Archive for the ‘Books’ Category

How many South Sudanese “read?” This is the “Bridge” generation’s responsibility

By Francis Mabior Deng, Melbourne, Australia

Francis Mabioor Deng Mabioor, Former Lost, South Sudanese Australian and Author of "A Child Escape."
Francis Mabioor Deng Mabioor, Former Lost boy, South Sudanese Australian and Author of “A Child Escape.”

Thursday, May 23, 2019 (PW) —- Arguably and perhaps controversially to some, the “Red Army Generation,” which is also referred to as the “Lost Boys and Girls” of Sudan Generation is the “Bridge” between the “Old” and “New” Sudan. They are the generation who from their childhoods witnessed and experienced the devastating protracting Sudanese civil war from its onset in May 1983 to its major end, the birth of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, CPA, in January 2005. They are the generation in the history of South Sudan to begin schooling (although under trees in camps and warzone locations) in considerably great numbers!

In late 80s and early 90s, thousands of this generation were robbed of their childhoods in the name of the Liberation Struggle. They were denied their carefree spirit and playfulness. They were too young to be separated from their families. After about five years living in rebel-controlled camps in both Southern Ethiopia and South Sudan, and often escaping enemy’s jaws, thousands of them fortunately crossed the border and later in August 1992 established Kakuma refugee camp in northwestern Kenya. Half of them had joined SPLA rank and file. In contrast to the mediocre schools they had in South Sudan, UN constructed better schools and their humble schooling resumed. Majority focused on their learning and did well against all odds and despite terrible health conditions at the time.


Higher Education South Sudan: Action Research to investigate quality of teaching and challenges, in higher education reform in South Sudan – Upper Nile University Case Study

 Mr John Monyluak Thon Lal,  MA/Student Zhejiang Normal University, China

Higher Education in South Sudan

Table of content




1-1 Introduction————————————————————————————————-7

1-2 Statement of the Problem——————————————————————————–9

1-3 Objective of the Study———————————————————————————-10

1-4 Research Questions————————————————————————————–11

Literature Review

2-1 Background of Higher Education———————————————————————–12

2-2 Higher Education—————————————————————————————–14

2-3 Budget in Use———————————————————————————————15

2-3-1 Research methodology——————————————————————————–16

2-4 Data Analysis———————————————————————————————17

2-5 Economic challenges———————————————————————————–19

2-6 Conclusions———————————————————————————————–20

2-7 Reflections————————————————————————————————22

2-7-1 Recommendations————————————————————————————-23

2-8 References————————————————————————————————-29 (more…)

By Kur Wël Kur, Adelaide, Australia 

Aesop’s Fables in Dinka, translated by Atem Yaak Atem

Aesop’s Fables in Dinka, translated by Atem Yaak Atem

Sunday, October 14, 2018 (PW) — We’re almost in all four corners of the world, and fighting to remain the Dinka people. I am afraid that the load of melanin isn’t one of the tools to fight this war of identity because masses of other Africans are our mirror images with the same shades of black.

But the LANGUAGE—the Dinka language along with moral values and cultures of Dinka are the main tools to protect our identity. One’s mother tongue is an invaluable definition of who one truly is.

However, having become wanderers because of wars, our language is falling behind other languages—English, Arabic, Kiswahili and even Spanish (some people who went to Cuba as kids speak less Dinka than Spanish)—we have picked up in nations of our refuge.

Our children in other nations speak other languages with fluidity; their fluency in these languages is extremely towering that one of their Dinka (language).


Plagiarism, and copyright infringement: a Wakeup call for South Sudanese

By Atem Yaak Atem, Sydney, Australia

Atem Yaak Atem

Atem Yaak Atem is the former deputy minister for information and a veteran South Sudanese journalist who was the founding director, chief editor, and trainer of Radio SPLA (1984-1991). He is the author of a new book, “Jungle Chronicles and Other Writings: Recollections of a South Sudanese, a four-volume memoir, of which Jungle Chronicle is the first instalment.

The premise

Tuesday, August 21, 2018 (PW) — When a country is in the grip of a crippling and divisive war as is the case with South Sudan now, those who discuss matters, for example, such as the arts, promotion of environmental awareness, the value of having national archives, and so forth, can be seen as heartless creatures, indifferent to the suffering of millions of their compatriots and the future of the country. It is a universally acknowledged fact that what we as South Sudanese need is to hammer out an agreement that addresses the root causes of the conflict to be the basis for reconciliation and a lasting peace that provides justice not only for the parties concerned and members of the educated elite but all the citizens and the future generations.

There is no doubt about the validity of this observation. But the pursuit of peace does not prevent people doing what is apparently the norm or mundane. In defence of my erstwhile column, “Far Away from War”, which the SPLM/Update weekly newsletter carried in the 1990s, I argued that in war as well as in peace, people continue to carry on with their lives with a semblance or normality, where and when that is possible. Under any prevailing armed conflict situation, young people even those at the warfront marry, women give birth to children and nurture them, able-bodied persons work for a livelihood, and so forth. It is impossible for people to put on hold every day activity until the advent of peace. That is impossible; the society will simply collapse. This is why I write and read virtually every day despite the persistent agony gnawing one inside because of the tragedy that is threatening the very existence of South Sudan as a burgeoning and independent nation. (more…)

Dr Malwal Ayom Dor’s PhD Thesis – Conflict Resolution as a Learning Process: The Case of the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement/Army, 1983-2005 (PDF)


founders of the splm

Commemorating the 33rd Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Revolutionary Movement—the SPLM/SPLA

May 16th: Celebrating the Founding of the SPLM/SPLA

The Late SPLM/A Leader, Dr. John Garang de Mabioor Atem Aruai.

Dr. John Garang de Mabior, Co-Founder of SPLM/A

kiir at splm rally

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir (C) acknowledges his supporters as he arrives to address a rally at John Garang’s Mausoleum in the capital Juba March 18, 2015.

“It is our survival that is at stake. Therefore, survival itself, if nothing else, will force us to fully implement this document,” Dr. John Garang, Nairobi, 2002, during the reunion between Riek Machar and the SPLM.

“To your question about whether we, Dr. John Garang and Dr. Riek Machar, are now really reconciled and reunited and whether we are therefore going to honor this peace agreement unlike the 1993 Washington Agreement that you said to have been dishonored by us: my answer is YES, we are serious to abide by it. The agreement does not belong to us, both leadership of the two movements, it belongs to you; it belongs to the people. And so in its implementations, honoring or dishonoring of the agreement, it will be your responsibility as well to hold us to it, as well as it is our responsibility to give guidance with respect to its implementations. Otherwise, as Dr. Riek said, we have suffered long enough, eleven years of suffering, of confusion and of aimless infighting. So the situation as of now, as we said in the signed reconciliation document, it is our survival that is at stake. Therefore, survival itself, if nothing else, will force us to fully implement this document.” THE PEACE AND RECONCILIATION ADDRESS: DR. JOHN GARANG’S STATEMENT AT THE CONCLUSION OF THE PEACE AND RECONCILIATION PROCESS BETWEEN THE SPLM/A AND THE SPDF OF DR. RIEK MACHAR TENY, NAIROBI, KENYA, JANUARY 5-6, 2002 

Kuyok Abol kuyok: South Sudanese Academician and a writer of the book “The Notable Firsts”

By Ater Yuot Riak, Juba, South Sudan

Kuyok Abol Kuyok, author of The Notable Firsts

Kuyok Abol kuyok: The Academician and Author of the book, “The Notable Firsts”

South Sudan notable Firsts

Monday, June 04, 2018 (PW) —- Kuyok Abol Kuyok was born in Rumbek (1964), Bahr el Ghazal. He studied at Rumbek Secondary School (1980-1982) and received his Bachelor of Education (Arts) from the University of Juba in April 1988 as well as a postgraduate diploma in international relations from the University of Khartoum in February 1991. He taught biography in several secondary schools in Khartoum between 1988 and 1993.

He own a Foreign and Commonwealth (FCO) fellowship to study for master’s in education at the University of Hull in 1993. He also holds a master’s of research in education and social science, and a doctorate from the Institute of Education, University of London in 2005 and 2011 respectively. In Great Britain, he served as a research fellow at the Institute of Policy Studies in Education (IPSE), London Metropolitan University. (more…)

This is an excerpt from the introduction to the speeches, before and after independence, of President Salva Kiir, “Salva Kiir Mayardit: The Joshua of South Sudan,” edited and published by Simon Yel Yel and PaanLuel Wel in February 2016

By PaanLuel Wel (Juba) and Simon Yel Yel (Kampala)

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Wednesday, May 16, 2018 (PW) — May 26, 1983, marked the day President Kiir revolted against Khartoum’s repressive regime and joined his comrades in the bush. By then, Captain Salva Kiir was a mid-level military intelligence officer in the Sudanese army stationed in Malakal, Southern Sudan. His rebellion came in the wake of the May 16th Bor and May 20th Ayod Uprisings led by Major Kerubino Kuanyin Bol and Major William Nyuon Bany respectively.

Why did it take that long—from May 16th up to May 26th —before Salva Kiir rebelled against Khartoum? This was mainly because he was the one coordinating the security and intelligence of the Underground group. For example, when Khartoum decided to launch a dawn attack on Bor, it was Salva Kiir who passed that message to John Garang in Bor informing them that Khartoum had finally decided to attack Bor. Using that insider information which only an officer in the Sudanese military intelligence could have access to, John Garang and Kerubino Kuanyin were able to strategize and repulse the dawn attack with minimal casualties on their sides.

Secondly, when Khartoum dispatched a battalion from Malakal to take reinforcement to Bor, Salva Kiir passed that crucial message to John Garang and William Nyuon. After the troops arrived in Ayod on their way to Bor, Nyuon lured their officers into a bogus meeting during which they were arrested and killed. Their soldiers were then attacked and scattered, never to reach Bor. (more…)

The Biography of Lt. Gen. Dr. Malual Ayom Dor

Posted: February 8, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Books, Junub Sudan, People

Kiir, Ajongo, Kuol, Wani, Awet, Malual Ayom

Gen. Salva Kiir, Gen. Ajongo Mawut, Gen. Kuol Manyang, Gen. James Wani, Gen. Awet Akot, and Gen. Malual Ayom

February 8, 2018 (SSB) — Lt. Gen. Malual Ayom Dor started his military career in the SPLA in 1983 and progressed until he reached the rank of Lt. General. Previously Lt. Gen. Malual was the SPLA Assistant Chief of defence Force for Operations, Training and Intelligence.

Among his previous assignment is SPLA Deputy Chief of Staff for Administration & Finance, Director for Training and Research, Director for Colleges and Director for Military Production. He also commanded at different levels and has a wide range of field combat experience.


Books’ Review: Unto the Nation of South Sudan, a Writer is Born

Posted: February 6, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Books, Deng Vanang, Junub Sudan

By Deng Vanang, Juba, South Sudan

Customary book, final cover July 2017

The Customary Laws of the Greater Bor Dinka Community: Legal and Basic Rules for Self-Administration, 2017 Paperback – 28 Jul 2017, edited by Makwei Mabioor Deng (Editor), available on Amazon


February 6, 2018 (SSB) — In the middle of 2010 one prolific journalist, author, and political analyst, went underground on a daring mission that took him a grueling 7 years’ period. Who like proverbial hunter returns home with gum Arabic for anxiously waiting for children, failure to secure an antelope from the bush. That is according to Professor Taban Lolyiong in his famous Last word novel.

However, unlike the failed hunter, the inaugural writer eventually surfaced in 2018 with the real mission accomplished, no matter how challenging it turned out to be than previously thought. Thereby diving long and so enduringly below the depth of troubled history of 50 years’ liberation struggle and lifting the lid off dirty ethnic, rudderless and at times bloody politics of the newest independent state on earth.

Such findings have been unearthed and neatly packaged into more thrilling and memorably worthy read two books of history and one on global governance. Capped with a resolute message: reminding those already in the know and informing both present and future generations of leaders to pay utmost attention to the importance of referring back to history whenever making easier and equally difficult decisions.


By Atem Yaak Atem, Australia

Atem Yaak Atem

Atem Yaak Atem is the former deputy minister for information, the founding director, chief editor, and trainer of Radio SPLA, and the author of  “Jungle Chronicles and Other Writings: Recollections of a South Sudanese“, a four-volume memoir, of which Jungle Chronicle is the first installment.

January 22, 2018 (SSB) — Thanks to you and the rest of your colleagues who have written those flattering remarks. It’s always good and encouraging to be appreciated for what one has done or said. However, it should not be forgotten that anyone who is engaged in sharing public knowledge or information and not motivated by a desire to be admired, must do that as a duty and not a means to earn adulation or endorsement.

In a sense, if for example, such a role happens to earn them displeasure and scorn from any individual or circles, one shouldn’t be surprised or disheartened.

The other factor worth taking into consideration in this aspect is the assumption that my generation or the one before our own has the monopoly of knowledge and that they are more and better informed than our younger siblings or our own children. That claim or thinking is wrong because it ignores the factor which late Dr William Kon Bior called “historical advantage”- having been there before others.


By Samuel Reech Mayen, Juba – South Sudan

kiir and garang

Commander John Garang and Commander Salva Kiir in Rumbek, during the war of liberation struggle

December 25, 2017 (SSB) — The autumn wind was blowing harshly from the North. The lips of the boys cracked deeply because of dryness. Dust from the dung ashes filled the air to an extent a short-sighted would not even see a sun. Their eyes voluntarily dripped with dirty tears. These were the climatic features of the sacrificial season. It was already time for sacrifice in Ngoth-goon totemic cattle camp.

Atem-yath, the totemic Puff Adder was widely worshipped by almost the whole section. This principal religious function was performed by slaughtering numerous oxen. For time immemorial, it had been an annual totemic feast. However, in the preceding past, the totemic festival had turned biennial purposely to make it more remarkable and less extravagant. That year was no different. The elders of Lian section met to listen to the clairvoyant advice on matters regarding this periodical ritual which appeased the deity to protect and provide good health to the people and their cattle.


By Halle Jørn Hanssen, Oslo, Norway

Book Review - Lives at Stake: South Sudan During Liberation Struggle, by Halle Jørn Hanssen

Book Review – Lives at Stake: South Sudan During Liberation Struggle, by Halle Jørn Hanssen

The beautiful beginning

December 22, 2017 (SSB) — On 9th of July 2011 the people of South Sudan gathered to celebrate their new won independence and freedom. State leaders from many African countries, heads of governments, foreign ministers, UN top officials and other dignitaries from all over world were gathered in Juba to take part in the celebrations.

Statements of well wishes and international support for the development of the newest state in Africa came in abundance. Hardly ever were so many statements of goodwill for a new state heard. SPLM and its Chairman, Salva Kiir as a candidate for the Presidency, had in the elections that took place in 2010 secured an overwhelming majority. The people had trust in their liberators.

There were many hurdles and shortcomings to be overcome for SPLM and the new government with President Salva Kiir at the helm. Lack of experience in governance, lack of infrastructure, lack of schools and primary health centres, and a population ravaged by a long liberation war, poor and vastly illiterate.


By Cde. Acuil Malith Banggol, Juba, South Sudan

Role of Traditional Authority, by Acuil Malith

October 28, 2017 (SSB) — I am confident in the initiative and progress of National Dialogue. I wish it could go faster or it could attract everyone to demonstrate his or her Jenuubeen nationhood and leadership quality. National Dialogue is an excellent opportunity. To me, National Dialogue in its current state has timely come to enable the Peoples of South Sudan to own the past, now and future. South Sudanese, as the community with a desire to freedom, peace, and prosperity as came on June 12-13, 1947 Juba Conference by Traditional Authority Leaders called for oneness as Jenuubeen.

Father S. Ohure, compatriots and K. Kuanyin, compatriots felt the danger in 1955 and 1983 respectively. There was Anya-Nya and then SPLA to defend the General Will. Dr. John innovated the Solution Modalities and subsequently in Golden Plate granted to Jenuubeen a chance to vote in 2011 Referendum. Kiir, the Joshua, meandered to the Promised Land! Bashir saw the logic! Others vacillated and are fated to repeat. Cheers to Taban and Wani who shared the logic. HISTORY!


By Dr. Wal Duany
Joint Ph.D. Program of the Department of Political Science
and the School of Public and Environmental Affairs
Indiana University
Bloomington, Indiana

Neither Palaces nor Prisons: The Constitution of Order among the Nuer, a PhD dissertation by Dr. Michael Wal Duany, Indiana University, USA (PDF)


By Simon Yel Yel & PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

Kiir's speeches before independence, cover

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan. Grab your copy at

July 24, 2017 (SSB) —They say if you don’t have nothing to say, say nothing. This altruism could have been realized by Kharubino Kiir to say nothing about our book in his vendetta article against J-1 and specifically against Ateny Wek and Mayiik Ayii Deng. He falsely added our book on his items of discontent to buy the brain of the readers.

That is why we have decided to pen this rebuttal of his article on the part that touched the book we edited: “Salva Kiir Mayardit: The Joshua of South Sudan

To make it crystal clear to all our beloved readers, the speeches, articles, and letters to the President that we compiled into two books (speeches before and speeches after independence) were not done with an intention to endear ourselves, and gain access, to the president of the Republic of South Sudan.

We did it using our own finite resources and limited time, solely as a tribute to the legacy of President Salva Kiir Mayardit, one of the few South Sudanese Patriots who has dedicated their entire lives to the cause of the South Sudanese people.


Appraisal: My appreciation on Hon. Makeer’s authenticity in his 54-page book, “Personalities with Positive Indelible Finger Prints in the History of South Sudan.”

By Kur Wël Kur, Adelaide, Australia

Personalities with Positive Indelible Finger Prints in the History of South Sudan

Personalities with Positive Indelible Finger Prints in the History of South Sudan

May 27, 2017 (SSB) — Are you hungry for the history? Not just for any history like that corrupted history, but the right history of our heroes. If you do, then check out this elder’s writings. I settled to follow Hon. Makeer Lual Kuol, to read what he writes in its entirety when I read his tribute (The Martyrs’ Day: Martin Majier Ghai Ayuel) to Late Martin Majier Gai in 2012.


Because he’s trustworthy. He never shies away from mentioning the bruises of the civil war, atrocities the South Sudanese had committed among themselves in the course of waging the liberation war. And he does it in the lifetimes of those who facilitated those atrocities or in the faces of the bystanders of such atrocities. Elders like him, those who don’t get shooed away by the consequences of telling or writing the truth, possess every inch of authenticity to write the political chronicles of South Sudan.

Because his writings,  his dictions and his storytelling techniques, his tactics of pulling readers, promising and luring them into reading his writings by giving them (readers) nuggets of curiosity, make him someone worth following.


By Samuel Reech Mayen, JUBA, SOUTH SUDAN

President Kiir's speeches after independence

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan. Grab your copy at

May 5, 2017 (SSB) — Since then, the fate of the boy is not known. Ayiikdit mourned the disappearance of his son bitterly.   He sacrificed cows, goats, sheep and even chickens to appease totems to bring back his son but all in vain. He spent sleepless nights hoping his son would return back calling from a distant for his father to open for him their warm hut. Unfortunately, nap would steal him and a horrible dream would corrupt all hope.

In a series of reoccurring dreams, he would see his son running away from ruthless Murle kidnappers but on reaching the middle of the bush, he got caught by hungry troop of lions. Some lions would thrust their claws in his belly and others dug their teeth in his throat. As the blood oozed through the cuts covering his smooth face, the boy would try to cry but only pushed out more blood through the open wounds.


By Tito Awen Bol, Nairobi, Kenya

April 24, 2017 (SSB) —-Good Leaders are good readers.” As the English wise words have put it above, I was quite fascinated at such a spree when I visited Hon. Kuol Athian’s Home Library in Nairobi. Since I love reading economics and statistics books away from my dual professions; I felt that that library can make one of the best specialized economic library in South Sudan if it can be turned into an investment and a slight improvement made

It was quite much magnificent, well equipped with all the sorts of economic, statistical, financial, business management books and economic journals. It was marvelous to say the least, absolutely; it is deeply still beckoning my brain longing for development through knowledge!

As I always encourage the young people of my age to revive the reading culture (and the literature in general) which is at the verge of ‘death’ since our leaders hardly read. I was held on “twerp” and disapprovement when I learned that there exists a politician who is a serious reader beyond my imagination.



By Hon. Arop Madut-Arop, Nairobi, Kenya

...the late Luol Chol...valiant revolutionary singer of Koriom Division...with Garang'e Mabior in the background under under the tree...with Kuol Majak standing guard

The late Luol Chol, a revolutionary singer of Koryom Division, with John Garang in the background sitting under the tree…with Cde. Kuol Majak standing guard

February 23, 2017 (SSB) — I have read in some social media websites, a statement by the Sudanese President Omar al Bashir and at times by his foreign minister. In his statements President al Bashir categorically, authoritatively and repeatedly stated that the disputed Abyei Region by the two Sudans is a Sudanese area and will remain so until a referendum is conducted in accordance to the 2005 Naivasha Comprehensive Peace Agreement which will enable the Ngok Dinka People, as the permanent inhabitants of the area, to decide where their area, which has been administered in Kordofan, as a result of an administrative Order in 1905, by the then colonial governor of Sudan, Sir Wingate, to protect the Ngok Dinka citizens against the banned evil slave trafficking by the Misseriya Arab.

As a citizen of this no mean region, I decide to publish a chapter from my unpublished book, “The Ngok Dinka In Historical Perspective.” The attached chapter, the Ngok Dinka Chief Kuol Arop and the Misseriya Sheikh Nimr Ali peaceful coexistent agreement is being released for publication in effort to shed light on the controversy over the right ownership of the Abyei Region. Needless to stress that it was because of this agreement that allows the Misseriya Arabs to traverse the Ngok Dinka area annually. Before the reconquest and during the Turco-Egyptian and Mahdist rules the Misseriya Cattle, were (mostly in Darfur region) were only allowed and traversed the part of the Kiir Ader in Dinka Malual country.  I would be grateful if your esteemed Website can publish this piece from my unpublished well researched manuscript which I hope will soon go to print.

Hon Arop Madut Arop (MP), who represents Abyei Region in the Transitional Legislative Assembly in Juba and the author of two books: Sudan’s Painful Road to Peace and The Genesis of Political Consciousness in South Sudan