Archive for January 6, 2012

Concerned Citizens Say: Wear White for Peace on CPA Day

JUBA   5th January 2012
South Sudan welcomed its first full year of freedom amid reports of ethnic violence across the Country, with the highest peak in Jonglei state. In the face of these horrible events, little was heard from ordinary South Sudanese on the subject. As a response to this, a new group, ‘Concerned Citizens X South Sudan’, was formed this week. Concerned Citizens represents all people of SouthSudan who wish to see an end to ethnic violence in our country.
The name of the group is meaningful. We are concerned by the current violent and unstable situation in South Sudan. The concept of ‘Citizen X’ expresses our view that we are all people of the same nation and do not wish to be primarily identified by our tribes. The character ‘X’ symbolises our condemnation of violence, war, hate speech and tribalism. It is also accessible, as it is easily recognisable by all people, whether or not they can read and write. We have incorporated the name of South Sudan because this is our land and we are proud to be part of it.
Concerned Citizens X South Sudan was formed to give a chance for all concerned South Sudanese citizens to participate in stopping violence, inside and between our communities, and to personally help in alleviating the suffering of those of our compatriots who are directly affected. It is not enough for us to say that our government or the international community must clean up these problems; we are all obligated, as citizens, to take responsibility for the problems in our communities.
Concerned Citizens wishes to emphasise that the timing of its formation does not imply support or condemnation of either party to any current conflict;  we acknowledge that this violence is a result of grievences that have been unaddressed and unresolved.  Although the current news coverage relates to Jonglei, it is clear that such violence is a direct threat to all South Sudanese, whatever their state of origin. The type of inter-communal violence referred to here has touched every payam in our nation. We aim to speak out on all subsequent inter-community violence on behalf of the aggrieved.
The new group is calling for all peace-loving South Sudanese, and our supporters, to demonstrate their commitment to peace during this season of celebration in two simple ways:
–   by wearing white clothing or white armbands on CPA Day/Referendum Day, the 9th January 2012. In so doing, we hope to make the point that peace-lovers in our new nation far outnumber those who are engaged in planning or perpetrating violence among us. The aim is to make it possible for all peace-loving South Sudanese to make their voices heard in a silent, non-confrontational, cost-free and yet visible manner. The wearing of white may seem trivial. However, this action has been carefully chosen for good reasons. The colour white is identified internationally as the colour of peace. Most people, however poor, have at least one item of white clothing, or even a piece of white cloth, which they can tie around their arm as a sign of solidarity. Therefore, everybody who agrees with the message of peace is able to participate, regardless of their income.
–   by donating dry, canned and non-perishable foodstuffs, clothing, cooking materials, blankets and tents, in order to assist those innocent civilians, whatever their tribe or origin, who are suffering as a result of displacement. In this way, we hope to make the point that South Sudanese are capable of taking care of our own. Distribution modalities are currenty being sought in partnership with bodies which have existing logistical networks.
The current events in Jonglei state have attracted widespread and overwhelmingly negative attention from local and international media, leading to the use of terms such as ‘genocide’, ‘ethnic cleansing’ and ‘failed state’ in relation to South Sudan. Concerned Citizens feels that such terms are unhelpful, whether used by South Sudanese or by international observers. As evidenced by last year’s near-99% vote for secession, South Sudanese are overwhelmingly committed to building a viable, independent and free nation. Simply by displaying white clothing on the 9th January 2012, South Sudanese will be able to begin combatting the view, so often voiced by those who wish us ill, that we are in some way destined to destroy our precious new nation through civil war and internal conflict. We want to show the world a new identity, as people who can take an active role in shaping our own destiny
Concerned Citizens X South Sudan is newly formed, and is in the process of registering as an indigenous, non-profit, nongovernmental organization. Concerned Citizens X South Sudan is not affiliated to any political party, governmental or non-governmental structure. We welcome the particiption of all peace-loving South Sudanese and the support of sympathetic non South Sudanese.  At this stage we have no mechanism to account for cash dontions; however, in-kind assistance in our early weeks would be most appreciated.
Concerned Citizens can be contacted in the following ways:
via facebook:                        concernedcitizensxsouthsudan
via email:         
We ask that all contributors avoid abusive and hate-filled content.

Deng Atong was from the Mundari tribe. The Mundaris occupy the northern part of central Equatoria Province in South Sudan. The Mundari country borders Bor district in Upper Nile Province to the north, Yirol (Jieng-Aliab) district in Lakes Province to the northwest, Juba district to the south, Rokon district in Eastern Equatoria Province to the southwest, and Mundri district in Western Equatoria to the west, and Torit district to the east. The Mundari tribe is one of the seven Bari-speaking tribes of central Equatoria. The people are cattle owners and cultivators at the same time. They depend on livestock and the cultivation of consumer and cash crops for their living.

Deng Atong was born in the year 1912. We know his father’s name was Atong but, unfortunately, available records do not tell us his mother’s name. The story of Deng’s birth was a tragic one as he was born with a natural defect in his genital organs: he had one testicle. To the Mundaris, a male child born with this particular defect is evil, and must be given away to the evil spirits of the forest, or be thrown away to be devoured by the wild beasts so he is not seen again in the physical world.

Deng Atong was rejected not only by his parents but by the whole community and thrown into the forest. Luckily for this unfortunate child, a poor woman discovered the child, picked him up and took him home with her. Interestingly, the woman who took care of Atong for six years was a Mundari woman. According to Mundari custom, no Mundari person should take such an evil child, unless he or she is of the evil spirit world. Despite this, she bravely took the poor child home with her. But she also knew that she could not keep him for long, if she was to avoid the danger that would befall her and her whole family, as a result of having an evil child at home. For this reason, she decided to give the boy to the strangers–the missionaries–of the Church Missionary Society (CMS) mission station in Southern Bor district, at Malek.

In 1918, when this “evil” child was brought to the mission station, he was received by Archdeacon Archibald Shaw, and became widely known as the son of the missionary. The local people called him “Deng Machuor,”–machuor is the color of a bull ox, a confusion of tan, gray, white and black colors. This was the name given to the English missionary, Archdeacon Shaw, probably because Shaw’s skin color could not be defined by Jieng (Dinka) standards. Deng later took his biological father’s name and became known as Deng Atong before his baptism.

He proved to be a very intelligent child from an early age. He was able to relate to “three different cultures, speaking fluent Mundari, Jieng and English” (But God Is Not Defeated, p. 178). Being brought up by missionaries and living in a mission station, he was exposed to Christian teaching and therefore became a Christian at a very early age. Archdeacon Archibald Shaw baptized him in 1921. At his baptism, he chose the name “Daniel” probably because he saw himself as the Daniel of the Old Testament, who was saved by God after being thrown into the lions’ den (Daniel 6: 10 – 25). Likewise he was protected by God after being thrown into the forest to be devoured by the wild beasts of Mundariland. These memories were to have an effect on Daniel’s later life. For many, the story of Daniel’s survival was a miracle because God had saved this boy, discarded by his family and tribe to fulfill His own purposes. Daniel’s successful evangelization of the Dinka Bor area, when the missionaries had actually failed, illustrated this point.

Daniel started his school life at the Malek mission station where he grew up. From there he went to Juba and after completing his studies at Juba Training Center (JTC),–now Juba Commercial Secondary School,–he taught at Malek and in 1938 became the headmaster of Nugent School, Loka. At Loka Daniel Deng Atong experienced spiritual renewal and became an active evangelist. At this time, the Revival movement was beginning to spill over from East Africa into South Sudan. Daniel was among the first to welcome and support the movement. Daniel Deng pioneered a very successful evangelization campaign in the Bor area as mentioned earlier. This success was largely attributed to the fact that he was familiar with both the language and culture of the people, so that his “message was received by the rural people to a degree hardly known to the Europeans” (But God Is Not Defeated, pp.178 – 179).

Seeing his good work, the missionaries started to encourage Daniel to seek ordination. He and Andrea Apaya were the first two Sudanese to be ordained as deacons in 1941, and Daniel was priested in 1943. He served as the priest-in-charge at Panekar and he opened up and planted a church in Kongor, northern Bor. He was sent to England to study at Wycliffe Hall, Oxford, in 1947 where he completed his studies successfully. In 1953 he was made honorary canon of All Saints Cathedral, Khartoum, and in 1954, he was appointed canon missioner in the Diocese of the Sudan.

The period from 1947 to 1955 was a time of political instability, as the Sudanese were struggling for independence from the Anglo-Egyptian–the so-called “Condominium”–rule. Missionary societies were also targets of the national movement for independence. At this time, a movement to “Sudanize” all leadership and other key positions in the public sector was afoot. This also affected the church in one way or another. Consequently, as the expulsion of the missionaries seemed likely in the heat of the political pressure for independence, it was necessary to find a Sudanese bishop to take care of the Diocese of the Sudan. In this regard, “It was clear that Daniel’s background gave him unique qualifications in terms of academic training, pastoral and leadership skills, linguistic ability, and ease in relating across cultures” (See But God Is Not Defeated, p. 179).

In May 1955 Daniel Deng Atong, was consecrated assistant bishop of the Diocese of Sudan, by the Most Rev. Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury, at the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, Namirembe (Kampala), in Uganda along with three other African assistant bishops. To many Sudanese, the consecration of Daniel Deng Atong was the beginning of a new era with authority shifting from the missionaries to the indigenous people and culminating in the independence of the church in Sudan.

After his consecration, Daniel returned to Sudan and immediately went on a tour of the Diocese of the Sudan, carrying out confirmation services wherever he went. This tour culminated in the creation of the Northern Archdeaconry. Daniel also accompanied the diocesan bishop of Sudan, the Rt. Rev. Oliver C. Alison, on international journeys. The first was to Jerusalem, where they attended the first meeting of the Episcopal Synod of the Middle East. The second was to England where both bishops attended the 1958 Lambeth Conference of the Anglican bishops. Daniel had established his home at Bishop Gwynne College, in Mundri, and had initially settled there.

Daniel’s work as a bishop was carried out in an atmosphere of high and contradictory expectations. As the first Sudanese bishop, his missionary parents saw Daniel’s role in the church as primarily pastoral. He was to carry out confirmations and assist or support the diocesan bishop and nothing else. The South Sudanese politicians, ordinary rural people, and Christians expected Daniel to take a leading role in policy-making, political leadership and decision-making inside the church and beyond. Daniel also found himself surrounded by divergent groups,–Britons and Sudanese, conflicting tribal groups, Christians, traditionalists, and Arabs,–all vying for his attention. Daniel became bishop at a time marked with political upheavals and unrest. The mutiny by the Equatoria Corps in Torit, which sparked the longest civil war ever fought in history, erupted in August 1955, three months after Daniel’s consecration. As an indigenous bishop, Daniel struggled to nurture the life of the church amidst mounting political unrest and armed conflict. In such a complex community and situation, it was only proper for the bishop to play the role of peace-maker and mediator between the different groups.

Bishop Daniel Deng Atong also had personal conflicts which weighed on him. His adoptive father died a few months after the consecration so Daniel missed the support that his father could have offered. Another personal problem was that he had been rejected as an evil child, discarded by his biological parents and his own people, and thrown into the wilderness as a carcass fit for the wild beasts. Throughout his life, the bishop suffered tremendously from the psychological effects of this early treatment and from the negative physical consequences of his birth defect. Whereas Daniel was widely respected, especially among South Sudanese, both Christians and non-Christians alike, as the “father” of the Sudanese Church, he could not have his own genetic children due to his defect. According to Mundari custom, since he did not die in the forest but survived, he was to make sacrifices to the evil spirits that possessed him right from his mother’s womb, so that he could have children. But now that he was a Christian, these rituals could not be performed on him. The church leaders and people close to Bishop Daniel believed very strongly that his inability to have children had a tremendous effect upon the bishop.

With all these problems weighing on him, within only three years of his consecration, Bishop Daniel Deng Atong began showing signs of psychological breakdown and instability. He took to heavy alcoholic drinking, which made it very difficult for him to carry out his duties. This state of affairs continued to worsen until, toward the end of 1958, the church authorities were left with no choice except to suspend him from his functions. Thus ended Daniel’s Episcopal ministry.

Rev. Marc Nikkel summarized Daniel’s life thus:

From his birth Daniel’s life was special, uniquely marked by the redemption and call of Christ. He was a person of superlative gifts, whose every stage of life, from childhood and baptism, through his work as a teacher, evangelist, pastor and bishop, seemed to coincide with the emergence and development of the Church in Sudan. Some have dismissed Daniel’s brief Episcopacy as a failure, a tragic lost opportunity. Rather Daniel should be seen as one of the Church’s most brilliant indigenous pioneers, who, much like a figure of Christ, ultimately bore the brokenness and fragmentation of the nation within his own remarkable life (See But God Is Not Defeated, p.180).

After his suspension in 1958, he went to live a very quiet life in retirement in Bor, where he died in 1976.

James Lomole Simeon


Samuel E. Kayanga, and Andrew Wheeler (eds.), But God Is Not Defeated, Celebrating the Centenary of The Episcopal Church of The Sudan, 1899 – 1999 (Nairobi, Kenya: Pauline Publications Africa, 1999).
Information, collected from interviews, and during conversations, with the Most Rev. Benjamin W. Yugusuk, then Archbishop of the Province of the Episcopal Church of the Sudan, and some of the bishops, when the author was Chancellor of the Province of the Episcopal Church of the Sudan and Chancellor of the Episcopal Diocese of Khartoum, Sudan.

Daniel Comboni (1831-1881), Roman Catholic, Sudan

Some people would consider Daniel Comboni a failure when he died in Khartoum in 1881. The missionary priest had been working actively in or for Africa for over thirty years and had produced a continent-wide strategic document, Plan for the Regeneration of Africa, but had little to show for it. Over a hundred of the priests he recruited had died, most of his Sudan missions had failed, were struggling, or would soon be wiped out by the Muslim Mahdi. But a century later, the Combonians and Comboni Sisters were a strong missionary order in Africa and Latin America. Comboni ranks, with Venn, Libermann, and Lavigerie, as one of the handful of nineteenth-century figures claiming an encompassing missionary vision. His was a long-term strategy: “The missionaries will have to understand that they are stones hid under the earth, which will perhaps never come to light, but which will become part of the foundations of a vast, new building.”[1]

Born in a small town in Italy in 1831, Comboni always wanted to be a priest, developed a strong interest in Africa, and participated in an expedition to the south of the Sudan in 1857. Tropical illnesses decimated the small group and, as he lay dying, the father superior said, “If it should happen that only one of you be left, let him not give up or lose confidence …. Swear to me that you will not turn back.” “Africa or death,” Comboni answered. (He was the first mission’s only survivor and returned to Italy to recover his health.)

What was the best way to conduct missionary work in Africa? Comboni wrestled with the question, and in 1864 while in Rome he wrote Plan for the Regeneration of Africa. Facing the issues of climate and disease head on, as well as the problem of African students’ cultural adaptability to Europe, Comboni recommended that all European missionary orders should combine resources (this was in the heyday of the “scramble for Africa” and went against prevailing trends). Together they should build institutes, in favorable climactic zones throughout the continent. Here Europeans could come to teach and Africans to learn, not only as religious, but as lay teachers and craftspersons as well. When institute courses were completed, Africans and Europeans would then head to the interior together, but the Europeans would leave after a few years, to be replaced by other Europeans or not, depending on the need. “The regeneration of Africa by means of Africa itself seems to me the only possible way to Christianize the continent,” Comboni wrote.

As might be expected, the French refused to participate in such a plan, although Rome found it attractive and encouraged the Italian missionary, who then created the Cairo Institute, with schools for girls and boys and a hospital, as the first such launching pad. (It would be his only one). The Verona Sisters and Verona Fathers came a few years later, and by late 1871 Comboni returned to the Sudan to set up operations himself. He was named vicar apostolic of Central Africa in 1877.

The task Comboni faced in Africa in the 1870s was complicated by the slave trade. Slavery was big business in Central Africa, with large, well-armed caravans of recruiters who bribed Egyptian officials to let them move freely from the interior to port cities, where they sold their human cargo. Comboni fought hard against slavery, was given his own small army to combat the traffickers, closed the E1 0beid slave market, and hunted down some of the slave raiders. But he was only one person against an established industry.

With Comboni was the first African priest to work in Central Africa, Fr. Pius Hadrianus, a Benedictine. Soon another African priest, Fr. Antonio Dubale, was running a model village for freed slaves in El Obeid. A trained Nubian catechist, product of the Cairo Institute, was dispatched to work among this important southern Sudan ethnic group. The Nubians had a rich culture, were anti-Islamic, and were a logical target for mission work.

Comboni was a major figure in African religious life, training African missionaries, combating the slave trade, establishing a small number of solidly conceived mission stations in Sudan, and, most importantly, establishing the Verona Fathers and Sisters, which went through various reorganizations to emerge as the Comboni missionary congregations. Comboni was beatified in Rome on March 17, 1996.

Look on those who revere you, 0 God, on those who trust in your merciful one. Heal our sad divisions and our enmities, O Lord, help us to reject the ways of violence. Then shall dawn break over the desert; then shall your children frm North and South in Sudan sing your praises, Holy One whom we know by many names. Amen.

Frederick Quinn



1. A. G. Mondini, Africa or Death: A Biography of Bishop Daniel Com-boni, Founder of the Missionary Societies of the Verona Fathers and the Verona Sisters (Boston: St. Paul Editions, 1964).

    By MICHAEL ASTOR Associated Press

UNITED NATIONS January 6, 2012 (AP)

The United Nations launched a humanitarian emergency effort Friday following last month’s intertribal clashes in South Sudan, responding to a wave of violence that might have left thousands dead and some 50,000 people in urgent need of aid.

South Sudan became independent last July following a 2005 peace deal with now-northern neighbor Sudan, and there have been sporadic cross-border attacks since. But internal violence between the Lou Nuer and the Murle tribes is a reminder of the challenges the world’s newest country faces inside its own borders.

Last month’s clashes took place in and around the town of Pibor, sending tens of thousands of residents into the countryside.

Media reports have put the death toll in the clashes as high as 3,000, but Martin Nesirky, spokesman for U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, said the U.N. could not confirm that number. On Tuesday, Lise Grande, the top U.N. official in the region, said the death toll could be anywhere from dozens to hundreds.

Nesirky said a rapid response plan is now being finalized.

“The requirements already reported are already significant and around 50,000 people are estimated to be in need,” Nesirky said. The U.N.’s High Commissioner for Refugees, Antonio Guterres, will traveling to South Sudan this weekend to assess the situation, he added.

Officials said the World Food Program has delivered emergency rations to feed 1,000 people in Pibor for two weeks, and expects to reach 7,000 more people in the coming days. It has also distributed food packages for 2,000 internally displaced people at Boma.

On Friday the White House declared the government of South Sudan eligible to receive weapons and defense assistance. A White House official said the decision could potentially promote peace and regional stability in East Africa.

Nesirky said the U.N. mission has reinforced peacekeepers’ presence in key areas and is conducting daily land and air patrols to deter potential violence. He said they were also working with the government of South Sudan to protect civilians.

On Thursday, Herve Ladsous, the undersecretary-general for peacekeeping operations, called the situation “a very serious crisis.”

“I think the problem we face in this particular region of Jonglei state is one of access, because there are no roads and we have insufficient helicopters,” he told reporters following his address to the Security Council. He said the U.N. reinforced its staff in the area and that the South Sudanese government is trying to do the same.

Columns of fighters from the Lou Nuer ethnic group marched into Pibor to target the Murle community. The tribes have traded violent attacks over the last several years that have killed thousands. Much of the communities’ animosity stems from cattle raiding.

South Sudan appeals for humanitarian aid amid fighting

By the CNN Wire Staff
January 6, 2012 — Updated 1632 GMT (0032 HKT)

Click to play
Roots of Sudanese violence
  • NEW: The United Nations says it is providing emergency help to those most in need
  • At least 50,000 people have fled violence in Jonglei state
  • The government declares the state a “humanitarian disaster area”
  • Ethnic tension flares as tribes fight over grazing lands and water rights

(CNN) — South Sudan appealed for international aid for a remote region that has been under attack by roaming fighters, as thousands of residents fled into the bush to avoid the violence.

The government declared Jonglei state a “humanitarian disaster area” and called on international aid agencies to help provide urgently needed assistance.

It is not yet clear how many people have been killed or injured in the violence.

The United Nations said Thursday it was mounting a “massive emergency support programme” to help those displaced by fighting.

South Sudan’s struggle with violence

The organization sent a battalion of peacekeepers to the area last week amid reports that members of the Lou Nuer tribe were marching toward two towns which are home to the rival Murle tribe.

The Lou Nuer fighters, who numbered 6,000 to 8,000, have now agreed to leave the area following “intensive negotiations,” a United Nations statement released Thursday said.

But as many as 50,000 people who fled their advance on the towns of Likuangole and Pibor now need food, water and shelter.

“The situation in humanitarian terms is grim,” U.N. Humanitarian Coordinator Lise Grande is quoted as saying.

“They haven’t had food; they haven’t had access to clean water. In a number of cases, some of the people are wounded. They haven’t had shelter. As the day progresses, you can see hundreds of people coming back into town and there is no question they are in trouble.”

The U.N. World Food Programme has already delivered food supplies for some of the most vulnerable, including children, the statement said.

Grande said the United Nations had helped evacuate citizens from the area and avert a greater crisis.

Ethnic tensions in Jonglei state have flared as tribes fight over grazing lands and water rights, leading to cattle raids and abduction of women and children.

Government officials have urged the two ethnic groups to return women and children abducted in the spate of violence.

More forces will be deployed and a committee established to push for reconciliation between the two groups, according to government spokesman Barnaba Marial Benjamin.

Kouider Zerrouk, a spokesman for the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), said Thursday that the United Nations was “beefing up” its presence across Jonglei state in support of government efforts.

Zerrouk said the situation was now calm but UNMISS was operating daily land and air patrols to deter further violence and ensure the Lou Nuer fighters did leave the area.

The mission would also help the South Sudan authorities transport about 800 additional police to the area, he said in a statement.

Jennifer Christian, Sudan policy analyst with the Enough Project, said that while it’s important to get emergency food and medical aid to those affected, a longer-term strategy is needed to avoid future violence.

“The underlying, largely economic, causes of this cycle of inter-communal violence must be addressed to ensure permanent peace and stability in Jonglei state,” Christian said.

“In Jonglei, cattle is currency. For instance, young men need cattle to pay dowry prices and marry. A lack of access to basic services and economic opportunities compounds the reliance of Jonglei’s communities on this cattle economy, which, in turn, fuels conflict associated with cattle raiding,” she said.

The international community should work to support the South Sudan government in developing its security forces and judicial system, she added.

As residents fled the fighting last weekend, the United Nations said peacekeepers were having trouble accessing the rugged and isolated region, which is surrounded by thick forests.

“The problem we faced in this particular region of Jonglei state was one of access, because there are no roads, because of insufficient helicopters,” said Herve Ladsous, the U.N. peacekeeping chief. “So we did reinforce our available staff there. The government of South Sudan itself is trying to do the same, but facing the same constraints.”

The violence in Jonglei state is the latest to rock South Sudan, which officially gained its statehood in July after separating from neighboring Sudan to the north.

Decades of civil war between the north and south, costing as many as 2 million lives, ended with a U.S.-brokered peace treaty in 2005.

But before South Sudan gained independence in July, human rights monitors expressed concerns that long-standing grievances could end in violence consuming the region again.

The United Nations estimates that more than 1,100 people died and 63,000 were displaced last year by inter-communal violence in Jonglei state, not taking into account the latest clashes.

CNN’s Moni Basu, Nima Elbagir and Laura Smith-Spark contributed to this report.

White House: South Sudan Eligible to Receive US Defense Assistance

Posted: January 6, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Posted Friday, January 6th, 2012 at 4:35 pm

The White House has declared the government of South Sudan eligible to receive weapons and defense assistance from the United States.

President Barack Obama Friday issued a memorandum saying that the ability to provide defense materials and services to the government of South Sudan is in the national interest of the United States and could promote peace in East Africa. The determination does not constitute a decision to give defense support to the African state.

The announcement came after an outbreak of violence between two South Sudanese tribes that may have left thousands dead and some 50,000 people needing aid.

The United Nations said it has launched a “massive” humanitarian aid operation in South Sudan’s Jonglei state, where tribal clashes occurred. Spokeswoman Elizabeth Byrs told VOA Friday the food distribution has already started, and that U.N. agencies are finalizing emergency plans for water, health care, shelter and sanitation.

The violence broke out in Pibor last week when about 6,000 men from the Lou Nuer tribe attacked areas controlled by the rival Murle tribe. The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs says tens of thousands of people have returned to the town of Pibor now that the fighting has ended.

A local South Sudanese official said Friday the violence killed more than 3,000 villagers, including more than 2,000 women and children. U.N. officials have not confirmed those figures but say at least several dozen people have died.

Government forces have taken control of Pibor and the U.N. has vowed to increase its peacekeeping presence in the area.

Meanwhile, U.N. refugee agency chief Antonio Guterres is scheduled to visit South Sudan’s capital, Juba, Saturday to discuss the humanitarian situation there.

The U.N. estimates more than 360,000 people have fled to South Sudan from neighboring Sudan in recent months.

Sudan’s government is battling rebels in Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan states, which border South Sudan. The rebels are believed to support the south, which split from the north in July.

Guterres is also scheduled to visit Sudan Tuesday to discuss humanitarian needs in that country.

The U.N. has asked Sudan to allow foreign aid groups to enter the war-torn states and reach people in need of assistance. Khartoum has denied the request.

The world body cites reports suggesting that food shortages and malnutrition rates have reached “alarming” levels in parts of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan.

National Identity Cards Launched
President Salva Kiir displays a sample of the national identity documents in Juba [©Gurtong]

By Juma John Stephen

National Identity Cards Launched

The South Sudan Embassy should avail these document in Washington DC, UK, EU, AU countries, East Asia, etc to serve citizens and foreigners entering SS..

President Salva Kiir Mayardit has officially launched the national registration centre and the issuing of the three national identity documents; nationality certificate, identity cards and passports of the Republic of South Sudan.

By Juma John Stephen
JUBA, 4th January 2012 [Gurtong] – President Salva Kiir Mayardit has officially launched the national registration centre and the issuing of the three national identity documents; nationality certificate, identity cards and passports of the Republic of South Sudan.

After receiving his passport President Kiir said that, “these are my documents, this is my passport and all these are the property of the Republic of South Sudan.”

The President directed the Ministries of Interior and National Security to identify all the foreigners in the country and investigate those who entered into the country without work and residence permits and take necessary measures against them.

“Entry to South Sudan is open to people who have proper documents. I ask the Ministry of Interior and National Security to identify people who are in South Sudan staying without visa, passport, residents permit and work permit. We have embassies in these countries so they should obtain these documents.” Kiir added.

Kiir warned authorities in the Ministry not to issue diplomatic and special passports to the citizens who do not deserve them. He further warned that government officials who threaten police officers issuing the passports and giving them bribes for diplomatic and official passports, should be reported to the authorities.

The Interior Minister Hon. Alison Manani Magaya reiterated that he had setup mechanisms for recognizing the presence of foreign nationals in the country and to make sure that they have legal permits. He then explained the procedures of acquiring the national documents.

“From today people will start receiving their identity cards. We will make sure that non-South Sudanese don’t get these documents. The Ministry of Interior will determine when you will return the old ones and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will determine when diplomatic passports will be returned,” said Manani

The Minister of Finance Hon. Kosti Manibe and the Minister of Foreign Affairs Hon. Nhial Deng Nhial are responsible for diplomatic and special passports.

The Vice President of Muehlbauera a Germany based Company which produced the documents for Republic of South Sudan; Mr. Mattauis Koler said that the documents are of first class quality.

“We are honoured to take a very small part in your independence by issuing the first electronic passports for South Sudanese,” Koler said

“South Sudanese now have first class national certificates, national identity cards and electronic environmental passports which none of your neighbours in this region have. You are one of the leading nations in electronic identification documents.”

Government Officially Launches New Passports And Nationality Identities
3 January 2012—(Juba) —The government has officially launched the new passport and nationality identity cards.

President Salva Kiir Mayardit spoke at a ceremony in Juba on Tuesday.

[Salva Kiir]: “Today is the launching day for our Identity cards, passport and all that and we know all the challenges that are before us. To begin with, these are my documents and this is my passport.  All these are the property of the Republic of South Sudan; they are not from any other country.  During the time of the struggle when we were at war, there were friendly countries that gave us their passports that we used for travelling, and other travelling documents as well we used them.  And today we have our own documents and we must own these documents with seriousness, these are the first documents that we are going to own as a new country.”

Kiir cautioned the Interior and foreign ministries to issue diplomatic passport only to those who deserve them.

[Salva Kiir]: “The Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Minister of Interior, make sure that when you approve these documents you approve them to the right person. Let people apply, and if there are people who deserve diplomatic passports, let them receive, and if they don’t deserve, like what happened during the first generation where many people acquired diplomatic passport, special passport, and these documents can be used against you whether you like it or not, because those people who acquire these documents they don’t  take them in good faith, they come and take the documents and camouflage  himself or herself so that they come to cause problem and  tarnish the image of the citizens of South Sudan. Don’t allow this again.”

Kiir said that the new passport is internationally recognized.

South Sudan: Citizens Line-Up to Acquire Nationality Certificates, Passports
He furthermore explained that the South Sudan Passport is divided into four, one the Diplomat Passport which is only meant for President, Vice President, the Speaker, the Governors and the National Ministers depending on the validation of his /her 

South Sudan: Our Ministries Should Do Something Tangible Like Those
Since this is the first year that these ministries will be working in an independent nation, the Republic of South Sudan, the citizens should expect to see tangible results from their programmes of work. For example the ministry of agriculture should ..

South Sudan: Lou-Nuer Elder Urges for Peace, Blames Fighting in Jonglei
Lou Nuer Elder Hoth Gorluak called for peaceful co-existence between Jonglei communities in order for the State to receive development and blamed that the fighting has undermined development in the areas, since government, businesses and investors fear 

South Sudan appeals for humanitarian aid amid fighting
CNN International
(CNN) — South Sudan appealed for international aid for a remote region that has been under attack by roaming fighters, as thousands of residents fled into the bush to avoid the violence. The government declared Jonglei state a “humanitarian disaster 

South Sudan inflation eases to 65.6 pct in December
Reuters Africa
KHARTOUM Jan 6 (Reuters) – South Sudan’s annual inflation rate eased to 65.6 percent in December from 78.8 pct in November as housing and water costs fell but food prices remained high, official data showed. South Sudan became independent on July 9 

Sudan: A Timeline for Catastrophe – Nation’s Continuing Slide Toward War
It necessarily focuses on the “unilateralism” that has emanated from Khartoum, and taken the form of brutal aggression against the people of Abyei, South Kordofan, Blue Nile, and increasingly South Sudan itself. Such a timeline as I offer here cannot 

South Sudan: Rebels – What Will They Gain From Their Rebellion?
South Sudan which has just got its independence in 2011 has been witnessing unnecessary attacks by some individuals who opted to serve Khartoum against their country and people, a matter that had surprised the world. Some of them had been refusing to 

South Sudan: Why Nunu Failed to Reveal Capital Relocation?
We always talk of big projects in a move to fail the small projects that benefit the communities ofSouth Sudan. One of the big projects is Ramciel, the proposed Capital of South Sudan. We have predicted the relocation of the capital from Juba to 

South Sudan: MP Accuses Murle of Killing Two in Duk County
Juba — Just two days after three people were reported killed allegedly by the Murle cattle raiders in Duk County of Jonglei State two more people from Dinka tribe were killed in a fresh attack yesterday in the same County. Member of Parliament in the 

UN Launches Major South Sudan Humanitarian Effort
ABC News
By MICHAEL ASTOR AP The United Nations launched a humanitarian emergency effort Friday following last month’s intertribal clashes in South Sudan, responding to a wave of violence that might have left thousands dead and some 50000 people in urgent need 

White House: South Sudan Eligible to Receive US Defense Assistance
Voice of America (blog)
The White House has declared the government of South Sudan eligible to receive weapons and defense assistance from the United States. President Barack Obama Friday issued a memorandum saying that the ability to provide defense materials and services to 

George Athor’s Last Message before being Killed
Sudan Vision
George Athor Deng to His Excellency President of Republic of Uganda The people of Southern Sudan were hoping during the interim period which the CPA provided that the SPLM, which was virtually controlling the rein of power in South Sudan, would be able

Written by Sam Lucero | The Compass
Wednesday, 04 January 2012 11:29

New Catholic Charities employee, one of ‘lost boys of Sudan,’ says education is key to country’s success

GREEN BAY — Michael Ayuen Kuany was about 6 years old when Sudanese soldiers attacked his village in Jalle Payam, located in southern Sudan. “I could see the smoke and I could see the government troops in army uniforms coming towards us,” said Kuany. “Their goal was to capture the boys.”

His country was in civil war. Arab Muslims in the north controlled the military and their attacks on the south, populated by black African Christians, were meant to wipe out future village leaders, he explained.


Michael Kuany, who was recently hired by Catholic Charities of the Diocese of Green Bay, escaped death in Sudan when he was about 6. One of thousands of Sudanese known as the ‘lost boys of Sudan,’ today Kuany is helping his homeland through Rebuild Sudan, a nonprofit group he established in 2005. (Sam Lucero | The Compass)

The sound of guns in the distance triggered a warning he remembered hearing from village elders: “Run to the forest. Do not let yourself be captured because you will be cut into pieces,” recalled Kuany, who was recently hired by Catholic Charities of Green Bay as a family strengthening manager, working with immigrants and refugees.

Running scaredKuany ran and ran, along with other boys from his village. “I ran until I met up with other groups of boys from other villages,” he said. By the time they reached the Ethiopian border, their numbers grew into the thousands.

It was here, at the Panido refugee camp, that Kuany and more than 20,000 other Sudanese boys could finally rest. Many died making the 1,000-mile trek across dangerous terrain, some of them killed by wild animals, he noted. For the next 14 years, Kuany lived a squalid existence in refugee camps, first in Ethiopia, then in Kenya.

“Many people died of diseases, lack of nutrition,” said Kuany. When Ethiopia faced its own civil war, troops removed the Sudanese boys from the Panido camp. They again had to evade Sudanese soldiers and walk another 1,000 miles before reaching Kenya. The United Nations helped establish a refugee camp for them in Kakuma.

“In the Kakuma camp, life was still hard, but we asked for education to be provided because we valued education,” said Kuany, who spoke the Dinka dialect and learned English while living in the camps. “We had seen it from the United Nations aid workers who came to help us and we thought getting an education was the best means for us to be self-sufficient and be able to give back and help other people.”

Help rebuild Sudan

Michael Kuany has created a website,, for people to learn about his initiative to build schools in Sudan. To contribute to this effort, visit the website or email Kuany at michael@rebuildsudan.orgThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it . All donations are tax deductible.

Kuany is available to speak to church or school groups about the “lost boys of Sudan” and Rebuild Sudan. Email or call him (315) 876-0232 for more information.

When the international spotlight captured the plight of the Sudanese boys at Kakuma in the 1990s, the story of the “lost boys of Sudan” helped reunite many families. For Kuany, it meant emigration into the United States in 2001.

He was sent to Atlanta, but he was told he had to wait two years to enroll in school. He met a family from Monroe, Wis., and was told he could move to Wisconsin and begin school immediately.

Moves to Oshkosh

After passing his GED test, he enrolled at UW-Madison. He transferred to UW-Oshkosh, taking classes in international studies and political science, in order to serve as an interpreter for a Sudanese family.

Kuany said his goal since arriving in the U.S. has been to help refugees, especially those from his homeland. Over the years he has spoken to groups around the country and was pleased when the U.S. government passed the Sudan Peace Act in 2002. In 2005, the government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement signed a comprehensive peace agreement. During the 21-year civil war, more than 2 million southern Sudanese died and 4 million were displaced.

That same year, Kuany founded Rebuild Sudan, a nonprofit initiative to help people in his homeland.

Education has no borders

“When the peace deal was signed in 2005, I remembered what I went through and what many other children were going through,” he said. “What I valued the most was education, because education has no borders. You can help anyone anywhere. So I founded Rebuild Sudan to build a school for the orphans. The education they get can be used for the greater good of Sudan.”

Michael Kuany’s story

Rebuild Sudan: Our Past and Our Future from Rebuild Sudan on Vimeo.

The program also builds wells for access to clean drinking water, which Kuany knows can be the difference between life and death in Sudan.

“My youngest sister, who was in a refugee camp with my mother in Uganda … died of diarrhea, which can be treated easily here,” said Kuany. “But because of the lack of clean drinking water, it cost her life.”

Kuany returned to Sudan for the first time in 2007 to see the progress of his foundation and to visit his village. After earning his master’s degree in restorative justice and international development from Eastern Mennonite University in Harrisburg, Va., in 2009, he returned to Sudan. “I was working with the United Nations training government officials on a number of issues such as rule of law. One of the projects I loved the most was called, ‘Access to Justice,’ because, to me, I feel like justice is not there and it was very critical area.”

Last July, South Sudan became an independent nation, but many challenges face the new government, said Kuany.

Rebuild Sudan

ReBuild Sudan from Rebuild Sudan on Vimeo.

Relatives die in December attack

Last month, an ex-general in the South Sudan army led an attack on Kuany’s village of Juet, killing more than 40 people, including 10 of his relatives. This attack followed a similar massacre last August, when more than 600 people were killed.

On Dec. 21, Bishop David Ricken celebrated a Mass at St. Joseph Chapel, located on the diocesan grounds, and offered special intentions for the victims of the attack.

“That prayer actually helped me,” Kuany told The Compass in an interview Dec. 22. “I appreciate Bishop Ricken coming up with that idea of praying for the victims and supporting them.”

Kuany continues to promote peace in South Sudan from afar. He sees his new job with Catholic Charities as an extension of his commitment to helping people in his homeland. He also knows from experience that Catholic agencies are committed to the cause of easing human suffering.

“I accepted this position because of the trust and reputation that I have learned and seen in the work of Catholic Charities here and also in the work of Catholic Relief Services that is working in Sudan,” said Kuany. “CRS is one of the (non-governmental organizations) that is well respected in the country. I have seen and I believe in what they do.”

Education is key in Sudan

Kuany’s childhood memories of escaping death, mixed with recollections of happy times in his village, make him want to help other people facing hardships. He knows from experience that education is the key to prosperity.

“We are building a school and I call it a school of hope,” he said. “We need to restore hope and confidence that has been lost, to educate the minds and the hearts of those children who have lost their families so that they become good disciples of peace.”

He spent six months in Jalle Payam last year watching the progress of the school’s construction, which should be completed in early 2012.

Kuany, who is Christian, asks that people pray for the success of South Sudan. He also asks people to consider helping him in his efforts to educate Sudanese children.

With the continued support of Americans, he said, “South Sudan is not going to be a failed country. With the (natural) resources they have, it could be used in a better way to help human life. That’s why I’m doing what I’m doing.”

Education, not guns, will transform his people, he said.

“Guns are not a solution to resolve our differences. … I believe in education. We help one child at a time and that child will multiply to many. That is what I’m asking people to take a look and help.”

South Sudan Job Vacancy: January 12, 2012

Posted: January 6, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Jobs

Dear All,

Kindly find attached AVSI Job Vacancies for the Health Sector in Isohe, Ikotos and Imotong in Eastern Equatoria State.

For your consideration and dissemination.

With warm regards and best wishes of a new year full of happiness.


Gabriele Erba

AVSI Isohe – Area Team Leader

Eastern Equatoria – South Sudan

Tel:  +88 216 511 78301

+249 (0) 924 876 808

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AVSIJobVacanciesIsoheHealth.pdf AVSIJobVacanciesIsoheHealth.pdf
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AVSIJobVacanciesHealthIkotos&ImotongPHCC.pdf AVSIJobVacanciesHealthIkotos&ImotongPHCC.pdf
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Dear All,
Pact is seeking for proposals from potential partners for rural Access to justice projects in Akobo, Nasir, Pibor and Renk. Pact’s Access to Justice Project is funded by the US State Department Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs and aims at making awards in the areas below:
1. Supporting the judiciary in rural areas (Pibor, Akobo, Nasir and Renk)
2. Training and supporting traditional authorities in improved administration of justice (Pibor, Renk and Nasir)
3. Supporting rural prisons to reduce improper incarceration (Renk, Nasir and Akobo)
4. Supporting rural police to better enforce the law (Akobo, Pibor, Nasir and Renk)
5. Establishment of a legal aid clinic to advice citizens and provide paralegal services (Pibor)
6. Traning on human rights and humanitarian law (Pibor, Akobo and Renk)
Find attached the proposal and budget templates and, Request For Proposal.  For more information on the RFA, please contact Pact’s Access to Justice Program Manager, Godfrey Mupanga at
Best Regards,
Logo J. Maya
Information Officer
Pact Sudan

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Access to Justice -Proposal Template.docx Access to Justice -Proposal Template.docx
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Access to Justice RFA_Final.pdf Access to Justice RFA_Final.pdf
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Access to Justice-Budget Template.xls Access to Justice-Budget Template.xls
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Dear all,


ACF-USA is part of the ACF-International Network which works to save
lives by combating Hunger and diseases that threaten the lives of
vulnerable communities, through nutrition, food security and
livelihoods, water and sanitation, health and advocacy.

Therefore ACF-USA is seeking to recruit suitable qualified  south Sudanese to
fill the  vacant position of a Base Logistician  to be based in Alek. For more details, find the attached advert and
circulate widely. Those who meet the requirements for the position can see details on the attached advert on how to apply.


Vundru Richard
Human Resource Clerk
Action Against Hunger (ACF-USA)
Hai Cinema, juba South Sudan
Mob: 0955903348

Advert for Base logistician Alek.pdf Advert for Base logistician Alek.pdf
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Dear All,

Catholic Relief Services is a global non-governmental Christian
humanitarian and development organization with a special focus serving
the needs of disadvantaged populations to ensure that the dignity of
the human person is maintained regardless of race, religion, gender or

Catholic Relief Service (CRS) South Sudan program is implementing the
Jonglei Food Security Program (JFSP) and has vacancy for Finance
Assistants (3) to be based in Ayod, Pibor and Yuai , Jonglei State.
The vacancy is open to all citizens of South Sudan only.

Application letters and CVs together with the names of three
professional referees, should reach CRS not later than Wednesday, 18th
January, 2012. Only short-listed candidates will be contacted.

Human Resources Manager
Catholic Relief Services –
South Sudan program,
Juba Office

Human Resource Manager
South Sudan Program
Bor Office

Email: Or

CRS South Sudan Program is an equal-opportunity employer.  In making
employment decisions it does not discriminate on the basis of gender,
ethnicity, religion or political affiliation.

For more information please refer to the attached Vacancy Announcement.


Ayume Moses Lukadi.

Finance Assistants Advert CRS JFSP.doc Finance Assistants Advert CRS JFSP.doc
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Dear All,

IntraHealth International Inc, South Sudan Program is disposing one of its Toyota Land Cruiser Hardtops. Find attached a public sale advertisement for wider distribution.

Bidding instructions are contained in the advertisement and we look forward to receiving bids from those interested.

Kind regards,

Anguandia J.M Sunday | Finance and Administration Manager, South Sudan

IntraHealth International | Because Health Workers Save Lives.

t. +211-955 03 3717 |

Training of Trainers

Redr  has a few spaces left on the Training of Trainers course which
will be run from Jan 17-20.

What is the aim of the course?
In South Sudan, many NGO staff find themselves involved in training
others or planning courses and workshops. The aim of the course is to
develop the skills and confidence needed to design and deliver
effective training sessions. The highly participatory course, aims to
build skills through experience, observation and feedback.

What does the course cover?
•       Adult learning and the training cycle
•       Learning needs analysis
•       Training and facilitation techniques
•       Providing feedback and coaching
•       Evaluating training

Who should attend?
Staff involved in planning or delivering training, or technical
experts who find themselves as part-time trainers, will find this
course very useful in improving their skills. The course will be
delivered for fluent English speakers.

For more information or to register for the course, please email:

Lillian Ochan

Human Resources Officer

Tele:+249 955 227 265 / +249 926 558 709


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ALO Advert-Kodok.doc ALO Advert-Kodok.doc
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ALO Advert-Kodok page 2.doc ALO Advert-Kodok page 2.doc
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Tearfund Application Form-Irene changes.doc Tearfund Application Form-Irene changes.doc
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Dear all

Kindly find attached IRC South Sudan position announcement for
Clinical officer/ PHCC In charge based in Aweil South,
Northern-Behr-El Ghazal.

Qualified candidates are encouraged to submit their resume with a
covering letter to the following email address: Please indicate the title of the
position in the subject line of the email. Alternatively, applications
can be hand-delivered to IRC’s Aweil South Office. Please clearly mark
the position title on the envelope (in case you are submitting a hard

Deadline for submission: 15th Jan, 2012

Please note that Service/Educational certificates are not required at
this stage.

Only South Sudanese nationals are eligible to apply for these
positions. Qualified candidates from Aweil/Aweil South will be


*Romano Mboriidie Sayyid.*
*Tel +211 926 178 173*
*      +211 955 204 488*

336K   View   Download

Please directly contact the employer if you have any further questions.

To anyone of interest, please circulate the following job vacancies:

JD CDD Team Leader.doc
JD CDD Facilitator.doc
Vacancy Announcement, M&E Officer – Data Manager.docx
Vacancy Announcement, M&E Officer – Data Manager.docx
Finance Assistants Advert CRS JFSP.DOC
AVR Facilitator JD.DOCX

South Sudan

More than 3,000 people were killed in South Sudan in brutal massacres last week in bloody ethnic violence that forced thousands to flee, the top local official in the affected area said.

“There have been mass killings, a massacre,” said Joshua Konyi, commissioner for Pibor county in Jonglei state.

“We have been out counting the bodies and we calculate so far that 2,182 women and children were killed and 959 men died.”

United Nations and South Sudanese army officials have yet to confirm the death tolls and the claims from the remote region could not be independently verified.

If confirmed, the killings would be the worst outbreak of ethnic violence ever seen in the fledgling nation, which split from Sudan in July.

A column of 6,000 rampaging armed youths from the Lou Nuer tribe last week marched on the remote town of Pibor, home to the rival Murle people, whom they blame for cattle raiding and have vowed to exterminate.

The Lou Nuer gunmen attacked Pibor and only withdrew after government troops opened fire.

More than 1,000 children are missing, feared abducted, while tens of thousands of cows were stolen, Mr Konyi added, who comes from the Murle ethnic group.

UN humanitarian coordinator for South Sudan Lise Grande said earlier this week that she feared “tens, perhaps hundreds” could have died.

South Sudan army spokesman Philip Aguer he was still awaiting reports from forces on the ground.

“For the assessment to be credible, they must have gone into the villages to count all the bodies.”

The UN estimates ethnic violence, cattle raids and reprisal attacks in the vast eastern state left more than 1,100 people dead and forced 63,000 from their homes last year.


Accounts Emerge in South Sudan of 3,000 Deaths in Ethnic Violence

By N

NAIROBI, Kenya — More than 3,000 villagers were massacred in the recent burst of communal violence in South Sudan, local officials said Thursday, with the fledging South Sudanese government, which just won its independence six months ago, seemingly unable to stem the bloodshed.

Thousands of armed fighters attacked the town of Pibor.

If the death toll is confirmed — United Nations officials and South Sudanese Army officers have yet to do that, saying they were still collecting information from the conflict zone — this would be one of the deadliest clashes in South Sudan in recent memory.

In the past two weeks, United Nations aircraft had been tracking an unusually large column of 6,000 to 8,000 heavily armed fighters from the Lou Nuer ethnic group as it advanced toward the town of Pibor, cutting a swath of destruction across the savanna. Pibor is the hometown of the Lou Nuer’s traditional rival, the Murle, and the two groups have been locked in a tit-for-tat cattle rustling feud for years, with the death toll steadily rising each round.

According to Joshua Konyi, the commissioner of Pibor County and a Murle, 2,182 women and children and 959 men were killed, 1,293 children were abducted and 375,186 cows were stolen.

“We’ve been counting the bodies,” Mr. Konyi said by telephone from Pibor on Thursday night. “It’s really a genocide. If you come, you will see.”

He said Lou Nuer fighters had mercilessly hunted down civilians who were cowering in the bush. Other Murle leaders said hundreds of women had been chased into a river, where they drowned.

Earlier this week, United Nations officials had a much lower estimate, describing a death toll “in the tens, if not the hundreds” and saying that several corpses had already been unearthed. United Nations peacekeepers had tried to stop the fighters from storming the town of Pibor, but when it was clear that the peacekeepers and government soldiers were vastly outnumbered, Pibor’s residents were advised to flee. As many as 50,000 people scattered across the area. At first, United Nations officials believed that the early warnings had saved many lives.

“At this stage, it’s very difficult to get an accurate picture,” Kouider Zerrouk, a United Nations spokesman in South Sudan, said Thursday. “We’re not in a position to confirm any figures, and we’re in the process of assessing their validity.”

The Pibor area is one of the most rugged and isolated parts of South Sudan, surrounded by thick forests and swamps. With thousands of fighters still roaming around and many roads inaccessible, United Nations officials said they would not know the full extent of the violence for several more days.

South Sudan’s military spokesman, Col. Philip Aguer, said, “I’m sure many people died.” But the army, like the United Nations, was waiting for more details, he said.

“I feel bad,” Colonel Aguer said. Referring to the South Sudanese Army, he continued: “It is regrettable that the SPLA couldn’t stop this. This region is in conflict. This is not the first incident of this kind, and it will not be the last.”

The cattle-rustling tradition in this part of South Sudan goes back generations. Both the Murle and the Lou Nuer prize cows and often lionize the young warriors who steal them. Years ago, the warriors clashed with spears. Now, they use AK-47s.

Last year, the Lou Nuer attacked several Murle villages, stole cattle and killed hundreds. The Murle responded by attacking several Lou Nuer villages, stealing cattle and killing hundreds. The two groups often abduct women and children during these raids. Church elders tried to intervene, but talks broke down in December. Then the Lou Nuer began amassing a huge force of heavily armed youths. Lou Nuer elders said it was time to wipe out the smaller Murle group, once and for all.

In late December, the column of Lou Nuer fighters began marching toward Pibor, burning huts along the way. The United Nations rushed 400 peacekeepers to Pibor, trying to defend the town alongside about 400 South Sudanese government troops.

But as Colonel Aguer said, “800 can’t stop 6,000.”

When asked why so few soldiers were defending Pibor when it was clear an enormous force of Lou Nuer fighters was headed that way, he replied, “It’s a long story.”

He elaborated that government troops were stretched thin across South Sudan, especially because of all the tensions along the oil-rich boundary between South Sudan and its northern neighbor, Sudan. The border has yet to be demarcated and could prime a major conflict between the two nations. Before South Sudan seceded from Sudan in July, the South Sudanese had been fighting a guerrilla war for independence for decades.

“The mission of the army is an external threat,” Colonel Aguer said. “Nobody articulated such an internal threat would happen.”

But, he added, “there’s a need for some adjustment.”

Murle leaders say the government essentially abandoned them in their time of need. Thousands of people remain camped out in the bush, “people with no food, no water, and this is my problem to get them help,” said Mr. Konyi, the Pibor commissioner.

Their rage vented, the Lou Nuer fighters now appear to be heading home. Mr. Konyi even described Pibor on Thursday night as calm. But others say the next outburst is only a matter of time.

“To me, this can’t stop,” said David Ibon, a Murle pastor. “This isn’t just cattle rustling. This is war.”

Accounts Emerge in South Sudan of 3000 Deaths in Ethnic Violence
New York Times
NAIROBI, Kenya — More than 3000 villagers were massacred in the recent burst of communal violence in South Sudan, local officials said Thursday, with the fledging South Sudanesegovernment, which just won its independence six months ago, 
3000 killed in South Sudan massacres
ABC Online
More than 3000 people were killed in South Sudan in brutal massacres last week in bloody ethnic violence that forced thousands to flee, the top local official in the affected area said. “There have been mass killings, a massacre,” said Joshua Konyi, 
South Sudan threatens to “sue” Khartoum over unilateral oil charges
Sudan Tribune
January 5, 2012 (JUBA) – The government of South Sudan (GoSS) on Thursday threatened to sue Khartoum over its decision announced this week to unilaterally impose monthly charges on its crude oil transported through its pipelines. 
Sudan claims SPLM-N recruited 900 children in South Kordofan, calls for UNICEF 
Sudan Tribune
Habani said that some of the kids were transferred to South Sudan describing this as a breach of their rights and a violation of international conventions in this regard. During her meeting with UNICEF representative in Sudan Nils Kastberg she called 

Nuer White Army, Akobo, South Sudan

January, 5, 2012

The leadership of the White Army has met today in Lilkuangole to determine the situation in Jonglei state after successfully launching Operation Ending Murle’s Abductions on December 22nd, 2011. After reviewing the operation, the leader of the White Army, Bor Doang informed the Executive Council of the White Army that the operation has been successful. The leader reported that twenty five Nuer and Dinka kids who were abducted by the Murle in the past have been recovered and will be returned to their parents by their chiefs. Over 80,000 stolen Nuer and Dinka cattle have been returned.

The casualties of the White Army are less than expected in that large operation. The leader of the army confirmed that 95 fighters have been wounded and 15 killed in the entire operation. The Murle ran to Pochalla and Boma near the Ethiopian border. The Executive Council congratulated Bor Doang for successful and capable leadership that disarmed Murle in a very short period of time. Although majority of Murle tribe escaped to Ethiopian mountains, the Executive Council has no intention to pursue them in a foreign country. The sovereignty of Ethiopia has to be respected and the White Army has no intention to create conflict with Ethiopia which was an ally that supported the people of South Sudan against successive Khartoum regimes before independence.

The White Army congratulated Twic-Dinka for joining the operation to disarm Murle. We thank 900 Dinka who joined us on December 22nd, 2011. We are very happy that no member of Dinka White Army was wounded or killed in operation. They played a very pivotal role in the capture of Lilkuangole. Most of military intelligence which located the whereabouts of Murle fighters was supplied by Twic-Dinka who joined their Nuer brothers to end the problem of Murle. The unity between the Nuer and Dinka youth will be consolidated for peace to reign supreme in Jonglei State. Nuer and Dinka share the same great grandmother during creation. Although Murle are also related to Nuer and Dinka as part of greater Nilotic tribe, their persistent determination to abduct Nuer and Dinka kids since 17th C is a big menace to all their neighbors.

The Nuer and Dinka youth will meet in the near future to discuss forming a coalition between the Nuer and Dinka white armies as the only solution to maintain security in Jonglei and Upper Nile States. Our Dinka brothers have proven to be very good fighters against Murle when we launched the operation. The Executive Council will also send a delegation to Anuak Youth for talks to form a unified army to fend off Murle threat in the region.

We would like to inform the world that three Nuer clans of Lou, Jikany and Gawaar have agreed to unite their white armies under the name Nuer White Army. From January, 5, 2012 onwards, the name that applies to Lou, Jikany and Gawaar fighters is the Nuer White Army. Bor Doang thanked 1,500 Jikany and 500 Gawaar Nuer who participated in the operation. It is the first time since Dr. Riek Machar formed the White Army in 1992 that all Nuer clans could unite their fighters under one command. The leadership has decided that all the Nuer clans, from east to west, will form a unified leadership under one leader. A delegation will be sent to Nuer Youth in Unity State to join the Nuer White Army to defend Nuerland from external enemies.

We want to state, in no uncertain terms, that the Nuer White Army has no political objective. The primary objective of the White Army is to defend the Nuer livelihood from Murle who carried out attacks against the Nuer civilians. We advise President Salva Kiir to find a solution to Murle problem which will push the South to first tribal world war. The problem of Jonglei state is a persistent attack of Murle against Nuer, Anuak and Dinka civilians. The Murle are the ones who do not want to live in peace. Murle cannot increase their population by abducting Nuer, Anuak and Dinka’s children. If Murle’s women have fertility problem, the Nuer and Dinka are willing to accept intermarriage with Murle. The Dinka, Nuer and Murle’s chiefs can sit down and talk about intermarriage to assist our Murle brothers to increase their population if their women are not procreating. The chiefs can decide the number of cattle a Murle man should pay as dowries to marry a Dinka or Nuer girl.

We want to inform UNMISS that we have no intention to fight the UN forces in South Sudan if they stay neutral. Since we launched operations against Murle, we never targeted UN forces. When our fighters entered to Pibor town, they didn’t shoot at UN and SPLA because we have no quarrel with them. The problem could arise if UN forces shoot at us because we could exercise the right of self-defense recognized internationally. Since the UN has no intention to fight us, we also have no intention to fight the UN and the SPLA. Our problem is Murle, not the UN.

The leadership of the White Army would like to thank the UNMISS for airlifting 84 members of our fighters wounded in the operation to Juba for treatment. We are very happy for what the UN forces did and it proved that they don’t have any intention to confront us as we mistakenly thought earlier. We want the UN forces to maintain neutrality they demonstrated when we entered Pibor town. The Commander of UN forces in Pibor is a professional soldier who talked to our leadership in a very polite way and made it clear that the UN would not support any side in the conflict. The White Army does acknowledge the difficult situation the UN forces are operating in given the fact that they are inexperienced when it comes to the issues of cattle rustling. However, the UN forces have shown professionalism in handling themselves in this operation. Our advice to them is to maintain being independent from South Sudan government which is led by confused people.

We would advise the UNMISS that the White Army is open to dialogue with international community. The White Army is represented in North America by Nuer Youth under the leadership of Gai Bol Thong in United States. We mandated the Nuer Youth in America to represent the Nuer White Army in any negotiation with the UN in New York. We the Nuer Youth in South Sudan do not recognize Riek Machar as a Nuer leader. He is responsible for all the killings we experience today because it was him who armed Murle tribe in 1997 when he signed Khartoum Peace Agreement with Omer Bashir. He cannot talk to us because we know that he is responsible for all the deaths in Jonglei for arming Murle in 1990s to fight John Garang. Now Murle are killing the Nuer and Dinka with weapons Riek Machar supplied to them in 1997.

The leadership of the Nuer White Army will talk only to Murle Youth through UN mediation outside South Sudan. Mediation between Murle, Dinka and Nuer chiefs is not in the interest of the youth of any side. We advise the international community to know that the chiefs of Nuer, Dinka and Murle will not solve the ongoing conflict. Therefore, there has to be a direct peace talk between Murle Youth on one side and Dinka and Nuer Youth on the other side. The chiefs and politicians in Jonglei and Juba are complicating the matter and the youth do not recognize their authority.

For peace to reign supreme, Murle Youth must talk face to face with Nuer and Dinka Youth outside South Sudan. If the Nuer, Dinka and Murle youth talk in New York, they will have a different experience. Their contact with outside world and the youth in America will be enlightening experience and it would assist in attitude change among the youth.

The entire youth in South Sudan have a problem with politicians in Juba. We advise the UN that the government in Juba is not in good terms with the Nuer and Dinka youth. Therefore, the UN must have an independent contact with the youth via Nuer youth in America who will assist to bring Murle and others together.

We want to advise the UNMISS that the war is not over and the international community should work hard to avoid more wars. We anticipate that the Murle will attack the Nuer and Dinka as a revenge for the operation we launched on December, 22nd, 2011. If they did that, we will launch surprise attacks which will lead to more bloodshed and displacements. Therefore, the UN and the US government must deal with the Murle and Nuer-Dinka white army independent from chiefs, churches and Juba’s government. The UN must talk to Nuer Youth in North America to facilitate direct Youth-to-Youth Dialogue. The people who die in numbers are youth and the majority of the populations are youth. There is no need for UN to waste time talking to tiny minority like chiefs, elders, pastors and politicians.

We would like to warn President Salva Kiir that any attempt to disarm the Nuer White Army will lead to catastrophe and bloodbath. The president must avoid sliding the South to a failed state and should rationally study the situation on the ground without emotion. The Nuer and Dinka youth are very angry and have acquired military arsenal which can bring down the government in Juba if provoked. The White Army has no intention to fight the government. But if President of the South will launch another forced disarmament similar to 2006, there will be a military uprising similar to what happened in Libya last year. If Salva Kiir wants to avoid what happened to Muamar Gaddafi, he should not mess up with Nuer White Army. Our intention is to defend our cattle and kids from Murle because the government failed to provide security after disarming us in 2006. But if Salva Kiir lost touch with reality and insists on disarmament, we will fight him. This time the war will be different because youth in the entire South are not happy with politicians in Juba. If Salva Kiir starts war against Nuer White Army, he will regret it for the rest of his life if he will survive.

For contact:

Bor Doang
Thuraya Phone: +882166997450
Jonglei, South Sudan

Gai Bol Thong
Leader of Nuer Youth in North America
Tel. (206)307-7357
Seattle, Washington

Jany Deng was one of the first Lost Boys to relocate to the Phoenix area.

Jany Deng was one of the first Lost Boys to relocate to the Phoenix area.

By Dianna M. Náñez – Jan. 5, 2012

Refugees shift focus to rebuilding S. Sudan

For years now, the Arizona Lost Boys Center in Phoenix has been a home base for refugees who fled Sudan for the U.S. to escape their country’s civil war.

This week, in honor of their country’s struggle to secure hard-fought independence, the center announced it is changing its name and its mission.

The Lost Boys Center for Leadership Development will offer training and a fellowship in South Sudan where the men can use their education and skills to help rebuild their home country.

On Wednesday, about a dozen Lost Boys celebrated their birthday at a community celebration hosted by Tempe’s Changing Hands Bookstore.

Many of the Sudanese refugees do not know their exact birthdays because records were destroyed or lost in the war. So they mark the occasion at a group celebration.

Sitting with Valley residents who came to offer well wishes, a group of about a dozen men discussed their home country’s future, and shared dreams for their own futures.

With South Sudan in the midst of a struggle to secure its independence, the Lost Boys explained their desire to return home to help rebuild.

It’s the right way to pay forward the kindness and opportunities they’ve received in the U.S., said Jany Deng, the center’s program manager and one of the first Lost Boys to relocate in Phoenix with his brother in the mid-1990s.

It’s the right way to help the family they left behind, John Kok said.

It’s the right way to honor their loved ones who died, Bol Bulabek added.

To aid in that desire, center officials announced at the party that the board has voted to change the center’s name and mission.

As many as 27,000 “Lost Boys,” a nickname given to the displaced children, fled their villages to escape a war that began in 1983 and lasted more than 20 years.

With about 600 Lost Boys living in Arizona, the state has the nation’s largest concentration of such refugees.

The boys who turned to the community center for support and fellowship since it opened in 2003 have grown into men.

The Lost Boys Center for Leadership Development will focus on bringing together the global community of Sudanese refugees who want to return to their country to support democracy and opportunity in South Sudan.

The center has started fundraising to form a leadership-training program that will include a service fellowship in Sudan.

“These are men who value education,” said center spokeswoman Kadi Tierney. “They’ve survived so much. They all have different skills to offer.”

About eight years ago, Tierney’s family adopted Koor Garang, an Arizona Lost Boy. Garang is studying to be a nurse at the University of Arizona.

Garang and Tierney’s mother, Carol, have formed a South Sudan non-profit, Ubuntu, that provides mosquito netting and education for children.

Garang dreams of staffing Unbuntu full time when he graduates. At Wednesday’s party other Lost Boys talked about fulfilling their dreams.

Kok, a nursing student, envisions returning to Sudan to build a hospital.

“We have two homes,” he said. “America is our home. Sudan — our hearts are there.”

Anthony Kuol, 29, talked about his escape from Sudan. He was 6 or 7 years old, got separated from his parents and later was captured by a soldier. He escaped and walked nearly 1,000 miles to a refugee camp in Ethiopia.

Last year, he visited Sudan and was reunited with family members he thought had died. Making the trek to his home village he came upon children living on the streets.

When he finishes school, Kuol said he will return to Sudan.

“I want to give back what America has given us — that is love,” he said.

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