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Riek Machar arrival in Addis Ababa, 20 June 2018


By Awuol Gabriel Arok, Juba, South Sudan



Thursday 21, June 2018 PW — South Sudanese convoy made up of the civil population, leaders and armed forces to the twin city of peace and prosperity had been a doughy mission due to unnecessary dismount and alighting by the political actors, throaty commanding voices, and directives from the multiple remote hubs.

It had been a great drama of unconsciousness as the leaders vigorously gave orders to the buses’ drivers to gear off in order to put on board their behind the schedule friends and relatives who were caught unsuspecting when the convoy left.

This egotistical conduct set off the unrestrained commotion and disagreement on the leadership bus hence sending panic of possible delay or postponement of the entire journey; the second civil bus and the third armed forces bus keep on stopping as fierce commanding voices and immense bangs were heard from the leadership bus, that furious quarreling demanded a comprehensive resolution before the next journey recommencement.

The leadership bus has been a great disappointment during the entire drive, most of the noticeable political actors have been attending to most of the bushes calls with ghastly objectives that elongated before they could proudly return to the waiting convoy and without giving a wink of concern to the groaning voices of the dying children and women from the civil bus.

The journey was so wearisome because of many stoppages and disagreements; as soon as one of the leaders returned to the convoy from the negative call of nature another one alight and dash into the bush, a number of them took as few minutes as they can, whereas some lengthened their activities to the scope of threatening the existence of wild animals in the jungle.

The driver of the civil bus was worried and concerned by the continuous vomiting from the women and children and badly infuriated by slapdash urination by youths who were angered by the empty delay after holding their bladders for quite long.

Men who have taken some gulps of alcohol without considering its journeyed consequences also joined the queue for urination; the inequitable number of nurses to attend to the laboring women and dying children made the conditions intensive and unbearable.

As children yelled for water rowdy youths rushed into the bush to pick some wild fruits; surprisingly some of them went to the bush and did not returned as the schedule required, most of them came back after hearing thundering roars of the jungle lions and on their own biblical calendar without considering how delayed it will be for the little children to reach the water points; the aged died silently on their seats and awkwardly some were knocked hard by the drunken youths.

The passengers on the armed forces bus were absolutely puzzled and where put into attention as the hostile youths ran into the bush; most of the youth went and provided protection to the bush explorers, in the process of gratifying their picket vocations, hunger and thirst walloped them solidly until majority of them crooked into prowling and human butchery.

Such supercilious activities did not go on well with some of the armed forces and indeed armed forces who were disconcerted by the unmannered behaviors of the youth went into the bush and began chasing them to the waiting convoy, some passengers from the security bus contacted the passengers of the other two buses and asked them what their businesses are and how are people going to proceed with the journey if everyone is only interested in pessimism and deeply self-opinionated.

In the process of reassuring and soothing the state of affairs by some leaders, their voices were engrossed by the angry voices of passengers from the civil bus, therefore, a camping night was declared by the convoy team leader in order to sort out some directorial concerns and those who have kinds of stuff to cook were relieved from the piercing pangs of hunger.

Passengers from the armed forces bus provided protection ring around the camp; it was horrific and dreadful night as the number of youths sneaked out of the camp and irreversibly other tiptoed into the camping site. Early in the morning, the convoy team leader sent a welcoming message across the entire jungle using a beam audio microphone telling them the continuation of the journey to the (PP City).

After tactical hooting by the drivers who alerted the bush trespassers about the continuance of the journey, Those who responded to the calling voice of the convoy leader came and surprisingly after two hours of waiting before the next journey began a disorderly group of youth appear from the bush in various tattered uniforms and humorously majority of them were drunk as they waved their various small demanding cards.

After the passengers settled on their seats among the three buses, new arrangements were made as follows: There should be no more stoppages on the road in response to the call of nature, all the nurses have to be divided among the three buses, paper bags and containers available have to be used for vomiting and urination, hunters and hackers found along the roads were not to be picked as usual, road advisory was given to the convoy leader and road engineers.

Passengers on the armed forces bus were given concrete advice on how to coordinate and communicate with the other passengers in case of an emergency attack, the little available water and services were divided equally and mostly given to the needy, all those who returned from the bushes were to be disarmed and later given their guns after justifying at the grievances and Peace court, It was agreed that all the guns will be kept at miles away from PP City at a place call liberation Township’’

After the new guidelines were communicated to the passengers, the convoy leader blew the whistle for commencement of the journey after it was confirmed that the vacant seats were for those who have been eaten up by the wild animals while in the bush and probably some seats were for those who have been hit during the hide and seek insurgencies in the bush.

The convoy was flagged on by the team Leader and barely after two hours drive, the beautiful twin city of Peace and Prosperity (PP City) was seen on the horizon, everyone was excited to the extent of alighting from the buses but before crossing the Freedom Bridge there was a Salaam Court that interrogated individuals found on the blacklist of interest before they joined their fellow citizens at the swearing-in ceremony of Peace, Love, and Unity.

Accompanied by brethren hugs, joyous crying, and ululations, song of  One people, One Nation dominated the scene….those who passed the test of Peace oath at the freedom bridge were given copies of National Anthem booklet and the whole mass match into the city singing beautiful national song of

Ooh! God, we praise and glorify you for your grace on South Sudan. Land of great abundance upholds us united in peace and harmony……

Awuol Gabriel Arok, a Writer, and a Poet, has a Bachelor Degree in Social and Developmental Studies from the University of Juba, South Sudan, he is the author of the unpublished book ‘‘The Wisdom Horn’’ and an Initiator of ‘‘Your Tribe is My Tribe’’ and ‘‘Giving Heart Foundation’’ initiatives. He can be reached via his email Address:

SPLM_IO thanks IGAD and Ethiopia for the Release of Dr Riek Machar from Detention

By Atem Yaak Atem, Sydney, Australia

Abel Alier and Atem Yaak Atem

Hon. Abel Alier and Atem Yaak Atem in Nairobi, Kenya, 2005, at the signing of the CPA

Wednesday, 20 June 2018 (PW) — Over the weekend I took part in a video discussion on the education of South Sudanese girls to be at a par with boys. During my talk, the moderator asked me to throw some light on why the current generation- young men and girls- tend to show overt interest in politics. As the scope of the talk limited me to matters pertaining to education, and not politics, my answer was deliberately inadequate. This piece is an attempt to provide an overview of what I left out in the conversation.

‘Because politicians are famous’

While we were exploring the skills and careers formal education should confer on students, specifically to be gainfully employed as well as good citizens, I was presented with the question relating to the fact that many young South Sudanese show an undisguised interest in politics. “Is it because politicians are famous?”

As a hypothesis, it could be one of several answers to what is undeniably an obvious attraction: not by youth alone but also by a large segment of the society of South Sudan; nearly everyone loves to talk politics and hopes to become a full time “professional” politician one day. Read the rest of this entry »

By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

Riek Machar arrival in Addis Ababa, 20 June 2018.jpg

Riek Machar arrival in Addis Ababa, 20 June 2018

Wednesday, 20 June 2018 (PW) — Whoever relaxes reading will disarm himself academically and land himself in a passive position. For those who refused to be cowed into alcoholic’s friendship, your knowledge hasn’t yet evaporated but with lapse of time, should you sip one cup of an alcopop made from dried yeast, you will risk frittering the knowledge away. Help yourself!

A magician without sick people brought before him for some days would slaughter a chicken in conjuring people so that problem befalls them, and then he would benefit in solving those problems. This’s the same case with IGAD in solving South Sudan problems.

The decaying classes and the labouring masses are tired of peace process being repeatedly postponed. What is wrong with this compromise peace and its revitalization forum whereas other peace deals have been hastily signed as if bees were chasing the signatories out of hall?

Read the rest of this entry »

South Sudan Civil Society Forum (SSCSF) – An Open Letter to President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar: The Citizens’ Agenda for your Face-to-Face Meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (PDF)



By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan


President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, Addis Ababa, 2015

Tuesday, June 19, 2018 (PW) — President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar are reportedly conducting their long-awaited face-to-face meeting tomorrow in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. This crucial meeting – their first contact since the infamous dogfight at J-1 in July 2016 – comes against a backdrop of the dismal failure of the IGAD-led Intensive Interlinked Consultation (IIC) in Addis Ababa, which collapsed yesterday without any major breakthrough on the main outstanding issues pertaining to chapter 1 and 2 of the 2015 ARCSS.

The main point of contention among the warring parties appears to be the spirited attempt by opposition parties to change the status quo in Juba by demanding the total dissolution and reconstitution of all state apparatus, and the strong determination by the government to maintain and perpetuate the status quo as presently constituted, with few changes here and there to placate the opposition and international community.

Various attempts by IGAD to break the deadlocks, including the introduction of a revised abridging proposal of the High Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) of the 2015 ARCSS fell flat on its face. The revised bridging proposal of the HLRF is not a great improvement from its predecessor, however. Read the rest of this entry »

Another tedious search for peace: What the South Sudanese leaders should learnt from regional and international handshakes

By Longar Mathiec Wol, Juba, South Sudan

Raila and Riek

Former Kenyan PM, Raila Odinga, meeting South Sudanese opposition leader, Riek Machar, in South Africa, in the lead up to the face to face meeting in Khartoum between President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar

Tuesday, June 19, 2018 (PW) — As the negotiation teams expected to resume another phase of negotiation in Addis Ababa, IGAD led peace mediation after face meeting schedule in Khartoum between President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek Machar Teny, if that initiative succeed; till then, the suffering masses will have to continue to patiently wait for the peace they have been yearning for a little longer. It has been painful experience and set back since Junubeen world turned a part in 2013.  Since then, the struggle to restore peace and stability rage on, the despair seems to overcome hope. Many people see the strategies deployed by the mediation organization, country and the opposition to be defective; people felt led down, the suffering continues.

In the view of the people of South Sudan, peace is the only way forward, and for the peace to come the politicians at this time are expected to sacrifice. They are expected to at least do right things. People have suffered enough. The analyses have it that, the country failed to achieve lasting peace because our leaders put their personal interest above all interests. The real peace will never come till when the leaders stop demanding for positions, instead of diagnosing the real root causes of this tragic civil war that led million to displacement camps in East Africa. Read the rest of this entry »

A socioeconomic perspective: High Bride Price is the main driver of rampant conflicts in the Lakes region in particular and South Sudan in general

By Makur Garang Apadieer, Juba, South Sudan

The Wedding of Amer Mayen Dhieu and Makwei Mabioor Deng, 14 October 2017

The Wedding of Amer Mayen Dhieu and Makwei Mabioor Deng, 14 October 2017

  1. Synopsis

Tuesday, June 19, 2018 (PW) — This article focuses mainly on the bride price, its history, benefits and consequences. The main theme of writing this article is to highlight both advantages and disadvantages and how the interrelation of both positive and negative aspects of the high bride price can be harnessed by creating and institutionalizing the guidelines that can regulate the conduct of marriage to meet the interests of the bride and family, the groom and family and the bride and groom respectively.

The article follows a specified sequence or outline which includes definition, introduction and history of bride wealth, merits of bride wealth, and evidence of practice and consequences of high bride price, existing control mechanisms, coping mechanisms and demerits of bride price and proposed policy option for addressing current and prospective negative consequences emanating from high bride price.

The work draws examples mainly from pastoral ethnic communities within South Sudan. Citations from earlier work on same topic have also made. The article is an attempt to advocate and bring to the platform the most pressing issue of our time for collective resolution by multiple stakeholders: government, community, CSOs, NGOs and UN agencies. Read the rest of this entry »

By Awuol Gabriel Arok, Juba, South Sudan


Tuesday, June 19, 2018 (PW) —With many wondering whether peace will ever comes from the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa after many phases of peace talk bear little progresses.

It is possible for Peace to come from Ethiopia, the 1972 Peace agreement that enable Southerners taste and felt the fruits of development and citizenship within the Sudanese societies came from Addis Ababa.

The 10 years of peaceful Sudan from 1972 to 1982 had left big footprints of development that are still visible and will be available for generations to come.

What matter is not the location of the peace talks but the readiness and responses from the parties to the agreement.

Any suggestive change toward Peace Talk locality, participants and mediating partners cannot favour the current situation of South Sudan and the prolific progress that has been made by IGAD. Read the rest of this entry »


CEPO Fact Sheet - Revised Bridging Proposal from IGAD

Tuesday, June 19, 2018 (PW) — IGAD intensive interlink consultations that started from 16 through to 18 June, 2018 in Ethiopia-Addis Ababa for South Sudan conflicting parties end up today without remarkable results or narrowing the gaps among the conflicting parties. The parties’ delegates refer the issues to the face to face meeting of President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar. The parties are clearly so much reserve in making compromises for peace.

Still the parties are standing on their hard positions where the opposition wants TGONU not to maintain the current status quo while TGoNU wants to maintain the current status quo at all level of government. This is the principle of disagreement all along the deliberation on various organs of the government. Therefore the meeting of President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar is the political penalties kick for making peace to prevail or violence continue. The Government offers new proposal on parliament and state government responsibility sharing. Read the rest of this entry »

Why educated South Sudanese men are polygamous

Posted: June 18, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By Philip Thon Aleu, Juba, South Sudan

The wedding of Amer Mayen Dhieu and Makwei Mabioor Deng on 14 October 2017. The best men in the picture are Dut Deng Atem, Aguer Bior Ajang, Awuol Wach Awuol, Philip Thon Aleu, Atok Dan Baguoot and Bol Madut Ayii at Dembesh hotel, Juba, South Sudan

Monday, June 18, 2018 (PW) — Polygamous marriage is old as ancient South Sudanese history. Polygamy is not popular today thanks to western education, cultural decay, exposure to foreign cultures and scarce resources. However, a considerable portion of South Sudanese men continue to marry two or three wives. Other men lifted the bar even higher; striking the throat-cutting ‘level four.’

South Sudanese feminists; particularly our sisters, wives and mothers, are bitter about this ‘uncivilized, primitive’ practice. Some feminists are mockingly suggesting polyandry (when a woman is married to more than one husband); a practice never heard of in South Sudan’s modern times.

The calls to allow both polyandry and polygamy aims at bringing the debate closer to hearts – so that men see their ‘wives’ entering into or emerging from a hut at damns with other men. Men, the feminists argue, will therefore feel the impacts that comes with polygamy. In few lines, I am making a case for polygamy amongst educated South Sudanese men. Read the rest of this entry »

Monday, June 18, 2018 (PW) — Yesterday the deliberation on the making some breakthrough on the outstanding issues was effective but with several reservations from all parties. The factors that drive their reservations for not making the effective compromises is totally the interest in controlling government power or dominating government decisions.

Each of the party wants to ensure that it has the control and dominance of government power. The gameplay in the room is, the government of national unity wants to maintain the current status quo while all opposition groups want the government of national unity not to maintain the current status quo. This is the political difference on the road for striking a peace deal.

Read the rest of this entry »

CEPO Press Release on President Kiir and Riek Machar Meeting in Addis

Posted: June 18, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan


West of Equatoria Towner, Women Union Building, Hai Nieem –Kator Block-Juba City

Monday, June 18, 2018 (PW) — President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar leader of Sudan People’s Liberation Movement /Army- In- Opposition (SPLM/A-IO) are expected to meet face-to-face in Ethiopia –Addis Ababa on 2oth June 2018.

The meeting is aiming at sorting out their political difference and finding proposals for making the searching for peace under IGAD-led High level revitalization Forum (HLRF) successful.

HLRF was a strategy adopted by IGAD for revitalizing the signed Peace “Agreement on the Resolution of conflict in South Sudan–ARCSS” in 2015. The revitalization of ARCSS is mainly focusing on chapter 1 on Governance and chapter 2 on security arrangement since December 2017. Read the rest of this entry »

Letter to the HLRF: United Voices of the South Sudanese Diaspora

Posted: June 18, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

14th June 2018

The Honourable Ismail Wais

IGAD Special envoy to South Sudan,

Re: Letter Presenting United Voices of South Sudanese in the Diaspora to the High Level Revitalization Forum

A. Introduction

Your Excellency;

1. This letter is presented jointly by South Sudanese diaspora community based organisations advocating for peace, reconciliations and unity of South Sudanese people, it include the South Sudanese in Australia, America (Canada and USA) and UK in Europe.

2. We express our appreciation for your leadership and for that of the IGAD head of states, IGAD peace mediators and the support given by the AU, UN, Troika (Norway, UK, USA) to the ARCSS revitalization process. We encourage all of the participating parties to continue their engagement in the IGAD led peace mediation, recognizing that the people are suffering; children, women, disabled and elderly and other vulnerable people in the displaced and refugee camps are starving and have inadequate medical care. Read the rest of this entry »

IGAD should proritize an inclusive national dialogue instead of power sharing agreement

By Deng Akok muoradid, Juba, South Sudan

Monday, June 18, 2018 (PW) — There are several forms of conflicts in South Sudan and their root causes are of course complex. The causes of internal South Sudanese conflict varied typhically involving historical grivalences, cattle rustling, child abduction, competition over the use of natural resources like land and water.

These conflicts revolve around ethnic, cultural and linguistic division. The conflict in South Sudan did not start in 2013 or did not emerge due to the power struggle as the peace mediators have miscalculated it.

The international community would have first conducted a concrete research on the root causes of the ongoing conflict in South Sudan before mediating the talks. The ongoing revitalization forum in Ethiopia will never bring a sustainable and lasting peace to South Sudan because it focuses on allocating positions to various power hungery politicians rather than addressing the root causes of the conflict at the grassroot levels. Read the rest of this entry »

By Awuol Gabriel Arok, Juba, South Sudan


 Monday, June 18, 2018 (PW) — South Sudanese have been known for flexibility, understanding and self-possession for ages and definitely it has been evidenced during the last five years of unexplainable conflict.

 May the grace of our Lord keep on giving the wind of hope to the resilient people of South Sudan today and bless them with Peace and Progress.

No year can be a bed of roses to all but for the sake of humanity and how we were created by God in his own image as his divine children; pain of another must be the pain of another.

Prayerfully next round of HLRF talk and the upcoming face to face meeting between President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar may put to an end South Sudanese mysterious conflicts of confusions. Read the rest of this entry »

By Hon. Shadrack Bol Machok, Rumbek, South Sudan

Mangar Buong Aluenge

Security improves as disarmament begins -Governor Mangar Buong Aluenge of Eastern Lakes state

Sunday, June 17, 2018 (PW) — First and foremost I would like to bring to the attention of all that H. E. Maj. Gen. Matur Chut Dhuol; Governor of Western Lakes State and who was also the most capable and strong Governor of the defunct Lakes State is a man of peace. He aims at seeing peace and stability prevailing in the region not only the State that he is governing, taking into consideration that he had once been responsible for the lives and properties of the people of greater Yirol now Eastern Lakes and the lives and properties of the people of greater Cueibet which is now Gok State.

Based on these facts H. E. Matur Chut Dhuol upon realizing that our civil population in the region are finishing themselves at gunpoint took a bold step by requesting H. E. The President of the Republic to intervene with declaration of state of emergency in the whole of Lakes. This was done on the 8th of December 2017; upon which H. E. The President in consultation with SPLM Politburo accepted and subsequently declared State of emergency in the three states of greater Lakes and directed Bilpam to deploy SPLA forces in the region in order to simultaneously disarm the armed civilians in Western lakes, Eastern lakes and Gok state. Read the rest of this entry »

south sudanese players at the 2018 world cup

Image  —  Posted: June 17, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

  1. The New IGAD’s Revised Bridging Proposal on the High Level Revitalization Forum of the 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS)

CEPO Fact Sheet - Revised Bridging Proposal from IGAD

2. The Original IGAD’s Bridging Proposal on the High Level Revitalization Forum of the 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS)

CEPO fact sheet on the power sharing arrangement




Image  —  Posted: June 17, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in CEPO, HLRF, Junub Sudan