Archive for the ‘Junub Sudan’ Category


Malith Alier, Sydney, Australia

Saturday, 20 July, 2019 (PW) – “Traumatised” was the description used by former South Sudan ambassador to the UN, Mr. Francis Mading Deng, to described South Sudanese behaviour post CPA and resultant independence. Many people including this author protested this depiction. We thought that even if that was the case, it shouldn’t have come from the highest voice of the country to the body of all nations.

There is a saying in  Jieng that “nobody allows their camp to be infiltrated” at any time – day or night. Francis Deng should have not, so we thought, allowed foreign nations picked into South Sudan affairs so easily by saying something like that.

For sure, some of us might have revised their thoughts in regard to the issue of trauma and the past long war between the north and the south. The unmitigated violence since 2013, armed or otherwise may be a result of trauma or paranoia. It may have inadvertently become a culture of settling disputes; big or small.

A week or so ago, the minister of information from Jonglei state released information about an incident that happened at the only university in the state. That a student was assaulted by unknown assailant in Bor. The chain reaction grew into its own magnitude only normal in the nascent state of South Sudan. A student-courting-a-local-girl. The student-assaulted-by-known-stickman. The student-taken-to-hospital. Fellow-students-on-regional-solidarity-mobilised-and-assaulted-a-tea-woman-to-revenge. If the chain reaction  is unbroken, it may involve parents of the girl and the relatives of the tea woman taking the law into their own hands and you know what the perfect storm would look like. John Garang University would be locked down and the war of words begin between the states.

The universities in this country proved  not to be immune from the every day violence we see before us. The violence that has displaced millions in to refugee camps. The violence that made million internally displaced people. The violence that has made thousands orphans. The same violence that killed over 500,000 would be productive citizens has permeated into echelons of learning, the universities!

Juba university experienced this kind of violence just before the country’s independence. Students were pitted against one another based on regional or tribal spectrum.

“The university rush” may not challenge or change a lot of things in the short-term. This is so, because students still believe in the cattle camp way of solving conflicts. This is the proverbial “zebra going to America” which returns the same zebra physical  features and  the accompanying animal instincts.

The minister of information in that state would want to diminish the issue at hand by saying that it shouldn’t be magnified. She considers it as minor. This shouldn’t be the case. Garang university was established over ten years ago and nobody should consider this as one of the “teething problems.”

John Garang’s Memorial University of Science and Technology brand may be tarnished by the actions of it’s recalcitrant sons and daughters. It doesn’t matter what state, region or part of the world they come from.

One thing people who are seeking knowledge should be aware of is the sensitivity to local cultures. If you come from South Sudan you’re aware of the significance communities attached to their daughters. Students should respect local customs and cultures. This is the ultimate guide to going places.

 

 


Governor Maker Thing Maal of Jonglei State has announced his new government with 53% of the portfolios from Bor County, 26% from Twic East County and 21% from Duk County. In comparison, the previous government of Governor Philip Aguer Panyang was composed of 53% for Bor County, 27% for Twic East County and 20% for Duk County.

By PaanLuel Wel, Nairobi, Kenya

Wednesday, July 17, 2019 (PW) – Here is the tribocratic analysis of the new government of Jonglei state, announced by Governor Maker Thiong Maal.

(a) Summary of Governor Maker Thiong Maal’s New Government of Jonglei state
County Position per County Percentage share per County Jur/Locality Position per Jur Percentage share per Jur
Bor 10 52.6% Juor-Gok 6 31.5%
Juor-Athooch 4 21.1%
Twic East 5 26.3% Juor-Lith 4 21.1%
Juor-Roor 1 5.3%
Duk 4 21.1% Hol Dinka 3 15.7%
Nyarweng Dinka 1 5.3%
Total 19 100% 19 100%
(b) Summary of Governor Philip Aguer Panyang’s Previous Government of Jonglei state
County Position per County Percentage share per County Jur/Locality Position per Jur Percentage share per Jur
Bor 8 53.3% Juor-Gok 6 40.0%
Juor-Athooch 2 13.3%
Twic East 4 26.7% Juor-Lith 3 20.0%
Juor-Roor 1 6.7%
Duk 3 20.0% Hol Dinka 2 13.3%
Nyarweng Dinka 1 6.7%
Total 15 100% 15 100%
           

The tribocratic analysis of the new government of Jonglei state, announced by Governor Maker Thiong Maal.

(c) Governor Maker Thiong Maal’s New Government for Jonglei State
County Jur S/No. Name Position Payam Community
Bor (52.7%) Juor-Gok (31.6%) 1 Hon. Maker Thing Maal Governor Anyidi Palek
2 Hon. Agot Alier Leek Special Affair Advisor Anyidi Palek
3 Dr. Mach Majier Ghai Mayor of Bortown Anyidi Palek
4 Hon. John Dut Kuch Minister for Agriculture Makuach Ater
5 Hon. Rachael Amuor Pach Minister for Gender and Social Welfare Makuach Koch
6 Hon. Ayom Mach Jok Minister for Physical Infrastructure Kolnyang Abii
Juor-Athooch (21.1%) 7 Hon. kwai Deng Kwai Minister for Health Baidit Angakuei
8 Hon. Ajok Jacob Kuot Minister for Finance Baidit Pathuyith
9 Hon. Isaac Mamer Ruuk Peace Advisor Jalle Alian
10 Hon. Lith Aluong Kang Social Welfare Advisor Jalle Aboudit
Twic East (26.4%) Juor-Lith (21.1%) 1 Hon. Diing Akol Diing (Diing-Malak) Deputy Governor Kongor Kongor
2 Hon. Deng Ajang Duot Political Affairs Advisor Kongor Kongor
3 Hon. Abel Manyok Ajak Minister for Education Lith (Wernyol) Adhiok
4 Hon. Dut Achuek Lual Minister for Labor & Public Service Nyuak Dachuek
Juor-Roor (5.3%) 5 Hon. Deng Alier Mading Minister for Youth & Sport Pakeer (Maar) Pakeer
None None Ajuong (Paliau) Ajuong
Duk (21.1%) Hol Dinka (15.8%) 1 Amb. Manyang Awuol Padiet Speaker of the state Assembly Duk Padiet Hol
2 Hon. Atong Kuol Manyang Minister for Information Duk Padiet Hol
3 Hon. Jacob Akech Dengdit Youth Affairs Advisor Duk Padiet Hol
Nyarweng Dinka (5.3%) 4 Hon. Elijah Maduk Yuang Minister for Local Government Duk Payuel Nyarweng

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made is the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website. If you want to submit an opinion article, commentary or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website do reserve the right to edit or reject material before publication. Please include your full name, a short biography, email address, city and the country you are writing from.

Governor Maker Thiong Maal Announces a New Government for Jonglei State

Posted: July 16, 2019 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Governor Maker Thing Maal of Jonglei State has announced his government with 50% of the portfolios from Bor County; 30% from Twic East and 20% from Duk County

Governor Maker Thiong Maal Announces a New Government for Jonglei State

1. Hon. Diing Akol Diing (Diing-Malak) the Deputy Governor

2. Advisor on special Affair. Agot Alier Leek

3. Hon. Lith Aluong Kang Advisor on social welfare

4. Hon. Abel Manyok Ajak the Minister for Education

5. Hon. Dut Achuek Lual the Minister for Labor & Public Service.

6. Hon. Rachael Amuor Paach the Minister for Social Welfare.

7. Hon. kwai Deng Kwai the Minister for Health

8. Hon. Dut Kuch the Minister for Agriculture

9. Hon. Deng Alier Mading the Minister for Youth & Sport

10. Hon. Elijah Maduk Yuang the Minister for Local Government

Those who maintained their positions.

1. Hon. Ajok Jacob Kuot the Minister for Finance

2.Hon. Atong Kuol Manyang the Minister for Information

3. Hon. Deng Ajang Duot , Advisor for Political Affairs

4. Hon. Isaac Mamer Ruuk , Advisor for Peace

5. Hon. Akec Dengdit , Advisor for Youth Affairs

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Divided by Defeat and Prophecy, Riek Machar Post Up for Grab

Posted: July 13, 2019 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By Deng Vanang, Kampala, Uganda

Saturday, July 13, 2019 (PW) — Blame game is fast sweeping across every nook and cranny of SPLM/A-IO’s territory like a tornado. Target of divisive blame is Machar, IO’s pre-eminent Chairman and commander-In-Chief. Few, if not none, never knew a few weeks earlier his three-decade old helm in Naathland could come down crumbling in a wink, giving credence to Winston Churchill’s maxim: a week in politics is a long time.

The trigger of rebellion that saw IO’s Nuer-based media sharply divided is one Chief Brown Both Bol, the vernacular ‘’Nuer International Radio-America {NIRA}’’ supremo previously supportive of Machar’s every move either upward or down the spiral. Chief Brown as widely and fondly known, has his back pinned against the wall in recent days while under hell of fire from another IO’s alternative medium’s rocket propelled grenades.

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Tributes in Living Memory to Gen. Gabriel Achuoth Deng: Celebrating the Inspirational Life and Times of a South Sudanese Iconic Freedom Fighter and Veteran Politician, Gen. Achuoth Deng Achuoth (Kärkäwään)

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

Eulogy of Gen. Gabriel Achuoth Deng: Celebrating the Life and Times of Gen. Achuoth Deng Achuoth (Kärkäwään)
Eulogy of Gen. Gabriel Achuoth Deng: Celebrating the Life and Times of Gen. Achuoth Deng Achuoth (Kärkäwään)

Monday, July 7, 2019 (PW) — On the 16th of May, 1983, when the war of liberation struggle broke out in Bor, Jonglei State, the leadership of the Underground Movement dispatched Gen. Gabriel Achuoth Deng Achuoth (Deng-Kärkäwään) to Khartoum to warn and enlighten their members in the north that the new armed revolutionary movement, occasioned by the mutiny in Bor, was not going to be the usual South Sudanese reactionary movement fixated on the ‘Southern Problem’ at the expenses of the rights, justice and freedom for the marginalized people of the Sudan. In his book, Wars and a New Vision for the Sudan: A Political Lesson, which was published in 2005, Gen. Achuoth Deng-Kärkäwään explained thus: “When John Garang withdrew from Bor for Ethiopia, it was the same time that I left for Khartoum. This was to come and explain to the forces of the revolution in that part of the country the objective of the new movement. That the new movement should not be mistaken as the usual Southern reactionary movement for the separation of the South.”[1]

The Underground Movement was established by progressive officers of the Anyanya One movement as a result of the fallout from the aborted coup d’état in Lobone against the leadership of Gen. Joseph Lagu in 1972 following the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement. These progressive officers, on whose behalf Captain John Garang wrote his historical 1972 letter to Gen. Joseph Lagu, were bitterly opposed to the signing of the Addis Ababa Accord, in preference for the continuation of war for the total liberation and separation of South Sudan. After the failure of their coup against their boss, Gen. Joseph Lagu, and their subsequent absorption into the Sudanese army as per the stipulations of the 1972 peace accord, the progressive officers formed a clandestine organization, the Underground Movement, within the rank and file of the national army. Their first leader was Gen. Emmanuel Abuur Nhial (Abuur-Matuong) and then Gen. Albino Akol Akol after the killing of Gen. Emmanuel Abuur Nhial in 1976 and later by Col. John Garang after his return from the USA in 1982.

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Tributes in living memory to Comrade Deng Kuot Thiech, popularly known as Deng-Panan aka Makur ku Magak, one of the most iconic and inspirational musicians of the of the liberation struggle

Tributes in living memory to Comrade Deng Kuot Thiech, popularly known as Deng-Panan aka Makur ku Magak, one of the most iconic and inspirational musicians of the of the liberation struggle
Tributes in living memory to Comrade Deng Kuot Thiech, popularly known as Deng-Panan aka Makur ku Magak, one of the most iconic and inspirational musicians of the of the liberation struggle
Tributes in living memory to Comrade Deng Kuot Thiech, popularly known as Deng-Panan aka Makur ku Magak, one of the most iconic and inspirational musicians of the of the liberation struggle
Tributes in living memory to Comrade Deng Kuot Thiech, popularly known as Deng-Panan aka Makur ku Magak, one of the most iconic and inspirational musicians of the of the liberation struggle
Tributes in living memory to Comrade Deng Kuot Thiech, popularly known as Deng-Panan aka Makur ku Magak, one of the most iconic and inspirational musicians of the of the liberation struggle
Tributes in living memory to Comrade Deng Kuot Thiech, popularly known as Deng-Panan aka Makur ku Magak, one of the most iconic and inspirational musicians of the of the liberation struggle
Tributes in living memory to Comrade Deng Kuot Thiech, popularly known as Deng-Panan aka Makur ku Magak, one of the most iconic and inspirational musicians of the of the liberation struggle
Tributes in living memory to Comrade Deng Kuot Thiech, popularly known as Deng-Panan aka Makur ku Magak, one of the most iconic and inspirational musicians of the of the liberation struggle
Tributes in living memory to Comrade Deng Kuot Thiech, popularly known as Deng-Panan aka Makur ku Magak, one of the most iconic and inspirational musicians of the of the liberation struggle

By Willy Mayom Maker, Canada

Friday, July 5, 2019 (PW) — I’ve just learned the untimely demise of one of the South Sudanese legends, Comrade Deng Kuot (well known as Deng Apanan or Deng Makur). What a great lost! Deng Kuot’s contributions were immense. Even though he was one of the unsung heroes, Deng Apanan had sung to the nation throughout his life. From traditional songs to Christian hymns to revolutionary songs, the legend had left legacies in every route he’d taken. 

In the early days of the SPLA, Deng Apanan often unleashed his powerful voice over the radio, singing revolutionary songs, each song flavored with culturally significant boasting phrases: “Makur ku Magak; aa thuet agut cit men!” – Loosely translating, “Makur and Magak [personnel oxen] are suckling up to now!” 

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My home is beautiful

Posted: July 4, 2019 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan, Poems., Sally Nyalony Gatwang

By Nyalony Gatwang, Kampala, Uganda

My home is really beautiful,

The gorgeousness of the sun set is never told,

The green grass is the life to many,

The soil of my home, is so clean but told dirty.

 –

My home is really beautiful,

It’s just filled with wolves,

With the Medusa,

With callous souls,

With hyenas not lions.

 –

My home is really beautiful,

The hope of the IDPs is real,

The optimism of the disabled is in heart,

The faith of the Christians is love.

 –

My home is really beautiful,

With parents to guide me,

A sister to Polish,

Elders to tell me what i don’t know,

A brother to protect,

A neighbor to love,

And land to own .

 –

My home is really beautiful,

Even though we are in streets,

Even if we still shade blood,

Even if we still loot,

Even if we still rape,

Even if we still force marriage.

My home is really beautiful…

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made is the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website. If you want to submit an opinion article, commentary or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website do reserve the right to edit or reject material before publication. Please include your full name, a short biography, email address, city and the country you are writing from.


The Right to Freedom of Expression and the Law of Defamation in South Sudan: A Juristic Analysis

By Tong Kot Kuocnin, Juba, South Sudan

Kerbino Wol Agok and Peter Biar Ajak

I. Introduction

Tuesday, July 02, 2019 (PW) —- Freedom of expression is one of the fundamental rights, which are universally recognized and protected. Indeed, the Constitutions of most countries of the world, including South Sudan, have expressly provided for the protection of this right because of its importance and relevance to the enhancement of personal liberty and democracy. The right to freedom of expression is also protected under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the various regional Instruments and Conventions on human rights, including the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights. Obligations and duties are imposed on the State or its agencies and on individuals to protect and promote human rights and fundamental freedoms.

However, the right to freedom of expression, like most other rights, is not absolute. There are recognized restrictions and exceptions to this right; one of which is to be found in the law of defamation. Thus, the enjoyment of the right to freedom of expression must take into consideration the right of other citizens to protect their reputation. The courts therefore have an important role to play in balancing the conflicting interests between freedom of expression and protection of reputation. This article aims at examining the legal and constitutional guarantee of the right to freedom of expression in South Sudan and the extent to which the law of defamation has restricted the enjoyment of this right. The effectiveness of the South Sudanese courts in striking an acceptable balance between the two conflicting rights and interests in this regard is also examined.

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Importance of Using Information Communication and Technology Education (ICT) In Learning, Teaching and Working Process

By Ustaz John Garang Ayii Riak, Zhejiang, China

The author, Ustaz John Garang Ayii Riak, is a Master’s Degree Student on Comparative Education Program, Zhejiang Normal University, East China
The author, Ustaz John Garang Ayii Riak, is a Master’s Degree Student on Comparative Education Program, Zhejiang Normal University, East China

Tuesday, 02 July 2019 (PW) —- In recent years, several studies and reports have highlighted the opportunities and the potential benefits of using ICT for improving the quality of education and work. ICT is regarded as a “main tool for constructing knowledge culture (UNESCO, 2001). It can be noted that ICT education in schools in the 21st Century continues to face some challenges in developing societies. The European Commission is promoting the use of ICT in learning processes through its eLearning Action Plan, one of the aims of which is “to improve the quality of learning by facilitating access to resources and services as well as remote exchange and collaboration” (Commission of the Europe, 2001).

Information and communication technology (ICT) is a force that has changed many aspects of the way we live. If one was to compare such fields as medicine, tourism, travel business, law, banking, engineering and architecture, the impact of ICT across the past two or three decades has been enormous. The way these fields operate today is vastly different from the ways they operated in the past. But when one looks at education, there seems to have been an uncanny lack of influence and far less change than other fields have experienced. A number of people have attempted to explore this lack of activity and influence (eg. Soloway and Prior, 1996; Collis, 2002).

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By Deng Akok Muoradid, Juba, South Sudan

Molana Deng Gai Gatluak

Monday, June 24, 2019 (PW) — I would like to condemn in the strongest term possible the concocted fake report entitled “Top Leaked Secret” written by some anonymous individuals against Molana Deng Gai Gatluak Deng, a presidential candidate for South Sudan National Youth Union (SSNYU). The unnamed individuals through their politically motivated document falsely attempted to betray and victimize Molana Deng Gai Gatluak and his associates in the broad day light with unfounded allegations.

The individuals who authored such a document were deliverately trying to tarnish the image of committed and loyal supporters of H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardiit like Molana Deng Gai Gatluak for no clear reason. The alleged Secret Report was prepared by its authors at the bar and that is why it was brimful of misleading ideas. Therefore, I want to reiterate frankly clear that, Cde. Deng Gai Gatluak has never met with anyone or any group at Pyramid Hotel.

It’s indisputable that, most of those desperate propagandists are previous NCPs and Arab slaves who were in Khartoum when the real patriotic South Sudanese were fighting the war of liberation for the independence of South Sudan for more than 22 years. They merely joined SPLM recently and wanted to forge a fake loyalty with H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardiit on the pretext of those who remain in the mainstream SPLM in the aftermath of 2013 conflict.

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The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made is the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website. If you want to submit an opinion article, commentary or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website do reserve the right to edit or reject material before publication. Please include your full name, a short biography, email address, city and the country you are writing from.


John Garang’s prophecy

“The history of the Sudanese people has been one of continuous struggle between the oppressed and the oppressors, the invaded and the invaders, between the exploited and the exploiters. From our ancient past to the present day, the Sudanese people have always struggled for freedom, justice, and human dignity and for a better life. Our present revolutionary struggle, spearheaded by the SPLM/SPLA, is an integral part and a continuation of these past struggles of our people. The SPLA recourse to armed struggle in 1983 was a resumption of earlier wars before, during and after colonialism. All these wars and struggles were aimed and are aimed at regaining African dignity and nationhood that has been mutilated over the centuries. If we visit the corridors of history from the biblical Kush to the present, you will find that the Sudan and the Sudanese have always been there. It is necessary to affirm and for the Sudanese to remind themselves that we are a historical People, because there are persistent and concerted efforts to push us off the rails of history. The concept of the African nation must stick and become a living ideological weapon of struggle for the unity of the Africa people. The concept of the African nation with a historical mission and destiny, must be taught in all our schools beginning from childhood, and African students and youth must put pressure, including demonstrations, against African leaders who do not actively promote the cause.”

The late Dr. John Garang, in his paper, delivered on his behalf by Dr. Barnaba Marial Benjamin, to the 17th All Africa Students Conference (AASC), held in Windhoek, Namibia, 28-29th May 2005.

Dr. John Garang: The Man of the People

By PaanLuel Wel, Bor, South Sudan, 23 April 2015

Garang Mabioor Atem Aruai—popularly known as Dr. John Garang—was born on 23rd June 1945 into a peasant Dinka family in Buk Village of the Awulian community, Kongor District in Jonglei State, Upper Nile Region of the historical Sudan. Garang was the sixth of ten children—six boys and four girls—born to Mabioor Atem Aruai from the Awulian clan (Patem, pan-ayen) and Gak Malual Kuol from the Kongor clan (Padool, pareng), both of Twic Dinka from the Greater Bor Dinka Community.

Young Garang left his home district of Kongor at the age of ten after the death of his father to attend school in Bahr el Ghazal. He went to Tonj Primary School (1954), followed by Bussere Intermediate School (1958), and then Rumbek Secondary School (1962) when the Anyanya One war broke out. Just after joining Rumbek Secondary School, teenage Garang was expelled for participating in a Southern-wide student-led strike—one that was fomented by the legendary Southern freedom fighter, Marko Rume.

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Can we trust the government in Juba to protect and preserve the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of South Sudan: The case of the Ilemi Triangle involving Juba, Nairobi and Addis Ababa? I think the answer, based on the track records of the government in Juba, is simply NO. The government of Kenya and Ethiopia will definitely and naturally do everything within their powers to cater to the interests of their respective nations and citizens; however, the same thing can’t be said for the government of South Sudan. Therefore, the fossilized issue of the Ilemi Triangle should be pushed to the foreseeable future when we shall, once more, be on our firm feet — to have settled our internal differences before embarking on resolving bilateral disputes with other nations, which are numerous: with Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, DR Congo and Ethiopia — PaanLuel Wel Mediai Editorial note

June 20, 2019

To: Hon. Peter Marcello Jelenge, Chairperson, IBC

Presented by: Hon. Peter O. Kleto Aharanya.

Friday, June 20, 2019 (PW) — Dear Hon. Chairperson, On June 18, 2019, It was announced that officials from the ministries of foreign affairs of Kenya and South Sudan respectively agreed to find amicable solution to the question of Ilemi triangle. It is worth noting that ilemi triangle has long been an area of interest both during colonial and post-colonial eras because of its strategic location to Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda and Sudan, and with the new discovery of Oil, huge deposit of gold, uranium and other minerals, Kenya is now trying to assume the area as its own official territory and this is the point of contention between Kenya and South Sudan and most importantly the people of Eastern Equatoria who are inhabitants of this important area called the “ilemi triangle. There has been inter-ethnic conflicts between the Akara( Toposa), South Sudan, Turkana of Kenya, and Nyangatom of Ethiopia in the area. When the colonial government allowed the Turkana to move freely into the Sudanese territory of ilemi triangle for grazing and water, it was under the understanding that they do it with respect and knowing that the land belongs to the Sudan.

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By Malith Alier, Sydney, Australia

The Genius of Dr. John Garang: Speeches on the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) Paperback – November 26, 2015 by Dr. John Garang (Author), PaanLuel Wël (Editor)

Tuesday, June 18, 2019 (PW) — I wanted to have a different title for this piece but because I found another piece on wordpress.com authored in remembrance of another person of the same name as our John, I had no choice but to follow the lead. The similarities may not be striking but the first names and the titles have a perfect symmetry one can’t ignore. Well, Dr. John Garang is a character many will cite in political discourse maybe until the end of the earth/world.

We’re right now in June and July the month Dr. John perished on the fateful chopper crash on the mountains close to Uganda. John was heading to his beloved Newsite between Narus and Ngatinga in what is now known as Kapoeta State. When the news broke that evening of the 29 July 2005, I was putting final touches to my studies at Murdoch University in Western Australia.

I didn’t, as an individual believed that what was unfolding before the world was going to have a long lasting impact for another generation in South Sudan. The news was mildly headlined as ” A helicopter Carrying Sudan’s First Vice President has Disappeared.” Has disappeared, what a joke?” Many rhetorical questions came forth chief among them was why did the chopper leave Entebbe Airport for the bushes of Southern Sudan late in the evening?

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