Archive for June 18, 2012

The History of Murle Migrations

Posted: June 18, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, History
Tags: ,

The History of Murle Migrations and Interaction with the Nuer, the Anyuak and the Dinka

http://www.cmi.no/file/1964-Murle.pdf

I am always perplex by South Sudanese oral stories/legends/myths recorded by foreigners. It is funny how foreigners write about the Dinka, the Nuer, the Murle etc. without verifying the same stories from the other side of the aisle.

It is like asking Dr. Lam Akol about the 1991 coup and take that one-sided narration as the gospel truth when others, say the SPLM/A mainstream or even Dr. Riek after his separation with Dr. Lam, have a different take on the very event. It is like asking Khartoum about the Panthou/Heglig’s crisis forgetting that Juba has a totally different view of the event.

So why do the historians…especially the Anthro-historians…do it knowing very well that they are literally recording filtered stories in which the narrator exaggerate their successes while airbrushing their failings?

Though they all participated in the 2nd WW as allies, ask the Russians about WWII and they will tell you a different story from that told by either the British or the Americans. It is a different matter altogether if you go to the Neo-Nazists and ask them about the wars.

By PaanLuel Wel.


Sudanese President Omar Al Bashir has announced a series of deep budget cuts while addressing the National Assembly in Khartoum Monday.  He said his government is eliminating the positions of deputy ministers, senior advisers and top officials  from the current cabinet. Last week Sudan’s Finance Minister Ali Mahmoud said the austerity measures taken by his government is an indication of bankruptcy in the country.  He made the comments during an emergency parliamentary session to discuss the economic crisis in Sudan.
Voice of America – ‎‎
Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir has announced radical spending cuts, amid signs of severe financial stress for his government. Speaking to lawmakers Monday, Bashir said his cabinet and all levels of government will have to accept budget cuts of 45 to 
Chicago Tribune -‎
KHARTOUM (Reuters) – Sudan’s police used tear gas and batons to break up protests in Khartoum on Monday, witnesses said, after President Omar Hassan al-Bashir unveiled tough austerity measures to plug a budget deficit. Sudan has avoided an “Arab 
Chicago Tribune – ‎‎
* Sudan has avoided “Arab spring” but anger is mounting * Sudan scrambling to plug deficit of $2.4 billion * Says will cut govt jobs, raise taxes to improve finances (Recasts with protests, background) By Khalid Abdelaziz KHARTOUM, June 18 (Reuters) 
Voice of America – ‎
Sudanese President Omar Al Bashir has announced a series of deep budget cuts while addressing the National Assembly in Khartoum Monday. He said his government is eliminating the positions of deputy ministers, senior advisers and top offiicals from the 
Ahram Online – ‎
Anti-regime protesters clashed with police in Sudan’s capital on Monday, witnesses said, as President Omar al-Bashir announced a raft of austerity measures aimed at propping up the country’s ailing finances. Speaking in parliament, Bashir said the 
gulfnews.com – ‎‎
Khartoum Sudan will devalue its currency, remove fuel subsidies and reduce the size of its government as part of an austerity package to stabilise the economy and deal with a loss of oil revenue, President Omar Al Bashir said. The official rate will be 
Chicago Tribune – ‎‎
* Sudan scrambling to plug deficit of $2.4 billion * Says will slash govt jobs, raise taxes to improve finances KHARTOUM, June 18 (Reuters) – Sudan will gradually abolish fuel subsidies, cull the number of civil servants on its payroll, and raise taxes 
Businessweek – ‎‎
By Salma El Wardany on June 18, 2012 Sudanese students rallied at Khartoum University for a second day against the government’s planned austerity measures, following a crackdown by police yesterday that included a nighttime raid on female dormitories.
Independent Online – ‎
By SAPA Khartoum – Sudanese riot police on Sunday attacked a student demonstration in Khartoum against high food prices, firing tear gas and beating some of the protesters with batons, an AFP correspondent reported. At around midday, hundreds of 
Independent Online – ‎
By SAPA-AFP Khartoum – Sudanese security agents seized all the copies of three independent newspapers on Sunday, their editors said, the latest such move in a weeklong crackdown on local independent dailies. The security agents took all the latest 
Independent Online – ‎
Khartoum – Sudanese riot police on Sunday used teargas and batons to disperse a student protest in Khartoum against the government and high prices, witnesses said. Such protests are rare in Sudan, but anger has been rising over high food prices and 

TO:      UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon

CC:      UNSC, EU, AU, IGADD, US Department of State, White House, US Congress.

June 14, 2012

New York City, New York

We the South Sudanese community and friends in the US, in conjunction with the South Sudan Volunteer Initiative USA branch (SSVI – USA), gather here today because we are deeply concerned about the ongoing crisis between South Sudan and [North] Sudan. Since the Panthou (Heglig) crisis, the government of Sudan has stepped up its aerial campaign against civilians’ population as illustrated by the Bentiu bombing on April 12, 2012 and many others. These belligerent actions were met with very little outcry, a sharp contrast from the one towards South Sudan during the Panthou crisis, from the international community. We are urging the international community, particularly the UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-Moon, the UN Security Council and the African Union (AU), to show fairness and immediately hold Sudan accountable not only for its air campaign against innocent civilians but for its reluctance to take seriously the UNSC resolution 2046, and the African Union’s peace and security roadmap in order to negotiate in good faith. We want to forewarn the concerned parties that this reluctance will soon result in further bombardment and more civilians sufferings. We must act now!

While the Sudan government’s activities, particularly its continuous attacks on South Sudan since its independence in July last year, and its defiance of the international community’s plea to respect human rights, implement the remaining provisions of the CPA, withdraw the remaining 150 troops from Abyei, and stop aerial bombardment of innocent civilians deep inside South Sudan’s territory, are not startling to us – for we are used to them (that is the reason we are here), we find it shocking to see the level in which it has been able to easily deceive the international community on almost every issue on the table. In recent past, the fraudulent account of Panthou (Heglig), gained an unprecedented acceptance among some international circles, essentially raising major concerns about the global community’s attention span. The Sudan government has never been honest in its dealing with anyone, let alone the international community, and for the international community to take its words for anything, much less at face value, is synonymous to allowing a child molester keeps your children under the pretext that he has recovered. We are reminding the international community about this reality because it is the same pretense that causes the current talks to collapse in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, because Sudan wants to administer all the disputed areas, essentially putting into question their comprehension of the meaning of the word ‘disputed.’ In Sudan speaks, its position, actions and attitude at the negotiating table in Addis, reinforce what we have been saying all along; that is it wants to and will control the disputed areas whether the international community likes it or not, thus by force.

We also want to note that the Sudan government’s conviction of demarcating the borders by force, rather than peacefully, is not hard to believe since it has successfully moved the border southward, resulting in the annexation of Panthou (Heglig) – which, as per the 1/1/1956 border, is part of South Sudan’s Unity state, and other areas where oil was discovered. This redrawing of the map in South Sudan by the regime in Khartoum as a result of oil discovery is clearly documented, and thus the reason of the continuous attack on South Sudan, an apparent campaign to annex South Sudan’s oil producing state of Unity, to the North.

Many international experts and South Sudanese alike expected this behavior from the Sudan because its refusal to either sign peace pacts or dishonor the ones it signed has been consistent over a long period of time. Eric Reeves, A renowned Sudanese expert from Smith College, put it eloquently when he said “Khartoum has consistently refused to negotiate these areas of the border either within the Technical Boundary Committee (TBC) or through high-level political engagement.  Over more than seven years, it has repeatedly refused to convene or participate in good faith in the TBC, to accept the findings of the Abyei Boundaries Commission (ABC) stipulated by the Abyei Protocol of the CPA, or to accept the ruling of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (July 2009)”.

Finally, we want to end this message by providing recommendations whose consideration will be the key to redressing the current impasse that Sudan has created. We realized that current talks will not get anywhere because Sudan wants to have its way or no way. To this end;

  • All hostilities, often instigated by the Sudan, must be ceased
  • All disputed areas must be referred to the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
  • The PCA ruling must be binding and it should be enforced by the international community by whatever means necessary
  • SAF withdrawal from Abyei must be completed with no exception. Leaving 150 Sudanese troops there is not a complete withdrawal
  • There must be unimpeded humanitarian access to all civilians displaced by the Sudan bombardment
  • The arrest warrant of the Sudanese President on crimes against humanity must be carried out
  • All prisoner of war (POW) held by Sudan must be released
  • There must be no-fly zone to deter further civilian bombardment and displacement
  • All South Sudanese students and citizens being held illegally must be released
  • Current sanctions on Sudan should be tightened and more should be issued

Signed:

South Sudan Volunteer Initiative (SSVI – USA), South Sudan Communities in the US.


17 June 2012

 POSITION OF THE OPPOSITION ON THE PRESIDENT’S LETTER TO “CORRUPT” GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS

  1. Since it became public in early June, the letter of the President of the Republic, General Salva Kiir Mayardit, dated the 3rd of May 2012 in which he wrote to 75 current and former government officials that he accused of stealing 4 billion US dollars, has been the subject of intense debate. As the official Opposition party in the country, the SPLM-DC is duty bound to make its position on the matter clear.
  2. That the government that ruled South Sudan since 2005 is corrupt to the marrow is not news. We have said it loud and clear three years ago and there were muted voices here and there saying so, only to be met with strong denials by those in power. The only new thing now is that the President is trying albeit in a weak-kneed manner to pass the buck to others in his government. The whole exercise is meant to impress not South Sudanese but the nagging international community whose money that they gave generously in the mistaken hope of helping South Sudan ended up in the fat bank accounts of unscrupulous leaders of the Government in South Sudan.
  3. From the outset let us not be duped about the amount of the missing money. Since 2005 to date, South Sudan has received in excess of 20 billion US dollars as revenue from oil alone. This figure excludes the funds it got in terms of grants and loans in addition to its share of the national budget before secession. Since there is very little to show for in terms of services rendered to our people, where did most of that money go to?

Therefore, the figure quoted in the President’s letter is paltry, well below the actual amount embezzled.

  1. The tone and tenure of the President’s language in the letter is unmistakable. Says he: “an estimated $4 billion are unaccounted for, or simply put, stolen by current and former South Sudan officials or corrupt individuals with close ties to government officials”. In another paragraph he categorically puts it  that: “some [former and current government officials] have purchased properties; often paid in cash” and proceeded to state that he had written 75 letters to these government officials requesting them to “return these stolen funds (full or partial)”. Despite his futile attempt to beat a hasty retreat nothing short of denying the authenticity of the letter will make people take his latest statements seriously. Since he has not done so, it is obvious from the above quotations that anybody that has received the President’s letter is not only a suspect but is heavily accused of stealing public funds with all what that entails in the legal realm.
  2. With that lack of doubt in the President’s mind of the crime committed, it is mind-boggling why the President rather than proceed with his water-tight case against the “looters” of public funds ends up begging them to anonymously return even part of the money stolen! If the objective was to get back the $4 billion, this partial depositing, if it were to happen, to win the President’s amnesty, would not do the trick because anything above a zero dollar is “part” of the money and qualifies the depositor to full amnesty.
    1. In principle, the idea of writing letters to suspected embezzlers of public funds is none of the President’s business, less so to write off stolen government funds which belong to the people of South Sudan. The President has no authority to conceal the identity of thieves and write off the stolen money. Such an action in itself runs counter to a basic principle of criminal law, the deterrent effect. No criminal would want to be discovered in the act of committing a crime. Hence, making the names of those convicted of embezzling the money of the poor South Sudanese public, the so-called shaming, is the strongest deterrent for any would-be embezzler.
    2. The volte-face of the President was, we understand, a result of a passionate wheeling and dealing in the circles of the ruling party as a result of the last resolution of Parliament to suspend all recipients of the President’s letter. We know that most of the 55 Ministers and Deputy Ministers in the current government of the Republic of South Sudan and other stalwarts of the SPLM are in receipt of the letter. Suspending them would mean that the government and the party would be paralyzed and tainted, the very opposite of what the President had wanted to achieve. What goes round comes round!
    3. In light of the above our position on the matter is as follows:

(a)- Corruption is a cancerous disease that has robbed our people of funds that would have been used to provide them with the basic services of life-saving medicines, education and decent living; compromised our image inside South Sudan and abroad and had introduced a sub-culture alien to our values. It must therefore be fought with all resolve and vigor to eradicate it.

(b)- We unreservedly support the resolution of the National Legislature on Tuesday the 13th instant that all suspected of corruption, starting with those who were served with the President’s letter, be suspended from duty and be investigated by the competent legal authorities and those found to have a case to answer for be prosecuted. One is amazed to hear a Cabinet Minister say that this resolution is not binding on the Executive branch of government!

(c)- The government of the Republic of South Sudan must show by deeds, not words, that it is committed to its own slogan of “zero-tolerance to corruption”. The people of South Sudan will only believe them if some heads start rolling, something that has not happened in the entire life of the SPLM-led government. Our people learn by example not through rhetoric.

(d)- The current debate about the corrupt elements in our midst was started by none other than the President himself. Hence, he should not be seen to waver in his resolve to take firm action against those suspected of being involved in corruption; otherwise, accusing fingers will be pointed at him.

(e)- We appeal to our people in South Sudan to keep this debate alive. This is the only way to retrieve our stolen money and stamp out corruption once and for all. Our slogans should be: “Corruptions Kills” and “No Amnesty to Thieves”.

Dr Lam Akol,

Chairman of SPLM-DC.


How Insects Devour South Sudanese' National Resources

How Insects Devour South Sudanese’ National Resources; Was President Bashir Right After All About Insects in Juba? How else would one explains the disappearance of over $4 billion and the current concerted attempt by the leadership under President Kiir to shift the goalpost by claiming that the money was lost through a private contract–dura saga, not by the government itself?

That is to say that the private sector, to which the private contractors belong, including you and me, are the corrupt one, not the central government. How ridiculous the claim being advanced by Marial Benjamin, MD, and his cohorts is!!

Marial said most of these funds were associated with the grain saga known as “Dura saga” of which many companies were expected to be paid after delivering the grain. The Minister said others were paid when they have not delivered the dura and some after delivery and that’s where most funds got lost and which was fraud and misuse.” The Citizen Newspaper, June 14, 2012.

Yet, only $200 million was squandered there, not $4 billion. Besides, are the contracted private companies part of the 75 “current and former senior government officials” identified by President Kiir himself? Additionally, what are the names of the over 700 contracted private companies and who owned them? 700 companies for the distribution of sorghum, really? Does South Sudan have 700 registered private companies known to and trusted by the government?

For the sake of the argument, let assumed that the private companies have indeed anything to do with the disappearance of the public funds. Still, isn’t it interesting that all the 700 private companies known to, entrusted and contracted by the government of the republic of South Sudan turned out to be all thieves? I mean, what does that say about the nature of the identification and the awarding of the dura contracts in the first place? And why is it surfacing now, years after it took place?

The ICC-indicted President Bashir might have hit the nail on the head in as far as the leadership in Juba, minus the general South Sudanese masses, is concerned. Only insects, the locust type in particular, could devour over $4 billion within that short span of time.

By PaanLuel Wel. 

Ode of big name

Posted: June 18, 2012 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By Atok Dan

Amajordit,

you truly sound big,

bigger like your name Amajordit

you pose like a president,

when giving your claptrap addresses

you sound big,

Your name Amajordit

not that your talks make sense

it is senseless,

you bored your listeners,

with all adoration and adornment,

you still present no credentials,

but you only make a grit on your teeth,

even with ball tie,

you make none

Amajordit,

in a country of big suffixes,

you posit issues like guess

with all the derisive

you still the same but with only meaningless multiple suffixes

with biggest nouns,

all have gone to bottomless pit

probably of big names which are untouchable

Amajordit,

gone are days of rhetoric,

gone are memoirs of stolen pride

in the farm we eat,

in the hospital we get treated,

in the school we learn art of speech

Amajordit, you need to wear off,

your reluctance habit and procrastination