Archive for December 28, 2011

South Sudan: Rethinking the Energy Curse

Posted: December 28, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Economy

By A.L. Parlow in Washington D.C.
Following nearly a half-century of war and a jubilant independence on July 9, 2011, leaders of the world’s newest nation, South Sudan, came to Washington D.C. to express cautious optimism for what is likely to be a long road to recovery for a deeply impoverished war-torn country whose substantial petroleum reserves are being viewed as a catalyst for development.
president south sudan
Under the terms of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the government of Sudan and the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement, a referendum on the question of independence was conducted after 56 years of grinding war between the North and South that left some 2 million southerners dead and millions displaced. The January 2011 referendum was approved by more than 99 percent of voters, now waiting for the benefits of peace.

The U.S.–hosted meetings, billed as an ‘International Engagement Conference for South Sudan,’ emphasized private sector development, good governance and accountability.

A key purpose of the Conference – which included officials from private companies, diplomats and international aid officials from Sudan, the United Kingdom, Norway, Turkey, the European Union, the United Nations, the African Union, the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation – was dedicated to understand South Sudan’s strategic development priorities and broker investment opportunities.

But, just as U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and President Salva Kiir (picture) spoke of South Sudan’s exhaustive challenges, reports of bombardments in the oil rich border regions by the Republic of Sudan underscored the severity of the challenges for a war–torn nation without roads, electricity or markets, and social indicators amongst the world’s worst.

South Sudan Defied the Odds

The Secretary of State found grounds for optimism in petroleum development as she both congratulated South Sudan’s 150 representatives of a nation that she said, “defied the odds” by simply being born. Clinton also warned of the downside of petroleum development that can be a “resource curse.” She cautioned against policies that can create a government dependent solely upon petroleum taxes and overvalued currencies while enriching a small elite.

Emphasis on Trade

In his remarks, President Kiir, wearing a cowboy hat presented by Senator John Kerry of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee, described his development vision, and said that South Sudan intends, in part, to bridge the development gap by using petroleum as the centerpiece for sustainable and equitable long–term development.
The 400 participants at the conference broadly identified a range of tools, investment supports and humanitarian aid to help drive South Sudan’s development.

Acknowledging the practical constraints of its economy, U.S. policy–makers placed considerable emphasis on opening barriers to trade, with some much needed humanitarian and development aid to help put South Sudan in a stronger position as its development potential unfolds.

U.S. Trade Representative, Ron Kirk, announced that the U.S. has launched a review for South Sudan’s eligibility for two major trade preference programs: the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) and the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) which offers duty-free treatment for a broad variety of products.

The U.S. also announced the newly–lifted sanctions would allow for greater investments in the petroleum industry, formerly prohibited.

Strategic Re–balance: North and South

Directly following the Washington meetings, South Sudan’s Minister of Petroleum and Mining, Stephen Dhieu Dau, left for another round of north-south negotiations in Addis, hosted for the past 18 months by the African Union High–Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP), only to emerge once again deadlocked, although scheduled to meet again in January 2012 with the petroleum industry present to resolve core issues between the two new countries.

The oil–dependent parties remain far apart from resolving key underlying issues: pipeline transit fee tariffs per barrel of oil, use of oil infrastructure port fees, cash transfers for a combination of arrearages, outstanding debts and transitional financial arrangements – between $5.8 billion USD and $7.77 billion. South Sudan’s position links the tariff and fee issues with status of the oil and grazing–rich lands of Abyei, and demarcation of the South Kordofan, Blue Nile and other disputed borders.

China’s Behind–the–Scenes Role

China’s absence from the meetings loomed large. China, which imports nearly one–third of its crude oil from Africa, is crucial to South Sudan’s petroleum development. South Sudan is 98 percent dependent on revenues from petroleum pumped by Chinese, Malaysian and Indian producers.

Even as South Sudan is financially benefiting, The Republic of Sudan, to the north, was hard hit by the loss of its petroleum concessions along with South Sudan’s independence. Khartoum’s lost an estimated 75 percent of its pre–independence oil revenues – with most of the oil production located in the landlocked south – and also, according to the International Monetary Fund, 90 percent of its exports.

Although it is generally unknown exactly how much money China has invested in Sudan, the U.S. Foreign Military Studies Office reported some $20 billion USD, “apart from soft loans, grants and other forms of aid.” This formerly cross–border and now two–nation oil play straddles the unstable and yet not fully marked north–south border – a virtual powder keg. With billions at stake, and a substantial appetite for energy resources, China – a typically risk–averse global leader that is reputed to stay out of internal affairs – has opted for a behind–the–scenes role in the deadlocked AUHIP negotiations – that followed Khartoum’s blockade of about 200,000 barrels a day – in order to protect its investments.

Co-existence is crucial. All of the refineries and the port are located in the north’s Port Sudan fed by the Chinese–built pipelines that delivers the petroleum from south to north. A proposed pipeline that would move south through Kenya is unlikely to happen any time soon. In any event, peace is better than war.

Refining South Sudan’s Road Map

In a series of developments following the D.C. meetings, South Sudan appears to be refining its road map by better leveraging its natural resources. Following the collapse of the Addis Ababa talks, the Washington Post reported that South Sudan’s Petroleum Ministry “summoned” the China National Petroleum Corp. (CNPC) along with the other state–controlled Malaysian and Indian partners to South Sudan’s capital city, Juba, to discuss an issue – one that is directly linked to prevent the “resource curse” – the renegotiation of the contracts inherited from Khartoum.

Renegotiating the contracts appears to be a shot-across-the-bow that would kick–start a national strategy to tackle social, environmental, equitability, corruption and other challenges, allowing petroleum revenues to meaningfully fuel development.

Generally, facts about the petroleum industry in South Sudan are obscure. The agreements between the Government and the companies on production rights, contracts, refineries, and pipe-lines are generally secret; the country’s oil production is not independently verified; the companies generally do not issue reports; but are assumed to generate substantial profits.


Several suggestions mentioned at the D.C. Conference both reinforced South Sudan’s new Petroleum Law and suggested others, including crucial elements of regulatory rigor to development reliable geologic information, produce taxation policies that reward the state without scaring away investors.

The petroleum strategies are being developed to take into account both benefits – revenues, taxes, export earnings, jobs – and costs – environment, social, tariffs and border challenges. For example, President Kiir noted that South Sudan would implement the Extractive Industries’ Transparency Initiative (EITI) in its “publish what you pay” requirement for transparency at both the industry and government levels would help to incentivize Juba’s commitment to good governance.

Further, several Juba representatives indicated an interest in attracting Western companies, some of whom in 2001 sold their stakes to the Chinese, Malaysian and Indian companies following shareholder actions – well before the CPA – that alleged complicity with accusations of state sanctioned rights abuses. The potential for return, to some extent, depends upon both stability and the longevity of the resources.

Corporate Social Responsibility

Challenging the “resource curse” is complex, but not insurmountable. The Petroleum Ministry’s strategic regulatory direction along with its development mandate fits quite easily into the corporate social responsibility ‘best practices’ model – no longer a soft issue for the petroleum industry.

It would be, perhaps, useful for South Sudan to develop a rigorous framework within which it can define its CSR strategy that can serve as a tool both for the AUHIC negotiations and as a complement Juba’s regulatory and development strategies. The Washington conference created a measure of enthusiasm. The South Sudanese must now lead the way.

A.L. Parlow from A.L. Parlow & Associates, has advised CEOs, top managers, government and non–governmental organizations on corporate social responsibility strategies, both in the United States on BP–related projects and worldwide. Parlow wrote reports on Sudan for Human Rights Watch during Sudan’s civil war. See:

Success from afar, South Sudan refugee boy ranked 4th
ntvkenya One of the surprises in the KCPE 2011 results was the excellent performance by a Sudanese refugee. Kuol Tito Yak was number 4 in the whole county with 440 marks. NTV’s Rose Wangui traced his humble abode in Nairobi’s Kawangware 

South Sudan: IDPs Arrives, RRC Commends Their Return
Addressing this happiest group of South Sudanese about their safe and sound arrival to Juba the capital city of their independent nation, after serious struggle for nationhood that displaced thousands and claimed many lives, Duer assured them that the 

What Are the Historians Doing in Regards to Heroic Deeds of South Sudan Women
The women of South Sudan in the liberation struggle of our country had contributed relentlessly. Their contributions can be categorized in several fields and each of these fields requires special attention of the historians to document its 

South Sudan to investigate army shooting of Christian worshipers
Monsters and
Johannesburg – South Sudan has pledged to investigate an incident on Christmas Eve, when a solider shot dead four civilians and another soldier at a church, local media reported Wednesday. In the incident, which occurred in Khorfulus district in 

Refugee Crisis in South Sudan
Voice of America
December 28, 2011 Refugee Crisis in South Sudan Joe DeCapua The medical aid group Doctors Without Borders is reporting a refugee crisis in South Sudan’s Upper Nile State. It says 60 thousand people have fled fighting just across the border in Sudan. 

Sudan Committed to Good Relations with South Sudan
Sudan Vision
The meeting tackled Sudan relations with the EU countries and the role they can play in supporting the stability of neighborly relations between the states of Sudan andSouth Sudan in the political, economic, trade and food fields. 

Ban voices deep concern at ethnic tensions in South Sudan
UN News Centre
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon expressed deep concern today about continuing ethnic tensions in South Sudan’s Jonglei state, where there are reports of fresh rounds of deadly clashes and claims that thousands of armed youth are preparing to attack 
South Sudan: Rethinking the energy curse
Following nearly a half-century of war and a jubilant independence on July 9, 2011, leaders of the world’s newest nation, South Sudan, came to Washington DC to express cautious optimism for what is likely to be a long road to recovery for a deeply

South Sudan
, Israel Establish Strong Alliance

July 12, 2011, barely two weeks after it had declared its independence from the radical Islamic state of Sudan, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu promised Israel’s assistance to the new nation of South Sudan “in any way. 

The SSPLA/SSPLM is fighting to establish United Sudan base on confederal system whereby the central government is base in Khartoum and represented by all two Sudan states.


Dear SSLM/A Leaders,
I would like to inform both SSDM/SSDA and SSLM/SSLA that  I,Tong Lual Ayat, and a former Chairman of United Democratic Party ( UDP) was arrested by the SPLM/SPLA in Northern Bhar el Ghazal- Aweil has being planning the rebelleous with in Six Month now. Today, i have successfully managed to rebelleous against the government of dictatorship Salva Kiir in Juba and formed South Sudan People Liberation Movement and South Sudan People Liberation Army ( SSPLA/SSPLM). Please put this in all the websites as the breaking news. We are going to met your leadership soon. Attachment is above for SSPLM/SSPLA programs for both English and Arabic.
with Many thanks.
Major General
Tong Lual Ayat
Chairman of
42K   View   Download
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم444.doc بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم444.doc
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New Rebel Group Launches in South Sudan

South Sudan People Liberation Movement and South Sudan People Liberation Army (SSPLM/SSPLA)
Programs of Action
Renk, Republic of South Sudan
Addresses: E: mail.
Mobile: 0911019836

1. Introduction 03
2. Objectives of SSPLM/SSPLA 03
3. Strategy to achieve liberation struggle 04
4. Political structure (NLC) 05
5. Military structure (MRC) 06
6. Confederation system in Sudan 07
7. Conclusion 07

December 28, 2011 (SSNA) — South Sudan People Liberation Movement and South Sudan People Liberation Army (SSPLM/SSPLA), emerged as a result, of marginalization of all the South Sudan political parties and civil society, failure to adopt a viable political road map which can galvanize and reward the Southern people for their victorious achievement of a just peace, the rampant corruption perpetrated by the SPLM-led government in Juba, neglect of the families of the martyrs in the war of liberation and the rigging of the people’s vote by the SPLM/A in the last elections and the SPLM/SPLA failures to delivered basic services to the citizens of the South. Also, the embezzlements of public funds by the clique in the government have encouraged us to take up arms.

The SSPLA/SSPLM is fighting to establish United Sudan base on confederal system whereby the central government is base in Khartoum and represented by all two Sudan states. South Sudanese are fate up with the corrupt government of Salva Kiir Mayardit and therefore, all citizens of south Sudan are eager to see the Juba government been topple as soon as possible.

Objectives of the SSPLA/SSPLM.
1. To topple the corrupt government of Salva Kiir Mayardit
2. To establishment United Sudan base on confederal system in two Sudan’s
3. To coordinate all the rebels fighting Salva government to form alliance
4. To mobilizes all deserters and demobilizes soldiers
5. To extend the war to Equatoria and close down all the roads
6. To open up several training centers
7. To make aggressive mobilizations in order to reach 30,000 soldiers with in a three months.

Strategy of the movement (SSPLM/SSPLA)
A general strategy to transform a movement into a genuine liberation movement. It consists of the following highlights.
1. Establishment of a South Sudan People Liberation Movement (SSPLM) and South Sudan People Liberation Army (SSPLA) to wage a protracted armed struggle.
2. To engage the enemy through guerrilla harassments in semi-conventional engagements in order to maintain the momentum of war.
3. The SSPLA must regroup the scattered fighting forces in South Sudan.
4. Establishment of effective propaganda machinery to involve as many as possible.
5. In order to be able to regroup and politicize the forces effectively, the SSPLA shall need to establish its own camps, in the following areas.
1: Meram. 2: Renk. 3: Maban
6. Establishment of political office in all countries to pursue external contacts for military and other assistances. Such offices will, of course be under the supervision of the SSPLM Headquarters.
7. Transformation of the fighting units in the field into organic units of the SSPLA.
8. Politicization and militarization of the peasantry
9. Contacting other political parties in South Sudan with view of forming a United Front.
10. To seek and obtain intellectual, moral, military and other material assistance from any country or international organization that is sympathetic to the aims and objectives of the SSPLA/SSPLM.
Political Structure

National Liberation Council (NLC)
1. Chairman and commander in chief.
2. Deputy Chairman and commander in Chief.
3. Secretary general of the Movement
4. Secretary for defence
5. Secretary for security Affairs
6. Secretary for political affairs
7. Secretary for information and culture
8. Secretary for foreign relations
9. Secretary for finance
10. Secretary for Finance
11. Secretary for religious affairs.
Military Structure

Military revolutionary Council (MRC).
1. Chairman and commander in chief
2. Deputy Chairman and commander in chief
3. Secretary for Defence
4. Secretary for security Affairs and information gathering
5. Commander of Unity state
6. Commander of Jonglei State
7. Commander of Central Equatoria state
8. Commander of western Equatoria state
9. Commander of Eastern equatoria State
10. Commander Lakes state
11. Commander of Warrap State
12. Commander Western Bhar el Ghazal States
13. Commander of Upper Nile state
14. Commander of Northern Bhar el Ghazal state.
Confederations system in Sudan.

South Sudanese are now regret why they have decided to vote for separation of the south Sudan which will not be viable, insecure and non productive, instead of maintaining the system of confederation,” so that Sudan will be one country which is viable and secure. In South Sudan, People felt that the current situation is worseness under the leadership of the most dangerous dictator Salva Kiir Mayardit who does not even have mercy on his own citizen of south Sudan and willing to kill any southerner who will object to his tyranny rule.

We are now fighting to establish confederal system in the Sudan where by the central government shall be in Khartoum with all cabinet and legislature in the national capital Khartoum as a symbolic of the unity of the country. To have other government in the centre will not be objected or opposed by the citizens of south Sudan because a it is the creation of the jobs for those who are yawing or eyeing for positions.


All the rebels in the republic of South Sudan needs to coordinate and work together and chose to have one central command and put all the difference soldiers of the rebel groups under the command of one rebel commander and assisted by all the defence secretaries of the various rebels in order to speed up the liberation of the whole of South Sudan sooner rather than later on.

Prepared by Major General Tong Lual Ayat
Chairman of South Sudan people Liberation Movement and commander in chief South Sudan People Liberation Army (SSPLM/SSPLA).

Eight positions Available for Community Driven Development Facilitators

Posted: December 28, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Jobs

Danish Refugee Council is looking for 8 South Sudanese team members with TOT certification and experience in community capacity building especially in the areas of rapid rural appraisal or needs assessment, training CBOs or LNGOs in proposal writing including budget formulation, or in technical skills in the areas of WASH, construction, agriculture, food security and livelihoods.Positions will be based in Terekeka and rural Juba County of Central Equatoria State.

Please send cover letter and CV to project.manager.yei or jobjuba. Please only list certificates – there is no need to scan and attach if you are short listed we will expect you to bring originals with you for verification.

Note: applications returned to drc.ssudan will NOT be considered. This is a test of your ability to read and follow instructions.

Susan Watkins
Country Director
Danish Refugee Council
South Sudan


Reec Akuak

Vice President

The South Sudanese Community, USA

Growth — Development — Community

202.656.TSSC (8772)

Direct/Cell: 202.596.6009

Fax: 202.280.1007

JD CDD Facilitator.doc

Beijing Launches Its Own GPS Rival

Posted: December 28, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in World


BEIJING—China has begun operating a homegrown satellite navigation service that is designed to provide an alternative to the U.S. Global Positioning System and, according to defense experts, could help the Chinese military to identify, track and strike U.S. ships in the region in the event of armed conflict.


ImaginechinaVisitors looked at a model of the Beidou satellite-navigation system in Shanghai in May. The system started providing positioning services Tuesday.

The Beidou Navigation Satellite System started providing initial positioning, navigation and timing services to China and its “surrounding areas” on Tuesday, Ran Chengqi, a spokesman for the system, told a news conference.

He said China had so far launched 10 satellites for the Beidou system, including one this month, and planned to put six more in orbit in 2012 to enhance the system’s accuracy and expand its service to cover most of the Asia Pacific region.

The system isn’t as believed to be as accurate as the U.S. GPS. Nonetheless, China has made significant advances in the field thanks to a spate of satellite launches since 2009, according to a paper by Eric Hagt and Matthew Durnin published in the Journal of Strategic Studies in October.

“Although China still has a long way to go before it has continuous real-time tactical coverage, even of a regional maritime environment, it now has frequent and dependable coverage of stationary targets and at least a basic ability to identify, track and target vessels at sea,” they wrote.

“Based purely on capabilities, with a space-based reconnaissance system as the backbone, China is clearly acquiring greater ability not only to defend against intruding aircraft carriers but to project force as well.”

China’s Ministry of Defense didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment. Beidou—which means Big Dipper in Mandarin—is run by the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp., one of the main state-owned contractors for the Chinese space program, which is largely controlled by the Chinese military.

China began building Beidou in 2000 with the goal of creating its own global system—called Compass—with 35 satellites, by 2020. The only other operational global system apart from GPS is Russia’s Glonass, although the European Union’s Galileo system is due to be completed by 2020.

Beidou, like GPS, will provide free civilian services that can be used in conjunction with commercially developed applications for use by drivers in private cars, monitor commercial trucks and ships and assist in natural disasters. It has the added advantage of supporting SMS messages, according to Mr. Ran.

He didn’t mention potential military applications at the news conference, a transcript of which was provided by the information office of China’s State Council, or Cabinet.

But the system will also give the Chinese military an alternative to GPS, which was developed by the Pentagon and is still controlled by the U.S. government. The U.S. could, in theory, disable or deny access to the system by others in the event of a conflict, although it says it never has done so in the past.

Military experts see Beidou as part of China’s efforts over the last 15 years to develop capabilities designed to deny or hinder U.S. naval access to waters around its shores in case Washington tries to intervene in a conflict—over Taiwan, for example, which Beijing sees as a rebel province.

The South China Sea is another potential flashpoint as tensions have been rising this year between China and neighboring countries that also claim territorial waters there. Beijing has repeatedly accused the U.S. of meddling in the issue and has warned it to cease surveillance operations in the area.

This year, China confirmed for the first time that it was developing an antiship ballistic missile that the Pentagon says may already be basically operational and eventually capable of hitting a moving aircraft carrier up to 1,700 miles, or 2,700 kilometers, from China’s shores.

Beidou could be used in conjunction with other satellites, drones and related technology to help track U.S. ships, position its own submarines and other vessels, and guide antiship ballistic missiles towards their targets, according to military experts.

It also gives China a significant tactical advantage over neighbors with whom it has territorial disputes, including India, which is developing its own regional satellite navigation system but doesn’t expect to complete it for several years.

China still lags behind the U.S in terms of how long, and how accurately, it can monitor any part of the globe from space: GPS, which was launched for civilian use in 1995, now consists of 30 satellites and can be accurate to within less than 10 meters, or 33 feet, although the U.S. military has access to more precise readings.

Mr. Ran said Beidou was accurate to within 25 meters and would reduce that to 10 meters by the end of next year. The Chinese military may also have access to more accurate data, but because China has fewer satellites, it cannot monitor the same spot for as long as the U.S.

China’s plans to develop a satellite positioning system are thought to date back to 1983 when Ronald Reagan announced plans to build space-based missile-defense systems in what became known as his “Star Wars” speech.

Beijing’s plans gained momentum after its military leaders noted the importance of GPS for U.S. forces during the first Gulf War in 1991. Five years later, Chinese military commanders were frustrated when they couldn’t locate two carrier groups that the U.S. deployed near Taiwan after China fired missiles into the sea off the island’s coast in a failed attempt to influence the outcome of an election there, according to several defense analysts.

China launched the first two satellites of an experimental system called Beidou-1 in 2000 and made it available to civilians in 2004, but the service wasn’t popular as its associated devices used to access the system—called terminals—were relatively large and much more expensive than GPS ones.

The system has been used, however, to coordinate the movement of Chinese troops, to help border guards patrol in remote areas, and to track fishing vessels in the South China Sea, according to Chinese state media.

In 2007, China launched the first satellite of its second-generation system, called Beidou-2, which is thought to use cheaper terminals and, unlike its predecessor, doesn’t require a ground station.

Mr. Ran said Beidou was now being used by more than 100,000 clients in China and had been used to help track government vehicles in the southern province of Guangdong, and to assist disaster-relief work after an earthquake in the western province of Sichuan in 2008.

He said it was compatible with the world’s other major global satellite navigation systems, and encouraged Chinese and foreign enterprises to help develop terminals that could use the Chinese network.

A preliminary version of the system’s Interface Control Document, which allows foreign and Chinese entities access to its basic technical data, was made available on the system’s website,, from Tuesday, he said.

Yearender: Sudan, South Sudan separation fails to bring in peace, stability

Posted: December 28, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

KHARTOUM, Dec. 27 (Xinhua) — The separation with the South marks the most prominent event in Sudan in 2011, yet the much- anticipated resolution of the ethnic dispute fell short of bringing in peace and stability between the North and the South.

With the Jan. 9 referendum producing an outright majority in favor of the South’s independence, lasting peace seemed achievable for the country that went through two civil wars, the second being fiercely fought for 23 years until a comprehensive ceasefire was signed in 2005.

Following the vote, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir issued a decree accepting the result of the referendum and his government declared its respect to the will of the voters.

On July 9, Juba, the capital of the South, witnessed the grand celebration of a new-born nation in the presence of the world’s dignitaries including President al-Bashir.

However, conflicts ensued shortly over the pending issues between the more-developed North and the oil-rich South, despite the reassurance of resolution that Sudanese President al-Bashir and South Sudanese President Salva Kiir Mayardit pledged on the independence day.

Less than a week after the separation, Juba announced its plan to launch a new currency, going against an earlier agreement that the Sudanese pound would stay for six months in the new-born country. Angered by the breach, the Central Bank of Sudan also issued a new currency to counteract the move.

Moreover, a number of unresolved issues, most notably border demarcation, oil sharing and external debts, continued to cast shadows over peace and stability between Sudan and South Sudan.

Regarding border demarcation, the status of the oil-rich Abyei and South Kordofan, both located on the border-in-dispute, is the most complicated issue in debate between Khartoum and Juba.

In February, when the South was still in the transitional period (after referendum and before independence), its Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) attacked a convoy of the Sudanese army in Abyei, causing the death of 22 Sudanese soldiers. Three months later, in the ensuing escalation of tensions, the North expelled the SPLA fighters and took full control of the area.

Conflict in Abyei was eased by negotiations held in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa, which resulted in the withdrawal of both sides’ troops and the deployment of Ethiopian forces under the UN peacekeeping command. However, the status of Abyei remains unresolved and continues to be a flash-point issue.

Meanwhile, the bloody clashes in South Kordofan just days before the separation put the North-South relations to a test. Khartoum accused Juba of supporting the SPLA’s northern sector in assaulting Sudanese army in the area, where a month ago the North’ s ruling NCP won the local elections and has the legitimacy to govern.

Although talks in Addis Ababa produced in late June a framework agreement that tasked a joint committee with security arrangements in disputed areas, the deal has not been implemented yet as it is strongly opposed by some NCP members.

In early September, violence broke out in another contested area Blue Nile, where the SPLA’s northern sector clashed again with the Sudanese army.

President al-Bashir declared a state of emergency in Blue Nile and replaced Governor Malik Aqar with a military ruler. After fierce fighting, the Sudanese army seized al-Kurmuk, a stronghold of the SPLA’s northern sector in Blue Nile.

The battle cost the lives of about 20,000 SPLA fighters and SPLA commander Abdul-Aziz Al-Hilu fled to the Ethiopian border.

What happened in South Kordofan and Blue Nile prompted the Sudanese government to file a complaint to the UN Security Council in September, which accused South Sudan of supporting the fighters in the border areas, which Juba refuted as “baseless allegations.”

Moreover, South Sudanese President Kiir’s first visit to Khartoum in early October failed to defuse the tensions. Although the two leaders succeeded in forming a joint committee to settle the pending issues in a concrete time frame, the last round of talks in late November brokered by the African Union (AU) bore no fruit.

Most recently, the split over oil sharing emerged again when Khartoum threatened to block Juba’s oil exports via its territory unless it pays the transit fee as well as the 727 billion U.S. dollars in debt. But only days after, Sudan revoked the decision and said it would accept oil as payment.

Oil resources have long been a cause of conflicts between the two sides, with the South producing about 75 percent of the total oil and the North owning most of the oil refineries, pipelines and export ports.

Long before the separation, the South had been demanding exporting oil via its own facilities and resenting the exploitation of its resources by the North.

The recent oil split remains unsolved and no official agreement has been reached on the transit fee. Although the AU offered some proposals aimed at settling the issue, South Sudan deems the proposals unfair and unreasonable.

“No war, yet no peace” are keywords that characterize the status quo between Sudan and its new-born southern neighbor. Under such circumstances, the two countries on one hand “live” inter- dependently due to their economic ties, particularly in the energy sector, and on the other hand political and military conflicts continue to take place over the unresolved issues.

The differences between the North and the South are not to be bridged any time soon. Since shaking off colonial rule till the comprehensive ceasefire deal in 2005, the North and the South had been at war except the 10 years from 1972 to 1982. It may take no shorter for the two sides to resolve the issues that stand out on their path towards peace and stability.

By Al-Jazeera,

Israel and South Sudan share no borders. The distance between their capital cities Tel Aviv and Juba is more than 3,000 kilometres. The two countries do not have any real cultural, religious or ethnic links either.
And yet, Israel was one of the first countries in the world to recognise South Sudan’s independence earlier this year. In September, Salva Kiir, the president of South Sudan, and Binyamin Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister, met at the sideline of the United Nations general assembly. This week, Kiir has made an official visit to Israel.
What explains this close yet discreet relationship?
Both sides described Kiir’s trip to Israel as a historic visit, and it reveals the strength of the relationship between Tel Aviv and Juba. Shimon Peres, the Israeli president, described it as a defining moment in the history of the Middle East.
Both sides have also agreed to boost their co-operation in all fields. Israel’s foothold in South Sudan is significant, as it continues its efforts to build a Christian alliance in Africa to fend off Arab influence and the growing Islamic trends there.
Observers say Israel has found fertile soil in Africa’s military conflicts to market its weapons industry and gain influence. But Israeli ties to Sudan’s southern region go back to the 1960s, when it offered aid and training to the rebels fighting the northern government. In that context, it is not surprising that it took less than 24 hours for Israel to recognise the newborn Republic of South Sudan this year.
An Israeli ambassador is due to arrive in Juba in the near future, but in a sign of just how deep the ties between the two countries are, Kiir recently told a senior member of Israel’s ruling Likud party that South Sudan would be one of a handful of countries to establish an embassy in Jerusalem, despite the city’s disputed status with regards Palestine’s claim.
So should Israel’s neighbours be worried about its ties with South Sudan? And what interest would Israel have in building another foothold in East Africa?
By Al-Jazeera,

South Sudan, Israel Establish Strong Alliance

December 27, 2011 :

Maxine Dovere
Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Government of Southern Sudan. Photo: Jenny Rockett.

July 12, 2011, barely two weeks after it had declared its independence from the radical Islamic state of Sudan, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu promised Israel’s assistance to the new nation of South Sudan “in any way.”  The Israeli Foreign Ministry announced the establishment of “full diplomatic relations with the fledgling state, now the 54th member of the African Union. Israeli flags were fully visible during the celebration of independence, a gesture of gratitude for Israel’s support during South Sudan’s long struggle for freedom, and a tribute attesting to the warmth of the two nations’ relationship. In mid December, South Sudanese President Salva Kiir was welcomed to Israel, meeting with government leaders, led by the Prime Minister.

President Kiir’s trip to Israel, one of the South Sudanese official’s first, made a strong statement. Following a visit to Yad Vashem with President Shimon Peres, Kiir said “I am very moved to be in Israel and to walk on the soil of the Promised Land. With me are all South Sudanese people…Israel has always supported the South Sudanese people. Without you, we would not have arisen. You struggled alongside us in order to allow the establishment of South Sudan and we are interested in learning from your experience.” Peres responded saying “Israel has supported, and will continue to support, your country in all areas in order to strengthen and develop it,” calling South Sudan’s independence “a milestone” in the history of the Middle East. Christian and traditional African beliefs are dominant among South Sudanese.

In July, MK Danny Danon paid an official visit to South Sudan. He was assured then that South Sudan will maintain diplomatic relations with Israel despite Arab and Palestinian pressure. Quoted in Israeli newspapers, Kiir told Danon “I see Israeli embassies in Jordan and Egypt, and South Sudan is not an Arab state.” During that meeting, Daniel Akot, the Deputy Parliament Speaker, said “Israel is like a big brother to South Sudan.”

Neighboring Sudan continues to exhibit great hostility towards Israel – Al-Sadiq al-Mahdi, former Sudanese Prime Minister and the leader of the opposition National Umma Party (NUP) called the visit of President Salva Kiir “devilish.” He said the visit is “wrong and whoever thought about it is devilish and a traitor and let us down [we] who are keen on close relations between the states of north and south”. Speaking to the Sudan Tribune, Sudan’s Foreign Minister Ali Karti said Kiir’s visit “is just a revelation of what was happening in secrecy between Tel Aviv and Sudan’s former southern rebels.” His ministry’s spokesman, Al-Obaid Marawih, had warned “that the visit poses a threat to Sudan’s national security.”

In an exclusive interview with South Sudan’s Deputy Head of Mission Deng Deng Nhial, Mr. Nhial responded to al-Mahdi’s comment, telling the Algemeiner that “after fifty years of warfare, South Sudan has become a free and independent country that will embrace democracy.” He continued, saying it is in his “country’s interest to establish friendly relations with any country that wants to be our friend. We have joined the community of nations.”

His comments were mirrored by those of Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman, who said South Sudan’s partnership with Israel is founded on “cooperation between the two countries… based on solid foundations, relations of equality and mutual respect.”

Salva Kiir, President of the newly established country, acknowledged the recognition by Israel in Juba, the country’s capital. According to the Jerusalem Post, he has met with Jacques Revach, head of the Foreign Ministry’s Africa division, and Dan Shacham, Israel’s nonresident ambassador to a number of African countries. Speaking to Al Hurra television, in Arabic, (translated by the BBC) South Sudanese Vice President, Riek Machar, said “we will have relations with all the Arab and Muslim countries and even with Israel…As a matter of fact, we look forward to playing a role in solving the existing issues in the Arab world, even the issues between Israel and the Arab countries.”

With an area of some 644,000 square kilometers, a small population of about 10 million and rich national resources, “it is important that South Sudan develop its capacity and continue the building of institutions,” said Deputy Director of South Sudanese Mission Deng Deng Nhial. He noted that the country has established “Vision 2040.” “To meet the challenge, technical assistance in the building of institutions is very, very important so that government will be able to deliver services for the people in a stable, prosperous country.”

Still at issue between the two countries is the problem of illegal immigration. Thousands of Sudanese, many from the area now incorporated as South Sudan, have entered Israel illegally during the last decade. Dialogue concerning the repatriation of many of these immigrants is likely to be on the diplomatic agenda.

Discussion of training for Sudanese refugees already in Israel, and extensive economic and technical assistance to be provided to ease their way home, were underway during Danon’s trip in July. The Minister said then that the “luck of the Sudanese people has improved with the establishment of a new, civilized state.” He stressed the need to help South Sudanese refugees “return safely to their new state.”
“Israel’s technological wealth and South Sudan’s wealth of natural resources are a sure recipe for prosperity in both states,” he said. The Sudanese government has already agreed to the return of 10,000 refugees.

Illegal immigration is a significant problem for the Jewish State. Border Authority Director-General Amnon Ben-Ami estimates that there are over 16,000 refugees from Sudan alone in Israel.  Prime Minister Netanyahu called illegal immigration “a nationwide plague” saying “there is no obligation to take in illegal infiltrators.” (A fence along the Egyptian border, scheduled for completion by October 2012, is under construction)

At the conclusion of President Kiir’s visit, an announcement was made of a study of the construction of a “refugee city” to be built in South Sudan – with Israeli assistance. Tomar Avital, writing in the Israeli magazine Calcalist, said Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and “senior ministers” had expressed support for “the construction of a massive city-like facility” to which Sudanese refugees to their country would be repatriated.  Interior Minister Eli Yishai confirmed that “negotiations were being held with officials of the African country,” and that he “would pledge funding from his ministry’s budget for each refugee returned.” Refugees already returned to Sudan, have been given “a $500 adjustment payment”. There has been no confirmation by The Foreign Ministry.

As relations are normalized with the newly independent South Sudan, Israel has had to take measures to protect its security, even in “out-of-border” operations when required. Reports in the Sudanese media, recently restated by the BBC, say that the Israeli Air Force attacked convoys which originated in Sudan. The cargo of the two convoys was believed to be Iranian weapons slated for Gaza. Officially, there has been no response from Israel. The Sudanese army has denied this attack but its foreign minister has blamed Israel for a bombing attack on a car near the Port Sudan.

Israel believes weapons are being smuggled through the region to Gaza. BBC diplomatic correspondent Jonathan Marcus called the strike “one more reminder of the shadowy war that is being waged along Sudan’s Red Sea coast.” which “pits the Israeli military against well-organized arms smugglers seeking to get weaponry into the Gaza Strip.”

There has been no comment from Israel.

PIPES: South Sudan, Israel’s new ally

Five decades of solidarity cement relations

By Daniel Pipes

The Washington Times

Monday, January 2, 2012

Illustration by John Camejo for The Washington TimesIllustration by John Camejo for The Washington Times

It’s not every day that the leader of a brand-new country makes his maiden foreign voyage to Jerusalem, capital of the most besieged country in the world, but Salva Kiir, president of South Sudan, accompanied by his foreign and defense ministers, did just that in late December. Israeli President Shimon Peres hailed his visit as a “moving and historic moment.” The visit spurred talk of South Sudan locating its embassy in Jerusalem, which would make it the only government anywhere in the world to do so. This unusual development results from an unusual story.

Today’s Sudan took shape in the 19th century, when the Ottoman Empire controlled its northern regions and tried to conquer the southern ones. The British, ruling out of Cairo, established the outlines of the modern state in 1898 and for the next 50 years separately ruled the Muslim north and Christian-animist south. In 1948, however, succumbing to northern pressure, the British merged the two administrations in Khartoum under northern control, making Muslims dominant in Sudan and Arabic the official language. Accordingly, independence in 1956 brought civil war as southerners battled to fend off Muslim hegemony. Fortunately for them, Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion’s “periphery strategy” translated into Israeli support for non-Arabs in the Middle East, including the southern Sudanese. The government of Israel served through the first Sudanese civil war, lasting until 1972, as the primary source of moral backing, diplomatic help and armaments for the southern Sudanese.

Mr. Kiir acknowledged this contribution in Jerusalem, noting that “Israel has always supported the South Sudanese people. Without you, we would not have arisen. You struggled alongside us in order to allow the establishment of South Sudan.” In reply, Mr. Peres recalled his presence in the early 1960s in Paris, when then-Prime Minister Levi Eshkol and he initiated Israel’s first-ever link with southern Sudanese leaders. Sudan’s civil war continued intermittently from 1956 until 2005. Over time, Muslim northerners became increasingly vicious toward their southern co-nationals, culminating in the 1980-90s with massacres, chattel slavery and genocide. Given Africa’s many tragedies, such problems might not have made an impression on compassion-weary Westerners except for an extraordinary effort led by two modern-day American abolitionists.

Starting in the mid-1990s, John Eibner of Christian Solidarity International redeemed tens of thousands of slaves in Sudan, while Charles Jacobs of the American Anti-Slavery Group led a Sudan Campaign in the United States that brought together a wide coalition of organizations. As all Americans abhor slavery, the abolitionists formed a unique alliance of left and right, including Democratic Rep. Barney Frank and Republican Sen. Sam Brownback, the Congressional Black Caucus and Pat Robertson, black pastors and white evangelicals. In contrast, the Nation of Islam’s Minister Louis Farrakhan was exposed and embarrassed by his attempts to deny slavery’s existence in Sudan. The abolitionist effort culminated in 2005 when the George W. Bush administration pressured Khartoum to sign the Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended the war and gave southerners a chance to vote for independence. They enthusiastically did so in January 2011, when 98 percent voted for secession from Sudan, leading to the formation of the Republic of South Sudan six months later, an event hailed by Mr. Peres as “a milestone in the history of the Middle East.”

Israel’s long-term investment has paid off. South Sudan fits into a renewed periphery strategy that includes Cyprus, Kurds, Berbers and, perhaps one day, a post-Islamist Iran. South Sudan offers access to natural resources, especially oil. Its role in Nile River water negotiations offers leverage vis-a-vis Egypt. Beyond practical benefits, the new republic represents an inspiring example of a non-Muslim population resisting Islamic imperialism through its integrity, persistence and dedication. In this sense, the birth of South Sudan echoes that of Israel. If Mr. Kiir’s Jerusalem visit is truly to mark a milestone, South Sudan must travel the long path from dirt-poor, international protectorate with feeble institutions to modernity and genuine independence. This path requires the leadership not to exploit the new state’s resources or dream of creating a “New Sudan” by conquering Khartoum, but to lay the foundations for successful statehood.

For Israelis and other Westerners, this means helping with agriculture, health and education and urging Juba to stay focused on defense and development while avoiding wars of choice. A successful South Sudan could eventually become a regional power and a stalwart ally not just of Israel but of the West.

Daniel Pipes ( is president of the Middle East Forum and a visiting fellow at Stanford’s Hoover Institution.

South Sudan Army ‘Accidentally Shot’ Christmas Worshippers

Posted: December 28, 2011 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

(AFP) –

JUBA, South Sudan — South Sudanese soldiers accidentally shot dead four Christmas Eve worshippers and wounded 15, the young nation’s military spokesman said on Tuesday.

“This is terrible,” Philip Aguer told AFP. “SPLA has never done such a thing before in our history.”

The tragedy occurred on December 24 in Pigi County, Jonglei state.

Soldiers of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) opened fire when they found one of their colleagues with nine bullets in his body after an earlier shooting near the church, Aguer said.

“Unfortunately they started shooting randomly,” and hit worshippers fleeing the church at the sound of the gunfire, he added.

The second lieutenant in charge of the platoon has been arrested and an investigation ordered, the spokesman said.

SPLA was the rebel force that battled Khartoum until a 2005 peace agreement ended two decades of civil war, ahead of South Sudan’s independence in July this year.

Aguer said tensions had been raised since December 23 when a landmine killed an SPLA soldier who was helping to protect the burial ceremony for George Athor, who fought for the southern rebels and reached the rank of general before turning renegade last year.

The South Sudanese vice president announced last week that Athor, of Pigi County, had been killed in a battle with government forces.

SPLA kill church goers in Jonglei
December 26, 2011 (BOR) – Four civilians and one soldier died and fifteen others were wounded in Khorfulus district in Jonglei state’s Pigi county following a shooting at a church on 24 December, Sudan Tribune has been told.

Members of South Sudan’s army (SPLA) attacked worshipers celebrating Christmas Eve in Pigi county, which has been used as the base of a rebellion against the Juba government, witnesses told Sudan Tribune.

SPLA spokesperson, Philip Aguer, described the killings as “unfortunate” adding that an investigation will be carried out to establish whether the national army was involved.

Local civil administrator, Padiet Cuei, claimed that SPLA soldiers opened fire at a midnight mass. The four people killed include a teacher, a woman and a local policeman, he said.

“The SPLA of division three launched the attack on church, they killed people and looted properties,” Cuei said.

Daniel Deng, an eyewitness whose elder brother was wounded in the incident, told Sudan Tribune by phone from Malakal Teaching Hospital in Upper Nile state, that the shooting caught them by surprise.

“They [the soldiers] came to the church several times but decided to open fire on us at about mid-night,” Deng said.

According to Deng, there was a separate random shooting on Saturday evening that left one soldier dead. The soldiers death was caused by SPLA soldiers shooting to celebrate Christmas in the town, he said.

The SPLA are former rebels, who became South Sudan’s national army in July after independence in July. They have been the official army of South Sudan since a 2005 peace deal with north Sudan.

Juba is attempting to turn the SPLA into an organised and disciplined national army but human rights groups reports indicate there is still some way to go.

SPLA forces had been deployed to Pigi county, as it is being used as the base for the South Sudan Democratic Movement (SSDM), a rebel group whose leader was killed by the SPLA on 19 December.

Gen. George Athor Deng was killed in Morobo county of Central Equatoria state, while trying to cross in South Sudan from the DR Congo, the military say. The SSDM deny the charges, saying that Athor had disappeared during a visit to Uganda. Kampala denies any involvement.


In Pibor county’s Lukwangole district there are reports that fighting has broken out between the Lou Nuer and Murle tribes who have a long running dispute over cattle raiding, child abduction and retaliatory attacks that have killed over a thousand since June.

Some local media report that Lou Nuer youths are being blaimed for the attack.

Director for South Sudan Red Cross society in Jonglei state, David Gai, said reports from their staff indicate that villages have been burnt and injured people evacuated to Pibor town.

Gai called on the state and national governments to restore calm in the area in order for the Red Cross and other humanitarians organisation to establish the scale of the raid which is said to be

Efforts made by Sudan Tribune to reach newly appointed commissioner of Pibor county failed. State government officials contacted by Sudan Tribune have refused to comment.

The latest attack comes while Church leaders and the United Nations Mission in South Sudan are attempting to negotiate an end to the tit-for-tat violence.

Government offices in Bor the capital on Jonglei are expected to remain closed until 28 December, when the Christmas holidays end.


Preaching at Lieudiet Cathedral on Sunday the Episcopal Bishop for Bor Diocese, Ruben Akurdit Ngong, said that forgiveness was needed to end Jonglei state’s tribal feuding. Christians in Bor marching on Christmas Eve. Jonglei State, South Sudan, Saturday 24 Dec. 2011 (ST) Ngong told thousands of worshipers celebrating Christmas Day to develop a spirit of hard work in order not to “disappoint” God in the new nation of South Sudan.

Traditional marches on Saturday marked Christmas Eve banners, music
and giant crosses.

Dust rose from the roads and car traffic came to a standstill from afternoon until 6:30pm when the church processions drew to close. Nigel Church Choir, celebrate Christians Eve, 24 Dec. 2011 (ST) Beating drums and singing songs of praises, all ages of people participated in the marches and services, which continued into the early hours of 25 December.

The bishop of Bor diocese said the real challenge facing independent South Sudan was underdevelopment.

“Don’t disappoint God by refusing to work,” Bishop Akurdit said. Christians in Bor marching on Christmas Eve. Jonglei State, South Sudan, Saturday 24 Dec. 2011 (ST) On Saturday, the Bishop told reporters that prayers for forgiveness and cessation of hostilities in Jonglei state, was his Christmas message.

“After independence, we need development and this cannot come without peace and forgiveness,” he said.

Lieudiet Cathedral, the headquarters of Bor diocese, said that it registered the greatest attendance with 17,081 people with Nigel following with over 8,000.

There are over 20 churches in Bor town, each registering over 2,000 worshipers on Christmas Day, according to local reports. Christians in Bor marching to celebrate Christmas Eve. Jonglei State, South Sudan, Saturday 24 Dec. 2011 (ST)
South Sudan’s minister of Parliamentary affairs, Michael Makuei Lueth and several other government officials attended the Christmas prayers in Lieudiet church.

Speaking in his capacity as senior government official, Minister Makuei said the national government is working to restore order in Jonglei state but declined to give further details.

Jonglei state is home to various pastoralist communities who often engage in cattle rustling, resulting in civilian deaths, displacement and in some cases child abduction.