Archive for March 29, 2012

CPJ: Corruption a no-go zone for South Sudan’s journalists

Posted: March 29, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By Tom Rhodes/CPJ East Africa Consultant
Pagan Amum, secretary-general of South Sudan's ruling party, was awarded defamation damages from two newspapers who reported on a corruption case. (CPJ)

Pagan Amum, secretary-general of South Sudan’s ruling party, was awarded defamation damages from two newspapers who reported on a corruption case. (CPJ)

Last week, South Sudan’s ruling party secretary-general, Pagan Amum, won an important court battle, absolving him of allegations that he received a $30 million corrupt payment in 2006. The accusations came from former Finance Minister Arthur Akuien Chol, who alleged earlier this year that he had received orders from “above” to transfer the public money, according to local reports. The court acquitted Amum based on insufficient evidence. The money, however, remains unaccounted for, according to local reports. And the odds of any journalist in South Sudan investigating the matter further are slim.

For reporting on the corruption charges, two independent newspapers, The Citizen and Al Masir, were ordered by a court in South Sudan’s capital, Juba, to pay 100,000 South Sudanese pounds (US$37,000) each in damages to Amum, local journalists told CPJ. If the papers do not publish an apology within 15 days, the court ruled, the fine would increase to 1 million South Sudanese pounds to be paid in three months.

Like most papers the world over, The Citizen survives on a shoe-string budget and couldn’t withstand such fees, Chief Editor Nhial Bol told me. “We are going to appeal this decision,” he said. “All we did was quote the former finance minister — there is nothing libelous about that.”

Speaking to journalists outside the courtroom, Amum said the verdict sent a clear message that freedom of expression “should be exercised in such a measured, responsible manner that ensures the rights of others are not hammered or taken away,” according to local reports.

The ruling sent another message to reporters in Africa’s newest country: Reporting about corruption can be detrimental to your media houses’ survival. “They are trying to silence the media from reporting on corruption issues,” Bol said. Many of Bol’s colleagues agree. “Such heavy fines can easily lead to the creation of a state of fear in the media,” New Nationcorrespondent Anthony Kamba told me. Simon Tongun from the critical Catholic radio stationBakhita FM agrees: “As for the performance of the media after this issue, it is honestly going to be difficult for us to publish information on corruption but we will not give up.”

The problem, local journalists tell me, is that they are working in a legal vacuum without any media laws in place to assist in their defense. A proposed media law, first introduced nearly five years ago, would have provided an independent press ombudsman to mediate the case, but the law is yet to be passed. Despite pledges made to me last year by Information Minister Barnabas Marial that the bills would be tabled “soon,” most journalists in South Sudan are not holding their breath. “The media in South Sudan still operates under what I have often termed playing a game of football without rules,” said Jacob Akol, chair of the Association of Media Development in South Sudan, an organization that is campaigning for passage of the law. “We are told that the media is free to report anything within the law; but what law?” Akol said. While a court can use the penal code to fine a newspaper any amount providing it is not “excessive,” the press has no legal means to counter such unlimited fines.

Other sensitive issues such as security are also no-go areas for South Sudanese journalists. The government of South Sudan confiscated copies of the independent biweekly newspaperThe Juba Post last year for quoting a dissident group claiming it would launch an attack on Juba. Security tensions between Sudan and South Sudan have reached a boiling point along their border, with both sides targeting each other’s oil fields. Accurate coverage of these events will no doubt prove another challenge for South Sudan’s independent journalists.

War Between North and South Sudan

Posted: March 29, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan
Tags: ,

By Mogga Josephson

Between nations, guns may fall silent, but the ethics of how any war has been carried out cannot and should not stop at the doors of any peace that falls between the worrying nations. Revisiting the conventions of war, (Geneva and Hague can help us chart the course of action to take in a time of our choosing sooner than later. 

What constitutes war crimes indeed is why damage assessment is important, and not just the disengagement, or silence of guns. That is not in many peoples view, the end of war or beginning of peace. For undisciplined governments that respects no Humanitarian law, or those who violate the laws applicable in armed conflict should not be let go free. There should be reparations for any damages by unlawful acts by any party found guilty.

The one guilty should be punished as to deter recklessness of careless resorts to war bombing anything including civilian infrastructures, not military assets. The issue of North Sudan resorting to damaging the oil infrastructure of South Sudan brings to our concerns the need to challenge the North Sudanese on their conduct of war in a court of law.

(read  Sudan’s parliament warns the government not to deal with South by reactions SudaneseOnline-Speaker of Sudan’s parliament cautioned against dealing with the incidents that recently erupted in Heglig area in South Kordofan by excessive zeal, underlining the need …Full story)

They know that, the oil is the life line of South Sudanese and their own life line too. They also know the environmental effects of any leakages should oil spill into the environment, accidentally or deliberately. Oil companies are always punished for that therefore anyone causing such leakages should as well be treated to same punishment.

The parliament of the North (Read Sudan online), has warned the (meaning the army) the nation not to resort to reactions with South Sudan in any negative way to solve problems. This in my view is because they are possibly aware of later consequences should the South wake up to know that their legal right to pursue reparations for damages to their civilian infrastructures in consequences of the Norths senseless war or greed.

The Liberal Democratic party of the North has warned the governments (Read SudaneseOnlineسودانيزاونلاين

To stop targeting the oil production areas of the two parties and not bombing any oil field or facilities related thereto, since such actions are listed under the economic & environmental crimes and impacts the public health & safety,  which is absolutely unacceptable.

War reparations is not new. In the first and second world wars, and recently also the Iraq war when it invaded Kuwait causing massive damage to infrastructure and by a resolution 687, of the United nations Security Council which declared Iraq’s financial liability for damage caused in its invasion had to pay the reparations amounting to US$350 billion.

According to the UN, the prioritization of claims by natural people, ahead of claims by governments and entities or corporations (legal persons), “marked a significant step in the evolution of international claims practice.”
So fresh in our memories is also when Eritrea went into war with Ethiopia. See what happened Tuesday, 18 August 2009 . (Ref:
Eritrea to pay Ethiopia millions
Both were ordered to pay each other damages for the 1998-2000 border war, but the verdict leaves Eritrea with $10m (£6m) more to pay. An international tribunal in The Hague has ruled that Eritrea will have to pay Ethiopia millions of dollars in compensation for war damages.
The ruling covers compensation for businesses and goods lost and villages destroyed during the bitter conflict.
Eritrea has already said it accepts the ruling of the tribunal.
The Claims Commission, set up at the end of the war, ruled on awards across a range of issues.
It gave a monetary value to the damage suffered by Ethiopians during a notorious incident when Eritrean jets dropped cluster bombs on a school in the town of Mekele.

So in my view, as we become natural enemies and neighbors same time, how Sudan behaves with us should be established by rules and if not International jurisdictions. Letting any thing go un punished, even if it is companies to complain for damages to their equipment (By the way we are also paying for that), plays negative to our tolerance or innocence.

This idea of is shared here to provoke a necessary positive thinking, on ways and or plans for action. This is in view of the serial, un necessary, un provoked bombings of our land, our civilians as well as our oil fields in sustained provocations inside our sovereign territory. More over they are even still occupying  some Southern Sudan’s sovereign territories along the boarder, some even after ruling of the Hague in the like Abyei,  got invaded plunging the natives into untold misery worth millions in monetary terms of individual losses.

Consider it as now an undisputed South Sudan territory, is the occupation justified or fighting for temporary capture of Heiglig more natural and allowed without penalties and not Abyei? The freedoms of movement should be scrapped to deny the Missiriya Arabs access to the land and the resources of the south ungratefully. Also in same vein, SPLA should have right to retake Abyei just as SAF regained control of Heighlig even if its ownership is still disputed.

Now or later as we still face a monster, who is bent on grabbing part of economically resourceful South Sudan or damage it directly or indirectly. In fact the use of militia in war, is a criminal way of avoiding responsibility and by intention to avoid providing direct evidence for any claims of war reparations. That is the criminal or forensic signature (behavior) of Sudan’s wars which should now on not be let continue.

Mogga, S J

Dear all – Please find below and attached an open letter from South
Sudanese civil society organizations to President Salva Kiir regarding
the government of South Sudan’s invitation to President Omar al-Bashir
to attend the April 2012 presidential summit in Juba.

South Sudanese civil society


Regarding the government of South Sudan’s invitation to President Omar
al-Bashir to attend the April 2012 presidential summit in Juba

29 March 2012

Dear President Salva Kiir Mayardit,

We, the undersigned South Sudanese civil society organizations, with
the support of human rights organizations across the African
continent, are writing to express our deep concern about the
invitation that the government of South Sudan has extended to
President Omar al-Bashir to attend the April 2012 presidential summit
in Juba. With open fighting now reported along the border between
Sudan and South Sudan, it appears increasingly unlikely that Bashir
will accept the invitation. Nonetheless, we urge the government of
South Sudan to adopt a policy of holding any meetings with Bashir and
other Sudanese officials wanted by the International Criminal Court
(ICC) outside of South Sudan.

No nation knows President Bashir’s cruelty more than South Sudan.
Since Bashir came to power in a military coup in 1989, countless
numbers of our people have been killed and displaced by the actions of
his regime. Over the course of the war, Khartoum extended its criminal
warfare methods to other marginalized regions in Sudan. In Darfur,
Bashir’s regime instituted a particularly brutal campaign of mass
killings and ethnic cleansing that left more than 300,000 people dead
and several million displaced.

In response to these grave violations of international human rights
and humanitarian law, the United Nations Security Council issued
Resolution 1593 (2005), referring the situation in Darfur to the ICC.
The Resolution called on all United Nations member states—whether or
not they were party to the Rome Statute—to cooperate fully with the
Court and its prosecutor.

Four years later, the ICC issued two warrants for Bashir’s arrest on
charges of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide.
Overnight, Bashir’s ability to travel became severely restricted. In
accordance with Resolution 1593, responsible nations across the globe
have refused to receive him. With each refusal, the survivors of
Bashir’s atrocities come closer to seeing justice done in their
lifetime and to knowing that Bashir will never again subject others to
a similar pain and torment.

As a nation that has suffered so much at the hands of Omar al-Bashir,
South Sudan has a moral obligation to the survivors of his atrocities
take a principled stance on the warrants for his arrest. The millions
of South Sudanese who have lost loved ones to Bashir’s criminal acts
have the same interest in seeing him held accountable as the women and
children that continue to be raped in killed in Darfur and the
hundreds of thousands of people that are now at risk of
conflict-induced famine in Southern Kordofan and Southern Blue Nile.

We congratulate you and your negotiating team for maintaining open
channels of communication with representatives of the government of
Sudan and for making progress on the ‘four freedoms’ agreement. The
presidential summit and its implications for peace between Sudan and
South Sudan should not be understated.

But to host the international fugitive, Omar al-Bashir, in Juba, to
turn a blind eye to the warrants for his arrest, to grant him leave to
set foot on South Sudanese soil for the first time since independence,
does a disservice to the survivors of his atrocities. For little more
than a public relations exercise, South Sudan could join the short
list of countries that have tacitly condoned Bashir’s crimes by
failing to respect the ICC’s warrants for his arrest.

Your Excellency, we strongly urge you to adopt a policy of holding any
meetings with Omar al-Bashir and other Sudanese officials wanted by
the ICC outside of South Sudan. We also call on the government of
South Sudan to demonstrate that it is committed to rule of law and
accountability by moving quickly to ratify the Rome Statute and
international human rights treaties.

Yours sincerely,


Agency for Independent Media (AIM)
Assistance Mission for Africa (AMA)
Care for Children and Old Age in South Sudan (CCOSS)
Community Empowerment for Progress Organization (CEPO)
Generation Agency for Development Transformation-Pentagon (GADET-Pentagon)
Kush, Inc.
Legal Research and Human Rights Initiative (LERHI)
Nuer Peace Council (NPC)
South Sudan Human Rights Society for Advocacy (SSHURSA)
South Sudan Law Society (SSLS)
Unist Development Organization
Voices for Change

With support from:

Action of Christian Activists for Human Rights in Shabunda
(ACADHOSHA), Democratic Republic of the Congo
Africa Legal Aid (AFLA)
African Assembly for the Defense of Human Rights (RADDHO), Senegal
African Center for Justice and Peace Studies (ACJPS)
Association of Human and Prisoner Rights (ADHUC), Republic of Congo
Benin Coalition for the International Criminal Court, Benin
Cameroon Coalition for the International Criminal Court, Cameroon
Central African Republic Coalition for the International Criminal
Court, Central African Republic
Centre for Accountability and Rule of Law, Sierra Leone
Children Education Society-Tanzania (CHESO), Tanzania
Citizens for Justice and Accountability (COJA)
Civil Resource Development and Documentation Centre (CIRDDOC), Nigeria
Darfur Relief and Documentation Center (DRDC)
Human Rights Watch, with offices in South Africa, Kenya, the
Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda
The Kenyan Section of the International Commission of Jurists, Kenya
League for Peace, Human Rights and Justice (LIPADHOJ), Democratic
Republic of Congo
Nigerian Coalition on the ICC (NCICC), Nigeria
Synergy of Congolese NGOs for Victims (SYCOVI), Democratic Republic of Congo
West African Bar Association

The Jerusalem District Court issued an injunction forbidding any deportation of South Sudanese nationals before April 15.

By Barak Ravid

Israel’s foreign ministry recommended Thursday that the Interior Ministry extend the protection from deportation collectively afforded to refugees from South Sudan by an additional six months. On Sunday, April 1, the collective protection for the citizens of the new nation is set to expire. This would mean that any South Sudanese citizen that will not leave ion his or her own accord will be deported.

In addition to this recommendation by the foreign ministry, the Jerusalem District Court issued an injunction forbidding any deportation of South Sudanese nationals before April 15. The state has until that date to respond to a petition by aid organizations against the Interior Ministry’s decision not to extend the collective protection.

Sudan Israel Sudanese refugees in Tel Aviv celebrate South Sudan’s independence, July 10, 2011.
Photo by: Sara Miller

A senior Foreign Ministry official said that the recommendation to extend the collective protection for the South Sudanese for another six month is due to the fact that the conditions for their return haven’t yet matured – not on the part of Israel and not on the part of South Sudan.

“The arrangements required for the return have yet to be completed and more time is required to coordinate the arrangements with the government of South Sudan,” the source said.

The Population and Immigration Authority stated that the authority to extend the protection isn’t held by the foreign of interior ministries, rather it lays in the hands of the prime minister.

On Wednesday, a special foreign ministry delegate to South Sudan returned to Israel after a short stay at the country’s capital Juba. He held consultations with the vice president and with members of international organizations in the country, and discussed the refugees return to South Sudanese. The visit was also intended to see if the conditions in the country have improved enough to allow for their return.

On Wednesday, following three days of fighting, which included airstrikes and tank shelling, Sudan and South Sudan agreed to work together to settle their differences.

The decision to work together came after the Unaited Nations Security Council issued a statement of concern over the fighting along the border, which could deteriorate to another civil war in the region.

Court delays deportation of South Sudanese

Just 3 days before potential forced deportations, Jerusalem court issues injunction barring move until mid-April.

South Sudanese protest against deportation in TABy Ben Hartman

Only three days before South Sudanese in Israel were to face the potential of forced deportation, the Jerusalem District Court issued an injunction Thursday barring the deportations until April 15th.

The decision was in response to a petition issued earlier in the day by a series of NGOs including the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI), the Hotline for Migrant Workers, the African Refugee Development Center, the Assaf Aid Organization for Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Israel, and Physicians for Human Rights.

The petitioners argued that returning South Sudanese at this point in time would gravely endanger their lives, considering the dire living conditions and sporadic fighting plaguing the country.

Also Thursday, the Foreign Ministry sent a letter to the Population, Immigration, and Borders Authority (PIBA) on Thursday, asking for them to consider delaying the deportations, so that the ministry can have more time to examine the situation on the ground in South Sudan.

As of Sunday, April 1st, the community of around 1,000 South Sudanese in Israel was to face forced deportation in keeping with a government decision announced by PIBA on January 31st. PIBA stated that following the establishment of South Sudan as an independent country last July, they will no longer be considered refugees come April 1st and should prepare their departure.

Foreign Ministry Spokesman Yigal Palmor said Thursday that the letter sent to PIBA asked for them to wait while the ministry discusses the matter with an envoy sent by the Foreign Ministry to Juba. The envoy was scheduled to return on Thursday, and will brief the ministry on the situation on the ground in Juba.

Palmor said the ministry asked for more time so that they can examine the envoy’s recommendations about returning South Sudanese to their country, as well as opinions from sources in the international community on the matter. Palmor said the recommendations could encourage them to request that the government extend group protection for South Sudanese.

Palmor added that the ministry did not ask for any specific time frame, as opposed to reports Thursday in the Israeli press.

Sabine Haddad from PIBA confirmed that the organization had received the letter on Thursday but added that the decision about extending group protection for South Sudanese lies with the Prime Minister’s office.

South Sudan may reconsider Glencore oil deal
Ahram Online
South Sudan may reconsider a scrapped contract with Glencore for crude marketing and other services if the oil trading major agrees to revise terms seen as unfavourable to the African producer, an oil official said on Thursday.
SOUTH SUDAN: Briefing on Heglig clashes
LONDON/JAU, 29 March 2012 (IRIN) – Borderland fighting between Sudan and South Sudan broke out on 25 March, raising fears that the fragile peace that has more or less held since a 2005 accord (CPA) ended decades of civil war, could break down entirely.
Israeli foreign ministry recommends postponing the deportation of South Sudan 
The Jerusalem District Court issued an injunction forbidding any deportation of South Sudanesenationals before April 15. By Barak Ravid Tags: Israel immigration Africa Israel Israel’s foreign ministry recommended Thursday that the Interior Ministry 
Sudanese conflict quiets, UN says
UNITED NATIONS, March 29 (UPI) — The conflict between the Sudanese and South Sudanesemilitaries appears to be subsidizing as both sides head to the negotiating table, a UN official said.South Sudanese officials accused the Sudanese military of 

Bodies, destroyed tanks at scene of Sudan battle: AFP

Posted: March 29, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan
Tags: ,

By Abdelmoneim Abu Edris Ali | AFP

Dead bodies and destroyed tanks lay in Sudan’s southern oil centre of Heglig on Wednesday after government forces and South Sudanese troops clashed along the border, sparking international alarm.

Smoke still rose from a destroyed residence of oil workers, just metres (yards) from an unscathed oil well.

An AFP reporter observed the war debris while accompanying Sudan’s Oil Minister Awad Ahmad al-Jaz who spent about six hours in the area with Ahmad Harun, governor of surrounding South Kordofan state.

The correspondent saw three bodies and two tanks but the mangled tanks carried no visible identifying markings.

Some of the dead bore the insignia of rebels from the Darfur-based Justice and Equality Movement (JEM).

Sudan’s military has alleged JEM “exploited” the north-south clash to target Sudanese troops in the Heglig area before being repulsed.

JEM on Wednesday repeated its earlier denial of involvement in the battle.

The movement’s spokesman, Gibril Adam Bilal, said the dead might be government troops dressed in rebel garb.

“We as JEM, we confirm we are not part of that battle in Heglig at all,” which was entirely a clash between South Sudan and Sudanese troops, Bilal said by telephone.

Two destroyed Land Cruisers at the battle scene also carried JEM insignia.

Both north and south claim parts of Heglig, an oil-rich territory that witnessed heavy fighting during Sudan’s devastating 22-year civil war.

The town is surrounded by numerous oil wells, on flat land scattered with acacia trees, but none of the oil infrastructure appeared damaged.

“Now there are no soldiers from our enemy inside Sudanese territory and the area is completely secure,” said Abdelmoneim Saad, operations commander for the Sudanese Armed Forces.

Heglig town is about 15 kilometres (nine miles) from the disputed frontier’s closest point.

South Sudan said its forces had taken the area on Monday when they pushed back Khartoum’s troops which had moved over the frontier into Unity state following air strikes.

A large contingent of Misseriya nomads from the paramilitary Popular Defence Force (PDF), a key battle force for the Sudanese military, patrolled the Heglig area on foot and by motorcycles, with rifles but without uniforms.

“Our border was won in 1956 and we will fight for this border even without the government’s permission, to protect our land,” said Ismail Hamdien, a Misseriya leader who travelled to the battle scene to assess the situation.

Police, intelligence agents and members of the regular armed forces — some riding cannon-mounted vehicles — added to a heavy security presence.

Sudan and South Sudan both said ground clashes had ended by Wednesday.

Oil operations in Heglig are run by the Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company (GNPOC), a consortium led by China’s state oil giant CNPC.

“There is serious concern among us,” one Chinese oil worker said.

“How can we work in this situation? We want the government to protect us because we are working for the people of Sudan.”

Jaz said the fighting had not affected oil production.

But a Sudanese oil engineer said normal daily output of 60,000 barrels in the area — about half the country’s total — had fallen to 40,000 because some wells were affected by the fighting. He gave no further details.

Although both countries claim parts of the Heglig area, an analyst said it “is firmly in north Sudan”.

Analysts said there are elements in Khartoum, as well as the South, opposed to recent moves towards warmer relations between the two countries and suggested the latest flare-up was an effort to sabotage a rapprochement.

Border tensions have mounted since South Sudan split from Sudan in July last year after an overwhelming vote for secession that followed Africa’s longest war.

Earlier in March, after months of failed negotiations, an escalating row over oil fees and mutual accusations of backing rebels on each other’s territory, South Sudan’s chief negotiator Pagan Amum said relations had improved.

Amum and a South Sudanese delegation visited Khartoum last week to invite their “brother,” President Omar al-Bashir, to an April 3 summit in the southern capital Juba, and said he had accepted.

But after Monday’s fighting Khartoum said it had suspended the meeting.

South Sudan
: Situation On South Sudan-Sudan Border Cools As Parties Express
Tensions stemming from military clashes in the border area between Sudan and South Sudanappear to be de-escalating as both parties have stated their willingness to meet in the coming days in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to prevent a new eruption of violence 
Fighting Ceases Along Sudan-South Sudan Border
Voice of America (blog)
Fighting has apparently ended along the border between Sudan and South Sudan, where air strikes and ground attacks took place this week. By Thursday morning, troops were reported to have pulled back from both sides of the border.

Aid agencies warn of huge crisis at South Sudan camps
Aid agencies say that unless supplies reach the Jamam refugee camp in South Sudan in the next few weeks, thousands of lives could be put at risk. Currently there isn’t enough water for the 35000 people who have fled gunfights and aerial bombings in 

Sudan and South Sudan may slide back to war, world powers warn
A burnt military vehicle sits where South Sudanese troops and Sudan government forces clashed along the border near Hegleg, the central area for Sudan’s oil production. Sudan and South Sudanmay be sliding back toward war, the United States and other 

South Sudan says it pulls back troops from border
The Oshkosh Northwestern
By Michael Onyiego, AP JUBA, South Sudan (WTW) — South Sudan said Wednesday it has pulled out its troops from a contested area along the border with Sudan shortly after clashes between the two countries’ armies sparked fears of a return to war.

South Sudan troops withdraw from oil area after clashes
The Daily Star
By Ulf Laessing HEGLIG OIL FIELD, Sudan: South Sudan’s troops have pulled out of Sudan’s oil-producing Heglig area, both sides said on Wednesday, easing tensions after two days of clashes between the neighbours threatened to escalate a simmering

Sudan and South Sudan say no to war, but violence continues
Christian Science Monitor
Core issues from South Sudan’s independence from Sudan remain unresolved, like sharing oil revenue. But the current rhythm of fight, talk, fight, talk is unsustainable, says guest blogger. By Alex Thurston, Guest blogger / March 29, 2012 South Sudanese 

South Sudan may reconsider Glencore oil deal
Reuters Africa
By Hereward Holland and Alexander Dziadosz (Reuters) – South Sudan may reconsider a scrapped contract with Glencore for crude marketing and other services if the oil trading major agrees to revise terms seen as unfavourable to the African producer, 

South Sudan Prepares For Blackout as Fuel Supplies Dwindle
Jakarta Globe
South Sudan’s capital is braced for a complete blackout in the coming days due to fuel shortages, local media reported on Thursday. “The remaining fuel quantity has reached its lowest point ever,” David Deng, the minister of electricity, 

Nets for Relief as Refugees Flee
By Sue Valentine, 29 March 2012 Against the backdrop of renewed hostilities between South Sudan and its northern neighbour, a fresh initiative aims to provide some relief from an ever-present threat that is killing refugees even as they flee the 

Sudan seeks good relations with the South
Capital FM Kenya
BAGHDAD, Mar 29 – Sudan seeks good relations with newly independent South Sudan, President Omar al-Bashir told an Arab summit on Thursday, after border clashes this week sparked international alarm. “We are committed to go forward in resolving these