Posts Tagged ‘northern sudan’


AGREEMENT ON THE BORDER DEMARCATION PROVIDES BASIS FOR STARTING DEMARCATION OF WHAT IS AFRICA’S LONGEST BOUNDARY

KHARTOUM (Xinhua) — Sudan and South Sudan have achieved a breakthrough in recent negotiations with the drafting of the framework agreements on national status and boundary demarcation.

Analysts believed that the progress pulled back the two nations from the brink of war and served a positive signal for both of them to pursue peace and avoid escalation of tensions.

Under the agreement on nationality, nationals of each state will be allowed in the other state with freedom of residence and movement as well as freedom to undertake economic activity and to acquire and dispose of property.

The agreement on the Demarcation of the Boundary and Related Issues provides the basis for demarcating what is Africa’s longest boundary.

The agreements are to be signed by South Sudanese President Salva Kiir Mayardit and his Sudanese counterpart Omar al-Bashir at a meeting in Juba, capital of South Sudan, within two weeks.

This is the first visit for Bashir to his south neighbor since the declaration of independence of South Sudan last July.

“These agreements create a positive atmosphere for convening the summit. Particularly, it came shortly after escalation of tensions and traded accusations between the two sides,” Dr. Mohamed Hassan Saeed, a lecturer of political science, told Xinhua.

The two sides have been trading accusations of supporting the opposition in each other country.

Sudan says that South Sudan supports the rebels active at Blue Nile and South Kordofan areas, while South Sudan accuses Sudan of supporting the rebel groups in the south.

The Sudanese army accused South Sudan of supporting the Revolutionary Alliance which brings together Darfur armed movements and the SPLM/northern sector, to launch attacks against Buhairat Al-Abiyad area on the borderline between the two countries.

South Sudan accused on March 1 the Sudanese army of violating the south’s air space, bombarding water and oil wells and moving 17 km inside its territories in the oil rich Unity State.

The Sudanese government has ordered to close the border with South Sudan, while the latter accused Sudan of “stealing” its oil and decided to stop oil production.

The UN Security Council called upon all parties concerned on March 6 to stop using violence and military action in areas near the border.

“The negotiations between the two sides have provided a mechanism that could be enhanced by a presidential decision with which outstanding difficulties and issues, such as oil, Abyei and external debts, can be overcome,” Saeed said.

He further expressed optimism that the forthcoming summit would achieve a breakthrough to help resolve the outstanding issues, saying “the Addis Ababa agreements indicate that there is a political will on both sides and reflect their preference to dialogue instead of conflict.”

However, not all analysts are optimistic about the prospect of the future development, with some saying implementation of the agreements on the ground might face difficulties.

Abdul-Rahim Al-Sunni, a Sudanese political analyst, told Xinhua that “many barriers may prevent the implementation of the agreement, particularly with regard to the fact that more than 500,000 South Sudanese live in the North.”

“With the (Sudanese) government’s rejection to grant duo-citizenship to these Southerners and its adherence to April 9, 2012 as the deadline for them to resolve their nationality, what the negotiators have built in Addis Ababa could be demolished,” he added.

Al-Sunni, however, said he expects that the deadline be extended during the forthcoming summit between presidents Omar Al-Bashir and Salva Kiir in a week’s time.”

He further stressed that the issue of border demarcation also constitutes another barrier for the implementation of the agreements, saying “the joint committee for demarcating the border needs to immediately begin their work on the ground.”

He added that “the border demarcation could collide with many issues, including the difference over five border points in addition to the fact that the borderline between the two countries is witnessing security tensions, particularly at Jao area in South Kordofan, besides areas in Blue Nile State.”
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EARLIER REPORTS:

U.N. chief welcomes Sudan-South Sudan agreement on post-independence issues

UNITED NATIONS (Xinhua) — UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on Wednesday welcomed a framework agreement between Sudan and South Sudan to give their citizens basic freedoms in both nations.

In a statement, the UN chief called the agreement “an important step forward and an encouraging manifestation of both parties’ spirit of cooperation and partnership.”

It added that their agreement on “the status of nationals of each state and the demarcation of the common boundary” is also an important progress.

After their talks facilitated by the African Union High Level Panel (AUHIP), the two sides signed Tuesday the “Framework Agreement on the Status of Nationals of the Other State” and the Agreement on the “Demarcation of the Boundary and Related Issues.”

According to the signed documents, the two sides agreed to allow citizens of the other state to live, work and own property on either side of the border, and travel between the two nations.

The agreement on the border demarcation provides the basis for starting demarcation of what is Africa’s longest boundary.

“The secretary-general…encourages them to resolve all other outstanding matters as a matter of urgency and make the necessary compromise that will guarantee a peaceful and prosperous future for both nations,” the statement said.

South Sudan broke away from Khartoum officially in July 2011, after the holding of an independence referendum.

However, several outstanding issues have remained between the two nations, including oil and borders.

On March 6, the two countries resumed negotiations on those issues in Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital, under the facilitation of the AUHIP.

African Union Commission pleased with progress in Sudan-S. Sudan negotiations

ADDIS ABABA (Xinhua) — Chairperson of the African Union Commission Jean Ping on Wednesday welcomed the agreement reached by Sudan and South Sudan on the “Framework Agreement on the Status of Nationals of the Other State” and the Agreement on the “Demarcation of the Boundary and Related Issues.”

According to an AU statement, the chairperson is especially pleased to note the new spirit of compromise and cooperation expressed by the two parties.

The agreements were initiated by the leaders of the teams negotiating the arrangements on post-secession issues between Sudan and South Sudan.

The “Framework Agreement on the Status of Nationals of the Other State” sets up a joint High Level Committee, which shall oversee the adoption and implementation of joint measures relating to nationals of the other state.

The agreement also accords nationals of each state the freedom of residence, freedom of movement, freedom to undertake economic activity and the freedom to acquire and dispose of property.

It said the “Agreement on the Demarcation of the Boundary and Related Issue” establishes institutional mechanisms responsible for overseeing and carrying out the demarcation process of Africa’ s longest land border.

The agreements will be signed by President Omar Hassan Al Bashir and President Salva kiir Mayardit at a summit to be held in Juba in the coming weeks, the statement said.

Sudan-South Sudan agreements may face implementation obstacles

KHARTOUM (Xinhua) — Sudan and South Sudan achieved a breakthrough in their recent round of talks with the inking of a number of agreements, dealing with some of their most outstanding issues.

While some analysts regard the achievement as a harbinger of a comprehensive settlement, others doubt these deals can be implemented due to the barriers on the ground.

The two documents signed on Tuesday in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa aim to resolve the national status of some citizens and boundary demarcation.

They also agreed on a summit which is to be attended by the two countries’ presidents.

Though the agreements promise to remove the obstacles in the way of a comprehensive settlement, yet their implementation on the ground might face difficulties.

Abdul-Rahim Al-Sunni, a Sudanese political analyst, told Xinhua that “many barriers may prevent the implementation of the agreement, particularly with regard to the fact that more than 500, 000 South Sudanese live in the North.”

“With the (Sudanese) government’s rejection to grant duo- citizenship to these Southerners and its adherence to April 9, 2012 as the deadline for them to resolve their nationality, what the negotiators have built in Addis Ababa could be demolished,” he added.

Al-Sunni, however, expects that the deadline be extended during the forthcoming summit between President Omar Al-Bashir and Salva Kiir in a week’s time.”

He further stressed that the issue of border demarcation also constitutes another barrier for the implementation of the agreements, saying “the joint committee for demarcating the border needs to immediately begin their work on the ground.”

He went on saying “the border demarcation will collide with many issues, including the difference over five border points in addition to the fact that the borderline between the two countries is witnessing security tensions, particularly at Jao area in South Kordofan, besides areas in Blue Nile State.”

Since the two countries agreed on convening a summit to bring together Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and South Sudan President Salva Kiir Mayardit, then agreements can be a good base for the leaders to resolve other differences including those regarding the oil issue.

“These agreements provide a positive atmosphere for convening the summit. Particularly, it came shortly after escalations of tensions and traded accusations between the two sides,” Dr. Mohamed Hassan Saeed, a lecturer of political science, told Xinhua.

“The negotiations between the two sides have provided a mechanism that could be enhanced by a presidential decision with which standing difficulties and issues, such as the oil, Abyei and external debts, can be overcome,” he added.

Saeed further expressed optimism that the forthcoming summit would achieve a breakthrough to help resolve the outstanding issues, saying “the Addis Ababa agreements indicate that there is a political will on both sides and reflect their preference to dialogue instead of escalations.”

The two sides have been negotiating in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, under the mediation of the African Union, over many outstanding issues including the oil sharing and border demarcation.

After the separation of South Sudan from the North last July, the two sides failed to agree on oil transit fees. Juba stopped its oil production and exportation via Sudan’s territories after Khartoum decided to deduct the transit fees in form of crude oil from the South’s oil transported through the North.

http://www.coastweek.com/3511_sudan_01.htm

Southern Sudan: Humanitarian Crisis in the latest country in the world

Onnik Krikorian 23rd January 2012

Less than a year after the Southern Sudan declared its independence in July 2011 and as the newest country in the world was struggling, the country still humantitären with a crisis. The civil war between the African South Sudan and the Arab Northern Sudan had previously been about 1.5 million lives and international organizations warn that the conflict is far from over.

People displaced by cattle thefts in the district of Pibor, Jonglei State © Liang Zi / Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF)People displaced by cattle thefts in the district of Pibor, Jonglei State © Liang Zi / Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF)

Earlier this year, for example, the Southern Sudan said  Jonglei State to a disaster area after up to 100 000 people due to fighting between the rival Lou Nuer andMurle tribes were forced to flee. The United Nations has already launched an emergency operation to approximately 60 000 to allow people to provide humanitarian assistance.

The Borgen project blog is detailed background information about the latest conflict between the tribes :

According to reports, the conflict began with the theft of cattle, but more and more auβer control are advised. Conflicts like these “cattle feuds” and other disputes between rival ethnic groups are widespread in southern Sudan.According to the United Nations last year about 350 000 people displaced by such violence.

Such inter-communal violence is a major challenge for the young government of southern Sudan. As a newly independent state, the country is faced with the task of developing an effective system of government. HOT STUFF is the Southern Sudan is one of the poorest regions of the world. There are almost no roads, schools, hospitals and other vital infrastructure. The lack of cyclical development in the country only stokes the Instablitität and leads to a higher rate of conflicts such as those recently in Jonglei.

Displaced population caused by cattle raiding in Pibor county, Jonglei state © Liang Zi / Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF)

Catholic Relief Services, an international aid organization that operates in southern Sudan agrees to :

The history of the crisis-ridden district of Jonglei has long been marked by ethnic tensions, cattle thefts, kidnappings and sometimes violent contests over scarce resources. The recent attacks are attributed to the self-proclaimed Nuer White Army, a group of up to 6,000 armed Nuer youth of Lou ethnic group. Spokesman for the armed group said it was her goal to retrieve stolen cattle and 180 abducted children, according to their information from a neighboring ethnic group, the Murle, had been stolen from their communities.

[…]

“After nearly four decades working in Sudan and Southern Sudan, the CRS weiβ that sustainable development and peace are closely linked,” says Boyd.”To a long-term improvement of basic services and economic opportunities that people everywhere are in southern Sudan are available to help, it is essential to support the communities in finding meaningful, tangible ways to resolve their differences and destructive conflict to an end to prepare. At the same tensions between groups are often exacerbated by the lack of basic services such as access to water, schools and hospitals. Development and peace must begin at the same time. “

Also, another international organization, Oxfam sees a link between conflict prevention and  provision of essential goods and services :

Now that the Sudan was born a new nation, there are people here and all of the nation’s stability at the interested parties may not be a more pressing concern than investing in their own agriculture and the long-term guarantee of food.

[…]

The international community has invested a tremendous amount to the Sudan and South Sudan to gently guide you through the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and to independence. Now, however, starts work on first and helpers need to redouble their efforts to support the Southern Sudan to overcome the problems of insecurity, displacement, cyclic droughts and floods.

While changing the Sudan as a nation that lives by itself and its neighbors in peace, will take the country an all-encompassing balance of vorhersehrbarer, several years of development assistance as well as continued support of humanitarian issues with disaster management and a strengthening of the South Sudanese government on emergency training focus .

There will also be important to invest in programs to reduce risk from disasters and resilience that enable communities to prevent it humantitäre crises, mitigate, and quickly recover from them. With regard to the provision of humanitarian relief and development workers should also consider the evolving South Sudanese civil society seen as an important agent that complements the programs of the state and the private sector.

Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF)  reported on site :

“Thousands of people from Lekongole Pibor and ran for their lives last week and is now hiding in the bush, where they endure the fear of death,” Parthesarathy Rajendran, MSF head of southern Sudan said. “Their flight was in a hurry and they have violated no food or water, some of them are without a doubt, have wounds or injuries and are now alone in her hiding place beyond the reach of humanitarian assistance.”

The village Lekongole has been razed to the ground and an MSF team of 28December, the situation in einschätzte Pibor, described it as a “ghost town” since almost everyone has fled into the surrounding landscape. While the people hiding in the bush, we can not reach to clean their wounds and to connect to treat illnesses and provide them with a general medical care available. The longer they are in the bush, the more serious is the situation for the people who are sick or injured.

[…]

“There is currently developing several crisis situations in various parts of southern Sudan,” added Rajendran. “Our medical teams respond to flee at the time also to a crisis in which people from conflicts in neighboring Sudan.This clearly calls us to remember that occur despite the independence of acute emergencies in southern Sudan is still too often and that the power remains for humanitarian emergency response is an absolute priority. “

Bill’s Space commented :

It feels like it was before only a few months ago, in Africa, with the independence of southern Sudan by the Sudan, a new nation was created.But it seems that a new name and a new life do little to change things in this part of the world. I read reports that last week more than 3,000 people were killed in southern Sudan because of ethnic violence, and thousands were forced to flee – even though people “flee” in the earlier parts of Sudan for decades. Despite the presence of United Nations staff, the southern Sudanese army, etc., it seems possible to continue this kind of mass killings or massacres. A report, according to which this is the worst outbreak of ethnic violence in the new nation, since they split off from Sudan in July seems to indicate that violence is an ongoing activity […].

Others are more cynical, given the stated objective of the United Nations to help southern Sudan. The Impudent Observer published a satirical article in this respect,death in the Sudan, who cares? , in which he takes a bead on the United States in particular:

Our intrepid reporter asked prominent political leaders in America is a reaction to this massacre of innocents.

George Bush: “The most important question is whether there are weapons of mass destruction in southern Sudan, which could be a threat to America.”

Michele Bachmann: “The South Sudan? Is that near New Orleans? ”

Herman Cain: “I wonder if there would have anyone interested in a great pizza offer.”

Ron Santorum: “I advise those unfortunate people urged to pray to God.”

Mitt Romney: “America condolences to all those who are persecuted. I will inform the Mormon headquarters for them to send some missionaries. ”

Newt Gingrich: “The Southern Sudanese leaders may contact me. I have some interesting ideas, which provides help them myself, and my company at the beginning of a discount. ”

Barack Obama: “We leave conflict areas and not go.”

More news on the Southern Sudan are on the blog  PannLuel WEL: South Sudanese bloggers to find the wave PannLuel operates from Washington, and @ PaanLuelWel2011 on Twitter.

This article is part of our special coverage of  the referendum in southern Sudan in 2011 .

http://www.readers-edition.de/2012/01/23/sudsudan-humanitare-krise-im-neuesten-land-der-welt/


Press Freedom at Risk in World’s Newest Nation

By: Scott Griffen, IPI Associate

South Sudanese President Salva Kiir (C) addresses a rally in Juba supporting the decision to stop exporting oil through northern Sudan, 23 Janury 2012. EPA/STR.

VIENNA, 7 Feb, 2012 – A South Sudanese journalist covering a session of the country’s National Assembly yesterday was removed and later allegedly assaulted by security guards, according to news reports.

The incident is but the latest in a series of aggressive acts against journalists in South Sudan — raising doubts about the newly independent state’s commitment to press freedom.

Mading Ngor of Bakhita Radio in Juba told the Sudan Tribune yesterday: “I entered the chamber of the assembly, got out my recorder and started recording proceedings. Moments later, an unidentified man walks up to me, asks why I was seated there and I explained to him. He could not listen to me. Instead he ordered four security officials to throw me out of the assembly.”

Multiple eyewitnesses, including other journalists, said the security guards followed Ngor outside, violently throwing him down to the floor and tearing his clothes. According to the Tribune, the assault ended only after a legislator intervened.

MP Joy Kwaje, chair of the Assembly’s Information Committee, apologised for the security guards’ action and promised to investigate the matter further, news reports said.

The motive for the removal and attack remained unclear. The South Sudanese Assembly’s official Regulation of Sittings states: “The Assembly shall be open to the public, press, and visitors, unless the Speaker decides otherwise.”

In December 2011, a group of journalists covering a legislative debate on unrest in Juba, South Sudan’s capital, were forced from the assembly on the orders of the deputy speaker, Daniel Awet Akot, the Tribune said. According to the Assembly’s official procedures, the deputy speaker may exercise the duties of the speaker — and thus close the assembly to the press — at the latter’s request. It was not known whether the speaker or deputy speaker was involved in yesterday’s incident.

IPI Press Freedom Manager Anthony Mills said: “This was an unacceptable act of physical violence against a journalist who was simply doing his job. We continue to be troubled by the threats to press freedom in South Sudan. We call upon the South Sudanese government to respect the rights of all journalists.”

As IPI previously reported, South Sudanese authorities last November arrested two editors, Ngor Garang and Dengdit Ayok, who had been working for the now-banned Destiny newspaper. The two were held for 18 days before charges were dropped. They had reportedly been detained in connection with an op-ed published in Destiny’s first issue, in which the author criticised South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir for having allowed his daughter to marry a foreigner.

http://www.freemedia.at/index.php?id=288&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=6001&cHash=27b9c1f2f2

Sudan Oil Dispute Raises War Rhetoric
Voice of America
February 07, 2012 Sudan Oil Dispute Raises War Rhetoric Gabe Joselow | Juba, South Sudan A deepening oil dispute between South Sudan and Sudan has raised hostility to a point where leaders of both countries have suggested there is the strong 
South Sudanese Journalist Assaulted in Parliament
International Press Institute (press release)
South Sudanese President Salva Kiir (C) addresses a rally in Juba supporting the decision to stop exporting oil through northern Sudan, 23 Janury 2012. EPA/STR. VIENNA, 7 Feb, 2012 – A South Sudanese journalist covering a session of the country’s 
South Sudan struggles to help ethnic violence victims
Press TV
These are the situations of the almost ninety thousand people whose lives were devastated by the recent intercommunal violence in South Sudan’s fragile Jonglei state. The violence, which has led to the death of over three thousand people, 

Press TV
South Sudan, India Signs Pan African E-Network Project MoU
Oye! Times
“The MoU will open other avenues on telemedicine, e-education and rural access of latest technology in South Sudan. I know we have been referring patients from South Sudan to other hospitals in the Diaspora. Now doctors in Juba Teaching Hospital can 

JUBA, 23 January 2012 – The President of the Republic H.E. Gen Salva Kiir Mayrdit has appreciated the people of South Sudan – the youth, women civil society and religious leaders for supporting the decision made by the government to shut down the oil production.


President Kiir (centre) addressing the procession. He is accompanied by the Vice President Hon Dr Riek Machar Teny (left) and the speaker of the National Legislative Assembly Rt Hon James Wani Igga (right).
[Photo: Thomas Kenneth]
H.E Kiir made these remarks when addressing a peaceful public procession at the National Legislative Assembly, organized today on Monday January 23rd, 2012 by the civil society organizations and South Sudan Students’ Union, to support the government’s decision of shutting down the oil production.
President Kiir assured the people of South Sudan that South Sudan will not allow Khartoum to loot its oil again. He also asserted that the pipeline to Khartoum is not the only lifeline and that there are other alternatives available. “We do not have problems with the people or citizens of Sudan but we have problems with the ruling government in Khartoum”, he clarified. He described the ruling class as Al-Asaba(gangs). President Kiir called on the South Sudanese citizens not to harm any citizen of Northern Sudan living in South Sudan explaining that they are innocent citizens.


South Sudanese hold a procession in support of the government’s decision.
[Photo: Thomas Kenneth]
On his part, the deputy governor of Central Equatoria state (CES) Hon Manasi Lomule read to the procession a memo from the people and government of his state that the CES is hundred percent supports the National Council of ministers decision of shutting down the oil production and look for other alternatives for exporting South Sudan Oil, and CES stands firm with the President of the Republic H.E Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit and will follow the developments keenly.
Reported by Thomas Kenneth

South Sudan instructs oil companies to stop operations

JUBA, 21 January 2012(NASS) – The Republic of South Sudan has instructed all foreign companies operating in its oil fields to prepare a shut down plan for halting the operation of its oil.
The order was announced by the minister for Information and Broadcasting and the Official Spokesperson of the government of South Sudan, Hon Dr Barnaba Marial Benjamin to reporters yesterday in a press briefing at the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting headquarters.
He said the Republic of South Sudan’s crude oil is now not safe in the Republic of Sudan saying that it is being stolen and prevented from reaching the international market by the government in Khartoum.
“In the last few days Khartoum has stolen approximately over $ 350million worth of oil from South Sudan using force while preventing over $ 400 million from being purchased and this is through restricting vessels from entering or leaving the port by using their security”, Dr Marial explained.


Hon Marial (right) and Hon Dhieu (left) addressing the media yesterday.
[Photo: Ajang Monychol]
He explained that the decision comes after series of violations from Khartoum. These include:

  1. On the 24th Dec. 2011, government of Sudan (GOS) prevented loading of 600,000 bbls of South Sudan-Nile blend;
  2. On the 30th, Dec. 2011, GOS detained 1000,000 bbls Dar blend sold to Vitol;
  3. On the 31st, Dec. 2011, GOS prevented ships from loading 600,000 bbls of RSS Nile blend;
  4. On the 3rd, Jan. 2012, GOS detained vessels loaded with 600,000 bbls of Dar blend of RSS which belongs to Petronile;
  5. On the 8th, Jan. 2012, GOS detained Sinopec vessels loaded with 900,000bbls Dar blend of RSS;
  6. On the 13th, Jan. 2012, GOS lifted 605,784 bbls Dar blend crude oil of RSS;
  7. On the 16th, Jan. 2012, GOS lifted by force 618712 bbls Dar blend crude oil of RSS;
  8. Also on the same date, GOS instructed PDOC to transfer 120,000 bbls of Dar blend crude oil of RSS to be delivered to Khartoum refinery directly from the illegal pipeline tie into KRC which was partly constructed and operated by GOS;
  9. On the 19th, Jan. 2012, GOS lifted by force 600,000 bbls of RSS’ Nile blend crude oil.

“Indeed, the option of shutting down the oil companies is not the best but the Republic of South Sudan is a sovereign nation and must protect its resources”, said the minister for Petroleum and Mining Hon Stephen Dhieu Dau.
He stated that the oil operations will remain shut until a fair deal is reached with Khartoum or else it will remain so till South Sudan develops its own oil infrastructure that will ensure the people reap the true benefits of their oil.
He also promised to return the oil stolen by Khartoum right from the 24th Dec. 2011 till the last day of the theft. He stressed that he will never give up until the stolen oil is brought back to its rightful owners, the people of the Republic of South Sudan.
He further warned the oil companies involved in buying the stolen that the government of South Sudan has already taken legal procedures to trace them and will take drastic legal action against them.
“I know challenges are there after shutting the oil fields but the government through the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning has taken measures to address them; we will soon be building our own pipeline to transport oil through the Republic of Kenya”, he said.


Reported by Martin Jada Gabriel, News Agency of South Sudan (NASS)


by Wani Keri ǀ 27.11.2011
Under the Arabs of Northern Sudan it was very difficult if not impossible for South Sudanese to write comprehensive accounts of South Sudan’s history without falling into trouble with the authorities in Khartoum. The book “The Problem of Southern Sudan” by Joseph Oduho and William Deng Nhial fell under the category of classified documents whose discovery in the hands of a southerner by the informers of the Arabs in the North or the South was likely to send someone to his grave. So were the books the “The Nile Turns Red” by Alexis Mbali Yangu, “The Sudan, A Southern Viewpoint” by Oliver Batali Albino.
Possession of all these and other related books could send a southerner to his death because the Arabs of north Sudan did not like any historical account of the slave trade, their political abuse of Southerners and their looting of Southern wealth to be put in black and white as a record for future references. Southern politicians who had witnessed all these upheavals in the hands of the Arabs of the Sudan had died without leaving behind in records any of these historical events as a deliberate Arab design so that the coming generations of the South could not get any history of their past for their knowledge. There was a book about Stanislaus a Paysama written by a southerner and it is titled ‘From Slave to Minister’ and the authorities in Khartoum for years had been looking for the Southern writer of this book to no avail because he had used a pen name.
There are several other books by Southerners which were in the category of those books not to be circulated although they have been published elsewhere other than in Sudan. Such books as “Southern Sudan, From Conflict to Peace” and “Southern Sudan Background to Conflict” written by Mohammed Omer Beshir, a northern academic were allowed in circulation in Sudan because there is much in defence of the northern action  in the government against the South. Otherwise they would not have been allowed to circulate also. The two books were also used by the northerners as propaganda chips to gain recognition as people who were fit as government authorities in the international circle.
At later stage of Sudan’s life as a country the Islamists allowed Southerners to write their autobiographies like Joseph Lagu’s and his “An odyssey of A State”, Abel Alier’s “Many Agreements Dishonoured” books which are more less their autobiographies in order to collect information and data for their own manipulation as without some southern views at a certain angle they found it hard to go forward in their planning and programming in dealing with Southerners. Even some of Bona Malwal’s books fall into that category.
Now that South Sudanese have freed themselves from bondage and chains of Sudan’s Arab slave traders and agents of fear Southern scholars who had been kept in academic desert and drought by not being given money for research and documentation should now try very hard to close the gap and embark on research on different aspects of our history and life and document their findings for our coming generations.
The academics especially the professors of southern universities who were in Khartoum can remember how they were not encouraged in researches and documentation because the Arabs had feared that they might break the taboo of keeping the research area of South Sudan history and other aspects of life outside any documentation for obvious reasons. The Islamic regime of Omer Al Bashir had been dishing oil money to northerners in huge sums for researchers some of whose topics were irrelevant even to themselves in the Zubeir Foundation for Research and Documentation under the cover of religious researches so that Southerners majority of whom were Christians could not benefit from such funds.
Our government should not wait now that South Sudan is independent but to make funds available in our public universities and encourage our scholars to conduct relevant researches and publish their findings as books to benefit our people. Our histories should be written by our scholars without any fear of the past because the Arabs are toothless and can longer stop us from writing our history for our own benefit.