Archive for the ‘Opinion Articles’ Category

South Sudan’s youth, we have a collective effort of transforming this great country

By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan   

Thursday, July 18, 2019 (PW) — Unfortunately, the youth has taken cue from our leaders. Over the years, especially during these useless wars, government have given numerous excuses why the system is in a seemingly disarray state even when we have the resources to establish a great nation out of the entity.

The agricultural sector has been neglected for no objective reason, money for road reconstruction is earmark every budgetary year but the roads remain death traps. The rehabilitation of our medical facilities for better medical service delivery has been yearly excused.

A proper funding of the education sector has been encountering well-deliberated excuses by the executives. Thus, the sector experiences incessant strike action by the education union who clamors for funding and good policy formulation geared towards reforming the sector.


Governor Maker Thing Maal of Jonglei State has announced his new government with 53% of the portfolios from Bor County, 26% from Twic East County and 21% from Duk County. In comparison, the previous government of Governor Philip Aguer Panyang was composed of 53% for Bor County, 27% for Twic East County and 20% for Duk County.

By PaanLuel Wel, Nairobi, Kenya

Wednesday, July 17, 2019 (PW) – Here is the tribocratic analysis of the new government of Jonglei state, announced by Governor Maker Thiong Maal.

(a) Summary of Governor Maker Thiong Maal’s New Government of Jonglei state
County Position per County Percentage share per County Jur/Locality Position per Jur Percentage share per Jur
Bor 10 52.6% Juor-Gok 6 31.5%
Juor-Athooch 4 21.1%
Twic East 5 26.3% Juor-Lith 4 21.1%
Juor-Roor 1 5.3%
Duk 4 21.1% Hol Dinka 3 15.7%
Nyarweng Dinka 1 5.3%
Total 19 100% 19 100%
(b) Summary of Governor Philip Aguer Panyang’s Previous Government of Jonglei state
County Position per County Percentage share per County Jur/Locality Position per Jur Percentage share per Jur
Bor 8 53.3% Juor-Gok 6 40.0%
Juor-Athooch 2 13.3%
Twic East 4 26.7% Juor-Lith 3 20.0%
Juor-Roor 1 6.7%
Duk 3 20.0% Hol Dinka 2 13.3%
Nyarweng Dinka 1 6.7%
Total 15 100% 15 100%

The tribocratic analysis of the new government of Jonglei state, announced by Governor Maker Thiong Maal.

(c) Governor Maker Thiong Maal’s New Government for Jonglei State
County Jur S/No. Name Position Payam Community
Bor (52.7%) Juor-Gok (31.6%) 1 Hon. Maker Thing Maal Governor Anyidi Palek
2 Hon. Agot Alier Leek Special Affair Advisor Anyidi Palek
3 Dr. Mach Majier Ghai Mayor of Bortown Anyidi Palek
4 Hon. John Dut Kuch Minister for Agriculture Makuach Ater
5 Hon. Rachael Amuor Pach Minister for Gender and Social Welfare Makuach Koch
6 Hon. Ayom Mach Jok Minister for Physical Infrastructure Kolnyang Abii
Juor-Athooch (21.1%) 7 Hon. kwai Deng Kwai Minister for Health Baidit Angakuei
8 Hon. Ajok Jacob Kuot Minister for Finance Baidit Pathuyith
9 Hon. Isaac Mamer Ruuk Peace Advisor Jalle Alian
10 Hon. Lith Aluong Kang Social Welfare Advisor Jalle Aboudit
Twic East (26.4%) Juor-Lith (21.1%) 1 Hon. Diing Akol Diing (Diing-Malak) Deputy Governor Kongor Kongor
2 Hon. Deng Ajang Duot Political Affairs Advisor Kongor Kongor
3 Hon. Abel Manyok Ajak Minister for Education Lith (Wernyol) Adhiok
4 Hon. Dut Achuek Lual Minister for Labor & Public Service Nyuak Dachuek
Juor-Roor (5.3%) 5 Hon. Deng Alier Mading Minister for Youth & Sport Pakeer (Maar) Pakeer
None None Ajuong (Paliau) Ajuong
Duk (21.1%) Hol Dinka (15.8%) 1 Amb. Manyang Awuol Padiet Speaker of the state Assembly Duk Padiet Hol
2 Hon. Atong Kuol Manyang Minister for Information Duk Padiet Hol
3 Hon. Jacob Akech Dengdit Youth Affairs Advisor Duk Padiet Hol
Nyarweng Dinka (5.3%) 4 Hon. Elijah Maduk Yuang Minister for Local Government Duk Payuel Nyarweng

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made is the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website. If you want to submit an opinion article, commentary or news analysis, please email it to PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website do reserve the right to edit or reject material before publication. Please include your full name, a short biography, email address, city and the country you are writing from.

The wheel of justice moves dangerously slow, even slower than the weakest tortoise in South Sudan

By Dut Deng kok, Juba, South Sudan

Hybrid Court of South Sudan
Hybrid Court of South Sudan

Wednesday, July 17, 19 (PW) — Aside the fact that South Sudan is generally viewed as a paradox of a nation because of the inability of the nation – state to deploy the enormous natural and human resources to scale up the deteriorating standard of living and better the society for the benefit of all, it is also seen as such because of the dangerous collective amnesia that afflicts majority of the citizenry.

Few years back, at around 2013, a scholar was quoted as saying that most South Sudanese when pushed to the wall, rather than fight back, would drill a hole through the wall and escape. Most South Sudanese seem to like persons who lack the courage of conviction to fight since it is generally assumed in South Sudan that only the living can fight a second time.

This unfortunate mindset has led many South Sudanese to allow the society to go to the dogs and the institutions of State are now headed by persons who lack the necessary competences and skills to facilitate South Sudan’s arrival at the doorstep of 21st century compliant fast moving computer age. South Sudan is stocked in the pre-medieval or rather Stone Age mentality of survival of the fittest whereby even those appointed into offices believe and practice the theory that says MIGHT IS RIGHT.


The Office of the President under the Transitional Constitution, 2011 (Amended 2015): Is it a Cultivation of a Hegemonic Presidency in South Sudan?

By Tong Kot Kuocnin, Juba, South Sudan

President Kiir's Bahr el Ghazal tour, Feb 2019
President Kiir’s Bahr el Ghazal tour, Feb 2019

I. Introduction

Wednesday, July 17, 2019 (PW) —- A country’s constitution plays the major role in ensuring constitutionalism since it creates and allocates powers to the institutions of government and also seeks to control and/or restrain the exercise of such powers. It is noteworthy that state institutions comprise the Executive; the Judiciary and the Legislature.

This article analyses the role of the constitution in checking the powers of the president (who heads the Executive) in order to achieve constitutionalism in a democratic state. It singles out the office of the president (presidency) as it yields more powers compared to the other institutions and hence has crucial impact on constitutionalism, good governance and the rule of law. The article discusses and focuses on the office of the president under the TCSS, 2011 (Amended 2015) to highlight how the unchecked presidential powers which continue to stifle constitutionalism in South Sudan. 

This article first gives the general introduction and background before analyzing the office of the president as enshrined under the Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan, 2005 and the TCSS, 2011 (Amended 2015). It will also discuss to ascertain whether or not the office of the president (presidency) is a hegemonic presidency. However, before it concludes, the article will discuss and examines the cultivation of a hegemonic office of the president (presidency) under the constitution of South Sudan, 2011 in correlation to the Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan, 2005.


CDR Arok Thon Arok and CDR Edward Abyei Lino Wuor: How The Ogaden War Inadvertently Led To The Liberation Of South Sudan

By Engineer Deng Diar Diing, Mombasa, Kenya

CDR Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, CDR Arok Thon Arok and CDR William Nyuon Bany
CDR Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, CDR Arok Thon Arok and CDR William Nyuon Bany

Wednesday, July 10, 2019 (PW) — The just celebrated independence of South Sudan came through multifaceted efforts of South Sudanese, citizens of other areas of new Sudan and their sympathizers. Some of the well-wishers went a long way in ensuring that Sudanese had a Launchpad to their liberation struggle while others guaranteed that peace came in terms that provided safeguards to the right to self-determination of the marginalized people. This was indeed secured through Dr. John multi-frontal methodology that deployed armed struggle (AS), Diplomatic and International Isolation (DII), agitation for internal uprising (IU) and political negotiation (PN) with successive regimes in the Sudan.

A critical devotee that ensured successful launch of Sudanese Liberation agenda in 1983 was Federal Republic of Ethiopia through Derg Regime of Mengistu Hail Meriam. Mengistu sent helicopter to search and picked Dr. John Garang at the border of Ethiopia and Sudan when he was under hot pursuit of Sudanese Army. The government of Ethiopia leveraged its relations with USSR, Cuba, Angola, North Korea and Libya to give SPLM/A its first international podium. Federal Government of Ethiopia also with the support of Russia and North Korea helped arm 105, 104, Jamus, Tiger and Tumsah battalions.

Dr. John and his team were able to use this platform to secure military hardware worth US$ 96 millions from Libya to arm Koryom, Muormuor and Zalzal. What has never been publically discussed by South Sudanese, whether out of dearth of inquisitiveness or by deliberation was the exact interest of Ethiopians in advancing liberation movement in neighboring Sudan. While others would simply argue that it was geopolitical orientation of Communism-Capitalism axis.


Tributes in Living Memory to Gen. Gabriel Achuoth Deng: Celebrating the Inspirational Life and Times of a South Sudanese Iconic Freedom Fighter and Veteran Politician, Gen. Achuoth Deng Achuoth (Kärkäwään)

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

Eulogy of Gen. Gabriel Achuoth Deng: Celebrating the Life and Times of Gen. Achuoth Deng Achuoth (Kärkäwään)
Eulogy of Gen. Gabriel Achuoth Deng: Celebrating the Life and Times of Gen. Achuoth Deng Achuoth (Kärkäwään)

Monday, July 7, 2019 (PW) — On the 16th of May, 1983, when the war of liberation struggle broke out in Bor, Jonglei State, the leadership of the Underground Movement dispatched Gen. Gabriel Achuoth Deng Achuoth (Deng-Kärkäwään) to Khartoum to warn and enlighten their members in the north that the new armed revolutionary movement, occasioned by the mutiny in Bor, was not going to be the usual South Sudanese reactionary movement fixated on the ‘Southern Problem’ at the expenses of the rights, justice and freedom for the marginalized people of the Sudan. In his book, Wars and a New Vision for the Sudan: A Political Lesson, which was published in 2005, Gen. Achuoth Deng-Kärkäwään explained thus: “When John Garang withdrew from Bor for Ethiopia, it was the same time that I left for Khartoum. This was to come and explain to the forces of the revolution in that part of the country the objective of the new movement. That the new movement should not be mistaken as the usual Southern reactionary movement for the separation of the South.”[1]

The Underground Movement was established by progressive officers of the Anyanya One movement as a result of the fallout from the aborted coup d’état in Lobone against the leadership of Gen. Joseph Lagu in 1972 following the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement. These progressive officers, on whose behalf Captain John Garang wrote his historical 1972 letter to Gen. Joseph Lagu, were bitterly opposed to the signing of the Addis Ababa Accord, in preference for the continuation of war for the total liberation and separation of South Sudan. After the failure of their coup against their boss, Gen. Joseph Lagu, and their subsequent absorption into the Sudanese army as per the stipulations of the 1972 peace accord, the progressive officers formed a clandestine organization, the Underground Movement, within the rank and file of the national army. Their first leader was Gen. Emmanuel Abuur Nhial (Abuur-Matuong) and then Gen. Albino Akol Akol after the killing of Gen. Emmanuel Abuur Nhial in 1976 and later by Col. John Garang after his return from the USA in 1982.


I want to salute 1st Vice President Gen. Taban Deng Gai tenacity, commitment and zeal to get South Sudan working again. I also salute and thank the president of the Republic Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit for the great achievements they have made with Gen. Taban Deng and speaking with one voice with their people during this critical time of war to end the crisis.

By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan

a jovial Preisdent Salva Kiir and SPLM-Io Chief Negotiator Taban Deng

Wednesday, July 3, 2019 (PW) — Dignity is the ability to stand strong and tall in the face of adversity while being able to sit with the elderly and crawl with the children. Dignity is taking a stand for your beliefs without closing your mind to other’s opinion. Dignity is being an example by your deeds and through your words avoiding gossip, anger and lies. Dignity will manifest itself in the warmth of your smile, the depth of your love and kindness for your fellowman.

In real terms, election time is the moral gauge, the accountability and evaluation time for the politicians. The implications of the election time preoccupy the consciousness of every politician and it is for this reason that every politician weighs his/her utterances before any audience (privately or publicly), moderates his/her public conducts and mannerisms; and strives at all times to embody the aspirations of the electorate; essentially because each of his/her behaviour is subject to public scrutiny.

The administration of President of the Republic of South Sudan H.E. Gen.Slava Kiir mayardit has secured for itself an unforgettable legacy so much so that long after the government reaches its revitalized agreement in September 2018, the remarkable effort made by the government through the management headed by H.E Gen. Taban Deng Gai will remain evergreen.


By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan

Thursday, July 04, 2019 (PW) — When the United States President, Donald Trump and his North Korean ‘peace-ally’, Kim Jong Un were planning for the just concluded historic bilateral summit, the question of venue was a matter of greatest concern. The stakes were high from the point of view of ambience, security and effect. So top political appointees, ranking diplomats and senior intelligence operatives weighed and assessed the suitability of tens of putative locations. These included such serene and high profile European capitals as Stockholm, Oslo and Helsinki.

Fortunately, I was privileged to be there as a South Sudanese migrant in all the places listed; few years back and attest that mankind has no better places to live than these. Undoubtedly, they boast of some of the highest human development indices in the world. Geneva, regarded as ‘neutral’ and was mentioned is itself is sort of a second capital for most diplomats. Also mentioned was the Bohemian city of Prague, capital of Czech Republic, with its picturesque setting on the Vltava River and its rich historical monuments tells that it was once the epicenter of European culture and civilization.

Finally, they settled for South East Asian city of Singapore. Why? Because the city has some of the most modern physical infrastructures, exquisite scenic beauty and humanistic values in the world. By all standards, the island state is today considered one of the best places to live by any standard. It is very safe and has one of the world’s most successful economies and social circumstances.


The Right to Freedom of Expression and the Law of Defamation in South Sudan: A Juristic Analysis

By Tong Kot Kuocnin, Juba, South Sudan

Kerbino Wol Agok and Peter Biar Ajak

I. Introduction

Tuesday, July 02, 2019 (PW) —- Freedom of expression is one of the fundamental rights, which are universally recognized and protected. Indeed, the Constitutions of most countries of the world, including South Sudan, have expressly provided for the protection of this right because of its importance and relevance to the enhancement of personal liberty and democracy. The right to freedom of expression is also protected under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the various regional Instruments and Conventions on human rights, including the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights. Obligations and duties are imposed on the State or its agencies and on individuals to protect and promote human rights and fundamental freedoms.

However, the right to freedom of expression, like most other rights, is not absolute. There are recognized restrictions and exceptions to this right; one of which is to be found in the law of defamation. Thus, the enjoyment of the right to freedom of expression must take into consideration the right of other citizens to protect their reputation. The courts therefore have an important role to play in balancing the conflicting interests between freedom of expression and protection of reputation. This article aims at examining the legal and constitutional guarantee of the right to freedom of expression in South Sudan and the extent to which the law of defamation has restricted the enjoyment of this right. The effectiveness of the South Sudanese courts in striking an acceptable balance between the two conflicting rights and interests in this regard is also examined.


South Sudanese people must not live in fear or believe that all hope is lost despite the raging storm that we are passing through

By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan

youth of rss

Tuesday, July 02, 2019 (PW) — Take it or leave it, this is my final warning and admonition to the good people of my beloved country South Sudan. After this I shall watch how things unfold and maintain a studied silence. In the Book of Isaiah 54:15 the Holy Bible says “surely they shall gather but it shall not be of me: whosoever gathers against thee shall be scattered for thy sake. To add to that in the second Book of Timothy 1:7 it says “God has not given us a spirit of fear but of power, love and sound mind”.

It follows that we the South Sudanese people must not live in fear or believes that all hope is lost despite the raging storm that we are passing. Yet despite our strength and confidence in the redemptive and redeeming power and salvation of the Most High God, the Lord of Hosts and the Ancient of Days we must consider our plight and challenges as a nation, share some bitter home truths, understand exactly what is unfolding before our very eyes and what went wrong in our country and forge a consensus about what to do about it. That is the purpose and intent of this contribution.


Importance of Using Information Communication and Technology Education (ICT) In Learning, Teaching and Working Process

By Ustaz John Garang Ayii Riak, Zhejiang, China

The author, Ustaz John Garang Ayii Riak, is a Master’s Degree Student on Comparative Education Program, Zhejiang Normal University, East China
The author, Ustaz John Garang Ayii Riak, is a Master’s Degree Student on Comparative Education Program, Zhejiang Normal University, East China

Tuesday, 02 July 2019 (PW) —- In recent years, several studies and reports have highlighted the opportunities and the potential benefits of using ICT for improving the quality of education and work. ICT is regarded as a “main tool for constructing knowledge culture (UNESCO, 2001). It can be noted that ICT education in schools in the 21st Century continues to face some challenges in developing societies. The European Commission is promoting the use of ICT in learning processes through its eLearning Action Plan, one of the aims of which is “to improve the quality of learning by facilitating access to resources and services as well as remote exchange and collaboration” (Commission of the Europe, 2001).

Information and communication technology (ICT) is a force that has changed many aspects of the way we live. If one was to compare such fields as medicine, tourism, travel business, law, banking, engineering and architecture, the impact of ICT across the past two or three decades has been enormous. The way these fields operate today is vastly different from the ways they operated in the past. But when one looks at education, there seems to have been an uncanny lack of influence and far less change than other fields have experienced. A number of people have attempted to explore this lack of activity and influence (eg. Soloway and Prior, 1996; Collis, 2002).


When will president Kiir’s daily relief and appointment of Ministers, governors and government officials stop?

Deng Atak ken, Perth, Australia

Governor Philip Aguer of Jonglei state

Friday, June 28, 2019 (PW) — My fellow South Sudanese people inside/outside of the country, I want to take this enormous and tremendous opportunity to talk to you about something which bothers most people, and myself included and that’s ‘President Kiir’s daily relief and appointment’. I’m fully aware that relieving and appointment of Government Officials does happen in any government around the world. That’s fine but what is happening right now in our country is absolutely  exceptional and beyond imagination because it is out of context of normality, and it is louder than any other activities the Government of South Sudan does  in the country because it keeps happening every day, every minute and every second in all government Institutions. 

So, nothing in the new nation’s television apart from firing and appointing people, to the extent that it becomes boring and silly to many. It is unacceptable. Some people can be appointed to the new positions and end up fired with less than three months without even completing the handover process with an outgoing office. It is disgraceful and should come to an end if there are real people who care about the sustainability of this nation. Who is the problem? Is it the President and his advisors or government officials? 


By Tong Kot Kuocnin, Juba, South Sudan

I. Introduction

Friday, June 28, 2019 (PW) —- Defamation is the publication of a defamatory statement concerning a person without lawful justification. Defamation seeks to protect a person’s reputation but in the process seeks to have a balance between protecting reputation and upholding the freedom of speech.

A defamatory statement is one which injures the reputation of another by exposing him to hatred, contempt, or ridicule or which tends to lower him in the esteem of right thinking members of society. As per Lord Atkin in Sim v. Stretch, defamation is usually in words but pictures, gestures and other acts can also be defamatory. Insults directed to the claimant himself do not in themselves constitute defamation since the tort is not primarily concerned with the claimant’s wounded feelings.

Instead the gist is that the defendant either lowers the claimant in the estimation of reasonable, right thinking members of society or causes such people to shun or to avoid the claimant. Reputation extends to both character of the individual as well as his trade. A statement which only amounts to an insult without causing injury to reputation would not be actionable.

Defamatory statements are of two kinds; Libel, which is in permanent form which for example connoted in pictures, writing, pictures, effigy, radio and television broadcasts, public performances, plays. It is addressed to the eye.  Slander is defamatory matter that is in transitory form for example spoken or oral, it is usually addressed to the ear.


By Dut Deng kok, Juba, South Sudan

Thursday, June 27, 2019 (PW) — South Sudan has been in economic decline since the late 2013. In this economy, how many South Sudanese live under the poverty datum line? Such a claim supposed to be made by the other opposition political parties to challenge the ruling party, people are taking guns and rebel against their own people. Claim: 3years after independence, 82% of people still live under the poverty datum line.

The World Bank defines extreme poverty as living on less than US$1.90 per day in south Sudan as of October 2015. Prior to that, the global line was $1.25 a day. It was projected that in 2015, just over 9 million people were living in extreme poverty down from 12.8 million, census of 2008.  The poverty line was initially set at $1.  The World Bank also has standards of poverty for people living in middle and high income countries.           

Historically south Sudan was a good country in 2010-2012 for living. The country poverty was reduced to 57% but the beginning of 2014 till  now, the poverty rising, four million children live under poverty in south Sudan according to UNCIEF report 2019; Nutrition; 220,700 children aged 5 to 59 months admitted for SAM treatment. 984,700 caregivers of children age 0 to 23 months reached with infant and young child feeding counseling.


Community policing or policing the community: The challenges and prospects of community policing in South Sudan

By Akuot Aquila Apiu, Juba, South Sudan

Jonglei state Director of traffic police Col Solomon Mabior Ruar on fouth independence day picture by Mach Samuel

Tuesday, June 25, 2019 (PW) — Community oriented policing is a proactive philosophy that promotes solving problems that are either criminal, affect the quality of life, or increase citizens fear of crime. It involves identifying, analyzing and addressing community problems at their source. Strategies involve in community policing include community partnership, problem solving and change management. However, in South Sudan, we are saddled with major challenges of policing.

These are manpower shortage; inadequate funding, corruption, inadequate logistic support and infrastructure, lack of serviceable information and technological equipment to cover all the areas of the State are responsible for the current state of the police. Therefore, it is recommended that there should be serious retraining towards attitudinal change and professional efficiency and proficiency among both the rank and file and other officer cadre of the police.

Community policing is anchored on a systematic relationship between the police and the entire citizenry. Police roles and functions are not simply law enforcement but also include tackling a huge range of community problems. The transition from traditional policing to community policing is a global phenomenon and the South Sudan police cannot be an exception. Indeed, community policing as a philosophy and practice is a veritable vehicle for police reforms.


By Deng Akok Muoradid, Juba, South Sudan

Molana Deng Gai Gatluak

Monday, June 24, 2019 (PW) — I would like to condemn in the strongest term possible the concocted fake report entitled “Top Leaked Secret” written by some anonymous individuals against Molana Deng Gai Gatluak Deng, a presidential candidate for South Sudan National Youth Union (SSNYU). The unnamed individuals through their politically motivated document falsely attempted to betray and victimize Molana Deng Gai Gatluak and his associates in the broad day light with unfounded allegations.

The individuals who authored such a document were deliverately trying to tarnish the image of committed and loyal supporters of H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardiit like Molana Deng Gai Gatluak for no clear reason. The alleged Secret Report was prepared by its authors at the bar and that is why it was brimful of misleading ideas. Therefore, I want to reiterate frankly clear that, Cde. Deng Gai Gatluak has never met with anyone or any group at Pyramid Hotel.

It’s indisputable that, most of those desperate propagandists are previous NCPs and Arab slaves who were in Khartoum when the real patriotic South Sudanese were fighting the war of liberation for the independence of South Sudan for more than 22 years. They merely joined SPLM recently and wanted to forge a fake loyalty with H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardiit on the pretext of those who remain in the mainstream SPLM in the aftermath of 2013 conflict.


Can we trust the government in Juba to protect and preserve the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of South Sudan: The case of the Ilemi Triangle involving Juba, Nairobi and Addis Ababa? I think the answer, based on the track records of the government in Juba, is simply NO. The government of Kenya and Ethiopia will definitely and naturally do everything within their powers to cater to the interests of their respective nations and citizens; however, the same thing can’t be said for the government of South Sudan. Therefore, the fossilized issue of the Ilemi Triangle should be pushed to the foreseeable future when we shall, once more, be on our firm feet — to have settled our internal differences before embarking on resolving bilateral disputes with other nations, which are numerous: with Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, DR Congo and Ethiopia — PaanLuel Wel Mediai Editorial note

June 20, 2019

To: Hon. Peter Marcello Jelenge, Chairperson, IBC

Presented by: Hon. Peter O. Kleto Aharanya.

Friday, June 20, 2019 (PW) — Dear Hon. Chairperson, On June 18, 2019, It was announced that officials from the ministries of foreign affairs of Kenya and South Sudan respectively agreed to find amicable solution to the question of Ilemi triangle. It is worth noting that ilemi triangle has long been an area of interest both during colonial and post-colonial eras because of its strategic location to Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda and Sudan, and with the new discovery of Oil, huge deposit of gold, uranium and other minerals, Kenya is now trying to assume the area as its own official territory and this is the point of contention between Kenya and South Sudan and most importantly the people of Eastern Equatoria who are inhabitants of this important area called the “ilemi triangle. There has been inter-ethnic conflicts between the Akara( Toposa), South Sudan, Turkana of Kenya, and Nyangatom of Ethiopia in the area. When the colonial government allowed the Turkana to move freely into the Sudanese territory of ilemi triangle for grazing and water, it was under the understanding that they do it with respect and knowing that the land belongs to the Sudan.


By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan

Friday, June 21, 2019 (PW) — South Sudan is now just one of 11 countries in the world where women running the country make up the same proportion as they do in society. There are nearly 200 countries in the world. It is absurd that we should need to celebrate that our leaders reflect the diversity of our society. But this is where we are and we do need to celebrate this moment.

The SPLM has long pushed for equality in its senior positions. This is all the more laudable in a society where violence towards women is endemic, and where other political parties are less interested in equality but take a look from SPLM party.

These parties’ arguments, reflected in too many other countries, boil down to merit: leaders should be chosen on merit. This is a handy trick creating the illusion that we live in a system where everyone has equal opportunities. But, to get to the top, a woman has to make it through a system that has been refined, over centuries, to exclude anyone that does not conform to a narrow definition of leaders.


Lieutenant General Chagai Atem Biar: The Inspirational and Illustrious Biography of the Most Respected Veteran of the Anyanya One and the SPLM/SPLA Armed Liberation Struggle for the Independence of of the Republic of South Sudan

By Atem Ayuen Biar (Ayuen Matok), Melbourne, Australia

Gen Chagai Atem Biar.png
Lt. Gen. Chagai Atem Biar, one of the founders of the SPLM/SPLA

Thursday, June 20, 2019 (PW) —- Well Done Lt-Gen Chagai Atem Biar! No one could love South Sudan more than you. Patriotism is all about loving one’s own country and its people above anything else, and you certainly did that. Rather than gold medals, your reward is our country of South Sudan. You are a hero because you dedicated your life to something greater than yourself. With much gratitude to the President of South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit, Lt Gen Chagai Atem still survives because of the President’s huge support in terms of money to pay for Chagai’s medication and medical expenses. Mr. President Mayardit you have shown real friendship to Lt Gen Chagai Atem and his family. May God Almighty reward you for the work you have done!

Comrade Chagai Atem, Comrade William Nyuon, Comrade John Garang, Comrade Kerubino Kuanyin and Comrade Salva Kiir, respectively, at the founding of the SPLM/SPLA in 1983 - photo by Comrade Atem Yaak Atem
Comrade Chagai Atem, Comrade William Nyuon, Comrade John Garang, Comrade Kerubino Kuanyin and Comrade Salva Kiir, respectively, at the founding of the SPLM/SPLA in 1983 – photo by Comrade Atem Yaak Atem

Lt-Gen Chagai Atem Biar is the one of the founders of the Sudan People Liberation Moment and the Sudan Liberation Army (SPLM/A) and eventually became facilitator, mediator, peace negotiator among his colleagues for the SPLM/A party to survive up-to-date. During the Civil war between SPLM/A and Sudan government there were many issues among senior commanders and Mr. Chagai Atem was nominated as the chief negotiator between the deputy chairperson Salva Kiir Mayardit and the chairperson of SPLM/A, Dr. Garang de Mabior Atem in 1994 and he settled that matter peacefully between the two senior leaders. Both men trusted Chagai Atem and that is why he was chosen to handle these factional issues over anyone else. Following the conflict of 2004 between Comrade Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Garang de Mabior, Mr. Chagai Atem was also involved together with Dr. Riek Machar, who was a head of mediation.

Comrade Salva Kiir, Comrade Kerubino Kuanyin and Comrade Chagai Atem Biar at the founding of the SPLM/SPLA in 1983 - photo by Comrade Atem Yaak Atem
Comrade Salva Kiir, Comrade Kerubino Kuanyin and Comrade Chagai Atem Biar at the founding of the SPLM/SPLA in 1983 – photo by Comrade Atem Yaak Atem

Lt General Chagai was born to his father Atem Biar Achuoth and his mother Riak Aguer Diing at Akoy Village in Awulian Clan, Ayuak Payam in Twic East area, Jonglei State in South Sudan. He was the third child of the family and was raised along with his four brothers surrounded by many cousins. Chagai Atem Biar was an energetic, well-organized, carer and problem solver who grew up with respect for his relatives and the community at large. His parents had strict traditional beliefs regarding Atem-Yaath (traditional god) but when he moved to Malakal he was baptized as a Christian. As his parents were farmers, he would wake up very early in the mornings to clean up the cattle dung and then graze the cattle during the day. From a young age, he gained the respect of many community elders who often described him as “smart” and “energetic”.


What is President Kiir’s Stance in the Nasty Battle between his nephew Thiik Machar and his Press Secretary Ateny Wek? How could a father carry two rivalry kids on same back? The case of Ateny Wek and Thiik Machar! One wonders if they are really helping or undermining President Kiir?

By Kuach Loch Garang Deng, Calgary, Canada

Deputy Mayor of Juba, Thiik Thiik Mayardit: 'My war with Ateny Wek is that he made some wrong reports on behalf of the President'
Deputy Mayor of Juba, Thiik Thiik Mayardit: ‘My war with Ateny Wek is that he made some wrong reports on behalf of the President’

Thursday June 20, 2019 (PW) — About two weeks ago or so, many South Sudanese were shocked to hear sensitive accusations traded between Thiik Thiik Mayardit President’s nephew and Ateny Wek Ateny President Kiir’s Press Secretary.

Since then, No any message came out from President office to stop them, or refute their arguments. Therefore, I am kind of wondering where is President Kiir in this nasty battle between his nephew Thiik Machar and his Press Secretary Ateny Wek?

What he, the president knows about these criminal accusations? Is it true he is being misled by his officials and the accusations that his Press Secretary Ateny Wek sold his brothers to National Security is true or false?