Archive for the ‘Economy’ Category


Why a kite is not rich: Corruption and its consequences in South Sudan

By Deng Akok Muoradid, Juba, South Sudan

minister

Sabina Dario Lokolong, deputy minister for humanitarian affairs and disaster management, Nov 2011

Thursday, October 11, 2018 (PW) — A kite is a bird that kills other parasites for food and its prey are fish, chicks, ducklings etc. it has strong sight and it swoops down with its legs lowered to snatch small prey like chicks, rodents and fish. It is the most corrupted bird in the world known for threatening the lives of its fellow birds as well as human beings.

However a kite remains one of the poorest birds in the world despite of the fact that it continues to snatch the ready human food and the younger ones of its fellow birds and this poverty is considered a consequence of the above habit.

The above story of a kite reflect the ongoing corruption in South Sudan and it clearly indicates that whatever is grabbed or taken without legal [procedures is always accompanied by consequences. The more you corrupt other people’s resources, the more problems you face.

My fellows South Sudanese have overwhelmingly adopted corruption as the only way of accumulating wealth, acquiring academic documents, and securing public positions or scholarships has adapted corruption. Everyone has a dream of becoming a minister, director general, senior manager or public official in order to get a chance of corrupting public resources simply to be in the same level with those serving in the above mentioned positions. (more…)


By Kuir Mayen Kuir, Nairobi, Kenya

salary

salary

Wednesday, October 10, 2018 (PW) — At a time, it is very healthy to emulate some positive transformation. In the contrast this aspect of transformation does not just come when it has never been sought for. It takes people’s competence and integrity to land on this vital aspect of life. I think this is the time that the central bank of South Sudan should seek systemic transformation in order to find our way out of this economic mess.

It may not be easy but it begs for attention by the concern stakeholders in the economic departments in south Sudan. Why do I say this? We all know that our economy is nearing to hit its final breath and soon it shall be nowhere in the economic pathways of the world. To whom shall the blame settled on? Someone at the ministerial seat of the central bank of South Sudan, however it can as well be thwarted from further escalation. It is just a matter of resolving to better policies that can enhance economic growth instead of just watching it happen without intervention.

Anyway, from the biblical allusion, we all understand that there is no situation that is permanent; I believe we are just competence and seriousness away from the right point. In faith and trust, our situation will soon be an example of situations that changed for better but it will not just end without the correct intervention. Something worthwhile has to be done because bad times come and pass. Whatever that is happening in south Sudan now, had worst levels in Weimar German between 1918 and 1924, when the country was hit by a skyrocketed inflation (hyperinflation) as a result of instantaneous orders by the Versailles treaty demanding war reparations within a short period of time. (more…)


By Ater Yuot Riak (PhD), Juba, South Sudan

Adija

Wednesday, September 5, 2018 (PW) — The American Oil Company Chevron discovered the oil in Southern Sudan at the end of 1970s and tried to utilize it. However, in 1984 the company stopped its activities because of the war that stared in 1983 between the government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). During fighting, the government of Sudan used not to consult with local communities when oil companies want to work in their villages. After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) which was signed in 2005, these practices had stopped and communities are consulted when their land is to be used by the oil companies.

After independence in 2011, South Sudan holds more than 75% of the total oil reserves of the previous Sudan. New consortia (operating companies) were formed for oil production and further exploration. South Sudan created Nile Petroleum Corporation (NILEPET) to replace Sudan Petroleum Corporation (SUDAPET) in consortia. With Dar Petroleum Operating Company (DPOC) operating in Northern Upper Nile State, Sudd Petroleum Operating Company (SPOC) and Greater Pioneer Operating Company (GPOC) are operating in Ruweng State and Northern Liech State respectively.

Oil fields facilities were built in the areas of Melut, Pariang and Tharjath. These facilities include, rigs, pipelines, roads, oil base camps (OBC), wells, electrical power lines, power plant, oil manifold gatherings (OGM), airports, etc. All these facilities were built on communities’ lands as a result they were forced to leave their lands and villages to oil companies. Usually, communities who lost their lands and villages relocate to nearby villages. In new residents, they are not allowed to own a land but only build houses or cultivate. Some communities relocate to nearby towns where they experience difficulties in coping with the urban life that includes owning a plot, schools for children in addition to the daily live expenses.

(more…)


By Zack Mayul, Juba, South Sudan

Monday, September 3, 2018 (PW) — In your minds, with able board of directors, functional departments: Marketing & Sales Managers, reasonable Human Resource Officers, do you, by any chance, try to fit the shoes of your customers?

Does this old adage ‘customer is a king’ exists in your two latest version of the dictionary? I mean, do you feel the pain that your customers are going through, even a little? If you don’t know, then here is why a tired customer is wailing.

It beats my understanding and someone else’s too, that you have no difference with any other fraudulent monopolise business. Your shoddy principles and your dully activities are killing us. (more…)


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

adija

Wednesday, August 22, 2018 (PW) — With the likely advent of peace in the coming months, all the attention now turns to implementation of the agreement and the elections to crown it all. In the meantime, the parties preemptively vowed to implement the agreement in letter and spirit. Possibly they are aware of the lost opportunities by not implementing the previous agreement.

Had all gone well, by now, the country would have been a different place and no one would be in this mirage any more. This country has gone through difficult periods, characterised by famine, disease such as cholera and other preventable disasters since resuming atrocities 5 years ago.

One of the advantages of having peace is the potential to innovate and grow albeit gradually with time. The advanced nations we see and look up to today in the world ceased wars and conflict many decades ago. In the absence of war a nation is able to develop and channel its human capital solely for development. It also uses its resources exclusively for this purpose. (more…)


By Kuir Mayen Kuir, Nairobi, Kenya

$18 million bonus for MP

Wednesday, August 08, 2018 (PW) — At least I can see the morning rays penetrating powerfully on the eastern horizon of South Sudan. However before I gradually open the strong opaque curtains that were hindering my eyes from seeing light, I raised a standing ovation for the country’s top leadership and most importantly to the duo who had appeared initially to be forming an interphase of water and Abyei oil.

In my capacity as a citizen and a student who was massively affected by the on-going economic crisis within our boarders, I delightfully welcome the decision of our leaders with a hope that all the economic turbulences will soon subsided. It is crystal clear that the people of South Sudan and more so those wallowing in various camps have suffered in dignified silence for so long.

(more…)


National Legislatures/Parliamentarians Receive Bonus of $18 Million in Juba

$18 million bonus for MP

Thursday, July 26, 2018 (PW) — South Sudan’s MPs, who are among the poorest-paid in the region, have received a “bonus” worth as much as $18 million in Juba. The bonus was quietly awarded to the lawmakers in the capital Juba this week, and comes two weeks after they extended the government and the President term in office until 2021.

The lump sum worth $39,000 for each MP from the two houses of parliament could take an average South Sudanese worker several years to earn what each MP has been given.

Community Empowerment for Progress Organization is concern about the lack of proper/accurate information to the public about the purpose of the amount of 18 million USD given to the national parliamentarians from National Parliament and Council of States called “Bonus for parliamentarians”. Bonus for parliamentarians for what action?

Mr. Edmund Yakani, Executive Director of CEPO says the leadership of the parliament needs to inform the public about the purpose of the received 18 million USD as bonus for parliamentarians. (more…)


By Morris Madut Kon, Kyoto, Japan

Pyramid Continental Hotel

Pyramid Continental Hotel, Juba, South Sudan; photo by Emmanuel Ariech Deng

 

Monday, June 25, 2018 (PW) — Japan is regarded as one of the world’s most innovative nations. Its dominant automobile industries lead in the developed world and their auto-products are conspicuously present in all the corners of the earth; from the famous Pennsylvania Avenue of Washington DC to Ayien Amuol Village of Twic State, “the car in front is always a Toyota”. Needless to say, Japan hasn’t always been where it is today, and their enterprises haven’t always been successful, not until they decided to incorporate the idea of “Kaizen Philosophy” or “continuous improvement” and the FIVE “S” in their management systems…and as we shall see below, South Sudan enterprises, like the rest of the world, have a lot to learn from this philosophy.

The 5S method is a tool for continuous improvement in “lean management” processes, whose task is to create a highly efficient, clean, and comfortable working environment. It is a collection of 5 simple guidelines that allows you to control the workplace visually. Enshrined in Japanese philosophy, the 5S tool encompasses five basic elements: Seiri (selection), Seiton (systematization), Seiso (shining), Seiketsu (standardization) and Shitsuke (self-discipline). (more…)


The Changing Realities of African States: Why the Bretton Woods Institutions Need Policy Re-alignment

By Morris Madut Kon, Kyoto, Japan

africa

The true size of Africa

Introduction

Monday, June 25, 2018 (PW) — In the aftermath of a devastating World War II, nations were left crippled by debts, overspending in acquisition of military hardware and hence barely able to stand on their feet. There was a desperate need for reconstruction and restoration of international trade flows. An urgent meeting dubbed United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference (better known as the Bretton Woods Conference- named after a US town in New Hampshire where talks took place) was convened between July 1st and 22nd, 1944, attended by representatives from 44 countries.

The United States delegation was headed by Henry Morgenthau and Harry White, the British delegation by Lord John Maynard Keynes. These two delegations directed the work of the Conference and their countries maintained a significant influence on the institutions. While most of the proposals initially put forth were ultimately abandoned, one of the them saw the light of the day, id est, the creation of the IMF (International Monetary Fund) and the IBRD (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development), otherwise known as World Bank. (more…)


Dear Dr. Attipoe Olympio, there is a need for your administration to base the recruitment of 600 employees on merits and qualifications

New 500 SSP

Congrats to the Central Bank of South Sudan (BOSS) for the timely introduction of the brand new 500 note – say what you may, but it will surely reduce the risky business of carry huge sacks of 5ssp and 10ssp and 20ssp around Juba, which often attract the dangerous attention of the unknown gunmen and the dogged creditors. FREE AT LAST

Monday, June 25, 2018 (PW) — First and foremost, allow me to appreciate the steps and efforts which you have taken in reforming the non oil sector in South Sudan. The steps and initiatives that you are undertaking will lead to immediate reform of our non oil sector if implemented. We the youth have commended your efforts to develop the economic sector of the young developing nation.

Your appointment to the position of Commissioner General of South Sudan National Revenue Authority is a key step towards economic reform since you are an expert who has experiences in the similar field and therefore we wish you a successful and prosperous period in the office.

Dear Dr. Attipoe Olympio, I really appreciated you for announcing the intention to recruit over 600 employees to work in South Sudan National Revenue Authority. The announcement which you have made to the public has indicated that you are an anti-corruption official who is sincere and open in carrying out the national duties. (more…)


By Philip Thon Aleu, Juba, South Sudan

Thursday, June 14, 2018 (PW) —- A debate has been ignited by resignation of SPLM Chief Whip, Hon. Atem Garang de Kuek, reportedly over Transitional National Legislative Assembly (TNLA) demand for 100% pay rise. This represents an opportunity to scrutinize public staff wages. I will discuss the relationship between low pay and corruption, the value of current wages relative to market prices of good and services, and I will suggest ways forward.

Wages Vs Market price

The members of TNLA, to their credit, have openly disclosed their monthly wages as 9,000 SSP (about $30 at the current exchange rate of $1=300 SSP). According to publicly available data from previous financial years budget documents, wages for constitutional post-holders range from 5,000 SSP (for states MPs) to about 20,000 SSP (national Ministers & state governors), translating to about $16.7 (minimum) to $66.7 (maximum) at the current black market exchange rate. Before devaluation of SSP in December 2015, the above wages were reasonable.

At average official exchange rate of $1=3SSP before December 2015, our politicians were among the best paid individuals on the African continent. 5,000 SSP was $1,667, 9,000 SSP ($3,000) and 20,000 SSP ($6,667) for states MPs, National MPs and Governor’s and National Ministers respectively. (If the information publicly available is authentic. kindly note that there is no official public knowledge of how much South Sudan politicians are paid in this country but TNLA MPs disclosure is an opportunity to investigate public wages). (more…)


By Awuol Gabriel Arok, Juba, South Sudan

juba1-600x400

Wednesday, June 13, 2018 (PW) — A road is a route or way on land between two places that has been paved or otherwise improved to allow travelling by foot or some other forms of transportation.

Juba-Nimule Road is an important socioeconomic road connecting South Sudan to Uganda and the whole of East Africa via Nimule and Nadapal.

 This important road has length of 192 Km and work on it started in 2007 and was completed in 2012.

 Before the completion of Juba-Nimule road movement of people and goods from Nimule to Juba takes a number of weeks and consequently parts of the road were impassible during the rainy season.

In October 2011, USAID launched the final stage of building the 192 Kilometer Juba-Nimule road. (more…)


By Kuir Mayen Kuir, Nairobi, Kenya

New 500 SSP

Congrats to the Central Bank of South Sudan (BOSS) for the timely introduction of the brand new 500 note – say what you may, but it will surely reduce the risky business of carry huge sacks of 5ssp and 10ssp and 20ssp around Juba, which often attract the dangerous attention of the unknown gunmen and the dogged creditors. FREE AT LAST

Sunday, June 10, 2018 (PW) — The economy of any country depends largely on the political stability of the host country. That is a fact which nobody can deny. The persistent Civil war in our country (South Sudan) has mothered series of problems and estrangements which our people go through each day. It is conspicuous enough and too major to be hidden. The youngest country in the world experiences economic agony tailored by warlords and merciless demagogues which I doubt if their eyes twinkle in reflection of what they are doing.

At least initially, there was a good reason to fight and whichever the subsequent consequences which shifted in, there was no regret because it was a war of liberation but not a fruitless war of interests as it is the case now. A war due to massive individualism and mismanagement of the country fundamental resources. This is always the preliminary walk through of a country before it fails.

This is what Ernest Hemingway said when he was shedding some limelight on the relationship between a war torn nation and the top leadership, “The first panacea for a mismanaged nation is inflation of the currency; the second is war. Both bring a temporary prosperity; both bring a permanent ruin. But both are the refuge of political and economic opportunists”. (more…)


By Ajang Barach-Magar, Bor, South Sudan

img_1061

Introduction

Wednesday, June 06, 2018 (PW) — In this article, the central quest seeks to examine the tangled web involving illiteracy, poverty and violent insurgencies in the world’s peripheral societies. There is both theoretical and empirical evidence to suggest that a positive correlation exists between bad governance and backwardness. In many developing countries, the problems emanating from politics and poverty are enormously pervasive.

Compared to their affluent counterparts who mainly occupy leafy suburbs in large metropolis, the marginalized segments of populations in nearly all less developed nations bear the brunt of greater health threats, are considerably susceptible to environmental degradation, overcrowding in informal settlements, political marginalization, economic exclusion leading to abject poverty, rampant corruption and civil strife.

A decade leading up to the turn of the new millennium, the most popular mantra in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean was the “Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)”. The vision in the document was swiftly heralded as the best hope for humanity’s down trodden. Fast forward and two decades later, that dream is fast threatening to fade into irrelevant part of history. (more…)


By Apioth Mayom Apioth, WA, USA

farm in Bor, Jonglei state

Abel Majur Leek’s farm in Mareng, Bor, Jonglei state

Friday, May 18, 2018 (PW) — There are no better quotes that capture the current dire political arena in South Sudan than the following two excerpts: “Where you are roasting your sweet potato is also the place where the devil is also roasting its sweet potato of destruction” (African proverb), and “In politics, stupidity is not a handicap” (Napoleon Bonaparte). The late famed singer Nyankol Mathiang sang of how God brought us John Garang so he would strategically align us with the dream of having our land (Canaan=South Sudan) from the shackles of persecution in the not so united Sudan.

In the SPLA bush war, serendipity brought us John Garang and the devil also brought us Salva Kiir Mayarkor. We would go on and spent 21 challenging and trying years with the supposedly anointed and visionless Joshua(Kiir Mayar), not knowing that he would one day lead us into the war of destruction. His latest outburst was how he went ahead and freed the former SPLA detainees (the leaders) from imprisonment in Juba to an exiled political safety in Nairobi. To Kiir, he still regrets setting them free when he should have snatched the last breath out of them while he was at it.

This recent accusation led Ajak Deng Chiengkou of SBS Radio to have wondered as to why he would rather commit such a treasonous crime. This is one area where Dr. John Garang was way ahead of his peers when it came to matters concerning futuristic and shrewd strategic planning in sowing seeds that will bring the bountiful harvest in the not so distant future. The reason why John Garang always made sure that the Lost Boys of Sudan (who were also the core of the Red Army of New Sudan) were so often ferried to safety and properly trained and disciplined in soldiering and education was because in case the SPLA bush war dragged on and on for quite some time, then this newer crop of highly militarized generation of soldiers would take over from the former generation, and keep the flag hoisted high. (more…)


By Awuol Gabriel Arok, Juba, South Sudan

farm in Bor, Jonglei state

farm in Bor, Jonglei state

Tuesday, May 15, 2018 (PW) — There is nothing so precious than to feast on one’s plate of hard work and sincerity, my chief shout of admiration and call goes to the holders of farm tools wherever they are, whether in the villages, near the towns or within the towns. This rainy season must be used to throw off the gloomy face of hunger and economic crisis that has stiffen our necks and blurred our optional journey for unpretentious survival.

Localities within South Sudan that are peacefully marked must all have unconditioned farming exercises.

This farming call is not been directed to the farmers alone but to everyone who have energy and a piece of unoccupied land particularly the areas around Juba City such as Rejaf, Luri, Jambo, Kondokoro, Mongalla, Lobonok, Rokon, Jebel Lado and other localities within Juba City that are within the watching eyes of the security and have an expanded customers’ based markets.

This will shield them and their families from abysmal paws of hunger and weirdest market prices. (more…)


By Pal Chol Nyan, Juba, South Sudan

Friday, May 10, 2018 (PW) — The Central Bank Governor was relieved and his replacement announced. The expectations are high. The country economy is in ruins and became untenable. The American dollar has become the legal tender in the sense that the rate of the commodities we buy in the market daily are determined by the rise or fall in the dollar exchange rate.

All that we do and the businesses are governed by dollars including the food we eat even at home. You find couples quarreling over expenditures. It is, in essence, not women’s fault. The prices are regulated by the traders at their whim dictate. The Chamber of commerce is non functional.

The Municipality is fond of saying things they don’t see implemented. What they do does not worth its while. The big man needs to pay attention. The businessmen and women union is also not having teeth; what they say does not carry the day. The traders and their collaborators are exploiting the destitute and the impoverished.

(more…)


By Fidele Mareng Makwei – Australia

Ramciel, the new capital city of South Sudan

Ramciel, the new capital city of South Sudan

April 24, 2018 (SSB) — I have been reading reports on social media about the determination of South Sudan to build a new city of Ramciel and reallocation of the capital. However, I have this question lingering in mind: is building a new city at this time in South Sudan a misplaced priority?

I believe that building of an alternative, spacious city where every citizen in South Sudan feels proud about is vital. However, I think the building of Ramciel at this time when civil war has paralyzed every aspect of lives in the country is a misguided priority. I reckon South Sudan should focus on pressing priorities which are but not limited to the following:

Although peace and political stability is important and is urgently needed in South Sudan, it is not the focus of this article because of the current political situation in the country, in other words; it is not only the responsibility of the sitting government to bring peace to the country but all other political forces bear the same responsibility. Therefore, my focus is on issues that fall under the government jurisdiction.

(more…)


Names of the 15 South Sudanese Oil Operating Companies and Ministries Sanctioned by the USA gov’t

A Rule by the Industry and Security Bureau on 03/22/2018

Bush-kiir

President Bush with President Salva Kiir at the Oval Office, White House

This final rule adds the following [15] to the Entity List:

South Sudan

(1) Ascom Sudd Operating Company, a.k.a., the following one alias: —ASOC.

 (2) Dar Petroleum Operating Company, a.k.a., the following one alias: —DPOC. Zhongnan Hotel, on UNMISS Road, South Sudan;

(3) DietsmannNile, Tomping District opposite Arkel Restaurant, two blocks north of Airport Road, Juba, South Sudan;

(4) Greater Pioneer Operating Co. Ltd, a.k.a., the following one alias: —GPOC.

(5) Juba Petrotech Technical Services Ltd, South Sudan;

(6) Nile Delta Petroleum Company, Hai Malakai neighborhood, Juba, South Sudan;

(7) Nile Drilling and Services Company, Hai Amarat, Airport Road, West Yat Building, Third Floor, Juba, South Sudan;Start Printed Page 12477

(8) Nile Petroleum Corporation, a.k.a., the following one alias: —Nilepet. Tomping District opposite Arkel Restaurant, two blocks north of Airport Road, Juba, South Sudan;

(9) Nyakek and Sons, Jubatown District near the Ivory Bank, Juba, South Sudan;

(10) Oranto Petroleum, Referendum Road, Juba, South Sudan;

(11) Safinat Group, South Sudan;

(12) SIPET Engineering and Consultancy Services, a.k.a., the following one alias: —SPECS. Tomping District opposite Arkel Restaurant, two blocks north of Airport Road, Juba, South Sudan;

(13) South Sudan Ministry of Mining, Nimra Talata, P.O. Box 376, Juba, South Sudan;

(14) South Sudan Ministry of Petroleum, Ministries Road, Opposite the Presidential Palace, P.O. Box 376, Juba, South Sudan; and

(15) Sudd Petroleum Operating Co., a.k.a., the following one alias: —SPOC. Tharjath, Unity State, South Sudan.

(more…)


The most precious God’s gift is becoming costly in our homeland: The Nile water and its consumption in Juba metropolitan city in our contemporary situation

By Thomas Akuith Ngong, Juba, South Sudan

juba-city-south-sudan

Juba, South Sudan

March 18, 2018 (SSB) — South Sudan, as one of the African countries endowed with the gift of Nile River as one of its key natural resources, is not adequately utilizing the Nile water. The other Nile-sharing countries are the ones having predominant versatile enjoyment. The oil resource has majorly been and is continuing to be the only naturally occurring resource paid political attention in South Sudan’s settings. But since the oil prices have lowered in the global market, South Sudan has faced a relentless economic hardship. That is the path in which we have erred economically and politically.

We should not be solely dependent on oil as the only main contributing source to our gross domestic product (GDP), but also on other available resources such as the Nile, which would equally contribute to our domestic economic growth. South Sudan is a land of great abundance as it is sung in our National Anthem. Other highly lucrative existing natural resources must be extracted and made us of to fill the financial gap. There are resources to do with minerals, wildlife, mountains, rivers and so forth which are negligently abandoned to foreign individuals to prospect and loot without our lookout. The remedy purely needs governmental initiative and lead.

(more…)