Archive for June 15, 2014

VP James Wani versus Dr Riek in GONU: Who will be above who?

Posted: June 15, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in David Aoloch

VP James Wani versus Dr Riek in GONU: Who will be above who?

By David Aoloch Bion

The positions of Vice President James Wani Igga and Dr. Riek Machar in the Government of National Unity (GONU) will be a test case between Equatoria and Upper Nile. VP Wani is a Bari from Equatoria. Dr. Riek is a Nuer from Upper Nile.

The Dinka people call Equatorians ‘’Door’’ or ’’ Dhong ‘’. This word loosely means a ‘’sub-human’’. The Nuer people call people from Equatoria ‘’Nyam-nyam’’. This word also loosely means ‘’somebody who bubbles or behaves like a baby ’’. In broader sense, the Nuer and the Dinka call Equatorians cowards, women and yes type of people based on their experienced in the 21 year civil war.

They say when you offence an Equatorian , he replies in Juba Arabic ‘’ mafin muskila , kalam de bi wunusu bira’’ . It means ‘’ there is no problem , this issue will be talked softly ‘’.

Last year, former VP Riek Machar was sacked. VP James Wani replaced him. Riek mobilized his Nuer tribe and fought the government under the name of SPLM/A in Opposition. Riek’s grievance over his removal is now underway being solved with or by the Government of GONU. In order to form GONU, the current government will be dissolved. And, it is rumoured that Riek Machar will be the Vice President of the Republic.

Where will James Wani go ? . To his home, because he has no White Army. If he were Governor Clement Wani Konga , he would not go home because he has Aringa Militia. If he were Governor Luis Lobong Lojore , he would not go home because he has Manyiji Militia .

What do the Equatorians do regarding Wani issue ?. They should response legally and appropriately. This is the right time, the Equatorians must tell the so-called Nuer and Dinka,

‘’ we are not Door or Dhong , or Nyam-nyam or yes people you talk about . We are not cowards or women. We are Equatorians, we are men .we are brave like you’’. This must be done by blocking President Kiir from removing James Wani as vice president’’.

There is no reason so ever that Wani should be removed from his position. What is the different between Wani and Riek who replace him ?. The different is the man is nonviolent and the man is violent. Riek is from Greater Upper Nile . Wani is from Greater Equatoria . There is no reason why South Sudan must rewrite the rules in the middle of game. The game started on July, 9 2011 and will ends in July 9 2015. Removal of Wani will make everyone to wake up whenever and wherever he likes and he wants to demand anything. Peace must accommodate the weak, the strong. Wani must above Riek. Wani the VP , Riek the PM

Secondly, If the SPLM in the Government accept Riek as Vice president. Riek chances of becoming the president by default are very high, and Riek’s presidency will be desecration to thousands of people who he killed in his war.

It can happen like this, President Kiir can die like John Garang .Riek can be the president like Kiir became after John Garang . That scenario occurred in Ghana, Ethiopia, the USA , the USSR , the presidents died and the vice presidents become the presidents. John F Kennedy died, his deputy took over. Vladmir Lenin suffered a stroke, his deputy took over . Meles Zenawi died , his deputy took over.

The SPLM in Government must create a gap between President Kiir and Riek by creating the position of the Prime Minister.


Benito Mussolini said ‘’ it is humiliating to remain with our hands folded while others write history. To make a people great it is necessary to send them to battle ‘’ . You should write history by stopping the Government of South Sudan and the Rebels from removing vice president James Wani. It is humiliating for James Wani to gives up his position whenever Riek comes. This is the reason why Dr Riek be the PRIME MINISTER or 2nd Vice President of South Sudan.


My conversation with The East African weekly before Juba Gun Battles

Posted: June 15, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary

By Mapuor Malual Manguen

On July 24, 2013, I received an e-mail message from a journalist from The East African asking me to shade more light on the then new political development in Juba following the sacking of Riek Machar, the whole cabinet and, suspension of Pagan Amum as ruling Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLM) Secretary General by President Salva Kiir Mayardit.

In revisiting my conversation with that gentleman from The East African, I found out that to some extent, I underestimated what later on led to violent eruption of gun battles in Juba on December 15, which subsequently set off civil war in South Sudan.

Below are his e-mail message and my response. Please, read these texts and digest them in relation to situation in South Sudan now.

E-mail from The East African, July 24, 2013

Hi Mr. Manguen,

My name is (name withheld), I write for The East African, a regional weekly published by The Nation Media Group, Nairobi. Following the latest development in Juba, could you please give me some insights which could help me write a story on the way forward

Could you help me with some answers which I could use without mentioning you?

1. What are the main reasons why Kiir dissolved the entire cabinet?

2. Could it be because of corruption or the competition for power?

3. Do you think the announcement by Dr Machar that he will challenge him in the 2015 elections got anything to do with it?

4. Do you think there is likely to be war between the Dinka and the Nuer?

5. By sacking and suspending Pagan Amum, one of the SPLM veterans, do you think the party will split? (b) The previous split led by former foreign minister did not have impact. What could be different this time?

5. What is the mood of the people about the dismissal of the cabinet, do they think there is something seriously wrong with the current leadership?

6. What are some of the serious leadership challenges facing Kiir?

7. Do you think the move had something to do with the problems the economy is having and the issue of oil production?

Thanks and I look forward to hearing from you as soon as possible. Thank you. And my number is ………

My reply to above questions, July 24, 2013

Dear (name withheld),

The Move by President Kiir to sack his entire cabinet could have been driven by a number of factors: from power struggle with his former Deputy, to economic difficulties facing the young nation, and indeed the answers to call for service delivery to citizens. Kiir sacked Riek Machar because he announced to challenge him both in SPLM’s top seat and presidency come 2015.

The loyalty of former cabinet was divided between him (Kiir) and Machar. This angered the President. Now that he sacked the whole cabinet, he is likely to pick all his loyalists so that he strengthens his grip on power ahead of 2015 elections.

Secondly, there has been steady raising public anger against the government over its failure to deliver basic services to people. The country has been attained but what makes life happy in this new found state is what the public want to see in terms of roads, security, food and health services. Many people countrywide have welcomed Kiir’s decision to sack his entire cabinet because they believe the next executive will come with miracles.

I think Nuers and Dinkas will not fight any war. They have seen horrors of war when the two communities fought bitterly between 1991 and 1998. Now they have seen advantages of peace. Also the dynamics has changed; not all Nuers support Riek Machar and not all Dinkas are behind Kiir. However, given the fluidity of situation now and mistrust between the two communities, the war cannot be ruled out in totality. Anything can happen anytime.

In regard to Pagan’s suspension, I think it won’t cause much impact in the SPLM because Pagan’s behavior has annoyed many members of that party. SPLM members have lost confidence in him. If he splits from SPLM, it is likely to pose insignificant impact. The major threats to SPLM now is what Riek Machar might do. If he splits, this will cause huge blow to SPLM as he may attract large following.

When Dr. Lam Akol, the former Sudan Foreign Minister split in 2009, he didn’t posed impact to SPLM because he was viewed by South Sudanese as a traitor sponsored by Khartoum to undermine referendum for self-determination of South Sudan. This cannot be the case now if Riek splits because the issues that are playing out now have nothing to do with Khartoum anymore.

Finally, Kiir leadership is faced by challenge of how to unite polarized South Sudanese along ethnic lines. This is number one challenge for Kiir’s administration. The second problem is the threat from neighboring Sudan which is in nonstop wrangles with South Sudan.

NB: Please don’t mention my name in the story as you promised.


Mapuor Malual Manguen

The author is journalist, blogger and political commentator base in Juba. He can be reached at or