Congratulations to Dr. James Wani Igga: Doctor of Philosophy (PhD in Business Administration, Bulacan State University, Philippines.


President Salva Kiir and Vice President Wani Igga sharing a joke

March 27, 2017 (SSB) — The PhD Thesis for Vice President H.E. James Wani Igga has been approved today, March 27, 2017, by the PhD Defense Panel of the Bulacan State University, awaiting formal graduation in June 2017.

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy Major in Business Administration, the Vice President H.E. James Wani Igga has successfully defended his PhD Dissertation Proposal.

The thesis was presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School Bulacan State University in the Philippines. The title of his thesis is “Improving the Taxation Policy for Business Investors, Both Local and Foreign: The Case of South Sudan.”

Having recognized that South Sudan’s tax contribution to the country’s GDP (Tax to GDP ratio) is the lowest in the region and, indeed, Africa and the world, Igga undertook a four year extensive research on the root causes of this undesirable reality and how it could be corrected.

This was approved today, March 27, 2017, by the PhD Defense Panel of the Bulacan State University, awaiting formal graduation in June 2017. The problems and solutions unearthed in this study will highly improve the taxation policy, practices on the ground, and generate sustainable economic development.

In due course, the published dissertation book will be shared with policy makers, business community, and the public at large.

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By Sunday de John, Chennai, India

Kiir and Garang, liberation day

Dr. John Garang and Commander Salva Kiir Mayaardit, during the liberation era

March 27, 2017 (SSB) — What is patriotism? Love for one’s own country and the readiness to defend it from any form of aggression, would make a rough answer. Can one be patriotic at the county level, or rather at the state level? Per this, are you patriotic? I mean the ready reader. Am I patriotic? I mean the ready writer. If not so, then are we patriotic? These are few questions that ring in my mind.

I know that you know the notion of self-enrichment as one such reason that has significantly contributed to our myriad of problems. Wealth, unhealthy wealth, has in many ways tempted the then expected patriots. It has drown the insensitive, heartless looters to crave for more and more even after a significant looting.

By the way, a loot means something appropriated illegally often by force or violence. It also means illicit gains by public officials. That means, anything can be a loot. Appropriately, money can be a loot. Public property such as machinery, land and vehicles can too be regarded as loots.

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By Joseph G. Akech, Juba, South Sudan


Demo-cracy or Demo-crazy?

March 27, 2017 (SSB) —- Elections are an important part of democratic governance around the world. They should be free and fair and held periodically for the people to choose their own leaders. In democratic governance, elections are a fulfillment of a universal adult suffrage and in conformity with the Constitution and the law. When there is an election dispute as to whether someone was validly elected, courts would be called upon to determine the rightful winner of an election. The petitioner must lodge his or her petition before competent court within prescribed time and rules. Such petitions are determined using enabling laws (usually the Constitution, the Presidential Elections Act, Rules of Procedure and the case law).

To determine the rightful winner of an election, courts are enjoined to consider the facts giving rise to an election dispute and apply the laws applicable. To do this, court must consider who has the burden to prove certain facts and to what extend before pronouncing itself on the dispute before it. The challenge however arises as to what constitutes free and fair elections and to what extend can an election malpractice and or irregularity be condoned by the courts of judicature. Courts are mandated to interpret the relevant laws applicable in election disputes and to reflect the ‘will of the people’ in their decisions. In other words, the decision of the court should not depart from the will of the people as to amount to injustice to peoples’ aspirations upon which courts derive their power.

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By Hon. Oyet Nathaniel Pierino, Torit, South Sudan

Nathaniel Pierino Locha

The author, Hon. Oyet Nathaniel Pierino, is a senior and founding member of SPLM-IO and the current SPLM-IO governor of Imatong State.


March 27, 2017 (SSB) —- All political societies primitive or modern are composed of invariably smaller societies of different types. What matters is where citizens locate their loyalties. By nature, a man places his loyalty and will to himself and his means of existence; family, then to the lineage, clan, tribe, ethnic group in that order.

In a civilised society like state, the most natural privilege of a man is that of associating with his fellow men and acting in common with them in pursuit of public good. In as much as the right of association is inherently inalienable and fundamental, it may also be perverted by others and thus the elements of civil life may be degenerate into conditions of destructions, cruelty and cannibalism. (Tocqueville, 1835).

If men were to cope with the pace of civilization (largest human grouping), the arts of going beyond one natural cleavages and associating with humanity on the other side of the horizon must impulsively grow and improve.  The rationale of civilisation is first and foremost, terminate inherent anarchy, insecurity, lawlessness by creating a social contract where everyone gives up his private will into that of the general will and he himself becomes a free man. JJ. Reassou, 1755.

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By Anyuon-Magedem D’Gomba, Nairobi, Kenya

Murle dancing

Act of Terror

March 27, 2017 (SSB) — In its most basic definition, the term terrorism refers to any act that is perpetrated for the purpose of causing terror.

There is no any universal definition as to just what acts are considered terrorism, but it is commonly considered to be an action that causes fear and/or harm for a political, ideological, religious, or social and economic objectives.(legal Dict)

 Acts of terrorism deliberately target civilians, neutral military personnel, or other non-combatants, with blatant disregard for their safety.

To put it more simply, when a group of two or more people commits acts of violence or force against people or property, for the purpose of intimidating or coercing a government or civilian population, in furtherance of social or political objectives, it is considered a domestic terrorism.

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Naath Universities and Colleges Students Union in Uganda (NUCSUU) Organized a Farewell Party for the 2016-2017 Graduates

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March 27, 2017 (SSB) — The Naath Universities and Colleges Students Union in Uganda (NUCSUU) leadership on the 11th March, 2017 organized an enormous farewell party for its graduated students of 2016/2017 under the theme: ‘EDUCATION FOR HUMAN LIBERATION.’ The occasion under the auspices of the Chief Guest, Dr. Riang Yer Zuor took place in Hotel Equatoria and a high number of South Sudanese from all walks of life attended.

A total number of all graduates for 2016/2017 stood 191, out of which 10 graduated with Masters, 144 Bachelors and 37 Diplomas. Two of the Bachelors holders finished with the first classes. However, the total number of the graduates significantly fell vis-a-vis the number that previously graduated years ago.

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By Joseph G. Akech, Juba, South Sudan

28 governors with president kiir

The swearing in ceremony of 28 governors in Juba, South Sudan, 29 Dec 2015

March 26, 2017 (SSB) —- The spontaneous meaning of ‘justice’ is fairness, truth or getting your right. In courts of law, justice is much more complex and often nothing but ensuring that litigants get their rights within the confines of the law. The operative meaning of this position is often found in the call to serve justice without undue regard to technicalities.

For lawyers, the concern will be following procedural rules than simply getting justice. Indeed most cases are won on technicalities but not on the truth. However, technicalities alone cannot persuade the court to grant remedies sought. Even with ironclad evidence, willful ignorance to court procedures can be fatal to the case and the opposing party could go court free.

Justice, we’re told, protects rights guaranteed by law (the statutes or common law). Courts, therefore, are expected to apply rules and laws made by parliament (statutes) and or principles enshrined in the judicial system of that jurisdiction, the common law and now more increasingly, international law.

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By Mading Abraham Majur, Juba, South Sudan

28 governors swearing in ceremony in Juba

The swearing in ceremony of 28 governors in Juba, South Sudan, 29 Dec 2015

March 27, 2017 (SSB) — For my understanding, the role and important of the state government is the soul of the state; it implements the will of the people and to protect the people against conditions of insecurity. If state is regarded as the first conditions of educated life, it is due to the existence of a government to maintain law and order and make good life for citizens ‘possible the government is the machinery that terminates the conditions of anarchy that citizens are living in.

Government is another name for administration if we deeply analyze the view of those nihilists within and outside South Sudan government’ who wants to put an end our country. But we may make a note of of the fact that even they desire of our administration itself in some form is not universally recognized by the worldwide that as long as there are assorted of interests in this society of ours’ where our government needed some mechanism to bring about and maintain workable arrangement to keep the people of this country together.

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Press release from UNMISS, Juba, South Sudan

Prof Majok Kelei stands next to UNMISS chief at Council of ministers in Bor picture by Mach Samuel

Prof Majok Kelei of Dr. John Garang University stands next to UNMISS chief at Council of ministers in Bor, picture by Mach Samuel

March 27, 2017 (SSB) — JMEC condemns the killing of aid workers and calls for a thorough, independent investigation into the attack

The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) is outraged and deeply saddened by the killing of six humanitarian workers on Saturday March 2017 and would like to present its deepest condolences to the families of those killed in the attack.

“JMEC strongly condemns the killings of the innocent humanitarian workers who are committed to serve the people of South Sudan.

“We call for an independent investigation into the heinous and senseless of the aid workers and perpetrators must be brought to book.

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Posted: March 27, 2017 by PaanLuel Wël in Awuol Gabriel Arok, Poems.

By Awuol Gabriel Arok, Juba, South Sudan

young girl with a gun

A young lady with a gun on guard during Governor Philip Aguer visit to Anyidi payam, Bor County, Jan 2016

She has stolen my heart!

But not a thief;

I was alone in the pit of darkness;

Then she came and begged my golden heart, I kept quiet

But later I saw her with my heart;

There lay my heart in a pool of blood!

There lay a well-shaped organ of the young gentle boy!

She split my heart in my present; I cried

She laughed loudly and sharply,

She smeared some blood from my heart onto her face.

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By Dak Buoth, Nairobi, Kenya

IGAD Communique on South Sudan, Nairobi, March, 2017

IGAD Communique on South Sudan, Nairobi, March 25, 2017.jpg

March 27, 2017 (SSB) — Hello Mr. President. How are you? I saw you on Citizen TV merely staring at people during IGAD summit held in Nairobi yesterday. And you look very timid and fidgeting yet you still have the gut to say that you’re the President of the Republic of South Sudan. With all due respect, you were floating seemingly clueless throughout the session. I actually pitied you.

If I may ask, do you really care to know what it means to be the head of state? I doubt whether you know what you’re doing! Did anyone ever whisper to you that you’re a Head of ‘Refugee State’ with over 1.5 million people displaced or that is just number? I do not think so. If at all you were aware and concern of anguish we are going through, thing could be different, and perhaps you could not just be spectating when the Agenda revolve around refugee affairs.

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“Is it foreseeable that someone might get killed or hurt if one drives recklessly or a mechanically ill-propelled motor on a public road?”

Joseph G. Akech, Juba, South Sudan

Burnt oil tanker along the Nimule-Juba road, Sept 2016.jpg

Burnt oil tanker along the Nimule-Juba road, Sept 2016.jpg

March 26, 2017 (SSB) — Due to the rampant increase in fatal traffic accidents on major roads and cities in South Sudan, the writer dares to introduce a controversial but worthwhile idea with respect to the subject matter. This unfamiliar opinion comes at the backdrop of increasing rate of fatal accidents by reckless or negligent motorists. The Traffic Act, 2003 is inadequate and perhaps the legislators did not contemplate the current state of affairs – hiked in fatal traffic incidents.  Section 47(1) of the Act states that:

“any person who causes the death of another by driving a vehicle on a road recklessly or at a speed or in a manner dangerous to the public, or by leaving any vehicle on a road in such a position, manner or condition as to be dangerous to the public, commits an offence and shall on conviction be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years.”[Sic].

This penalty is scarcely applied due to either desire to settle issues out of the court or inadequate investigation leading to a different and more lenient sentence, if any. In most cases, motorists have no respect for boda-boda riders or pedestrians. The number of casualties in Juba Teaching Hospital caused by negligent driving is shocking. However, in most modern cities around the world, accidents are expected in towns as they become crowded with vehicles and pedestrians. What is so incomprehensible with our case is the way in which cases are easily settled with an almost determined amount of cash to be paid in case of death or grievous bodily harm resulting from an accident.

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By Santino Aniek, New York, U.S.A


Kuol Manyang Juuk, Taban Deng Ghai, Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth etc in the USA

March 26, 2017 (SSB) —- Taban Deng Gai’s long career of abusing power for an endless goal and taking advantage of little guy does not just started, but since he observed power in the 1980s. Those who know Taban, in which myself is included, would agree that this long career abusing power and taking advantage of little guy did not just started overnight, nonetheless, since when Taban was Itang’s administrator.

In fact, the majority of the South Sudanese are aware of the grimy details of Taban’s infamously governing when he became the Governor of Unity State. As one might expect, Taban claims to represent the interests of the citizenry of this country, as he became the Vice President of South Sudan. But his governing record reveals a man with a penchant for tyrannizing the little guy and abusing power for his endless goal.

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By Maliap Madit Mabior, Kampala, Uganda

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March 26, 2017 (SSB) —- First and foremost, I don’t dismiss the fact that a lot has been said and many people have spoken about South Sudan and so, ‘honesty is the policy’ and by our difference in views, all answers to this article in question form maybe correct. And so, I’ll be very much on the blessing end rather than a curse.

Well, from the creation account, human being which the Bible calls mankind was and is created in God’s image with Adam believed to be the original copy of God which no one rejects this religious fact. There, Adam demanded for a partner and so God quickly co-created Eve (Garang ke Abuk in my language) and roughly the multiplication resulted into us of today split into tribes and clans. Given this brief story, one would simply conclude that we are one people by naturalization.

By definition, ‘Heterogeneous’ is the opposite of a Greek word ‘Homogeneous’ meaning ‘’of the same kind.’’ Thus, Heterogeneous is from Greek word meaning ‘’of different kinds.’’ It may also be used to describe inanimate objects as well as people. It is a society in which race, ethnicity, and religion are of secondary importance to a sense of civic equality and consciousness of a shared culture and values.

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Communiqué of the 30th Extra-Ordinary Summit of IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government on South Sudan, 25TH MARCH 2017, NAIROBI – KENYA

IGAD Communique on South Sudan, Nairobi, March, 2017

IGAD Communique on South Sudan, Nairobi, March 25, 2017.jpg

March 26, 2017 (SSB) — The IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government held its 30th Extra-Ordinary Summit on 25th March 2017 in Nairobi, Kenya, under the chairmanship of H.E. Hailemariam Desalegn, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Chairperson of the IGAD Assembly, to deliberate on current situation in the Republic of South Sudan.

Held on the sidelines of the Special IGAD Summit on Durable Solutions for Somali Refugees and Sustainable Reintegration of Returnees in Somalia, the assembly was attended by H.E. Ismail Omar Guelleh, President of the Republic of Djibouti; H.E. Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya; H.E. Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, President of the Federal Republic of Somalia; H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic of South Sudan; H.E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of the Republic of Uganda; and H.E. Hasabo Mohamed Abdul Rhaman, Vice-President of the Republic of the Sudan.

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 By Kur Wël Kur, Adelaide, Australia  

Prof Majok Kelei stands next to UNMISS chief at Council of ministers in Bor picture by Mach Samuel

Prof Majok Kelei of Dr. John Garang University stands next to UNMISS chief at Council of ministers in Bor, picture by Mach Samuel

March 26, 2017 (SSB) — Since her birth in the winter of 1938, Nyankoot Bolek had never seen even a hill. Just anthills she enjoyed luring the termites out of them with flames in April every year. But it had never happened to see a giant mountain up close. They had managed with her second daughter- in- law to ride on the back of the heavy trucks that UN hired in Kenya to transport food relief (sacks of sorghum and cartons of oil) to hunger-stricken places in liberated areas.

Their clothes were modest if one takes into the consideration the number of women and teenage girls with nothing more than a traditional sewn skirt in South Sudan by that time. Ajah was wearing a new traditional skirt and a Malaya, a linen sheet made of polyester. And no shoes. In fact, shoes were unthinkable. Her mother in law was wearing an African dress that resembled a night gown. All of their clothes were in bright colours.

They were exhausted from their journey from Aliab to Terekeka, then with a canoe, another kind- hearted mundri man rowed them across the Nile to Gameza where Nyankoot Bolek kissed the driver’s palm for a lift.

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By Warille B. Warille, London, UK

March 26, 2017 (SSB) —- The world is waking up to the realities of South Sudan now that a multiplicity of voices are beginning to come out boldly to condemn the kleptocratic dictatorship in Juba.

The tormented people of South Sudan have been held hostage and have for so long been the victims of a vicious and lethal power struggle between the country’s tribal elite. Totally incapable of creating a common identity, ethnic politics not foreign to Africa, continues to plague the various groups in this young nation.

At the centre of it all is the fact that the genesis of many of the problems facing the nascent state of South Sudan have for a very long time remained poorly understood by the rest of the world and that is the case with the famine that is about to compromise the very existence of the infant country.

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Lack of Ideology, Moral Politics and the Rule of Law: The Cause of South Sudanese Problems

By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda


Demo-cracy or Demo-crazy?

March 25, 2017 (SSB) — Six years ago South Sudanese overwhelmingly voted for separation from Sudan after over forty years of struggle for independence. Thus, independence made South Sudan become a sovereign state.

In that regard, when we talk of State sovereignty we mean the State responsibility and because of that responsibility the state has a primary duty to protect its citizens, which lies with the state itself (see “The Report of the International Commission on Responsibility of States to protect and Intervention and State Sovereignty,” December 2001)

Sadly six years down the road, South Sudan has lost the road as it has fallen into some of kind of a military dictatorship (though it is not a typical military government) that retains power through the use of political violence, kidnappings, and other oppressive tactics. These tactics are used solely to protect and maintain the interest of the cliques that have held the government and the president hostage in order to continue sacking the blood of South Sudanese amidst ruthless and aimless war.

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By Hon. Arop Madut Arop, Nairobi, Kenya

 media reporting

March 25, 2017 (SSB) —- The topic journalism; the most abused profession in the Republic of South Sudan, in particular and Africa at large, will be discussed, in several articles. The first part will revisit the origin of information gathering skill, the emergence of the modern press industry, as well as the first appearance and subsequent development of journalism as a profession. We will then turn and discuss the need to have a new vision for an African press, as opposed to capitalist and socialist press. This part will attempt to answer the question as to whether there is an absolute Freedom of the Press at all in the world. The second part will briefly look at the constraints encounter by journalists in their practice of their profession; hence the importance for the training of press men and women. The third part of the article will comment briefly about the introduction and development of the press, for the first time, in South Sudan, during the regional self-rule experiment (1972-1982) and the current pathetic situation of the press industry in the world youngest nation. The study will further discuss briefly, the importance and the need for the training of press men and press women in South Sudan, by the country ministry of information and broadcasting; assuming that the concerned authorities have learned useful lessons from the past experiences of the previous regional ministry of information authorities (1972-1982), when they managed and trained many journalists from scratch. Importantly the training of journalists is pivotal so that they can do their job of informing the general public accurately and satisfactorily about what concerned them directly or indirectly; in accordance to the norms and ethics of journalism profession. The third part will bring us to the conclusion about the central theme of our topic ‘’journalism the most abused profession in the Republic of South Sudan’’. In this concluding part, we will give classic comparative examples about the abused of journalism profession or lack of it in the world youngest nation. In this context we will compare the press coverage of the South Sudan current conflict by the Sudan Tribune and Radio Tamazuj Websites, on the one hand, with that of Gurtong Peace Trust and PaanLuel Wël Websites, on the other hand.  Let us now start discussing part one of the article.

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By Constant’s Dc, Perth, Australia

South Sudan in 2040

South Sudan in 2040

March 25, 2017 (SSB) —- Last year on 22 March 2040, as I was sitting under a mango tree I planted in the year 2030. I was enjoying cold breeze from the Nile and run my mind wild for a while.

My grandson was playing with his mates in the soccer field nearby. The environment was so peaceful. The sound of approaching ships, planes and trains 🚄 filled the sky.

The roads were tarmac, lights brightened the streets of konyokonyo and the whole was like heaven. Businesses were booming, and there was abundance food around which can be seen through the buttocks of fat kids around.

The TV 📺 news were full of development projects, inventions and innovations. There seem to be no news on cattle raids, SPLA rapes, famine and looting of public monies; One would wait almost a lifetime to hear them.

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