Archive for the ‘Contributing Writers’ Category


Engineer Akol Lual Lual Akol’s Role in Transforming the Concept of Education among the Refugees in Kakuma, Kenya

By Deng Diar Diing, Mombasa, Kenya

The Late Akol Lual Lual Akol

Tributes to the Late Engineer Akol Lual Lual Who Pioneered Academic Excellence in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya

Monday, November 12, 2018 (PW) — The outpour of grief and shock from the Jesh Amer and Lost Boys community following sudden death of Eng. Akol Lual Lual Akol has left many to wonder to the pattern and girth of appeal this gentleman had. It is clear that Akol has been mourned by a population that had its roots in Jesh Amer of Dima, Fugnido and Polataka who eventually found themselves in Kakuma. This is not to discount the fact that there are a lot of people who have and still are mourning in silence out of intensity of sorrow or lack of access to the social media.

It has also to be noted that those who showed their grief in public domains are not making it for a show of association but rather, hero’s death just like John Garang was, are normally too sad to bear individually and normally are communal angst. After all, a problem shared is half solved.

Akol Lual Lual was laid to rest yesterday in his village of Akon. May God rest his soul in peace. To all the outpour of commiserations and eulogies about the life of Eng. Akol as an inspiration to his peers, I would like to bring forth the processes that led him to be a hero of this important constituency. As a beneficiary of his epic academic journey and someone who took a mantle of my time following his inspiration, I feel spellbound to explaining why we love this gentleman that dear.

There was this Catholic Scholarship program called Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) that used to sponsor the top 3% percent of refugees who sat for Kenya Certificate of Primary Education for secondary education to Kenyan Public Schools. Akol Lual Lual, Marial Kuol, Samuel Anyieth, Chol de Guin and Bior Gayo won this scholarship in 1994(This group was later joined by Peter Gatpan Thoar). William Andrew was sponsored in 1993.

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By Ms. Adol Makeny Dhieu, Sydney, Australia

Nyalong Ngong Deng Jalang, Awerial County, Lakes State

Nyalong Ngong Deng Jalang, Awerial County, Lakes State, whose bride price consist of 500 cows, 3 V8s, and over $10,000

Monday, November 12, 2018 (PW) —- What happened to Nyalong Ngong Deng Jalang in the recent times is outrageous and we are all livid by it. Many have expressed their angers, one way or the other and in different forums since the marriage became known, all through to its settlement.

I applaud and encourage your rage to go beyond press releases; but for you to continue to pursue other meaningful ways to device lasting solutions to the issue at hand. However, I viewed that a legal action against Nyalong’s family (both families and accomplices), or a suit brought solely in relation to her marriage, will serve not but rogue justice.

Here is why: (more…)


After the Transitional Period, Salva Kiir Needs to Set an Example and Allow a Free and Fair Elections

By Ngoi Thuech, Dodoma, Tanzania

President Kiir's speeches after independence

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan

Saturday, November 10, 2018 (PW) — What Peter Biar Ajak termed as a generational exit should not mistakenly be interpreted as an all-out call for our aging liberation generation to retire from active politics and allow the new and upcoming youthful generation to give it a try this time around. The late Senator John McCain of Arizona served his people up to the very last of his breath when he passed away this past summer. He was a war veteran, much like our current leaders are. So, being from a military background doesn’t necessary socialize you to rule dictatorially and hold the country hostage as a ransom for personal enrichment. One thing that sets the late John McCain with our liberation leaders was that the former came from a stable and liberal democratic nation whereas our leaders come from a region whose democratic institutions are absent or nonexistence.

South Sudanese are forever going to be thankful to Salva Kiir and Riek Machar for inking the peace deal to work together in one unity government as a testament to their faith that for once they can put aside their differences and work for the betterment of their people. Many countries on our East African block have two presidential term limits which run for a total of eight to ten years. President Uhuru Kenyatta said recently that it is unconstitutional to run for a third term in Kenya. President Kiir took up the presidential crown after we gained our independence from Sudan. And by the end of the Transitional Period, he would have been in power for ten years, much like the time normally spent by the Kenyan presidents at the State House. The probable reason why there is a limit on a presidential rule is perhaps to avoid what the political scientists called the political decay, a scenario which entails lack of accepting new ideas and overall democratic institutional upgrade. (more…)


By Tito Awen Bol, Juba, South Sudan

Saturday, November 10, 2018 (PW) — I keep wondering if peace can divide or unite the partners. I am not so young nor unmindful not to have known what happened after signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) or not to have read other cases of peace in the World so as to draw comparison to the recently signed peace agreement in South Sudan duped as R-ARCISS. After signing of the CPA, some of the Southern and Northern Parties joined Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) as opposition coalition while some of the Northern and Southern Parties joined the National Congress Party (NCP) as ruling coalition. Hold on reader: just know that my writing is not so much of the opinion leathered and loathed with any form of negative interest but just drawing the observation for future correction and reference by the analysts and opinion leaders of my kind.

To begin with, the word revitalization means rejuvenation or resuscitation of the Agreement on the Resolutions of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCISS) which was at death bed then as a result of the J1’s ‘‘dogs fight’’ as popularly termed by most of the analysts and political commentators. That supposedly means that the agreement that was signed would have been the best agreement capable of addressing the root causes of post-independence issues and differences which possibly were the ones that led to 2013 and repeatedly led to 2016 aggressions and subsequently the present polarization & conflicts.

Papers were still not dry of the ink when the Revitalized-Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCIS) was signed on 12th September, 2018 when several breakaways emerged from different political parties that were parts and parcels or simply the signatories to the agreement (R-ARCISS). South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA) which is the major opposition coalition was the first victim of split when most of its member parties defied & refused the call from the chairperson to sign the agreement though some were at a later date ‘intimidated’ to sign. They made their position real after the final signature by its leader-Mr.Changson Chang. (more…)


By Longar Mathiec Wol, Juba, South Sudan

Peace for South Sudan

Wednesday, October 31, 18 (PW) — As the country opens the new chapter, the chapter of hope, freedom and unity, the people hope for the change of the attitude as two parties work together to forge the new way for South Sudan in an attempt to bring people together during this hard time. When the warring parties signed the revitalized peace 12 of September last month it brought hope to the suffering masses.

The celebration schedule to take place on 31st October is a turning point to the people of South Sudan and gives a hope that the gaps between the warring parties are being pushed closer. As they move closer the citizens who are they victims of this senseless war remains adamant wondering to whether the peace will works or the same mistakes will not repeat themselves again.

In all these processes the shareholders of revitalized agreement on the resolution of the conflict in South Sudan continue to monitor the situation closely with dilemma in their minds. These groups may include: SPLM IO leaders and supporters, the government and supporters and the suffering masses; the citizens of South Sudan. (more…)


By William Deng Barach, Juba University, South Sudan 

64 tribes of south sudan

Wednesday, 31 October 2018 (PW) — We want a united south Sudan, we want south Sudan in peace, and we want a south Sudan for all of us, we needs to raise our voices to say; “together everything is possible”. My fellow’s south Sudanese citizens, the peace celebration on 31 of October should end the long civil war and calls for a unified action towards the shared aspiration for a just, comprehensive and enduring peace regardless of ideology, tribes, and culture.

The works for peace is not only for those who are affected. It doesn’t matter if we live in peaceful area or outside fragile communities. We are must united in our journey towards peace and stability.

Peace, as we all know, is very important in our lives and it is essential to our overall well being. However, regrettable civil war that denigrate us for five years in our country, which was being brought by political conflict and disagreements between politicians, which has left our peoples in it a deplorable emotional and physical state. (more…)


By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

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October 29, 2018 (PW) —
I’m tired of becoming a junior in every field I joined. In 1999, when I was forcefully recruited into military, I was called a recruit which in other words means a new junior soldier undertaking training.

By the time I resumed my studies at Mayom-abun Secondary in 2001, I was called a mono by those in senior two. After I graduated from High School and joined one of the humanitarian aids organizations, I started at the most junior level.

Now, the most famous bands in my area are provoking my situation rottenly by sight-reading some of the songs those that I see could cause disunity among the societies. I’m swaying between the two trade-offs—-the join or no-join musicians’ field decisions and the fear is that I’ll become another junior with such contours on my face.

Had it not been because of this fear, I would have shown them how songs and lyrics for unity are composed, not in a way that exaggeratedly praising my own clan at the expense of other societies.

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By Yanta Daniel Elisha, Juba, South Sudan

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October 29, 2018 (PW) — Answering such a question is costly in terms of life as one can be victimised for one’s opinion and yet it salvages the suffering people of South Sudan. Sometimes, it is far better to die for a just cause than dying of mere malaria contracted from mosquitoes. Remember questions of what, why and how are of philosophical nature. A person or persons must answer philosophical questions; I think it is my duty to let the light shine all the time as long as I hold it.

What is the meaning of dying with one’s knowledge without using it to educate, inform or entertain to save lives? “A person who has not chosen something to die for is not fit to live”, a common saying from unknown source puts it. What is the purpose of life if not to produce much fruits to bring great glory to the author of life Himself?

For God cuts off every branch of the vine that does not produce fruit, warns the gospel according to St John 15:2. This means censorship of whatever nature is against the command of “be fruitful”. As for my case, certainly, I am the safest by virtue of my name “Daniel”; lions never harm me at all, as you have read from the holy book.

In my 37 years’ experience in the University of Life gaining modest education of formal, informal and non-formal nature, I have realized that if anyone intends to harm my life, God acts faster to eliminate that person to safeguard me. So, never dare to attempt me for your own safety.

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By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan

taban-deng-ghai

Taban Deng Gai, First Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan

Monday, October 22, 2018 (PW) — H.E. FVP Gen. Taban Deng is considerably as an icon of peace and justice in South Sudan. He delivered magnificently on some of his dreams and promises since the struggle of the SPLA/M till now and that was the reason Dr. John Garang praised him in his statements that if I have more Taban’s, this movement would have succeeded earlier, Dr. Garang perceived him as the foremost of the virtues and he also weighed him as a man with vision, courage, integrity, and humility.

Nevertheless, the entire nation is delighted with your benevolent leadership, but nowhere as ecstatic as your bothers around you who saw us the personification for their highest aspiration and the embodiment of the kind of the leadership the needs desperately, and you ‘re working tirelessly day and night for the unity of our country, try any means of success like George Washington who lost almost every battle he fought during the revolutionary war with his colonial ruler’s but he succeeds at last.

The biggest success in history has also been the biggest failures, try any possibilities to bring togetherness to our country and the upcoming generation will enjoy the rewards of stability of your exerted efforts. Together, we shall make our whole nation more vibrant and successful. But if you totally fail to bring about the much-needed unity in Greater Upper Nile Region, no one among us will do it, till other generations to reunited upper Nile. Without you this revitalized peace agreement, which was recently signed in Khartoum, would have not been possible.

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By Mabil Manyok Nhial, Gweru, Zimbabwe

Deng Akuei

Saturday, October 13, 2018 (PW) — As John Maxwell has it, it has always been my credo that leadership is nothing more than knowing the way, showing the way and leading the way. Harare Institute of Technology was thrown into a woven net of leadership showdown as four students locked their horns in a great duel contesting for SRC President, which is equivalent to guild president.

The morning Sun greeted Harare Institute of Technology (HIT) with blissful rays of glee and gaiety that the University vicinity got tranquilized. Everyone including inanimate beings seemed zealous and voracious in alacrity to cast their votes for the candidates of their choices as their volitions dictated. Among the contenders were three male students and one brave female namely; William Deng Akuei Nyuon, Makoni, Aaron and Remhunga.

From the onset of elections, Mr. Nyuon was exceedingly marathonic, in fact he ran at a breakneck speed which created a terrible gap between him and his contesters. He was more than 200 votes ahead of the second competitor. Voting ended after 5pm and William garnered 342 votes, Remhunga got 116, Aaron with 74 votes and Makoni 19 votes. Deng then became victorious. (more…)


By Rev. Malong Bak Malong, Aweil, South Sudan

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Thursday, October 11, 2018 (PW) — People (Nations) are likely to fall into imbroglio phenomenon when they fail to realize the true set of rights and obligations (that include loyalty) and the conditions those realize the true memorandum of understanding between the chosen (government) and the chooser (people) — and what qualifications anchoring the role of nominee in a form that must be satisfactory (responsibility). People must in the foremost, realize what they want, and how they wish it and when they want it.

And in this context, they (people) must get to harmonize their Opinions, and strongly stand for their common right and have a critical language (boldness and sound mind). But that can never happen except with an informed society—people with open mind, those can clearly see things with reasoning mind. Such people don’t beat the elephant’s shadow, rather they hit at the perpetrators’ heads!

Therefore, the only people who could quickly survive such imbroglio phages more easily are those who question the liability with thorough follow-ups on their set rules those governing them in absolute courage with clauses why? when? How? Which? And who? One of the wise man once said, “The best ways to hide a lie is between two truths”. To continue with that lesson of who is the government, I have tried all my best level to present you my points on who really is the true source of the government with legality censure and to compel.  (more…)


By Rev. Malong Bak Malong, Aweil, South Sudan

Garangonomic 

Thursday, October 11, 2018 (PW) — You know what, if we have become a Nation, we must critically learn to be mindful of every tit for tat agreements. Let’s always understand that once the time to amend is gone, then gone are its chances of change. By singing every day or repeating names of the same perpetrators Kiir-Riak, Kiir-Riak, Kiir-Riak or SPLM and SPLMIO will benefit us nothing at all! See the continuous rates of rapes, killings, displacements, and above all, the tendency in the hearts of these privileged politicians—they are still demanding us to remain loyal to their leadership. What does this call for?

Or how can we name it? Does it call for us to side with SPLM or SPLM-IO i.e. Kiir or Reik reps? Or should we comply with the FDs or South Sudan Oppositions Alliance? How does this tragedy depict itself from your own perceptive? In my own Opinions, I can see that this not tribe-to-tribe conflicts but it is a man-to-man positions struggle. Therefore, in this context, I can see that there is nothing wrong about us being from different tribes. No problem in being a Nuer, Dinka, Acholi, Bari, Baka, Zande or any of our South Sudanese tribes.

Now, I want to ask that how can we as people of one identity, supposed to react or behave on this dilemmas, (politically affiliated conflicts) seeing that we totally have given into lawlessness and have forgotten on how to answer to our long life struggle for freedom of autonomous right—the effort which was rewarded eventually by the achieved Country, the Republic of South Sudan. In my Opinions, it is change that is what you South Sudanese Citizens need. With Peace and its implementations, you are robbed of your assets by those big, big and huge budgetary demands for those positions hungry elites—who are coming to feast on your public assets again.

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By Benjamin Ring, Cape Town, South Africa

Kerbino Wol

Kerbino Wol

Tuesday, October 02, 2018 (PW) — The 27th of September, 2018, marks exactly five months since the detention of Kerbino Wol, a young South Sudanese entrepreneur, and philanthropist who was arrested in April and has been held without charges by the government authorities in Juba.

Kerbino is a CEO of KASS Security, one of the leading private security firms providing thousands of Jobs for South Sudanese at a time when the country’s economy is at the brink of collapsing. Many families depend on him.

He is also the Founder of Nile Foundation, a charity wing dedicated to giving back to the communities and youth empowerment through education, entrepreneurship, and sports. According to the organization’s website, more than one thousand South Sudanese youth have benefited in the past two years.

Wild rumors suggest that Kerbino was engaged in subversive activities against the Government, a pack of allegations include working with rebels and espionage spook for foreign governments, a narrative that has defeated public understanding. A well-informed person about Juba politics will not be surprised to hear such allegations. (more…)


By Madol Chien Achieny, Juba, South Sudan

telar1

Telar Ring Deng, later South Sudan President Salva Kiir’s nominee to become the new justice minister, 21 June 2014

Friday, August 24, 2018 (PW) — Before I could rush in listing the names of the architects of two wings of Atuot who need to tear the community apart, it is important to bring my readership to light of what has ensued over the last months. On 1st Jan 2018, Atuot Youth in Juba convened in Millennium Hotel to form an organization that would have been called ‘’Atuot Youth Association-AYA’’ for purposes of unity and social organization.

That noble idea was hijacked, politicized and used against an intact community to incite their ignorance to maneuver political ambitions by Juba politicians. Atuot, time immemorial, was a union of 6 Jieng subsections of Apeek, Rorkech, Jilek, Kuek, Luac and Akot, the order is random. Geographically, they live in the western part of Yirol.

The whole idea was taken out of context to divert the purpose as contentions of whether Atuot is a subsection of a bigger Jieng or not and whether Apeek is a subsection of Atuot or not were created by two prominent Atuot politicians and picked by few hired naïve youth to give their political calculation popularity. The idea was to divide the bigger tent (Atuot) into smaller sections that could be accommodated by the politics of sectarianism that is practiced in Juba so as they remain relevant to the policy of tribal representation in national cabinet. (more…)


After violent conflicts, in what ways are apology and forgiveness difficult, but necessary, in furthering reconciliation?

By Manyang Mador Koch, Melbourne, Australia

tribalism

Bentiu, UNMISS Camp

Monday, August 20, 2018 (PW) — Discussing apology and forgiveness in a post violent conflict can be difficult if not impossible in most cases, it doesn’t work at all. However, there are needs for apology and forgiveness, which will advance reconciliation in any given society.

This essay will explore the implications surrounding apology and forgiveness and how difficult they are to achieve after violent conflicts on a societal scale. This means it will examine the role of ethnicity in political system by choosing Rwanda as case study. The paper will also consider the political establishment and the implications surrounding the Rwandan genocide in 1994.

Therefore, the definition of ethnicity which can be refers to an outdate terminologies such as the tribalism; cleansing conflict and even sub-clan were commonly used in the 1950-1960s during the Cold War (CW) period.[1] It is also significant to paraphrase colonial history and its connection to the Rwandan genocide of the 1994. The historical connection between Hutu and Tutsi, that this paper will technically consider the role of ethnicity in political context in Rwanda. (more…)


By Peter Wek Mabioordit, Juba, South Sudan

once-upon-a-time-we-were-united

Sunday, July 15, 2018 (PW) — Many people fall into leadership positions either by choice or chance. Unfortunately, not all of them are guaranteed to succeed in their work. Actually, it takes knowledge, integrity and grit to expertly guide any group towards its goals.

The notion that some people were born to lead is entirely wrong. While there are certainly some individuals born with desirous leadership qualities like charm, charisma and the ability to inspire loyalty, key leadership traits like patriotism and perseverance are actually learned things.

Moreover, the leadership qualities that one is capable of learning rather than those which are inherently possessed tend to be the most valuable when determining the likelihood of success. As an aspiring leader, the following are some of the desired leadership traits that you must possess before embarking on any major endeavors; (more…)


By Kurthii Manyuat, Beijing, China

CEPO Fact Sheet on Khartoum Declaration between President Kiir and Dr Riek Machar - Part 1

Friday, June 29, 2018 (PW) — In 2013 South Sudan had been dipped in to the worst violence and IGAD body (inter-governmental authority for development) equipped with necessary tools took up the stage to remove South Sudan out from the armed violence. However, this rescue mission project countered challenges of political interests of the IGAD members themselves.

According to them (The IGAD mediators), any peace that overweight their own country‘s interests, should automatically be compromised and thrown away. This also explains that the five years of relentless suffering in South Sudan were used by IGAD members for exploration of peace that would address their country’s selfish interests and has non attachment to South Sudanese opprobrium situation.

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By Atem Yaak Atem, Sydney, Australia

Abel Alier and Atem Yaak Atem

Hon. Abel Alier and Atem Yaak Atem in Nairobi, Kenya, 2005, at the signing of the CPA

Wednesday, 20 June 2018 (PW) — Over the weekend I took part in a video discussion on the education of South Sudanese girls to be at a par with boys. During my talk, the moderator asked me to throw some light on why the current generation- young men and girls- tend to show overt interest in politics. As the scope of the talk limited me to matters pertaining to education, and not politics, my answer was deliberately inadequate. This piece is an attempt to provide an overview of what I left out in the conversation.

‘Because politicians are famous’

While we were exploring the skills and careers formal education should confer on students, specifically to be gainfully employed as well as good citizens, I was presented with the question relating to the fact that many young South Sudanese show an undisguised interest in politics. “Is it because politicians are famous?”

As a hypothesis, it could be one of several answers to what is undeniably an obvious attraction: not by youth alone but also by a large segment of the society of South Sudan; nearly everyone loves to talk politics and hopes to become a full time “professional” politician one day. (more…)


By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

Riek Machar arrival in Addis Ababa, 20 June 2018.jpg

Riek Machar arrival in Addis Ababa, 20 June 2018

Wednesday, 20 June 2018 (PW) — Whoever relaxes reading will disarm himself academically and land himself in a passive position. For those who refused to be cowed into alcoholic’s friendship, your knowledge hasn’t yet evaporated but with lapse of time, should you sip one cup of an alcopop made from dried yeast, you will risk frittering the knowledge away. Help yourself!

A magician without sick people brought before him for some days would slaughter a chicken in conjuring people so that problem befalls them, and then he would benefit in solving those problems. This’s the same case with IGAD in solving South Sudan problems.

The decaying classes and the labouring masses are tired of peace process being repeatedly postponed. What is wrong with this compromise peace and its revitalization forum whereas other peace deals have been hastily signed as if bees were chasing the signatories out of hall?

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Another tedious search for peace: What the South Sudanese leaders should learnt from regional and international handshakes

By Longar Mathiec Wol, Juba, South Sudan

Raila and Riek

Former Kenyan PM, Raila Odinga, meeting South Sudanese opposition leader, Riek Machar, in South Africa, in the lead up to the face to face meeting in Khartoum between President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar

Tuesday, June 19, 2018 (PW) — As the negotiation teams expected to resume another phase of negotiation in Addis Ababa, IGAD led peace mediation after face meeting schedule in Khartoum between President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek Machar Teny, if that initiative succeed; till then, the suffering masses will have to continue to patiently wait for the peace they have been yearning for a little longer. It has been painful experience and set back since Junubeen world turned a part in 2013.  Since then, the struggle to restore peace and stability rage on, the despair seems to overcome hope. Many people see the strategies deployed by the mediation organization, country and the opposition to be defective; people felt led down, the suffering continues.

In the view of the people of South Sudan, peace is the only way forward, and for the peace to come the politicians at this time are expected to sacrifice. They are expected to at least do right things. People have suffered enough. The analyses have it that, the country failed to achieve lasting peace because our leaders put their personal interest above all interests. The real peace will never come till when the leaders stop demanding for positions, instead of diagnosing the real root causes of this tragic civil war that led million to displacement camps in East Africa. (more…)