Archive for the ‘Commentary’ Category

By Deng Vanang, Juba, South Sudan


US President Donald Trump

January 21, 2018 (SSB) — Last week or so son of Donald, Trump treated humanity to the global drama. More of a dramatist than President of world superpower United States, any direction to which he turns his foul mouth swung open, swords and machetes are drawn before the regarded filth actually drop off.

Trump is what he is and not what people think he should be. Real, not fake. The modern-day Socrates the world of Greeks had condemned to poisoning for speaking his mind and truth of the matter, not innuendos several centuries that went by. Of course, than wonder aloud, do you know why the world is wrong and Trump is right?

Trump teaches exactly people about what God’s creation is all about. Those people never have the same color, look, height and size whether in a family, tribe and race. Being the same is an illusion, except being identical twins. This is the Almighty’s great mystery.



By Makwei Achol Thiong, Hunan University, China


Presidential dinner for X-mass

January 19, 2018 (SSB) — You wake up in the morning without any constructive plan for the day. You pretend around the house but it can’t tick 12:00 p.m. for any miracle in the kitchen so as to eat and get out to play dominoes/card/pool or watch weekend European football games. If nothing materializes there, you leave frustrated only to come back in the evening empty-handed and start unprovoked family violence.

The next day, next month, next Year and nothing changes in your life. Every single day that passes pushes you closer to becoming a robber (unknown Senke-man) or unknown gunman in the city or highway. Idleness in the villages matures into cattle rustling, child abduction and massive responsiveness to disgruntle politicians and Generals from the government.


By Deng Vanang, Juba, South Sudan

 Flag of RSS

January 18, 2018 (SSB) — The current crisis may still drag on for a long haul than to end anytime soon, at least for the pessimists no matter hardcore or moderate they may be in thinking. Series violations within days the cessation of hostilities was declared is the clearest evidence yet, with each side accusing the other of responsibility.

Also of common concern is the fact that warring parties still muster the combined will, zeal and resources to rumble on with the illicit trade despite the war-weary, suffering and dying civil population in urgent need of peace and valuable property already laid to waste.

With compromised peace mediators and monitors no longer being seen as the honest arbiters to bring about much desire amicable and sustainable solution to the five-year-old crisis in the eyes of South Sudanese pawns of war on all sides. Since some IGAD member states doubling as mediators still view opposition – armed and unarmed – as the threat to their largesse in the war-ravaged country than part of the much required solution.


The Impact of the Culture of an Injury to One, Is an Injury to All

By Hon Arop Madut Arop, Nairobi, Kenya

museveni's quote on leadership

January 15, 2018 (SSB) — As representatives of South Sudanese stakeholders, both in the government and in the opposition are expected to converge in the Ethiopian Capital, Addis Ababa; probably in the first week of February, members of international community, on the top the IGAD countries are pestering and lashing on South Sudan leaders to accept the hard fact that the on-going war, which has brought untold hardships and ruins to their country; must be brought to a speedy dead end.

Hopefully, if peace descends in our country, there will be an urgent need for all the peace-loving compatriots in our young republic to rethink and look critically at some of our cultures that might have directly or indirectly been the cause of continuous instability among our people for centuries. This is necessary if we are to stop future wanton killing among our people. But in order to bring about sustainable peace, we must try by all means, it would be important to inform ourselves what the word culture is all about. We will then discuss them as to how we can promote good ones, modernize some and discard those that appear to stand on our way to sustainable peace, the unity of purpose and progress of our people.


“As a result, given the absence of a clear political ideology, the SPLM/A remained a military movement during the conflict while its political organisation was never properly institutionalised. The SPLM, as a movement was really only used as an institutional cover for diplomatic initiatives, for mobilisation throughout Sudan and abroad, and for humanitarian assistance in the liberated areas but not as an ideological vehicle.” —From Malual Ayom Dor’s PhD Thesis, page 54.

By J. D. Garang, USA


January 13, 2018 (SSB) — This note is to correct one false notion being leveled at the original SPLM vis-a-vis the history of South Sudan, especially the casual charge that the Liberation Movement never had any developed political ideology whatsoever. But first, I have said this before and I will say it again: those historians who will be entrusted with producing South Sudanese history have their work cut out for them, for I’m afraid they might end up having a really hard time agreeing on the basic primary sources or even the best approach to writing history as it is, much less teaching our common history to schoolchildren.

Judging by the way things are now if the history of South Sudan is going to be written in the same manner in which the people ran the country aground, I’m equally afraid we are going to have a huge mess, one that could be punctuated by years of political hiccups. Because if the recent proliferation of political writings are any guide, it is safe to conclude that most historical analyses we have seen either miss the mark or are shockingly ignorant, with some that are devoid of historical contexts and/or serious, evidence-based scholarly analysis.


By Deng Kur Deng, Pennsylvania, USA

Agou John Wuoi3

Agou John Wuoi Chuit, the former Executive Security Attache to the office of the president, was arrested on the 29th of May 2016, accused of misappropriating public funds, forging the President’s signature, and money laundering

January 13, 2018 (SSB) — It is obvious that the constitution is a supreme document of South Sudan. It is in place for strengthening the country. The constitution is aligned with the behaviors of good citizens and corrects those who are bound to commit bad deeds.

Unfortunately, the interpretation of law can be easily translated into a language that is not found anywhere in the constitution. Anyone can choose to translate; however, these translations often nose-dive and reach beyond the intent of the constitution. This should be a concern of every citizen. Few of our legal experts know the intent of the constitution when it comes to protection of the people—in our case, a minister of justice who has failed us miserably.

How could Minister of Justice Hon. Paulino Wanawilla depend on forged documents and based his decisions on such materials? This act coincided with framing and these are the minister of justice must be very careful when making decisions. His understanding of justice and injustice is questionable. He has treated our constitution as a covert document and acts as if one can step outside its directives to make decisions that are indistinctly connected with the constitution.


By Mabil Manyok Nhial, Gweru, Zimbabwe

students' union in Uganda

Student Union’s Executives with Patron Hon. Stephen Dhieu Dau, the of Minister of Petroleum and Mining

January 12, 2018 (SSB) — Every South Sudanese student was thrown in a tightly woven wave of disquietude when it was first aired out that all South Sudanese students studying in Zimbabwe would be taken back to South Sudan.

This came out after some students from National University of Science and Technology shut down the Embassy of the Republic of South Sudan in Harare. These students have been suffering in silence as there has never been anything given to them for their upkeep.

As time drifted by, there was uneasiness as some worrisome apprehensions of what was being discussed by the Council of Ministers, filled the air. Hearing such as going back after wasting a good number of three years without getting anything was so tantalizing. Everyone strained his/her ears to hear any good tidings from the meeting in Juba.


By Ariik Atekdit Mawien, Juba, South Sudan

Ariik Atekdit @ the Referendum polling station in Malakal 2011.jpg

January 11, 2018 (SSB) — It is now seven solid years since the people of South Sudan voted for the independence referendum that was organized to take place from 9 to 15 Jan 2011. This national plebiscite exactly took place on the Day the historical Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was signed in Naivasha, Kenya in 2005 between the Khartoum central government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Out of the 3,851,994 eligible voters who turned out to choose between the choices of separation and Unity of the Sudan about 3,792,518 casted their votes including the writer of this article to choose the separation, leading to the creation of the new country and the declaration of South Sudan independence on 9 July 2011 only six months later.

When we voted for the country of our own a lot of campaign was done across the Sudan and many other out-side-country-voting centres in the rest of the world where the South Sudanese population was believed to be dense. South Sudanese were made to get convinced that they must vote for a country of their own and therefore 98.83% won the independence of South Sudan, creating a country that was left to be led by South Sudan’s long struggle military general and a successor of Dr John Garang, Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit in Juba, a city just situated near to the Uganda border.


By Manyang David Mayar, Eldoret, Kenya 

unknown gunman

the new joke doing rounds in Juba: when attacked by burglars, call the police at your own risk.

January 9, 2018 (SSB) — I just discovered why my fellow South Sudanese who travel outside of the country’s capital return to Juba healthier compared to the time they left Juba. For the past many years, I have been seeing some South Sudanese leaving Juba to East African Countries in order to spend their holidays. Sometimes others go for training or for studies in Nairobi or Kampala, Addis Ababa or China and other foreign countries.

Most of them fly out of Juba International Airport or cross through the Nimule border with a rough skin and wrinkled faces. But when they return, they come back home with smooth skin; looking fresh and healthier than the time they left Juba.

I have been wondering what could it be – the thing that improves people’s health instantly in the foreign countries. I used to think it might be the cold nice weather in those countries that improve their health, or it might be the nice food or perhaps the free public transport that you don’t need to fight for like in Juba. Fortunately, a time came for me to experience the secret myself.


By Abraham Biar Gai, Nairobi, Kenya

Dinka cows

January 9, 2018 (SSB) — With view of shading light and opening up discussions on why South Sudan livestock sub-sector is seriously under-performing visually in all aspects that include food productivity and security, trade, poverty reduction, income generation, employment and broadening economic-based in spite of the huge potential it has, several flashpoints related to lack of appropriate policies or lack of implementation of such policies have been identified.  

Livestock sector dynamics

Livestock is a collective term used to refer to domesticated animals that are kept by human for purpose of production of food (meat, milk, egg, blood), raw material (hair, wool, hide & skin) and services (animal draught & carriage) as well as religious and social functions (sacrifices, marriage and status) depending with the community and user. The principal livestock species in South Sudan context are cattle, shoats (sheep & Goat), donkey, pig, camel, and poultry in distributed across the country in varied numbers based on the ecological influences as well as the communities’ preferences.


The reason behind provocations from Juba. If these provocations continue unabated, then I would respond with appropriate and proportional force, and the blame would be on the government.

By Gen. Paul Malong Awan Anei, Nairobi, Kenya


January 9, 2018 (SSB) — Ever since I was relieved of duty as Chief of General Staff, there has been a target painted on my back by elements within the government who profit from war. In the aftermath of my being reassigned, these schemers immediately smelt blood. They quickly concocted and circulated rumors about me starting a rebellion, and quickly brought in the president. That is why when I attempted to leave Juba for Aweil, I was intercepted at Yirol with the promise to “clear any misunderstandings that may be there with the president.”

I later learnt, as you all did, that it was a trap that landed me into secret house arrest. When my illegal and secretive detention came to light, the schemers shifted their intentions and now they had to “get rid of me”. That is why they cordoned off my residence and surrounded it with a battalion of soldiers, and heightened tensions around Juba in the runner-up to my release on the President’s orders. The schemers in J1 were desperately pulling every trick in their bags to paint me as a serious threat to the government, with the hope of securing a Presidential order to attack and kill me.

When that failed, and after my release, the scheming has only continued. On numerous occasions, they have bribed, coerced people to fabricate rumors implicating me, but thankfully all their schemes have been exposed to this point. The latest was a fabrication of my voice in audio recordings making rounds all over social media. My question is if the government or security agencies get information that I was engaged in subversive activities, their first step is to publish that information in the newspapers and on social media?


Scapegoating and Parental Negligence: Have South Sudanese exported their mess to Australia

By Kur John Aleu, Beijing Jiaotong University, China

Kur John Aleu

Kur John Aleu with his colleagues during the new year celebration in Beijing, China

January 6, 2018 (SSB) — Shocking news have been coming from Australian media about a gang of youngsters on rampage vandalization, majority of which are said to be South Sudanese, this has triggered a war of words between the Australian authorities and community leaders who are on the defense of what they perceived as tainting of their image for the crime they are not responsible for.

The puzzle here is that, those gangs got parents/guardians there in Australia, if decency still got a place in our values, who else can be blamed for child misconducts apart from a very parent of the child? Instead of swallowing the shame of being irresponsible parents, get together and devise means of curbing that crime, the very parents have chosen to take a path of denial and scapegoating as if the world is insane to believe in their lies; when did the application of rule of law become a xenophobic act?


Sayed Bona Malwal: A Sudanese Desperately Dreaming of Re-Annexing South Sudan

By Justice Deng Biong Mijak, Juba, South Sudan

Bona Malwal

Bona Malwal Madut, Advisor to President Bashir of the Sudan

January 6, 2018 (SSB) —- Recently, Sayed Bona Malwal held a press conference in Khartoum on December, 4th, 2017, where he said, inter alia, that Abyei is part of Sudan and that it has never been claimed neither by the SPLM nor by South Sudan. Those utterances angered people of Abyei and other South Sudanese who described them as not only irresponsible from an elder but amounted to a betrayal to South Sudan national interest. Abyei people expected me, as in charge of Abyei file in the South Sudan Government, and other leaders who hail from the Area to immediately respond to Sayed Bona utterances.

Some radicals even went as far as accusing us of having chosen silence in order to maintain our positions in Government despite the fact that they know Sayed Bona is not formally part of the Government of South Sudan. But since Sayed Bona was saying neither the SPLM nor GOSS has ever claimed Abyei as part of South Sudan, we preferred responses to come from the SPLM Party, the official Government spokesman or from the President’s press secretary since Sayed Bona mentioned H.E. President Salva Kiir in name in his audio clip.

Since there is no official response so far, I am offering this personal response by virtue of being a citizen of this country and a member of the SPLM Party, hoping the official response will later shed more light and clarify some serious allegations made by Sayed Bona.


By Lucy Ayak Malek, Nairobi, Kenya


January 6, 2018 (SSB) — In the past 24 hours, a document has been circulating on social media about Gen. Paul Malong allegedly “agreeing with the opposition to topple the government”. Allegedly, a meeting was convened and all covert plans were conveniently spelt out for everybody to hear. The funny thing is that the people who ghost-wrote the false document didn’t even bother to check in with the leadership of the South Sudan Students Union in Kenya. They simply concocted names and put them as signatories to the document.

Well, now the REAL South Sudan Students Union leadership has come out with a press statement refuting the bogus document attributed to their institution. I was truly impressed by their Secretary General Mr. Tito Awen Bol who signed off with his own contact details. That is a genuine person who can be reached at any time and who indicates that he is ready to stand by his statement, unlike the ghost-authors of the bogus document.


“The  Former defunct Lakes State is ailing, the malady  stems  from  the  pervasive    inter-communal violence  due  to  the  persistent  cattle  raiding and a  cycle  of  revenge  killings  over the  last 10 years and  the  most  virulent  cause  of  all – the  limited rule  of  law  or  the  absence  of rule of law in the State.”

By Duluma SK’ Maker, Juba, South Sudan

Deputy minister for information, Akol Paul Khordit

Deputy minister for information, Akol Paul Khordit

January 6, 2018 (SSB) — December 6-8 2017 has been a period where Pakam-Rup feud resulted to a loss of nearly 200 innocent lives including the ones of vulnerable people, properties destroyed and a thousand of people displaced in an inter-communal fight in Rumbek, Western Lakes State (WLS).

Notwithstanding the strongest condemnation from all citizens of Rumbek and other South Sudanese citizens at large, the WLS specter has at last pierced the conscience of Hon. Akol Paul Kordit prompting him to write a timely and most welcomed genuine letter by citizens of WLS and other concerned South Sudanese on December 8 2017 addressed to President of the Republic H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit asking him to quickly and decisively act.


Letter to Hon. Yien Oral Lam, minister for higher Education: Clarification of challenges facing South Sudanese students in Zimbabwe

By Eng Maker Makur, GWERU, Zimbabwe

Naath university students in Uganda organize a Farewell party for 2016, 2017 Graduates

January 6, 2018 (SSB) — On behalf of students in Zimbabwe and my own behalf, I would like to clarify and explain fully the position taken by South Sudanese students from 4 Universities of Midlands State University, Great Zimbabwe University, Chinhoyi University of Technology and Harare Institutes of Technology on the issue pertaining to our tuition, residents and feeding fees.

It was in February 2015 we arrived to Zimbabwe’s Universities mentioned above and National University of Science & Technology included on government scholarship. The government of South Sudan has been doing well until 2016 when some delayed of fees payment occurred which mostly affected students from 2 Universities of National University of Science & Technology and Harare Institutes of Technology while the other three Universities are cooperating well with their students in terms of service provision and lectures on the same note.


Is the Revitalization of the ARCSS a life saver and a new lease of life to the people of South Sudan or a revitalization of a new war in Juba and South Sudan as a whole?

 By Dut Kuot Akok, Aweil, South Sudan

RSS Flag

A young South Sudanese girl poses with the flag of South Sudan

January 5, 2018 (SSB) — It was in mid-December of 2013 when our beloved and blessed nation was innocently flared into what commentators and political analysts termed as a selfish war of interest and positions within the ruling party. This current and continuing humiliating war of thrones that had subjected our masses thereafter into untold suffering and servitude have no tangible objectives and meaningful glue of engineering it since the very people who were finger-pointing themselves after they all failed to handle their internal affairs in their private house and ran amok disgracefully were part and partial of a company who failed to do any convincing developmental activities.

Thus they received a lot of money from donors’ countries and fifty percent of oil money granted by the wealth-sharing agreement of 2005. They were the same cadres who illiterately and selfishly failed our people and subjected them into the current state of backwardness, miser-ability and beggar-hood owing to their poor performance, lust for money and power, illiteracy and lack of zeal and patriotic spirit to prosper the nation they fought for more than forty years collectively as comrades.


By Peter Majak Garang, Bor, South Sudan


South Sudan must be weaned off war

January 4, 2018 (SSB) — Despite the current economic hardship, civilians in South Sudan and particularly in Greater Bor were busy buying things in the markets. The aim was for them to mark the end of 2017 in style. Children and women stormed the markets and bought varieties of items including clothes and foodstuff for their Christmas and New Year celebration, whereas, men were indoors figuring out how the families would sustain themselves in upcoming days and months once the festivals are over.

However, from the conflict perspective, some of the people in former Kolnyang Payam – currently known as Bor South County were busy looking for weapons and hoes/fangas to own the tools with an aim of using these (weapons) to kill and bury themselves. That exactly happened on 22nd Dec 2017 when a fight between two sections of Chueiker broke out.

The root cause of the conflict was controversial but has been blamed on ownership of land. A local media report attributes the eruption of conflict to ownership of grazing land and the naming of a village. One section wants the land and the village names it as Panwel while another section wants it called/named Anueet.


By Zack Mayul, Nakuru, Kenya

funny pic

January 4, 2018 (SSB) — It’s New Year and so what? I don’t really know why night runners, club goers, aborters, bleachers, feminists, corrupt elites, the felons among many other social naïve – would, in fact, find it very easy in my village, town, city, country or even continent to be jovial and join the rest of the world in celebration.

Please, be advised that I am not here to dictate your happiness about the New Year; but does it worth it to forget that we shall still go through the same therapy of life this year? To me, it’s the same shit scheduled by fate on a different calendar. Let me ask, what’s new this time that we must celebrate in 2018?

First of all, the work timetable hasn’t favor anyone this year– schools kids opened on 2nd or 3rd in Kenya, most workers resumed work on 3rd worldwide and so on, and so forth.


Gender Equality: A Reality for our Collaborative Effort to Implement in South Sudan

By Agar Mayor Gai, Juba, South Sudan

young girl with a gun

A young lady with a gun on guard during Governor Philip Aguer visit to Anyidi Payam, Bor County, Jan 2016

January 4, 2018 (SSB) — Gender equality is a term that most analysts, scholars and political thinkers have been using since the end of Second World War to refer to a state of equal rights among all people regardless of gender, race, educational status and environmental backgrounds.

Despite all the measures taken by various concerned organizations to eradicate gender-based violence in South Sudan, some people are driven by wrong consciences rooted in biased cultural norms and practices still believe that it is a blissful dream that will never come true; they insist that it is just a form of despair and denial of responsibilities.

There are still great opportunistic steps that can be taken to achieve this first step to gender equality regardless of sex, age, level of education and so forth. For example, setting up of women’s right training centre in all parts of the country would help girls and women to know their rights and responsibility in the society.