Archive for the ‘Columnists’ Category


By Adv. Bol Chol Kucdit, Juba, South Sudan

Tuesday, July 23, 2019 (PW) — It has gone viral on so many media outlets that the National Council of Ministers passed a resolution last week to ban random singing of National Anthem in any occasion where President may be absent. It was broadcasted over the radio and eventually caught the social media’s attention for debate. 

Many commentators condemned the Government’s Spokesperson in person of Hon. Michael Makuei Lueth and the President. People took it as if it was the President and Spokesperson’s sole decision, forgetting that it was a council of ministers’ collective resolution. The decision of council ministers may be reached my consensus or qualified majority vote. 

Indeed, it was not a surprise to see the debate on this issue because South Sudanese are known for two things: praising and criticizing the authorities. You could hardly see anybody proposing solutions to the problem. The blame game has become a culture! This culture of reading anything always with negative lenses must be inferiority complex syndrome. It could be carry over negative feeling towards our former colonizers. The Arabs’ oppression for number of decades made us to look everything with sense of negativity.

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By Mayom Bul Atem, Juba, South Sudan

Tuesday, July 23, 2019 (PW) — As someone who was part of the committee that created South Sudan National Anthem I beg to differ with those who are making fun of President Kiir for ordering politicians and public servants not to sing the national song in his absence. Three important symbols of sovereignty are not used at random. These are

1. The national flag

2. The national coat of arms

3. The national anthem

These three symbols of sovereignty are obviously misused by South Sudanese. Our coat of arms was literally put on every letterhead logo by various government agencies and private companies. Yet, the coat of arms is supposed to appear in the letterhead of the presidency, Ministry of Cabinet Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Defense, (I may have omitted a few more, but you got the idea).

On the national flag, majority of South Sudanese, including government offices use a wrong flag. The moment you use a wrong colour in the flag, that flag becomes a wrong one. Instead of using SKY BLUE in the triangle, South Sudanese use DARK BLUE instead. The colours of the national flag are properly described and explained by the committee that was tasked to work on the flag. Their hue values are also stated for those who are professional graphic designers and printers.

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South Sudan’s youth, we have a collective effort of transforming this great country

By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan   

Thursday, July 18, 2019 (PW) — Unfortunately, the youth has taken cue from our leaders. Over the years, especially during these useless wars, government have given numerous excuses why the system is in a seemingly disarray state even when we have the resources to establish a great nation out of the entity.

The agricultural sector has been neglected for no objective reason, money for road reconstruction is earmark every budgetary year but the roads remain death traps. The rehabilitation of our medical facilities for better medical service delivery has been yearly excused.

A proper funding of the education sector has been encountering well-deliberated excuses by the executives. Thus, the sector experiences incessant strike action by the education union who clamors for funding and good policy formulation geared towards reforming the sector.

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Governor Maker Thing Maal of Jonglei State has announced his new government with 53% of the portfolios from Bor County, 26% from Twic East County and 21% from Duk County. In comparison, the previous government of Governor Philip Aguer Panyang was composed of 53% for Bor County, 27% for Twic East County and 20% for Duk County.

By PaanLuel Wel, Nairobi, Kenya

Wednesday, July 17, 2019 (PW) – Here (below) is the tribocratic analysis of the new government of Jonglei state, announced by Governor Maker Thiong Maal.

(a) Summary of Governor Maker Thiong Maal’s New Government of Jonglei state
County Position per County Percentage share per County Jur/Locality Position per Jur Percentage share per Jur
Bor 10 52.6% Juor-Gok 6 31.5%
Juor-Athooch 4 21.1%
Twic East 5 26.3% Juor-Lith 4 21.1%
Juor-Roor 1 5.3%
Duk 4 21.1% Hol Dinka 3 15.7%
Nyarweng Dinka 1 5.3%
Total 19 100% 19 100%
(b) Summary of Governor Philip Aguer Panyang’s Previous Government of Jonglei state
County Position per County Percentage share per County Jur/Locality Position per Jur Percentage share per Jur
Bor 8 53.3% Juor-Gok 6 40.0%
Juor-Athooch 2 13.3%
Twic East 4 26.7% Juor-Lith 3 20.0%
Juor-Roor 1 6.7%
Duk 3 20.0% Hol Dinka 2 13.3%
Nyarweng Dinka 1 6.7%
Total 15 100% 15 100%
           

Below is the tribocratic analysis of the new government of Jonglei state, announced by Governor Maker Thiong Maal.

(c) Governor Maker Thiong Maal’s New Government for Jonglei State
County Jur S/No. Name Position Payam Community
Bor (52.7%) Juor-Gok (31.6%) 1 Hon. Maker Thing Maal Governor Anyidi Palek
2 Hon. Agot Alier Leek Special Affair Advisor Anyidi Palek
3 Dr. Mach Majier Ghai Mayor of Bortown Anyidi Palek
4 Hon. John Dut Kuch Minister for Agriculture Makuach Ater
5 Hon. Rachael Amuor Pach Minister for Gender and Social Welfare Makuach Koch
6 Hon. Ayom Mach Jok Minister for Physical Infrastructure Kolnyang Abii
Juor-Athooch (21.1%) 7 Hon. kwai Deng Kwai Minister for Health Baidit Angakuei
8 Hon. Ajok Jacob Kuot Minister for Finance Baidit Pathuyith
9 Hon. Isaac Mamer Ruuk Peace Advisor Jalle Alian
10 Hon. Lith Aluong Kang Social Welfare Advisor Jalle Aboudit
Twic East (26.4%) Juor-Lith (21.1%) 1 Hon. Diing Akol Diing (Diing-Malak) Deputy Governor Kongor Kongor
2 Hon. Deng Ajang Duot Political Affairs Advisor Kongor Kongor
3 Hon. Abel Manyok Ajak Minister for Education Lith (Wernyol) Adhiok
4 Hon. Dut Achuek Lual Minister for Labor & Public Service Nyuak Dachuek
Juor-Roor (5.3%) 5 Hon. Deng Alier Mading Minister for Youth & Sport Pakeer (Maar) Pakeer
None None Ajuong (Paliau) Ajuong
Duk (21.1%) Hol Dinka (15.8%) 1 Amb. Manyang Awuol Padiet Speaker of the state Assembly Duk Padiet Hol
2 Hon. Atong Kuol Manyang Minister for Information Duk Padiet Hol
3 Hon. Jacob Akech Dengdit Youth Affairs Advisor Duk Padiet Hol
Nyarweng Dinka (5.3%) 4 Hon. Elijah Maduk Yuang Minister for Local Government Duk Payuel Nyarweng

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made is the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website. If you want to submit an opinion article, commentary or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website do reserve the right to edit or reject material before publication. Please include your full name, a short biography, email address, city and the country you are writing from.


CDR Arok Thon Arok and CDR Edward Abyei Lino Wuor: How The Ogaden War Inadvertently Led To The Liberation Of South Sudan

By Engineer Deng Diar Diing, Mombasa, Kenya

CDR Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, CDR Arok Thon Arok and CDR William Nyuon Bany
CDR Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, CDR Arok Thon Arok and CDR William Nyuon Bany

Wednesday, July 10, 2019 (PW) — The just celebrated independence of South Sudan came through multifaceted efforts of South Sudanese, citizens of other areas of new Sudan and their sympathizers. Some of the well-wishers went a long way in ensuring that Sudanese had a Launchpad to their liberation struggle while others guaranteed that peace came in terms that provided safeguards to the right to self-determination of the marginalized people. This was indeed secured through Dr. John multi-frontal methodology that deployed armed struggle (AS), Diplomatic and International Isolation (DII), agitation for internal uprising (IU) and political negotiation (PN) with successive regimes in the Sudan.

A critical devotee that ensured successful launch of Sudanese Liberation agenda in 1983 was Federal Republic of Ethiopia through Derg Regime of Mengistu Hail Meriam. Mengistu sent helicopter to search and picked Dr. John Garang at the border of Ethiopia and Sudan when he was under hot pursuit of Sudanese Army. The government of Ethiopia leveraged its relations with USSR, Cuba, Angola, North Korea and Libya to give SPLM/A its first international podium. Federal Government of Ethiopia also with the support of Russia and North Korea helped arm 105, 104, Jamus, Tiger and Tumsah battalions.

Dr. John and his team were able to use this platform to secure military hardware worth US$ 96 millions from Libya to arm Koryom, Muormuor and Zalzal. What has never been publically discussed by South Sudanese, whether out of dearth of inquisitiveness or by deliberation was the exact interest of Ethiopians in advancing liberation movement in neighboring Sudan. While others would simply argue that it was geopolitical orientation of Communism-Capitalism axis.

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Tributes in Living Memory to Gen. Gabriel Achuoth Deng: Celebrating the Inspirational Life and Times of a South Sudanese Iconic Freedom Fighter and Veteran Politician, Gen. Achuoth Deng Achuoth (Kärkäwään)

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

Eulogy of Gen. Gabriel Achuoth Deng: Celebrating the Life and Times of Gen. Achuoth Deng Achuoth (Kärkäwään)
Eulogy of Gen. Gabriel Achuoth Deng: Celebrating the Life and Times of Gen. Achuoth Deng Achuoth (Kärkäwään)

Monday, July 7, 2019 (PW) — On the 16th of May, 1983, when the war of liberation struggle broke out in Bor, Jonglei State, the leadership of the Underground Movement dispatched Gen. Gabriel Achuoth Deng Achuoth (Deng-Kärkäwään) to Khartoum to warn and enlighten their members in the north that the new armed revolutionary movement, occasioned by the mutiny in Bor, was not going to be the usual South Sudanese reactionary movement fixated on the ‘Southern Problem’ at the expenses of the rights, justice and freedom for the marginalized people of the Sudan. In his book, Wars and a New Vision for the Sudan: A Political Lesson, which was published in 2005, Gen. Achuoth Deng-Kärkäwään explained thus: “When John Garang withdrew from Bor for Ethiopia, it was the same time that I left for Khartoum. This was to come and explain to the forces of the revolution in that part of the country the objective of the new movement. That the new movement should not be mistaken as the usual Southern reactionary movement for the separation of the South.”[1]

The Underground Movement was established by progressive officers of the Anyanya One movement as a result of the fallout from the aborted coup d’état in Lobone against the leadership of Gen. Joseph Lagu in 1972 following the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement. These progressive officers, on whose behalf Captain John Garang wrote his historical 1972 letter to Gen. Joseph Lagu, were bitterly opposed to the signing of the Addis Ababa Accord, in preference for the continuation of war for the total liberation and separation of South Sudan. After the failure of their coup against their boss, Gen. Joseph Lagu, and their subsequent absorption into the Sudanese army as per the stipulations of the 1972 peace accord, the progressive officers formed a clandestine organization, the Underground Movement, within the rank and file of the national army. Their first leader was Gen. Emmanuel Abuur Nhial (Abuur-Matuong) and then Gen. Albino Akol Akol after the killing of Gen. Emmanuel Abuur Nhial in 1976 and later by Col. John Garang after his return from the USA in 1982.

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The politics of road building in South Sudan: There are more questions than answers in the oil for road deal between the Republic of South Sudan and the People’s Republic of China

By Mamer Deng Mamer, Bor, South Sudan

oil for road in South Sudan

Thursday, May 23, 2019 (PW) — At the end of March, President Salva Kiir Mayardit witnessed the signing of a contract for construction of roads from Juba to Terekeka and onwards to the Bahr Ghazal region. The contract was signed by officials from the Ministry of Petroleum and Chinese firm, Shandong Hi-Speed Group Co. ltd (SDHS).[1]  Given that similar ceremonies did not progress beyond the signing of documents or pronouncements in front of the media, I am doubtful that this latest event for the “oil infrastructure” project will make any difference.

How did we arrive at “oil for infrastructure” project?

The March 25, 2019 ceremony was a culmination of a new strategy adapted by President Kiir’s administration to use oil revenues for road construction, which he announced in 2018 during a trip to the Forum on China-Africa Corporation (FOCAC) in Beijing.  Chinese President Xi Jinping told Kiir that China was “ready to strengthen cooperation with South Sudan in areas such as infrastructure and to encourage more Chinese enterprises to participate in the country’s economic and social development.”[2]  President Kiir also told his Chinese counterpart that infrastructural development was his priority. 

President Kiir expanded on reasons behind his strategy when he told a Catholic congregation that “I decided that the infrastructure or whatever that we want to be done by foreign companies has to be done in exchange for crude oil because our people don’t want to see money.  If they see money, their hands start shaking,”[3] implying that corrupt officials were likely to siphon off money earmarked for projects.

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How many South Sudanese “read?” This is the “Bridge” generation’s responsibility

By Francis Mabior Deng, Melbourne, Australia

Francis Mabioor Deng Mabioor, Former Lost, South Sudanese Australian and Author of "A Child Escape."
Francis Mabioor Deng Mabioor, Former Lost boy, South Sudanese Australian and Author of “A Child Escape.”

Thursday, May 23, 2019 (PW) —- Arguably and perhaps controversially to some, the “Red Army Generation,” which is also referred to as the “Lost Boys and Girls” of Sudan Generation is the “Bridge” between the “Old” and “New” Sudan. They are the generation who from their childhoods witnessed and experienced the devastating protracting Sudanese civil war from its onset in May 1983 to its major end, the birth of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, CPA, in January 2005. They are the generation in the history of South Sudan to begin schooling (although under trees in camps and warzone locations) in considerably great numbers!

In late 80s and early 90s, thousands of this generation were robbed of their childhoods in the name of the Liberation Struggle. They were denied their carefree spirit and playfulness. They were too young to be separated from their families. After about five years living in rebel-controlled camps in both Southern Ethiopia and South Sudan, and often escaping enemy’s jaws, thousands of them fortunately crossed the border and later in August 1992 established Kakuma refugee camp in northwestern Kenya. Half of them had joined SPLA rank and file. In contrast to the mediocre schools they had in South Sudan, UN constructed better schools and their humble schooling resumed. Majority focused on their learning and did well against all odds and despite terrible health conditions at the time.

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By Nyawech G. G. Riak, Nairobi, Kenya

Augustino Jadalla Wani, Governor of Jubek State, South Sudan
Augustino Jadalla Wani, Governor of Jubek State, South Sudan

Thursday, May 23, 2019 (PW) — The Governor of Jubek State recently regaled the public with new morality laws. First of all, there is simply no way to fully regulate morality fit for a society that is rapidly getting exposed and adjusting to western secularism as opposed to maintaining the statically traditional it had in the past decades. Culture and society evolve.. These laws may fail to achieve their purpose because they are the same laws that were part of our motivations to fight the jallaba for 22 years when Nimeiri introduced them in September 1983.

The laws revolved around Islam as the source of moral conduct and law. Imposing such a strict form of sharia law contributed to our struggle, which insisted upon secularism. Looking back on those 22 years that we fought a war of liberation it is ironical to prohibit simple things like discos and nightclubs. Therefore this sort of shows an element of confusion as to why we fought for liberation in the first place. It is important to remember what the late Dr John Garang used to teach us. Dr John used to tell our northern allies that we were not fighting a war of liberation from “who” but from “what”.

We never fought against the northerners as a people; we fought against the conditions they imposed. Dr John said we fought against conditions that wanted to make all of us Arabs. In fact he added that “God in his infinite wisdom created Dinka, Nuer, Nuba, and Arabs. We cannot all be Arabs.” He also said, “if you reduce the distance from which a woman in rural Southern Sudan fetches water from 2kms to 2 metres then you have liberated her.” That is what we fought against. We fought against the same conditions our leadership wants to replicate.

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By Dut Kuot Akok, Aweil, South Sudan

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan. Grab your copy at Amazon.com

Thursday, May 23, 2019 (PW) —- South Sudan is being inhabited by more than 64 tribes with outstanding sense of valor. They fought for more than fifty years collectively to liberate themselves from persecution, prosecution, oppression, servitude and inhuman marginalization under the successive regimes in the former Sudan. And after the hoisting of the flag in July 2011 with countless applauses and ululation, they thought like to have put an end to unbearable suffering they were enduring and acts this time as masters of their own affair in their blessed nation.

Their expectations by then were very high after they were free at last, their expectations ranged from smooth transformation of their living standards, infrastructural development, establishment of standards schools and health facilities and provision of clean drinking water just mention few. But to their dismay including the friends of south Sudan, their above mentioned expectations were made impossible to be achieves after their trusted leaders did selfishly turned against them.

Currently, majority of our people have deserted the country while others have camped in protection of civilian site (POC) for their safety. They are there not because of their willingness to be but they have no option since the company have unknowing or selfishly defiled all the promises they used to preach during liberation days.  They are antagonizing any opposite views and treat the engineers of these views with cruelty as if we are still under the diabolic regime of Omar basher.

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By Longar Mathiec Wol, Juba, South Sudan

Wednesday, May 15, 2019 (PW) — As Junubin culture of copy pasting has reached it climax, it emerged the Red Card Movement (RCM) the copy paste of Sudan revolution. Based on the whatsApp leaks documents in hot of Juba website the WhatsApp group was created by someone in Sudan, that confirmed the origin of the movement.

In the next few days, that is the 16 May which collide with the SPLM/A revolution of 1983; people of Juba are anticipating the unlikely mockery protest. What is so funny about this protest is that, there has never been a clear leader (s) spearheading it. Compare to Sudan the Sudan protest was led by Sudanese Professional Association. That itself shows the level of disorganization within the red card movement.

However, the question many people have been contemplating or lingering in people’s minds is; who is behind the red card movement and what is it trying to achieve. In my opinion, the perceived movement is being pampered by disgruntle international community and the disoriented opposition leaders. So pathetic.

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By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

Governor Augustino Jadalla Wani of Jubek State.jpg
Governor Augustino Jadalla Wani of Jubek State.jpg

Wednesday, May 15, 2019 (PW) — As the number of political critics soared on the social media, however, this has pushed the governor of Jubek State to banned night’s clubs without considering the disastrous effect it will cause on both economics and political activities.

The government seem to have panicky feeling by clinging to every word from opposition groups but the importance of these strategic outsourcing by political outcasts through their political kinship members in the social media has already begun to wane because of the distance and other circumstances. These radical thinkers look at many ways they’ll attract the attention of more supporters to effect the change that they’ve been longing for.

There’s a tremendous sense of camaraderie when I realized from my admired writers that the Red Card Movement—-a socio-economic groupings against vagaries of civil war—is only the group of scaremongers whose ideas are a hodgepodge of overthrowing Dinka, overthrowing president Salva Kiir and many confused strategies seeking to make political capital out of the situation by peddling such malicious and unjustified rumours. 

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The Formation of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGONU): Why South Sudan is better off with Riek Machar’s SPLM-IO in Juba than in the political wilderness

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

Riek Machar
Riek Machar

Sunday, May 12, 2019 (PW) — Today, 12 May 2019, was earmarked for the establishment of the long-awaited Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGoNU) after the expiration of the 8-month pre-transitional period in which the warring parties and peace partners were supposed to have cantoned and integrated their respective armed forces into a unified national army; determined the appropriate number and demarcated the exact boundaries of states; demilitarized Juba and other major urban centers for safe return of the civil population; facilitated the deployment of the UN-mandated regional protection forces (RPF) in Juba and other major towns to allow the safe return of senior opposition leaders; tabled and ratified the constitutional amendment bill enshrining the revitalized peace agreement into the current Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan (2011), without which there would be no legal basis to form and run the revitalized transitional government (R-TGONU), and more importantly, provided sufficient funding for the timely and full implementation of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS), 12 September 2018.

Instead, on 3 May 2019, the summit of the parties to the 2018 R-ARCSS, held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from 2 to 3 May 2019, unanimously decided to extend the pre-interim period by an additional six (6) months, from 12 May to 12 November, 2019, purportedly to allow more time for the implementation of the critical and consequential outstanding issues – primarily the failed unification and deployment of armed forces and the pending determination of the number and boundaries of states. During the summit, the representatives of the parties to the 2018 R-ARCSS, having taken “stock of the status of the implementation of the R-ARCSS, identified progress made, challenges encountered and deliberated on the way forward and agreed on a roadmap,” concluded that the timely and full implementation process of the revitalized peace agreement was shackled and doomed by financial constraints, trust deficit and dearth of political will among the warring parties and peace partners, as well as by inadequate support from the peace guarantors and the international community, among others.

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One-Year Anniversary of the Arrest of Kerbino Wol: The piece describes the ongoing case of Kerbino Wol, who stands on trial in Juba, alongside Peter Biar Ajak and 5 other defendants, for the 7 October protest at the Blue House. Tomorrow, 27 April, marks exactly one year since the unlawful arrest of Kerbino Wol. 

By Dr. Robert A. Portada III, Pennsylvania, USA

South Sudanese businessman, Kerbino Wol Agok, and South Sudanese PhD student, Peter Biar Ajak

Friday, April 26, 2019 (PW) — One year ago, on 27 April 2018, Kerbino Wol, the young, South Sudanese entrepreneur and philanthropist, was arrested without charge and incarcerated at the Blue House, the headquarters of the National Security Service (NSS).

Following his unlawful arrest, Kerbino was subjected to torturous conditions.  He has been accosted in his cell in the dead of night by masked agents threatening his disappearance.  Injuries to his kidneys from these struggles left him urinating blood for several weeks.  He would spend months in solitary confinement, nursing his wounds on his own without access to medical care.  Kerbino’s requests to meet with his family and lawyers were repeatedly denied. 

Kerbino Wol

He frequently went days (often consecutively) without receiving any food, only to learn later on that his relatives had been bringing food to the facility for him, which was instead eaten by officers of the NSS.  Kerbino has suffered from typhoid, ulcers, and malnutrition, leaving him in a frail condition that was only alleviated by an emergency visit to a clinic in February.  

Through all of this, he has lived in fear of being abused and abducted by agents of the NSS.

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By Peter Wek Mabiordit, Juba, South Sudan

Tuesday, March 19, 2019 (PW) —- Peace is an important thing in human life. It is demonstrated by our daily actions toward others. The noble choice of doing right things depends on individual’s attitude and behaviors. When we behave in the right manner, our behaviors immediately translate into peace. For the last 3 years there had been a search for a lasting peace in South Sudan. Many agreements had been signed but dishonored.

The Khartoum peace agreement signed in 2018 is another step towards lasting peace. Although critics argue that it will not hold because it does not address the root causes of conflict, I’m optimistic that there are chances of achieving peace because our leaders have expressed their full commitment to implement it.

But how do we achieve lasting peace in South Sudan? Well, in my opinion, real peace starts from within ourselves and extends to others. For us to achieve happiness in life, we must allow the strings of love and unity to bind us together. When we understand the meaning of life, we learn to appreciate the very reason of our existence. True freedom and the right to life are only exercised when we own the spirit of nation building and avoid illegal activities like corruption, gambling, robbery, rebellion and revenge killings.

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Tribute to late Journalist Albino Deng Juach

Posted: February 26, 2019 by Awuol Gabriel Arok in Awuol Gabriel Arok, Columnists, Junub Sudan

By Awuol Gabriel Arok, Juba, South Sudan

IMG_20190226_162123

Tuesday, February 26, 2017 (PW) —Another powerful intellect has gone!

The world has become so mean to the extent of swallowing human alive?

26th February 2019 will remain one of the days where my heart was choked by thorns of disbelief and acceptance.

I came to know Albino Deng Juach through his commentary writings in the Citizen Newspaper/This Day Newspaper, The Star-Tribune Newspaper and the Dawn Newspaper where we both contributed as column writers.

When I got the news of his death through the Dawn Newspaper issue 880 I was devastated and could not belief it had happened and for sure it has happened. (more…)


By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, Kampala, Uganda

img_1821

Monday, January 28, 2019 (PW) — The latest South Sudan peace deal signed between the government of President Salva Kiir, various armed and unarmed opposition groups and other parties, including the SPLM/A-IO led by the former First Vice President Dr Riek Machar is facing implementation challenges and at the centre of it, according to officials, is lack of funds.

The pact dubbed Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS) was signed in September last year through the Igad-led revitalisation process of the 2015 Peace Agreement (known as ARCSS) which remains largely unimplemented due to the resumption of armed conflict in July 2016, barely three months after a unity government was formed then.

Now the R-ARCSS provides for the establishment of a “Revitalised Government of National Unity (RTGoNU)” whose term of office shall be thirty-six (36) months, commencing eight (8) months after signing of the R-ARCSS (as of September 12) or on completion of redeployment of “necessary unified forces.”

According to the R-ARCSS, Kiir shall continue as President of the Republic of South Sudan, and Dr Machar shall assume the position of the First Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan respectively. (more…)


By Ariik Atekdit, Tonj, South Sudan

President Kiir honors Gen Kuol Manyang Juuk, Gen Dr James Wani Igga, Gen Daniel Awet Akot and Gen John Koang Nyuon with the highest SPLA military honor for their longest service in the army, SPLA Headquarters at Bilpam, Juba, South Sudan, 24 January 2019

 

Thursday, January 24, 2019 (PW) — You must hunt hard for your good luck, in order to aspire your dreams. Sitting under that tea-maker’s Rakuba (shelter) with your thousand dreams in the mind won’t bear fruits. Claiming that you are a graduate won’t help you out, I swear. 2019 won’t make any change in your lives unless you choose to change some of the attitudes that you and I know they cannot allow any progress in our personal lives.

It is now many years down your graduation and you can’t get a job to afford your life or get married either at least to begin the progress of renaming your ancestors as African culture requires of you. Without lying, most of our youths are graduated directly to poverty and hopelessness because we so much depend on the nation and the government for employment.

Today I have chosen to talk directly to youths not to the government. I am attacking youths of which I am a member and I carry some blames too for having not done enough to establish my life.  If you have been viewing posts on the new year eve on social media, you should have seen a lot of littering congratulatory messages for having arrived to the new year.

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By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

democracy

Demo-cracy or Demo-crazy?

Wednesday, January 23, 2019 (PW) — According to “Hot in Juba” news, we read that the governors of Western Lakes and Tonj States, Hon. Matur Chut and Anthony Bol Madut have been relieved, at least for now from their gubernatorial positions by Kiir for undisclosed reasons. The veteran governors are old time generals in the Sudan People’s liberation Army (SPLA) which is also the predecessor of the South Sudan Defence Forces (SSDF).

Anthony Bol Madut was rumoured to be a commander in Anyanya II which joined the SPLA in 1983. During our days in Dima, Ethiopia, Anthony headed Buma (Boma) up to the time of signing peace in 2005 after which he became the first governor of former Warrap State. Matur Chut on the other hand, was in the army until they were retired after independence. He became the governor of Lakes State replacing Daniel Aweet Akot. This is his second stint after the division of former Lakes in to Gok State, Western and Eastern Lakes States.

There are only two enduring governors after the 2010 elections. They make up the 20% of the former 10 states replicated in December 2015. Louise Lobong Lojore of former Eastern Equartoria and Rizik Zakaria Hassan of former Western Bar el Ghazal are the two right hand men that Kiir’s perennial decrees never touched. Despite the redivivision of the ten states, they got appointments to the new states of Kapoeta and Raja. (more…)


By Atem Yaak Atem, Sydney, Australia

shisha smoking

Sunday, January 13, 2019 (PW) — Smoking shisha, * the pastime that is common in some middle Eastern and African countries, is known by several names. In its weekend edition the Australian daily newspaper, Sydney Morning Herald reported two bodies working for local communities, the Australian Lebanese Muslim Association and South East Sydney Local Health District, had come together in their concern over the effect of shisha on the users within the community. In their campaign to enlighten the public on the dangers smoking shisha posed to people, the state government of New South Wales (NSW) has contributed Australian $ 386, 000 (US $274, 368.80 at the time the article was being written) to support the campaign that aims at advising smokers to quit the habit.

Well-founded fear

The concern expressed over harm inherent in smoking shisha may appear to be the work of fear mongers. It is not alarmist; the campaigners have reputable source of information on which they base concerns. Claims that smoking shisha could be harmful to people’s health the way smoking tobacco has been identified as a culprit, is slowly but surely gaining grounds among scientists and health workers in the developed world. Australia is one of these countries. The Herald’s report has quoted NSW health minister, Brad Hazzard: “Smoking shisha for an hour is equivalent to inhaling the volume of smoke from 100 to 200 cigarettes”. Such frightening statements, similar to this one, do not come from a politician’s guesswork or imagination. The minister has a credible authority to back his claim. World Health Organisation (WHO), the United Nations’ body responsible for global governance of health and disease is the source. According to the 2005 advisory note from WHO’s research arm, TobReg or tobacco study group, the smoke that comes from water in the shisha “contains toxicants known to cause lung cancer, heart disease and other disease”.

The report adds that the campaigners aim at educating members of their community as well as the general public to rethink about the perception of shisha smoking as a pastime. In their drive to educate the public, the organisers are not alone. The head of NSW Cancer Institute, Professor David Currow, backs the campaign against smoking, when he told the paper that “shisha smokers were unknowingly putting themselves at risk of the same deadly diseases that kill cigarette and second-hand smokers”. (more…)