Archive for March 2, 2012

US Condemns Bombing of Oil Wells in South Sudan

Posted: March 2, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan
Tags:

The United States has strongly condemned an air strike against South Sudan’s oil wells blamed on neighboring Sudan.

In a statement Thursday, State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said such attacks on civilian targets are “deplorable.” She said the U.S. “demands” the Sudanese government end its aerial bombardments, which it says violate international law.

A spokesman for Sudan’s military, Sawarmi Khaled Saad, denied his country was behind the bombings.

South Sudan officials, including government spokesman Barnaba Marial Benjamin, say Sudanese warplanes dropped bombs Wednesday in an area of Unity State, about 75 kilometers from the two countries’ contested border.

The officials say the bombardment destroyed two oil wells.

Marial said the attack violated a non-aggression pact Sudan and South Sudan signed in Ethiopia last month.

“…this is actually a violation of the non-aggression treaty that we signed two weeks ago and with the nature of Sudan’s government, they don’t always respect what they signed with anybody. We are not surprised,” said Marial.

The south repeatedly has accused the north of violating its territory, and both sides have accused each other of supporting the other’s rebels.

In her statement Thursday, Nuland also stressed South Sudan must cease any military support for rebels active in the north. She said both countries are “inflaming conflict,” and “fueling mistrust.”

The two countries are locked in a dispute over oil revenues. The south took over three-fourths of Sudanese oil production when it became independent last July, but relies on northern pipelines and facilities to send the oil abroad.

The north seized millions of barrels of oil after the south refused to pay what it considered excessive transport fees. The south has reacted by shutting down oil production, a move analysts say is bound to hurt both countries.

The dispute and simmering tensions over the border have raised fears the two Sudans are headed toward war. In the former unified Sudan, the north and south fought a bloody civil war that lasted 21 years.

Marial said Thursday that South Sudan will file a complaint about Sudan with the United Nations Security Council. Sudan filed a complaint about the South with the Security Council on Tuesday.

http://www.voanews.com/english/news/US-Condemns-Bombing-of-Oil-Wells-in-South-Sudan-141091163.html

US slams Sudan’s air attacks inside S Sudan

WASHINGTON – The United States on Thursday slammed reported air attacks by Sudan’sfighter jets on civilian targets inside South Sudan as “unacceptable,” urging the two sides toexercise restraint to avoid escalation of tensions.

“Such incidents are unacceptable and threaten to escalate tensions between the two states.Additionally, continued aerial attacks on civilian targets by the Sudan Armed Forces aredeplorable and constitute violations of international law for which there must be accountability,”US State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said in a statement.

South Sudan said Thursday that two Sudanese fighter jets Wednesday dropped bombs inPariang county inside South Sudan, damaging oil and water wells while Sudanese groundforces were massing in a nearby area.

Nuland said the US demands that “the Government of Sudan end these aerial bombardmentsand immediately allow humanitarian access to civilians in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile.”

The US urges Sudan and South Sudan to exercise restraint as they are “drifting toward greaterconflict and away from the promises of peace and collaboration to which each committed in theComprehensive Peace Agreement,” she added.

“An end to the violence in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile is critical to establishing peaceboth within Sudan and between Sudan and South Sudan,” Nuland said in the statement.

The US continues to stress to the government of South Sudan ” the need to respect thesovereignty of Sudan and immediately end any military support for Sudan People’s LiberationMovement-North rebels.”

The statement warned that the actions of both parties “are inflaming conflict, fueling mistrust,and imperiling the efforts of the African Union High-level Implementation Panel to facilitateagreements between the parties on outstanding Comprehensive Peace Agreement issues.”

The Sudanese army said last Sunday that armed clashes broke out between its forces andSouth Sudan forces on the border. Sudan and South Sudan signed a security agreement onFebruary 10 to avoid armed conflicts between the two sides, but they have so far failed todemarcate their joint borders.

http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/world/2012-03/02/content_14743272.htm

Invisible Crisis In World’s Newest Country?

South Sudan gained independence in 2011, but it has been locked in a bitter conflict with its northern neighbor. Rep. Frank Wolf (R.-Va.) just returned from the area. He talks with host Michel Martin about what some observers are calling a humanitarian crisis, and what the U.S. can do to help.

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

I’m Michel Martin, and this is TELL ME MORE, from NPR News. Coming up, last week’s conversation about the musical reunion of pop stars Chris Brown and Rihanna, who’s relationship famously ended after a violent altercation, was a hot topic in our Barbershop segment last week and it lead to some even hotter responses from some of our listeners. We’ll tell you which of our regulars sparked the flood of angry mail in a minute, but first we want to bring you an update on developments in the world’s newest country.

South Sudan gained independence last year but the bloody conflict that has plagued the region did not end with that declaration. A border dispute, internal uprisings, and reported cross-border military raids have some observers saying the region is no longer at the beginning of a celebration of nationhood but rather at the start of another massive humanitarian crisis.

Congressman Frank Wolf, a Republican from Virginia, recently returned from a trip to South Sudan, only his latest to the region, and he’s compiled a report about what he saw there and he is kind of enough to join us now. Congressman Wolf, thank you so much for speaking with us.

REPRESENTATIVE FRANK WOLF: Thank you for having me.

MARTIN: And it’s been only a few months since South Sudan gained independence. You were the first member of the Congress to visit the new country and you’ve spent, as we mentioned, a number of years traveling back and forth. You just filed a pretty disturbing report from the region upon your return. Could you just give us your assessment of why you say that this on the beginning of another humanitarian crisis?

WOLF: Well, I was there with my chief of staff, Dan Scanlon, and what I saw were people pouring across the border from the country Sudan and the Nuba Mountain area because up in the Nuba Mountains they’re bombing people three and four times a day. They drop bombs that are loaded with shrapnel. They don’t use a precise bombing scope that they can target it and they just roll the bombs out of the back of the plane. So, it might hit here, it might here there. There’s no way of knowing where they’re going to hit.

So they can’t work the fields. They can’t work the crops, and there’s no food up in the Nuba Mountains. So they’re leaving the Nuba to come south and then the government has even the government of Sudan, the Khartoum government, has bombed some of the refugee camps in the south, so the people tell me they’re hungry. And lastly, the women we talked to believed that they were being targeted because of the color of their skin and they all wanted to know why Bashir was permitted to continue to do what he did.

When the effort took place in the former Yugoslavia and Kosovo, Milosevic was an indicted war criminal. The West made sure he got to the court. Karadzic was an indicted war criminal, the West made sure he got to the court. And Mladic was an indicted war criminal, a general from Srebrenica, that he got to the International Criminal Court. They haven’t seen any activity with regard to Bashir and so they don’t quite understand.

Here in the West people moved against Milosevic and they were brought to The Hague or brought to the court. And now Bashir’s been in office for, I mean, almost twenty years, maybe longer and there’s been no activity.

MARTIN: Could I just tie a bow on this? You’ve been telling us about the fact that and reminding us that Omar al Bashir, the president of Sudan, has been in office for a couple of decades now, has been wanted by the International Criminal Court for war crimes genocide and crimes against humanity related to what happened in the western part of the country and you’re describing the fact that it seems that he continues to operate with impunity. What is your sense of why that is? Why is it that the international communities focused attention on this doesn’t seem to be bearing any fruit?

WOLF: Well, my own opinion is that when it took place on the continent of Europe people got worked up about it. You had a lot of media there. Now that it’s in a very remote, very difficult area of Sudan to see what’s going on.

MARTIN: I think what I hear you saying is that this part of the world just does not seem to compel our attention in the way that other parts of the world.

WOLF: Because they’re poor people and they’re Africans where as on the coast of Albania, the situation with Serbia, they were Europeans. It was I think if this were happening in Southern Europe the world response would be different rather than this happening in Southern Sudan. Now, Bashir has a Washington representative, he has a high powered lawyer here in town, a guy by the name of Bart Fisher, to represent them. Well, there’s something wrong there.

Secondly if you remember Bashir’s been traveling to many countries. He went to Malawi a couple months ago and we asked Malawi not to have him in. They have him in. Well, I asked the secretary of State, who I know cares deeply about this, let the word go forth that if you are a country and you allow Bashir to visit you will get no foreign assistance from the United States government, period. And also, I’ve asked the administration to make sure this guy Bart Fisher can no longer represent Bashir and the Sudan government here in Washington.

MARTIN: I wanted to talk more about what you think is motivating what you saw there. As you know – as you know better than anybody there are long running tensions between the South and the North. That’s one of the motivations behind independence for the South. Is it your assessment that a lot of the violence that you’re seeing is intended to drive more people into the South? Is it intended to damage the South in some way or do you think that it is just a – not just – but a byproduct of the kind of ethnic tensions that have plagued the North for some time now?

WOLF: I think it’s the latter. I think it’s just some ethnic tension. You’ll see the same thing in Darfur. When we were in Darfur a number of years ago, we interviewed a number of young women who had been raped just before we got there. And they said that when they were being raped they were told that they were making a lighter skinned baby. Race seems to play a large part of this.

You also have the whole issue of oil. It’s been complicated by oil. Both of the countries, the North and the South, depend on the oil coming out and now there’s a great dissension as to how that oil will be distributed and how the proceeds will be. And then it’s animosity. As you know the South used to be part of the North and I think many people in the North, particularly at Bashir, never wanted to see the South separate. No one wants to see the country broken apart.

Lastly you have Bashir’s been an indicted war criminal. He’s been indicted by the International Criminal Court for genocide and many other things and that I think has put a lot of pressure on the circumstances there. So, it’s a complicated issue. I don’t know if there’s any one thing but the longer this thing continues, both the North and the South will suffer. They both need the oil revenues and of course the people are going to be the ones that pay the ultimate price.

MARTIN: If you’re just joining us you’re listening to TELL ME MORE from NPR News. I’m joined by U.S. Representative Frank Wolf, a Republican of Virginia. He just got back from a fact-finding trip to the worlds newest country South Sudan but he says that there’s a growing potentially disastrous humanitarian situation unfolding there. We’ve been talking a lot about what’s been going on in Sudan in the North and the sort of the ongoing things that a lot of Americans will be familiar with but I want to go back to South Sudan.

As we said, the world’s newest country. This separation arrived at after a long series of negotiations. You just met with South Sudan’s new leadership and I wanted to ask how you think things are going there because there have also been disturbing reports that after the initial euphoria of independence that there have been, you know, ethnic tensions there that have lead to killings and reprisal killings and so forth. So, what’s your assessment of how things are going in South Sudan?

WOLF: Well, they have had problems and there’s been some ethnic killings. A large number of people have actually been killed. Overall I think they’re going to do okay. I think Salva Kiir and his people Salva Kiir is the president of the South. I think they are committed to making this thing work and Salva Kiir lived in the bush for years. He was a military officer. I think most of the people that are in the government many have been educated here in the West.

I think they’re going to do okay and also they’re going to have the necessary resources if they can work out this oil share in agreement between the North and the South. Right now they’ve shut off the oil because the North has been taking proceeds that they think belongs to them.

If you can resolve this – and I sense they will, because both countries are dependent upon it – I think they’re going to do OK. I’m pretty confident that I think the south will make it, although keep in mind, America, we fought the battle of the Revolutionary War. The Articles of Confederation didn’t work very well, and we had a very difficult time getting a Constitution. We had great men like George Washington and Thomas Jefferson and Madison and Monroe. It took us a while. So I think it’s going to take them a while, but I think they’re going to be OK.

MARTIN: Finally, congressman, before we let you go – and I really do appreciate your taking the time to talk to us about this – you’ve made a compelling case, both in your written report, which is on your website, and also here in our conversation today about the toll you think that neglect, international neglect is taking on this region where there are these serious challenges.

You know, a lot of the world’s attention is now focused on the Middle East, you know, the ongoing situation in Syria, which is very dire, the tensions with Iran and so forth. What is your argument to the American people about why they should continue to care and focus on this region?

WOLF: Well, in the Bible it says, to whom much is given, much is required. And I think these people are not asking for American foreign aid in the sense that it’s going to cost us money. They want us to stand with them with regard to democracy. Keep in mind, 2.1 million people were killed in a North-South battle. Many of them were Christians, many animists, some Muslims, but they wanted freedom. We should understand that.

You know, the words in the Declaration of Independence – President Reagan said the words in the Constitution were basically a covenant with the entire world. And so I think they’re not asking us – they don’t want soldiers. They don’t want forces. They’re not asking for large foreign aid. They just want our moral support to stand with them. And had it not been for the United States, they would not have had freedom.

President Bush appointed John Danforth, former Senator John Danforth, who did an incredible job of negotiating this North-South arrangement. And they needed America to stand with them, because many other countries were not interested in them. So they’re not asking for tangible things that cost us.

I think America should be interested in – we should be interested in the Coptic Christians that are being persecuted in Egypt. We should be interested in what’s taking place in Syria. I think when you are the leading power in the world, not – you should want this for power, but I think it’s important that we help people with regard to peace.

MARTIN: Frank Wolf is a member of the U.S. House. He is a Republican who represents a district in Virginia. He was kind enough to join us from the studios at the House of Representatives on Capitol Hill and, as we mentioned, he’s just back from a fact-finding visit to South Sudan.

Congressman Wolf, thank you so much for speaking with us.

WOLF: Thank you very much.

http://www.npr.org/2012/03/02/147804076/invisible-crisis-in-worlds-newest-country

Returnee train departs Khartoum carrying South Sudanese home

The Daily Star – ‎
KHARTOUM: A 60-car train carrying 1400 southern Sudanese stranded in the North by their homeland’s declaration of independence has left Khartoum for the South, the International Organization for Migration said Friday. The passengers are among hundreds 
Daily Monitor –
A man takes notes at a polling station in Dakar during the counting of votes, on the day of the Senegalese presidential election, last Sunday. Senegal’s President Abdoulaye Wade was booed as he cast his ballot in an election which has sparked deadly 
Zimbabwe Independent – ‎
I WOULD like to draw your attention to Gwynne Dyer’s article “New divisions in Africa worsen” (Zimbabwe Independent, February 24) so as to clarify some issues raised. The writer makes the assertion that South Sudan was bombed by Sudan, which is a false 
msnbc.com (blog) –
JUBA, Sudan — South Sudanese officials say that Sudanese armed forces bombed two oil wells inside South Sudan and Sudanese troops are massing near the disputed border. Only on msnbc.com AP Updated 13 minutes ago 3/2/2012 7:31:25 PM +00:00 Limbaugh in 
NPR – ‎‎
South Sudan gained independence in 2011, but it has been locked in a bitter conflict with its northern neighbor. Rep. Frank Wolf (R.-Va.) just returned from the area. He talks with host Michel Martin about what some observers are calling a humanitarian 
San Jose Mercury News – ‎
By MOHAMED OSMAN AP KHARTOUM, Sudan—A 60-car train carrying 1400 southern Sudanese stranded in the north by their homeland’s declaration of independence has left Khartoum for the south, the International Organization for Migration said Friday.
San Francisco Chronicle – ‎
(03-02) 03:44 PST KHARTOUM, Sudan (AP) — The International Organization for Migration says a 60-car train carrying 1400 refugees has left Sudan’s capital for the newly independent south. The passengers are the first of hundreds of thousands expected 
China Daily – ‎‎
WASHINGTON – The United States on Thursday slammed reported air attacks by Sudan’s fighter jets on civilian targets inside South Sudan as “unacceptable,” urging the two sides to exercise restraint to avoid escalation of tensions.
Washington Post – ‎Mar 1, 2012‎
JUBA, SOUTH Sudan — South Sudanese officials said Thursday that Sudanese troops were massing near the disputed border and that Sudan’s armed forces had bombed two oil wells in South Sudan. A spokesman for South Sudan’s armed forces said two Sudanese 
msnbc.com (blog) – ‎Mar 1, 2012‎
South Sudanese families arrive with their belongings at a train station in Khartoum on March 1 to be transported home to South Sudan. A family waits for water before being transported home to South Sudan, in Khartoum on March 1.
Voice of America – ‎Mar 1, 2012‎
March 01, 2012 US Condemns Bombing of Oil Wells in South Sudan VOA News The United States has strongly condemned an air strike against South Sudan’s oil wells blamed on neighboring Sudan. In a statement Thursday, State Department spokeswoman Victoria 
Independent Online – ‎Mar 1, 2012‎
South Sudan has accused the Khartoum government in the north of bombing 74km deep inside its territory, and of sending troops into contested border areas. South Sudan on Thursday accused the Khartoum government in the north of bombing 74km deep inside 
New York Times – ‎Feb 29, 2012‎
The Bashir government in Khartoum is facing a formidable and growing alliance of internal adversaries seeking its ouster and a mounting list of internal economic crises. President Omar Hassan al-Bashir’s bombing of civilian targets and his blockade of 
Washington Post – ‎Feb 29, 2012‎
WASHINGTON — Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton on Wednesday accused Sudan’s leader of trying to scuttle a historic peace deal that created the world’s newest country last year. Clinton told a House panel that Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir’s 
Sudan Vision – ‎
Every sane and fair person was surprised by the unusual attack on president El-Bashir by the US secretary of state Hillary Clinton, who accused Bashir last Wednesday of working to undermine the new state of ROSS, the US secretary in her speech to the 
Sudan Vision – ‎‎
Khartoum — Local authorities in South Kordufan have blocked the way before the entry of foreign organization the region under the banner of providing humanitarian assistance to war victims, arguing that most of these organizations are “biased” in 
TrustLaw – ‎‎
Sudan should not strip Sudanese nationals of southern origin of their Sudanese citizenship if they are unable or unwilling to acquire South Sudanese citizenship. (New York) – Sudan should not strip Sudanese nationals of southern origin of their 
Outcome Magazine (blog) – ‎
WASHINGTON, March 2 (UPI) — Sudan and South Sudan are drifting further from commitments outlined in a 2005 peace agreement, the US State Department warned. South Sudan in July became an independent country as part of an agreement reached with 
Reuters AlertNet – ‎
In his first visit to South Sudan, ACT Alliance general secretary John Nduna today pledged continued solidarity with the people of the world’s newest country, and urged the government in Juba to fulfil its responsibilities to its citizens.
Kuwait News Agency –
PARIS, March 2 (KUNA) – The French government on Friday expressed “deep concern” over reports of an incursion and air attacks by Sudanese forces against targets in South Sudan. Foreign Ministry spokesman Bernard Valero said that the impact of such 
AllAfrica.com – ‎
Khartoum — The British Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for International Development, Mr. Stephen O’Brien, announced that his country is exerting serious efforts together with its partners and the African Union to prevent deterioration of the 
AllAfrica.com – ‎
By Matata Safi, 2 March 2012 Juba — The government of the Republic of Sudan has violated the security memorandum of understanding it had signed recently with the government of South Sudan in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa and bombed two oil 
KABC – ‎
File photo. Hemera/Thinkstock(KHARTOUM, Sudan) — The United States on Thursday condemned bomb attacks in South Sudan. While Sudan officials denied any involvement in the bombing of two oil wells in the newly created state, South Sudan officials say 
Afrique en Ligue – ‎
Khartoum, Sudan – Some 1400 South Sudanese left the outskirts of Sudan’s capital, Khartoum, Thursday evening on a 10-day journey to their homeland, over a month to the deadline for those willing to go home to do so or be deemed illegal.
AllAfrica.com – ‎‎
Khartoum — Sudanese opposition parties condemned pressures by Islamists parties and groups to adopt an Islamic constitution in Sudan after the secession of South Sudan last July. Sudanese Muslim Brotherhood, Salafi Ansar Al-Suna, the far-right Just 
AllAfrica.com – ‎
Khartoum — The Sudanese foreign ministry on Thursday summoned the US Deputy Chief of Mission Dennis Hankins to get clarification on the position of Washington with regards to the upcoming conference to be held in Istanbul, Turkey.
AllAfrica.com – ‎
By Ater Garang Ariath, 2 March 2012 South Sudan Vice President Dr. Riek Machar will address South Sudanese Diaspora on Saturday at Minnesota State University Mankato-United States of America according to the press release from USA SPLM Secretariat 
AllAfrica.com –
By William Sunday D Tor, 2 March 2012 The NCP as usual has been spreading misleading news accusing South Sudan of attacking their territorises which have been denied several times by the South Sudan rulers. The world had witnessed the NCP actions, 
AllAfrica.com –
By Dhieu Williams, 2 March 2012 Juba — The SPLA spokesperson yesterday over phone interview accused Khartoum of bombing territories within South Sudan Wednesday and moving troops close to SPLA forces based in oil producing state of Unity.
Newser – ‎
AP | 12 hours, 9 minutes ago in The International Organization for Migration says a 60-car train carrying 1400 refugees has left Sudan’s capital for the newly independent south. The passengers are the first of hundreds of thousands expected to make the 

South Sudan oil shutdown leads to massive job losses

Posted: March 2, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan
Tags: , ,

For Mr Gatwec Lul, this year simply started on the wrong footing. Three days after a grinding mill he used to supplement his income broke down; he was notified that his job at the oilfields in Unity state had become redundant.

Gatwec, 42, said he worked in Tharjath as a manual labourer, assisting technicians to move equipment; a job that has supported his six-member family since 2006. With the shutdown in South Sudan’s oil production, Gatwec says the future looks bleak. “It will be too difficult. Where can I begin without the job?”

Gatwec stays at Bentiu, the capital of Unity state, where about 40 per cent of South Sudan oil exports were being produced before the shutdown. He was relieved of his job alongside over 100 other Sudanese working in the fields.
“There is nothing for them to do because the shutdown is complete,” said Mr William Garjuang, Unity State’s minister for Environment.

“A few remained to take care of companies’ properties,” the minister said.
In Palaug oilfields in Upper Nile state, where oil giant Petrodar holds concessions that were producing over 60 per cent of South Sudan’s oil, James Buoth fears that he could soon be sent packing. He works as a cleaner in Palaug centre. It is from this job that Buoth, 38, raises money to feed his 11–member extended family.

“My worry is there may not be work for me in a few days and I have no papers,” Buoth said.
“It’s my prayer that Sudan agrees with our government. It will also be good if (work on) our pipeline can start quickly so that I keep my work,” he said.

In Palaug, the total man power is 3,000 people, according to the Field Operations manager, Bakheit Mahmoud. Out of this, 2,000 work for Petrodar and 1,000 work for associated oil drilling and service companies.

Petrodar employees are shared between Sudan and the South. For the drilling and oil service companies, the workers include different nationalities ranging from Chinese to South Africans.

Most of the South Sudanese workers are “normal labourers” while some are engineers, technicians and operators.

Following the shutdown, a significant number of the employees, both local and foreign, are at risk of losing their jobs. But unlike in Unity state, where Sudanese employees have already evacuated, a decision is yet to be made by Petrodar and the government over whether the workers should leave.

“The decision is not for Petrodar. The decision will be made jointly by Petrodar and the ministry of Petroleum and Mining — how to live in the field, give them medication,” Bakheit said.

South Sudan decided to shut down oil production last month, protesting alleged oil theft and diversion by Khartoum at Port Sudan.

Juba says Khartoum has “stolen” oil worth over $815 million since December. Khartoum admits confiscating the oil, but argues that it was paying itself in kind for previous shipments that it claims South Sudan had not paid.

Letters exchanged between oil companies and South Sudan on one hand and the government of Sudan on the other, show that Juba has been paying transit fees of between $7.4 and $5.5 per barrel.

South Sudanese officials have sought to downplay the risk of losing jobs.
“They should not actually panic,” Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth, the head of mission to the United States, said. “We are taking necessary steps to make sure that everybody is well off,” he said, referring to plans to attract investment companies — which he said would employ locals — into the country.

Returnee train departs Sudan capital for south
Contra Costa Times
By MOHAMED OSMAN AP KHARTOUM, Sudan—A 60-car train carrying 1400 southern Sudanesestranded in the north by their homeland’s declaration of independence has left Khartoum for thesouth, the International Organization for Migration said Friday.

South Sudan oil shutdown leads to massive job losses
Daily Monitor
With the shutdown in South Sudan’s oil production, Gatwec says the future looks bleak. “It will be too difficult. Where can I begin without the job?” Gatwec stays at Bentiu, the capital of Unity state, where about 40 per cent of South Sudan oil exports
South Sudan army hold 9 MPs hostage
Daily Monitor
By FELIX WAROM OKELLO (email the author) The South Sudan authorities are claiming land 15Kms into Uganda. Presidents Salva Kiir and Museveni agreed to set up a commission to resolve the dispute. Nine Members of Parliament were on Thursday afternoon 
ICC Issues Warrant for Sudan Government Official
Yahoo! Contributors Network
On the same day a Sudanese defense minister was accused of atrocities in Darfur, the US State Department decried Sudan and South Sudan border violence. Meanwhile, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton has accused Sudan’s president of trying to kill 

National Elections Bill 2012

SSHURSA
SOUTH SUDAN HUMAN RIGHTS SOCIETY FOR ADVOCACY
Head Office:Kololo-Tongpiny Road Plot 41 Opposite ARC International After US 
Embassy Behind Government Ministries,Juba, Republic of South Sudan
Tel: +211955300382/+211915364531; E-mail: 
sshursa2007@gmail.com/bboutrosb@yahoo.com
Submission of SSHURSA on the National Elections Bill 2012,
To
The Office of the Chairperson, Legislation and Justice Committee, South Sudan 
National legislative Assembly, Juba, South Sudan
Presented By
Biel Boutros Biel
Executive Director, SSHURSA
At 
PUBLIC HEARING ON THE NATIONAL ELECTIONS BILL 2012
National Lesgislative Assembly
March 1-2, 2012,
Juba, South Sudan

National Elections Bill 2012

Sudan attempts to silence opposition news coverage
New York, March 1, 2012-Sudanese authorities must halt their efforts to silence news coverage of opposition leadership, the Committee to Protect Journalists said today. Authorities have already closed three newspapers in 2012 and confiscated thousands of copies, CPJ research shows.The National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) confiscated the entire print run of the independent daily Al-Tayar on February 20 after the paper printed claims by Hassan al-Turabi, head of the opposition Popular Congress Party (PCP) and leading critic of President Omar al-Bashir, saying the NISS had bugged his office, according to news reports. Two days later, the NISS indefinitely suspended Al-Tayar on charges of “jeopardizing national security,” news reportssaid. The newspaper frequently ran investigative stories on government corruption, its editor, Osman Mirghani, told Reuters.Also on February 20, authorities confiscated the entire print run of independent daily Al-Youm al-Tali for publishing al-Turabi’s accusations, news reports said.”By closing news outlets and seizing newspapers, President al-Bashir’s government demonstrates its continuing appetite to censor critical news coverage,” said Mohamed Abdel Dayem, CPJ’s Middle East and North Africa program coordinator. “The government must immediately allow the shuttered newspapers to resume operations, and it should stop its practice of seizing every newspaper edition that carries an unflattering story.”Al-Tayar is the third newspaper to be closed in the past two months, CPJ research shows. Authorities shut down Rai al-Shaab, a daily affiliated with al-Turabi’s party, after raiding its office and confiscating its print run in early January, news outlets reported. The NISS also raided the offices of another private daily, Alwan, which had published several articles in support of al-Turabi, and confiscated its print run in mid-January, news reports said.In 2011, authorities confiscated newspaper print runs on at least 19 different occasions, CPJ research shows. In each case, the authorities waited for the newspapers to be printed and then confiscated the copies before they were distributed, thus inflicting maximum financial losses.

###
CPJ is a New York-based, independent, nonprofit organization
that works to safeguard press freedom worldwide.

Contact:
Mohamed Abdel Dayem
Program Coordinator
Tel. +1.212.300.9018
Email: m.abdel.dayem@cpj.orgDahlia El Zein
Research Associate
Tel. +1.212.300.9017
Email: delzein@cpj.org
Link: http://cpj.org/2012/03/sudan-attempts-to-silence-opposition-news-coverage.php

 Sudan/South sudan: The Ticking Time Bomb

http://campaign.r20.constantcontact.com/render?llr=477d79iab&v=001GW57Qq-hwGRaLtXryPw_U3wIDB1wXDqPhyKo3yh3vXTiccVS1nR7DRbcaeX9vhRgJVn1rchNdS-4tJegMeaPIeE4EZEu1RFfzEyIng8L0SY%3D


Dear all,

While the RSS is in the process to start the disarmament, communities in Jonglei are slaughtering themselves. Yesterday morning, the Murle community attack Jier, a district within Nyirol county. They came in good number with RPG-7, and many military weapons. The fighting took place while children and women were in the villages. They wounded many women and children and left 13 dead on spot. They took all cattle.
Similiarly, two days ago, they attack Uror county cattle camps and they fought with youth. They youth in Uror defeated them and killed seven Murle members. Its unbelievable for the government to disarm people who are being attacked in dially bases. If the other communities are disarmed and murle are not disarm because they are in bush, they will returned back and slaughter all Jonglei communities. The government should think of finding those Murle who are currently in Bush…..the SPLA Murle defectors.
The commissioner of Pibor has announced that there are no Murle men in the villages. A position clarification that the government should think about rather than telling people that you must bring your guns. Who will bring the guns of Murle? I think these two communities should be given a chance to do what they wanted; otherwise, inappropriate disarmament is not a solution…………….I believe after the Lou Nuer are disarm, and then the government will fail to protect them, it will be a biggest blast, and finding guns in South Sudan is simple. More options should be explored before the disarmaments. It would be a good thing to analysze the challenges that will happen after. If the Nuer, and Dinka are disarm, then Murle are not disarm well, what will happen? Let said the Murle turned against the community that were disarmed and slaughter and take their cattle, what would the other communities do?
Our government is not doing much. In Decemeber, they called the youth that the government will deal with Murle to bring 180 children from Lou Nuer community back and leave cattle to Murle. This agreement has not been fulfiled. The youth thought that there will be a dialogue between the communities before the disarmament take place. However, the approach made by our government in Juba has not been materialized as to bring the children back or mobilize Murle to accept peace. My fear is that when the Dink Bor, The Nuer and perhaps the Anyuak are disarm by the government, the Murle community will get a big opportunity to finish all these tribes. Government has a policy of “No internvention into tribal conflict.” Murle usually come close to the SPLA military camps and chase people around but the SPLA forces never intervent. So the question will always be, who will protect people from Murle?
Murle are in bush and the issue has been confirmed by the commissioner himself that “there are no men in the villages in Murle areas.” Now, they are even using a route to the area of Malakal. As soon as the disarmament finish, the Murle men will kill all people and this is the worse part of it because all civilians in the region will seek guns again within the limit time and then carry on offensive attack against the Murle. I would only love if the government try to use dialogue and delay the disarmament until the rainy season because Murle do not go to bush in the rainy season.
Gatkuoth

Madam Rebecca Garang and other officials declare assets and liabilities

JUBA, 2 March 2012 (NASS) – The Presidential Advisor for Gender and Human Rights, Madam Rebecca Nyandeng, ministers for Information and Broadcasting, and Water Resources and Irrigation, and the chairperson of workers trade union declared their assets and liabilities to the South Sudan Anti-Corruption Commission yesterday.
The declaration was made at the commission’s headquarters in the presence of its top officials.


Madam Rebecca receiving her compliance certificate.
[Photo: Ajang Monychol]
After receiving the certificate of confirmation, Madam Rebecca Nyandeng said this is the time she has been waiting for because the South Sudanese need to know how the national resources are being used.
Madam Nyandeng stated that she filled all her income, assets and liabilities clearly on the form mentioning that it is all about the money she got as compensation from the plane accident that kislled her later husband and national hero Dr John Garang de Mabior.
She also condemned the rumours circulating around the country about the ownership of White Bull Company. She declared that it is not hers adding that if she is to do something for South Sudan it will not be through a beer company.


Dr Marial receiving his compliance certificate.
[Photo: Ajang MOnychol]
Meanwhile the minister for Information and Broadcasting, Dr Barnaba Marial Benjamin urged all the ministers and top officials of the government to be transparent in the exercise saying everybody should be accountable.
At the same time, the minster for Water Resources and Irrigation, Paul Mayom Akech asserted that they will assist the commission take tougher decisions to reduce corruption vowing that they did not fight to embezzle public funds.
On his part, the chairperson of the Anti-Corruption Commission, Justice John Gatwech Lul announced that whoever fills the form without declaring all the assets and later discovered will forfeit the assets which will then be transferred into government account.


Hon Mayom waits as the Commission chair reviews his compliance documents.
[Photo: Ajang Monychol]
He as well warned the target group that once the exercise timeframe expires then automatically they will issue resignation letters to those who fail to comply.
Reported by Martin Jada Gabriel, News Agency of South Sudan (NASS)

http://www.goss.org/

press release
Juba — The Presidential Advisor for Gender and Human Rights, Madam Rebecca Nyandeng, ministers for Information and Broadcasting, and Water Resources and Irrigation, and the chairperson of workers trade union declared their assets and liabilities to the South Sudan Anti-Corruption Commission yesterday.
The declaration was made at the commission’s headquarters in the presence of its top officials.
After receiving the certificate of confirmation, Madam Rebecca Nyandeng said this is the time she has been waiting for because the South Sudanese need to know how the national resources are being used.
Madam Nyandeng stated that she filled all her income, assets and liabilities clearly on the form mentioning that it is all about the money she got as compensation from the plane accident that killed her later husband and national hero Dr John Garang de Mabior.
She also condemned the rumours circulating around the country about the ownership of White Bull Company. She declared that it is not hers adding that if she is to do something for South Sudan it will not be through a beer company.
Meanwhile the minister for Information and Broadcasting, Dr Barnaba Marial Benjamin urged all the ministers and top officials of the government to be transparent in the exercise saying everybody should be accountable.
At the same time, the minster for Water Resources and Irrigation, Paul Mayom Akech asserted that they will assist the commission take tougher decisions to reduce corruption vowing that they did not fight to embezzle public funds.
On his part, the chairperson of the Anti-Corruption Commission, Justice John Gatwech Lul announced that whoever fills the form without declaring all the assets and later discovered will forfeit the assets which will then be transferred into government account.
He as well warned the target group that once the exercise
More South Sudanese officials declare income and assets

March 2, 2012 (JUBA) – More constitutional post holders in South Sudan declare their personal income and assets to the South Sudan Anti-Corruption Commission (SSACC) on Thursday, although like previous declarations the results were not made public.

The policy was reintroduced by a presidential decree, after the previous attempt had failed, calling on all the constitutional post holders, senior civil servants and officers from the organised forces to declare their income and assets before the 31 March. Any official who fails to submit the form before the deadline will be asked to resign.

Two weeks ago the vice president Riek Machar declared his income and assets to the commission, although his net wealth and assets have not been made public. Machar urged his colleagues to follow suit. The army’s top generals were also issued with the declaration forms and expressed their readiness to declare their wealth.

The most high profile of the latest batch of officials to declare their assets was Rebecca Nyandeng Garang de Mabior, a presidential Advisor on gender and human rights. Upon receiving a certificate on Thursday verifying she had declared all her assets and liabilities to SSACC she denied rumours that her family owns a beer company in Juba.

Speaking to reporters after receiving her certificate of declaration on Thursday, Nyandeng thanked the anti-graft commission. She said it was appropriate for officials to declare their wealth and assets so the public knew what was happening to the country’s resources.

In a statement on national television, Nyandeng explained that she filled all her income, assets and liabilities clearly. She said that most of her assets were from an insurance payout after the death of her husband the former chairman of Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), John Garang de Mabior. Garang died in a helicopter crash in 2005 just weeks after becoming the first vice president of Sudan and the President of South Sudan as part of the north-South peace deal.

Nyandeng denied and condemned the rumours and allegations that she owns the White Bull Company, which makes beer. She told state TV and radio that she did not know who owned the company, stressing that if the company belonged to her family, she would have declared it like other assets she had declared.

Other officials including minister of information and broadcasting, Barnaba Marial Benjamin and water resources and irrigation, Paul Mayom Akec declared their assets at the same time.

The declaration forms are South Sudan’s latest attempt to root out corruption, which is rife in the young country. Billions of dollars of public funds have gone missing since the SPLM took power in Juba in 2005 following a peace deal with the Sudanese government in Khartoum.

In July last year South Sudan became independent but the world’s youngest country faces a host of problems including humanitarian emergencies and security issues as well as corruption.

On Thursday the chairperson of South Sudan’s workers trade and union also joined the top government officials in declaring his assets and liabilities to the SSACC.

Meanwhile the minister for information and broadcasting, Dr Barnaba Marial Benjamin urged all the ministers and top officials of the government to be transparent in the exercise saying everybody should be accountable.

At the same time, the minster for water resources and irrigation, Paul Mayom Akech asserted that they will assist the commission take tougher decisions to reduce corruption vowing that they did not fight to embezzle public funds.

On his part, the chairperson of the Anti-Corruption Commission, Justice John Gatwech Lulannounced that whoever fills the form without declaring all the assets and later discovered will forfeit the assets which will then be transferred into government account.

There are concerns that some officials may have banked stolen money under different names, making it difficult to trace.

The SSACC boss however earlier said he was mobilising expertise from Europe and America who will employ the latest techniques of tracing and detecting “stolen” money from financial institutions around the world.

(ST)

http://www.sudantribune.com/More-South-Sudanese-officials,41773


Sudanese opposition slams calls for Islamic constitution
Sudan Tribune
March 1, 2012 (KHARTOUM) — Sudanese opposition parties condemned pressures by Islamists parties and groups to adopt an Islamic constitution in Sudan after the secession of South Sudanlast July. Sudanese Muslim Brotherhood, Salafi Ansar Al-Suna, 

Lamu port project launched for South Sudan and Ethiopia
BBC News
Construction has begun on a $23bn (£14.5bn) port project and oil refinery in south-eastern Kenya’s coastal Lamu region near war-torn Somalia’s border. An oil pipeline, railway and motorway will also be built linking Lamu to South Sudan and Ethiopia.

US very concerned by Sudanese conflicts
UPI.com
WASHINGTON, March 2 (UPI) — Sudan and South Sudan are drifting further from commitments outlined in a 2005 peace agreement, the US State Department warned. South Sudan in July became an independent country as part of an agreement reached with 

Returnee train departs Sudan capital for south
Newsday
Click here Returnee train departs Sudan capital for south Originally published: March 2, 2012 6:49 AM Updated: March 2, 2012 9:37 AM By The Associated Press MOHAMED OSMAN (Associated Press) (AP) — A 60-car train carrying 1400 southern Sudanese 
South Sudanese families return home
msnbc.com (blog)
South Sudanese families arrive with their belongings at a train station in Khartoum on March 1 to be transported home to South Sudan. A family waits for water before being transported home to South Sudan, in Khartoum on March 1.
South Sudan: UNMISS trains army officers on human rights, democracy
Afrique en Ligue
New York, US – The UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) said it has trained South Sudanesearmy officers on human rights, democracy and the rule of law, as well as other societal issues. A UN statement, made available to PANA in New York on Thursday, 
Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan
Coastweek
NAIROBI (Xinhua) — Ethiopia, Kenya and South Sudan are expected to launch the Lamu Port project, East Africa’s largest infrastructure project, on Friday. Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki and South Sudan’s President 
South Sudan claims Abyei
GroundReport
by JosephEdward March 02, 2012 The disputed area of Abyei was defined as part of Warrap state in the South Sudan election bill, last week in a parliamentary session, the Minister of Justices Mr. John Luk Jok disclosed that Abyei citizens will 

Sudanese Tensions Reach Boiling Point
Arutz Sheva
South Sudan reports Sudan bombed civilian villages amid a diplomatic impasse over oil rights and the disputed Abayei region. By Gavriel Queenann South Sudan said Thursday that two Sudanese fighter jets dropped bombs Wednesday in Pariang county inside 

Lamu port project launched for South Sudan and Ethiopia

Posted: March 2, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Lamu port project launched for South Sudan and Ethiopia

Residents and environmental activists participate in a demonstration against the construction of the proposed Lamu port on Lamu Island, Kenya, 1 March 2012There have been protests against the port by some environmentalists and residents of Lamu island.

Construction has begun on a $23bn (£14.5bn) port project and oil refinery in south-eastern Kenya’s coastal Lamu region near war-torn Somalia’s border.

An oil pipeline, railway and motorway will also be built linking Lamu to South Sudan and Ethiopia.

Newly independent South Sudan plans to use Lamu as its main oil export outlet.

A BBC reporter says security concerns for the project may explain the presence of Ethiopian and Kenyan troops in Somalia aiming to pacify the region.

‘Biggest African project’

Kenya’s leader Mwai Kibaki launched the project along with his South Sudanese and Ethiopian counterparts, Salva Kiir and Meles Zenawi respectively.

“I have no doubt that this day will go down in history as one of the defining moments – when we made a major stride to connect our people to the many socio-economic opportunities that lie ahead,” AFP news agency quotes Mr Kibaki as saying at the inauguration ceremony.

Known as Lamu Port South Sudan Ethiopia Transport Corridor (Lapsset), it is expected to be completed within four years with initial costs coming from the three governments and plans to attract international investment.

Lamu is a living heritage… we stand to lose that status”

Mualimu BadiSave Lamu

Steven Ikuwa, the administrator in charge of Lapsset, told the BBC the scale of the plans was huge.

“I am proud to say this is one of the biggest projects that we are carrying out in Africa.”

The BBC’s Noel Mwakugu in Lamu says there are worries about the impact of the project on Lamu district, which is one of East Africa’s most beautiful and relatively unspoiled environments along the Indian Ocean and includes a cultural heritage site on Lamu Island.

“Lamu is a living heritage. Already Unesco has declared Lamu a World Heritage Site – as an endangered site,” Mualimu Badi from the Save Lamu group told the BBC.

“If 500,000 people come to work as workers, we stand to lose that status.”

Mr Badi also said local residents fear they would be made homeless by the project as most people in the area are unable to prove their right to live in their homes.

In response to these complaints, Mr Kibaki has announced that residents will be issued with land title deeds and his administration will provide training for 1,000 young people to prepare for future opportunities presented by the port.

Oil export alternatives

Our correspondent says Lamu’s 32-bearth port will be five times larger than Kenya’s only other Indian Ocean port, Mombasa – which has been struggling to serve the needs of landlocked countries to the south and west of Kenya.

Fisherman seated at a moor in Kenya's resort island of Lamu, 28 February 2012Tourism plays a large part in the local economy around Lamu

Lamu will allow Kenya to earn more revenue from its northern landlocked neighbours, he says.

Ethiopia will have an alternative sea port to Djibouti and another export route if oil is discovered in its Ogaden region, which borders Somalia and where oil exploration is currently under way.

For South Sudan, it offers a solution to its dependence on Sudan from which it split last July – six years after the end of a bitter civil war.

Since the secession, the two countries have been embroiled in a dispute over oil, with South Sudan turning off the tap on its oil exports though Sudan.

Our reporter says the project will also open up development to northern parts of Kenya, which has been neglected since independence from the UK in 1963.

The north-east of Kenya also hosts the world’s largest refugee camp, Dadaab, home to more than 450,000 Somalis who have fled conflict and famine during the past 21 years.

Kenya sent in troops over its long border with Somalia in pursuit of al-Shabab militants in October, after several people, including foreign tourists, were kidnapped, including some from near Lamu.

The authorities in Kenya blame the Islamist al-Shabab group, which controls much of southern and central Somalia, for much of the instability affecting the sub-region.

Analysts say Kenya and Ethiopia, whose troops now occupy substantial parts of the country, hope that with progress on the military front, Somalia’s bickering politicians can come up with a new constitution that will allow elections to be held and relative peace to return to the lawless country.

Map
 
Washington Post –
NAIROBI, Kenya — East African heads of state, including South Sudan president Salva Kiir, attended a ceremony Friday to mark the beginning of construction for a controversial new port in Kenya’s eastern coastal region of Lamu.
Daily Nation – ‎
On Friday, a ground breaking ceremony for the construction of the Sh2 trillion Lamu port marked an important day for east and central Africa. The project, dubbed Lapsset (Lamu Port and Southern Sudan-Ethiopia Transport Corridor), will be the biggest 
Voice of America – ‎‎
March 02, 2012 East African Leaders Kick Off Major Infrastructure Project Gabe Joselow | Nairobi The leaders of Kenya, Ethiopia and South Sudan have inaugurated construction of a new sea port in Kenya that is part of a massive infrastructure project 
AFP – ‎
LAMU, Kenya — Kenya launched the construction of a massive port, railway and refinery Friday near a UNESCO-listed Indian Ocean island in a project it bills as the biggest ever in an African nation. Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki, Ethiopian Prime Minister 
BBC News – ‎4 hours ago‎
Construction has begun on a $23bn (£14.5bn) port project and oil refinery in south-eastern Kenya’s coastal Lamu region near war-torn Somalia’s border. An oil pipeline, railway and motorway will also be built linking Lamu to South Sudan and Ethiopia.
Boston.com – ‎
By Tom Odula AP / March 2, 2012 NAIROBI, Kenya—East African heads of state, including South Sudan president Salva Kiir, attended a ceremony Friday to mark the beginning of construction for a controversial new port in Kenya’s eastern coastal region of 
Aljazeera.com – ‎
Kenya, Ethiopia, South Sudan launch $25bn joint project to build port, refinery and railway near UNESCO-listed island. Kenya, South Sudan and Ethiopia have launched a controversial development project to build a port, oil refinery and rail network near 
Capital FM Kenya – ‎
NAIROBI, Kenya, Mar 2 – At least 1000 youths in Lamu are set to get employment following an agreement to construct a railway line linking the Lamu Port with Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. According to a statement from the Presidential Press Service on Thursday 
 

Lamu port project launched for South Sudan and Ethiopia

Posted: March 2, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Lamu port project launched for South Sudan and Ethiopia

 

Residents and environmental activists participate in a demonstration against the construction of the proposed Lamu port on Lamu Island, Kenya, 1 March 2012There have been protests against the port by some environmentalists and residents of Lamu island.

Construction has begun on a $23bn (£14.5bn) port project and oil refinery in south-eastern Kenya’s coastal Lamu region near war-torn Somalia’s border.

An oil pipeline, railway and motorway will also be built linking Lamu to South Sudan and Ethiopia.

 

Newly independent South Sudan plans to use Lamu as its main oil export outlet.

A BBC reporter says security concerns for the project may explain the presence of Ethiopian and Kenyan troops in Somalia aiming to pacify the region.

‘Biggest African project’

Kenya’s leader Mwai Kibaki launched the project along with his South Sudanese and Ethiopian counterparts, Salva Kiir and Meles Zenawi respectively.

“I have no doubt that this day will go down in history as one of the defining moments – when we made a major stride to connect our people to the many socio-economic opportunities that lie ahead,” AFP news agency quotes Mr Kibaki as saying at the inauguration ceremony.

Known as Lamu Port South Sudan Ethiopia Transport Corridor (Lapsset), it is expected to be completed within four years with initial costs coming from the three governments and plans to attract international investment.

Lamu is a living heritage… we stand to lose that status”

Mualimu BadiSave Lamu

Steven Ikuwa, the administrator in charge of Lapsset, told the BBC the scale of the plans was huge.

“I am proud to say this is one of the biggest projects that we are carrying out in Africa.”

The BBC’s Noel Mwakugu in Lamu says there are worries about the impact of the project on Lamu district, which is one of East Africa’s most beautiful and relatively unspoiled environments along the Indian Ocean and includes a cultural heritage site on Lamu Island.

“Lamu is a living heritage. Already Unesco has declared Lamu a World Heritage Site – as an endangered site,” Mualimu Badi from the Save Lamu group told the BBC.

“If 500,000 people come to work as workers, we stand to lose that status.”

Mr Badi also said local residents fear they would be made homeless by the project as most people in the area are unable to prove their right to live in their homes.

In response to these complaints, Mr Kibaki has announced that residents will be issued with land title deeds and his administration will provide training for 1,000 young people to prepare for future opportunities presented by the port.

Oil export alternatives

Our correspondent says Lamu’s 32-bearth port will be five times larger than Kenya’s only other Indian Ocean port, Mombasa – which has been struggling to serve the needs of landlocked countries to the south and west of Kenya.

Fisherman seated at a moor in Kenya's resort island of Lamu, 28 February 2012Tourism plays a large part in the local economy around Lamu

Lamu will allow Kenya to earn more revenue from its northern landlocked neighbours, he says.

Ethiopia will have an alternative sea port to Djibouti and another export route if oil is discovered in its Ogaden region, which borders Somalia and where oil exploration is currently under way.

For South Sudan, it offers a solution to its dependence on Sudan from which it split last July – six years after the end of a bitter civil war.

Since the secession, the two countries have been embroiled in a dispute over oil, with South Sudan turning off the tap on its oil exports though Sudan.

Our reporter says the project will also open up development to northern parts of Kenya, which has been neglected since independence from the UK in 1963.

The north-east of Kenya also hosts the world’s largest refugee camp, Dadaab, home to more than 450,000 Somalis who have fled conflict and famine during the past 21 years.

Kenya sent in troops over its long border with Somalia in pursuit of al-Shabab militants in October, after several people, including foreign tourists, were kidnapped, including some from near Lamu.

The authorities in Kenya blame the Islamist al-Shabab group, which controls much of southern and central Somalia, for much of the instability affecting the sub-region.

Analysts say Kenya and Ethiopia, whose troops now occupy substantial parts of the country, hope that with progress on the military front, Somalia’s bickering politicians can come up with a new constitution that will allow elections to be held and relative peace to return to the lawless country.

Map
Washington Post –
NAIROBI, Kenya — East African heads of state, including South Sudan president Salva Kiir, attended a ceremony Friday to mark the beginning of construction for a controversial new port in Kenya’s eastern coastal region of Lamu.
Daily Nation – ‎
On Friday, a ground breaking ceremony for the construction of the Sh2 trillion Lamu port marked an important day for east and central Africa. The project, dubbed Lapsset (Lamu Port and Southern Sudan-Ethiopia Transport Corridor), will be the biggest 
Voice of America – ‎‎
March 02, 2012 East African Leaders Kick Off Major Infrastructure Project Gabe Joselow | Nairobi The leaders of Kenya, Ethiopia and South Sudan have inaugurated construction of a new sea port in Kenya that is part of a massive infrastructure project 
AFP – ‎
LAMU, Kenya — Kenya launched the construction of a massive port, railway and refinery Friday near a UNESCO-listed Indian Ocean island in a project it bills as the biggest ever in an African nation. Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki, Ethiopian Prime Minister 
BBC News – ‎4 hours ago‎
Construction has begun on a $23bn (£14.5bn) port project and oil refinery in south-eastern Kenya’s coastal Lamu region near war-torn Somalia’s border. An oil pipeline, railway and motorway will also be built linking Lamu to South Sudan and Ethiopia.
Boston.com – ‎
By Tom Odula AP / March 2, 2012 NAIROBI, Kenya—East African heads of state, including South Sudan president Salva Kiir, attended a ceremony Friday to mark the beginning of construction for a controversial new port in Kenya’s eastern coastal region of 
Aljazeera.com – ‎
Kenya, Ethiopia, South Sudan launch $25bn joint project to build port, refinery and railway near UNESCO-listed island. Kenya, South Sudan and Ethiopia have launched a controversial development project to build a port, oil refinery and rail network near 
Capital FM Kenya – ‎
NAIROBI, Kenya, Mar 2 – At least 1000 youths in Lamu are set to get employment following an agreement to construct a railway line linking the Lamu Port with Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. According to a statement from the Presidential Press Service on Thursday 

Sudan's Defence Minister Abdelrahim Mohamed Hussein. Photo: September 2011

The International Criminal Court has issued an arrest warrant for Sudan’s Defence Minister Abdelrahim Mohamed Hussein for alleged crimes in Darfur.JUBA, SOUTH Sudan— South Sudanese officials said Thursday that Sudanese troops were massing near the disputed border and that Sudan’s armed forces had bombed two oil wells in South Sudan.A spokesman for South Sudan’s armed forces said two Sudanese planes dropped six bombs in Pariang county, along the north-south border, on Wednesday afternoon. Col. Philip Aguer said that at least one oil well had been damaged and was leaking into the ground, polluting drinking water.

Sudan has also been massing ground forces in a nearby town, he said.Al-Obeid Merwah, a spokesman for the Sudanese Foreign Ministry, did not return calls seeking comment.South Sudan became independent from Sudan in July, but many issues remain unresolved, including the demarcation of the border and the sharing of oil revenue.

Separately, the International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant for Sudan’s defense minister, the third senior government official sought by the court over alleged involvement in atrocities in the Darfur region of western Sudan.

The court said it wants Abdelrahim Mohamed Hussein arrested on a warrant containing seven counts of crimes against humanity and six war crimes, including murder, persecution, rape and torture. The charges cover 41 incidents, the court said.

Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo asked judges for the warrant in December, saying Hussein is among those who “bear greatest criminal responsibility” for atrocities in Darfur from August 2003 to March 2004.

Sudan does not recognize the court and refuses to hand over suspects, including President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, who is accused of genocide in Darfur. His government in Khartoum had denounced Moreno-Ocampo’s request for a warrant for Hussein.

At the time covered by the charges, Hussein was interior minister and the Sudanese government’s special representative in Darfur. He is accused of overseeing a state-sponsored plan to attack villages in western Darfur.

Sudan’s government is accused of unleashing Arab militias on civilians — a charge the government denies. The United Nations estimates that 300,000 people have died and 2.7 million have been displaced in the conflict.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/africa/sudanese-troops-massing-near-border-south-sudan-says/2012/03/01/gIQACehklR_story.html

ICC issues Sudan defence minister warrant over Darfur

Sudan's Defence Minister Abdelrahim Mohamed Hussein. Photo: September 2011Abdelrahim Mohamed Hussein also served as Sudan’s interior minister
The International Criminal Court has issued an arrest warrant for Sudan’s Defence Minister Abdelrahim Mohamed Hussein for alleged crimes in Darfur.

The court said there were sufficient grounds to hold him responsible for 20 counts of crimes against humanity and 21 counts of war crimes.

In December, a senior Sudanese official dismissed the request for the warrant as “ridiculous”.

The Hague-based ICC has already indicted Sudan’s president.

Omar al-Bashir denies the charges of genocide, crimes against humanity and war rimes in Darfur, saying they are politically motivated.

The UN estimates that more than 300,000 people have died in Darfur, mostly from disease, since rebels took up arms in 2003.

The government in Khartoum puts the figure at about 12,000 deaths, and says the number of casualties has been exaggerated.

‘Counter-insurgency campaign’

ICC prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo asked the judges for the warrant in December, saying Mr Hussein was among those who bore the “greatest criminal responsibility” for atrocities in Sudan’s Darfur region from August 2003 to March 2004.

map

The mainly Arab Janjaweed militia is accused of carrying out a policy of ethnic cleansing and genocide against Darfur’s black African population after rebels took up arms in 2003, accusing the government of ignoring the region.

According to the ICC, attacks followed a pattern, with Sudan’s military surrounding a village, the air force bombing it and then soldiers and Janjaweed fighters going in on foot, killing, raping and looting.

The ICC said in a statement that Mr Hussein should be prosecuted for crimes against humanity, including persecution and torture, and war crimes including murder and rape.

The court said the crimes were allegedly committed against the Fur population in the towns of Kodoom, Bindisi, Mukjar and Arawala by the Sudanese armed forces and Janjaweed militia during a counter-insurgency campaign against Darfuri rebels.

“The plan of the counter-insurgency campaign was allegedly formulated at the highest levels of the government of the Republic of the Sudan and had allegedly as a core component an unlawful attack on that part of the civilian population perceived by the government as being close to the rebel groups,” it said.

At the time, Mr Hussein was both Sudan’s interior minister and its representative in Darfur.

Together with President Bashir, the court has also indicted another former Interior Minister Ahmad Muhammad Harun and Ali Muhammad Ali Abd-Al-Rahman, a suspected leader of the Janjaweed militia, over alleged atrocities in Darfur.

The ICC says that Mr Harun reported directly to Mr Hussein. They all deny the charges and refuse to surrender.

The Hague-based court has also indicted two Darfur rebels, who are accused of attacking African Union peacekeepers in Darfur. The suspects surrendered to the court in 2010.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-17226952

Sudanese Defense Minister Issued Arrest Warrant For Crimes Against Humanity

Bernama – ‎
THE HAGUE, March 2 (Bernama) — The International Criminal Court (ICC) issued a warrant of arrest against Sudanese Defense Minister Abdel Raheem Muhammad Hussein yesterday. The Hague-based ICC Chamber believes Hussein is responsible for 20 counts of 
New York Times – ‎‎
The International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant on Thursday for the Sudanese defense minister, Abdel Rahim Muhammad Hussein, left, as part of investigations into atrocities in Darfur. The court said in a statement at The Hague that there were 
Washington Post – ‎
JUBA, SOUTH Sudan — South Sudanese officials said Thursday that Sudanese troops were massing near the disputed border and that Sudan’s armed forces had bombed two oil wells in South Sudan. A spokesman for South Sudan’s armed forces said two Sudanese 
The Nation, Pakistan – ‎
THE HAGUE – The International Criminal Court said on Thursday it has issued an arrest warrant for Sudan’s defence minister for crimes against the civilian population in Darfur. “The ICC issues a warrant of arrest for the Sudanese Minister Abdelrahim 
Chicago Tribune – ‎‎
* Arrest warrant issued for Abdel Raheem Muhammad Hussein * Faces 41 counts of crimes against humanity, war crimes * Sudan “not concerned” with the ICC decision -official * Hussein coordinated and armed militia -court (Adds comments from Sudanese 
Chicago Tribune – ‎
AMSTERDAM (Reuters) – The International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant on Thursday for Sudanese Defense Minister Abdel Raheem Muhammad Hussein as part of investigations into atrocities in Darfur. Hussein is the latest of several senior 
Voice of America (blog) – ‎‎
The International Criminal Court has issued an arrest warrant for Sudan’s defense minister, Abdel Raheem Muhammed Hussein, for his alleged crimes in the conflict in Sudan’s Darfur region. The court said Thursday that Hussein is wanted on 41 counts of 
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By Mike Corder THE HAGUE, Netherlands: The International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant Thursday for Sudan’s defense minister, the third senior regime official sought by the court for alleged involvement in atrocities in Darfur.
BBC News – ‎‎
The International Criminal Court has issued an arrest warrant for Sudan’s Defence Minister Abdelrahim Mohamed Hussein for alleged crimes in Darfur. The court said there were sufficient grounds to hold him responsible for 20 counts of crimes against 
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