Was The Political Wrangling In The Ruling SPLM Party The Root Cause Of The Current Crisis In South Sudan?

By Hon Arop Madut Arop, Oxford, UK

fighting in juba

fighting in juba, 2013, 2016

March 19, 2018 (SSB) — In this article, I will attempt to answer one basic question as to whether it was political wrangling in the Ruling SPLM party was to blame for the December 15th 20013 crisis or something else. This is important, because some people, both South Sudanese stakeholders and most members of the international community who are making efforts to resolve the on-going crisis appear to have lost sight of the fundamental causes of the said crisis. This oversight was clearly demonstrated when many stakeholders called upon the IGAD led HLRF to resolve the root causes of the crisis first before effort were made to revitalize the 2015 controversial peace deal.

Their request to resolve the root causes before the actual crisis could be addressed presupposes that other social and political ills: like bad governance, tribalism or corruptions were responsible for the crisis. Although these social and political ills are undeniably part of the problem, they are not the root causes of the problem per se. According to medical science, one has to diagnose the causes of the disease suffered by a patient before one can be able to prescribe right medicine to cure it. It is in the same vein that in order to solve the current conflict in the young nation, it will be instructive to discuss the main contributing factors to the current crisis in the hope that those engaged in an effort to bring peace to the world youngest nation would benefit from it. Bear with me.

As we start to discuss the contributing factors to the current crisis, it will be important to recall that, after the independence of South Sudan, all the existing political parties that were registered in accordance to the ancient regime’s constitution, including the SPLM, automatically became illegal entities. The political parties, the old and the new, were then expected to have their parties registered in accordance with the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan 2011 before the function as political entities. Basically, the SPLM, as the lead party should have also been registered afresh. This would have been followed by the calling for third-party national convention in order to approve the party’s basic documents namely, the manifesto and the constitution. Other procedural regulations could have also been revised and approved by the third party national convention.

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Suggested Way Forward in the 3rd Phase of the IGAD HLRF

Posted: March 18, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Eng. Charles Barnaba Kisanga, Juba, South Sudan

four vice presidents of south sudan

four vice presidents of south sudan

March 18, 2018 (SSB) — On the 14th February 2018, a document started circulating on the internet and referred to as Compromise Proposal for new South Sudan Government to be agreed upon in the HLRF meeting ongoing in Addis Ababa then. It went on to suggest names for portfolios although it did not tackle issue of Governance with its formula of distribution and it did not touch the status of the 32 states either.

I wish to add my views here as to what really can bring peace to South Sudan since hundreds if not thousands seemed to react positively to the so called ‘Compromise document’. It is clear from the public reaction that people are fed up with war and are ready to accept any tangible proposal and agreement that can silence the guns and bring peace. However some elites in Addis Abba are getting it wrong by trying to solve the root causes of war, the economy plus the issues that led to the collapse of our baby nation South Sudan.

It is not the IGAD mediators or facilitators who can impose the good governance in our country but it is the people of South Sudan who can work to create a great nation and so what matters is to accept the basic minimum that is needed to bring peace then let us come and harmonize our diverse views and we can work together to create a good country with the right makeup of the Government.

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 From our own correspondent, Nairobi, Kenya

Aleu Majok, during the Nilerian script seminar in Nairobi, Kenya

Aleu Majok, during the Nilerian script seminar in Nairobi, Kenya

March 18, 2018 (SSB) — For the first time on the African continent, the Nilerian Project conducted on Thursday 8th March a seminar with South Sudanese Students in Nairobi, Kenya. The seminar was organized by South Sudanese Students’ Association in Kenya (SSSAK) with support from South Sudanese Students Association in Nairobi University (SSSANU) and Bahr el Ghazal Students’ Union in Kenya (BSU). On behalf of SSSAK, Matai Manuoi Mun, SSSAK Organizing Secretary, and Kuir Mayen Kuir, SSSAK Secretary for Information, took charge of the event organization and mobilization of students.

Meanwhile, Mr. Ayuel Taupiny Majak, SSSAK President, Mr. Gai Mayen Luk, SSSANU President and Ms Amati, BSU President, had expressed their support of the Nilerian initiative and blessed the seminar before leaving for a youth conference in Kampala, Uganda.

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The most precious God’s gift is becoming costly in our homeland: The Nile water and its consumption in Juba metropolitan city in our contemporary situation

By Thomas Akuith Ngong, Juba, South Sudan


Juba, South Sudan

March 18, 2018 (SSB) — South Sudan, as one of the African countries endowed with the gift of Nile River as one of its key natural resources, is not adequately utilizing the Nile water. The other Nile-sharing countries are the ones having predominant versatile enjoyment. The oil resource has majorly been and is continuing to be the only naturally occurring resource paid political attention in South Sudan’s settings. But since the oil prices have lowered in the global market, South Sudan has faced a relentless economic hardship. That is the path in which we have erred economically and politically.

We should not be solely dependent on oil as the only main contributing source to our gross domestic product (GDP), but also on other available resources such as the Nile, which would equally contribute to our domestic economic growth. South Sudan is a land of great abundance as it is sung in our National Anthem. Other highly lucrative existing natural resources must be extracted and made us of to fill the financial gap. There are resources to do with minerals, wildlife, mountains, rivers and so forth which are negligently abandoned to foreign individuals to prospect and loot without our lookout. The remedy purely needs governmental initiative and lead.

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CEPO: Ethiopia Urges South Sudanese Parties to Support Revitalization Process

Yakani of CEPO

March 18, 2018 (SSB) — Ethiopia has urged South Sudanese stakeholders to support the regional efforts to end the bloody violence conflict which forced over 4 million people to flee their homes. As the IGAD-mediated High-Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) on South Sudan is expected to resume during the upcoming days Ethiopia’s State Minister for Foreign Affairs Hirut Zemene Friday discussed the process with members of the political operation.

“The State Minister underlined that Ethiopia supports the ongoing National Dialogue Forum, and further called upon the delegation to do all they can to support the IGAD-led South Sudan’s peace process,” reads a statement released by the foreign ministry after the meeting. Community Empowerment for Progress Organization welcomes Ethiopia call for the renewal of pledge from our South Sudan conflicting parties to respect the revitalization of the peace process. It is great and encourages.

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The future of South Sudan lies with the Arabs 

By Abdellatif El-Menawy, Cairo, Egypt
Does the future of South Sudan lie with the Arabs and the Arab League

Does the future of South Sudan lie with the Arabs and the Arab League

When it emerged last week that the Arab League had refused a membership request by South Sudan — followed by a denial of such an application by a South Sudanese official, who said it had only asked to become an “observer” — I recalled an interview I carried out before secession with Salva Kiir Mayardit, who is now the country’s prime minister.
His mastery of Arabic was not any less than any other Sudanese person. It was a long interview, in which he said that he welcomed any Arab or Muslim in South Sudan, but he spoke as well about the sense of injustice and neglect felt among Southerners toward the people of the North. When I moved on to record a TV interview, Kiir asked to do it in English. I asked him to speak in Arabic, which he speaks fluently, because the interview would be broadcast on Egyptian TV to an Arabic-speaking audience, but he insisted on English.
It is another missed opportunity for the Arab League that the Arab foreign ministers did not give due diligence to the request of South Sudan to join. And it is really sad for some to consider the Arabic language as a mere element, rather than part of our culture and language. I remember that, in July 2016, Arab League Secretary-General Ahmed Aboul-Gheit announced from Khartoum that he would work hard to convince the Arab states to give South Sudan “special observer” status, to stop Israel’s infiltration of African countries. I considered Aboul-Gheit’s initiative an unconventional and courageous one. Had it succeeded, it would have been a huge breakthrough.

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Do we Liberate a Man and place him Equal before the Law or a Piece of Land to Create another Kingdom?

By Oyet Nathaniel Pierino, Kampala, Uganda

March 16, 2018 (SSB) — As a solution to ongoing quagmire in South Sudan, There’s this currence of ideas that is trending for creation of 03 independent states of Upper Nile, Equatoria and Bar El Gazel in South Sudan. The proposal is coming from individuals within Equatoria; I have also seen literature coming from Upper Nile region, Gatluak Reath, wrote it.

The chollo in Fashoda are saying if 03, better 04 states; the 4th being Fashoda state, its war; the Murle are saying no, better 05 states; the 5th being Pibor state; its war; the Anywak are saying no, better 06 states; the 6th being Boma state it’s war; So are the Apadang, Brun and Maban not to mention Dinka Bor who fear being minority in a Nuer dominated state. Therefore expect more states.

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By David Matiop Gai, Juba, South Sudan

March 16, 2018 (SSB) — I have my own philosophy which I wrote in most of my articles about peace and community cohesion that, there is no a single tribe in South Sudan who has rights to remove other tribes from their geographical areas and replace them with God’s angels so that they stay together with Gods angels in peace and stability whatsoever. In my short survey, our views, opinions, thoughts and decisions matter lots on peace and community cohesion.

Apart from civil war in the country, communities are engaging in communal fighting. Peace agreement and implementation of political settlement are challenging factors against national unity. Therefore, the roles of youths and women groups are vital in peace settlement because these two groups are majority of South Sudan population. Youths and women programs should operate at the around table of peace. The evidence is shown in activities they do.

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By Deng Vanang, Dares Salaam, Tanzania

March 16, 2018 (SSB) — Responding to Kenya’s political arch-rivals last Friday surprise public handshake before zooming media cameras after grueling years and months of unease, People’s Democratic Movement, PDP Chairman, Hakim Dario wadded into the fray, imploring the main political rivals, Kiir and Machar in South Sudan to reciprocate the same good will gesture.

So that they turn a new page on more than four years old more politically divisive, militarily and economically crippling conflict.

So far none of the two gentlemen seems to heed the patriotic call from a nationalist, one Hakim Dario.

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Celebrating the exemplary life of Gen Andrew Makur Thou

Posted: March 15, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Mangar Amerdid, Juba, South Sudan

March 14, 2018 (SSB) — It is with great sadness that the Republic of South Sudan has lost a beloved visionary leader and son, Gen. Andrew Makur Thou. Among the most decorated military, diplomatic and political leaders to emerge from South Sudan, Gen. Makur lived his live in service of his people and country. Born in Yirol (Atuot), Greater Lakes State in 1942, Gen. Makur yearned to attain an education. As a young boy, his parents enrolled him in Panekar Elementary School in 1954 and later Tonj Intermediate School. He then attended Rumbek Secondary School from 1962 to 1964.

When conflict erupted between Southern and Northern Sudan during the 1st Sudan civil war, Gen. Makur joined the Anya-Nya Movement and was commissioned as an officer rising to the rank of 2nd Lieutenant. Additionally, he received commando training from French instructors as well as infantry training from British and Israeli soldiers at different locations in South Sudan. This led him to graduate as one of the top commando trainees in the Anya-Nya Movement and was appointed overall Commander in Lakes district after the execution of Commander Philip Nanga Marik in 1968.

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The appointment of Hon. Salvatore Garang Mabiordit is a final step towards economic recovery  

By Deng Akok Muoradid                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

March 14, 2018 (SSB) —- On behalf of the victims of economic crisis, I would like to express my sincere appreciation to the President of the Republic of South Sudan H.E 1st Lt Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit for the right decision that he has taken to appoint the right economist Hon. Salvatore Garang Mabiordit in the right place at the right time. The appointment of Salvatore Garang Mabiordit as a minister of finance and economic planning came at the critical time when the suffering citizens are in need of him and it is a final step towards the economic recovery in South Sudan.  Read the rest of this entry »

South Sudan: The Importance of Media in the Society

Posted: March 14, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Awuol Gabriel Arok, Juba, South Sudan

March 14, 2018 (SSB) — Media is a communication channel through which news, entertainment, education, data, or promotional messages are disseminated.

Media comes in many different formats, including print media (books, magazines and newspapers), radios, televisions, movies, video games, music, cell phones, billboards, direct mail, and various kinds of software, fax and the Internet.

Each type of media involves users (senders and receivers), content, and also a device or object through which the content is deliver under the Media practice and Law of that particular society.

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R.I.P Gen. Andrew Makur Thou: The Revolutionary Freedom Fighter of Anyanya One War of Liberation

Greater Yirol Youth Union


March 13, 2018 (SSB) — We received with deepest shock the departure of our capable man Gen. Makur Thou, which occurred early this morning in Khartoum, Sudan.

Gen. Makur was a dedicated Freedom Fighter and a proud son of Yirol who was there from the beginning of struggle and was amongst the few liberators God blessed to witness the birth of our new nation.

The Greater Yirol Youth Union -Kenya Chapter wishes to express its deepest sympathies to the family, the people of Yirol, and South Sudan at large for this devastating lost.

A hero and liberator, his massive contributions to the attainment of Independence will not be forgotten in the history of our country.

Makur was a nationalist and peace lover; the best way for South Sudanese to mourn the demise of a hero of his caliber is to embrace peace and unity among ourselves.

May our condolences bring comfort and ease pains for the family at this time of grief.

Sincerely yours

Makoi Majak,

Acting Chairperson and

Sec. General.


By Atem Yaak Atem, Sydney, Australia

Pioocku Thuongjang

Pioocku Thuongjang: The Elementary Modern Standard Dinka (May 2011), by Makwei Mabioor Deng (Author)

March 13, 2018 (SSB) — I have one of my precious collections, a copy of the manual- in Dinka language- for use by the congregation of what used to be Anglican Church in Sudan, later to become Episcopal Church of the Sudan after the enthronement in 1976 of its first native archbishop, the Right Rev Elanana Ngalamu.

The book which is the subject of this article carries the title: KITAP DE DUƆR. First, let me present the physical outlook of this antique kind of a book. It is a pocket size hardcover 327-page book. The white lettering is within two rectangular and concentric boxes on a rose background. The spine is broken. It was in recent days when my wife- who has realised the importance of the item- that she reattached the broken part with a glue that the book now looks more useable.

It’s first two pages and corners are not as elegant as they used to be during their youthful days; they have become an eyesore with yellow smudges. That the book has passed through several hands or overused by its first and last owner (I got this book in 2012 from a member of the Emmanuel Jiëëng Parish Church, Juba.  I have since forgotten how I came to be the owner of this treasure, only that I recall, a few if any, saw any value in what appeared to be a junk).

The title deserves a brief, if a passing, comment. Kitap de Duɔr in Dinka1 means Worship book, “kitap” being a loan Arabic word for kitaab or book and “duɔr” is Dinka for “worship”. The loan word should have been the Dinka possessive “kitam de” or “the book of” while “duɔr” is Dinka for worship. Again, something here is not right with the spelling of this word which should have a long /ɔɔ/ instead of short /ɔ/. Since the book is a product of the days before the marking of “breathy vowels” had been introduced by Summer Institute of Linguistics, SIL, in late 1970s- an orthography that helps the reader with pronunciation and meaning- today Dinka word for “worship” is written “duɔ̈ɔ̈r”.

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By Tearz Ayuen, Nairobi, Kenya

March 12, 2018 (SSB) — The United Nations Mission in South Sudan, just like any other entity, has its flaws. In addition, it’s guided by principles; it has its own book of laws – the code of conduct. Personally, I’m opposed to the continued confinement of vulnerable people in those IDP camps. That’s a topic for another day anyway.

When UNMISS headquarters in Juba got wind of the sexual exploitation at the POC in Wau in February, it swiftly recalled the Ghanaian peacekeepers.

This move, according to UNMISS, was meant to allow for preliminary investigation to take place without hindrance. Besides, it was meant to protect eyewitnesses and victims.

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Dr Peter Adwok Nyaba, like Miguna Miguna: “shoots first aim last”

By Gai Mayor Ajuong, Nairobi, Kenya

March 12, 2018 (SSB) — If Dr Peter Adwok Nyaba with the virtue of being an elder and a

learned member of the SPLM/SPLA (IO) happens to be antagonistic, lacks

mechanism to address the SPLM/SPLA (IO) internal issues with Dr Machar, intolerant, somewhat frustrated and went viral, he did not

only embarrassed himself nor even appeasing any, it was a desperate move that will not earn him anything anywhere even if he had decided

to put on flexible shoes considering the cheap tactics at his age.

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After Crisis Crush Appears, The Light Pot

Posted: March 12, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Awuol Gabriel Arok, Juba, South Sudan

March 12, 2018 (SSB) — When there are crises, people may think peaceful tomorrow is never at the nearer end of the social bridge, but people must also consider what God may do for them.

There were once two friends, one blind and the other lame, each morning they went out to beg together and in the evening they shared the money they had collected.

There came a time however, when the harvest was bad and the people were no longer able to give alms to beggars, from morning to evening the two friends were waiting at the usual corner but the people hurried by and pretended to look in another direction.

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March 11, 2018 (SSB) — After the conclusion of the second phase of IGAD-led High Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) from 5th to 16th Feb. 2018 in Addis Ababa –Ethiopia, the chance of reaching peace deal without the conflicting parties of South Sudan making genuine and remarkable compromises on their positions regarding sharing of responsibility under power sharing proposal proposed by IGAD is very low.

The sense of the conflicting political elites thinking about transitional period arrangement as short term arrangement is narrow and much of their thinking is influenced by individual political frictions more than public interest issues.

The Community Empowerment for Progress Organization is strongly advocating for the conflicting political elites to give peace chance for resolving their political differences in peaceful manner where citizens will be at centre of decisions making.

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Is joining Arab League an alternative to South Sudan problems or just a political suicide?

By Akol Abiong Bol, Juba, South Sudan

March 11, 2018 (SSB) — I was shocked by the news that South Sudan in form of its leaders have decided to applied for Arab league membership. As the young nation many called it so, I believe that building our national welfare should be better than many memberships with nothing to gain. If choice is to be made I will rather prepared Arabs because of our binding principles but not to the extent of compromising our majority interest.

On 9 July 2011 South Sudan became the 54th independent country in Africa and immediately after less than a year, South Sudan became a member to many states as below:

On 14th July 2011, South Sudan was officially admitted to the world leading body.

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