Archive for the ‘Amer Mayen’ Category


You are cordially invited to the wedding of Amer Mayen Dhieu of Paan-Lual, Dachuek and Makwei Mabioor Deng of Paan-Bioor, Kongor, today on the 14th of October, 2017, at Emmanuel Jieng Parish (12pm-3pm) and reception at Freedom Hall (4pm-12am) in Juba, South Sudan.

Amer with Paanluel Wel

Amer Mayen Dhieu with PaanLuel Wel in Juba, August 2015

Biographies of the Bride and Bridegroom

  1. The bride: Amer Mayen Dhieu also known as Amer-Nyanguen was born in Baping Boma of Nyuak Payam in Twic East County. Born to Achol Mading Agok of Ajuong Pagan, Nyopiny Paan e Geu and Mayen Dhieu Thon Lual of Dachuek, Paan Lual, she is the only girl and the youngest of the four siblings. Just after her birth, her parents flew to the neighboring country of Kenya where she partially spends most of her childhood before they migrate to Australia in early 2008. At early teenage age while in Australia, Amer became committed to education and was determined to finish her high school and pursue he university studies. Three years after finishing her high school, she was awarded her first bachelor of Social science with the double major in Psychology and Human services from Christian Heritage College in Brisbane Australia and at the year 2014. She finishes her post-graduate studies and was awarded Master of International Relations specializing in Human Right and International Security. Just after her studies, Amer was intrigued to share the educational opportunities with young girls she has left behind, specifically in Kakuma Refugee Camp where she grew up. On the same year, she co-founded a charity organization called Twic East Girl Scholarship Program that aims to provide four years scholarship to Twic East Girls in Kakuma. The program currently has sponsored 8 girls and is due to take another four this ending year as of the coming two years. Beside, Amer is also a social and women empowerment activist as well as a writer. Her aim is to empower more women through education and social change. Her hobbies include reading books and watching Ted Talk shows.wedding card3
  2. The Bridegroom: Makwei Mabioor Deng (Pande Bior, Kongor) is the firstborn to the family of Mr. Mabioor Deng Garang (Pande-Bior, Wut Kongor) and his two beloved wives, Monica Akuol Gak Atem (Pan-Aleu, Abek) and Mary Keji Lado (Rejaf, Bari). Makwei is the firstborn son, in a family of six brothers and four sisters. Living siblings: Makwei has three brothers (Jubai Mabioor Deng, Kuol Mabioor Deng, and Garang Mabioor Deng) and three sisters (Apul Mabioor Deng, Adhieu Mabioor Deng and Abul Mabioor Deng). Deceased siblings: Three brothers (Jubai Mabioor Deng, Chol Mabioor Deng and Deng Mabioor Deng) and one sister (Apul Mabioor Deng) have unfortunately passed away. Education and works: Makwei graduated with a double major in Economics and Philosophy from The George Washington University, Washington D.C, USA, in May 2012 and is currently working as the regional program coordinator, based in Bor, for the USAID-funded VISTAS program, being implemented by AECOM International. He is a writer and an accomplished author of “Who Killed Dr. John Garang”; the editor of the essential speeches and writings of the late SPLM/A leader, Dr. John Garang, published as “The Genius of Dr. John Garang, vol. 1-3”; as well as a co-editor (with Simon Yel Yel) of President Salva Kiir’s speeches before and after independence published as “Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan.” His first published book is in Dinka language, “Pioocku Thuongjang: The Modern Standard Elementary Dinka.” He is the managing editor of PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB), where he is famously known by his pen-name of “PaanLuel Wël”.Church Wedding and Reception at Freedom Hall
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By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane, Australia

Burial of Isaiah Ajak Mabior Aruei

July 29, 2017 (SSB) — One and half month ago, Heaven gained itself a beloved father, a great uncle and a veteran of the war of liberation in the spiritual form of ISAIAH Ajak Mabior Aruei. Ajak hailed from Dacueck community, Nyuak Payam in Twic East County of Jonglei State.

The precious soul, popularly known as “Thar-Yau”, represented not only Dacueck community in Australia but also served as a representative in Twic East Community Association in Australia, in addition to numerous other major personal achievements he had accumulated in his name.

Sadly, he unexpectedly passed away in a regrettable medical operation that has left everyone wondering what had really gone wrong.

Today, on the 29th of July 2017, in Capital Hill Canberra, the widowed community of Dachueeck, together with relatives and friends, will solemnly lay his body to rest, something any mother, father, wife or child never wish to live to witness.

The truth is that the irreplaceable soul is forever gone and the heartbreak will live forever at the heart of those he has touched.

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Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane, Australia

Amer@50Power

July 2017 (SSB) —- My name is Amer Mayen Dhieu, A South Sudanese-Australian residing in Australia. Growing up in three different countries has been a marvelous experience that has helped me to acquire a new purpose in life.

My daily inspirations are my mother and myself and my personal life’s goal is to grow wiser and help share the knowledge with those in need.

I have deep passion for girls’ education and I have involved myself advocating for it. My biggest achievement so far is finding my voice and confident to stand strong in the face of all odds.

I am keen to share this with most, if not all, young women out there to help shape the future for upcoming generations of women.

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By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane, Australia

Amer Mayen Dhieu

Amer Mayen Dhieu

I am a woman, I can’t read and write

I am woman, my parents married me off to educate their boys

I am a woman, I am not allowed to get marry for love but for pleasant.

I am a woman, I got raped and murdered

I am a woman, I can simply die from child birth

I am a woman, my husband chose to marry another woman because I became worthless after having my kids.

I am African woman, I am asking you to BE BOLD FOR CHANGE.

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“Give someone a fish and you would have fed them for a day, teach someone how to fish and you would have fed them for a life time.”

By Program Team, TEGSPteg-scholarship-program

January 10, 2017 (SSB) —- For the academic year 2016-2017, seventy two (72) girl-child students sat for their KCPE. Of the 72 girls, 12 had 300 marks and above; the top four girls were given the scholarship.

On behalf of team Twic East Girls scholarship Program, we are pleased to announce the four winners of TEGSP scholarship for the academic Year 2016-2017 as follows:

  1. Achol Goch Ayiik
  2. Achol Nhial Garang
  3. Aluel Kuer Ayual
  4. Nyankiir Bior Ajang

TEGSP would like to take this opportunity to make a note of how proud we are to award these fantastic four girls for their academic excellence and determination. We hope this scholarship will open the gateways to their brightest future.

This brings the number of our scholars to eight (8) in total. During the last academic year 2015-2016, we sponsored the following four scholars:

  1. Achuei Arok Gak
  2. Sarah Nyibol Deng
  3. Agau Aguer Bior
  4. Athiei Angok Bul

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By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane, Australia

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September 24, 2016 (SSB) —- Sexism- the very so offensive notion that emotionally, logically and practically explain the way states and non-nation states see and perceive women. Jonglei state, the previous largest state in the Upper Nile region which has recently been subdivided into four mini-states, one of which has been allocated to the four sub- sections of the Dinka community—the Bor Dinka, the Twic Dinka, the Nyarweng Dinka and the Hol Dinka.

These sub-sections of Dinka are well known for decency, open-mindedness and the respect toward their women and children. Many old and young men of these sections have suffered and died in many wars in the name of protecting their women, children and elderly. These and many others portray their determination to see their women live in absolute freedom, free of rape, killings and many other insecurities. However, this does not mean that they have done enough to promote the welfare and dignity of women in Jonglei state.

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Happy 5th Anniversary to the Republic of South Sudan!!

By Amer Mayen Dhieu (Brisbane, Australia) and PaanLuel Wël (Juba, South Sudan)

The 5th independent day anniversary

July 9, 2016 (SSB) — On this 9th of July, we, the South Sudanese, are deeply disillusioned with politicians over the war and the economic crisis. There is a palpable sense of fear, indignation and betrayal. Too many conflicts colliding with too little conciliation in Juba.

There are plethora of ills bedeviling the new nation, including blunders committed by our political leaders, blunders that only add fuel onto the fire, precipitating the downhill slide into the dark abyss.

We are ranked second only to Somalia among the failed states in the world. Our infant oil-dependent economy has collapsed, along with social amenities and physical infrastructure. Corruption is running amok in the country, sparing not even the office of the president. And our honorable politicians have been providing a bizarre episode in a drama of epic confusion.

Apparently, the country has run out of able and good leaders that the prodigal son is the one proclaiming our salvation and redemption from the failed Messiah.

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This Sunday, while searching for God in the Holy Book, I found instead a sexist primitive preachers of disrespect and chauvinistic teachings against women

By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane, Australia

bishops

May 29, 2016 (SSB)  —  I was baptized without my due permission. My religion is a choice from my parents. A perfect choice of course because I have come to like being a Christian, more or less just like how we all like our various religions. However, as I became a grown up, mature Christian and started dating an atheist, I was urged to validate my religion especially the existence of Super Being who I, along with many Christians, believe to be my creator. The quest for the fundamental answers was to tame my doubts, reaffirm my convictions and more importantly to be able to preach what I know confidently to whoever question me about my religion.

I started meditating after I got involved with many personal commitments that demand my full attendance and participation on Sundays. From this time onward, I didn’t have enough time at hand for Church prayers; thus, my only avenue to stay connected to my faith was through meditation. Each morning, I would wake up, and took five to ten minutes of meditation, most often, depending on how much time I have before starting driving to work. This ad hoc routine became my culture of faith and the biggest way of finding pure answers I needed to conceal all the doubts and curiosity then swelling within me. In search for my spiritual answers, I ended up discovering, appreciating and believing there is something special and spiritual “right there” that none of us knows not his or her exact name.

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By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane, Australia

girl rights

say no to early child marriage

February 10, 2016 (SSB)  —  There is nothing more feminine than honoring a woman. Any act that shows appreciation to womanhood is promotable. Talking of a place where feminism should be preached more, one can think of communities where parochial social norms dehumanize women.

However, if the table could turn around for one to critically look into some of these degrading social norms and strictly weigh and analyze them, a feminist like me would madly go for an opportunity that customarily avails itself.

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My Speech during the Event Marking the Sixth Anniversary of ‘Mamer Awulian’ in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane, Australia

Amer Mayen

Amer Mayen Dhieu

December 28, 2015 (SSB) — It is of great honor and privilege to have the opportunity to be one of the key speakers at this very important occasion, which is a great milestone in keeping our tradition alive. This is the first time that unmarried woman or a girl like myself is being allowed to speak at this type of community event. Our people have a very bad perception that only an elderly married woman and a married man can say a word that will move the community forward. I think that is totally unfair to people like me.

To begin with, I would like to extend my appreciation to the newly initiated generation of Awulian Community—the Mamer. I would also like to pay my respect and tribute to the previous generations of Awulian community such as Makol Awulian whose values and commitment cemented the modern Awulian community and South Sudan as well.

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By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Australia

The wedding of Aloung Gai Angeth and Amaan Lueth Thiak

The wedding of Aloung Gai Angeth and Amaan Lueth Thiak

October 30, 2015 (SSB)  —- Much uproars have been expressed by concerned South Sudanese concerning the recent wedding of the South Sudanese first female pilot, Aluel Bol, to Marial Gumke, a man with two other wives.

Dear young South Sudanese girls including my old self, do not stop learning from our trailblazing sister, Aluel Bol, who recently got snatched away from us by a polygamist.

Despite all odds, she is still our role model—the first woman who put our name down the history of South Sudan Aviation as well as of Ethiopia and Dubai.

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Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane, Australia

Amer Mayen Dhieu, the author

Amer Mayen Dhieu, the author

 

August 26, 2015 (SSB) — The two last weeks of July 2015 were critical in my life. After I learnt with deep sadness about my grandfather’s sickness, Grandpa Mading Agok, I found it hard to go to sleep. I remembered staying up one whole night thinking of what my world would be if I didn’t get to see him on time, at least to get to ask him some of the burning questions I have always love to know about my family background as well as himself, his past and his current world.

One week later, I managed to get hold of my traveling documents and approval of compassionate leave at my workplace. After two days thereafter, I got the ticket and packed for my first home flight to Juba through Entebbe. It was a life-changing trip that shocked, overwhelmed, challenged and inspired me for the better person.

I left Brisbane International Airport at 9:35 pm on the 9th of August and arrived at Abu Dhabi at 6:am the following morning. On the plane, I was excited for many things. Seeing my grandfather was one besides many numerous others. But there was one more thing my soul was grateful to experience: seeing my ancestral homeland for the first time after many decades away from my land of birth since the 1991 destruction and displacement of my people from Duk, Twic East and Bor counties by Riek Machar.

Amer Mayen Dhieu with Grandpa Mading Agok

Amer Mayen Dhieu with Grandpa Mading Agok

As a child who was born, and grew up, in war, such abrupt homebound trips triggered lot of emotional flashbacks about all the heartbreaks and tragedies we have been through during the war as people of South Sudan. I was excited to see Juba too because it was my first time to be in Juba since birth.

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Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane, Australia

Twic East Girls' Scholarship Program's Fundraising Event in Sydney, Australia, Saturday, 22 August 2015

Twic East Girls’ Scholarship Program’s Fundraising Event in Sydney, Australia, Saturday, 22 August 2015

August 25, 2015 (SSB) — On behalf of Twic East Girls Scholarship Program (TEGSP) team, I send our deepest appreciation to all South Sudanese communities who made our first fundraising event in Sydney a spectacular success story.

In the history of TEGSP, Sydney will remains as the first state that have supported us wholeheartedly.

Not only that, the day was very successful because of the tremendous support from all South Sudanese communities in Canberra and New South Wales. We couldn’t have made it through without their assistance.

In particular, our deepest appreciation goes to Honorable Atem Yaak Atem and his wife; the first lady of Twic East County, Madam Achol Garang Aguer; the president of Twic East community in New South Wales, Deng Malek, and above all, to the entire Twic East Youth.

Overall, we cannot proceed without thanking the most compassionate, humble supportive artists Mike Dee, Victor Awan and Thondit De Canberra, for their dearest support. There is no better word to say thank you.

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Twic East Girls Scholarship Program (TEGSP) to conduct the first fundraising event in Sydney, Australia this coming Saturday, the 22nd of August, 2015

By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane, AUSTRALIA

Twic East Girls Scholarship Program (TEGSP) to conduct the first fundraising event in Sydney, Australia this coming Saturday, the 22nd of August, 2015

Twic East Girls Scholarship Program (TEGSP) to conduct the first fundraising event in Sydney, Australia this coming Saturday, the 22nd of August, 2015

August 21, 2015 (SSB)  —  Dear communities, families and friends in Sydney, Canberra and all over Australia, you are cordially invited to the Twic East Girls’ Scholarship Program (TEGSP) first official fundraising event this coming weekend in Sydney.

The scholarship program was launched this year to promote girls’ education in the war-torn country of South Sudan, particularly in refugee, and displaced persons, camps where many South Sudanese are living.

The mission and vision of the program is to cultivate young women that are reflective life learners for change. The founders of TEGSP entirely believe in power of education as the main way of empowering women.

The program aims to sponsor girls with good academic merits and leadership qualities whose parents are not capable of paying for their school fees.

The Program Team is welcoming all South Sudanese and well-wishers in Sydney, as well as in Canberra and other states, to come and offer their full support to the project.

Music and entertainment will be provided and there will be guest speakers too. Come one, come all!!!!!

say no to early child marriage

say no to early child marriage

For more information, visit our website at www.twiceastgirlsscholarship.org or our email at twiceastgirlsscholarship@yahoo.com.au


Jealousy is part of humanity. I wouldn’t want to become good friends with my husband’s hot and educated new bride especially when she didn’t have kids yet. There would be inevitably his favorites. This would cause a lot of bad feelings between the women. It would be a constant game of comparison even the kids would be compared against each other. The whole concept in practice is psychologically abusive,” fumed one feminist against the evil of polygamy.

Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane, Australia

The Blessing of Monogamous Marriage

The Blessing of Monogamous Marriage

June 9, 2015 (SSB)  —  There are several traditional practices that confer low self-esteemed and questionable societal status on women, particularly our South Sudanese ladies. Some of these outdated practices are humiliating enough because they are imposed upon them by those they thought would never hurt their souls.

One of these abhorrent practices is polygamy, an arrangement where a man marries more than one wife.

Back in the days, pros and cons of polygamy were deliberated in term of societal needs and expectations. For example, a man who is married to more than one wife was more likely to have many kids that later become source of his wealth.

Men who marry more than one wife at a time do have large amount of extended family that he counted on at a time of hardship. His female children get married with hundreds of cows and other goods.

That, however, doesn’t denote that those who are caught in the middle of this questionable practice are happier more than their peers. There are times polygamous marriage become extremely complicated with spousal fights and quarrels.

Unlike today’s men, men in the sixteen-century were more responsible in handling family matters. A man who is married to two women knew better how to divide his wealth equally between his two families as well as loving them and caring for them equally.

Meanwhile, in contemporary era, things have completely changed—for the worse for our menfolk. Marriage has clearly become union of “two” people. This is because today’s women “tend to care about exclusive romantic way more than men, who are more interested in sex and variety.”

One major factor that polygamy family has to deal with is jealousy. No matter how much effort a polygamist put into his marriage, women that are involved in polygamist relationships feel enormous perceived unfairness in terms of love and financial security.

Most “established needs of women are impossible to be met in a polygamist marriage” Things like ongoing affection, one on one conversation and relationship attributes such as “honesty and openness and help with kids” are rarely keep.

Sad part of it is the old Dinka’s saying—”Tieel e Diaar Mooc”—does not only brew among the multiple wives of polygamists but also among their children especially when some of the children feel not being given much needed attention by their distracted fathers.

With all the pros and cons of polygamy, the pertinent question is: is the practice of taking more than one wife in and of itself the main subject? The answer, which is as ugly as polygamist, is that the practice is bad but what make it more odious are the chauvinistic men who practice polygamy.

With keen examinations of the various polygamists each of us had had contact with in our polygamous South Sudan communities, there is observation that polygamy is nothing but an exchange of what was once a gold to the man himself.

Arguably, first marriages of polygamists are always the golden memory of their lifetime. The first wife often remains the queen of the family until the other woman burst in, only to mess up the hard-earned principles and values of the households.

You have heard of family breakdown among polygamists because the husband has brought in a second brand new wife, or of kids and mother getting abandoned because of this new bride.

It makes one wonder why these men really want bunch of women when they are not going to treat them equally.

By looking at it through this particular angle, it is not only the practice of polygamy itself that make it ugly but the chauvinistic men that are indulging in this detestable habit—men who take on something they don’t have the capacity to maintain—who are the main problem, both to themselves and the family that suffered irreparably.

No matter what the circumstance, however, women are forever the primary victims of polygamy. By definition, polygamy is an “institution of marriage that serve as both a shield for and weapon of sexist behavior”. In simple logic, one person is here controlling and having more power over more than the number that is himself. The ugly side of it is people in this group that are being overshadowed are of women gender.

Beside all the controversies, the most disappointing issue is continuation of this abusive practice by the so-called intellectual or educated women in our society. These women are either selfish or being completely ignorant of the practice that is clearly a source of oppression to women.

It is one part of our sisterhood that is being exchanged for, abused with, another; it is purely a practice where one woman is robbing her fellow woman with what is meant to be hers alone.

Many cultures have changed with time but the culture of having several wives have regained the spotlight in the twenty-first century especially among Dinka women. People thought education would one day render obsolete this doubling up of more than two humans by one man.

Instead of ebbing out for good, polygamous marriage is roaring back with renew fury.

The very first groups of women—the educated ones that I thought would initiate and invigorate the long overdue societal eradication this repugnant practice—are the ones strengthening it.

There are, amidst us, a dozen of much stronger and educated women that are married to polygamists. This is selfish. It is arrogant. We should be more concern for the poor women that have already signed marriage contract with these men.

Polygamy does not affect educated and strong women because they know how to live independently should the man get remarried once more but it affects the poor educated, helpless women.

Educated girls should lead the fight against polygamy. Our sisters whose husbands have been snatched away by predators literally become single mothers with no help, with no love and with no mutual support, especially when their marriages have been wrecked apart.

In some ways, we are unwittingly subjecting them to living standards that are much akin to living with no husband when their husbands are still alive.

Saying no to polygamy mean helping your sister to have valuable relationship and meaningful life. Speaking against polygamous marriage saves your daughter from partaking in such an oppressive practice when she become of age.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB does reserve the right to edit the material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.


By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Australia

“Respect for women was invented to cover the place where love for their souls should be”

Amer Mayen Dhieu

Amer Mayen Dhieu

April 12, (SSB)  —   Journalism has completely lost its values and norms particularly in the department of South Sudan Television (SSTV).

My heart has been pounding with bitterness, desperately searching for a better respectful way to put this message across to SSTV journalists, crews and reporters working in the department; but as sensitive as I could be to any women’s issue I couldn’t hold my breath any longer.

Three days ago or so, I accidentally came across an incredibly disheartening photo of a naked injured young female featuring on state television.

I was overcome by tremendous amount of anger to how in the world is it not moral ethic for journalist to maintain privacy and dignity of the person in the picture?

underage girl shown naked on SSTV

underage girl shown naked on SSTV

Featuring an image of a totally naked underage young girl with breast publicly showing as a mean to explain unlawful bombing of Awiel residents by Sudan army is a huge invasion of individual’s privacy and dignity and have placed your respect for women in question.

I cannot call it inexperience for this is a pure common sense. You wouldn’t imagine having your naked body publicly showing on state television if you were in the same situation.

Do your journalists even ask clients’ concern and permission to take their pictures? I am sure the young girl would have cooperated with you, have you ask her permission for photo shoot.

Much has been done by government officials including President Kiir, many things that show little or no respect to the life of women in the country. Hundreds of women die during childbirth because they have no access to health facilities.

Some are abducted and forcefully marry off against their wills. Some are rape and force to child prostitution. I mean I cannot jot down all mistreatment South Sudan women are facing under the hands of educated and informed population. Hence it is not the case in this article.

In simplest sentence, journalism is a profession that is internationally recognized by all academic profession around the globe. Its ethics, norms and values are universal and equal in all international countries. There is no legal South Sudan version of journalism-that is requires not to be abided by principles of journalism.

East or West, in third or first world countries, respect for individuals right to privacy, dignity and confidentiality is a core. Literally this is the reason you see some blurry pictures on BBC and CNN videos.

I am aware you are operating in authoritarian country. A country where authorities are above the law but mind you that, no law is more powerful enough to devalue individuals’ rights.

Let our women die and suffer with respect and dignity. Woman’s breast is private and that is why it is classify under human body private part. Cover their private part if you are to feature them in any story.

They’re decent spirits mediocred by poor standards of living. They should die and suffer with respect and self-worth

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Australia

Dr John Garang

Introduction

February 21, 2015 (SSB) —  I often argue that for a prospective scholar to be an effective political scientist, he/she has also to be a social scientist. This is for the reason that some of the political riddles such as war and conflict are inherently social, rather than political, controversies. Consequently, such fundamentally complex problems can hardly be defined and unraveled using one theory or perspective. In most cases than not, the rising scholar would invariably end up addressing one cause of the puzzle, leaving the rest unattended.

Politics, unlike other professions in academic endeavors, is broad. For instance, there is no one, single lens to look at, summarized and debate political issues independently without considering some other factors that could be potential contributors to the issue at hand. Therefore, this critical review examines a new political theory recently proposed by one of the South Sudanese upcoming scholars in his two-part article: “The Principle of Tribocracy”. The theory is tantalizingly christened ‘tribocracy’ and it is billed as the panacea for all of our troubles in South Sudan.

PaanLuel Wël, the managing editor of PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) and the author of “The Genius of Dr. John Garang” and “Return In Peace (R.I.P) Dr. John Garang“, has written several articles about South Sudan politics and history. In his new theory, PaanLuel Wël, who graduated from the George Washington University (USA) with a double major in Economics and Philosophy, argues that tribocracy is the only salvation for realizing equality, justice and fairness in power sharing, and thus achieving political stability in the young republic of South Sudan.

Summary of the Author’s Arguments

In part one of “The Principle of Tribocracy, PaanLuel Wël defines his theory as a “political system where representatives of a particular ethnic group hold a number of government posts proportionate to the percentage of the total population that the particular ethnic group represents in order to promote and achieve fair and equitable political representation across all ethnic groups comprising that particular nation”. The author gives a second interpretation that define tribocracy as a “system of governance in which equality in political representation in the national government and/or at the state level is achieved through the principle of equitable and fair tribal representation”.

Why and how tribocracy would salvage the young nation embroiled in a deadly civil war is yet to be fully understood. However, part of it can be glimpsed in part two of “The Principle of Tribocracy where the author meticulously employs the census numbers of 2010 to arrive at what he called ‘the four tribes of South Sudan’ from the known sixty-four tribes. He inventively re-interprets the meaning of political caucus and political constituency to chart a new political theory that can, assuming his methodology is accurate, be used to share power equitably among the sixty-four tribes of our country.

Generally, PaanLuel Wël’s newly invented political theory of tribocracy is indeed one way forward in an attempt to provide ideal solution to the tribally-motivated wars and conflicts that are threatening the political stability of numerous countries in Africa. To be noted well is the fact that PaanLuel Wël’s political theory is coming against the backdrop of other invented political theories from South Sudanese scholars such as the New Sudan Vision of Dr. John Garang, the Garangism of Dr. Lual Achuek, the House of Nationalities popularized by Jacob Jiel Akol and Dr. Adwok Nyaba, among others.

Nevertheless, PaanLuel Wël’s political philosophy of tribocracy explains in depth how the theory could bring political changes. The best part of the theory is in part two of the article where the author has invested mush of his time and effort breaking down sixty-four tribes into four. Part two reflect a lot of logic and how well the author has stayed true to his theory. He correctly explains how the sixty-four tribes would be represented and how power could be shared among them.

His graphic work is very suggestive of a well researched work, which can inform us about the importance of using census numbers to govern ourselves better. I think his narrative skills, as well his intellectual capability to put together such unique ideas, is great work

Evaluative Criticism of Tribocracy

However, as I mentioned it at the beginning of this critical review, in order to be an effective political problem solver, one has to be open-minded about all the possibilities pertaining the problem at hand. In my opinion, tribocracy is a tunnel build to aim at finding the gold at rainbow’s end without studying the actual colours of the rainbow, the colours of which are so bright enough for driver to see the road toward the location of the gold. In simplest form, Tribocracy is designed to address one contributor to South Sudanese conflict and that is ethnicity, leaving hundreds of other contributors untouched.

Theoretically, finding a particularized solution to a particularized political problem begin with definition of the problem itself. In doing so, a prospective scholar has to ask him- or her-self the following question: what is the fundamental problem of South Sudan? For further illustration, the scholar must ask why there are no roads, hospitals, schools and good sanitation in South Sudan? Secondly, the scholar can then ask if the current appalling living condition is remotely related to why people kill themselves in our nation? Is this related to why government officials cannot govern the country in harmony?

If the problem is power as cited by many people, then what is power? How do you major power? Is it about position or physical infrastructure? Is about military power or economic power and if so how is it suppose to be shared by all the sixty four tribes of South Sudan and what level of power can be given to each tribe and region for them to feel satisfied and well represented under a tribocratic government?

Generally speaking, PaanLuel Wël’s theory of tribocracy is great and well illustrated. However, one weakness is that the theory downplays some of the major contributing factors that any political analyst should never have overlooked. One major contributing factor to the troubles in South Sudan that PaanLuel Wël didn’t bother to consider is the impact that social factors play in politic. Although tribocracts like PaanLuel Wël may view politics as nothing more than haggling over power, there is indeed a strong correlation between power, social discourse as well as culture.

Misguidedly, tribocracy forecast ethnicity has the main cause of political chaos in South Sudan. Tribalism is one of our problems, it is not the only problem we have in South Sudan. There is corruption, nepotism, mismanagement of national resources and bad leadership in general.

Moreover, I believe there are only few individuals in South Sudan who care much about having their tribes represented in politic. The reason that tribalism is seen as the main factor is because there is no real great leader that is well equipped with knowledge to lead all the sixty-four tribes of South Sudan in a fair and transparent way. Should there be a leader who cares about giving journalists their freedom of expression, elderly people a sense of security, women their share in high positions, schools for children, roads for businessmen, hospital for the sick and academic institutions for intellectuals, it would be only few people who cares about having their tribes represented in a tribocratic governance.

Although there is higher level of illiteracy in South Sudan, current generation of youth is emerging with some promising perspectives of looking at South Sudan contemporary politics. Many of them have different expectations about what they want from the government. Essential services such as building schools for school going children, roads for business people to transport their goods and make profit, and healthcare centres for the sick people, are top on their expectations from the government. Roughly, around 62% of young people do not care about which tribe should have the presidential seat as long as the person in charge knows about the importance of service delivery to all the disadvantaged citizens and have the skills to make it a priority.

When President Kiir lied to himself in 2011 that he will form his first cabinet not by tribal representation but through qualifications, I was delighted. However, the president didn’t follow his promises, but rather took a wrong turn by handpicking members of his cabinet through loyalty and friendship rather than qualifications. PaanLuel Wël’s referenced this in part one of his tribocracy theory and argue that qualification do not matter in South Sudan. I don’t agree with that view because I believe that our leaders should be selected and appointed based on their qualification, not tribal representation.

Tribocracy theory does not fit well in the contemporary era where skills matter. What if we were to represent all the sixty-four tribes with unskilled persons; would that make scholars, businessmen, school kids, sick people, feel satisfied? What if there were Salva Kiir of Greater Bahr el Ghazal, Riek Machar of Greater Upper Nile and Wani Igga of Greater Equatoria, would that still move South Sudan forward? We are in era where human brain is the most powerful thing on top of tribes. It is important for South Sudanese young population to start looking beyond tribes and begin to invest on ideas, skills and qualifications.

The reason why some people are optioning for political representation is that government officials turn to be in favour of intellectual youth from their tribes, and businessmen from their states. For instance if you are a degree holder and have no one in the government, it is unlikely that you get a government job. And if there is a big project from a foreign government like the Chinese to build road or hospital or schools, the first thing that come to our politicians minds is to build it in his or her home state. It is this desperation that lead people to favour political representation for all ethnic tribes so everyone can have equal share of government utilities. But this is failure in leadership, not because of ethnicity.

Conclusion

In conclusion, PaanLuel Wël has done well in proposing an all-inclusive system of governance that could, if build upon by others, help South Sudan achieve political stability. The argument presented in the theory is logical and the illustrations are interesting.

However, given our current century, any theory align with tribalism is doing more harm than good to our nation. I personally think that political theory of tribocracy in this case has ignored major elements that are important in creating South Sudanese national identity as well as ignoring main contributing factors that are the root cause of political chaos.

It is recommended the author should look far beyond ethnicity as the main cause of political instability in South Sudan. PaanLuel Wël would be better off considering social factors when looking for solutions and be political scientist as well as social scientist when addressing them.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.


By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane, Australia

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January 25, 2015 (SSB) — I am yet to know if South Sudanese young ones (youth) are candidly ready for peace and reconciliation to dwell in the country that is already devastated by war, division, hatred and bad politics.

It had been over a year now since December 15 fracas. The two warring parties have been bombing and shelling each other using heavy artilleries that have occasionally resulted in massacring of civilians. Both have invited foreign armed forces to help in killing themselves and the citizens however non of the disputing territories or government seats has been peacefully occupied by either Splm: in government or Splm: in opposition. Bentiu the strategic town in the heart of South Sudan economy has exchanged ownership in both  hands of the warring armies spawning major destruction to oil facilities and interruption to the gliding of oil to the main pipeline where it is hauls to international market however non have successfully defeated the other.

Above all of that, civilians are the extreme sufferers of the conflict. An exodus of mass groups of women, elderly people and children have    occurred within and outside country’s borders. Some are squeezed in  overcrowded United Nation’s compounds with no freedom of movement, strung by starvation: shortage of food and water.

Despite several calls and warning issued by UN agencies about possible breakout of famine and waterborne disease such as cholera and Malaria, the self-proclaim president Kiir denounced both calls for immediate action on Al-jazeera vacationing it as an excuse made by  international aid agencies to get funding from international donors. The president himself did not offer any disaster relief service for the internal displaced persons in the UN camps or send donation to the UN to help feed those who have escaped to neighbouring countries rather re-assuring the starving population that he is himself their legitimate leader. #Ohwell

Rebel leader Riek Machar on other hand continue fighting his war on democracy by committing inhumane acts such as rape and killings of unarm civilians, something that is also practiced by government soldiers during Juba Massacre. Riek himself visited Kenya: the  only country hosting largest group of South Sudanese refugees. Did he  manage to visit the camp or not, I have no clue but I am confident he is well aware of the mass population that is forced to live in exile by the war that he is being a participant.

On all the rounds of this unstoppable suffering of South Sudanese’s elderly persons, women and children, South Sudanese youth had been advocating and pointing fingers on both leaders, accusing them of destroying their country, killing their mothers, fathers, relatives as well as forcing some of their close family members to evacuate themselves to the neighbouring countries where them the youth become their carers financially.

The whole conflict is seen to have shouldered each and every persons, a child or infant, adult or youth, all women and men in the country a responsibility. Responsibility to care, responsibility to comment, advocate, speak, cry out or express their opinions however despite knowing both leaders are no-hopers and futile as an ashtray on a motorbike, South Sudanese youth has became wuss. None of them is seeing how inefficacious both Kiir and Riek are. None of them is being hopeless about their incapability to unite the great people of South Sudan. The youth is suffering with tall poppy syndrome, a tendency where they only throw their fallacious tongues out in combat  of criticising people who have no immediate hands in the conflict as well as people who are considered better off at least in bringing peace and unity to the people of South Sudan.

Just last week, the long awaited peace process begin in Arusha, Tanzania of East Africa. The objective of the peace process was to unite Splm factions and reorganise the longest serving political party to the original structure. As of all factions’s effort, the conference resulted in reunification and re-instating of the old Splm members who were either fired by president Kiir or chose to break away amid tension and conflict of interest that had been ongoing within the party and the rumoured substantial cause of December 15 political blow up. In conference, Riek was reinstated to vice chairman position of the party, Kiir remains as the chairman and Pagan Amum Okech as the party secretary.

All Splm factions including former detainees as well as foreign observers sees this has great way for peace to emerge and healing process of the grieving members of the party to take place. It is rumour that Kiir and Riek have confessed their involvement in the conflict that has teared the country apart yet neither of what should be done next nor accountability or the formation of the interim government and power sharing that had been the centre of Addis Ababa IGAD’s peace talk was mention. Considering the step was  just a mere starting point for peace between members of Splm party despite what faction they belong to begin. Is this not the beginning of reconciliation? should we wish to see reconciliation between Nuer and Dinka tribe starting before we reconcile the immediate people who were the starting point of the division between the two tribe?

It is obvious that I am asking nobody. The very youth that was dying for peace to emerge in the country, the very youth that is desperate to have their ageing mothers, fathers and grannies return homes and start their new life are the first to start questioning the little step that is taken. The very people who were accusing Riek of raping their women are the first to call for Riek not to return to the country he never evacuated since the beginning of conflict or get reinstated to the party he been a member before some of them were not yet born. Should you believes that Riek has committed the massacre in Bor, why wouldn’t you want him to come back so you can hold him accountable? How are you going to get hold of him should ICC charge him with crime against humanity? The same negativity is  given on rebel side although not as bad as it is on government side what does these youth want? are they just immature? raw prawn, not the full quid or don’t they see the suffering of South Sudanese people on the ground?

Some of them seem to be making sense only when there is no step taken. They call for peace on daily basis but when such calls are answered they crawl back to calling for government to send Riek to exile, exclude him out of the party, murder more rebels and so more cruel practices. I wonder if these youth know South Sudan is combination of all states and each state is represented by its member. Now that you don’t want certain county or state to be represented by the look of your argument, what South Sudan do you see in your argument?

While peace mediators were still negotiating in Arusha with members of Splm factions, government officials from Jonglei government start another divisive act. Unknown men lobed innocent women of Bor allowing them to protest on the street of state capital calling for governor to step down for unspecified reason (I am still waiting to hear the slogan or chant that they were using). Although some of us don’t have clue about the actual cause of demonstration, “some” commentators from Bor youth seconded the demonstration arguing that their mothers have done well. One person argued that civilians cannot be headed by someone who doesn’t speak their language.

Imagine, this bush-ranging argument make one to wonder whether there is different between these youth members and the illiterates villagers who have no clue of the structure of state government.

Not only that but despite showing no affection by some other members of the same youth to what these innocent women were put into, some have tried to give sense to the protest, claiming there is a little bit of sense involved in the demonstration. The fruit loops asserted that Bor women were unto and against the resettlement of IDPs in Bor because of their disloyalty, to who? to Bor or the government, I couldn’t comprehend it.

Whatever their claim is but why Bor and what is Bortown to Jonglei state? Isn’t the capital city of the state? Some Bargazal states are hosting Nuer’s IDPs yet it is the same Nuers, the members of the same tribe of Riek Machar who is working restlessly to topple Kiir from Bargazal why didn’t they ask them to leave their states? Those Nuer in Bargazal states are not from either Lake or Warrap state, they are from Unity and Upper Nile yet they are shown hospitality. Who are this people not wanting citizens of Jonglei state to resettle in Jonglei state capital? Didn’t you give Bortown to the state government at the past?

Any county or group of people that have given up a town or land to the government should it be state or federal have agreed and signed to share the land with non-citizen of that land with no complaint. I don’t understand how come the grown-intellectual youth are not getting it. Dr Lual Achueck made an attempt when he was minister of oil in Government of national unity to build Jonglei second administrative centre in Gadiang in oder to serves Jonglei citizens’s that will have to travel thousand of miles away from Ayod and many other far areas, however the strategic plan was seen by some Mps from Bor has an attempt to takes state capital away from Bor county. For whatever reason, all the projects that were agreed to build the dam as well as airport and offices in Gadiang were called off and Bortown remains the capital of the state unto these days. What sense does it make if innocent women are groom to protest against resettlement of IDPs when those IDPs are mere unarm civilians?

We all know where the problem started, it did not start within Bor civilians and Nuer civilians rather government and rebel militias. Pan-pandiar was not occupied by Nuer civilians nor Bor civilians but government forces. Should one be campaigning against any foreign occupation of Bortown, it should be the call not to establish any government military barrack near civilian occupied suburbs. I understand the bitter part of the conflict but we need to see things in bigger picture. The government we worship and remains loyal to no matter what will never win the battle nor defeat Riek by forceful methods. They have tried in a year but non of the factions has defeated the other.

Not even the irrational hatred of Nuer tribe that I saw yesterday on Facebook in this picture where some grown up men with ready-to-bear child balls were applauding the uploading of the picture to public space share by all persons of all countries.

In all fairness, should we want peace to reign in the country that we loves and care for, it is crucial that we appreciate every little step taken by rebel and government such as Arusha’s reunification, search for its positive side and leave aside the professional negative side of it. We cannot hold people who don’t care about the life of civilians accountable for their act when they are still fighting each other for they have all committed the atrocities in the name of protecting the country, the government and democracy.

Should they be making some comment about what they have signed like what Riek said in the Chicago Tribune newspaper, we should have waited until he put it into statement. In politic there is different between, suggestion, call, demand, request as well as some adjectives such as should and must. Riek himself have not yet make it clear in the face of Kiir or issue statement through his spokesperson for us to beat the drum so loud and use it as evident for people to hate Arusha’s agreement more.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.


THE AMAZING STORY OF ANEI DENG DE NGOOR

Photo on 11-06-2014 at 08.23 pm #12 

By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane, Australia

In most socio-historical headlines, we do find sensational stories of important people who have helped shaped social and cultural order of our time.

However, none of the recorded stories have deservingly showcased histories of our great women that are considered to be cultural icons such as Anei Deng de Ngoor, Apul-Magengdit, Commander Ageer Gum Akol, to mention but a few.

These extraordinary women, unlike some of our women in this generation, didn’t just show up and find a historic voice in a gender-conscious generation and time. Behind their fame and credits lurked great obstacles that were either cultural, political, social or economical.

Yet, these pioneers didn’t just prevailed at all odds arrayed against them but also excelled to be the most influential women whose determinations and courage and stories can be used as a model to inspire today women to pursue their dreams.

Unfortunately, many remarkable stories about South Sudanese women went down the history unrecorded. Hardly any of our books or newspapers has published the untold stories of this unprecedented group of women from different places in South Sudan.

No one has adequately recorded the amazing stories of our great women whose combined legacies are a testament to the feminist spirit among our people. Their pioneering, courageous works broke through the male-imposed gender chained that had, and continue to, deny our sisters and mothers their rightful and God-given roles in the society.

Though our people are yet to recognise the sensational contributions of these revolutionary women, there is still hope out there that our today opinion writers, book authors and historians are gathering stories that will be remembered and debated later by future generations.

Had we this group of gender-conscious writers in the past, I believe the extraordinary story of Anei Deng de Ngoor would have long been a guiding post for young South Sudanese feminists of today.

I was six years old when I heard about Madam Anei Deng de Ngoor from Twic East, Nyuak Payam, Ayual clan, Roordior section of Paan-Kueer. I can only remember her coming to my house to pay visit to my dad. Someday it could be a mere visit and someday it can be to discuss some administrative cases at a time when my dad was Nyuak’s chief.

Very often, Madam Anei visited our house but never sat near my mom. She always proceeded to dad’s room and would discuss, and discuss, till noontime with some other local chiefs from Twic East.

One afternoon I ask my mom: “Who is that woman and why does she always sit where men are?” Mom said her name is Anei Deng de Ngoor, a representative of certain section in Ayual. “She is not a woman, she is a man,” mom whispered.

I was lost for word. I didn’t completely understand what the heck she meant. Physically Madam Anei was a woman, she was wearing skirt and blouse, sometimes a dress. I stared into mom’s eyes looking for more information.

After few minutes of deafening silence, mom started again and said, “menthdi (my child), it is rumoured that Madam Anei didn’t have any brother in her family and for her father’s name to reign she decided not to get marry off but to marry a wife for herself instead.”

It was, however, today that I learnt that Madam Anei have brothers. She was married but for some reason her marriage didn’t work (or didn’t manage to have children) and therefore she had to come back to her family and started a brand new life with new thinking full of determination that ultimately helped her have wives and children of her own.

When Madam Anei returned to her parents, she decided to enter into business to earn some money and livestock so she can marry her own wives and have children of her own. She was also given a privileged place by her brothers to be one of them. That is, she was entitled to be given a cow from any of her sister or nieces’ marriage.

In business, Madam Anei succeeded remarkably and became one of the richest icons in her clan.

Right now she got five wives with a great number of children that called her daddy. Madam Anei’s brothers are the sperm donors, but Madam Anei herself is the real father. She carries out all the fatherly responsibilities and duties.

Madam Anei gave up her romance and sexual needs. She got no husband but wives that she barely kiss, hug or touch, yet she remains faithful to them and maintains her role as a father and husband to her wives and kids.

Madam Anei’s decision to have wives was not inspired by western culture of gay rights or lesbianism since at a time the Dinka people didn’t even know what that concept was. It was engendered by a pure selfless love and honour to her father’s name and herself. Without such sacrifices, Madam Anei’s name would have been extinct by now in her family lineage.

Rather than thinking too much about the biological side of the story, we should all be humbled and inspired by her selfless love to her father.

Nonetheless, the most important case in point is that, Madam Anei’s story, like other untold stories of women of her kind, is the first standout story among other extraordinary stories that would surely serve as inspiration for generation of women to come.

It does not only educate us about how to fix a broken glass but also how to look for other potentials when the old glass is completely broken.

Do we still think that our women are not great? Do we still think that they have not contributed and sacrificed so much in family and clan, and at the state and national levels? If you think that they are great, and have contributed their fair share in building our society, then give them their rights.

Because Madam Anei’s choice of life was duly supported and appreciated by the male members of her clan, she performed outstandingly well. Our women need that support and recognition to be vital members of our communities.


By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane, Australia

Isaiah Abraham

Dear Isaiah Abraham

This letter is to inform you about certain near-tragic events that have happened to your comrades on the “War on Blind Leadership.” And just like your tragic death, no justice has been served, YET.

For instance, your Comrade Dengdit Ayok nearly got his leg chopped off in Egypt by certain hired goons. After he thought he had left the country where civilian advocates are threatened, he continued to express his views on government’s failures with no fear. However, South Sudanese criminal gang in the language of South Sudan’s government attacked him, fractured his two legs and neck resulting in raw wound that I cannot give appropriate name because of the severity of the wound. With God’s grace Dengdit Ayok is currently on his way to recovery. No one has been brought to justice, YET.

There is also the near-tragic case of Activist Deng Athuai Mawiir, the head of South Sudan Civil society. He was brutally shot in the leg, but with God’s power he survived the brutal shooting. He was admitted in the hospital, went through the pain but recover after weeks. Deng Athuai has recently been fired by his fellow members of the Civil Society, notwithstanding the danger he had exposed himself to in the name of South Sudan. After his recovery from gun-shot, Deng resumed his advocacy work. I had thought he would get out of the hospital and run to neighboring country to save his dear life from more dangers, yet he didn’t. Your comrade, Deng Athuai, recovered from his gunshot wound, went back to the office and resumed his job, advocating for more changes in the government and calling desperately for peace. His final call that earned him the wrath of the government (and his coward fellow members of the Civil Society that replaced him) was when he called upon President Kiir to choose the kind of legacy he want to bequeath to the nation of South Sudan: between being Mandela of South Africa or the Gadhafi of Libya. He was fired.

You might not be aware of what happened after they killed you. The war has erupted between President Kiir and his vice president, Riek Machar. As I speak, the two powerful men are fighting. For this reason, Deng Athuai, in an effort to end the senseless war, gave a speech urging Kiir and Riek to stop the war. Deng used the language of activism in front of President Salva Kiir accusing him and Riek of using South Sudanese Youth to fight their wars while they have exempted their sons from the war. Few days ago it is reported that Deng Athuai has lost his job and is currently receiving death threats. He might get kill like you; we still don’t know his fate.

I am telling you all of these because you went up there for the same cause. Apparently you were the first to be killed for speaking up about government’s failure. You got all the information but you are sharing them with no one. Should God allow us to communicate through letters, we will be sending you all the information on this day, December 5th, of every year. The very first agenda would always be freedom of speech which is yet to be allowed in South Sudan. People who try to follow your footprint are being threatened. They are still receiving death threats. Civil society advocates are still being warned not to express what is on their minds but what others want to hear. Journalists are still being warned to stop reporting some sensitive issues that general public should be aware of. Radio stations are still under siege and some shut down. Daily News papers are being taken off the market. No one is allowed to criticize the government. Is that freedom of speech you were fighting for? We want more and our activists are trying their best regardless of the death threats. Some are still being held at gunpoint but continue to speak out regardless. We might get there: success.

Before I conclude this letter, I want to touch on December FIVE.

December FIVE.

Should we call it a day? it was dark

Should we call it a night? It was not sleepy

Should we call it a evening? It was blinding

On December FIVE, you were called out by your country men and mercilessly killed because you stood up for what you believe in: speaking the truth when no one else does. Speaking for those who cannot speak for themselves. You have done that. I call it what you were call to do before your genuine time come. After so many attempts of many careers including bible’s preaching, you realize there were callings that need you more than talking to God’s flocks. You got your professional job like everyone else but the cries of poor civilians could not let you enjoy your salaries. You knew there were more to do and you started writing about them. You wrote many articles, said many words, but all in vain your calls fall on deaf ears.

Before December FIVE, you were insulted, maimed with demeaning insults, harassed like a sinner and threatened like a robber but you never stopped calling for change. Till the day some men decided to dismember you. Had they knew that government critics would never stop after you are gone they would have spare you sometime to live, sometime to teach people what it means to be a voice, what it means to stand up for others. We have seen a bit of you. We call it a bit because much of it was still with you. It is that little of you gave us that is why we still remember December five today. It is the day we were robbed with a man who stood up for his people by his word. A legend whom his bravery has inspired the unborn.

I have no sympathetic word to tell you for hero deserve a hero talk. See you with another letter this time next year.

Kind regards
Voiceless Citizen