Archive for the ‘Opinion Articles’ Category


Dear Mr. President, Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, as you visit the Greater Bahr el Ghazal region, remember that Mabior-Yar community in Tonj begs you to rescue them from political marginalization

By Madau Madut Madau, Kampala, Uganda

Tuesday, February 26, 2019 (PW) — This is a patriot’s open letter to the president, Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, of the Republic of South Sudan. Dear Mr. President, seeking appointment by our community or going through protocols will not deliver my urgent letter to you. I as a son of this nation on behalf of our community (Mabior-Yar community of Tonj State) with all honor beg you Mister President to go through my letter.

Your Excellency the president, please accept my sincere thanks for your great leadership derived from your great ideology and the durable purpose sandwiched with a patriotic vision and relentless courage. This good courage gave birth to the sustained resistance against acts of oppression, repression and forms of injustice in the then Southern Sudan during the liberation struggle.

Your Excellency the president, you launched a purposeful and protracted struggle to bring freedom to people of the South, which is South Sudan today. This set of wonderful qualities as God’s gifts in you included the patriotic spirit, the zeal and zest, and the perseverance measured by the innumerable sacrifices you encountered during the struggle. Thumb up my President! (more…)


By Peter Khor Bullen, Juba, South Sudan

1550160080412

Tuesday, February 26, 2019 (PW) — Love and lust are the dominant desires that rule the blood stream of man. They both connect you to the one you love and sometimes stained you and your relationship. But this is not the argument many lovers put forth. They always confess that, without love; there will be no life. Citing the creation of Adam by arguing that; it was because of love that Adam was created from dust and life was breathed unto his lung to acquire living and to see the beauty of the world.

Eve was also plug out from in between Adam’s ribs because almighty love Adam to own a wife though there are no women in Heaven. Don’t raise your eye brows yet, I have an argument for that claim. However; the lust goons argue their character and lase it with other sweet texture. They says, without lust; there will be no world. According to them; it was out of lust that God create the whole universe.

The disagreement from lovers is based on the fact that; if indeed God create the whole world out of lust, then; it is an evidence that lead to the gigantic flood of Noah and the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. According to them, Love never turn to be destructives but lust does, as it result to the murder of Uriah by King David. Love and lust don’t turn destructives to mankind because there is a natural rule of law and justice system moderating their existence. (more…)


By Ariik Atekdit – Wau, South Sudan

Pan-Africanism

Tuesday, February 26, 2019 (PW) — If my name is John and I speak English language so fluently and I put on English gentleman’s suit in the village and refuse to sit on my African traditional mat or skin then I am culturally invaded.

If I claim to have forgotten my mother tongue because of my 10 years in town, then I am culturally lost.

And again if I support all sport teams and clubs in foreign lands in the West, all against my African ones. If I can memorize dozens of western clubs and their players when I can’t know, how many clubs are in my country or could I remember one name of my national best players, then I am made to hate my values.

If I buy all sports clothes from the European teams and with faces of their players on. What is it that will show in me that I am an African? (more…)


Higher Education South Sudan: Action Research to investigate quality of teaching and challenges, in higher education reform in South Sudan – Upper Nile University Case Study

 Mr John Monyluak Thon Lal,  MA/Student Zhejiang Normal University, China

Higher Education in South Sudan

Table of content

Dedication——————————————————————————————————-4

Acknowledgement———————————————————————————————5

Abstract———————————————————————————————————-6

1-1 Introduction————————————————————————————————-7

1-2 Statement of the Problem——————————————————————————–9

1-3 Objective of the Study———————————————————————————-10

1-4 Research Questions————————————————————————————–11

Literature Review

2-1 Background of Higher Education———————————————————————–12

2-2 Higher Education—————————————————————————————–14

2-3 Budget in Use———————————————————————————————15

2-3-1 Research methodology——————————————————————————–16

2-4 Data Analysis———————————————————————————————17

2-5 Economic challenges———————————————————————————–19

2-6 Conclusions———————————————————————————————–20

2-7 Reflections————————————————————————————————22

2-7-1 Recommendations————————————————————————————-23

2-8 References————————————————————————————————-29 (more…)


Public Service Announcement: The Failure of the SPLM and the Illusion of SPLM Reunification

By Captain Mabior Garang de Mabior, Nairobi, Kenya

Saturday, February 23, 2019 (PW) — Fellow South Sudanese, as the SPLM aristocracy continues to make political maneuvers to help them stay in power, it is important that our people remain vigilant in order to avoid a complete loss of their hard-won struggle for self-determination. It would be marvelous if the wounds inflicted on our people could be healed magically by the SPLM reunification. The problem with the reunification however, is that the SPLM reunification comes partly as a result of a misdiagnosis of the problem and partly as a tactic by the SPLM(IG) to isolate the SPLM/SPLA(IO).

This is part of the regimes long term strategy, it is part of their futile attempts to continue usurping the people’s power. The catalyst to the current civil war, as we all know, was the failure of leadership in the SPLM. What has changed since December 6, 2013 that justifies this reunification that can convince the public their failures have been overcome? In order to have a more concrete understanding of this failure, it is paramount that we breakdown the genesis of this failure:

Beloved Countrymen/women!

1. The genesis of the SPLM leadership failure can be traced back to the unfortunate manner in which the first Chairperson of the SPLM, Dr. John Garang de Mabior, met his end.

2. To this day, the leadership which emerged and formed the government after the demise of our first Chairman, has never made public the results of the investigation into the crash which killed him. (more…)

South Sudan and the Inhumanity of the Death Penalty

Posted: February 22, 2019 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan, law, Opinion Articles, Opinion Writers

By Kur Ayuen Kou, Melbourne, Australia

Friday, February 22, 2019 (PW) — I am deeply appalled by the continuous use of death penalty as the best form of punishment in our fractured society. In a span of one week, South Sudan has carried out six executions on inmates, some of who have not exhaust all their legal options, including the right to appeal for clemency to His Excellency the President of the Republic. REST IN PEACE!

This is a worrisome development in a country that is preaching forgiveness, tolerance and peace. It’s very painful that the government can embark on this undertaking when it has other weighty state responsibilities.

As concerned citizen of our nascent Republic, we are call to duty when the responsibility knocks on our doors. The duty to protect, preserve and defend the constitution does not only lie with the government, it’s a collective responsibility of every citizen. Our national heroes including our President gave their lives to liberate millions of us from the bondage of slavery. (more…)


By Majok Arol Dhieu, South Sudan

 

Thursday, February 21, 2019 (PW) — I wish, if I were close to president Kiir to tell him that another hole is created behind him to fall in. Did I hear it very well over the SSBC Radio news that one day’s pay will be cut from the salaries of all civil servants to support implementation of the peace deal? My God! Is this a decision to deduct one day from civil servants is real or the government has find a way to blanketed the six months unpaid with this decision?

In simplest calculations, one day pay for someone getting one thousand five hundred South Sudanese pounds is fifty pounds. Then, five millions South Sudanese pounds will be raised by one hundred thousand civil servants, equivalent to eighteen thousand eight hundred sixty-seven dollars at the rate of two hundred sixty-five South Sudanese pounds per dollar.

Who is the cleanest person in the Ministry of Finance or in the committee to keep this money? Does this decision involved army? Is this a scenario of robbing Peter in order to pay Paul? The statement is somewhat ambiguous to be understood.

  (more…)

I Miss You Malakal City

Posted: February 19, 2019 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, Contributing Writers, Junub Sudan, Opinion Articles, Opinion Writers

By Ariik Mawien Atekdit, Kuajok, South Sudan
Tuesday, February 19, 2019 (PW) — I miss you Malakal. It had been a long while without seeing your view. As politics of S. Sudan so much affected your affairs. We got so much uprooted and our direction got lost as we dashed to UNMISS as we hid for surviving.
We badly left behind our beautiful places in town including Dingri-shufu, al-Bam, al-Thorat, Hai Matar, Malakia, Luakat & Hai Salaam.
We badly missed the unnumbered hospitalities & and the generosities of the communities and the joy of cultures of Upper Nile.

As South Sudanese may be searching for peace let us also be mindful of our national sovereignties with neighbors, the case of Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia in the South Sudan peace agreement.  

By Dut Agostino Agei, Pro peace institute, Oslo University, Norway

kiir museveni

President Kiir and Museveni in Kampala, October 2014

Friday, February 15, 2019 (PW) — In several peace agreements, South Sudanese in one way or another have done whatever was necessary to bring peace in South Sudan. Thank you South Sudanese leaders for peace agreement. Peace is a fundamental human right principle that can in addition be found in Geneva law of convention.

The instability started by the time internal distrubants occurs in our nation across different duration collapsed national economy and causes masses displacements into African regions and eventually into the world. Such a fragile situation in the new African nation capture the attentions of international medias outlets made of the guardian, New York time, Aljazeera, wall street Journal and even BBC world that mounted pressure of peace to South Sudan ruling elitist. This was by international communities as well as the UNSC.

In response different helms of our national institutions of governance carry out whatever was necessary to bring peace and stability in South Sudan in an attempt of humanitarian call for peace in South Sudan. However, all these processes of peace finding involves scenarios where South Sudanese find themselves in reunions with African nations where governments at some points claim a certain place in South Sudan. I am going to be proves either right or not when I cite Sudan, Egypt & Ethiopia in that order. (more…)


By John Youhanes Magok, Juba, South Sudan

The Treasure of South Sudan

Friday, February 15, 2019 (PW) — Five month already gone wasted since the signing of the revitalized agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan in September 12, 2018. The peace was echo with a wide jubilation in Khartoum, other capital cities in the region and finally it was hauled to Juba with the name “Peace Celebration” under the auspicious of president of the Republic H.E. Salva Kiir Mayradit in the presence of regional leaders among them the main guarantors Omer Al-Bashir of Sudan and his counterpart Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, President of Ethiopia Sahle-Work Zewde was among the attendee and other IGAD mediation teams.

The celebration was a good gesture and a new commitment toward peace return in a nation that suffered for the last five years yarning for stability and lasting security. Unfortunately, the event was an analogy of putting chariot before the horse and the hidden load only floated after the celebration, where the main melody turned to be lack of financial “funds” or “Money” to operationalize the terms of the revitalized agreement stipulated in the pre-interim period that is projected to last for eight months to pave a way for the formation of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGoNU) accommodating the former foes, the fragmented SPLM/A.  (more…)


Presentation at Oxford University North East Africa Forum and the African Studies Centre

The Sudanese Revolution: A Different Political Landscape and a New Generation Baptized in the Struggle for Change

By Comrade Yasir Arman, Oxford University, UK

Sunday, February 10, 2019 (PW) — I would like to start by thanking Jason Mosley and the Northeast Africa Forum and the African Studies Centre at Oxford University for inviting me to speak today on “Sudan’s Political Crisis: What’s Next?”? Sudan is facing multiple crises of nation-building, democratization, social justice, gender equality and the need for sustainable development. All these require a paradigm shift and structural changes on the basis of a blueprint that has sufficient national consensus and will eventually lead to building a modern state on equal citizenship.

The ongoing non-violent Sudanese revolution is the widest peaceful mass movement that Sudan has ever witnessed since its independence in 1956. It has involved rural and urban Sudan, women, youth, students, professionals, political parties and movements, civil society groups, and activists from all walks of life, including anti-dam and anti-land grabbing movements and others. It has also attracted, in a limited way, some Islamists from the new and older generations who are for change. Protests have continued for almost two months, which has provided Sudan’s political life with new blood, baptizing a new generation whose courage and abilities have re-energized the entire society and provided confidence that democratization and building a new Sudan is possible.

It is worth mentioning the wider participation of women and that the discourse of this new generation is generally embracing diversity, equal citizenship, anti-racism, and the other demands of this revolution. It is well summarized by one of the dominant slogans asking for “freedom, peace and justice”, which are the cardinal issues challenging nation-building in Sudan. I believe the current revolution represents a great opportunity to resolve the multiple crises of Sudan.

Additionally, the mass movement involved in this revolution have similarities in many ways to those who received Dr John Garang when he came back to Khartoum in 2005. They share the same dreams, sometimes chanting similar slogans. (more…)


Examine the roots and motives of why the National Ministry of Finance renamed as   ‘‘Kuac Business Center’’

By Abel Amet Amet – Juba, South Sudan

Salvatore Garang Mabioordit1

Minister of Finance and Economic Planning Salvatore Garang Mabiordit

Saturday, February 9, 2019 (PW) — I would want to preface this commentary by reminding ourselves of the important citation remarks uttered by two of the Great Philosophers and authors, which I consider are of much relevance here. Aristotle had once been quoted to have remarked ‘‘Poverty is the Parent of the Revolution and Crime’’. Benjamin Franklin advised: “Never ruin an apology with an excuse.”

Over the past few days, South Sudanese have been struggling with what interpretation would suit the best explanation of why Zachariah Makuac Maror mounted an attack on the personalities of the Minister of Finance, Hon. Garang Mabiordit and Kuac Community alike. Many people mostly youngsters and middle ages have apparently reacted differently with majority condemning the act as bigotry. With my analysis, I may not be quite incomparable from what have been discussed and speculated; and therefore remain remorseful to the readers for the boredom on the same topic.

To jog the memory and draw the attention of the readership, it was on Wednesday, 30th January 2019 that a man named Zachariah Makuac Maror stormed the world with an article addressed openly to President Kiir requesting him to dethrone Minister Garang Mabior Wol over what he alleged: ‘‘Turning of South Sudan’s National Ministry of Finance & Economic Planning to be Kuac Business Center’’. (more…)


By Bol Khan, Kampala, Uganda

Adija

Saturday, February 9, 2019 (PW) — The People of South Sudan succumbed to civil war—self-destruction and immense sufferings ignited by few South Sudanese over the past five (5) solid years. This has become an absolute disgrace, now, to all South Sudanese in the world over. Who was to be blame? During the HLRF last year 2018, we suggested that IGAD should first prioritize the interest of ordinary South Sudanese people in an R-ARCSS.

The common interests we wanted was a better peace deal with proper; well-placed security arrangements, a lean government that would have pave way for profound peace dividends or services delivery to our people in the grassroots. We also hinted IGAD should not only start staying vigilant right from the outset of pre-transitional period but also to pick up and use ‘a stick and carrot’ policy throughout would-be 36 months of transitional period.

Instead, IGAD took its pillow and slept on all these suggestions. It would just facilitate only this flimsy “R-ARCSS” help signed on 12 Sept. 2018 and then threw it into South Sudan, where it is now hovering in the air without a guarantor. I am sure, the Son of Kaguta Museveni (SKM) upcoming defacto RTGoNU of Entebbe’s proposal is going to finish, in the name of peace implementation, salaries and allowances, the peace fund inject by international donors.

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Review by Matai Muon, Kampala, Uganda

Arop Madut Arop's book

Saturday, February 9, 2019 (PW) — Sometimes, we go to a bookshop to discover the latest story available for consumption, or if you are like me, browse the web to find the latest reviews for the good books as recommended by FANATIC readers the like of Bill Gates, Barack Obama or some cool international online media; the Times and the Guardian. Other times, a friend tells you about a book they just read and think it is a nice try. Well, welcome to the world of Michelle Obama. A history of almost half a century packed into 400 plus page-turner, Becoming is the greatest memoir of all times, at least by my measure!

The book published in November 2018 by the Crown Publishing Group entices the reader right from the prologue where Michelle defines the title in a few but deeply inspiring words. “For me,” Michelle writes, “Becoming isn’t about arriving somewhere or achieving a certain aim. I see it as forward motion, a means of evolving, a way to reach continuously towards a better self.” For Michelle, Becoming is an endless journey. These were words from one of the most famous First Ladies and women of substance today. She says it clearly, keep on until you reach your highest potential.

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By Peter Khor Bullen, Juba, South Sudan

Nyalong Ngong Deng Jalang, Awerial County, Lakes State

Nyalong Ngong Deng Jalang, Awerial County, Lakes State, whose bride price consist of 500 cows, 3 V8s, and over $10,000

Saturday, February 9, 2019 (PW) — When you are with your biological mother, she is the only person who can offer unconditional care. When you are still young, she knows when you are sick; she monitors you when you are hungry. She also knows when you are thirsty. A mother changes no position of care. Though not all mothers have that in mind, only a few of them have zeal to care. Life is indeed a choice, but much of it is prefers to be spent without interference from mothers who are easily adoptive to the heart of the devil. With the later heart, life goes on and on again with all sorts of tragedies and fault line. But one has to choose whom to live with.

While in Bor, Not all things bothered me but one thing bogged down my intellect. The conditions of dogs and their puppies in the hand of pigs, Cows and survival aggressive goat that can be ready to fight human anytime. They are the street boys and girls of Marol Market. If animals could be asked and you post a question to them on whom they thought to have cause them problems of different forms. They will quickly answer “Gen Kuol Manyang Juuk”. Don’t be jerked; I will narrate why him in particular. I love him very much. He is a good general born among the most complicated creature on earth (i.e. Bor Community). Ask me why. It will be long.

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Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

Cattle camp

Friday, February 8, 2019 (PW) — This is a crazy Friday talk. The idea sprang up at the moment of news time and the back of the mind validated it for an essay. Before, one goes to the keyboard, there are many ideas that come to mind as to what themes, subjects and most importantly aims for a particular piece. I have visited a number of museums on a number of occasions: motor, maritime, tractor, Immigration and so on. I therefore, thought that the world has gone around as far as making absolutely everything for everything as museums are concerned.

I thought about  cattle or livestock museum for my birth country, Sudan. However, before, I pen something about it and cattle, I first had to google something like it. The nearest museum was found in Texas, USA in form of Cattle Raisers Museum. I saw a few photos of cattle, boots, straps and saddles as well as pieces of writing to describe what used to happen in relation to the cattle and their raisers.

This did not discourage me to put forward an idea for cattle keepers or government in South Sudan. The pastoralists love their cattle to death in this part of the world. Cattle are not only for milk and meat but are also for prestige and pride. They also also for payment of bride price and fines in the event of murder. (more…)


By John Deng Diar Diing, Mombasa, Kenya

The Treasure of South Sudan

Monday, February 04, 2019 (PW) — Quoting the Deputy Information Minister, Lily Albino Akol Akol, on the decision of the Cabinet of the government of South Sudan to allocate 10,000 barrels of its crude oil per day to Chinese firms to build roads within the country. This decision delivered what I have, as a road engineer aspired for, for far too long. It is my opinion that this is going to be the first petrodollar to flow directly to addressing the needs of our vulnerable population since 2005.

Various development economists and experiences of economic upward mobility from transient economies and developed countries attest that transport infrastructures and energy have the highest and quick economic multiplying effects. It has been shown that countries that invested in energy and transport infrastructure realize a burst in the growth of processing industries, improvement in mobility of skills, people, goods and services and agricultural sector.

South Sudan has a classified road network of 19,000km; that includes primary, secondary and intra-county roads. The Primary road network, that is, the trunk roads that connect all the former ten (10) States Headquarters and major international borders is about 6,400km. If this 10,000 bpd of the crude oil is projected to flow for 10 years, and assuming that crude prices oscillate around 61US$ as it stands, then we will expect about 61×10,000 x 365×10 =2,226,500,000 US$. (more…)


By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

The Treasure of South Sudan

Monday, February 04, 2019 (PW) — In the age of social media, it’s very difficult if not impossible to hide family squabble that could be solved locally round the dining table. We need to take a long, hard look at the way the two camps of our respected politicians have flooded themselves with coined stories interwoven together with historical events. If social media wasn’t discovered, two sides would have no means of reaching themselves, one would have to treks between camps till his neck bubbles with sweat.

As one of the rumination thinkers, I can see that both camps are populated by people who lack directions because there is no way somebody can slammed into a feud between two influential families without first observes their close connections. If it’s a matter of being deeply wronged somewhere that had made one to join the opposing camps in order to avenge, then one would rationalized that his chances must have collided with a disadvantageous time.

I thought political camps were erected to fights their way to power instead of criticism that go down to the family line. Whatever dust-ups and squabbles there may be along the way, one camp would be useful to each other in the long run and in case the elders of the two families reunite the head of eristic arguments, my friend, your fate is in doubt. My payam traditionalist call it “Yïn abï cök döŋ laŋ nhom” (more…)


By Malith Alier, WA, Australia

Dr Majak with President Kiir, December 2018

Dr Majak Agot with President Kiir, December 2018

 

Monday, 4 February, 2019 (PW) —- We saw it coming that the reneged reunification of the fractious SPLM may some day be concluded. The SPLM in government, and after combing Arusha, Pretoria, Cairo, Kampala and Addis Ababa for inter-party peace, was waiting for the other factions to make the first moves. This is 2019 and it’s about to happen amidst implementation of the 2018 Peace agreement.

From 2014 and immediately after the outbreak of war, the SPLM embarked on that elusive inter-party understanding – signed Arusha Declaration. It has since taken four years for it to happen perhaps in piecemeal. Many South Sudanese are however, questioning why Former Detainees also known as SPLM Leaders waited that long. Two agreements have been signed and full implementation is still a pipe dream. It is the question of timing rather than the motive.

The FDs actions may ruin the peace agreement altogether if allowed to fall through. By all intents and purposes, it seems, they are determined to achieve the reunification in the absence of their leader, Mr. Pagan Amum who belated rejected the Revitalised ARCSS. The hurried actions of the FDs reminded us of the “Lonesome George” on Galapagos Islands who needed to be evacuated from one isle to another in order to be safe. (more…)


By Deu Lueth Ader, Juba, South Sudan

Friday, February 1, 2019 (PW) — It was on the 19th December 2018 that the group of youths in the Sudanese city of Atbara took to the streets complaining about the deterioration in the cost of living. This piece of writing sheds light on the overall situation in respect to the currently underway uprising which has entered its full one month so far and its future prospects.

These demonstrations were spontaneously triggered by the economic distress that caused severe scarcity in basic commodities and medicines, it was characterized by peacefulness and serenity from the onset until now. However; the excessive use of force and harassment introduced by the regime apparently provoked the demonstrators and have them responded in some sort of violence especially in Atbara where the demonstrations began.

These demonstrations as reported were spearheaded by the angry and hungry youths who have borne the brunt of unemployment over the years, they have decided to go to the streets demanding the change of Bashir’s modus operandiwhich has plagued the country throughout the years of his rule. It was until in the middle of January when the voices of professional groups began to chant slogans analogous to that of youths supporting and openly joining them up for the same cause.  (more…)