Archive for the ‘Junub Sudan’ Category

Duplicitous Duality: Policies That Have Hampered South Sudan’s Transition to Statehood

By Peter Adwok Nyaba, Nairobi, Kenya

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March 24, 2018 (SSB) — I define socio-political duplicity as the attitudes, behaviours and psychological syndromes that emerge from severe conditions of power asymmetry, which play out in political chicanery, backtracking on promises, political exclusion, economic marginalisation and social discrimination based on race, ethnicity, religion, language or gender, as well as in inferiority and superiority complexes. The socio-political duplicity of the South Sudanese political elite plays out these days as a dichotomised identity that underpins South Sudan’s traumatising predicament.

The Republic of South Sudan became independent, or seceded from the rest of the Sudan, in July 2011 after nearly two centuries of common problematic history. To bring the reader to the same level of understanding, it is imperative to shed some light on the history of the Sudan, which started with the Turco-Egyptian invasion and occupation of northern Sudan in 1821. The Turco-Egyptian state in the Sudan, popularly known as Turkiya, thrived on extraction and plunder of its natural resources, such as gold, elephant tusks, ebony, ostrich feathers and African slaves drawn mainly from southern, central and western Sudan.

The regime was very corrupt and oppressive to both Muslims and non-Muslims. This provoked and united the Sudanese across racial and ethnic lines in a nationalist revolution led by a Muslim cleric called Mohammed Ahmed el Mahdi. This revolution started at Abba Island on the Nile south of Khartoum in 1881 and garnered support from parts of the Sudan, especially Kordofan, Dar Fur, Upper Nile and northern Bahr el Ghazal in the south. The Mahdist forces captured Khartoum in 1885.



By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

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March 24, 2018 (SSB) — It has been a while without having written something in respect to social evils in our society.  This is because I have been engaged in an activity that demands a lot of concentration and attention.

However, it has reached a point where it has become necessary to write something about the activities of VSF Germany in Gok State. VSF Germany is an International German Organization that promotes a holistic approach, integrating human, animal and environmental health, and pursues humanitarian, development, scientific, educational and advocacy objectives. VSF Germany believes that healthy animals, healthy people and a healthy environment are essential for a prosperous future for all of us. In order to promote its objectives, VSF Germany has offices in various countries in the world and in Africa in Particular.

Thus, VSF Germany is currently present in Eastern and Horn of Africa. Its regional office is in Nairobi and field offices in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. Its present in these countries is with purpose. The purpose of VSF Germany is to support pastoralist communities in developing their main source of food and income through animal health and livestock production, which explains the main reason for VSF Germany being currently in Gok State.


By Simon Yel Yel, Kampala, Uganda

Mayen Wol Jong

Mayen Wol Jong, former chief administrator in the office of the president who was sentenced to life imprisonment for allegedly using the seal of the president to steal millions of dollars from Central bank, with other accomplices

March 24, 2018 (SSB) — If the emergence of Hon. Mayen Wol Jong from within the President’s inner circle immediately after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement has taught us anything, it is that President Kiir chooses people who can do work expeditiously and efficaciously irrespective of their blood relation with him, where they hail from, and whether they were or not in the bush with him during the liberation days.

His emergence and climb to the inner circles of the Presidential Palace has been unique, however it is only matched by the collimate emergence of Dr. Riek Gai Kok. As somebody born into unschooled family but went for Laws at the prestigious Sudanese University of Khartoum and who has no blood relations with the President, didn’t join the SPLA, it’s difficult to infer how he sailed to the top as one of the most trusted administrative aide-de-camp of the President.

Such a climb would only be inferred as a trending madness of a workaholic. Indeed, his passion for work, competency clad with administrative skills for a strong and synergistic work output are apparent desired traits and thus had propelled and won him the President’s firm trust. He is a committed personality who judiciously aspires for excellence and especially on matters pertaining nation building.


The Generation Too Deprived to Reason for Their Own Good: The case of the “Seed of Nation, Terap, Jesh el Hamer of the [South] Sudan”

By Reuben G. Panchol, Juba, South Sudan

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March 24, 2018 (SSB) — Nobody cares how much you know, until they know how much you care.” Theodore Roosevelt. Please, chillax and enjoy the ride and don’t forget to leave your comments at end of this piece, after reading it thoroughly; not only by scanning through it, Thanks.

The objective of the article is to wake up my fellow Seeds of the Nation to think critically about the salvation of South Sudan’s innocent children and mothers who are displaced from their homes and are now living in displaced camps inside South Sudan or in neighboring countries as refugees.  Just take a minute and reflect to our olden days! If it pains you like it does me as well, then it is time to think strategically on how to save and shape the image of the South Sudan around globe. Wake up!  Gone are the days when we used to burry our agemates in solidarity.

A doom or failed nation is a nation where young generation are being deceived and misled; South Sudan is no exception. Therefore, it is up to young leaders and followers to open their eyes and avoid a trap set forth by those few egocentric elites, who have copied and pasted a system which they had fought against for last 60 years. It is right time to find a sea to chase them (those elites) into! whether they are in J1 or in the bush/foreign lands; they all deserve a sea (courtesy of Dr. John G. Mabior – RIP). Wake up! Gone are the days when we were forced by some of those elites to erect their fences and fetch water for them in the hot equatorial sun.




Edmunk Yakani, CEPO director

March 23, 2018 (SSB) — Intergovernmental Authority on Development-IGAD will hold a Council of Ministers’ meeting on 26th March 2018 in which, South Sudan situation is on the agenda following IGAD key focus in driving the process of High Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) which intends to invigorate articles of Chapter 1 and 2 of the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS) signed in 2015. IGAD has facilitated two phases of the revitalization process in which the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement was signed on 21st December 2017. On February 5th-16th 2018; some deadlocks on distribution of power were seen during the revitalization of articles of chapter 1 and 2.

Community Empowerment for Progress Organization urges IGAD council of ministers meeting which is due on 26th March, 2018 to focus on strategies of lobbying South Sudan parties to compromise and accommodate each other in a manner that paves way for effective and efficient government. IGAD should stress that the forthcoming arrangements for government in South Sudan is transitional arrangement for short period to deliver the country out of violence.


By Mangar Marial Amerdid, Juba, South Sudan

Anyanya one in the upper nile

Revisiting the Past: The History of Anya-Nya One Movement in the Upper Nile Region

March 23, 2018 (SSB) — This is the history of the Anya-Nya One Movement in the Upper Nile Region under the leadership of Paul Ruot, Paul Adung, Paul Awel and Paul Nyingori.

PART 1: ANYA-NYA MOVEMENT IN UPPER NILE – History indicates that the region of Upper Nile in South Sudan played a pivotal role during the Anya-Nya Movement. Border tribes of the Nuer and Anuak saw extensions of themselves in both Sudan and Ethiopia as their communities neighbored each other. These distinct tribes possessed weaponry which was availed to them by the British administration in order to repel raids by Ethiopians.

Along the period of 1962 and 1963, the call to Southerners to fight for the freedom of Southern Sudan by Sudan African National Union (SANU) and the formation of SANU’s plebiscite branch in Ethiopia galvanized many soldiers, policemen and prison wardens in Upper Nile to join the movement. Upon deserting their respective posts, they formed the “Southern Sudanese Land Freedom Army.” The primary persons who initiated the recruitments of the Southerners were Paul Ruot, Paul Adung, Paul Awel and Paul Nyingori. To discuss these four men, in brief, Paul Ruot, was a Nuer from Thul region close to Waat who graduated from Juba Commercial Secondary School in 1962. He was the only secondary educated recruiter among his three peers. Ruot joined the freedom fighters after being trained as a military cadet. Paul Adung, a Shilluk and the former sergeant of the police in Kodok, organized a camp near Kodok and recruited many Shilluk men to join the freedom fighters. Paul Awel, a Dinka and police corporal, left his station in Akobo alongside 75 other men and joined the freedom fighters in July 1963. While Paul Nyingori, an Anuak from Akobo, had completed intermediate school in 1958 and finished a course in farm management, before becoming a farmer. He left his farm in Akobo and joined the freedom fighters in 1963. In August of 1963, these four military recruiters and many others gathered at the Anya-Nya base that was seven miles from Pachalla. In August, the number of men at the base numbered 300 and by October it had increased to 700.


Names of the 15 South Sudanese Oil Operating Companies and Ministries Sanctioned by the USA gov’t

A Rule by the Industry and Security Bureau on 03/22/2018


President Bush with President Salva Kiir at the Oval Office, White House

This final rule adds the following [15] to the Entity List:

South Sudan

(1) Ascom Sudd Operating Company, a.k.a., the following one alias: —ASOC.

 (2) Dar Petroleum Operating Company, a.k.a., the following one alias: —DPOC. Zhongnan Hotel, on UNMISS Road, South Sudan;

(3) DietsmannNile, Tomping District opposite Arkel Restaurant, two blocks north of Airport Road, Juba, South Sudan;

(4) Greater Pioneer Operating Co. Ltd, a.k.a., the following one alias: —GPOC.

(5) Juba Petrotech Technical Services Ltd, South Sudan;

(6) Nile Delta Petroleum Company, Hai Malakai neighborhood, Juba, South Sudan;

(7) Nile Drilling and Services Company, Hai Amarat, Airport Road, West Yat Building, Third Floor, Juba, South Sudan;Start Printed Page 12477

(8) Nile Petroleum Corporation, a.k.a., the following one alias: —Nilepet. Tomping District opposite Arkel Restaurant, two blocks north of Airport Road, Juba, South Sudan;

(9) Nyakek and Sons, Jubatown District near the Ivory Bank, Juba, South Sudan;

(10) Oranto Petroleum, Referendum Road, Juba, South Sudan;

(11) Safinat Group, South Sudan;

(12) SIPET Engineering and Consultancy Services, a.k.a., the following one alias: —SPECS. Tomping District opposite Arkel Restaurant, two blocks north of Airport Road, Juba, South Sudan;

(13) South Sudan Ministry of Mining, Nimra Talata, P.O. Box 376, Juba, South Sudan;

(14) South Sudan Ministry of Petroleum, Ministries Road, Opposite the Presidential Palace, P.O. Box 376, Juba, South Sudan; and

(15) Sudd Petroleum Operating Co., a.k.a., the following one alias: —SPOC. Tharjath, Unity State, South Sudan.


By Amb. Telar Ring Deng, Nairobi, Kenya

Pagan, Malong and Telar

King Paul Malong Awan with Comrade Pagan Amuom and His Excellency Ambassador Telar Ring Deng

March 22, 2018 (SSB) — I write this open letter in response to the most unfortunate incendiary allegations widely circulated by Hon. Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth and register my utmost disgust and dismay at the allegations posited against my person and circulated to all and sundry with the sole purpose of tarnishing my name.

For starters, it is a fact that is within public domain that my father in law, the late Gen. Andrew Makur Thou has been ailing and was hospitalized in Khartoum. My visit to Sudan was made public from the day I arrived. It is quite unfortunate that you chose to take advantage of this most unfortunate event when we are mourning the passing on of a gallant South Sudanese elder who is also my father in law to spin rhetoric from your very narrow political lenses.

Just to put matters into proper perspective, upon learning of the death of Gen. Makur, the 1st Vice President and Prime Minister of Sudan, H.E. Bakri Hassan Saleh while accompanied by the Chairman of the Joint Chief of Staff General, Engineer, Emad Edeen Mustafa Adawi and his deputy paid us a courtesy call at Gen. Andrew Makur’s residence in Khartoum to condole with the family.


By Awuol Gabriel Arok, Juba, South Sudan

Kiir, Clooney, Prendagast, Oyai, Mayen Wol and Ezekiel Lol

President Kiir, George Clooney, John Prendergast, Oyai Deng Ajak, Mayen Wol and Ezekiel Lol

March 22, 2018 (SSB) — South Sudanese audible gadgets are readily connected into the cracking wall of inquiry in an effort to take notice of what happened and what will happen to the Third Phase of HLRF peace talk.

With many wondering whether the talk is going to be resumed in the same city of Addis Ababa the Amharic word for new flower or could the deep silence leads to the formation of new house roof is the puzzle kit that has been left on the doorway of every South Sudanese.

Our living God has given us all the instructions on how we can go on with our earthly stay; the creator instructed mankind in the books of Mathew 7:7”Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened to you’’ and in Jeremiah 29:13 “You will seek Me and find Me when you search for Me with all your heart.


By David Matiop Gai, Juba, South Sudan


March 22, 2018 (SSB) — The sixty-four (64) tribes in South Sudan must have roles and common agendas for peace, security, public rest and development. The community role for peace and development takes lack of high scales about our environment because what do we have as the community to resolve war issues? But our vulnerability imposed severely today-tomorrow consequences of conflict.

 I was much interested in local community initiatives and community conceptions of conflict resolutions which may later lead to conflict prevention and conflict mitigation. For today role of communities in peace and security upholding benefits in the developmental sector for all sixty-four tribes because there will be no more insecurity that may threaten development.

On other views, communities are multi-sectorial dimensions that will help the government address domestic environment, economic inequalities, and prevent defaming state sovereignty from different structure forms from global, regional, and other warning cross-cuttings.


Appreciation of a Mindful Leader, and a Hero to Many—Gen. Pieng Deng Kuol

By Deng Kur Deng, Pennsylvania, USA

Generals Pieng Deng Majok, Paul Malong Awan and Malual Ayom Dor at the Bor Airport during the second liberation of Bor, 2014

Generals Pieng Deng Majok, Paul Malong Awan and Malual Ayom Dor at the Bor Airport during the second liberation of Bor, 2014

March 22, 2018 (SSB) — In our long-delayed independence, the never-ending suffering of the people of South Sudan was achieved through withstanding a horrible experience. This was something many weren’t prepared to confront, but leaders were wholeheartedly realized, even by very young people.

There are men and women who have experienced excruciating pain, difficulties, and so forth, but they never gave up serving the people in the middle of indescribable suffering, especially among the children. Some of us didn’t even know what the war, that brought so much suffering, was all about until later years.

As is oftentimes stated, a child can differentiate between those who care and those who could care less. In the middle of the mess, women, children, and elderly can only depend on the real one—a leader meant to stand tall in the middle of an unbearable storm of chaos and sorrow.


This speech was delivered on February 4th, 2018                 

By Gen. Lemi Logwonga Lomurö PhD (Cand)

Kiir, Clooney, Prendagast, Oyai, Mayen Wol and Ezekiel Lol

President Kiir, George Clooney, John Prendergast, Oyai Deng Ajak, Mayen Wol and Ezekiel Lol

March 21, 2018 (SSB) — Dear All Delegates of the Opposition groups, allow me to address you, on this great day of our history, as you sit down in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to deliberate on the Revitalization of the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS), signed on 15th August 2015. Matthew chapter 22:14 says “many are called but few are chosen”. You are called to represent the suffering people South Sudan.

As you all are very aware about how Gen. Salva Kiir, flagged (16) reservations against the ARCSS from the outset and, wasted no time to dismantle the agreement right from the minute it was inked, beginning with the creation of 32 states, when he knew clearly well, that he was violating the peace agreement. President Salva Kiir took this decision in the full knowledge that he had no mandate whatsoever, to do so in accordance with the terms of the agreement.

Some of the reservations include the refusal to accept SPLM/IO claim that they had soldiers in Equatoria and Bahr El-Ghazal, and instead, the government launched an attack on the bases where opposition soldiers were gathered for cantonment; and the refusal to the demilitarization of the capital, Juba. These are only a few examples of the 16 reservations raised by Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit.  I believe that many of you are fully aware of the rest of the reservations.


The Root Cause of the December 2013 Crisis in South Sudan: The Riek Machar Factor – A Response to Hon. Arop Madut Arop’s Article “How Political Wrangling in the Ruling SPLM Party Wrecked South Sudan Apart In 2013

By Mabior Garang de Mabior, Nairobi, Kenya

Mabioor de Garang with Riek Machar in the bush

Armed rebel leader Riek Machar with Mabior Garang de Mabior in Pagak, July 2014


March 21, 2018 (SSB) — The current civil war in the Republic of South Sudan is now entering its sixth year and a negotiated resolution to the conflict seems more elusive with the passage of time. There are various challenges to the peace process, however, the most immediate challenge has been the chronic failure to address the root cause of the conflict. The social sciences teach us that in order to resolve a difficult problem, one of the best approaches is the “root cause analysis”. In order for us to overcome the uncertainty currently surrounding the prospects for peace, it is important to revisit the genesis of the problem we are trying to mitigate, so that we can approach the solution to the crisis in a scientific manner and not based on our personal opinions. The following shall be an attempt by the authors to address the known facts leading up to the December 2013 crisis. It is in the analysis of this that we may perhaps be able to find a way out of the current abyss.

Historical Background

The SPLM crisis of 2013 was a culmination of several months of tension within the SPLM Political Bureau (PB) caused by the then forthcoming SPLM National Convention, scheduled for May 2013. The SPLM Convention was set to discuss among many issues, the Constitution, Basic Documents, Code of Conduct, term limits of office holders (including the SPLM Chairman) and the flag-bearer for the 2015 general election. The crisis escalated when the Chairman of the SPLM/SPLA, Salva Kiir, acting in his capacity as the President of the Republic, decided to sack the Vice President, the National Ministers and their Deputies, and the SPLM Secretary General, on July 23rd, 2013. The president also dissolved all the SPLM structures during a speech at the opening of the SPLM House in Juba on the November 15th, 2013.


Message from Vivacell Mobile Operator

Message from Vivacell Mobile Operator.jpg

By our correspondent in Juba, South Sudan

Mayen Wol Jong

Mayen Wol Jong, the former chief administrator in the office of the president who was sentenced to life imprisonment for allegedly using the seal of the president to steal millions of dollars from the Central bank, with other accomplices

March 19, 2018 (SSB) — Following the recent relieve from Chief Administrator, the office of the President, Mayen Wol Jong is again appointed by H.E President Salva Kiir Mayardit as Undersecretary to the ministry of petroleum.

In a decree read on SSBC, Mayen Wol Jong is appointed undersecretary for the ministry of petroleum. The outgoing undersecretary of the ministry of petroleum hon. Biel Jok is transferred to Ministry of finance and economic planning as 1st undersecretary to replace the suspended 1st undersecretary Agak Acuil who is also transferred to the ministry of trade and investment.

Mayen who was implicated in the corruption scandal in the office of President with Executive Director- Yel Luol Koor alongside other eight junior staff and four Kenyans in 2015, where he was acquitted by the court of appeal as innocent, however, the rest of the suspects in case with the exception of Agou John Wuoi had their clemency reduced to zero by H.E the president of the republic in 2017.


National Dialogue Steering Committee 

Subcommittee on Refugees & International outreach

Press conference – Juba International Airport

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: National Dialogue completes consultations in the Sudan and Ethiopia

National Dialogue, concept reflictions by Mading Deng

“In this polarized and polarizing conflict, perceptions can overshadow reality, and whatever the equation of the power structures, the Dinka are being seen as having replaced the Arabs as the rulers in an ethnically unjust system. As the various ethnic groups converge against what they perceive as Dinka domination, the Dinka in turn begin to perceive themselves as targeted and paradoxically as in imminent danger of a genocidal onslaught. They therefore strive to mobilize themselves in self-defense.” – Dr Francis Mading Deng – SOUTH SUDAN NATIONAL DIALOGUE; Conceptual Reflections page 43

March 20, 2018 (SSB) — The National Dialogue subcommittee on Refugees and International Outreach has completed the National dialogue consultations with refugees and South Sudanese living in the Republic of the Sudan and the federal democratic republic of Ethiopia but some areas were not at reach given pieces of advice by the host governments and UNHCR.

The consultations were carried out by the national dialogue’s subcommittee on Refugees and International Outreach in both countries between 6th and 20th of March 2018.

The subcommittee consulted with more than nine hundred (900) representatives of stakeholders (women, youth and students, persons with special needs, community leaders, chiefs, academics, civil society, political parties, imminent personalities and other categories) in both countries ( the Republic of the Sudan and the Federal democratic republic of  Ethiopia consecutively ).

The committee comprised of eight members headed by Hon. Deng Dau Deng as chairperson for the subcommittee.


For immediate release: IGAD Council of Ministers Statement on Non-Compliance by The Parties to The Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan to Its Statement of 25th January 2018


The Intergovernmental Authority on Development is an eight-country trade bloc in Africa. It includes governments from the Horn of Africa, Nile Valley, and the African Great Lakes. Its headquarters are in Djibouti City.

March 20, 2018 (SSB) — The IGAD Council of Ministers (CoM) recalls its statement of 25th January 2018 titled “Statement on The Reports of Violations of Cessation of Hostilities Agreement in the Republic of South Sudan”, regarding serious violations of cessation of Hostilities Agreement (COHA) which called on the Government of South Sudan and SPLM-IO (RM) to undertake the necessary investigation and ensure accountability of Violators.

The Council also recalls its demand on the Parties to provide information of the responsible individual(s)/groups(s) to CTSAMM within one month from the issuance of the 25th January, 2018 Statement. However, the council notes with regrets that no party has submitted its report to CTSAMM as of the issuance of this Statement.


Was The Political Wrangling In The Ruling SPLM Party The Root Cause Of The Current Crisis In South Sudan?

By Hon Arop Madut Arop, Oxford, UK

fighting in juba

fighting in juba, 2013, 2016

March 19, 2018 (SSB) — In this article, I will attempt to answer one basic question as to whether it was political wrangling in the Ruling SPLM party was to blame for the December 15th 20013 crisis or something else. This is important, because some people, both South Sudanese stakeholders and most members of the international community who are making efforts to resolve the on-going crisis appear to have lost sight of the fundamental causes of the said crisis. This oversight was clearly demonstrated when many stakeholders called upon the IGAD led HLRF to resolve the root causes of the crisis first before effort were made to revitalize the 2015 controversial peace deal.

Their request to resolve the root causes before the actual crisis could be addressed presupposes that other social and political ills: like bad governance, tribalism or corruptions were responsible for the crisis. Although these social and political ills are undeniably part of the problem, they are not the root causes of the problem per se. According to medical science, one has to diagnose the causes of the disease suffered by a patient before one can be able to prescribe right medicine to cure it. It is in the same vein that in order to solve the current conflict in the young nation, it will be instructive to discuss the main contributing factors to the current crisis in the hope that those engaged in an effort to bring peace to the world youngest nation would benefit from it. Bear with me.

As we start to discuss the contributing factors to the current crisis, it will be important to recall that, after the independence of South Sudan, all the existing political parties that were registered in accordance to the ancient regime’s constitution, including the SPLM, automatically became illegal entities. The political parties, the old and the new, were then expected to have their parties registered in accordance with the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan 2011 before the function as political entities. Basically, the SPLM, as the lead party should have also been registered afresh. This would have been followed by the calling for third-party national convention in order to approve the party’s basic documents namely, the manifesto and the constitution. Other procedural regulations could have also been revised and approved by the third party national convention.


Suggested Way Forward in the 3rd Phase of the IGAD HLRF

Posted: March 18, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël in Junub Sudan

By Eng. Charles Barnaba Kisanga, Juba, South Sudan

four vice presidents of south sudan

four vice presidents of south sudan

March 18, 2018 (SSB) — On the 14th February 2018, a document started circulating on the internet and referred to as Compromise Proposal for new South Sudan Government to be agreed upon in the HLRF meeting ongoing in Addis Ababa then. It went on to suggest names for portfolios although it did not tackle issue of Governance with its formula of distribution and it did not touch the status of the 32 states either.

I wish to add my views here as to what really can bring peace to South Sudan since hundreds if not thousands seemed to react positively to the so called ‘Compromise document’. It is clear from the public reaction that people are fed up with war and are ready to accept any tangible proposal and agreement that can silence the guns and bring peace. However some elites in Addis Abba are getting it wrong by trying to solve the root causes of war, the economy plus the issues that led to the collapse of our baby nation South Sudan.

It is not the IGAD mediators or facilitators who can impose the good governance in our country but it is the people of South Sudan who can work to create a great nation and so what matters is to accept the basic minimum that is needed to bring peace then let us come and harmonize our diverse views and we can work together to create a good country with the right makeup of the Government.