Possible collapse of revitalized peace agreement after Vatican retreat, are we not like dusted devil in the house of God?

By Dut Kuot Akok, Aweil, South Sudan

Friday, May 24, 2019 (PW) — South Sudan is the only country where the numbers of churches are more than the numbers of schools, health centers, boreholes and perhaps restaurants. We do often flood churches every Sunday with cunning faces that we are believers when we are not including our so-called priests or Bishops. We are completely ugly like sin not in our physical appearance but in our perceptions, actions and attitudes characterized by hostile attitudes towards our fellow human we used to worship with every Sunday. We used to pray using footballers language of which everything does completely ended up in the field.

Currently the languages and faces we used in the church are completely different from the ones we used after stepping out of church gates in our various churches where we speak devil words.

And according to my personal observation, the current manmade debacle will never be overcomes through prayers or kissing the feet of the incumbent and the former during Vatican retreat. His holiness humbleness has surprised the world and I in particular was left perplexing. His humbleness should had been responded in to by our leaders in positive manner but to his surprise and perhaps regret, one among those he kneeled to kissed their feet demanded the extension of the formation for another six months in Rome followed by alleged recruitment with the intention of engineering another war as said by the president.

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The politics of road building in South Sudan: There are more questions than answers in the oil for road deal between the Republic of South Sudan and the People’s Republic of China

By Mamer Deng Mamer, Bor, South Sudan

oil for road in South Sudan

Thursday, May 23, 2019 (PW) — At the end of March, President Salva Kiir Mayardit witnessed the signing of a contract for construction of roads from Juba to Terekeka and onwards to the Bahr Ghazal region. The contract was signed by officials from the Ministry of Petroleum and Chinese firm, Shandong Hi-Speed Group Co. ltd (SDHS).[1]  Given that similar ceremonies did not progress beyond the signing of documents or pronouncements in front of the media, I am doubtful that this latest event for the “oil infrastructure” project will make any difference.

How did we arrive at “oil for infrastructure” project?

The March 25, 2019 ceremony was a culmination of a new strategy adapted by President Kiir’s administration to use oil revenues for road construction, which he announced in 2018 during a trip to the Forum on China-Africa Corporation (FOCAC) in Beijing.  Chinese President Xi Jinping told Kiir that China was “ready to strengthen cooperation with South Sudan in areas such as infrastructure and to encourage more Chinese enterprises to participate in the country’s economic and social development.”[2]  President Kiir also told his Chinese counterpart that infrastructural development was his priority. 

President Kiir expanded on reasons behind his strategy when he told a Catholic congregation that “I decided that the infrastructure or whatever that we want to be done by foreign companies has to be done in exchange for crude oil because our people don’t want to see money.  If they see money, their hands start shaking,”[3] implying that corrupt officials were likely to siphon off money earmarked for projects.

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How many South Sudanese “read?” This is the “Bridge” generation’s responsibility

By Francis Mabior Deng, Melbourne, Australia

Francis Mabioor Deng Mabioor, Former Lost, South Sudanese Australian and Author of "A Child Escape."
Francis Mabioor Deng Mabioor, Former Lost boy, South Sudanese Australian and Author of “A Child Escape.”

Thursday, May 23, 2019 (PW) —- Arguably and perhaps controversially to some, the “Red Army Generation,” which is also referred to as the “Lost Boys and Girls” of Sudan Generation is the “Bridge” between the “Old” and “New” Sudan. They are the generation who from their childhoods witnessed and experienced the devastating protracting Sudanese civil war from its onset in May 1983 to its major end, the birth of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, CPA, in January 2005. They are the generation in the history of South Sudan to begin schooling (although under trees in camps and warzone locations) in considerably great numbers!

In late 80s and early 90s, thousands of this generation were robbed of their childhoods in the name of the Liberation Struggle. They were denied their carefree spirit and playfulness. They were too young to be separated from their families. After about five years living in rebel-controlled camps in both Southern Ethiopia and South Sudan, and often escaping enemy’s jaws, thousands of them fortunately crossed the border and later in August 1992 established Kakuma refugee camp in northwestern Kenya. Half of them had joined SPLA rank and file. In contrast to the mediocre schools they had in South Sudan, UN constructed better schools and their humble schooling resumed. Majority focused on their learning and did well against all odds and despite terrible health conditions at the time.

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By Nyawech G. G. Riak, Nairobi, Kenya

Augustino Jadalla Wani, Governor of Jubek State, South Sudan
Augustino Jadalla Wani, Governor of Jubek State, South Sudan

Thursday, May 23, 2019 (PW) — The Governor of Jubek State recently regaled the public with new morality laws. First of all, there is simply no way to fully regulate morality fit for a society that is rapidly getting exposed and adjusting to western secularism as opposed to maintaining the statically traditional it had in the past decades. Culture and society evolve.. These laws may fail to achieve their purpose because they are the same laws that were part of our motivations to fight the jallaba for 22 years when Nimeiri introduced them in September 1983.

The laws revolved around Islam as the source of moral conduct and law. Imposing such a strict form of sharia law contributed to our struggle, which insisted upon secularism. Looking back on those 22 years that we fought a war of liberation it is ironical to prohibit simple things like discos and nightclubs. Therefore this sort of shows an element of confusion as to why we fought for liberation in the first place. It is important to remember what the late Dr John Garang used to teach us. Dr John used to tell our northern allies that we were not fighting a war of liberation from “who” but from “what”.

We never fought against the northerners as a people; we fought against the conditions they imposed. Dr John said we fought against conditions that wanted to make all of us Arabs. In fact he added that “God in his infinite wisdom created Dinka, Nuer, Nuba, and Arabs. We cannot all be Arabs.” He also said, “if you reduce the distance from which a woman in rural Southern Sudan fetches water from 2kms to 2 metres then you have liberated her.” That is what we fought against. We fought against the same conditions our leadership wants to replicate.

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By Dut Kuot Akok, Aweil, South Sudan

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan. Grab your copy at Amazon.com

Thursday, May 23, 2019 (PW) —- South Sudan is being inhabited by more than 64 tribes with outstanding sense of valor. They fought for more than fifty years collectively to liberate themselves from persecution, prosecution, oppression, servitude and inhuman marginalization under the successive regimes in the former Sudan. And after the hoisting of the flag in July 2011 with countless applauses and ululation, they thought like to have put an end to unbearable suffering they were enduring and acts this time as masters of their own affair in their blessed nation.

Their expectations by then were very high after they were free at last, their expectations ranged from smooth transformation of their living standards, infrastructural development, establishment of standards schools and health facilities and provision of clean drinking water just mention few. But to their dismay including the friends of south Sudan, their above mentioned expectations were made impossible to be achieves after their trusted leaders did selfishly turned against them.

Currently, majority of our people have deserted the country while others have camped in protection of civilian site (POC) for their safety. They are there not because of their willingness to be but they have no option since the company have unknowing or selfishly defiled all the promises they used to preach during liberation days.  They are antagonizing any opposite views and treat the engineers of these views with cruelty as if we are still under the diabolic regime of Omar basher.

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By Bek Dhuorjang Chol, Juba, South Sudan

Deng Bol of the Red Army Foundation, Bol Dhieu of the National Youth League and Abraham Awolic of Sudd Institute

1. Introduction

Tuesday, May 21, 2019 (PW) — Young people are a major force in the contemporary world and are often at the front of global, social, economic and political developments. Young people are part of the solution to the difficulties developing democracies face. The paper looked at the role of youth and the challenges of their participation in leadership, democracy, and good governance. The paper presents a general overview of the situation of youth in South Sudan, youth development policy, the existing gap in the policy and then offers some recommendations. According to 5th housing and population census conducted in 2008, more than 72% of the population in southern Sudan are under 30 years of age, and 51% under 18th years respectively. With Regards to education, the literacy rate was 27%.

2. The Evolution and Inception of South Sudan National Youth Union

On 15/8/ 2011 the Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports issued establishment order for the formation of South Sudan National Youth Union. Stephen Puoc was appointed as the first interim youth leader. During the interim period, due to lack of independent guiding principles the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports had the overall powers over the South Sudan National Youth Union (SSNYU) but after the order the union leadership was tasked to develop the constitutional policies and principles for the national youth union that democratically guide the leadership system.

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By Akol Abiong, Juba, South Sudan

2 Dinkas, 3 Nuers, and one Equatorian - The Proposed Presidency of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGONU)
2 Dinkas, 3 Nuers, and one Equatorian – The Proposed Presidency of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGONU)

Tuesday, May 21, 2019 (PW) — During 2010 Sudan national elections, South Sudanese citizens were having high expectations from their leaders in person of Salva Kiir Mayardit. After a while South Sudanese leaders willingly took unexpected path, which has left ordinary citizens in dilemma about the future of their country. In March 2018, the government led by Salva Kiir decided to shut down the Vivacel operator company, citing failure to comply with regulations and policies.

Information minister and government spokesman Michael Makuei Lueth told media outlets that the largest telecom company had failed to pay over $60 million in tax since its establishment, prompting the government to shut it down. However, multiple sources told the news that the government wanted shares owned by top opposition officials in the firm stopped immediately and then transferred to officials supporting the government in Juba, a demand reportedly rejected by the management of the mobile network operator.

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Hon. Governor Jadallah’s Order: A State’s Quest For Private, Public, Political And Legal Morality Or Banalisation Of The Real Issues?

By Wol Deng Akech, Juba, South Sudan

Augustino Jadalla Wani, Governor of Jubek State, South Sudan
Augustino Jadalla Wani, Governor of Jubek State, South Sudan

1. Introduction

Monday, May 20, 2019 (PW) —- For the last few days, the South Sudanese general public and the discussants in the social media platforms in particular has witnessed a sharp debate on matter of socio-legal concern. This debate has been ushered in by the recent Gubernatorial Order (hereinafter referred to as GO) issued by Hon. Augustino Jadallah, Governor of Jubek State. The GO is purported to prohibited nightclubs and imposed restrictions on the hotel entries on conditions that the couple, lovers or paramours of the opposite sexes who wish to afford hotel room have to produce marriage certificate. Perhaps, the intention is to restrict or control pre marital sex, intimacy or physical relationship or outside marriage affairs.

This author has made a great deal of attempt to access the copy of the said GO but to no avail. But the non availability of the GO in the public domain cannot be cited to justify the non issuance of the order. This is partly because the Hon. Governor made it public by words of his own mouths in his media statement upon and after having visited and briefed H. E. President Gen. Salva Kiir Mayerdit in the State House (J1) where he expressly stated that he has issued an order banning the nightclubs and rampant hotel visits and that he visited the President to brief him on the same.

For him, the banning of nightclubs and rampant hotel accommodation would minimize the crime rate in the national capital. The Hon. Governor perceives that nightclubs have introduced immoral activities in the society which are criminal in nature (trafficking in humans for sexual purposes) in which young women as youngest as 14 years are sexually exploited. This happens through what he called “take away” where these young women are drove into nearby hotels by the sexually depraved and financially powerful or influential individuals.

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Not Yet Uhuru for South Sudan

Posted: May 18, 2019 by aljokd in Junub Sudan

By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

South Sudan’s coat of arms, in which the eagle symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty, and the shield and spear the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.

Saturday, 18 May, 2019 (PW) – This may come as a shock to the few South Sudanese who belief that the independence from Sudan in 2011 translated to freedom. The world does not see it that way. Believing that simply moving away from the old Sudan amounted to freedom is a subjective faith in deed.

Mzee Jaramogi Oginga Odinga discovered many years ago that the departure of the British and the subsequent independence of Kenya did not amount to freedom as claimed by some guys in the new government. He therefore, authored a book whose title I used for this piece.

The same scenario, I believe, happened to many other African nations including South Sudan the newest country in the world. For those who have not come into contact with Kiswahili, “uhuru” means freedom as the equivalent in English language.

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By John Deng Diar Diing, Mombasa, Kenya

Thursday, May 16, 2019 (PW) —– When my dad, who was then residing part-time in our Court Centre, Pawel (Kongor Centre) came that particular evening to tell my grandmother that a war had broken out in Mading (Bor) between South Sudanese soldiers and the Arabs and that there was a mass exodus of students, soldiers and civil servants from Bor. I thought it was an intermittent event that was going to come to a quick halt. These students and soldiers formed the first Battalions of Jamus, 105 and Tiger.

When he came back five days later to inform us that the leaders of the soldiers were around and that Arabs were chasing them, I thought it was just a government chasing criminals. But then he talked of this balded plump and stoic man who was the leader of the soldiers. He called and advised them to look after the population and went on to inform them that a war that needed human and materials support had just begun. They should therefore be ready to mobilize human and material resources for the cause.

It was when my dad came back a month later to tell us that all the teachers and students had followed soldiers and their leaders to the East, and that all the schools were closed when I realized that something serious was going on because uncle Daniel Ajith Garang Bior and nephew Bior-bedru were not going to continue with their schooling which I enjoyed seeing them doing.

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President Salva Kiir addressing the nation in Juba, 15 May 2019: Speech of H.E President of the Republic on the occasion of the May 16th Celebration – 2019

Dear Compatriots,

Thursday, May 16, 2019 (PW) — Today marks 36 years since the founding of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement. On this historic occasion, I want to congratulate the people of South Sudan in general and the men and women of the South Sudan People’s Defense Forces (SSPDF) and the SPLM in particular.

As we commemorate this important national day, it is important that we pay respect to our fallen heroes and the heroines.

More especially, we are eternally indebted to the memory of our late leader, Dr. John Garang de Mabior, Cde Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, Cde William Nyuon Bany, Joseph Oduho and all the fallen founding members of our great movement.

Compatriots,

In commemorating the founding of the SSPDF/M this year, I have a simple message:

I want to remind my comrades in the SPLM and those in various opposition groups that the vision for which we offered our lives is now realized; we have a country, we have set up a government, and we are fully in control of our destiny.

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By Longar Mathiec Wol, Juba, South Sudan

Wednesday, May 15, 2019 (PW) — As Junubin culture of copy pasting has reached it climax, it emerged the Red Card Movement (RCM) the copy paste of Sudan revolution. Based on the whatsApp leaks documents in hot of Juba website the WhatsApp group was created by someone in Sudan, that confirmed the origin of the movement.

In the next few days, that is the 16 May which collide with the SPLM/A revolution of 1983; people of Juba are anticipating the unlikely mockery protest. What is so funny about this protest is that, there has never been a clear leader (s) spearheading it. Compare to Sudan the Sudan protest was led by Sudanese Professional Association. That itself shows the level of disorganization within the red card movement.

However, the question many people have been contemplating or lingering in people’s minds is; who is behind the red card movement and what is it trying to achieve. In my opinion, the perceived movement is being pampered by disgruntle international community and the disoriented opposition leaders. So pathetic.

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By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

Governor Augustino Jadalla Wani of Jubek State.jpg
Governor Augustino Jadalla Wani of Jubek State.jpg

Wednesday, May 15, 2019 (PW) — As the number of political critics soared on the social media, however, this has pushed the governor of Jubek State to banned night’s clubs without considering the disastrous effect it will cause on both economics and political activities.

The government seem to have panicky feeling by clinging to every word from opposition groups but the importance of these strategic outsourcing by political outcasts through their political kinship members in the social media has already begun to wane because of the distance and other circumstances. These radical thinkers look at many ways they’ll attract the attention of more supporters to effect the change that they’ve been longing for.

There’s a tremendous sense of camaraderie when I realized from my admired writers that the Red Card Movement—-a socio-economic groupings against vagaries of civil war—is only the group of scaremongers whose ideas are a hodgepodge of overthrowing Dinka, overthrowing president Salva Kiir and many confused strategies seeking to make political capital out of the situation by peddling such malicious and unjustified rumours. 

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By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

Augustino Jadalla Wani, Governor of Jubek State, South Sudan
Augustino Jadalla Wani, Governor of Jubek State, South Sudan

Tuesday, May 14, 2019 (PW) –- Two or three weeks ago Peter Mayen Majongdit, the Liberal Party leader, was ambushed and hit by “snipers” on the stairs of the luxurious Dembesh Hotel in Juba. Some observers alleged that the act was political in nature. However, there is need to discern a bigger picture. The incident at the hotel had politics thrown in the mix to score targeted “assassination” of a promising rival.

South Sudan is not yet completely weaned from the old system in the Sudan where sharia law prohibits among others; sex outside marriage, alcoholic drinking and theft. Since the time of the first mayor of Juba, Mr. Al Haj Babala, Juba City Council (JCC) has been at the forefront of moral crusade to rid the city of nightclubs, bars and brothels. The subsequent mayors tried to maintain the momentum with little success.

In 2019, things have escalated as reported by Ugandan Daily Monitor as well as Sudan Tribune online. Approximately, on Friday, 10 May, 2019 the governor of Jubek State issued a decree banning nightclubs, bars, and brothels from operating in the city. The same decree went as far as banning donations; financial or otherwise from “immoral” nations to his perfect state.

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Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

Monday, 13 May, 2019 (PW) – A protest may mean complaint or objection against something one feels is not right. A protest can be carried out through demonstrations on the streets such as we recently witnessed in Algeria and Sudan leading to ousting of long-term dictators; Bouteflika and Bashir.

Ordinary people in those countries felt that the two leaders no longer had what it takes to remain at the apex of those countries going forward. On the other hand, the two presidents wanted to perpetuate themselves contending that the problems at hand in those countries can’t be solved by anyone else but themselves. This was their thinking despite acute national or international failures under their watch.

The social media or Facebook has been hatching a possible protest in South Sudan come May 16 2019. May 16 of 1983 is the well-known rebellion date celebrated since 1984. Major Karbino instigated a deserving mutiny in the town of Bor on that very day leading to the formation of the SPLM/SPLA shortly thereafter. One of the objectives of the SPLM/SPLA was to fight for freedom for the whole country. This objective, proved elusive even after the country ending up divided along original north/south divide. Neither the north nor the south is free today.

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By Kocrup Makuach, Nairobi, Kenya

Lt. Gen. Akol Koor Kuc, Director of the South Sudan's National Internal Security Services (NISS)
Lt. Gen. Akol Koor Kuc, Director of the South Sudan’s National Internal Security Services (NISS)

Sunday, May 12, 2019 (PW) — The undue and fabricated allegations and malicious propaganda leveled against Gen. Akol Koor Kuch and the President Salva Kiir, are just but witch hunt by the devotees of well-known acquisitive and despicable rebel’s leaders. It beats sense for one to imagine that the National Security Services (NISS) director Gen. Akol Koor can be at the focus of fanning anarchy in the country; and to what end!

The fallacious report that South Sudan NISS boss is behind the current combat breakout against the civilian by use of unknown gunmen is all diversionary tactics employed by the known rebel groups out to achieve political gain in eccentric and undemocratic means.

We all can attest to the fact that before and in the aftermath of South Sudan’s Independence, the country has been awash with proliferation of firearms. As a result of protracted civil war in the old Sudan; the vast majority of our people have armed themselves to the teeth all in the aims of fighting against Khartoum’s oppressive regimes during the war of liberation struggle.

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The Formation of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGONU): Why South Sudan is better off with Riek Machar’s SPLM-IO in Juba than in the political wilderness

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

Riek Machar
Riek Machar

Sunday, May 12, 2019 (PW) — Today, 12 May 2019, was earmarked for the establishment of the long-awaited Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGoNU) after the expiration of the 8-month pre-transitional period in which the warring parties and peace partners were supposed to have cantoned and integrated their respective armed forces into a unified national army; determined the appropriate number and demarcated the exact boundaries of states; demilitarized Juba and other major urban centers for safe return of the civil population; facilitated the deployment of the UN-mandated regional protection forces (RPF) in Juba and other major towns to allow the safe return of senior opposition leaders; tabled and ratified the constitutional amendment bill enshrining the revitalized peace agreement into the current Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan (2011), without which there would be no legal basis to form and run the revitalized transitional government (R-TGONU), and more importantly, provided sufficient funding for the timely and full implementation of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS), 12 September 2018.

Instead, on 3 May 2019, the summit of the parties to the 2018 R-ARCSS, held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from 2 to 3 May 2019, unanimously decided to extend the pre-interim period by an additional six (6) months, from 12 May to 12 November, 2019, purportedly to allow more time for the implementation of the critical and consequential outstanding issues – primarily the failed unification and deployment of armed forces and the pending determination of the number and boundaries of states. During the summit, the representatives of the parties to the 2018 R-ARCSS, having taken “stock of the status of the implementation of the R-ARCSS, identified progress made, challenges encountered and deliberated on the way forward and agreed on a roadmap,” concluded that the timely and full implementation process of the revitalized peace agreement was shackled and doomed by financial constraints, trust deficit and dearth of political will among the warring parties and peace partners, as well as by inadequate support from the peace guarantors and the international community, among others.

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Sunday, May 11, 2019 (PW) — Governor Augustino Jadalla of Jubek state has issued a gubernatorial decree banning Jubek state government from receiving any money, donations or material support, from all immoral countries that have night clubs, disco, bars and night music shows in their cities.

“We are no longer accepting monetary donations or materials support from the US, the UK, the EU, Chinese, Japanese, Uganda, Kenya and all other immoral countries,” the governor declared after meeting President Kiir to brief him on his seminal decision.

“Due to immoral acts being carried out at the night clubs, disco, night bars and night music shows of these evil nations, the state government has issued gubernatorial decree to cease from accepting money donations or materials support from all immoral nations,” he emphasized as if to demonstrate the determination of his state government.

“Imagine they do not ask for a marriage certificates for couples seeking accommodation at their hotels and lodges,” he sighed in utter bewilderment that betrayed his frustration at the amount of evils being condone around the world.

The Hyped May 16th Uprising in South Sudan is a Hoax, Forget It

Posted: May 10, 2019 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By Grarang Michael Mamingdit, Nairobi, Kenya

Friday, May 10, 2019 (PW) —- I’m not here to condemn or disregard political views of the architectures of what clearly looks like another dishonest attempt to mock the government of President Salva Kiir Mayardit. To pitch a shot at the thin lines between possibilities and impossibilities, I do expect a degree of skepticism and disagreement from the uprising planners with me on this matter but nonetheless, I’m obliged as a fellow citizen to zoom in with my two cents on the realities. An uprising is a coup, either violent or none-violent. So, take it with a grind of salt if necessary. 

Folks, let’s agree to disagree. I agree, our nation is crying for peace. I agree problems are weighing heavier than solutions. Many are poorer, destitute and desperately surviving than living. Our sailors seemed tired and our boat is trembling, trying to weather the storms. I agree we need change either in form or shape. But any desperate, ill motivated approach borrowed from somewhere just because it worked there, and use it as a “quick fix” to such a complex and complicated political problems will only unprecedentedly plunge the country into further anarchy and chaos. 

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