Archive for January 23, 2012

JUBA, 23 January 2012 – The President of the Republic H.E. Gen Salva Kiir Mayrdit has appreciated the people of South Sudan – the youth, women civil society and religious leaders for supporting the decision made by the government to shut down the oil production.

President Kiir (centre) addressing the procession. He is accompanied by the Vice President Hon Dr Riek Machar Teny (left) and the speaker of the National Legislative Assembly Rt Hon James Wani Igga (right).
[Photo: Thomas Kenneth]
H.E Kiir made these remarks when addressing a peaceful public procession at the National Legislative Assembly, organized today on Monday January 23rd, 2012 by the civil society organizations and South Sudan Students’ Union, to support the government’s decision of shutting down the oil production.
President Kiir assured the people of South Sudan that South Sudan will not allow Khartoum to loot its oil again. He also asserted that the pipeline to Khartoum is not the only lifeline and that there are other alternatives available. “We do not have problems with the people or citizens of Sudan but we have problems with the ruling government in Khartoum”, he clarified. He described the ruling class as Al-Asaba(gangs). President Kiir called on the South Sudanese citizens not to harm any citizen of Northern Sudan living in South Sudan explaining that they are innocent citizens.

South Sudanese hold a procession in support of the government’s decision.
[Photo: Thomas Kenneth]
On his part, the deputy governor of Central Equatoria state (CES) Hon Manasi Lomule read to the procession a memo from the people and government of his state that the CES is hundred percent supports the National Council of ministers decision of shutting down the oil production and look for other alternatives for exporting South Sudan Oil, and CES stands firm with the President of the Republic H.E Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit and will follow the developments keenly.
Reported by Thomas Kenneth

South Sudan instructs oil companies to stop operations

JUBA, 21 January 2012(NASS) – The Republic of South Sudan has instructed all foreign companies operating in its oil fields to prepare a shut down plan for halting the operation of its oil.
The order was announced by the minister for Information and Broadcasting and the Official Spokesperson of the government of South Sudan, Hon Dr Barnaba Marial Benjamin to reporters yesterday in a press briefing at the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting headquarters.
He said the Republic of South Sudan’s crude oil is now not safe in the Republic of Sudan saying that it is being stolen and prevented from reaching the international market by the government in Khartoum.
“In the last few days Khartoum has stolen approximately over $ 350million worth of oil from South Sudan using force while preventing over $ 400 million from being purchased and this is through restricting vessels from entering or leaving the port by using their security”, Dr Marial explained.

Hon Marial (right) and Hon Dhieu (left) addressing the media yesterday.
[Photo: Ajang Monychol]
He explained that the decision comes after series of violations from Khartoum. These include:

  1. On the 24th Dec. 2011, government of Sudan (GOS) prevented loading of 600,000 bbls of South Sudan-Nile blend;
  2. On the 30th, Dec. 2011, GOS detained 1000,000 bbls Dar blend sold to Vitol;
  3. On the 31st, Dec. 2011, GOS prevented ships from loading 600,000 bbls of RSS Nile blend;
  4. On the 3rd, Jan. 2012, GOS detained vessels loaded with 600,000 bbls of Dar blend of RSS which belongs to Petronile;
  5. On the 8th, Jan. 2012, GOS detained Sinopec vessels loaded with 900,000bbls Dar blend of RSS;
  6. On the 13th, Jan. 2012, GOS lifted 605,784 bbls Dar blend crude oil of RSS;
  7. On the 16th, Jan. 2012, GOS lifted by force 618712 bbls Dar blend crude oil of RSS;
  8. Also on the same date, GOS instructed PDOC to transfer 120,000 bbls of Dar blend crude oil of RSS to be delivered to Khartoum refinery directly from the illegal pipeline tie into KRC which was partly constructed and operated by GOS;
  9. On the 19th, Jan. 2012, GOS lifted by force 600,000 bbls of RSS’ Nile blend crude oil.

“Indeed, the option of shutting down the oil companies is not the best but the Republic of South Sudan is a sovereign nation and must protect its resources”, said the minister for Petroleum and Mining Hon Stephen Dhieu Dau.
He stated that the oil operations will remain shut until a fair deal is reached with Khartoum or else it will remain so till South Sudan develops its own oil infrastructure that will ensure the people reap the true benefits of their oil.
He also promised to return the oil stolen by Khartoum right from the 24th Dec. 2011 till the last day of the theft. He stressed that he will never give up until the stolen oil is brought back to its rightful owners, the people of the Republic of South Sudan.
He further warned the oil companies involved in buying the stolen that the government of South Sudan has already taken legal procedures to trace them and will take drastic legal action against them.
“I know challenges are there after shutting the oil fields but the government through the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning has taken measures to address them; we will soon be building our own pipeline to transport oil through the Republic of Kenya”, he said.

Reported by Martin Jada Gabriel, News Agency of South Sudan (NASS)

You Lazy (Intellectual) African Scum!

Posted: January 23, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Africa

You Lazy (Intellectual) African Scum!.

Dear South Sudanese Historians and Diplomats,

Foreign policy trends in Southern Sudan.pdf Foreign policy trends in Southern Sudan.pdf
283K   View   Download

This note prepared by JOHN G. NYUOT YOH, and mined by Brian Adeba, provides a broad and detailed preview of South Sudan main events between 1940s-1972, the end of Anyanya One war….at the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement.

The note is entitled:


and was presented at the following occasion:


Though quite a number of pages, please make time and effort to go through it; it is part of South Sudan history 101, of which not most of us are schooled in.


PaanLuel Wel.

Residents of the South Sudanese town of Pibor are returning home, weeks after fleeing from an invasion of heavily armed members of a rival tribe. Dozens of houses were torched, but the majority of the homes stayed intact. The town of Likuangole, by contrast, was wiped off the map.

People unload aid from an helicotper provided by the UN Mission in South Sudan f

The destruction of Likuangole is best seen from the air. No building has survived the rage of the 6,000 men strong White Army of the Lou Nuer tribe. The term ‘White Army’ derives from Nuer youths’ practice of smearing their skin with light-coloured ash as a protection against biting insects.

The entire population of Likuangole fled to the bush during Christmas, when the Lou Nuer said they were seeking revenge on the local Murle population in a cycle of ethnic violence which has persisted in Jonglei state for years.

“Their aim was to finish us all off,” says Juma Balan, an eyewitness. “Whoever didn’t escape in time was killed,” he says, as we walk past the skull of one of the victims. What is left of Likuangole is the airstrip, where hundreds of survivors gather daily, waiting for food distributed by the World Food Programme (WFP). “At night, we hide in the bush because we fear a new attack,” Balan says.

March on Pibor
From Likuangole we fly to Pibor, the main town of the Murle community, following the same path as the White Army took late December. On the last day of 2011, the Lou Nuer swarmed the town, but the residents had already fled.

“Over three thousand people of our community lost their lives,” says Commissioner Joshua Konyi, who bases his case on casualty reports of village chiefs. The armed tribesmen hunted down the people who fled Pibor, killing women and children along the way. The United Nations questions this death toll.

All cattle lost
Three weeks after the attack Pibor’s main market has reopened. People have returned from their hiding places, but without their cattle. They’ve lost them all. The central square is packed with desperate and hungry people. Like Ngedeth, a 27-year-old woman from Likuangole. She and her five children ran away from the attackers.

“I have been sitting here under the threes for the last nine days. We are waiting for food aid, but up to now we haven’t eaten.” Elsewhere, parents are reporting missing children; the raiders kidnapped women and children, and took the cattle as well.


The World Food Program has so far been using helicopters to fly in food supplies. A first road convoy with food reached Pibor last Friday, with enough food to feed 50,000 people for the next two weeks.

The cycle continues
The Murle, a minority tribe in South Sudan, have been accused of staging retaliatory attacks. In Urur and Duk counties dozens of people were killed in the past weeks. Commissioner Konyi acknowledges that young warriers from his tribe might seek revenge. “But not this soon. Our people are completely displaced. We are not in a position to strike back already,” he says.

After the attacks, there were many reports of ethnic hate speech, even on the internet. Politicians, on the other hand, are proposing military deployment and peace talks. But people in Jonglei state wonder whether the same politicians may be behind the attacks.

Commissioner Konyi says he does not encourage any revenge attacks from the Murle, but insists that he cannot stop them. “If it happens the death toll won’t be counted in the dozens. There will be many more.”

SOUTH SUDAN: Moving beyond violence in Jonglei

Displaced people in Gumuruk, 40km from Pibor town

JUBA, 23 January 2012 (IRIN) – Wounded civilians from both sides of an escalating conflict between the Lou Nuer and Murle communities in South Sudan’s Jonglei state lie side by side in the steaming heat of a hospital ward in the new country’s capital, Juba.

At least 120,000 people have been affected by the violence, according to the UN’s latest assessment, which could easily rise.

“The violence in Jonglei hasn’t stopped… our contingency plan for Jonglei could reach about 180,000 people,” while half that number already need food aid, South Sudan’s UN Humanitarian Coordinator Lise Grande said on 20 January.

Local officials have suggested ‘thousands’ of people have been killed in the last few weeks, but this could not be independently confirmed and the UN said it was not possible to provide a count of casualties sustained over such a vast area in so short a time.

In the hospital, Amon Lull Chop fans her four-year-old daughter Nyaduk, who was unable to keep up as the family fled an attack on the town of Duk Padiet in Duk County last week, which the government says killed more than 80 people. Another 70 or so died in similar attacks by members of the Murle community over the past two weeks.

“She slept alone until I came back the following morning and I found the child, and her intestines were outside where they shot and stabbed her,” she says, pointing to a bandage stretching from Nyaduk’s navel up to her chest.

These attacks came after about 8,000 Lou Nuer youths, reportedly joined by some of the country’s dominant Dinka group, marched in late 2011 on Pibor County, razing villages and killing and abducting woman and children.

The UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) tracked the deadly column as it snaked its way towards Pibor town. But even with the support of 800 government soldiers, its 400 peacekeeping troops in Pibor town were greatly outnumbered so UNMISS could only advise civilians to flee into the bush or get behind protective lines in the town.

Thousands of people like Lilkeng Gada took the advice and ran, but were hunted down in their hiding places.

“We were going to hide from the Lou Nuer, and they came and found us,” she said. “We were just sitting down, and they came all of a sudden, and they shot us down. I fell on the floor and they left me, and one child ran, but two of my children and my husband were shot dead right there.

“Now, I’m alone. I don’t know what to do now, how to bring up the children. We had cows and they were taken… I don’t know how we will survive.”

Targeting the vulnerable

Peter Nanou, on another hospital bed in Juba, with a cast on his leg from where he was shot, says he could not save his grandmother from the attack on his village near Pibor.

“I was the one looking after her. When the Lou Nuer attacked I ran with my mother and my grandmother was left behind and shot dead,” he said.

Aid agencies and the authorities have expressed shock at the number of women, children and elderly who have been killed or wounded in the attacks.

Medical charity Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) said half the patients it airlifted from an 11 January attack on Wek village, Uror County, were under the age of five.

Most had gunshot wounds and had been beaten. According to the government, 57 people were killed and 53 wounded in Wek.

South Sudan Red Cross volunteers are counselling about 150 unaccompanied minors in Pibor, while the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has tracked down parents of 109 children registered there.

“I’ve seen at least 50 children that have been kidnapped by my people,” said a Lou Nuer aid worker who fled to the town of Akobo in early January.

Photo: Hannah McNeish/IRIN
Waiting for food

Conflict drivers

In a country awash with small arms, decades of tit-for-tat livestock raids – some 80,000 cattle were taken over recent weeks – are often cited as the explanation for the clashes. But other conflict drivers are also in play.

“The causes of the violence go beyond the retaliatory nature of cattle raiding in Jonglei state and touch upon broader issues of accountability, reconciliation, political inclusion, an absence of state authority, and development,” said Jennifer Christian, Sudan policy analyst for the Enough Project, in a 9 January statement.

“The political and security-related isolation of the two communities has contributed to the rise of parallel authorities, and renders violence as one of the few mechanisms for addressing community grievances,” the statement added.

According to the Sudan Council of Churches (SCC), social changes have also contributed to the violence.

“There is a clear disconnect between the youth and both the traditional and political leaders. The tradition of youth respecting and listening to their elders has been lost. Without the youth’s involvement, and their sense of ownership of the peace process, any attempt at peace will fail,” the council said in a 18 January statement.

“Extremely young children are being ‘initiated’ into the hatred and killing, ensuring that it will continue into the next generation,” the statement warned.

Stopping the cycle of violence

On 19 January, UNMISS chief Hilde Johnson said that without a large government deployment to enforce a buffer zone, the UN’s 1,100 combat-ready troops in Jonglei  – half of all those deployed in South Sudan – would have to work “miracles” to stop the backlash of smaller attacks on remote villages.

“The challenge with protection of civilians with the current [new kind of] counter-attacks means that the unpredictability of the attackers, the speed, the small groups they are moving in, makes it very, very difficult,” she said.

Johnson also expressed alarm about the increasing use of messages threatening to “wipe out an entire ethnic group from the face of the earth,” warning they could further provoke “systematic ethnic violence”.

Church-led mediation efforts were aborted without resolution in mid-December, when a scheduled peace conference was postponed indefinitely.

“The church failed because it did not have government support,” said Joseph Giro Ading, visiting a Murle friend whose abdomen was torn to pieces when he was shot near his hometown Pibor.

“If we keep on revenging, there will not be any solution to the problem; unless we come down [to Juba] and settle the problem in our area, Jonglei will be finished,” he said.

On 19 January, the government announced it would disarm warring sides in Jonglei, using force if necessary. In the past, similar initiatives have met with limited, or temporary, success and were criticized by human rights groups for their excessive zeal.

Earlier in January, a Nuer group – the White Army – warned that any new attempt to disarm it “”will lead to catastrophe”.

For the Enough Project, a broader strategy is necessary.

“The delivery of basic services, provision of security, and establishment of rule of law by the government in Lou Nuer and Murle areas are critical toward ending inter-communal violence in the long term,” its statement urged.

A view echoed by the SCC: “It is clear that under-development is a key driver of conflict in the area, and this is exacerbated by a perception that some communities are neglected. Development of the more isolated parts of Jonglei State must become a priority for government (eg roads), the business community (eg mobile phone networks) and the aid community.”

Jonglei resident Ading drew a similar connection: “All those areas where there are attacks, there are no schools, there are no hospitals, there is nothing… they are just villages where cattle are kept,” he told IRIN.

“The government should open roads and schools to particular people who don’t even know their ABC. If they educate people who are illiterate, they will also know bad and good,” he said.

South Sudan
 starts shutting down oil production after accusing Sudan of 

Washington Post
JUBA, South Sudan — South Sudan has ordered oil companies to shut down oil production within two weeks, a response to the new country’s allegations that Sudan has stolen $815 million worth of the south’s oil, government officials said Monday.
South Sudan: Hard times for illegal money changers
The Africa Report
It has been three months since the South Sudanese government began an investigation in October into illegal money changing activities suspected to be orchestrated by employees at the Central Bank of South Sudan (CBSS). Marial Awuou Yol, deputy minister 
South Sudan Official: Country Will Shut Down Oil Production in Response to Oil 
ABC News
South Sudan official: Country will shut down oil production in response to oil thefts by Sudan.
Red Cross hopes to boost aid effort in Sudan
The government has cited security concerns in severely restricting foreign aid organisations within South Kordofan and Blue Nile, where fighting erupted several months ago between the Sudan Armed Forces and ethnic rebels once allied to insurgents who 

Diehard supporters of slain Libyan dictator Moamer Kadhafi seized control on Monday of Bani Walid, his one-time bastion, after launching a brazen attack at a base there that killed five, officials told AFP.

“The loyalists of Kadhafi took control of the entire city of Bani Walid,” said M’barek al-Fotmani, a former member of the ruling National Transitional Council (NTC) in the desert oasis, 170 kilometres (110 miles) south of Tripoli.

The assault on the base of ex-rebels was the first major offensive launched by Kadhafi loyalists since the “liberation” of Libya on October 23, shortly after the fall of Bani Walid.

Fotmani said the daylight attack on the stronghold of men who helped oust Kadhafi’s regime last year killed “five thuwar (anti-Kadhafi revolutionaries), including a commander.” Around 30 ex-rebels were also injured, he said.

Mahmud Warfelli, spokesman of Bani Walid local council, said earlier that the attack was launched by “a group of remnants of the old regime,” and called for outside help against a feared “massacre.”

“There are around 100 and 150 men armed with heavy weapons who are attacking. We have asked for the army to intervene, but the defence ministry and NTC have let us down,” he said.

“(The gunmen) took control and hoisted the green flag on some districts, some important districts in the centre of the city,” Warfelli added.

“We’re out of the frying pan into the fire. We’ve been warning about this for the past two months.”

Fotmani, said the assailants had circled the former rebels’ base.

“The compound of thuwar is surrounded on all sides by loyalists of Kadhafi who are attacking it with all kinds of weapons,” said Fotmani.

“The attackers are carrying green flags,” symbol of the Kadhafi regime, he said from inside the base.

Fotmani said the base belonged to the May 28 Brigade, a unit of former rebels attached to the defence ministry.

“The attackers shouted ‘Allah, Moamer, Libya and that’s it!,” he said, referring to a slogan popularised by Kadhafi loyalists during his rule.

“Yesterday they had distributed leaflets saying “We will be back soon. We will take the rats out,'” Fotmani added.

“I call upon Libya to save Bani Walid thuwar urgently. Their ammunition is almost over.”

He also said ambulances were unable to evacuate those wounded because there were “snipers postioned on a school and a mosque in the vicinity” of the attack.

Bani Walid was one of the last pro-Kadhafi bastions to fall in the bloody uprising against the former dictator’s rule.

The capture of Bani Walid was followed days later by the fall of the longtime strongman’s hometown Sirte in a battle which also led to his killing and marked the “liberation” of Libya.


We have no guarantee that oil flowing through the Republic of Sudan will reach its intended destination.  We cannot allow assets which clearly belong to the Republic of South Sudan to be subject to further diversion, says President Kiir

[Juba, South Sudan] – By Larco Lomayat      January 23, 2012

While addressing remembers of the South Sudan National Legislative Assembly as well as South Sudanese citizens in Juba on Monday on the Government of South Sudan (GOSS) decision to stop the oil flow through the pipelines on the territory of the Republic of Sudan, the Oresident of the Republic of South Sudan, Gen. Salva Kiir says “During the second Council of Ministers of 2012 meeting on January 20, we unanimously decided that all oil operations in South Sudan should be halted with immediate effect and no crude oil belonging to South Sudan shall flow through the pipelines on the territory of the Republic of Sudan.  


The government stands ready to handle this situation; however, we are mindful that it cannot be done without the collective support of this august house.  We have reached this point only after exhausting all avenues including my sending envoys to Kenya, Uganda, and Ethiopia last week.  The presidents of those countries reached out to President Bashir to ask him to stop taking unilateral decisions regarding our oil.

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President Kiir Addressing Members of the
South Sudan Legislative Assembly
Photos by Larco Lomayat,
January 23, 2012
Below is the Full Message of President Kiir:
scan.pdf scan.pdf
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Statement by H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic of South Sudan
to the National Legislature on the current oil crisis

January 23, 2012


Right Honorable Speaker and

Honorable Members of the National Legislature

I am here today to brief this august house about the current crisis in our oil industry. The crisis has reached a stage that is unacceptable. On the 6th of December  2011, the Minister of Finance of the Republic of Sudan informed our Minister of Petroleum that based on their Petroleum Transit and Service Fees Act of 2011, as from 25 December 2011, all shipments will be allowed to leave Port Sudan only after paying fees amounting to 32.2 dollars per barrel.

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Immediately following this warning, they proceeded to block four ships with 3.5 million barrels of Dar blend from sailing out of Port Sudan.  They have further prevented four other ships from docking at Port Sudan. These ships have purchased 2.8 million barrels of Nile and Dar blends but are unable to collect their purchases.  To date, these eight vessels remain under the control of the Government of Sudan with oil worth 630 million dollars.

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In addition to that, they have forcibly taken another 185 million dollars’ worth of oil.  In total, the revenue that the Government of Sudan has looted since December amounts to approximately 815 million dollars.  Furthermore, they have completed constructing a tie-in pipeline designed to permanently divert 120,000 barrels per day f South Sudan oil, which is almost 75 percent of our daily entitlements, to their refineries in Khartoum.

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Your Excellences

The diversion of South Sudan crude oil has disrupted revenues that are vital to the security and welfare of the people of South Sudan. At this time, we have no guarantee that oil flowing through the Republic of Sudan will reach its intended destination.  We cannot allow assets which clearly belong to the Republic of South Sudan to be subject to further diversion.

Therefore, during the second Council of Ministers of 2012 meeting on January 20, we unanimously decided that all oil operations in South Sudan should be halted with immediate effect and no crude oil belonging to South Sudan shall flow through the pipelines on the territory of the Republic of Sudan.

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The government stands ready to handle this situation; however, we are mindful that it cannot be done without the collective support of this august house.  We have reached this point only after exhausting all avenues including my sending envoys to Kenya, Uganda, and Ethiopia last week.  The presidents of those countries reached out to President Bashir to ask him to stop taking unilateral decisions regarding our oil.

The response from Bashir is that he will not stop taking oil until we pay the exorbitant amount of 32.2 dollars per barrel, something that is completely out of international norms and a precedence that we are unwilling to set.

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Insomuch as the duration of revenue disruption is unknown and to ensure the continued operation of our national government and to provide services for our people, we will need to find other sources of funding.

In doing so, I have already instructed the Ministry of Finance to initiate contingency plans for revenue collection and allocation. This will accelerate the increase in collections of non-oil revenues. It also will prioritize the allocation of existing revenue, allowing us to make the most of what we have.   The Ministry of Finance will also look into other options for replacing the lost revenue.  On existing cash reserves, rest assured that the government can operate for the immediate future, depending on which cuts are made.

Your Excellences

The safety, security and health of our citizens remain our priorities. Whatever austerity measures are required, we are confident that we can continue to meet critical obligations for national security and public welfare.

Meanwhile, we will continue to do everything possible to resolve the impasse with Sudan and to restore the flow of South Sudan crude oil. We remain in intensive discussions, in coordination with the African Union and our allies, to arrive at an agreement that is fair to both parties.

To date, however, the Sudanese government has refused to negotiate in good faith. Given our history with the administration of President Bashir, we realize that, unfortunately, we must prepare for a disruption of revenue that could last many months. However, I want to assure the people of South Sudan that all measures will be taken to ensure that any disruption is minimal.


Your Excellences

This crisis comes at a period that we have internal challenges, particular the recent tribal conflict in Jonglei State.    It is our collective responsibility to manage this situation with patience and perseverance. This is a time when we as South Sudanese need to speak with one collective voice and avoid inciting statements which will further fuel the situation.

For this reason, I call upon this august house to support the decision of the Council of Ministers to stop the flow of oil and search for alternative sources of funding to manage government projects.  I have no doubt that this august house will seriously and critically consider all available options and make the appropriate resolutions in the best interest of the Republic of South Sudan immediately.

Together, as South Sudanese, we will endure this hardship. We are a nation built on resilience, vigilance and pride.  Through discipline and focus, I am confident that our young nation will emerge stronger and more united.

Thank you and God bless you all. 

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Stop Dealing with Thieves, Say the People of South Sudan

[Juba, South Sudan] – By Larco Lomayat    Monday, January 23, 2012

During a Peaceful Procession on Monday from Juba University to the South Sudan National Legislative Assembly in Support of the Government of South Sudan (GOSS) resolution to stop oil flow through the Republic of Sudan, the people of South Sudan chanted “Stop Dealing with Thieves.

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President Kiir Addressing the People of South Sudan in front of
the South Sudan National Legislative Assembly
Photos By Larco Lomayat
January 23, 2012

Here below are some of pictures taken during the Procession and while the President is addressing the people of South Sudan in Juba.

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Dear Esteemed Readers,

Here are two opposing views on South Sudan current decision to shut down oil production in response to Khartoum illegal confiscation of South Sudan oil. 

The first article by Steve Paterno, a US-based South Sudanese and the author of “The Rev. Fr. Saturnino Lohure, A Romain Catholic Priest Turned Rebel” argues that the decision by South Sudanese government to react to Khartoum’s action by threatening to shut down oil production in the South Sudan is not wise for various reasons outlined in the article. 

The second article by Makwei Mabioor Deng  from the SPLM-Diaspora Forum is essentially a counter-response to Paterno’s argument. It maintains that Juba response is appropriate and warranted given the circumstances. 


PaanLuel Wel.

South Sudan shutdown of oil production not wise

By Steve Paterno

January 22, 2012 — South Sudanese leaders are always accustomed to blaming the Northern Sudanese rulers and in the process forgetting their own responsibilities and faults. However, they will not continue to shift the blames as they will be demanded to own up to their responsibilities. For the last six years, South Sudan has been relying entirely on oil revenue for its budgetary needs. Nonetheless, no one South Sudanese leader bothered to push for investment in the oil industry, which is actually the only source of revenue. Instead, much of this oil money is squandered through rampant corruption, shady contract deals, and gross mismanagement.

When South Sudan obtained its independence last July, the new state found itself with only oil wells, but nothing else. The oil refineries are laying in the North. The pipelines for transporting the oil to the world market cross through the North. Oil workers with the most expertise who are Northerners, decamped. The few South Sudanese workers who are left behind can hardly cope up with the workload. Even their basic necessity such as food rations, which were supplied to them from the North are now dwindling. This resulted into a drastic reduction of South Sudanese oil output for the last several months.

Knowing too well that South Sudan is facing such serious dilemma, Sudan government and oil companies resorted into blackmailing and extorting South Sudan to paying huge and unreasonable charged fees for facilities and land usage. Since then, both South Sudan and Sudan could not agree on the amount. Faced with the standoff, Sudan unilaterally enacted a legislation, legally empowering its ministry of energy to confiscate South Sudanese oil as it deems necessary so as to compensate for what Sudan considers to be the charges.

This unilateral move compels South Sudan to plan for the shutdown of all its oil production, while it seeks alternative transportation routes. Even though the shutdown will deny Sudan certain percentage of revenues, it actually adversely affects South Sudan more. For Sudan, South Sudan is calling a bluff, since it has no alternatives, at least in the foreseeable future. So, Khartoum lies and wait for South Sudan to come running back. The compounding challenges facing South Sudan are quite enormous.

First, South Sudan is depending almost a hundred percent on oil revenue. The country cannot afford to survive without the oil revenue. To make matters worse, a bulk of South Sudanese budget is spent on salaries. This will mean even a minor halt or adjustment in oil revenue generation can negatively reflects on the employees who expect their salaries on monthly basis.

Second, South Sudan can never be able to switch quickly from an oil revenue base economy into another source of revenue generating economy. The taxation system which is supposed to be an alternative and is estimated in billions is in state of disarray. Few well placed individuals are actually pocketing the collected tax revenues, while the other potentially taxable sources are untouched. Agriculture, which is a quintessential for South Sudanese livelihood and would have been great source of revenue is left in waste. South Sudanese import their food from their neighboring countries, including from the Sudan. Very soon, with the lost of oil revenue, many people, especially the salaried employees will have no more money to purchase those expensive imported food. With the world financial crunch, international donations are hardly coming in.

Besides, those international aids come with strings attached, the conditions that South Sudan can barely meet, since it has no system for accountability. The only readily available option for South Sudan for a financial rescued package are loans. But why spend and even squander the money you don’t have, which will create huge burden to the South Sudanese posterity and hinder the potential for future growth.

Third, for South Sudan to seek alternative routes for transporting its oil for sale, it is rather a long term plan, not a quick fix to the current crisis the country is facing. First of all, if there is such a plan of constructing a pipeline or building a railroad, it must address the current issues as well as considering all the future implications of such a plan. Secondly, the plan will require enormous amount of time from the day it is envisioned to the day it is finalized and ready to be operational. Thirdly, this plan will cost a substantial amount of money—the money South Sudan is losing currently through lost of oil revenue, corruption, and mismanagement.

Let the South Sudanese leaders be realistic on handling this crisis by embarking on practical solutions than trying to be sentimental. Just last December South Sudanese Vice President Riek Machar announced a grandiose plan of making South Sudan the ’hub’ of seaports shipments in Africa, connected by highways, railroads, airports and the likes. This fantasized plan, which sounds more like a joke, is coming from a leader of a country that cannot even transport its own oil—the oil that the country feeds on—a clear indication that some of these South Sudanese leaders are totally out of sync with the reality. In this case, the notion of prioritization is replaced with romanticized ideas.

What South Sudan needs now is not some absurd and baloney plans, but rather a political will and negotiating skills to strike a quick deal with Sudan on an interim basis. Such an agreement should not be permanent. It must be subject to renewal within a given short period of time, while the negotiations between the two countries continue until a permanent agreeable solution is found. This is the only viable alternative that can guarantee South Sudan continuous flow of revenue as oppose to the total shutdown of the only source of revenue. As South Sudan is pursuing alternative routes for transporting its oil, it must ensure proper management of its finances by clambering down on corruption and making sound investments along the way. The country must then simultaneously seek ways to diversify its economy so as to avoid over reliance on oil as the only source of revenue. After all, the oil is not going to be there forever. With that said, South Sudan has more to lose under the current prevailing situation.

Steve Paterno is the author of The Rev. Fr. Saturnino Lohure, A Romain Catholic Priest Turned Rebel. He can be reached at,41369

South Sudan Shutdown of Oil Production is the Wise Decision.

By Makwei Mabioor Deng

January 22, 2012

Dear Steve Paterno,

Any other GOSS’ ineptness aside, I don’t believe that the call by Juba government to have the oil production shut down is entirely based on sheer “appeal to the general public on emotions than reasons.”

State-to-state negotiation, your point of contention as per your article on Sudan Tribune and an earlier response to Mary Lodira, is what the two parties have been engaging in all these years to no avail.

As you very well know, the absent of any breakthrough in the talks is due mainly to Khartoum’s insistence on asking for $36 a barrel for the usage of their oil facilities while the GROSS team is only willing to consider 70 cent dollars per barrel, something closer to the international charges of about 40 cent dollars per barrel as reported by the media.

Negotiation between the two parties was to continue till Khartoum government took a unilateral decision to secretly confiscate South Sudan’s oil in collusion with some certain foreign companies. It were the same foreign companies, out of shame and guilt to their conscience, who ended up blowing the lid over the dark deal.

In the face of this blatant and unprovoked unilateral decision, and with Khartoum having no economic and political incentives left to agree to any possible settlement from Addis Ababa as they are already getting more than they could get under mutual certified agreement, how do you expect President Kiir and VP Machar to react given Khartoum previous dishonest dealings with South Sudanese?

A concrete, reasonable response was inevitable given the high stake of the situation and what the GROSS did, in my opinion, is appropriate and called for under the circumstances.  How could anyone expect the Khartoum government to agree and sign up to anything when they are freely siphoning off South Sudan’s oil?  They have no incentive whatsoever to agree to anything proposed by Juba government.

Conceivably, just in case no action was taken by Juba, Khartoum may have even decided to rachet up matters by rescinding on their earlier request of $36 a barrel just to delay and frustrate the negotiation while they would continue to confiscate South Sudan’s oil in the name of unpaid fees. It would drag on forever, just like the Abyei case and South Sudan oil would practically belong to the North.

If anything, Khartoum government has already indicated that any agreement on oil is contingent on border issues and the question of alleged Juba support for SPLM-North and Darfur rebels, something that Juba has been vehemently denying for a long time. Who knows, it may even get tied to the resolution of Abyei dispute, and God knows, anything else that may crop up along the way (say Arab Spring in Khartoum blamable on Juba).

I can’t quite figure it out why you would chose to validate Khartoum line of argument that they had formally informed Juba about their decision to forcefully confiscate the oil. There is a difference between threats issued calculatively to put the other negotiating party under duress to make them feel the pressure and buckle and an official statement conveying the intention of the party in question. Khartoum’s threats are parts of their broader official fire barrages to gain mileage either against Juba, SPLM-North or Darfur rebels.

Of course, Juba action carries risks. It would be hard to run the government in the short term, not all South Sudanese oilfields will get shutdown as some fall within the disputed borderlines, and above all, unilateralism from both sides will definitely preclude any successful conclusion of the negotiation process between the two parties.

Still, Khartoum introduced unilateralism when no one denied ever compensating them for their reportedly unpaid fees. Or if you believe Juba account of event, then they have already been re-imbursed and therefore whatever that they are presently engaging in is their old dirty game against Junub Sudan.

Thus, notwithstandings the risks entail in the action, Juba government’s decision to take Khartoum by their threat and shutdown the oilfields is the best decision that has ever come out of Juba since the formation of GOSS in 2005.

Illegality and broad-daylight robbery cannot be rewarded with inaction and silence lest it would defeat logic to continue to proclaim the independence and sovereignty of the republic of South Sudan.

Surely, It will go all the way to serve as a precendential warning against any East African nation that might be tempted to take up Khartoum dirty games of economic sabotage and political blackmailing!!


Source: SPLM/NEW-Sudan Forum

South Sudan starts shutting down oil production

By Michael Onyiego

Associated Press / January 23, 2012

JUBA, South Sudan—South Sudan has ordered oil companies to shut down oil production within two weeks, a response to the new country’s allegations that Sudan has stolen $815 million worth of the south’s oil, government officials said Monday.

The shutdown could lead to a tightening of the world’s oil supply and cause prices to rise.

Oil companies in South Sudan began shutting down operations on Sunday and have two weeks to complete the process, since oil production cannot be easily stopped, South Sudan Minister of Information Barnaba Marial Benjamin said.

South Sudan — which broke away from Sudan last July to form the world’s newest country — must pump its oil through Sudan’s pipelines. However, the two countries have never agreed on the transit fees that South Sudan should pay Khartoum.

Over the last several weeks South Sudan has made repeated accusations that Sudan is stealing massive amounts of its oil, which Benjamin cited as the reason the south has decided to halt production.

In an address Monday to the South Sudan’s National Assembly, President Salva Kiir said Sudan has already taken $815 million worth of southern oil. He said the decision to stop oil production came only after his country approached Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia for help in economic negotiations between Sudan and South Sudan.

“The presidents of those countries reached out to President Bashir asking him to stop taking unilateral decisions in regards to our oil. The response from President Bashir is that he will not stop taking oil until we pay what he says — $32.20 per barrel,” Kiir said.

A research note from Commerzbank said South Sudan produces about 350,000 barrels of oil per day.

“Any prolonged discontinuation of South Sudan’s oil production, in combination with the partial shortfall in Iranian oil exports, could lead to a tightening of supply on the oil market and cause prices to rise still further,” Commerzbank said.

In December, Sudan began taking southern oil arriving at Port Sudan as an “in kind” payment. This month, a tie-in pipeline was built that South Sudanese officials say is diverting around 120,000 barrels of southern oil per day.

South Sudan originally offered 70 cents per barrel to use Sudan’s pipelines. Oil Minister Stephen Dhieu Dau said on Friday that South Sudan was willing to pay up to $1 for the use of the pipelines.

Almost all of South Sudan’s government revenue — 98 percent of it — comes from the oil sector.

It is not immediately clear how South Sudan will manage during the shutdown. But Kiir said the shutdown was necessary to protect South Sudan’s natural resources.

“At this time we have no guarantee that oil flowing through the Republic of Sudan will reach its intended destination,” he said.

Kiir asked parliament to enact an austerity program in anticipation of the shortfall. He did not give specifics. In the short term, Kiir said the government would be able to function.

“On existing cash reserves, rest assured that the government can operate for the immediate future depending on which cuts are made,” he said.

In a separate statement, South Sudan said it was beginning investigations into the stolen oil and put ship owners and potential buyers of stolen oil on notice. It said the stolen oil is undermining its economic development and its rights under international law and national security.

The owners of four vessels that the oil was loaded onto, the South Sudan government said, “are being treated as trafficking in stolen goods.”

The oil negotiations taking place in Ethiopia are part of a host of unresolved issues left from the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, a deal that ended decades of civil war between the two countries. The talks have continued for over one year with little progress.

© Copyright 2012 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

By Jared Ferrie – Jan 23, 2012 8:39 AM ET
South Sudan Begins to Shut Down Oil Production, Government Spokesman Says

South Sudan started shutting down oil production amid a deepening dispute with its northern neighbor Sudan over transportation fees for its exports.

The shutdown started in the Thar Jath field in Unity state, government spokesman Barnaba Marial Benjamin said today by phone from Juba, the capital, and will take two weeks to complete. The field is run by the White Nile Petroleum Operating Co., whose partners include Malaysia’s Petroliam Nasional Bhd. and India’s ONGC Videsh Ltd. (ONGC), according to the company website.

South Sudan says Sudan is seizing exports that pass through its territory to an export terminal on the Red Sea and is demanding $32 a barrel in transportation fees. Sudan says it is diverting the crude to cover unpaid bills. South Sudanese President Salva Kiir today said Sudan has “looted” $815 million worth of his country’s oil.

“At this time we have no guarantee that oil flowing through the Republic of Sudan will reach its intended destination,” Kiir told Parliament. “We can’t allow assets which clearly belong to the Republic of South Sudan to be subject to further diversion.”

South Sudan took control of about three-quarters of Sudan’s output of 490,000 barrels a day when it gained independence in July. The crude is pumped mainly by China National Petroleum Corp. (CNPZ), Petronas and and ONGC.

China imported about 250,000 barrels a day, or more than 65 percent of total Sudanese exports, accounting for 5 percent of the nation’s imports in 2010, according to data from the U.S. Energy Department.

Crude Prices

The suspension of oil production by South Sudan, which pumps crude of a similar quality to Libya, may bolster oil prices, Commerzbank AG said.

“Any prolonged discontinuation of South Sudan’s oil production, in combination with the partial shortfall in Iranian oil exports, could lead to a tightening of supply on the oil market and cause prices to rise still further,” Carsten Fritsch, an analyst in Frankfurt, said in a report.

Brent oil for March settlement advanced $1, or 0.9 percent, to $110.86 a barrel at 1:36 p.m. on the ICE Futures Europe exchange in London.

The government also issued a statement today telling companies that if they buy or sell “stolen crude” they will be subject to legal action and said it sent letters to the owners of ships loaded with southern oil.

“The presumed owners now are on notice that they are being treated as trafficking in stolen goods,” the government said in an e-mailed statement.

To contact the reporter on this story: Jared Ferrie in Juba, South Sudan

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Antony Sguazzin at

South Sudan Begins to Shut Down Oil Production, Government Spokesman Says
South Sudan started shutting down oil production amid a deepening dispute with its northern neighbor Sudan over transportation fees for its exports. The shutdown started in the Thar Jath field in Unity state, government spokesman Barnaba Marial 

Russia says its pilot freed in South Sudan
Sudan Tribune
January 22, 2012 (KHARTOUM) – The Russian government announced today that its pilot detained inSouth Sudan has been released along with the rest of the crew. Russia’s presidential special envoy for Africa Mikhail Margelov told Itar-Tass news agency 

SOUTH SUDAN: Nyaluak Deng Awuol, “This child, who will look after him now?”
Reuters AlertNet
He was injured along with dozens more in the latest revenge attack in South Sudan’s Jonglei state, which the government said killed more than 80 people in the town of Duk Padiet, Duk County. IMPORTANT: Your comment will not appear immediately as we vet 

South Sudan: The Citizen Wins Court Case Against Official
Juba — First Grade Judge Duoth Kulang yesterday ruled the case opened against The Citizen in favour of the newspaper. The Deputy Secretary General of Eastern Equatoria State sued the Newspaper Reporter and the Editor-In-Chief Nhial Bol Aken to the 

North Sudan to Introduce New Gold & Commodity Trading Platforms
Resource Investor
By Roman Baudzus Ever since Christian South Sudan declared its independence in July 2011, the Islamic government of North Sudan has urgently been looking for new sources of income. With South Sudan’s independence, Khartoum – seat of the northern 

South Sudan: Militia Abduct Two Local Priests in Rabbak
This was reported to the Citizen by a citizen in Renk who said IDPs who came from there narrated the event on arrival in Renk. The militias took everything from the church including two vehicles and Fr. Mogga was reported to be sick having heart 

South Sudan starts shutting down oil production
By Michael Onyiego AP / January 23, 2012 JUBA, South SudanSouth Sudan has ordered oil companies to shut down oil production within two weeks, a response to the new country’s allegations that Sudan has stolen $815 million worth of the south’s oil, 
SOUTH SUDAN: Moving beyond violence in Jonglei
JUBA, 23 January 2012 (IRIN) – Wounded civilians from both sides of an escalating conflict between the Lou Nuer and Murle communities in South Sudan’s Jonglei state lie side by side in the steaming heat of a hospital ward in the new country’s capital, 
South Sudan’s Interior Minister Visits WBGS
Oye! Times
Magaya’s was officially received at the Wau main airstrip by the State Governor Rizik Zackaria Hussan along with the South Sudan Police Inspector General, Achuil Tito . “The tour around the States was to gauge the Interior Ministry’s capability to 
Picking up the pieces in South Sudan
Radio Netherlands
Residents of the South Sudanese town of Pibor are returning home, weeks after fleeing from an invasion of heavily armed members of a rival tribe. Dozens of houses were torched, but the majority of the homes stayed intact. The town of Likuangole, 

ICC on Kenya cases – Confirmed: Uhuru Kenyatta, William Ruto, Francis Muthaura, Joshua Sang’. Not Confirmed: Henry Kosgey, Hussein Ali.

ICC pre-trial judges confirm charges against four of the six Kenyan suspects. Judges confirm charges against Deputy Prime Minister William Ruto, Eldoret MP William Ruto, head of civil service Francis Muthaura and journalist Joshua Sang. Charges against Tinderet MP Henry Kosgey and Hussein Ali dropped. In reaching our decision, we have reviwed all evidence to ascertain the necessary threshold had been reached. Its our hope that this decision will bring peace to Kenya. (Daily Nation).

The long-awaited ICC verdict on the 2007-2008 post election violence in Kenya that killed over thousand people is finally here. Four suspects–Ruto, Sang, Uhuru and Muthaura–are confirmed while two cases against Kosgey and Ali are NOT confirmed.

ICC pre-trial chamber confirms charges against Uhuru Kenyatta, Joshua Sang, Francis Muthaura and William Ruto while Henry Kosgey and Hussein Ali are no longer suspects (NTV Kenya)

There  were two cases involved: case 1 were charges against the ODM brigades of Henry Kosgei (minister, MP, ODM chairman), William Ruto (MP, ex-minister and ODM Deputy party leader) and Joshua Sang (the radio presenter and ODM member). Ruto later broke away from ODM, ICC case being one of the reasons, to form his own party, the United Republican Party (URP), and is now a presidential candidate.

The second case, case 2, was against Uhuru Kenyatta (son of Kenyan founding father, MP, Finance minister, Deputy Prime Minister and chairman of KANU..the party that led Kenya into independence from Britain), Francis Mathaura (head of public services, cabinet secretary, chairman of national security advisory committee and President Kibaki topmost confidante), and Hussein Ali (who was head of police during the post election violence–police were accused of brutality and killing of an unarmed civilians). Like Ruto, Uhuru is also going for the presidency comes election this year, confirmation of the ICC charges notwithstanding.

Here is a summary of the ICC  ruling from the Kenyan Daily Nation Newspaper:

ICC rules on confirmation of Kenya cases

A picture released on December 15, 2010 by the Hague-based International Criminal Court (ICC) shows a combo of the six Kenyans, named today by prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo, alleged to have masterminded the 2007-08 post-election violence that claimed 1,500 lives.

A picture released on December 15, 2010 by the Hague-based International Criminal Court (ICC) shows a combo of the six Kenyans, named by prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo, alleged to have masterminded the 2007-08 post-election violence that claimed 1,500 lives.

Judges at the International Criminal Court are currently reading their verdict on whether to confirm two cases arising from Kenya’s post election violence.

  • ICC JUDGES: Kosgey and Ali not suspects any more, but prosecutor may present additional evidence against them seeking confirmation of charges.
  • ICC: HUSSEIN ALI charges not confirmed due to insufficient evidence. Cases against Uhuru Kenyatta and Francis Muthaura confirmed.
  • HENRY KOSGEY charges not confirmed after ICC judges find evidence did not meet threshold. Cases against William Ruto and Joshua Sang confirmed.
  • ICC JUDGES announce they have confirmed charges against four Kenyan suspects, to be named shortly. Judge Hans-Peter Kaul dissented.

This is how the ICC judges reached their Decision on the Kenya cases

How court reached decision to charge four with crimes against humanity

And Beatrice Obwocha of The Standard Newspaper offer the following analysis on the charges facing the suspects:

BREAKING NEWS: Four of the six suspects to face trial – ICC

By Beatrice Obwocha

The International Criminal Court pre-trial chamber has confirmed charges against four of six Kenyan suspects for post-election violence crimes.

The judges confirmed the charges against Deputy Prime Minister Uhuru Kenyatta, Eldoret North MP William Ruto, Head of Civil Service Francis Muthaura and Journalist Joshua Sang.

The charges against Tindreret MP Henry Kosgey and Post Master General Hussein Ali were not confirmed.

International Criminal Court Judge Ekaterina Trendafilova. Photo/File

The ruling delivered at the ICC at The Hague by Judge Ekaterina Trendafilova on Monday stated that they were satisfied by evidence by Louis Moreno Ocampo’s team against Ruto and Sang for crimes committed in Turbo, Nandi Hills, Kapsabet and Eldoret.

Judge Trendafilova stated the charges against Ruto and Sang were crimes against humanity, murder, deportation, forcible transfer and persecution that led to death of hundreds of civilians.

The court dropped the charges against Ali and Kosgey saying the evidence adduced in court was not enough to sustain the charges against them.

Crimes Ocampo claims suspects committed

Deputy Prime Minister Uhuru Kenyatta

He is facing charges of crimes against humanity relating to post-election violence in Nakuru and Naivasha in January and February 2008. He was accused of mobilising the outlawed Mungiki group to attack ODM supporters. He is jointly charged with Public service chief Francis Muthaura and former police boss Gen Hussein Ali.

Together with Head of Public Service Francis Muthaura and Postmaster General Hussein Ali, Uhuru is charged with five counts of crimes against humanity. They include murder, deportation or forcible transfer of a population, rape and other forms of sexual violence, persecution and inhumane acts.

ICC prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo claimed that Kenyatta, as a supporter of President Kibaki, planned, financed, and coordinated the violence perpetrated against the perceived supporters of the President’s rival during post-election violence from 27 December 2007 to 29 February 2008. He is also alleged to have used the Mungiki.

Eldoret North MP William Ruto

He is accused of planning and organizing crimes against PNU supporters. Together with Henry Kosgey, and Joshua Sang, faces charges with three counts of crimes against humanity. They include murder, deportation or forcible transfer of population and persecution, all which constitute a crime against humanity in violation of article 7 (1) (a) (d) and (h) of the Rome Statute.

Joshua Arap Sang

He is the head of operations at the radio station Kass FM, was accused of using his radio broadcasts to send messages of assistance to those committing acts of violence against PNU supporters. He is alleged to have had a role in the organisation of crimes against PNU supporters by using his radio show both to gain support and also to communicate by code to the members of the network.

Head of Public Service Francis Muthaura

As the Cabinet secretary and chairman of the National Security Advisory Committee, was accused of authorising the police to use excessive force against ODM supporters and to facilitate attacks against the opposition. Moreno-Ocampo claimed Muthaura and Uhuru hatched a plan to use an ad hoc organisation comprising Mungiki militia and the police to execute retaliatory attacks.

This was planned during meetings that allegedly took place at State House and Nairobi Members’ Club.He added that Muthaura instructed then Police Commissioner Hussein Ali to ensure the police did not intercept Mungiki as they unleashed terror in Nakuru and Naivasha between January 24 and 31, 2008

Tinderet MP Henry Kosgey

He was accused of planning and organizing crimes against supporters of Party of National Unity (PNU).Together with his co-accused former minister William Samoei Ruto and radio presenter Joshua arap Sang, allegedly established a network with the goal of gaining power in the Rift Valley Province by committing crimes against supporters of the PNU.

It is alleged that after the disputed presidential election of December 2007, members of this network allegedly attached PNU supporters’ homes, killing and torturing civilians, and driving them from their homes. A witness alleged that Kosgey attended planning meetings of the alleged network.

Maj-Gen (rtd) Mohammed Hussein Ali

He is the former Commissioner of Police was accused of facilitating attacks against supporters of the ODM. However, the Chamber ruled that his contribution was not essential to the commission of the crimes and so he was charged with having otherwise contributed to the same crimes.

The ICC Prosecutor alleged that Ali, together with Head of Public Service and Cabinet Secretary Francis Muthaura and Deputy Prime Minister Uhuru Kenyatta developed and executed a plan to attack perceived ODM supporters in the aftermath of the disputed 2007 elections.

The Prosecutor further alleged that that Ali, in his role as Commissioner of the Kenya Police, personally authorised the use of excessive force in attacks against ODM supporters.

And below here is an analysis, from Daily Nation, of the possible political consequences that the comfirmation of the ICC charges will have on the evolving politics of Kenya; election will be within this year, around December.

ICC ruling likely to be a political game changer

Posted  Saturday, January 21  2012 at  22:30


  • Court’s verdict expected to permanently alter the landscape as Kenyans prepare for elections

The much-awaited verdict by the Pre-Trial Chamber II of the International Criminal Court on the six Kenyans is expected to permanently alter the political landscape as the country prepares for the next General Election.

If the charges are confirmed on Monday, it is likely Deputy Prime Minister Uhuru Kenyatta, Civil Service Chief Francis Muthaura and Postmaster General Hussein Ali may be found unsuitable or unable to discharge their official functions.

Prime Minister Raila Odinga may also have to fire suspended Industrialisation minister and ODM chairman Henry Kosgey if the charges against him are confirmed.

The departure of Mr Kenyatta and Mr Muthaura from the Kibaki court would mean that the Head of State, who retires later in the year, would have to appoint new faces to these key government positions.

Mr Muthaura is Kenya’s highest ranking civil servant and is perceived to be the powerful fulcrum around which the presidency operates.

Mr Kenyatta, Mr Muthaura, Maj-Gen (rtd) Ali and Mr Kosgey were named alongside Eldoret North MP William Ruto and radio journalist Joshua arap Sang on suspicion of bearing the greatest responsibility for the most serious crimes committed during the post-election violence.

They have all protested their innocence and assembled top-notch legal defence teams to fight the charges.

On Saturday, the suspects were guarded about how they would prepare for and where they would receive the court’s ruling.

The International Crisis Group, a global anti-conflict watchdog, says in a report on the Kenyan case that the ICC verdict would have a direct bearing on Kenya’s political landscape.

“The ICC’s action is now an inescapable element of the political process as Kenya heads to elections.

Even if an early confirmation of charges may not legally prevent the suspects from running for office, the risk of conviction would affect supporters and allies. The timing and framing of proceedings and decisions can lower or increase volatile tensions,” the International Crisis Group says.

On the other hand, the crisis group estimates, if all the charges are dropped, it is likely that the alliance between Mr Kenyatta and Mr Ruto would not hold and each would run their own presidential campaign.

On the other hand, at the hearing in The Hague, Mr Kenyatta told the judges that Mr Odinga bore political responsibility for the violence. The message that the case was politically motivated would be repeated at the campaigns.

It remains the discretion of the ICC whether, if charges are confirmed, the suspects will remain free men or be taken into custody if they are found, for instance, to be interfering with witnesses or demeaning the court.

Since their return from the confirmation of charges hearing, the suspects have avoided speaking ill of the court in public rallies or news conferences.

There has also been no hullabaloo and no public rallies and prayers, especially for Mr Ruto and Mr Kenyatta.

There has also been no hate speech from them and their supporters following a warning by Judge Ekaterina Trendafilova in April last year.

On return from The Hague, it was only Mr Ruto whose arrival was recorded by the media while the rest chose to return and resume their lives quietly. The suspects were named by ICC chief prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo on December 15, 2010, touching off calls from civil society for those holding public office to step down.

Just hours after the names were released, President Kibaki rejected calls to have those in public office sacked.

“I wish to state that the people who have been mentioned have not yet been fully investigated as the pre-trial process in The Hague has only but begun. They therefore cannot be judged as guilty until the charges are confirmed by the court,” the President said in a terse dispatch from the Presidential Press Service to newsrooms.

The President said at the time that calls for action against those named were “prejudicial, preemptive and against the rules of natural justice”.

On that day, the President also announced that the government was fully committed to establishing a local tribunal, plans which have since been placed by the Cabinet in the cooler.

On the other hand, if the judges drop charges, it will grant the six suspects a new lease of life in every sphere of their operation. The most dramatic outcome is likely to be noticed in the political careers of Mr Kenyatta and Mr Ruto, both of whom have said they are running for the presidency at the elections, regardless of the verdict on Monday. (READ: ICC: Mutula dismisses Uhuru, Ruto presidential bid)

On Saturday, the BBC published an interview with Mr Kenyatta in which he said he remains in the race for State House.

“I will not sit here and tell you that it has been easy. It’s been very difficult. I have never believed that there was any reason or justification for my name being put forward. But, as a believer in the rule of law, we will ultimately be found innocent,” Mr Kenyatta told the BBC.

The deputy PM said that the ICC process had not affected his political ambitions “whatsoever” but that his family had been affected. “It’s not easy for one’s children to hear that you have been accused of international crimes and yet you know you are innocent and they know what you are capable of and what you are not capable of,” Mr Kenyatta said.

On Saturday, Mr Muthaura spoke about his expectations and hopes. “I’m praying to God and I’m sure the court will do justice,” he told journalists in Nairobi.

And, in a dramatic twist, Commission for the Implementation of the Constitution chairman Charles Nyachae said that there was nothing in Kenyan law that bars anyone from running for elective office.

In a statement released to newsrooms, Mr Nyachae said that his commission was of the view that Chapter Six of the Constitution, which deals with leadership and integrity, cannot be enforced before Parliament passes the necessary laws.

“In our view, therefore, there exists no legal bar to any candidate, whether charged in Kenya or under international law, to offer themselves for election.

“Furthermore, on the continued holding of public office, the only legal provisions that call for suspension of public officers charged with offences are in the Anti-Corruption and Economic Crimes Act which require a public officer to be suspended once they are charged with economic crimes. The proposed legislation under Article 80 will address this aspect too,” Mr Nyachae said.

In their view, those in office could continue holding office even if charges against them are confirmed.

According to a Catholic Church sponsored survey, a majority of Kenyans think that politicians’ fear of the International Criminal Court would lead to a peaceful General Election.

They also believe that the formation of a new electoral body, reforms in the judiciary and police department as well as the adverse effects of the post-election violence are other factors that would see a quiet transition take place.

The nationwide research carried out by the Jesuit Hakimani Centre found that 62 per cent of respondents believed the ICC process would deter future violence.

However, 24.4 per cent fear that it could swing either way while 13.5 per cent are worried that the elections would not be peaceful, some attributing it to the fact that some of the politicians in the run for various offices had not changed.

The research, conducted in November and December 2011, focused on certain thematic areas: good governance, economic justice, media and political communications as well as religion and politics.

Speaking at the opening of the two-day conference on the Preparedness of Kenya Towards the 2012 General Election, where the findings were released, Chairman of the Kenya Episcopal Conference, Archbishop Zacchaeus Okoth, urged Kenyans to shun tribalism.

Uhuru, Muthaura bow to pressure, step aside

Kenyan Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Uhuru Kenyatta (2ndL), and Cabinet secretary Francis Muthaura (2ndR) attend a hearing, at the International Criminal Court in The Hague. PHOTO / FILE

Kenyan Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Uhuru Kenyatta (2ndL), and Cabinet secretary Francis Muthaura (2ndR) attend a hearing, at the International Criminal Court in The Hague. PHOTO / FILE

Posted  Thursday, January 26  2012

Kenya’s Finance Minister Uhuru Kenyatta and Head of Public Service and Secretary to the Cabinet Francis Muthaura have stepped aside from office following a decision by ICC pre-trial Judges to confirm charges of crimes against humanity levelled against them.

Mr Kenyatta will however retain his post as Deputy Prime Minister in the coalition government.

President Kibaki accepted the decision of the two to step aside on Thursday and appointed Nairobi Metropolitan Minister Njeru Githae to act as Finance Minister.

Internal Security Permanent Secretary Francis Kimemia also takes over Mr Muthaura’s duties on an acting capacity.

Mutea Iringo will be Acting Permanent Secretary for Provincial Administration and Internal Security.

A statement from the President Press Service stated: “The President has accepted the decision by Uhuru Kenyatta to step aside as the Minister for Finance. However, Hon. Kenyatta will retain the position of Deputy Prime Minister in accordance with the Constitution.”

“The President has also accepted the decision by Francis Muthaura to step aside as Permanent Secretary, Secretary to the Cabinet and Head of the Public Service.

“In this regard, Mr. Francis T. Kimemia, CBS Permanent Secretary, Provincial Administration and Internal Security will be Acting Permanent Secretary, Secretary to the Cabinet and Head of Public Service.”

The decision by Mr Kenyatta and Mr Muthaura to step aside follows mounting pressure from President Kibaki’s coalition partners ODM for the duo to relinquish their offices.

Breaking News

Kenya’s Finance Minister Uhuru Kenyatta and Head of Public Service and Secretary to the Cabinet Francis Muthaura have stepped aside from office….

‘Rent seekers’ always avoid eye contact

By Okech kendo

It cannot be true, actually it should not, that good humoured men like Uhuru Kenyatta and William Ruto do not have honest friends who can look them in the eye, and tell them certain home truths.

The cold facts about their International Criminal Court (ICC) statuses and their ambitions for high office are often hidden under the carpet of sycophancy. Yet the deception, and business-as-usual posturing in the face of serious allegations of crimes against humanity, is understandable:

Friends who are dependent on you for handouts and patronage cannot tell you the truth. They often fear confronting the master with the bad news.

Princely privileges

Doing so when the benefactor is expecting lullabies and flatteries instead could mean withdrawal of patronage and princely privileges of the royal circle.

The benefits of associating with the ‘big boys’ seem to give the ‘sycos’ the illusion that, with their hands firmly on the tailcoats of the patron, they are invincible.

Nothing can go wrong when you sing for, and dine with the one who holds the knife and the pumpkin.

And with the sycos’ tongues wagging at the master’s rivals, even for no apparent reason, nothing can go wrong with the loyalists’ political careers and other considerations that go with absolute loyalty. The MPs, who cannot tell the Moreno-Ocampo accused the truth, are not just swimming in deception for charity. They know why they are drowning with the master. They do not even see when the benefactor is gasping for breath, and probably traumatised enough to warrant counselor Frank Njenga’s intervention.

An Ibo proverb captures this scenario, with illuminating imagery. They say that a fly that has no one to advise it follows the corpse to the grave.

Now the loyalists expect the entire country to drown because two men, who are not even remorseful, and to whom humility is alien, have been invited to answer to charges of crimes against humanity at The Hague.

A Christian of Kalonzo Musyoka’s consequence, who should not lose hope even when the path is thorny, and dark clouds of doubt form, tells us: “I do not see the need of going for the presidency if Mr Ruto and Mr Uhuru are not in the race.” But he does not give a thought for 1,200 Kenyans who were killed in post-election violence. The plight of the internally displaced persons is a footnote in the presidential book of ambitions.

They also do not give a thought to the 600,000 or so citizens who were displaced. These people have relatives, friends, and families. They are vote-carrying Kenyans, with minds to make choices. These people shall be called upon to vote for the national interest. They are not just a herd at the beck and call of presidential aspirants. The gloom of doom from the top may get infectious, because certain politicians who depend on the coalition of the accused to sustain their careers are spreading the sorrows of the two men beyond its national value.

The melodrama is astounding in its hypocrisy. But solidarity with the accused is not the same thing as seeking justice for the suspects and victims of post-election crimes.

By so doing, these politicians are murdering hope, and communalising individual indictments. Now the Good Book says “Usilie kama watu wasio na tumaini.”

Have you ever wondered why apparently good people, untainted and untouched by the ICC brush of justice – like Mutava Musyimi, Peter Kenneth, or Martha Karua – do not attract as many taggers-on as their The Hague-bound rivals?

Grinning cat

Now you can tell goodness of men or women alone does not pay. Patronage must be tempered with other considerations, including other goodies to keep the choir singing.

It is in the mix that you get the building blocks of loyalty, sycophancy, and doggish compliance that compare with the grinning cat that had the cream.

Yes, Musyimi of Gachoka is a presidential aspirant, but he is alone, singing a tune no one is chorusing. Not even the Press dare parrot the good idea of the former Baptist pastor. Musyimi does not excite. He does not attract as much passion because he is doing the right thing the ‘wrong’ way. You know mkono mutu haulambwi. Musyimi should know a choir does not sing on an empty stomach. The highest bidder usually wins the buddies.

Damaged goods

Ours is a country where a tin of honey won’t attract as many flies as a sack of damaged goods. In the flight for the spoils, truth is sacrificed at the altar of convenience. The Vice-President’s Wiper party, for example, is torn between truth telling and expediency.

In the party that intends to lead, truth is sometimes so ‘sensitive’ it is a disciplinary matter. They shall have to cane the mocking bird, Mutula, to make him understand when opportunism should override principle to achieve self-interest.

Quail hunters know you have to sing to lure the bird into the snare. At a time inheritors are eyeing the spoils of The Hague, truth shall be tempered with deception, without reference to conscience.

But these truths shall be stated, for the national interest, no matter who is hurt, and no matter who chooses to understand them in any other way than what is.

Writer is The Standard’s Managing Editor Quality and Production.

While perusing the Kenyan, looking for any news item about the highly-awaited ICC verdict on the kenyan “Ocampo Six” which is due today, 1.30pm East African time, I came across this interesting observation about president Kiir’s heroism in relation to Mandela and Martin Luther King Jr. It is really interesting because I bet no one in South Sudan would have ever thought about it, let alone making a comparison.

Bitok said: “Their heroism would not be equated to that of Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King or Salva Kiir…”

So our own president Kiir is in the league of wakina Nelson Mandela and MLK? Who would have thought of that in Juba? Maybe Jesus, son of Mary, was after all right that a prophet is never recognized in his own homeland!!

After all, it was under Mandela that South Africans achieved their liberation, under MLK that African American regained their civil rights liberties and human dignities, and under Salva Kiir that South Sudanese realized their freedom.

It is not a far-fetched argument, is it? let me know what your take is.

But wait a minute……

If you contend that South Sudan, under president Kiir, is going down the drainage, and hence, consider it an insult to compare banydit Kiir Mayaardit to the two acclaimed gentlemen…Tata Madiba and MLK…then I have this other piece of juicy news to brighten up your day.

It is from one (son of a bitch) Ted Malanda, and it is a great piece of reading:

This is about men who jerk up on Friday afternoon, scrawl through their phones and, out of the blues, call a guy they went with to high school.

“You are a very stupid fellow,” one begins.

“Excuse me, who are you?” a flustered fellow on the opposite end of the line asks.

“This is John Wepukhulu, the one and only senior ‘top layer’ consultant from the class of 86,” the caller says.

The other man breaks into loud laughter and, pausing for breath, gasps, “You beast! You are the most useless fellow on earth, the ugliest thing I have ever seen!”

Don’t you find it odd how men only bond through insults? If a woman called a long lost friend and said, “You are the ugliest thing I have ever seen,” those two would not be on talking terms for the rest of their pretty lives.


But for men, insults are a fantastic way of expressing love. They are not wired to say sissy stuff like ‘I have missed you’. More curious is that such insults always lead them to the nearest bar for bonding, an exercise that men can only achieve by engaging in robust discussions about not plots but the fairer sex.

Meanwhile, the drinks fall by the dozen as the two pals go down memory lane, rethinking old school punishments, long forgotten girlfriends and mischief. One thing that is never in doubt after the sixth beer is that they, meaning the two drunks, were always far more brilliant than their Standard Two classmate who became the Chief Justice.

Old goat

Way after midnight, the two old friends part ways. On Monday morning, one of them calls the other.

“Speak, you ugly old goat!” the ‘handsome one’ begins.

“But I cannot speak, you ugly bull!” comes the answer.

“Even you? You cannot speak?” asks the bull.

“I tell you, I did not leave my house. The whole weekend, I lay in state on my sofa. That hangover… wacha tu! We drunk bwana. Wah! We drunk! Madam is not even talking to me,” goes the old goat.

Yet you know what is agreed upon by unanimous decision? They must “do this again!”

And they do this again and again on the occasional Friday, leaving them sprawled on the sofa like satiated crocodiles the entire weekend, lying in state.

Meanwhile, their wives keep walking up and down, wishing the laggards would stand up and go out like ‘other men’!

You can read the entire piece here.

PaanLuel Wel.

by Mahou Chadhal Mahou
JUBA – The Ministry of General Education and Instructions has already paid the examination fees of USD 885.6 thousand to the Ministry of Education in Khartoum in order to facilitate Sudan School Certificate examinations in the Republic of South Sudan this year.This was revealed yesterday by the Minister of General Education and Instructions, Joseph Ukel Abango in an interview conducted by the Citizen reporter.
He added that the Ministry had signed Memorandum of Understanding with the Ministry of Education in Khartoum for three years and the amount has been contributed by the candidates.Ukel remarked, “The purpose of paying such amount to them is to facilitate the examinations process like transportation of papers to the States, collecting them back, marking, and printing results, payment of invigilators.”In the same development, the Secretary General for Secondary Examination in the Ministry, Mr. Rajab Sedaria Abdalla explained the breakdown of the examination fees that candidates contributed.
He added that government schools candidates paid 35SSP each, the private school candidates paid 85SSP , the private candidates have also paid 85 SSP as well as teachers’ trade union did the same.Abdalla also added “our candidates in the Republic of South Sudan who are going to sit for Sudan School Certificate are around 17,000 students”Ukel admitted that the Minister of Higher Education Science, Research and Technology was right to refuse those students who illegally sat for Southern Sudan Examination by then to be admitted in Public Universities because those examinations were not registered and recognized by the Ministry of Higher Education.“But we are going to discuss on how to help those students who sat that examine with the Minister” he asserted.
Ukel also explained the review of the curriculum whereby the Ministry has so far passed four levels which are ready for printing and the other levels would be reviewed soon.He said that the examination would kick- off on the 19th March 2012.He urged the candidates to study hard for the forthcoming examine because the Ministry has already distributed timetable to all schools. —
Sudan refugee’s fundraising for tribe during warfare questioned
The Seattle Times
A Seattle Sudanese refugee is raising money for his tribe in South Sudan. He says the money is going for food and medicine for tribal youth — but those youth are intent on wiping out a rival tribe. By Lark Turner A history of war: A year before Sudan 
South Sudan says it will halt oil output
Juba: South Sudan said on Friday it planned to halt oil production within two weeks after northeast African neighbour Sudan had started seizing southern crude to compensate for what Khartoum called unpaid transit fees. South Sudan — which officials 
South Sudanese Government Releases Russian Pilot
RIA Novosti
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Sudan Tribune
By Steve Paterno January 22, 2012 — South Sudanese leaders are always accustomed to blaming the Northern Sudanese rulers and in the process forgetting their own responsibilities and faults. However, they will not continue to shift the blames as they 
UN chief ‘deeply concerned’ over tensions between Sudan, South Sudan –
Associated Press of Pakistan
21 (APP): UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on Friday voiced his deep concern at the “continuing tensions” in the border area between Sudan and South Sudan, and called on the parties concerned “to do everything possible to reach agreement” in their 
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Reuters Africa
Fighting broke out between government forces and rebels in South Kordofan in June last year, shortly before South Sudan declared independence under a 2005 peace deal that ended decades of civil war. The conflict spread to Blue Nile in September. 
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KHARTOUM, SUDAN (BosNewsLife)– Christians in Sudan and newly created South Sudan face possible detention, beatings and even death amid a “deteriorating humanitarian situation” with thousands of people being killed this year alone, aid workers and 
Kenya urged to mediate Sudan oil row
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South Sudan orders oil-production halt
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Sudan: Rights Record Deteriorates With New Conflicts
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Newspaper reports South Sudan suing Sudan over ‘looting’ of its oil, halts 

Washington Post
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Security: South Sudan official blames tribal violence on cattle trade
Afrique en Ligue
Security-Tribal violence on cattle trade – UN and South Sudanese officials have linked the spate of violent cattle raids in Pibor, Jonglei State, to a growing trade on livestock as a means of livelihood for thousands of the region’s unemployed youth. 

FEASSSA rejects South Sudan to host 2012 games
New Vision
By Aloysius Byamukama THE newly incorporated member to the Federation of East Africa Secondary Schools Sports Associations (FEASSSA), South Sudan Republic, has been ruled out from the bid to host this year’s regional schools games.