Archive for December 7, 2011

General Reasserts Military’s Power in Post-Election Egypt

Posted: December 7, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in World


CAIRO — Egypt’s military rulers said Wednesday that they would control the process of writing a constitution and maintain authority over the interim government to check the power of Islamists who have taken a commanding lead in parliamentary elections.

In an unusual briefing evidently aimed at Washington, Gen. Mukhtar al-Mulla of the ruling council asserted that the initial results of elections for the People’s Assembly do not represent the full Egyptian public, in part because well-organized factions of Islamists were dominating the voting. The comments, to foreign reporters and not the Egyptian public, may have been intended to persuade Washington to back off its call for civilian rule.

“So whatever the majority in the People’s Assembly, they are very welcome, because they won’t have the ability to impose anything that the people don’t want,” General Mulla said, explaining that the makeup of Parliament will not matter because it will not have power over the constitution.

He appeared to say that the vote results could not be representative because the Egyptian public could not possibly support the Islamists, especially the faction of ultraconservative Salafis who have taken a quarter of the early voting.

“Do you think that the Egyptians elected someone to threaten his interest and economy and security and relations with international community?” General Mulla asked. “Of course not.”

The military’s insistence on controlling the constitutional process was the latest twist in a struggle between the generals’ council and a chorus of liberal and Islamist critics who want the elected officials to preside over the writing of a new constitution.

Just three weeks ago, Cairo erupted in a week of bloody protests set off in part by the military’s attempts to claim permanent powers to intervene in civilian politics and to enshrine in the constitution protection from public scrutiny. Under intense pressure, the military appeared for a time to back down.

But the setting of the general’s remarks — an extraordinary question-and-answer session for an invited group of eight American journalists and one British journalist, without any Egyptian news organizations — indicated that he was also talking to Washington. The Obama administration joined the calls of Egyptian activists for the generals to turn over power “immediately” to a civilian government, and the generals have expected that the threat of an Islamist takeover at the polls might now give Washington pause.

It was unclear if the council planned to ever deliver such a message to the Egyptian public or political parties. Egyptian activists were as incensed that the council laid out its plans to foreigners first as they were by its reassertion of control.

“This is an attempt to stage a coup, and nobody wants it — even the people who are against the Islamists,” said Negad el-Borai, a human rights activist in Cairo.

He accused the military council of playing liberals and Islamists against one another in an effort to preserve its own power. “This is madness,” he said. “They are deciding to push the country toward a broad civil war.”

Saad el-Katanti, secretary general of the Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party, told The Associated Press that his party also believed that the constituent assembly should be broadly representative of all segments of the population. “Why does the council want to interfere?” he said.

General Mulla, for his part, insisted that he respected the fairness and integrity of the election, which began in November and will continue in stages until January. But, he said, “In such unstable conditions, the Parliament is not representing all the Egyptians.”

He also appeared to escalate a mounting confrontation with the Muslim Brotherhood, the Islamist group that is Egypt’s best-organized political force, over control of the interim government.

The Brotherhood, whose political party emerged as the biggest winner in the early election returns, with about 40 percent of the vote, have demanded that the Parliament take over the right to name or dismiss a prime minister; General Mulla insisted that the prime minister would continue to report to the military council.

Although the military’s previous plans for the transition had called for Parliament to pick 100 members of a constituent assembly that would draft the constitution, General Mulla made clear that the military council no longer intended to allow that.

“The majority of the People’s Assembly will not be the only one represented in the constituent assembly,” he said, at times questioning the essential premise that an elected body could represent the general public. “We have a lot of other factions such as workers, farmers, engineers and doctors who are not in Parliament.”

General Mulla insisted that the military council would not intervene directly in the constitutional process, or name individuals to the drafting committee. Instead, he said the council would appoint a civilian advisory council of party representatives as well as artists and intellectuals. This group would make suggestions to the military council while also representing the military council to Parliament.

“They should represent all the Egyptian people, and no one can really oppose this demand,” he said.

He acknowledged that the military’s latest timetable for the transition left only about a month for the drafting of a constitution between the seating of a Parliament and the beginning of a presidential race. But he appeared to believe that the old Egyptian Constitution — built for one-party rule, lacking clear separation of powers or judicial independence, clogged with traces of Nasserite socialism — might not need much fixing.

“A lot of legislators are saying that we have a very good Constitution and a very unique one except for only Chapter 5, about the presidential elections, so we will only amend this chapter,” he said.

Asked if the military would eventually submit to public parliamentary oversight of its budget, General Mulla appeared to find the idea ridiculous, saying he knew of no military whose budget was public.

Asked if the military might intervene in civilian politics in the future, however, he was more circumspect. “The armed forces won’t intervene in the political life of Egypt since the people will consent in the parliamentary bodies,” he said. After the adoption of new government institutions, he said, “there will be no need to intervene.”

Urgent and Important Matter Motion; on the Transfer of National Capital from
City of Juba to Ram-Chiel
By Hon. Tulio Odongi Ayahu – SPLM Party List Eastern Equatoria
Rt. Honourable Speaker,
Hon. Members of the august House,
In pursuit of articles 46 Conduct of Business Regulations 2011 of the National Legislative Assembly. Kindly allow me to present before the august House this urgent and important motion on the Council of Ministers’ resolution 2nd September 2011 on transfer National Capital from Juba to Ram-Chiel. Mr. Speaker, they the Executive have gone ahead to implement the resolution without regards to the National Legislative Assembly’s approval.
Rt. Honourable Speaker,
Hon. Members of the august House,
  1. Whereas the Transitional National Constitution article 50 sub-article (4) and (5) affirms that:
  1. The City of Juba shall be the National Capital of South Sudan and the seat of the National Government. Its territory and administration shall be defined and regulated by law.
  2. Without prejudice to sub-article (4) above, the National Government may relocate the National Capital to any other location within the territory of South Sudan
Also Article 51 of the Transitional National Constitution states that: the National Government shall have the following organs:
(a) the Legislature;
(b) the Executive; and
(c) the Judiciary.
Rt. Honourable Speaker,
Hon. Members of the august House,
Mr Speaker Sir, how come a single tier of the National Government Organ – the Executive decides to implement the major constitutional matter to transfer the National Capital from Juba to Ram-Chiel and treats it as if it is an exclusive Executive dispensation without regards to National Legislature. Mr Speaker Sir, I am concern why correct procedures for tabling bills to Parliament are not followed in this case?
  1. Article 50 sub-articles (4) of the National Constitution proclaimed Juba as the National Capital therefore this has superseded any other legal competence of any other level of government in the land. What makes it difficult for the Executive to implement this provision of the supreme law by tabling to parliament a bill to define the territory and administration of Capital?
  1. However, if the opinion of Ram-Chiel or others areas were to be considered among the best options; has the executive prepared a bill of establishment to Parliament for the choice of the new National Capital, which shall give lawmakers clear merits and demerits based on feasibilitystudies, than proceeding with implementation without regard to legal processes?
  1. The reasons of transferring the capital to Ram-Chiel can be highlighted in the Council of Ministers Resolution of 2nd September, 2011. According to the press statement by the Minister of Information, revealed that the resolution to relocate the capital to Ram-Chiel came as a result of the Bari Community categorical refusal to give land for the establishment of the National Capital city? Has the Hon Minister comprehended how this statement opened up ‘flood gates’ of revulsion against a segment of its community around Juba; accused them for refusal to give land for National Capital and consequently, blamed for being responsible for the transfer of the capital city to Ram-Chiel? Which land in the South Sudan Mr Speaker can be void of community’s ownership or rather to say a no-man’s land?
  1. Subsequently, this statement should have never come as to mean government has succumbed to local community pressures. Looking back to hindsight, we have finally disposed the Southern Sudan Interim Constitution especially the clause inserted during the CPA which says “Land belongs to the community” this was a tactical argument by the SPLM delegation during the peace talks in order to deny GOS the rights of ownership of South Sudan land which is now irrelevant. Currently, the Transitional National Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan article 170 sub articles (1) and (2) have redefined the land ownership and land tenure as follows:-
(1) All land in South Sudan is owned by the people of South Sudan and its usage shall be regulated by the government in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and the law.
(2) Notwithstanding sub-Article (1) above, and the provisions of Article 28 of this Constitution, the government at all levels, may expropriate land in the public interest as shall be prescribed by law.
Article 171 sub-article (2)
(2) Without prejudice to sub-article (4) below, the land tenure system in South Sudan shall consist of:
(a) public land
(b) community land and
(c ) private land
  1. Mr Speaker, can there be clarity by the Government negotiators on the processes of the previous dialogues and negotiations with Central Equatoria Government or therefore the community around Juba on the status of the present capital – Juba? Hon. Speaker Sir, at this moment in time, must some of those arguments still legally valid; given the changes in the TCRSS specially the separation of ownership of land and land tenure? Shall we assume rightly that the constraints responsible for those deadlocks between the government levels and communities have now lapsed with enactment of the TCRSS?
Honourable Speaker,
Hon. Members of the august House,
  1. Mr Speaker Sir, given the Government priorities, has the transfer and building of the National Capital a priority of the RSSG at this moment in time; amidst high expectations by the population of the newest country that yearns for what our able President H. E. General Salva Kiir Mayardit stated in his address to the Joint Legislature as vital Government priorities; education, agriculture, health, physical infrastructure, clean water, rule of law, electricity being engine of production where by cottage industries shall shrive among other factors of production. The Nation needs to invest consciously on alternative sources of revenues than squandering the little we receive on unproductive primacies.
  1. Oil is a major Republic of South Sudan revenue earner. In the last FY 2011 Budget, oil revenue stood at 98% and non-oil disappointingly at a meagre 2%. With this rich knowledge of fiscal constraints, from where shall the money to service the building of the new Capital comes from? The flow of this resource may never been forever we must invest the proceeds accrued from it for productivity so that we continue to rip the benefit to the future. Therefore Parliament needs to know the implicative breakdown of the revenues and expenditure in this project which may run in billions.
  1. Also Article 59 (g) on competences of the Council of State reads: The Council of States shall be competent to approve changes in state names, capital-towns and boundaries;this opinion has not been forwarded to the Council of States for perusal and approval. Does the Executive also plan to ignore this legal procedure on the bicameral competences and therefore progressed with impression of single track implementations without tabling a bill for the Change of name from Juba to Ram-Chield?
Mr Speaker Sir, Hon. Members of the august House; I therefore table to the august House this motion to deliberate and to ensure that the National Constitution be upheld, eventually come up with resolutions among others the following.
  1. The National Transitional Constitution has been circumvented by the decision of the Executive who decided to proceed to implement Council of Ministers resolution 2nd September 2011 for the transfer of the National Capital from Juba to Ram-Chiel, without Parliamentary approval. Parliament should request the Executive to evoke Article 171 sub-article (2) and to implement the provisions which is jealously guarded in the Constitution article 50 sub article (4) by tabling a bill that defines, demarcate and warranting the establishment of the National Capital.
  1. The Transfer and Building of new National Capital has never been a priority of the Government at this period in time when the Nation still relies entirely on oil revenues from Greater Upper Nile. Hence the Nation need to implement basic services like education, health, hydro-electric power as engine of production, infrastructure and most of all food security for the people of this new Nation. Therefore Parliament should request the Government to prioritize its work plan on programs that benefits the people and those that shall continue to generate income to this great Nation. Also try to restrain executive from rushing on massive expenditures on unproductive programs.
  1. Parliament to differ any approval of funding to the plan to relocation of Capital city until the end of the Transitional period and to relocate the money if any to most urgent national priorities.
Motion on Transfer of National Capitalfrom Juba to Ram-Chiel.pdf Motion on Transfer of National Capitalfrom Juba to Ram-Chiel.pdf
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Motion on Transfer of National Capitalfrom Juba to Ram-Chiel.docx Motion on Transfer of National Capitalfrom Juba to Ram-Chiel.docx
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WHat’s up with South Sudan Country code 211?

Posted: December 7, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Economy

Dear All,
If I may, a colleague drew my attention to the issue of +211 being discussed in Internet fora and thought I could shed some light on the subject. I have not been lately following the fora due to pressures on time and many competing priorities.
That said, however, to my knowledge, all operators in RSS have not completed registration with GSM-A, an international body which co-ordinates between members and operators exchange of traffic, such as international calls and roaming between operators, be it on bilateral or multi-lateral mobile traffic exchange across international borders.
GSM-A registration for mobile operators enable them negotiate rates with other traffic carriers for inbound traffic to RSS or outbound traffic termination into other geographies around the globe, through bilateral and multi-lateral agreements with international carriers.
And because of absence of these arrangements for most operators in RSS, international carriers forwarding traffic to RSS are free to charge any rates and not bound by any agreements with local operators in RSS. For instance, Zain South Sudan, Gemtel, Vivacell or MTN and Sudani mobile operators in RSS all need to sign agreements for traffic exchange (call terminations for inbound or outbound) with other international carriers, but this is not possible without registration with GSM-A (you can google GSMA to learn more about it).
So, Zain, Gemtel, Vivacell, Sudani and MTN all need to gain registration with GSM-A, and there are specific requirements for admission into GSMA membership which the Ministry of Telecommunications and Postal Services in RSS (as the regulator) should publish to GSMA about in-country mobile operators. The information is important for commercial reasons and purposes of settling call charges between legitimate entities in the international system of mobile communications.
The Ministry (MTPS) needs to write to GSMA to confirm the status of local operators (licenses, frequencies, etc) which GSMA would use to register local operators and publish the information to international carriers, most of who are GSMA members. As members, operators are required to adhere to agreed code of practice and industry standards for carriage and terminations of inbound and outbound traffic between countries, operators and so forth. This is currently lacking, hence the high rates of calls terminations to RSS.

The registration process in addition to concluding commercial agreements with international carries may take between 3 – 6 months. We have written to the MTPS to follow up on publishing in-country mobile operators information to GSMA to confirm status of operators, etc and some of these operators might only be in South Sudan without footprint in other countries, and little known operators would find themselves in difficult situation trying to negotiate better commercial terms for their interconnection with international carriers, whereas those with large footprint already have existing interconnection and roaming agreements with carriers and would not have to go through protracted commercial negotiations to agree rates for termination of outbound or inbound calls for RSS.

The Government cannot do these negotiations for operators, it only needs to give information about these operators to GSMA and the operators are left on their own to reach bilateral or multi-lateral agreements with carriers for their calls in the international market.

So, even though ITU has assigned +211 country code to us, carriers are free to interconnect or not interconnect with RSS operators as based on commercial agreements with in-country operators on competitive terms. Our Telecom ministry has now taken steps to write to GSMA so that local operators gain acceptance for registration with GSMA for new comers as well as updates for existing members and any of their new operations.

Hope this clarifies some of the issues surrounding +211 interconnection with international carriers of mobile traffic.

Kind regards
Dr. Hakim
Zain South Sudan

Dear All,
Please see attached and pasted press Release from the Arnu Loddim the Spokesperson of the SPLMN.
Anwar Elhaj
SPLMN Representative to the USA

The Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement – North
Office of the Spokesperson
December 8, 2011
The SPLA – N Regain the Lead and Inflicted heavy casualties on the National Congress Party Forces.
The SPLA Forces were able to inflict heavy casualties on forces and militias of the National Congress Party (NCP) and its broad summer offensive that targeted on large scale the civilian populated areas using new Iranian weapons. The SPLA forces repulsed the NCP aggression on a number of fronts and destructed and seized a range of military equipments and inflicted heavy casualties on the NCP forces.
1-      Abuhasheim Front – southeast Kadugli:
In a battle lasted for three days (4 to 7 December 2011), the SPLA forces managed to destruct and disperse the NCP military mobile forces nicknamed Jund Allah (Soldiers of Allah), which incurred heavy losses in personnel and equipments, as more than 200 were killed and more than 400 were wounded, destruction of a Ural military vehicle mounted with 14.5 Cannon Gun, destruction of three Land cruiser vehicles mounted with Dushkas and the seizure of T-55 Tank in a good condition.
2-      Daluka Front – 10 Km south Kadugli:
Yesterday December 7th 2011, the SPLA North was able to disperse the NCP militias which were attacking Daluka area under the command of Kafi Tayar, a known war criminal who is wanted for a number of crimes in South Kordofan and a close friend of Omar Bashir. The NCP militias fled to Kadugli leaving behind 9 dead and a large number of arms.
On Dalang – Kadugli road, the SPLA forces successfully ambushed a NCP forces convoy resulting in the destruction of three cannon mounted land cruisers, the death of more than 40 from the Central Reserve Forces including their commanding officer, the seizure of three Dushkas, a number of small arms, RPG 7 and PKM machine guns.
The NCP aggression on the citizens and the peoples of South Kordofan will be defeated and ended like all previous aggressions. The SPLA force, the forces of Yousef Kuwa Makki, who have defeated the Seif Alabour (Sword of Crossing) and the Seif Alsalam (Sword of Peace) before, are capable of inflicting an awful defeat on Omar Bashir and Ahmed Haroun summer offensive. Their (Omar Bashir and Ahmed Haroun) summer offensive will be a real summer for them with no water or food and this will be the summer to topple the regime through the incorporation of the civil and peaceful work of the masses, supported with the armed struggle.
The SPLMN call upon all Sudanese and their friends to exert all efforts and work hard to deliver food for thousands of civilians displaced by the NCP treacherous aggression and to demand an independent investigation in war crimes and to end impunity.
Arnu N. Loddi
SPLMN Spokesperson
Yasir Arman: The Security Apparatus’ Denial of Death Sentences Aims to Distract from Growing
Solidarity with the Condemned Detainees.
The Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement- North Secretary General, Mr. Yasir Arman, described reports from Sudanese regime’s Security Apparatus, which denied the issuing of secret death sentences on a number of SPLM-N civilians detainees as a move aimed at diverting the international solidarity campaign now gathering momentum.
He added that the published denials by the Security Apparatus that Mr. Abdel-Monim Rahma and nineteen of his comrades, including an under-age detainee, are facing death sentences is an attempt to obscure clear facts from view, and counter the world-wide disapproval and distaste conveyed to the National Congress Party regime by foreign governments and international organizations, who were in contact with SPLM-N leadership, and remain closely following developments of the matter.
He also declared that the SPLM-N values highly the international solidarity campaign now underway, and offered his gratitude and deep appreciation to individuals, groups, governments, organizations, the Sudanese electronic media, columnists and lawyers who are taking part in this humane drive, which so far has compelled the NCP regime to implicate itself in a barefaced lie. No doubt, preparing the way for a retreat on the issue.
He reiterated the SPLM-N demand of Albashir’s criminal regime to release all political detainees- as they are civilians unconnected to any armed actions. Alternatively, if they are involved in wrongdoing, they should be submitted to normal judicial processes, and are afforded the chance to defend themselves and contact their lawyers, and of offering them the right to a public trial open to the media and human rights observers. He also emphasized the need for increased solidarity with Mr. Abdel-Monim Rahma and his fellow detainees. He also called on Sudanese lawyers to join the recently formed legal defence committee, and to utilize this initiative to set up a body for the defense of human rights and democratic freedoms in Sudan.
He finally added that the SPLM-N is hereby issuing a warning to the leadership of NCP: ‘ if these executions are carried out, or should any harm befall the detainees, there will be serious consequences. The war crimes and grave violations committed by the NCP regime against the Sudanese people will sooner or later find redress, and perpetrators will be held accountable. Such gratuitous deaths, as you’re about to commit, beget only more deaths!’
Office of the Secretary General
Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement- North
28th November 2011

China trying to mediate oil impasse between Sudan, South Sudan, again stepping
Washington Post
JUBA, South Sudan — China inserted itself into the fight over oil between Sudan and its former territory South Sudan on Wednesday, sending a special envoy to try to break a deadlock between two rivals who often appear on the brink of renewed conflict.

Total eyeing South Sudan-Uganda oil pipeline
By Tom Bergin DOHA Dec 7 (Reuters) – French oil major Total said it could build a pipeline from South Sudan to Uganda that would continue to Kenya’s coast, potentially solving the fledgling state’s headache about how to export its oil.

WorldScopes Helps First Generation of South Sudan Doctors
MarketWatch (press release)
7, 2011 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The AMA Foundation today released a video featuring the contributions made by its WorldScopes initiative to medical students struggling to become the first generation of doctors in the newly formed country of South Sudan.

South Sudan Says North Occupies Town
Voice of America (blog)
Newly-independent South Sudan has accused the north of invading its territory and occupying a town near the border. The South Sudan government said in a statement released Wednesday that the Sudan Armed Forces attacked the town of Jaw with mechanized

South Sudan, Uganda Could Share Export Pipeline, Total Says
7 (Bloomberg) — South Sudan and Uganda could share an export pipeline to transport crude oil from inland fields to the Indian Ocean, Total SA Chief Executive Officer Christophe de Margerie said today. “There is a synergy there,” de Margerie said in

Sudan’s Bashir Forms First Cabinet Since Separation of South
8 (Bloomberg) — Sudan formed the first government after the south seceded in July as President Umar al-Bashir’s National Congress Party took control of 20 ministries. Bashir delayed the appointment of a new cabinet as he sought the participation of

The Baroness Cox


The Rt. Hon. William Hague

Secretary of State

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

Cc The Lord Howell of Guildford, Henry Bellingham MP, Douglas Alexander MP, Andrew Mitchell MP, The Baroness Verma, The Baroness Kinnock.

December 6th 2011

Dear William,

We wrote to you on June 10th this year to request your urgent response to the then rapidly deteriorating situation in Southern Kordofan and Abyei, when reports from many well-recognised NGOs starkly described the situation as ‘ethnic cleansing’.

You will naturally be aware that subsequently, the situation has deteriorated with an escalation of military offensives by Khartoum against civilians in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile and that Khartoum continues to deny access by aid organisations to victims of these offensives. The aerial bombardment of civilians is a crime against humanity; the ethnic cleansing could soon become genocide, in a country for which the UK has had an internationally recognised obligation to monitor the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and with which we are still deemed to have a special relationship. There is great concern by many people in Sudan that the UK’s current priority commitment to dialogue without initiating further pressure is reinforcing Khartoum’s belief that it can continue its aggression with impunity.

Since our previous letter, causes for grave concern include:

Southern Kordofan:

  1. The December 2nd report by Yasir Arman  Secretary General, SPLM-N claims :

 ‘In the last three days, the National Congress Government of Sudan started launching its summer offensive in the Nuba Mountains in four different directions after they brought fresh forces from Western Sudan and Attbra training centre, which their graduation was attended by the two indicted war criminals, General Abedraheim Hussain, the Minister of Defence, and Ahmad Haroun.  The forces started a major offensive in Torge-Bram area.   The fighting is continuing the last two days.  There is a heavy bombardment against civilian populations and massive displacement.  The National Congress summer offensive is going to result in a much bigger humanitarian crisis than the last offensive that started in June 2011.  The civilian population lacks water, which they were getting from the rainy season, and food, which they didn’t harvest during the rainy season because of the war’.

  1. Aid agencies suggest over 305,000 civilians have been internally displaced in South Kordofan because of the conflict and an additional 23,000 have now fled to Unity state in Southern Sudan.
  2. The humanitarian conditions for the displaced are deteriorating with many hiding in caves in the mountains at risk from lethal snakes. My NGO HART (Humanitarian Aid Relief Trust) was told “We are more afraid of the bombs than we are of the snakes”. Hiding in the harsh mountain conditions, they cannot obtain adequate supplies of food, water and medicines. Incidence of diseases including pneumonia, diarrhoea, skin infections, malaria, and typhoid is rising.
  3. Deaths from malnutrition are already recorded, with growing numbers of children suffering from malnutrition – estimated 20-27% of children in Heiban and approximately the same figure for refugees arriving in Yida recorded on an index of Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) and 2-9% on Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM).
  4. The government of Khartoum continues to deny access to humanitarian organisations to reach the victims of the conflict.
  5. Aerial bombardment by Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) is an almost daily occurrence, with a reported 160 bombs dropped on civilians between 13September and 13October; one report claims 40 bombs were dropped on civilians in the last three days of November. In addition to civilians killed, many others will die from injuries because of lack of access to medical care.
  6. Constant aerial bombardment prevents farmers from cultivating their land, inevitably exacerbating the desperate situation with regard to food supplies. Reports from Buram locality show that only 23% of last years fields were cultivated.
  7. Reportedly over 23,000 refugees have fled into Unity State in the new Republic of South Sudan, with another 300-500 arriving every day. Many are already suffering severe health problems having walked for days without food or water and vulnerable to continuing aerial bombardments.
  8. On 10 November, 4 bombs targeted Yida, a de-facto refugee camp in Unity State, South Sudan.
  1. Reports of deployment by Khartoum of long-range missiles against civilians: on December 4, 2011 at approximately 7:50pm local time, two long range missiles hit Kauda. Four civilians were wounded in the attack. The missiles are thought to have originated from Kadugli. Kadugli is 92km from Kauda.  And, at 2:20 p.m. Monday, December 5th, four missile rockets reportedly hit a village just outside Kauda, Southern Kordofan near a local market killing two young girls, ages 10 and 13, and wounding three other civilians. There were no military targets in either of these areas.
  1. The Khartoum-appointed Governor in Southern Kordofan, already wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for war crimes, has prevented the setting up of camps for those who have been displaced.

Blue Nile

  1. Reports from numerous sources consistently describe offensives and atrocities perpetrated by the Government of Sudan similar to those reported in Southern Kordofan. These include aerial bombardment resulting in civilian deaths and injuries, denial of access for humanitarian aid, extrajudicial killings, detentions and torture of civilians, and looting of civilian properties.
  2. A new report by the Satellite Sentinel Project (SSP) analysing images captured on 11 – 27 November indicates SAF destruction of civilian homes, heavy armour movement and aerial bombardment in Amara village.
  1. It is estimated that up to 400,000 civilians have been displaced from Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile; 30-40,000 have fled into Ethiopia.
  2. This week SPLM-N reported around 43,000 civilians who have fled Blue Nile are stuck at the border, unable to enter South Sudan , suffering from severe food shortages and continued aerial bombing by SAF.


  1. Over 120,000 of the indigenous Ngok Dinka Population have fled to South Sudan. Many aid organisations, including Oxfam, have pulled out of the region.
  2. The plight of civilians displaced from Abyei continues to be cause for grave concern both for Sudan and South Sudan. During a visit to Bahr-El-Ghazal last month, HART met some of the many 100,000 who had fled the fighting in Abyei and are living in conditions of great hardship in improvised camps without adequate facilities or supplies. Several hundreds have died from hunger.

In response to these deeply disturbing developments, David Alton and I have been urging HMG to put more effective pressure on Khartoum to desist from these genocidal policies by imposing targeted sanctions, including restriction of travel to the UK for senior members of the NCP, responsible for this escalating catastrophe. However, we have been advised that the British Government is unwilling to take more effective measures to call Khartoum to account because of the difficulty of treading the line of making clear to the Government of Sudan that their actions in Southern Kordofan are unacceptable, while maintaining access and influence in order to maintain communication and dialogue with the Government in Khartoum.

Foreign Secretary, may we point out that the regime in Khartoum has, for over two decades, succeeded in maintaining dialogue while it has continued to kill its own people. The citizens of The Republics of Sudan and South Sudan are increasingly concerned that the British Government is failing to respond adequately to Khartoum’s escalating aggression, to such an extent that it could appear to be condoning this aggression by refusal to take appropriate measures. Moreover, according to many observers, Britain appears to be making trade interests with the Republic of Sudan a greater priority than doing more to respond to gross violations of human rights as well as the emergence of a situation at least as grave as the catastrophe in Darfur – and Libya.

It is also being said that the British government, claimed, after Rwanda, that we in the United Kingdom would never allow another genocide. However, the British government seems to be doing precisely this. The scale of death and suffering caused by the ruthless military offensives against the peoples in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile; the denial of access to international investigators or to the media as well as the refusal to allow access by aid organisations to victims of military offensives; and the catalogue of reports of violations of human rights, including unwarranted arrests, torture and threatened executions would seem to warrant a stronger response than continuing dialogue. It is feared that, unless the British government, which has a special responsibility for – as well as a special relationship with – Sudan, makes a more effective intervention, it will be seen to be allowing Khartoum to continue to kill its own people and to destabilise South Sudan with impunity.

‘The silence and the impunity they are getting is encouraging them to commit more crimes in front of the eyes and ears of the whole world’. (Yasir Arman).

Foreign Secretary, you will be fully aware of the danger of allowing ruthless regimes to carry out their crimes against humanity with impunity. May we ask you, once again, as a matter of urgency, as the situation deteriorates in Sudan and the suffering escalates, to reconsider HMG’s position and to undertake some more effective action. We have highlighted the imposition of targeted sanctions against leading members of the NCP, because this would put pressure on those who currently enjoy unimpeded travel to London, many of whom also enjoy their ownership of residences here.

Until  and unless HMG is seen to be taking some such effective action, instead of continuing to make dialogue a priority, there will be a real danger that Khartoum will believe it can escalate its aggression with impunity, not only with dire humanitarian consequences, but also with serious implications for the vulnerable new nation of South Sudan and for the geo-political stability of the region.

I am writing this letter with the full support of Lord Alton of Liverpool.

We hope that Lord Howell will be able to respond to issues raised in this letter when he replies to a debate to be held in the House of Lords tomorrow. Unfortunately, I will not be able to be present as I have a longstanding commitment to participate in a service in Westminster Abbey, but I believe my colleague David Alton will be referring to them.

Yours ever,


(The Baroness Cox)

Letter to William Hague December 2011.docx Letter to William Hague December 2011.docx
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Sudan-South Sudan: Troika (comprising UK, USA, Norway) urges expedited talks

Posted: December 7, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Sudan-South Sudan: Troika urges expedited talks
Afrique en Ligue
Troika urges expedited talks between Sudan, South Sudan – The Sudan Troika, comprising of the US, Norway and UK, has urged Sudan and South Sudan to strive to reach a sustainable agreement that takes care of all outstanding petroleum sector and

Israel ties to South Sudan a must
Sudan Tribune
By Steve Paterno December 6, 2011 — The Khartoum’s ruling party mouthpiece, al-Intabaha is reporting that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu will pay a historic one day visit to South Sudan, where the Prime Minister will hold meetings with both

UN says dozens killed in South Sudan
JALLE, South Sudan, Dec. 6 (UPI) — The United Nations said Tuesday its peacekeepers were investigating attacks that left about 45 people dead in the new nation of South Sudan. The UN peacekeeping mission said the attack occurred Monday in the state of

South Sudan: 42 killed, 17 injured in Jonglei “hate violence”
Murle raiders always target to abduct children, but surprisingly, they killed children and elderly this time in a move seen as a hate violence in the state of Jonglei, South Sudan. 12 children, 11 women, and 19 men were murdered on Monday while

Sudan-South Sudan: Troika urges expedited talks
Afrique en Ligue
Troika urges expedited talks between Sudan, South Sudan – The Sudan Troika, comprising of the US, Norway and UK, has urged Sudan and South Sudan to strive to reach a sustainable agreement that takes care of all outstanding petroleum sector and

FEATURE-Soaring prices bite South Sudanese in violent borderland
By Hereward Holland BENTIU, South Sudan Dec 7 (Reuters) – A few months before South Sudan broke away to become the world’s newest nation, James Luong Kiir’s pharmacy was pulling in around 5000 South Sudanese pounds (around $1500) a month — a decent

South Sudan: Jonglei village in deadly ‘cattle attack’
BBC News
By James Copnall BBC News, Juba At least 41 people have died in an attack by armed men on a village in South Sudan’s Jonglei state, notorious for ethnic fighting and cattle raids. Jonglei State Governor Kuol Manyang told the BBC that many of the dead

South Sudan, Uganda Could Share Oil Export Pipeline, Total Says
By Eduard Gismatullin – Wed Dec 07 12:11:40 GMT 2011 South Sudan and Uganda could share an export pipeline to get crude oil from inland fields to the Indian Ocean, Total SA Chief Executive Officer Christophe de Margerie said. “There is a synergy there

South Sudan: SSDF, Challenges the Mainstream, Launches Website
Juba — In a press conference held at Holiday Hotel yesterday, the South Sudan Democratic Forum launched their official website in a conference hall which was predominately occupied by senior executive representatives from the same party.

South Sudan: On Occasion of Global Anti-Corruption Day – Can Our Ministers and
Furthermore, he had sent a strong message to other corrupt foreign investors that not all South Sudanese keys leaders are corrupt and non-patriots. He had also sent a strong warning message to such a bad foreign investor and his/her likes that South