Archive for the ‘Education’ Category

By Joe Mabor, Malaysia

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October 22, 2016 (SSB) — What attitude do you have towards reading? Do you want to be successful in university or life in general? Although a few people find pleasure in reading, many take it as a burden and never dare to read at their will. But do you know what reading can do for you? Though many of us know that reading can make one successful and wise, we tend to avoid it due to a bad impression towards reading that was developed at an early age.

Many of us hated reading in school probably because we had struggled to memorize what our teachers had given us in order to pass exams. The continued improvement in quality of life is done through learning.  Reading is learning. Without learning there is no progress in life. It is therefore important to understand the power of reading in our life process. Reading enhances our academic performance in school. Students who like to read usually perform much better than those who don’t.

 Ask any A student what makes him or her an A student and he or she will most likely tell you that he or she reads a lot. Although there are many factors for success in school, one cannot be lazy to read and expect to perform well. Many students who perform poorly in schools are made to believe that they are dumb and that those who perform highly are born geniuses.

In my former high school, a classmate came to me after our exam results were announced and emotionally told me that I was so fortunate to have been given a better brain. I told her that we have the same brain and that if she had put in more effort to study before the exams she would have performed better.

There are many stories of students who once performed poorly in school that later turned things around and became top performing students in their classes. A living example is the retired renowned US Pediatric Neurosurgeon, Republican Dr. Ben Carson. Dr. Ben was at the last rank of fifth grade class and his classmates called him “dummy” but after his mother required that he and his brother read two books a week, he was at the top of his class within a year (Think Big, Dr. Ben Carson).

Ben, the dummy of his class, later made history in 1987 by separating Siamese twins that were joined at the back of the head. In his book, Think Big, Dr. Carson stated that books are the mechanism for obtaining knowledge, as opposed to television. If there is one thing you can do to improve your academic performance, get your nose into the books.

More importantly, reading can change one’s mindset. Some people grow with a poor mindset that can hinder success in all aspects of their life such as their profession, relationships, business or health. There are psychology books that can help change one’s mental outlook, many of which were written by great achievers who had once experienced the same attitude towards life.

Jim Rohn confessed in his Best Ever Training that he was always complaining and blaming everything bad that had happened in his life on factors such as the government, economy, and community. After changing his mindset through books, he became a billionaire. He believed that self-education is necessary in order to succeed as he said in one of his famous quotes: “Formal education will make you a living; self-education will make you a fortune”.

Personally, I was a terrible pessimist who would stay up in bed all night thinking about how miserably I might fail in everything. This negativity affected me really badly in many aspects of my life but through books I now look at how I can succeed in my undertakings and imagine success instead of failure. I have read quite a few books which enabled me to look at things in a different perspective. If you are the kind of person that only thinks of the worst things that may happen to you, I recommend you read “The power of positive thinking” by Norman Vincent Peale.

Lastly, another important dividend of reading is self-discovery. As I quote from Aldous Huxley “There is only one corner of the universe you can be certain of improving, and that’s your own self”, self-discovery is the most important step toward a successful and meaningful life journey. If you don’t know who you are and what you want, you will live in confusion which causes frustration and unhappiness. This is because when we are not sure of ourselves or our own goals, we tend to compare ourselves to others which would cause frustrations as we will never be like them because you are a different person.

Anna Quindlen put it in her quote: “In books I have travelled, not only to other worlds but into my own. I learned who I was and who I wanted to be, what I might aspire to, and what I might dare to dream about my world and myself”. So in books you travel deep into yourself and discover your strengths and weaknesses. Knowing your strengths and weaknesses enable you to use and exploit your inner strengths fully and maintain your weaknesses.

In conclusion, we should develop a good attitude towards reading not during our school era but also throughout our lives. There are many reasons why reading is important; enhancing academic performance, changing negative mindsets and self-discovery are only a few of them.

A common characteristic among high performing students is that they enjoy reading. Our perception is affected by our surroundings and as such we may develop a negative mindset that will hinder our progress in life but through reading and learning we change and develop a better mindset.

More importantly, we should discover our strengths and weaknesses in order to know where to improve and maintain. I believe that each of us can tap into his or her ability to read and get the pleasure of continuous learning which also makes him/her a valuable asset to the society.

You can reach the author via his email: Joe Mabor <>

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing.

‘‘It always seems impossible until it’s done” By Nelson Mandela

By Ador Thon-Maketh Ador, Nairobi, Kenya

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October 17, 2016 (SSB) — It was until I was issued a letter of completion bearing the date of our graduation ceremony, that I got relieved of the worries as to when I shall finish my University education.  But the day quickly came and I realized it was true when my name was loudly called to the podium among other colleagues.   I stood and walked majestically to the graduation square to receive my Bachelor’s Degree in Peace and Conflict studies.  Before I proceeded to the podium, I first turned to the mammoth crowd to have a look at my wives, children, relatives and friends who came early that morning to witness my academic success. I saw them standing in jubilant mood with their faces covered with smiles and excitement.

When I returned from the podium after I was crowned by our Vice Chancellor, I could not see clearly, the tears of joy blurred my eyesight. Before I took my seat, I began taking deep breath and starred unto the blue-sky to appreciate the Almighty God, who kept me fit like fiddle throughout the years in school.  I knew without the grace of God and the abundant love of my siblings, friends and honorable country men and women, I won’t have made it alone. In order to avoid an emotional meltdown, I clenched my fist in remembrance of the many efforts; both material and non-material resources which enabled me to earn this noble academic degree from St. Paul University in Limuru, Nairobi Kenya.

While silently seated and with all the emotions in my mind competing for attention, I saluted my deceased father, Thon Ador Ader, nicknamed Thon Maketh, in absentia.   I really felt proud that I had fulfilled my dream and the vision of my father who sent me to primary school at the age of six (6) in 1975. My Father was so thirsty for me to obtain a formal education. Even though I graduated 46 years later, the time doesn’t really matter, what is important was that I had put on the gown as a full university graduate. I would have completed my course long ago, but circumstances beyond my control made me delay.


By Simon Deng Kuol Deng, New York, USA


Demo-cracy or Demo-crazy?


October 14, 2016 (SSB) — The Democratic peace becomes the most popular theory in the international politics for its proposition that democratic states do not fight interstate wars among themselves as opposes by realist and neorealist theoretical traditions, which define international as an anarchy, where the state can act according to the reason of self-help.  The democratic peace theory recognizes only liberal democratic states as the states that do not fight each other; however, the theory does not recognize illiberal democratic states as democratic states, even though, they frequently held the fair and free competitive elections. The democratic peace theory recognizes states as liberal democratic states when they have applied the principles of democracy such as citizen participation in decision-making,  system of representation, rule of law, electoral system of majority rule and minority right, equality among the citizens, liberty or freedom granted to or retained by citizens, separation of state and religious, institutional system that ensures  checks and balances, free press, etc. into the systems of their institutions. This paper aims at analyzing democratic peace theory’s proposition, which claims that democratic states do not fight the interstate war among themselves, doubts around the proposition of democratic peace theory, and valuation of democratic peace theory and its prospects for peaceful and cooperative relations in the international system.


Bor County Education Mock Examination Results released

Posted: September 16, 2016 by PaanLuel Wël in Education, Junub Sudan

By Mach Samuel Peter, Bor, Jonglei State


September 16, 2016 (SSB) — Bor county Education department released the primary eight results for candidates who sat the mock examinations last month with male students performing better than the female students.

The deputy director of Bor County Education Department Gabriel Panchol Anyang congratulates the teachers for their unwavering commitments in a statement extended to Dawn News Paper.

“My thanks and congratulations go to all those teachers who have made a contribution to the success and achievements that will be celebrated by high performing school from today. I know without the hard work of dedicated teachers I would not be able to stand before the education community today and say well done to hundreds of young candidates,” Panchol said.


By Ustaz Abraham Mabior Rioc, Juba, South Sudan

education in afrika

The essence of education in Africa

September 3, 2016 (SSB) — Education today is viewed as an effective tool for human resource orientation, economic development, and social advancement. It is very instrumental in changing the lifestyles and living standards of people who struggle for it. Nevertheless, it is not easy to score a better education for a better lifestyle when an individual is not committed, determined as well as being patient enough in the whole process of acquiring it.

In order to accomplish academic success, the individuals or the learners should set guiding principles which comprise of commitment, determination, patience, and hard work since they are the core pillars of academic success. These guiding principles are the ways and the means for academic and social life achievements in this modern world of advance technology.


The South Sudanese Government, the communities, and the international communities should invest in Education in emergencies so as to restore peace, hope, and trust among the war-torn communities

By Ustaz Abraham Mabior Rioc, Juba, South Sudan

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August 15, 2016 (SSB) — Educational opportunities are the means in restoring peace, hope, trust, and confidence among the war-ravaged communities particularly during an emergency and in post-conflict reconstruction. According to the World Bank (2005) report on post-conflict education (as cited in Mundy & Sarah, 2011, p.27) recommends prioritizing education as a critical post-conflict intervention for reshaping the future and identifies the need to focus on reestablishing a functioning school system as a peace dividend that will foster confidence in the period of transformation toward peace.

An emergency situation can occur any time within nations or among the communities in any given country as a result of frustrations of people due political, economic or cultural grievances. But what has to be taken into consideration is that, the concerned authorities and the well-wishers are the application of possible modalities to deescalate it in order to avoid further implications and destructions of both human and material resources.

In the South Sudan context, the recurring conflicts and communal tensions have been on rise even before and after the independence of the Republic of South Sudan due to lack of education and other life-saving skills. When we revisit the history of south Sudan from the earlier years up to date, one can clearly understand and believe that endless conflicts have been on and off and so they seem to have been the true-life habits of different categories of south Sudanese communities.


By Deng Kur Deng, Pennsylvania, USA

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August 2, 2016 (SSB) — In any underdeveloped country, the road to better education is very challenging, and this is certainly the case in South Sudan. A lack of role models­—especially women teachers in the school system—is one of many reasons why girls are constantly dropping out of school in South Sudan. Therefore, it is very important for us to appeal to women who are not afraid to exhibit their professional strengths. These women are more likely to have a positive impact on the lives of young girls, and so we must encourage them to do their part.

By supporting female teachers who are willing to be actively involved in schools, many young girls will be encouraged to remain in school, instead of viewing schools as a harmful environment. The presence of these female role models will hopefully spark a reawakening of girls’ interest in education. But this tactic will only be effective if we first fight the injustices demonstrated by the South Sudanese themselves towards women teachers. If we stand alongside these teachers, it will give hope to young girls, and we can finally gain momentum in terms of their enrollment in school.


By Malith Jongkuch Kur, London Ontario, Canada


Demonstrating for justice and accountability, for Isaiah Abraham, 5 Dec 2015

Demonstration for justice and accountability in Juba on 5 Dec 2015, marking the 3rd anniversary of the killing of Isaiah Abraham


July 8, 2016 (SSB) — The conflict in South Sudan which began in December 2013 has attracted international attention, particularly the regional and continental bodies—the AU and the IGAD nations. In fact, the South Sudanese conflict is not different from other crises that affected and continue to affect the African continent. Therefore, this paper has examined briefly the African transitional justice mechanisms of Rwanda, South Africa, and Sierra Leone to highlight important lessons in those mechanisms, which can possibly help both the government and civil society in South Sudan to work together for a sustainable peace and justice in the country. It offers general observations on the potential difficulties the agreement and the proposed transitional justice mechanism may face before the end of the interim period. The direct involvement of the AU and the IGAD nations in a search for a peaceful solution to the conflict in South Sudan has resulted in the signing of a shaky peace agreement to resolve the conflict in the Republic of South Sudan in August 2015. Also, agencies related to the work of the United Nations are playing active parts in the process of protecting civilians, investigating human rights abuses, and helping to end the conflict that has killed tens of thousands of people and displaced millions more. The agreement has provided for the creation of Transitional Government of National Unity, the establishment of Commission for Truth, Reconciliation and National Healing, Compensation and Reparation Authority, and Hybrid Court for South Sudan. Those institutions have been proposed in the agreement to consolidate peace and deal with issues related to justice and accountability for the crimes committed in the course of the conflict.


By Kon Joseph Leek, Juba, South Sudan


South Sudan’s Minister of Higher Education, Science and Technology, Peter Adwok Nyaba (center), celebrates the first anniversary of the country’s independence in Nairobi, capital of Kenya, on July 9, 2012.

June 27, 2016 (SSB) — Adwok Nyaba is the current minister of higher education. It is one month now since all the five public universities’ lecturers started their sit-down strike in demand of their [three month’s salaries] and some additional incentives or allowances [travel and medical allowances]

 A week after the strike began, Adwok caught the bull by its horn by writing a letter to the chair of strikers to resume their work and wondered why they [strikers] would not understand the economic state of this country, he then directed the vice chancellor of the university of Juba to take immediate actions if they don’t end their unnecessary strike. It was a stern warning to the strikers whom he termed to be unpatriotic for their failure to understand the situation the government is.


Rights of children on the Impacts of Universal Secondary Education Policy by the Ministry of General Education in South Sudan

By Lino Lual Lual, Juba, South Sudan

alliance high, Bor

The first form one students of Alliance [2009]. Front line from left; Akau, Achol, Thon, Guet, Bol, Amer, Chol. Back line from left; Diing, xxxxxx, Bok, Ngong, Deng, xxxxx, Alier

May 10, 2016 (SSB)  —  While other states have improved primary school education significantly, secondary education is still far behind the rest of the world in newest nation, Republic of South Sudan. South Sudan ministry of education has to formulate the only one curriculums for universal secondary education policy to improve secondary education using household panel data that will increased public secondary schools enrollments especially for girls from poor households.

South Sudan had been one of the lowest archiving regions in terms of education but primary school enrollment rates have increased in most of the states.  These numbers could be biased since household surveys of States suggest that high levels of data are underestimation. The Ministry of Education must have committed to ensured that the teaching staff of every secondary school will have a minimum of 50% secondary trained teachers. Universal Secondary Education (USE) Strategy must always focus in on classroom teaching through the curriculum, materials, training and support for teachers.


By Emmanuel Malual Makuach, Nairobi, Kenya

alliance high, Bor

The first form one students of Alliance [2009]. Front line from left; Akau, Achol, Thon, Guet, Bol, Amer, Chol. Back line from left; Diing, xxxxxx, Bok, Ngong, Deng, xxxxx, Alier

April 15, 2016 (SSB)  —-  Girl child education is become a global issues especially in south Sudan a group of girls in Nairobi presenting creative society express dissatisfaction over culture demands of the girls of south Sudan   since the creations of the country Sudan and until it becoming independent of the country from north Sudan According to some sources says that more than 90 percent of total number of women are still literate. Girls in South Sudan face serious disadvantages in education.

The country has the worst indicators for girls’ education in the world. Not only are they less likely to enter school, girls are also more likely to drop out compared to boys. The situation is especially alarming since women and girls in South Sudan are more likely to die during childbirth than complete primary education


High profile or committees for higher education, please unify curriculum for better education in your nation. It is better to be independence in education than agreements with other countries and avoided everybody seeking scholarship outside country.

By David Matiop Gai, Juba, South Sudan

April 13, 2016 (SSB)  —-  Dr. John Garang de Mabior encouraged Board of Directors of South Sudan Christian University of Science and Technology in 2005 before the final signature of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, (CPA), in Nairobi Kenya, that “take this university to Southern Sudan, it will help our people at the grass root levels”, he said, and licensed it as the first private university in the devastated region of Southern Sudan. This is how the university came about in our history.

 Although John Garang’s death came abruptly, and leaved behind him many things unfulfilled, the South Sudan Christian University of Science and technology exists today with many critics, but it was born in eyewitness of the South Sudan founder, and this step confined us to understand the vision of late father of the new nation to his people.


This statement quoted Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister Barnaba Marial Benjamin referring to Dr. Luka Biong Deng, a son of Abyei, as a Sudanese.


March 22, 2016 (SSB) – South Sudanese Minister Barnaba Marial Benjaminhas denied referring to the people of Abyei as Sudanese. Marial spoke to the media late on Monday in Juba. This what he said.

“Members of the press, I would like to make a clarification because in the media it was quoted that the ministry of foreign affairs has said clearly that the people of Abyei, connected with the people of Abyei, I would like to make it clear with regard to Abyei protocol, the issue of Abyei is clearly stated that they have a joint sovereignty of the Republic of South Sudan and of the Republic of Sudan and any decision that is to be taken by the two governments, will rely on the people of Abyei decision through a referendum to decide which country they should belong to.


corruption in Juba


The Dinkas and Nuers corrupted the Petronas Malaysian Scholarship, now the Equatorians are having their revenge with the Civil Society Leadership Award (CSLA) Scholarship for 2016/2017. So what is the different between the corrupt government of President Kiir (and Riek) and the enlightened civil societies of South Sudan: ZERO.

The finalist list of the Civil Society Leadership Award (CSLA) Scholarship for 2016/2017. All the awards are for Master Degree level. All that remains for the candidates is the submission of their university acceptance to the OSF team.

S/No. Name County
1 Stella Lolik Torit
2 Doru Josephine Kenyi Kajokeji
3 Worri George Wani Gimba Kajokeji
4 Gabriel Sosten Bathuel Bandas Maridi
5 Modi Denis Elikana Pitia Kajokeji
6 Nichola Lado Marco Terekeka
7 Kiden Gladys Robert Yei
8 Lokur Atanasio Alfred Bojo Kajokeji
9 Aromeo James Sworo Sekwat Kajokeji
10 Malish John Peter Lainya
11 John Jokondo Tete (Ida) Yei
12 Bol Aher Arol Aher Aweil
13 Stella Liyong Dangasuk Kajokeji
14 Lodule Peter Laku Modi Juba
15 Oliver Michael Mande Maridi
16 Elly Ayume Joseph Yei
17 Yeno Susan Lemi Lainya
18 Reja Gladys Joseph Lainya
19 Bagura Agaba Lucy Baptist Yambio



Today we had a chance to talk with Mayen Mayen Dhieu and Awek Bul Akec who are senior members of the Twic East Girls Scholarship Program. In 2016, TEGSP sponsored 4 girls from Kakuma refugee who finished their Kenyan Certificate of Primary Education in 2015. The condition of sponsorship was meant to pick girls without support in the refugee camp. TEGSP was found in 2015 in Australia by three individuals with compassions and who have thought of sharing the opportunities with others women-whose chances and values for education cannot be easily achieved. Here the interview 

Who is President Salva Kiir Mayaardit?

 By PaanLuel Wël & Simon Yel Yel, Juba, South Sudan

President Kiir's speeches after independence

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan. Grab your copy at

  1. Birth, Childhood and Education

He was the commanding officer, a captain in charge of the national army, at the Bentiu military garrison, when Chevron discovered oil[1] in Unity state in 1978.

Because he could not be trusted by Khartoum, being a southerner and ex-Anyanya officer, he was immediately transferred to Malakal, and northern troops under northern command were brought in and placed in charge of the newly discovered southern oilfields.

In 1994, he survived[2] a plane crash in Kapenguria, Kenya, when a chartered plane he was travelling in from Wilson Airport, Nairobi, to Nimule fell from over 25,000 feet, killing all passengers including the pilot, except Salva Kiir and his body guard.[3]

He escaped unscathed, with only minor injuries to his arm. As president, he later survived a joint Egyptian-Sudanese assassination plot on his life, according to Wikileak Dossier.[4]

He is the only surviving founding member of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A). He has been described as the ‘Biblical Joshua’ who led his beleaguered people to the “Promised Land shortly after the rise and fall of Moses.”[5]

His name is President Salva Kiir Mayaardit, the current president of the Republic of South Sudan.

Kiir Kuethpiny Thiik Atem—popularly known as Salva Kiir Mayaardit—was born on the 13th of September, 1951, into a pastoral Dinka family in Akon village of the Awan-Chan Dinka Community, Gogrial District in Warrap state in the Bahr el Ghazal Region of the historical Sudan. He was the eighth of the family’s nine children—six boys and three girls—born to Kuethpiny Thiik Atem of Awan-Chan (Payum clan) and Awiei Rou Wol Tong of Awan-Chan (Payii clan), both of Gogrial Dinka from the REK Dinka community.


As a concerned citizen, I totally disagreed with our government’s decision to hire 20,000 foreign teachers

By Marko Mawien Mareng, Kampala, Uganda

bor alliance

Alliance high school’s Students under a tree {Chueei} during exams – August 2010

February 8, 2016 (SSB)  —  It seems that ‘foreign teachers’ will play fundamental roles in South Sudan as a result of the increased need for South Sudan children and adults alike to learn the new things in and around the globe. While on the one hand South Sudanese are readily in need of better education but the first thing to be done is to bring peace and later on hiring of some foreign experts from other countries but not in one country like Zimbabwe, on the other hand am also suspicious that our government is openly resenting these same teachers for encroaching on our homeland and its longstanding social and family values.

Am talking in reference with an article published by Sudan tribune entitled “South Sudan to hire 20,000 Zimbabwean teachers”. With regard to this article published by Sudan tribune as a concern citizen of this country am not convinced by the government to hire foreign Zimbabweans as teachers in this country. I was expecting some few experts to be hired if at all South Sudanese are not capable to deliver high quality education. The government should have hired some few consultants to come and train south Sudan nationals on education sector.


By Deng Kur Deng, Pennsylvania, USA

alliance high, Bor

The first form one students of Alliance [2009]. Front line from left; Akau, Achol, Thon, Guet, Bol, Amer, Chol. Back line from left; Diing, xxxxxx, Bok, Ngong, Deng, xxxxx, Alier

January 27, 2016 (SSB)  —  It is obvious that we the people of Jonglei have uttered enough complaints for something that we would fight for at any cost. It seems that South Sudan has been liberated, but Jonglei has yet to be liberated from the enemy within. Therefore, it is now our obligation to use the right hammer on the right nails, and we are hoping that comrade Aguer is overwhelmingly seen as the right man for this job.

For far too long, we have shown faithfulness to our neighbors, but now, these more languorous approaches are not working. Therefore, we must adopt better language to get our messages across. Governor’s actions may be looked at or considered as a regional war if it takes such turn, but if the intent is to maintain security in the state, then such actions are the only way to contain these many problems in Jonglei.


By David Matiop Gai, Juba, South Sudan

Dr. John Gai Yoh on his strategic views of South Sudan Education System

Dr. John Gai Yoh, South Sudan Minister for Education, on his strategic views of South Sudan Education System

January 14, 2016 (SSB) — There is a saying that, “some people do passed through academic but academic never passed through them”!!! As it is well stated, you may be wondering why such a scenario happened to academicians who were been trusted with vast knowledge gained for more than sixteen years (16) of higher learning programs such as eight years (8) for primary education, four years (4) for secondary education, and another four years (4) for the university learning and after graduation, a person is regarded as an educated person and being assigned at any level to deliver services to societies, but recently it is discovered that learners and teachers data base contained 13 concepts which make it difficult for some people to reveals their proper results in education in term of delivery system.

Moreover, the above subject signifying the role of teaching to those who were qualified to teach, the reliable men and women who are entrusted to teach others either in primary, secondary, or in universities, and to develop a unify system of education in the Republic of South Sudan. May be we are not far away from the truth, the reality of passing through academic but academic itself never passed through some of us and that is why in fact we failed to make little progress in education in South Sudan as eleven years passed by zero percent.(0%) compared to well structured, technology, and modern education outside the country. We chasten education after like chasing the wind.


The Ministry of Higher Education, (Directorate of Private, Foreign and Philanthropic Institutions), and Process of Accreditation in South Sudan Private Universities.

By David Matiop Gai, Juba, South Sudan


Demo-cracy or Demo-crazy?

January 8, 2016 (SSB)  —  The history of accreditation in South Sudan Universities both Public and Privates institutions have low turn’s lack of nationalism to make South Sudan a better academic inclusive and conducive environment that may attract even foreigners to study in our richest new nation where we have different types of resources than any other nation in the world that may also engulf international attention on academic studies.