee was able to gather enough information regarding the incident, and this enabled it to determine the circumstances and the nature of the offences committed at Terrain by the perpetrators. The Committee’s work was facilitated by the commitment of His Excellency General Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic, who personally directed the Committee to ensure that the investigation was comprehensive, transparent and independent. The President was also throughout clear that the perpetrators of the Terrain incident must take responsibility for their individual and collective acts. The Committee also had challenges associated with the investigation. One of the challenges that confronted the investigation was how to obtain statements from foreigners who were witnesses or victims of the Terrain incident. Many of the foreigners who were victims of the incident had either departed the country, were not traceable or were not willing to speak to the Committee. It was a painstaking exercise for my investigators to trace the victims of rape, given their reluctance to testify because of the confidentiality and stigma associated with the victims of these kind of offences. Having concluded this investigation, it is the Committee’s hope that this report would provide most if not all of the answers pertaining to the Terrain incident. We are, however, mindful that this report is not an end in itself, but a good reference for pursuing further criminal investigation and prosecution against suspects. It is our strong conviction that the findings and recommendations contained in this report would lead to accountability by those linked to the Terrain incident. There is no doubt that the victims of the Terrain incident would only find consolation or comfort if those who perpetrated these terrible crimes were held to account. It was a great honour for me and other members of my Committee to undertake this noble and challenging task. This Committee has tried its level best within the limited period and resources to determine the facts pertaining to the Terrain incident. It is my hope that the findings and recommendations contained in this report would be given the attention they deserve by the leadership and all the relevant institutions.


“We the willing, led by the unknowing, are doing the impossible for the ungrateful. We have done so much, with so little, for so long, we are now qualified to do anything, with nothing”

Prepared by Editorial Team: Kur Wël Kur, Emmanuel Ariech Deng and PaanLuel Wël

PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB): The Best Articles, Writers, of the Year 2016

December 31, 2016 (SSB) — The year 2016, in some hours, will dwindle into the past, and the people of South Sudan, along with the rest of the world, will welcome 2017. Every New Year is a joyful celebration, a celebration of the last year achievements, achievements that include being alive and healthy, recognizing the selfless leaders, whether in journalism, governance, or other important issues such as women’s rights issues, economic growth, conflicts and peace.

This year, our country, with its suffering population, has been featured hundreds over hundreds of websites all over the world, mostly in bad light. However, PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese bloggers (SSB), our own website, occupies the central stage in publishing articles, which make sense of the dire situations in our beloved country. It is also an instrumental informant to South Sudanese worldwide because it publishes opinion articles and news commentaries from South Sudanese, both within and outside the country. These opinions explain the general and specific lives and situations of South Sudanese in countries such as Australia, Britain, Canada, New Zealand, USA, and many other places where South Sudanese are taking refuge.

Today, PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese bloggers (SSB) is celebrating the diverse and excellent works of some writers and acknowledging the work of other hundred contributors, columnists and opinions-writers whose names or works won’t appear in this article. We got lots of writers on our website, and it is imperative to motivate and encourage them with something unique to mark the end of the year 2016 and the commencement of the year 2017.

Here are the 2016 review:


President Salva Kiir: “I am deeply concerned about the direction our country is heading to: tribal hatred and divisions. I am deeply concerned about the parents who cannot feed their children due to the shrinking economy. I am deeply concerned about the street children and all the citizens of this country. We shall work to preserve and protect the unity of our people. As your President, I will not allow this suffering to continue. I shall be the patron of the NATIONAL DIALOGUE. We fought for the unity of this country but not to tear it apart. We shall guarantee its unity. Let us embrace the unity. I am initiating the national dialogue. It has been the hallmark of the Liberation struggle. The cases in point are the rejoining of the Movement by Dr Riek in 2002 and Dr Lam in 2003. The amicable resolution of Yei 2004 crisis in Rumbek and the 2006 Juba Declaration with the Late Gen Paulino Matip. I ask all the people of South Sudan to forgive me for any mistakes I might have committed. Fellow citizens, I call upon all of you to stop any propaganda against the international community, especially the American people and the United Nations. I likewise urge the international community in spirit of national dialogue, to also cease any negative propaganda against the people and the government of the Republic of South Sudan.” The National Committee of Imminent Personalities will be constituted to head the National Dialogue Initiative in South Sudan. ~~~~~~President Salva Kiir’s national address to the national legislative assembly in Juba, South Sudan, on the 14th of December, 2016.

President Kiir’s Address to the Nation: The Call for National Dialogue Initiative in South Sudan (PDF)


Several Abortive Reconciliation Peace Conferences between the Greater Bor Dinka and the Murle Communities. When will this policy of ambiguity end?

By Hon. Maker Lual Kuol, Bor, Jonglei State

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

December 11, 2016 (SBB) — For nearly two centuries, Murle have continued to raid Bor; killing people, abducting children and robbing livestock to the extent that this inhuman and atrocious activity has become a lost a daily practice. It is not Bor alone that suffers from these raids but over other 12 communities such as Anyuak, Jie, Kachipo, Nuers, Toposa, Buoya, Pari, Lopit, Mundari, Bari, Lokoyo, Lotuka that surround the Murle suffer the same atrocities though at a lower magnitude.

Bor in this particular situation has the longest border extension with the Murle; approximately 250 kilometers from Bor South County border with Terekaka State to Duk North County Border with Fangak State. One fact known to all is that there are no contact areas where the two communities annually meet for water and pastures as these scarce resources are always the cause of disputes and conflicts between pastoralists.

The worst in this situation is that most Murle leaders and elites cover up the mistakes and crimes of their communities. Instead they consider the acts of the members of their communities as heroism and bravery of their people and the communities raided or affected are considered to be cowards. Unfortunately those usual denials did not last in the face of the raids on Ethiopia in March 2016 when Ethiopia thrust armed to teeth forces into the South Sudanese borders.


Party Constitution of the SPLM-DC: democratic-change-party-constitution-2016-official-copy

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

November 14, 2016 (SSB) — In reference to the Secretary General of the Democratic Change Party (DCP) Mr. Deng Bior Deng; in this Day News Paper dated 11th/11/2016 Vol. 2, issue No. 289, the Secretary  General condemned Hon. Onyoti Adigo as not the DC party Chairman.

  1. First and foremost, Hon. Onyoti Adigo Nyikwec is the legally Chairman of the Democratic Change Party (DCP) based on the following reasons:
  1. Ø Onyoti Adigo came to the seat through electoral process conducted by the National Leadership Council (NLC) in its extra ordinary meeting held at Yam Hotel on the 5th/11/2016.
  1. Ø The members of the National Leadership Council meeting comprised of all the representative of all the states present in Juba thus leading to Hon. Onyoti Adigo election and success in to the DC party Chairmanship. Not only that but also; the state’s Chairpersons present in the meeting includes:  Jongles Chairperson, Upper Nile Chairperson, Unity state Chairperson and Central Equatorial Chairperson.
  1. Ø Further still, the state Chairperson who did not attend the Council Meeting based on some reason; did send their position letters standing with the new Chairman elected and the states include: Lakes state, Western bar –el gazelle state and Western Equatorial state.
  1. Ø In Article 12 (1) regulation for the conduct of business of the National Leadership Council of DC party and also in Article 14(6); Hon. Onyoti Adigo was nominated and seconded  by the Members of the NLC thus he went an opposed.
  1. Ø In article 11 (3 & 5)of the conduct of business of the National Leadership Council; after the nomination procedural, all members of the NLC in the meeting hall voted for Hon. Onyoti Adigo as the DC party Chairman


SPLM (IO) Condemns the Deportation by the Government of Kenya of the Press Secretary of the Chairman of SPLM (IO) to Juba

Riek vs Taban

The battle over the SPLM-IO leadership

November 4, 2016 (SSB) —- This afternoon the Government of the Republic of Kenya deported Mr. James Gatdet Dak, the Press Secretary of the SPLM (IO) Chairman, to Juba the Capital of the Republic of South Sudan. On his arrival to Juba International Airport at 3 PM local time, Mr. James Gatdet Dak was arrested and is now said to be in the custody of National Security Service.

Mr. James Gatdet Dak was arrested from his residence yesterday by Kenyan Security who went there in three vehicles. The office of the representative of SPLM (IO was informed that the order of the arrest came from the government. The Chairman of SPLM (IO) was informed about the development and he immediately contacted the Kenyan Authorities.

On a telephone conversation with the Deputy President H.E. William Ruto, he appealed that Mr. James Gadet Dak should not be deported to Juba due to profound fear for his life. He also spoke to the Attorney General and attempted to speak with the Minister of Foreign Affairs. He alerted them of the fact that Mr. James Gadet Dak was an urban refugee under the protection of the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) in Kenya. Unfortunately, his appeal was ignored.


Correcting History: The names of 4 Martyrs who died on May 16th during the 1983 Bor Mutiny

By David Aoloch Bion, Bor, Jonglei state

Martyrs Day

Dr. John Garang, William Nyuon Bany and Salva Kiir, during the war of liberation

November 3, 2016 (SSB) —- The history of 105, the Battalion who mutinied in Bor in May 1983, had been presented or written selectively or falsely for the last 33 years. Some people are deliberately or unknowingly writing or saying that only one soldier, Maker Jool Deng, was killed on May 16th and one soldier was wounded, Major Kerubino Kuanyin Bol Deng.

This historical assertion is false because the fact of the matter is that four soldiers of 105 Battalion were killed on May 16th, 8 soldiers were wounded and 15 soldiers were captured by the Sudanese army. All the wounded were captured and taken to Bor hospital by the enemy. Among the wounded, four were later killed in the hospital for unknown reason.

The mutiny unfolded like this: In March 1983, an order was given from Khartoum that former Anya Anya forces were to be transferred to Shendi in the North. 105 defied this order. In April, Brig. Gen. Musaid Al-Nuer, the Brigade Commander in Malakal, flew to Malual-Chat Garrison in Bor with Captain Salva Kiir Mayardit, the intelligence officer, to reinstruct and reorder the transfer to the North.

The parade of the reordering of the transfer to the North by Brig. Musaid and Capt. Kiir almost turned violent when eight Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs), who assumed the role of ring leadership, heckled and attacked them verbally. The eight NCOs were Sergeant Major (SM) Reuben Thiong Tat, Corporal (CPL) Malith Lual Jok, Sergeant Major (SM) Yusif Keir, Lance Corporal (L/CPL) Mach Nok Rial, Sergeant (Sgt) Garang Ngang Abui, Corporal (CPL) Manyiel Kueth, Corporal (CPL) Manyang Agok Aliet, and Lance Corporal (L/CPL) Herjok Maguon Akuom.


Ethiopian PM, Haile Mariam Desalegn, Addresses South Sudan National Legislative Assembly during one-day visit to Juba

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

October 28, 2016 (SSB) — “Today, we still continue to stand with people of South Sudan as they move forward towards the implementation of the peace agreement and consolidation stability in their own country. Ethiopia rejects the path of war and armed resistance in any forms and stands with those who have chosen peaceful engagement.

“We will not support an armed struggling group or anyone who opts for path of war and therefore we will not allow any armed movement which is detracting from peace in our region both in Ethiopia and South Sudan and will cooperate in a strong army-to-army cooperation where the president has agreed to send his chief of staff quickly to Addis Ababa and they will agree on the common cooperation of making our borders and also inland secure.

“We also agreed on protection of investment and promotion of investment in our two countries where South Sudanese investors can freely invest in Ethiopia and equally also Ethiopian investors can invest in South Sudan.”

President Kiir: “We have discussed very important issues and especially the bilateral issues and we have signed several MoUs and these are things to be implemented. We have agreed on security issues that we will not allow any negative force to use our territory to launch hostile activities on the other.”

“The road will be open so that Ethiopian goods come here by land. Instead of going far places to buy oil, they will get it from South Sudan, especially now that we are going to build our refinery.”

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing.

Captain John Garang’s February 1972 letter to Ambassador Dominic Akech Mohammed

Southern Sudan, 5 February, 1972 

Dear Dominic:

Thank you for the correspondence you dispatched to this end on January 25th, instantly. Very lucky, I go them today from Kampala through the lorry. It is lucky because I am leaving tomorrow morning for the interior, about 500 miles footwork from where we last met and I will not be back for over 7 months, maybe more.

Find here enclosed a copy of a letter I wrote to General Lagu and the negotiations committee. I have handwritten it (it is 2:00 a.m) since I have packed my typewriter for tomorrow’s long journey. You may type it and if necessary you have my permission to use it BUT AFTER the negotiations ONLY so as not to prejudice the same. As you can see I am not in favor of these so-called negotiations nor do I have any illusions that much will come out of them. What is more, a settlement with the enemy at the present time is not in the best interests of the Southern Sudanese people, the Sudanese people and the African people for some of the reasons given in the attached seven page letter.


Dr John Garang’s PhD Dissertation: Identifying, selecting, and implementing rural development strategies for socio-economic development in the Jonglei Projects Area, Southern Region, Sudan

John Garang de Mabior, Iowa State University, 1981


Dr John Garang’s PhD Dissertation: Identifying, selecting, and implementing rural development strategies for socio-economic development in the Jonglei Projects Area, Southern Region, Sudan (PDF, 292 pages)


Get the books on

The 1995 SPLA Offensive on Kapoeta

Posted: October 23, 2016 by PaanLuel Wël in History, Junub Sudan, Videos

Brief History of South Sudan And Brief Profile of Salva Kiir Mayardit
By Comrade Larco Lomayat, Kampala, Uganda
October 19, 2016 (SSB) — South Sudan’s struggle for independence started way back in 1820, with many people going to the bush and leaving behind their wives, children and families. The fearless warriors staked their lives for the sake of liberating Southern Sudanese from the pangs of suppression and oppression. This led to the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement, also known as the Addis Ababa Accord in March 1972.
The agreement, signed by Sudanese president Jaafar Muhammad Numeiry and Joseph Lagu of the Anya Nya (a southern Sudanese rebellion movement), ended the First Sudanese Civil War. The agreement was a series of compromises aimed at appeasing the leaders of the insurgency in Southern Sudan, after the first Sudanese civil war proved costly to the government in the North. The agreement granted Southern Sudan autonomy, creating the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region.
However, Numeiry’s government in Khartoum dishonored all the peace agreements including the Addis Ababa Agreement, sparking the second Sudanese civil war.
This series of events is what eventually led to the formation of the SPLA/M in1983. The SPLM/A put up a spirited fight and refused to lay down their tools until the Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed, ending the war in January 2005. This also saw Dr. John Garang appointed First Vice-President of The Sudan and President of Southern Sudan in January 2005.
However, Dr. Garang died in a helicopter crash on July 30, 2005, and Cde. Salva Kiir Mayardit was chosen to succeed as First Vice- President of Sudan and President of Southern Sudan.
South Sudanese geared up for the forthcoming independence referendum where they had to make a choice between being “second class citizens in their own country” or “free people in their independent state”.
In April 2010, Kiir was re-elected with 93% of the vote, marking a major step in the process of secession. Following his re-election, Omar al-Bashir reappointed Kiir as the First Vice-President of Sudan in accordance with the interim constitution.
Then came D-day, January 9, 2011, when Southern Sudanese voted over 99% for freedom. This session is the reason South Sudanese celebrated Historic Independence on July 9. 2011; that was birth of 54th country in Africa and 193rd in the world.
On July 9, 2011, the world gathered in Juba to witness the birth of the newest nation in the world. More than 3,500 dignitaries from around the world and over one hundred thousand South Sudanese and friends of South Sudan from all over the world attended the celebrations as South Sudan officially got her Independence. On the same day, the UN formally recognized South Sudan. In his welcome speech, the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon, committed to support the new nation. He said: “Together we welcome the Republic of South Sudan to the community of nations. Together we affirm our commitment to helping it meet its many responsibilities as a nation.”
Subsequently, on July 14, the South Sudan flag was raised in New York and South Sudan was officially recognized the United Nations as the 193rd member state.
Following that, on September 23, 2011, the President of South Sudan, H.E Salva Kiir Mayardit, for the first time delivered the speech of the nation in United Nations General Assembly New York. He added his voice to what the many dignitaries had said and committed their support to South Sudan
and other nations. He remarked: “We remain strongly committed to maintaining peaceful and mutual beneficial relations with all states and particularly with our neighbors.”
It is on the same day, September 23, 2011, that President Salva Kiir, for the first time also met United States of America President Barrack Obama and the prime minister of Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu.
To conclude the grand event, South Sudan raised its flag in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and was officially welcomed to the African Union as the 54th nation. Long live South Sudan. Your sweat has finally paid off.
There is someone who was behind the freedom and the independence of South Sudan, that person tirelessly worked so hard to see his people free, he took his people and crossed the river to the Promised Land. That person is called Salva Kiir Mayardit who his brief profile is here below:
Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit
Current Position:
·       President of the Republic of South Sudan
·       Commander in-Chief of the Sudan people’s Liberation Army (SPLA)
·       Chairman of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM)
Personal Details:
·       Born in 1952 in Akon, Gogrial County, Warrap State, South Sudan
·       Married with eight children
·       Christian (Catholic)
Qualification and Experience:
·       Attended Akon Primary School.
·       Attended Secondary School in Kuajok in Gogrial County.
·       Attended Sudan Military College in infantry training and graduated as Second Lt in Sudan Armed Forces as an outstanding and leading graduate in military and academic performance.
·       Attended Sudan Military College in Military Intelligence training
·       Ascended to the Rank of Captain in Sudan Military Intelligence
·       Served in various military garrisons in North and Southern Sudan
As Member of the First Rebellion In Southern Sudan:
·       Joined the first Southern Sudan Rebellion Army (Anya-nya) in 1960 at age of 17 years old.
·       Attend first guerrilla warfare training in the early 1960s
·       Participated in various guerrilla warfare in Southern Sudan till the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement in 1972.
As A Founding Member of the SPLM/SPLA:
·       Participated in the early formation of the SPLM/A with his comrades Col. Dr. John Garang, Lt Col. Karbino Kuonyin Bol, Lt Col. William Nyuon Bany in the Sudan Armed Forces in the early 1980s.
·       Participated in the rebellion in 1983 under the leadership of the late Dr. John Garang, followed by Kerbino Kuonyin, William Nyuon, Salva Kiir and Arok Thon Arok.
·       Member of the First SPLM/A Military-Political High Command Council in 1983 and that included Col. Dr. John Garang, Lt Col. Karbino Kuonyin Bol, Lt Col. William Nyuon Bany, Hon. Joseph Oduho, Justice Majier Gai, Major, Salva Kiir, and Major Arok Thon Arok.
·       He was a commander of the first SPLA Battalion (Tiger) and commanded various SPLA forces that captured many towns in different parts of New Sudan, particularly in Blue Nile, Upper Nile, Equatoria and Bahr el Ghazal regions.
·       Commanded the SPLA training during the liberation struggle and assumed many key and strategic positions during the liberation struggle including command of SPLA, military intelligence and administrative supervision of some regions of New Sudan.
·       After the split of the SPLM in 1991, Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit remained with Dr. John Garang as Second in command of the SPLM/A to Late Dr. John Garang.
·       He was elected unanimously by the SPLM First National Convention in 1994 as the Deputy Chairman of the SPLM.
As Peace Maker:
·       He led the SPLM Delegation to the Sudan Peace Talks in Abuja, Nigeria in 1993.
·       He led the SPLM first delegation to the Sudan Peace Talks in Kenya in 2002 and that resulted in the signing of Machakos Protocol on July 20, 2002 and which granted the people of Southern Sudan the right of self-determination by 2011.
·       Supervision of Darfur Peace Talks in Abuja, Nigeria.
·       Supervision of Eastern Sudan Peace Talks in Asmara, Eritrea.
·       Initiated the unification of Darfur movements for the peace talks.
·       Initiated peace talks between Ugandan Government and Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA).
·       Concluded Juba Declaration between SPLM and other Southern armed groups to be incorporated in the Sudan People’s Liberation Army.
As Chairman of the SPLM:
·       After the death of the Late Dr. John Garang in 2005, he was unanimously elected by the SPLM Leadership as the new Chairman of the SPLM.
·       He was unanimously elected by the SPLM Second National Convention as the Chairman of the SPLM in 2008.
·       He is the Chairman of the SPLM National Liberation Council.
President Salva Kiir’s House In Luri
Dear all,
Greetings from Kampala, Uganda
Recently, the so called Sentry has collected false information from the Internet and other social media and issued a report falsely accusing and claiming among others that President Salva Kiir Mayardit has built a Big or Huge House (Mansion) in Lurit, an area situated few kilometers South of Juba.
On September 19, 2016; Two Great Longtime American Friends Namely Mrs. Deborah Martin and Mrs. Faith McDonnell and I (Larco Lomayat) met with President Salva Kiir for three hours in his office at J1 in Juba. The meeting was fruitful whereby many issued were discussed including the claimed house in Lurit.
During the three hours meeting, I asked permission from the President if we could go and see the claimed mansion, without hesitation; President Salva Kiir granted us permission to go and have a look at the house.
On September 22, 2016; Lt. Gen. Marial Chinuong, Commander of South Sudanese government’s Presidential Guards organized few soldiers to escort us to the visit the site.  Mrs. Faith McDonnell and I went to Lurit and found out that what was reported by Sentry was 100% BIG LIE (FALSE CLAIM), the truth of the matter is, Salva Kiir does not own a house in Lurit, that house is a Government Presidential House; still under construction with Local Materials made right from site in Lurit.
Again, it is not a mansion as was falsely claimed by Sentry Report. Take a look for yourself pictures of the house which were taken on September 22, 2016. Up to now the house is still under construction.

Posted by:

This article “Who’s the Founding Father of the Republic of South Sudan?” was published on December 8, 2011, but is being reprinted here in light of the recent article by Ateny Wek pertaining to the same topic. In fact, this is an old debate between Ateny Wek and the late Isaiah Abraham. Unfortunately we are unable to get a copy of Ateny Wek’s old article that Isaiah Abraham was responding to below.

By Isaiah Abraham, Juba, South Sudan

kiir and garang

Commander John Garang and Commander Salva Kiir in Rumbek, during the war of liberation struggle

December 8, 2011 (SSB) — I’m probing to seek genuine answers not to provoke anyone or anything against our heroes, dead or alive. History is a beautiful thing, if it is interfered with and poorly written it back fire against values that guided human dignity and honor. Every leader in our case is a founding father in his/her own right, and the public will have no choice but to accord them the necessary place in the annal of our history. We owe them utmost appreciation for what they have done for the freedom of our people!

Now that the liberation dusk has settled, and the mission is over, to whom should we tie this title called ‘father of the nation’ or ‘founding father of the Republic’? This is an important question whose time is right. The other day in the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in Juba, I found a beaming man distributing small books written by so-called Bahr El Ghazal Council headed by the former Chief Justice Judge Ambrose Riiny Thiik, in which they have labeled Kiir as the Founding Father of the Republic and Garang as the founder of the New Sudan Vision and Nation. May be there are other books in which Garang was equally given the same title (founding father of the nation). If that is the case, then there is a problem that needs deciphering.


This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Daniella Valentino Wol: Hi PaanLuel Wel, what is your take on this “Father of the Nation” debate?

PaanLuel Wel: Sister Daniella Valentino Wol, here is what I think. According to Wikipedia, “Father of the Nation is an honorific title given to a man considered the driving force behind the establishment of his country, state, or nation.” For example, Simón Bolívar, South American revolutionary liberator who had never been a prime minister or a president or a king is considered the “Father of the Nation” in six countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Panama. Thus, if you ask me who is the “father of the nation” in the context of the man who had been a driving force in the establishment of our country, then I would think of many fathers (and mothers?) starting from the 1955 Torit Mutiny, Anyanya movement, High Executive Council (HEC) government and the seven founders of the SPLM/A as being the embodiment of men and women who had been the driving forces leading to the birth of the Republic of South Sudan. It is foolhardy to debate who, between John Garang and Salva Kiir, contributed the most to the liberation of South Sudan: they, and their comrades, were/are comrades-in-arms. My reading of Ateny Wek’s article is that he confused the meaning of “father of the nation” with the first president of a nation. Secondly, Ateny was responding to particular words said by Madam Nyandeeng Garang; unfortunately, his response, like those of President Kiir’s critics, is tainted by the prevailing war in our country. I hope that answer your question for now.

  1. Article by Ateny Wek: John Garang or Salva Kiir: Who is the “Founding Father” of South Sudan?
  2. Article by Isaiah Abraham: Who’s the Founding Father of the Republic of South Sudan?
  4. Article by Wilson Mading Koc: Ateny Wek Ateny: Dr John Garang is the Founding Father of South Sudan just like Mahatma Gandhi of India
  5. Article by Simon Deng Kuol: Mr. Ateny Wek: Challenge Madam Nyandeng without involving John Garang and Salva Kiir
  6. Article by Kuir E Garang: Planting Seeds of Discord and Contradicting President Kiir: A Response to Ateny Wek


By Jon Pen, Nairobi, Kenya


October 17, 2016 (SSB) —- Five years ago, the late Isaiah Abraham and I clashed with Ateny Wek Ateny over the insult he penned against our Father of the Nation, which won him his current job. I call such ‘Endearment Articles’ the indirect ‘Application Letters’ in that they are responded with interviewless appointment decrees!

Five years later, he took his turn on the ‘Another of the Nation’ controversy. Maybe Mr. Ateny should be told in simple terms of the making of a nation. This thing is not just a country.