Archive for September 25, 2011

Sudan: Regime vows to crush opposition

Posted: September 25, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Sunday, September 25, 2011

By Kerryn Williams

Two months after the secession of South Sudan, Khartoum’s ruling elite is making no retreat from the strategy that eventually forced the country’s division.

This strategy includes marginalisation and neglect of the outlying regions; the forced imposition of Khartoum’s right-wing Islamic, pro-Arab agenda on Sudan’s culturally, linguistically and religiously diverse population; and brutal repression of dissent.

The Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) is waging wars on several fronts, from Darfur in the west to the states along the new southern border.

In June, the SAF launched a huge military assault on the people of South Kordofan, near the border with South Sudan.

There has been sustained bombing of civilians and a targeted campaign of ethnic cleansing against the local Nuba people. There are reports of mass graves and allegations that SAF has used chemical weapons.

Khartoum has driven out international aid organisations and refused to allow the United Nations Mission In Sudan to remain after the formalisation of the south’s independence on July 9.

The British Guardian reported on June 18 that Nuba leader Abdelaziz Adam al Hilu said up to half a million people had been displaced and 50 towns bombed in South Kordofan.

A UN report in August suggested the bombings, abductions, arbitrary arrests and slaughter may amount to war crimes. In response, Sudanese Justice Minister Mohamed Bushara Dosa told the UN Human Rights Council on September 16 that the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) government of South Sudan was responsible for the conflict and that Khartoum was the “victim”.

The SLA army extended the war to Blue Nile state in late August. On September 2, Sudanese President Omer al Bashir declared a state of emergency and replaced the elected governor, SPLM/A leader Malik Agar, with a military official.

SPLM members were targeted for arrest or execution.

A September 3 statement by the African Centre for Justice and Peace Studies said: “The main water reservoir in Al Damazein was destroyed in the bombardment [that day], possibly in a deliberate attempt to deprive the population of this essential resource.”

A September 13 UN report said as many as 100,000 people were displaced by the attacks.

South Kordofan and Blue Nile largely backed the south during the three-decade-long civil war that ended with the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). During the 1990s, the SAF and local militias it armed conducted a genocidal campaign in the Nuba Mountains, massacring up to half a million people.

The CPA mandated popular consultations for Blue Nile state and South Kordofan to determine their future relationship with Khartoum, but these have been blocked by the government.

The Bashir government has outlawed the SPLM in the north (SPLM-N), raiding its offices and arresting its leaders. Khartoum claims the SPLM-N is part of a foreign party and that its members are foreigners, despite the large party membership bases in South Kordofan and Blue Nile state being local to those areas.

One of the sparks for the outbreak of conflict in June was the SAF’s attempt to forcibly disarm the SPLM-N.

But the people of South Kordofan and Blue Nile show no willingness to bow to Khartoum’s repression.

In Blue Nile, SPLA Major General Ahmed Al Umda Badi told Radio Dabanga on September 16 that the SPLM/A controlled about 85% of the state and was approaching the capital, Damazin.

He called for other marginalised people to join the struggle: “All the Sudanese civilians and their organisations must stand up in Blue Nile, South Kordofan, Nuba Mountains, Darfur and eastern Sudan to overthrow the regime and create a genuine democratic system in the country.”

During August, the SPLM announced it was negotiating an alliance with several rebel groups in Darfur and planning to convene a conference to discuss joint work.

Like Darfur, so-called peace negotiations over South Kordofan and the Blue Nile have amounted to little.

On June 28, presidential aide Nafie Ali Nafie brokered a “framework agreement” with the SPLM-N to end hostilities in South Kordofan. However, on July 1, Bashir publicly rejected the ceasefire, calling for the SAF to finish “cleansing” South Kordofan. He dismissed the recognition of the SPLM-N as a legitimate political party in Sudan.

Bashir’s aggressive promises to eradicate all those who resist are further fuelled by criticism from military hardliners and right-wing Islamic leaders over his failure to prevent Sudan splitting in two.

The September 17 Sudan Tribune said that on a visit to Damazin to urge the armed forces to wipe out all opposition, Sudanese First Vice-President Ali Osman Mohamed Taha said: “We will cut off every hand that wants to extract it from the entity of larger Sudan and it will remain part of Sudan’s Islamic affiliation with all its strength, vigorous discourse and history.”

The pro-government Sudan Vision claimed on September 20 that the regime had thwarted alleged efforts by the SPLM to create “instability so as to install IDP camps allowing Western organizations not to provide people with their needs but giving these organizations justification to intervene in the country”.

WikiLeaks released several secret cables in early September that struck a further blow to the credibility of Bashir’s regime.

One document from 2008 outlined a meeting between presidential advisor Mustafa Osman Ismail and US charge d’Affaires Alberto Fernandez at which Ismail asked the US for help to “normalise” relations with Israel.

Allafrica.com reported on September 14 that NCP spokesperson Qutbi Al-Mahdi claimed the cable was fabricated, as Khartoum scrambled to preserve its fabricated image as an anti-Western defender of Palestine.

Another cable showed Khartoum includes the Lebanese party Hezbollah on its list of terrorist organisations to monitor, despite Bashir making public statements in support of the group and its leadership. The revelation is consistent with the NCP regime’s collaboration with the US’s “anti-terror” campaign in the region over the past decade.

The military operations in South Kordofan and Blue Nile pose a threat to the new state of South Sudan, already struggling with the overwhelming challenge of rebuilding after decades of war. The north and south governments continue to dispute oil transit fees and the status of the oil-rich region of Abyei.

Khartoum is yet to withdraw its soldiers from Abyei after unilaterally seizing the area in May. It has backed away from a September 8 promise to do so by the end of the month.

Sudan is also facing an economic crisis. Sudanese central bank governor Mohammad Kheir Al Zubeir met with Arab bankers in Doha on September 16 to request that they deposit reserves into Sudan’s central and commercial banks. He said about US$4 billion was needed.

Three-quarters of Khartoum’s oil income was lost when the south became independent, and many local industries were driven into the ground during the oil boom. Inflation has sky-rocketed and a weak Sudanese pound means imported food and goods are increasingly unaffordable. Large price rises for food and basic necessities are stirring discontent.

Price rises were a central issue in January street protests inspired by the Egyptian and Tunisian revolutions. The protests were met with a severe crackdown.

The Sudan Tribune said the National Consensus Forces planned a protest in Khartoum on September 9 against the military offensives in Blue Nile and South Kordofan. The NCF involves the key opposition parties, including the Umma Party and the Sudanese Communist Party (SCP).

However, the Tribune said the authorities prevented the rally from taking place.

The government has also cracked down on the media, seizing entire print runs of newspapers prior to distribution. The SCP’s paper Al Midan has been targeted on at least five occasions in the past month.

The September 15 Tribune said the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) ordered newspaper editors not to publish any statements by Darfur rebel leaders or the SPLM-N.

Bashir is determined to hold onto power at any cost, yet the Arab Spring has shown that even the most repressive regimes may have an expiry date.

http://www.greenleft.org.au/node/48952

South Sudan Seeks U.N. Help For ‘Difficult Journey’

Posted: September 25, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

September 25, 2011

Michele Kelemen

Correspondent, Diplomacy, Foreign Desk

When President Obama addressed the U.N. General Assembly in New York, he held up the example of South Sudan as the right way to join the world body — through a peace process and an independence vote.

President Obama shakes hands with the South Sudanese President Salva Kiir in New York last week. Obama offered U.S. support for what will be a major development program in the new nation.Pablo Martinez Monsivais/AP

President Obama shakes hands with the South Sudanese President Salva Kiir in New York last week. Obama offered U.S. support for what will be a major development program in the new nation.

“One year ago, when we met here in New York, the prospect of a successful referendum in South Sudan was in doubt,” he said last week, “but the international community overcame old divisions to support the agreement that had been negotiated to give South Sudan self-determination.”

Over the summer, South Sudan became independent, and its president was at the General Assembly to take his new nation’s seat. Meanwhile, there’s unfinished business in the peace process that divided Sudan into two.

Obama met with South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir, to offer U.S. support in what will be a major development program. South Sudan is the size of Texas, but few of its roads are paved and there’s little by way of infrastructure.

Kiir told the U.N. General Assembly on Friday that he needs all the help he can get.

“Our country is just two months and 14 days today, and you can see how many problems and challenges are ahead of us,” he said.

Wearing his trademark cowboy hat and reading carefully off his script, Kiir said that this will not be the usual post-conflict rebuilding project.

“Even before the ravages of war could set in, our country never had anything worth rebuilding,” he said.

This is building a nation from ground up, Kiir said, “and that is why we need you to partner us on this difficult journey.”

He also needs to keep a peace process on track with his nation’s former rulers in Khartoum. The two countries have yet to work out oil-sharing arrangements and define the borders. These days there’s a new layer of tension: Sudan accuses South Sudan of supporting rebellions in the Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile provinces. Kiir rejects those allegations.

“The Republic of South Sudan categorically restates that it has not and will not interfere in any domestic conflict situation in the Republic of Sudan,” he says.

That was one of the issues that Obama brought up when he met with Kiir last week, said Princeton Lyman, the U.S. envoy for Sudan. Lyman points out that the rebels in those regions were aligned with the South during the long, bloody civil war.

“We are also urging South Sudan not to let assistance — military assistance — flow to their former colleagues in the war, because that will only encourage the fighting,” he says.

Lyman told NPR that he’s working hard to get the North and the South talking about their outstanding differences, and he’s encouraging Khartoum to resolve the underlying political troubles in those rebellious regions.

“So we are working in every direction, and we are also very, very concerned about humanitarian situation, particularly in Southern Korodofan, but it could also extend to Blue Nile,” he says, “urging the government to allow World Food Program or other credible organization in. They haven’t done that yet, and that’s a big, big priority for us.”

Lyman says the U.S. won’t normalize relations with Khartoum as long as the fighting continues and as long as it has outstanding conflicts with the new nation, South Sudan.

http://www.npr.org/2011/09/25/140781088/south-sudan-seeks-u-n-help-for-difficult-journey

Investors Acquire Land Worth Rwanda’s Size In South Sudan

Posted: September 25, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

A report released by the Norwegian People’s Aid, (NPA) on status of investment plans in South Sudan has indicated that, 28 foreign investors have acquired land totalling 2.64 million hectares (26,400 sq km).

By Waakhe Simon Wudu

24 September 2011

Investors Acquire Land Worth Rwanda’s Size In S. Sudan

Aerial view of a vast land in South Sudan between Central Equatoria and Jonglei States [©Gurtong]

JUBA, 24th September 2011 [Gurtong] – A report released by the Norwegian People’s Aid, (NPA) on status of investment plans in South Sudan has indicated that, 28 foreign investors have acquired land totalling 2.64 million hectares (26,400 sq km).
Early this week on Wednesday, NPA organized an awareness workshop in Juba in partnership with the Central Equatoria State (CES) and invited the civil society, Members of Parliament, 6 County Commissioners in the State among other partners.
The NPA Project Manager for Land and Resources Rights, Dr. Jamus Joseph pointed out that, one factor technically leading to the mass land lease is a lack of proper coordination between the various government institutions and ministries approving land lease to the investors.
According to the report, the land is being acquired for investment on the sectors of agriculture, forestry and biofuel.
“This is larger than the entire geographical size of Rwanda. If one adds domestic investments, some of which date back to the pre-war period, and investments in tourism and conservation, the figure rises to 5.74 million hectares (57,400sqkm) or 9% of South Sudan’s total land area,” the report states.
NPA has warned of a likely danger on South Sudan’s socio-economic development if such land lease is not widely and well consulted.
“While in theory, this influx of investment could provide development opportunities for rural communities, without the appropriate procedures in place there is a danger that it will serve to undermine livelihoods,” the report warned.
In a move to address the matter, Dr, Jamus said that even though NPA is not against investment in the fledgling nation which is about two and half months since attaining independence, there should be a close coordination of all institutions in-charge of approving land lease in the country.
The NPA report recommended to the government of South Sudan, partners, civil society, companies, investors and rural communities to address the risks and opportunities of large scale land investments while urging them to;
“Adopt a presumption in favour of disclosure for all documents associated with large-scale land-based investments;
“develop clear jurisdictional roles for public institutions at all levels, including an appropriate balance between central oversight and State-level flexibility, and providing a role for the legislative branch in approving large-scale land allocations and;
“Establish a technical committee to review all existing contracts to ensure that they comply with relevant provisions of the 2009 Land Act, Local Government Act, and the 2009 Investment Promotion Act.
Speaking to Gurtong exclusively during the one day workshop, the NPA Country Director, Jan Ledang said that, unless measures on awareness on land lease in South Sudan are taken into action, the new State stands at risk of losing big parcels of land to investors which will hamper citizen’s land rights in future.
“The people of South Sudan had gained their freedom but they should be very careful so that they don’t lose their land,” Jan Ledang said.
Meanwhile, Silvano Bata, a legislator at the Central Equatoria State Assembly commended that;

“It is very important that we start to shade light on issues of land. It is good that investors are coming to invest in our country, but also we should not give the land away at the expense of our people tomorrow.”
Jan said that, NPA is going to extend the awareness workshop to all the ten States of South Sudan.

http://www.gurtong.net/ECM/Editorial/tabid/124/ID/5772/Default.aspx

Water Storage Dam to Be Constructed in Wau

Posted: September 25, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Alex Amin John

Juba — The Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation will construct a dam in Wau to store water for deomestic, agriculture and other purposes, Hon Paul Mayom Akec, the minister, has announced.

Hon Mayom said that the dam will preserve water for irrigation to boost food production and reduce the country’s overreliance on food imports. He also explained that the water stored by the dam will provide the means for hydroelectric power generation to be supplied in Wau and to the other states in the south Sudan.

Hon Mayom also called for mutual utilization of the Nile water for the benefit of all. He announced that the ministry will pursue membership in the Nile Basin Authority and get involved in the Nile water agreement.

The minister was speaking when he opened a consultative workshop on the feasibility of the Wau Dam. The workshop was organized by the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation of the Republic of South Sudan and the Ministry of Water Resources of Egypt. It drew participants from the two countries and representation from both local and international organizations, and the development partners or agencies.

Onn his part, the Egyptian minister of Water Resources, Husham Mohamad Ghandil conveyed his government’s readiness to cooperate with the government of the Republic of South Sudan in the development of the new nation. He said the provision of clean drinking water, training, hydroelectric power generation, establishment of irrigation in agriculture to improve food productivity, are among their top projects in South Sudan

http://allafrica.com/stories/201109240131.html


CLEVELAND, Ohio

The newly liberated people of South Sudan will be receiving a 10,000-pound care package from their friends in Cleveland.

MedWish International is a Cleveland-based nonprofit organization formed in 1993. The organization retrieves what would normally be discarded and unused medical supplies and recycles them by sending the supplies to developing countries. The organization obtains the items from hospitals across the country and through private donations.

At 7 a.m. Friday, 15 people will meet at the MedWish International Supply Depot in Cleveland to load up a 40-foot cargo container with medical supplies, including bandages, masks, beds and hospital furnishings, that will be sent to South Sudan. The country declared its independence on July 9.

The cargo should arrive in South Sudan in about 30 days. Once there, the supplies will be distributed to the Adventist Development and Relief Agency, a humanitarian group formed by the Seventh-day Adventist Church in 1956, according to a MedWish representative. The group helps with the creation of health clinics, community development, disaster relief and food distribution worldwide.

About half a dozen of the so-called Lost Boys of Sudan will be on hand to help load the cargo at the MedWish depot. The Lost Boys started fleeing Sudan in 1983 to escape their homeland’s civil war. The young boys ended up in refugee camps in Ethiopia, and when war broke out there, they headed for Kenya. By 1999, about 4,000 Sudanese youths had come to the United States, with about 40 arriving in Northeast Ohio.

MedWish is also working with the G-Team, the philanthropic branch of the daily deal consumer website Groupon, for the Save South Sudan Campaign. Groupon users in Cleveland, Akron, Canton and Youngstown can log on to their Groupon pages and donate money in increments of $10 or more from Tuesday to Thursday. Every $10 donation adds up to $260 of medical items and equipment for the ADRA Clinics in South Sudan.

“South Sudan is in desperate need of life-saving medical supplies and equipment that we have readily available in the United States,” Dr. Lee Ponsky, founder of MedWish International, said in a news release.

“As the first organization in Northeast Ohio to ship aid to South Sudan, we feel privileged to partner with Groupon’s G-Team to fill this container knowing the powerful impact it is sure to make in the lives of these people in need,” he said.

To reach this Plain Dealer reporter: tsams@plaind.com216-999-4014

Japan Prepares to Send Peacekeepers to South Sudan

Posted: September 25, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda addresses the 66th session of the United Nations General Assembly, Sept. 23, 2011, at U.N. headquarters.

Photo: AP

Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda addresses the 66th session of the United Nations General Assembly, Sept. 23, 2011, at U.N. headquarters.

Japan’s Prime Minister says his government is taking steps to deploy troops to South Sudan for peacekeeping duties.

Friday, Yoshihko Noda told the U.N. General Assembly that Japan will extend support for nation-building efforts in South Sudan, as well as the consolidation of peace in the region.

A Japanese survey team is expected to head to South Sudan this month to gather information on security and infrastructure needs.

Fighting along the border Sudan and South Sudan has been escalating since June, about a month before South Sudan split from the north and declared independence.

New satellite images have appeared to show thousands of Sudanese government troops marching toward a rebel stronghold in a contested region near South Sudan. The Satellite Sentinel Project, a U.S.-based monitoring group, says the forces include heavy armor, artillery, tanks and helicopter gunships.

Khartoum has repeatedly claimed that the South Sudanese military is supporting the rebels in the oil-rich border state, but Juba denies the charges.

Some information for this report was provided by AP and AFP.

http://www.voanews.com/english/news/asia/Japan-Prepares-to-Send-Peacekeepers-to-South-Sudan-130493078.html

South Sudan: there’s nothing ‘worth rebuilding’

Posted: September 25, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

UNITED NATIONS — The president of newly independent South Sudan appealed to the world for help Friday, saying his country is so poor it has nothing "worth rebuilding" after suffering decades of war.

"The Republic of South Sudan stands in dire need of all the help it can get," President Salva Kiir Mayardit told the United Nations General Assembly in his first address to the UN since his country won independence from Sudan to the north in July.

"In most post-conflict situations, nations would normally expect to rebuild. This is not the case for us. Even before the ravages of war could set in, our country never had anything worth rebuilding."

Mayardit said that while the country was unable to "produce anything for ourselves," it hoped to use proceeds from "abundant resources" of oil and other mineral deposits to develop a more varied economy, including a rich agricultural sector.

But for South Sudan to get on its feet, it will need to normalize relations with its former enemy Sudan, he underlined.

Promising that his new country "will not interfere in any domestic conflict situation in the Republic of Sudan," he called on the Sudanese government to settle demarcation of the border and South Sudan’s use of Sudanese oil pipeline infrastructure.

There can be "mutually acceptable arrangements that will guarantee for the Republic of Sudan a fair income," he said.

South Sudan is home to around three quarters of the old Sudan’s crude reserves, and more than 95 percent of its income currently comes from oil receipts.

However, there is still no agreement on how much the south should pay for renting the north’s pipeline.

The fledgling nation also borders Kenya and Ethiopia, both badly affected by a devastating famine sweeping the Horn of Africa, triggering greater scarcity in the region and stoking already high domestic food prices.

Copyright © 2011 AFP. All rights reserved. More »

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http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5jYkhJ0mhlFcK5TclHRl9QoiMUSYw?docId=CNG.73bb9264f716edd03273a457350cf9e0.7d1

South Sudan prez asks world support for new nation

Posted: September 25, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By TAREK EL-TABLAWY

Associated Press
2011-09-24 04:46 AM
The president of newly independent South Sudan on Friday urged his northern neighbor to seek a peaceful solution to remaining border disputes between the two countries.

Salva Kiir also appealed to world leaders at the U.N. General Assembly for their support as South Sudan faces the daunting task of building a nation from scratch.

"Even before the ravages of war could set in, our country never had anything worth rebuilding," Kiir said in his first speech before the world body.

"Hence we characterize our post-conflict mission as one of construction rather than reconstruction and we therefore hope that the overwhelming outpouring of support and sympathy that greeted our independence … will translate into tangible development assistance."

South Sudan became an independent state in July after seceding from Sudan and breaking free from the Arab Muslim government in Khartoum. The split marked a key shift for the largely Christian and animist southerners, granting them a homeland after decades of conflict against the north. They also inherited what had been Sudan’s largest resource _ oil _ in a windfall that left Sudan facing potential economic troubles down the line.

Kiir noted the remaining disputes with the Khartoum government, citing in particular South Kordofan state, which borders South Sudan.

Sudan maintains that the state is home to armed rebels backed by South Sudan and it has been the site of clashes between government troops and black tribesmen aligned with the south’s Sudan People’s Liberation Movement. Many of South Kordofan’s residents fought for the south during the more than two-decade-long civil war against Khartoum.

Kiir said that the reinstatement by the Khartoum government of the June 28 agreement signed between the north and the south calling for the disarmament of the southern-aligned forces in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states "could go a long way in promoting the restoration of peace in the areas bordering South Sudan."

Three days after that agreement was signed in Ethiopia, Sudan’s president said his army would continue its operations in South Kordofan.

Kiir also urged Sudan to "consent to the speedy demarcation of the border" between the two countries, with the help of the international community.

The South Sudan president also said that while his nation inherited an abundance of oil, it would use that resource to diversify its economy, develop and work toward a goal of turning South Sudan into a regional agro-industrial powerhouse.

http://www.taiwannews.com.tw/etn/news_content.php?id=1716130

South Sudan should demobilise armed groups, engage them in jobs

Posted: September 25, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By Anyang’ Nyong’o

Why has South Sudan become a violent society? Addressing the national dialogue on "state building and development in South Sudan", the Vice President Riak Machar posed this question and looked at the audience anxiously to get some urgent answers.

A vigorous discussion followed for two days. South Sudan was never a violent society. The culture of violence has emerged as a result of the post liberation experience. And this can be explained as follows.

During the liberation struggle many people were mobilised to fight in the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA). These people included women, children and men. Quite a good number of them were ordinary peasants without any formal education.

When we visited a little village called Nyamlel in 2002 where Commander Peter Gardet had his base and garrison, we found a lot of child soldiers guarding the base. They were fully armed and thoroughly militarised. We asked Gardet why he was using child soldiers, and whether he knew that international law prohibited this practice.

His answer was very simple. He did not care about international law; he had never heard about such a thing! He asked us: "What do you want me to do with these boys and girls when their own parents, uncles and aunties have gone away to join the SPLA and fighting elsewhere?

They have asked me to tell them who is going to defend them in this village with or without me. Worse still, they have no schools to go to, and when they plant crops the Arabs come and burn their fields. They say defence must be their first means of existence."

After liberation and signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement these child soldiers, now grown up, have only known the gun and defence as their first line towards livelihood. If demobilised they need first to go to school, be given skills and to begin a new life. This does not happen over night.

For some time the demobilised soldier will see the gun as his or her means of livelihood, hence the tendency for violence to proliferate if these demobilised sans-culottes are not trained or retooled into more productive and peaceful means of livelihood. Uganda — in the post-Amin period — Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, Zimbabwe and South Africa have all been faced with this phenomenon of the demobilised and violence prone soldiers. It is necessary to examine how each country has dealt with the phenomenon and with what success.

The most successful model is when the demobilised soldier is an individual with some education and skills that he can use in a new professional employment like in the civil service. Quite often some quick training and retooling will lead to more willingness to drop the gun and pick up the new profession.

But we need to go much further back in history to see how best a demobilised sans-culottes soldier can be lured into dropping the gun and engaging in a more peaceful engagement in life. Kenya provides a good example. Soon after independence the Kikuyu peasants who had formed the bulk of Mau Mau fighters were successfully demobilised and given land as peasant farmers, thereby beginning a new peaceful mode of existence.

The difference between the Kenyan peasant rebels and their South Sudanese counterparts is that the Mau Mau rebellion was rooted much more on land issues than was the rebellion in South Sudan.

In South Sudan the Arabs from the north had not taken any land from the southerners; they had simply decided to deny them independence after the departure of the British colonialists and declare perpetual servitude over them.

Land, as it were, was simply not to be accessed as a means of livelihood since it would give strength of existence among the rebels. Hence the burning of fields and the alienation of the people from agricultural production for decades until the child soldiers grew up not knowing agriculture as a means of livelihood!

To reconnect the demobilised soldier with a new peaceful means of livelihood a major development plan needs to be embarked on. South Sudan’s Public Service Minister Awot Deng’ Acuil proposed that a human capacity development programme, focused on massive education and skills building from below, needs to be embarked on. This needs to be complemented by a robust private sector in all sectors of the economy that will absorb the various skills developed.

Further, it is to be noted that the old Chinese gimmick —Countries want independence, nations want liberation and people want revolution — is still very apt in such post liberation settings as in South Sudan.

What the SPLM/SPLA has done is to achieve independence for South Sudan as a country. The nation of South Sudan is still to be liberated from the shackles of colonialism by establishing a national, democratic and developmental state.

In this process, the people will find the political space and economic means to fight for their revolution, the building of the new South Sudanese person liberated and in charge of his or her life. This will provide the meaningful context in which the culture of violence will be replaced by the culture of productive life and civility in day-to-day life.

How does the Southern Sudanese go through these three stages of development in the post independence period? This should be the subject of the next dialogue.

The writer is Minister for Medical Services

http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/InsidePage.php?id=2000043427&cid=637

Australian FM Kevin Rudd meets with South Sudan FM Nhial Deng in NYC

Posted: September 25, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

September 25, 2011 – 9:09AM

AAP

Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd has initiated diplomatic relations with the world’s newest nation – South Sudan.

Mr Rudd has met with his South Sudanese counterpart, Nhial Deng Nhial while in New York for the United Nations General Assembly to sign a joint communique establishing formal diplomatic ties.

He said the two countries already shared a close bond with a South Sudanese community of 20,000 people living in Australia.

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"As well as providing sanctuary to refugees from South Sudan during the many years of conflict, Australia is assisting the fledgling state to deliver basic services such as education, maternal health and sanitation," he said.

The Gillard government has offered 25 Australian Defence Force soldiers and ten Australian Federal Police personnel to the new United Nations mission in South Sudan. Two Australian Civilian Corps stabilisation advisers will also be posted to South Sudan to help reconstruction efforts.

Mr Rudd is concerned about ongoing violence in the border states of Southern Kordofan, including in the Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile.

"Sudan and South Sudan must redouble their efforts to resolve outstanding matters peacefully by negotiation, not unilateral action," Mr Rudd said.

He said there were opportunities for Australian companies to build a commercial relationship with South Sudan in the areas of mining, agriculture and infrastructure.

© 2011 AAP

http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-national/rudd-meets-with-south-sudan-rep-20110925-1kr8g.html