Archive for the ‘Commentary’ Category


By Bëc George Anyak, Glasgow, UK

juba-city-south-sudan

Juba, South Sudan

February 25, 2017 (SSB) — I always scratch my head when I hear some high profile figures from the Government of South Sudan quoting the promised city of Ramciel as a “No Man’s Land”. Whatever the meaning of this coined term, I must confidently say that there is no such thing as No Man’s land in the Republic of South Sudan and Ramciel land is not exceptional for that matter. It has its rightful owners and you will get to know the owners of Ramciel at the concluding part of my piece, but first, I prefer to take you through a brief background about Ramciel City Project and the chronology of events about this Project.

 Before the formation of the autonomous Government of Southern Sudan in 2005, the SPLM under chairmanship of late Dr.John Garang de Mabior formed an assessment committee in 2003 led by Dr. Riek Machar Teny, SPLM Vice Chair for Administration. The committee visited Yirol County which was then under the County Secretary (Commissioner) and the present Governor of Eastern Lakes State Gov.Rin Tueny Mabor and later met Hon. Kon Anok County Secretary of Awerial County. The delegation left Yirol through Madbar, Bunagok to Ramciel and from Ramciel through Thian, Malek then back to Yirol.

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By Deng Kiir Akok, Juba, South Sudan

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February 24, 2017 (SSB) — The Nile Petroleum Corporation is a national Oil and Gas Corporation, which engages in oil exploration, production and marketing. Famous for its abbreviation Nilepet, has been a dream place of work for every South Sudanese that lives in Juba. Though the country’s economy is nearly collapsing, the locals still see pastures greener in there.

As a result, some of the institutions are losing their employees to Nilepet each day. Those job seekers think that getting employment at Nilepet will make them flourish like its current employees. Each one of them has a different dream from another and has to fulfil it once they are appointed in there.

For ladies that have got to Nilepet are by now driving the latest KIA models. Yeah, they have done with Arab as the saying goes for South Sudanese. Also on their wish list, include wedding in Freedom Hall, invite the President of the republic to wedding-Day, hire Juba-On-Time Studio photographer for coverage and spend the honeymoon in Dubai.

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By Madhieu Thiep Madhieu, Juba, South Sudan

thomas-cirilo-swaka

Thomas Cirilo Swaka, former SPLA deputy chief of staff for logistics

February 23, 2017 (SSB) — The government of South Sudan as well as army general headquarters has been experiencing sequence and unofficial resignations and defections of senior government officials for no genuine reasons. I called it unofficial resignations because most of these officials who abandon allegiance did not formally submit their letters of resignation personally to authority concern but sent they sent them to media.

Last week, General Thomas Cirillo, Deputy chief of staff, and head of military justice quitted their positions and joined Riek’s faction accusing the government of ethnic bias and dominant of SPLA by particular tribe, citing favoritism, land grabbing and corruption as their major reasons of leaving jobs. Another Brig. Gen who had been in charge of Logistic support in SPLA General HQRS and a former Sudan Army force loyalist defected this week, and blames country administration falsely of mismanagement and bias policies.

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By David Deng Chapath, Kampala (Uganda)

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February 22, 2017 (SSB) — South Sudan never ceases to make headline. In January 2011 South Sudanese were given an opportunity to vote on unity or separation, nearly 99 per cent of southern Sudanese voted to go their own way as they voted for separation.

 Decision by South Sudanese to vote for separation made great news all over the World and in Sudan in particular as legalized divorce between Sudan and South Sudan became a reality and took place at day light.

On 9 July 2011 after the vote for Separation as pointed out in the above, the Republic of South Sudan was declared as independence nation becoming Africa’s newest country, the 193rd Member State to join the United Nations and UNESCO’s 194th Member State. This made very great news headline all over the world. 9 July becomes a day for independence of South Sudan and all South Sudanese celebrated and continue to celebrate it.

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What the people from Equatoria need to understand the current war is that the war is not about tribes but between the government and those who are planning to remove the government by force.

By David Deng Chapath, Kampala, Uganda

the-politics-of-south-sudan-ig-vs-io

The tragicomedy of the South Sudanese politics: SPLM-IG vs SPLM-IO

February 22, 2017 (SSB) —- The present civil war broke in 2013 in Juba. The war began within the SPLM party and later spread like a wild fire to the Upper Nile Region. After several attempts to end the war the peace was signed in 2015 which led to the coming back of Riek Machar in April 2015.

When Riek came there was a lot of hope that at last peace was at all the corners of South Sudan. However, due to the reckless and chaotic character of Riek Machar the conflict was resumed from where it was left and continued up to date.

As pointed out in the above paragraph, after the war broke out in Juba in July 2016, it spread over all South Sudan and ended killing more people. The war at this point has become complicated as it has taken tribal dimension.

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By William Abur, Melbourne, Australia

letter-from-foreign-affairs-ministryletter-from-gen-paul-malong-awan

February 22, 2017 (SSB) — I’m writing about General Thomas Cirillo not because I’m not happy with the situation to what happened to my comrade General Thomas Cirillo, but extremely upset with his advisers. The aim of this article is to caution what so leaders in South Sudan and their advisers. We cannot afford for a long time to keep misleading our great leaders like General Thomas Cirillo to fall in the hole.

In my personal view, I strongly believe that rebel or people who were or are still against the government, particularly his own advisers had misled General Thomas Cirillo into this mess. The question to us is can General Thomas Cirillo’s case is a great lesson to some of us, particularly those share ill advice to our leaders like as General Thomas Cirillo?

According the current news on social media, Kenya government has freezes1. 03b shillings ($10m USD) which were looted by General Thomas Cirillo. Some people within Kenya Government have called for the deportation of General Thomas Cirilo with his sister Fueni to South Sudan to answer theft charges.

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By Deng Kiir Akok, Juba, South Sudan

the-politics-of-south-sudan-ig-vs-io

The tragicomedy of the South Sudanese politics: SPLM-IG vs SPLM-IO

February 18, 2017 (SSB) — Dictionary.com defined resignation as formal statement, document stating that one gives up an office or position. While on the other hand, rebellion is a resistance to or defiance of any authority, control or tradition. Except for Nhial Deng Nhial’s resignation in 2006 from his post as minister for regional cooperation of the defunct Government of southern Sudan. Since then the others who followed had been on zigzagging. No one has ever followed the normal resignation procedures.

In normal procedures for resignation one needs to send his/her letter of resignation to employer and then wait for an approval that will not last than two to three weeks. In most cases for South Sudanese, they do not follow these steps. As a result, they quit before their boss sign or approve their letters. Some took an online resignation as the case of Thomas Cirilo, the former deputy chief of logistics.

Proper procedures were not applied in the Lam Akol’s resignation letter last year as minister for Agriculture and food security. He made sure he was in Khartoum before announcing his resignation. The same method was used by Thomas Cirilo, The author of this piece is wondering why does most South Sudanese resign while they are outside the country? They usually resign their positions while in Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya. Lam Akol and Thomas Cirilo are now the living examples for those who resign while abroad. Akol did not take long in this position before resigning from last year formed Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU). He was by then in Khartoum.

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By David Deng Chapath, Kampala, Uganda

Traffic police in Bor, Solomon Mabior Ruar

Jonglei state Director of traffic police Col Solomon Mabior Ruar on the fourth independence day picture by Mach Samuel

February 16, 2017 (SSB) — There has been disturbing report in recent time of some respected and important generals in the South Sudanese Police Service turning the police into political arena. What they are doing is contrary to the nature and understanding of the police.

The police are not supposed to be politicians but they must be technocrats or those who are well trained and skilled in policing because the role of the police is to keep law and order and investigation of crimes as part of keeping law and order. This means that the one in charge of the police must not be politicians but well trained police officer that deals with issues objectively.

However, the report indicates that one of the generals in the Police of South Sudan is seriously openly campaigning to be appointed so that he replaces the current General Inspector of Police (IGP) of South Sudan, General Makur Marol.

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By David Deng Chapath, Kampala, Uganda

thomas-cirilo-spla-deputy-chief-of-staff-for-logistics-resigns-from-the-spla

Lt. Gen. Thomas Cirilo Swaka, SPLA deputy chief of staff for logistics, resigns from the SPLA.jpg

February 13, 2017 (SSB) —- On 11/02/2017 Gen. Thomas Cirillo Swaka, resigned from his post as the SPLA Deputy Chief of General Staff for Logistics.  In a six-page letter of resignation that was punished on the Website of PaanluelWel.com, on the same date of resignation as mentioned above, Gen. Cirillo cited the reasons for his resignation of which he claimed to be the following—

That the country has been dominated by Dinka tribe of President Kiir and the army has been turned to tribal militia that targets non-Dinka ethnicities.  He further accused the South Sudanese President Salva Kiir, the Chief of Staff General Paul Malong of “deliberately orchestrated planned violations” of the August 2015 peace agreement” which led to fighting in Juba in July last year.

He, in addition said, “The President and these SPLA officers have systematically frustrated the implementations of the peace agreement and pursued the agenda of Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) of ethnic cleansing, forceful displacement of people from the their ancestral lands and ethnic domination,”.

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By Mading Gum, Nairobi, Kenya

eco-bus

Wreckage of Eco Bus: Attack on Friend Bus, Gateway Bus and Eco-Bus today on the Juba-Nimule Highway, left score of people dead and others feared kidnapped bu gunmen

February 13, 2017 (SSB) — Of all the leadership qualities that made Garang one of the greatest freedom fighters in Africa one stands out, Garang was a great thinker. Garang offered a new nationalism of Sudanism, opposed to divisiveness and separatism. He imagined a political community in New Sudan in which democracy, equality, economic and social justice and respect for human rights is the core. In his mind, the enemy was clear: all the institutions of oppression that have been evolved in Khartoum to oppress the masses of the Sudanese people. ‘The masses of the Sudanese people’. Remember that.

But why did Garang define the enemy as the institutions of oppressions rather than Arabs? Was Diein Massacre of 1987 not carried out by armed Arab Baggara militias who killed and burnt to death hundreds of Dinkas? Were Arabs militias of Rufa in Jabalyin not responsible for the massacre of over 200 Shilluk civilians in 1989? What about over 90 Shilluk victims who fled for safety but were killed in cold blood at the nearby police station manned by Arabs?

The tragedy in the South Sudan brutal conflict is lack of political imagination beyond tribes, hatred, revenge and self-enrichment. Garang offered New Sudan that transcends tribes in the past. None does today.

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Success of government begins from an individual working in the government: The case of Honourable minister in the office of the president of South Sudan, Mayiik Ayii Deng

By David Deng Chapath, Kampala, Uganda

RSS coat of ARMS

South Sudan’s coat of arms, in which the eagle symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty, and the shield and spear the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.

February 9, 2017 (SSVB) — In my recent visit to South Sudan I was surprised to observe some notable changes that had taken place in the office of the President of the Republic of South Sudan, General Salva Kiir Mayardit. There is in other words rule of law and good management in the office unlike in the past when the State house was turned into a den of mismanagement.

As observed in the above paragraph, the following changes had taken place: there is strict observance of the rule in the State House; no more shadow dealings or cheatings; there is order in the State House as rules are being applied equally to all the people who want to see the President. As a result, the conflicts that used to occur frequently in the State house are minimized to the lowest level. Resources in the State are being protected unlike in the past when millions of dollars were siphoned away from the State House.

In general, the State House is now the real state house and it is no longer the State House by name as it used to be.  In the past State House was controlled by the relatives of the President without his authorization and corrupt the system, which extremely affected the relationship of the President with the citizens of South Sudan.  However, today there is a success in the State House or J1 in Juba which shows that there will be success in the government.

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The use of force and governance:  Is the use of force necessary for good governance in South Sudan?

By David Deng Chapath, Kampala, Uganda

Tribute to Isaiah Abraham

Tribute to Isaiah Abraham: The Dark Ages of South Sudan Liberation

February 8, 2017 (SSB) — The readers of this article may find it odd for combining the force and governance as the co-existence of the two is not always seen clearly in the democratic society. According to the Constitution of South Sudan, South Sudan is a democratic country that must respect human rights and democratic principles.

When we talk of human rights as seen in the above paragraph, we are simply talking of the respect of personal liberties and freedoms, and that is the reason why the use of force is not frequently observed in democratic country.

However, where the country is in chaos as we see in the case of South Sudan, then there is a need for the use of force to reform the people in order to maintain law and order, which means that the use of force is necessary in South Sudan.

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By Madol Madol Aguer, Juba, South Sudanteg-scholarship-program

February 8, 2017 (SSB) — Our young girls who are supposed to be our future wives, mentors, coaches and more importantly co-lives share that have the biggest responsibilities are unfortunately mistaken the freedom and trusts granted to them by uncles, fathers and mothers. When I talk of asset, it is the business term describing the wealth one has in the business apart from the goods and services given the firm, shop and industries. Therefore, Girls are our national asset in South Sudan base on the asset’s definition and generally the whole world can agree with me if I said that girls are an asset of any nation.

I valued them because am here because of the woman, my mum. Am a graduate because of her strong encouragement and continues support during unpredictable journey and I believe that any angel who will married me deserved the honor and respect for that matter. I do not see any different between female and male since we are both creatures of God and we resemblance God’s image, we live in the temporary all of us, we have equal opportunity before him, and we have equal rights whether we misused it. We are the children of God.

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By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, Juba, South Sudan

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February 7, 2017 (SSB) — The National Dialogue announced by President Salva Kiir as an initiative to “end violent conflicts in South Sudan, reconstitute national consensus, and save the country from disintegration and usher in a new era of peace, stability and prosperity” is misleading and not within the framework of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan ARCISS as is being purported.

Though this may sound surprising to some if not most, President Kiir has no authority to form any committee under Article 101 (j) of the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan TCRSS, the Article he cited in the Republican Order NO.27/2016 for the formation of the National Dialogue Steering Committee.

Under the terms of ARCISS, which ought to prevail over the TCRSS, the power to nominate, appoint and establish independent Commissions, interim and ad hoc Commissions and Committees shall and can only be exercised under:

  1. Chapter One, Article 8 (1) read together with Article 8 (1) (3) which require the President to act in consultation with the First Vice President in order to reach at mutual understanding and agreement. Or
  2. Chapter One, Article 9 (1) (3) read together with Article 9 (1) (3) (2) which give the Council of Ministers, with the agreement of two-thirds (67%) and a quorum of at least twenty-three (23) of its Members present, the authority to decide in the event of a deadlock.

Even if the government would argue that the required consultation was conducted, the fact that the President’s Order has been based on the Article101 (j) simply makes it (the Order) inconsistent with the ARCISS. In other words, a body formed based on the TRCSS, violating the very letter and spirit of the ARCISS, cannot be within the framework of the ARCISS.

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By Madhieu Thiep Madhieu, Juba, South Sudan

power

electrical power

February 7, 2017 (SSB) —- It is my great obligation to have this opportunity to share my piece of writing in relevant to the aforementioned issue that had dismayed and profusely discomforted me beyond description or explanation.  The core main of my article is none other than lack of government power supply in our national capital and other main cities in the country. Juba being seat of our central government has never been supplied with government hydro electric power for quiet along time.

 Majority of our civil population in the city and other towns resorted to using personal generators in their households as the only means of accessing electricity for their own commercial or private purposes. Government offices and other vital institutions operate with the help of local generators which make the city noisy causing embarrassment to international visitors.

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By Tong Kot Kuocnin, Kampala, Uganda

Chan Reech Madut

Justice Chan Reech Madut, head of South Sudan Judiciary

February 6, 2017 (SSB) — Pursuant to the provisions of Article 122(1) of the Transitional Constitution 2011 (Amended 2015), the judicial power is derived from the people and shall be exercised by courts in accordance with the customs, values, norms and aspirations of the people and in conformity with this constitution and the law. The court of Appeal has powers under Article 122(4) of the said fundamental law to adjudicate on disputes and render judgments in accordance with this constitution and the law.

The structure of the judiciary of South Sudan is provided under Article 123(a)-(e) in which the Supreme Court is the highest court and a custodian of the Transitional Constitution and Constitutions of the states. It is a court of cassation which has final jurisdiction over both civil and criminal matters. It is a court in which the decisions of the Courts of Appeal are appealed against before it. The Court of Appeal is an appellate court where decisions of the high courts are appealed against.

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By Martin Ariel Majak, Alexandria, Egypt

splm wars

Battle for the soul of the SPLM party

February 6, 2017 (SSB) — As you may know very well that what we call a country of our own didn’t pop out of the blue. It was as a result of the sacrificial blood of our fallen and wounded heroes. We didn’t just think of secession overnight and then got granted self-rule the following day. NO.

It was a kind of perilous journey in which many of our compatriots perished in the course of fighting for our common cause of gaining independence. It was a difficult undertaking to be taken by cowards but our brave men dared to challenge the Goliath and won in the end.

We did really loose the best and the nicest of us. I salute them. Without them, we couldn’t be calling South Sudan – a country of our own now. Their blood traded us independence. Indeed, they were the true patriots who bought for us the invaluable thing – freedom.

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By Ring Mayar, PhD., Canberra – Australia

Chan Reech Madut

Justice Chan Reech Madut, head of South Sudan Judiciary

February 6, 2017 (SSB) —- Today I would like to outline the importance of People’s Constitution, by anchoring the foundation of the Constitution on the vital interests of the people. I define those vital interests as People’s Republic rights and values that could significantly impact on security, economic empowerment and the viability of South Sudan Statehood.

Before going on tangent about South Sudanese vital constitutional interests, allow me first to elaborate upon the lagging drift in formulating a permanent constitution for South Sudanese people, since its independence from Sudan on July 9th 2011. In similar token, let’s examine the current Sudan’s Interim Constitution.

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By Madol Madol Aguer, Kampala, Uganda

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February 5, 2017 (SSB) — Two days ago, the ministry of the general education and instructions under the honorable minister, Mr. Deng Deng announced that the government schools are free for all children regardless of their ethnicity, religion and political affiliation to access a universal education in the Republic of South Sudan.

Good move perhaps what is its impact on educational services, economic and development of the human resources or Man power of the nation.

Free means accessing the services without paying or without difficulties in getting it or through, that mean free education in South Sudan will be accessible by almost ongoing schools children to create an enabling education for all regardless of their backgrounds and abilities.

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By Garang Aleu Abraham, Juba, South Sudan

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February 5, 2017 (SSB) — Since time missionaries crossed the threshold of African boundaries with their approaches of rulings, being; religion, mainly Christianity, power by gun and slave trade, wars and boundaries demarcation, many African countries dropped their traditions for a love of trend and fashion.

According to many writers of an ancient tradition, Mark was the first missionary to Africa. Early Christian writers Clement and Eusebius both report that Mark preached in Alexandria, Egypt; Eusebius notes that he was martyred there.

However, Religion was a driving force during slavery epochs, and Christianity formed a major part of this, although the assertion of Evangelization was one of the justifications for enslaving Africans.

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