Archive for the ‘History’ Category


By Mangar Marial Amerdid, Juba, South Sudan

Saturday, July 14, 2018 (PW) — Regarded as one of the prominent intellectual minds to emerge from Southern Sudan, Joseph Ukel Garang was a controversial figure who held the Marxist ideology which were ingrained in his political career. Born in the 1930s in Kiyango close to Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal, Garang received his education at St. Antony’s Busserre and Rumbek Secondary School. He then obtained a law degree from the University of Khartoum in 1957.

He is regarded as the first Southern Sudanese to have obtained a law degree at a time when many Southern students were being prohibited from enrolling in the University of Khartoum. As a student, Garang was an assertive political activist which led him to join the Sudanese Community Part (SCP) in the early 1950s. This propelled him to become a leading member of the Political Bureau and Central Executive Committee of the SCP.

Upon graduating, Garang was offered the post of chief justice in the judiciary, but he declined and instead chose to pursue politics. For one year, he worked as an advocate in Khartoum until he was expelled to Wau by the Abboud regime in 1958. (more…)

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Dr Malwal Ayom Dor’s PhD Thesis – Conflict Resolution as a Learning Process: The Case of the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement/Army, 1983-2005 (PDF)


 

founders of the splm

Commemorating the 33rd Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Revolutionary Movement—the SPLM/SPLA

May 16th: Celebrating the Founding of the SPLM/SPLA

The Late SPLM/A Leader, Dr. John Garang de Mabioor Atem Aruai.

Dr. John Garang de Mabior, Co-Founder of SPLM/A

kiir at splm rally

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir (C) acknowledges his supporters as he arrives to address a rally at John Garang’s Mausoleum in the capital Juba March 18, 2015.


Amendment Bill July 2018 – South Sudan National Assembly Extends the Terms and Mandates for the President, VPs, MPs and Governors for three years, from August 12, 2018 to August 12, 2021 (PDF)

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Press  Release: SOUTH SUDAN’S PARTIES AGREE ON FOUR VICE PRESIDENTS

CEPO Fact Sheet - Entebbe proposal

Kampala Accord: Four VPs, 45 ministers, 550 MPs and 32 states for the revitalized TGONU

Entebbe Proposal1

 

Sunday, July 8, 2018 (PW) — South Sudan’s main opposition leader Riek Machar will return to his position as the country’s first vice president, the Sudan news agency SUNA reported.

“It has been agreed that there will be four vice presidents: the current two vice presidents, plus Riek Machar who will assume the position of first vice president, and then the fourth position will be allocated to a woman from the opposition,” Al-Dideiri Ahmed,  Sudan’s foreign minister, was quoted as saying by the state-owned news agency.

The power sharing deal of four vice presidents, 45 ministries and 550 members of parliament including 32 states was reached on Saturday during a meeting in Uganda. (more…)


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Amendment Bill 2018 – Parliament voting to extend President Kiir’s tenure to 2021

Juba, south sudan - Copy

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made is the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website. If you want to submit an opinion article, commentary or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website do reserve the right to edit or reject material before publication. Please include your full name, a short biography, email address, city and the country you are writing from.


CEPO Fact Sheet on Khartoum Declaration between President Kiir and Dr Riek Machar - Part 1

CEPO Fact Sheet on Khartoum Declaration between President Kiir and Dr Riek Machar - Part 2

CEPO Fact Sheet on Khartoum Declaration between President Kiir and Dr Riek Machar – Part 2

CEPO Fact Sheet - Revised Bridging Proposal from IGADCEPO fact sheet on the power sharing arrangement

Strutural Complexity for South Sudan Peace Processimg_0917-1

Edmund Yakani

MR. EDMUND YAKANI BERIZILIOUS is the Executive Director of the Community Empowerment for Progress Organization (CEPO), a Juba-based South Sudanese civil society organization.


Khartoum Declaration - Khartoum to assume control of South Sudan's oilfields1Khartoum Declaration - Khartoum to assume control of South Sudan's oilfields2Khartoum Declaration - Khartoum to assume control of South Sudan's oilfields3Khartoum Declaration - Khartoum to assume control of South Sudan's oilfields4


President Salva Kiir’s and Dr. Riek Machar’s Face to Face Meeting – Final Communique of the 32nd IGAD Summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopa (PDF)

Strutural Complexity for South Sudan Peace ProcessCEPO Fact Sheet - Revised Bridging Proposal from IGADPeace Update from CEPO


Lam Akol and Salva Kiir

President Kiir jokes with Dr. Lam Akol as Madam Awut Achuil looks on in total awe and President Bashir chuckles away, June 22, 2018, in Addis Ababa

Friday, June 22, 2018 (PW) — “One outstanding point that needs to be clarified to the people of South Sudan is that President Salva Kiir is not ready—he is not ready in anyway—to work with Riek Machar in the next transitional period. This is simply because we have had enough of him since 91, 2013, 2016. All these are problems caused by Dr Riek Machar to the people of South Sudan. So many people lost their lives, so many people are refugees, so many people are displaced, and we don’t want that scenario to repeat itself again. We don’t want Juba to be deserted. We want our people to live in peace and harmony. Riek Machar should wait for elections and that is our position. Riek Machar is welcomed, he is a South Sudanese citizen, he can come to South Sudan but [President Salva Kiir] will not be working with him in the would-be transitional government of national unity. When President Salva Kiir agreed that Riek Machar should come here, the agreement between him and Ethiopia’s Prime Minister is that as soon as they finish the meeting, Riek Machar goes back to South Africa. But as of now his status seems to be under discussion now by the summit, so we will know what the final position of the summit is. But our position has been that if he is not going to South Africa, then the decision of IGAD heads of states and governments should be implemented. And that is if he is not going to South Africa then he should be in one of those states that is not a member of IGAD and not neighbouring South Sudan. You should understand that there is a difference between face-to-face talks and between greeting one another. Politically, we don’t want Riek Machar, but he is a South Sudanese, so socially we interact with him.”

Courtesy of The National Courier


By Mangar Marial Amerdid, Juba, South Sudan

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Friday, June 15, 2018 (PW) — In 1955, following the August 18th revolt; it was not only the Torit mutineers who faced reprisal for the uprising they held. Many Southern Sudanese policemen, prison wardens and civilians were arrested, tortured and executed by Northern Sudan. Some of these Southerners were transported to prisons in Khartoum, never to be heard from again.

Also, many Southern villages were destroyed as they were indiscriminately attacked, huts burnt, livestock stolen or killed and elders, women and children faced torture or sudden death. The months following the Torit Mutiny were among the bloodiest in Southern Sudan history.

A survivor of the 1955 revolt from Upper Nile, James Kockweth talked of being arrested with nine other men by Northern soldiers. They were tied against poles and left to the elements for a period of two weeks. Every day, the Northern soldiers would lash them with ten strokes then spit on their wounds. Kockwech added that “It was not enough to suffer their whipping. (more…)


South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA) Position Paper on the IGAD Bridging Proposal on Transitional Governance and Security Arrangements at the HLRF in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (PDF)

SSOA Members at the HLRF

Gabriel Changson Chang and Dr.Lam Akol Ajawin atHLRF in Addis Ababa 22/05/2018


Power sharing arrangements (national)

Government of President Kiir, James Wani plus Taban = 55%

SPLM-IO of Riek Machar = 25%

Other opposition parties plus G10 = 20% (G10=5%; Opposition alliance=10%; opposition parties in Juba=5%

Structure of government (national)

President to come from government side (government of Kiir)

1st VP to come from SPLM-IO side (IO of Riek)

2nd VP to come from the government side (government of Kiir)

3rd VP to come from other opposition parties (G10 plus other opposition groups)

Security arrangement

Security forces to be reintegrated within 12 months after the signing of the final peace agreement.

  1. IGAD New Peace Proposal on Power Sharing At the High Level Revitalization Forum of the 2015 ARCSS (PDF)
  2.  IGAD New Peace Proposal on Security Arrangements At the High Level Revitalization Forum of the 2015 ARCSS (PDF)
IGAD

The Intergovernmental Authority on Development is an eight-country trade bloc in Africa. It includes governments from the Horn of Africa, Nile Valley, and the African Great Lakes. Its headquarters are in Djibouti City.


Anei Madut Kuendit resigns and joins Malong.jpg2

 

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Anei Madut Kuendit resigns and joins Malong.jpg3Anei Madut Kuendit resigns and joins Malong


This is an excerpt from the introduction to the speeches, before and after independence, of President Salva Kiir, “Salva Kiir Mayardit: The Joshua of South Sudan,” edited and published by Simon Yel Yel and PaanLuel Wel in February 2016

By PaanLuel Wel (Juba) and Simon Yel Yel (Kampala)

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Wednesday, May 16, 2018 (PW) — May 26, 1983, marked the day President Kiir revolted against Khartoum’s repressive regime and joined his comrades in the bush. By then, Captain Salva Kiir was a mid-level military intelligence officer in the Sudanese army stationed in Malakal, Southern Sudan. His rebellion came in the wake of the May 16th Bor and May 20th Ayod Uprisings led by Major Kerubino Kuanyin Bol and Major William Nyuon Bany respectively.

Why did it take that long—from May 16th up to May 26th —before Salva Kiir rebelled against Khartoum? This was mainly because he was the one coordinating the security and intelligence of the Underground group. For example, when Khartoum decided to launch a dawn attack on Bor, it was Salva Kiir who passed that message to John Garang in Bor informing them that Khartoum had finally decided to attack Bor. Using that insider information which only an officer in the Sudanese military intelligence could have access to, John Garang and Kerubino Kuanyin were able to strategize and repulse the dawn attack with minimal casualties on their sides.

Secondly, when Khartoum dispatched a battalion from Malakal to take reinforcement to Bor, Salva Kiir passed that crucial message to John Garang and William Nyuon. After the troops arrived in Ayod on their way to Bor, Nyuon lured their officers into a bogus meeting during which they were arrested and killed. Their soldiers were then attacked and scattered, never to reach Bor. (more…)


On the peace agreement: “They think that I’m the obstacle to peace and if I am removed after signing the agreement then there will be no problem. They want me to sign the agreement and then step down immediately. What is my incentive in bringing peace if it is the peace that I will bring and then I step aside? Nobody can do it. Bashir did not do it when we were fighting with him,” said President Kiir while paying his last respect to Gen Ajonga Mawut in Juba, South Sudan. “They ask me to sign a peace agreement with them (rebels) and step aside, but innu what would be my incentive of bringing the peace that I will not be part of?”

Regarding the G-10 or SPLM-FD: “I thought I was dealing with brothers that’s why I arrested them and kept them in a safe place but I was pressured and told to release them and hand them to another country for their safety, only to see them on national television SSTV (SSBC) being received in a red carpet. It was there I regretted why did I release them and not punish them according to laws of the country”

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made is the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article, commentary or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. PaanLuel Wël website (SSB) do reserve the right to edit or reject material before publication. Please include your full name, a short biography, email address, city and the country you are writing from.


Breaking News: South Sudan’s Chief of Defence Force, Gen. James Ajonga Mawut Unguech dies today, 4.30am, at a military hospital in Cairo, Egypt, after a long illness. 

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SPLA Chief of General Staff, Gen James Ajongo Mawut

SPLA Chief of General Staff, Gen James Ajongo Mawut Unguec

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The Commissioner of Kongor County, Gen. Garang Bul Pageer, announces the establishment of four Payams (4) and sixteen (16) Bomas of Kongor County in Jonglei State, South Sudan

By PaanLuel Wël, Kongor, Jonglei State

Customary book, final cover July 2017

The Customary Laws of the Greater Bor Dinka Community: Legal and Basic Rules for Self-Administration, 2017 Paperback – 28 Jul 2017, edited by Makwei Mabioor Deng (Editor), available on Amazon

April 8, 2018 (SSB) —- In a decree entitled, “Establishment of Kongor County Structure in the level of Payams and Bomas”, the Commissioner of Kongor County, Gen. Garang Bul Pageer Alaak, announces the establishment of four payams (4) and sixteen (16) Bomas in Kongor County, Jonglei State, South Sudan. As per the stipulations of the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, in regard to traditional authorities, a Paramount Chief is in charge of a County, a Head Chief is in charge of a Payam, an Executive Chief is in charge of a Boma while a Sub-Chief is in charge of a Village. In Jonglei state, each county is allocated four payams, with each Payam comprising of four Bomas. Therefore, Kongor County has four head chiefs, one of whom also doubles as the acting paramount chief – acting because the selection of new paramount chiefs (as well as all other traditional posts) is pending general election. Head Chief Duot Ajang Duot (Duot-mang’ai) is the acting paramount chief of Kongor County while Thon Diing Duot, Chol Tor Deng Yong and Dau Tor Akuei are the acting Head Chiefs. The four head chiefs in charge of the four payams are assisted by 16 executive chiefs in charge of 16 Bomas. Each Boma consists of one executive chief and three sub-chiefs, a total of four.

The four (4) payams of Kongor County announced by Commissioner Garang Bul Pageer are: Pakuor Payam (Piom-Wun-Aguer, Piom-Awan, Than-Anyieer and Pachol) under Paramount Chief Duot Ajang Duot; Payom Payam (Mabior, Duk-Peeny, Khiir and Dier-Roor) under Head Chief Thon Diing Duot; Garalei Payam (Piom-Bioor, Manyang, Badhoot, and Agom) under Head Chief Chol Tor Deng Yong, and Pageer Payam (Pamot, Pajomba, Piom-Ang’uet and Agher-Rot) under Head Chief Dau Tor Akuei. The sixteen (16) Bomas of Kongor County are: Piom-Awun-Aguer Boma under Executive Chief Chol Alaak Pageer; Piom-Awan Boma under Executive Chief Barach Aruei Barach; Than-Anyieer Boma under Executive Chief Bol Nyuon Akoi; Pachol Boma under Executive Chief Kulang Dau Lual; Mabior Boma Executive Chief Maluk Chol Bul; Duk-Peeny Boma under Executive Chief Makwei Bior Awuol; Khiir Boma under Executive Chief Agoth Ajang Aguer; Dier-Roor Boma under Executive Chief Bul Gak Bul; Piom-Bioor Boma under Executive Chief Ajang Dhieu Ajang; Manyang Boma under Executive Chief Dhieu Maketh Deu; Badhoot Boma under Executive Chief Ariik Bol Ariik; Agom Boma under Executive Chief Atem Achuoth Panyagor; Pamot Boma under Executive Chief Awuol Deng Awuol; Pajomba Boma under Executive Chief Akoi Apiook Bol; Piom-Ang’uet Boma under Executive Chief Akol Mabior Jok, and Aghek-Rot Boma under Executive Chief Aguer Ajang Kuir.

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Dr John Garang, SPLM/SPLA and the Spirit of Pan-Africanism

Posted: April 4, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in History, Junub Sudan, Philosophy

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