Archive for the ‘Opinion Articles’ Category

By Sunday de John, Juba, South Sudan

President Kiir's speeches after independence

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan. Grab your copy at

October 21, 2017 (SSB) —- President of the Republic of South Sudan shoulders huge responsibility of running a country engulfed by hostilities. From the time of the SPLM fallout and its subsequent disintegration, the country has been put in shreds.

Rebellions of different fronts have surfaced. They all have been fighting for undefined goals. Some of the rebellions have tribal motives and some have even individual motives but they have all disguised their ulterior and sinister motives in the shadow of transformation.

It is inevitable that South Sudan has been transformed into a country were poverty is ragging like a wildfire. We are victims of our own stupidity. Undeniably, a brother has murdered a brother. We have no bond. We have faltered. Peace is a distance thing. We have invited our own problem. We shoulder the downfall and all the mayhem it attracts.



By Noble Leek Goi, Kampala Uganda

Jonglei partitions into two states

October 21, 2017 (SSB) — The proposal of separation of JONGLEI STATE into two, should not be perceived as a divide and rule method. It is a policy of taking town to people as proposed by Dr. John Garang. Jonglei state just like other states, deserves to be further separated into three states; Bor state, Tuic state and Duk state, leave alone being separated into two states. There is need for services to be taken closer to people.

Why did we accept our former counties to be divided into 8:3:3? Wasn’t it because we need to take services to people? If division is bad, then we need to emerge back our 14 counties to 1 or 3 counties as they were.

If your brain is focusing on current regime, then you can say there are no services to be taken to people. But if you can see beyond the boundaries of this regime, then you will know that there will be services in future.

“What an old man can see while sited, a young man cannot see it when standing.” We the youths of Jonglei who are against the decision taken by our MPs might have not seen what they saw.


By Deng Atak Ken, Curtin University, Australia

Kiir and Garang, liberation day

Dr. John Garang and Commander Salva Kiir Mayaardit, during the liberation era

October 21, 2017 (SBB) — My beloved South Sudanese people around the world I think the time has come for our president Mr. Kiir Mayardit to step aside and give a chance to someone else to lead the nation into the different path because the country is no longer moving forward instead it is killing its vulnerable peoples every day. A nation needs a new leader with fresh blood, deferent attitude, different approaches and different thinking and knows precisely what it takes to reunite the land and built a healthy economy.

President Kiir has done a lot, and he should be proud of what he did since he joined the movement up to the independence of the country. President Kiir ladies and gentlemen for those who don’t know him he is a man of peace and principle. He fought harder at the struggle time, and he never rebelled against the movement.

Tomorrow if South Sudan’s history will acknowledge Dr. John Garang, as a founder of the SPLM/SPLA, a champion of CPA and father of the nation than Kiir will be acknowledged as a diligent leader who guided his people successful in difficult circumstance toward the independent and sovereign state. These are significant achievements, therefore, the history won’t abandon them, but the real question is did president Kiir lead South Sudanese people into developing, a prosperous, peaceful, democratic and stable country in this competitive twenty-first century?


By Apioth Mayom Apioth, USA


David Yau-Yau, the Murle militia leader who led a military rebellion against the gov’t of South Sudan leading to the creation of the Greater Pibor Administrative of which he (Yau-Yau) has been appointed the administrator by President Kiir.

October 20, 2017 (SSB) — The lost boys/girls of Sudan are hitting their 40s. In the West, when someone reaches her 40s; she starts to freak out and goes on a spending spree, because she begins to realize that half of her life is gone, never to be recovered. Similarly, Mr. President, you are in your mid sixties and those of your generation have spent 22 years of your lives fighting for the cause of southern Sudan.

That means two generations of South Sudan have wasted valuable and unrecoverable time of their lives struggling to piece together the peaceful nation we all dreamed of when we started to take up arms against the Arabo-dominated government. The new generation that is beginning to see light as we speak must get to enjoy the freedom and prosperity that the last two generations of South Sudan have missed out on.


By Junior William Deng, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Jonglei partitions into two states

October 17, 2017 (SSB) — Men with little political education are very dangerous, they are always responsible for the division, death of people, lack of development, and poor economy; they thrive through chaos and tantrums. Today Jonglei is divided in order to increase chances of ruling by expanding administrative structures.

This was the unprecedented wrong decision taken by minority fools and political illiterates in the so-called “Jonglei State Legislative Assembly.”

This is not the time and the need for two states is not warranted. I think in the future when peace and stability are attained in South Sudan, our people would be engaged through the referendum in order to take a well-informed decision.


By Mawut Ayii Anyieth, Australia

Why mocking the president, they shud be arrested

October 17, 2017 (SSB) — The government of South Sudan has faced prime disruption because of the conflict that following the country’s independence in July 2011. Since then, relations with Sudan from foreign countries has inexorably changed, and thus increasingly driving away foreign investors. However, considering South Sudan’s historical footprint calls for peace have solidified liveability and improved security upon the admission into the United Nations and upholding to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).

While countries like Israel supported South Sudan, the remainder of the world remained in silence. As South Sudan endured the perpetual societal damage, the United States extended a lending hand and continued their long-standing sanctions for a country that was continuously encountering conflict. Many countries recognised the ramification caused by South Sudan’s independence, nevertheless, despite the efforts of the Israeli government to protect and revive the South Sudanese economy, thousands of refugees had faced deportation.


By Yom Mayen Awan, Bor, Jonglei State

Victims of the Bor-Juba Road ambush4

Victims of the Bor-Juba Road ambush, killed near Jemeiza on 6 May 2017

October 17, 2017 (SSB) — Has it ever crossed anyone’s mind that what happened years ago in Rwanda might possibly happen in South Sudan? Well, get some, from the Rwandan history of genocide and how it might have some similarities with what is happening in the country.

Rwanda, from hatred to reconciliation, from inhumanity act to humanity and from tribal segregation to unity.

Rwanda was a country dominated by two ethnic groups; the Tutsi and the Hutu, however, there was another small group of hunters called Twa, but because of their less interest in politic, they were not as much affected as other participatory groups.


By Zack Mayul, Kampala, Uganda

Mandela and John Garang

Nelson Mandela and John Garang

October 17, 2017 (SSB) — To add on what Tearz Ayuen wrote five years back. How he revised the book of Isaiah chapter 18. How he proposed that the men should be inspired again and rewrite something in a better way. Probably, in the past participle tense because we have seen enough of this “will” over and over again.

I think this is the time. The time to congregate together as one family headed by one bearded father, uncle, patron or brothers or sister. The time for miith ke piny ë kuch (the land of kush) to ask for forgiveness once and for all.

“Go back home, swift messengers! Take a message back to your land divided by rivers, to your strong and powerful nation, to tall your tall and smooth-skinned people, who are feared all over the world,” your man described.


Untold Story of a Great Man: Paying Tributes to Fallen Hero, Uncle Stephen Athian Mayen Athian

By Eng. Jacob Manyuon Deng, Juba, South Sudan

Customary book, final cover July 2017

October 15, 2017 (SSB) — Stephen Athian Mayen Athian was assassinated in 1967, one month before the heinous killing of thirty-two (32) traditional chiefs in former Jonglei Province during the massacre in Bor area under the directive of former Sudan Prime Minister Al-Sadik Al-Mahdi. Athian was a nationalist, freedom fighter, and hardworking civil administrator whose personal, public and professional contributions to the liberation struggle and independence in Sudan and South Sudan had not been recognized in the changing political landscape of South Sudan.

Athian was born around 1937 in Kongor to the family of Sub-chief Mayen Athian Mayen from Anyang section of Kongor clan (Wut). Athian’s mother Kuany Ajang hailed from Ayual clan, rodior section of Twi Community. Athian grew up in Pakuor, in the ancestral land of his grandfather Athian-Manyangdit Mayen Athian. Athian was the last son among four brothers (his three brothers include Deng-Athac Mayen Athian, Dau-Pienyjok Mayen Athian Aguer-Many-de-ahook Mayen Athian and three sisters,) of Mayen-Tuaal’s first wife. Mayen’s second wife had three sons; Dengadol de Mayen Athian, Mading Mayen Athian, Athianthi (Malith) Mayen Athian and their sister. Stephen had married to Achol Deng Majok from Adhiok clan, Pathiem section of Twi who unfortunately died in 1969. Athian is survived by his daughter Tabitha Akech Athian who is currently a business lady in Juba.


By Deng’Kur Mading, Juba, South Sudan


Demo-cracy or Demo-crazy?


October 15, 2017 (SSB) — The world concept of ethnicity is a reality. I have not yet heard of any country without a recognized history of ethnic background. Another widely shared concept is that of ethnic nationality which of course is almost absolutely much about chauvinism. The latter is denoted enormously in the traditional psyche and has always kept solid footing on the African continent. In many far-off countries, ethnicity though not sound, does exist and is only distinguished in their cultures, national events but not necessarily in people’s daily life.

Whether it sounds much in achieving the national goal or that of our respective ethnic community is what makes us identify with ethnicity or ethnic nationality respectively. Naturally, there is nothing wrong with ethnicity though ethnic nationality, as the focal point of this article, has its own disturbing depredations including self-absorption, ignorance, selfishness, prejudice, savagery, lack of patriotism for one’s country and asserting that one’s ethnic group or community is a supreme entity.


By Lucy Ayak Malek, Nairobi, Kenya

paul malong awan anei

Gen. paul malong awan anei

October 15, 2017 (SSB) — Your Excellency, President Salva Kiir, however much I am bitter of what is done to my husband; I will never lose sight but remain respectful and humble whenever I am writing to you. This is because I know that you are the president of the Republic of South Sudan, an elder and a family friend to me. I here start by greeting you, the first family and the people of South Sudan that I am proud to be one of them.

Your Excellency, allow me to introduce some South Sudanese once again to the fundamental parts of the story between you and Gen. Malong. On 9th/05/2017, you issued a Republican Decree No:76/2017 for the relief of Chief of General staff, General Paul Malong Awan, and as well issued a Republican Decree No:77/2017 for the appointment of General James Ajonga Mawut as his successor in the SPLA command.

However, such change of guards in the military ranks and files was welcomed by General Paul Malong Awan as it is the constitutional mandate of the president to relieve and appoint any person of his choice. As a result, Gen. Malong decided to leave for Aweil.


By Martin Ariel Majak, Alexandria, Egypt


October 15, 2017 (SSB) — Suppose, just suppose it happens that we stop fighting one another, and the protracted civil war comes to a halt by chance, and all guns go silent around the entire country. What do you think would be bedeviling a peaceful South Sudan? It would be corruption, yeah, corruption.  Nothing else.

The astonishingly high level of corruption in our country, which is by and large overshadowed by the raging political instability, is something to worry about – should we one day get back from the insanity of tribalism.

With every entanglement of our country in the war every single day, corruption has concomitantly grown more and more vicious with it as well. The monstrous corruption – as it has become – is one of the major leading factors fueling the conflict.


By Hon Arop Madut Arop (MP), Nairobi, Kenya

abyei pic

October 14, 2017 (SSB) — Early this month, the Sudanese Abyei Joint oversight committee (AJOC) co-chair, made a very ridiculous, if not incredible announcement. In his announcement, the Khartoum based AJOC, Co-chair, Mr Hassan Ali Nimr, told the press that Sudan has allocated 330 positions for the employment of Abyei university graduates. I would respond later to Mr Hassan Ali Nimr incredulous pledge. In the meantime I would rather make a brief to the issue under scrutiny and the circumstances that has led to the existence of a body called AJOC and the mandate accorded to it. I would specifically discuss the root causes of the delay in implementing Abyei Protocol and the game being played around it by Khartoum authorities (read more).

Following the defeat of the Mahdists Dervish insurgents by the Anglo-Egyptian forces at the Battle of Kerrari in September 1897, as we all know, Captain Winston Churchill, who later became his country Prime Minister, was with the invading forces. Writing later in his book ‘’The River War’’; Churchill had this to say.

When the Anglo-Egyptian forces took effective control of the affairs of the country they have occupied, we found two Sudans: the military Sudan (northern Sudan) and the real Sudan (South Sudan). Winston Churchill stated and I quote, ‘’we found the people of the real Sudan (South Sudan) hunting, dancing, marrying and killing one another. Churchill then turned and described the people of the military Sudan, as hybrid of Afro-Arab admixture who have produced people that would cost you a lot to convince them that they are wrong’’.


By Garang Atem Ayiik, Nairobi, Kenya

Fighting in South Sudan

Fighting in South Sudan

October 8, 2017 (SSB) — “Why Nations Fail” provides a very useful insight to understand the ongoing political intrigues in the east African region and what it may mean for the future of the region. The authors, Daron Acemoglu of MIT, and political scientist and economist James Robinson of Harvard University adopted a historical and comparative analysis approach to explaining why countries have different levels of wealth. In their analysis of data across countries and continents for over four hundred years, they found “institutions” as the main cause for inequalities across countries and continents.

In Kenya, the annulled presidential results of 8 August 2017 election put back to the campaign trail the main contenders for the Presidency. While the incumbent, President Uhuru is on a full-blown nationwide campaign, his main challenger, Raila Odinga is on a periodic two-day weekly protest in search for a reform within the electoral body. Evidence of unstable electoral institution.

In Rwanda, a constitutional provision for a presidential term limit has been removed potentially to give way for continuity of President Paul Kagame’s rule. In Uganda, members of parliament allied to the ruling party (National Resistance Movement) are processing an amendment to remove presidential age limit requirement. This is assumed to give room for President Museveni’s life rule who might not contest in accordance with the constitution if no amendment is made. Institutions correlate with rulers, they are not for society’s prosperity but for leader’s prosperity.


By Pal Chol Nyan, Juba, South Sudan


October 7, 2017 (SSB) — For over a week long now, there has been an intense fighting in Waat. The fighting is between the government forces and the SPLMIO loyal to Dr. Riek Machar Teny.

It is reported that the death toll is high and the destruction caused unimaginably. Victories scored aside, both sides accused each other of exaggerating figures of the casualties according to the VOA. Senseless as the killing is, it is not supposed to be dwelled on by people in their right minds and with clear consciences.

It is to be noted that those fighting are sons and daughters South Sudan and more importantly, Greater Lou Nuer connected by blood but divided by war and political ideologies engendered by the Juba Nuer massacre in 2013; and the revenge killings of the Dinka in the areas of the Nuer.


By Dut Kuot Akok, Juba, South Sudan

Gen Paul Malong and his late daughter, Alakiir Malong Awan

Gen Paul Malong and his late daughter, Alakiir Malong Awan

October 7, 2017 (SSB) — It is four months plus since General Paul Malong was wrongly confined under house arrest by some mirage gossipers turned politicians in the current government of national unity. The so-called self-proclaimed politicians are busy day and night not to see General Paul Malong in the political arena again.

They hate him because of his success and valor which enable him to gain reservoir reputations across the country of which his overwhelming reception in Yirol and Juba after he accepted humbly to returned to the capital are they case in point of his popularity and how lovable is General Paul Malong.

Thus the aforementioned above politicians are trying shamelessly to eliminate him politically, however, his legacy of standing tall always against what threaten people lives and the sovereignty of the country will remain in the living history for the generations to come because his contributions towards the liberty we are enjoying today are tangible and well cemented.


By Wenne Madyt Dengs, Bor, South Sudan


youth of rss

September 4, 2017 (SSB) — A civil society, according to different scholars, philosophers, and political commentators/analysts is defined as a social organization which addresses and represents grassroots needs and as well as voicing untold issues which disturb the locals as its key role in becoming the voice of the voiceless.

In context with contemporary South Sudan brittle political status, the roles of civil society alliance deserve high mentioning to ensure that they correct all the necessary affiliations which deter their trust, confidence, and stance in serving various communities in the severing republic of South Sudan. The key responsibilities which underpin the actual execution of independent bodies like civil society alliance and other organizations of equivalent authoritativeness are to raise their voices in airing all the impending and unaddressed issues which are stabbing the nation in the back.

A civil society alliance of any country should be known for stepping into areas where the government has not been able to meet the needs of citizens; involved in the representation of citizens, advocacy and technical input for initiatives to reduce poverty, capacity building, service delivery and community organization.


By Thiik Mou Giir, Melbourne, Australia

Mandela and John Garang

Nelson Mandela and John Garang

October 3, 2017 (SSB) — In September 28, 2017, I have had my article on Non-Violence Revolution published.  One of the responses I received afterward came from one of South Sudanese Archbishops.  He had asked questions that I have been receiving from time to time.  This article is to address those questions.  But first, read part of what he wrote:

Thanks, Thiik, for sharing this analysis. I wish many of your colleagues in the Diaspora who are fueling the conflict in South Sudan through social media could choose to do something constructive as you are doing rather than promoting tribal conflicts as they are currently doing.  Of course, your analysis has many things which are not practical in the current situation in South Sudan given the military mindset of many of our leaders but could you please shed light on;

Gok State Limbo: The Torturing of MPs under the detention of Security Forces is an alarming Bell for the Anarchy in Our Lovely State.

By Puorich Marial Daljang, Nairobi, Kenya

president salva kiir

October 1, 2017 (SSB) — When you look back at the history of Gok Community under the Paramountcy of Arol Kachuol drawing it down to the time of Hon. Mathen Riak, John Lat Makoi, Kongor Deng Kongor, Mayom Malek Dielich, Wel Machiek Majoor and Madhang Majok twice as Acting Commissioner and the Current Governor, you will simply notice why the time of the current Government armed with Security Forces, Monthly Salaries and all the logistics support is different with the traditional leadership under Sultan Arol Kachuol?

This is a question of thought but first, let me highlights the manner in which the MPs were arrested and how the security forces are instructed to handle them in the detention.

What triggered the detention of MPs?

One month ago or so, it is a normal routine for the Speaker to call and chair the meeting in the assembly and it is within this framework that allowed the Speaker to convene a meeting in the assembly and it happened that the following MPs boycotted the session:

  1. Ayen Meen Adoor.
  2. Malek Machuot.
  3. Manyiel Mading Manyiel.
  4. Gordon Ater Machar.
  5. Simon Mayor Marial.


By Makwei Achol Thiong, Hunan University, China


Juba, South Sudan

September 30, 2017 (SSB) — My argument in this article is not about how far we have developed, but rather how we want our cities to look in 10, 20 or 50 years to come!

Urbanization is not just the population in the city; it’s about enhancing civilization and bringing about more economic and social progress. Agriculture is not a dominant source of income for the urban dwellers. To meet the demands of these city dwellers, you need a PROPER CITY PLAN. Do we have a master plan for Juba city? How about Bor, Wau, Rumbek, Malakal, Torit, Yambio, Aweil, Yei, Bentiu, Abyei, among others? Is it being implemented? I guess some do but others don’t.

I haven’t visited most of these cities but I have been to Juba (the latest is 12 days ago), Yei (in 2007, I guess much has changed since then), Malakal (2012) and Bor where I live. I worked for Bor Municipal Council for three and half years (April 2013 – Sept 2016). We were very lucky to have inherited a planned town council done at the time of Eng. John Amuor Kuol, former Jonglei state Minister of Physical Infrastructure. There are well-surveyed roads, blocks and quarters. In each block, at least there are open spaces for a school, health unit and recreation.