Archive for the ‘Junub Sudan’ Category

The Puzzling Pragmatic Patriarchy of the Sudan Over South Sudan

Posted: September 22, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

“We honor the human capacity to manage our collective lives with peace and even, at times, dignity” – Barbour & Wright

James Okuk (PhD), Juba, South Sudan

Saturday, September 22, 2018 (PW) — The political process of the Sudan and South Sudan has largely been determined by shifting situations of war and peace, traceable to the history of the entry of Arabs into the Sudan as legitimized by the Baqt (652 – 1323 AD). That treaty spelt out the patriarchal soft invasion, free movement and safe residence of Arabs under guise of trade—using Nile Valley, Route Forty of Sahara Desert, Mediterranean-Transatlantic Maritime Routes and Red Sea-Indian Ocean Routes with connection to Asian Silk and Belt Roads.

It obliged the indigenous African natives to cease raids on the entering Arabs (Jellaba) in return of guaranteeing them the Peace of God and blessings of Prophet Mohamed. The local inhabitants had to build mosques, pay annual tribute of 300 slaves and deport fugitives or opposition elements back to the Arab Umayyad Dynasty in Egypt.

While the Land of Cush was grappling with effects of the unfair Baqt, the Treaty of Westphalia (1648 AD) was already marking a critical juncture of political secularism as sanctified by equal freedom of the powerful sovereign nations with ‘pecking-order’ for the less powerful ones. Within the trends of the nation state, Thomas Hobbes endorsed the idea of patriarchal authority in the Leviathan (1651) where he argued for necessity of absolute sovereign to enforce security and peace, to prevent “war of all against all”, and to avoid subjecting the citizens to “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short” living.

Also Sir Robert Filmer promoted similar thinking in the Patriarcha (1653) where he defendeddivine right”of kings in the exercise of authority. But James Tyrrell wrote Patriarcha Non Monarcha (1681), John Locke wrote Two Treatises of Government (1689) and Algernon Sidney wrote Discourses Concerning Government (1698) to rebut the “divine right” theory. Their argument centered on the “natural right” and the “social contract” theories for justifying the legitimacy of any government. (more…)

A Peace Agreement Signed in Khartoum Left Me With Doubts: Is it Real?

Posted: September 21, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By Deng Kur Deng, Pennsylvania, USA

Friday, September 21, 2018 (PW) — First, in recognition of the Khartoum Speedy Peace Agreement (KSPA) success, I would like to acknowledge H.E., the President Salva Kiir Mayardit for his courage in signing the peace agreement in Khartoum, Sudan—a place known for dishonesty. At the very start of the peace process in Khartoum, I was in disbelief and dismayed that we, the South Sudanese, who fought vigorously against Khartoum had to seek their help to gain stability for our country.

Isn’t that something? Definitely. This led me to ask the question, is this peace real?  Many of us are curious whether the peace signed by President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek Machar is genuine. The harrowing peace under The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) seemed to be designed for the continued long-suffering of the South Sudanese and has made this peace agreement signed in Khartoum extraneous.

The Authenticity of the peace is in its details, which gave South Sudanese leaders the confidence to sign, but concerned citizens have little faith in accepting and acknowledging peace coming from Khartoum as it may have an unworthy elements with facts yet to be unearthed or revealed fully. The peace comes with consequences the people don’t seem to understand, which has prompted many to ask questions about the integrity of the Sudanese government and their Khartoum Speedy Peace Agreement.


What is the fate of South Sudan’s Revitalized Peace Accord?

Posted: September 21, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By Yanta Daniel Elisha, Juba, South Sudan

Friday, September 21, 2018 (PW) — South Sudan’s revitalized peace accord signed on September 12, 2018 in Addis Abba, Ethiopia has created a billion questions in the mind of the world and particularly of the South Sudanese, pondering what will come out of it.  What its fate is remains a lingering question in the mind!

In 2004, a year before the signing of 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in Naivasha, Kenya, there were Miraculous Signs for Peace in Sudan as published on the then Sudan Mirror Newspaper on the column of Humour written by this very author.

The signs were resurrecting fallen dry logs at Waligo and Liwolo areas of Kajo-Keji in Equatoria and their rare forest meeting at Gbari area in Eastern Kajo-Keji. Forests are symbolic in many cultures. Among the Aringa people of Uganda, there is a strong belief that one can only be confirmed a man after passing through seven thick forests. The seven thick forests symbolise ordeals, a man has to encounter to succeed in life.


South Sudan: God Grew Tired of US

Posted: September 21, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie Once made Shashamane in1948 as a settlement of Rastafarians nationals in diaspora: A South Sudan case study

By Dut Agostino Agei, Oslo, Norway.

‘’ For 14 years I lived without a family of blood relatives in the refugee camps of Pinyudu and Kakuma I learned that if you do not have a family, you must make a family in order to survive, in John Bul Dau film, God Grew Tired of us’’

Friday, September 21, 2018 (PW) — In several occasion the republic of Ethiopia is always a South Sudan case study. The South Sudanese like for Ethiopia in general can be summaries in different ways. Across several nations that border South Sudan the republic of Ethiopia carries the greatest interest of South Sudan not only in people relations but also in history that can be dated back to the African system of socialisms and in the horn of Africa.

When there was political instability in the Sudan and in South Sudan most of the Sudanese peace agreements were convened in Addis Ababa Ethiopia. Also in history the Ethiopian relations with South Sudanese in particular happened to be a better relations and therefore two Countries influence each other culturally. In different dimensions in the bible the Sudan and Ethiopia almost have similar descriptions simply because of Nile rivers and eventually the relations like no other in Africa, politically, economically and even socially. (more…)

JMEC: “There are no beneficiaries to the conflict”.

Posted: September 21, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

PRESS RELEASE: 21 September 2018, Juba, South Sudan

Friday, September 21, 2018 (PW) — The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) has appealed to the people of South Sudan to embrace working together for the good of the country and further stated that there are no beneficiaries to the conflict in South Sudan.

While addressing dignitaries and attendees at the celebrations for UN International Day of Peace at the Nyakuron Cultural center in Juba on Friday 21 September, the Ag. Deputy Chief of Staff- Strategy, Dr. Thomson Fontaine added that when the country suffers, everyone is affected.


Racing against the odds: Lion, Leopard and Hyena in a cage

Posted: September 21, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By John Agata, Nakuru, Kenya

Friday, September 21, 2018 (PW) — Lion, Leopard and Hyena in a cage is what I envision of country X(name withheld for security reasons), when every soul that was part of peace ‘harvesting’ settle in the aforementioned country.

For your information and your attention, I am no enemy of peace nor development. But truth, pure truth without fear or favor must be told.

If you’re not seeing any problem in the aforementioned cage then you’re one.

Lions are what are called “top level predators” and are not preyed on by other animals and you know who the lions are. (more…)

R-ARCSS: Salient features of South Sudan latest peace deal

Posted: September 20, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, Kampala, Uganda

Thursday, September 20, 2018 (PW) — Last week, the government of South Sudan under President Salva Kiir, various armed and unarmed opposition groups and other parties, including the SPLM/A-IO led by Dr Riek Machar, signed a peace deal called Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan R-ARCSS aimed at ending the civil war in the youngest nation.

The signing of the R-ARCSS is a result of the Igad-led revitalisation process of the 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan ARCSS which remains largely unimplemented due to the resumption of armed conflict in July 2016.

The R-ARCSS provides for the establishment of a Revitalised Transitional Government of National Unity (RTGoNU) whose term of office shall be thirty-six (36) months, commencing eight (8) months after signing of the R-ARSS (as of September 12) or on completion of redeployment of “necessary unified forces.” (more…)

Khartoum Declaration Agreement: The Signed Copy of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCISS), 12 September 2018  (PDF)

CEPO Fact sheet on the final proposal on outstanding issues on governance

CEPO Fact sheet on the final proposal on outstanding issues on governance

CEPO Fact Sheet on the Expected Agreement on Outstanding Issues on Governance




Thursday, September 20, 2018 (PW) — This announcement serves to inform the members of the people’s Movement, the SPLM/SPLA (IO), and the public at large regarding the sustained, malicious misinformation by the propaganda machine of the regime. These gimmicks have included but are not limited to, extension of the regime’s term illegally, pretending that the Khartoum Declaration on Agreement (KDA) and the bilateral security and oil agreements by Juba, with Khartoum and Entebbe, where the final agreement; the President granting amnesty to the leader of the people’s Movement, Dr. Riek Machar Teny-dhurgon; and now the Minister of Information, Michael Makuei Lueth, is trying to insinuate that your Movement is not serious about peace, because we are not even considering the duplicitous invitation by President Salva Kiir, which is not on the Peace Agenda.

The leadership of the SPLM/SPLA (IO) would like to remind President Salva Kiir and his Minister of Information, that we are ending a civil war, not a domestic dispute; therefore, the return to Juba and every other issue shall be addressed according to the provisions of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCISS). The R-ARCISS shall serve as the agenda for peace during the Transitional Period, and the SPLM/SPLA (IO) calls on members to educate themselves and the public at large about the provisions of the R-ARCISS, in order to avoid the sorts of malicious propaganda by the known hardliners of the regime, who are the real beneficiaries of war in our country and whose intent is to derail the peace process. (more…)

South Sudan: Hope Against Hope

Posted: September 20, 2018 by mayendengdit in Junub Sudan

Press Release by Free Citizens Red Flag League (RFL)

Wednesday, 19 September 2018 (PW) –  Free Citizens Red Flag League (RFL) would like to cautiously welcome the recently concluded IGAD-mediated agreement between the government of South Sudan and some armed and unarmed opposition leaders.

Given the fact that the current senseless and regrettable episodes of citizens slaughter by armed groups is exclusively a consequence of an elitist power struggle, it should essentially be a positive when some of these political elites decide to silence the guns and give peace a chance, no matter how remote it may look.

In spite of that, it is also important to recognize that the same individuals who claim to have led their communities in the exercise of self-defense may not and cannot have the power to suspend that inherent right just by taking government positions in Juba. It will take far much more than just going to Juba and getting their hands on Ministerial budgets, which may end up to be the case. (more…)

What next after our leaders have inked this agreement?

By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan


Monday, 17 September 2018 (PW) — According to some critics, they call it a politics when we talk about issues, those that are surrounding our daily lives. They went further, to criticised the institutions where the writers who always contribute bitter facts graduated or pursuing their degrees from, to call them as institutions in the handbags. I call this as a misplaced criticism because an institution with buildings cannot fit in the metallic box leave alone handbag, unless the critics say, “some institutions with mode of study in handbags” this’s where I’d literally agree with them.

What I always say about this destructive criticism is that, even a sword must have a very powerful holder in order to slay enemies perfectly and if the holder is too weak, then his perceived or real enemies would grow in his watch. That’s that. Today, let’s talk about four issues and their solution throughout the implementation of the recently signed agreement. These are, “the want-to-haves, the have-not & the haves,” and lastly, “the governing authorities”.

First, let start it with the want-to-haves. The peace is signed only between the want-to-have and the government. I assumed, the want-to-haves are happy because they’ll have what they’ve desired all along. Though the war has been blanketed in civilians’ oppression by the rebels, it’s just a war of positions to be sincere and the evidence is that, if the reactionaries are reinstated in their positions, they’d close their mouths and feed their accounts with public funds. This time, there’s hope that they’ll not agitate this peace anymore.


IGAD: Riek Machar can stay in the country of his choice until he goes to Juba

Posted: September 17, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in HLRF, IGAD, Junub Sudan

For immediate release



The IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government held its 33rd Extra-Ordinary Summit on 12th September 2018, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia under the Chairmanship of H.E. Dr Abiy Ahmed, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Chairperson of the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government to deliberate on the final status of the Revitalized Agreement of Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS).

The Assembly was attended by H.E Ismail Omar Guelleh, President of the Republic of Djibouti; Cabinet Secretary Amb. Monica Juma representing H.E Uhuru Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya; H.E. Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, President of the Republic of Somalia; H.E Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic of South Sudan; H.E. Omar Hassan Al-Bashir, President of the Republic of Sudan; and H.E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of the Republic of Uganda.

The Summit was also attended by H.E Amb. Mahboub Maalim, the Executive Secretary of IGAD; H.E Festus G. Mogae, the Chairperson of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC); H.E Dr. Ismail Wais, IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan.

The Special Envoys and High Representatives of the AU, UN, EU, the Co-Chairperson of the IGAD Partners Forum (IGAD-IPF), the representatives of the Troika on South Sudan (US, UK, Norway), and representatives of China were also present at the opening session and made statements. (more…)

By Telar Ring Deng, Juba, South Sudan

Monday, September 17, 2018 (PW) — On the cold morning of 9th September, 2018, we were all in utter shock and bewilderment at the very tragic accident that occurred in Eastern Lakes State when a Plane crashed into a lake claiming 20 lives, 3 were seriously injured and further reports stated that 3 others were still missing.

It has equally been reported that this very same plane not too far ago had a near mishap when in Pibor as it was transporting passengers. Despite air transport being recognized as the safest mode of transport, in South Sudan we have had far too many plane crashes that have remained unresolved. Furthermore, it appears as though our systems are so weak to the point that we were glad that the names of those on the ill-fated plane were made public. (more…)

President Kiir’s speech during the signing ceremony of the R-ARCSS

Posted: September 15, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

“Young generation of South Sudan are in illusion identity crisis of Beny, Kuär-Midiit and Zoal Kabiīr

By Youhanes Magok Nhial, Juba, South Sudan

Saturday, September 15, 2018 (PW) — South Sudan is the newest nation of East African region, gained her independence from Republic of Sudan to stand on her feet in 2011 after a devastating civil war that last for more than four decades since 1955. The population of this landlocked country according to the 2008 Sudan Housing and Population Census is estimated to be 12 million. However, no wide and verified census is carried out in the last ten years even after post-independent.

A vast majority of these demography are youth whom constitute 70% of the total population of the country; despite the complete absent of constitutional definition of youth yet other institutions and documentations refer to youth as being between 15 – 35 years old. The young state plunged into crisis in December 2013 amid a power struggle between the Sudan People Liberation Movement SPLM elites causing uncountable death, displacements and total polarization of the state of affairs.

In such devastation, young people turned to be the actors, persecuting the orders of their leaders and military commanders. The war relocate itself to traditional local norms that youth are there to protect village, community from external aggression, prevent cattle ride and to perform activities characterized to fit the men muscular nature. (more…)

Pagan Amum and Thomas Chirillo Reject the Signed Revitalized ARCSS

Posted: September 14, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

“Do not squander this opportunity again”- JMEC tells parties

Posted: September 13, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in History, HLRF, Junub Sudan

“Do not squander this opportunity again”- JMEC tells parties
The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) outgoing Chairperson, H.E. Festus Mogae, on Wednesday appealed to the South Sudan parties not to squander the opportunity to bring lasting peace in South Sudan.

The former President of Botswana was speaking at the 33rd Extra Ordinary Assembly of the IGAD Heads of State and Government held in Addis Ababa. The main agenda of the meeting, was the signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (RARCSS) by all Parties.

In his last speech to the Heads of State as the Chairperson of JMEC, President Mogae said, “It is my earnest hope that the signing of the Revitalized Peace Agreement will herald a new chapter for the Republic of South Sudan”.

“It is important to underline that the HLRF process has afforded all the parties and stakeholders every opportunity, to make their case and reach compromises.  The outcome we are witnessing today is therefore a reflection of a thorough and inclusive process”, he added.

In addition, the President also noted the immense contribution and involvement from various stakeholders that had made the Revitalization Forum a success. In particular, he applauded the South Sudanese parties and Stakeholders, the IGAD Council of Ministers, the IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan, the High-Level Facilitators, the Mediators of the Khartoum phase of the HLRF as well as the International Partners.

“In particular, I want to also acknowledge the contribution of my staff, the JMEC members of the HLRF taskforce, without whom this progress may not have been achieved as timeously as has been the case”, he stated.

While making the remarks, the outgoing Chairperson also used the opportunity, to thank the IGAD Heads of State for his appointment as the Chairperson of JMEC in 2015 as well as the support extended to him during his tenure. He noted how proud he was of the many challenges that the JMEC members had collectively overcome in discharging the mandate of monitoring and evaluating the progress of the implementation of the 2015 Peace Agreement, over the last two years and eight months.

“I am also proud, that through my leadership, we recommended the revitalization of the ARCSS 2015 and today we conclude with a more inclusive peace agreement. This revitalized agreement, if fully implemented, promises sustainable peace and prosperity in the Republic of South Sudan”, he added.

President Mogae steps down as the JMEC Chairperson at the end of September.



The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) was established by terms decreed under Chapter Seven of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS), signed on 17th August 2015 in Addis Ababa.
Under the terms of the Agreement, JMEC shall be responsible for monitoring, overseeing and supporting the implementation of the Agreement and the mandate and tasks of the TGoNU (Transitional Government of National Unity), including adherence of the Parties to agreed timelines and schedules; and in the event of non-compliance, shall recommend appropriate corrective action to the TGoNU.
JMEC is responsible for overseeing the work of CTSAMM (Ceasefire and Transitional Security Monitoring Mechanism), EFMA (Economic and Financial Management Authority), and other transitional institutions created by the Agreement.

By Wol Deng Akech, Lucknow, India

1. Introduction

Tuesday, September 11, 2018 (PW) — At the outset, one should make it clear in this introductory part that this article attempts to cover the legal profession majorly with regard to the Bar Association or Private practicing lawyers other than Public Attorneys and Legal Advisors as provided under Article 135 of the Constitution and the Organization of the Ministry of Justice Act, 2008.

However, minor focus will be made to include judiciary since it is the grantor and protector of the Bill of Rights enumerated in Part II of the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011. It will therefore delve only on the private legal profession as enshrined under Article 136 of the TCSS, 2011 and regulated by the Advocate Act, 2013.

It is in this way that the term lawyer should be understood to carries the same definition as provided under section 5 of the Advocate Act, 2013. It is also one’s wish to underline at this point that this attempt should not in any way be deciphered to means denial of the role and contribution made and achieved by this noble profession of our country in other areas that are not specifically mentioned in this work.

Generally, the article discusses the agreement in brief on main important parts and the role that the legal profession may play. As to the title suggests, the Agreement was negotiated by groups by ability and power of guns and threat they post with other civil/social forces excluded. Sometimes, such social forces are called upon to pen their signatures on the readymade documents. (more…)

When mores decay, the spirit of no-tomorrow rules

By Mabil Manyok Nhial, Gweru, Zimbabwe

Monday, September 10, 2018 (PW) — As I lucidly recollect the work of a revered writer of all times and indeed a mentor to a few, who love putting their ideas in black and white, William Shakespeare was not so wrong when he plausibly asserted “be great in act, as you have been in thought.” It is what we say and do that determines our character and my conscience tells me that character is nothing but a mirror of our own doctrines.

I have always been fidgeting as if bitten by black garden ants whenever I hear and see the ongoing shambolic disintegration of a community, which has always been known as a paragon of logic, common sense and incomparable wisdom. A few who have been so vocal in reprobating such unwarranted behaviour, sometimes fall victims of the circumstances since those, who preach the message of disintegration would not want to see and hear any words that bring us together.

It is common cause that the arrival and reception of Governor Philip Aguer Panyang was punctuated with joy, laudation, relief and lots of positive statements made by not only the citizens of Jonglei but also from other parts of South Sudan as he (the governor) mentioned in his speech in the United States of America recently. His reception was a relief because the Bor Dinka got to know him very well when he was working for humanitarian agency in which he master-minded the construction of airstrips from Cuei Keer to Dukeen which later root off hunger as food security was well supplied under his auspices.


By Willy Mayom Maker, Juba, South Sudan


Monday, September 10, 2018 (PW) — Seriously, are there aviation laws and regulations in South Sudan? Planes are old. Pilots and engineers are new and inexperienced. What a deadly combination! My condolences to the families of those who’ve died in the plane crash in Yirol! I took a plane from Juba to Rumbek 2 years ago, and it was the most dangerous flight I had ever taken! I wrote about that horrible experience last year . You might have read it already…

“I went to a travel agency (name withheld) in Juba. There was a huge queue when I arrived. People were pushing and shoving in the line; the strongest wanted to get in first. Baffled, I queued up behind the last person in the line, not because I had no muscles, but because I felt it was shameful, unethical and animalistic to trample the weakest and force my way in.

Soon, a man arrived, flanked by two armed bodyguards. He was probably a high-ranking officer or minister. His bodyguards moved people out of the way for the man to enter into the office. Obviously, he was travelling somewhere and wanted to purchase a ticket, just like everybody else. But because he had the power and authority, he couldn’t wait in line. An agent emerged to welcome the arriving dignitary. ‘Come in honourable,’ he said. The man went inside with his bodyguards. (more…)