Archive for December 16, 2011

Press Release No. 11/472
December 16, 2011

Ms. Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), issued the following statement after a meeting with H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic of South Sudan, in Washington today:

“It was a pleasure to meet President Kiir and his delegation at the IMF headquarters. South Sudan, as the world newest country, has great potential to realize the dreams and aspirations of its people. We are hopeful that this new beginning will bring peace and prosperity for the people of South Sudan.

“South Sudan faces formidable challenges, including ensuring economic stability, building institutions to support sustained growth and managing oil revenue wisely. In this context, we are encouraged by various institutional and legislative steps under way regarding the central bank, public financial management, and the oil sector amongst others.

“I have assured President Salva Kiir that the IMF will be at South Sudan’s side to assist the country meet the above challenges through frequent policy dialogue and technical assistance.

“In recent months, the IMF has been providing technical supportand training on tax and customs administration, public financial management, oil revenue and foreign reserves management, central banking and financial supervision, as well as macroeconomic statistics. Together with the authorities and donors, we are working on a 3-year program of dedicated technical assistance.

“The process of membership of South Sudan at the IMF is at an advanced stage. South Sudan has applied for membership earlier this year (Press Release No. 11/145) and I look forward to South Sudan becoming the Fund’s 188th member in early 2012,” Ms Lagarde said.

IMF Receives Membership Application from South Sudan, Seeks Contributions to Technical Assistance Trust Fund to Help New Country

Press Release No. 11/145
April 20, 2011

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has received an application from the authorities of South Sudan for admission to membership in the IMF after South Sudan becomes an independent country on July 9, 2011. The application for admission to membership in the IMF from South Sudan will be considered in due course as set forth below. Sudan will remain a member of the IMF and retain all its quota in the Fund as well as all its assets in, and liabilities to, the IMF.

Under the IMF’s prescribed procedures for membership applications, South Sudan’s application must first be investigated by the IMF’s Executive Board. After its investigation, the Executive Board submits a report to the Board of Governors of the IMF with recommendations in the form of a Membership Resolution. These recommendations cover the amount of quota in the IMF, the form of payment of the subscription, and other customary terms and conditions of membership. After the Board of Governors has adopted the Membership Resolution, the applicant country may become a member once it has taken the legal steps required under its law to enable it to sign the IMF’s Articles of Agreement and to fulfill the obligations of IMF membership. The IMF currently has 187 member countries.

In view of South Sudan’s application for IMF membership, the IMF intends to seek donor contributions to a special Trust Fund for IMF Capacity Building for South Sudan. This trust fund will provide intense IMF technical assistance to the authorities in critical areas relevant to building the new country’s macroeconomic institutions. Harnessing its expertise and infrastructure, the IMF would provide technical assistance in itsareas of core expertise to enable the design, implementation and monitoring of sound macroeconomic policies, including by developing a fiscal framework, establishing the central bank and its core activities, building statistical capacity and putting in place the legislative framework required for effective economic and financial management. The trust fund would total US$10.6 million for just under four years and aims to mobilize quickly, given the urgency of needs in South Sudan.

How science and technology can help solve continent’s economic problems

Posted: December 16, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Economy


The role of science, technology and engineering in solving Africa’s most challenging economic problems — from telecommunications to agriculture to infectious diseases — is no longer in question.

However, some leading international organisations undermine the role of innovation in development.

The time has come for the scientific community to advance a new generation of international organisations that can help foster technological co-operation for Africa’s economic transformation.

Worldwide, there are growing concerns about the accessibility and production of food. Sustainable agriculture in Africa cannot be pursued without modern technologies.

Africa has a long history of exporting resources and importing food, despite the potential to meet its own food demands, reduce poverty, and drive economic growth.

Unfortunately, major international agencies have persistently opposed expanding biotechnology to regions most in need.

The 1992 Earth Summit created the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to promote the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity as well as foster equitable sharing of the benefits of biotechnology.

Yet for two decades this treaty has curtailed the use of genetically-modified organisms in agriculture, even though the greatest threats to biological diversity are deforestation and invasive species.

This is mainly because only eight of the 196 national focal points for the CBD, which are located in environmental ministries, are not hostile to biotechnology.

The role of the scientific community at these CBD meetings is often limited to negotiating texts that have been drafted by government officials and international civil servants with the intent of smothering agricultural biotechnology.

For Africa, this has been a major distraction from addressing the threat of low agricultural productivity, a problem that innovative science could address and put an African agricultural revolution within reach.

The international agency for supporting science, Unesco, has played only a nominal role in advancing scientific enterprise.

At most, it has convened conferences whose decisions are barely implemented.

The recent decision by the United States to withhold financial support from Unesco over the admission of Palestine to that organisation will only weaken what was already a struggling function.

The global scientific community must foster co-operation through new intergovernmental organisations and treaties that focus on innovation to improve human welfare.

There is a precedent for such action. In 1908, despite opposition from the natural ice industry, scientists and engineers worked to advance modern refrigeration by creating the International Institute for Refrigeration (IIR).

Today, this independent organisation promotes knowledge of refrigeration and associated technologies in 60 countries.

The IIR provides a powerful guide to create a similar collaborative agency that promotes biotechnology.

Currently, 30 countries, only four of which are in Africa, have adopted laws that allow the use of GMOs.

Almost all of these countries have scientific communities dedicated to the economically and ecologically sound use of biotechnology.

African countries should break the logjam by creating an “International Institute for Biotechnology.”

It would be created under a charter signed by governments and other invited agencies.

The legislative authority should come from the government agencies, private enterprises, universities, scientific associations, farmers’ groups, and others charged with advancing biotechnology and allied fields.

The agency would help African countries adopt strategies enabling farmers and the population at large to benefit from the world’s wealth of scientific and technological knowledge.

Prof Juma teaches the Practice of International Development at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. (;

Washington, DC
H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit, President, Republic of South Sudan
Your Excellencies
Distinguished members of the Diplomatic community and invited guests
Ladies and Gentlemen, good afternoon!!!
It is a great pleasure to have the opportunity to address you once again.  These past two days have provided an excellent opportunity for us to discuss and review the issues and challenges facing South Sudan.  There has been a good, lively, and active discussion covering a wide range of topics.  I could not have hoped for anything else as this event has far exceeded my expectations.  Each of the topics covered addressed the issues necessary in moving South Sudan along the long road towards development.
As part of this discussion it was my great pleasure and honour to have the opportunity to set out our vision for South Sudan.  This vision has been built on our common understanding of South Sudan’s challenges, and the lessons from our recent past, in order to set out a clear and achievable way forward.  I am confident that my Government and the people of South Sudan have the capacity, the desire, and the determination to implement our plans and achieve our vision. Let me restate our inclusive vision; by 2040, South Sudan will build a united nation:
A nation that is educated and informed; prosperous, productive and innovative; compassionate and tolerant; free, just and peaceful; democratic and accountable; safe, secure and healthy; united and proud.   I am confident that this can and will become a reality with your support.
Your Execellencies, ladies and gentlemen,
Yesterday, when I spoke during the opening of this conference, I concluded by noting that, The government of the Republic of South Sudan have priorities embedded in the National Development Plan clearly spelling out the roadmap which will make this vision a reality to achieve.
We have grounded our plan in the reality of where we have come from, recognising that sixty years of conflict, marginalisation and war has created innumerable barriers and challenges that must be overcome.
Our vision, and our plan, will be implemented by building on four extremely important pillars:  Good Governance, Increased Prosperity and Economic Growth, Enhanced Quality of Life, Safety and Security.  If you will indulge me, I would like to take this opportunity to review some of the key discussions from the past two days, to highlight the areas that have seized my mind, and those of my ministers, and to discuss how our discussions were based on these four key pillars.
In South Sudan we are starting from zero and we are starting with very little.  We are building the institutions of governance from scratch.  It is our objective to build a democratic, transparent, and accountable government, managed by a professional and committed public service, with an effective balance of power between the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government.  This good governance lies atthe heart of both nation-building and the implementation of sound policies and programmes.
In line with this objective, the panel discussion on Accountability, Transparency and Good Governance focused on ensuring that Government is transparent, that information is available to the population, and that we deal effectively and judiciously with corruption.
Just as important as these financial reforms is, the development of our human capital, in the panel discussing on Capacity Development, we discussed how to become a more efficient and effective Government.  To do this we need to build our capacity, ensuring that our public service is professional and is staffed correctly and appropriately.  This requires that we look to our partners to support the training of our civil servants, both at the State and the National Government level.  It requires that we staff the Government institution with qualified people and that we encourage our diaspora to return home to work in Government.  We intend to focus increasingly on improving the management of our Government institutions and encouraging our youth to move into management positions more rapidly. We recognise that needs are great in this area and we expect you to work with us in developing innovative and dynamic ideas and programmes.
Your Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen,
Over the past two days, and specifically this afternoon, we have discussed many different ways to increase the prosperity of the people of South Sudan.  My Government is committed to creating diversified, private sector-led, economic growth and sustainable development which improves livelihoods and reduces poverty for all our people.  Our National Development Plan builds on the vision of the late Dr. John Garang of “Taking towns to the people”. It emphasises the importance of using South Sudan’s rich resources to develop infrastructure, basic education and primary health services; to develop the economy with a vibrant agricultural sector, and to encourage private sector investment.
In the panel discussion on Oil and Renewable Resources you discussed how South Sudan could better harness it existing resources, and make sure that the oil wealth does not become a curse.  There was detailed discussion on the importance of improving investment in the oil industry, and I want to restate that South Sudan is not under American sanctions, and investment in the oil industry is welcome, encouraged, and will yield returns.  In line with this, we are currently in the process of passing two key pieces of legislation; the Petroleum Bill and the Petroleum Revenue Management Bill. The Petroleum Bill will provide the regulatory framework for the development and management of petroleum resources and their extraction.  It is based on international best practice and will ensure the transparent management of our extractive industries sector.
The Petroleum Revenue Management Bill will help my Government better focus our resources both for the present as well as the future.  Provisions in this Bill will demand saving significant shares of future oil revenue to provide a buffer against future volatility in oil production and prices.   Recognising that oil reserves will eventually be depleted, my Government is endeavouring to create lasting benefits for our society by providing guidelines to have efficient and effective capital investment aimed at boosting our economic growth potential both now and in the future.. More importantly, the Bill will ensure the transparency and accountability in the management of our resources, ensuring that there is a conducive, positive environment for investors.
Clearly the use of our wealth dictates how we in South Sudan think about the growth of the private sector, and our economy.  As the discussions on the private sector have demonstrated, there are many needs as well as many opportunities for investment.  While focusing on ensuring the public goods are provided – that roads are built, that electricity is present that the rule of law and due process are followed – our government is keenly aware of the need to diversify economic activities to provide sustainable development and contribute to the quality of life of our citizens. The Government cannot do this alone and our potential must be unlocked in cooperation with the private sector. As you have discussed there are very exciting investment opportunities in South Sudan and we are specifically looking for investment in the following areas: agriculture and agri-business, physical infrastructure, social infrastructure, mining and extractive industries, petroleum and gas, forestry, heavy manufacturing, telecommunications and electronic media, commercial banking, electricity, cement,  insurance, property management, and tourism and service industry development.
Your Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen,
I wish to address the final two pillars of the National Development Plan together.  In all our discussions, we have constantly returned to these two issues.  We have focused on the provision of services for the people of South Sudan in the session on Integrated Service Delivery, and a constant underlying theme has been safety and security. My Government is committed to promoting the well-being and dignity of every person in South Sudan by progressively accelerating universal access to basic social services. This is not an easy task and it is one that will take time and involve improved accountability. .  At the same time, my Government, the SPLM, and the people of South Sudan are committed to preventing the return to conflict. We are committed to upholding the Constitution and maintenance of law and order, and through institutions which are transparent, accountable and respect of human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Your Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen,
Achieving all of the goals and objectives we have discussed and I have just recapped that a legal framework is created where the rule of law is enforceable and enforced. The Government of South Sudan has prioritised the passing of necessary legislation to allow government to function effectively. These include the Public Financial Management and Audit Bills which were recently passed, and the internal audit and procurement bills will soon be considered by the National Legislative Assembly. We shall endeavour continuing training our judges, lawyers, police, and others who will judiciously and professionally apply the rule of law in a skilled and transparent manner.
Before I concluding, I wish to focus on one last key area that my Government is paying particular attention to its resource allocation. The allocation of South Sudan’s resources, its oil wealth, and the external support we receive from the international community is a theme underlying in areas of discussion during the past two days.  How we decide to spend these resources will determine how quickly and how effectively we achieve the goals that we have set out in our plan.  We must also be honest and realistic in the allocation of resources.  Money will have to be spent on security for the foreseeable future, and will mean expenditure on the armed forces.  As I previously mentioned, we have already begun work on a clear programme of demobilisation and we must create opportunities in the wider economy for those leaving the armed forces. However, this will take time. Drastic and unconsidered cuts, which might appeal to some and appear good on paper, will undermine our fledgling country at the time when it most needs stability. As we develop we will reallocate appropriately from defense spending toward health, education and infrastructure but these will be measured and appropriate. We ask for your patience and understanding.
Your Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen,
We have been sitting, and discussing all of these issues for the past two days.  I do not wish to keep you in your seats for much longer.  As I noted at the beginning of my speech, South Sudan has a National Development Plan.  This Plan is our road map for developing our country and I hope that this vision has not been lost in all our discussions. This Plan recognises the importance of providing security to the entire population of South Sudan and, it outlines how we we’ll achieve economic growth and provide services to the people of South Sudan. We intend to see this Plan through and we ask for your support, for your support, but most importantly for your partnership. We have a very long road ahead of us in creating development, reducing poverty and increasing the prosperity of the people of South Sudan.  But not a single challenge along this road is intractable. Together, we can find solutions that will ensure that South Sudan’s long history of conflict is indeed over and put our country among the just, peaceful, and prosperous nations of the world.
Your Execellencies, ladies and gentlemen,
I want to take this opportunity to acknowledge the presence of the many heads of key international companies.  I sincerely hope that over the past two days you have seen South Sudan as I see my country, as a land of promise – not a land of conflict, fragility and disaster.  I hope that when you visit you will continue to see the many opportunities for investment that South Sudan possesses.
I also want to take this opportunity to thank our partners who have graciously organised, and supported the Republic of South Sudan in hosting this conference.  It would not have happened without the support of the Troika and specifically the United States Government.  To all of the conference organisers, both in South Sudan and in the United States, my sincere thanks on behalf of the people of South Sudan.   I also wish to once again emphasise my Government’s appreciation to all of you who have attended for the past two days, the Ministers, Ambassadors and Heads of Delegations. Thank you for taking the time.  To the American People and to the Congress of the Unites States of America, thank you once again for your generous support over the many years of conflict and we look forward to it in the many years of peace ahead.
In conclusion,
Let me emphasise what I hope is now clear. South Sudan is a country with amazing potential. It is a country with resources and a plan.  South Sudan has a huge potential to take leap forward through significant investments in new technologies, in telecommunications and alternative sources of energy.  If you are willing to think creatively and innovatively you will see the investment opportunities that South Sudan possesses and I know that you will be as excited as I am.
South Sudan is open for business for those who would venture and explore new horizons
God Bless You All

By Cameron Smith

He’s been called the next Kevin Durant. He’s been compared to Chris Webber. More than anything else, what 14-year-old Thon Maker truly represents is a pure sporting enigma: A 7-foot middle schooler who has the refined mid-range game and dominant post presence of a top high school senior (if not a college star) already.

Maker has exploded onto the pre-prep basketball scene since arriving in Houston for the John Lucas International Middle School Combine in August. An Australian of Sudanese descent (which only adds to his intrigue), Maker is still in middle school but flashes the kind of complete game usually only found in a top college-level prospect.

Add to that his 7-foot size and massive wingspan at the tender age of 14, and there’s little question whyMaker is getting a load of attention as a newly emigrated American Middle Schooler. The lanky, multi-position star is spending his eighth-grade season competing for Metairie Park (La.) Country Day School, where he has wasted little time in emerging as one of the nation’s top prospects for the Class of 2016. He’salready the top-ranked prospect in his class, according to

Of course, that’s where any knowledge about Maker stops and the pure guesswork begins. Because of his age, no one knows if Maker wants to continue to evolve as a swingman — a la Durant — or whether he plans to put on weight and try to bang inside as a center. No one knows whether he really likes Louisiana or if he pines for home in Australia.

Regardless of what happens next, at this point Maker has become a phenomenon of his own accord. After all, it’s not every day that you see a 7-foot 14-year-old, let alone one who has the refined motor skills of some of the NBA’s best. If nothing else, the early highlight reels of Maker’s exploits should make following him at the high school level a must-see pursuit in the coming  years.

So, while you almost certainly haven’t heard of Maker yet, you should get ready to hear a lot more about him, both now and for the foreseeable future

To Whom Does the Nyakuron Cultural Centre Indeed Belong?

Posted: December 16, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

South Sudan: To Whom Does the Nyakuron Cultural Centre Indeed Belong?
It was pleasing to know that the less known South Sudanese Artist Association was, after all, the organizer of the remarkable event. Certainly credit should also go to those benevolent companies that donated the funds to finance the occasion, 

South Sudan’s Women: Building the World’s Newest Nation
Daily Beast
At a conference in DC, women from South Sudan help develop solutions for problems with literacy, banking, agriculture, oil revenues, and other challenges facing their new nation. Seven women from seven states in South Sudan arrived in Washington, DC, ..

South Sudan: President Kiir Addresses South Sudan Community in Washington DC
Salva Kiir Mayardit reiterated that the Republic of South Sudan will not allow an inch of its land to be taken by any one and South Sudan will not take its people back to war but is ready for self-defense. President Kiir announced that South Sudanese 

US Urges Sudan To Immediately Halt Bombing In The South
RTT News
(RTTNews) – The United States has called on Sudan to immediately end acts of aggression such as bombing in civilian populated areas in South Sudan. Speaking at the United Nations International Engagement Conference on South Sudan, US Permanent 

South Sudan: Amb. Rice At International Engagement Conference On Country
Remarks by Ambassador Susan E. Rice, US Permanent Representative to the United Nations, at the International Engagement Conference on South Sudan, December 15, 2011 Good morning distinguished guests; on behalf of the United States, welcome to the 

South Sudan: Forceful Disarmament Is to Remedy Jonglei From Conflict
The report launching was attended by both communities members of parliament in South SudanLegislative Assembly, civil societies and church leaders of which the Project Coordinator of Minority Rights Group International Marusca Perazzi said that they 

South Sudan: There Is Hope Indeed Our Vice President Dr. Riak Machar!
Forgiveness will only make us see ourselves not an outlaw to ourselves because of the extreme emotional handicap we are but a great magical of self-esteem compared to our current political, economic, social life today as 
South Sudanese nationals. 

South Sudan rewards Ugandans
New Vision
By Johnson Were in Juba GOMBE SS girls handball team in has bagged US5700 (sh14.5m) cash prize from the government South Sudan. The undersecretary in South Sudan’s ministry of Youth, Culture and sports Peter Baptist Abakar handed over the cash prize to 

Clinton Says US Prepared to Assist South Sudan [document]
Middle East North Africa Financial Network
Washington, Dec 16, 2011 (United States Department of State/All Africa Global Media via COMTEX) — South Sudan’s independence marks the beginning of its challenge to become a state that will offer opportunities to all of its people, and Secretary of ..

NGOs can and should help South Sudan along the path to peace and prosperity
The Guardian
The South Sudan international engagement conference, held in Washington DC this week, was the Republic of South Sudan’s formal debut before international donors and private investors. Organised by USAid, the US agency for international development, 

South Sudan: Government Should Import Large Buses to Tackle Transport Problem
One of the questions to be asked is whether the national ministry responsible for transport has ever thought of importing large buses from countries like China and others which have recognized South Sudan and are also trade partners with it? 

Remarks by Hillary Clinton at the International Engagement Conference for 
New Sudan Vision
Thank you very much, Assistant Secretary Johnnie Carson, who has been an absolutely essential leader on behalf of our policies in Africa and in particular with respect to South Sudan. And I want publicly to thank him for all of his work. 

Humanitarian needs must take priority in South Sudan, warn aid agencies
The Guardian
Speaking at a two-day development and investment conference for South Sudan in Washington DC, Hillary Clinton said the newly-independent country had the potential to be “one of Africa’s breadbaskets”. Clinton, the US secretary of state, indicated that 

South Sudan: UN envoy hails Vice-President’s appeal for reconciliation in Jonglei
UN News Centre
The head of the United Nations peacekeeping mission in South Sudan has welcomed an appeal by the country’s Vice-President Riek Machar to communities in the troubled Jonglei state to refrain from violence and to immediately engage in talks on 

Food aid urgent in South Sudan – UN
Now R153.95 Juba – Around 2.7 million people in South Sudan will require food aid from 2012 with crop failures and violence hitting Africa’s newest nation hard, the UN said on Thursday. South Sudanwon its independence from Sudan in July but the new 

EDITORIAL: The great assault on the history of South Sudan
New Sudan Vision
THE NEW SUDAN VISION –The independence of South Sudan did not just come to us by chance; it was fought for with a combination of hearts, and minds. But if there is something that a sizeable percentage of South Sudanese have learned or appreciated about 

Our man in South Sudan
Irish Times
AFRICA: This year, the Republic of South Sudan officially became a state, thanks in no small part to a diminutive former priest from Co Meath, who also has gunrunning, renegade militancy and newspaper publishing on his CV. EOIN BUTLER travels to South 

South Sudan: Clinton Says US Prepared to Assist South Sudan
Washington — South Sudan’s independence marks the beginning of its challenge to become a state that will offer opportunities to all of its people, and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton says the Obama administration is prepared to help the new 

Former Weeki Wachee mermaid seeks help for Sudan
Their first assignment was in a village in South Sudan, where they served for three years, utilizing their professions in a variety of ways before they were assigned work in Congo. Last month, Heather, 32, sent out an urgent e-mail appeal to her 
South Sudan president denies arming rebels in north
Washington Times
By Ashish Kumar Sen **FILE** South Sudan’s President Salva Kiirr (center) and Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir (right) stand July 9, 2011, on the podium at the start of independence celebrations in Juba, South SudanSouth Sudan raised the flag of its ..

A group of youths in Budi County are hiding in bushes in fear of security operatives. This comes after Monday’s crack down on some youths believed to be engaged in crimes in Chukudum town. Over sixty youth were arrested by Security officers.
Radio Emmanuel reported that the youths and some intellectuals who escaped arrest still fear to return to their homes.
The County Secretary of South Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Commission in Budi County, Margaret Nakong and former commissioner Oreste Lopara are among the intellectuals hiding up with the youth in the bushes. The source also disclosed that Budi County Youth Leader Mr. Carta and Secondary school teacher Mr. Isaac Moi are still in detention.
The state government sent a team of Budi County MPS and Intellectuals to Chukudum following the news that security officials arrested more than 60 youths in Budi County, a move that has created tension in the area.
A source said that the new Commissioner of Budi County, Maurice Merisiya Kaunda, ordered the arrest of the youths following allegations that some of them were planning to demonstrate against his administration.

Dear Honorable Members of Parliament, EESLA
As you might well be aware, Hon. Emmanuel Ambrose Ocholimoi, who is the Speaker of Eastern Equatoria State Legislative Assembly (EESLA), has been involved in a rape case with a legally married wife of a fellow Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) Officer, Sgt. Major Athagiri James Ohide. The fact of the matter is, as Speaker of EESLA, he has, despite the onus of responsibility placed upon him as a constitutional post-holder, and his awareness of the conditions his victim as an expectant mother, willfully forced her into unwanted sex which, within 48 hours forced the woman to terminate prematurely her four-month pregnancy. More deplorable is the futile efforts by the Speaker, and a battery of his close associates and fixers to have the case concealed from being known to the husband of the victim, or her close relatives, the mental anguish the raped woman had to endure for nearly 20 months (April 2010 to November 2011), notwithstanding.
Because of Speaker’s promiscuous behavior, he had deliberately abused and indeed misused the powers of his office as a constitutional post-holder despite hisawareness of rape as the most intolerable form of violence against women by a person expected to be the principal custodian of the Eastern Equatoria State Legislative Assembly (EESLA) and its statutes.
As an SPLM Party List Member of Parliament (MP), the Speaker has not only gone against the grain of the principles enshrined in the SPLM constitution, but that he has as well desecrated the Constitution of Eastern Equatoria State (EES), to which he is the principal custodian, as well as the South Sudan Constitution, being the highest law of the country.
At the outset, it must be stated here that, gender- based violence is a hydra-headed problem and those that were prevalent in South Sudan includes but not limited to rape, husbands beating their wives, denial of girl-child education, forced and early marriages, and wife inheritance.
In the just concluded 16-day (November 25 to December 10, 2011), Activism Against Violence, a United Nations global campaign dedicated to fight violence against women, Mr. Theodore Rectenwald, the Senior Human Rights Officer at the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), had revealed that, ‘most gender-based violence victims choose to suffer in silence than come forward because of stigma’. His appeal on this occasion highlighted the Bill of Rights, which form an integral part of the Transitional National Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan , 2011. This constitution contains a number of rights, among them, the explicit right to be free from rape, the right to life, dignity and integrity of every person and to have the states taking all possible steps to provide protection against rape victims, because it constitutes a violation of their dignity and sexual integrity.
The same constitution obligates lawmakers and, in thiscase, MPs of Eastern Equatoria State Legislative Assembly (EESLA), and the people of Eastern Equatoria State (EES) to expose without fear or favorin compelling perpetrators of violence against women,including those in authority to account for their unruly behaviors.
The Speaker of EESLA, who raped and sexually abused the wife of an SPLA officer at his EES government– allocated residence/premises, witnessed by the government-employed security guards, cooks and watchman who knew something had gone wrong between the victim and the Speaker when the woman cried for help on being raped by the Speaker, but to no avail. The Speaker cannot therefore escape to account for his beastly exploits and must resign his position, or removed by EESLA members as Speaker of EESLA.
The effects of the rape are quite staggering. The assault on the helpless rape victim in April 2010 had as pointed above, resulted into a rape-induced miscarriage of a 4-month fetus, which in itself is a murder. The assault also exposed the victim to any of the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including the deadly HIV, since no protection materials were used during the forced intercourse.
Moreover, the assault on the powerless further inflicted a severe physical and psychological pain on the victim to the extent that she felt ignominiously embarrassed, powerless and disgusted to tell her husband about the incident, for the next nineteen months, since the rape took place. Furthermore, the victim still could not believe, and if it were not for the rape that led her to abort prematurely the lost child would have turned fifteen (15) months old by December 2011. Moreover, the victim is still so scared of the potential threat on her life and the family, including the husband, as well as her marriage.
Nevertheless, in spite of the magnitude of the rape case as terrible form of violence against women, the eerie silence not to reveal the case has been quite disturbing. In particular, the EES Speaker’s frantic efforts to prevent the case from being revealed to the victim’s immediate husband have been unsustainable, to say the least, the mental torture, painful and demeaning experience and suffering in silence that therape victim underwent, notwithstanding.
In fact, much as the rape victim would have wished to inform her husband, or any of her close relatives, the case remained undisclosed until for nearly twenty months (April 2010 to November 2011) since the rape took place. This even made the victim’s husband, when the incident became known to wonder if his wife did not in the first place really consented to have sex with the Speaker rather than a rape.
Actually, the rape victim disclosed, other than the shame she had to undergo because of the obnoxious rape, external pressure has also been building around her so as not to reveal the case. These included threats and intimidation that created a climate of fear,blackmail, and outright manipulation.
Hence, in efforts for rape victim not to reveal the case to her husband, or anybody else for that matter, the EES Speaker has since the rape incident continued to make calls to the victim, urging her not to reveal his name for fear of losing his position as Speaker of Eastern Equatoria State Legislative Assembly (EESLA).Besides his indefensible supplications, the raped woman argued that two groups of people, which included two of Speaker’s close associates (oneCounty Commissioner , and the other a cabinet minister in Easter Equatoria State government) and a group of women, had constantly reminded her not to make any stupid move to break her silence. Instead, she should continue to keep the rape case a secret.
For example, a group of women, probably sent by the Speaker himself, has been busy in making sure the raped woman never let her husband know about what had taken place, citing the dire consequences if it ever was known. Reason being, the consequence could be dire in that her husband may kill the Speaker or vice versa, and that the blame would forever be on her for having brought that about. It was therefore up to her, the women kept on warning, to choose between sufferings in silence, or face the wrath of community ostracism for an anticipated murderer by proxy.

The EES Speaker also used the closeness of his friends to the SPLA soldier as well to his wife, to work tirelessly to make certain the case remained concealed, within the families involved, as soon as the rape incident became public knowledge, at least to the relatives of the victim. The Speaker therefore used EES Minister of Labor, Public Service and Human Resource who hails from the same village as the powerless woman, and the Torit County Commissioner who comes from the same village as the SPLA Officer, as his trusted fixers at concealment.
As expected, each set of the Speaker’s seemingly fixers and advisers made sure the victim was at all times reminded of what would befall either her husband or the Speaker in case of any reckless move from her side. It then followed that, despite the painful ordeal the woman underwent because of the rape and its consequences, the woman struggled to maintain mum and preferred to suffer in silence.
Though the EES Speaker and his close associates strenuously wanted the rape case concealed, the silence was broken. The wife of the Speaker herself, despite the case being a rape, still had other ideas that perhaps relations between her husband and the supposed raped woman might have been consensual. At any rate, details of the revelation of the case would be beyond the scope of this petition, since there is already substantial evidence to that effect. For example, there is a tape that recorded statement of the Speaker’s wife informing the husband of the rape victim, and the traditional rite and rituals, whichinvolved killing of a goat, which the Speaker himself accepted to perform on the family at the family’s residence to acknowledge that he indeed did rape his victim. Suffice it therefore to say that, the wife of the Speaker could no longer bear the pain of her husband’s heinous actions of rape that, among other things, resulted into induced murder; she decided voluntarily to expose the rape incident to the victim’s husband and family by revealing to them the full details of the incident.
The SPLA officer’s reaction to the humiliation of his wife by his colleague, neighbor, and tribesman and, above all, the Speaker of EESLA in whom every familyin Eastern Equatoria State (EES) has entrusted their lives through their representatives was anger and bitterness, so much so that he even contemplated harming the Speaker. It was only because of his good family upbringing and roots, military discipline, respect for the rule of law, that he sought advice of his immediate family members and clan elders on how to deal with the Speaker and go about the matter. To this effect, he received appropriate advice not to use any physical means against the Speaker, but instead move to resolve the matter peacefully, through the due process of the relevant institutions – beginning with the Eastern Equatoria State Legislative Assembly (EESLA).
Whereas the peaceful initiative is still going on and the rape victim is yet to undergo medical checkup to determine her health status, after the obnoxious forced and unprotected sexual intercourse with the Speaker, the moral and constitutional seriousness of the matter remains unresolved.
Therefore, members of EESLA, the most important branch of EES government and a lawmaking body for Eastern Equatoria State (EES), as well as the EES SPLM Chairman, who also is Governor of EES, Mr. Louis Lobong Lojore, therefore, have their work cut inswiftly instituting proceedings aimed at removing Mr.Emmanuel Ambrose Ocholimoi from office, for he hasmisused and abused his constitutional powers and the values and principles of SPLM. These institutions – EESLA and SPLM – have to do the needful, in view of the Bill of rights as enshrined in the United Nations Charter, and as well as the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan (TCRSS), with special emphasis on the defense of women rights in general, and rape victims in particular in the Republic of South Sudan (RSS).
Moreover, the defense of the constitution and the Bill of Rights are not the only reasons why EES parliament must remove its Speaker, but because of some of the following.
SPLM controls EESLA, and is the ruling party in EES government. As soon as the rape case came into public attention, attempts by members of EESLA august house to debate the issue in an attempt to pass its decision on its wayward Speaker have all come to naught. The EESLA Speaker already knew what the outcome of debate would result into, not least impeachment. But since the MPs are duty-bound to discuss the issue and probably come up with disciplinary measures befitting the offense, the Speaker instead went on the offensive by beginning tointimidate and harass SPLM members in parliament, warning them not to pursue the rape case, or else they faced dismissal from the party.
Indeed, it has to be reiterated here that, EESLA members must not fear to remove the Speaker because by not doing so would mean they had already compromised their position as representatives of the citizen of EES and not conforming to the values and principles of the SPLM, while at the same time providing the enemies of the party more ammunitions that were expected to undermine its very foundation as a people’s current dominant party. This is because, the SPLM we know as stipulated in its 2011 constitution respects the rights of its members, and indeed does not tolerate sexual assault, rape andmurder especially when these have been committedby its leadership and, above all constitutional post-holders as is the case for EESLA Speaker. Moreover, SPLM members should strive to ensure that the Speaker was removed, unless SPLM members of EESLA are trying to send a wrong message that sexual abuse, rape and murder are acceptable at the law-making institution, by its members, or in Eastern Equatoria State (EES).
In the Republic of South Sudan , the national government is trying its best to hold citizens accused of sexual assaults, rape and murder, among others, accountable for their actions. These have been enshrined in the various statutes, with legal institutions established throughout the country to realize compliance and penalties, and EESLA is no exception.This is an opportunity for EES authorities and parliament to follow the examples of the national government to fight against sexual assault and rape cases to gain and improve its image.
In fact, EES parliament cannot afford and must not permit having another case added to the already underlying chronic food shortages, lack of basic services, few economic opportunities as well as cattlerustling, armed robbery, banditry and tension over land and natural resources. The total sums of all these and others have altogether demoted the state to Level 4 Security as depicted by the NGOs working and operating in the state.
Indeed, given the magnitude of the sexual assault, rape, and murder involving the EES Speaker, and the wife of a fellow SPLA Officer, the potential impact on the EESLA and the SPLM are obvious. It is therefore imperative that EESLA as an institution and its members as lawmakers, and as well as the SPLM, and the EES authority have no other choice but to improve their respective images. It is crucial it embarks on this by not allowing the sexual assault, rape and murder involving the Speaker, and any government official to become the heritage of EES and its institution, but do the needful by throwing the rape case into the dustbin of history by having the Speaker removed without delay. The move by EES Honorable Members can serve as a deterrent for future transgressors throughout South Sudan .
As soon as South Sudan became a full-fledge nation on July 9, 2011, it joined the community of nations in recognizing the basic values and principles of human life that formed the United Nations Charter, 1945. As it were, according to UN Declaration on Human Rights “no body has any rights to hurt or torture anybody”. Currently, the UN Human Right in South Sudan is investigating a number of rape cases in the Republic of South Sudan , including this one, involving EESLA Speaker. While the UN findings are yet to be made public, there is no doubt that this rape case is about to damage the image and reputation of EESLA as a lawmaking institution in the State, and its members – the legitimate representative of the people. Unless EES parliament is prepared to act according to the constitution to the dictates of the various national, state, and international statutes, the implication is that EESLA members cannot but be blamed as condoning sexual violence against women. The constitution obliges the lawmakers and courts to prosecute its perpetrators, whatsoever. In the event EES parliament does not hold the Speaker accountable, SPLM Party faces the choice to choose between the evil acts of itsbadly behaved Speaker by maintaining him in his position, or do well by respecting SPLM values and principles and therefore discipline its errant member.
In every EES societies, the family is the building block of social cohesion and stability in which the father is head and role model. As a state, the Speaker is the father of parliament and its principal custodian. Regarded as a role model for all the representatives, electorates and families in the state, and it is foreign for every community in EES to claim that rape and murder such as those committed by the EESLA Speaker is an individual case.
Unfortunately, or fortunately, the Speaker has become a victim of his misguided deeds by preying on the wife of one of his constituents; thus dishonoring his status. More odious is the fact that, he has all long been trying to hide and cover the incident by attempting to convince state lawmakers that the issue is personal and private. Surely, the act of penetration may be an individual and private decision.Nevertheless, the consequences of sexual assaults, rape and murder are never personal and private because families, clans, communities and societies suffer together, in one way or the other.
Therefore, the Speaker’s insistence that the sexual assault, rape and murder case he committed are private and individual matters are misleading arguments intended to cover the impact of the problem to SPLM, the state and its people. It therefore follows that, if the rape case is left unresolved through parliament, the current EES parliament risk choosing between defending the rights of EES families as theirelected representatives. In a similar reasoning, failure by the EESLA MPs to so the needful meant the members of the august house will be accused of entertaining the use of sexual assaults to not only create physical pain and suffering, but also to degrade the rape victim and her family, clan and community, let alone the state as a whole. Parliament therefore has to maintain its credibility as enshrined in the constitution (of RSS); it must remove the Speaker.
As Christians, we understand the teachings of the Christ on sexual immorality, which points that, rape is a willful sin that pollutes human body. It is therefore the duty of parliamentarians, the majority of whom profess Christianity and its values go to Church every Sunday, to act according to their beliefs and Christian values by removing the Speaker on the strength of the acts of sexual assaults, rape and murder as evil.
The husband of the rape victim is an SPLA Officer. As an SPLA soldier, and like any of his compatriots brought us the freedom we all now enjoy in the Republic of South Sudan , and indeed expected continue to protect this nation and its citizen against any external aggression. Therefore, the Speaker’s dreadful action on the wife of SPLA Officer is deplorable, as it is unacceptable. The responsibility of EES parliament is therefore to hold him accountable for having committed a grave offense against the wife of an SPLA soldier who, like the entire gallant SPLA soldiers, is our protectors against any potential foreign threats. Nevertheless, the Speaker’s actions are indeed a perfect distraction to the military to defend the sovereignty of South Sudan , a move that certain influence the SPLA soldier to turn its energy against its institutions and leadership terrorizing and abusing their families, the consequences of which would be immeasurable. This is a scary scenario that EES parliament must not be associated with whatsoever. It is therefore instructive for EESLA MPs to remove a single heinous offender from its midst than offending the sacred institution of the EESLA its entire members, as well as the government institutions in EES, through destroying families of those who are providing security to our country
In conclusion, therefore, the shameless escapades of Mr. Ocholimoi’s beastly behavior are indeed untenable as he should have, at all times, exercised greater discretion on account of the onus of responsibility of public office that he holds as Speaker of EESLA, a reminder that should have at all times served as a straight jacket to behave otherwise. That the rape case of the Speaker against the wife of an SPLA Officer is already common knowledge, it is instructive that the embattled Speaker must do the obvious: resign his position as the Speaker of EESLA or else the EESLA must impeach him. The other option left is for the SPLM Party to recommend for his removal from the position, which rests entirely on the shoulders of Mr. Luis Lobong Lobong as SPLM chairman in EES.