Archive for the ‘Opinion Articles’ Category


By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

Ramciel

Master Plan of the proposed Ramchiel City, Lakes State, South Sudan

Wednesday, November 14, 2018 (PW) — Since the formation of the Government of South Sudan in 2005 that was followed by the formation of the government of independent South Sudan, the relevance of doctrine of terra nullius has become apparent. Terra nullius is a common law doctrine later adopted in the international law. It according to Latin terra nullius means a “land belonging to nobody.”

The issue of whether any land in South Sudan belong no one was never an issue during the period liberation struggle of 1983 to 2005. But with the formation of the Government of Southern Sudan in 2005 and the formation of the government of independent South Sudan in 2011, the discourse over the land in South Sudan change as seen in the plan to build Ramciel as the Capital city of South Sudan.

Currently, there is a heated debate on social media that Ramciel is no man’s land. Those who claim that Ramciel is a no man’s land based their reasoning on the fact that Ramciel is a vast land with no inhabitants on it and because of that it is the land that belongs to no one. This argument is a reminiscence of the British Colonial Masters’ argument during the colonial period.

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Engineer Akol Lual Lual Akol’s Role in Transforming the Concept of Education among the Refugees in Kakuma, Kenya

By Deng Diar Diing, Mombasa, Kenya

The Late Akol Lual Lual Akol

Tributes to the Late Engineer Akol Lual Lual Who Pioneered Academic Excellence in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya

Monday, November 12, 2018 (PW) — The outpour of grief and shock from the Jesh Amer and Lost Boys community following sudden death of Eng. Akol Lual Lual Akol has left many to wonder to the pattern and girth of appeal this gentleman had. It is clear that Akol has been mourned by a population that had its roots in Jesh Amer of Dima, Fugnido and Polataka who eventually found themselves in Kakuma. This is not to discount the fact that there are a lot of people who have and still are mourning in silence out of intensity of sorrow or lack of access to the social media.

It has also to be noted that those who showed their grief in public domains are not making it for a show of association but rather, hero’s death just like John Garang was, are normally too sad to bear individually and normally are communal angst. After all, a problem shared is half solved.

Akol Lual Lual was laid to rest yesterday in his village of Akon. May God rest his soul in peace. To all the outpour of commiserations and eulogies about the life of Eng. Akol as an inspiration to his peers, I would like to bring forth the processes that led him to be a hero of this important constituency. As a beneficiary of his epic academic journey and someone who took a mantle of my time following his inspiration, I feel spellbound to explaining why we love this gentleman that dear.

There was this Catholic Scholarship program called Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) that used to sponsor the top 3% percent of refugees who sat for Kenya Certificate of Primary Education for secondary education to Kenyan Public Schools. Akol Lual Lual, Marial Kuol, Samuel Anyieth, Chol de Guin and Bior Gayo won this scholarship in 1994(This group was later joined by Peter Gatpan Thoar). William Andrew was sponsored in 1993.

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By Ms. Adol Makeny Dhieu, Sydney, Australia

Nyalong Ngong Deng Jalang, Awerial County, Lakes State

Nyalong Ngong Deng Jalang, Awerial County, Lakes State, whose bride price consist of 500 cows, 3 V8s, and over $10,000

Monday, November 12, 2018 (PW) —- What happened to Nyalong Ngong Deng Jalang in the recent times is outrageous and we are all livid by it. Many have expressed their angers, one way or the other and in different forums since the marriage became known, all through to its settlement.

I applaud and encourage your rage to go beyond press releases; but for you to continue to pursue other meaningful ways to device lasting solutions to the issue at hand. However, I viewed that a legal action against Nyalong’s family (both families and accomplices), or a suit brought solely in relation to her marriage, will serve not but rogue justice.

Here is why: (more…)


After the Transitional Period, Salva Kiir Needs to Set an Example and Allow a Free and Fair Elections

By Ngoi Thuech, Dodoma, Tanzania

President Kiir's speeches after independence

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan

Saturday, November 10, 2018 (PW) — What Peter Biar Ajak termed as a generational exit should not mistakenly be interpreted as an all-out call for our aging liberation generation to retire from active politics and allow the new and upcoming youthful generation to give it a try this time around. The late Senator John McCain of Arizona served his people up to the very last of his breath when he passed away this past summer. He was a war veteran, much like our current leaders are. So, being from a military background doesn’t necessary socialize you to rule dictatorially and hold the country hostage as a ransom for personal enrichment. One thing that sets the late John McCain with our liberation leaders was that the former came from a stable and liberal democratic nation whereas our leaders come from a region whose democratic institutions are absent or nonexistence.

South Sudanese are forever going to be thankful to Salva Kiir and Riek Machar for inking the peace deal to work together in one unity government as a testament to their faith that for once they can put aside their differences and work for the betterment of their people. Many countries on our East African block have two presidential term limits which run for a total of eight to ten years. President Uhuru Kenyatta said recently that it is unconstitutional to run for a third term in Kenya. President Kiir took up the presidential crown after we gained our independence from Sudan. And by the end of the Transitional Period, he would have been in power for ten years, much like the time normally spent by the Kenyan presidents at the State House. The probable reason why there is a limit on a presidential rule is perhaps to avoid what the political scientists called the political decay, a scenario which entails lack of accepting new ideas and overall democratic institutional upgrade. (more…)


By Tito Awen Bol, Juba, South Sudan

Saturday, November 10, 2018 (PW) — I keep wondering if peace can divide or unite the partners. I am not so young nor unmindful not to have known what happened after signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) or not to have read other cases of peace in the World so as to draw comparison to the recently signed peace agreement in South Sudan duped as R-ARCISS. After signing of the CPA, some of the Southern and Northern Parties joined Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) as opposition coalition while some of the Northern and Southern Parties joined the National Congress Party (NCP) as ruling coalition. Hold on reader: just know that my writing is not so much of the opinion leathered and loathed with any form of negative interest but just drawing the observation for future correction and reference by the analysts and opinion leaders of my kind.

To begin with, the word revitalization means rejuvenation or resuscitation of the Agreement on the Resolutions of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCISS) which was at death bed then as a result of the J1’s ‘‘dogs fight’’ as popularly termed by most of the analysts and political commentators. That supposedly means that the agreement that was signed would have been the best agreement capable of addressing the root causes of post-independence issues and differences which possibly were the ones that led to 2013 and repeatedly led to 2016 aggressions and subsequently the present polarization & conflicts.

Papers were still not dry of the ink when the Revitalized-Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCIS) was signed on 12th September, 2018 when several breakaways emerged from different political parties that were parts and parcels or simply the signatories to the agreement (R-ARCISS). South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA) which is the major opposition coalition was the first victim of split when most of its member parties defied & refused the call from the chairperson to sign the agreement though some were at a later date ‘intimidated’ to sign. They made their position real after the final signature by its leader-Mr.Changson Chang. (more…)


By Jesus Panther Deng, Bor, Jonglei State

Dear Mr President,

Saturday, November 10, 2018 (PW) — Greetings, Your Excellency! First, congratulations on your new relationship with opposition leader, H.E Dr Riek Machar Teny, which brought us a much, needed political stability in the entire nation. Your Excellency, as you are celebrating political stability in Juba, the blood of innocent people of Jonglei state is continuing dripping day and night due to increasing cattle rustling occasioned and fanned by the proliferation of illegal arms, lawlessness and poverty.

Your Excellency, the purpose of this letter is to let you and your government know the massacres going on in Jonglei state, to point out your government failures in address the situation and possible future solutions. Your Excellency, on 31st October 2018 as the nation celebrates your new profound political relationship with Dr Riek Machar Teny and other opposition leaders which yielded us peace, the people of Jonglei state your excellency, instead of celebrating with the fellow countrymen and women, they went on with their usual business of wailing, burying, nursing the wounded, mourning and organising of funerals which has gone on now for decades if not centuries, always instigates by arm criminals.

On Tuesday 30th October 2018 when the nation was at euphoria on the eve of peace celebration, your Excellency, the entire state of jonglei came under heavy attacked in different locations just hours to the day of celebration. In Duk Payuel County at the far north of the state, the bunch of bandits believed to be from neighbouring Buma state, Murle tribe’s criminals in particular carried a heavy attack on innocent people which left number of precious lives lost and many scores injuries. This happened on Tuesday just some hours to a scheduled peace celebration day on Wednesday. Similarly, the same place was attack back in November2017 in the same location where over 40 people lost their lives and more than 50 children abducted plus herds of cattle drove away by the same bandits from Murle community. (more…)


By Longar Mathiec Wol, Juba, South Sudan

Peace for South Sudan

Wednesday, October 31, 18 (PW) — As the country opens the new chapter, the chapter of hope, freedom and unity, the people hope for the change of the attitude as two parties work together to forge the new way for South Sudan in an attempt to bring people together during this hard time. When the warring parties signed the revitalized peace 12 of September last month it brought hope to the suffering masses.

The celebration schedule to take place on 31st October is a turning point to the people of South Sudan and gives a hope that the gaps between the warring parties are being pushed closer. As they move closer the citizens who are they victims of this senseless war remains adamant wondering to whether the peace will works or the same mistakes will not repeat themselves again.

In all these processes the shareholders of revitalized agreement on the resolution of the conflict in South Sudan continue to monitor the situation closely with dilemma in their minds. These groups may include: SPLM IO leaders and supporters, the government and supporters and the suffering masses; the citizens of South Sudan. (more…)


By William Deng Barach, Juba University, South Sudan 

64 tribes of south sudan

Wednesday, 31 October 2018 (PW) — We want a united south Sudan, we want south Sudan in peace, and we want a south Sudan for all of us, we needs to raise our voices to say; “together everything is possible”. My fellow’s south Sudanese citizens, the peace celebration on 31 of October should end the long civil war and calls for a unified action towards the shared aspiration for a just, comprehensive and enduring peace regardless of ideology, tribes, and culture.

The works for peace is not only for those who are affected. It doesn’t matter if we live in peaceful area or outside fragile communities. We are must united in our journey towards peace and stability.

Peace, as we all know, is very important in our lives and it is essential to our overall well being. However, regrettable civil war that denigrate us for five years in our country, which was being brought by political conflict and disagreements between politicians, which has left our peoples in it a deplorable emotional and physical state. (more…)


By Kuir Mayen Kuir, Nairobi, Kenya

Peace for South Sudan

 

Tuesday, October 30, 2018 (PW) — Who ever imagine that there would be peace in South Africa today? I doubt if there is any one! The Africans in South Africa were among the very first Africans who were highly disadvantaged in the process of questing for freedom, justice and prosperity. In the year 1948, an apartheid policy emanated from the whites where they adamantly disregarded Africans and took them for an inferior race that cannot make a worthwhile decision singly without white intervention.

This thought was met by a stiff resistance from Africans that was graced by African unity and cohesion. However due to the sophisticatedness of the white weapons and a renowned knowledge of tactical measures to deal with Africans, they overpowered them .Some vibrant young African men and women fell victims of torture, mishandlements, maimed, imprisonment and a painful tearful death.

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By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

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October 29, 2018 (PW) —
I’m tired of becoming a junior in every field I joined. In 1999, when I was forcefully recruited into military, I was called a recruit which in other words means a new junior soldier undertaking training.

By the time I resumed my studies at Mayom-abun Secondary in 2001, I was called a mono by those in senior two. After I graduated from High School and joined one of the humanitarian aids organizations, I started at the most junior level.

Now, the most famous bands in my area are provoking my situation rottenly by sight-reading some of the songs those that I see could cause disunity among the societies. I’m swaying between the two trade-offs—-the join or no-join musicians’ field decisions and the fear is that I’ll become another junior with such contours on my face.

Had it not been because of this fear, I would have shown them how songs and lyrics for unity are composed, not in a way that exaggeratedly praising my own clan at the expense of other societies.

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By Yanta Daniel Elisha, Juba, South Sudan

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October 29, 2018 (PW) — Answering such a question is costly in terms of life as one can be victimised for one’s opinion and yet it salvages the suffering people of South Sudan. Sometimes, it is far better to die for a just cause than dying of mere malaria contracted from mosquitoes. Remember questions of what, why and how are of philosophical nature. A person or persons must answer philosophical questions; I think it is my duty to let the light shine all the time as long as I hold it.

What is the meaning of dying with one’s knowledge without using it to educate, inform or entertain to save lives? “A person who has not chosen something to die for is not fit to live”, a common saying from unknown source puts it. What is the purpose of life if not to produce much fruits to bring great glory to the author of life Himself?

For God cuts off every branch of the vine that does not produce fruit, warns the gospel according to St John 15:2. This means censorship of whatever nature is against the command of “be fruitful”. As for my case, certainly, I am the safest by virtue of my name “Daniel”; lions never harm me at all, as you have read from the holy book.

In my 37 years’ experience in the University of Life gaining modest education of formal, informal and non-formal nature, I have realized that if anyone intends to harm my life, God acts faster to eliminate that person to safeguard me. So, never dare to attempt me for your own safety.

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By Yach Atiop Yach, Juba, South Sudan

President Kiir & Reik Machar

Saturday, October 22, 2018 (PW) — Believe it or not, peace echoes are around the corners. Like President Salva Kiir said in Jeff Koinange of Kenya Citizen TV interview few days ago and I quote “A person bitten by snake will always fear a string when he/she sees it. It is true that South Sudanese are skeptic of the current revitalized peace agreement and will always jump up when they hear of any peace deal, as some will see it like the snake referred by the president.

But never lose hope in search for peace in this country. There are many hopes that may work out so well this time. One of the hopes is that, there will be no competing armies that will back up the oppositions. Therefore the incoming oppositions will be walking on a tight rope knowing that they have no strengths to rely on once the door has been shut for them after formation of the government in the first quarter of 2019.

All South Sudanese wherever they are being in PoCs country wide, in their homes, or Refugees in the neighboring countries are suffering and one of the major causes of suffering is shortage of food they rely on. So each of these people need peace so that those in the PoCs move out so that they can go and cultivate their farmyards during the next planting season. (more…)


By Dut Deng Kok, Juba, South Sudan

taban-deng-ghai

Taban Deng Gai, First Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan

Monday, October 22, 2018 (PW) — H.E. FVP Gen. Taban Deng is considerably as an icon of peace and justice in South Sudan. He delivered magnificently on some of his dreams and promises since the struggle of the SPLA/M till now and that was the reason Dr. John Garang praised him in his statements that if I have more Taban’s, this movement would have succeeded earlier, Dr. Garang perceived him as the foremost of the virtues and he also weighed him as a man with vision, courage, integrity, and humility.

Nevertheless, the entire nation is delighted with your benevolent leadership, but nowhere as ecstatic as your bothers around you who saw us the personification for their highest aspiration and the embodiment of the kind of the leadership the needs desperately, and you ‘re working tirelessly day and night for the unity of our country, try any means of success like George Washington who lost almost every battle he fought during the revolutionary war with his colonial ruler’s but he succeeds at last.

The biggest success in history has also been the biggest failures, try any possibilities to bring togetherness to our country and the upcoming generation will enjoy the rewards of stability of your exerted efforts. Together, we shall make our whole nation more vibrant and successful. But if you totally fail to bring about the much-needed unity in Greater Upper Nile Region, no one among us will do it, till other generations to reunited upper Nile. Without you this revitalized peace agreement, which was recently signed in Khartoum, would have not been possible.

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By Dr. Simon Wuor Gai, USA

Ethnic composition, South Sudan1

Sunday, October 21, 2018 (PW) — A little research has been done in the Republic of South Sudan, regarding its ethnic compositions, but the data I found in my research is very interesting. It gives me the ability to sketch the below two graphs statistically. With that in mind, my data leads me to conclude that there are statistically significant differences in terms of ethnic populations across the Republic of South Sudan.

For instance, the data I have collected informs me that Dinka is the largest tribe in the Republic of South Sudan, approximately about 4 million people, or 36% during the referendum years period, according to 2008 and 2009 in our national census. In the same line of reasoning, Nuer Ethnic Group falls on the second lines by 16% or roughly about 2 million people. These findings allow me to visually see and observe the two largest tribes in the Republic of South Sudan figuratively. It leads me to believe that the Dinka population is twice, as much as that of the Nuer ethnic group population. (more…)


Tonj Federation of Australia 1st Conference – Melbourne Australia

By Valentino Malueth Akec, Melbourne, Australia

Tonj youth association welcome distribution of counties in Tonj

Tonj youth association welcome distribution of counties in Tonj

Introduction

Sunday, October 21, 2018 (PW) — Before I could venture into defining Tonj area, we first need to understand the kind of administration that was governing in the Bahr Elghazal Region at that time in history. Starting from the time when Mohammed Ali Pasha (Ottoman Empire) invaded Sudan in 1820, nothing was known about Tonj or the kind of governing systems in the Greater Bahr Elghazal region.

Wau as the capital of Bahr Elghazal was established under the Equatorial administration in 1864. Under the Crown of Ottoman Empire led by Khedive Ismail, Samuel Baker was appointed to rule Juba (Equatoria) including B. Elghazal Region in the year 1870, he was followed by Charles George Gordon 1874 and Amin Pasha in 1878.

After a visit made by Mr. Junker to Mushra in January of 1887, it was then inaugurated as a River port in 1887, hence Wau became a strategic Town because of Mushra and that was why it had to be separated from Juba administration in 1948. (more…)


By Rev. Malong Bak Malong, Aweil, South Sudan

 

South Sudan Civil War

The reality of war in South Sudan

Thursday, October 20, 2018 (PW) — You know what, when you do something, it will inevitably be followed with a consequences. For instance, when you lit a fire, a smoke appears and too much sneezing causes the blood to flow from the nose. To come back to answer the question laid above as who voted for war? For this question, I would like to take a live example on the holy priests of God, the Pharisees—who had been, for a long time teaching and admonishing on how the Israelites, the hire of the Kingdom of God must positively response for the prophetically coming of Messiah, the Prince of peace. Unfortunately what happened when the expected Prince of peace come?

The Community went out welcoming their Messiah with ululation and shouts of welcome, welcome son of David! Exactly as the Prophets predicted it—even they, (Priests) had been teaching about His coming couple of days back; they were teaching that the Messiah of God will be welcomed with such and such great joy. This same is true on SPLM/A leaders, when they were enthusiastically saying that “peace will bless us once again!” Dr. John Garang’s favored speech in Nyayo stadium in Kenya. Unfortunately, like the holy priests, they were not prepared to welcome the Messiah with the humble attitudes, which was how He (The Messiah) was supposed to be welcomed. (more…)


Why a kite is not rich: Corruption and its consequences in South Sudan

By Deng Akok Muoradid, Juba, South Sudan

minister

Sabina Dario Lokolong, deputy minister for humanitarian affairs and disaster management, Nov 2011

Thursday, October 11, 2018 (PW) — A kite is a bird that kills other parasites for food and its prey are fish, chicks, ducklings etc. it has strong sight and it swoops down with its legs lowered to snatch small prey like chicks, rodents and fish. It is the most corrupted bird in the world known for threatening the lives of its fellow birds as well as human beings.

However a kite remains one of the poorest birds in the world despite of the fact that it continues to snatch the ready human food and the younger ones of its fellow birds and this poverty is considered a consequence of the above habit.

The above story of a kite reflect the ongoing corruption in South Sudan and it clearly indicates that whatever is grabbed or taken without legal [procedures is always accompanied by consequences. The more you corrupt other people’s resources, the more problems you face.

My fellows South Sudanese have overwhelmingly adopted corruption as the only way of accumulating wealth, acquiring academic documents, and securing public positions or scholarships has adapted corruption. Everyone has a dream of becoming a minister, director general, senior manager or public official in order to get a chance of corrupting public resources simply to be in the same level with those serving in the above mentioned positions. (more…)


By Mabil Manyok Nhial, Gweru, Zimbabwe

Deng Akuei

Saturday, October 13, 2018 (PW) — As John Maxwell has it, it has always been my credo that leadership is nothing more than knowing the way, showing the way and leading the way. Harare Institute of Technology was thrown into a woven net of leadership showdown as four students locked their horns in a great duel contesting for SRC President, which is equivalent to guild president.

The morning Sun greeted Harare Institute of Technology (HIT) with blissful rays of glee and gaiety that the University vicinity got tranquilized. Everyone including inanimate beings seemed zealous and voracious in alacrity to cast their votes for the candidates of their choices as their volitions dictated. Among the contenders were three male students and one brave female namely; William Deng Akuei Nyuon, Makoni, Aaron and Remhunga.

From the onset of elections, Mr. Nyuon was exceedingly marathonic, in fact he ran at a breakneck speed which created a terrible gap between him and his contesters. He was more than 200 votes ahead of the second competitor. Voting ended after 5pm and William garnered 342 votes, Remhunga got 116, Aaron with 74 votes and Makoni 19 votes. Deng then became victorious. (more…)


By Kuir Mayen Kuir, Nairobi, Kenya

Governor Philip Aguer of Jonglei state

Governor Philip Aguer of Jonglei state

Saturday, October 13, 2018 (PW) — I raise a standing ovation to the governor of Jonglei state H.E Philip Aguer Panyang for his daily commitments to make jonglei state a haven of peace, unity and prosperity. Mr. Governor, your efforts and commitments to make our state better is recognizable. Meanwhile, the question of who is a good leader has been a bone of contention in the literate world. This is because of the diverse opinions of the civil population towards their various leaders.

As for me, a leader who is positive minded and stands for the solidarity of his people is the best. A leader who wears the shoes of his people at all times regardless of the situation always touches my conscience. A leader who has a vision to serve his people in the right manner always calls for my attention. These are my personal opinions about my governor and I am proud of him. I realized that the best motivation and support, which I can offer to Mr. Governor, is just to appreciate him more sincerely for he always stay on the forefront to unify our people. I felt I should say thank you governor now so that you do better tomorrow.

In the recent past we have got few individuals who decided to drop their manners and crave to disintegrate our prodigious society for the short terms gains. In my opinion these gentlemen and women who sought education in foreign countries and felt the urge to use it to break our ties, solidarity and communalism did not get it right. It was a purgatory move and it should be condemn with all the strongest terms possible. The soar of dirty songs and speeches towards the wrong age bracket was disgusting too .Our culture has got very strong protection for the aged. It was therefore indiscipline for a young man or a lady to come out clearly in derogatory language towards those whom we are supposed to get blessings from. (more…)


By Rev. Malong Bak Malong, Aweil, South Sudan

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Thursday, October 11, 2018 (PW) — People (Nations) are likely to fall into imbroglio phenomenon when they fail to realize the true set of rights and obligations (that include loyalty) and the conditions those realize the true memorandum of understanding between the chosen (government) and the chooser (people) — and what qualifications anchoring the role of nominee in a form that must be satisfactory (responsibility). People must in the foremost, realize what they want, and how they wish it and when they want it.

And in this context, they (people) must get to harmonize their Opinions, and strongly stand for their common right and have a critical language (boldness and sound mind). But that can never happen except with an informed society—people with open mind, those can clearly see things with reasoning mind. Such people don’t beat the elephant’s shadow, rather they hit at the perpetrators’ heads!

Therefore, the only people who could quickly survive such imbroglio phages more easily are those who question the liability with thorough follow-ups on their set rules those governing them in absolute courage with clauses why? when? How? Which? And who? One of the wise man once said, “The best ways to hide a lie is between two truths”. To continue with that lesson of who is the government, I have tried all my best level to present you my points on who really is the true source of the government with legality censure and to compel.  (more…)