JSC-USA: Dinka communities in Jonglei State must be called “Jiengde Jonglei”

Posted: February 25, 2019 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in dinka, History, Junub Sudan, Press Release

Press Statement from JSC-USA – Notice of Collective Name: Communities in Jonglei State must be called Jieng Ë Jonglei

Monday, February 25, 2019 (PW) — It is with ultimate understanding to inform all South Sudanese, and Jieng’s communities that the Jieng’s subtribes in South Sudan’s Jonglei state must be referred to as Jieng Ë Jonglei. This is reality that South Sudanese in all corners of the world must digest. For quite sometimes, the Jieng’s subtribes on the East Bank of the White Nile River have been wrongly referred to as Jieng Ë Bor while the reality is that Dinka’s tribes in Jonglei are: Hol Dinka, Twic Dinka, Bor Dinka, and Nyarweng Dinka. These Jieng’s tribes are distinct ethnic groups.

There are very important timelines that people need to be mindful of: In 1928, the Bor Dinkas in what was Mangalla Province were transferred to the Upper Nile Province, and into Duk District inhabited by Hol Dinka, Twic Dinka, Nyarweng Dinka, Nuer Lou and Nuer Gawaar. The Jieng District( Hol Dinka, Bor Dinka, Twic Dinka, and Nyarweng Dinka) became known as the Bor-Duk District starting from 1928 till the 1950s when the hyphenated District’s name faded away. It was around the same period that Abong District was dissolved, and Lou Nuers in Duk District were transferred to newly created Akoba District. In the same move, Nuer Gawaar were transferred to Fangak District and co-joined with Luac Dinka, Rut Dinka, Paweny Dinka, Thoi Dinka, Nuer Lak and Thiang Nuer.

In 1976, the Bor District split into Bor District and Kongor District respectively. Two decades down the road, the Government of Sudan adopted a federal system, and changed districts to be called counties. The former districts across the Sudan and in the SPLM/SPLA’s controlled areas were renamed as counties. The district, Bor District which led to all the four Jieng’s subtribes being called Jieng Bor/Dinka Bor ceased to exist in 1976, and when the Upper Nile Province was divided into two Provinces (Jonglei and Upper Nile Province), and more districts were created.

The expansion of administration to local areas is an ongoing process. In 2005, and following the final signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the Sudanese Government in Khartoum and the SPLM/SPLA in the then Southern Sudan, several changes took place. The peace Accord granted Southern Sudan an Autonomous Government. The Government of Southern Sudan, through CPA-2005 framework spearheaded a process that created more counties in Southern Sudan. As a result of that, many formers counties split into several counties, and Kongor District/County was one of the many local administrative units that created a new county/split into two counties: Duk county and Twic East county minus the non-functioning Bor North name adopted amidst the liberation struggle.

In the current political context, and based on procedural and administrative setup of South Sudan, there is no sensible argument against calling Dinkas in Jonglei as Jieng Ë Jonglei or Jonglei State Community as adopted by Jongleins in the United States of America. Today, we are pleased to inform South Sudanese and Jieng at large that the ethnic Jieng’s groups in Jonglei state are: Hol Dinka(HD), Twic East Dinka(TED), Nyarweng Dinka(ND), and Bor Dinka(BD). As far as the history is concern, these Jieng’s ethnic groups have been lumped under one as Jieng Ë Bor/Dinka Bor, and Greater Bor as of the recent political twist. The identity meandering have been settled numerous times, but some people afar seems have hard times referring to Jiengs in Jonglei/Southeast of the former Upper Nile Region by their exact name.

As mentioned previously, the devolution of powers and decentralization of governance is a continuous process, and South Sudan is not immune from it. In October 2015, and in the midst of the catastrophic civil war in South Sudan, the South Sudanese Government decided to divide South Sudan into 28 states, and later added 4 more states. Based on what South Sudanese Elites termed as popular demand by the people”, Jonglei state was divided into five states: Jonglei state, Akoba state, Bieh state, Fangak state and Boma state. Just for future reference, Jonglei state comprises of former Duk county, former Twic East county, and former Bor county. Where have the proponents of Jonglei State Community-USA gone wrong? It is a question for fairer minds!

The confusion or the identity crisis as others like to refer to it was settled in October 2015 when the Government of South Sudan created Jonglei state as one of the 32 states in South Sudan. As of now, the Jieng’s groups in Jonglei state: Hol, Twic, Nyarweng and Bor have resolved to be called as Jieng Ë Jonglei/Jonglei State Community. The old name(Jieng Ë Bor) belongs to the current 8 counties of the Greater Bor/former Bor county. With that being settled, referring to Hol, Twic, Nyarweng, and Bor as Greater Bor is no longer applicable to four sub-tribes of Jieng/Dinka currently inhabiting Jonglei state of South Sudan. The approval and adoption of the state name by these respective communities is dated to July 20th, 2018.

Since you the readers have seen the history that have unfolded over many decades, and how these communities came to be known as Dinka Bor, we hereby requested you to take note of this change and adopt the name chosen from this day onward. The Jiengs in Jonglei must be referred by the name Jieng Ë Jonglei or Jonglei State Community USA (JSC-USA) in the case of Jongleins in the United States of America. Note, referring to the four communities by name “Bor” will exclusively result into only one community (Bor) responding to your communications.

Further, you are also urged to update the name in all your databases to Jieng Ë Jonglei/Jonglei State Community. Identifying people by their correct name make communication easy, and serve the purpose of mutual respect and understanding. The name Jieng Ë Bor/Greater Bor Community is no longer serving four communities as their collective name. If you have any question regarding the name, please kindly contact the Interim President of the Jonglei State Community-USA. We look forward to your continuous partnership and support.

Best regards.

Signatories:

Andrew Thuc Thanypin – President JSC-USA 

Dut Atem-Apai  Dut – Vice President JSC-USA 

Majur Deng Mabior

Lual Daau Lual, Jr.

Ghaal Chol Ghaal

Andrew Thuc Thanypiny

Mayak Deng Aruei

Peter Bayak Lem

Deng Atem Bol

Aleer Ngor Chol

Kuer Garang Manyok

Agot Ayuel Leek

Atem Deng Ajang

Biar Garang Biar

Majok Reth Chuol

Garang Kuol Garang

Nyuon Galuak Nyuon 

Kuir Dit Majuch 

Maduk Aleer Chol

Yar Arok Deng

Bul Deng Bul 

Angok Atem Biar

Reference

Alier, Abel. (1992). Southern Sudan: Too Many Agreements Dishonored. Ithaca Press, 8 Southern Court, Reading, RG1 4GS.

Collins, Robert O. (1971). Land Beyond the Rivers: The Southern Sudan, 1898-1918.

Collins, Robert O. (1990). The Waters of the Nile: Hydropolitics and the Jonglei Canal, 1900-1988.

Eshman, R. (1983). The Jonglei Canal: A Ditch Too Big? Environment, 25(5), 15. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1080/00139157.1983.9929856, https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aci&AN=5210668&site=eds-live&scope=site

Johnson, Douglas H.(2016). South Sudan: A New History for New Nation. Ohio University, Athens -Ohio.

Willis, C. A (1931, edited by Johnson, Douglas H.): The Upper Nile Province Handbook. A Report  on Peoples and Government in the Southern Sudan, 1931.

The Opening of the Nile Basin (1974, edited by Elias Toniolo and Richard Hill). Writing by the Members of the Catholic Mission to Central Africa on the Geography and Ethnography of the Sudan 1842-1881.

Tribes Without Rulers. (1958, edited by John Middleton and David Tait). Preface by E. E. Evans-Pritchard:  Studies in African Segmentary systems.

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Comments
  1. David says:

    The owner of this website shoulder very careful for posting those kind of articles which carries some sensitive issues.

    Like

  2. kailoor says:

    Nothing sensitive about it, just mater of thinking of identities that are comfortable to all, but I am of opinion that community identity in question has been used for it success by its great sons and daughters lost souls during the time of struggle, and as of let, the proposed noun will have little impact but still a name.

    Like

  3. I had a look at the signatories and I saw similar names; Atem, Dau, Gatluak ,et al.
    I am lazy to go through Atem, Arok, Awai , etc. It’s a family thing now.
    Change it when it’s its time to be changed . By the way, why make changes in the US? I thought home was the best always, now USA is the best. Run your politics there and die alone there. Dummies will take it and kill themselves easily. I wish you successfully kill yourselves without us.

    Like

  4. Man of UT. says:

    You are very right JSC – USA, Jonglei State is the best name to unite all jieeng people in it. No one can accept to be called Borong (shortened to be Bor). I think identity is what pushed southerners to two wars of Anya-nya one and SPLA/M, in addition to other realities such as depression and marginalization.
    Jieeng de Jonglei Oyee.
    Thank you.
    Man of UT.

    Like

  5. Abraham Deng says:

    Hi dear

    I am writing to inform you that I want to be remember of JSC.

    Like

  6. I love this idea for you brothers of Dukeen and Twich that signed yourself Jonglei as your prospective state. And I am saying this because Athooch and and Gok communities are going to make up Bor State for themselves as well. So, my advice to you brothers in United States of America is that, don’t let it just be online thing and not be able to bring it up there on the ground for an implementation. I meant you convince your people, politicians, and most importantly the general populace in order to bring this to a complete sense. And I will support you myself to have your own state of Duk and Twich respectively. Thank you for deciding your future.

    Like

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