Archive for March 25, 2012

South Sudan will open embassy in Jerusalem

Posted: March 25, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan
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Bikya Masr Staff | 25 March 2012

South Sudan President Salva Kiir with Israeli President Shimon Peres.

CAIRO: South Sudan and Israel discussed bilateral cooperation and diplomatic relations.

South Sudan said it will establish an embassy in Jerusalem, the Holy city, rather than the political capital, Tel Aviv, following the recent visit of the South Sudanese president, Salva Kiir.

On Friday the visiting Israeli ambassador, Dan Shaham, met with the vice president of South Sudan, Riek Machar, and discussed issues pertaining to the bilateral cooperation between the two states.

The issues included the support the Israeli government will provide to the new state as well as the status of some 1,500 South Sudanese currently residing in Israel.

Shaham gave assurances that South Sudanese refugees in Israel will be trained in various skills so they can contribute to the young nation upon repatriation.

Machar stressed the importance of establishing a Hebrew language school in the South Sudan’s capital, Juba.

They also discussed the plans for a pilgrimage to the Holy Land by South Sudanese Christian leaders.

The Vice President and the Israeli diplomat also discussed the ongoing disarmament of civil populations in Jonglei state. They also touched on the situation in the Middle East, particularly with the current violent events in Syria.

With the independence of the South Sudan in July 2011, Israel announced on 31 January that South Sudanese are no longer considered refugees and have to leave the Jewish state before the first of April of face forced deportation.

The UN refugee agency, HCR, said only some 60 South Sudanese agreed to return voluntarily to their new nation before April 1. The Israeli Interior ministry recently said no South Sudanese have appealed the decision to deport them or applied for refugee status since January.

Following its decision to repatriate South Sudanese, the Israeli authorities agreed, upon the request of the HCR, to give them the possibility to petition to stay in Israel. The official statics estimate that there are some 3000 South Sudanese in Israel.

South Sudan’s relations with Israel are frequently viewed with intense suspicion in the Egyptian press, cafés and bars.

And this is because Egyptians view the Nile’s water sources, one of which flows through South Sudan, called the White Nile, as a matter of national security.

Egyptians fear that a “Zionist plot” is behind South Sudan’s diplomatic relations with Israel, and that there is a plan to shut off the water flow to Egypt.

To what end this fanciful consipracy theory would possibly benefit anyone involved, has never been elaborated.

South Sudan vows to establish embassy in Jerusalem and not Tel Aviv: report 

August 29, 2011 (WASHINGTON) – The president of the newly established state of South Sudan told a visiting Israeli delegation that their future embassy in the Jewish state will be built in the disputed city of Jerusalem rather than in the political capital of Tel Aviv, according to a newspaper report.

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South Sudan president Salva Kiir (R) and Israeli MP Danny Danon (JP)

Danny Danon, Israeli member of Likud Party and Parliament member, is currently on a visit to South Sudan capital of Juba where he met with president Salva Kiir.

The ‘Jerusalem Post’ newspaper quoted Kiir as telling the visiting delegation that his country resisted Arab and Palestinian pressure on relations with Israel.

“I told them that I see Israeli embassies in Jordan and Egypt, and South Sudan is not an Arab state,” Kiir reportedly told Danon.

South Sudan became an independent state last month after its citizens voted overwhelmingly in favour of separation from the Arab-Muslim dominated north.

Many Sudanese and Arabs see Israel as complicit in breaking up Sudan and supporting the separatist rebel movements that emerged in South Sudan since Sudan became independent in 1956.

Israel quickly recognised South Sudan and its Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu spoke on the phone with Kiir in July promising his country’s assistance in areas of infrastructure, communications and agriculture.

Danon renewed this offer in his talks with South Sudan officials including Industry and Trade Minister, Foreign Minister and Finance Minister.

The Israeli MP specifically discussed ways South Sudan can work with Israel, pointing out that the new state has oil, gold, silver, lead, copper and other resources.

“Israel’s technological wealth and South Sudan’s wealth of natural resources are a sure recipe for prosperity in both states,” Danon said.

South Sudan president also agreed to Danon’s request that the future South Sudanese embassy in Israel be built in Jerusalem and also pledged to pay a visit to Israel at an unspecified date.

The status of Jerusalem — a city holy to three religions — is a sensitive issue for Israel as well as Arab and Muslim states.

Israel considers the city to be its “eternal and indivisible” capital city while Palestinians want the eastern part of Jerusalem to serve as the capital of a Palestinian state.

Even the United States, Israel’s staunchest ally, has been careful not to aggravate the Arab and Muslim states by avoiding making any official sign that it recognises Jerusalem as the capital of the Jewish state.

The US Congress passed a law in 1995 describing Jerusalem as capital of Israel and saying it should not be divided, but successive presidents have used their foreign policy powers to maintain the US embassy in Tel Aviv and to back negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians on the status of Jerusalem.

US diplomats say that, despite the US legislation, Washington’s foreign policy is in practice broadly aligned with that of the United Nations and other major powers, which do not view Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and do not recognise Israel’s annexation of Arab East Jerusalem following the 1967 war.

Kiir’s position contrasts sharply with South Sudan’s pledge a few weeks ago that it will support Palestinian statehood bid at the United Nations next month. The move is strongly opposed by Israel.

Israel is home to thousands of Sudanese refugees, including hundreds from South Sudan, and the country’s independence was greeted with celebration parties in Tel Aviv, home to much of Israel’s Sudanese community.

Danon noted the presence of Southern Sudanese in Israel and suggested that Tel Aviv will help in repatriating them.

“The Sudanese people have undergone ups and downs, but its luck has improved with the establishment of a new, civilized state,” Danon said.

“The world must help rehabilitate the Sudanese people and support the refugees who left families and homes behind by helping them return safely to their new state.”

Kiir asked Danon to promote vocational training for Sudanese refugees in Israel, so they could successfully return to their homeland.

On Tuesday, Danon plans to meet with former refugees who returned to South Sudan after working in Israel.

Danon said he intends to discuss with them ways to streamline the process of sending refugees from Israel after vocational training.

(ST)

http://www.sudantribune.com/South-Sudan-vows-to-establish,39995


Oil shutdown pushing South Sudan to end row: Sudan

Alexander Dziadosz and Khalid Abdelaziz, ReutersMarch 25, 2012
KHARTOUM (Reuters) – South Sudan’s shutdown of its crude production in a damaging row with Sudan over oil payments appears to have backfired and put pressure on Juba to soften its bargaining stance, one of Khartoum’s negotiators said on Sunday.Any deal still hinges on whether the two countries can address alleged support for rebels on both sides of the border, but southern officials have a growing incentive to tackle the obstacle, Sabir Hassan told Reuters in an interview.
“In the past, the pressure was all on the north,” he said. “Now both sides are under pressure, so both will be willing to find a way out.”South Sudan’s chief negotiator Pagan Amum said on Saturday his country hoped to end the row within “a month or two”, a time frame Hassan said could be realistic if southern officials were serious about reaching a settlement.South Sudan split from Sudan in July under a 2005 peace deal that ended decades of civil war, but the two have yet to resolve a range of partition-related issues.Although the south took about three quarters of Sudan’s oil output, it still needs to use pipelines, a Red Sea terminal and other facilities in Sudan to export crude. The two nations have wrangled over how much it should pay to do this.In January, South Sudan halted its production of about 350,000 barrels per day in protest after Khartoum started taking some oil as “dues in kind” to make up for what it said were fees Juba had failed to pay since independence.Hassan said the shutdown had put the squeeze on South Sudan to make a deal because oil provides 98 percent of state revenue, in turn vital to an economy based mostly on government salaries.”When they shut down the wells, they stopped the source of their revenues. So they came under pressure,” he said, adding that southern negotiators had later become more conciliatory.Sudan has also suffered from the disruption. Oil contributed about three quarters of Sudan’s foreign exchange and half of state revenue before the south seceded, said Hassan, a former central bank governor who co-chairs Khartoum’s economic negotiations team.

SECURITY FIRST

At least in public, the two sides are still far apart.

Among other ideas, Khartoum has proposed that South Sudan pay a mix of fees amounting to about $36 per barrel, of which about $6 would be transit fees. The rest would cover transport and the use of a marine terminal and processing facilities.

Southern officials said last week they were willing to pay $2.6 billion to help plug Sudan’s budget deficit and would lobby for debt relief. Juba has proposed a transit fee of about $1 per barrel.

Hassan said bridging the gap would be relatively easy once security issues, especially rebel activity on both sides of the long and poorly-drawn border, had been dealt with.

“The key to all this is security,” he said. “Neither of the two countries should support rebels in the other country … oil comes second, actually.”

To reach a deal, Juba must agree to stop supporting rebels in Sudan’s South Kordofan andBlue Nile border states, he said.

The two regions are home to tens of thousands of fighters who sided with the south during the civil war but were left in the north after partition. Fighting broke out again last year, with both sides blaming the other for provoking the conflict.

Resolving the dispute means South Sudan will have to break its “historical tie” with the rebels, Hassan said. “If they succeed in that, if they do have the political will and they succeed, then I think things might work out.”

Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir is set to meet his southern counterpart Salva Kiir in Juba on April 3 to discuss issues including oil and the conflict in the two border states.

(Writing by Alexander Dziadosz; Editing by Alistair Lyon)

JUBA
South Sudan hopes to end oil row within “a month or two” JUBA – South Sudan hopes to resolve a row over oil and other outstanding issues with Sudan within a month or two, South Sudan’s top negotiator said on Saturday, pointing to an easing of tensions between the two old civil war foes.The new nation also said it would not arrest Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir, wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) on charges of genocide and other crimes, when he visits the southern capital Juba next month.South Sudan seceded from Sudan in July under a 2005 peace deal that ended decades of civil war, but the two have continued to argue over issues including how much the landlocked South should pay to use Sudan’s oil facilities for export.The dispute pushed Juba to shut down its 350,000 barrel per day oil production in January.But the two sides have made some headway in recent weeks, agreeing to provisional deals that allow for protection of citizens residing in one another’s countries and lay out plans to demarcate much of the poorly-drawn border.

Both presidents are set to meet in Juba on April 3 to sign the documents and discuss other unresolved issues including the status of the contested Abyei region and the oil dispute.

“They can proceed in this new positive environment to discuss all the issues and hopefully reach agreement within a very clear time frame, hopefully a month or two,” Pagan Amum, South Sudan’s chief negotiator, told reporters in Juba.

Amum said Bashir would not be arrested during his visit. South Sudan is not a signatory to the ICC’s Rome Statute, which compels members to arrest suspects.

“President Salva Kiir has provided assurance as he is the head of state inviting president Bashir and that in itself is an assurance. You don’t invite somebody as a trick,” Amum said.

Sudan does not acknowledge the ICC and says the accusations are politically motivated.

http://www.portalangop.co.ao/motix/en_us/noticias/africa/2012/2/12/Sudan-hopes-end-oil-row-within-month-two,1567f526-5ae7-4a1c-8d27-c752b5103feb.html

South Sudan demobilizing child soldiers from decades-long civil war
Bikya Masr
Civil war in the Sudan began with independence from colonial rule in the 1950s; SPLA soldier, Juba, South Sudan – photo by Pete Willows for Bikya Masr. CAIRO: South Sudan’s army, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) on Saturday denied using child 
Beyond Wristbands: Your wider guide to South Sudan
The Yorker
South Sudan is Africa’s most recently formed independent country, gaining independence from Sudan on 9th July 2011. The recent history of the country is one of internal military conflict and rule. During the twentieth century, two civil wars were 
South Sudan says will not arrest Bashir during visit
AFP
JUBA — South Sudan said Saturday it will not arrest Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir, wanted by the International Criminal Court for war crimes, during an upcoming visit to the newly independent nation. South Sudan said fears by former civil war foe
South Sudanese opposition rejects Pagan’s acquittal of corruption charges
Sudan Tribune
Two South Sudanese newspapers and Chol were ordered by the court to pay 100000 SSP (US$37000) in damages. Marek said that the media should not be penalised for faithfully reporting on what individuals say. Marek accused the court of not following “all 
Sudan says South Kordofan’s survey proves stable humanitarian situation
Sudan Tribune
March 24, 2012 (KHARTOUM) — Sudan announced Saturday that the humanitarian situation in the troubled region of South Kordofan is stable according to the outcome of a joint survey conducted with the United Nations agencies in state.

Oil shutdown pushing South Sudan to end row: Sudan
Chicago Tribune
KHARTOUM (Reuters) – South Sudan’s shutdown of its crude production in a damaging row with Sudan over oil payments appears to have backfired and put pressure on Juba to soften its bargaining stance, one of Khartoum’s negotiators said on Sunday.

TEARZ AYUEN: WHY I SHALL NEVER QUIT SAGGING

Posted: March 25, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan
Tags: ,

By Tearz Ayuen

“Wewe! Jinga hii. Unafanya nini hapa?!  Nakuuliza, what are you doing here?”………That was a Kenyan administration police officer barking questions at me on May 19, 2009, the very day I arrived in Nairobi following my first field trip to South Sudan where I traveled to to cover a seven-day peace conference in Bor.

That day, I touched down at Kenyatta Airport at around 2 o’clock, boarded a taxi cab to the office as required by the organization policy. I greeted colleagues and worked out a few petty assignments. About an hour later, I rode home in another taxi. By then, I was staying at my Cousin Bullen Achiek Ngong’s house at Ngara, about 3 kilometers north of downtown.

I was so exhausted, so, I decided to take a shower in order to freshen myself up. It was after I stepped out of the bathroom I remembered I had no cologne. I had forgotten the only one I had in my hotel room at Juba’s Hamza Inn.

Being a great lover of perfumes, I couldn’t resist going for another one. Hence, I dashed back to town. At Tuskys Beba Beba supermarket, the queues were so long that I painfully spent about 30 minutes standing in the line. By the time I was done buying “Tattoo Junkie” spray, it was already late – that time of the day the light undresses for darkness.

It was on a week day, meaning the evening was characterized by deafening honking, crazy human and terrific traffic jams. I had to walk a few distances towards National Archives building along Tom Mboya Street, loaded with kilos of hopes that I would quickly find route 6 Mathree to drop me off near the house.

In addition to the normal human traffic, it was also that time of Nairobi when hawkers notoriously defiantly display their second and even third-hand wares on the pavements, a behavior that pisses off the city council management because – besides the by-law prohibiting unlicensed selling of goods on the streets – it increases the likelihood of accidents and it also makes it hard for a pedestrian to squeeze his or her way through. Being used to it, I was comfortable doing the squeezing and pushing when suddenly tom Mboya Street turned into a football pitch. Everyone started chasing a ball, an imaginary ball. All the pedestrians ran into different directions. I saw men and women fall down. Upon seeing people with bleeding knees and hands as a result of bad sudden falls, my fear button got turned on, automatically, forcing me to stay put at least to figure out what exactly was going on. I tried hard to catch a glimpse of what the people where running away from or running to, but to no avail.

To my surprise, some voice echoed from behind. Ni nini unafanya hapa? I turned around only to see this sinewy cop dressed up in khaki. He was dark, round-faced, with tainted teeth.  I replied: “Boss, natakana hii commotion i-clear ndio nipande matz…..” hardly had I finished answering him when he interrupted me. “hapana! This is idling!!” He landed his rungu on my left knee. “What have I done? I asked. He ignored my question and hit me again and again.  And within split seconds, his colleagues, about five, descended from nowhere and joined him. They practiced playing xylophone on my knees till my legs refused to carry me anymore.

I hit the ground with my knees. One grabbed me by my jumper and pulled me up. “nimedo makosa gani? Ni nini nimefanya? Nimewakosea aje?” I fired one question in different ways as the other officer struggled to hold me by the belt. They dragged me towards their truck, parked in the middle of the road. A huge jam had begun to build up as the police truck showed no sign of giving way. It was like they found what they were looking for -Tears Ayuen. Many more officers got drawn to the scene as I refused to climb up the truck, seriously demanding to know where I had gone wrong first. The level of my adrenalin shot up, strengthening me.

I got wild. My muscles tightened up. It was like I just received a shot of heroin. Hence I resisted the three cops who tried to force me into the vehicle. Intimidated by my unruliness, their commandant, a two-star boss breathed fire. I saw him hand his Motorola 77 and his headgear to another officer in readiness to help his juniors. Armed with various skills of manhandling a criminal, this dude grabbed me by the belt and tried to pull me up hoping that I would, with uneasiness, stand on my toes, an attempt that produced no fruits because he was a dwarf, almost the size of Inspector Mwala. In fact, I mistook him for Mwala until we got to the station.

A few seconds later, I felt some hand fumbling between my legs. It was a huge, rough, semi-metallic, bowl-like hand. My instincts told me that it was searching for my young precious fertile balls to squash them, explode them. With balls being very significant to me, I acted swiftly and smartly by deploying a tactics. I was in strong moderately tight pants, and they were almost falling as usual. To counter the ball-squeezing hand, the hand of infertility, the hand of extra-judicial castration, the hand of permanent emotional agony, I stretched my legs a little bit, making it impossible for him to reach out my golden testicles. See? Sagging saved my balls, my baby- making laboratory.

As they roughed me off, I unknowingly kept singing the same question until it became a one-line chorus of a hardcore hip hop track; “what have I done? What I done? What have I done? What have I done? What have I done? What have I done?”

They finally managed to fling me onto the truck and that was after some of the cops decisively climbed up the truck and pulled me up. They held me by my head, arms, collar while the ones on the ground prepared for a push. The force was so powerful that I fell on the floor chest first. “Korou korou”, my flat chest greeted the metallic floor.

Struggling to sit up, I quickly assumed the purpose of a footstool as the officers who were seated, guarding suspects, placed their dirty smelly old boots on my head, back.

One thing that amazed me after I gained humanity while still riding in the police vehicle was the devil that sent me to town, the spray that I bought. Despite all the rough experiences from the police; the pulling, hitting, pushing, yanking, it remained glued to my left hand, safe and intact.

After roaming the streets for about an hour, we arrived at the central police station where we marched into the registration office.
The police officers who arrested us threw a blanket charge: “hawa wote ni hawkers. They engaged in illegal trading. Na huyo kijana ni kichwa kibovu.” “But I’m not a hawker, sir. Mimi ni msu……….,” I objected. “Ati nini? And how did you get herrrr….” The commandant murmured the word “here” as his lips froze with confusion, and sticking his bloodshot eyes on my forehead. He whispered something to the registrar’s ear and walked out. That assured me they had finally discovered I wasn’t a hawker, not a native either. They finally read my number plate engraved on my face.

After they realized that I was a Sudanese, the whole thing took a different course. I wasn’t a hawker anymore, meaning new charges.
“Wee, Galang, iko wapi passport?” asked the registrar, a fat dude who could not pronounce Garang properly. His mother tongue fucked up roman alphabets, especially letters L and R. “Reta kitamburisho, he screwed up words again. “sina sahihi. Iko nyumbani”, I answered.
After I failed to produce my passport, this son of a bitch pressed two charges against me. One, that I was an illegal alien. And two, obstruction; that I obstructed the officers from carrying out their operation by resisting arrest.

“Remove your belt, your watch, cash and phone. Take off your shoe, left,” ordered a jailer. Bang! He slammed the door behind me. In the cell, the strong and the powerful were waiting for me; to frisk me, hoping to find anything valuable. They only got a silver finger ring.

I spent the night awake as the floor was cold, wet and stinking. In the morning, I heard some voice calling out, “Sudanese”. I got out only to recognize faces from my office. I had informed them of where I would spend the night shortly before the cops threw me in.