Fundamental Factors in the Root Causes of the December 2013 Crisis and the Civil War in South Sudan: An Analysis of and Response to Hon. Arop Madut Arop’s Article “How Political Wrangling in the Ruling SPLM Party Wrecked South Sudan Apart In December 2013” and Comrade Mabioor Garang de Mabioor’s Article “The Root Causes of the December 2013 Crisis in South Sudan, Part 1-3

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

The Flag of the Republic of South Sudan

The Flag of the Republic of South Sudan

Sunday, July 15, 2018 (PW) — Five years into the political, military, economic and humanitarian crisis in South Sudan, and peace is still a distant chimera to the beleaguered souls caught up in the vicious conflict across the country. One glimmer of hope, so far, has been that the High-Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) of the 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS), under the auspices of the Inter-Governmental Agency on Development (IGAD), would offer a viable solution to the intractable conflict in South Sudan.

While much was, and still is, predicated on the hard political compromises and security arrangements that the leaders of the warring parties – particularly President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar – are, and will be, prepared to make, the expectation was that the Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities (CoH) would be promptly negotiated, honestly signed and faithfully adhered to by the warring parties. The subsequent phase would have been to craft a feasible political resolution of the debilitating crisis in form of a revitalized, expanded and inclusive Transitional Government of National Unity (TGONU) based in Juba, South Sudan, with security guarantees to all leaders of the warring parties.

However, the fate of the IGAD-led High Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) of the 2015 peace accord still hangs in the air, precariously, as phase two of the Khartoum round of peace talks was abruptly adjourned to next Tuesday, the 17th of July 2018, owing to continued irreconcilable differences over the fundamental issues of governance, couple with lingering doubts related to the signed security arrangements and permanent ceasefire agreements. Read the rest of this entry »


By Peter Wek Mabioordit, Juba, South Sudan


Sunday, July 15, 2018 (PW) — Many people fall into leadership positions either by choice or chance. Unfortunately, not all of them are guaranteed to succeed in their work. Actually, it takes knowledge, integrity and grit to expertly guide any group towards its goals.

The notion that some people were born to lead is entirely wrong. While there are certainly some individuals born with desirous leadership qualities like charm, charisma and the ability to inspire loyalty, key leadership traits like patriotism and perseverance are actually learned things.

Moreover, the leadership qualities that one is capable of learning rather than those which are inherently possessed tend to be the most valuable when determining the likelihood of success. As an aspiring leader, the following are some of the desired leadership traits that you must possess before embarking on any major endeavors; Read the rest of this entry »

By Mangar Marial Amerdid, Juba, South Sudan

Saturday, July 14, 2018 (PW) — Regarded as one of the prominent intellectual minds to emerge from Southern Sudan, Joseph Ukel Garang was a controversial figure who held the Marxist ideology which were ingrained in his political career. Born in the 1930s in Kiyango close to Wau, Bahr al-Ghazal, Garang received his education at St. Antony’s Busserre and Rumbek Secondary School. He then obtained a law degree from the University of Khartoum in 1957.

He is regarded as the first Southern Sudanese to have obtained a law degree at a time when many Southern students were being prohibited from enrolling in the University of Khartoum. As a student, Garang was an assertive political activist which led him to join the Sudanese Community Part (SCP) in the early 1950s. This propelled him to become a leading member of the Political Bureau and Central Executive Committee of the SCP.

Upon graduating, Garang was offered the post of chief justice in the judiciary, but he declined and instead chose to pursue politics. For one year, he worked as an advocate in Khartoum until he was expelled to Wau by the Abboud regime in 1958. Read the rest of this entry »

Dr Malwal Ayom Dor’s PhD Thesis – Conflict Resolution as a Learning Process: The Case of the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement/Army, 1983-2005 (PDF)


founders of the splm

Commemorating the 33rd Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Revolutionary Movement—the SPLM/SPLA

May 16th: Celebrating the Founding of the SPLM/SPLA

The Late SPLM/A Leader, Dr. John Garang de Mabioor Atem Aruai.

Dr. John Garang de Mabior, Co-Founder of SPLM/A

kiir at splm rally

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir (C) acknowledges his supporters as he arrives to address a rally at John Garang’s Mausoleum in the capital Juba March 18, 2015.

Working for Peace Shouldn’t be An Excuse to Hold on to Power

By Apioth Mayom Apioth, North Dakota, USA

CEPO Fact Sheet - The Post Entebbe Power Sharing Proposal

Friday, July 13, 2018 (PW) — When Salva Kiir signed the Khartoum Declaration of Principles late last month, it meant he left his chances of reelection at the mercy of the South Sudanese voters comes the end of the Transitional Period. From that day onward, he signed into a letter and word for word that he is going to compete on a fair playing field for votes with the likes of Riek Machar, Pagan Amum, Majak da Agoot and Joseph Bakosoro comes the election time in three years’ time.

By amending the constitution to extend his stay in power for another three years meant his thirst for power is more obvious than ever. Agreeing to work with the opposition parties doesn’t give the head of state an absolute power to tamper with the constitution; South Sudan is a democracy, and that means any slight alteration to the constitution is the responsibility of the elected members of the parliament.

We don’t live in a traditional African chieftaincy or monarchy anymore, where the king had an absolute hold on power. Politics is meant for people who wish to serve the unmet aspirations of the citizens of any given nation-state. The presidency is a service-delivery occupation, and that means the more you serve your voters sincerely and with an honest integrity, the more votes you will garner comes the scrutinization (election) day. Read the rest of this entry »

By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, Kampala, Uganda

CEPO Fact Sheet - The Post Entebbe Power Sharing Proposal

Friday, July 13, 2018 (PW) — Yes, I have high hopes in the expected Nairobi round of Talks between the South Sudanese Parties. To those who may not be knowing the last month’s Summit of the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government decided that President Omar Hassan Al-Bashir of Sudan shall inform President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya of the outcome of the discussion between the parties in the Khartoum Talks.

Further, the Summit decided that President Kenyatta will facilitate the third round of face-to-face discussion between President Kiir and Dr Machar in Nairobi “to facilitate the revitalization process and report the outcome and way forward to the upcoming Ordinary Session of the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government.”

Read the rest of this entry »

Amendment Bill July 2018 – South Sudan National Assembly Extends the Terms and Mandates for the President, VPs, MPs and Governors for three years, from August 12, 2018 to August 12, 2021 (PDF)


CEPO Fact Sheet - The Post Entebbe Power Sharing ProposalCEPO Fact Sheet - The Permanent Ceasefire and Security Arrangement

Should the AU, UN takeover South Sudan Peace Process?

By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, Kampala,Uganda


Wednesday, July 11, 2018 (PW) — Over the weekend, the media widely reported that South Sudan’s warring parties agreed to a power-sharing deal reinstating the leader of the armed opposition (SPLM/A-IO) Dr Riek Machar as First Vice President, quoting Sudan’s foreign minister Al-Dierdiry Ahmed.

“It has been agreed that there will be four vice presidents: the current two vice presidents, plus Riek Machar (who) will assume the position of first vice president, and then the fourth position will be allocated to a woman from the opposition,” AFP quoted Ahmed as saying after last Saturday’s meeting between South Sudan’s government delegation headed by President Kiir and the SPLM/A-IO led by Machar, among others. The Talks which is a continuation of IGAD process aimed at ending the civil war in South Sudan was hosted in Entebbe by Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni and attended by Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir. Read the rest of this entry »

Revised Entebbe Transitional Power Sharing Arrangements

Posted: July 10, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

July 9th: US wishes South Sudan happy 7th anniversary of independence

Posted: July 9, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Press Statement

Michael R. Pompeo

Secretary of State

Washington, DC

Monday, July 9, 2018 (PW) — On behalf of the Government of the United States of America, we extend our best wishes to the people of the Republic of South Sudan on the seventh anniversary of their nation’s independence.

This should be a day of celebration marking South Sudan’s emergence as an independent state and the beginning of a new era of greater peace and prosperity. Instead, the conflict that broke out in December 2013 continues to impose immense suffering on South Sudan’s diverse citizens. They have already paid a heavy price for their leaders’ divisions: driven from their homes, facing life-threatening hunger, and subjected to unspeakable cruelty. Read the rest of this entry »

SPLM-IO rejects the Entebbe power sharing proposal

Posted: July 9, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Press Release: On the Entebbe Proposal

July 09,2018

Monday, July 9, 2018 (PW) — The leadership of the SPLM/SPLA (IO) would like to inform our members and the people of South Sudan at large, that no agreement has been reached in Entebbe.

The proposal presented by President Yoweri Museveni was discussed verbally, in a cordial environment, but there was no official document presented to the Chairman and Commander in Chief of the SPLM/SPLA (IO), Dr. Riek Machar Teny-dhuorangun, therefore, the proposal is not official.

The SPLM/SPLA (IO) rejected the proposal as it only focuses on accommodation of politicians and ignores the radical reforms needed in order to effect fundamental change in our country. The SPLM/SPLA (IO) is not waging a struggle for the position of First Vice President, we are waging a protracted struggle for the future of our country. Read the rest of this entry »

The necessity of normalizing relations between Juba and Khartoum

Posted: July 9, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Normal relations between South Sudan and Sudan is absolutely necessary

By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, Kampala, Uganda

Monday, July 9, 2018 (PW) — In his speech, during the signing of the Khartoum Declaration in Sudan a little over a week, SPLM/A-IO leader Dr Riek Machar said the Agreement will build confidence between Sudan and South Sudan and normalize the relations between the two countries.

“…the fact that north Sudan can assist South Sudan to become peaceful and stable and can assist South Sudan to revitalize its economy…it’s something that we cherish…. [the agreement] will also open the way for implementation of 2012 nine mutual agreements after independence of South Sudan…If at all our relations had been a little bit rocky, this agreement will normalize the relations between the two Sudans—which means our people will live happily…It is going to be an agreement that will integrate us…” said Dr Machar.

President Salva Kiir’s government, as well as other South Sudanese in the various political and civil society groups, have also time and again echoed the importance of normalization of relations between the two Countries. Read the rest of this entry »


Posted: July 9, 2018 by Awuol Gabriel Arok in Junub Sudan

By Awuol Gabriel Arok, Juba, South Sudan


9th JULY a day worth 184 years of bitter struggling is the day that our great fathers

And mothers dreamed of and paid a heavy price for.

Today the 9th July

The nation was born!

I salute

The pre-colonial resistances under the guidance of Southern tribal chiefs (1827-1898)

I salute

The colonial resistances of (1898-1946) under notable Kings, Chiefs and leaders; Ngundeng Bong, Gbudwe Basingbi, Akwai, Guek Ngundeng, Mayen Mathieng, Awuou Kon, Dhieu Allam, Bol Yor and Kon Anok.

Read the rest of this entry »

By David Mayen Dengdit, Denver-Colorado, USA

Monday, July 9, 2018 (PW): July 9 shall always be a special day in the hearts of South Sudanese. It marks The Day of our independence and a memorial to millions of South Sudan’s sons and daughters who wished to live to see a a free country. Those who willfully laid down their precious souls, “making the ultimate sacrifice,” as it has been referred to since Abraham Lincoln eloquently defined it at the national cemetery in Gettysburg.

 The two civil wars, which may collectively be referenced as South Sudan’s Wars of Independence, claimed so many lives of brave sons and daughters from all the tribes that are native to the country. Theirs was a sacrifice, bravery, dedication and life worth of celebrating on July 9 and every day. Their lives, which they freely gave in order for South Sudanese to stand tall among other nationalities, were not given in vain, no matter the depressing times we live in today. Read the rest of this entry »


CEPO Fact Sheet - Entebbe proposal

Kampala Accord: Four VPs, 45 ministers, 550 MPs and 32 states for the revitalized TGONU

Entebbe Proposal1


Sunday, July 8, 2018 (PW) — South Sudan’s main opposition leader Riek Machar will return to his position as the country’s first vice president, the Sudan news agency SUNA reported.

“It has been agreed that there will be four vice presidents: the current two vice presidents, plus Riek Machar who will assume the position of first vice president, and then the fourth position will be allocated to a woman from the opposition,” Al-Dideiri Ahmed,  Sudan’s foreign minister, was quoted as saying by the state-owned news agency.

The power sharing deal of four vice presidents, 45 ministries and 550 members of parliament including 32 states was reached on Saturday during a meeting in Uganda. Read the rest of this entry »

By Deng Vanang, Kampala, Uganda

Sunday, July 8, 2018 (PW) — Swinging full throttle into the depth of 21 years’ liberation war against an Afro-Arab north armed with an academic pedigree of a PhD, Dr. Luka Biong Deng inarguably became one of rare gems in a mixed bag of semi-literate lot.

A rarity which helped him make a pass one on several other scrambling pretenders for the proximity to the throne when he mounted the summit of previously crafted autonomous government of South Sudan. The steady climb landed him in a plumb post of a cabinet Affairs’ Minister.

Effectively a third in command away from the heart breathe of number one executive slot, the Presidency.

Only to be pulled down to the foot from the hillcrest after stepping on the toes of indispensably powerful post liberation war political dinosaurs. Read the rest of this entry »

Recommendations on the revised Khartoum power sharing proposal

Posted: July 8, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Recommendations to South Sudan Peace Proposal

By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, Kampala, Uganda

Saturday, July 7, 2018 (PW) — On Tuesday, the Khartoum mediation team on South Sudan peace process released a revised proposal for a power-sharing deal between the South Sudanese parties and entities in an Igad-led process aimed at ending the conflict in the youngest nation.

The proposal dubbed “Agreement on Outstanding Issues of Responsibility Sharing” provides that the incumbent President Salva Kiir shall continue as President, while SPLM/A-IO Chairman Dr Riek Machar shall assume the position of First Vice President, both for the next transitional period.

According to the proposal, the incumbent government shall nominate a Vice President and the Other Parties and Entities shall select a Third Vice President. Read the rest of this entry »

Warring parties signs agreement on security arrangements in Khartoum

Posted: July 6, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Poignant lessons from the issues of Governance at the IGAD-led HLRF

Posted: July 6, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

My take on the issues of Governance at the HLRF

By Eng Deng Diar Diing, Mombasa, Kenya

Friday, July 6, 2018 (PW) — If I were at the HLRF negotiations, I would push for either 10 states run by elected governors, or 21 Districts run by senior Civil Servants appointed by Independent South Sudan Civil Service Commission and vetted by the National Parliament.

These Civil Servants will work on rotational basis for 3 years across the districts.

Development Funds should be managed at the regional level (of the 3 regions) with each region retaining 40% of its Resources for paying Civil Servants and undertaking intra-regional development programs. Read the rest of this entry »