Archive for the ‘Economy’ Category


By Philip Thon Aleu, Juba, South Sudan

Thursday, June 14, 2018 (PW) —- A debate has been ignited by resignation of SPLM Chief Whip, Hon. Atem Garang de Kuek, reportedly over Transitional National Legislative Assembly (TNLA) demand for 100% pay rise. This represents an opportunity to scrutinize public staff wages. I will discuss the relationship between low pay and corruption, the value of current wages relative to market prices of good and services, and I will suggest ways forward.

Wages Vs Market price

The members of TNLA, to their credit, have openly disclosed their monthly wages as 9,000 SSP (about $30 at the current exchange rate of $1=300 SSP). According to publicly available data from previous financial years budget documents, wages for constitutional post-holders range from 5,000 SSP (for states MPs) to about 20,000 SSP (national Ministers & state governors), translating to about $16.7 (minimum) to $66.7 (maximum) at the current black market exchange rate. Before devaluation of SSP in December 2015, the above wages were reasonable.

At average official exchange rate of $1=3SSP before December 2015, our politicians were among the best paid individuals on the African continent. 5,000 SSP was $1,667, 9,000 SSP ($3,000) and 20,000 SSP ($6,667) for states MPs, National MPs and Governor’s and National Ministers respectively. (If the information publicly available is authentic. kindly note that there is no official public knowledge of how much South Sudan politicians are paid in this country but TNLA MPs disclosure is an opportunity to investigate public wages). (more…)

Advertisements

By Awuol Gabriel Arok, Juba, South Sudan

juba1-600x400

Wednesday, June 13, 2018 (PW) — A road is a route or way on land between two places that has been paved or otherwise improved to allow travelling by foot or some other forms of transportation.

Juba-Nimule Road is an important socioeconomic road connecting South Sudan to Uganda and the whole of East Africa via Nimule and Nadapal.

 This important road has length of 192 Km and work on it started in 2007 and was completed in 2012.

 Before the completion of Juba-Nimule road movement of people and goods from Nimule to Juba takes a number of weeks and consequently parts of the road were impassible during the rainy season.

In October 2011, USAID launched the final stage of building the 192 Kilometer Juba-Nimule road. (more…)


By Kuir Mayen Kuir, Nairobi, Kenya

New 500 SSP

Congrats to the Central Bank of South Sudan (BOSS) for the timely introduction of the brand new 500 note – say what you may, but it will surely reduce the risky business of carry huge sacks of 5ssp and 10ssp and 20ssp around Juba, which often attract the dangerous attention of the unknown gunmen and the dogged creditors. FREE AT LAST

Sunday, June 10, 2018 (PW) — The economy of any country depends largely on the political stability of the host country. That is a fact which nobody can deny. The persistent Civil war in our country (South Sudan) has mothered series of problems and estrangements which our people go through each day. It is conspicuous enough and too major to be hidden. The youngest country in the world experiences economic agony tailored by warlords and merciless demagogues which I doubt if their eyes twinkle in reflection of what they are doing.

At least initially, there was a good reason to fight and whichever the subsequent consequences which shifted in, there was no regret because it was a war of liberation but not a fruitless war of interests as it is the case now. A war due to massive individualism and mismanagement of the country fundamental resources. This is always the preliminary walk through of a country before it fails.

This is what Ernest Hemingway said when he was shedding some limelight on the relationship between a war torn nation and the top leadership, “The first panacea for a mismanaged nation is inflation of the currency; the second is war. Both bring a temporary prosperity; both bring a permanent ruin. But both are the refuge of political and economic opportunists”. (more…)


By Ajang Barach-Magar, Bor, South Sudan

img_1061

Introduction

Wednesday, June 06, 2018 (PW) — In this article, the central quest seeks to examine the tangled web involving illiteracy, poverty and violent insurgencies in the world’s peripheral societies. There is both theoretical and empirical evidence to suggest that a positive correlation exists between bad governance and backwardness. In many developing countries, the problems emanating from politics and poverty are enormously pervasive.

Compared to their affluent counterparts who mainly occupy leafy suburbs in large metropolis, the marginalized segments of populations in nearly all less developed nations bear the brunt of greater health threats, are considerably susceptible to environmental degradation, overcrowding in informal settlements, political marginalization, economic exclusion leading to abject poverty, rampant corruption and civil strife.

A decade leading up to the turn of the new millennium, the most popular mantra in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean was the “Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)”. The vision in the document was swiftly heralded as the best hope for humanity’s down trodden. Fast forward and two decades later, that dream is fast threatening to fade into irrelevant part of history. (more…)


By Apioth Mayom Apioth, WA, USA

farm in Bor, Jonglei state

Abel Majur Leek’s farm in Mareng, Bor, Jonglei state

Friday, May 18, 2018 (PW) — There are no better quotes that capture the current dire political arena in South Sudan than the following two excerpts: “Where you are roasting your sweet potato is also the place where the devil is also roasting its sweet potato of destruction” (African proverb), and “In politics, stupidity is not a handicap” (Napoleon Bonaparte). The late famed singer Nyankol Mathiang sang of how God brought us John Garang so he would strategically align us with the dream of having our land (Canaan=South Sudan) from the shackles of persecution in the not so united Sudan.

In the SPLA bush war, serendipity brought us John Garang and the devil also brought us Salva Kiir Mayarkor. We would go on and spent 21 challenging and trying years with the supposedly anointed and visionless Joshua(Kiir Mayar), not knowing that he would one day lead us into the war of destruction. His latest outburst was how he went ahead and freed the former SPLA detainees (the leaders) from imprisonment in Juba to an exiled political safety in Nairobi. To Kiir, he still regrets setting them free when he should have snatched the last breath out of them while he was at it.

This recent accusation led Ajak Deng Chiengkou of SBS Radio to have wondered as to why he would rather commit such a treasonous crime. This is one area where Dr. John Garang was way ahead of his peers when it came to matters concerning futuristic and shrewd strategic planning in sowing seeds that will bring the bountiful harvest in the not so distant future. The reason why John Garang always made sure that the Lost Boys of Sudan (who were also the core of the Red Army of New Sudan) were so often ferried to safety and properly trained and disciplined in soldiering and education was because in case the SPLA bush war dragged on and on for quite some time, then this newer crop of highly militarized generation of soldiers would take over from the former generation, and keep the flag hoisted high. (more…)


By Awuol Gabriel Arok, Juba, South Sudan

farm in Bor, Jonglei state

farm in Bor, Jonglei state

Tuesday, May 15, 2018 (PW) — There is nothing so precious than to feast on one’s plate of hard work and sincerity, my chief shout of admiration and call goes to the holders of farm tools wherever they are, whether in the villages, near the towns or within the towns. This rainy season must be used to throw off the gloomy face of hunger and economic crisis that has stiffen our necks and blurred our optional journey for unpretentious survival.

Localities within South Sudan that are peacefully marked must all have unconditioned farming exercises.

This farming call is not been directed to the farmers alone but to everyone who have energy and a piece of unoccupied land particularly the areas around Juba City such as Rejaf, Luri, Jambo, Kondokoro, Mongalla, Lobonok, Rokon, Jebel Lado and other localities within Juba City that are within the watching eyes of the security and have an expanded customers’ based markets.

This will shield them and their families from abysmal paws of hunger and weirdest market prices. (more…)


By Pal Chol Nyan, Juba, South Sudan

Friday, May 10, 2018 (PW) — The Central Bank Governor was relieved and his replacement announced. The expectations are high. The country economy is in ruins and became untenable. The American dollar has become the legal tender in the sense that the rate of the commodities we buy in the market daily are determined by the rise or fall in the dollar exchange rate.

All that we do and the businesses are governed by dollars including the food we eat even at home. You find couples quarreling over expenditures. It is, in essence, not women’s fault. The prices are regulated by the traders at their whim dictate. The Chamber of commerce is non functional.

The Municipality is fond of saying things they don’t see implemented. What they do does not worth its while. The big man needs to pay attention. The businessmen and women union is also not having teeth; what they say does not carry the day. The traders and their collaborators are exploiting the destitute and the impoverished.

(more…)


By Fidele Mareng Makwei – Australia

Ramciel, the new capital city of South Sudan

Ramciel, the new capital city of South Sudan

April 24, 2018 (SSB) — I have been reading reports on social media about the determination of South Sudan to build a new city of Ramciel and reallocation of the capital. However, I have this question lingering in mind: is building a new city at this time in South Sudan a misplaced priority?

I believe that building of an alternative, spacious city where every citizen in South Sudan feels proud about is vital. However, I think the building of Ramciel at this time when civil war has paralyzed every aspect of lives in the country is a misguided priority. I reckon South Sudan should focus on pressing priorities which are but not limited to the following:

Although peace and political stability is important and is urgently needed in South Sudan, it is not the focus of this article because of the current political situation in the country, in other words; it is not only the responsibility of the sitting government to bring peace to the country but all other political forces bear the same responsibility. Therefore, my focus is on issues that fall under the government jurisdiction.

(more…)


Names of the 15 South Sudanese Oil Operating Companies and Ministries Sanctioned by the USA gov’t

A Rule by the Industry and Security Bureau on 03/22/2018

Bush-kiir

President Bush with President Salva Kiir at the Oval Office, White House

This final rule adds the following [15] to the Entity List:

South Sudan

(1) Ascom Sudd Operating Company, a.k.a., the following one alias: —ASOC.

 (2) Dar Petroleum Operating Company, a.k.a., the following one alias: —DPOC. Zhongnan Hotel, on UNMISS Road, South Sudan;

(3) DietsmannNile, Tomping District opposite Arkel Restaurant, two blocks north of Airport Road, Juba, South Sudan;

(4) Greater Pioneer Operating Co. Ltd, a.k.a., the following one alias: —GPOC.

(5) Juba Petrotech Technical Services Ltd, South Sudan;

(6) Nile Delta Petroleum Company, Hai Malakai neighborhood, Juba, South Sudan;

(7) Nile Drilling and Services Company, Hai Amarat, Airport Road, West Yat Building, Third Floor, Juba, South Sudan;Start Printed Page 12477

(8) Nile Petroleum Corporation, a.k.a., the following one alias: —Nilepet. Tomping District opposite Arkel Restaurant, two blocks north of Airport Road, Juba, South Sudan;

(9) Nyakek and Sons, Jubatown District near the Ivory Bank, Juba, South Sudan;

(10) Oranto Petroleum, Referendum Road, Juba, South Sudan;

(11) Safinat Group, South Sudan;

(12) SIPET Engineering and Consultancy Services, a.k.a., the following one alias: —SPECS. Tomping District opposite Arkel Restaurant, two blocks north of Airport Road, Juba, South Sudan;

(13) South Sudan Ministry of Mining, Nimra Talata, P.O. Box 376, Juba, South Sudan;

(14) South Sudan Ministry of Petroleum, Ministries Road, Opposite the Presidential Palace, P.O. Box 376, Juba, South Sudan; and

(15) Sudd Petroleum Operating Co., a.k.a., the following one alias: —SPOC. Tharjath, Unity State, South Sudan.

(more…)


The most precious God’s gift is becoming costly in our homeland: The Nile water and its consumption in Juba metropolitan city in our contemporary situation

By Thomas Akuith Ngong, Juba, South Sudan

juba-city-south-sudan

Juba, South Sudan

March 18, 2018 (SSB) — South Sudan, as one of the African countries endowed with the gift of Nile River as one of its key natural resources, is not adequately utilizing the Nile water. The other Nile-sharing countries are the ones having predominant versatile enjoyment. The oil resource has majorly been and is continuing to be the only naturally occurring resource paid political attention in South Sudan’s settings. But since the oil prices have lowered in the global market, South Sudan has faced a relentless economic hardship. That is the path in which we have erred economically and politically.

We should not be solely dependent on oil as the only main contributing source to our gross domestic product (GDP), but also on other available resources such as the Nile, which would equally contribute to our domestic economic growth. South Sudan is a land of great abundance as it is sung in our National Anthem. Other highly lucrative existing natural resources must be extracted and made us of to fill the financial gap. There are resources to do with minerals, wildlife, mountains, rivers and so forth which are negligently abandoned to foreign individuals to prospect and loot without our lookout. The remedy purely needs governmental initiative and lead.

(more…)


The Right Appointment in the Right Position at the Right Time: The Case of NilePet Managing Director Dr. Chol Deng Thon Abel

By Duluma SK’ Maker, Juba, South Sudan

salary

salary

January 25, 2018 (SSB) — On September 8th, 2017, South Sudan President Salva Kiir Mayardit sacked the Managing Director (MD) of Nilepet (a State-owned Oil and Gas Company) James Thelweng Mathiang Rok replacing him with Dr. Chol Deng Thon Abel who is a learned Civil and Environmental Engineer by profession. Dr. Chol has been the Director-General for Downstream at the Nile Petroleum Corporation since 2015 till his promotion to the top job of the most lucrative institution. He worked under direct supervision of a number of previous MDs and therefore through experience, he has known the strengths and weaknesses of managing the Oil and Gas Corporation and indeed he has acquired knowledge and experience of managing the Nilepet Corporation from his previous position.

With experience, love for his country and decision-making ability, Dr. Chol prove himself to be the right appointment in the right position at the right time by introducing a system in which businessmen are permitted to import fuel together with the Nilepet Corporation making fuel available in all fuel stations at all times hence the issue of transport is no longer a problem, whether, in the early morning hours or late evening hours, people can still get transport available without competing for seats which was not the case during the time of  previous MD of Nilepet provided that an individual has a bus fare.

(more…)


The Politics of living in Hotels and Keeping Families in Foreign Lands is the reason for our Dying Economy

By Ariik Atekdit Mawien, Gogrial, South Sudan

minister

Sabina Dario Lokolong, deputy minister for humanitarian affairs and disaster management, Nov 2011

January 23, 2018 (SSB) — For years now our politicians live in hotels to satisfy their desires and feel falsely important to the people and the nation they are intending to deceive. For so long the nation and its citizens have become victims to the system they have supported for quite a longer period, even at the time the elites had nothing to spend for life, since the days they were in the bush.

The South Sudanese peasants and cattle keepers took care of the SPLM/A liberators during the bush’s days but when the very liberators arrived in Juba and other cities – the liberators dashed into hotels’ rooms, closed the door behind them to stop us from coming in to give them pieces of advice which could help them to govern the country.

The friendship that flourished among the liberators and local villagers for the last two decades got faded out and elites deserted our villages running way in V8 brand luxurious cars and they became very important persons to approach. The elites put on their VIP cards wearing the English gentlemen coat and ties at the necks, and no more did our peasants and cattle keepers manage to greet them at the hand check of the African style.

(more…)


South Sudan’s Jubek State, Atta Group sign cooperation protocol to establish largest industrial zone

Jubek State of South Sudan signed in Cairo a memorandum of understanding (MoU) and a cooperation protocol with the Arab Organisation for Industrialisation (AOI) and the Atta Investment Group on Tuesday on trade, investment, and agricultural exchanges and the establishment of the largest industrial investment zone to meet the needs of central Sudan and Africa. …

Jubek State of South Sudan signed in Cairo a memorandum of understanding (MoU) and a cooperation protocol with the Arab Organisation for Industrialisation (AOI) and the Atta Investment Group on Tuesday on trade, investment, and agricultural exchanges and the establishment of the largest industrial investment zone to meet the needs of central Sudan and Africa.

(more…)


By Abraham Biar Gai, Nairobi, Kenya

Dinka cows

January 9, 2018 (SSB) — With view of shading light and opening up discussions on why South Sudan livestock sub-sector is seriously under-performing visually in all aspects that include food productivity and security, trade, poverty reduction, income generation, employment and broadening economic-based in spite of the huge potential it has, several flashpoints related to lack of appropriate policies or lack of implementation of such policies have been identified.  

Livestock sector dynamics

Livestock is a collective term used to refer to domesticated animals that are kept by human for purpose of production of food (meat, milk, egg, blood), raw material (hair, wool, hide & skin) and services (animal draught & carriage) as well as religious and social functions (sacrifices, marriage and status) depending with the community and user. The principal livestock species in South Sudan context are cattle, shoats (sheep & Goat), donkey, pig, camel, and poultry in distributed across the country in varied numbers based on the ecological influences as well as the communities’ preferences.

(more…)


By Deng Kur Deng, Pennsylvania, USA

Agou John Wuoi

Agou John Wuoi Chuit, the former Executive Security Attache to the office of the president, was arrested on the 29th of May 2016, accused of misappropriating public funds, forging the President’s signature, and money laundering

January 3, 2018 (SSB) — The statuses of these two men—specifically, the release of 14 men, including Yel Luol Koor, while Agou John Wuoi remains behind bars—have generated concerns over the justice system in this country. This is causing many citizens—both the informed and the less informed—to wonder about the injustice we witness on a regular basis.

Why does Yel have privilege over Agou and what were the criteria used to grant him such privilege? Apparently, based on the current word on the streets of Juba, Yel is more deserving than Agou. I won’t comment on that here because my sole involvement is in requesting the President to reevaluate the case of Agou.

As we, the family, have heard to date, many have questioned the integrity of those who indirectly inserted inadequate, unsatisfactory materials and conspiratorial information for the sole purpose of keeping this young man caged. In addition, many citizens are questioning the President’s decision and the execution of justice in the country because of this recent decision, which embodied an unfair implementation of the law.

(more…)


By Manyuon Dhieu Chol, Juba, South Sudan

salary

salary

Overview

December 2, 2017 (SSB) — A country’s economic success is measured by looking at that its economic growth and development. This piece defines and explains economic growth and economic development in respect to the current economic state of South Sudan. A country’s economic growth is generally indicated by an increase in her gross domestic product (GDP). GDP is an economic model that reflects the value of a country’s output; a total of her monetary values of all the goods and services produced by that country over a specific period.

On the other hand, economic development is the progress in an economy. It refers to the adoption of new technologies, the transition from agriculture-based to an industry-based economy, and general improvement in living standards of the citizens’ quality of life when the below-listed factors are practical:

(more…)


Energy Africa Conference 2017

Denver- Colorado, November 9, 2017

Remarks by David Mayen Dengdit, Press Secretary- Office of the Vice President

Republic of South Sudan

Title: Energy Security in South Sudan

tribalism in rss

Introduction:

November 12, 2017 (SSB) — I am honored to be part of this important gathering, Energy Africa Conference 2017. It would have been even more special if I attended and participated physically, not least because it is held in the beautiful city of Denver where my family and I spent more than two memorable years of our lives. Indeed, it is special because it allows me to speak about my country South Sudan and the potential it holds in terms of energy resources and challenges therein.

Like most sub-Saharan countries, South Sudan is a country rich in energy resources such as oil, hydropower, and solar. Around these resources, the country’s range of energy security issues may not be so different from its continental neighbors’, yet peculiarities would control the shape of solutions and predicted costs involved.

(more…)

How South Sudanese Ruling Elites Bankrupted the “Young” Nation

Posted: November 4, 2017 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Economy, History, Junub Sudan

How South Sudan’s elite looted its foreign reserves
EXCLUSIVE: Leaked audit report shows how family and friends of top government officials benefited from letters of credit scam.

corruption

From rags to riches: the amazing transition of the South Sudanese Minister

The looting of South Sudan

We all know, intuitively, that there is a powerful link between war and money. When the bullets fly, someone dies; meanwhile, someone else is getting rich.

In South Sudan, we know who is dying. At least 50 000 people, mostly civilians, in nearly four years of fighting. That figure is probably a gross underestimate. Another four million – a third of the population – have been forcibly displaced from their homes, fleeing to squalid refugee camps in neighbouring countries or trying to make a new life in dangerous, unfamiliar conditions somewhere else in the country. Families have been torn asunder, livelihoods abandoned, future generations sacrificed in the near-complete absence of education and basic healthcare.

Now we also know who is getting rich. Simona Foltyn’s painstaking investigation into how South Sudan’s ruling elite have stolen and squandered the country’s reserves of foreign currency is an extraordinary insight into the mechanics of looting on a grand, almost unimaginable scale. Nearly a billion dollars cannot be adequately accounted for, according to a report produced by the state’s own auditor-general – a report which, for obvious reasons, the state has been reluctant to make public.

Implicated in the scam are close friends and family of South Sudan’s most senior officials, including figures aligned to both the government and the rebels. It’s clear there are no good guys leading this war – only the rich and powerful trying to get richer and more powerful, casually risking the lives and futures of South Sudan’s people to do so. – Simon Allison

To read the full article, click on the following linkhttps://mailguardian.atavist.com/how-south-sudans-elite-looted-its-foreign-reserves


By Governor Mike Sonko, Nairobi, Kenya

corruption

From rags to riches: the amazing transition of the South Sudanese Minister

November 1, 2017 (SSB) — How did that fool overtake me? That’s the question that lingers in the minds of most people when they turn 55. They know very well that they studied hard, worked hard and lived a generally organized life. What they really can’t figure out is how that rugged looking, unschooled tout in the street managed to build an economy 100 times better than theirs.

How did that D- (Minus) material manage to own acres and acres of real estate? Or how did that mtumba seller manage to build a bungalow while I am still struggling to pay for a mortgaged two bedroom apartment? Well, that’s the sad reality of life. Sometimes those from whom not much is expected are the ones who pull a couple of surprise moves in life.

This article brings this into perspective. It’s a life-journey comparison of two people. One is a matatu tout the other one is a banker. One is in a blue-collar worker in a field that is otherwise reserved for those who seem unambitious in life. The other one is an educated, neatly dressed white-collar professional who spends most of his time in some corner office.

(more…)


By Garang Atem Ayiik, Nairobi, Kenya

Fighting in South Sudan

Fighting in South Sudan

October 8, 2017 (SSB) — “Why Nations Fail” provides a very useful insight to understand the ongoing political intrigues in the east African region and what it may mean for the future of the region. The authors, Daron Acemoglu of MIT, and political scientist and economist James Robinson of Harvard University adopted a historical and comparative analysis approach to explaining why countries have different levels of wealth. In their analysis of data across countries and continents for over four hundred years, they found “institutions” as the main cause for inequalities across countries and continents.

In Kenya, the annulled presidential results of 8 August 2017 election put back to the campaign trail the main contenders for the Presidency. While the incumbent, President Uhuru is on a full-blown nationwide campaign, his main challenger, Raila Odinga is on a periodic two-day weekly protest in search for a reform within the electoral body. Evidence of unstable electoral institution.

In Rwanda, a constitutional provision for a presidential term limit has been removed potentially to give way for continuity of President Paul Kagame’s rule. In Uganda, members of parliament allied to the ruling party (National Resistance Movement) are processing an amendment to remove presidential age limit requirement. This is assumed to give room for President Museveni’s life rule who might not contest in accordance with the constitution if no amendment is made. Institutions correlate with rulers, they are not for society’s prosperity but for leader’s prosperity.

(more…)