Archive for the ‘Commentary’ Category

By Madit Them Arop, Juba, South Sudan


Know thy enemy: The problem of South Sudan

July 29, 2016 (SSB) — The Republic of South Sudan is a nation known for its civil wars. Others may say tribal differences, still more, power greed struggle, and far beyond, ignorance of law and order. Factors make it difficult for South Sudan to coexist are many. But given the current situation and the move attempted by the government of national unity or transitional government, one may find that the South Sudanese problems are minor in their own views because they are capable to handle them.

They become larger and dangerous in the views of friends who reasons in their ways. This choice is a step toward peaceful ends which friends and oppositions for this country may take with urgency of acceptance.

A brother with a brother involved in a situation which led to a circumstantial disagreement and they have now consoled and found it unnecessary to have disagreed in the first place, and decided to open window of brotherhood again, and even if the third party was called in to help put their misunderstandings under control, which was forced on them, different terms were used and time was set which created long procedures to arrive at healing bay.


A response to Mr. Princeton Lyman, who proposed that South Sudan be put on a life support and AU-IGAD-UN plan for an intervention force in South Sudan

By Mariak Chol Majok, Kampala, Uganda

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July 27, 2016 (SSB) — First and foremost, let me take this golden opportunity to salute the mighty SPLA for repulsing the enemies of peace that tried to take us back to the dark days of 2013 and for maintaining the law and order, around Juba and its suburbs and ensuring that life comes to normalcy. I also thank the South Sudanese from all walks of life-both at home and Diaspora and on the social media for coming out in large numbers to demonstrate against the proposed plan to deploy the regional force to act as a buffer zone-something ambiguous in nature and in its entirety, isn’t it?

On the other hand, I convey my heartfelt condolences to the bereaved families of those killed in the recent Juba fighting. May their souls rest in perfect and eternal peace. As you have seen that article has been trending on the social media for the past few days and it was being protested by majority of our compatriots, I hereby also add my voice as a concerned citizen of South Sudan.

First of all, Mr. Lyman should first weigh and analyze the repercussions that emanated from this so-called UN Trusteeship in the countries this rule was used.  This was impromptu in nature and it doesn’t add up to any drastic measure and serendipity meant to abate the ongoing crisis that has devastatingly crippled country’s hopes for a prosperous nation. Perhaps the article was meant to fulfill the western malicious interests in African countries and South Sudan in this particular case.


By John Adoor Deng, Australia

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July 27, 2016 (SSB) — Having read through the lines, in and out, about the current conflict in South Sudan, I have come to the conclusion that at least the best way out of this serious situation is for Dr. Riek Machar Teny to sacrificed his political ambition and temporarily quit politics altogether. This may sound odd to many hardliners on both sides of the political Arena especially the IO supporters and presumably the FDs whose lifeline depends on IO victory.

The following paragraphs shall illustrate why I came to this conclusion. Indeed after thorough debates in my mind and after having seen and read the trends on which the conflict continues to turns each day in South Sudan. The following elucidations helped inform my inherent conclusions:

Firstly, the war is unwinnable in all aspects especially on the side of SPLA/M-IO and to some extent on the SPLA/M- IG as well. It is a baseless war, aims to achieve nothing but to notoriously kills, maim civilians, destroy properties and robbed generations once again from gaining literacy and early childhood education. Previously, we have lost generations into extreme illiteracy in civil wars; the war kills education opportunities, destroy infrastructure and germinate obnoxious hatred and mistrusts among the elite themselves.


“Betrayal is the only truth that sticks” Arthur Miller

By Wilson Mading Koch, Juba, South Sudan

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July 27, 2016 (SSB) — First and foremost my heartfelt condolences to all the families of South Sudanese who lost their loved ones during the recent senseless clashes in Juba and around the country. May the Almighty God Rest their souls in eternal Peace!

SPLM/IO in the last few days is facing an uphill task as cracks emerged within its ranks and files, the captain is missing and stories of conspiracy and betrayal are streaming the media and out in the public domain. As they say, if it walks like a duck, talks like a duck, quakes like a duck, it is a duck.

Taban for all I know has done exactly what he knows best, jumping ship at the most available opportunity. If he is doing it in the interest of peace fair enough, but how many times has Taban switched sides, so that this time he could say he has had enough?


I would like to recommend this book to Dr. Majak D’agoot Atem to read: Foreign Intervention in Africa: From the Cold War to the War on Terror (New Approaches to African History) Paperback – May 23, 2013)

By Kocrup Makuach Aleu, Juba, South Sudan

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July 27, 2016 (SSB) — One day we will learn that the heart can never be totally right if the head is totally wrong. Only through the bringing together of head and heart- intelligence and goodness- shall man rise to a fulfillment of his true nature. Neither is this that one must be a philosopher ora possessor of extensive academic training before he can achieve the good life.

I know people like Dr. Majak Agoot, of limited formal training who have amazing intelligence and foresight. The call for intelligence is a call for open mindedness, sound judgment, and love for truth. It is a call for men to rise above the stagnation of closed -mindedness and the paralysis of gullibility. One does not need to be a profound scholar to be open minded, nor a keen academician to engage in an assiduous pursuit for truth in South Sudan.

A couple of days ago, I was dumbfounded to watch Dr. Majak Agoot’s interview live on American TV in US, proposing a Foreign Military intervention which is purely for a regime change.  Do you think will rule South Sudan when Kiir is gone?


By Dr. Remember Miamingi

July 26, 2016 (SSB) — The First Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan and the Commander –in- Chief of the SPLA – IO has not been seen in public since his resident was allegedly bombarded during the conflict that took place in Juba, the Capital city of South Sudan from 5 – 11 July 2016. His mysterious disappearance has created a political vacuum and threatens the stability and viability of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU).

The Agreement that established the TGoNU provides for a collegial Presidency wherein vital decisions are taken by consensus through consultation. As a result, his prolonged absence could paralyze the functions of the Government.

To fill the vacuum left by the disappearance of the 1st Vice President, a group of IO members in Juba met and purported to nominate Taban Deng Gai as the 1st Vice President and by implication the Chairman and C-in-C of the SPLA –IO. This nomination has received mixed reactions of commendation and condemnation.


Standing for sovereignty of your own country or you sacrifices it to foreigners? The Case of handing over South Sudan to UN Trusteeship

By Mangong Mawien Madut, Kampala, Uganda

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July 26, 2016 (SSB) — The political advocacy on handing over South Sudan to UN trusteeship is no longer confidential. Interested people are making officially in various media outlets. Few of our countryman like, Pagan Amum and rest who didn’t show up publicly advocated for taking over of South Sudan by UN.

This political approach taken and applied by Pagan Amum and rest of South Sudanese public figures lobbying secretly for UN Trusteeship to take over is more of abuse of sovereignty of Republic of South Sudan as a State, political authority and her people as well. Under the concept of sovereignty, no state has the authority to another state how to control its internal affairs. Sovereignty gives absolute rights unless there are considerable circumstances of failure.


South Sudan: Another US Foreign Policy Fiasco in Africa

By Stephen Par Kuol, Nairobi, Kenya

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July 25, 2016 (SSB) — Practiced diplomats and students of international relations would contend that there is no single country on earth whose foreign policy has more successes than failures, and that certainly includes the United States, which by nature of its role in the world takes on the most daunting diplomatic challenges. Success or failure in Foreign Service often depends on the resources capacity (human and material) of the nation in question. The stark irony in the case of the United States is that it has a huge leverage over others in term of material and human resource capacity but its diplomatic performance leaves a lot to be desired.

The diplomatic history of United States is littered with costly foreign policy failures with far reaching and dire consequences. The United States Foreign Policy after World War II often failed to accomplish its objective and produced counter-productive results. From Vietnam to Angola, Korea, and Afghanistan, the Americans either prescribed wrong solution or failed to study the grime nature of the problem at hand. During the cold war, the United States foreign policy was guided by cold war against communism. As that receded, the United States confronted global terrorism. This war does not recede; it grows and as it grows, the United States is getting it wrong every day.


A respond to Mr. Princeton Lyman and Kate Almquist’s article on Nation mirror dated 22/July/2016.

By Bol Madut Ayii, Juba, South Sudan

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July 25, 2016 (SSB) — “I did not start a media war with evil writers who wrote against my country and I don’t want a war with them, but if someone launches an attack, though, I will respond I don’t want media war”. In order to give a precise and clear respond to Mr. Lyman and his co-writer, I would like to take my readers briefly on how South Sudan came to existence, this does not mean that the people of South Sudan do not know where they came from, but the intention is to educate those of Lyman and his friend Kate that South Sudan was not a gift from UN to be withdrawn as they wishes.

It took more than hundred years for sons and daughters of South Sudan to see the light and dream of their forefathers. The journey to freedom was not easy, but due to commitment and heroic sacrifices exerted by the freedom fighters the successive Islamic regimes in Khartoum accepted to sit on the table of negotiation after long years of struggle being Anya- Nya one or the SPLM/A.  The first agreement of Anya-Nya one popularly known as Addis Ababa Agreement of 1972 which was later teared like toilet paper by the then Sudanese President Jafaar Mohammed Nimeri saying it was not holy Quran or Holy Bible.


Couldn’t what transpired in J-1 have been saved before worse turned out of it?

By Kon Joseph Leek, Juba, South Sudan

J-1, South Sudan presidential palace

J-1: South Sudan presidential palace in the aftermath of Friday, July 8th, fighting

July 25, 2016 (SSB) — The report by the government stated that the same Lt. Col. David Rieu who started the incident of Thursday evening (7th, July) which led to the death of five people at Gudele was the one who started 8th of July’s incident. He arrived at the palace besides not being a member of the first vice president’s escort team and provoked the situation and immediately shot dead a presidential guard hence resulting to that fatal incident of Friday which led to the lost of over 300 soldiers all combined (according to the same report).

Both president Kiir and FVP. Riek all claimed to have no knowledge of it. It was separately reported that before Lt. Col. David came, the guards (president Kiir and Dr. Riek’s guards) were discussing and even exchanging cigarettes before the Lt. Col. Suddenly arrived and disturbed the peace. Minutes later, Dr. Riek’s spokesman, James Gatdet Dak rushed to hi s facebook page and wrote this and I paraphrased it:

“Fighting erupted inside J1, president Kiir’s palace in the National capital Juba. The president and his commanders attempted to arrest the FVP. Dr. Riek Machar Teny. This came after the president called for a meeting of the presidency in his office with Dr. Machar and VP. James Wani Igga. This turned out to be a setup to arrest and possibly harm Dr. Machar. Fortunately, Dr. Machar’s bodyguards have managed to fight vigorously and rescued Machar. He is now safe! Meanwhile the fighting has continued”. End of quote (facebook post).

By Kuol Mayiir and Andrew Gai, Victoria, Australia

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July 24, 2016 (SSB) — South Sudanese have suffered enough. The recent outbreak of gun violence between forces loyal to the President Salva Kiir and that of the First Vice President Dr. Riek Machar in Juba on 8th July 2016 adds to the numerous problems the young country is facing. Whatever the exact cause may be, this recent fighting exemplified that both sides are walking on eggshells with a high level of suspicion for each other.

The world’s youngest country has been squeezed and juggled to its core by problems created or allowed by its leaders who are clearly struggling to find the way forward to help stabilize the situation and focus on improving the lives of their impoverished people. The current unstoppable inflation is largely due to the inherent economic incompetence in the country’s financial system, and the consequences of ongoing internal conflicts which scared away potential investors. The metastasized insecurity across the country which prevents farmers from cultivating have led to the lack of vital food commodities in the country’s market.

The increasing interstate attacks on civilians and commercial vehicles, targeting people from particular tribal backgrounds, points to a deep-seated ethnic hatred which must be addressed by properly responding to the exact causes. The government had accused SPLM-IO in the past for supporting armed militias perpetuating such attacks as some militias pledged allegiance to SPLM-IO.


By Adut Naar, Melbourne, Australia

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July 24, 2016 (SSB) — My name is Adut Naar. I am a statecraft geopolitical strategist, political scientist, diplomacy, international politics, and international trade and regional/international policy and international law practitioner. In the latter part of my profession, I specialize in the Soviet/ Russian, and the Chinese geopolitical strategies; Political Violence; Civil Radicalism, and the Decolonization Theory-more especially their 20th century relationships with the U.S. I have also written more especially on the “south-south” or the developing world relations with the U.S.; the third world sub-regions and Blaming the Victims.

Why am I Writing this? I am writing this because I am outraged by the U. S’s stance on the South Sudan’s domestic issues. My point is that both the U.S and the UN are participants in the conflict and should be expelled. But I start my discussion with the following question; that we, the South Sudanese people: Are we friends with the U.S. Or are we its Patroness?  I will also offer suggestions on the way forward.


To wage a revolution is to annihilate what is bad, and build what is good…our revolutionary work is, therefore not yet completed, because these evils still undermine and sabotage the constructive process of the revolution’’ Ho Chi Minh, 1952

By Dak Buoth, Nairobi, Kenya

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July 23, 2016 (SSB) — You may have heard ideologies such as Nyayoism in Kenya, Fidelismo in Cuba, Garveyism in Jamaica and Moaism in China and so on and so forth. Ngundengism is an indigenous political thought. If you listen keenly and look at the prevailing circumstances and the ongoing events in South Sudan since we attained independence five years ago, one must come to an agreement that ‘Ngundengism ideology’ has evolved from simple African religious faith to a complex political ideology whose cardinal objectives include inter alia; to restore or to change the present regime by all means available at their disposals.

This radical notion conform with Frederick Watkins suggestion that ideologies comes entirely from the political extremes, that ideologies are always opposed to the status quo, and they tend to proposed an abrupt change in the existing order; therefore they’re ever militant, revolutionary, and violent to some extent.

In any event, political change is very complex subject, and we must all learn four things about change, First we must understand its direction whether it will take us forward or backward, in other word, is it progressive or retrogressive change. Progressive change simply means a change from status quo to something new in society whereas retrogressive change means return to old policy or institution of the past.


A respond to Kenyan writer Mr. Walter Menya’s article on daily nation: “It is the gossip columnist’s business to write about what is none of his business”.

By Bol Madut Ayii, Juba, South Sudan

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July 23, 2016 (SSB) —- First and foremost I would like to thank General Paul Malong Awan, the chief of general staffs of Sudan people’s Liberation Army (SPLA) for his nationalistic stand during the recent fighting in national capital Juba. General Paul was able to command our national army in professional and disciplinary manner by ordering them to protect and respect the lives and properties of civilians which is the constitutional mandate of any national army.

Back to the topic, I was dazed to read an article authored by Kenyan writer Walter Menya which appeared on Daily Nation dated 15/ July/2016. The style of writing of this Kenyan who know nothing about South Sudan and General Paul Malong forced me to respond to his rubbishes.

Mr. Walter wrote and I quote, “General Malong is the real power behind the throne in Juba, he is the polygamist general who wields real power in South Sudan, he is from Dinka with president Kiir and was the one who formed Dinka Militia called mathiang-anyoor ” ended the quote.


“James Gatdet Dak: FVP Dr. Riek Machar has dismissed Taban Deng Gai from the SPLM/SPLA (IO). He has also withdrawn and recalled him from Ministry of Mining.”

By PaanLuel Wel, Juba, South Sudan

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July 22, 2016 (SSB) — Dr. Riek Machar has dismissed Taban Deng Ghai from the SPLM-IO and also removed him from the ministry of Mining. This comes a day after the SPLM-IO politburo reportedly dismissed Riek from the position of the 1st Vice President and replaced him with Taban Deng Ghai.

It also comes within 12 hours since President Kiir issued a 48-hour ultimatum for Riek Machar to report back to Juba for work or risk replacement.

This scenario reminds one of what happened during the time of the Nasir group. By then, Kerubino Kuanyin and William Nyuon had a bitter fallout with Riek Machar.

They dismissed Riek from the Nasir group and declared themselves the new leaders, claiming previous seniority from Mother SPLM/A. Riek Machar in turn dismissed them from the party and from their respective positions.


“Riek Machar had a gun in our meeting, reveals President Kiir as he recounts gun battle ordeal.” CCTV Africa Reporter.

By Malith Jongkuch Kur, Ontario, Canada

kiir-riek at J-1

President Kiir and VPs Kiir, Machar and Igga addressing the Media via SSBC inside presidential palace now as gunfire continue in Juba

July 22, 2016 (SSB) — As time goes by, extremely troubling details are emerging from what happened in and around the State House in Juba over a week ago. The scene of devastation and unexploded ordnances lying around the presidential compound are indications that a vicious battle took place there. It is a scene that an ordinary person would expect to see on a battlefield, but not within the vicinity of a presidential palace.

According to CCTV reporter, “it is an extraordinary tale.” It is a tale that betrays the madness which has always accompanied Riek Machar’s search for power in South Sudan. But what is even more extraordinary in the eyewitness—President Kiir—account is that the First Vice President was carrying a pistol, a gun. The simple question to ask in this situation is, “why he carried a gun?” It is a legitimate question for South Sudanese and foreigners alike to ask. But before we try to answer this question, let us take a look at how senior government officials are protected in the world.


By Makwei Achol Thiong, Bor, Jonglei state

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July 22, 2016 (SSB) — It is two weeks now after the fatal incident around the Presidential palace in Juba. Calm has returned to the city and everyone seems to be back to normal business including Juba University where students will have their Examinations starting today.

However, major debates have focused on the proposed “Military Intervention” by foreign troops in South Sudan. Citizens have sprung to life, after the dollar stampede, to demonstrate against this proposed intervention when there are over 12,000 soldiers and police serving for the UN in the country.


By Ngor Jameson Panchol, Juba, South Sudan

kiiRiek, enough for the cameras

July 22, 2016 (SSB) — This essay will focus on pre-independent and post –independent period `, on how South Sudanese lost the sense of patriotism and nationalism through SPLM leadership due their autocratic mean of ruling than the promises they used to said and their denounce of the Arabs ruled as totalitarian regime that imposed Sharia law and Arab cultures on South Sudanese and this actually moved hearts of many people to follows the SPLM visions. The emerge of SPLM with charismatic leader like “Dr. John Garang” made the vision of Sudan people liberation movement sound louder and dominated whole Sudan because of democracy ideology which is total zero today .

After the death of Dr. John Garang De Mabior (Moses), Salva Kiir became the president of southern Sudan and first vice president of Sudan during transitional period of comprehensive peace agreement, and secretary general Pagan Amum usually used to say our Joshua referring to Salva Kiir as the one to lead New Sudan into the Promised Land. Vision for our forefather left without being accomplished due the sad helicopter crashed that led to his death and this left New Sudan in dilemma until now.


By Emmanuel Monychol Akop, Juba, South Sudan

Banki Moon

UN secretary general, Banki Moon, and JMEC chairperson, Festus Mogae

July 21, 2016 (SSB) — During the Kigali Summit; South Sudan was the topic agenda. The African leaders agreed that they will solve their own problems, without the intervention of other nations from outside Africa. But Ban Kimoon was at the back scene, with his mouth, probably stuffed with Dollars, engaging, possibly bribing regional leaders to urging them, to support a regional intervention into South Sudanese internal affairs.

Even  Whitemen who have benefited from South Sudan, like Princeton Lyman, a senior adviser to the president of the United States Institute of Peace and served as the US Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan from 2011 to 2013 , is busy writing, urging his corners that a deadly force be deployed, that South Sudanese needs “life support” by placing the country under the UN Trusteeship in, say ten to fifteen – citing Kosovo and East Timor as good examples of success of the UN.

He is ironically right. Yes it is true that South Sudan needs life support after it is sucked dry of its resources by the so called international experts, who come as friends, PR their companies and take away our money. South Sudan is on its knees, because almost everybody, not just our leaders has participated in looting South Sudan.


By Truthhurt Daddy, Juba, South Sudan

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July 21, 2016 (SSB) — Yesterday demonstrations on streets in Juba and elsewhere in the country were so misleading and deceptive at the same time simply because South Sudan already has thousands of foreign forces and none of those foreign forces had sought permission to enter South Sudan’s soil.

While the empty threats displayed here and of course in some towns in South Sudan was that South Sudan is capable of enforcing their so called red lines no matter what, which is a big white lie.

I felt sorry when I saw those poor young men & women yesterday on Streets of Juba and elsewhere in the country who were certainly mobilised by force, perhaps bribed to do such unjustified demonstrations against UN’s forces was pathetic to say the less.