Malith Alier, Scone, Australia

Saturday, 13 October, 2019 (PW) – Many years ago on the banks of a river in Ethiopia, me and comrades in arms, no we’re not in arms, we’re to be in arms. In the rocky town, the nights were sang away in songs denouncing bourgeois in the land we left behind – The Sudan. We had nobody defined what a bourgeois was. the meaning was gleaned from speeches and talks by the informed.

According to Merriamwebster dictionary, it is a social middle class. it may also mean a desire for material interest and respectability. Alternately, it may mean commercial or industrial interests. We,re too young to know such definitions at the time.

Amidst the clamour, there existed one thing that baffled at least my good self. Near a park (medan) located in the middle of the refugee camp was a pharmacy. It was the one of its kind outside the Dima Hospital. The ambiguous pharmacy (in terms of ownership) was manned by an Arab or a middle eastern looking old chap. I was at least unhappy about the Arab looking man. It’s the Arabs soldiers directed from Khartoum who bombed our village and forced us to Ethiopia as young as we were! Why was this Arab allowed to run a business among us? This was the natural feeling I had. This feeling was not made any better when John Garang, the head of rebels visited with Arab looking guys in tow!

Fast forward to 2019 and in the modern day South Sudan, none has an interest to discuss about the term bourgeois any longer. I bet the silence means that the ones who composed or supported the singing about bourgeois years ago have either become the new bourgeois themselves or they forgot about the effects of bourgeois. I have no idea who notoriously popularised the term, are they dead or alive?

In light of the definition above, bourgeois is life in towns in cities- the new bourgeois has come, the old is gone!

The Sentry Report (2019), “The Takings of South Sudan” has shined more light on the commercial and industrial interests of the new bourgeois in the new nation like never before. It is still the Sudan affair. The shrewd Sudanese like Ashraf Seed of Alcardinal companies continue to subsist on their trading ground in the separated Southern part of the former Sudan

The Sudan link

Many business people of Sudan origin still control significant trade in Sudan South. The Darfuris control retail business in all the towns of the nascent state. These Darfuris are either belligerents against Sudanese government or normal businessmen. During the approach of July 2011 separation, Most Sudanese business people were under significant pressure from relatives and friends to leave the south fearing violence. It was anticipated that the South Sudanese were going to turn on their former country men by way of revenge for the 21 year old war. Not everybody retreated to Sudan some refused and continue to carry on lucrative business like Al-Cardinal.

The South African coincidence

It’s not only the “south” that is the common denominator between the two African nations. The two nations are embroiled in “state capture” debacle. The Gupta brothers have captured the government institutions in South Africa and Ashraf Seed Ahmed Al-cardinal has single handedly captured the state of South Sudan. And then the Gupta brohers as well as Al-Cardinal are sanctioned (10th and 11th October 2019) by the US Treasury using the Magnitky Act of 2012. The Office of Foreign Assets Control, OFAC said that “Alcardinal and Ajing were involved in bribery, kickbacks, and procurement fraud with senior government officials” according to On the Gupta brothers, it is more of the same, Kleptocrats have ruled with impunity and stolen for decades because of the individuals like these according to South African Daily Maverick.

The story of Gupta family, also known in South Africa as Zupta because of the close relationship with former president Zuma ran like this: in 1993 just before the majority rule, the family moved from state of Uttar Pradesh, India to South Africa to establish a computer business there. In 2003, the controversial family met Jacob Zuma at a function it organised at the Sahara Estate in Johannesburg.

The family went on to support Zuma during power struggle over African National Congress, ANC leadership with Thabo Mbeki. Jacob Zuma won the leadership of the ANC in a conferenece held in Polokwane in 2007 which set the dice rolling for the Gupta brothers and their machinations. Some of the contorversial trails left by the Guptas included; Guptagate or landing at Waterkloof Air force base and influence over cabinet appointments. These are collectively known as “state capture” and is subject to a two year Commission of Inquiry. As of 2016, the entire Gupta family left South Africa for Dubai long before Jacob Zuma was forced out of office by his party, the ANC.

There is something very common with the state capture scoundrels like Al-Cardinal and the Guptas. They seemed to form many different companies covering many business interests like procurement, mining, media and telecommunications et cetera. Below are some of the web of business entities created by the said individuals in South (Africa/Sudan).

Al-Cardinal Business entities

Alcardinal General trading limited

Alcardinal General Trading LLC

Alcardinal Investments Co. Ltd

Alcardinal Petroleum Company Ltd



Gupta Business entities

Oakbay Investments

Sahara Computers

Sahara Systems

Oakbay Resorces and Energy

The Shiva Uranium Mine

Tegeta Exploration and Resources

Westdawn Investments

Black Edge Exploration

Media Houses (TNA, The New Age, ANN7)

VR Laser

Steel Fabrication for Mining

Islandsite Investments

Confident Concepts

JIC Mining Services


Foreign interests masquerading in business are too common on the African Continent. It’s part of neocolonialism perpetuated by powerful interest in government. The USA plays a leading role in combating terrorism and money laundering in the world. This is made possible thanks to Magnitsky Act, 2012 that places sanctions on individuals in the centre of corruption in weak countries like South Sudan. The sanctions on Alcardinal and the related companies sends a powerful message to other individuals and companies that may be involved in corruption in future.

Malith Alier, Tamworth, Australia

Saturday, 5 October, 2019 (PW) – The UN Climate Action Summit took place on the 23 September 2019 about two weeks ago in New York, USA. In that summit, the world leaders were implored by climate activists to take urgent action to avert the impending calamity as a result of global warming.

We all are aware that the release of gases such as Carbon dioxide, CO2 and other gases not only cause pollution but also contributed to the publicised warming that affect oceans ice. The big industrial nations are blamed for relying on coal which is a major pollutant.

Of course South Sudan is not among those heavily industrialised nations. However, it is not only industry that is the sole contributing factor to climate. other things such as oil spill pollution and clearing of land of vegetation can spell the same consequences on the environment.

Crude oil aside, many others and I are concerned that the voluntary clearing of forest, specifically the Bor East County (Anyidi) will negatively affect the entire Bor environment in the not distant future. The consequences of the deforestation are mindboggling. One, you can now see Mareng township right from the crossroad point from Pakwau next to the airfield. Second, the clearing will not stop there. I am certain it will continue to other neigbouring counties of Gok and Central. It will continue to the east of Anyidi towards Ajageer.

What to do

The charcoal business has been in operation from time immemorial. It was sustainably carried out by sustainability minded “charcoalers” and that was why the forests were not deciminated. Our generation found them well and green. These days the charcoal traders, armed with the cutting machines, chop the plants leaving the stumps barely above the ground. These stumps do not regenerate – the die forever. This this the genesis of the desertification. The indigenous plants are very hard to replace. The only way is to replace them with exotic plants like fine, teak and the like. But before one does that the consequences would have been severe. The local animal population would have vanished.

The protection of local environment rests with the local authorities. You do not have to wait for state or central government in Juba to do something about your immediate surrounding. Take an action today. stop the cutting saw!

  1. Suspend logging for charcoal and other activities
  2.  Enact a local law that can ensure sustainability of the forests
  3.  Educate the locals and the business people on why sustainability of forests is a must

The above points are collectively called S.E.E project!

The Dinka of Abuk and Garang

Wednesday, October 02, 2019 (PW) — Abuk is the name of the first woman in the world according to the Dinka people of Southern Sudan. The Dinka believe that the Creator made Abuk and Garang, the first man, out of the rich clay of Sudan.

Once Abuk and Garang were created, they were placed in a huge pot; when the Creator opened the pot, the man and woman were fully formed as good-looking beings, except that the woman was small, much smaller than the Creator thought good.

Therefore, Abuk was placed in a container full of water. She was left there for a time, and then when she had swelled up like a sponge to the size of a regular human being, the Creator was pleased.

However, Abuk and Garang were given only one grain a day for food, and they were always hungry. Soon Abuk used her intelligence and cleverness to make the one grain a day into a paste to make it last longer. She also decided that she would take one grain on alternate days and save it so that she could plant grain. She did this, and her work became the source of all grain.

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An open letter to the people of the Bahr el Ghazal region in General and the people of Greater Warrap in particular

By Kanybil Noon, Juba, South Sudan

Sudanese PM Abdalla Hamdok and President Kiir, 13 September JUBA
Sudanese PM Abdalla Hamdok and President Kiir, 13 September JUBA

Saturday, September 28, 2019 (PW) — Is there a good reason for the people of Bahr el Ghazal region in general and greater Warrap in particular to continuously support  the leadership of President Kiir Mayardit after the failed of Juba- Bahr el Ghazal high way? His Excellency the President Salva Kiir Mayardit is a citizen of the Republic of South Sudan apart from the trust bestowed upon him by the South Sudanese. This trust was availed to the president on the bases of a social contract between him and his voters or electorates.

The people of Bahr el Ghazal and Warrap are equally electorates besides being immediate community members of the president and have signed a social contract with him in 2010. This was confirmed further by a successfully declaration of our independence on July 9th 2011 under President Kiir Mayardit leadership. However, no sooner had we achieved our independence, the people’s hopes and expectations vanished at his watch indefinitely.

His Excellency the President Salva Kiir Mayardit believes that he will indefinitely get a blanket support from the people of Bahr el Ghazal or greater Warrap especially despite ineffectiveness of his leadership to deliver to the people expectations. Supporting him under a banner of our son is a catastrophic mission to the region and individual members because of too much lose without reparations. The most disappointing and appalling  incidences of this administration are two mayhems of 2013 and 2016 in which Bahr el Ghazal as a region lose so many young people in a defend of president Kiir leadership which turned out to be one man show and his elites.

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Remembering Gen. Atem Aguang Atem-Banyelok: Eulogy and Tributes in Living Memory of Gen. Atem Aguang Atem, One of the Most Iconic and Heroic SPLM/SPLA Commanders of the Liberation Struggle

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

The body of the late Maj. Gen. Atem Aguang Atem being received at Juba airport by the national army; he passed away in kampala on 27 May 2019 after a short illness

1. Introduction

Friday, September 27, 2019 (PW) – Tomorrow, on Saturday, 28 September 2019, the final funeral rites of Maj. Gen. Atem Aguang Atem Deng, who passed away on May 27, 2019, will be conducted at his home, near Giada Military Hospital and opposite Medan Simba, in Juba, South Sudan. The Late Gen. Atem Aguang Atem-Banyelok was one of the most iconic and heroic commanders of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/SPLA)’s war of the liberation struggle in South Sudan. Gen. Atem Aguang participated in most of the historic and fierce battles that defined, shaped and determined the ultimate success of the liberation struggle, leading to the eventual independence of the Republic of South Sudan on July 9, 2011. For his boundless bravery and immense contributions to the successes of the SPLM/SPLA in the battlefields, he was immortalized, alongside his comrades-in-arm, in one of the most legendary and inspirational songs of the liberation struggle, by the renowned artist, Ustaz Panchol Deng Ajang, one of the greatest musicians of the liberation era: 

Maj. Gen. Atem Aguang Atem
Maj. Gen. Atem Aguang Atem

“Atëm Aguang acï thɔ̈ɔ̈rë Parajɔk

Ee Jallab köök cïkë kuath wut

Ku Deng-Madööt atɔ̈u thïn ku Ajak ë Yen

Bïkkë yup cë kä kuath ɣɔ̈k

Dhubɛɛt kuɔ aye mëën

Alueel Yïndïpenden ye wɛɛn Commando One

Kuka lueel Brigade One ye lɛ̈ny Commando Six

Jesh ye riŋ tɔŋ ke ɣou

Ke pam ë thok, athäär ke Dhubɛɛt cie döŋciɛ̈ɛ̈n

Jesh ë Bäny Oyai Deng

Dhubɛɛt kor we cä bë waan

Yïn Daniel Atong, ku Awet Ajing

Döm de Parajɔk ku Awïny

Ciennë jɔ wëi lɔ dhuk

Dunde mɔidït adhiaau

Baŋö jaa looi të jɔl ë keem bɛɛr miööt

Ke Nhialic anhiëër ke dun ëye lɔ̈ŋ

Ye Meerï cool luaak ke cɔ̈t bë lɔ abï dhiaau

Yeeŋö bë ye wëëny ë piny abë tɔ̈u

Ku kuc mandɛ̈ ke cä Atëm bë gam

Ee moi bë wɛɛr roor, adɔ̈ŋ ɣäudheer piny ku tweliib

Ku Dabɛɛb ku agut cä arabiiy ken ke cäth

Chol ë Thɔn athäär cë Chol ë Lual

Dhubɛɛt ke OJS aayï Malual Ayɔɔm

Atëmda athäär ku Deng-Madööt, Macɔk Atëm ku Jɔk Riääk, ku CDR

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By Majok Arol Dhieu, South Sudan

Friday, September 27, 2019 (PW) — In 1983, when the SPLA rebellion began, I was five years old. When I saw recruits passing by my present payam—Titagau, I would spat contemptuously on the floor with many thoughts in my mind that these people must not be having their fathers who can nurture them or shelters which can shields them from the scorching heat of the sun. Nonetheless, the war which Muormuor’s battalion praised with incredible range of victories’ songs we get to hear over radio SPLA, in Addis Ababa, to broadcast SPLM/A policy and news as if it will end for only two years, has instead taken two decades to come to an end.

On 22nd July 1999, I was frogmarched off from Lieny Upper Primary School to a local military base in Nyang—-now county. Sabino Mabor Aleng—-the then headmaster of the School, was the first among equals to follow me. On his arrival, he was lashed and arrested in an open thorns’ prison and after few minutes, a rain rained heavily. I decided to join him in spite of the rain because it was my cause that made him suffered to that extent. He was later released when the rain lasted and I whispered to him that he shouldn’t risk himself again to return to the barrack anymore because even staying with soldiers was tried and found wanting. He’d however not vetoed my opinion.

Two months later, six pupils from Lieny Upper Primary School were dragged to Yirol/Kentok military barrack. In military barrack, we all lost our good names. Instead, we’re called Musijidiin (recruits). Luckily enough, most of us who were taken from Lieny Upper Primary School knows, “this’s a dogˮ and “whose dog is this”, I mean, though our eyes weren’t full opened, at least we know how to define the surroundings. I was named a medical personal and ranked a recruit sergeant fisep (in line). Majur Lam, Mayen Koriom, Adel Majur, were made platoons’ sergeants—-a role that is rotated every three months.

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By Jongkuch Jo Jongkuch, Bor, South Sudan

camku baai ke nin.jpg

Wednesday, September 25, 2019 (PW) —Akol Kuol is a prominent figure in the history of Gol Community of Bor, Jonglei state. Akol Kuol is traced to Kuol Angok Nai’s section in Gol clan. Gol is a separate clan in Kolnyang that continues to produce prominent leaders like Hon. Ayom Mach, Hon. Majier Manguak Dut, Late Doctor Akol Bol, and many others. Currently, Gol’s descendant lives in Goi and Mading Bor (Madding people of Ngeth Angok Nai) respectively.

Goi is locally branded as ‘Kurnhom’ and located along the known river Nile and Bor-Juba road. The name Kurnhom is symbolic though you may not see any mountain there when you pay visit to Goi. The far deserted places of Gol people include Yaradau, some miles away from Kolnyang Centre. Gol clan falls within Juorhol community.

Gol clan produced many successful daughters like Adol Bior, a wife of Chol Kuot Anuet. Adol Bior took over the clan of Adol that is supposed to be known for Chol Kuot (Adol’s husband) or Kuot Anuet (Adol’s father in-law).What does that mean?? Only in Kolnyang where we consider gender equality and Adol Bior is an example.

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Twi Community Association—USA New Leadership Commencement, 21 September 2019: The Inaugural Address of the New Twi-USA Community Leader, David Lual Bul Manyok

David Lual Bul Manyok, the new president of Twi-USA
David Lual Bul Manyok, the new president of Twi-USA

Tuesday, September 24, 2019 (PW) — Board Chairman, John Lueth Mabior Lueth, Vice Chairman, Lual Deng Awan Deng-wiir, Secretary General, Garang Ajak Deng Barach; Distinguished and Honorable Guests: Minister Awut Deng Acuil, Ambassador Philip Jada Natana, Ambassador Agnes Adlino Orifa, Dr. Majak D’Agot Atem, Mr. Ajang Chan Awuol, Mama Mary Juan Philimon, Mr. Matiop Lueth Atem, Ladies and gentlemen, South Sudanese community leaders, Distinguish members, our Twi members, and all the South Sudanese communities. Allow me to welcome you on behalf of Twi community in the United States of America.  We are honored you have joined us today and thank you for bringing greetings from your members to Twi Community.  We truly appreciate that. If you are here as one the South Sudanese community association’ leaders, please rise up for Twi people to see you. 

South Sudanese Diaspora communities, good afternoon and thank you so much for coming to our leadership commencement. There is no greater honor to see all of you here today. Moreover, there is no greater reward than community service. And today, as all of you are aware, there is no greater need in our communities and our country than to provide community services through responsible community stewardship. For these reasons, I would like to honor our heroes, our country’s founding father Dr. John Garang de Mabior and his comrades, including our president Salva Kiir Mayardit and all the leaders. May South Sudan overcomes its challenges achieve peace and prosperity.  

Lual Bul Manyok and Atem Deng Ang'oh, July 2019
Lual Bul Manyok and Atem Deng Ang’oh, July 2019

I would like to begin my speech by referencing the African teaching of Ubuntu—the concept of “I am because we are”. This belief central message is that we may be different individuals and/or communities, but our needs are intertwined and our destiny is bound. We exist because of all us. Twic community is part of the South Sudanese communities as all the different South Sudanese are also part of us the Twi people. We are South Sudanese, and South Sudan is us. So welcome to Twi East Community-USA office commencement,and please feel at home in this function.

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The Taking of South Sudan: The Tycoons, Brokers, and Multinational Corporations Complicit in Hijacking the World’s Newest Nation, September 2019


The Sentry’s investigation exposes an array of international actors who stand to profit from the U.S., UK, Asia and elsewhere, the looting of state assets, and reveals one of the biggest companies in the world providing direct support to deadly militias. Our report details the carving up for private profit of the most lucrative economic and government sectors in the world’s youngest nation. Meanwhile, the South Sudanese people starved, were killed, and were run off their homelands.

Executive Summary

The men who liberated South Sudan proceeded to hijack the country’s fledgling governing institutions, loot its resources, and launched a war in 2013 that has cost hundreds of thousands of lives and displaced millions of people.

They did not act alone. The South Sudanese politicians and military officials ravaging the world’s newest nation received essential support from individuals and corporations from across the world who have reaped profits from those dealings. Nearly every instance of confirmed or alleged corruption or financial crime in South Sudan examined by The Sentry has involved links to an international corporation, a multinational bank, a foreign government or high-end real estate abroad. This report examines several illustrative examples of international actors linked to violence and grand corruption in order to demonstrate the extent to which external actors have been complicit in the taking of South Sudan.

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By Zack Mayul, Aweil, South Sudan

Shading the Talent in South Sudan

Thursday, September 19, 2019 (PW) South Sudan, for example, is a free country. By free, we mean really free, not “free”. Don’t get it twisted dear readers. I did not switch off my sanity, yet. So, without mixing things, there are two words that exists; at least here in our case of today: the free and the “free”.  “Free”, for example, is when you say things or do things voluntarily, expecting something in return. I don’t know but Francis Fukyama might categorize it under clientelism.

With “free”, for example, I would be writing on my blog anything that to impress, everything – everyday about STA that’s happening soon in December so that I get nominates as the best blogger or social media enthusiast of the year when they do their selection. On top of that, I have to gang up with the management to shut down any criticism that is directed to them because I know what I will get in return.

This is the “free” I meant. In leadership, if I’m not wrong, this is called affiliate power. This is mostly apply by the people who want themselves associated with certain people of a given standard or class in a society. In the other case of free, you do things from your utmost heart. You expect nothing in return nor should you ever ask for favors. Critical thinking and assertiveness are highly involves when judgments are made in this case: be it in politics, in religion, or business.

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Pastoral Education Initiative in South Sudan: A constructive approach to create positive social change among the pastoral communities

By Ustaz Abraham Mabior Rioc, Kuajok, Gogrial State

Cattle keeper in Jonglei [photo] Jongkuch Jo Jongkuch

Thursday, September 19, 2019 (PW) — In his own words, one of the great world iconic statesmen Nelson Mandela had pointed out that “Education is the most powerful weapon you can use to change the world”. His popular quotation has been adopted and advanced far and wide by education actors and partners to encourage human kind to purse education exclusively. This is also in line with the commitment of the UN Agencies and other international organizations to posit that education promotes peaceful and inclusive societies as well as preventing conflicts and heals its consequences.

In the context of South Sudan, pastoral communities have been primarily depending on traditional subsistence farming activities for survival, which is discernibly of poor yield. Indeed, some of the pastoral communities in South Sudan include Nuer, Dinka, Murle, Mundari, Atuot, just to mention a few. 

repatriated Dinka Cattle camp in Bor

However, the most striking examples with frequent communal conflicts include Tonj sections among themselves and with their neighboring states such as former unity, former westerner Bahr El Ghazal, and former Lakes states. In the same vein, communal conflicts extended to Twic state with cattle raiders from northern liech state, Aguok and Apuk in the recent years of confrontation which claimed hundreds of lives in Gogrial State as well as Murle versus Dinka Bor, Nuer versus Murle, and Dinka versus Bor, mention them.

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Instead of the controversial 10, 21, 23, 32 or 39 states, South Sudan should be divided into six regions, each headed by Governor General elected by the people with full decentralized or federal powers. The 32 States shall be increased and turned into Counties according to the local available population and size as per local government act

By Kanybil Noon, Juba, South Sudan

Do Not Confuse a Camouflaged Call for Confederation for Call Federalism

Historical Perspective of South Sudan

Wednesday, September 18, 2019 (PW) — Before the Turko-Egyptian invasion of 1821, the Sudan consisted of Kingdoms and tribal communities without modern forms of government as we have today. In other words, Sudan in its present boundaries did not exist. The Turko-Egyptian occupation of 1821 was promoted by the expansionist ambitions of the Ottoman Empire and its craving for wealth and markets. The main commodities of interest were slaves, gold, ivory and timber. South Sudan and her people became the main source of these commodities.

The Turko – Egyptian and the North Sudanese collaborated in their raids against the South Sudan for slaves resulting in millions of South Sudanese people being taken into slavery in the Arab and new World. Although the Turko – Egyptian rule lasted for a period of sixty years, it did not control all the Sudan. South Sudan in particular was not fully brought under the administration of the invading alien power. Similarly, the Mahdist administration of 1883 – 1898 did not succeed to impose its full authority on the whole of South Sudan.

The Belgians in 1892, advancing from the former Belgian Congo (now Zaire), captured Western Equatoria up to Mongalla and established the Lado Enclave as part of the Belgian Congo. During the same period (1892) the French led by Major Marchand occupied large parts of South Sudan (Bahr el Ghazal, Western Upper Nile up to Fashoda) and by 1896 they had established a firm administration in these areas.

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Taking town to the people would have been a good idea if there are no other obstacles

By Athian Aduol Yel, Aweil East State, South Sudan

John Garang, Deng Alor and PM Hamdok of the Sudan during the war of liberation
John Garang, Deng Alor and PM Hamdok of the Sudan during the war of liberation

Wednesday, September 18, 2019 (PW) — The SPLM vision of taking the town to the people rather than people to the town would have potential ideas and well credited by every citizen hence the vision has been interrupted by so many obstacles which give citizens worry some.

The vision of taking the town to the people was derived out from the former chairman of SPLM late Dr. John Garang and it was well said only that, we don’t know up to now whether that vision would have been done on the tribal basis or systematic way of right governance.

I have seen the vision has drawn a mix reaction with different definition which gives low understanding to some citizens across the nation. Though the presidential decree 036 2015 gave more administrative organ which was the wish and vision of the SPLM more things needed to tackle before we move to other stages.

The definition contains different opinion:

1. Taking town to the people means creating more administration organs closer to the people by promoting the junior administrative organ to the highest level with a plan to play the following as the roles of the administrative organ:

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Hypocritical Impersonation by Mr. Luke Thompson in the Meeting of Great Minds at Nile Fortune hotel in Juba, South Sudan

By Hon. Malek Cook-Dwach, Juba-South Sudan

President Kiir and Riek Machar, Face to Face meeting in Juba, September 2019
President Kiir and Riek Machar, Face to Face meeting in Juba, September 2019

Wednesday, September 18, 2019 (PW) — It was last Sunday 8/09/2019 at Nile fortune Hotel in Juba, we had taken a picture with my brothers for weekend recap. That memory photo was posted in Facebook social media and it’s attracted very wonderful commentaries by colleagues and our sympathizers in which we equally applauded to.

On one hand, one guy called Luke Thompson Thoan Teny come-up differently in what appeared in our inbox conversations as tarnished/hypocritical impersonation to disqualify and degrade myself in what the poster regarded as the memory and meeting of great minds! I got to know more about what criteria and attributes in what constitute to be great mind from challenger (Luke Thompson) by asking him question to teach the general public to know about it. The photo consisted of three men and his ambiguous degradation was not specified to whom he was directing his comment to.

In his response to this inquiry; according to him, a person with less great mind is one whose moral uprightness is compromised by materials gains in expense of issues affecting public can’t be regarded to have great mind. I deliberately intended to question the veracity of the statement of the first poster. However, it is true that a human person knows himself/herself better amids millions. My response is that at this juncture, your statement becomes clear and your illustration ran short of what constituted to be great mind. Judging people having great mind couldn’t be determined by political alliances or political different, it is manifested in personal capacity of reasoning and how he/she can construe things at hand. Difference in politics is seasonal and could amount somebody to have great mind or small mind.

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By Prof. Simon El Hag Kulusika, Lusaka, Zambia

President Kiir and Riek Machar, Face to Face meeting in Juba, September 2019
President Kiir and Riek Machar, Face to Face meeting in Juba, September 2019

Wednesday, September 18, 2019 (PW) — The title of this article is both inspiring and speculative.  It is used in response to Media reports, in Juba, telling the inhabitants of the city that Dr. Riek Machar was in the city but departed to safe heaves.  Since Dr. Machar is a key player in the Peace Agreement (PA) that has recently been activated in Khartoum, then his coming to Juba, means Peace is ‘just around the corner’ however his sudden exit betrays this optimism.

To a critical observer, this is merely a spectacle.  Because, Dr. Machar arrived in Juba in the company of foreigners, including Generals from Khartoum Government, rather than Generals, such as Paul Malong, Thomas Cirilo Swaka, Col. Bagosoro, Ikong Mboro, Razakuluwa and so on, who have stakes in the Peace in our country.

Pagan amum, Paul Malong Awan, Thomas Chirillo, Chirino Hiteng and Oyai Deng Ajak launch the South Sudan Opposition Movement in the Netherlands
Pagan amum, Paul Malong Awan, Thomas Chirillo, Chirino Hiteng and Oyai Deng Ajak launch the South Sudan Opposition Movement in the Netherlands

Be it as it may, the people of our country want true Peace, which way or how it may be actualized.  For them coming of Dr, Machar is a first step in the difficult walk to Peace.  But, what are the prerequisites for restoring Peace in our country?  This article tentatively answers this question in this orthodox fashion:

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“What makes one sleepless is one’s own cause.” Says the Nuer.

By Matai Manuoi Muon, Nairobi, Kenya

Riek Machar Teny, the armed rebel leader

The Nuer and Politics

Monday, September 16, 2019 (PW) — The Nuer (formerly Nath) is a significant political unit strategically located at the northern most part of South Sudan. It is the only nation out of more than 63 political units of the world’s nascent country that borders two foreign lands. The Nuer borders Ethiopia in the East and Sudan in the northwest. This is a strategic geographical advantage in political terms. By some measures, the Nuer is the second largest political unit by demography and land mass. The Nuer’s major occupation is farming; cattle herding in particular. Although the Nuer has some tradition in crop farming and fishing, nothing beats the Nuer’s love of and desire for cattle. The rest serves as a supplement to the Nuer’s cow.

In historical context, it was in the Nuerland that the “southern problem” as it was known then was first contextualized. The Nuer’s contributions in political and social foundations of what is now South Sudan does not require a lecture. It is abundant in our national archives. The Nuer, like no any other nation in South Sudan has paid the biggest price before, during and even after the war of struggle. Its proximity to Sudan and Ethiopia both served as a strategic advantage and at the same time, a disadvantage. The war of struggle for example, cost the Nuer heavily both in material and human terms. At the same time, it had opened up the Nuer to the life of modernity especially the eastern and central Nuer.

Riek Machar and his wife, Angelina Teny

The trillion dollar question that begs every analyst for answers then is: why is the Nuer here? Why for over 70 years since the times of John Both Diu, has the Nuer languished in endless political dilemmas? A dilemma is a situation in which one has to make a difficult decision. In this situation, the dilemma for the Nuer is to either diversify their politics or perish altogether as a misled political organism in the 21st century. Let us begin this debate with some rhetoric. If the Nuer does make up such a strategic position in South Sudan, why are they suffering politically? Is it because someone hates the Nuer? Is it because the Dinka does not want the Nuer in leadership? Has the Nuer been cursed into this?

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By Deng Vanang, Kampala, Uganda

President Kiir and Riek Machar, Face to Face meeting in Juba, September 2019
President Kiir and Riek Machar, Face to Face meeting in Juba, September 2019

Sunday, September 15, 19 (PW) — Kiir and Machar have once again warmed up to each other bosoms, at least for now, since this future of unwilling buyer and willing seller business is increasingly less promising. Many are not fooled, except bewitched hard-line followers who resigned themselves to idiocy on every ugly twists and turns of current political dynamics.

Every thinking person knows Kiir signed a peace pact that disregards all reforms elements he never wanted. He detained his archrival Machar and virtually feeds him helpless in his open cell in Khartoum. Only to briefly release him whenever he so wishes to be frogmarched to Juba or Addis before him as he sits up tight and pretty a satisfied man in a mocking mood in dark glasses.

This man is none other than his subdued prisoner rival {Machar} whom he duped into turning on oil tapes which once ran dry. Filled with cash to the brim all pockets of possible fair thinking foreign mediators and would be sympathizers.  He beyond reasonable doubt won the war he fought long and hard for six good years against SPLM/A-IO. What is left of vanquished and disgruntled Machar is total surrender without reservation as evidenced in the recently announced transfer of IO’s H. quarters from Pow state to capital Juba.

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By Biong Deng Biong, Melbourne, Australia

Kerbino Wol Agok and Peter Biar Ajak

Saturday, September 14, 2019 (PW) —- On the 4th December 2012, Isaiah Abraham was tragically gunned down in cold blood outside his residence in the South Sudan capital, Juba. The gunman was apparently ‘unknown’. Many quickly concluded that Abraham’s tragic murder was connected to his habit of openly expressing anti-government opinions. This incident, and many to follow, gave birth to what become the new normal in South Sudan.

The ‘Unknown Gunman’ struck again, on multiple occasions, killing only citizens actively engaged in politics. Recently I wrote a piece equating President Kiir to Nelson Mandela. The reaction I received prompted me to think a lot about citizen-participation in South Sudanese politics. I expected the article to be controversial, aware that I was discussing a sensitive subject, but I was surprised by the reaction to it.

Kerbino Wol Agok and Peter Biar Ajak

While I received overwhelming support through my messenger and emails, my public posts on Facebook did not receive anywhere near the same attention. This raised questions for me around our people’s willingness to participate in South Sudanese Politics. I don’t want to draw conclusions here, but I sense people are not comfortable discussing political issues in public, particularly if the issue is of a sensitive nature. It seems that it is becoming worse and I found myself wondering: are people fed up or scared?

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With the new and friendly government of Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok in the Sudan, President Kiir should revisit the September 2012 Nine Agreements signed between Juba and Khartoum

By Comrade Deng Bol Aruai, Juba, South Sudan

John Garang, Deng Alor and PM Hamdok of the Sudan during the war of liberation
John Garang, Deng Alor and PM Abdalla Hamdok of the Sudan during the war of liberation

Saturday, September 14, 2019 (PW) — With the new and friendly government in the Sudan, I urge President Salva Kiir Mayardit to return to CPA and Post-CPA and Independence arrangements with the Sudan. South Sudan can begin with the Nine Agreements between Sudan and South Sudan as follows. On 27 September 2012, Sudan and South Sudan successfully signed nine agreements on a range of pending issues that they have been negotiating since 2010, initially in accordance with the post-referendum agreement negotiations. The parties have also been engaged in the negotiations of outstanding CPA issues, and have now reached several agreements relating to the CPA and the post secession issues. In this regard, the Embassy has the honor to summarize these nine agreements, as follows:

Sudanese PM Abdalla Hamdok and President Kiir, 13 September JUBA

1. The Agreement on Security Arrangements

This Agreement reaffirms the commitment of the two states to renounce war and to implement all the security agreements and arrangements reached in previous negotiations. There include Agreements relating to the immediate withdrawal of any forces to the side of the border. Specifically, the two states agree to immediately operationalize the Safe Demilitarized Border Zone (SDBZ) in accordance with the administrative and security map, presented to them by the AUHIP in November 2011. The Agreement makes provision for special arrangements for the “14 Mile Area”, which involve the complete demilitarization of the area, overseen by the Joint Political and Security Mechanism (JPSM) and supported by the mechanisms under the JPSM. The parties will maintain the status quo of the joint tribal mechanisms for the resolution of disputes. The parties agree immediately to open the ten agreed border-crossing corridors linking the two states.

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