Archive for the ‘History’ Category

As South Sudan melts in debilitating  economic crisis, the haunting voices of the martyrs we have betrayed at the altar of fleeting wealth, and ephemeral power in Juba

Jon Pende Ngong: “The most costly bride in Bor in 2007: 200,000 ssp ($100,000) = 200 cows. In April 2017: 200,000 ssp ($1,000) = 2 cows”

By Atem Yaak Atem -Australia

“Dr. Lueth Garang Kuany, a renowned medical practitioner during the Liberation days has passed away. The late Dr. Lueth was on duty in Bor Hospital on the 16th of May 1983 when Battalion 105 was attacked at Malual ë Chaat and casualties began to arrive. He personally treated the wounded Kerubino when he was brought into the hospital before joining the rebellion that became the SPLA/M few months later. Dr. Lueth was among the six people in the car that took John Garang to Ethiopia. During the War of Liberation Dr. Lueth, together with the likes of Dr. Achol Marial, Dr. Akol Diing, Dr. Atem Nathan, Dr. Kemerie, Dr. Dau Aleer, and many others worked in the liberated area rendering medical care to hundreds of thousands of people in need. He died on the 5th of March in Kampala, Uganda and his body was brought back on Wednesday 8 March to South Sudan for burial.” From The National Courier, March 9, 2017.

pagan and john garang

Commander Pagan Amum Okiech, with Chairman Dr. John Garang and Commander Yasir Said Arman, Rumbek Senior, 2003

March 23, 2017 (SSB) — When I received a text message from a friend in Juba carrying the news of the passing away of Dr Lueth Garang, I was struck by sadness. Late Lueth Garang was one of the people I have known for a very long time. He was a friend. More than that, the departed compatriot was truly a decent man. At a time when people see and feel evil things happening around them, their consolation is when they see good people in their midst; the presence of the righteous ones often inspires hope while their exit opens a space for despair and loneliness; it also weakens the defences in the war against the forces of darkness. Where and who are the replacements for the departed good people? The good fight must not relent but its soldiers are leaving the stage. For good. Very sad indeed.


David Yau Yau

GPAA Chief Yau Yau deliver 4 abducted children in Bor on May 19 2015

Presidential Decrees, March 15, 2017: Dismissals and (re-) Appointments

  1. David Yau Yau Jangkuch relieved as Deputy Minister for Defence and Veteran affairs and re-appointed as Deputy Minister of Labour, Human resources and Public Service
  2. Gathoth Gatkuoth Hothnyang appointed as Minister for Labour, Human resources and Public Services.
  3. Onyoti Adigo Nyikwach, the leader of SPLM-DC in Juba, is appointed as Minister for Agriculture and Food Security, to replace Dr. Lam Akol who resigned last year to launch a new party
  4. Thoi Chany Reat appointed as Deputy Minister of Defence and Veteran Affairs.
  5. The SPLMIO lawmakers with Dr. Riek Machar in the bush, including him, have all been relieved and replaced by new SPLM-IO loyal to 1st VP Taban Deng Ghai.


#BringBackOurMoney or clear your name. Our people are dying of hunger because of famine yet you are making yourselves richer #BloodShedFree2017 #Anataban” Jacob Bul Bior



The National Salvation Front (NSF): The New Political Party of Gen. Thomas Cirillo Swaka (PDF)

Past Governments: The Interplay Between Power Politics and Ethnicity in the Republic of South Sudan under a Tribocratic Paradigm (Part 2)

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

RSS coat of ARMS

South Sudan’s coat of arms, in which the eagle symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty, and the shield and spear the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.

March 6, 2017 (SSB) — They say that a picture is worth thousand words. And indeed the following illustrative figures, based on past governments of President Salva Kiir Mayaardit, paint a telling picture of the dynamic interplay between power politics and ethnicity in the Republic of South Sudan under a Tribocratic Paradigm.

Summary of Tribocratic Analysis of President Kiir’s Past Government According to the Prevailing Political Forces in South Sudan, based on The Principles of Tribocracy—Part 5


The Speech of President Kiir, during the opening of the national assembly, 21 February 2017 (PDF)



Gen. Thomas Cirilo Swaka, SPLA deputy chief of staff for logistics, resigns from the SPLA (PDF)


Gen. Thomas Cirilo Swaka, SPLA deputy chief of staff for logistics, resigns from the SPLA (PDF)

In 1996, Dr. John Garang created the New Sudan Brigade, essentially an SPLA’s branch for Northern Sudan, which was deployed, via Ethiopia and Eritrea, to the Red Sea region and around Kassala. It was under the leadership of Commander Pagan Amum Okiech, Commander Thomas Cirillo Swaka, Commander Augustino Maduot Parek, among other distinguished officers of the Movement.

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While I pay tribute to Comrade Thomas Cirillo, who joined the Movement during the darkest years of the 1990s in the aftermath of the Nasir coup, when most compatriots were deserting the Movement and trooping to Khartoum, I urge him to follow the footstep of his comrade and colleague, Gen. Oyai Deng Ajak, who have managed to stay out of the Junubi-on-Junubi killing and propaganda spree. The legacy of the liberation struggle is a great honor and burden to be sacrificed on simplistic, foolish wars. I have no comment whatsoever on his letter of resignation and the reasons mentioned therein. From PaanLuel Wël

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

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January 22, 2017 (SSB) — On Saturday, the 14th of January, 2017, President Kiir issued a presidential decree that increased the number of federal states from 28 to 32. Here is the revised list of the 32 states of the Republic of South Sudan.

S/No State Counties Capital Past Governor Current Governor


1 Jonglei Bor, Twic East and Duk Bor Philip Agwer Panyang Philip Agwer Panyang
2 Fangak state Ayod, and Fangak Ayod James Kok Ruea James Kok Ruea
3 Bieh State Uror and Nyirol Waat Peter Bol Koang Moses Majiok Gatluak
4 Akobo State Akobo County Akobo Peter Bol Koang Johnson Gony Bilieu
5 Maiwut State Longchuk, Koma, and Maiwut Maiwut Peter Lam Buoth Bol Ruach Rom
6 Latjor State Ulang and Nasir Nasir Peter Lam Buoth Peter Gatkuoth Khor
7 Boma State Pochalla, and Pibor Pibor Baba Medan Konyi Sultan Ismail Konyi
8 Central Upper Nile State Akoka, Pigi, Baliet and Panyikang Malakal Chol Thon Balok James Tor Monybuny
9 Northern Upper Nile State Renk, Maban and Melut Renk Chol Thon Balok Deng Akoi Gak
10 Fashoda State Kodok and Manyo Kodok William Othon Awer Currently Vacant
11 Ruweng State Panriang and Abiemnhom Panriang Mayol Kur Akuei Thiaji de-Dut Deng
12 Southern Liech State Mayendit, Leer and Panyijiar Leer Teker Riek Dong Teker Riek Dong
13 Northern Liech State Mayom, Koch, Rubkona and Guit Bentiu Joseph Nguen Monytuil Joseph Nguen Monytuil


14 Gogrial State Gogrial West and Gogrial East Kuacjok Abraham Gum Makuach Gregory Deng Kuach Aduol
15 Twic State Twic County Mayen-Abun Bona Pariek Biar Kon Manyiel Kuol
16 Tonj State Tonj North, Tonj East and Tonj South Tonj Akech Tong Aleu Akech Tong Aleu
17 Gok State Cueibet County Cueibet Madang Majok Meen Madang Majok Meen
18 Western Lake State Rumbek North, Rumbek East, Rumbek Center and Wulu Rumbek Abraham Makoi Bol Abraham Makoi Bol
19 Eastern Lake State Yirol East, Yirol West and Awerial Yirol Ring Tueny Mabor Ring Tueny Mabor
20 Aweil East State Aweil East county Wanjok Deng Deng Akuei Deng Deng Akuei
21 Lol State Raja, Aweil North and Aweil West Raja Rizik Zachariah Hassan Rizik Zachariah Hassan
22 Aweil State Aweil South and Aweil Center Aweil Ronald Ruai Deng Ronald Ruai Deng
23 Wau State Jur River and Bagari Wau Elias Waya Nyipouch  Andrea Mayar Achor


24 Jubek State Juba County (Bari, Lokoya, Nyangwara communities) Juba Augustino Jadalla Wani Augustino Jadalla Wani
25 Terekeka State Terekeka, Jemeiza, Gwor, Tali and Tigor Terekeka Juma Ali Malou Juma Ali Malou
26 Yei River State Yei, Lainya, Morobo and Kajo Keji Yei David Lokonga Moses David Lokonga Moses
27 Tambura State Tambura and Nagero Tambura Patrick Raphael Zamoi Patrick Raphael Zamoi
28 Gbudwe State Yambio, Ezo, and Anzara Yambio Patrick Raphael Zamoi Badagu Daniel Remposa
29 Amadi State Mvolo, Mundri West and Mundri East Mundri Joseph Pachiko Joseph Pachiko
30 Maridi State Maridi and Ibba Maridi Africano Monday Africano Monday
31 Imatong State Lopa, Torit, Ikotos and Magwi Torit Natisio Loluke Manir Natisio Loluke Manir
32 Kapoeta State Kapoeta North, Kapoeta East, Kapoeta South and Budi Kapoeta Louise Lobong Lojore Louise Lobong Lojore


Government of South Sudan: Official report of the Investigation Committee on the Terrain Hotel incident of 11 July 2016

Note verbale dated 4 November 2016 from the Permanent Mission of South Sudan to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council

The Permanent Mission of the Republic of South Sudan to the United Nations presents its compliments to the President of the Security Council and has the honour to forward the official report of the Investigation Committee on the Terrain Hotel incident of 11 July 2016 (see annex).

The Permanent Mission of the Republic of South Sudan kindly seeks your assistance in having the present note verbale and its annex circulated among the members of the Security Council as a document of the Council.

Annex to the note verbale dated 4 November 2016 from the Permanent Mission of South Sudan to the United Nations addressed to the President of the Security Council

Official report of the Investigation Committee on the Terrain Hotel incident of 11 July 2016


The nature of offences committed at Terrain Hotel against foreign aid workers and other foreign and local residents on 11 July 2016 are a reminder of the terrible consequences of the July fighting. What occurred at Terrain, particularly to the victims of rape, was inexcusable and deserves condemnation. I personally would not have been able to understand the feelings and distress caused to these victims if it were not for my appointment to lead this investigation. Through this investigation I and my colleagues were made to understand the physical and mental pain caused to the victims of this unfortunate incident. The Committee was also aware of the untold suffering caused to other victims of the fighting that occurred from 8 to 11 July 2016. While investigating these serious allegations, the Committee was mindful of its mandate to establish the facts of what took place at Terrain in the afternoon and evening hours of 11 July 2016. The Committee was able to gather enough information regarding the incident, and this enabled it to determine the circumstances and the nature of the offences committed at Terrain by the perpetrators. The Committee’s work was facilitated by the commitment of His Excellency General Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic, who personally directed the Committee to ensure that the investigation was comprehensive, transparent and independent. The President was also throughout clear that the perpetrators of the Terrain incident must take responsibility for their individual and collective acts. The Committee also had challenges associated with the investigation. One of the challenges that confronted the investigation was how to obtain statements from foreigners who were witnesses or victims of the Terrain incident. Many of the foreigners who were victims of the incident had either departed the country, were not traceable or were not willing to speak to the Committee. It was a painstaking exercise for my investigators to trace the victims of rape, given their reluctance to testify because of the confidentiality and stigma associated with the victims of these kind of offences. Having concluded this investigation, it is the Committee’s hope that this report would provide most if not all of the answers pertaining to the Terrain incident. We are, however, mindful that this report is not an end in itself, but a good reference for pursuing further criminal investigation and prosecution against suspects. It is our strong conviction that the findings and recommendations contained in this report would lead to accountability by those linked to the Terrain incident. There is no doubt that the victims of the Terrain incident would only find consolation or comfort if those who perpetrated these terrible crimes were held to account. It was a great honour for me and other members of my Committee to undertake this noble and challenging task. This Committee has tried its level best within the limited period and resources to determine the facts pertaining to the Terrain incident. It is my hope that the findings and recommendations contained in this report would be given the attention they deserve by the leadership and all the relevant institutions.


“We the willing, led by the unknowing, are doing the impossible for the ungrateful. We have done so much, with so little, for so long, we are now qualified to do anything, with nothing”

Prepared by Editorial Team: Kur Wël Kur, Emmanuel Ariech Deng and PaanLuel Wël

PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB): The Best Articles, Writers, of the Year 2016

December 31, 2016 (SSB) — The year 2016, in some hours, will dwindle into the past, and the people of South Sudan, along with the rest of the world, will welcome 2017. Every New Year is a joyful celebration, a celebration of the last year achievements, achievements that include being alive and healthy, recognizing the selfless leaders, whether in journalism, governance, or other important issues such as women’s rights issues, economic growth, conflicts and peace.

This year, our country, with its suffering population, has been featured hundreds over hundreds of websites all over the world, mostly in bad light. However, PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese bloggers (SSB), our own website, occupies the central stage in publishing articles, which make sense of the dire situations in our beloved country. It is also an instrumental informant to South Sudanese worldwide because it publishes opinion articles and news commentaries from South Sudanese, both within and outside the country. These opinions explain the general and specific lives and situations of South Sudanese in countries such as Australia, Britain, Canada, New Zealand, USA, and many other places where South Sudanese are taking refuge.

Today, PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese bloggers (SSB) is celebrating the diverse and excellent works of some writers and acknowledging the work of other hundred contributors, columnists and opinions-writers whose names or works won’t appear in this article. We got lots of writers on our website, and it is imperative to motivate and encourage them with something unique to mark the end of the year 2016 and the commencement of the year 2017.

Here are the 2016 review:


President Salva Kiir: “I am deeply concerned about the direction our country is heading to: tribal hatred and divisions. I am deeply concerned about the parents who cannot feed their children due to the shrinking economy. I am deeply concerned about the street children and all the citizens of this country. We shall work to preserve and protect the unity of our people. As your President, I will not allow this suffering to continue. I shall be the patron of the NATIONAL DIALOGUE. We fought for the unity of this country but not to tear it apart. We shall guarantee its unity. Let us embrace the unity. I am initiating the national dialogue. It has been the hallmark of the Liberation struggle. The cases in point are the rejoining of the Movement by Dr Riek in 2002 and Dr Lam in 2003. The amicable resolution of Yei 2004 crisis in Rumbek and the 2006 Juba Declaration with the Late Gen Paulino Matip. I ask all the people of South Sudan to forgive me for any mistakes I might have committed. Fellow citizens, I call upon all of you to stop any propaganda against the international community, especially the American people and the United Nations. I likewise urge the international community in spirit of national dialogue, to also cease any negative propaganda against the people and the government of the Republic of South Sudan.” The National Committee of Imminent Personalities will be constituted to head the National Dialogue Initiative in South Sudan. ~~~~~~President Salva Kiir’s national address to the national legislative assembly in Juba, South Sudan, on the 14th of December, 2016.

President Kiir’s Address to the Nation: The Call for National Dialogue Initiative in South Sudan (PDF)


Several Abortive Reconciliation Peace Conferences between the Greater Bor Dinka and the Murle Communities. When will this policy of ambiguity end?

By Hon. Maker Lual Kuol, Bor, Jonglei State

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December 11, 2016 (SBB) — For nearly two centuries, Murle have continued to raid Bor; killing people, abducting children and robbing livestock to the extent that this inhuman and atrocious activity has become a lost a daily practice. It is not Bor alone that suffers from these raids but over other 12 communities such as Anyuak, Jie, Kachipo, Nuers, Toposa, Buoya, Pari, Lopit, Mundari, Bari, Lokoyo, Lotuka that surround the Murle suffer the same atrocities though at a lower magnitude.

Bor in this particular situation has the longest border extension with the Murle; approximately 250 kilometers from Bor South County border with Terekaka State to Duk North County Border with Fangak State. One fact known to all is that there are no contact areas where the two communities annually meet for water and pastures as these scarce resources are always the cause of disputes and conflicts between pastoralists.

The worst in this situation is that most Murle leaders and elites cover up the mistakes and crimes of their communities. Instead they consider the acts of the members of their communities as heroism and bravery of their people and the communities raided or affected are considered to be cowards. Unfortunately those usual denials did not last in the face of the raids on Ethiopia in March 2016 when Ethiopia thrust armed to teeth forces into the South Sudanese borders.


Party Constitution of the SPLM-DC: democratic-change-party-constitution-2016-official-copy

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November 14, 2016 (SSB) — In reference to the Secretary General of the Democratic Change Party (DCP) Mr. Deng Bior Deng; in this Day News Paper dated 11th/11/2016 Vol. 2, issue No. 289, the Secretary  General condemned Hon. Onyoti Adigo as not the DC party Chairman.

  1. First and foremost, Hon. Onyoti Adigo Nyikwec is the legally Chairman of the Democratic Change Party (DCP) based on the following reasons:
  1. Ø Onyoti Adigo came to the seat through electoral process conducted by the National Leadership Council (NLC) in its extra ordinary meeting held at Yam Hotel on the 5th/11/2016.
  1. Ø The members of the National Leadership Council meeting comprised of all the representative of all the states present in Juba thus leading to Hon. Onyoti Adigo election and success in to the DC party Chairmanship. Not only that but also; the state’s Chairpersons present in the meeting includes:  Jongles Chairperson, Upper Nile Chairperson, Unity state Chairperson and Central Equatorial Chairperson.
  1. Ø Further still, the state Chairperson who did not attend the Council Meeting based on some reason; did send their position letters standing with the new Chairman elected and the states include: Lakes state, Western bar –el gazelle state and Western Equatorial state.
  1. Ø In Article 12 (1) regulation for the conduct of business of the National Leadership Council of DC party and also in Article 14(6); Hon. Onyoti Adigo was nominated and seconded  by the Members of the NLC thus he went an opposed.
  1. Ø In article 11 (3 & 5)of the conduct of business of the National Leadership Council; after the nomination procedural, all members of the NLC in the meeting hall voted for Hon. Onyoti Adigo as the DC party Chairman


SPLM (IO) Condemns the Deportation by the Government of Kenya of the Press Secretary of the Chairman of SPLM (IO) to Juba

Riek vs Taban

The battle over the SPLM-IO leadership

November 4, 2016 (SSB) —- This afternoon the Government of the Republic of Kenya deported Mr. James Gatdet Dak, the Press Secretary of the SPLM (IO) Chairman, to Juba the Capital of the Republic of South Sudan. On his arrival to Juba International Airport at 3 PM local time, Mr. James Gatdet Dak was arrested and is now said to be in the custody of National Security Service.

Mr. James Gatdet Dak was arrested from his residence yesterday by Kenyan Security who went there in three vehicles. The office of the representative of SPLM (IO was informed that the order of the arrest came from the government. The Chairman of SPLM (IO) was informed about the development and he immediately contacted the Kenyan Authorities.

On a telephone conversation with the Deputy President H.E. William Ruto, he appealed that Mr. James Gadet Dak should not be deported to Juba due to profound fear for his life. He also spoke to the Attorney General and attempted to speak with the Minister of Foreign Affairs. He alerted them of the fact that Mr. James Gadet Dak was an urban refugee under the protection of the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) in Kenya. Unfortunately, his appeal was ignored.


Correcting History: The names of 4 Martyrs who died on May 16th during the 1983 Bor Mutiny

By David Aoloch Bion, Bor, Jonglei state

Martyrs Day

Dr. John Garang, William Nyuon Bany and Salva Kiir, during the war of liberation

November 3, 2016 (SSB) —- The history of 105, the Battalion who mutinied in Bor in May 1983, had been presented or written selectively or falsely for the last 33 years. Some people are deliberately or unknowingly writing or saying that only one soldier, Maker Jool Deng, was killed on May 16th and one soldier was wounded, Major Kerubino Kuanyin Bol Deng.

This historical assertion is false because the fact of the matter is that four soldiers of 105 Battalion were killed on May 16th, 8 soldiers were wounded and 15 soldiers were captured by the Sudanese army. All the wounded were captured and taken to Bor hospital by the enemy. Among the wounded, four were later killed in the hospital for unknown reason.

The mutiny unfolded like this: In March 1983, an order was given from Khartoum that former Anya Anya forces were to be transferred to Shendi in the North. 105 defied this order. In April, Brig. Gen. Musaid Al-Nuer, the Brigade Commander in Malakal, flew to Malual-Chat Garrison in Bor with Captain Salva Kiir Mayardit, the intelligence officer, to reinstruct and reorder the transfer to the North.

The parade of the reordering of the transfer to the North by Brig. Musaid and Capt. Kiir almost turned violent when eight Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs), who assumed the role of ring leadership, heckled and attacked them verbally. The eight NCOs were Sergeant Major (SM) Reuben Thiong Tat, Corporal (CPL) Malith Lual Jok, Sergeant Major (SM) Yusif Keir, Lance Corporal (L/CPL) Mach Nok Rial, Sergeant (Sgt) Garang Ngang Abui, Corporal (CPL) Manyiel Kueth, Corporal (CPL) Manyang Agok Aliet, and Lance Corporal (L/CPL) Herjok Maguon Akuom.


Ethiopian PM, Haile Mariam Desalegn, Addresses South Sudan National Legislative Assembly during one-day visit to Juba

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October 28, 2016 (SSB) — “Today, we still continue to stand with people of South Sudan as they move forward towards the implementation of the peace agreement and consolidation stability in their own country. Ethiopia rejects the path of war and armed resistance in any forms and stands with those who have chosen peaceful engagement.

“We will not support an armed struggling group or anyone who opts for path of war and therefore we will not allow any armed movement which is detracting from peace in our region both in Ethiopia and South Sudan and will cooperate in a strong army-to-army cooperation where the president has agreed to send his chief of staff quickly to Addis Ababa and they will agree on the common cooperation of making our borders and also inland secure.

“We also agreed on protection of investment and promotion of investment in our two countries where South Sudanese investors can freely invest in Ethiopia and equally also Ethiopian investors can invest in South Sudan.”

President Kiir: “We have discussed very important issues and especially the bilateral issues and we have signed several MoUs and these are things to be implemented. We have agreed on security issues that we will not allow any negative force to use our territory to launch hostile activities on the other.”

“The road will be open so that Ethiopian goods come here by land. Instead of going far places to buy oil, they will get it from South Sudan, especially now that we are going to build our refinery.”

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing.

Captain John Garang’s February 1972 letter to Ambassador Dominic Akech Mohammed

Southern Sudan, 5 February, 1972 

Dear Dominic:

Thank you for the correspondence you dispatched to this end on January 25th, instantly. Very lucky, I go them today from Kampala through the lorry. It is lucky because I am leaving tomorrow morning for the interior, about 500 miles footwork from where we last met and I will not be back for over 7 months, maybe more.

Find here enclosed a copy of a letter I wrote to General Lagu and the negotiations committee. I have handwritten it (it is 2:00 a.m) since I have packed my typewriter for tomorrow’s long journey. You may type it and if necessary you have my permission to use it BUT AFTER the negotiations ONLY so as not to prejudice the same. As you can see I am not in favor of these so-called negotiations nor do I have any illusions that much will come out of them. What is more, a settlement with the enemy at the present time is not in the best interests of the Southern Sudanese people, the Sudanese people and the African people for some of the reasons given in the attached seven page letter.