Archive for the ‘History’ Category

Information on the two IO ministers:

  1. Thon Simon Thok
  2. Dut Abraham Bol

Governor Philip Aguer Appoints IO ministers in Jonglei state



By Dr. Wal Duany
Joint Ph.D. Program of the Department of Political Science
and the School of Public and Environmental Affairs
Indiana University
Bloomington, Indiana

Neither Palaces nor Prisons: The Constitution of Order among the Nuer, a PhD dissertation by Dr. Michael Wal Duany, Indiana University, USA (PDF)


The U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) sanctioned three major South Sudanese leaders, placing Deputy Chief of Defense Staff Lieutenant General Malek Reuben Riak, General Paul Malong, and Information Minister Michael Makuei Lueth, as well as three companies linked to them on its Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List. The Treasury Department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCen) also issued an advisory to financial institutions, which should trigger new investigations and filing of additional suspicious activity reports that can lead to further action.


What is a National Dialogue: A Brief Biography

Posted: August 22, 2017 by PaanLuel Wël in History, Junub Sudan, Reports

“National Dialogues are nationally owned political processes aimed at generating consensus among a broad range of national stakeholders in times of deep political crisis, in post-war situations or during far-reaching political transitions…National Dialogues are put in motion in transition contexts when old institutions are delegitimized and a new social contract between state and society is needed.”

What is national dialogue, a handbook



The Republic of South Sudan marks the 62nd anniversary of the historical and popular Torit uprising on the 18th of August, 1955

By Arop Madut Arop, Nairobi, Kenya

Torit mutiny

The 61st anniversary of August 18, 1955, Torit Mutiny that launched the 50 years revolutionary struggle of South Sudanese against Khartoum, culminating in the independence of South Sudan in July 2011

August 16, 2017 (SSB) — As the people of the Republic of South Sudan mark and celebrate the 62nd anniversary of August 18th, 1955 Torit uprising, it would extremely be important to recall the events that ushered in the protracted armed struggle between the Sudan’s two regions. The object of that liberation struggle was for the people of South Sudan to achieve dignity, freedom and self-esteemed denied them for decades. When people mark an occasion like the 62nd anniversary of our armed resistance struggle, it is always natural to remember the huge sacrifices the pioneers of our political struggle under went in their fight to liberate their people.

Besides reminding ourselves about the issues that surrounded South Sudan treacherous journey to peace and independence, this important occasion, is intended for the benefit of our younger people and future generations, who may have not lived the events described in this piece. Importantly, August 18th, the anniversary is very vital to celebrate because it marked the starting point for the people of the South Sudan long tedious and treacherous journey to permanent peace and prosperity.

On the top of the martyrs that we should remember as we celebrate this important memorable occasion include: General Emidio Tafeng Lodongi, who was a lead organiser of the uprising, Corporal Saturnino Oboya who ignited the uprising and last but not least, Private Latada who single-handedly kept the liberation torch alight on the top of his Latada Hill outside Torit Town, until the entire South Sudanese people joined him and fought two wars to successful end.

Below are excerpts which depict what happened on the 18th August over six decades ago (read more).


The Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) decree-ically becomes the South Sudan People’s Defense Forces (SSPDF), akin to the Ugandan People’s Defense Forces (UPDF), if you will. How much of the SPLA was actually SPLA? The change should be welcomed by those to whom the name SPLA means the historical sacrifices and struggle of their loved ones, a sacred heritage to be honored and glorified, rather than abused and desecrated.

president salva kiir



The 12th Anniversary of Dr. John Garang’s death: Return in Peace (R.I.P) Dr. John Garang de Mabioor

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

The Late SPLM/A Leader, Dr. John Garang de Mabioor Atem Aruai.

July 30, 2017 (SSB) — Dr. John Garang, the former SPLM/A leader, was killed on Saturday, 30 July 2005, near the town of New Cush in Eastern Equatoria state, in a helicopter crash on his way back from Rwakitura, Mbarara district in western Uganda, to New Site, Eastern Equatoria state, South Sudan, after paying a two-day private visit to his longtime friend, President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda.

Among those killed onboard the M1-172 presidential chopper were Dr. John Garang and his aides: Lt. Col. Ali Mayen Majok, Lt. Col. Amat Malwal, 1st Lt. Deng Majok Kuany, 1st Lt. Mayen Deng Mabior and 1st Lt. Oboki Obur Amaybek on the Sudanese side; on the Ugandan side were: Chief Pilots Col. Peter Nyakairu and Captain Paul Kiyimba; Flight Engineer Major Patrick Kiggundu; a Protocol Officer at the Presidential Palace, Samuel Andrew Bakowa; the helicopter’s Jet Officer Lt. Johnson Bahebya Munanura; a signaller with the Presidential Escort, Corporal Hassan Kiiza; and a flight hostess on the helicopter, Lillian Kabaije

On this 12th anniversary of Dr. John Garang’s death, the following articles—and poems—might help us to make sense of his untimely demise and, more importantly, to commemorate his illustrious life as one of our revolutionary fighters in the cause of the liberation of South Sudan.


Riek Machar denounces IGAD's revitalization forum1Riek Machar denounces IGAD's revitalization forum2Mabior Garang rubbishes SPLM Reunification accord1Mabior Garang rubbishes SPLM Reunification accord2

Was Gen. Thomas Cirilo Swaka an SPLM-IO mole within the government in Juba?


Thomas Cirilo, SPLA deputy chief of staff for logistics, resigns from the SPLA.jpg

“But also unknown to many, Gen. Cirilo ever since has taken risk to his life by providing us with logistics support, and tactical guidance when he was inside the country,” reveals Gen. John Kenyi Loburon, in his resignation letter from SPLM-IO of Riek Machar and declaration to joining the NAS of Thomas Cirilo, July 28, 2017. Which begets the one-million-dollar-question: Was Gen. Thomas Cirilo an IO mole within the gov’t in Juba or is that revelation a mere hyperbole and embellishment from one desperate Gen. John Kenyi Loburon meant to shore up the credentials of, or to seek favors from, Gen. Thomas Cirilo, in anticipation of his arrival, the warmest reception, within the NAS camp?

Was Thomas Cirilo an IO mole within the SPLA in Juba

Was Thomas Cirilo an IO mole within the SPLA in Juba?

SPLM groups sign reconciliation agreement, By Vision Reporter

The groups call upon the SPLM-IO of Dr. Riek Machar to join the process of reconciliation and unity of the SPLM.

Splm 703x422

PIC: President Museveni chaired the meeting with Various SPLM factions at State House Entebbe. (Credit: PPU)


ENTEBBE – Various factions of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) have signed the Entebbe Declaration to operationalize the Arusha Agreement on the reunification of the SPLM.

The declaration was signed Thursday at State House Entebbe under the auspices of President Yoweri Museveni. 

In furtherance of the objectives of the SPLM reconciliation and unity, the faction groups have resolved to establish a working group to revitalize and operationalize the implementation of the Arusha SPLM Reunification Agreement.

Shortly after the meeting with various factions of SPLM, President Museveni signed the declaration as Rebecca Garang looked on



By Pal Chol Nyan, Juba, South Sudan


R.I.P Comrade Kawac Makuei Mayar, of Jamus Battalion, SPLA


R.I.P Comrade Kawac Makuei Mayar, of Jamus Battalion, SPLA


R.I.P Comrade Kawac Makuei Mayar, of Jamus Battalion, SPLA

July 27, 2017 (SSB) — I was in the red army of the SPLA and knew Gen. Kawac Makuei perfectly well. He joined the SPLM/A in 1984. He was a member of the Jamus Battalion under the Late Kerubino Kuanyin Bol together with Victor Ayolnhom. They did not receive the training because they joined the bush as politicians.

Then, Kawac was commissioned as a Lt. Col and given two Coys from Jamus battalion which were going to Bahr El Ghazal for mobilization of Muor-Muor Battalion .He was with Captain Elijah Hon Top as a political commissar and 1st Lt Deng Alor Kuol to mention but a few.

There, they met the A2 politically headed by the Late Lual Diing Wol, Late Miakol for the military wing and deputized by Malong Awan. 24 of the senior officers of A2 were enrolled in shield one Cadet in Bonga Military Training School which included, among others, Miakol himself, Paul Malong, James Ajongo and Pieng Deng Kuol.


By Okello Peter, Juba, South Sudan

May 16th: Celebrating the Founding of the SPLM/SPLA

July 27, 2017 (SSB) — Agitated by the information that young boys were being molested in Malakal by Arab teachers, Anthony Bol Madut joined the liberation struggle when he was just a young student – in the early sixties. He is a member, soldier, information gatherer for the Anyanya-1, gun-buyer and as early as 1983, one of the founders of the SPLA/M. After 1972 agreement, he was one of the fighters back then who did not believe that the Khartoum Government would honour the agreement; so in 1975, he shot his Arab colleagues and went back to the bush. Karbino Kuanyin, a Captain by then failed intentionally to capture Sergeant Anthony Bol, as he was being chased, a fugitive as he was. The Dawn considers Anthony Bol a patriot, like many others of his time, and therefore, among the nation founders and freedom fighters in this country. A well-known sharp shooter, a fearless commander, Anthony Bol fought for the rights, liberty, and freedom of South Sudanese citizens back then.

The Dawn’s senior reporter, Peter Okello caught up with him, shortly after his return from South Africa, where he had gone for periodic medical checkup.


Communique of the 58th Extra-Ordinary Session of IGAD Council of Ministers on South Sudan


SPLM reunification

SPLM Reunification: President Museveni meets President Kiir and G-10 leaders in Kampala

July 21, 2017 (SSB) — President Yoweri Museveni has this afternoon received his South Sudan counterpart, H.E Salva Kiir and his delegation at State House, Entebbe.

Mr. Museveni and his guests, who included Mrs. Rebecca Garang, widow of the fallen South Sudanese leader, late John Garang, discussed pertinent political issues affecting South Sudan with a view to re-uniting the South Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) so that Africa’s newest independent country could realize peace and stability.

In attendance were, among others, South Sudan Ministers of Presidency, Hon. Mayiik Ayii Deng, of Defence, Hon. Kuol Manyang Juk and of Foreign Affairs, Hon. Deng Alor Kuol.

Uganda’s Minister for Presidency, Hon. Esther Mbayo and State Minister for International Affairs, Hon. Henry Okello Oryem.

SPLM reunification3

SPLM Reunification: President Museveni meets President Kiir and G-10 leaders in Kampala


PaanLuel Wel website, along with Sudan Tribune, Radio Tamazuj and Nyamilepedia, has been blocked in South Sudan by the national security

PaanLuel Wel website, along with Sudan Tribune, Radio Tamazuj and Nyamilepedia, has been blocked in South Sudan by the national security

PaanLuel Wel website, Sudan Tribune, Radio Tamazuj and Nyamilepedia, have been blocked in South Sudan by the national security

July 17, 2017 (SSB) — Done with Riek and Malong, and ravaged by debilitating economic crisis, the gov’t has found a fresher enemy in the media as four websites–Sudan Tribune, PaanLuel Wel, Tamazuj and Nyamilepedia–got blocked in South Sudan. Congratulations Comrade Salva Kiir Mayaardit. December 2013 should have been better, however, if the intention is to stop anti-gov’t websites and media group.

The following four websites below are blocked in South Sudan under the instruction of the national government in Juba, apparently for being anti-government; further discussions underway between Vivacell, Zain and MTN on one hand, and the government, on the other, for the blocking of Facebook on phone internet.    Both English and Arabic version   English Version    Both English and Arabic version            English version


Spreading fallout; The collapse of the ARCSS and new conflict along the Equatorias-DRC border

Speech of the President of the Republic of South Sudan, Lt. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayaardit, on the 6th Anniversary of the Independence of the Republic of South Sudan


“Fellow Citizens, Ladies and Gentlemen,

July 9, 2017 (SSB) —- I am privileged and pleased to address you today, the 9th of July 2017, to recognize the 6th Anniversary of the Independence of our Country; the Republic of South Sudan. Of course our independence day is the most important, historical, and costly event of our lifetime. Millions of our beloved people lost their precious lives in order for us to enjoy the freedom and independence we have today.

I, therefore, wish to salute and congratulate the people of South Sudan, for their sacrifices without which we would never have achieved our independence.

As your President, it is also my humble honour to pay tribute to our late leader, Dr. John Garang de Mabior, and all the brave men and women of this great land whose martyrdom bestowed upon us the independence of our country.


By Hon Arop Madut Arop, Nairobi, Kenya

The 6th Anniversary of the Independence of the Republic of South Sudan

July 9, 2017 (SSB) — As a tradition, human beings do mark and celebrate their birth days annually. In the same vein, citizens of a given country do joyously and lavishly mark and celebrate the birthday of their nation, annually. As a continuation of my writings about the political history of South Sudan, through my experiences, having lived some of the events described in my published two books; it is natural that I should also write a book about the insurmountable challenges encountered during the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (2005) between the Government of Khartoum and the rebel Sudan People Liberation Movement, which had been fighting continuously for more than two decades. The last chapter from the book: The Passing of John Garang and Ascent of Salva Kiir to power in South Sudan, gives an eyewitness account July 2011 to December 2013 crisis. This last chapter of the book attempts to answer one vital question as to whether the senseless destructive conflict, which arose out of sheer political wrangling within the leadership of the historic ruling party, the SPLM; was avoidable? As I have not been able to find funding for the publication of this import piece of work, as described by the people who have read the manuscript; and as we mark the Sixth Birthday of our beloved young nation, I have decided to share with my compatriots, a chapter from the book. Below is the chapter on the Birth of South Sudan as an Independent State after more than fifty years of painful labour and birth pangs. Happy Birth Day To You My Beloved Country (we can now read the piece).


As South Sudan was preparing to celebrate the first anniversary of its independence in July 2012, I penned an opinion article for a discussion on the BBC, on whether or not the world’s newest country had, then, lived up to the hype of independence–the promise of the liberation struggle.

  1. Viewpoint: South Sudan has not lived up to the hype

On the 5th anniversary of South Sudan’s independence, Amer Mayen Dhieu and I co-authored an opinion article, one that was much more optimistic than the former, to mark the fifth anniversary of our independence. It was posted on the very day that guns were blazing at J-1.

2. July 9th and the beckoning of civic duty in South Sudan

As we commemorate the 6th anniversary of South Sudan’s independence, we ought to remind ourselves of the painful journey, the era of armed liberation struggle.

First, let’s pay solemn tributes to the martyrs, their families and survivors of the 1992 Juba Massacre, after the failed SPLM/SPLA Operation Jungle Storm (OJS) on Juba in July 1992.

Secondly, let’s commemorate also the momentous and triumphant arrival of Dr. John Garang in Khartoum, the video above, on the 8th of July, 2005, to mark the commencement of the implementation of the CPA.

Thirdly, to all South Sudanese young men in uniform, from both sides, who lost their lives on July 8th during J-1 fighting: we salute you and MALESH.

Lastly, happy sixth anniversary to the Republic of South Sudan!!!!
By PaanLuel Wel, Juba, South Sudan


6th anniversary of July 9th

Dr Riek Machar Teleconference with the UN Security Council (PDF)

Riek and Emma

Riek Machar and Emma McCunne