Archive for the ‘Socio-Cultural’ Category


By Chol Luka Awan, Juba, South Sudan

minister

Sabina Dario Lokolong, deputy minister for humanitarian affairs and disaster management, Nov 2011

January 5, 2017 (SSB) — Our people have had a very wrong perception about the educated girls or those who have gone to school. It has been and it is still a burden to most girls and really an abuse for them. After staying in schools for years till their late twenties or possibly thirties, they are misjudged by the public most especially the illiterate ones who are considered in today’s modern and traditional marriages.

To call a spade a spade but not a big spoon, they are said to be prostitutes, spoilt and old. They have been also falsely believed that when they are hurt after marriage, they immediately run for a divorce with an excuse that they are fit to survive anywhere since they possess their academic documents.

Though the public’s perception about educated girls may have an atom of the truth at some circumstances, I absolutely disagree in the following ways. As we understand very well that the world is growing daily into a better modern one, there is a high demand and a struggle to marry educated girls so that it becomes much easier to catch up with the speedy world of modernity.

(more…)


Barely a minute into start, the wrestling match ended inconclusively: Is it a draw or a cancellation?

November 19, 2016 (SSB) — The highly anticipated wrestling match between Gaduate Gongic Achiek Nai from Adol, Kolnyang payam of Bor County and Simba/President Magot Khot Ajak of Abiong (Ajuong), Maar payam of Twic East County,  what Philip Thon Aleu called “half a century wrestling match“, has ended inconclusively, with rival supporters debating whether it was a draw or a cancellation.

Traditionally, a wrestling round is about 3 minutes, but this one was halted about a minute into the match mainly because of some injuries sustained within the 1-minute interval. Graduate Gongic ended up with broken teeth while President Magot had a bleeding head. Possibly, in the heat of the moment, Gongic accidentally hit his teeth at Magot’s head, or conversely, Magot hit his head against Gongic’s teeth. See the clip (from Deng Dinka) above for more details and your own analysis and judgment.

(more…)


By Kuol Mayiir and Andrew Gai, Australia

RSS at Rio

South Sudanese at the Olympic game, Rio, Brazil

August 8, 2016 (SSB) — As over 200 countries converge on Rio de Janeiro for the 2016 Olympics Games, there is one country that has never been there before and that country is the Republic of South Sudan. The historic appearance of South Sudan in the world’s most populous and biggest event came after the International Olympic Committee (IOC) accepted it as its 206th member nation in August 2015 in Kuala Lumpur.

Many South Sudanese around the world who were fortunate to see their country’s flag passing through the magnificent Maracanã Stadium during the opening ceremony, would have been filled with mix emotions; considering how far their country has come and the resilience of their athletes.

Participating in the 2016 Summer Olympic Games in Rio give South Sudanese something to celebrate under one banner (the flag) since December 2013 when the country went back to war against itself. One would hope that South Sudanese stop in-fighting for a moment and observe this historic occasion.

(more…)


By William Abur, Melbourne, Australia

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

July 31, 2016 (SSB) —  I’m writing this piece of advice to my own South Sudanese people in Diaspora and particularly in Australia. People can take it or leave it, it is an intellectual advice. I’m pointing out the few problems that are sitting with us in Australia as community and lack of considerable of some good values in our culture as South Sudanese people.

It is about maintaining your own culture, values, and moral as people from the South Sudan. We had witnessed incredible and difficulties in our lives, but we also had witnessed incredible opportunities in our lives as individuals and as the community at large.

Our people migrated to a different part of the world, including Australia, a country where I’m living in as I’m writing this piece of message. There is what called freedom in Australia, a freedom which we literately mistake understood because we were misinformed by the people who were providing services for us.

(more…)


By Riak Marial Riak, Juba, South Sudan

girl child education

Let’s educate our girls

June 30, 2016 (SSB) — Father will I be sleeping a lone in the room for this quite long? Tell me my father; if this life is good for your son, Wadas questioned his father. My son I built the hut for you, what do you want that I should give you for a roommate, see the beautiful carpets I have bought for you, see the beautiful beddings in your room, what do you want my son that I should give you? His father said…..

My father I want someone to be around me, solitude is killing me, and birds’ mockery had satisfied my flesh, and always loneliness in the house, what do you think I am my father? Do you see me like an oasis that animals use to quench their thirst? Tell me if I am your son that you had sacrificed for live-days in the jungle of silence and solitude; tell me you the father of my sister Wadas said…..

I have last in your talking known that you want someone to appease you, someone to take over your stress, someone to quench your appalling heart, isn’t so? I have understood my son that you need a roommate to share with you words, to meditate together with you. Put me on top son, your father will call back your lovely brother whom you shared words together when both of you were still young, I know you’ll love it son, his father said……

(more…)


By Dak Buoth, Nairobi, Kenya

football players

Winners, Young Stars players celebrating their victory after the game at Safaricom National Stadium on 2nd May, 2016 Nairobi

May 6, 2016 (SSB)  —-  The South Sudanese soccer Tournament, organized by Naath football Association (NAFA) came to a successful closure yesterday (March 2) at Safaricom National stadium, also known as the Homes of Heroes at Moi International sports center in the capital Nairobi. The league began in earnest last month on 13th April. Normally, the above mentioned body NAFA organizes three football tournaments each year especially in the months of April, August and December. For those who may be unaware of its background, this league came to prominent nearly 9 years ago; before this tournament was elevated to Safaricom International stadium it was played at Maithaa Githurai, Kimbo, Ruiru and Downholm sport grounds and city sports facilities.

(more…)


Congrats to team Jonglei for terrific win, such a thrill for taking the trophy. Result of South Sudan Wrestling Entertainment between Jonglei State and Terkeka State held on April 23, 2016 at Juba Stadium in Juba-South Sudan

wrestling

Dinka wrestling matches

Jonglei vs. Terkeka

  1. Magot Khot 1-0 Awar Athorbei
  2. Lual Mawut 1-1 Malual Majilo (draw)
  3. Malok Akol 1-1 Kenyi Majilo (draw)
  4. Nhial Malueth 1-0 Kenyi Majaka
  5. Mading Malual 1-1 Teki Agunya (draw)
  6. Ajith Majak 1-0 Majok Morkulang
  7. Lueth Akech 1-1 Barjo Agut Amuor (draw)
  8. Deng Dau 1-0 Ngawu
  9. Aleer Achuoth 1-0 Telemi
  10. Commando Ateny 1-0 Leboko
  11. Jurkuch Mayom 1-0 Adonga
  12. Ajak Madol 0-1 Ladu Macek
  13. Mamer Ayor 0-1 Gonya
  14. Mathiang Chot 0-1 ————–
  15. Majur Ayuen 1-0 Kenyi

Final result is in favour of Jonglei with 8 wins against Terkeka’s 3 and 4 draws

From Magok Alier Akuot


By Deng Mach Deng, Bor, South Sudan

girl child education

Let’s educate our girls

April 11, 2016 (SSB)  —-  In my recent training with community stake holders on peaceful co-existence (collaborative dispute resolution) [CDR]. I found out that it will be hard to understand common law due to some reasons, especially on civil cases such divorce, force marriage, girl child education, adultery and misconception of human rights etc.

The argument was that some of the cases such as divorce should be done customarily citing common law as the one contributing to high rate of divorce, according to them divorce was the agreement between relatives of both parties whether to grant it or not, but currently there is nothing of that kind. More so, they accused judges on corruption that judges are being bribe and therefore, do not make absolute judgment hence high rate of divorce and too it is costly compare to local courts. In this regard as I witnessed some of the cases I do agreed with them.

(more…)


By Marol Ariech Mawien, Aweil, South Sudan

wrestling

July 23, 2015 (SSB) —- I’m with my fellow South Sudanese, we need to maintain our cultures’ dignities, by acting as a people who have known civilization but make sure your culture is the civilization, which you have gain. We need to take away dangerous things in our cultures and keep what is not affecting us. Chinese had still maintain their cultures, they even have Chinese cultural day, England and many western countries kept secrets in their cultures, but they are more advances than us South Sudanese, I don’t know why are we ignoring ourselves, we run away from our cultures, we see them as if they are bad.

(more…)


By Marol Ariech Mawien, Aweil, South Sudan

Dinka wrestling matches

Dinka wrestling matches

July 22, 2015 (SSB)  —-  Today our cultures are abolish in favor of western cultures, we value American, European cultures more than ours, you feel humanity, when you are almost moving naked a boy, a girl or women, you feel humanity if you are practicing something which was not in your culture. There is high rate of prostitution today because of this westernization culture, which you don’t care, a husband go for away matches, while he has wife at home, wife for the same business while her husband is at home, a boy and a girl, exactly why do we devalue our cultures, with the influence from doggy cultures, a culture where human beings act beyond animals thinking, today animals are better than human beings.

(more…)


Marol Ariech Mawien, Juba, South Sudan

Dinka wrestling matches

Dinka wrestling matches

July 19, 2015 (SSB) —- According to human right law, everybody has right to culture, that mean you can’t avoid your culture in adoption of other culture which was not yours, the creator is not guilty to created you and pinnacle with your own culture, to govern yourselves through your norms, or rituals. When there was no any system on this world, the system of culture used as way of governing and controlling the bad practice.

Today everybody see his culture as bad culture and he/she adopt other cultures, which do not have system of respect as man as woman, as wife as husband as daughter as son, everybody thinking that his/her existing on this world was through the existing of the new culture that he/she adopted, ignoring the way his/her people were been living thousand years ago up to today.

(more…)


 By Ter Manyang Gatwech, Kampala, Uganda

Ter Manyang, the author, is an administrator and the Chairman of Ayod Community in Kampala, Uganda

Ter Manyang, the author, is an administrator and the Chairman of Ayod Community in Kampala, Uganda

Patriarchy is a word that is often used in the study of women’s history and feminist theory, and often misunderstood. In this article you’ll find answers to some of the common questions about the word ‘’patriarchy’’ means and how its’ used.

June 30, 2015, (SSB) — what is patriarchy? Patriarchal describes a general structure in which men have power over women. Society is the entirety of relations of a community. A patriarchal society consists of a male-dominated power structure throughout organized in the social status quo.

A patriarchy, from the ancient Greek patriarchs, was a society where power was held by and passed down through the elder males. When modern historians and sociologists describe a ‘’patriarchal society’’, they mean that men hold the positions of power; head of the family unit, leader of social group, boss in the workplace and heads of government. The best example is South Sudan because South Sudan is where fellow countrywomen are still under control of men in public sector or private sector due to some stereotypes and glass ceiling.

(more…)


By Kastro Deng (Bor-Princè Mèngistu), Australia

Women rights are human rights

Women rights are human rights

April 29, 2015 (SSB)  —-   Politics, especially the one that pertains to South Sudan’s state of affairs, is no doubt the most discussed topic among South Sudanese youth, particularly the male segment of the population. It is discussed to a magnitude of neglecting other issues of concern. I wish to divert attention from the hardline politics, to a communal problem facing some South Sudanese families here in Australia. The topic has to do with purported suppression of women and their threat to patriarchy, which is manifested through behavioral-changes,as a result of their ‘over-independency’. Whenever participants on social media attempt to deliberate on this topic, its discussion is conducted in a manner that is disdainful and substantially superficial.

There is a basic philosophy that we as human beings ought to observe and live life in adherence to. It pertains to the role that both genders play in raising families. Nature has charged men with two simple duties; namely, to protect and provide for all women and children under their guidance, whereas their female counterparts assume the duty of nourishing and catering to the needs of those who are under their care. As long as males and females do not compromise the duties assigned to opposite gender -without mutual consent -euphoria is inevitable. It is when we get our roles mixed up – men start playing women’s role and vice versa – that families start to have problems. For example, a male would feel threatened if a woman provides for the family and subjects him to culinary duties. This situation has the potential to cause domestic-strife,particularly if the male hails from a culture or society where it is taboo for men to perform housework, as per the norms and customs held and observed by practitioners of the culture.

Why do men feel threatened by women’s success/independence?

Men, especially those from patriarchal cultures, born and bred in a society where it is a norm for a lady to love and cater for them, while they protect and provide in return, will most likely react harshly,against any adopted-lifestyle that puts culture into question. In occasions where roles are reversed and ladies start providing for the family, patriarchal-culturati would feel threatened because what they deem psychologically and practically normative (patriarchy)becomes obsolete.There are instances where males’ reaction is, without a doubt,unjustifiable. However, there are occasions where their reactions are warranted and justifiable. Discussing these specific instances is the aim of this article.

When are men’s negative reactions toward women’s independence NOT justifiable?

A man’s hostility towards a woman due to her success is especially not justifiable if the woman’s independence is not necessarily a threat to culture. There are ladies out there with real aspirations, to be successful and to raise affluent families. In all honesty,there is nothing wrong with that. In the context of a South Sudanese family for example, it means a woman is able to assist her man with basic responsibilities including taking care of herself, caring for her own children, financially supporting her side of family and to a certain degree, assume other responsibilities,which would otherwise weighted on…her husband’s shoulders.It means that a woman do not have to be entirely dependent on her man. What is wrong with the sharing of responsibility?

This is beneficial to men, especially husbands who are into polygamy (widely-practiced). Suppressing a woman that only desire to be successful benevolently and who intents not to violate culture in anyway is an unjust contravention of her freedom. Therefore, it is a laudable practice to encourage women to be successful and independent, as so long as their ‘financial independence’ does not seek to change the role(s)that they represent in men’s lives. Males’ misconception of the women’s independence should be discouraged.Us men need to understand that, empowered women educate their children well, who in turn empowers the society. We always brag about the need for economic development. It is worth noticing that an economic growth has a synergetic relationship with social-well being. So put an end to suppression of women and be supportive to their quest to succeed.

When are men’s reactions towards women’s‘over-dependency’ reasonable?

madness

Some women take their state of independence way over their heads. For simplicity, lets consider the issue of financial over-independence. Lets bring the discussion back to its context and look at situation of an average South-Sudanese family residing in Australia. Following the initiation and implementation of the Government Funded Family-Daycare Program, a number of South Sudanese women have become wealthy, as a result of their participation in the program.Now consider this hypothetical scenario: A woman starts earning more than her husband, hence contributes more to the family budget. As she assumes the role of being the primary provider, she starts to believe that her status in the family is elevated beyond her man, thus she starts to exhibit behavioral changes, for instance__dictating most of the family decisions.As she becomes more authoritative, her decisions become incompatible with husband’s views. In light where she shows no willingness to remedy her decisions,a conflict of interest arises;eventually the husband would cave in or else! You know, the triple zero service is always at her disposal.

The more men are dictated to, the more agitated they become. In patriarchal societies, men’s dependency on women is deemed as a negative distortion to culture. Sometimes, some manipulative and cunning women take advantage of men’s dependency and use it as an opportunity to challenge men’s manhood and emasculate them. Men’s subjection to such circumstances leads to distress. Consequently, men start taking measures in an attempt to overcome their ordeals. Some men would resort to excessive consumption of alcohol and (sometimes) other toxic substances with intentions of easing the resultant afflictions. But as we all know, the effects of intoxicants in the body subside over time and men start to face the same problems. As an alternative, others choose to go to popular rendezvous to play games (dominoes and cards) with other idle or afflicted men just to keep their brains occupied (stress free) or to kill time. For some to alleviate themselves from distress, they look elsewhere for comfort, here they would often find love or run into more problems. Worse comes to worst when men fall victim to the insensitively expressed vanities of other successful acquaintances,who belittle them,exacerbating their already low self-esteems.

Even more concerning is the situation where‘financially well off ladies”up-grade their love lives by romanticizing more successful bachelors than their previous partners. This results in the women leaving their old lovers miserable, in mental-states of solitude and despair. Nevertheless, when the reality becomes unbearable, domestic violence ensues, further intensifying a tense situation and fracturing the family. The aftermath of losing one’s wife is it too painful, that it can only be compared to a pain of a sinner whose soul has been subjected to an infinite torment. In the case of a nuclear family, children’s fates are unaccounted for. Their aspirations turn to façades of unattainable hopes. What was once a happy home is demolished and turned into debris of shattered dreams. A wife is to man a symbol of pride and his children are a source of happiness. Surely, this explains why men in some cultures commit themselves to pay an exorbitant quantity of money or heads of cattle as bride price.Thus one can only imagine the severity of pain that a lost of such social investment precipitates.

To sum it all up, the above-mentioned hypotheses might not be ideal representations of reality. However, I hope they are close enough to depict real life scenarios responsible of breaking families apart. Thorough research has not been done on this topic, though it would be helpful, but the purpose of this paper is to divert attention to matters that are as worthy of attention as political topics that often take the center-stage of discussion. It is imperative that men do not feel threatened by women’s success. Not all women are malevolent towards their male partners once independent. As emphasized above, their well-guided success is advantageous to our (men) well-being and to the society at large. Therefore,it is vital that we acknowledge and support women’s social, economic and political development.

Moreover, females should not let their independence compromise culture. While it is perfectly fine to be an independent woman, to be in charge of yourself and your assets, and of course to show-off your luxurious kitchen and living room to your girlfriends as a result of your independent labor always do so modestly. Do not take your independence over your head. Know when not to tamper with what your culture requires of you. Most importantly, be in a position to play a woman’s role in a man’s life. Despites your success, be his lover and a source of emotional support, as he endeavors to be your protector and a provider. Perpetuate culture, for you cannot change patriarchy with belligerence or arrogance. Yes culture is not static; it changes with time. But even then, one cannot change the course that Mother Nature has pre-ordained for them. We have seen how the female gender in all species is so protective of their young. No one taught the Hen to be over-protective of her chooks. The same goes for human mothers. The uniformity of tender love and nourishment was bestowed upon females by nature.To females, it is an inescapable trait. Allow nature to take its toll, all must continually preserve what nature has vested upon them.

Disclaimer: This work is entirely based on opinion. No research is incorporated. The scenarios in this piece are all hypothetical and the presented information is based on a general observation. The piece aims to present an important topic of discussion that is not political. The hypotheses incorporated are building blocks, which the discussion can be deliberated upon. Discussing such matters enables an avenue of learning and derives ways to prevent consequential choices or decisions.


Education: “Good education opens up empty minds into an open one”

By Mamer Deng Jur, Australia

engagement
April 14, 2015 (SSB)  —-  But, I think education has a generic definition, which can be used in many aspects. In short, it is a learning of new things.

Today many people in South Sudanese communities are putting backward their traditional education/knowledge in exchange for profound Western education. Meaning that, they are adopting Western cultures, rather than their own cultures. But these Western cultures they adopt, are not being properly understood by many people (South Sudanese) who may claim to have known these cultures well.

But consequences of such adoptions are so dearly; they cost the communities in many ways. Western values and Sudanese values are not ready yet to share the same bed together. The conflict of interests between the two is really killing South Sudanese communities’ spirit.

South Sudanese nowadays are currently hitting the hardest spot of Western education. Westerns’ education was established around 150 and 200 years ago. And imagine, you came yesterday and think that you could just fit in like any other person in this community of West.

In my opinion, I think it is not easy at all to just fit in and think that you are happy. So many people are hitting the hardest spot rather the simplest of its form.

LAWs

One of the reasons is that, 95% don’t understand laws at all or they do and they simply ignore them. Some don’t know how laws work and operate. Many of them have learnt those cheap laws of the street without better understanding.

For example, ideologies of calling the police, once a wife and a husband had a heated argument in the house. In most cases some of the men ended up beating their wife, which is unacceptable in Australia.

Secondly, such ideology of calling a police had also been adopted by a number of children in the community, which results into children being taken away from their parents by an agency called Child Protection.

But such agents are helpless, because many of them don’t even have children, so they don’t know how to educate young children. What is in their minds is a law that protects children, but what they don’t know is that, laws were derived out of human values.

FREEDOM

Many families nowadays are collapsing badly because of poor education, and currently nowadays, everyone in the family is happy to make a decision. But traditional and even in the West, decisions making are left to the head of the family (husband), but today females want to be male as well in order to make decisions.

Then if everyone were willing to make a decision in the family, then there would be no mutual understanding between the parties regardless of who faults who. And that why there is a high separations and divorces in South Sudanese communities, and Australian communities as well. Simply they don’t respect one another.

GIRLS’ EDUCATION

Our girls’ education in this country (Australia) is not helping the community at all, nor is it helping the receivers. But it is destroying the community in one-way or another. There is a much expectation from the community that girls should acquire knowledge for better community. Many of them pretend a lot that they are very smart, but smart people don’t spend many years at the Universities warming those beautiful lectures’ seats.

Best they could do, they should work hard to graduate as soon as expected. But the question on my side is that, why are our girls not graduating? And worse of all they are not even supporting the system (I means to work), it is okay with me (taxpayer) not to work while doing serious studies, but someone could still do a fair bit to support the system that support the nation.

In addition, many of them failed year 12 terribly, and ended up doing bridging course for sometimes in order to get an admission to enter to some universities of their interests. But really, if that was what an individual want, then why didn’t she scarify everything for that reason and study harder to pass year 12.

PROBLEM

But that is not the case, many of them do go to school, but they still act far worse than those rejected village girls. I think what most of them are learning today is FREEDOM. But lazy people cannot earn freedom. Simple rule of thumb, ‘to be free you need to work tirelessly to earn it’. You can’t just walk like model in rundle mall (a shopping mall in Adelaide city, Australia), thinking that you are free human beings.

Men are discouraged

Many men who are unsatisfied with girls’ performances leave Australia yearly for Africa to look for someone to marry as a future mother of their unborn children. They are seriously doing this, not because they are old, not graduates, and not that they cannot speak fluent English. They are doing it, because they want quality rather than quantity.

They want wives who are able and ready to run the family like a family business. Real wives are ready to respect their husband and expect to be respected by the husband. Wives who are willing to babysit, teach their children, rather than a Facebook addicts who are willing to babysit those confused people on the Facebook.

Forms four/six leavers in Kenya, Uganda, and South Sudan are ten times better than our a few graduates in this country (Australia). Reasons, they are equipped with traditional values like soldiers who are ready for combat against the enemy.

In contrast, our girls in Australia are very poor in handling men. They only think of freedom, which make them not to listen to their partners. Nowadays, they are using real bullets on their victims (men) while village girls are using rubber bullets on their victims (men). Well, THIS SHIT IS HOT!

You would have STAY TUNED! But other factors will not be discussed any further. Sorry for that inconvenient.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

Marriage: High Risks of Girls to Price Tag – ‘indirect selling’ of another human being to another

By Mamer Deng Jur, Australia

engagement

April 7, 2015 (SSB)  —-  Opening idea. Last month one of my mate and his beautiful girlfriend did what was forgotten for sometimes – Engagement party.

Some years back, engagements were everything to all the newly arrived South Sudanese in Australia. Every mature adult would want badly to throw in an engagement party, including myself.

But serious financial crisis and the deadly uprising of casual sex among the opposite sex discouraged such intuition among many people.

Then for that reason, engagements had become very seriously ill, like a person suffering from unknown disease. For example, HIV or AIDS, when it first strikes in small town of Kasansero, in Uganda. These people of this town (Kasansero) knew nothing about the AIDS.

So they named it as ‘slim’ because of the shocking weight loss most sufferers experienced before dying. This disease for some reasons was said by ‘many people that it was luck of education’.

My community was growing backward in every calendar year, instead of growing forward, because education is not going through them, even when they are seriously learning.

Currently, if I am not wrong, for God sake, I believe that only 40% of people in my community know what they are doing, but rest of the people are spoiled by war/spoiled by civilisation; THIS IS VERY SAD, Indeed.

On 11th January 2015, I disembarked at Perth International Airport coming from Doha. When I turned on my cell phone, I got a text message from my mate that; I was invited to his engagement party, which was going to take place on 25th January 2015. I told myself, what! Is he kidding? Because engagements were not new ‘labels’ any more. I rang him in the morning to confirm the story, but it was true. Shit ‘was going down’!

Marriage is our life and an important element of our existence. Society exists because of marriage practices in every single community.

Price tag and love don’t stand on one platform.

Today it is pretty upsetting that human beings are up for sell, nowadays our girls, worth $130,000, before discount. But I am really sure; no human being is a property to be possessed. You and I can own a property, and treat it as we wish.

But you can’t do that to another ‘human being’. To be realistic, what comes with the package of $130,000? Someone could argue both quality and quantity. Quality would refer to that property you are purchasing, and quantity would referred to the amounts of money you would pay for that property.

Dressed civilised, but minds are still illiterate

Our fathers and uncles clung to old methods of doing things. Many of them have exempted themselves from factories, and they are very happy to be constant on welfare.

So it is very easy for them to say any amount they wish to say, because they don’t work. But if it happens that they work, then they would understand that standing for 12 hours plus is not a piece of cake. Then no one would make a mistake to say his daughter worth $130,000.

Most respected and least respected people in my community will lose hearing in the factories, and some will be adding weight, due to computer work. They are working very hard to meet the closest amount amount to $130,000, to marry their sisters, in order to support the community and its cultural values.

Culture

I know it is a culture thing, Mr.D robs Mr. M to pay off Mr. J, who would be better off? Mr.D? Mr.M? or J?

But consequently, many girls don’t deserve $130,000 because many of them are jerkies filled with ‘undercover’ things.

  • Excessive drinking of alcohol of all sorts – indeed such behaviour is against Dinka culture and it has zero tolerance in Dinka perspective.
  • Night club attendees
  • Smoking of shisha and cigarette- it also has a zero tolerance
  • Unfaithfulness to their husbands/boyfriends.
  • Many of them are lazy.
  • Community is full of young single mothers.

All the ‘above’ undercover things may led to economical stresses and socially instability to any man in the community who was born to change his community. However, 30% of our girls deserve ‘good men’ and do deserve 130,000. A person of greatest values, and personalities can’t be exchanged for money value or precious rare stone ‘diamond’. They worth more than a diamond.

Furthermore, our marriage values and cultures had been badly influenced by our neighbours’ countries, when we were settled as ‘refugees’.

Mixed cultures

We, South Sudanese living today in Australia, were refugees, in Egypt, Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda. These countries had their own cultures, which have had influences on our cultures in one-way or another. But it would have had been well if we had one combined culture in Australia regarding marriage.

I will illustrate this point of view, by giving an example of Julius Nyerere. When Nyerere was a Prime Minister of Tanzania, he had a belief that in a nation made up of hundreds of different ethnic groups and coming from backgrounds as distinctive as Tanganyika and Zanzibar, then multiple political parties would destabilise the new nation.

So what he did, he had to move to suppress oppositions in all forms, not just the parties but culture themselves, and he tremendously introduced a policy that banned all language except his native Kiswahili.

Everything was nationalised, private businesses were destroyed, and Nyerere implemented a policy of ‘Ujamaa’ a little cousin to communism ideologies.

By applying Nyereres’ idea to my opinion, I think we, as a community, needs to have a policy regarding marriage issues in order to unit us as one.

Conclusion

Therefore it can be concluded that, our current marriage arrangements in the West need more justification to be done to them. I hope one day, my daughter will be a free woman in her own right, to do anything she likes, or loves and marries a man of her choice. I believe that, there would be no day, I would stand before everyone and demand that my daughter worth $130,000 dollars.

     –

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.


Introduction

By Mamer Deng Jur, Australia

April 7, 2015 (SSB)  —-  CAUSUAL SEX: the popular uprising of very common practices of CASUAL SEX has seriously wounded Marriage Today in South Sudanese Communities in Australia.

Traditional marriage has been badly wounded in the back by the following encouraging factors:

  • Education
  • Used of drugs; contraception pills, and smoking of shisha
  • Used of protections; condoms
  • High prices – parents of daughters’ demanded are not exclusive at all;
  • And bodies built guys are also another threat to the marriage, and also lacks of responsibilities from many young couples.

And the most threatening virus as a master minder is casual sex. Threatening traditional marriage (thok) in this community, like an Ebola virus threatening the entirely world these days.

First of all, I would like to take this opportunity to apologies to anyone whom may find my article stressing and insulting. For disclosing some inmates private matters that no one wants to talk or hear about those facts. I know very well that 93% of the people loved to reads something that relates to politic, and smell politic.

But brothers and sisters true facts are true facts. If you cannot see the bright side, then polish the dull side. And I Mamer, sincerely appreciated PAANLUELWEL forgiving us a daily opportunity to shared our thoughts with our beautiful prudent readers who have had always spared their times and willing to read our thoughts.

Marriage issues and discussions are not always lovely safe heaven to play joke with. The area is stressful; especially for those who are faithful to unfaithful partners. All the communities in the world were built upon marriage, without marriage there would be no communities to called in the world.

According to Dinka people ‘marriage’ (thok) ‘is a union between one man and one woman or more women for their lives for the purpose of sexual cohabitation’. [1] In contrast, Australia (West) defined marriage ‘the union of a man and a woman to the exclusive of all others, voluntarily entered into life.

Elements of value marriage in Dinka culture

  • Consent (gem/gam) in Dinka.
  • Maturity (dit)
  • Dowries (hok thieek in Dinka)

Elements of valid marriage in the West

  • Consent from parents, especially when a girl or a boy happened to be under age (16 or 17). Parents’ consent is paramount in such situation, but that consent cannot reject the best interest of the child in question.
  • Capacity of a person to make a wise decision.
  • Love – people entered into this contract voluntarily

I know sexuality matters are not province of law to entertain. But they are left to individual morality principle – honesty principle.

Please look out for the above encouraging factors (1-5), because each of these factors will be thoroughly examined and explain in more depth on how they are affecting traditional marriage.

[1] Dr. Mohamed Fadlalla, Customary Laws in South Sudan.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Kur Wel Kur, Australia

Abeny

Abeny

April 6, 2015 (SSB)  —-  Abeny Kucha Tiir, a former refugee and a single mother of three  boys and a daughter,  plunged into unimaginable sufferings by a civil war. A war that claimed the loves of her life, her brother, her husband and her daughter. She dived into daring responsibilities of taking care of her children and her siblings by herself.

Abeny is brave. We  witnessed her bravery in how she told her  truthful story. The truth bears rough edges, which sting our ears, hearts and souls every time we hear, read, speak or write it. An encapsulated lie with nice words and voice, doesn’t hurt. Truth, people  may think. When I read Abeny’s book[Tears of a Mother], my tears blurred my vision because it reminds me of troubles and bitter sufferings of single mothers in the war.

Rewind before 1983, Her marriage and horrors of the civil war.

Abeny-thii was born to Kucha Tiir Angok by Adau Thiel Lual in Kuch-dok sub-clan of Paleek clan in Juor Gok section of Bor. Kucha Tiir, as an educated person, had a job in health sector so his children accessed the education. Abeny and her sister enrolled at school in Leer and Bentiu town because Kucha Tiir, their father worked there before he moved to Bor town.

 abeny2

The civil war hijacked sweet times of her childhood and marriage.The war raged Sudan. When Abenythii turned 18, her younger brother,  Jok joined the SPLA so he traveled to Boga in Ethiopia for military training. Jok never made it back to Bor. He fell a hero in the liberation war. At 19, Abeny married her former teacher, Akech Jok Kut from Angakweei, Athooc section of Bor in 1985. Before she gave birth to her elder daughter, her husband  left for Boga as a recruit of SPLA.

Trekking to Itang refugee camp in Ethiopia,the short-lived happiness.

Abeny at first hand, saw horrors of war in her village and nearby villages. The government indiscriminately raided villages as a punishment for rebellion, SPLM/A.  Villagers starved to death.  There, she witnessed a child breastfeeding on a dead mother.

In the lifeless ruins of war, resilience craves  a breath of fresh air, even in unlikely place such refugees camp, could be better than to live among the tombs with nothing to eat and no medication. Abeny with her baby and her siblings trekked to Itang’s refugees camp.

Abeny reunited with her husband in Itang and she had other two children, a daughter (Aduot) and a son (Kut). Her family life began to mushroom. They had plenty to eat. Their small garden bore them vegetables and cereals. they also kept livestocks, goats and cows, which provided them with milk.  The UN supplemented these with oil, beans and more cereals such as corns and sorghum. Abeny and her husband  tried to revived the spoiled sweet times of their young marriage; however, a civil war broke out in the host country, Ethiopia. Magistu fell. Abeny received a second psychological wound, she lost her husband to Oromo rebels.

 abeny

The birth of her book’s tittle: Tears of a Mother.

Abeny, pregnant with a four months baby (Jok), trudged in the mud and waded in deep waters. She with children and other South Sudanese refugees crossed the border into South Sudan. In August and September of 1991, rains poured and they had no enough beddings, especially blankets. In this time, she had no information of her husband’s  death so she curiously asked soldiers  who came wounded,  about what happened to the soldiers who slugged behind to delay the swiftly coming Oromo rebels. They told her that no survivors left.

The following day, Abeny went to the river(Gilo) to fetch water. She witnessed another horror. Hundreds of corpses streamed down the river past her. The bitterness and sadness of her husband’s fate numbed her brain so she decided to turn the floating bodies faces up, thinking she might recognise her husband. After turning a number of corpses, she sat back in tiredness. She gathered her strength and scooped some water, then she left. After staying for sometimes along Gilo river, Abeny with children, siblings and other refugees journeyed to Pochalla.

In Pochalla, in Kapoeta, the fear, sickness  and hunger.

In Pochalla, her daughter (Aduot) suffered from chronic sickness fuelled by malnutrition. The UN air-dropped a little food. So they started to eat leaves and tubers. With Aduot’s situation worsening, Abeny begged and cried to a South Sudanese volunteering for Red Cross to airlift her daughter to Kapoeta through Lokichioggio. After nine days of waiting, she flew to Lokichioggio with her children, then to Kapoeta by road. In Kapoeta, she delivered her son (Jok). Meanwhile, rumors of Sudanese government sending soldiers to attack Kapoeya, filled the air. Abeny anticipated the situation so she rushed to one of her cousin in charge of the lost boys. The Red Cross provided trucks to transport  lost boys to Kapoeta. She begged and cried to that cousin. The streaming tears on mother’s cheek, reflect light to shine over her children,  relatives and those in need indeed. Finally, her cousin allowed her with the children  into one of the trucks.

Fast forward: Nairobi, Ifo and America.

Because  She lost her daughter (Aduot) at Kapoeta (her third psychological wound ) in South Sudan, Abeny then, had three children of her own and four siblings under her care. Her son (Kut) contracted typhoid so she grew thinner and thinner. Abeny was worried she might loss him so she raced to the camp (Kakuma) leader and begged to approve her traveling to Nairobi. The camp leader allowed her and children after he witnessed how worse the situation of Abeny’s son.

Abeny in Nairobi, the rejection, Ifo and America.

In the wilderness,  the messages, we hear from those we look upto, befuddle us. Abeny with the children suffered more in Nairobi. A cousin to her husband threatened to turn her back to Kakuma. She pleaded with him to  allow her to follow up her son’s treatment. Abeny with her son, visited the doctor. The doctor prescribed an eight months medication to  her son. They spent this period suffering from series of things.  From lack of clothes,  even private clothings, hygienic items such as tooth brushes to lack of enough food. Abeny confessed in her book[Tears of a Mother ] that she shared someone’s tooth brush.

After her son’s treatment, she  moved to Ifo after hearing that Canadians and Americans were resettling some people in their countries.

With her children and some people, she boarded a bus to Ifo. On the way, the Somalian rebels stopped them. At guns point,  they robbed them of their a few belongings. The rebels left them safe but with only underwears. Abeny registered her case in Canadian office; however, she ended in America.

America, relatives, opportunities

Nothing galled the women with the living husbands than  to see widows living better than them. Our hearts melt in pain because it hurts to imagine Abeny’s tribulations. But,  through her empathy, she helps those in need. Abeny, a lone lioness, maimed psychologically  by war and  refugee’s life; however, she clawed everything in her ways to the glory. No free pass to glory,  we must toil, sweat, cry or even bleed to the point of giving up, and there, the glory ‘s gate crumbles open to welcome us .

Abeny left the suffering of having to worry about  poverty, dangers of war and rejections in Africa and she submerged in pure puzzles of educating her children and herself in a vast technological world.

 abeny3

Apart from learning new things in America, Abeny proposed her two step-brothers to migrate to America.  They in turns, proposed some family members too. The bitter and sad ‘tears of a mother’ turned into blessings, blessings in terms of opportunities.

Abeny  emerged victorious. She repaired her family and pushed it to achieve the greatness. If her story wins some hearts and minds among South Sudanese’ s population,  then her desires to stay true to her motherhood roles, rocketed her up to shatter the glass ceiling.

The endless stream of sufferings, in which the rare iron hearted lioness shouldered their  loads, fueled her self esteem to accomplish the job all mothers wish, seeing her daughter graduating with one of most respected degree. A doctorate in law (PHD), her two sons (Kut and Jok) are pursuing their degrees at universities and her brother (Mareac) graduated with the engineering degree. He builds aircrafts.

Time heals psychological wounds so now she discusses her pains over meals with her loved ones and especially in her book.

Why Abeny’s empathy must intrigue our interest ?

Abeny is a beacon of light to dozen of orphans because she and her children chewed the grains of suffering and of having no one to turn to, except God. So through her empathy, she is planning to give back to her country by establishing sponsorship to orphans and widows.

Stories such as Abeny’s, coax and melt our hearts because of  the emotional despair and surprises in them.

To the reader,thanks  for reading   this far but this isn’t a substitute for the book [Tears of a Mother.] But a snapshot of it so acquire yourself a copy on Amazon.com to know the full story.

Thanks,  God blesses South Sudan, widows and orphans of war.

 –

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

Art by Deng Forbes: Education Through Art

By Kur Wel Kur, Australia

deng forbes

“Uniqueness in fine art and music sells to us regardless of our ages, occupations or localities.”(Sunnyman, Sevena and A-mac Don: the faces of young South Sudanese’s music in Australia).

March 23, 2015 (SSB)  –   The most priceless and popular painting exists in Paris. The piece has become a national property. So the authority has sealed it with a bullet proof glass. Leonardo da Vinci, the artist of Mona Lisa painting, didn’t rise to his fame by chance but by ingenious of his thoughts in his craft (art). And people of his community or class came into an epiphany that he produced exceptional works.

deng11-7

Deng’s art can hold the same standard one day but we must support his art as early as today. Remember, every time we share his art or this article, shows our caring, not for him (Deng) but for our (South Sudanese’s) creativity. Sharing is caring. Remember, poor qualities pieces less transform into classics by promotion.

deng11-3

But I bet you, Deng’s art locks in and release a beauty with a value. More than any other support, we hone our skills in anything when we’re supported psychologically and socially. By this, I mean we should visit and like or share his Facebook page (Art by Deng). You can even place in an order for your piece because nothing equates to pointing to a work of art on your wall, a piece that originates from your country.

Art by Deng: The hub of mass communications.

His art communicates value (quality)

His art communicates value (quality)

Before, I explain this piece, I would like you to study it yourself. Can you observe the precision and beauty of this piece?

Deng captured the elegance and vulnerability of a glass and the wine in this drawing. Half-full broken wine glass, represents our precious country. A country is as fragile as a glassware and citizens are as vulnerable as liquids (wine, water or milk) in a glass.

deng9-5

The broken glass exposed liquids to all dangers such as wind; wind takes drops of them (liquids) before they touch the ground and the rests soak the soil. Broken land lures blood-sucking vampires, diseases, hunger and illiteracy (another killer). In broken land, women and their children flood the country with rivers of tears.

deng6-1 deng6-3

The elegance and vulnerability, balanced precisely, makes these drawings, works of values and art. The pieces succeeded in communicating their messages.

His art depicts information in 3D (symbolic communication)

His art depicts information in 3D (symbolic communication)

His art depicts information in 3D (symbolic communication)

A soldier on a lion, his eyes blindfolded with South Sudan’s flag. I believe this drawing means, SPLA fight or fought wars on war unconventional animal (lion). Remember, ancient people used horses as the conventional war animals. However, Deng depicted TRUTH in this piece by challenging our thoughts with a soldier blindfolded on a lion. The flag symbolises sovereignty. If other nation offenses our country in anyway, and the war becomes a last resort, then (soldiers) SPLA sees only the symbol (flag) of our country.

Symbolically, Deng used a lion to represent unconventional Truth we use to wage dignified wars (minus this current war). Remember, before the birth of ROSS (Republic of South Sudan), SPLA as a guerrilla army, saved 3,000 prisoners of war while the Khartoum government with all its abilities saved no single prisoner of war. That’s unconventional truth (lion) because most guerrillas are ruthless, but we fought on that truth.

___His interpretation ___Here’s what Deng had to say when I asked him about the meaning behind this piece:

“…one of my very first drawings, I did it in response to the Heglig conflict between South Sudanese government and Sudanese government. It’s a symbol of how united we are when under any attack”.

His art conveys originality and inspirations.

"The never ending tears of mother Africa" This was my only way of expressing how I felt about the suffering of the Nigerian girls kidnapped by boko haram, and the risk of potentially losing 50,000 S. Sudanese children to hunger and diseases this year due to the ongoing conflict if nothing positive is done. Africa we need a change!

“The never ending tears of mother Africa”
This was my only way of expressing how I felt about the suffering of the Nigerian girls kidnapped by boko haram, and the risk of potentially losing 50,000 S. Sudanese children to hunger and diseases this year due to the ongoing conflict if nothing positive is done. Africa we need a change!

When I surfed his page, the artistic adventure warmed my cold memories for my beloved country. The captions on his drawings are the glittering nuggets of the real patriotism.

deng6-2

From his empathy and sympathy for the victims of South Sudan’s war to his encapsulating feelings for whole Africans’ affairs, especially the kidnapped Nigerian girls, Deng’s creativity is packed with the true leadership roles that inspire the whole lots of generations.

He had this to say about intending to inspire:

“I know, there are many other South Sudanese artists out there who need to be inspired and exposed, and I really hope that my work inspires them to embrace their talents”.

The ability to observe and record details about situations or people, then reproduce them in precise manners, makes his art a discipline that requires not only an outstanding judgment but also a speed of light to capture the moment just as the artificial cameras do.

If you knew or had seen the photo of a legendary political, racial and social problems rapper, Tupac Amaru Shakur, then you won’t ask: ___even without captions___ whose portrait is this on Art by Deng’s page? That’s the true genius of his art

His art stores history
deng9-1 deng9-2 deng9-3

Before writing (invented in Mesopotamia, around 3200 BCE and in Mesoamerica around 600 BCE), video (in 1951) and camera (discovered in 1816) emerged, people used sculptures and drawings to communicate and store historical information.

deng9-4

Today, art holds the same functions it held 1500 years ago. The Mona Lisa’s painting, a 498 year’s old piece, explains the past every time experts (world acclaimed artists) observe it in a different angle. Art by Deng, captivates us with our historical information.

deng6-7 deng6-6

His art speaks louder than written and spoken words.

Remember our Fallen soldiers. R.E.D - Remember Everyone Dead

Remember our Fallen soldiers. R.E.D – Remember Everyone Dead

He articulated it this way: “When words fail, art speaks. And I want to use art as a tool to send out a message that everyone can relate”.

deng11-5 deng11-6 deng11-8 deng11-9 deng11-4 deng11-2 deng11-1

For sure, he nailed it right. When the war ignited, many opinions writers and press owners at home and abroad wrote gazillions of words to describe how destructive the war is; however, Deng dropped one drawing(the one above) to visually and psychologically show why war is a loss of lives.

Again anyone who visited his page must know that Deng is an economist of words. He uses words as rare as black diamond to describe a magnificent piece of art that worth 10,000 words. A clear and critical thinking. A literacy at its best.

So my people, that’s amazing and outstanding talent. May God of our country blesses you in sharing this talent and caring for our creativity.

deng-1

Art by Deng is an outstanding and amazing work. You can visit his page on Facebook (Art by Deng)!

Enjoy the work of our own, Deng Forbes. God blesses our country and you.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

Mekonen Tefere, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

South sudanese actress, Nyakong Toang Duoth

South sudanese actress, Nyakong Toang Duoth

March 19, 2015 (SSB)  –  Nyakong Toang Duoth, a wife to well-known Musician Deng Gony (aka~Dee Gee) and sister to popular Hip Hop Artist – Lam Toang Duoth (aka~LT Dot) died on March 17, 2015 at Kikuyu Nursing Home Hospital in Kenya.

Nyakong who cast as a ’secret keeper’ with stage name as ‘Nyakakah’ appeared on the Brown Stone Movie in 2009…. she survived with four kids.

Her husband Deng Gony wrote on his facebook wall that he made everything possible to prevent the death but God decided to takes her life.

“Nyathiang, you know our friends, families and I did all we could to safe your life but unfortunately, none has power over death but only God. Bless our gifts and keep watching after them, as I know that dead are living. I love you so much and I will miss you in my entire life. Rest in Peace my Humble Beautiful Wife.”

Nyakong died from Hodgkin’s disease, a malignant but often curable disease of lymphatic tissues typically causing painless enlargement of the lymph nodes, liver, and spleen.

The Director of Brown Stone Movie, Peace Ambassador Gatwech Koak Nyuon expressed his heartfelt and urged the actresses and actors to pay the last respect to the deceased.

“I’m very sorry and very disappointed to learn that one of our brilliant and great colleague passed away in Nairobi Kenya. On behalf of Brown Stone Movie members, I publicly declare our position to pay the last respect to our charismatic and great thinker who dedicated her life and times to change her beloved community through Movie. I also extended my heartfelt and deep condolences on behalf of the Brown Stone Movie to immediate family of the Late. Madam Nyakong in this tragedy moment. We are with you and will always remember Nyakong’s name as Heroine. Everything must be handover to our Lord Almighty.” The statement partly read.

Peace Ambassador appealed to Brown Stone Movie members around the World to mark the March 17, 2015 and uses it as ‘black-day’ in life.

BROWN STONE is an abbreviation that stands for: Blacks’ Rights Organization for the Will of the Nations – System Technology Objectives for New Education.

Lul Tuach Dojiok aka~LTD recalled the last moment with Nyakong. “It’s unexpected to hear such a very shocked news. Nyakong was not only a movie star, but a great mother to all of us.” Lul, one of the Brown Stone’s members who was cast as the ‘jungle man’ said on the phone from Ethiopia.

Meanwhile, Peace Ambassador Gatwech Koak Nyuon added that members would soon convene to suggest whether a new song or a new short-movie would be scripted for dedication so that her name remains on the Earth. “ This is our task to make her name remain with us in consultation with Mr. Deng. We need to do something for commemoration.” Gatwech wrote.

Some permanent names [artists] who appeared in the Brown Stone Movie includes: Tek Stephen Ogut known as Mr. T-Show who own ‘Waat Paac Movie’, Lul Tuach Dojiok aka~LTD, Madow Malual aka~YD, Joseph Aken aka~DJ Ching Ching and LT Dote.

Among all, Elizabeth Nyadak John, Tibatha Nyadhiel Biel, Angelina Nyakuoth, Nyabikah Ruei, Nock Koak Duany, Chol Sijin and many more important ladies contributed to the formation of the Brown Stone Movie.

Brown Stone Movie is the first Nuer Movie produced and screened on 19 December 2009 in Nairobi Cinema before the South Sudan gained her independent. It’s acted in Nuer Language with seventy-two (72) actresses and actors casted in the action.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.


By Daniel Machar Dhieu, Juba

March 12, 2015 –  First and foremost, I greet all women of South Sudan who are celebrating the International Women Day in present of crisis in the country. As you always read about it on a daily basis in shocking newspaper headlines, watch it on television, have a friend or family member that has experienced it or perhaps you have experienced it yourself Sexual and Gender Based Violence.

In context, Sexual and Gender-Based Violence mean any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.
Sexual and Gender-Based violence includes the word gender because most victims of interpersonal violence are women. Violence is directed against women because they are female and have little power in relationships with men and are considered as inferior to men in general. This lack of power and minority status makes women vulnerable to acts of violence.

Whether it is physical, sexual, emotional, or economical; it is a reality in South Sudan that the number of cases of sexual and gender based violence continue to increase.

What makes this situation even more outrageous is that the nation currently lacks crucial laws to protect women, children and men from perpetrators of sexual and gender based violence.

No charitable organization or individual can claim a monopoly to this milestone many have been part of this journey and laid the blocks building up to this moment. We continue to wait anxiously for the finalization of the process and enactment of the Legislation.

If the government adopted the eventual enactment of the Sexual Offences and Domestic Violence Bill then it will be the best option toward creating a protective and safe environment for all South Sudanese people women.

It will mean acts of violence against women, children and men- will no longer be viewed as normal. It is the first step toward severe punishments for perpetrators of such violations.

We need to continue advocating for laws enactment and implementation, which will appropriately deal with perpetrators and send a very clear message to society that Sexual and Gender Based Violence will not be tolerated.

The Sexual Offences legislation will provides clear definitions for violations such as rape. Although rape cases are taken to court, the trauma and fear that affects a survivor’s ability to present evidence during court proceedings often leads to poor or no convictions.

The inability to clearly define and categorize the incident that occurred as rape often leads to a perpetrator being acquitted.

In the country’s existing outdated laws, rape is currently defined as the unlawful connection with a woman without her consent. This definition is dangerously limited and not only fails to encompass various forms of rape as sexual violence, but disregards violations against girls, boys, and men who may also be subjected to this form of violence.

As forms of Sexual and Gender Based Violence evolve, the country needs to update its laws to adequately cover the sexual offences that are occurring today. There is no way that laws dating back from tribal line cultured.

The Sexual Offences and Domestic Violence law defines rape as –“an unlawful sexual act. Sexual act is defined as; the insertion, even to the slightest degree, into the genital organ…anus or other orifice of another person. And these forms of violence already practiced in South Sudan especially Juba. For example in August 2014, I found man arrested in Hotel (Gumbo) after having sex with girl through anus other than using the main channel and claimed that he has paid 50 SSP for agreement.

This act may cause damage to other part of the body of a person or any object into the genital organs, anus, or other orifice of another person for purposes of sexual gratification of the person performing the insertion.

To put things into context, currently when a young boy is forced by woman to have intercourse her it is not considered to be rape because the current law only recognizes women as victims.

What I know so far, there has been a tendency to associate this violation to the South Sudanese practice of Tradition believe this should be a man’s proposal of love to a woman (courting), but some men feel that when a woman says no to a proposal that they must continue to persuade and follow her whether it makes the woman uncomfortable or not. If a woman says no and continues to be followed and harassed this is no longer a law and is defined as stalking according to the modern world.

Giving guideline on Sexual Offences and Domestic Violence may build hope in women and to  us as national activists, and it will actually diverted the negative though into positive though.   If we adopted the policy of respecting women as South Sudanese then women will soon be able to take legal action against perpetrators of stalking. Essentially the respect of women dignity on sexual violation will provides a framework for the respect of the basic human rights of women and children, who are often the most vulnerable members of our society.

This year the commemoration of the international women Day campaign could indeed be a special one as we have celebrated the opportunity to re-affirm our determination to advocating for its enactment into law.

My own theme as South Sudanese national activist this year 2015 is, “From peace in the home to peace in the nation: Let’s challenge militarism and end violence against women.” This national campaign began in some years in South Sudan. From peace in the home to peace is the nation proves to be a very significant theme for South Sudan. The ideas behind the national strategy are focused around families- the household, intimate partner communication, appropriate ways of communicating with children, community responsibilities and state obligations about Gender Based Violence.

If we advocate for safe, peaceful, and happy South Sudanese households it will have a ripple effect and translate to a safe and protective environment for all. We need to start a social movement for change and refuse to normalize violence against women and children.

This article will let you know the importance of women in our community as South Sudanese people. The issue of Sexual and Gender Based Violence is something to be addressed as a national priority. As such, appropriate resources and commitments should be directed toward effective prevention and response efforts at all levels by all sectors.

The writer is the Student at South Sudan Christian University for Science and Technology (SSCUST). Contact him on machardhieu@gmail.com and 0925228899