Archive for the ‘Commentary’ Category


By Riak Marial Riak, Juba, South Sudan

Gen Paul Malong and his late daughter, Alakiir Malong Awan

Gen Paul Malong and his late daughter, Alakiir Malong Awan

September 25, 2017 (SSB) — Ladies and gentlemen, there are terms we need to use appropriately, these include, liberation and stability. What have we not lost? The power busting within refused to tell truth and had never and will never be truthful to our liberation.

We’re left implicated and sometimes deprived of our right to freedom; we go squandering our resources believing this will be the best way to keep lights on.

Therefore, when our economy slips to doom we remain also downtrodden and would never have that stability. What is our pride here, ladies and gentlemen?

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By Thiik Mou Giir, Melbourne, Australia

Social media warriors

Social media warriors

September 24, 2017 (SSB) — Since the outbreak of violence between the soldiers loyal to the government and the soldiers loyal to the opposition in Juba and as well as in other parts of South Sudan in 2013 and which have continued up to this very day, the consequences are now well known.  It is very important that we should reflect and learn from something that has touched every South Sudanese negatively.  In this piece of work, I have examined what violent and non-violent revolutions look like.

This part is that last part and it deals with Non-Violent Revolution.  You may agree with me in saying that non-violent revolution is the lesser evil than violent revolution.  The best and the safest way of changing a regime is through a democratic means – an election.  Anyway, aware that you may want to participate in the discussion, I have assigned a number to each grid for referencing purposes.

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By Tito Awen Bol, Nairobi, Kenya

SPLM Extra-ordinary Convention

September 24, 2017 (SSB) —- From the words of my teacher; late Dr. Martin Luther King Jnr, “our lives stop the very moment we cease to speak about things that matter to us.”  SPLM matter to us thus we must talk about its maladministration and misdeed. Anything concerning the misdeed of Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) should not just begin as such but we must begin by setting the reasonable parameters between the SPLM as a political movement and SPLM as a political party as stages passed by SPLM then come to where it failed.

This will give us a tangible and functional view to appreciate SPLM at the early stages when it was still a movement and give it its deserved empty Cheque that it attains after it became a party. This empty Cheque is culminated from SPLM setting the Country onto several wars and accusing its members of coups year after year and yet not ready to put her house in order but just keep the Country on “war-mood!”

Literally, a political Movement is a social group that operates together to obtain a political goal while a political party is an alliance of like-minded people who work together to win election and control of the government.  Registration may be a necessity for a political party under the laws of a particular Country which may not be the case with the political movement.

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By Kuol Alberto Makuach, Juba, South Sudan

red-army-procession-in-aweil-sept-2016

Red army procession in Aweil, Sept 2016

September 21, 2017 (SSB) — Since May this year a lot has been happening for the people of Aweil. First, there was the removal of the Chief of Staff, Paul Malong and a subsequent replacement with none other than, another son from Aweil, Ajonga Mawut.

A few weeks later in July, General Kawac Makuei Mayar died. This was the man who took so many young people to Ethiopia and they became the nucleus of Red Army. Then Salva Kiir gave (“promoted”) him (corpse) a rank he could not give him while alive. Why?

Few weeks after the removal of Mr. Awan, there was a general Aweil people’s meeting organized in Juba Freedom hall with the photo of Salva Kiir above the theme of the meeting. One only needs to think hard enough to understand the connection of Salva Kiir with Aweil people’s unity. Don’t we have our great and distinguished leaders to put in the posters? Then, the big question-Who funded the meeting?

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By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

Kut Alier Apollo

The late Lawyer, Kut Alier Apollo, with his uncle, Abel Alier Kuai Kut

September 21, 2017 (SSB) —- The Republic of South Sudan is a new country that marked its independence from Sudan in July 2011 following a protracted series of civil wars starting in 1955 and ended in 2005.  The first war began in 1955 and ended in 1972. But, after only eleven years of peace in 1983, the second civil war that lasted after twenty years began.

The fighting that began in 1983 ended with both sides signing the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005.  After that Southern Sudan was granted autonomy within the greater Sudan whose lifespan ended with a referendum that took place in 2011. The referendum was held in January 2011and as a result, almost all South Sudanese voted for separation from Sudan. The voting saw South Sudanese moved the region toward secession and ultimately independence by 9th July of the same year.

With all political complications between South Sudan and Sudan that have been going on, one thing has never changed or has been clear. South Sudan is not a desert wasteland because it is occupied by the Nile’s famous waters that flow through its large clay basin which also serves a catchment area for water coming from highland regions of the Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, and Uganda.

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By Reech Malual, Juba, South Sudan

South Sudan National Day of Prayers

September 20, 2017 (SSB) — It has often been thought negative over harsh situations since the time of forefathers and thus makes it difficult to believe in a better South Sudan and sometimes people wonder why should there be any hope in due tough times.

Having been part of the Sudan, South Sudan experienced a maximum level of violence before the Anglo-Egyptian condominium government could grant independence in 1956.

There has not been a generation of peace apart from the violent ages in time memorial therein, and thus peace became impossible to attain even after the stoppage of civil wars in 1972, 2005, and August 2015 (Addis Ababa Agreement 1972, Comprehensive Peace Agreement 2005, and Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan 2015).

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By Majok Arol Dhieu, Rumbek, South Sudan

Dinka and Nuer

Dinka and Nuer under one nation, one people

September 19, 2017 (SSB) — I’m quibbling that these hard intelligible odds and ends I’ve been producing are not intended for those lads and lasses who are academically handicapped, neither do the dominos & tea admirers fit in the game. Please do not lodge a doleful expression or bewailed your misfortune as happening events do not come out of blue.

Let’s go if you may catch up.

It’s said that two brothers, Jang and Gadeng were in Secondary School.  Gadeng was the elder and a very handsome gentleman with itsy-bitsy eyes. The school situation was deteriorating as there was no ration for students and whenever Jang asks Gadeng if they’d go for casual works, he’d reply that he’s not a type who’d do those minors jobs. He always says that his ancestors would provide him with food in which his brother Jang retorted that this’s just an old wife’s tale that’s got no room in the modern world.

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“When Truth is Denied, Peace Will Not Come”

By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

Gogrial state

September 18, 2017 (SSB) — The conflict between Apuk and Aguok has become a major concern not only to the people of Gogrial State but to the whole of South Sudan. The need to get permanent solution has recently prompted authorities to come up with the disarmament policy, which is currently going on.

The question is, therefore, is disarmament alone without more a solution to the conflict between Apuk and Aguok? The answer to this question depends on how individuals look at it and also how he understands the conflict between the two communities.

 However, the fact is that disarmament per se is not a permanent solution though it is an interim solution that can be used as an entry point in finding a formidable solution.  To get the permanent solution to the conflict between the two communities, there is a need first to understand the dynamics of the said conflict.

The conflict currently prevailing between the two communities is rooted in history. This is why it is hard to deal with it. Where the conflict is deeply rooted in deeply divided communities, which is rooted in deeply rooted ethnic tension, the only solution is to engage the parties in deep discussion accompanied by deep reflections among themselves that will eventually result in forgiveness and the agreement that will govern their future relations.

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By Thiik Mou Giir, Melbourne, Australia

fighting in juba

fighting in Juba, 2013, 2016

September 16, 2017 (SSB) —- Since the outbreak of violence between the soldiers loyal to the government and the soldiers loyal to the opposition in Juba and as well as in other parts of South Sudan in 2013 and which have continued up to this very day, the consequences are now well known.  It is very important that we should reflect and learn from something that has touched every South Sudanese negatively.

In this piece of work, I have examined what violent and non-violent revolutions look like.  This part deals with violent revolution.  Next week I will have the second part published.  Aware that you may want to participate in the discussion, I have numbered each grid with a number for referencing purposes.

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By Dut Kuot Akok, Juba, South Sudan 

Looking for black market fuel sellers

September 14, 2017 (SSB) — Nationalism according to Merriam Webster refer to devolution to one’s nation’s interests, ethnic, cultural and physical boundaries, inspires imperialism and colonialism. It encompasses loyalty and devolution to nation especially a sense of national consciousness, exalting one’s nation above others and placing primary emphasis on promotion of its culture, development, and interest as opposed to what is going on as of now in the republic of South Sudan.

The above definition is totally opposite in regard to the current turmoil in south Sudan which is characterized by political madness among the ruling elites who seems to have buried the spirit of nationalism among the people of south Sudan due to the fact that our leaders who struggle whole heartily to emancipate us from the genocidal Islamic regime have in return seems to have forgotten the reasons they struggle for more than 21 or 40 years since 1955.

Their absolutism behaviors and actions had left every citizen in south Sudan with tasteless questions as to why did they waste their time and energy if they know that we will not be free at last as they used to preach it during the liberation days. They (citizens) are forced to regret their decision every day, and with all these man-made regrets unfolding. However, the spirit of nationalism needs to be instilled into the young generation.

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Tributes and celebration of the illustrious life of the late Sebit William Garang Dut, former teacher, SPLM/A war veteran and guardian of the Jesh-Amer of Palotaka

By Atem Yaak Atem, Australia

Sebit William Garang Dut

The late Legendary teacher, veteran of the war of liberation, and former guardian and father of Jesh-Amer of Palotaka, Ustaz Sebit William Garang Dut

 

September 13, 2017 (SSB) — Sebit William who has died in Juba was a man of the people. A career teacher, late Sebit taught for a number of years in Bor town, the capital of the former Jonglei province. At the outbreak of Sudan’s second civil war in 1983, he joined the new insurgency, trained and fought as an officer. In1990s Sebit William was deployed as teacher and carer of what foreign news media and critics of the SPLM/A interchangeably called unaccompanied minors and lost boys.

In the shadow of a pioneering father

The man who became known as Sebit throughout his life, was at birth named Chol¹, alternatively referred to as Chute (Cuutë). Son of late William Garang Dut Goch, Sebit was born in Bor town where he grew up, received his primary education and in later years became a primary school teacher. He came from a huge family; his mother was Garang’s first wife among several of them. Sebit had many siblings.

William Garang Dut was one of the first boys from the former Bor district to go to school and acquire an education that was high by the standards of the day. After successfully completing Nugent School Loka in Equatoria province, William Garang became one of the few much-sought after Southern Sudanese. His peers hailing from Bor district included Manasseh Pach, Rekeboam Akech Kuai, Jeroboam Machuor Kulang, Mark Moses Akol, and Gabriel Aluong Kang Makuei.

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By David Deng Chapath, Kampala, Uganda

ateny wek ateny

Ateny Wek, Presidential press secretary

September 13, 2017 (SSB) — With his bankrupt politics that makes him extravagant with words, which is now costing him of his legacy, Ateny Week Ateny is now on both soul and physical searching for who would be the author of the video that has gone viral on Facebook.

The video is about the records of what Ateny said on his recent visit to Kampala. As he was in Kampala, Ateny was recorded to have said something bad about General Malong during his conversation with youth. He was recorded to have said many things against General Malong but these two statements are very important:

First, Ateny was recorded to have said that it was not necessary for Malong to go to Kenya for DNA test as saliva can be taken from him in Juba and taken to Kenya for DNA test. In saying this, he was referring to the recent death of General Malong’s daughter, in which he was needed in Kenya to go for DNA test.

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By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

September 12, 2017 (SSB) — Under the International law, all the States have the Responsibility to protect their citizens as well as those who are by law and by facts residing within the States.  The state sovereignty that provides the State with immunity from any external interference imposes the duty on the states to protect all people within her territories.

It is in relation to the above that we have a general rule, which provides that the state has a responsibility to protect. Therefore, the failure to perform the duty to protect can allow the international community to intervene to protect citizens on behalf of the State. The above general was further explained by the Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty of December 2001, which discusses basic principles that constitute the State sovereignty and the duty to protect citizens and consequences of the failure to perform the duty to protect.

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By Madhieu Thiep Madhieu, Juba, South Sudan

salary

salary

September 11, 2017 (SSB) — Fuel scarcity in the capital Juba and the Country at large had been on and off for quite a number of months, right from 2016 when the country’s currency lost its value until today. Many businesses including government offices in the Country have been severely affected by lack of fuel to run the self-owned generators.

Public transport has mostly been devastated by fuel crises forcing the majority of the civil population to park their cars and resorted to footing to and from work places. Students (pupils), elderly and the sick are the most disadvantaged groups, affected by this endless fuel crisis as it is harder for them to reach their respective places of services at the appropriate time.

To make matters worse, the Juba taxi drivers have mercilessly increased their bus fare beyond expectations and the government seems not to care for the humble cry of the Citizens. It’s very unfortunate that our taxi drivers occasionally base their increment on fuel shortages in the petrol stations, but could not reduce the bus fare even though there is enough fuel in the market.

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The two-theoretical approach in Dr. Wal Duany’s dissertation at the Indiana State University, USA, about the Nuer People: Do they have any implication with the current crisis in the Republic of South Sudan?

“Not so with the Nuer. . . . Their institutions are invisible. Every now and then a regulatory idea surfaces and marshals activity, then sinks out of sight, while another becomes visible in its effect upon movements of cattle and people. If they can be said to have anything corresponding to political institutions, these have absolutely no physical form, no architecture of palaces or prisons, no embodiment in piles of stones. . .” (Johnson, 1980, as cited in Duany 1992).

By Dr. Simon Wuor Gai, Nebraska, USA

Nuer white army

South Sudan Rebels: Nuer White Army Fighters

September 8, 2017 (SSB) — While this author is neither a political science major nor a historian by profession, I like to read stuff that is relevant to our contemporary societies, particularly the two Sudan’s—South and the North. There is significant evidence that any decision-making process can be maximized within the context of knowing the unlimited body of knowledge. In this context, I always push myself to capitalize on my current expertise to other areas, where I am not a subject matter expert in or anything along those lines.

With that being said, I find it interesting when reading Dr. Wal Duany’s dissertation at the Indiana State University where he addressed the Nuer’s constitution order by examining the two-fundamental theoretical knowledge in his capacity as a political science’s scholar. To conceptualize the Nuer’s social order, Dr. Wal Duany compared the two theories, the Acephalous and Autocephalous theoretical understanding against the Nuer people to unearth the strength or weak social order of the Nuer tribe from the Republic of Sudan in his dissertation—South Sudan was not independence yet by then.

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“Doctors need my DNA in order to identify the body of my daughter in Kenya but the presidency refused as per now,” Gen. Paul Malong Awan told Ajak Deng Chiengkou of SBS Dinka radio on the 6th of September, 2017

By Lucy Ayak Malek, Nairobi, Kenya 

Gen Paul Malong and his late daughter, Alakiir Malong Awan

Gen Paul Malong and his late daughter, Alakiir Malong Awan

September 8, 2017 (SSB) — On the 02nd of September, a fire that gutted a girls’ dormitory at Moi High School, claiming the lives of 10 students with many others critically injured, was another test and touching trial for my family. I had two students in this school, a 14-year-old, and a 16-year-old.

My 14-year-old survived the fire with minor injuries, thanks to her brave late elder sister who managed to push her through the window before she was caught up when she ran back to save her friend. As my 14-year-old recovers in hospital, her elder sister is still unaccounted for and thought to be among the 10 who burnt in the fire.

That unstoppably welled our cheeks with tears and engulfed us with unfathomable grieves because as a tradition, in death, a little relief comes from the ability to identify and burry the remains of our loved ones. My late daughter (Alakir Malong) was a very cheerful, kind and humble girl who had a bright future. The Parents of the missing children have been asked to provide DNA samples to help identify the remains of their loved ones who died in that sad tragedy.

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Ajang Barach-Magar, Juba, South Sudan

Ajang Barach Daau

A selfie of Ajang Barach Daau

September 8, 2017 (SSB) — You look at South Sudanese’s penchant for polygamy and siring of numerous offsprings and this question becomes more relevant than ever before. In his remarkably impressive book “The Future of Life”, Edward O. Wilson formulated a related version of this question. He then attempted to address it by postulating that humans’ unquenchable urge to reproduce would ultimately lead us to overpopulate the planet, eat up all its resources and die in a mass famine.  So, when are South Sudan’s food reserves running out? When will this country become too small to host her estimated 15 million inhabitants?

Well, at this point in time, we ought to be producing more than we can consume. Besides, there is more than sufficient space for everyone. Yes as a society, our economy is precariously teetering on the brink of collapse while our major towns are grappling with choking overcrowding. But it must be remembered that every last one of these woes is self-inflicted. They are not a reflection of the country’s inadequate capacity to feed or support all of us.

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Dr. Lam Akol, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Lam Akol Ajawin

Lam Akol Ajawin

September 8, 2017 (SSB) — The youngest country in the world was born amid great expectations and hopes for the future. These were not day dreams or castles built in the air. The hope was based on the fact that the country is endowed with human and natural resources very few African countries, if any, had at independence.

Today it is a basket case not because of misplaced assessment of its resources but of bad leadership. The current regime in Juba has turned its back on the slogans of liberation and turned into an ethnocentric kleptocracy that cared less about its people but only about siphoning the resources of the country to support its extensive patronage networks so as to prolong its stay in power.

Therefore, it is not by accident that the country is today embroiled into an unnecessary ethnic civil war that has seen horrendous war crimes and crimes against humanity being committed by both sides of the conflict. The last and current spite of civil war was initiated by none other than the sitting President. It follows that any attempt to resolve the current crisis must never reward perpetrators of atrocious crimes nor tolerate impunity.

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By Deng Akok Muoradid, Juba, South Sudan

September 6, 2017 (SSB) — Hon Thiik Thiik Mayardit, the current chairman of Awan Pajok Community Association, should be honored, appreciated and praised for his endless struggle towards transformation of South Sudanese societies, improvement of student’s welfare and promotion of sustainable peace and development through financial and moral support.

Hon Thiik Thiik Mayardit is a true peace lover who has actively initiated several peace and reconciliation programs among various communities of South Sudan. For example he has played a great role in the reconciliation programs between Apuk and Aguok communities of Gogrial State and he is tirelessly trying his best to reconcile many tribes which are in conflict against each other across the country.

Hon Thiik Thiik Mayardit is a great patriot who loves unity of all south Sudanese regardless of their ethnicity, race, clan, family background and he is a man of great achievement who believes in peaceful settlement of any dispute through dialogue. He had united all the 64 tribes of South Sudan through reinforcement of social activities, advocating for peaceful co-existence and giving of peace speeches in various social ceremonies.

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By Sunday de John, Juba, South Sudan

Governor Philip Aguer and UNMISS cheif David Shearer making joint statement picture by Mach Samuel - Copy (2)

Governor Philip Aguer and UNMISS cheif David Shearer making joint statement picture by Mach Samuel – Copy (2).JPG

Your Excellency,

September 6, 2017 (SSB) — It is my humble submission to write to you this open letter aimed at communicating my thoughts on the Regional Protection Force deployment. Likely, the deployment is in conformity with United Nations Security Council’s order but in breach of the South Sudanese laws.

Although this deployment is one of the provisions structured to end the expensive conflict in the Republic of South Sudan, it shouldn’t be made to look as though that your mission was taking over of the South Sudanese authority.

The significance of your mission is vested in civilians’ protection. As such, the civilians are not inhabitants of the Juba International Airport. Nobody is killing civilians in Juba city either and therefore there isn’t even a need for any deployment in the city. Few of the crime cases that you seem to exaggerate would be dealt with by local security forces and satisfactorily, they have been diminished.

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