Archive for March, 2015

US Military Leaders Calling for Sanctions on South Sudan

Posted: March 31, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Press Release

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Alfred Lado Gore: What is Wrong with the IGAD Peace Process?

Posted: March 31, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, Featured Articles

By Alfred Ladu Gore

Alfred Lado Gore, with Riek Machar, in Pagak, Upper Nile state, 12 DEC 2014

Alfred Lado Gore, with Riek Machar, in Pagak, Upper Nile state, 12 DEC 2014

1. The Effects of Flawed Methodological Approach on the Fundamental Issues Arising from the Crisis Situation in South Sudan

In the methodological context of this paper, it is better to be up-front as a non-partisan method of analysis in revealing the emotions, feelings, experiences and interest of the author in exposing what is really happening with the IGAD peace process that has stagnated and in turn how it has not made any head way at all.

The collapse of the South Sudan peace talks mediated by the IGAD was expected because the process was fraught with difficulties and far from achieving its target, despite setting numerous datelines to achieve peace and restore stability to South Sudan. The failure of the talks exposed the lack of knowledge and deficiency in the methodology the mediators employed. Such failure compounds the IGAD peace process without concrete understanding of the obstacles and opportunities confronting those who want to bring fundamental political change.

In the current stage, it is not possible for the mediators to fully comprehend how peace and justice can be achieved in that young country. It is also a clear indication of the lack of the seriousness on the part of President Kiir’s regime, which committed genocide in Juba in December 2013 and horrendously waged war on South Sudanese citizens based on ethnic differences, to restore peace to the people of South Sudan, precipitating the level of political violence of unprecedented scale in the country. The stakeholders and the International Community should now know who, exactly, is obstructing peace agreement at the talks in Addis Ababa. The downturn of the peace process was not by accident but a failure resulting from a wide range of factors which became ever more apparent as some concerned parties eventually found out.

President Salva Kiir, adamantly, refused to negotiate peace agreement in Addis Ababa because some of his rouge ministers and army commanders in Juba threatened to take over the government if he signed any peace agreement with the SPLM/SPLA leader, Dr. Riek Machar. They intend to buy time to apply military solution to resolve the conflict – a fate he has failed to achieve in the last 15 months. President Kiir should have realized by now that he has failed to use military means to win the war he started. It is very unfortunate that Salva Kiir and his group have decided to prolong the suffering of the millions of South Sudanese just to remain in power for three more years using unconstitutional means.

The amendment to extend the terms of a sitting president and National Legislative Assembly is not provided for in the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan. Therefore, the government of President Kiir should be considered illegitimate. By the act of manipulating the instruments of governance in the country, Kiir has declared war on the South Sudanese and expressed complete disregards to the IGAD peace process. The regime in Juba is now a legitimate target for forceful eviction from power as it is no longer an elected government and has resorted to employing dictatorial tactics to remain in office.

It is now time that the report of the African Union Commission of Inquiry in South Sudan (AUCISS), that has been deliberately withheld purportedly to give the peace talks a chance and not to jeopardize it, is made public and all culprits mentioned in the report taken to the court of justice to prevent the repetition of government sponsored war crimes and crimes against humanity in the future. The publication of AUCISS report will put a complete stop to the impunity perpetrated by the government and its machineries against innocent unarmed civilians.

The UN Security Council resolution to pass sanction regime against certain individuals in President Kari’s regime who are accused of instigating genocide against Nuer tribesmen in Juba is timely and very much welcomed. This is a step in the right direction and will make those who claim to lead the people of South Sudan be more accountable for any barbaric actions against South Sudanese citizens. The sanction on individuals should not be misconstrued as sanction on the whole country. Salva Kiir and his cronies in Juba are trying to mislead people that the UN Sanctions will be imposed on South Sudan to evoke the emotions of the citizens. The UN Security Council document clearly says the sanctions will be imposed on individuals who are found to be instigators of the violence and, by extension, responsible for the killing of Nuer people in Juba and obstructing peace to return to the country which they have destroyed

2. A Set of Critical Choices the Mediators Must Make for Successfully Negotiated End to the Conflict.

To avoid facing challenges with the South Sudan peace negotiations once it is started again under the refurbished IGAD forum, the mediators need to approach the conflict in a constructive manner and rethink the entire process. It is important that the countries participating in the mediation are increased and selected judiciously giving considerations to the principles of neutrality, knowledge, skills and experiences. The negotiation process should be allowed to benefit from dialogue on the critical issues that would bring lasting peace to the country.

The mediators need to resist the temptation of predesigned peace agreement that the parties will be forced to sign or face consequences disciplinary action. By doing so, the interactive problems that beset the first nine sessions of the peace negotiations could be circumvented and imposition of solutions in favor of the genocidal government of Kiir can be prevented, to open up the process for constructive dialogue among the conflicting parties and participants based on democratic practices. Nevertheless, all those challenges can be corrected now by setting forth a new process and communication standards among the concerned parties. The importance of reinvigorating the peace talks cannot be underestimated. It is imperative, urgent and decisive for the success of the next round of talks, so that it does not stagnate and crumble.

The IGAD, African Union (AU), United Nations Security Council (UNSC), United States of America (USA), China and Troika have to make a critical set of choices to determine the nature and extend of the transitional government of national unity. They seem to be unconcerned about the fundamental issues that triggered the conflict. The conflict has not only evolved into a civil war in South Sudan, but it has sparked a cycle of horrific social disorder that is rapidly spreading everywhere due to the inability of Salva Kiir’s regime to cope with it. The level of lawlessness in the country has now started a wave of popular uprising of South Sudanese in Upper Nile, Bahr el Ghazal and Equatoria regions, who elected Kiir in the 2010 general elections, to remove him from power.

The widespread disapproval of the regime in Juba is a reality that mocks the assertions that President Kiir is a legitimate president. The support of some foreign countries to President Kari’s government, even after slaughtering more than 50,000 Nuer and other ethnicities in a period of 2 days, amounts to double standards. It also confirms that these countries and some individuals connected to the IGAD peace process have interests in South Sudan that could only be protected by President Salva Kiir. The killing of thousands of innocent South Sudanese does not matter to them as long as their interests are intact. These countries and some individuals with vested interests in South Sudan have orchestrated and overseen the utter destruction of other regimes in other countries in the name of democracy and human rights. Why then is the fascist regime of Salva Kiir an exception?

Over one year following the holocaust in Juba, the country remains without human rights, basic freedoms and institutions of law to protect its citizens. It is a typical “failed” state and the most dangerous place to live in the world as independent observers have labeled it. This underscores the fact that Kiir is untrustworthy because he focuses on himself and cares less about his own people. Such a leader, automatically, breaks bond of trust with the people who support him and those he governs and should no longer be treated with high honor and respect as before. Those countries and individuals seen to be taking sides in favor of the Juba regime in the peace talks are compromise their positions and must be excluded from the talks.

The recent announcement to reconvene another round of peace talks, possibly in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, has come as relief. It is a welcome initiative and indicates the commitment to restore lasting peace in the war-torn country. But certain cardinal questions to ask are: Will the new initiative focus on the root causes of the war leading to a permanent resolution of the conflict or it will simply seek to impose peace agreement without addressing the core issues? Will the mediators approach the new peace negotiations without factoring in their subjective, preferential alignment with a warring party at the expense of another as was explicit in the, previous, collapsed peace talks?

3. The imperative need for new Paradigm shift to create socio-political space: Inclusive and Equitable Processes for Meaningful Change.

As the IGAD and its partners think of new mechanisms and strategies to end the conflict in the country, it should, seriously, consider not limiting the negotiations to power-sharing and structure of the government during the transitional period. But they should develop a comprehensive framework to resolve the root causes of the conflict to usher in a government that is transparent and accountable to its citizens.

Any attempt to bring about peace agreement that concentrates power in the hands of particular ethnic elites backed by politically aligned army, will only put in place a system that will oppress South Sudanese. Every effort must be exerted to ensure the military, security and law enforcement agencies are representative of the diverse ethnicities of South Sudan and must be separated from the political leadership. The peace talks must be approached in a systematic manner and not changing from one position to another or coming up with new and unacceptable proposals every time a new session of peace talks begin. This sort of vacillation makes the talks more difficult, problematic and counter-productive because the mediators want to patronize and impose their will on the participants by refusing to take into account their views on the settlement of the conflict.

Furthermore, the lack of well conceptualized agenda to guide the peace talks is to blame for the failure of the mediators. It is important to develop a framework containing core issues which are of uttermost concern to South Sudan such as federalism which, from 1947 has been their demand in the quest for a genuine democratic system of governance that devolves power to the masses. It is now clear that federal system of governance is the most popular demand of the people of that country, as endorsed in the resolution number 2(c) of the National Peace Conference of South Sudanese Tribes held at the Nyokuron Cultural Center in Juba on 17th – 18th February 2015. The IGAD mediators should take heed of this and include in the protocols for the peace agreement if their efforts are to bring lasting peace and stability to those people.

There are important rays of hope with the expansion of the peace process in which a number of countries are expected to take part in mediating the peace talks. Such development deeply concerns South Sudanese people of varied backgrounds and interest. They are yarning for a system of governance that gives sufficient power to the ordinary people to address issues affecting their lives in the areas of security, corruption, tribalism, discrimination, assimilation etc. The prominence of the federal system of governance lies in that it gives freedom to all the ethnic groups that make up the South Sudanese nation without any exception or exclusion. Each ethnic group will have space to spread its wings and can decide its affairs within a federal context.

4. The Exacerbation of Tension and Reinforcement of Ethnic Hegemonic Power: The Collapse of the Regime in Juba and Need for Its Replacement.

It is not surprising such a note-worthy system of governance as federalism, that promotes fraternal solidarity among people, close cooperation among them and their government in designing programs for peace, stability and development to advance their welfare, is opposed and brutally attacked by the regime in Juba. The government is more concerned with promoting ethnic hegemony and spreading social disorder, particularly in Equatoria region than it is with providing security and social services to its people who have experienced the most negative manifestations of that regime’s mismanagement and neglect of their region.

As a result many negative consequences have followed from there as President Kari’s regime, mercilessly, grabbed and occupied ancestral homelands and properties of the people of Equatoria, Upper Nile and Western Bahr el Ghazal claiming that they liberated them with their own blood. The harassment and intimidation of indigenous people in those regions and particularly Equatoria, is going on unabated and is increasing in intensity and coverage. This unprecedented negative phenomena unheard of in Africa, has aroused tensions all over that region. The message, therefore, is very clear and direct – the people of greater Equatoria, who are an integral part of the Republic of South Sudan standing in solidarity with the victimized Nuer people, are facing extermination threats from Salva Kiir’s regime and his war mongering supporters. Equatorians are now left with no other option but to take up arms to fight for their own survival. On account of this, they are demanding for a table at the peace talks to articulate their own views on the conflict and its resolution.

The mismanagement of national issues by the elites of the dominating ethnic groups preoccupied mostly with getting government top jobs in the last ten years overshadowed national interests, casting doubts on the question of South Sudanese nationalism. Salva Kiir’s regime is wallowing in a presumed unlimited power without resolving the nationality question to the satisfaction of the majority ethnic groups.

President Kiir has failed in his attempt to turn the country into a thriving democracy. He has also failed to formulate and implement viable socio-economic and political systems resulting in stagnation of South Sudanese economy and its isolation from the rest of the world. Everyone in the country now knows that with this infamous regime in power, with its ever dwindling support base and lack of respectability nationally, regionally and internationally; democracy, federalism, political accountability, transparency, press freedom, political inclusivity, human rights, public debate and consensus building will not be associated with South Sudan. It is not possible for Salva Kiir to achieve political and economic stability because of his inherent incompetence and divisive policies that are inflaming ethnic tensions and polarizing communities.

5. Conclusion

• The IGAD and its partners the AU, UNSC, US, China and the Troika must take a momentous decision if they are to contain the harrowing situation in South Sudan. The peace process should focus on achieving a concrete historical agreement that must reflect the broader interests of all the ethnic groups of people. Such an agreement should of necessity be within a political framework in which federalism as the most popular demand in the country is reflected in the composition of the institutions of the resultant government as well as in any of its agencies. The conduct of the affairs of the government shall be carried out in such a manner as to reflect the federal character and nature of the Republic of South Sudan. Any peace agreement that will seek to promote the dominance of persons from one or a few ethnic or other sectional groups as it is evident with President Kiir’s regime will be resisted.

• Transitional justice must be central to any peace talks because it will bring about the process of healing and reconciliation. However, rebuilding this under the regime of President Kiir is impossible. It is important that peace agreement in South Sudan must be seen to be inclusive and concluded on the basis of wider consultations and participations involving diverse groups who are also victims of and neglected by Salva Kiir’s regime. Therefore, such an agreement must not be imposed from outside.
• Concentrating the peace talks on power-sharing is, understandably, the easiest way out of the current political and military quagmire. But this is ignoring the reasons why genocide was carried out by, supposedly, an elected president. Failure to openly discuss why South Sudanese citizens were killed in large number in December 2013 will constitute a missed opportunity to bring a lasting peace to the country and make South Sudan a politically and economically stable country. In this sense the core political, security and governance issues that brought about the genocide must be on top of the agenda of the forthcoming peace talks.

• Inclusive approach to the peace talks will not only represent the diversity of the three regions of South Sudan, but will bring out the actual underlying socio-political problems that started afflicting the country from before its independence. Without resolving these issues, the stability of the country is doubtful and will throw its future into perpetual political limbo.
• As South Sudanese, there is need to, critically and deeply, reflect on the way forward to save the country from total collapse and disintegration and to give the citizens the chance to transform their lives. However, this level of nationalism will only be attained in the absence of the, current, ideologically bankrupt and perennially corrupt leadership of Salva Kiir’s regime in Juba. The removal of Kiir from power still remains the desired end result of December 2013 uprising, so that it is replaced with progressive government, focused with clear vision and right-minded leadership that can swiftly restore confidence and trust of the traumatized citizens yarning for new country in which every citizen counts. Fundamental change is a vibrant reality that the people demand not political marriage of convenience as manifested in the clamor of the elites of competing ethnic groups to form transitional government of national unity that is never a remedy at all. South Sudanese deserve to be free after suffering and making huge sacrifices for their independence. They deserve to be treated like equal human beings with all rights to express themselves freely without fear of being intimidated by a biased and tribal security agencies, that have unregulated access to guns and operating in an environment devoid of law and order. For all South Sudanese to live in peace and feel secure, the current government must be unconditionally dismantled, reconstituted and guided by a democratic federal constitution.

Alfred Ladu Gore is the SPLM-IO deputy chairman. The views expressed in this article are the personal opinions of the author on the current political issues in South Sudan.


By Hon. Taban Abel Aguek (MP), Rumbek, Lakes State

The fruition of the CPA

The fruition of the CPA

March 31, 2015 (SSB)  —   Is it out of love or mockery that Africa appears to care too much about South Sudan? From the first day the conflict erupted in South Sudan, Africa has been suggesting possible remedies to the crisis in the country.

Apart from hosting peace talks in Addis Ababa, the African Union (AU) also promptly formed a five member commission of inquiry to “investigate the human rights violations and other abuses committed during the armed conflict in South Sudan and make recommendations on the best way and means to ensure accountability, reconciliation and healing among all South Sudanese communities”.

The commission of inquiry is composed of prominent and respected individuals with exceptional skills and experience. The Chairperson of the Inquiry Commission is composed of former President of Nigeria Olusegun Obasanjo, Lady Justice Sophia Akuffo who is the Justice of the Supreme Court of Ghana, Prof. Mahmood Mamdani of Makerere University (Uganda), Bineta Diop who is AU Chairperson’s envoy for Women, Peace and Security, AU Special Envoy for Women, Peace and Security and Prof. Pacifique Manirakiza who is a commissioner at the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights in Banjul, the Gambia.

No doubt, this is a team of well placed African leaders that equally possess huge experience and tested competence.

Now, one wonders why a series of very dirty wars were allowed to rage on in Sudan long before the separation of South Sudan the former O.A.U couldn’t take such a step. Until today, another bad war is raging on in Sudan’s Nuba Mountains and Darfur region and the AU instead of investigating crimes committed – genocide included – chooses to protect the main proprietors of the crimes and conflicts in Sudan.

No investigative team of inquiry has been set for Sudan. And President Beshir stays insulated from the ICC by the AU. So, there are two Aus: one that investigates crimes in South Sudan and the other one that shields Beshir from going to the court in the Hague. But maybe for the AU loves South Sudan so much, there can be nothing else anyone can say than to appreciate such a concern.

The report of this Commission of Inquiry has not yet been made public. But there had only been a leaked report purported to have been prepared by AU. The ‘leaked’ report almost caused an outrage and misunderstanding both in the Government and the opposition camps.

Not because it carried such weird and witty recommendations like the axing of both the President and the rebel leader Dr. Machar in the formation of a transitional government, but it also looks shallow, unprofessional and lacking content to match the jurisdictions and standards of a veritable inquiry.

The AU, in person of Chairperson Dr. Nkosazana Dlamina-Zuma, has already disowned the report. That has helped a bit fixed the mess.

Regardless of the fact presented by the AU in delaying the report – for fear that it may obstruct peace process in Addis Ababa – the US, the EU and so many other affiliate NGOs, still call for publication of the official report.

That makes it quite perplexing how the same agencies and organizations that call for a speedy peace process also adamantly demand for the release of the AU Commission of Inquiry report when we all know that it could delay peace. As seen in the leaked report, any document that carries coined stories and discrepancies may likely bang the door closed on the Addis Ababa talks.

The leaked report of the Commission of Inquiry, since it now lacks any official backing and rightful authenticity, can be assumed a bluff. But the question remains: can the current team of experts investigating into the country’s crisis produce an honest, credible and unbiased report? And can this commission be fair enough in their findings and recommendations? Methinks No!

With due respect to each and every member of the Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan crisis with regards to ‘human rights violations, atrocities and so much more’ not many South Sudanese believe that this commission of inquiry is one that they should trust to carefully and honestly analyze the crisis, make proper findings and suggest the right recommendations on the conflict in South Sudan.

This is not because we may suspect the competence of the team. Neither do we think they can be manipulated by some interest groups with stakes in the war in the country.

We all know who President Olusegun Obasanjo is. He is a well respected African statesman who made a name in the making of both modern and the old Nigeria. He handed over power peacefully in 1979 after he lost elections to Shehu Shagari. In 1976, he ascended to power by the privilege of death as President Murtala Mohammed, who he deputized, died in assassination. But he could not hold onto power during the election. Nigeria, through him, saw a peaceful transfer of power. That he handed over power peacefully made him a darling of the West, particularly the US, Germany and Britain.

But just like Dr. Riek Machar he attempted coup in 1995. The coup failed and he was not as fortunate as Riek Machar who miraculously found his way out of Juba simply to embark on a rebellion in a matter of days. Obasanjo was arrested, tried and jailed for life. The West, because they were the architects of his failed coup, pressurized for his release.

Due to that pressure his sentence was reduced to 15 years. By a complete twist of fate, he was again a beneficiary of death as his arch enemy Gen. Sani Abacha died of an illness in 1998. A year later Obasanjo contested elections and won comfortably. Like an American President who served two complete terms he led Nigeria for eight straight years.

That Obansanjo is a believer of coups is not the point of concern. Rather, the issue – and relevance to the case of South Sudan – is his concept of reforms. Nigeria, in so many aspects, does not resemble South Sudan. So, Obasnajo’s reforms for Nigeria cannot marry up with the South Sudan reforms.

Still one asks himself if everything has worked well for Nigeria. President Obasanjo’s homeland, just like South Sudan, is until today deep in crisis. It has for a long time been engage in a series of insurgencies and is still held knee-deep in one of the worst corruption in Africa. The Boko Haram poses a big threat to Nigeria the way Riek’s rebels are to South Sudan. That begs the question: has Obasanjo put right his home country to even dare look into issues of other countries?

There is a belief that Obasanjo holds experience and valid solutions to Africa’s problems as he is taken to be a symbol of reform and democracy. Yet, Africa has moved much more than Obasanjo. It seems Africa is still being driven by personality cult.

Much as we hail President Obasanjo’s huge experience, there is a question of his age. It is my personal feeling that Uncle Obasanjo has not very much energy left in him. The Obasanjo of 1998 cannot be the Obasanjo of 2015. He can easily be outwitted and asked to sign a blind cheque for South Sudan. The commission of inquiry on South Sudan crisis can be manipulated under his watchful eyes by those that hold very dangerous views on South Sudan. And that might be the greatest fear of South Sudanese.

One such fear is the inclusion of Prof. Mahmood Mamdani of Uganda in the same commission of inquiry. Like Obasanjo, Prof Mahmood Mamdani possesses an intellectual power but that cannot stop us from interrogating his inclusion into this important commission. This is because Prof. Mahmood has a long held view that Dr. Riek, South Sudan’s rebel leader, is a reformist.

At the Annual Retreat of the National Resistance Army (NRM) at Kyankwanzi on February 11th, 2014, which was later published by the New Vision of Uganda on 16th Feb, 2014, Prof Mahmood Mamdani delivered a lecture on South Sudan conflict titled “No power sharing without political reform”. In the lecture, the well endowed Professor gave his analysis on the genesis of South Sudan crisis, its ripple effects and the way forward.

In some instances he made his views clear on Riek being a reformist – how he arrived at that only God knows – but there was never clear inclination anyone would easily put him in since he appeared spread all over and pointing the issues of the ethnicity between the Dinka and the Nuer. True to his writing, the British heightened ethnicity in South Sudan. But he equally has his own views and one dangerous thing among them is his criticism of the independence of South Sudan.

Prof. Mahmood made it clear that he was against the independence of South Sudan. He said, “The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed in 2005 turned out to be a shoddy affair, rushed by those in a hurry to birth an independent South. The people of South Sudan are just beginning to pay the price for that haste.”

Poignant to the feeling of South Sudanese, Prof. Mahmood believes that South Sudan is a “child of the war on terror.” That explicitly means that South Sudan statehood was driven not from our own struggle but born out of the war on terror. There has been no abuse like this on the history of struggle of South Sudan.

In short, Prof Mahmud Mamdani is one guy that has long formed an opinion about South Sudan. He made his position clear that he is inclined to support Dr. Riek’s reforms. He continues to blame what he termed as ‘rushed’ independence of South Sudan’. Therefore, there can be no reason he could have been appointed into the team of inquiry on the crisis of South Sudan. According to global criteria on choosing an inquiry team should not have been a member of the team of inquiry for south Sudan. It is like sending a sensitive case of sheep to a wolf.

Looking already at the leaked ‘fake’ report of the commission of inquiry, one wonders if you don’t see the hands of Prof. Mahmud Mamdani. While Mzee Obasanjo leads by his good name, the dirt may continue to be done by the enemies of South Sudan.

Prof. Mahmud has also been fighting against the term limits of President Museveni of Uganda. His inclusion in the committee of inquiry on South Sudan crisis only helps him find another podium from which he could fight Museveni away from home.

So there goes the story of the AU Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan! South Sudanese have to waste not their time in laying hope on this commission. They should expect a bad report that is based on manipulations under the supervision of a helpless old man.

South Sudanese shall forever continue to give their respect to President Obasanjo as one of the living fathers of the modern Africa. But that people will agree with the report of an important inquiry committee may only come as a surprise.

Taban Abel Aguek is an MP in Lakes State Legislative Assembly – Rumbek. He can be reached at abelaguek79@gmail.com

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

The Economic Future of the Republic of South Sudan

Posted: March 31, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Economy, Featured Articles, Machar Dhieu

By Daniel Machar Dhieu, Juba

hai amarat

March 31, 2015 (SSB)  —   In my opinion, the main topics of political discussion after peace talks collapse in Ethiopia Capital between government and rebel leadership is health-care financing, educational reform, etc. Despite their importance to many, they represent rearranging deck chairs on the parliamentary affairs.

So what is the main issue? I would say, it is our economic future. Will today’s children and grandchildren enjoy anything near the material comfort, which we ourselves have? If not, what can we do to mitigate the process of deteriorating economic conditions?

The first and more serious problem is the conflict between the material wants and needs of the earth’s growing population and the material resources available on earth. We are entering the period of “peak oil”, when more oil will be pumped out of the earth than at any other time before or after. Petrol oil is now priced at 6 SSP per liter; in coming years, it will surely be higher. New oil reserves are becoming harder to tap.

Additionally, the booming economies of high technology countries such nations will increase demand for petroleum products enormously. If supply cannot meet demand now, the imbalance will become worse in the future. The growing emissions of carbon gases produced by the internal-combustion engine and other devices has raised  in the nation’s temperature to the point that polar ice caps are melting, the seas are rising,  a lot of much problem become more frequent base on economic in the young nation like south sudan.

The scarcity of oil may be the least of our problems. We may also be facing a crisis in food production. As the country is diverted to ethanol production, supply of others commodities drops and prices rise. People failed to practices crop production in the country and the whole depend on the countries such as Uganda and Kenya to mention but few. Farmland competes with laziness of the people and suburban and exurban development.

The water company’s Limited supplies are likewise diverted to urban use. The water level in aquifers around the nation has dropped significantly no series means to solves this problem. Then there is the problem of waste disposal in our nation we need to address on its. There is the problem of air quality when industrial gases are released into the atmosphere. The list of problems goes on.

Here in South Sudan, we should know how to use things before things got worse I mean our confidence on whatever we are doing because we are already free from any authority. No need of saying the border is close or rate of dollar is high. We are almost establishing oil industry in our nation, but do we have any food industries before?

If not when are we establishing them? Seen South Sudan is bless of many things for development to mention but few, we have river Nile, gold, diamonds, silver and oils these could force development to the nation when we buried corruption in all departments of government level.

There are two important questions when considering electric power. First, how would the power is generated? Second, how would electric power is transported to its point of use? Electricity can be generated in conventional power that can use oil we have here in South Sudan. It can also be generated in nuclear plants that do not discharge such wastes into the atmosphere but leave a toxic residue of spent fuel having a long half-life.

It can be generated also in hydroelectric dams that change the landscape, in geothermal generators, and in photovoltaic cells that turn sunlight into electricity, all these will make a last day of ending of saying there is shortage of power. ‘’start quote, from my point of view, one of the most promising sources is wind energy. Wind is free and renewable. Its capture leaves no detrimental effect on the environment. A disadvantage is that this power source varies with weather conditions. For small-scale producers, the equipment can be expensive but who will work on this department?

What concerns me is the cost of labour. We have a relatively small number of educated people who can work at the fields, but the work need good number of educated workers to work in. Our educated people are too expensive for those tasks. With an average student-loan debt of  30,000 SSP – fifth highest in the nation – the graduates of foreign ’s colleges and universities  such as Makerere university and Nairobi university  need to pay back the banks and credit-card companies as well as secure housing and other necessities in life.

It takes an estimated annual income of 90,000 SSP to handle the debt payments comfortably; and not everyone can find such a job. Therefore, my idea is that, our students should studies at home South Sudan’s college and graduates here as well prepared to compete in the country economy is hot air as far as i’m concerned. It turns my stomach that the same educators who are fetching high salaries in institutions with soaring tuitions are also cheerleader’s free trade, putting their graduates in direct cost competition with the lower-priced grade of foreign countries and other places.

And they are all “high-minded” people with a strong “ethical” bent! We also need to be thinking of how we can get our own cost structure more in line with the rest of the nations. Our productive economy is weighted with civil war that has attached them to its wealth. Some of the worst are government (the military-industrial complex), the health-care system, financial institutions, our expensive education, and the legal system. There are many sacred cows needing to be culled.

Attractive-looking men and women in suits – professionals all – will be on hand to defend the expensive practices. The word quality will often be heard. If such discussions are held, they might lead to a new consensus in which nation states are allowed to impose good workers on imported goods to achieve certain development objectives.

Here is where one begins to envision a better nation, not just for South Sudanese but also for all of us in the nation. I think political leaders in all countries can agree that people everywhere need a certain material standard of living; and that to become entitled to use of the earth’s resources, they need to be employed in a productive enterprise.

In addition, if the free market does not afford full employment in enterprises of that type, government needs to achieve that result through regulation. A cornerstone of the regulation would be incentives for business to reduce hours of work. With an artificial reduction of work time, supply and demand can achieve a satisfactory result with respect to wages and employment levels.

How would this work? I have proposed a system of employer-specific way on goods imported from low-wage countries that enter South Sudan market. The country rate would take into account the cost differential between production costs in the foreign factory and comparable costs in south Sudan. I would not seek to recover the entire cost differential through rate of that country.

Neither would I calculate the South Sudanese pounds cost because of actual costs where high-priced union labour is involved. Nevertheless, it is justifiable to set a standard for a reasonable wage in south Sudan and use good way to bring the cost of imported goods closer to what the goods would have cost if produced here under those conditions.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.


By Mamer Deng Jur, Australia

Bor Dinka Wrestling in Australia

Bor Dinka Wrestling in Australia

March 30, 2015 (SSB)  —   Many people in my community claimed to be everything or to know everything. But anyone has to understand that they are ‘jack – of – all trade wheels – dealers’. Whatever they want themselves to be.

But I do have a belief that a ‘worse human being of all is a coward human’. Coward human is the worse enemy of any functioning community in the world.

Coward persons are easily spotted among the majority.Because they are always less confident when they talk, and many of them like very much to gossip a lot. In addition, they are bunch of liars.

A ‘poor planned wrestling activity’ had cost one person dearly: a historic wrestling day in Australia became unlucky day for one participant, Zico Bol Makuach Jok.

On 2ndof March 2015, I received a phone call from Bol Makuach Jok. He curiously informed me that, ‘he was wondering if I would be able to accompany him to his scheduled appointment with a legal specialist’. Which was going to take place on 13thof March 2015.

I was very pleased. Even though, I was really busy with other automatic life scheduled activities. Nowadays, people are badly enslaved by living. First, money is controlling every single aspect of life, especially when you are living in highly developed Western countries. Secondly, being a new arrival in the country is not an easy thing.

That day, I had to abandon some things; I was supposed to do. I did it for Mr. Jok, because he is a good bloke. I would have been a bad dude if I had let him down that day by not turning up for his an appointment.

On the letter, it was stated that, Mr. Jok was highly welcomed to bring along a third party to that appointment, which was organised by a specialist who was hired by the insurance company called QBE Insurance (Australia) Limited ‘LTD’. The specialist was acting on behalf of the insurance ‘QBE’ to investigate, and to take facts statement from Mr. Jok regarding wrestling incident, where by Mr. Jok was a ‘victim’, to narrate his story in three dimensions. How he ended up with a fractured bone on his left hand, on 26th and 27th respectively.

The reason being that, the information, which was supplied/provided to the insurance (QBE) by Bor Youth Association Incorporation, was ‘insufficient’. The leadership/organisers claimed that Mr. Jok was ‘volunteering’ for Bor Youth Association ‘multicultural activities when he took part in the wrestling march on 26th December 2014. They should have expanded it; what were these activities?

Therefore, I will give a little introduction about Bor Youth Association in the following paragraphs.

Bor Youth Association Inc.in Australia

This association ‘above’ was formed in 2004 and is functioning until today in 2015. It was formed by a group of enthusiastic people from various clans within Bor County.

The idea itself to have an association came from a few individuals, and in particular our late brother Mac Achuak Mac who thought thoroughly that there was a need for a combined forum for youth from Bor County to discuss important issues yearly in what they called Annual General Meeting (AGM).

His colleagues supported the idea. Together they preached out this intellectual idea to all their brothers and sisters who were in various States and the Territories. This idea, ‘Bor County would have an association was first tabled in Adelaide, South Australia. All individuals from Bor County arrived into Adelaide in hundreds for the first time.

Constitution

Constitutions are very important documents, because we live in very complex societies where many people have differences in views, opinions and other complex issues, which are very delicate to deal with by anyone.

Bor Youth Association in Australia Incorporation “BYAA INC” constitution was born on 27th December 2004. Named as ‘Adelaide Conference’. All the members who had attended Adelaide convention that year were the drafters of the constitution. These members, whether dead or alive today were the founding fathers of Bor Youth Association’s constitution.

On that day, people were divided into groups, so that they could come up with certain objectives for the association. That day, many objectives were projected from each table, but only twelve objectives were founded to be more uniting, sensible and meaningful.

These twelve objectives were drafted into this single document of (BYAA INC). Since 2004 and until 2015 none of these twelve objectives has been achieved. This document was straightforward and truly written in a good legal sense and manner.

I do thank those people who put it together as such. The weakness was that many people (members) were very poor in legal sense (layperson in legal sense) to understand this legal document.

But this document along the years had become an exercise book for our elected youth representatives (President, they like to be referred to as ‘President’) who had no legal background in that sense. But they might be good in mathematics and other stuffs of their interests.

Some of our youth (reps) after Mawut Biar (first president of the association) started amending the constitution without even consulting their partners of the constitution (the States and the Territories), as if this document was an accounting recording exercise book.

I hope that one day some of the objectives will be achieved, if legal minded personnel are accepted to lead this association for God sake, for better change and future of the association to thrive.

Event (wrestling)

Bor Dinka Wrestling in Australia

Bor Dinka Wrestling in Australia

The wrestling took place on 26th December 2014, between the State of Victoria and the State of Queensland. The event (wrestling) was organised and sponsored by the ‘Bor Youth Association Incorporation’ of Australia and their partners (States and the Territories).

I heard that the turn – out was unbelievable. People turned up in hundreds if not thousands. On that day, spectators paid $15entry fees into the footy (Australian Football)ground where the wrestling would take place. I believed that, on the day, they had made a fortune out of the wrestling match.

Mr. Jok took part in this spectacular show, which hundreds of people watched (wrestling) on that the day of December. He was a Queenslander or among the ‘team’ of Queenslanders. His opponent was a Victorian or among the ‘team’ of Victorian. Mr. Jok told me that, ‘ during that time he was weighing 115 kilos and he reckon his opponent was weighing around 107 – 110 kilos’, as far as he could remember, ‘he thought that on the day he had wrestled very well against his opponent.

Mr. Jok said,‘he could remember that, he caught his opponent’s left hand’ tight and strong with his left hand, and then he aggressively pushed his right hand under his arm pit, and he then suddenly tipped him over to the ground. In those seconds, Mr. Jok defeated his opponent by forcing him aggressively to the ground.

Broken arm

Bor Dinka Wrestling in Australia, broken arm

Bor Dinka Wrestling in Australia, broken arm

But unfortunately, Mr. Jok landed on his left hand while still holding his opponent’s left arm, and then both wrestlers’ bodies’ weights sat on heavily on his left hand. That how Mr. Jok ended up with fractured bone on his left arm.

Mr. Jok informed the armies of organisers that his left arm was broken. They gave him first aid, and then after that the ambulance personnel arrived and Mr. Jok was driven to nearby hospital, and the wrestling continued as if it was a workplace.

Mr. Jok spent three hours in the hospital. And at last, the doctor showed him an X – ray of his left hand, and he was informed that he had a fractured bone. And for that reason, a plaster cast was applied on fractured arm in order to hold a broken arm in place, while the bone heals.

He was told that, the plaster cast would be on his arm for six weeks, and then after that he had to see his GP for further check ups. After these six weeks, Mr. Jok went and saw his GP. And he was referred to the Royal Adelaide Hospital (RAH) for another further check up, because his GP was not crystal clear, why the bone was still not healing after six weeks.

The GP was blaming the first doctor who examined Mr. Jok when he was first taken to the hospital in Ringwood Victoria, after the incident. His GP argued that the doctor in Victoria had failed to recommend a quick surgery on the left arm.

On 23rdFebruary 2015, Mr. Jok had a surgery on his left arm, and then he was discharged on 24th February 2015. Mr. Jok is still in serious pain, but he is getting well. Such arm saga had affected him in many ways since from day one until today. He is a very strong young man; and he is stoic about this arm pain.

By the way, the question is, what was really insured by the chairperson and his armies of organisers? If that insurance was real but not fake, why is Mr. Jok struggling with his medical expenses, not to mention that he had lost enormous income.

He used to earn himself $1800 a week and now he had been away from work for four months, which was equivalent $28,800, if he was working. I do understand that, the leadership wanted to waive fraudulently that Mr. Zico Bol ’s accident had nothing to do with them at any cost.

Such dishonesty can be ascertained, on how the insurance form was filled out after Mr. Jok was in the hospital. On the form was it written that Mr. Jok was just ‘volunteering’ for Bor Youth ‘Multicultural activities.’ Because of this statement, the insurance thinks that they may not be held liable to compensate Mr. Zico Bol Makuach Jok.

Fraud case (misleading of participants to believe what was a bullshit lie)

Bor Dinka Wrestling in Australia, Zico Bol, with broken arm

Bor Dinka Wrestling in Australia, Zico Bol, with broken arm

I think Bor Youth Association both at Federal level and States level had failed badly, by mishandling Mr. Jok’s case. Prior to the wrestling, the participants were misled to believe that they were fully insured, and the event itself was also insured. So there was nothing to worry about.

This was Zico Bol had to say about the event and association, “I think it was a very poor organisation, (wrestling) and leadership and the armies of organisers were criminals, because they misled participants to believe their lies, that there was insurance. I wish we had a better leadership that was smart to tell the truth to the people even though such facts were not going to work for some reasons.

After my (Zico) incident, many States youth leaders stood up before the members of the association and claimed that they were going to help with insurance difficulties if there was any. But that was a bloody ‘empty promise. I thought we were a community-based association (non – for – profit) where we should be truly frank to one another for sake of our ‘objectives’, rather than lying to one another or members. In politic, many politicians lied to the voters so that they could vote for him/her”.

Conclusion

Thanks to Zico Bol for his honest story. His story will be a lesson to anyone who is thinking to wrestle in the near future. Youth leadership should have thought it out smarter, before they were blinded by pride, which led many people to make unwise decisions in many cases.


By Anyieth D’Awol, Juba, South Sudan

rssin mess

March 30, 2015 (SSB)  —  ‘Women are the pride of our families and societies,’ we were told. ‘Many cows will be paid for you’. It is said with pride – the way it has always been and the way it must be. The intention is for the cultural systems to link families and communities together and ensured a girl is married into a family that will value her as much hers. It is said that the culture is unchangeable and where it has transformed, it is blamed on war but still, it must be respected.

Rape, sexual harassment, forced and early marriage and exploitation have become so common that what we have been told about how special we are must be a lie.The reality is,today a girl is monetized before marriage and treated like property after it. In times of conflict, being considered precious by our tribes only makes us targets, a means to inflict pain on the perceived other. In the end, it is everyone who loses. Men, women and the children we bear,our cultures and the country we all share.

As a human rights activist in South Sudan since 2005, I have heard countless accounts of inter-community violence, human loss and sexual violence. Cruelty has become the accepted culture and the only remedies are tolerance or violence. They were called remnants of war and it’s effects on culture and time will heal all. Of course, the issues never faded and time did not heal. Undeniably, it is ignoring the violence that is costing South Sudan its future, Africa its regional stability and the world its newest nation.

During the second war(1983-2005) between South Sudanese and the government of Sudan, women were kept from the frontlines. Instead, it was decreed that they were to have children to replace the millions being killed as a result of the war. This created vulnerabilities for women as the duty to procreate was now part of the war efforts. Women were killed and many suffered rapes at the hands of both enemies and their own communities.

This mentality carried on after the war. Throughout the relative peace between 2005 and 2013, sexual violence only increased in frequency and intensity.

‘I want to go home’ said Sarah,a 13-year old girl, as she stared through the bushes and trees towards her father’s home. Sarah’s neighbor had just raped her when she got home from school while her mother and father were out. After hearing her ordeal, I walked over to talk to her mother. ‘This is how it is and how it was for me too.’ She said, crying helplessly. When her father had arrived home, he beat Sarah for being raped and dragged her to the neighbor’s house. He demanded a settlement for her dowry. Sarah’s feelings and her justice were not a consideration.

This was one of my first sexual violence cases in South Sudan in early 2006. In many of our cultures, raping a girl would be considered a legitimate way to marry. For Sarah, that was the start of her marriage and the rest of her life. I do not know what became of her,how many children she has, but hers is the story of many women.The truth is, the cultures are depraved because the central values are lost. Women, culturally held dear, are degraded, in order to uphold the same culture.

The humiliation results in women reconciling to their fate, running away or killing themselves – the way it has always been, the way it must be. This is the same logic applied to the crisis facing the nation. Those who created the conditions and executed the war, guided by personal needs and grievances rather than the values of leadership, are the ones that can resolve it, exclusively.

When the political disputes between the President and the former Vice President erupted on 15 December 2013, the violence between the military quickly assumed ethnic overtones and spread across the country within days. Targeted killing of Nuer citizens in Juba started a wave of revenge killings of citizens in Bor, Malakal, Bentiu and elsewhere. This current conflict, described as senseless even by the warring sides, does not spare women or girls – they have been specifically targeted.

Killings and rapes are repaid with killings and rapes. Sexual violence has been inflicted on a scale unseen even by the brutal standards of previous wars. Victims range in age from young girls to elderly women, some in their 80s. Many stories tell of women given the option between rape and death. Women who refused to be raped were penetrated with sticks, guns and other objects and bled to death. Those who chose rape were gang raped, many not surviving the brutality. Pregnant women had their babies ripped out of them.

Knowledge that justice will never come motivates the revenge killings. Perpetrators of violence are acting to destroy everything,even our elders and our babies, our history and our future. The brutality inflicted ensures the pain is deeper, lasts longer and is never forgotten. The question is:are the issues at the root of this conflict even being addressed?

The answer is no. The culture of violence and abuse is brushed off as a by-product of bigger problems, rather than the problem. Indeed, fear and threat of violence is what makes the powerful, powerful. The need and urgency to address the violence is treated as inopportune and that accountability will cause more violence. We are persuaded that accountability is less important than peace. But, what is peace when there is so much violence? And what is a peace that does not address all this violence?

From my experience, time alone cannot heal all, especially that which is repeated. During the latter part of 2014, many of us held onto the hope that the AUCISS report, completed in October 2014, would be released. It would reveal the full scale of what our people have suffered over the last year and name those responsible. Signed agreements between the warring parties promised an inclusive process to address the root causes, ensure justice and accountability and guarantee those responsible would be excluded from any future government.

In late January 2015, Africa’s leaders decided that the report was untimely because the report might derail a peace agreement and postponed the consideration and release of the African Union’s Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (AUCISS) report.

The March 5 deadline for the warring parties to sign the peace deal came and went and we do not have peace,nor reasonable prospects for it and the violence simply continues.African leaders took a huge gamble that the parties would sign a peace deal. It is questionable that either party has the will or the power to bring peace to South Sudan, put it on the path to prosperity and reconcile the people.

Signing a peace deal for fear of the truth will not bring us the peace we need. Rather,confronting the truth will be the first steps towards forging the peace we must have if this nation is to emerge from this dark period.

On March 5, a draft of the AUCISS was leaked. The African Union’s response, on March 16, stated ‘categorically that the so-called ‘report’ … is not that of the Commission of Inquiry. ‘The claim of ignorance is degrading to those who died, those that continue to suffer and those who spoke to the Commission.

It is clear the document is unfinished but people have been quoted, others named and incidents described. In light of its content and what we already know, the decision to indefinitely postpone the consideration and release, is shocking.But the problems we face are clear and the opportunities to rectify them exist.

With honesty and a chance of a future that is different from what we have had,we may start to live by the values that actually matter and end the violence. Nearly four years ago,the people of South Sudan celebrated independence peacefully and united with extraordinary joy. That is the nation we want.

The prospect of a real future has been our most tested route to silencing the guns.The final and official AUCISS report should be released if the intention is to end the war and the culture of violence. From that point, we may find our path to a more hopeful future.

Anyieth D’Awol is a human rights activist and Founder and Director of the ROOTS Project, a civil society organization based in Juba, South Sudan


By Kur Wel Kur, Austalia
South Sudan's coat of arms, in which the eagle symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty, and the shield and spear the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.

South Sudan’s coat of arms, in which the eagle symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty, and the shield and spear the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.

March 30, 2015 (SSB)  —-  Our flag drips with our blood and that of our brothers. In some neighbours’ eyes, our flag represents no country.  To them, South Sudan represents a void, which needs creation. So out of South Sudan, they desire  to create for themselves,  an economical hub.

Regardless,  these neighbours always ‘rush to South Sudan in rugs and return to their country as millionaires’,  they covete more in South Sudan. Kenya fits these descriptions.

Kenyans calculated 7 wrong calculations; these forced  them to invade South Sudan’s territory.

Wrong calculation # 1: our internal conflict.

In multiple pieces, our country broke.  A war claimed thousands  and displaced  thousands of our citizens to neighboring countries. So to them(Kenyans), the conflict weakened our military capabilities. With this hollow in our brotherhood’s bonds, Kenyans think, they can grab  anything out of South Sudan. So they invaded our God given territory.

However, this calculation will fail in the following stance. Brothers’ disagreements don’t hold  across the borders.  So if wicked and opportunistic neighbours capitalise on brothers’  disagreements, then they will wake up in another planet.  A planet where united brothers tackle the greedy aggressors.

Wrong calculation #2: Our citizens fuel.. ..

Our citizens littered Kenya, from Northern Kenya to Southern Kenya, and from Eastern Kenya to Western Kenya. South Sudanese run Nairobi (Central) economically. Kenyans might have considered South Sudanese refugees in Kakuma(Turkana’s land) in their equations (calculations); however,  the responsibility of registered refugees belong to the UN. With this calculation in minds, Kenyans invaded South Sudan.

However,  South Sudan has two capacities to neutralise the above calculation. Firstly, the government of South Sudan can call its citizens residing in Kenya, home. Secondly, the government of South Sudan can advise its citizens  living in Kenya to register as refugees.

Our citizens fuel Kenyans’ economy through renting properties,  buying food and none food items. Even transport sector:  land and air; South Sudanese spend fortunes in travelling in and out of Kenya.

In addition, 30,000 Kenyans reside and work in South Sudan. If Our government expel  them today,  Kenyans will weep and suffer. Our population in Kenya, spend every dollar or shilling in Kenya. And  negligible number of South Sudanese work in Kenya . I swear, the decision will  be a disaster. Another double economical loss. So this calculation is another dumb ass calculation.

Wrong calculation #3: politicians’ and business persons’ money

The tsunamic corruption in South Sudan today, originated from Kenya.  No doubts that Kenya police watch money in bulky cheques and bags into Kenya without a word. This money laundering, quadrupled the Kenyans’ bank profits through compound interest. Therefore, Kenyans’ economy exponentially grow every year because every dollar earn on oil, sublimes to Kenyans’ banks.

With these large amount of South Sudanese money floating in their banks, Kenyans made, yet another wrong calculation. They believe, South Sudan’s politicians can’t sprint  to war whatsoever.

However, Kenyans calculated it wrong because before anything,  South Sudanese politicians have rights to withdraw their money and invest it in some other countries such as Zimbabwe and Egypt.

Why these countries?  The best minds would have known that making businesses with sleazy neighbours like Kenyans is a grave idea. Zimbabwe and Egypt share no borders with South Sudan.  Investment will do well in Zimbabwe though Zimbabwe has thorny relationships with Britain, a father to Kenya.
Zimbabwe has the whole region(South Africa)  depending it. In the  case of Egypt,  though her situations are volatile because of dirty politics from the West. South Sudanese investment in Egypt  has a future because of the Nile(South Sudan being in the Nile basin).

Wrong calculation #4: Their universities.

From small to large universities in Kenya, South Sudan’s tertiary students fill the lectures theatres. These universities feed South Sudan with some outstanding graduates every year. This,  another wrong calculation of Kenya.  They think, because hundreds of our students at their universities,  we can’t go for war even if they annex Kapoeta.

However,  they calculated it wrong because our students run their universities financially through universities’ fees and accommodation’s fees. South Sudan has capability of sending her students to abroad, leave alone to Africans’ universities. If  South Sudan withdraws her students,  Kenyans’ universities will collapse.

Wrong calculation #5: real estate investment

South Sudanese politicians and business persons invest their money in Kenya’s real estate sector. They bought mansions and townhouses for rent. Some have bought 7 stars mansions  for their personal uses. So billions of dollars reel around in Kenya economy from real estate.

With this gigantic amount of money,  Kenyans think, they can get away with South Sudan invasion.  They are wrong again, because this amount of money doesn’t equate to 62 years old wealth, Kenyans, especially Kikuyu[Uhuru (president)’s tribe  of Kenya] accumulated. Make no mistake, we can match into war.

Wrong calculation #6: Diplomacy

The Kenyans despise us on diplomatic matters. They think, they can win both ways outright.  I bet in this area, we can beat them terribly because  our foreign affairs minister,  Marial Benjamin has an expertise in foreign affairs .

Furthermore,  an international lawyer, Francis Mading Deng who  represents us in UN and Another international juror,  Abel Alier Kwai can bail us out in any mess that reaches international court.  With confidence I believe,  Kenyans made the sixth wrong calculation.

Wrong calculation #7: Mombasa’ s port

All our military supplies come from Mombasa’s port. With our problems,  which need military logistics and arms, Kenyans think, they can create or destroy  anything in  South Sudan, given its position of being stationed at the shore and South Sudan being a landlocked.

However, our military supplies can find their ways to South Sudan by air. We can afford this, given our financial standard.

To rest it, Kenyans must be careful about  our president because scratching his nerves by invading our country is a grave decision.  He can give sweeping orders anytime.  Kenyans must use diplomatic options but not military pressures  because Kiir is an expert in this area.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Truth-hurt

President Salva Kiir and Vice President Wani Igga sharing a joke

President Salva Kiir and Vice President Wani Igga sharing a joke

March 30, 2015 (SSB)  —-   Great article Paan Luel Wel! Just a slight correction to one or two of the facts in the following paragraph:

“Cdr Wani Igga and Cdr John Garang and Cdr Achuil and Cdr Dominic Dim regrouped along the Kapoeta-Torit road while Cdr Salva Kiir and Cdr Majak Agoot withdrew to and regrouped along the Kapoeta-Nairus road and successfully beat back the enemy forces from taking Nairus and reach the Kenyan border.”

Cdr Dominic Dim Deng was the overall commander between Kapoeta – Narus road, he arrived in Narus (and made it his base) just before the falls of Kapoeta in 1992 after he lost track of the enemy in Northern Kapoeta.

And after the falls of Kapoeta, he moved to the border of Kenya (Kebase) with some of his guards for about a week before he returned to Narus upon learning that both Cdr Salva Kiir & Cdr Majak were moving towards Narus with enough forces.

Cdr Salva Kiir’s forces later made their way to Narus from Magos through Nyangie (had numerous ambushes on their way laid by militias) before he eventually joined Cdr Dominic in Narus togatehr with the then Captain, Majier Deng who was in charge of Narus at the time.

While Cdr Majak’s forces were moving separately after their tactical withdrawal from Kapoeta (he entered the town when it was almost taken) and was ordered to deploy his forces in Buna, Napotpot and Loyoro except Nagnak which was too close to Kapoeta.

Those areas were deserted by a combined forces of Red Army of Panyido and Koryom II (No blame here as there were a handful of them in those areas as the Red Army of Dimmo or Maruong Akipie that occupied those places earlier was taken to Juba or Bor) after Kapoeta felt into enemy hands except Narus which had a handful of teachers and Cdr Dominic & Captain Majier’s guards who were left behind to protect some important facilities in there.

Immediately after that, Cdr Salva Kiir established his base in Narus then later appointed Cdr Dominic Dim as overall commander of the area and was deputised by Cdr Majak Agoot (according to their seniority) who made Buna his base along with other SPLA officers such as Akot Mazie, Peter Parnyang, Magoor Ajang among others.

With regard to Cdr Acuil Tito, he was sent to us in Buna but unfortunately, some of us if not all gave him rough time at the parade mainly due to his lack of good strategies to defend Kapoeta from the enemy in the first place plus his poor mismanagement of relief foods during his time when he was in charge of Kapoeta from 1990 till Kapoeta felt to the enemy.

I hope anyone who might have lived in Kapoeta during those times can understand what I am talking about here. Luckily, our request to see Cdr Acuil’s back was passed to Chairman, John Garang as he himself was in the area and agreed to send him somewhere else but not Buna. And I believe that was how Cdr Acuil found himself in Kapoeta – Torit road area because we haven’t heard of him after that.

Our forces in Buna at the time comprised of three task forces namely, Pibor forces of Mobile Force, Isoke’s cadet officers (new recruits & former SPLA officers) as well as Red Army or were negatively referred to as Commando with black short (commando a juan macar) by some elements of other forces.

Believe it or not those kids (mostly all of them were underage) did exceptionally well not to mention the fact that they were part of the groups who constructed Chukudum – Narus road which became the only lifeline for the SPLA forces around Kapoeta, Torit among others.

Thank you,

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Emmanuel Malual Makuac, Kenya

March 30, 2015 (SSB)  —-   Thousands of South Sudanese Christian march in Church processions to join the rest of the world in celebration of Palm Sunday, the day Christian commemorate Jesus triumphal entry into Jerusalem riding on a donkey.

On the celebrations and prayers for South Sudan, the Christians in Eldoret center their prayers on peace and reconciliation in the country ahead of the peace talks resumption in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa in April 2015.

The faithful Christian ask God to open the way for two leaders of South Sudan, the armed rebel leader Riek Machar and President Kiir Mayardit to put aside their differences and bring peace to South Sudan.

One of the pastors denounces the issue of tribalism and war in South Sudan saying that politicians have planted the seeds of ethnic hatred. It need to be uprooted by the youth, he said, telling the youth not to blindly follow the politicians for political reason or along tribal lines.

He continues by declaring that South Sudan belong to all of us regardless of our tribes, religions, gender.

“We are one people for the betterment of the country,” he stresses. Our country is in serious crisis cause by certain individuals who need power by force, the pastor added.

The prayers for Palm Sunday was attended by four churches in Eldoret to pray for one voice so that God can answer their prayers to bring peace in the republic of South Sudan.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By James Okuk, PhD, Juba.

Dr. James Okuk

Dr. James Okuk

March 29, 2015 (SSB)  —-   When faced with choice between two evils, choose none even if one of the choices is a lesser evil in a utilitarian term of “principle of double effects”. This is the bottom line of postulates of Christian morality. Hence, the Democratisation and Human Rights independent journalist, Mr. Peter Gai Manyuon, is advised to note this about Dr. James Okuk because the biography he provided is purely propagandist and out of anger against for no any substantiated apparent justification.

Mr. Peter would have not looked nonsensical had he remained general without getting specific about the personality and academic qualifications of Dr. Okuk, which he is ignorant about. Also it would have been less stupid had he consulted the Library of University of Nairobi to get the correct title and content of the thesis and be informed whether it was given to South Sudanese intellectuals globally to critique. University of Nairobi is a no-joke academic institution. If it awards a student a PhD degree it means it.

Dr. Okuk was ranked one of the best and youngest of his batch, supervised for four years by Prof. Joseph Nyasani and Associate Prof. Dr. Karori Mbugua who are well known for their intellectual keenness in the area of political philosophy. Three of his colleagues failed to make it in time as they stumbled in defending their theses in front of tough external examiners.

Regarding my relationship with Dr. Lam Akol, I don’t need to waste time on it because it is a blood and lineage link that no human being can take away. Dr. Lam is my paternal uncle from Doleib Hill (Katum Ted as called by Nuer) in Panyikango County of the Royal Shilluk Kingdom in Upper Nile State, and with pride of what he is, both intellectually and politically. Dr. Lam is an honest and genius hardworking astute politician who doesn’t entertain lies in order to cover the truths that need to be known with time.

However, what I write is my own intellectual property with copyright, and what Dr. Lam writes is his. If our writings happen to converge at some instances then you need to treat them as incidents of truth coincidences worth noting. Dr. Lam cannot accept to write an article, leave alone a thesis, for another person. Get this well from me if you have not got the chance to know him very closely.

Any way let me get back to what is at the stake without unnecessary distractions as it is said that small minds find consolation in discussing people while big minds find delight in discussing ideas.

First,  Mr. Peter Gai, should know that shame is the destiny of liars and evil-promoting propagandists, not those who have the courage to revere and say the truth even while in the lion mouth.

Secondly, any human life matters because it is a sanctity matter; no laughing and no celebration. That is why lies shouldn’t be tolerated on loss lives of people in South Sudan whether they are Nuer members or non-Nuer ethnicities. The lie on above 20,000 Nuer members killed ‘genocidedly’ in Juba on 15, 16, 17 and 18 December 2013 shouldn’t continue to be tolerated because this is not a laughing matter.

We should be accurate on death counts and know what constitutes ‘genocide’ strictly as defined in ICC Rome Statute and in the UN ocuments.  If there are people who thrive or want to gain power on dead bodies in South Sudan, I think it is time to tell them ‘enough is enough’ against this evil tactical practice.

Thirdly, we don’t need to crack our heads on this matter because we can come up with some basic understanding based on simple logical calculus. It could go like this:

1) Check the Number of Nuer Population in Juba before 15 December 2013.

2) Check the number of Nuer members who took refuge in UNMISS camps (Jebel and Airport) on 16, 17 and 18 December 2013 in Juba but don’t include the non-Nuer members who took refuge there as well.

3) Subtract the latter (2) numbers from the former population (1).

4) Subtract the number of the Nuer members who managed to escape from Juba via UNMISS camps or through other routes.

5) Add the number of the Nuer members who are still camping in UNMISS at Jebel in Juba now to those who went back to their homes and to those who have managed to escape from Juba to other safer places inside or abroad.

6) Subtract the comprehensive addition (5) from the Nuer population in Juba before 15 December 2013 (1) and you can get to a conclusion that the actual number of Nuer members who targetedly got killed in Juba will not be above 20,000 as it has been propagated by SPLM/A-IO and their sympathisers.

Fourthly, what is known, though not presently said, is that the biggest death in Nuer tribe came from the very Nuer politicians and liars (i.e., politikach in Nuer Language) themselves who mobilised the White Army and other Nuer sectors to die in masses in front lines  of the current senseless war of power greed between the cursed SPLM leaders?

The Nuer tremendous loss to young men in front lines in and around, Bor, Malakal, Poktap, Nasir, Ayod, Bentiu, etc, is very painful but it is the consequence of taking up arms against a constitutional government. The same goes to the Dinka, Shilluk and other Sudanese who were killed by the Nuer members in the course of the current war.

That is is why the bashing of both sides (government and rebels) in the current war in South Sudan is correctly justifiable.

Yes, any war criminal on humanity whether he hails from Dinka, Nuer, Shilluk or any tribe in South Sudan should face the force of criminal law (nationally or internationally) in reparation to the innocent victims but not soldiers or armed groups in front lines. That is, rebels and other war inciters and violence pursuers should never be treated as victims because they are equally the selfish perpetrators who have harmed the Republic of South Sudan in the situation it is today.

Regarding the fact of who have been occupying lands of other people in South Sudan, we don’t need lectures but practical examples on this matter. It was the Nuer who have been occupying Tonga Nyijwad (Pangak as they renamed it), Doleib Hill, Obel, Ashabinil, Wic Liel (Wic Mabor as they renamed it), Adhithiang, Warjwok, etc of the Shilluk Kingdom since the time the Nuer militias allied themselves with Jellaba.

Thy even wrote to Upper Nile Governor without any shame to allow them to have their county names and chiefs stationed within the Shilluk Kingdom. On the other hand, the Dinka tried to annex Atar, Obang, Wic Pig, Anakdiar, Wic Uluth, Nyigiir (Bilthiang as they renamed it), Thangrial, Melut, etc but didn’t occupy most of the claimed annexes as the Nuer did.

Bur thanks to Kiir-Riek current war of power that has flashed the Nuer out of the Shilluk lands. It will not be an easy matter for them to reoccupy those lands again. The Dinkas of Upper Nile have been good neighbours of Shilluk and they will dialogue it out in a peaceful manner to resolve the conflicts on the claimed lands. There will not be any intention of genocide between them. The Nuer needs to learn the value of dialogue in the civilised world. Violence will not help them!

Finally, you would have better left the response to Mr. Stephen Par Kuol because we know each others. But for your information, he has not been an Ambassador yet, perhaps in future if things went well with him. The fact that he kept quiet is an indicator that he got cornered on not telling the truth as it should have been told. He know his bias and it is understandable to some of us.

Dear Mr. Peter Gai, know that I don’t claim to be a lecturer in Juba University. I have been lecturing there actually and graduated two batches, so far so good. Take time to go around and you will be amazed of my students in the real world who will tell you how they appreciate my nationalistic contribution in teaching them in an excellent manner. Some of the finalists whose research projects I supervised hail from Nuer tribe and they will admit to you how I directed them to write objective research papers using academic methodology.

This is enough to tell you that I am already working and contributing concretely and positively for the well being of the Republic of South Sudan. Why should a worker be under pressure of seeking for a work? Illogical, isn’t it? Some of us respect law because it is safer to do so. That is why we cannot join Dr. Riek’s rebellion or form one even when the SPLM leadership behaves badly. We believe in non-violence approach in resolving conflicts. You will one day come back to where we stand and you will then understand it better.

Neurologists have no use to truth-tellers and sincere intellectuals. It will be waste of money to see them, but if you think you need to because of the anger and lies that came out in your thoughts against my article, you may try. Perhaps some of us who are the willing are doing the impossible for the ungrateful. After all, stay well!

Dr. James Okuk is lecturer and public analyst in the area of politics. He lives in Juba and can be reached at okukjimy@hotmail.com

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

By Bol Madut Ayii, Juba, South Sudan

addistalksAn open letter to African Union

CC: Embassy of United States of America, Juba

CC: United Nations Mission in South Sudan.

March 29, 2015 (SSB)  —   The leaked report and proposal made by AUCISS prompt me to react and question its legality under the principle of international law, with this regards, the functions and powers of the AUCISS were not extended to call for the exclusion of the constitutionally elected president in the proposed transitional government of national unity but rather to investigate the atrocities committed during the crisis and the persons responsible.

Under the principle of international law, it is violation of the state sovereignty and peoples’ rights to meddle into the internal affairs of sovereign state. The proposal made by African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (AUCISS) is beyond its mandate and therefore amounts to ultra vires.

My legal argument is based on the followings;

Part A: powers and mandate of AUCISS:

The mandate of the African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan were the following:

To investigate the human rights violations and other abuses.

To investigate the causes underlying the violations.

To make recommendations on the best ways and means to ensure accountability, reconciliation and healings among South Sudanese communities with view to deterring and preventing the occurrence of the violations in the future.

To make recommendations on how to move the country forward in terms of unity, cooperation and sustainable development.

Having spelt out the mandates of African Union Commission of inquiry above, the leaked report by AUCISS which recommended the exclusion of the constitutionally elected president from the transitional government of national unity is a clear demonstration that the AUCISS acted beyond its mandate and therefore amounts to ultra vires.

What the AUCISS did to South Sudan is the same cause that led Morocco withdrew its membership from African Union and up to date, Morocco is not a member of Africa Union. Morocco withdrew from African Union due to the following reasons:

The AU recognition of Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic which is a portion of Western Sahara that shows the bias of African Union.

The African Union is undoubtedly a corrupt and weak institution and includes countries of even worse human rights record

Part B: UN trusteeship

Trusteeship Council, one of the principal organs of the United Nations (UN), designed to supervise the government of trust territories and to lead them to self-government or independence. With the independence of Palau in 1994, the council suspended operations.

The Charter does not specify the actual territories to be placed under UN trusteeship. Article 77 merely states that the system shall apply to three categories: (1) territories still under mandate,(2) territories “detached from enemy states as a result of the Second World War,” and (3) territories voluntarily placed under the system by states responsible for their administration.

South Sudan doesn’t fall within the category of UN trusteeship,Article 76(b) of the Un Charter provides; to promote the political, economic, social, and educational advancement of the inhabitants of the trust territories, and their progressive development towards self-government or independence as may be appropriate to the particular circumstances of each territory and its peoples and the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned, and as may be provided by the terms of each trusteeship agreement; as the definition signifies, South Sudan is an independent state and has its elected government, South Sudan is not under the mandate of any colony and therefore it doesn’t fall in trust territory.

South Sudan did not declare its inability to administer and run its administration and therefore, there was no voluntarily placement of UN trusteeship, lastly South Sudan gained independent as the outcome of the internationally recognized referendum and thus it was not just a detach from an enemy state.

With the above detailed conditions of placing country under the UN trusteeship, there are no legal grounds that qualify south Sudan to be placed under the trusteeship.

Again, the Charter is equally nonspecific on designating the administrators of trust territories,. It states simply that the individual trusteeship agreements shall designate the authority in each case, which may be “one or more states or the Organization itself.”

Therefore, it will give UN and its influential members such as United States of America a chance to nominate a person of their choice which might not be in the interest of the said trust country as well as international law norms.

During the World War 1, there were 11 trust territories placed under UN trusteeship, and seven countries were designated as administering authorities. These figures exclude the former German colony of South West Africa, which after World War I had been mandated to the Union of South Africa, because South Africa refused to place the territory under UN trusteeship.

Among those place under the UN trusteeship and their administers are;

In East Africa: Ruanda-Urundi administered by Belgium, Somaliland by Italy, and Tanganyika by the UK;

In West Africa: Cameroons administered by the UK, Came-roons by France, Togoland by the UK, and Togoland by France;

In the Pacific: Nauru, administered by Australia and on behalf of New Zealand and the UK, New Guinea by Australia, Western Samoa by New Zealand, and the Pacific islands of the Marianas, Marshalls, and Carolines by the US.

In September 1975, when New Guinea acceded to independence, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands became the only Territory on the agenda of the Trusteeship Council.

All these countries were placed under UN trusteeship because they were not independent and the objects of Article 83 of the UN charter apply to their territories.

Article 83 in its entirety doesn’t apply to south Sudan and therefore any unilateral attempt by AU and its counterpart to place south Sudan under UN trusteeship is of no legal base under the principle of customary international law.

Part c: Sanctions framework and United States of America resolution

The draft resolution of United States of America was unanimously adopted by UN Security Council without deliberations and was swiftly voted for, this make the writers to ask the distinction between UN and US? The interest of U.S as a member of UN is not the interest of the whole world, no doubt that U.S is the world super power but that does not imply impunity.

We are pessimistic that peace and reconciliation cannot be achieve by imposition of sanctions, moreover sanctions will hinder the search for peace and increase the suffering of the people of south Sudan, under international law, we are not aware of the country that attain peace by sanctions imposition and that sanctions is not the practical solution to south Sudan problem

Relatedly, US as a member of UN is at a right truck to raise a motion before the UNSC expressing its position and opinion about South Sudan but its opinion is not absolute rather than subject to debate on its merits.

As I have stated above that there is no different between US and UN, the facts of violation of South Sudan Sovereignty by AU,US and UNSC is of no doubt to what US did to Nacaragua where US supported the rebellion in Nacaragua by passing the budget in the Congress to back the rebellion.

In this case, Nacaragua brought a suit in the International Court of Justice ICJ and the court found US guilty, so in relation to this there is clear evidence that US and UN are supporting the rebellion in South Sudan directly and indirectly Example, the arrest of weapons in Lake state Rumbek in 2014.

To find the full text of the above cited case see Nacaragua v. United States of America(1984).

Travel Ban, Paragraph 9. Of the sanction draft resolution states; decides that. For an initial period of one year from the date of adoption

Of this resolution, all Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent

The entry into or transit through their territories of any individuals who may be

Designated by the Committee, provided that nothing in this paragraph shall oblige a

State to refuse its own nationals entry into its territory;

My question is, how will travel ban bring inclusive and sustainable peace in South Sudan? Of course the answer will be definitely NO because the denial of entry and transit of some individuals cannot be durable solution to South Sudan problem.

In conclusion I do hereby recommend the followings:

AU must refrain from South Sudan internal affairs otherwise we will have no option than what Morocco did.

US must revive its resolutions and make sure that there is different between it (US) and UN

UNSC must not sit idly waiting for US proposals to endorse without studying its effectiveness.

Removal of elected president through illegal means due to foreign interest will deteriorate the situation in South Sudan.

Thanks

Drawn and Filed by Law Student from University of Juba and he can be reached through the following address; Bol Madut Ayii.  bolayii93@gmail.com  or  0956252721

Finance Minister on the Economy: No Gain Without Pain

Posted: March 29, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Malith Alier

By Malith Alier, Juba, South Sudan

Newly re-appointed minister of finance and economic planning, David Deng Athorbei

Newly re-appointed minister of finance and economic planning, David Deng Athorbei

March 29, 2015 (SSB)  —-   Deng Athorbei is now a little over three months after reappointment as minister of finances and economy. It is his second stint at the portfolio, which has prompted some analysts to refer to his appointment as that of the old-guard.

The finance ministry has seen more downs than ups ever since the interim period with various ill-suited ministers beginning with Arthur Akuen Chol. The other ministers were Kuol Athian, Deng Athorbei, Kosti Manibe and Aggrey Tisa Sabuni and now Deng Athorbei once again.

Their tenures have witnessed mega financial scandals like infamous Dura saga at the time of Kuol Athian, illegal transfer of eight million US Dollars at the time of Kosti Manibe. It looked like one scandal was replaced with another. Even Deng Athorbei’s period was not spared of irregularities.

Many commentators already heaved praises on the newly appointed minister in contrast, he is more aware of the herculean task before him. It is not going to be a plain sailing and therefore, it is too early to sing undue praises because the minister has not even settled in and began to chart a new course of action to put this vital docket on the right path to success.

This author can’t start by praising the incoming minister but would like to caution those who are overzealous about the prospects of achieving economic success to be prepared for possible shocks as a result. Although not economic experts but we know what sound economic management entails.

It is always a popular demand here in Juba and over the country that the Pound must remain strong against the Dollar. This is not supported by facts on the ground. The Pound now exchanges at 7.20 per Dollar in the parallel or black market as opposed to the official rate fixed at 2.9623 per Dollar.

Conversely, it is encouraging that the incoming minister is set to address this issue along with other pertinent matters to stimulate the dormant economy.

In a meeting last week with donors, the minister offered two bowls on his hand; the donor and the loan bowls. The learnt minister will have an audience if this is in return to fix the ailing economy. The donors had poured large sums and the creditors did the same in the past with little results. Now the minister learnt through experience therefore, is ready to address workforce issues like retirement of senior civil servants, long overdue.

He is ready to address exchange rate regime from fixed to flexible regime. Deng Athorbei is ready to retrench the excess workforce. A particular mess is in the armed forces like the SPLA, Police, Prisons, wildlife and Fire Brigade. A chunk of the budget goes to the salaries of these forces.

MISINFORMATION

The minister realises that the government overspend the monthly budget in the wake of declining oil revenues. The oil revenues are the mainstay of the economy. In words of the one South Sudanese MP, we have to seal our leaking basket before the exchange rate deregulation. The time to do so is overdue.

In summary, it is encouraging that the incoming national Minister of Finance and Economic Planning has immediately embarked on the revival of the economy before total collapse. This task can’t be done by the country alone. It needs involvement of international donors and credit institutions to fill the widening gap. A true stimulation of the economy needs development of a meaningful private sector.

Therefore, the country must get prepared to face the components of the restructuring exercise. Retirement, retrenchment and exchange rate regime (the three Rs) must be the consequences of economic recovery.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

THE EASED AFRICA I WANT

INTRO…

Mastering the art of assigning roles to Scapegoats Mastering the art of assigning roles to Scapegoats

In summary of this open letter, you, the politicians who have christened yourselves ‘Jieng (Dinka) Council of Elders (JCE)’, are responsible for the reputation of the community and the safety of witnesses and critics under the ‘politics of escapism and hypocrisy’ you are fanning in South Sudan. This is evidenced in your widespread public and media campaigns, which have even spilled over to international forums.

The first thing that struck my mind the very day I saw the so-called leaked version of the AUCISS Report was: “O my God, how will the witnesses survive in the hands of this regime!” Given the reports and records we know about the reactions of the government towards dissents, and the prediction to what will happen to the people whose names have been inadvertently or intentionally exposed in that pullout version of the Obasanjo Report…

View original post 3,242 more words

Kenya is Bullying South Sudan .

Posted: March 27, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By David Aoloch Bion

Kenya is bullying South Sudan. Ethiopia is bullying South Sudan. Why? These countries are jealous and envious and covetous of South Sudan spectator economic Success.

It took Kenya 50 years to achieve what South Sudan achieved only for 8 years. Kenya is dying of envy of  South Sudan success  . For that, if Kenya leave South Sudan at that  pace, it will overtake it soon, Kenya is trying hardest to disrupt South Sudan progress.

When Riek Machar rebelled , Kenya recognized him , supported him , welcomed him on red carpet . This is not because Riek is fighting a just war but because Kenyan  don’t want to see South Sudan stable and prosperous .   Even if Riek come into power today, Kenya will still look for ways of failing South Sudan,  unless, Riek will give Kenya 30% of South Sudan resources , this is when Kenya will settle . welcoming Riek on red carpet  was first direct bullying

Now , Kenya has invaded South Sudan . This is second direct bullying.

It is now the fullest responsibility of South Sudan ambassador to UN , Mading Deng to declare  the position of the Republic of South Sudan to United Nation on Kenya ‘ government grabbing brigand behavior.

To people  of South Sudan, you cant drive two lorries at ago, Riek rebellion is one lorry, Kenya is another.

South Sudan must use diplomacy and international channels like the UN to deal with envious Kenya until its end the rebellion of Riek .

From there if Kenya insists , South Sudan will show her , what takes it to provoke a neighbour ,

 

Law Student Warns of Looming Constitutional Crisis in South Sudan

Posted: March 27, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By SSB Correspondent

South Sudan's coat of arms, in which the eagle symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty, and the shield and spear the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.

South Sudan’s coat of arms, in which the eagle symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty, and the shield and spear the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.

March 27, 2015 (SSB)  —-   A law student at Nkumba University-Kampala, Gai James Kai has warned of a looming Constitutional crisis in the country following the recent extension of President Salva Kiir’s lifespan/term in office for two years more.

He said it would be illegal for President, Vice-President, cabinet ministers and their deputies to continue carrying out their executive duties two more after the end of their term in July.

Gai told our reporter this week that if elections are not held by June this year, it would also be illegal for President Kiir to appoint a cabinet because his term of office would have lapsed by July, 2015.

His comment follows the recent announcements by National Legislative Assembly that incumbent President, Salva Kiir Mayardit’s term of office is extended up to 2018.

Kai added that although the term of parliament cannot be extended, the Presidential term can be extended by another two years or even more, depending on the surrounding circumstance.

Few months ago, Kiir indicated that he would dissolve Parliament by June; 2015, but has considered the extension of the lifespan of the executives.

Gai said: “Yes! The extension of the lifespan of Parliament can only be done during times of war like this, and under those circumstances, but should not be for more than one year at a time and the cumulative extensions should not exceed two years.’’

“Further the law requires that Vice-president, cabinet ministers and deputy ministers shall not occupy their executive offices for more than three months without being members of Parliament and there is a grace period of up to three months for non-MP ministers to hold these positions.’’

He said while the President shall continue in office until the person elected as President in the next elections entered office, he cannot appoint a cabinet after the three months grace period.

“It must be made clear that beyond the dissolution of the current Parliament, the appointment of a cabinet by a “President’’ whose term expired would be illegitimate,’’ Kai added.

Although Salva Kiir recently approached the High Court to secure an order to declare elections by or on June 2015, opposition political parties protested the proposal and challenged the decision in court, saying ; even if the Parliament can be dissolved by July 2015, government business should go on and so the terms of the executive can be extended for one or two years until a new government is formed.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

Dr Aduok Nyaba: Annexation is jumping from frying fan into fire

Posted: March 27, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By David Aoloch Bion

Some South Sudanese are celebrating the recent incursion of Kenyan army into South Sudan territory . It has been their wishful thinking, it has materialized today.

This aggressive act is the part of wider conspiracy theory to make President Kiir lost power by all cost or hook and crook. This provocation  is the dying work of Dr . Riek Machar and his cohort Dr Aduok Nyaba .

Kenya knows the international law very well, they can not and will not claims the land of South Sudn. But it just  is conspiracy theory to bring down the government of Salva Kiir .

It is preplanned that Kenya will make an incursion into South Sudan ,and South Sudan will overreact in military manner ,then Kenya will get a pretext now to go into war with South Sudan .if the Government of Salva Kiir go into war with Kenya , Riek Machar will take the advantage and overthrow Mr Kiir , if Kiir is gone , Kenya will declare the cease and Riek will come and repair the damage .This is false assumption , who do not know international law and diplomacy?.

This is what Aduok said in Sudan Tribune and here I quote ‘’ Kenya could annex the Illemi Triangle in Eastern Equatoria while Uganda may lay a claim on some of the disputed areas in Madi and Acholi areas in Eastern Equatoria and some parts of Central and Western Equatoria states. . Sudan could annex some parts of Western and Northern Bahr el Ghazal in addition to Unity and Northern Upper Nile state regions. . Ethiopia may lay a claim on parts of Eastern Upper Nile and Jonglei. This happened to Western Sahara when Spain withdrew in 1975 leaving Morocco and Mauritania to struggle over it”,

No country mentioned above want to annex South Sudan land, it is dirtiest lie of power maniac who are just abusing and playing with   the mind of South Sudanese  it is a willed wishful thinking of power maniac .

Mind you , if these areas annexed as you claim , therefore , these tribes are jumping from the frying fan into fire , no man from these tribe will rule in those countries until Jesus come . mark my words  , it is in South Sudan , whereby a man from these  region can be the president , it can’t happen in Ethiopia or Sudan for a Nuer to be President .

This is not annexation ,but ,  it is self-annexation , it is these tribes who want to join other states , they said , Dinka is dominating us ,

It is these tribes , who want to be annexed because they say , Dinka is oppressing us  , marginalizing us , dictating us ,Mr . Aduok , should know that  South Sudan is a frying fan , but Ethiopia, Kenya , Uganda are fire . make no mistake .

Stop your power maniac thinking , it will not take you into power. Be fair.

 

Why Dr James Okuk Should See the Neurologist!

Posted: March 27, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, Contributing Writers

By Peter Gai Manyuon

Dr. James Okuk

Dr. James Okuk

March 27, 2015 (SSB)  —-   Dr James Okuk received his PhD from the University of Nairobi in December 2009, where his thesis was “Justice and Poverty Reduction in South Sudan”, a research that was criticized by many South Sudanese intellectuals globally due to the fact that his work lacks scholarly substance for public consumption as a PhD thesis, globally and particularly for people of South Sudan.

Dr James Okuk has been a bodyguard of Dr Lam Akol since then until the time he became a PhD holder. Most of work was facilitated, and perhaps written by Dr. Lam Akol himself, an evidence that has contributed so much to his worshiping of Dr. Lam.

Okuk has been a small boy of Dr Lam Akol since Lam broke away from the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) and formed his own party, the SPLM for Democratic Change that has now turned into SPLM for Dictatorship Celebration . When Dr Lam Akol went to exile, Okuk became so critical to the government of South Sudan that he tossed up his dear life for political gamble leading to his arrest and torture as he shown love for his master.

Okuk was arrested and faced charges for criticizing the monster Salva Kiir on Media, a man he latter turned to adore for committing genocides against the Nuer ethnic group. What a shame to these political opportunists? Was it really necessary for Okuk to fight for Dr. Lam Akol but not for his Chollo, whose land has been alienated by the corrupt Bandits of Salva Kiir? Today, Okuk is living under the tents of dictatorship, celebrating the massacres of the Naath Nation, but how sure is our fake doctor of philosophy that the next genocides will not be committed against the Chollo (may Naath forbids)?

After Salva Kiir forgave Dr. Lam for committing the crime of demanding Democratic Change, a crime that Dr. Riek Machar and his colleagues are now committing, he saved himself of one sleepless critic, James Okuk. Okuk is now born again in dictatorship and ready to mingle with dictators since his master is serving his house arrest in Juba. It begs a question if any South Sudanese intellectual would still regards Okuk as an independent thinker at this point. What category of people can we classify Okuk in South Sudan?

Well, after reading his article on Sudan Tribune website, I struggled to contextualize the content of his article. I took my time to read his narrations up to the last dot, however, I never gotten a gist of his intellectual analysis, if I may call it so, but rather entertained lies and rollicking phrases that lack intellectual dynamism with hopes to prove a point, which he never did. In conclusion, the only motivation of writing such article was not to justify in response to Amb. Stephen Par Kuol, but to appease the monster for a possible job opening and recognition in the future. What a disgrace? When will the error of Salva Kiir rewarding jobs to betrayers and incompetents end in South Sudan? We can and will never build a viable state on lies, Okuk must learn!

Why responding to James Okuk this way?

Hon. Stephen Par Kuol presented an educative piece on 23th of March 2015 entitled “The fallacies of bashing both sides in South Sudan Conflict”, and in summary, Amb. Kuol discussed what he refers as “both sides narrative”, in which the regional bloc, IGAD, AU and the international community tends to blame the two sides equally and fail to give credits when it is needed. Amb. Par also put records straights on many important elements of Peace Talks that are being misrepresented in Juba to corrupt the reasoning faculty of intellectuals like James Okuk.

Stephen Par correctly elaborate on the opposition’s key demands such as the proposal of amalgamating and recruiting forces from least represented minor tribes to form a viable national army that represent the faces of 64 tribes in South Sudan and formula of wealth sharing between states and the national government, etcetera. All these proposal would benefit the likes of Dr. Okuk than Amb. Stephen Par, himself, who once served in prominent positions, if James Okuk is not reducing himself for the sake of benefits to his own stomach only.

The immediate response from James Okuk, who claimed to have been a political analyst and a lecturer at the University of Juba- South Sudan, on 24th of March 2015, which he entitled “Justifying the Fallacy of bashing both sides in South Sudan Conflicts: A response to Stephen Par Kuol’s article” , did not clearly address the critical points that were raised by Amb. Stephen Par but instead Okuk was more interest to air his personal problems such as how he escaped Mia Saba, how his house was looted and destroyed by the same thugs he is now praising. Okuk went ahead to oppose the two warring parties claiming that army amalgamation or integration will not resolve South Sudan crisis.

Okuk believes that the 1972 Ababa Agreement is the only solution and therefore Joseph Langu should be consulted. Good enough Okuk did not explain the 1972 army proposal, perhaps due to lack of details. Well, what the PhD fail to understand is that the 1972 army arrangment is exactly what was adopted in CPA and now aimed to readopted but in different error. In 1972 the anyanya retained its armies and only agreed to 1:1 ratio deployment in contested zones with hope to separate the armies if the South succeed, as Anyanya fought for Separation.

In other confused narratives, Okuk acknowledged that indeed targeted killings took place but he denied the catastrophe being refer as “genocide” and as well denied that those who got killed were from different tribes of South Sudan, not Nuer civilians alone. What a great lie? Critically, Okuk was more interested in “equality narratives” that all tribes were equally massacred and therefore all should be equally considered.

The Nuer would wish this really happened, in fact this is the question that the Nuer are asking, why was it only the Nuer that were targeted? And Bona Malwal Madut would response “because the Nuer are the problem to Dinka’s supremacy and domination”.

Does Okuk know the definition of the word “Genocide” or is PhD is yet to cover a lecture on that? To remain James Okuk once again, genocide refers to the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group or it can be defined as the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation. In fact, if we don’t refer what happened in Juba as genocide, what other word would be suitable to define the recent killings of thousands of Nuer civil population in houses due to their ethnicity?

Dr James Okuk might have been under pressure of job search when writing the article. He might have been forced to write in order for him to be look as Juba Intellectual by Kiir’s political sycophants, political orphans and thieves that may recruit him.

If not desperation, Dr James Okuk must see a Neurologist to examine this adverse mental disorder that has distort our good critics in a forth night. Where on earth will you find a PhD graduate talking like a mad person or a child of three years, if not in South Sudan where some people claim to have read books while their psychological blackboards are empty upstairs.

Absolutely, after reading the article I decided to doubt the intellectuality and thinking capacity of Dr James Okuk in Juba. Obviously, I came to know James Okuk recently in the Republic of South Sudan. James Okuk has been writing objectively before the crisis of South Sudan emerged on the 15th of December 2013 whereby Nuer were massacred in thousands in Juba.

Surely most of the people globally are aware of the number of civilians who were mercilessly murdered for their ethnicity. As individual, I have no claim on this and may not be worried of what Okuk thinks because it has been proven by AU, UN, UNMISS and the international community.

Who is Okuk to deny? If world admitted and government of South Sudan accepted, then who is Dr Okuk to talk nonsense? More so, all South Sudanese people have admitted that people were killed in Juba by some group of “village boys” that were instructed by the top leadership of the government of South Sudan. Who is James Okuk to deny the massacre of the Nuer Civilians? Is Dr James Okuk mind safe from disorder or something is disturbing Okuk?

In conclusion, primitiveness is about eighty percent (80%) in the Republic of South Sudan, people sometimes think negatively about other or went someone lack something to eat, once begin to think for new avenues for survival. Very disappointing and disgraceful scenario! God of heaven should help South Sudanese this time!

The author is an Independent Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on issues of Democratization Processes and Human Rights in South Sudan. He can be reached at southsudanjournalist@gmail.com.


RED ARMY FOUNDATION PRESS STATEMENT AGAINST THE SO-CALLED RAF-IO MEMBERS
Issued on Thursday 26th March, 2015 at Freedom Hall, Juba, South Sudan

The Red Army Foundation, Juba

The Red Army Foundation, Juba

March 27, 2015 (SSB)  —-  The Red Army Foundation has received information and also came across a statement of a group calling itself the Red Army Foundation In Opposition (RAF-IO), falsely claiming to have split from the Red Army Foundation and joined the Rebellion led by Dr. Riek MacharTeny.

The Red Army Foundation would like to take this opportunity to inform the Government, SPLM, SPLA and the people of South Sudan that it completely distances itself from this misguided so-called RAF-IO Group and categorically in the strongest terms rejects and denounces such fabrications because the people who signed the statement of the so-called RAF-IO are not registered members of the Red Army Foundation and are not even known by the leadership of the Red Army Foundation.

The Red Army Foundation would also like to clarify that it has not yet established any Red Army Foundation office outside South Sudan and currently there are no officially registered members of the Red Army Foundation in Diaspora.

The Red Army Foundation, as clearly indicated in its Constitution, is a non-military organization that can never engage in rebellion and does not condone rebellion, especially senseless rebellions, and the Red Army Foundation is extremely surprised to hear that a group calling itself a Foundation can actually claim to be part of a rebellion, which has completely never been heard of, as it contradicts the essence and true meaning of a Foundation.

The Red Army Foundation believes in democracy as a core value of the SPLM/A liberation struggle and stands with the legitimate government of the Republic of South Sudan, which was elected and given the popular mandate to lead the Country by the people of South Sudan. The Red Army Foundation believes that power belongs to the people and any change of government or transfer of power should not be done by taking up arms or use of force, but should be done democratically by seeking the mandate of the people through elections.

The Red Army Foundation would also like to emphasize that the Red Army, as known historically by everyone, has no tribe because this is the way they were nurtured and brought up by the leadership of the SPLM/A during the liberation struggle. In fact, the tribe of the Red Army is South Sudan because the Red Army belongs to all the people of South Sudan and brings together people from all over South Sudan. Unlike the Red Army, the people who signed the statement of the so called RAF-IO are predominantly from one tribe, which makes them actually look pretty much like the White Army, not the Red Army, because if they were really Red Army, there would have been diversity.

The Red Army Foundation would also like to inform the Government and the people of South Sudan that the statement released by the so-called RAF-IO was not published on the official letterhead of the Red Army Foundation and the Red Army Foundation condemns the use of the SPLM Letterhead by the misguided Group calling itself RAF-IO, which was a flagrant attempt to mislead the public to believe that the group wasassociated with the SPLM led by the Chairman Cde Salva Kiir Mayardit.

The Red Army Foundation therefore would like to conclude by informing the Government, SPLM, SPLA and the people of South Sudan that this is just cheap propaganda and the usual mind games of the SPLM-IO, who are desperately seeking any opportunity to mislead the people of South Sudan and falsely gain support through such false fabrications, and we recognize that in this particular case, it is a deliberate attempt to exploit the historical patriotic legacy of the Red Army that is highly regarded by the people of South Sudan, because of the patriotic sacrifices and contribution made by the Red Army to the success of the SPLM/A liberation struggle.

The Red Army has been tried and tested before, during the SPLM/A liberation struggle and proven to be truly patriotic and committed to the cause of the people of South Sudan. The Red Army can never and shall never betray the people of South Sudan.

Red Army Oyee! God Bless South Sudan!

Signed:

Cde Deng Bol Aruai Bol
National Chairperson
Red Army Foundation

Cde Ter Tongyik Majok
Secretary-General
Red Army Foundation


Coup against “turn- to -eat philosophy” as Parliament extended its life without consultation from voters: The case of constituency No 13

By Michael Mading Akueth, Panyangor, South Sudan

Demo-cracy or Demo-crazy?

Demo-cracy or Demo-crazy?

March 26, 2015 (SSB)  —-   In 2010, there were serious debates about who should represent us in Parliament, South Sudan. The communities met and debate about it.

There were many leaders who had shown interest to contest in the election and their manifestos were amazing but because in the past someone from their areas were a member of parliament they were told that the chance does not belong to their payam.

The term which I called “turn- to -eat philosophy” was the set criteria for selection; peoples’ leaders who were very popular and result-oriented were turned away and the person whose his community have the turn -to -eat was chosen to represent us in Parliament.

They could argue that your leaders had represented us in parliament and government during the Khartoum regime and it is now our turn- to- eat.

We want to send our son to parliament so that we could be able to eat enough this time like the way you did. How did this concern me? I was not in the last elections and you are now accounting people who did not affect my life in away.

It was surprising that the spirit of choosing leaders according to their potentials had disappeared and the spirit of our turn to eat had taken over. What a tragedy?

The community that was known for visionary leadership had dropped her standard of leaders’ vetting from charismatic skills and service delivery to simple vetting of our turn- to -eat.

We were listening with surprise because there was no programmes which the leader was showing to voters for them to vote for him but he was simply saying it is our turn- to- eat.

He mentioned leaders in his opponent payam even people who are working in government as servants who were employed because of their skills to disqualify his opponent thirst for the seat.

He won for sure because he could count more people from his opponent side who are working in government and his opponent gave-up and allow him to go to parliament.

Now that you have stayed for 5 years and your term has officially ended according to our community criteria (turn –to- eat), Do you have a moral authority to continue in parliament for the extend period of three years?

You and your community set the precedent in the last election that you are not going to parliament to delivery services but it is your “turn- to- eat” since our communities had their chance in the past.

This was the judgment and other community members accepted the “turn –to- eat philosophy” as the guiding tool to reach consensus in any election.

Therefore, though the parliament has extended its life for three years, we don’t think it is honorable for the area MP for constituency 13 to continue serving in the extended period of Parliament because He is breaking the rules which took him to parliament in 2010.

I’m presenting my opinion here as a voter who had voted for him in the last election and who believes in promises as true covenant of love. He will be robbing our community if he continues serving in the three years extended period of parliament.

Since he is renowned lawyer who had been fighting for people rights and democracies; he will not accept to continue representing us in parliament against our wills. This is will be a clear promotion of impunity.

I want to remind him not to forget our criteria which took him to parliament in 2010 “turn- to- eat philosophy”.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

Dear Brother Agel Ring Machar

Posted: March 26, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, Featured Articles

By Manyiel D’Awet,

"The days we were brand of our tribes are gone, this days are days we will be be brand by what we have for our nation" say Jesus Deng, Alier Ateny and Agel Ring Machar

“The days we were brand of our tribes are gone, this days are days we will be be brand by what we have for our nation” say Jesus Deng, Alier Ateny and Agel Ring Machar

March 26, 2015 (SSB)  —-   Brother Agel, been a long time but I remember you as one of the many that always believed and supported my aspirations to become a doctor. To reciprocate, I respect your choice to join Riak even though I may not agree with it. I honestly would like to know the rationale behind your decision. I cannot judge u as a person because non of us is perfect. However as a fellow intellectual, I believe we have the brains to reason and forge a brighter future for South Sudan and Africa in general.

As you know most of our current leaders are old and practice the old traditional styles of leadership. That is either lead by claiming intellectual superiority without substance or via tribal strength. None of our leaders is prioritizing nation building or the lives of the ordinary citizens. These are known facts as proven by the billions transferred into private accounts of past and current leaders of our country. Meanwhile they drive in their fancy cars watching children searching for food in garbage bins. Not to mention lack of standard hospitals, schools, electricity, clean water or sanitary drainage system.

None of these leaders managed to advocate for these vital projects even though some of them were actual ministers overseeing such projects. And yet all their government houses were fully refurbished, some exceeding modern celebrity standards. And I know this because I’ve visited most of them!

Now that there is a crisis in the country for which all parties are accountable for, I scarcely fathom the idea that respectable intellectuals choose to support such incompetent leaders. How do people know the ugly past and recurrent failures of these leaders and still vouch for them blindly.

I’ve slept well at night throughout this conflict consoled by the belief that time is on our side, that these old folks’ time will lapse and a younger brand of fresh and civilized leaders will sprout. However the behavior of some of my colleagues is beginning to cast a dark shadow on the bright future I’ve always seen for our country.

Whatever happened to principles of patience or impartiality. Whatever happened to reasoning and common sense. Kiir and Riak are not the only leaders destined to rule South Sudan. Whatever happened to confidence and dignity. I believe that there are many individuals in these two camps that are capable of leading.

The question is must one climb the back of a renowned politician to reach the top? Is it too hard for one to forge his own path and determine his own destiny? If aspiring leaders are afraid of talking to ordinary citizens and drafting their own agendas, then why waste time talking politics rather than minding your own business? Are Kiir and Riak the only leaders with vision and policies for our country.

Agel Ring Machar with Riek Machar in Addis Ababa

Agel Ring Machar with Riek Machar in Addis Ababa

Brothers and sisters, I believe that every South Sudanese citizen with a brain can lead our country provided that he/she dissociates from the leaders that already have their hands dirty. I believe in a leader that believes in themselves and relies only on the people he intends to govern and not regional or international help.

To all my fellow intellectuals, please STOP political prostitution no matter what your end game is.

Finally please do not be offended by my rants as I’m only offering advice that you may or may not follow. But there is no denying that our country needs us to put our heads together and shun all those trying to bring us down.

God bless you all.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to paanluel2011@gmail.com. SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.