Archive for the ‘Featured Articles’ Category


By David Mayen Ayarbior, Juba, South Sudan

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September 29, 2016 (SSB) —- The Chinese proverb which states that a journey of a thousand miles starts with one step is found, translated and paraphrased in almost all other human societies. James Baldwin, a prominent African American civil rights writer once wrote that we must know where we are coming from in order to know where we are going. John Garang used that wisdom in his diagnoses of “the problem of Sudan.” The same idiom also featured in an ever present confession that “we lost track” whenever mountaineers try to get their way either up to the top or back to base.

Physicians (medical doctors) examine the physical state of patients before prescribing medication. Social scientists (historians, lawyers, sociologists, anthropologists, philosophers, psychologists, etc.) examine dynamics and trends in social phenomena prior to proposing positive paths forward. Thus, recent medical and social histories of patients and beleaguered societies (countries) are vital in both fields.

The general idea here is that conflicts are linked to their roots from which they ought not to be detached, lest we lose track of the way forward. Some societies make the mistake of assigning improper roots to their conflicts thereby fail to find sustainable solutions to their persistence. For example, a few of learned colleagues would want to attribute the current selfish  nonsensical deadly political bickering back to historical clan-centered wars between the Jieng (Dinka) and Naath (Nuer), rather than pinpointing the real issues related to personal ambition and political contestation in the country. It is not the tribes, which are God’s creation, it is individual political leaders who use tribes as their political firewood.

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By Dr. Majak D’Agoôt & Dr. Remember Miamingi

South, price of war, price of peace

September 28, 2016 (SSB) —- There is no end in sight to South Sudan’s man-made apocalypse so long as its ruling “Gunclass” runs the show. These, ethno-regional, sectarian warlords have benefited from the conflict through organized violence and plunder. On a number of occasions, they have organized pogroms against their own people on the grounds of ethnicity, political affiliation and social geography. The Gunclass has tapped dangerously into sediments of age-old ethnic cleavages as a means of maintaining power, literally, by the barrel of the gun.

The Gunclass in South Sudan consists of cliques of ‘former liberators’ and former Khartoum-sponsored counterinsurgency warlords who fought on both sides of the civil war during the decades-long liberation movement for South Sudan. These individuals include the current President, Salva Kiir (a liberator), and his former deputy turned armed opposition leader, Riek Machar (once a liberator turned a COIN warlord).

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By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

Juba

September 27, 2016 (SSB) — Though it is inappropriate to rejoice at this moment in which it has been bad time for Gok Community for losing one of its respected and hard working generals (may his soul rest in peace), it is also important to inform Gok people and the rest of the world for the Great development that has just taken place in Gok State.  Telling the good news at this critical time in which Gok people are morning their son is based on the Dinka’s saying that though a person dies, people should continue to eat in order to survive. Thus, based on the above Dinka’s saying, I would like to tell all the Gok people, South Sudanese and the rest of the world good news that Gok State has received a gift from China as I will explain what the gift is about shortly.

Nonetheless, before I explain the important gift given to Gok State and Gok people by the Chinese people through Government of South Sudan, it is imperative to tell those who may not be aware about Gok State and the economic standing of China in the world. Gok is one of the 28 states of South Sudan. It is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region and it borders Tonj to the west and Western Lakes to the east. It should be noted that last year (2015) this time, it was not known that that there was going to be something called Gok State that was going to be recognized by one of the second largest economies in the world: China.

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By Ajang Barach-Magar – Nairobi, Kenya

clooney-with-kiir-and-riek-plus-igga

George Clooney with President Kiir, Dr. Riek Machar and VP James Wani Igga

September 23, 2016 (SSB) —- Some reputable Historians posit that when the people of South Sudan went to vote in the historic referendum in 2011, a staggering 2.2 million South Sudanese had died and millions of others displaced as a result of the conflict between the North and the South. This is an eternal reminder that our independence was an incredibly costly affair.

Now we have a country. But what are we doing with it? How, for one, will the slain heroes who helped in laying its foundations judge us if they were to rise from their graves tomorrow? Is what we currently have close to what we and our ancestors envisioned?

In the 2014 Corruption report, South Sudan ranked 171 out of 175 countries. A highly placed insider of South Sudanese political affairs observed that a cabal of elite emerged as soon as the prospects of implementation of the CPA increasingly became a reality. This elite then built monstrous cartels whose heads reside in Juba but with tentacles spread to East Africa, Europe, The United States and Australia. Consequently, resources that would have gone to construction of roads, health facilities, schools, modernization of agriculture and exploitation of hydrocarbons – are continually plundered and stashed into individual accounts. Even foreign aid is not spared.

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It is inconceivable that Riek Machar can be successfully sidelined and then completely confined into political oblivion outside the country.

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

right-and-wrong-perception

September 21, 2016 (SSB) — Salva Kiir wants Riek Machar dead and gone, but has no clue how to achieve that; Riek Machar wants Salva Kiir dead and gone, but has no clue how to achieve that; the international community wants both leaders gone but has no clue how to do exactly that without turning South Sudan into Libya-II, Iraq-II, Afghanistan-II, Somalia-II etc. We all want South Sudan to be peaceful, stable and prosperous, but we have no clue how to do just that.

But first, is the SPLM-IO meeting in Khartoum over or still underway? Of the big heavyweights that graced the leadership of the SPLM-IO in early 2013 up to mid-2014, how many attended? When the SPLM-Nasir was formed, the internal contradictions and leadership wrangling of the mother SPLM followed and killed it. Essentially, the same fate might befall the SPLM-IO, for the very internal contradictions and leadership wrangling within the ruling party in Juba has followed, cornered, and is now strangling the SPLM-IO into premature, painful death.

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The sad case of the late Gen. Laat Makoi: South Sudan national army, the SPLA, should learn to respect and honor their fallen heroes

By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

Commander Deng Kelei

The late SPLA Commander Deng Kelei Chol

September 21, 2016 (SSB) — Revering the dead is culture of humanity. It is done in different parts of the world and by different communities. In Traditional American Indian burial prayer, for instance, the respect of the dead is shown in the way they are talked to as if they are alive and their prayer goes as follows:

When I am dead, cry for me a little. Think of me sometimes, but not too much. It is not good for you to allow your thoughts to dwell too long on the dead. Think of me now and again as I was in life. At some moment it is pleasant to recall. But not for long. Leave me in peace and I shall leave you too, in peace. While you live, let your thoughts be with the living.

As seen in the above prayer dead are part and parcel of the living community members and they must be respected.  In Traditional African Communities and in particular Dinka Community, Dead are respected because they are considered to be part of the living.

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Dear Dr. Rita Abrahamsen: “We will prevail over the flaws of our leaders with the same will and resilience with which we fought and defeated colonialism.”

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September 19, 2016 (SSB) — We wish to respond to your letter to George Clooney of 15 September 2016, published on the website of the Centre for International Policy Studies.[1] We write not to defend Mr. Clooney but to correct some assumptions used to critique his work on behalf of South Sudan.

We were particularly troubled by your suggestion that South Sudan’s independence resulted solely, or mainly from the work of international actors; or some kind of ‘dumb stunt’ by a Holywood celebrity which has gone awry. We don’t deny that countless individuals, institutions and countries supported our tortuous route to liberty. We deeply appreciate the material and moral support we received.

Helping a people in need should never been seen as a mistake, cravings for fame, or self-exoneration –and certainly not in the case of South Sudan. As the tragic events in South Sudan have not shot Mr Clooney to stardom in the humanitarian field; it is unlikely that these can take shine off his stardom. No any other outsider to be blamed for creating the mess we find ourselves in today. As South Sudanese, we take responsibility for our successes and failures.

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By David Mayen Ayarbior, Juba, South Sudan

John Garang

The vision of John Garang

September 19, 2016 (SSB) — In the last two notes on this topic I argued that it was high time the SPLM-N started making serious concessions on the methods of executing its revolution. For many strategic reasons, time has come for it to drop armed struggle in favour of political struggle. Many have argued that the choice is Khartoum’s to make, while SPLM-N could only adopt a reactive posture. To some large extent that may not be far from the truth. Indeed, as it (SPLM-N) has already signed the Road Map agreement as part of a wider opposition umbrella, Khartoum is expected to reciprocate. However, it may not be the whole truth that SPLM-N’s choices are exhausted simply by signing a road map agreement.

Many South Sudanese agree that Juba must take its legal commitments more seriously; assuming that there are commitment gaps to be filled on its part, such as one in which SPLM-N commanders and leaders are told that they became foreigners from July 9, 2011 as far as Juba is concerned. And by being citizens of another state, the revolutionary ‘ball game’ has changed. Of course, they might ask for a barrel of salt just to stomach the news, but this is Juba’s obligation to initiate and commitment to make.

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By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

appointment-of-14-commissioners-jonglei-state

September 17, 2016 (SSB) — Governor Philip Agwer Panyang, the governor of Jonglei state, has issued gubernatorial decree No 19/2016 for the appointment of 14 new county commissioners in Jonglei state. Below are the names of the new commissioners, counties and their headquarters, plus the respective communities that inhabit the new counties and their population according to the 2008 census.

 

S/No.

Name in full Name of County County headquarters Communities 2008 Census
1.        Hakim Ajith Buny Bor Municipality Bortown Nyarweng, Bor, Twic, Hol, etc. 61,716
2.        Deng Mabany Kuot Twic North County Panyagor Kongor, Adhiok, Abek 32,892
3.        Dau Akoi Jurkuch Twic Central County Wangulei Ayual, Dachuek, Awulian 21,121
4.        Daniel Deng Manyok Twic South County Adubaar Ajuong, Pakeer 31,336
5.        Deng Achiek Jok Duk Payuel County Payuel Nyarweng 13,919
6.        Michael Malual Wuor Duk Padiet County Padiet Hol 36,526
7.        Peter Latjor Chol Duk Panyang County Pajut Aborom 15,143
8.        Deng Mabior Deng Bor South County Chueikeer Abii, Nyara, Awan, Gol 40,058
9.        William Majier Alier Bor Gok County Kolnyang Adol, Gwala, Abang, Dala
10.    Mading Akol Biar Bor East County Anyidi Palek 24,882
11.    Nhial Awan Deng Anyidi-Makuach County Makuach Ater, Adumuor 29,412
12.    Deng Garang Deng Bor Central County Werkok/Kapaat Deer, Koch
13.    Simon Thon Ayuen Bor West County Baidit Angakuei, Biong 51,532
14.    Kuot Jok Lual Bor Athooch County Kactong/Yomciir Alian, Pathuyith
15.    Luis Garang Apiu Bor North County Jalle Juet, Abodit 13,506

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By Ariik Atekdit Mawien, Juba, South Sudan

Garang and Kiir

John Garang, Kerubino Kuanyin and Salva Kiir, with Aguer Manyok Aguer Deng (the young man) during the war of liberation

September 16, 2016 (SSB) — Most of the times when South Sudanese write against the intended invasion of their nation in the name of UN civilians’ protection force, they seem to be wrongly perceived as sightless supporters of the governing regime. And for that reason their ideas are ignored and never attended to by the so-called regional leaders and world superpowers while trying to quickly impose the coming of the 4000 UN troops into the country as if that would mark the end of the country’s problems.

The Africa Union (AU) as a continental political organization seems not to care about the pains and complaints felt and faced by some parts of its body. The African leaders mutely watch down the state of affairs in South Sudan as a lonely case and a prospect to create jobs and a forum to teach themselves participate in foreign and regional politics.

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By Kastro Deng, Melbourne, Australia

September 15, 2016 (SSB) — One can definitely attest to the fact that The Sentry Report’s on some of the most lucrative financial scandals in South Sudan by the ruling aristocracy, previously undisclosed to the general public, is a baby step towards transparency and accountability, and promises great posterity. The Report indeed presents a glimpse of hope to the deprived citizens to look forward to the future of their own country. Nevertheless, the report entails plenty of shortcomings. In layman’s words, the report is very much half-baked!

The answers to “WHAT” (endemic corruption) and “WHY” (opportunisms, greed, ineptitude, lack-of-patriotism and/or Spirit-of-Nationalism from/by the leaders) that seemed to be flying everywhere in the report are a common-knowledge amongst the citizens. The most important answers, which hold the key to transparency and subsequently accountability, are answers to questions such as WHO (stolen what), HOW (much was stolen), WHEN (was this amount stolen), WHERE (was this money stolen and how). Such questions were either purposely omitted or their answers were incomprehensible in the report.

Right from the country’s inception to present, South Sudan has lost billions of dollars that streamed from donors, oil revenues and loans borrowed from foreign banks and other financial institutions. I doubt that the entire sum of money that South Sudan government earned since independence was lost only within the last two years. A friend of mine once said, “The moment South Sudan got its independence, its corruption simultaneously gained its independence along with it.”

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Our government should address the matter of blameless butchery of people on Juba, Nimule and Yei road as major priority to grasp the killers

By Daniel Machar Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

Burnt oil tanker along the Nimule-Juba road, Sept 2016.jpg

Burnt oil tanker along the Nimule-Juba road, Sept 2016.jpg

September 15, 2016 (SSB) —- First and foremost, I would like to convey condolence to the families who lost their beloved people to unknown gunmen especially those who were innocently killed on Nimule, Juba, kaya, Yei and Juba, Yei road without reason let their soul rest in peace. I also thank my fellow South Sudanese people for being honest and concession during this crisis and maintain their spirit of nationalism without protesting calling for help from international community.

Although they cover a lot of challenges such as hunger problem and insecurity matter, they citizen remain supportive to government especially those suffering in Yei county, Yei River state (Central Equatoria) who are actually lock inside the den of hunger without any help from any institution their suffering is unfold policy of rebellion in the region.

In this analysis you will understand, who is responsible for citizen’s well-being and properties protection in the country? This question will help you understand where there is problem in this nation. We know very well that citizens are basically protected by government from external and internal conflict. Also government makes provision of basic needs to all citizens across the country to make sure that their basic needs such as provision of enough food, health and education facilities are well constructed across the nation.

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By David Mayen Ayarbior, Juba, South Sudan

New Sudan Vision-John Garang

THE 6TH-12TH SEPTEMBER 1991 TORIT RESOLUTIONS: SOLUTION MODALITIES IN THE SUDAN CONFLICT AS ENVISAGED THROUGH DR. JOHN GARANG’S VISION OF THE NEW SUDAN

September 14, 2016 (SSB) —- In part one of these notes on the topic under consideration I argued that it was time for SPLM-North to start packing up its guns and prepare for the political phase of their revolution. From the responses I got, there was strong disagreement from those gentlemen who strongly believe in the illusions of conquering Khartoum as the only end to a successful “armed struggle” in Sudan.  Surely, disagreement is naturally expected in all such dialogues between those engaged in intellectual discourse involving the pursuit of social, economic and political justice, whether as leaders, followers, or mere subjects.

Those who strongly disagreed with the new policy statement carried to Khartoum by First VP Taban called it betrayal and surrender. They believed in the adage that when the goings get tough the tough gets going. In other words, South Sudan should continue to indulge in the affairs of Sudan because those affairs were part and parcel of the bigger revolutionary armed struggle which gave birth to our currently bleeding Republic.

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By David Mayen Ayarbior, Juba, South Sudan

pagan and john garang

Commander Pagan Amum Okiech, with Chairman Dr. John Garang and Commander Yasir Said Arman, Rumbek Senior, 2003

September 9, 2016 (SSB) — In his last trip to Khartoum the First Vice President, H.E. Taban Deng Gai, made it clear that South Sudan had decided to cease support to all armed elements that were currently fighting against Khartoum. He stated that he expected similar reciprocation from Khartoum. His (1st VP’s) policy statement must have pleasingly shocked Khartoum which had no option but to welcome it and hope that it represented the true intentions of the string-pullers back Juba. They went ahead with their own goodwill gestures such as taking concrete steps towards operationalizing the four freedoms agreement between the two countries as-well-as agreeing on a joint border patrol agreement.

At the backdrop of FVP’s policy statement laid a vicious civil war in his country and a protracted conflict in the New Southern Sudan (Angasana and Kurdufan) and western region of Darfur. The consequences of the civil war in both countries are evident in terms of massive deaths and human flight, both within and across their joint and international borders. Refugees are fleeing to South Sudan from Sudan continued to be in their hundreds of thousands. The reverse is also true. Hundreds of thousands are also fleeing from the southern border into Sudan.

To all intents and purposes, the two countries have established themselves to be sources of refugees who are fleeing oppression perpetrated against them by various forces, whether directly by armed elements and allied militias or indirectly through impunity.  As a result, the two countries seem to be competing in international circles for the description of ‘rogue state’ where known and unknown gunmen as-well-as banditry and rebellions against both capitals have become the norms. Whether it is rape cases in Darfur or anywhere across the border in South Sudan, innocent civilians have continued to be on the receiving ends of untold atrocities.

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By Mach Samuel Peter, Bor, Jonglei State

Mach Samuel, Executive Director of the jonglei Institute for Peace, Democracy and Development, Bor-based civil society group in jonglei state

Mach Samuel, Executive Director of the jonglei Institute for Peace, Democracy and Development, Bor-based civil society group in jonglei state

September 4, 2016 (SSB) — It has been five years since the visit of incumbent president Salva Kiir Mayardit to Bor town Jonglei State to launch disarmament of civilians and witness the signing of peace accord by six paramount chiefs of former Jonglei state communities of Jie, Kachipo, Anyuak, Murle, Nuer and Dinka in 2012.

I have tried to count President Kiir’s trips to neighboring and Western countries and Internal trips regarding his campaigns against major rival Riek Machar. Most of you may conclude that President Kiir has made many trips abroad than expected internal trips to war affected regions not even 45 minutes helicopter flight to Bor town the foundation of South Sudan to boost the morale of SPLA gallant forces and that of his true loyalists (Greater Bor citizen) because your external relation especially with IGAD countries has failed South Sudan something I thought should have been employed with the youth and affected people of our nation.

African powerful leaders have remained in power throughout many years because of internal diplomacy to persuade soldiers and citizens fight for the right course. For instance President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni visited Bor when UPDF army was invited to bilateral defense but president Kiir failed to use the opportunity to boast the moral and consolidate Greater Bor people who lost thousands of lives and livelihood in their support for current government.

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By Lino Lual Lual, Juba, South Sudan

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September 4, 2016 (SSB) — In response to James Ladu Modi‘s column name (The Truth) title, who are we to threaten the UNSC? Publish by Juba monitor daily English newspaper on Friday 2/9 2011.As if he, (James Ladu) still don not know himself up to now. But for me and the rest of my readers, it was on the 9/July 2011, when we have known ourselves as citizens from the Republic of South Sudan. Meaning, an Independent country from any foreign rules on this World apart from doing it for the interest of South Sudan government policy like what just writer who supposed to rename his column from truth, James Ladu fail here to understand.

Doesn’t he, James Ladu have age assessment certificate, Nationality, Boma, Payam, County State, Country or are is he not relying on South Sudanese Pound in order to identify himself where do he belong? According to South Sudan Compromise Peace Agreement not like Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement which was planes and force on the elected government of South Sudan by UNSC, AU and some countries in IGAD in August 2015 at freedom Hall signed by the president Salva Kiir Mayardit has comes to effect not because of the agreement articles fulfilled but because of symphysis and love of South Sudan government to it citizens.

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By Deng Kur Deng, Pennsylvania, USA

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September 2, 2016 (SSB) — In the last couple of months, many citizens of Jonglei have overwhelmingly expressed their excitement in regard to the new Jonglei State. Previously, Jonglei has experienced enormous security issues–some of which have carried over to the current Jonglei state. Our people’s priorities are seeking ways to resolve these security issues, but there are many other concerns that need our collective attention, especially from our leaders. Also known as Greater Bor, Jonglei State is comprised of many influential politicians who are committed to serving our people’s interests.

Their integrity and unpretentiousness work hand in hand to enhance our approach in addressing issues of unity within the Greater Bor Community at large. Many of our influential Jonglei politicians are: Michael Makuei Lueth, Deng Dau Malek, Dr. Majak Agoot Atem, Kuol Manyang Juuk, Dr. Agot Alier Leek, Aguer Panyang Jot, Philip Thon Leek, and Mama Nyandeng Garang Mabior. Some of these influential leaders have demonstrated their duties, but there are many things that are yet to be addressed in our communities.

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By David Mayen Ayarbior, Juba, South Sudan

riek

Riek Machar Teny, the armed rebel leader

September 2, 2016 (SSB) — To most honest analyst the recent events in Juba have created new dynamics with which the country must live for generations to come. This is not to undermine the effects of unimaginable wanton destruction caused by the civil war (2013-2016). In fact, what happened and is happening in Juba is a continuation of the same episode of the same civil war. It was like a bell which signals another round of a boxing match. The only, but stark, difference is that this is not a match. Millions of lives have already been destroyed, and it looks like the count may continue for a while. The match must reach its logical conclusion that is one man standing.

Yesterday’s peace partner, Dr. Riek Machar, who came to Juba through the doors of JIA decided to escape through jumping over fences and climbing trees. There are two narratives about why he had to choose that rout out, so soon as it were.  One is ‘ours,’ those in government (call us IGs) which we must memorize and parrot according to the script. Whether you are an IG by blood or by association, you must have seen or heard the shooting at J1. In all countries of the world seldom do you hear or watch news of fighting in J1s, did you!? It only happens when there’s a military takeover of government, which we Latin speakers call ‘coup d’état.’

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By Malith Jongkuch Kur, Ontario, Canada

kerry

John Kerry

September 2, 2016 (SSB) — The visit by the U.S.A secretary of State, John Kerry, to East Africa last week has created new dynamics in the implementation of the peace process in South Sudan. Kerry’s comments in Nairobi concerning the “replacement” of Mr. Riek Machar with Taban Deng are quite encouraging. They underline the facts that the peace process belongs to South Sudanese, not those who want to sacrifice the future of the country for the sake of personal gains.

This article, therefore, is a brief reflection on the impact of the shift in American policy toward South Sudan with regard to the political development within the SPLM-IO as the country moves forward with the implementation of the peace agreement. This shift in American foreign policy toward South Sudan’s implementation of the peace process will definitely have some bearings on the regional politics that fuels the war in South Sudan.

In general, the impact of the message that Kerry delivered to the Horn of Africa last week on the South Sudanese political situation is arguably significant because what South Sudan needs at the moment are pragmatic political and economic moves to consolidate peace and security throughout the country. These moves include isolating those who stand on the way to ending the war.

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By Ariik Atekdit Mawien, Juba, South Sudan

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August 30, 2016 (SSB) — It had been hard talk in Juba and elsewhere in South Sudan, in the foreign cities and indeed among foreign diplomats and politicians of interest in South Sudan’s politics when quickly war erupted once again in Juba.

The process of the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS) that had then designated Dr Riek Machar to be the FVP in South Sudan has been indeed bumpy. The road has never been smooth and flat from the time signatories put down their signatures on the paper of ARCISS agreement.

Both South Sudanese warring parties had blamed many times the IGAD mediators for their bad intentions to impose an agreement that reads their interest on the country against South Sudanese interests. Analysts and writers had tried to speak out the truths that should have been done but all that went into their deaf ears and we ended up saying that ‘bad peace is better than good war’.

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