Archive for January 16, 2012

Books – Ehrman, Bart: Misquoting Jesus

Posted: January 16, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Socio-Cultural

Books – Ehrman, Bart: Misquoting Jesus.

An agnostic view on The Ten(Twelve) Commandments

Posted: January 16, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Socio-Cultural

An agnostic view on The Ten(Twelve) Commandments.

One of the refugees’ chiefs greeting the UNHCR boss while presenting their needs to him [©Gurtong]One of the refugees’ chiefs greeting the UNHCR boss while presenting their needs to him [©Gurtong]The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Mr. Antonio Guterres has described the situation at Doro Camp in Maban County, Upper Nile State after visiting the Blue Nile refugee’s camp as a massive humanitarian disaster which deserve support from the international community.

“I want to make a very strong appeal to the international community for massive humanitarian solidarity for the people of South Sudan at the moment. South Sudan is a new born State still facing enormous challenge from humanitarian perspective. There are more than 80,000 refugees coming from Blue Nile State,” Antonia said when he visited the camp early last week.

“Without this support it will be impossible to respond, that is why we are conveying this key message today that we are facing a humanitarian disaster of a large population proportion in the country,” he added.

The Governor of Upper Nile State, Simon Kun Puoc said the government is ready to support the refugees.

“We will make sure there is enough security in the camp to allow humanitarian assistance to the refugees.” Governor Kun promised.

The Minister of South Sudan Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management, Hon. Joseph Lual Acuil appealed to the donors  to support the people of South Sudan in handling the refugees situations in Maban.

“Your (international community) kind hearts and gesture will be highly appreciated by the people you will support. The more time we waste, the harder it becomes for us to help these people because when rains start it will be very difficult to respond,” the Minister stressed.

There are 60 planes loaded with food and other assorted items coming to Malakal to bring support to the refugees. The items will be supplied by trucks to Maban for the refugees.

The refugees were represented by their chiefs who articulated their needs to the high delegation and to the Governor, Minister of South Sudan Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management, South Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Commission and the Commissioner of Maban.

Chief Abdula Malik Rusah who explained the refugees’ situation said that, we lack enough food; we are thirsty because there are no boreholes. We appeal to the authorities to provide medical care and education for our children. We have teachers and medical staff who came with us from Kurmuk, I’m appealing to the authorities to integrate them into the system to teach our children and treat us.” Chief Abdula requested.

“We appeal to the international community to support us with food, let them not stop. I urge the authorities and the agencies to increase the registration tables because we are very many,” the Chief added.

The UNHCR Commissioner apologized to the Chiefs and community members due to the fact that in the beginning, the assistance was very little, but now the State authorities, UNHCR and other agencies were working to have regular food supply.

He announced that they will drill 20 boreholes, the Medicine San Frontiers (MSF) – an independent organisation for medical humanitarian aid is present on the ground for health issues. The teachers and nurses who are refugee shall start work immediately as Mr. Guterres directed the UNHCR head of operation in Maban.

UNHCR Press Statement: South-bound but stranded in Sudan

16 January 2012

After waiting for over a year to go to South Sudan, some southerners have set up home in abandoned train carriages at Khartoum’s Shajara railway station.
KHARTOUM, Sudan, January 16 (UNHCR) – At first glance it looks like a junkyard, strewn with piles of broken furniture, rusty metal beams and doors ripped off their hinges. Closer inspection reveals giant padlocked boxes, makeshift shelters and people hidden underneath the constant coat of dust that blows through the Sudanese capital.

This is the Shajara railway station in southern Khartoum. It is also one of 14 active “departure points” around the capital, and home to tonnes of luggage and hundreds of desperate people who have been waiting for up to a year to go back to their villages in South Sudan. The last train to leave here was in late October. Six more trains are scheduled in the coming months, and everyone is scrambling to get on the passenger list.

“We have been here for nine months now, we really want to go,” said a woman who has made a home for herself in an abandoned train carriage. “My baby was born here three months ago. We call him Railway.”

Blinking the dust from his eyes, Baby Railway has no idea what the fuss is about. His family was among the southerners who fled during more than 20 years of civil war between the north and south.

In the months leading up to South Sudan’s independence last July, many of those who had sought refuge in Sudan over the years started to move to their ancestral villages, as well as people born and bred in Sudan but with strong ties to the south. After an enthusiastic start – more than 350,000 people headed south between October 2010 and December 2011 – the movement has stalled.

Part of the problem is financial: The South Sudanese government ran out of funds to organize movements, while many southerners in Sudan have lost their jobs since secession and are facing economic woes.

Then there are the logistical problems that caused the pile-up at Shajara station. Decades of neglect have left the rail service between Khartoum and Wau in the north-western part of South Sudan in shambles. A single train plies the more 1,000-kilometre-long single track between the two cities.

Breakdowns and derailments are common, such that the one-way journey takes at least two weeks, often longer. Come the rainy season from June to December, parts of the track will become impassable with overgrown grass.

Separately, some 9,000 southerners heading to the central and southern parts of South Sudan are stranded at the Kosti way station due to a shortage of barges to take them and their massive amounts of luggage down the River Nile.

Even for those people who can afford to move themselves on buses or trucks, the lack of security en route is a major obstacle. Fighting in border areas, especially in South Kordofan state, means that convoys are often robbed or attacked.

“We ask that UNHCR facilitates the transportation and ensures safety along the way,” said Deng Bot, a representative of some 40,000 southerners living in Khartoum’s Mayo Mandella settlement during a visit by UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres last week.

“We need to find a new way,” said Guterres, acknowledging the many obstacles to people going south. “We need for the two governments to agree on a plan to move the most vulnerable people by plane, but with road travel as the main route. This is only possible with proper coordination and adequate security conditions.”

In the meantime, 245 desperate families continue to wait in this departure point, an open space in Mayo Mandella with patchwork shelters made of plastic sheets, gunny sacks and bits of cloth. There is little shade from the harsh sun and dusty winds. Water is bought from donkey carts, and there are no latrines, and few health facilities or schools.

Asunta Matia gave up her rented home a year ago when she lost her income as a tea lady. “We were told we’ll leave tomorrow, then tomorrow and tomorrow again. But it hasn’t happened yet,” she said. “When I go back to Wau, I can set up my tea shop again. I want to see my children go to university.”

Her daughter Madalena, 26 and a mother of two, has applied to the University of Juba and hopes to study engineering. Her husband and brother have both moved to Wau in South Sudan, but make just enough to send money for food. Neither Asunta nor Madalena know how they will raise the money to go home, or when they will leave.

But Asunta is sure about one thing: “It’s not working here. It’s better that we leave and find something better in South Sudan.”

There are an estimated 700,000 southerners living in Sudan. So far, some 110,000 in Khartoum have been registered to move in an exercise to determine the numbers and destinations, and to identify vulnerable people who may need special assistance.

The UN refugee agency and the International Organization for Migration co-chair the Returns sector, focusing on the registration of people who wish to go to South Sudan, in coordination with the Khartoum-based Commission of Voluntary and Humanitarian Work. The two agencies also provide life-saving assistance and protection monitoring at way stations, departure points and along the road.

As the April deadline approaches for southerners to acquire Sudanese residency permits, the Returns sector has also been encouraging the governments of Sudan and South Sudan to issue nationality and residency documentation for South Sudanese remaining in Sudan, and to implement fair procedures to determine nationality with safeguards to prevent statelessness.

By Vivian Tan, In Khartoum, Sudan

kaisudankid.jpg(Photos courtesy Kids Alive International)

South Sudan (MNN) ― They dared to hope. On July 09, 2011, the Republic of South Sudan declared itself independent from Sudan (north) under the terms of a 2005 peace agreement that ended decades of civil war.

The new nation was feted and gifted with recognitions as a United Nations state, a member of the African Union, and as a member state of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development.

Six months later, the fledgling nation is fighting desperately to stay away from civil war, once again. Matt Parker with Kids Alive International describes what they’re seeing in South Sudan. “Over the past few months, there’s been growth in a lot of the tensions and violence, particularly in some of the Border States both in Sudan and in South Sudan. That’s resulted in a large number of refugees.”

Recent reports concur. Parker explains, “There’s a lot of ethnic violence between the tribes. This has resulted in a large number of deaths, displacement of people, abductions. That just creates a downward spiral.” Violence by tribal militias in Jonglei state forced 50,000 to flee. 57 people, most of them women and children, died five days ago in the onslaught.

The risk, according analysts, is that South Sudan could become a failed state as the government struggles to end tribal and rebel violence, widespread corruption and build up state institutions. In other words, it’s chaos. “A lot of disagreement over land issues, over access to water. Some of the tribes in South Sudan have a real sense that they have been marginalized by the government; added to that we’ve got a major food crisis.”

As a result, thousands of southerners living in north Sudan have been migrating to the south. As more refugees return to South Sudan, the problem of homeless children in the town of Wau is escalating. Parker says, “There’s a huge issue with street kids in pretty much in every city. They get involved in gangs, glue sniffing, substance abuse, violence. This is creating huge problems in South Sudan’s towns.”

Kids Alive focuses on the entire child. “We’ve developed a children’s home for some of these kids, to get them off the streets and to help them grow up in a caring environment. We’re seeing some great success with the kids that we currently have.”

The team focuses on meeting the physical, emotional, AND spiritual needs of each child through Christ-centered care, education, and ministry. However, the need is fast-paced. Kids Alive just bought more land to meet that growth. “We’re looking to build a couple of Children’s homes with 40 to 50 children provided with facilities where they’re loved and where they have the opportunity to hear about the good news of Jesus.”

Plus, Parker notes, they’re trying to develop something to help families that are trying to stay together. “We’re also looking to develop education programs in the community. We’re looking to develop an education program where we’re supporting families.”

Kids Alive International currently runs a Children’s Home for almost 20 vulnerable children in Wau. With such a great need in this area, there are plans to grow this critical ministry as soon as we are able. “Pray for the kids in our program, for our staff who do a great job under difficult circumstances, pray that we would be able to grow and reach out and help more kids in the communities where we work.”

Check our Featured Links section for more.

By Jason Ng of Dow Jones Newswires

Global Deal: Petronas Signs South Sudan Deal to Continue Existing Operations

KUALA LUMPUR – Petroliam Nasional Bhd., or Petronas, said it has signed an agreement with the government of South Sudan that allows it to continue operations it began prior to the country’s 2011 independence from Sudan.

The agreement grants the Malaysia’s state oil and gas company and its partners the right to conduct petroleum-related operations in upstream blocks in Sudan secured under previous exploration and production-sharing agreements, Petronas said in a statement dated Jan. 14.

Petronas’s partners include India’s Oil & Natural Gas Corp., China National Petroleum Corp., China Petroleum & Chemical Corp. and the Cairo-based unlisted Tri-Ocean Energy, the company said.

Petronas is participating in South Sudan exploration and production via a 30% stake in Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company Ltd, a 40% stake in Petrodar Operating Co. and 67.87% of White Nile Petroleum Operating Company Ltd., it said.

Malaysia’s Petronas signs transition agreement for South Sudan blocks

Sydney (Platts)–16Jan2012/719 am EST/1219 GMT

Malaysia’s state-owned Petronas and its partners have signed a transition agreement with the government of the Republic of South Sudan that enables them to continue operating in upstream blocks in South Sudan previously awarded by the government of the Republic of the Sudan, the company said Saturday.

The agreement grants Petronas and its partners the rights to conduct petroleum operations in three contract areas: blocks 1, 2 and 4; blocks 3 and 7; and block 5A. The contract areas had previously been secured under exploration and production sharing agreements.

Petronas subsidiaries hold stakes of 30%, 40% and 67.87% respectively in the three contract areas. The company’s partners are China National Petroleum Corporation, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation and Tri-Ocean Energy.

Petronas said it has been active in the petroleum industry in the Republic of the Sudan since long before the secession of the Republic of South Sudan in July 2011.
Apart from protecting Petronas’ rights and investments in the existing contract areas, the transition agreement paves the way for an enhanced, mutually beneficial relationship between the joint venturers and the government of South Sudan, the company added.

–Christine Forster,

Petronas Scholarship for 8 South Sudanese Undergraduate Students

Education Minister Hails Petronas Assistance

Ater Garang Ariath

22 December 2011

Juba — The Minister of Higher Education, Science and Technology Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba hailed the developmental assistance of Petronas oil company in South Sudan which gave scholarship awards to eight South Sudanese undergraduate students to Malaysia.

South Sudan needs help in order to improve the facilities of higher education learning and therefore we deeply appreciate your sponsorship to our students and we expect you to assist the Ministry to improve the standard of the five public universities, said Nyaba.

Petronas since its inception in South Sudan overwhelmingly took cooperation and social responsibilities to work hand in hand with our country leadership seeking good ways to help South Sudanese people, Nyaba added.

He called upon South Sudanese students to use wisely the golden opportunity that guarantees them going to study in another country pointing that Malaysia and South Sudan share similarities.

Malaysia is an important partner for the development of South Sudan and we should learn from them a lesson, adding that “knowledge and its application” is driving power for Malaysia development. Nyaba further pointed that the leadership of Malaysia was credible for democracy.

Meanwhile the Deputy Minister of Petroleum and Mining Elizabeth James Bol said that Petronas is an Oil Company in South Sudan that works for wellbeing of South Sudanese.

This company strives to make development a reality in South Sudan through focusing on improving and strengthening human resource to the country and pointed out that two South Sudanese students had already graduated through Petronas sponsorship.

The Vice President of Petronas Human Resource Management Juniwati Rahmati affirmed commitment of the company to offer more scholarships to South Sudan and confirmed this on Tuesday in the occasion Petronas organized in its headquarters.

JUBA, South Sudan — Tribal clashes and cattle raiding attacks that have displaced tens of thousands of people in South Sudan will not affect the development of the oil industry, a top official said.Pagan Amum said Sunday that the situation in Jonglei state — the site of large tribe-on-tribe attacks over the last several weeks — would not affect the planned exploitation of the state’s oil fields.

South Sudan — the world’s newest country — gets nearly all of its government revenue from oil fields. The people of South Sudan are among the poorest in the world. South Sudan split off from Sudan last July.Last week South Sudan signed its first post-independence oil deals with the state petroleum companies of China, India and Malaysia for oil-producing concessions in Unity and Upper Nile states. The agreements replaced exploration and production agreements made previously with the Sudanese government in Khartoum.

Amum, the secretary-general of South Sudan’s ruling political party, urged French oil giant Total and other investors in the region to sign similar agreements and resume their operations in Jonglei.

The United Nations estimates that more than 60,000 people in Jonglei have been affected by recent waves of violence, which began on Dec. 23 between the Murle and Lou Nuer ethnic groups. Last week, state officials said 57 Lou Nuer — mostly women and children — were killed in retaliatory attacks by the Murle in Akobo county.

Jonglei is home to Concession Block B, one of the largest oil blocks in South Sudan. Total holds a 32.5 percent stake in Block B and is responsible for the exploration and development of the area’s oil. Total acquired the stake in 1980 when the south was still part of Sudan, but suspended operations in 1985 due to the country’s civil war.

On Tuesday in Ethiopia, South Sudan will resume talks with Sudan over the separation of the two countries’ once-unified oil industry.

All southern oil must be pumped through pipelines in Sudan, but the two countries greatly disagree over the amount the south should pay for the use of the pipelines.

The general atmosphere between the sides is tense. In a statement Saturday, South Sudan’s petroleum minister accused Khartoum of stealing 650,000 barrels of the south’s oil at Port Sudan. Amum, who serves as South Sudan’s chief negotiator in the talks, said South Sudan would not accept such “state piracy.”

Amum said the south would develop alternative means of extracting its oil if Khartoum did not conduct its business fairly.

“We have a company like Toyota Tsusho of Japan which is almost completing a feasibility study and have lined up financing to build an alternative pipeline through Kenya,” he said. Toyota Tsusho is part of the Japanese manufacturing giant Toyota Group.

Amum said South Sudan is already in discussions with Kenya and Toyota on the possible pipeline and is planning “trilateral talks.”

Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

South Sudan: Can We Make 2012 a Year of Plenty in Term of Food?
Early rains in most parts of Republic of South Sudan usually come in March which is less than two months away. It is with rains that cultivation in this new nation is closely related because our new ministry of electricity and dams have not yet 

South Sudan encourages oil development despite waves of internal violence
The Republic
AP JUBA, South Sudan — A top official in South Sudan says that tribal clashes and cattle raiding attacks that have displaced tens of thousands of people in the nation will not affect the development of the oil industry. South Sudan — the world’s 

South-bound but stranded in Sudan
UNHCR (press release)
After waiting for over a year to go to South Sudan, some southerners have set up home in abandoned train carriages at Khartoum’s Shajara railway station. KHARTOUM, Sudan, January 16 (UNHCR) – At first glance it looks like a junkyard, strewn with piles 

UNHCR Declares Massive Humanitarian Disaster In South Sudan
Oye! Times
“I want to make a very strong appeal to the international community for massive humanitarian solidarity for the people of South Sudan at the moment. South Sudan is a new born State still facing enormous challenge from humanitarian perspective. 

Washington Post
JUBA, South Sudan — Tribal clashes and cattle raiding attacks that have displaced tens of thousands of people in South Sudan will not affect the development of the oil industry, a top official said. Pagan Amum said Sunday that the situation in Jonglei Violence mocks the hope of South Sudan’s independence
South Sudan (MNN) ― They dared to hope. On July 09, 2011, the Republic of South Sudandeclared itself independent from Sudan (north) under the terms of a 2005 peace agreement that ended decades of civil war. The new nation was feted and gifted with 

Global Deal: Petronas Signs South Sudan Deal to Continue Existing Operations
Wall Street Journal (blog)
By Jason Ng of Dow Jones Newswires KUALA LUMPUR – Petroliam Nasional Bhd., or Petronas, said it has signed an agreement with the government of South Sudan that allows it to continue operations it began prior to the country’s 2011 independence from 

Malaysia’s Petronas signs transition agreement for South Sudan blocks
Malaysia’s state-owned Petronas and its partners have signed a transition agreement with the government of the Republic of South Sudan that enables them to continue operating in upstream blocks in South Sudan previously awarded by the government of the 

Egypt Pledges to Cooperate With Nation
Juba — A delegation from the Republic of Egypt headed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Mohamed Al-Khalil Amri reaffirmed the commitment of the Egyptian Government to support South Sudan in developmental sectors as part of bridging their relations 

Press Statement from Yassir Arman of SPLM-North

Posted: January 16, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan
Tags: ,

The SPLM-N Calls on the African Union to Take Steps to Ensure and Guarantee Humanitarian Assistance Delivery to South Kordofan/ Nuba Mountain and Calls Upon Valerie Amos to Brief the Security Council on the Humanitarian Tragedy, and on theRefusal of the Khartoum Regime to Allow Access for Humanitarian Assistance and their Continued Non-Cooperation Policy.

Yesterday, Monday 16

th January, the First Vice President of the Republic of Sudan, Ali Osman M Taha and his lieutenants convened a meeting for the so-called High-Committee for Humanitarian Assistance.

As expected, the meeting resulted in pursuing its non-cooperation line with the African Union, the international community and the United Nation’s efforts to reach agreement that will open access for humanitarian assistance to thousands of displaced people in South Kordofan /Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile who are estimated by the United Nations and relief agencies to be more than 417,000.

In fields assessments conducted by the Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Organisation, the humanitarian wing of Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement- North (SPLM-N), there are more than 300,000 affected people in Nuba Mountain/ South Kordofan; and 405,000 people in Blue Nile, in addition to more that 150, 000 refugees in the Republic of South Sudan, and 38,000 in neigbouring Ethiopia.

Given this humanitarian tragedy and Khartoum’s denial since June 2011 of humanitarian access and the continuous bombardment and military offensive against the civilians, genocide and war crimes committed on ethnic and political grounds.

Added to this the ban of SPLM-N and the removal of its elected governor in Blue Nile, and the campaign of arbitrary arrests of SPLM-N leaders all over Sudan, and the issuing deaths sentences against 19 of them, including the writer and poet Abdel-Monim Rahama and other activists associated with the SPLM-N- such as Dr. Gamar Hussain and 400 missing others: victims of extra-judicial killings.

In the Light of this grave humanitarian situation, and the deliberate policy taken by the NCP government of the use of food as a weapon and the non-cooperation with the United Nations and the international Community, which is decided at the highest possible authority in the regime, the SPLM-N calls upon and appeal to African Union, in particular when meeting in Addis Ababa at the end of this month, to take the necessary steps to ensure that food will be delivered to the needy people of the Two Areas and that Khartoum dictatorial and racist government will not use the African Union inaction as an alibi to continue its policy.

Likewise, we call upon Valeria Amos who was denied access to Khartoum when in Turkey on her way there, and again didn’t find the necessary and deserved cooperation in her last visit to Khartoum, to give a frank report to United Nations Security Council to enable it to fully assume its responsibility in ensuring the delivery of humanitarian assistance and the protection of the affected civilian population.

It is worth noting that the delivery of humanitarian assistance would require a tripartite agreement between the de facto government in Khartoum, the SPLM-N and the United Nations, considering the fact that the affected people are in the areas controlled by the SPLM-N.

Throughout the 22 years of this dictatorial regime of the NCP, whose leaders are wanted by international justice, it has never responded to niceties, but only responds to genuine pressure mounted by the Sudanese people, the region, the continent and the international community.

Yasir Arman
Secretary General

Sudan People Liberation Movement- North
17th January 2012

Martin Luther King Jr.’s Day: I have a Dream!!

Posted: January 16, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in World
Tags: , ,

Martin Luther King: Live Speech on Racial Discrimination

Today is Martin Luther King Day in the United States. Listen to this rare recording of a 1 hour speech that Dr. King gave on March 24, 1963, the same year of his “I Have a Dream” Speech which he delivered on August 28, 1963. This speech takes a more comprehensive look at the history of African Americans and their journey from slavery to segregation to the civil rights movement. Delivered in the midst of this movement, Dr. King calls for urgency in fighting racial injustice and for nonviolent action in dealing with the moral issues of racism. He surveys the many aspects of the civil rights movement at the time and provides his wisdom on all these aspects. Listen to this excellent speech from Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. available from the Forum Network on streaming audio.

Martin Luther King: Live Speech on Racial Discrimination

And now Stanford University’s King Research and Education Institute freely provides streaming audio of over 20 of Dr. King’s most famous speeches and sermons:

Martin Luther King Speeches and Sermons from the King Institute

Here are the speeches you can listen to there:


28 February 1954 – Rediscovering Lost Values


5 December 1955 – Address to the first Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) Mass Meeting


4 November 1956 – “Paul’s Letter to American Christians”


7 April 1957 – The Birth of a New Nation, Sermon delivered at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church
17 May 1957 – “Give Us the Ballot,” Address at the Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom
17 November 1957 – “Loving Your Enemies,” Sermon Delivered at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church


16 April 1963 – “Letter From Birmingham Jail”
23 June 1963 – Speech at the Great March on Detroit
28 August 1963 – I Have a Dream, Address at March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
18 September 1963 – Eulogy for the Martyred Children


10 December 1964 – Acceptance Speech at Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony


25 March 1965 – Address at the Conclusion of the Selma to Montgomery March
4 July 1965 – “The American Dream”


5 June 1966 – “Guidelines for a Constructive Church”


4 April 1967 – Beyond Vietnam
9 April 1967 – “The Three Dimensions of a Complete Life”
11 June 1967 – “A Knock at Midnight”
16 August 1967 – “Where Do We Go From Here?,” Delivered at the 11th Annual SCLC Convention
27 August 1967 – “Why Jesus Called A Man A Fool”


4 February 1968 – “The Drum Major Instinct”
3 March 1968 – “Unfulfilled Dreams”
31 March 1968 – “Remaining Awake Through a Great Revolution”
3 April 1968 – I’ve Been to the Mountaintop

And if you’ve not yet listened to these speeches by Martin Luther King that we’ve featured in the past we highly encourage you to do so:

I Have a Dream Speech

I’ve Been to the Mountaintop Speech

Beyond Vietnam Speech

And for our comprehensive collection of audio & video resources about Dr. King check out:

MLK Out Loud Audio & Video Resources

Some of the new free resources we’ve added there this year:

African-American History: Modern Freedom Struggle – Stanford course taught by Professor Clayborne Carson who is the author of many books on Dr. King and the Civil Rights movement, and the director of the Martin Luther King Papers Project, a long-term project to edit and publish the papers of Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King Memorial Dedication – C-SPAN’s video coverage of the dedication of the Martin Luther King Jr. National Memorial on the national mall which took place October 16, 2011 and features speeches by Barack Obama, Jesse Jackson, Al Sharpton, Martin Luther King III, Dan Rather, and many others.

And also in the past year we added our Martin Luther King, Jr. audio & video author page which features all of the audio & video titles we have that are directly by Martin Luther King including audio of his speeches and writings.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Audio & Video Resources Page

Plenty of great resources to help you celebrate the holiday!

Towering legend, flawed man? King’s image evolving

WASHINGTON (AP) — On the National Mall in Washington,Martin Luther King Jr. is a towering, heroic figure carved in stone. On the Broadway stage, he’s a living, breathing man who chain smokes, sips liquor and occasionally curses.

As Americans honor King’s memory 44 years after he was assassinated, the image of the slain civil rights leader is evolving.



The new King memorial, which opened in August in the nation’s capital, celebrates the ideals King espoused. Quotations from his speeches and writings conjure memories of his message, and a 30-foot-tall sculpture depicts King emerging as a “stone of hope” from a “mountain of despair,” a design inspired by a line of his famous “I Have a Dream” speech.

Some gaze upon this figure in silence. Some smile and pull out cell phone cameras. Others chat about how closely the statue resembles King. And some are moved to tears.

“Just all that this man did so that we could do anything and be anything,” said Brandolyn Brown, 26, of Cheraw, S.C., who visited the memorial Saturday with her aunt and cousin.

“I know it took a lot more than him to get to where we are, but he was a big part of the movement.”

Brown’s aunt, Gloria Drake, 60, of Cheraw, S.C., said she remembers King almost as though he was Moses leading his people to the promised land, even when there were so many reasons to doubt things would get better in an era of segregated buses, schools and lunch counters.

“It was really just hostile,” she said. “… And then we had a man that comes to tell us things are going to be better.”

“Don’t be mad, don’t be angry,” she recalled King’s message. “Just come together in peace.”

They said King’s lasting legacy is the reality of equality and now having a black president. Drake said President Barack Obama reminds her of King with his “calmness” even in the face of anger.

Christine Redman, 37, visited the memorial with her husband, James Redman, 40, and their young son and daughter. She said they also feel a personal connection to King.

“We’re a mixed family, and we know that without a lot of the trials that he went through to help end segregation and help the races to become one, we would not be able to have the freedoms to love who we want to love and be accepted in the world,” she said.

Her son, 8-year-old Tyler, echoed his mom: “And be who we want to be.”

The family tries to celebrate King’s birthday by finding a way to serve others, they said. They were thinking about volunteering at a food pantry or donating toys for needy kids.

When he thinks of King, James Redman said he thinks of hope. Still, he said, King’s legacy is lost on many.

“Dr. King was about love and about cooperation and compromise and working together,” he said. “We don’t see a whole lot of that in our leaders. We don’t see a whole lot of it in our citizenry.”



On Broadway, theatergoers are seeing a different version of King — one that is more man than legend.

The realism was refreshing for Donya Fairfax, who marveled after leaving a matinee of “The Mountaintop” that she had never really thought of King cursing, as actor Samuel L. Jackson does while portraying King in the play.

“He was human and not someone who was above fault,” said the 48-year-old, visiting from Los Angeles. “He cursed. He did things that people do behind closed doors. He was regular.”

For some, such a portrayal would seem to chip away at King’s memory. But for Natalie Pertz, who at 20 has come to know King only through the gauzy view of history, it seemed a precious reminder that it is not beyond the reach of the ordinary and the flawed to effect change.

“It’s important for people our age to see that he wasn’t this saint-like figure,” she said. “It’s making you see that just because you’re not perfect, it doesn’t mean you can’t do good.”

For M.E. Ward, seeing an in-the-flesh incarnation of King brought her back more than 40 years, to when she watched his soaring speeches on the television. No matter how human he seemed on stage, she said, he still carried a godly gift.

“Still charismatic, still an orator, and an individual who was able to move people through his speech,” she said, adding that King enlightened the world with a message “to be peaceful, to be patient, to be non-violent.”

No matter how distant his presence is now, that legacy is still very relevant, she said, in what she called “a world of turmoil and violence, constant violence.”

Do people idealize him too much?

“They don’t do it enough!” said 64-year-old Elisabeth Carr, who cried through most of the play, feeling some of the pain she felt when the civil rights leader died. “The younger generation, they don’t know anymore. … They don’t understand what they went through.”

After traveling more than five hours with three friends — all of them African-American — to see Saturday’s matinee, Mariko Tapper Taylor said seeing King in all his flaws did nothing to diminish his legacy.

“It’s better to remember him as human,” she said. “Who’s flawless? It just shows that there’s another side of him.”

For her, the holiday remains very personal, Taylor said.

One of her friends, Dr. Donnita Scott, chimed in:

“If it wasn’t for him we probably wouldn’t be doctors,” she said, nodding at the group, which includes two ER physicians and a psychiatrist.

Dr. Jan Thomas agreed:

“We’re standing on that mountaintop.”


Gross reported from New York.

Martin Luther King

It is a testament to the greatness of Martin Luther King Jr. that nearly every major city in the U.S. has a street or school named after him. It is a measure of how sorely his achievements are misunderstood that most of them are located in black neighborhoods.

Three decades after King was gunned down on a motel balcony in Memphis, Tenn., he is still regarded mainly as the black leader of a movement for black equality. That assessment, while accurate, is far too restrictive. For all King did to free blacks from the yoke of segregation, whites may owe him the greatest debt, for liberating them from the burden of America’s centuries-old hypocrisy about race. It is only because of King and the movement that he led that the U.S. can claim to be the leader of the “free world” without inviting smirks of disdain and disbelief. Had he and the blacks and whites who marched beside him failed, vast regions of the U.S. would have remained morally indistinguishable from South Africa under apartheid, with terrible consequences for America’s standing among nations. How could America have convincingly inveighed against the Iron Curtain while an equally oppressive Cotton Curtain remained draped across the South?

Even after the Supreme Court struck down segregation in 1954, what the world now calls human-rights offenses were both law and custom in much of America. Before King and his movement, a tired and thoroughly respectable Negro seamstress like Rosa Parks could be thrown into jail and fined simply because she refused to give up her seat on an Alabama bus so a white man could sit down. A six-year-old black girl like Ruby Bridges could be hectored and spit on by a white New Orleans mob simply because she wanted to go to the same school as white children. A 14-year-old black boy like Emmett Till could be hunted down and murdered by a Mississippi gang simply because he had supposedly made suggestive remarks to a white woman. Even highly educated blacks were routinely denied the right to vote or serve on juries. They could not eat at lunch counters, register in motels or use whites-only rest rooms; they could not buy or rent a home wherever they chose. In some rural enclaves in the South, they were even compelled to get off the sidewalk and stand in the street if a Caucasian walked by.

The movement that King led swept all that away. Its victory was so complete that even though those outrages took place within the living memory of the baby boomers, they seem like ancient history. And though this revolution was the product of two centuries of agitation by thousands upon thousands of courageous men and women, King was its culmination. It is impossible to think of the movement unfolding as it did without him at its helm. He was, as the cliche has it, the right man at the right time.

To begin with, King was a preacher who spoke in biblical cadences ideally suited to leading a stride toward freedom that found its inspiration in the Old Testament story of the Israelites and the New Testament gospel of Jesus Christ. Being a minister not only put King in touch with the spirit of the black masses but also gave him a base within the black church, then and now the strongest and most independent of black institutions.

Moreover, King was a man of extraordinary physical courage whose belief in nonviolence never swerved. From the time he assumed leadership of the Montgomery, Ala., bus boycott in 1955 to his murder 13 years later, he faced hundreds of death threats. His home in Montgomery was bombed, with his wife and young children inside. He was hounded by J. Edgar Hoover’s FBI, which bugged his telephone and hotel rooms, circulated salacious gossip about him and even tried to force him into committing suicide after he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. As King told the story, the defining moment of his life came during the early days of the bus boycott. A threatening telephone call at midnight alarmed him: “Nigger, we are tired of you and your mess now. And if you aren’t out of this town in three days, we’re going to blow your brains out and blow up your house.” Shaken, King went to the kitchen to pray. “I could hear an inner voice saying to me, ‘Martin Luther, stand up for righteousness. Stand up for justice. Stand up for truth. And lo I will be with you, even until the end of the world.'”

In recent years, however, King’s most quoted line–“I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character”–has been put to uses he would never have endorsed. It has become the slogan for opponents of affirmative action like California’s Ward Connerly, who insist, incredibly, that had King lived he would have been marching alongside them. Connerly even chose King’s birthday last year to announce the creation of his nationwide crusade against “racial preferences.”

Such would-be kidnappers of King’s legacy have chosen a highly selective interpretation of his message. They have filtered out his radicalism and sense of urgency. That most famous speech was studded with demands. “We have come to our nation’s capital to cash a check,” King admonished. “When the architects of our Republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir,” King said. “Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check; a check which has come back marked ‘insufficient funds.'” These were not the words of a cardboard saint advocating a Hallmark card-style version of brotherhood. They were the stinging phrases of a prophet, a man demanding justice not just in the hereafter, but in the here and now.

TIME national correspondent Jack E. White has covered civil rights issues for 30 years

What If King Had Lived?
By Philip E. Tetlock

Dr. King’s assassination in Memphis, Tenn., triggered riots in inner cities across the country and assured his place as a martyr for the civil rights movement. But what might have happened, both to King and to the movement he led, had he not chosen to walk out on the motel balcony that night and lived to march again? Such questions are hard to answer, but they are not unanswerable. History, after all, is about not only what happened but also what, for a few small turns of events, might have happened. Indeed, what didn’t happen serves to underline the significance of what did. Such ruminations are the purview of counterfactual history, the examination of alternative outcomes based on plausible historical scenarios. To help distinguish frivolous flights of imagination from penetrating insights, counterfactual historians employ two standards:

A good counterfactual exercise tampers with as little of actual history as possible but still manages to get a big bang from what is changed. For example, as a foot soldier, Corporal Hitler had close brushes with death in World War I. Had this still unknown soldier been killed in action (with bullets whizzing all around him, it was a highly plausible possibility), humanity might have escaped World War II.

An effective counterfactual scenario should checkmate critics who argue that things would have worked out the same way anyway (e.g., if Hitler had perished in the muddy trenches, some other fanatic would have taken his place. Maybe, but most historians see Hitler as an extremist, even for a Nazi–and one with a lot of charisma to boot). Counterfactualists tend to support the Great Man Theory of history.

Most of us normally do not think of small causes determining huge outcomes, such as millions dying because of a tiny but timely intervention. But maybe that just shows we are not thinking about our shared past in the right way. What-if thought experiments awaken us to the impact of chance and choice in history. There are endless games one can play with counterfactual history, but here are three deadly serious scenarios, each centered on a small event that turned out to have massive effects.

Read more:,9171,988163,00.html#ixzz1jh2JwK8h

Labakal Kalahin cradles her 18-month-old baby

South Sudan, the world’s newest country, has been engulfed by a wave of deadly raids by rival communities, which have left an unknown number of people dead. Journalist Hannah McNeish reports from Pibor, which was attacked by some 6,000 fighters.

Huddled amongst hundreds of people waiting for food distribution in the blazing midday sun, Labakal Kalahin cradles her 18-month-old baby as she relives the horror of fleeing armed attackers that tore her family apart.

“We were running to the bush, and they were firing on us, and my daughter was killed… she was eight years old.”

Like tens of thousands of others, Ms Kalahin fled her burning home in Pibor County, as ethnic violence engulfed South Sudan’s Jonglei state.

An age-old vendetta between two communities known for stealing each other’s cattle, women and children recently escalated to unknown proportions when over 6,000 armed Lou Nuer youths marched on Pibor to attack the Murle.

‘Thousands’ dead

Our survival now depends on the food brought to us”

Akuer Alan

Ismiah Shan and her eight children escaped death in the village of Thaugnyang, but others were not so lucky.

“Some of them were shot and some were cut in front of me,” she says.

In a vast area with little or no infrastructure, the UN and government have been unable to give an idea of the death toll caused by this deadly column of angry young men.

A figure speedily produced by Pibor’s county commissioner of more than 3,000 dead remains unverified.

This would make it South Sudan’s worst conflict since it gained independence from Sudan in July 2011.

County medical officer James Chacha witnessed the attacks and thinks “2,000 plus” were killed by attackers en route to Pibor town, that he says stationed troops struggled to defend.

In this photo taken Saturday, 7 January, 2012 and released by the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (Unmiss), the burned village of Fertait is seen from the air, in Jonglei State, eastern South Sudan. Entire villages have been burnt to the ground

“In fact they came and they entered the town. The deployment was not that big to cover the headquarters itself”, and surrounding villages felt the full force of attacks, he said.

Mr Chacha said around 800 government troops in Pibor only fired on attackers when they had been driven back.

The UN Mission in South Sudan (Unmiss) had 400 peacekeepers in Pibor at the time of the attack and has increased numbers to 1,000.

“That represents almost half of the UN’s 2,100 combat ready personnel”, who will be sent to reinforce densely populated areas, said Unmiss official Kouider Zerrouk.

Clinic looted

Revenge attacks last week, that the government say killed almost 100 people, are highlighting the authorities’ inability to contain violence.

“They are villages of cattle created by people in remote areas. You can hardly protect them,” said Jonglei state governor Kuol Manyang after an attack on Thursday night that killed 57 people, mostly women and children.

“The lack of access and roads is a major setback. Even if you have police 20km (12 miles) away, they can’t get there,” he said.

Attacks on Friday left 13 people dead in a village just 6km from an army garrison, and some troops were sent to protect other areas.

In this photo of Thursday, 12 January, 2012 relief food of the World Food Program is offloaded in Pibor, South Sudan.Aid is arriving in the area but much more is needed

The UN is also concerned about accessibility for a “massive humanitarian response” aimed at around 60,000 people forced from their homes.

“Our survival now depends on the food brought to us,” said Akuer Alan, who like many has been living on wild fruit.

The UN’s World Food Program (WFP) registered more than 30,000 people in Pibor last week and 4,500 in Gumuruk, roughly 40km away.

South Sudan UN Humanitarian Coordinator Lise Grande says the lack of aid agencies working in the troubled state poses further difficulty.

“In some of the worst-hit places, there are only a handful partners on the ground. In some places, there are none,” she says.

WFP is setting up distribution in Likuangole, one of the villages razed to the ground.

Pibor’s only clinic, serving up to 160,000 people and run by medical charity Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), was looted and ransacked in the attack.

MSF has been unable to track down around half of its 156 local staff since.

Scattered papers and piles of medicines litter the mostly cordoned off premises, now treating many people suffering from malaria and injuries.

“We are also seeing a lot of people with gunshot wounds, of people running away from the violence,” said Karel Janssens, MSF Coordinator in Pibor.

Ending the enmity

This attack was supposed to take place in September but the government intervened”

Kuol ManyangJonglei state governor

In Jonglei, people affected by violence have criticised the government for inaction and delay.

Aid worker Both Jangjuol witnessed another revenge attack in Akobo that killed 24 people.

“Even the SPLA [army] now is residing in its headquarters – they just can’t take these people on… the government has no control,” he says.

South Sudan is awash with small arms after decades of civil war that ended in 2005.

Military spokesman Philip Aguer said more than 20,000 guns in Jonglei were “magnifying the disputes”.

He said when another 3,000 troops are deployed, 6,000 would “disarm all these communities” to contain violence.

Douglas Johnson, a Sudan expert at Oxford University, said that in the 1980s and 90s, both the Khartoum government and the then rebel SPLA army fighting it armed the minority Murle community, leading to “the rise of ad-hoc militias” in Jonglei.


Cattle lie at the heart of a long-standing enmity between the two communities.

In a country without banks, cows represent wealth, a dowry, property and a source of food in the lean season. A single cow can be worth hundreds of dollars depending on its colouring.

The Murle and Lou Nuer have long raided each other’s cattle, or battled over access to grazing land and water but the conflicts have turned increasingly deadly with the arrival of automatic weapons.

Koko Alan escaped alive but is distraught after 500 of his prized cows were stolen.

“I don’t know what I will do now,” he said.

A December statement by a Nuer group based in the US claiming to be behind the advancing army vowed to “wipe out the entire Murle tribe on the face of the earth”.

But Minister of Information Barnaba Marial Benjamin said the genocidal statement was the work of a refugee living in the US trying to capitalise on conflict he had no connection to.

The Jonglei governor thought it was timed for a “war planned by another person”.

He said that, after cattle raids in August 2011 left 600 people dead, the Nuer had agreed to halt retaliation if abducted women and children were returned. “This attack was supposed to take place in September but the government intervened.”

But after a three-month deadline passed and church-led peace talks collapsed in December, the rampaging youths unleashed their wrath.

Now authorities are struggling to stop a bitter enmity spiralling out of control.

South Sudan horror at deadly cattle vendetta
BBC News
South Sudan, the world’s newest country, has been engulfed by a wave of deadly raids by rival communities, which have left an unknown number of people dead. Journalist Hannah McNeish reports from Pibor, which was attacked by some 6000 fighters. 

South Sudan: MSF responds to violence in Jonglei State
MSF UK (press release)
Following inter-communal violence on 11th January in northern Jonglei State, South Sudan, the medical humanitarian aid organisation Médecins Sans Frontières MSF (Doctors Without Borders) referred by air 13 patients with serious wounds from the 

South Sudan: In the 2 Sudans – Where Separation Breeds Conflict
South Sudan is merely the start according to Zachary, and it’s time that Africans have the right to live within boundaries that they find appropriate. Though hardly unfounded, specific elements of Zachary’s argument are still untenable. 

Close call for Doc PJ in Sudan
Summit Daily News
By Dr. C. Louis Perrinjaquet In this Thursday photo, victims of ethnic violence in Jonglei state, South Sudan, wait in line at the World Food Program distribution center in Pibor, South Sudan, to receive emergency food rations. 

South Sudan “promises” to mull expulsion of Darfur rebels
Sudan Tribune
January 15, 2012 (KHARTOUM) – South Sudan has promised Khartoum to consider expelling members of Darfur rebel group Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) from its territories, according to a senior Sudanese diplomat. Juba has previously denied presence 

Auxiliary Bishop of Khartoum warns of spreading unrest in South Sudan
Aid to the Church in Need (press release)
By Eva–Maria Kolmann Daniel Adwok Kur, the Auxiliary Bishop of Khartoum, in a recent meeting with the Catholic charity Aid to the Church in Need (ACN), warned of spreading unrest in South Sudan. The government of South Sudan must “deal with the causes 

Running Club’s Midwinter Cruise Won by Young Athlete from South Sudan
eNews Park Forest
Sixteen-year-old Wal Khat of South Sudan finished first at the Park Forest Running and Pancake Club’s 2012 Midwinter Cruise. Before the race, the eventual-first-place winner said he was, “Feeling good.” Mom and Dad live in South Sudan, and must be very 

Khartoum, Jan. 15 (SUNA)- Talks on the pending issues between the Republic of Sudan and the republic of South Sudan are due to begin in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, on Tuesday, under auspices of the African Union High-Level Panel on Sudan, which is headed by the former South African President, Thabo Mbeki.

At the regular news forum of Sudan News Agency (SUNA) Sunday, the State Minister at the Presidency of the Republic, Idris Mohamed Abdul-Gadir, said that the arrears due to be repaid by South Sudan Government to Sudan government have reached six billion, besides one billion dollars as the fees for the crossing of the South oil, while the debts due to be paid by the government of Sudan to the government of South Sudan have reached five billion dollars.
Abdul-Gadir said that the coming session of talks between the two parties will focus on the joint economic file, mainly the issues of oil, trade and the financial accounts.

He said that the oil quantities that Sudan took from the oil of South Sudan since the beginning of last month instead of the oil crossing fees were not equal to the fees that South Sudan government should repaid to the government of Sudan.

He said that the government of South Sudan tended to export its oil via the North for five years without payment of crossing and port fees and other fees to the Republic of Sudan, a matter which resulted in harming to the Sudanese economy and increasing the exchange rate and raising the inflation rate.

Meanwhile, Abdul-Gadir accused circles that he did not name of attempting to impede restoration of Sudan to its rights from the State of South Sudan, referring to the costs resulting from the transportation of oil, the treatment at Hejlij and Jabalain, the high chemical and physiological operations, besides the costs of storing at ports, the use of the sea ports in Port-Sudan and the sovereign fee.
Meanwhile, head of the government delegation for negotiations in the economic axis, Dr. Sabir Mohamed Al-Hassan, said that Sudan financial claims to the State of South Sudan are supported by real figures and genuine documents, adding that the other party depended on documents and interpretations to the decision of the Hague-based Arbitration Court on Abyei issue and the pensions of the civil and military service employees.

He said that the coming round of negotiations will provide a chance to go ahead to create a spirit of cooperation conducive to reaching agreement on the controversial issues for the interest of the peoples of the two countries.