Archive for the ‘Columnists’ Category


By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

screen-shot-2015-04-15-at-21-38-09

April 23, 2017 (SSB) — In recent time genocide has become common term used recklessly and selfishly during the war.  According to The Politics of genocide an excerpt from the book by Edward S. Herman & David Peterson, the word “genocide” has increased in frequency of use and recklessness of application, so much so that the crime of the twentieth century for which the word originally was coined often appears debased. Thus, this work is an attempt to assess the meaning of genocide in brief, the purpose for which it was coined, to further explain the politics of genocide, that is, how the meaning of genocide has highly been distorted to suit political interests, which, as a result, has resulted into its failure to protect human rights and how this understanding of genocide has affected its effective application in South Sudan and then I conclude.

The overall argument of this article is that genocide has become highly political to the extent that it has lost its real meaning and purpose for which it was invented and because of that it has become ineffective in protecting human rights due to the fact that it is embroiled in political debate. Hence, genocide is not applied in the context of which it was originally meant as it was in 1970s and 1980s but it has taken political connotation which has made it become very discriminative and ineffective. In that regard, I argue that the term genocide was purposely invented to protect innocent and “bonafide civilians” who are being killed due to their nationality, ethnicity, race or religion. I used the term “bonafide civilians” to show that such civilians are completely innocent and are not part of conflict in any manner whatsoever though they are trapped among rebels. Thus, I begin in the order as I have given above.

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By Emmanuel Ariech Deng, Juba, South Sudan

Kiiriek messy South Sudan

Kiiriek messy South Sudan

April 22, 2017 (SSB) — What has transpired to the national dialogue? Has it slipped into a quagmire? is it not being supported by regional and international community? Or does the government lack sufficient funds to trigger the dialogue processes? Are the clergy groups now convinced to embrace it now? Can it be effective to the offended South Sudanese without the involvement of the church groups. Can it be inclusive without a position of the remaining opposition forces?

These are the few questions vexing in my mind but with other analysis it may be a bit different depending on how best the national dialogue can be defined and understood by the parties in contention, experts and the country citizens.  The willingness of the said parties and the general assessment of whether the immediate priority at the moment in regard to the tense situation in the country is dialogue or not, will determine its progress and its failure.

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By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

RSS coat of ARMS

South Sudan’s coat of arms, in which the eagle symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty, and the shield and spear the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.

April 21, 2017 (SSB) — South Sudan gained its independent State on 9 July 2011, following a referendum that passed with 98.83% of the vote. After the independence, it became a United Nations member state,  a member state of the African Union,  of the East African Community, and of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development.

Geographically, it is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest, and the Central African Republic to the west. It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd, formed by the White Nile and known locally as the Bahr al Jabal.

The territories of modern South Sudan and the Republic of the Sudan were occupied by Egypt under the Muhammad Ali Dynasty, and later governed as an Anglo-Egyptian condominium until Sudanese independence was achieved in 1956. Following the First Sudanese Civil War, the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region was formed in 1972 and lasted until 1983.

Due to the failure to implement 1972 Agreement, the second civil war broke out in 1983 and ended with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005 that later led to the independence of South Sudan as already mentioned.  In 2005 southern autonomy that was done away with in 1983 was restored with the creation of the Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan.

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By Dak Buoth, Nairobi, Kenya

Festus Mogae in Malakal

Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) Chairperson Festus Mogae visits Malakal.

April 21, 2017 (SSB) — It is an opportune time for President Festus Mogae, the Chair of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation commission (JMEC) to pack and go back where he came from. And if he so wish to remain in Juba, then he should be consider as an ex-JMEC Chairperson.

Festus’ persistent silence on the face of deteriorating situation breeds confusion, complications, and hence makes the world stand aloof. And as Will Rodgers says ‘‘Chaotic action is preferable to orderly inaction’’ Without much ado, he ought to be excommunicated for he did not communicate what keep transpiring on the ground for reasons best known to him and company.

As matter of fact, I’m not happy with the way he is dancing on victims’ graves together with those belligerents. To add insult to injury, I’m now seeing him dining and winning with the same peace violators whom he is supposed to offer wise counsel.

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By David Matiop Gai, Juba, South Sudan

Riek and Emma

Riek Machar and Emma McCunne

April 20, 2017 (SSB) — South Sudan is struggling with democratic transition of African cultures erosion for the adaptations of majority of Western cultures, and paradigm shift era of civilization. Nations are respected and regarded as sovereign states according to their territorial integrity or defined territory, permanent population, government, sovereignty, organized economy, and international recognition or capacity to enter into bilateral relations with other states, but South Sudan has been made as a home for free entry and free exit by outsiders world and everybody has made South Sudan as a learning field for gaining experiences. People have made South Sudan as a field of trying your ability; it is not respected as a country, and sovereign state.

I think this mistake happened because all systems in South Sudan are totally weak, so weak to defence the country from foreign aggression as it happened every day. Everything is weak. We have weak executive, weak legislature, and weak judiciary to stand on their own feet and defence our country. I don’t mean we should go to war with other nations, but we shouldn’t allow our country to be manipulated a way it is now. We should come out with one statement and go a long it. If we say yes or no, we should mean it, because Jesus said Matthew 5:37 37, “All you need to say is simply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’; anything beyond this comes from the evil one” because there is no sin beyond that. I made this brave statement because every nation is respected for what they say and what they do or what they stand for.

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By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

rss-coat-of-arms

Presidential dinner for X-mass

April 19, 2017 (SSB) —- In South Sudan, the love of the country is not differentiated from the love of personalities or politicians.  This is because people become more associated with different politicians than the country hence leaving the country uncared for. The root cause of this attitude is because the country is equated with money or employment to get money from the government.

As one observed by Dr. John Garang, Sudanese (and now South Sudanese) people view government as source of income hence, the country becomes associated with the government and where individuals are not employed in the government they become enemies of the country or the state.

The whole matter goes back to the failure to understand what a country is.  The country as defined by other writers is a land mass with distinct borders or territorial boundaries occupied by permanent population who are governed by strong or effective government that is capable of entering into the international valid agreements with other countries.

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The Where have we (citizens) gone wrong and where is the government wrong? Our problem is viewing South Sudan in the lens of others and government problem is failure to learn from its mistakes and crowning the warlords but why? Read on

Kon Joseph Leek, Juba, South Sudan

The current state of RSS

April 19, 2017 (SSB) — It is not necessary all about having a country, there is a different between having a country and managing it. A man who is married many years ago and has kids is not afraid to marry again. A newly married man’s home-management is not the same as who has married years ago because he has learned through his managerial mistakes overtimes compared to who has just married.

Dinka would say that he that has already touched the water is never afraid of walking through it. He that was once jailed is never afraid of prison, once divorced has no fear and shame of divorcing again.

Just like if you are promoted to primary two after having passed in primary one, you cannot perform to the best if you skip primary two for primary three or four. You cannot plant RED PEPPER and expect sorghum’s grain; a man reaps what he sewed/planted. You cannot expect a Lamb after forcing your Billy goat on a she-sheep, never in a million years. You need to first diagnose a sickness before attempting the solution. This is about diagnosis not just prognosis.

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YDK Group of Companies of Managing Director Luka Kuot Deng: A Future South Sudanese Oxfam in the Making

By David Deng Chapath, Kampala, Uganda

juba-city-south-sudan

Juba, South Sudan

April 19, 2017 (SSB) — One of the things makes us lurk behind or remaining in Third world position or even below is the fact that we do not appreciate the effort of other people. Instead, we view each other as potential enemies and begin working for the downfall of each other.

This kind of imagined existential threat translated into hatred and undermining is the cause of all our predicaments in the least developed countries (LDC) including South Sudan. Viewing each other with hatred and contempt is even worse in South Sudan given the fact that we have already existing line of weaknesses running through our every existence which is tribalism.

In South Sudan, tribalism exists at various levels i.e. ranging from national to family level. Thus, when we see the government of South Sudan being attacked, then we must know that it is not because it has failed but South Sudanese are the ones who have failed to mentally and psychologically appreciate the Government of South Sudan simply because it is headed by Dinka.

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It Takes a Great Man to Give Sound Advice Tactfully, But a Greater to Accept It Graciously: Advice to Hon. Governor of Gok State

By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

kiir-and-the-rumors

He rose from death and appeared to his disciples in an open top car: The case of President Kiir

April 17, 2017 (SSB) — I would like to take this opportunity to thank Gok Youth for the love of their State. I have education they have received is important as they are assets to Gok State. With such good education, Gok youth are going to contribute to development to Gok State in the near future and even now.

However, I have received the information from credible source that there some young people among the youth who have turned themselves into spies or informants against their brothers and sisters in the State, which has resulted into arrest of several youth whose names I shall mention shortly.

But first, I would like to warn those informants or spies who are prosecuting some Gok Members for their own benefits. Hence, giving away very strong youth to authorities who arrested them on unsubstantiated allegations and because of that, many youth are now relinquishing behind filthy bars in Gok State.

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By David Matiop Gai, Juba, South Sudan

when you coming Riek Machar, said kiir

April 17, 2017 (SSB) — Let me tells my experiences on peace negotiation and conflict resolution at certain level of human society, and point out few figures I have found as problem in South Sudan conflict. “My dear son, big people came here several times, and they have tried their level best to handle this case but they have failed, the case had accumulated, and people want to kill themselves.

Why do you accept to be misled by those who are not willing to have a heart of forgiveness, what if they fight in your front? Do you have prowess or great kill to do right things or handle this conflict David Matiop Gai?” My uncle asked me at the time when I was tasked to solved conflict at community level but I humbly answered him that, my dear uncle, through the grace and help of God, I will handle this case properly, and all of us shall be happy at the end of the conference, and negotiations.

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UK Says Killings in South Sudan Conflict Amount To Genocide: Assessing Its Validity

By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

abraham-jongroor

The Late Gen. Abraham Jongroor

April 15, 2017 (SSB) — Not every killing in large numbers amounts to genocide and not every action of the authority that prevents us from knowing the truth concerning the killings is evidence of genocide. As shall be understood in its definition shortly, genocide is special kind of killings that has special requirements which must be proved before it is concluded that genocide has taken place or it is taking place.

Thus, genocide is defined as intentional action to destroy a people or an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group in whole or in part. Genocide means act of killing. In addition, the United Nations Genocide Convention, which was established in 1948, defines genocide as “acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group”.

The term genocide was coined in a 1943 book (see; William Schabas, Genocide in international law: the crimes of crimes. — Cambridge University Press, 2000). After its invention, it has been applied to various killings such as the Holocaust and many other mass killings, which include the Armenian genocide, the genocide of indigenous peoples in the Americas, the Greek genocide, the Assyrian genocide, the Serbian genocide, the Holodomor, the 1971 Bangladesh genocide, the Cambodian genocide, the Guatemalan genocide, and, more recently, the Bosnian Genocide, the Kurdish genocide, and the Rwandan genocide.

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By Thiik Mou Giir, Melbourne, Australia

South Sudan National Day of Prayers

April 15, 2017 (SSB) — And the latest armed movement to have been formed is Lt. General Thomas Cirillo’s.  The country has a number of armed movements now.  Is there anyone out there who is still not convinced about the fact that what we are doing to ourselves is that we are committing suicide?

Take the current regime out of equation and you will realize that the situation will remain, more or less, the same.  We will still be thought of as people who are bent on committing suicide.  The dream to obtain power through violent means will continue to be a damn thing upon which South Sudanese will fight for.

Whether that means our people will be displaced from their homes and subjected to live in dire conditions in refugee camps, raped and killed, it seems not to matter for us as long as we have lungs to breath, feet to walk, crawl, run, eyes to see the perceived enemy and, bullets to kill.  Kill.  Kill and do more killings.   – Or, be killed.

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By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

kiir, riek, wani

peace and reconciliation in South Sudan

April 14, 2017 (SSB) — Before I go to the point I wanted to make in this brief article in which is in response to those in State House who are claiming that I have apologized, I wanted to make it clear using the words of Faye Wattleton that “I do not make any apologies for my manner or personality. I come from a long line of very strong, Black African who neither bend nor bow. I haven’t had very good modeling in submission”.

Coming to the point, in recent article I wrote about the Office of the President entitled: LETTING THE CAT OUT OF THE BASKET: THE DIRTY POLITICS IN THE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT EXPOSED, I made the following points “that in the Office of the President of South Sudan there is dirty politics going on.

Such dirty politics is in the following forms: betrayal, original sin, greed, corruption, discrimination, gossip and hatred which are order of the day” and second to it that “the Office of the President has been turned into business where those working there derive profits as some of them are more of brokers than government employees”.

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By Baak Chan Yak Deng, Gogrial, South Sudan

Kiir and Garang, liberation day

Dr. John Garang and Commander Salva Kiir Mayaardit, during the liberation era

April 14, 2017 (SSB) — The South Sudan currency crisis arose from a collapse of confidence in the ability of a number of countries to maintain their fixed exchange rates while continuing to allow the free movement of foreign finance capital at a time of increasing current account deficits.

The South Sudanese currency was initially not affected by the pressure on other regional currencies. When it begins to fall, however, the underlying weakness of the South Sudan financial sector was revealed and private foreign debt was far higher than previously thought. The crisis worsened in South Sudan because of the lack of an effective government policy response.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) financial stabilization package agreed to by the South Sudanese Government contained conditions requiring South Sudan to reform its financial sector, reduce fiscal expenditure and radically change the nature of government involvement in the economy.

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By Emmanuel Ariech Deng, Juba –South Sudan

freedom-of-speech-in-south-sudan

April 13, 2017 (SSB) —- A wonderful place is always full of wonders “says the English idiom. Therefore, South Sudan a country of no shame, has allowed pretenders to smuggle their way onto the top of the stage and started playing the  helter-skelter rhapsodies to prove themselves qualified to the audience for whatever they do at due circles.

Notwithstanding John in his protracted recusal to refrain from barbaric and unconventional stratagem, it is my right and time for me (the victim) of his continued pathological tarnishing of innocent personalities to response to him in an intellectual approach. In an attempt to depreciate him and have him adjust his lengthy tongue over peoples’ reputation, he must be exposed to feel the consequences of big mouthing culture.

When I wrote an opinion piece early January 2017 about the fiasco of Gogrial Governor appointment, John was the first to meddle his nose into the matter with the Facebook Comments that reads “This article is bad and I condemn it”, I thought he could go further to compose the encountering article and divert the readers’ mind in believing what I wrote as factual as it was.

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By Atem Yaak Atem, Australia

National Prayers Day

April 12, 2017 (SSB) — Academics have written books on topics such as why nations fail or peace fail. These scholarly works try to delve into roots causes by their authors going into histories of specific areas while others examine case studies of recent times and dealing with particular countries or regions of the world, for instance.

Such findings naturally come out with what they say are the main causes. Those researchers also give recommendations on what could be done to right the situation under reviews. Opinions on their conclusions are not, as expected, universally endorsed. And that is not our concern here.

This tantalizing title does not claim to belong, by approach, to those works distilled from careful research. The concern of this article and those which will follow is to look at our society, its current problems and how they can be tackled successfully, in the long run, from a common sense perspective. I lay no claim to being an expert or an authority in any field that I will touch on.

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An Apology Might Help, But You Can Change Your Life Without One: A Response To South Sudanese

By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala Uganda

kiir with Desalegn in ethiopia, Feb 2017

April 12, 2017 (SSB) — Before I embark on the subject of this article as stated in the title, I would like to make the following observations: firs of all, I have for the time being ceased writing on negative politics in South Sudan, this is because of two reasons:

The first reason is that I have concluded project on politics with the article which I am responding to in this work, whose title shall be reinstated later in this work. Secondly, I have accepted the advice of Uncle, General Daniel Awet Akot who I respected so much for his role in creating the history of South Sudan. He advised to stop writing on politics for a while as the country is facing serious problems.

However, this ground is not convincing to me nonetheless, I have still accepted his advice on another ground. I accepted his advice to stop writing on politics because of the fact that the Office of the President has found out that I am related to him and it will be bad if I continue attacking the system yet he is working in that office.

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“Meles Zinawi, Isaias Afwerki and myself, fought and shed blood in Sudan and compelled Bashir on the table to accept self-determination and independence for the people of South Sudan and now there is this claim that the Dinkas liberated South Sudan. Were we also Dinkas. What about 98.9 per cent voters in the referendum who endorsed your independence and those Americans and Europeans who supported you? Were they all Dinkas?” Museveni told a meeting of South Sudanese leaders (among them Rebecca Nyandeng Garang, Kosti Manibe, Oyay Deng Ajak, Majak D’Agot, etc.) at State House, Entebbe, Uganda, 9 April 2017.

By David Matiop Gai, Juba, South Sudan

museveni's quote on leadership

April 11, 2017 (SSB) — In respond to a written post on Sudan tribune on April 9, 2017, that, “South Sudan’s secession was a collective effort” and according to President Museveni, he said, they pressurized Sudan government to accepted self-determination. He further said, “Were we also Dinkas.

What about 98.9 per cent voters in the referendum who endorsed your independence and those Americans and Europeans who supported you? Were they all Dinkas?” he asked. Were we also Dinkas? When you did what? If you were doing something on our behalf with America, and Europe, then why did struggle cost us expensively and so long?

I don’t think your pressurization made Bashir to accepted self-determination. This self-determination was a popular demand of South Sudanese people in 1947 before Anya-nya one, and SPLA/M formation in 1983, and they have struggled after it by all means to achieved the goal up to the end of it in 2005-2011. Four million lives have been paid for that self-determination, and we know them by names because what they are or they are sons of who in which parts of South Sudan, SPLA books and records contained all full details about them.

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By Ajang Barach-Magar, Nairobi, Kenya

300 child soldiers released in South Sudan

War children of South Sudan

April 9, 2017 (SSB) — Over the past few years, I ‘ve watched Twic East Girls Scholarship Program (TEGSP) with utter exasperation as it sprouted and gained ground. For anyone who may not be conversant with it, TEGSP is a girls-only scholarship program where preference is given exclusively to girls of Twi ethnic origin. Boys and other non-preferred groups are never considered as potential recipients.

To be lucidly clear from the outset, what I am challenging is the overt discrimination of male children and their subsequent exclusion. TEGSP is so deeply misguided. On their occasionally dysfunctional website, they do not provide any passionately and thoroughly reasoned grounds for their absurd decision to enlist the education of girls as their only priority. Perhaps, it is inevitable that anyone would encounter ridiculous difficulties trying to justify such an archetypal act of misandry.

Nevertheless, some of those who support it ~ chiefly Twi Community in the Australian state of Queensland, ‘ve attempted to rationalize their discriminatory gender criterion. It is unrelievedly surprising that hundreds of adult males and females – a mini society in its own right, but one at its absolute mediocrity, can be so derisively passive, irrationally insensitive or both.

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The Wholesale Politics of History Destruction of Lou Ariik County: Who wants to change history of 13th century only in 21st century?

By Ariik Atekdit, Juba, South Sudan

Local residents celebrating the creation of Lou Ariik County in Akok Village

Local residents celebrating the creation of Lou Ariik County in Akok Village

April 9, 2017 (SSB) — Last year Tonj State lobbied for the creation of more counties and the intellectuals indeed projected the long existent chieftaincies (traditional administrative units) to be promoted to administrations in order to qualify for more counties. Lou Ariik happened to be one of the localities that have emerged into county status with its correct name and its administration at Alabek Headquarters.

Tonj State considers itself the biggest among the newly created 32 states in South Sudan; it does this by reflecting on its historical localities that had existed before the arrival of British Colonialists to the Sudan, these localities includes Lou Ariik area. And Lou Ariik had existed before the creation of the former Tonj District in Bahr el Ghazal region.

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