What next after our leaders have inked this agreement?

By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan


Monday, 17 September 2018 (PW) — According to some critics, they call it a politics when we talk about issues, those that are surrounding our daily lives. They went further, to criticised the institutions where the writers who always contribute bitter facts graduated or pursuing their degrees from, to call them as institutions in the handbags. I call this as a misplaced criticism because an institution with buildings cannot fit in the metallic box leave alone handbag, unless the critics say, “some institutions with mode of study in handbags” this’s where I’d literally agree with them.

What I always say about this destructive criticism is that, even a sword must have a very powerful holder in order to slay enemies perfectly and if the holder is too weak, then his perceived or real enemies would grow in his watch. That’s that. Today, let’s talk about four issues and their solution throughout the implementation of the recently signed agreement. These are, “the want-to-haves, the have-not & the haves,” and lastly, “the governing authorities”.

First, let start it with the want-to-haves. The peace is signed only between the want-to-have and the government. I assumed, the want-to-haves are happy because they’ll have what they’ve desired all along. Though the war has been blanketed in civilians’ oppression by the rebels, it’s just a war of positions to be sincere and the evidence is that, if the reactionaries are reinstated in their positions, they’d close their mouths and feed their accounts with public funds. This time, there’s hope that they’ll not agitate this peace anymore.

Read the rest of this entry »

IGAD: Riek Machar can stay in the country of his choice until he goes to Juba

Posted: September 17, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in HLRF, IGAD, Junub Sudan

For immediate release



The IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government held its 33rd Extra-Ordinary Summit on 12th September 2018, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia under the Chairmanship of H.E. Dr Abiy Ahmed, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Chairperson of the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government to deliberate on the final status of the Revitalized Agreement of Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS).

The Assembly was attended by H.E Ismail Omar Guelleh, President of the Republic of Djibouti; Cabinet Secretary Amb. Monica Juma representing H.E Uhuru Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya; H.E. Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, President of the Republic of Somalia; H.E Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic of South Sudan; H.E. Omar Hassan Al-Bashir, President of the Republic of Sudan; and H.E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of the Republic of Uganda.

The Summit was also attended by H.E Amb. Mahboub Maalim, the Executive Secretary of IGAD; H.E Festus G. Mogae, the Chairperson of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC); H.E Dr. Ismail Wais, IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan.

The Special Envoys and High Representatives of the AU, UN, EU, the Co-Chairperson of the IGAD Partners Forum (IGAD-IPF), the representatives of the Troika on South Sudan (US, UK, Norway), and representatives of China were also present at the opening session and made statements. Read the rest of this entry »

By Telar Ring Deng, Juba, South Sudan

Monday, September 17, 2018 (PW) — On the cold morning of 9th September, 2018, we were all in utter shock and bewilderment at the very tragic accident that occurred in Eastern Lakes State when a Plane crashed into a lake claiming 20 lives, 3 were seriously injured and further reports stated that 3 others were still missing.

It has equally been reported that this very same plane not too far ago had a near mishap when in Pibor as it was transporting passengers. Despite air transport being recognized as the safest mode of transport, in South Sudan we have had far too many plane crashes that have remained unresolved. Furthermore, it appears as though our systems are so weak to the point that we were glad that the names of those on the ill-fated plane were made public. Read the rest of this entry »

President Kiir’s speech during the signing ceremony of the R-ARCSS

Posted: September 15, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

“Young generation of South Sudan are in illusion identity crisis of Beny, Kuär-Midiit and Zoal Kabiīr

By Youhanes Magok Nhial, Juba, South Sudan

Saturday, September 15, 2018 (PW) — South Sudan is the newest nation of East African region, gained her independence from Republic of Sudan to stand on her feet in 2011 after a devastating civil war that last for more than four decades since 1955. The population of this landlocked country according to the 2008 Sudan Housing and Population Census is estimated to be 12 million. However, no wide and verified census is carried out in the last ten years even after post-independent.

A vast majority of these demography are youth whom constitute 70% of the total population of the country; despite the complete absent of constitutional definition of youth yet other institutions and documentations refer to youth as being between 15 – 35 years old. The young state plunged into crisis in December 2013 amid a power struggle between the Sudan People Liberation Movement SPLM elites causing uncountable death, displacements and total polarization of the state of affairs.

In such devastation, young people turned to be the actors, persecuting the orders of their leaders and military commanders. The war relocate itself to traditional local norms that youth are there to protect village, community from external aggression, prevent cattle ride and to perform activities characterized to fit the men muscular nature. Read the rest of this entry »

Pagan Amum and Thomas Chirillo Reject the Signed Revitalized ARCSS

Posted: September 14, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

“Do not squander this opportunity again”- JMEC tells parties

Posted: September 13, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in History, HLRF, Junub Sudan

“Do not squander this opportunity again”- JMEC tells parties
The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) outgoing Chairperson, H.E. Festus Mogae, on Wednesday appealed to the South Sudan parties not to squander the opportunity to bring lasting peace in South Sudan.

The former President of Botswana was speaking at the 33rd Extra Ordinary Assembly of the IGAD Heads of State and Government held in Addis Ababa. The main agenda of the meeting, was the signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (RARCSS) by all Parties.

In his last speech to the Heads of State as the Chairperson of JMEC, President Mogae said, “It is my earnest hope that the signing of the Revitalized Peace Agreement will herald a new chapter for the Republic of South Sudan”.

“It is important to underline that the HLRF process has afforded all the parties and stakeholders every opportunity, to make their case and reach compromises.  The outcome we are witnessing today is therefore a reflection of a thorough and inclusive process”, he added.

In addition, the President also noted the immense contribution and involvement from various stakeholders that had made the Revitalization Forum a success. In particular, he applauded the South Sudanese parties and Stakeholders, the IGAD Council of Ministers, the IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan, the High-Level Facilitators, the Mediators of the Khartoum phase of the HLRF as well as the International Partners.

“In particular, I want to also acknowledge the contribution of my staff, the JMEC members of the HLRF taskforce, without whom this progress may not have been achieved as timeously as has been the case”, he stated.

While making the remarks, the outgoing Chairperson also used the opportunity, to thank the IGAD Heads of State for his appointment as the Chairperson of JMEC in 2015 as well as the support extended to him during his tenure. He noted how proud he was of the many challenges that the JMEC members had collectively overcome in discharging the mandate of monitoring and evaluating the progress of the implementation of the 2015 Peace Agreement, over the last two years and eight months.

“I am also proud, that through my leadership, we recommended the revitalization of the ARCSS 2015 and today we conclude with a more inclusive peace agreement. This revitalized agreement, if fully implemented, promises sustainable peace and prosperity in the Republic of South Sudan”, he added.

President Mogae steps down as the JMEC Chairperson at the end of September.



The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) was established by terms decreed under Chapter Seven of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS), signed on 17th August 2015 in Addis Ababa.
Under the terms of the Agreement, JMEC shall be responsible for monitoring, overseeing and supporting the implementation of the Agreement and the mandate and tasks of the TGoNU (Transitional Government of National Unity), including adherence of the Parties to agreed timelines and schedules; and in the event of non-compliance, shall recommend appropriate corrective action to the TGoNU.
JMEC is responsible for overseeing the work of CTSAMM (Ceasefire and Transitional Security Monitoring Mechanism), EFMA (Economic and Financial Management Authority), and other transitional institutions created by the Agreement.

By Wol Deng Akech, Lucknow, India

1. Introduction

Tuesday, September 11, 2018 (PW) — At the outset, one should make it clear in this introductory part that this article attempts to cover the legal profession majorly with regard to the Bar Association or Private practicing lawyers other than Public Attorneys and Legal Advisors as provided under Article 135 of the Constitution and the Organization of the Ministry of Justice Act, 2008.

However, minor focus will be made to include judiciary since it is the grantor and protector of the Bill of Rights enumerated in Part II of the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011. It will therefore delve only on the private legal profession as enshrined under Article 136 of the TCSS, 2011 and regulated by the Advocate Act, 2013.

It is in this way that the term lawyer should be understood to carries the same definition as provided under section 5 of the Advocate Act, 2013. It is also one’s wish to underline at this point that this attempt should not in any way be deciphered to means denial of the role and contribution made and achieved by this noble profession of our country in other areas that are not specifically mentioned in this work.

Generally, the article discusses the agreement in brief on main important parts and the role that the legal profession may play. As to the title suggests, the Agreement was negotiated by groups by ability and power of guns and threat they post with other civil/social forces excluded. Sometimes, such social forces are called upon to pen their signatures on the readymade documents. Read the rest of this entry »

When mores decay, the spirit of no-tomorrow rules

By Mabil Manyok Nhial, Gweru, Zimbabwe

Monday, September 10, 2018 (PW) — As I lucidly recollect the work of a revered writer of all times and indeed a mentor to a few, who love putting their ideas in black and white, William Shakespeare was not so wrong when he plausibly asserted “be great in act, as you have been in thought.” It is what we say and do that determines our character and my conscience tells me that character is nothing but a mirror of our own doctrines.

I have always been fidgeting as if bitten by black garden ants whenever I hear and see the ongoing shambolic disintegration of a community, which has always been known as a paragon of logic, common sense and incomparable wisdom. A few who have been so vocal in reprobating such unwarranted behaviour, sometimes fall victims of the circumstances since those, who preach the message of disintegration would not want to see and hear any words that bring us together.

It is common cause that the arrival and reception of Governor Philip Aguer Panyang was punctuated with joy, laudation, relief and lots of positive statements made by not only the citizens of Jonglei but also from other parts of South Sudan as he (the governor) mentioned in his speech in the United States of America recently. His reception was a relief because the Bor Dinka got to know him very well when he was working for humanitarian agency in which he master-minded the construction of airstrips from Cuei Keer to Dukeen which later root off hunger as food security was well supplied under his auspices.

Read the rest of this entry »

By Willy Mayom Maker, Juba, South Sudan


Monday, September 10, 2018 (PW) — Seriously, are there aviation laws and regulations in South Sudan? Planes are old. Pilots and engineers are new and inexperienced. What a deadly combination! My condolences to the families of those who’ve died in the plane crash in Yirol! I took a plane from Juba to Rumbek 2 years ago, and it was the most dangerous flight I had ever taken! I wrote about that horrible experience last year . You might have read it already…

“I went to a travel agency (name withheld) in Juba. There was a huge queue when I arrived. People were pushing and shoving in the line; the strongest wanted to get in first. Baffled, I queued up behind the last person in the line, not because I had no muscles, but because I felt it was shameful, unethical and animalistic to trample the weakest and force my way in.

Soon, a man arrived, flanked by two armed bodyguards. He was probably a high-ranking officer or minister. His bodyguards moved people out of the way for the man to enter into the office. Obviously, he was travelling somewhere and wanted to purchase a ticket, just like everybody else. But because he had the power and authority, he couldn’t wait in line. An agent emerged to welcome the arriving dignitary. ‘Come in honourable,’ he said. The man went inside with his bodyguards. Read the rest of this entry »

The Riek Machar Factor in the fundamental root causes of the December 2013 Crisis and the present civil war in the Republic of South Sudan (Part 5)

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

The Flag of the Republic of South Sudan

The Flag of the Republic of South Sudan

  1. Introduction

Saturday, September 8, 2018 (PW) — This article will examine the pivotal role of the “Riek Machar Factor” in the fundamental root causes of the December 2013 Crisis and the prevailing civil war in the Republic of South Sudan. In Kenya, to assert that powerful forces within the political, economic and security establishments of the Kikuyu nation have practically succeeded to frustrate and thwart Raila Odinga from assuming the presidency of Kenya is to state the obvious. Similarly, in South Sudan, to argue that two powerful constituencies, comprising of the historical leadership of the SPLM/SPLA and the Dinka nation, have conspired to oppose and prevent Riek Machar’s presidency in the Republic of South Sudan, would be an understatement.

This is the contextual meaning of the Riek Machar factor in the South Sudanese national conflict. Therefore, the fundamental root cause of the December 2013 Crisis, and the current civil war, is two-fold. First and foremost, the spirited attempt by those powerful constituencies to impede and obstruct Riek Machar from assuming the chairmanship of the SPLM, and thus the presidency of the republic, triggered the December 2013 Crisis and the present civil war. Secondly, the strong conviction by Riek Machar to fight and defeat those powerful forces bitterly opposed to his resolve to become the second president of South Sudan, ignited the December 2013 Crisis and the devastating civil war in the country.

Alternatively, the confluence of the two factors – the strong determination by the historical leadership of the SPLM/SPLA and powerful forces within the Dinka nation to oppose and block Riek Machar from assuming the presidency of South Sudan, couple with the firm decision by Riek Machar to fight and defeat those two powerful constituencies – might have hastened and sparked the December 2013 Crisis, which later mutated into the ongoing distressing civil war in the Republic of South Sudan.

Therefore, this article will argue that the strong resistance to, and the fervent support for, Riek Machar’s presidency constitutes and defines the current national conflict, and its appreciation holds the key to a negotiated resolution of the 5-year old civil war in South Sudan. Read the rest of this entry »

Yakani of CEPO

Friday, September 07, 2018 (PW) — Today evening the IGAD Special Envoy to South Sudan Ambassador Ismail Wise brief the delegates of the South Sudan peace mediation process that On Tuesday all the delegates will be airlift to Ethiopia-Addis Ababa to be alongside the IGAD Council of Minister Ordinary meeting that will discuss the South Sudan peace outcomes on 12 Sept. 2018.

The council of ministers meeting will be held in the morning hours. On Same day evening hours, the Head of State and Government will hold an ordinary summit to endorse the initialed Revitalized ARCSS. Both meetings will proposed resolution on the presented reservations by the conflicting parties of South Sudan.

If IGAD meetings were able to draw resolution on the reservations and their resolution is accepted by all conflicting parties of South Sudan then immediately the final signing of the revitalized ARCSS will be conducted. Today all the parties and stakeholders initialed the minutes of the ceasefire workshop. Read the rest of this entry »

National Dialogue Steering Committee Report – Final Report from the Sub-Committee on Central Equatoria states (PDF)

National Dialogue, concept reflictions by Mading Deng

“In this polarized and polarizing conflict, perceptions can overshadow reality, and whatever the equation of the power structures, the Dinka are being seen as having replaced the Arabs as the rulers in an ethnically unjust system. As the various ethnic groups converge against what they perceive as Dinka domination, the Dinka in turn begin to perceive themselves as targeted and paradoxically as in imminent danger of a genocidal onslaught. They therefore strive to mobilize themselves in self-defense.” – Dr Francis Mading Deng – SOUTH SUDAN NATIONAL DIALOGUE; Conceptual Reflections page 43

National Dialogue Steering Committee – Final Report from Central Equatoria Sub–Committee

Executive Summary

1.1 Introduction

The Central Equatoria Sub-Committee of the National Dialogue was in the field for 45 days, beginning in Yei River State in October 2017, and proceeding to Juba, Capital of Jubek State. The team continued with consultations in Terekeka State and finalized the assignment by conducting meetings in Ganji and Lokiliri counties of Jubek State and in Tali County in Terekeka State in March 2018. The estimated total number of the people consulted, in 37 meetings, is 3,200, inclusive of all sectors of the communities targeted.

The mandate of the Sub-Committee was to guide the process of the National Dialogue, listen and document the concerns raised by the participants and ensure an environment of inclusivity, transparency, freedom of speech and full participation in the consultations.

The stakeholders were asked: What, in their opinion, are the causes of the political and communal violence in the country that has caused unnecessary deaths, displacement into the bush, refugee camps as well as the suffering from hunger and disease? What, in their opinion, is the solution to bring the Republic of South Sudan back to peace, stability, and development?

The process of consultations was highly successful, due to the cooperation and support from Governors of Yei River State, Jubek State and Terekeka State. The Sub-Committee would like to convey its gratitude for the popular reception accorded to the team by the Governors of these three States. Each of the State Governments formed a committee to mobilize, coordinate and facilitate the work of the Sub-Committee. In each State, the committee was provided with transport, security escort to counties and lecture halls. Their support extended to contribution of fuel, feeding and accommodation of the team in Morobo, Kaya, Lainya and Tali Counties.  The participants were very keen to meet with the National Dialogue Sub-Committee and they responded enthusiastically. Read the rest of this entry »

Could we not managed to have kind of leaders among greater Bor community like Abel Alier and Dr. John Garang who could inspire people in both side of the divide and build unity that can propel the community toward prosperity?

By Michael Mading Akueth, Nairobi, Kenya

Abel Alier and Atem Yaak Atem

Hon. Abel Alier and Atem Yaak Atem in Nairobi, Kenya, 2005, at the signing of the CPA

Thursday, September 06, 2018 (PW) — The greater Bor community whom their sons and daughters had turned up in big numbers during the beginning of the war of liberation 1983 is currently fighting to maintain its cohesiveness. The military scientists always advised every society and its leadership about imminent consequences of arm conflict. We have observed that conflict have forced us to seek refuge in most parts of the globe which has made it hard to continue with our ancestors’ unity. The people are in constant conflict using abusive messages on social media with each other which have forced me to think about our future.

When a community is in constant conflict with itself it remind us about the theory of evolution by natural selection through which nature is seen to be at war with itself and the weak nature is obvious the next meal of the stronger one. The theory of evolution by natural selection is a theory about the mechanism by which evolution occurred in the past, and is still occurring now. Could this be the case in greater Bor community?

Are the community members who belief to be strong striving to eliminate the weak among them by using this theory? Or what else could be the basis of these massive hatred campaigns which we are witnessing all over the world among greater Bor community? Greater Bor community had achieved many things in the history of our country with great dedication to the cause of freedom and pursuit of happiness for all. Read the rest of this entry »

By Awet Benjamin Maker, Beijing, China 

Nuer white army

South Sudan Rebels: Nuer White Army Fighters

Thursday, September 06, 2018 (PW) — The claim that recurrent raiding & killings attributed to Dinka and Nuer herdsmen in parts of the country are perpetrated by lack of government concrete measures on illegal firearms possession by civilian is not entirely new. Some government functionaries including a former Inspector-General of Police IGP, Hon. ALEU AYIENY had fingered to Rumbek herdsmen taking advantage of country’s insecurity created by December 2013 war within to infiltrate the country for the rising spate of cattle raiding and killings among themselves. He made angry remarks when police forces who were taken there felt in heavy clashes with cattle keepers of which several were killed, dozens wounded and scattered many in the bush.

Those who canvass this viewpoint are quick to point to the traditional stick-wielding, harmless and itinerant Nuer and Dinka especially, AGAR of current Western Lakes, GOK of current GOK state, Yirol of current Eastern Lake, REK of current TONJ state and greater BOR among other herdsmen of the past as being against the cultural heritage and productive way of cattle-keeping /herders as evidence of the penetration of the ranks of the slogan “game of fittest” is at the fore play. I’m speaking of the empty houses as their male child or husbands might have been killed, hundred herds of cattle taken, their shelters burned to ashes, children displaced from school etc. Read the rest of this entry »

By Ater Yuot Riak (PhD), Juba, South Sudan


Wednesday, September 5, 2018 (PW) — The American Oil Company Chevron discovered the oil in Southern Sudan at the end of 1970s and tried to utilize it. However, in 1984 the company stopped its activities because of the war that stared in 1983 between the government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). During fighting, the government of Sudan used not to consult with local communities when oil companies want to work in their villages. After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) which was signed in 2005, these practices had stopped and communities are consulted when their land is to be used by the oil companies.

After independence in 2011, South Sudan holds more than 75% of the total oil reserves of the previous Sudan. New consortia (operating companies) were formed for oil production and further exploration. South Sudan created Nile Petroleum Corporation (NILEPET) to replace Sudan Petroleum Corporation (SUDAPET) in consortia. With Dar Petroleum Operating Company (DPOC) operating in Northern Upper Nile State, Sudd Petroleum Operating Company (SPOC) and Greater Pioneer Operating Company (GPOC) are operating in Ruweng State and Northern Liech State respectively.

Oil fields facilities were built in the areas of Melut, Pariang and Tharjath. These facilities include, rigs, pipelines, roads, oil base camps (OBC), wells, electrical power lines, power plant, oil manifold gatherings (OGM), airports, etc. All these facilities were built on communities’ lands as a result they were forced to leave their lands and villages to oil companies. Usually, communities who lost their lands and villages relocate to nearby villages. In new residents, they are not allowed to own a land but only build houses or cultivate. Some communities relocate to nearby towns where they experience difficulties in coping with the urban life that includes owning a plot, schools for children in addition to the daily live expenses.

Read the rest of this entry »

Khartoum Declaration Agreement: The Initialed Revitalized ARCSS, August 2018.pdf


By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, Kampala, Uganda

Tribute to Isaiah Abraham

Tribute to Isaiah Abraham: The Dark Ages of South Sudan Liberation

Tuesday, September 4, 2018 (PW) — The last week initialed Revitalised-Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan R-ARCSShas enshrined several legal and institutional reforms to be undertaken but failed short of providing for the improvement of the media sector in the young nation.

Two media laws: The Media Authority Act, 2013; and The Right of Access to Information Act, 2013 badly need reforms to ensure that the ought to be autonomous media regulatory body aka Media Authority, and the information commission operate independent of the executive arm of the government and ensure adherence to democratic principles, human rights law and international best practices.

Media Authority is established, according to the Act, for the regulation, development and promotion of an independent and professional media in South Sudan. Read the rest of this entry »


Posted: September 4, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Adol Akuei, Junub Sudan, Poems.


I’m robbed of my life’s values and pins,

In the ocean full of sharks and dolphins;

Where I’m bartered like a horse on strings,

Where my labor is equated to bribes,

Where I’m bruised on with leather flogs,

Where I’m locked up in the cage of sorrows,

Where men kicked me up like a ball – with sores,

Making me darted on the ground,

Producing sounds of bitter cries,

Like a sodium metal placed on water surface. Read the rest of this entry »

Press Release: Jonglei State Community USA (JSC-USA) Inaugural Meeting in Louisville Kentucky on the 23-25 November, 2018.

Tuesday, September 04, 2018 (PW) — The JSC-USA will have their first inaugural meeting in Louisville Kentucky on the 23-25 November, 2018. This is obviously the thanksgiving weekend when we in the United States of America reflect on family and to give thanks for the abundance and blessings.

We invite all subtribes of Jonglei State Community to come out and support this community based organization because it’s the only one that can unite our sisterly Jieng subtribes of Hol, Nyarweng, Bor and Twic. It’s high time for Jonglei State Diaspora communities to come together in mutual respect and understanding to solve matters that stand in the way of a more perfect union.

We are mindful of the confusion and frankly sometimes tough and honest discussion the formation of this community based organization has generated. It’s about time the four Jonglei’s communities honestly talk about serious matters tending to divide us and disregard loud voices of disunity. This gathering is where many questions that have been asked since our initial press release will be answered. Read the rest of this entry »