Archive for the ‘Malith Alier’ Category


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

Cattle camp

Thursday, 14 February, 2019 (PW) –— While skimming opinion articles on this website (Paanluelwel) I was nonplussed to read a piece penned by one Peter Bullen (name shortened) for the sake of conciseness.

In the said article, Peter talked about what is currently occurring at Marol, the largest market in Bor (the locals informally called it Mading Bor in contrast to Mading Awiel). That opinion talks about dogs and pigs that are competing for scraps of food in the market. The article also talks about the hard work or patriotism of General Kuol Manyang who encouraged, to no results, the complicated Borans (my own invention to refer to the citizens of Bor) to produce their own food. Gen. Manyang was vehemently opposed until Kiir recalled him to Juba in 2013 where his hard work could be of use.

Interesting that some people in Bor named their pet dogs derogatorily as Kuol failed (Ce-Kuol-guut). Maybe this author will dedicate an article one day for that (Ce-Kuol-guut affair) because it’s a long story. “Guut” in Dinka, translates as “can’t go any further” for some reasons including failure.

Those pigs got introduced in Bor somewhere between 2008 and 2013 by the supposedly hard-working son of Bor, Gen. Kuol Manyang during his time as the second governor of Jonglei State after Comprehensive Peace agreement (CPA) of 2005. No wonder, the growing number of pigs adds to the number of mushrooming livestock in Bor today. (more…)


Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

Cattle camp

Friday, February 8, 2019 (PW) — This is a crazy Friday talk. The idea sprang up at the moment of news time and the back of the mind validated it for an essay. Before, one goes to the keyboard, there are many ideas that come to mind as to what themes, subjects and most importantly aims for a particular piece. I have visited a number of museums on a number of occasions: motor, maritime, tractor, Immigration and so on. I therefore, thought that the world has gone around as far as making absolutely everything for everything as museums are concerned.

I thought about  cattle or livestock museum for my birth country, Sudan. However, before, I pen something about it and cattle, I first had to google something like it. The nearest museum was found in Texas, USA in form of Cattle Raisers Museum. I saw a few photos of cattle, boots, straps and saddles as well as pieces of writing to describe what used to happen in relation to the cattle and their raisers.

This did not discourage me to put forward an idea for cattle keepers or government in South Sudan. The pastoralists love their cattle to death in this part of the world. Cattle are not only for milk and meat but are also for prestige and pride. They also also for payment of bride price and fines in the event of murder. (more…)


By Malith Alier, WA, Australia

Dr Majak with President Kiir, December 2018

Dr Majak Agot with President Kiir, December 2018

 

Monday, 4 February, 2019 (PW) —- We saw it coming that the reneged reunification of the fractious SPLM may some day be concluded. The SPLM in government, and after combing Arusha, Pretoria, Cairo, Kampala and Addis Ababa for inter-party peace, was waiting for the other factions to make the first moves. This is 2019 and it’s about to happen amidst implementation of the 2018 Peace agreement.

From 2014 and immediately after the outbreak of war, the SPLM embarked on that elusive inter-party understanding – signed Arusha Declaration. It has since taken four years for it to happen perhaps in piecemeal. Many South Sudanese are however, questioning why Former Detainees also known as SPLM Leaders waited that long. Two agreements have been signed and full implementation is still a pipe dream. It is the question of timing rather than the motive.

The FDs actions may ruin the peace agreement altogether if allowed to fall through. By all intents and purposes, it seems, they are determined to achieve the reunification in the absence of their leader, Mr. Pagan Amum who belated rejected the Revitalised ARCSS. The hurried actions of the FDs reminded us of the “Lonesome George” on Galapagos Islands who needed to be evacuated from one isle to another in order to be safe. (more…)


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

democracy

Demo-cracy or Demo-crazy?

Wednesday, January 23, 2019 (PW) — According to “Hot in Juba” news, we read that the governors of Western Lakes and Tonj States, Hon. Matur Chut and Anthony Bol Madut have been relieved, at least for now from their gubernatorial positions by Kiir for undisclosed reasons. The veteran governors are old time generals in the Sudan People’s liberation Army (SPLA) which is also the predecessor of the South Sudan Defence Forces (SSDF).

Anthony Bol Madut was rumoured to be a commander in Anyanya II which joined the SPLA in 1983. During our days in Dima, Ethiopia, Anthony headed Buma (Boma) up to the time of signing peace in 2005 after which he became the first governor of former Warrap State. Matur Chut on the other hand, was in the army until they were retired after independence. He became the governor of Lakes State replacing Daniel Aweet Akot. This is his second stint after the division of former Lakes in to Gok State, Western and Eastern Lakes States.

There are only two enduring governors after the 2010 elections. They make up the 20% of the former 10 states replicated in December 2015. Louise Lobong Lojore of former Eastern Equartoria and Rizik Zakaria Hassan of former Western Bar el Ghazal are the two right hand men that Kiir’s perennial decrees never touched. Despite the redivivision of the ten states, they got appointments to the new states of Kapoeta and Raja. (more…)


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

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Saturday, January 12, 2019 (PW) – It is a sad news that the supposedly Al Watan Newspaper published in Juba is a victim of the brutal regime that came to power 30 years ago in a military coupe de’tat.

Its only crime is to publishing what is basically happening on the streets of Khartoum. The roots of National Congress party or shortened NCP extend beyond the country we left 8 years ago because of its Islamism, classicism, slavery, dictatorship and human right abuses.

Sudan has not change an inch. It still fights Africans to the South, East and West. Corruption has multiplied under Bashir tenfold. (more…)


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

corruption in south sudan

Saturday, January 12, 2019 (PW) — Kenyan schools typically reopen in the first week of January and normally go on for three terms  with three breaks to conclude an education year. 2019 goes down as a year when Kenya changes to another system to supersede its old 8.4.4 which has been running for a long time. Competence Based curriculum (CBC) begins in with lower primary and will progress in implementation according to Education Cabinet Secretary (CS), Amina Mohamed.

According to Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Kenya adopted the 8.4.4 system after it previously used the East African (7-4-2-3) system when the Community disintegrated. Under the leadership of President Moi, the country implemented the system in 1985. It meant 8 years of primary, 4 years of second, and 4 more years of university education. (more…)


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

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Friday, 28 December, 2018 (PW) — Not very many days of 2018 are left to write or at least say something economic, religious, or somehow political to the people of South Sudan, Africa or the wider world at large.

These are indeed turbulent times. Omar El Bashir is struggling with the bread and butter price rises all over his country that has been in the grip of NCP since 1989. Yoweri Museveni is fighting young people who are tired of his long rule since 1986. The new generation he often referred to as “bazukulu” or grandchildren have had a voice through Bobi Wine, the musician turned politician who combines music and politics to combat dictatorship in Uganda.

Better things are right now happening in Ethiopia, a country that had peacefully witnessed transfer of power to young people in the person of Abiy Ahmed. Ahmed has made it a priority to make peace within and without specifically Eritrea. Political prisoners are freed, political parties are allowed to join the legitimate political activities at the same level as the ruling party and above all women groups have began to have their fair share and presidents of the country and high court appointed. These measures maybe are what a country like Ethiopia needed to have total peace. (more…)


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

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Saturday, December 15, 2018 (PW) — Each of us was born with nothing on hand at the time of birth. This fact needs no one to be reminded about. On equal measure some of us go on not to gain much out of this world in the way of riches.

Nature has adequately endowed my country, South Sudan with natural resources that could make everyone in the country to be adequately catered for but this is not the case. We have abundance of livestock, vegetation, fish and recently oil wealth.

Despite abundance of the above natural wealth and the low population people remained extremely poor compared to neighbouring countries. Some of the reasons why people remained poor include; war, tribal or internal conflicts and lack of general productivity by organisations and individuals alike.

War alone has the greatest potential to imposed displacement and destitution on the country. The 1983-2005 and the 2013 – 2018 upheavals are the best examples for South Sudan. (more…)


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

Family history

Monday, 1 October 2018 (PW) — Nhial lual had four wives namely; Amac Gai, Nyakor Adol, Aluong Akec and Nyariak Agou.

Lual Nhial a single son on his mother, Amac Gai was married to Areu Guut Kuol and Achok Khang Yuot from Pale and Koc respectively.

Areu, before her demise has the following children: Gai, Malaak, Ateny (my mother) and Athou. Athou, as the name suggests was a result of mother’s death. “Athou” means death.

Had she (Areu) been alive beyond the fourth birth, many offsprings would have followed.

Achok Khang, the second wife has only three sons; Majier, Ayuen and Mabior. It’s Mabior’s family who organises this memorial service today in Perth.

Malaak among the four siblings was the only educated one. He graduated from Khartoum University business school in 1976. He later married Anai Johnson Kuol Kur from Ater section of Makuach Payam. They have three children, one son and two daughters. (more…)


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

CEPO Fact Sheet on the Signed Khartoum Peace Agreement on the Revitalization of the 2015 ARCSS

Monday, 3 September, 2018 (PW) —  Last time, the parties to the violated 2015 Compromise Peace Agreement (CPA) were forced by the international community to append their signatures and implement the agreement in time to save the suffering people of South Sudan.

It’s a painful thing to be forced twice by external forces to do something you know one must do. Death, infrustructure destruction and human destitution, the three “Ds” brought about by war are nobody’s friends. War always without doubt brings human missery to the fore and halts progress for generations. That’s why it is wise to steer clear of it under any circumstances.

In our case, the quest for political power was central to the war that had caused tens of thousand lives and forced millions of people to seek refuge outside the country. Now that the external forces have once again forged the Revitalised peace agreement signed by the belligerents, the focus now turns on its implementation. (more…)


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

President Kiir's speeches after independence

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan. Grab your copy at Amazon.com

Tuesday, August 28, 2018 (PW) – This piece is neither a biography, critique or praise of Salva Kiir and his regime. We’re aware that there are attempts by certain individuals to author a biography of President Kiir unilaterally. This piece is a common man’s view that only narrates the path Kiir negotiated to the top of the SPLM/SPLA and therefore to that of the country called South Sudan.

The man, fondly referred to as Joshua by his ardent followers takes us to the Biblical times when Moses, the leader who led Israelites out of Egypt went over the mountain not to return to taste the fruits of the promised land. Moses and Joshua story is found in the old testament of the Holy Bible and is used by Christians to illustrate stories similar in nature such as the one of Southern Sudanese.

History tells us that when the dissident southern soldiers rebelled in 1983, Salva Kiir was a mere captain in the Sudanese army. Stationed in Malakal, Upper Nile, he was an intelligence officer who tasked to report to the military headquarters subversive activity in the South. (more…)


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

adija

Wednesday, August 22, 2018 (PW) — With the likely advent of peace in the coming months, all the attention now turns to implementation of the agreement and the elections to crown it all. In the meantime, the parties preemptively vowed to implement the agreement in letter and spirit. Possibly they are aware of the lost opportunities by not implementing the previous agreement.

Had all gone well, by now, the country would have been a different place and no one would be in this mirage any more. This country has gone through difficult periods, characterised by famine, disease such as cholera and other preventable disasters since resuming atrocities 5 years ago.

One of the advantages of having peace is the potential to innovate and grow albeit gradually with time. The advanced nations we see and look up to today in the world ceased wars and conflict many decades ago. In the absence of war a nation is able to develop and channel its human capital solely for development. It also uses its resources exclusively for this purpose. (more…)


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

jmec chairman festus mogae

JMEC CHAIRMAN: “THE ONLY OFFENSIVE SOUTH SUDAN NEEDS RIGHT NOW IS A PEACE OFFENSIVE.”

Tuesday, August 21, 2018 (PW) — President Mogae could not be thanked enough. He had endured the unforgiving high expectations of the South Sudanese people for the dishonoured 2015 peace agreement reluctantly entered into by the SPLM opposing sides.
Had the 2015 peace agreement held as agreed, Festus Mogae, the former president of Botswana would have to leave in 2018 or soon thereafter.

It was Chairman Mogae after 2016 debacle who, claimed that the peace agreement was wounded but not dead. He was trying to salvage the images of the peace guarantors and that of his organisation, The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC).

The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission was created to monitor the ill-fated peace agreement between SPLM IO and Government of the Republic of South Sudan from 2015 through to 2018 after which agreed reforms would have been made and elections conducted under a new constitution. (more…)

HLRF: A Peace Quest Like No Other

Posted: July 25, 2018 by aljokd in Junub Sudan, Malith Alier

By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

CEPO Fact sheet on the final proposal on outstanding issues on governance

CEPO Fact sheet on the final proposal on outstanding issues on governance

Wednesday, July 25, 2018 (PW) — The tortuous revitalisation of the 2015 peace has seen the belligerents moved from one capital city to another in the span of the war. The three prong approach involving reunification of the SPLM, revitalisation of 2015 peace agreement and the so-called home grown initiative of national dialogue took the tortoise pace while people of South Sudan continue to perish in greater numbers.

Much of the talk under the mediation of Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the regional organisation that attempted to bring the warmongers to the table at the initial stages came to the same fate, no peace. (more…)


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

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Thursday, June 14, 2018 (PW) — Five years of war and counting, in terms of human suffering and lack of development is a period like half a century of drawback to stone. While in standard five in Kakuma Refugee Camp (KRC), one of my greatest teachers (now deceased) whispered to us that war and conflict take humanity by centuries back to the stone age.

True. My generation and I have first hand experience of what war actually brings on humanity. We have had heard about the World Wars I & II in the distant past. The Vietnam war in the seventies. The Iraq war and the Afghanistan Taliban war with the Americans during the George and Tony Blair era.

The war wary world was dragged into Iraq by the Bush’s coalition of the willing. The US Marines entry into Iraq through Kuwait and began raining bombs down from the air and ground is etched into our psyche till the forever. (more…)


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

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Friday, May 25, 2018 (PW) — What to say about the High Level Revitalisation Forum (HLRF) of the dead 2015 South Sudan peace agreement defies the tongue if you are the grass being trampled by the elephants. you can’t dare to remember the dates, when it started and ended. Lots of things have been going on since 8 July 2016.

Taban faction lingered behind and got absorbed in the cauldron. SPLM mini reunification took place in 2018. And finally came the second HLRF consultation. The so-called National Dialogue consultations may be out soon. National dialogue is considered to be one of the homegrown fronts. The attempt to give another “home grown” solution a chance failed before religious leaders prior to IGAD takeover of the HLRF.

The complexity of the negotiation trajectory is beyond comprehension both nationally and beyond the borders. on many ocassions, the South Sudanese elites insist on the untested home grown solutions to the country’s political and security predicaments. It happened that some traditional leaders in the past resolved inter communal feuds facilitated by UN and NGOs with partial involvement of the SPLA commanders long ago. (more…)


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

Riek Machar with Dak Kueth and Pende Ngong

Human Rights Activist, Jon Pende Ngong (on Black T-shirt) and Prophet Dak Kueth, (Dreadlocked) posed for group photo With Rebel Leaders Dr. Riek Machar and Lt. General Dau Aturjong (standing) in Pagak, South Sudan

Saturday, 19 May 2018 (PW) — The cloudy political climate in the independent South Sudan is certain to continue. The generation that has know nothing a part from wars and negotiations in and out since 1955 has no guts to alter course. Unjustified perpetual Wars and skirmishes had developed a tendency of being handed down to following generations on slates of ignorance.

The interludes between conflicts did not availed sufficient grounds to think deeply of what the nation should look and feel like in the real world. Between 1972-1983 and 2005-2013 are such interludes not to mention the periods before these when foreigners of European and Arabs molesters pried the dark continent. Self-rule after the colonial era have seen us hurtling to the abyss because of destructive beliefs, some of which are meant for survival of those close to power.

The respect for Elders is nothing new. It has been cited time and again just for the sake of reminding the youth to be mum while matters descend into the abyss. It may have been appropriate in the past however, in the new brave world, the youth should dare to bring its energy and prowess to the fore to help solve the current predicament the country faces. (more…)


“If you see behind the mountains then why did you allow John Garang to die there” Cattle keeper in Equatoria

By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

CPA

The Genius of Dr. John Garang: Speeches on the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) Paperback – November 26, 2015 by Dr. John Garang (Author), PaanLuel Wël (Editor)

Monday, May 7, 2018 (PW) — It is not uncommon to hear people praising rulers that they made wise decisions here or there. Wisdom, existed in the past but not anymore. This is more so in the area of politics.

King Solomon of Israel was considered a wise ruler during his time. This was evidenced by the judgment involving two women claiming ownership and custody of a certain child.

In the case, one of the contestants chose a zero-sum game when she requested the king to cut the child into two halves. This prompted the king to decide that she was a pretender and passed the verdict in the other woman’s favour. (more…)

SPLM Reunification Has been Sneezed at Three Times

Posted: March 30, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan, Malith Alier

By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

SPLM reunification4

SPLM Reunification: President Museveni meets President Kiir and G-10 leaders in Kampala

March 30, 2018 (SSB) — If anything, the so-called SPLM reunification is more distant than the peace talks prospects currently underway in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. More water has gone under the bridge and it is getting harder and harder for anyone to imagine that SPLM in its former self will be reincarnated. Some people still harbour the notion that the current upheaval began in the party and would be corrected by up the ante or going back to stage one.

In my Dinka understanding if you say something amid sneezes, obviously, I don’t say bless you, instead, I say you can’t be serious! The first thing people thought about immediately after the eruption of conflict was reunification of the SPLM as a party. One of the root causes to me was the question of the group formation that was halted at the second stage by actions of factions or individuals within the party.

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By Malith Alier, Perth, Western Australia

constructive discurse

March 26, 2018 (SSB) — The two writings by Gordon Buay and Simon Yel in defence of Hon. Mayen Wol Jong, the former Chief Administrator (CA) in the Office of the President (OP) which appeared on sudantribune and panluelwel on March 21 and 24 respectively should not go unchallenged.

One regrets that Gordon Buay, a secretary made Charge de’Affaires for South Sudan embassy in Washington would put too much energy in Juba affairs in expense of his duties in the USA. The Trump administration has recently ramped up sanctions on the regime in the presence of the learnt ambassador.

The circumstances under which Mayen and the Kenyans were released have not been made clear as cited by both authors of the said articles. John Agou continues to languish in jail for unknown cause after the emancipation of the co-accused. This seemed to have escaped the conscience of the supporters of Mayen.

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