Archive for the ‘Commentary’ Category


By Majok Arol Dhieu—–The carted horse, South Sudan

Sabina Dario Lokolong, deputy minister for humanitarian affairs and disaster management, Nov 2011

Friday, August 16, 2019 (PW) — intelligent with your money isn’t only about investing and budgeting, but it’s also about getting to know your attitudes, beliefs and values around your money. The man who is careful with money can be called as” well disciplined”. 

Money itself, or it morally pursuit is not evil; neither is wealth, it’s a ruthless in pursuit of money that can lead anyone down a destructive path.  The story below might interest an avid reader and be informed that the understanding of this story falls between two stools – it’s too difficult for layperson but not detailed enough for an advanced academician.

We go: David was a government employee in the capacity of a tax inspector at the ministry of finance. As we all know that tax inspectors are tasked with ensuring that all government and organization staff and commercial companies pay correct amounts of taxes due within the prescribed deadlines. A tax inspector scrutinizes tax returns, carries out investigations on any naughty business, follows the said naughty business up with a visit to the offending taxpayer’s premises, and takes it all the way to court where necessary.

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By Madit Them Arop, Juba, South Sudan

Friday, August 16, 2019 (PW) — Living on leftovers is more than hunger alleviation but then it’s way to escape immediate death due to lack of food. Still the dilemma is, is life on the streets attractive and by choice? What are the factors lead to it?It’s believed thatevery life has variety of immeasurable contributing factors, either in degrees or by nature. The street kids, for instance, might have had dissimilar backgrounds but with common truth. They are part of citizenry who are said to have never had a chance to enjoy dividends others have in life. The lone hunger epidemics affected them at premature age, and the delicate hope is understood to be what keeps them up to the next days, though evidence suggests that their lives is full of chronic and continuous problems required undivided attention. Also, their future is covered with gloomy choices believed to have darkened their lifetime page. Conversely, viewers with correctable minds felt an urgent action is required to address problems of abandoned street kids wandering in Juba City and around the country.

This contribution attempts to share mixed voices produced through interviews held with street kids and interpretation reached is based on information obtained and considered to have exposed reality.

Street Kids as Less Humans

Factors affecting street kids relates to neglectful reality in the hands of authority concerned. The state’s failure to provide proper plan to help put an overhaul on outraging growing of street children is disturbing truth. As situation coerced, the vulnerable children aligned their feelings to being less humans. Abject life with no clear necessitated needs where streets are their comfort homes, picking thrown away leftovers as survival tips are strong indicators to the claim. The inescapable obscure life begs on two terms—albino and alien… which their ambitious minds claim to be associated with. 

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Did we really define objectively what we want as Nuer Nation? If the war was all about tribal revenge or democratic change in South Sudan?

By Amb. John Kassara Koang Nhial, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Saturday, August 3, 2019 (PW) —- Don’t you guys (Nuer in Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon’s camp) know where Dinka areas are if you are turning it to be a tribal war between the Nuer and the Dinka?

When we challenged the poor administration of Riek Machar and his uneducated Generals some few individuals who are politically immature termed us as slave of Dinka , Nuerwew, Food lovers , heartless and many others undesirable names that will bring nothing and will never change anything rather than disintegrate the Nuer tribe themselves along different political Movements and clan lines basis where it will end up in clash of clans as it happened in 1997 after the fall of Khartoum Peace Agreement ( KPA ) which was signed by Riek Machar with the government of Khartoum.

The Nuer who are still with Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon are in dilemma, they don’t know what they are fighting for, and this is because of lack of political objective.

If they are fighting for change, why do they divided themselves into the below groups ?

Riek Machar and Emma McCunne
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By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan

Thursday, August 1, 2019 (PW) — After the genocide experience in 1994, Rwanda continues. In remembering its dead population during the ugly tragedy, a museum was created in their honor with a bold inscription written on it ‘’Never Again’’. This is the best that has happened to those victims of human cruelty.

With the above understanding, it has become imperative for we at the Foundation for Peace Professionals to re-direct a certain misconception about the Rwanda genocide that is being thrown around by analysts, when they are commenting on the implication of ethnic based secessionist hate in South Sudan, which may lead to similar thing as experienced in Rwanda.

While most commentators are right in quickly referring to the Rwanda Genocide experience in other to caution agitators about the consequences of their actions, it is important to bring us to another perspective that is yet to be properly looked at and fully appreciated.

In 1994, when the ethnic based hate campaign began in Rwanda, the total population of the country was just a little over 6 million.

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By Pal Chol Nyan, Juba, South Sudan

salary

Thursday, August 1, 2019 (PW) — Dr Olimpio is a Ghanaian economic expert in Revenues Management with a wealth of experiences. He is known for unquestionable integrity when it comes to money. He won medals as a result of his hard work. He served in many failed countries. He became successful.

Two years ago, the government of the Republic of South Sudan hired him to regulate the revenues collection. It is a public knowledge that South Sudan has been branded as one of the most of corrupt countries in the Continent. The economy collapsed. The country is engulfed in senseless war over power and wealth.

Some South Sudanese politicians dissatisfied with the current state of affairs also admit that the country has gone to the dogs. It is the fact acknowledged by a friend before a foe. The President’s trust has been betrayed by many people he appointed to the Customs department in more than one occasions. When the President felt let down; he said he has only people who know how to eat money but no people to do the job. He was forced to be sarcastic. 

Those he entrusts with national duties renege on their promises to serve the people. They boast that they fought and therefore hoodwink themselves into believing that they have inalienable right to steal the money as their whim dictate.

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By Bul Deng Yol, Juba, South Sudan

Thursday, August 1, 2019 (PW) — The entertainment world of WWE has more than just the entertainment beat to offer. Much is in the play. Observation is that every time the company is headlining its next big show, new rivalries are created. Created not by the champions and sometimes not by management, but by those who would want an opportunity to takeover championship.

Funny enough, when the management turned a blind eye on a competitor and warrant not the match, the superstar will not shut his or her mind but instead, look for avenues to push for a chance, since they have made it a culture to lives a life of possibilities and banging the door in superstar’s face is never the end. Rather, the superstar will play into the mind of the authority or the champion, that later culminate into fixing a match. Occasionally, it may be by way-laying the opponent and inflicting harm whenever possible or trashing the champion.

The most captivating part ensues after official match fixing, where an opponent may resort to mind games. This takes the form of hauling abuses, asking your friends to conspire against your opponent if the chance prevails, appearing in the middle of ongoing game, diverting attention or ambushing the champion either in the locker room, in the ring or on the ring side. This psychological warfare weakens or build dreadful image of oneself before the day of contest.

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By Adv. Bol Chol Kucdit, Juba, South Sudan

Tuesday, July 23, 2019 (PW) — It has gone viral on so many media outlets that the National Council of Ministers passed a resolution last week to ban random singing of National Anthem in any occasion where President may be absent. It was broadcasted over the radio and eventually caught the social media’s attention for debate. 

Many commentators condemned the Government’s Spokesperson in person of Hon. Michael Makuei Lueth and the President. People took it as if it was the President and Spokesperson’s sole decision, forgetting that it was a council of ministers’ collective resolution. The decision of council ministers may be reached my consensus or qualified majority vote. 

Indeed, it was not a surprise to see the debate on this issue because South Sudanese are known for two things: praising and criticizing the authorities. You could hardly see anybody proposing solutions to the problem. The blame game has become a culture! This culture of reading anything always with negative lenses must be inferiority complex syndrome. It could be carry over negative feeling towards our former colonizers. The Arabs’ oppression for number of decades made us to look everything with sense of negativity.

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By Mayom Bul Atem, Juba, South Sudan

Tuesday, July 23, 2019 (PW) — As someone who was part of the committee that created South Sudan National Anthem I beg to differ with those who are making fun of President Kiir for ordering politicians and public servants not to sing the national song in his absence. Three important symbols of sovereignty are not used at random. These are

1. The national flag

2. The national coat of arms

3. The national anthem

These three symbols of sovereignty are obviously misused by South Sudanese. Our coat of arms was literally put on every letterhead logo by various government agencies and private companies. Yet, the coat of arms is supposed to appear in the letterhead of the presidency, Ministry of Cabinet Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Defense, (I may have omitted a few more, but you got the idea).

On the national flag, majority of South Sudanese, including government offices use a wrong flag. The moment you use a wrong colour in the flag, that flag becomes a wrong one. Instead of using SKY BLUE in the triangle, South Sudanese use DARK BLUE instead. The colours of the national flag are properly described and explained by the committee that was tasked to work on the flag. Their hue values are also stated for those who are professional graphic designers and printers.

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By Deng Awur Wenyin, Juba, South Sudan

Alfred Taban Logune
Alfred Taban Logune, South Sudanese veteran journalist and politician

Monday, July 22, 19 (PW) — President Kiir confirmed the words in the caption of this tribute when he paid his own tribute to the late Alfred Taban. That was in his speech when he was opening the Second Session of the Transitional National Legislature on May 14th, 2019. Rightly, he described Alfred as “… a hero who fiercely fought the oppressive policies of various regimes in Khartoum using his journalistic skills during the days of our liberation struggle. He will be remembered as a brave freedom fighter whose voice became synonymous with the call for freedom”. Robin White, former editor of the BBC Focus on Africa, felt astonished about the idea that Alfred wrote on the Sudanese politics and wars while in Khartoum. In his tribute White wrote: “Imagine an English journalist reporting from Adolf Hitler’s Germany during the Second World War …”

It was one Sunday in March/April 2019, in the Juba All Saints’ Cathedral – English Main Service and during the intercession, where I learned that Alfred was seriously ill and had been evacuated to Uganda. From then I followed his progress from Rev. Janet Michael, wife of his uncle, Professor Taban lo Liyong. He died on April 27th, 2019 in Kampala while I was there but didn’t hear of the death till days later when I was in the Entebbe Airport, returning to Juba. I was shocked, I first knew about the late’s name through the Sudanow magazine in the late ‘70s. He joined the magazine after having abandoned the medical school in the University of Khartoum where he was to specialize in medical laboratory. As the Church says, I think he was called to journalism. I used to enjoy his reports and articles in that magazine. In all his writings, he called a spade a spade.

Alfred Taban Logune, South Sudanese veteran journalist and politician
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The Debasing Phenomenon of Derogatory Facebook Live-Videos and Its Adverse Effects on the Social Fabric of our Society

By Deu Lueth Ader, Juba, South Sudan

He rose from death and appeared to his disciples in an open top car: The case of President Kiir

Sunday, July 21, 19 (PW) — Practically social media has created an enormous paradigm shift in what types of stories are considered such as some meaningful home videos that are conducted by individuals to disseminate the messages of events around the globe at a very less cost in terms of time and other resources provided that one accesses internet wherever he/she is. Therefore; in this concept a Facebook and other social media could be seen as platforms that foster social cohesion and interaction.

However; a paradoxical comprehension of its core and deviating the trajectory it was invented or meant for is profoundly regrettable and alarming. I and many more thought that the Facebook live videos were meant to be forums that foster issues pertinent to social cohesion but yet another instrument that instigates hatred and engenders further divisions among the communities!

Seemingly, a capricious use of live videos as the order of the day that serves no purpose is not only shocking but also monotonous thereby making it a curse in disguise rather than a blessing expected from the technological advancement. The live videos’ chauvinists must know that addressing the community issues in a manner, which hurts or creates uproar among the people, is detrimental and counter-productive in the long run.

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South Sudan’s youth, we have a collective effort of transforming this great country

By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan   

Thursday, July 18, 2019 (PW) — Unfortunately, the youth has taken cue from our leaders. Over the years, especially during these useless wars, government have given numerous excuses why the system is in a seemingly disarray state even when we have the resources to establish a great nation out of the entity.

The agricultural sector has been neglected for no objective reason, money for road reconstruction is earmark every budgetary year but the roads remain death traps. The rehabilitation of our medical facilities for better medical service delivery has been yearly excused.

A proper funding of the education sector has been encountering well-deliberated excuses by the executives. Thus, the sector experiences incessant strike action by the education union who clamors for funding and good policy formulation geared towards reforming the sector.

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The wheel of justice moves dangerously slow, even slower than the weakest tortoise in South Sudan

By Dut Deng kok, Juba, South Sudan

Hybrid Court of South Sudan
Hybrid Court of South Sudan

Wednesday, July 17, 19 (PW) — Aside the fact that South Sudan is generally viewed as a paradox of a nation because of the inability of the nation – state to deploy the enormous natural and human resources to scale up the deteriorating standard of living and better the society for the benefit of all, it is also seen as such because of the dangerous collective amnesia that afflicts majority of the citizenry.

Few years back, at around 2013, a scholar was quoted as saying that most South Sudanese when pushed to the wall, rather than fight back, would drill a hole through the wall and escape. Most South Sudanese seem to like persons who lack the courage of conviction to fight since it is generally assumed in South Sudan that only the living can fight a second time.

This unfortunate mindset has led many South Sudanese to allow the society to go to the dogs and the institutions of State are now headed by persons who lack the necessary competences and skills to facilitate South Sudan’s arrival at the doorstep of 21st century compliant fast moving computer age. South Sudan is stocked in the pre-medieval or rather Stone Age mentality of survival of the fittest whereby even those appointed into offices believe and practice the theory that says MIGHT IS RIGHT.

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CDR Arok Thon Arok and CDR Edward Abyei Lino Wuor: How The Ogaden War Inadvertently Led To The Liberation Of South Sudan

By Engineer Deng Diar Diing, Mombasa, Kenya

CDR Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, CDR Arok Thon Arok and CDR William Nyuon Bany
CDR Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, CDR Arok Thon Arok and CDR William Nyuon Bany

Wednesday, July 10, 2019 (PW) — The just celebrated independence of South Sudan came through multifaceted efforts of South Sudanese, citizens of other areas of new Sudan and their sympathizers. Some of the well-wishers went a long way in ensuring that Sudanese had a Launchpad to their liberation struggle while others guaranteed that peace came in terms that provided safeguards to the right to self-determination of the marginalized people. This was indeed secured through Dr. John multi-frontal methodology that deployed armed struggle (AS), Diplomatic and International Isolation (DII), agitation for internal uprising (IU) and political negotiation (PN) with successive regimes in the Sudan.

A critical devotee that ensured successful launch of Sudanese Liberation agenda in 1983 was Federal Republic of Ethiopia through Derg Regime of Mengistu Hail Meriam. Mengistu sent helicopter to search and picked Dr. John Garang at the border of Ethiopia and Sudan when he was under hot pursuit of Sudanese Army. The government of Ethiopia leveraged its relations with USSR, Cuba, Angola, North Korea and Libya to give SPLM/A its first international podium. Federal Government of Ethiopia also with the support of Russia and North Korea helped arm 105, 104, Jamus, Tiger and Tumsah battalions.

Dr. John and his team were able to use this platform to secure military hardware worth US$ 96 millions from Libya to arm Koryom, Muormuor and Zalzal. What has never been publically discussed by South Sudanese, whether out of dearth of inquisitiveness or by deliberation was the exact interest of Ethiopians in advancing liberation movement in neighboring Sudan. While others would simply argue that it was geopolitical orientation of Communism-Capitalism axis.

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I want to salute 1st Vice President Gen. Taban Deng Gai tenacity, commitment and zeal to get South Sudan working again. I also salute and thank the president of the Republic Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit for the great achievements they have made with Gen. Taban Deng and speaking with one voice with their people during this critical time of war to end the crisis.

By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan

a jovial Preisdent Salva Kiir and SPLM-Io Chief Negotiator Taban Deng

Wednesday, July 3, 2019 (PW) — Dignity is the ability to stand strong and tall in the face of adversity while being able to sit with the elderly and crawl with the children. Dignity is taking a stand for your beliefs without closing your mind to other’s opinion. Dignity is being an example by your deeds and through your words avoiding gossip, anger and lies. Dignity will manifest itself in the warmth of your smile, the depth of your love and kindness for your fellowman.

In real terms, election time is the moral gauge, the accountability and evaluation time for the politicians. The implications of the election time preoccupy the consciousness of every politician and it is for this reason that every politician weighs his/her utterances before any audience (privately or publicly), moderates his/her public conducts and mannerisms; and strives at all times to embody the aspirations of the electorate; essentially because each of his/her behaviour is subject to public scrutiny.

The administration of President of the Republic of South Sudan H.E. Gen.Slava Kiir mayardit has secured for itself an unforgettable legacy so much so that long after the government reaches its revitalized agreement in September 2018, the remarkable effort made by the government through the management headed by H.E Gen. Taban Deng Gai will remain evergreen.

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By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan

Thursday, July 04, 2019 (PW) — When the United States President, Donald Trump and his North Korean ‘peace-ally’, Kim Jong Un were planning for the just concluded historic bilateral summit, the question of venue was a matter of greatest concern. The stakes were high from the point of view of ambience, security and effect. So top political appointees, ranking diplomats and senior intelligence operatives weighed and assessed the suitability of tens of putative locations. These included such serene and high profile European capitals as Stockholm, Oslo and Helsinki.

Fortunately, I was privileged to be there as a South Sudanese migrant in all the places listed; few years back and attest that mankind has no better places to live than these. Undoubtedly, they boast of some of the highest human development indices in the world. Geneva, regarded as ‘neutral’ and was mentioned is itself is sort of a second capital for most diplomats. Also mentioned was the Bohemian city of Prague, capital of Czech Republic, with its picturesque setting on the Vltava River and its rich historical monuments tells that it was once the epicenter of European culture and civilization.

Finally, they settled for South East Asian city of Singapore. Why? Because the city has some of the most modern physical infrastructures, exquisite scenic beauty and humanistic values in the world. By all standards, the island state is today considered one of the best places to live by any standard. It is very safe and has one of the world’s most successful economies and social circumstances.

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The Right to Freedom of Expression and the Law of Defamation in South Sudan: A Juristic Analysis

By Tong Kot Kuocnin, Juba, South Sudan

Kerbino Wol Agok and Peter Biar Ajak

I. Introduction

Tuesday, July 02, 2019 (PW) —- Freedom of expression is one of the fundamental rights, which are universally recognized and protected. Indeed, the Constitutions of most countries of the world, including South Sudan, have expressly provided for the protection of this right because of its importance and relevance to the enhancement of personal liberty and democracy. The right to freedom of expression is also protected under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the various regional Instruments and Conventions on human rights, including the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights. Obligations and duties are imposed on the State or its agencies and on individuals to protect and promote human rights and fundamental freedoms.

However, the right to freedom of expression, like most other rights, is not absolute. There are recognized restrictions and exceptions to this right; one of which is to be found in the law of defamation. Thus, the enjoyment of the right to freedom of expression must take into consideration the right of other citizens to protect their reputation. The courts therefore have an important role to play in balancing the conflicting interests between freedom of expression and protection of reputation. This article aims at examining the legal and constitutional guarantee of the right to freedom of expression in South Sudan and the extent to which the law of defamation has restricted the enjoyment of this right. The effectiveness of the South Sudanese courts in striking an acceptable balance between the two conflicting rights and interests in this regard is also examined.

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South Sudanese people must not live in fear or believe that all hope is lost despite the raging storm that we are passing through

By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan

youth of rss

Tuesday, July 02, 2019 (PW) — Take it or leave it, this is my final warning and admonition to the good people of my beloved country South Sudan. After this I shall watch how things unfold and maintain a studied silence. In the Book of Isaiah 54:15 the Holy Bible says “surely they shall gather but it shall not be of me: whosoever gathers against thee shall be scattered for thy sake. To add to that in the second Book of Timothy 1:7 it says “God has not given us a spirit of fear but of power, love and sound mind”.

It follows that we the South Sudanese people must not live in fear or believes that all hope is lost despite the raging storm that we are passing. Yet despite our strength and confidence in the redemptive and redeeming power and salvation of the Most High God, the Lord of Hosts and the Ancient of Days we must consider our plight and challenges as a nation, share some bitter home truths, understand exactly what is unfolding before our very eyes and what went wrong in our country and forge a consensus about what to do about it. That is the purpose and intent of this contribution.

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Importance of Using Information Communication and Technology Education (ICT) In Learning, Teaching and Working Process

By Ustaz John Garang Ayii Riak, Zhejiang, China

The author, Ustaz John Garang Ayii Riak, is a Master’s Degree Student on Comparative Education Program, Zhejiang Normal University, East China
The author, Ustaz John Garang Ayii Riak, is a Master’s Degree Student on Comparative Education Program, Zhejiang Normal University, East China

Tuesday, 02 July 2019 (PW) —- In recent years, several studies and reports have highlighted the opportunities and the potential benefits of using ICT for improving the quality of education and work. ICT is regarded as a “main tool for constructing knowledge culture (UNESCO, 2001). It can be noted that ICT education in schools in the 21st Century continues to face some challenges in developing societies. The European Commission is promoting the use of ICT in learning processes through its eLearning Action Plan, one of the aims of which is “to improve the quality of learning by facilitating access to resources and services as well as remote exchange and collaboration” (Commission of the Europe, 2001).

Information and communication technology (ICT) is a force that has changed many aspects of the way we live. If one was to compare such fields as medicine, tourism, travel business, law, banking, engineering and architecture, the impact of ICT across the past two or three decades has been enormous. The way these fields operate today is vastly different from the ways they operated in the past. But when one looks at education, there seems to have been an uncanny lack of influence and far less change than other fields have experienced. A number of people have attempted to explore this lack of activity and influence (eg. Soloway and Prior, 1996; Collis, 2002).

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When will president Kiir’s daily relief and appointment of Ministers, governors and government officials stop?

Deng Atak ken, Perth, Australia

Governor Philip Aguer of Jonglei state

Friday, June 28, 2019 (PW) — My fellow South Sudanese people inside/outside of the country, I want to take this enormous and tremendous opportunity to talk to you about something which bothers most people, and myself included and that’s ‘President Kiir’s daily relief and appointment’. I’m fully aware that relieving and appointment of Government Officials does happen in any government around the world. That’s fine but what is happening right now in our country is absolutely  exceptional and beyond imagination because it is out of context of normality, and it is louder than any other activities the Government of South Sudan does  in the country because it keeps happening every day, every minute and every second in all government Institutions. 

So, nothing in the new nation’s television apart from firing and appointing people, to the extent that it becomes boring and silly to many. It is unacceptable. Some people can be appointed to the new positions and end up fired with less than three months without even completing the handover process with an outgoing office. It is disgraceful and should come to an end if there are real people who care about the sustainability of this nation. Who is the problem? Is it the President and his advisors or government officials? 

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Community policing or policing the community: The challenges and prospects of community policing in South Sudan

By Akuot Aquila Apiu, Juba, South Sudan

Jonglei state Director of traffic police Col Solomon Mabior Ruar on fouth independence day picture by Mach Samuel

Tuesday, June 25, 2019 (PW) — Community oriented policing is a proactive philosophy that promotes solving problems that are either criminal, affect the quality of life, or increase citizens fear of crime. It involves identifying, analyzing and addressing community problems at their source. Strategies involve in community policing include community partnership, problem solving and change management. However, in South Sudan, we are saddled with major challenges of policing.

These are manpower shortage; inadequate funding, corruption, inadequate logistic support and infrastructure, lack of serviceable information and technological equipment to cover all the areas of the State are responsible for the current state of the police. Therefore, it is recommended that there should be serious retraining towards attitudinal change and professional efficiency and proficiency among both the rank and file and other officer cadre of the police.

Community policing is anchored on a systematic relationship between the police and the entire citizenry. Police roles and functions are not simply law enforcement but also include tackling a huge range of community problems. The transition from traditional policing to community policing is a global phenomenon and the South Sudan police cannot be an exception. Indeed, community policing as a philosophy and practice is a veritable vehicle for police reforms.

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