Archive for June 2, 2012

Egypt’s Mubarak sentenced to life, protests erupt

Posted: June 2, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Africa

http://news.yahoo.com/egypts-mubarak-faces-verdict-over-killings-protesters-060724749.html

South Sudan calls on UN to impose sanctions against Sudan

Posted: June 2, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

BBC News – ‎
Up to 4000 people are fleeing into South Sudan every day to escape fighting in Sudan’s Blue Nile province, according to medical charity Medecins sans Frontieres. MSF told the BBC that about 30000 people were now in makeshift shelters just inside South 
Chicago Tribune – ‎
ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) – Sudan said it had pulled its police forces from a disputed border region, removing a possible obstacle to troubled peace talks with its neighbor South Sudan which also claims the fertile area. The ownership of Abyei is a major 
BusinessWeek – ‎
By MOHAMMED SAEED Sudan’s military says 169 policemen remain in the disputed oil-rich Abyei region following the army’s withdrawal from the area this week. Military spokesman Col. Sawarme Khalid Saad told the official Radio Ombdurman on Friday that the 
UPI.com – ‎
JUBA, South Sudan, June 2 (UPI) — The United Nations said it is providing emergency aid as it tries to relocate an estimated 20000 refugees amassed on the South Sudanese border. Refugees along South Sudan’s Elfoj border area have fled their homes 
AllAfrica.com – ‎
Khartoum — Sudanese and South Sudanese negotiators agreed Friday on a roadmap to guide their talks being held in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa under the mediation of the African Union High Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP), according to Sudan’s 
Shanghai Daily (subscription) – ‎
KHARTOUM, June 2 (Xinhua) — Sudan and South Sudan have agreed to begin negotiations on security arrangements as part of the current round of talks between the two sides in Addis Ababa under the African Union mediation, Khartoum’s Al-Sudani daily 
Sudan Tribune –
June 2, 2012 (JUBA) – South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir has written to over 75 former and current government officials directly asking them to account for misappropriated funds. Kiir in a statement released on Friday 1 June, as part of anti-corruption 
Sudan Tribune – ‎
By Julius N. Uma May 31, 2012 (JUBA) – As talks between Sudan and South Sudan got underway on Tuesday US-based Refugees International has recommended that both parties make the status of each other’s citizens a priority. Refugees International (RI) 
Press TV – ‎
Smoke rises from burnt homes in the disputed Abyei region, located on the border of Sudan and South Sudan, May 23, 2012. South Sudan has called on the United Nations to impose sanctions against Sudan for what it refers to as “continued aerial and 

By Hearty Ritti

South Sudanese will be better off working with the SPLM-DC to eliminate corruption, set accountability standards, jail the corrupt officials, improve governance, decentralize South Sudan social economy operations, create a sense of equality, justice and right to know for every South Sudan citizen than to just bystand watching president Salva Kiir Mayardit on SSTV over and over again playing the same old game title of “corruption”.

Who else can believe the president if he can not arrest thousands of corrupt officials who visit and pass by his office every day? Reporting to the ordinary citizen who has no capacity to arrest is a sign of an organized corruption.

Your tears over corruption will never cease, as long as the president continues to protect those corrupt officials and did not hand them over to the parliament or the justice system. More corruption is on the way as South Sudan economy deteriorates. But you can help by sending a direct and clear message to our president that if he cannot hand us the corrupt officials then he must step down in honoring the suffering of the masses. Ordinary south Sudanese today cannot afford the cost of commodities imported from neighboring countries to Juba, but the corrupt does not feel the heat of market skyrocketing prices.

Fellow South Sudanese, the right time to hold President Salva Kiir Mayardit accountable is now. The President has been in the forefront declaring war on corruption, he knows officials involved in corruption and yet the president choose not to persecute any of them for reasons known to him. The president was able to make decisions that cost over 500 lives in the recent war and he is not able to make a decision to arrest and recover the 4 billion stolen public by his inner circle ruling party the SPLM officials.

South Sudanese must wake up, discover themselves and stop throwing unwavering support for the ruling party the SPLM, which allows broad daylight public fund robbery. It is your responsibility to tell and to stop our president right there and tell him, enough is enough; somebody must go to jail or else you need to step down.

South Sudanese needs to think, act, and have control over their national treasury without interference from president/government. Let the president give the list of the corrupt officials to the civil society/ordinary citizen of South Sudan to decide their faith.

In SPLM-DC, the main opposition party in South Sudan, we envision life, liberty, freedom and pursuit of happiness of every South Sudanese citizen; we care for the common good of ordinary citizens, we think and believe justice and equality for our diversity’s is paramount, we believe the truth and patriotism, popular consultations, south -south dialogue as the key to get us out of the mess of corruption.

Overall, your silence open door for the corruption is South Sudan. Let us hold our president accountable and then, he can arrest his corrupt officials and bring them to the justices. Tell our president that reporting corruption is not enough and funny. We want to see those corrupt ruling party officials brought to justice and mandatory jail time.

Sincerely speaking ruling party’s monopoly of government by having control over 84% of States budget is a clear indication of organized corruption. Where on earth a government can centralize every resource and left huge populated states to survive with only 16% budget?

The Ruling party has done their best to divide South Sudanese on tribal lines by rewarding only one or two tribes and excludes the rest, but our citizens are smart enough to over-take ruling party’s bad governance and policies.

To the people of Greater Bahr el Ghazal, Greater Upper Nile and Greater Equatoria, let us continue to be united under SPLM-DC leaders to create checks and balances in the system of our government; so that the democratic transformation can take place and the corrupt officials will one day go to the jail.

Wishing you all the best.

Ritti

Architects of a nation have to lay down solid foundations

Posted: June 2, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Featured Articles

31 May 2012
South Sudan’s fledgling universities need money – and educated young people – to survive. Graham Jarvis reports
Architects of a nation have to lay down solid foundations

Credit: Getty

Men of the book: President Salva Kiir (above) and the new citizens of South Sudan say they want their nation to be educated

No sooner had the celebrations that followed the Republic of South Sudan’s independence from its northern neighbour in July last year died down than the country’s fledgling government found itself facing serious challenges, a number of them education-related.
The conflict between north and south has been ongoing since the 1950s. When the south finally achieved its independence from Khartoum on 9 July 2011, many observers felt that the new nation’s prospects were promising. South Sudan has agricultural advantages beyond its less fortunate neighbours Ethiopia and Kenya. It also has large reserves of oil, gold and other minerals.
After independence, the government of South Sudan wrested control of higher education from Khartoum, but it soon found that developing the sector was not going to be as simple as taking over the country’s public universities: the aftermath of two civil wars had left the institutions starved of funding and resources.
“From 2005 (when the second civil war ended) to July 2011, higher education institutions were under the control of the federal government in Khartoum, and they received no more than 0.2 per cent of the national budget,” says John Akec, vice-chancellor of the University of Northern Bahr El Ghazal.
The Sudanese government supported academic staff and paid a small contribution to their development, says Akec. The universities charged a fee to students in order to maintain their infrastructure and to meet their operating costs, but this still left them underfunded – to the extent that the University of Juba relocated to the north of Sudan for 20 years. It has only just begun to re-establish itself in Juba, South Sudan’s capital, and many of its academic staff remain in Khartoum.
So even though the new government of South Sudan allocated 3 per cent of its first national budget to the development of higher education and 7 per cent to primary and secondary education, the sector still faces a number of problems.
Low schooling standards a concern
Akec explains: “There are so many challenges to higher education in South Sudan, including weak standards at a school level, poor infrastructure, a shortage of academic staff, the lack of funding for science and technology research that will have a socio-economic impact, and there are few university places for those that want to study.”
The future of higher education is dependent on the development of general education at the primary and secondary levels. Tony Calderbank, country director for the British Council in South Sudan, says that this focus is necessary because around 80 per cent of the South Sudanese population is illiterate. “So it may be that they are concerned about establishing a system of universities, but the South Sudanese government’s priorities are on primary and secondary education – the focus is especially on the education of girls,” he says.
It is important to South Sudan to improve gender equality because this is one of the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals. Juba hopes to create a general education strategic plan with the help of the UN through Unicef and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation.
The development of general education is imperative: without it, many argue, there is no future for the country’s universities. Part of the challenge is to standardise the language in which schoolchildren are taught. South Sudan has chosen English as its state language, but many schools still teach in Arabic – the language favoured by Sudan before independence. Yet this hurdle is a small one compared with the challenges posed to the country by interruptions in oil production and the need for austerity measures.
Media reports suggest that the government originally allocated only 2 per cent to the higher education budget, which was then increased to 3 per cent after members of parliament expressed their concerns. Yet Salah Khaled – head of Unesco’s Juba office – argues that there was, in fact, no increase.
“There was actually a budget cut and not a budget increase,” he says. “With the austerity plans in place since the shutting down of oil production (which was suspended earlier this year owing to a dispute with the north over revenue-sharing arrangements), the Ministry of General Education and Instruction has cut its annual budget by 10 per cent and the Ministry of Higher Education has suffered a cut of 54 per cent of its own budget.”
Khaled believes that many of the government’s plans to develop the educational sector will not materialise, and so the construction of new educational facilities may cease.
And if no progress is made to develop higher education, some fear that South Sudan will continue to suffer from the brain drain that President Salva Kiir claims he wants to end. “Over the past decades, South Sudan has lost its best- educated people to other countries, and many fled during the war,” he said in August last year.
Khaled says that 4,000 South Sudanese students are still studying overseas and that some of them receive government support to do so. Some people, however, argue that this money should be spent on developing South Sudan’s own academic institutions and research activities.
New public universities have been opened recently – including Northern Bahr El Ghazal, Torit and Western Equatoria; and more are expected. The president himself opened a new administration building at Akec’s University of Northern Bahr El Ghazal on 15 March, thereby giving it his seal of approval. The vice-chancellor is nevertheless sceptical whether his institution will see any benefit from the governmental budget because the higher education minister, Peter Adwok, argues that it was opened by Sudan without the blessing of South Sudan’s government.
‘Fradulent’ private providers shut
State scrutiny of the sector looks set to remain keen. According to the Paris-based independent news website Sudan Tribune, earlier this month the minister announced the immediate closure of all privately owned learning institutions.
Adwok said that a ministerial committee had decided that standards at the institutions, including a number calling themselves universities, were too low to allow them to keep their licences.
Referring to private providers’ “fraudulent fleecing of South Sudanese citizens”, Adwok said he wanted to “transform the education system from quantity to quality. This is not to deny people the right to education, but we want our people to be highly educated in a correct and legal way.”
Kiir’s administration appears to have recognised that education is the basis for the creation of social and economic prosperity in the new state. It remains to be seen whether it will provide South Sudan’s public higher education sector with the financial and staffing resources, infrastructure and quality students it needs to carry out that task.