Archive for the ‘Opinion Articles’ Category

By Dut kuot Akok, Aweil, South Sudan

Dinka and Nuer

Dinka and Nuer under one nation, one people

Thursday, May 24, 2018 (PW) —- According to sociological perspective, the word ethnocentrisms refer to tendency to view one’s own culture, tribe, section or clan as superior. It can make any type of compromise or borrowing between individuals or tribes difficult or even impossible for the reason that, each and every person perceived that their tribe or section as omnipotent and superior particular in the distribution of state resources. Currently, south Sudan is comprises of valor tribes who are all good in physical confrontation , threats of human life, used of abusive languages toward others and inhuman killing with impunity since others are intentionally and selfishly said to be above the laws since the possess state power.

There is nothing called sorry in south Sudanese societies since we are all hostile toward each other we perceived to be our direct enemy, we have abandoned our Nationality and camped behind our respective tribes as our everlasting shield in which we engineer our political decisions and actions to satisfy the interests of few who seem like to have been weaned using public resources for their own. Always, for smooth prosperity of any society according to sociological school of thought, there should be diffusion between different tribes whether in materials or non materials objects. (more…)


By Deng Kur Deng, Pennsylvania, USA


Wednesday, May 23, 2018 (PW) — We can all pretend to be leaders when our desire is to mislead and embrace leadership to destroy what is logical and instrumental among communities. This is the case of those who are less than remorseful about the issues which matter to people, but rather have pretentiously emerged as leaders in Jonglei for their awful acts. Men of ideas are known to be very thoughtful.

These so called ‘leaders’ have tried to vilify individuals attempting to stand in the context of the community who have found their commitment to community to definitely be a hazard. These men of lesser ideas are not politicians and they certainly shouldn’t be treated as such. Their petty politics have no basis at all. In all honesty, no one appreciates a community in which his or her identity is overshadow or insulted on a daily basis.

Sadly, these ‘pretend’ leaders do not understand the precariousness of the situations associated with their immature intentions to lower the standards of our people. It is unacceptable for our traditional shared values to be disassembled in such manner. As such, those of us who believe in these standards and values must maintain them for betterment of our communities. (more…)

By Dut Kuot Akok, Aweil, South Sudan

HLRF Hall of Deliberation

Wednesday, May 23, 2018 (PW) — It has been wrongly defined by many scholars and political commentators that the current ongoing war in south Sudan since 2013 up to date as a tribal war between two hostile tribes (Dinka versus Nuer). In fact, majority of them are hostile of which their hostile attitudes is the reason they don’t have kingdoms in their respective history since the creation of Adam and Eve. The aforementioned perceptions of some scholars were narrowly concluded owing to the political rivalry between the former vice president and the incumbent president who both originated from the above mentioned tribes.

And in the actual sense, their rivalry has nothing to do with the interest of their tribes since both Nuer and Dinka are they mostly affected by the current sky rocking of everything in the market, they are loitering unemployed since all the gates to heaven are blocked in regard to the intentional denial of both tribes to work with NGOs since they are said to be hostile and warmongers. Their overall sole purpose by then which thereafter led to the outbreak of senseless and meaningless war realistically was how to maintain their vested interests over the wealth of the nation with their kin and close associates. (more…)

By PaanLuel Wel (Juba) and Emmanuel Ariech Deng (Addis Ababa)

CEPO fact sheet on the power sharing arrangement

Monday, May 22, 2018 (PW) — The Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), unveils a new peace proposal on power sharing and security arrangements as South Sudan’s warring parties and stakeholders at the High Level Revitalization Forum of the 2015 ARCSS in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, signed a partial agreement on the cantonment of forces and reaffirmed their commitment to the cessation of hostilities agreement.

IGAD was compelled to release the “Abridging Proposal” after the failure of the warring parties to resolve outstanding issues pertaining to power sharing and security arrangements of the revitalized transitional government of national unity. Under the new IGAD’s compromised peace proposal, the revitalized transitional government will be headed by a president nominated by the current government of national unity in Juba under the leadership of President Kiir, 1st VP Gen. Taban Deng and VP Dr. James Wani. (more…)

By Ustaz Anei Madut.Kuendit, Juba, South Sudan

HLRF Hall of Deliberation

Tuesday, May 22, 2018 (PW) — The year 2018 must be marked as a great year for our continent, Mama Africa. Although South Sudan is unprecedentedly burning from mismanagement, from civil war and from grinding economic crisis all from lack of leadership, a good part of our African population received the cool breeze of the New Year 2018. In the early months of the year, a wave of soft current gently touched some of our continent’s people.

This may hopefully reach her interior as the cool wave of change may extend to South Sudan, especially if the international community in the form of Troika, IGAD and South Sudanese sitting at the Revitalization High Level Forum Talks were to stand with the people of South Sudan instead of standing with the leader who failed his country. The cool wave slowly swept from the Southern frontiers, moving from Zimbabwe to South Africa and eastwards to Ethiopia in the horn of Africa. The wave is described to be soft because it didn’t carry with it the blood-letting ideology of the Arab spring that hit the northern frontiers. That bloody ideology came through popular uprisings against North African despotic rulers of the modern era. (more…)

By Pal Chol Nyan, Juba, South Sudan

Cantonment of forces

Monday, May 21, 2018 (PW) — The disconcerting news coming and reaching us from Addis say that there is a little progress in the ongoing talks. The warring Parties failed and are failing to reach any consensus on the key issues; thus rendering chances slim for peace to be concluded.

Commander Michael Makwei, the government spokesman and the spokesman of the government negotiation said they have agreed only on cantonment of forces and on an inclusivity. It sounds ambitious because nothing was elaborated further as to what that inclusivity is or will be and for what.

The religious leaders headed by the South Sudan Anglican Primate, in an exercise of divine powers, took over the talks in a bid to convince the warring parties but they have also failed to make the parties agree on a common ground to ink a deal. I don’t know what they will tell God now that their prayers went unanswered.

Definitely, they will not pray for the negotiators to die. It is only them who know the feedback they will give to the Creator of the suffering people of South Sudan on whose behalf peace is searched. (more…)

By David Mayen Dengdit, Denver, USA

Arop Madut Arop's book

Monday, May 21, 2018 (PW) — I must begin with assuring my good Uncle Arop Madut Arop that my respect for him as an elder (not just a maternal uncle) is firmly rooted in that glaring aspect of our Dinka (indeed all African) culture which gives maternal Uncles a special; almost divine status among their nephews. In fact, Uncle Aropdit knows that he has been a role model for me personally and has earned our respect in the family due to his own personal attributes and long principled life experiences.

 I must admit that, given my long family and professional relations with him in which respect for him is a natural order, I may have stepped a certain cultural boundary by responding to his article, even though I (and those whose names were cited by him) may still be right to feel uneasy to be included in an article where “respect for elders” was the main advice. Hence, he has trapped me in those two coexisting uneasy conditions of right-wrong. It feels like that proven physical state of “cold-hot” which certain objects may possess at the same time.

It is not so long ago that my good and close friend Isaiah Abraham (whose name I have given my son) and many writers in South Sudan were killed by known gunmen just because of that unwarranted perception of disrespect in a political arena where they were equal citizens and stakeholders, not just young(er) men. Taking precious life has been the price of disrespect for President Kiir (real or perceived), and what a price it has been! (more…)

By Tong Kot Kuocnin, Nairobi, Kenya


Monday, May 21, 2018 (PW) — Since the establishment of the government of Southern Sudan in 2005 following the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, South Sudan failed to embark on extensive judicial reforms with a rigorous process of impartial and non-partisan appointment of the Chief Justice, justices, judges and other judicial officers where applicants should have been publicly interviewed by a revamped Judicial Service Council (JSC). Subsequently, parliament should have vetted and passed the nominees before full appointment by the President.

However, as I always share different and contending opinion, my contention has always been that, the effectiveness of judicial reforms depends on wider reforms in the entire justice sector. This would include critical stakeholders, such as, the prosecuting authorities, penal institutions and the police – and even the executive and parliament which put forward and approve budgetary allocations.

This is to ensure that complementary reforms are taking place within all those other institutions in order to ensure effective and timely delivery of justice. Since 2005 to date, weak institutional culture and structural impediments have stood in the way of judicial reforms, but this should not be allowed to retard efforts to implement an ‘ambitious plan to make the courts more efficient and open, increase professionalism, and expand the court system’ if at all the judiciary leadership was willing to undertake much needed reforms. (more…)

By Francis Maluth Telar, Juba, South Sudan


Monday, May 21, 2018 (PW) —- After the onset of the war in mid-December, foreign Ministers from the neighboring states under the IGAD bloc started pouring in to Juba on 19 December 2013 to engage both parties for political solution to the conflict before it expands. The initial interventions within Juba yielded less breakthrough other than persuading the parties to move to Addis, chosen as the negotiation venue for political settlement of the war.

In the beginning days, the negotiation was not so complex. It was meant to be between the SPLM-IG and the SPLM-IO. Though Riek had expected them to join his movement, the SPLM-FDs upon release from confinement requested the IGAD so that they would form a thirty party to the talks. Parties sent their delegates with Nhial Deng as the lead negotiator on government side while Taban Deng as the SPLM-IO rapporteur. The first round of talks between the government and the rebels officially began in the first week of January 2014 in the Ethiopian town of Addis.

Parallel to the IGAD mediation was the SPLM party reunification, first tried by the South Africa’s ANC (Africa National Congress) to no avail, but later by the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM), Tanzania’s ruling party in January 2014. The CCM efforts toward SPLM tripartite (SPLM-IG, SPLM-IO, SPLM-FDs) unity succeeded on paper but proved less on the implementation matrix until today. (more…)

By Clement Maring Samuel, Kampala, Uganda

Gen. Paul Malong Awan

Monday, May 21, 2018 (PW) — When General Paul Malong Awan, the leader of South Sudan United Front (SSUF) declared his movement, his intention was not for war, but for peace so that collectively all the parties to the conflict can find a comprehensive solution to the conflict in South Sudan.  Malong was a party to the conflict and his intention to join the peace talks is a positive step towards peace. But TROIKA is obstructing his participation in the peace talk, and hence, violating the rationale of seeking peace through inclusive peace negotiation.

Malong applied for membership into the Opposition Alliance known as South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA), his delegate to be included into the discussion of the peace talks in Addis Ababa. His intention was to give peace a chance, which is a positive idea.

But TROIKA and some elements among the IGAD heads of States reject the idea of him joining the peace talks. What do they want if Malong is having good intention to participate in peace talk, is that a bad idea? Who is a war monger here, is it Malong or TROIKA? (more…)

By Luka Biong Deng,[1] Washington, USA

RSS coat of ARMS

South Sudan’s coat of arms, in which the eagle symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty, and the shield and spear the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.

Saturday, May 19, 2018 (PW) — South Sudan is arguably the most fragile state in the world. Lacking an institutional legacy at its creation in 2011, political, security, economic and social indicators have all deteriorated with the ongoing civil conflict.[2] As state legitimacy has eroded, the number of armed factions and tribal militias has increased rapidly, now exceeding 40 such groups.

One consequence of the prolonged conflict is that South Sudan is now one of the main exporters of refugees in the world with nearly 2.5 million people seeking exodus in neighboring countries and another 1.85 million internally displaced. Nearly 7 million people (60 percent of the pre-crisis population) face famine and severe food insecurity. The economy has almost collapsed with inflation reaching 60 percent.

Conflicts within and between communities have led to social fracturing and the erosion of social cohesion, the very assets that served southerners well in their long struggle against Arab-Islamist hegemony from governments in Khartoum. The retreat into ethnic cocoons that threatens national unity is due in part to the dynamics of the conflict but also to the refusal by ruling elites to embrace diversity and devolution of decision-making power and resources from the center. (more…)

By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

Riek Machar with Dak Kueth and Pende Ngong

Human Rights Activist, Jon Pende Ngong (on Black T-shirt) and Prophet Dak Kueth, (Dreadlocked) posed for group photo With Rebel Leaders Dr. Riek Machar and Lt. General Dau Aturjong (standing) in Pagak, South Sudan

Saturday, 19 May 2018 (PW) — The cloudy political climate in the independent South Sudan is certain to continue. The generation that has know nothing a part from wars and negotiations in and out since 1955 has no guts to alter course. Unjustified perpetual Wars and skirmishes had developed a tendency of being handed down to following generations on slates of ignorance.

The interludes between conflicts did not availed sufficient grounds to think deeply of what the nation should look and feel like in the real world. Between 1972-1983 and 2005-2013 are such interludes not to mention the periods before these when foreigners of European and Arabs molesters pried the dark continent. Self-rule after the colonial era have seen us hurtling to the abyss because of destructive beliefs, some of which are meant for survival of those close to power.

The respect for Elders is nothing new. It has been cited time and again just for the sake of reminding the youth to be mum while matters descend into the abyss. It may have been appropriate in the past however, in the new brave world, the youth should dare to bring its energy and prowess to the fore to help solve the current predicament the country faces. (more…)

Revitalisation of President’s Incentive Remark Debate: A Note to Nephew David Mayen Dengdit

By Hon Arop Madut Arop, Oxford, UK

Arop Madut Arop

Hon Arop Madut Arop is the current MP for Abyei in Juba and author of three classic books, namely: Sudan Painful Road to Peace, a full story of the founding and development of SPLM/SPLA (2006); The Genesis of political consciousness in South Sudan (2012), and The Ngok Dinka of Abyei in Historical Perspective (2018).

Saturday, 19 May 2018 (PW) — Before I respond to the comments made by my dear nephew Hon David Mayen Dengdit, on my article, I would like to thank him first for his well thought comments on my article. Secondly, I am sorry to state that the sub-article intended as food for thought was supposed to be a separate well intentioned article from an experienced elder who has had experiences for decades to younger generations, if only they were eager to learn more. The sub article should have therefore been treated as a separate article and hopefully, would have not been taken out of context.

As an educationist, my intention has all along been that I should share my experiences with the youths by way of educating them. But as education is believed to be a slow process, I am also aware that it will take time before our youths can appreciate the knowledge given to them by their experienced elders. At this juncture, I am reminded of my previous studies of pedagogy the science of teaching which is explained here below.

Experienced has shown that when a trained teacher enters the classroom, he immediately sees, in front of him, five categories of students he has to prepare for life. Category one is composed of trouble-shooters who would obstruct whatever a teacher would want to teach; giving a lesson (ten per cent). Category number two is composed of obstinate lot who will cost the teacher much time and energies to bring them on line with his colleagues in the classroom and to convince them to cooperate (ten per cent). The third category of students consists of opportunists who would cooperate if they are praised and given full marks in the exams. (more…)

By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda


Friday, May 18, 2018 (PW) — It is now thirty five years after the SPLM/A started the War against Khartoum in 1983. The war was not an easier one as it had led to the death of about two million people. Despite of those massive deaths which left many people dead, more orphans and widows and widowers, South Sudanese did not give up.

They were all united in peace and harmony against the Arabs. What made them to remain determine and fought to the end was the hope of the new place, the new country and the birth of the new people.

With that spirit of unity and determination based on the right to self-determination, the death of many did not deter many and the death of led to the history of South Sudan which is now sealed with the blood of many.

Indeed, the people fought as if they were hoping to go to heaven. If South Sudanese were all Christians, I would have concluded that they were fighting to go to heaven as they are ambassadors of Christ on earth. (more…)

By Apioth Mayom Apioth, WA, USA

farm in Bor, Jonglei state

Abel Majur Leek’s farm in Mareng, Bor, Jonglei state

Friday, May 18, 2018 (PW) — There are no better quotes that capture the current dire political arena in South Sudan than the following two excerpts: “Where you are roasting your sweet potato is also the place where the devil is also roasting its sweet potato of destruction” (African proverb), and “In politics, stupidity is not a handicap” (Napoleon Bonaparte). The late famed singer Nyankol Mathiang sang of how God brought us John Garang so he would strategically align us with the dream of having our land (Canaan=South Sudan) from the shackles of persecution in the not so united Sudan.

In the SPLA bush war, serendipity brought us John Garang and the devil also brought us Salva Kiir Mayarkor. We would go on and spent 21 challenging and trying years with the supposedly anointed and visionless Joshua(Kiir Mayar), not knowing that he would one day lead us into the war of destruction. His latest outburst was how he went ahead and freed the former SPLA detainees (the leaders) from imprisonment in Juba to an exiled political safety in Nairobi. To Kiir, he still regrets setting them free when he should have snatched the last breath out of them while he was at it.

This recent accusation led Ajak Deng Chiengkou of SBS Radio to have wondered as to why he would rather commit such a treasonous crime. This is one area where Dr. John Garang was way ahead of his peers when it came to matters concerning futuristic and shrewd strategic planning in sowing seeds that will bring the bountiful harvest in the not so distant future. The reason why John Garang always made sure that the Lost Boys of Sudan (who were also the core of the Red Army of New Sudan) were so often ferried to safety and properly trained and disciplined in soldiering and education was because in case the SPLA bush war dragged on and on for quite some time, then this newer crop of highly militarized generation of soldiers would take over from the former generation, and keep the flag hoisted high. (more…)

For Nuer, Dinka and Shilluk, there is No equal employment opportunities with National and International NGOs operating in South Sudan as most job opportunities are monopolized by the Equatorians

By Simon Buzada Gach, Juba, South Sudan


Aid Agencies’ bosses: They come in as commons and get out as royals

Friday, May 18, 2018 (PW) — South Sudan gained its own independence from North Sudan on 9 July 2011 as the result of 2005 peace agreement inked in Kenya which ended the 21 years of running the civil war in the country. Most of the citizens had decided to vote for separation on referendum days and the younger country was recognized and declares, internationally as separated State listed to other Africa countries.

In early 2013, political disputes happened within political elites or leaders of the ruling party, which displace most of citizens in the country as the result of their disagreement. Most of the citizens had left the country for neighboring countries mainly Uganda and Kenya for seeking an international protection.

Interventions of INGOs and National NGOs to an areas affected by the civil war

Some of international NGOs response to helps vulnerable population with food items and none food items,  when the civil war erupted in the country, particularly  in Upper Nile and Equatoria, where the citizens were displaced from their villages by both armed forces on the ground. As the result of fighting which going on in the country since 2013. Donors donated monies through INGOs and indigenous NGOs by helping the suffering populations affected by civil war in the country. (more…)

The SPLM/A-IO Tone at HLRF in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Must Change Now that the TGONU has expired on May 17, 2018

By Hon. Gen. Nathaniel Pierino, Addiss Ababa, Ethiopia

Nathaniel Pierino Locha

The author, Hon. Oyet Nathaniel Pierino, is a senior and founding member of SPLM-IO and the current SPLM-IO governor of Imatong State

Friday, May 18, 2018 (PW) — The timeframe within the agreement elapsed yesterday on the 17th May, 2018; it was a pre transitional period  of 03 months (90 days; 17th August, 2015-17th November, 2015) proceeded by a transitional period of 30 months (2 years and 6 months; November 17th, 2015-May 17, 2018.

During this tenure of (33 months of the life) the agreement, peace program in the chapters of the agreements were to be implemented, particularly;

  1. Incorporates the agreement into the constitution or laws of South Sudan; by repealing, reviewing, enacting new laws particularly; Acts and statutes on SPLA, Police, National security, Wild life, Fire Brigade etc; remove state of emergency; release all political prisoners, prisoners of conscience; prisoners of war etc; all these didn’t take place; the agreement itself remained on pieces of papers;

  1. Established the TGNU and implementation institutions made up of parties who signed the agreement, in the beginning this did happened April, 2016; but in July 8th, 2016; Salva Kiir abrogated the agreement that was not yet incorporated into law of South Sudan by attacking SPLMAIO and other stakeholders; the National Alliance, The SPLM’s Leaders and exiled most of them and created what is called estranged groups. The agreement therefore collapsed at this point. Salva Kiir, notwithstanding this negative development continued to say the peace had not collapsed, he was implementing the peace agreement with parties and persons of his choosing; General Taban Deng Gai was picked to replace Dr. Riek as the First Vice President; Hon. Onyoti Adigo replaced Dr. Lam Akol as minister of Agriculture; etc and similar acts were done to replace persons deployed in the implementation institutions except HE. Festos Mogae head of Join Monitoring and Evaluation Commission who happened to be a foreigner.


By Peter Mabior Ajak, Melbourne, Australia


Thursday, May 17, 2018 (PW) — This analysis is for distraction within Team Jonglei at the recent inter-communal wrestling in Juba. ‘Tumor’ refers to issues that split Team Jonglei.

Keyboard warfare, Facebook Lives’ shelling, coupled with songs and lack of maturity is a cancerous tumor responsible for wrestling shenanigan within Team Jonglei. If you’re not appalled by the way in which issues within Team Jonglei are handled, and the state it is dissented to, then we seriously reach problem-solving crises.

Leadership is a beautiful thing. It is in every leader to do what is right and beneficial to the people you lead, in return help the people you work with and outcomes you would like to achieve. It is not always on how it is supposed to be because dishonesty in the form of disrespect and dysfunctional in the leadership of the organizing committee is a tumor that is responsible for Team Jonglei defeat. (more…)

By Mayak Deng Aruei, California, USA


May peace and reconciliation prevail in South Sudan!!

Friday, May 18, 2018 (PW) — “The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort and convenience, but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy” Martin Luther King proclaimed. Having just concluded the SPLM/SPLA’s historic Day-May 16, I would like to encourage South Sudanese to reconnect with their past, recall the many wars they fought against the colonial powers, and against the successive Sudanese governments. The quest for independent South Sudan dated back to 1947, but the liberation struggle that started in 1983 gave birth to the nation called South Sudan. Freedom as it was the basis for five decades struggle cannot be realized until peace is every citizen’s Motto.

For record, war destroys good conscience, bankrupt countries, and corrupts the intelligentsias. In South Sudan, culture of revenge, vicious cycles of violence and cattle-rustling have contributed to political intolerance across the country. The nation’s founding principles have been suppressed; freedom of expression, freedom of assembly, justice and equality. Fear of unknowns, aided by deliberate obstruction of democratic governance has undermined South Sudanese collective efforts. Take your time and read the article in its entirety.   (more…)

By Hon Arop Madut Arop, Oxford, UK

Arop Madut Arop

Hon Arop Madut Arop is the current MP for Abyei in Juba and the author of three classic books, namely: Sudan Painful Road to Peace, a full story of the founding and development of SPLM/SPLA (2006); The Genesis of political consciousness in South Sudan (2012), and The Ngok Dinka of Abyei in Historical Perspective (2018).


Tuesday, 15 May, 2018 (PW) — When the IGAD decided to revitalise the 2015 agreement on the conflict in South Sudan in 2017, it dawned into my mind that the term used may be misinterpreted by many of our compatriots since many of us have learned English Language as a second language. Those of us who had first learned the vernacular or the mother tongue will rather think first in native language before writing it down in English Language. In this respect, it is very possible to misinterpret what would otherwise be a straight forward term, like the revitalisation of the 2015 ARCSS peace deal.

When the word revitalisation of the ARCSS was first introduced by the IGAD Mediators, I thought of making it easier for the stakeholders by listing alternative acronyms to the word revitalisation. I first started with the word, ‘vita’ which in Latin Language means life. Thus the word vital has become used in English Language as an adjective to mean important and to revitalise means to energise. But in the IGAD Mediators context, it means to review the 2015 ARCSS peace deal with the aim of improving its contents for feasible implementation. Other acronyms that would help people understand the IGAD terminology to revitalise better, include among others: to resuscitate, review, to revise, to rearrange, to improve, to adjust or simply to correct the terms of the said agreement. (more…)