Archive for May, 2014

“I thought we liberated our people from northern domination only to realize the revolution was hijacked by a tyrant dictator upon the death of our leader, late Dr. John Garang De Mabior…Now I decided to take [up] arms again to liberate my people since the first liberation [was] hijacked by a tyrant tribal dictator. I am taking [up] arms again to bring justice, freedom, equality and prosperity to my people. I am taking [up] arms to transform the country democratically and establish [a] federal system where powers and resources are driven by [the] people. I am taking [up] arms to restore rule of law and respect [for] human rights in my country…Therefore, my appeal to [the] people of South Sudan, Dinka Community generally and people of Aweil in particular not to support Salva Kiir…I am also appealing to the SPLA to stop fighting for Salva Kiir. My appeals go to the democratic forces globally to support the SPLM/SPLA led by Dr. Riek Machar to remove Salva Kiir and establish a new democratic South Sudan.” Retired Gen. Daau Aturjong Nyuol of Aweil announcing his official decision to join Riek Machar in toppling the government of President Kiir in Nairobi, Kenya, May 31, 2014


Gen. Daau Aturjong Nyuol, former Gubernatorial candidate for Northern Bahr el Ghazal, who claimed to have been rigged out by Gen. Malong Awan

Gen. Daau Aturjong Nyuol, former Gubernatorial candidate for Northern Bahr el Ghazal, who claimed to have been rigged out by Gen. Malong Awan

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba.

Comrade Gen. Daau Aturjong Nyuol, I woke up today to a press statement announcing your official defection to Riek Machar-led armed rebellion against the government of President Salva Kiir Mayaardit.

Comrade, your pronouncement was not surprising at all because, since Dr. Dhieu Mathok joined Riek Machar in December 2013, there have been speculations and counter-speculations that it was just a question of when, rather than if, you would join Riek Machar, too. To paraphrase myself, Mathok was John the Baptist going to prepare the way for the coming of Jesus.

From all appearances, it seems your move is politically motivated and personalized and state-ized. It is politically motivated because the genesis of your disillusionment with President Kiir was the 2010 gubernatorial election in the state of Northern Bahr el Ghazal (NBG). You claim that the SPLM leadership rigged both the primary and the general elections in favor of Gen. Paul Malong Awan.

When, last year, President Kiir appointed Malong the chief of general staff, you were nonchalantly passed over in preference for Kwel Agwer Kwel, former SPLM’s secretary for finance and economics affairs at the ruling party general headquarters in Juba, who was appointed caretaker governor of NBG state.

These incidences might have been too much of a political humiliation for you. Ostensibly, you were robbed of your constitutional, democratic and legitimate leadership of NBG state and then casually passed over for Kwel Agwer who, unlike you, never participated in the war of liberation.

Thus, your problem is not against the “nine years of Salva Kiir’s authoritative dictatorship in Juba” per se nor is it about the dismal failure of Juba or the alleged lack of democracy in South Sudan; rather it is a political supremacy war with Malong Awan at state level.

Comrade, our past and recent history is littered with such personalized (and localized) political sparring that later ballooned into a national headache. Think of George Athoor Deng and his political dueling with Gier Chuang Aluong at Pigi County level and with Gen. Kuol Manyang Juuk during the 2010 gubernatorial election in Jonglei state, which later developed into a national problem.

Think of the David Yau-Yau insurgency, which began as a political contest for the MP-ship of Gumruk political constituent that Yau-Yau lost. Like Athoor and Yau-Yau, you, Comrade Daau Aturjong, have no fundamental differences with President Kiir as a person or as the leader of South Sudan. Your problem, I suppose, is with your immediate and local political competitor: Paul Malong Awan.

I suspect that had Athoor gotten the gubernatorial post of Jonglei state, had David Yau-Yau been the state MP for Gumruk constituent on the SPLM ticket or had you been appointed the caretaker governor of NBG state, there would have never been insurrections of Athoor and Yau-Yau or your defection to Riek Machar. Your case therefore, comrade, though clothed in the grand rhetoric of a coming Messiah, is political opportunism.

Apparently, your political announcement is opportune. Already, there are talks of an interim coalition government, dubbed the Government of National Unity, which would encompass all parties to the conflict. As a high profile political and military leader from the Dinka community, and particularly one from the backyard of President Kiir in the Bahr el Ghazal region, chances are that you might land a big political position in the interim government on the side of the rebels.

After all, what better political and propaganda tool can Riek Machar wish for but a person of your political stature to hit back at Gen. Malong Awan who is currently leading the war against Riek and who many believe to be the real center of power behind the throne.

It suits you, too, Comrade because not only are you literally fighting your main enemy, Malong, but also sending the unmistakable message to the president that there is a price to be paid for politically favoring Malong over you and yet all of you equally contributed during the war of liberation.

None of you ever betrayed the People’s Revolutionary Movement. After all, you bid your time after the 2010 election, preferring to exile yourself rather than take up arms against your own people like Athoor Deng or David Yau-Yau. What prevented the President from appointing you the caretaker governor of NBG after Malong left for Juba, you demand to know. I have no idea, Comrade.

What I do know is that your move is political suicide. The Dinka Community that you hail from never follows nor honors their political and military ‘Nyageet’. Think of Akuot Atem de Mayen, Arok Thon Arok, Majier Ghai Ayuel, Majur Nhial Makol, Dengtiel Ayuen Kuur, and Hakim Aluong Kaang from Bor/Twic.

Think of Kerubino Kwanyin Bol, Faustino Atem Gualdit, Dhol Achuil Aleu, Kawac Makwei Mayaar, and Dr. Costello Garang Ring from Gogrial/Tonj. Think of Telar Ring Deng, Dr. Achol Marial, Amon Mon Wantok, Prof. Isaac Cuir Riak, Maker Benjamin Bil, Ater Benjamin Bil, Nikanora Magar Achiek, Martin Makuur Aleiyou, Benjamin Nyankot Biaar, Malath Joseph Lueth and Chagai Matek from Rumbek/Yirol. And think of Chol Deng Alaak from Abyei.

These political and military leaders from your Dinka Community rebelled against the leadership of Dr. John Garang. You and Malong, among others, fought them. They were never followed nor later honored for their rebellions by their respective Dinka clans, notwithstanding their reasons for revolting, some of which, in retrospective, could have been partly justified.

Yet, in spite of that knowledge, you still called upon the people of Aweil (Malwal Dinka) to rebel against the leadership of President Kiir and follow you into Riek’s rebellion. Arguably, most people from your community associate the SPLM with the painful sacrifices they made during the war for independence, much as they associate President Kiir with the continuation of the historical SPLM leadership.

That perception, coupled with the simple fact that the current alternative to a failed Kiir leadership is none other than Riek Machar, makes your move a political suicide. If history is anything to go by, you are likely to remain in the political wilderness for the rest of your political life in the Republic of South Sudan.

There was no doubt that you had considerable political support among the people of NBG state but just like the political fortune of your community ‘Nyageet’, it has evaporated. If powerful leaders from your community, like Kerubino Kwanyin and Arok Thon, could not get followers after their defection, what made you think that you might do better?

Remember when Kerubino went back to ‘liberate’ (as you are now claiming) the people of Bahr el Ghazal from Garang’s ‘dictatorship’, the local people, their own blood relatives, violently confronted him with a song: ‘acën bäny cï baai kɔn kuum ke cäthke Nuer!’ As you go about ‘liberating’ the people of South Sudan from President Kiir’s ‘dictatorship’, be careful, lest you might meet the same political fate as that of Kerubino.

Kerubino, the great man who fired the first shot of the revolutionary war, died under mysterious circumstances, away from true comrades, friends, relatives and family members. He was never given an honorably burial and his grave is that of the Unknown Soldier.

Don’t get me wrong, Comrade. I am well aware that Riek Machar would appoint you a full minister in the provisional government of national unity. But that government is transitional and you will have to go back to NBG, to the people of Aweil, to campaign for a political office of your choice. And it would be the people, not Riek Machar, who would determine your political fate.

Your return to the cabinet would be contingent on the number of votes you deliver to Riek Machar. How many independent candidates (non-SPLM) from your community made it to parliament in 2010? Your return to the cabinet would also be conditional on Riek Machar winning the presidency. Unfortunately, his core political constituent (the Nuer) is only about 15% of South Sudan’s total population unlike that of Kiir, which is about 40%.

Due to the tribal nature of Sub-Saharan African politics, your boss, Riek Machar, has a better chance of coming to power through the barrel of the white army’s gun than through a ballot paper in a free and fair, democratic election. This is why three out of the four Presidents of Kenya since independence in 1963 have been Kikuyus—the largest tribe in Kenya.

That does not literally mean that your Dinka Community would dominate South Sudan’s political scene the exact way the Kikuyus are doing in Kenya. Nonetheless, it means that whomever your community back (and this would not be Riek) stands a better chance of winning than the one they would oppose (which would be Riek in this case).

If your community, for example, backs an Equatorian (with political constituent of 33%), that leader would be the automatic winner. It might just be a protest vote against your boss, Riek Machar, called it a marriage of convenience, till Riek exits the political arena and ‘a clean Nuer’ emerges.

Therefore, given the way your community has been treating their ‘Nyageet’, there is no reason whatsoever to believe that you would be an exception to the rule: being regarded as a traitor to the people and thus a social outcast. Political traitors and societal outcasts of your community, unlike the rest, are never given the chance to lead. Just think of it, how many of them are in high political office today?

Telar Deng and Dengtiel Ayuen, who today hold political positions, revolted against Riek Machar after the death of Dengtiel’s mother in the Bor massacre of 1991. Unless you would rebel against the rebels, you can’t possibly aspire to be the next Telar or Dengtiel of your community.

Your community, just like all communities of South Sudan, has indeed been largely let down by Kiir’s administration. Yet, how many members of your community have you succeeded to take along with you? There is a reason why a caged bird sings Comrade. And I know it.

It is not just the fact that you have rebelled against the government of President Kiir that would eventually alienated you from your political supporters who solidly back the President, it is also about the rationale you have offered for your rebellion. You proclaimed that your rebellion was informed by your quest to fight for democratic transformation and federalism in South Sudan, and to get rid of Salva Kiir from the presidency.

First of all, political is tribal in South Sudan and that being the case, it should worry you that your community (and most importantly your political constituent in Aweil) derided the rebels’ claim to be fighting against the dictatorship of President Kiir. Riek rebelled in 1991 in the name of democracy but ended up jailing (John Luk, Gatwec Dual etc.) and killing (Nyuon Bany, Manyiel Kueth, Koang Banyping etc.) those who challenged his leadership.

For your political constituent, Riek Machar has no credentials whatsoever to talk about democracy, let alone to be its apostle. They think that President Kiir was right to brand him ‘the Prophet of Doom’. There is no democracy at the barrels of the white army’s guns.

Secondly, your political constituent and ethnic community are reeling from your declaration that you are fighting for a federal system in South Sudan. Federalism, to your community is neo-Kokora-ism. It means ethnic segregation, balkanization.

To Equatorian intellectuals who recently met in Juba and declared their abiding support for a federal system, federalism means kicking out the Dinka and the Nuer from Equatoria. It means everyone to his/her state and ancestral homeland and ‘God for us all’.

To the armed rebels under Riek Machar, federalism is an ideal political tool to be gleefully dangled at the Equatorians in order to secure their political and military support to oust President Kiir from power, after which it would be discarded and Equatorians shown the barrel of the gun to extract their acquiescence.

As for the dethronement of President Kiir, good luck Comrade. But as you appeal to “the democratic forces globally to support the SPLM/SPLA led by Dr. Riek Machar to remove Salva Kiir and establish a new democratic South Sudan”, just remember that sooner or later, the ‘democratic forces’ will be asking how many of your people have joined the war, fighting and dying for the removal of ‘dictator’ Kiir.

And as the transitional government expires and election time comes calling, the ‘democratic forces’ would once more be wondering how many votes you would muster for ‘President’ Riek Machar. If you don’t live up to your military and political expectations, then remember the Good Book’s forewarning: salt that has lost its saltiness is trampled upon.

Comrade Daau Aturjong, I admired your heroic accomplishments during the war of liberation. However, given your community’s way of dealing with a ‘Nyagat’ like you, I am wondering if you could deliver both militarily and politically to Dr. Riek Machar Teny’s ambition of leading the Republic of South Sudan.

I bet you would fail to deliver. I bet you would be rejected by the ‘democratic forces’ once you are proven, politically and militarily, to be without supporters from your own political backyard.

I bet you will have nowhere to go thereafter: you will be useless to the ‘democratic forces’, a social outcast to your community and a political traitor to your political constituent of Aweil.

I bet you would end up one more statistical number to the dictum that the Dinka community never follows nor honors their ‘Nyageet’ of whatever color, section or ideology.

Why terms limit be the top agenda in 4th June peace talk of South Sudan in Addis Ababa

By David Aoloch Bion

South Sudanese are naturally violent, don’t care type of animals. Thus, they deserve a democracy, where the rule of law will override other virtues of the society. In practice, a justice of an eye for an eye, verbally insult for a number of days in prison. A pure democracy, where the will of majority is recognized and the will of minority is respected in pie chart of the society.

South Sudanese want democracy with water of their eyes. This democracy will not be modeled on the Great Britain democracy of open terms limit that made Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher ruled for 20 years until she fed up of the office, refused to listen to her supporters who insisted she should continue contesting.     It will be modeled on the United States democracy of 2 terms limit, that allowed President George W Bush, who rigged the election that was won by Al Gore, ruled for 8 years and stopped him to rig vote for the second time.

It should be modeled on the US 2 term limit democracy because African incumbent President are good riggers of election. Term limits will stop the dictators who rule in democratic clothes. Every now and then , a dictator in democratic clothes rig the vote and he claims victory and legitimacy . Using the fact that people show up on polling station as justification , whether the vote was fair or not   is not his case again

The stakeholders of South Sudan and the mediators who discuss the constitution , should put the term limits in top of lists of issues to be discussed in June 4TH inclusive session of peace talk . This will save the next generation from mess and coups , The other issues are trying to solve the problem between the two people , Salva Kiir and Riek Machar , which is short term solution , however , the term limit is long term solution for the country. The term limit should be put in the constitution, if you stakeholders and mediators want secure, stable, peaceful, prosperous South Sudan.

South Sudanese are proud, impatient, violent, competitive, intolerant, unenduring people. Even if Jesus Christ becomes the President of South Sudan and he provide everything , money , good healthcare , good education, best standard of living in world , stop corruption and he rule without a term limit , you will hear of attempted coups and rebellions.

A good example is story of small boy , who was given enough food by her mother , after he ate , he told his friends ‘’ my mother feed me well , I get satisfy , my eyes turn black like raven, and I hate my mother because of fullness’’.

‘’ if you prepare a banquet for South Sudanese, you take care, when they dance after they have eaten, they can bang your head in their celebration ’’

What they need is not good governance by one person but bad governance by many persons – bad governance in relay presidency after every 10 years

‘’What South Sudanese want is not good governance by one president for 30 years but bad governance by 3 different presidents for 30 years. Period’’.

If there is term limit and he /she (incumbent president) can rig the election for first time, people will be patient because he/she has no chance to rig for the second time

If there is term limit , there will be no corruption , because any one in power now will know in next 10 years , he will be out of the power , if he abuses the office , he will be tried and sentence like the former prime minister Olmet of Israel , who is now spending 3 years in prison for bribery in office.

The Text of the Press Statement by Gen Dau Aturjong Nyuol

Gen. Daau Aturjong Nyuol, former Gubernatorial candidate for Northern Bahr el Ghazal, who claimed to have been rigged out by Gen. Malong Awan

Gen. Daau Aturjong Nyuol, former Gubernatorial candidate (2010) for Northern Bahr el Ghazal state, who claimed to have been rigged out by Gen. Malong Awan


Comrade Gen. Alfred Gore, Deputy Chairman of the SPLM and Deputy Commander In Chief of the SPLA,ladies and gentlemen of press allow me to welcome you to this briefing.

In 1983 I joined the liberation struggle as a young student of secondary school against injustice, marginalization and humiliation in Sudan and attended a military training at Bonga in Ethiopia and graduated a second lieutenant and from then started fighting the war vigorously against the successive regimes in Khartoum for more than twenty years until I reached a rank of general in the SPLA. I thought we liberated our people from northern domination only to realize the revolution was hijacked by a tyrant dictator upon the death of our leader late Dr. John Garang De Mabior. The hijackers started not only marginalizing our communities but seriously terrorizing them. They killed many innocent people in nine years of Salva Kiir authoritative dictatorship in Juba.

The independent that South Sudan attained through the referendum upon which the secession of South Sudan obtained 98.58% votes against unity of Sudan would have been a driving factor to unite our people and move ahead in realizing the vision of the SPLM and its late leader Dr. John Garang. However, Salva Kiir and his minority cliques in Juba undermined this reality and worked against unity of South Sudanese and started killing our people. In 2010 it was massacre against Dinka of Pagi County just because late George Athor took arms against the regime in Juba. In 2011 Chilluk and Murle tribes were targeted and innocent citizens died. The Fartit of Western Bahr el Ghazal were also targeted in December 2012. All these things happened in eyes of international community and nobody was questioning Salva Kiir. The killing of the Nuer civilians in Juba in December 2013 under pretext of alleged coup attempt led by Dr. Machar indicates the regime has nothing to offer except fabricating lies in order to eliminate its opponents who were critical on how the country is being run.

Now I decided to take arms again to liberate my people since the first liberation is hijacked by a tyrant tribal dictator. I am taking arms again to bring justice, freedom, equality and prosperity to my people. I am taking arms to transform the country democratically and establish federal system where powers and resources are driven by people. I am taking arms to restore rule of law and respect of human rights in my country. My coming out is a well connected strategy and many people are coming very soon. Therefore, my appeal to people of South Sudan, Dinka Community generally and people of Aweil in particular not to support Salva Kiir. Viewing current conflict as Dinka vs Nuer is a gross mistake which may slide our country to disintegration. I am also appealing to the SPLA to stop fighting for Salva Kiir. My appeals go to the democratic forces globally to support the SPLM/SPLA led by Dr. Riek Machar to remove Salva Kiir and establish a new democratic South Sudan. Those who joined the Movement with me in this gathering are;

1/ Hon. Ayii Ayii Akol former MP of National Parliament

2/ Hon. Awaya Awaya Makuei former MP of State Assembly- NBGS

3/ Capt. Garang Ayii Akol former officer of SAF.

4/ Peter Mabior Riny, Youth Leader and Secretary of Aweil Community in Kenya.

5/ Wol Kuac Wol youth leader of Aweil Community in Kenya

6/ Capt. Mawien Dut Chan former officer of SPLA

Thank you for listening

Long life South Sudan

Long life SPLM/SPLA under leadership of Dr. Riek Machar

The victory is ascertained.

Gen Dau Aturjong Nyuol


Biography of Gen. Dau Aturjong Nyuol:

Birthplace: Gen. Dau Aturjong Nyuol was born in Gokmachar Village in Aweil North County, Northern Bahr el Ghazal State, South Sudan.

Educational Background:

Gen. Dau attended Gokmachar Primary School from 1972-1977. After obtaining Primary School Certificate, he went to Aweil Junior Secondary School in Aweil town and graduated in 1980. He was later accepted at Nyamellel Senior Secondary School and studied there from 1980-1982. Gen. Dau was a brilliant and competitive student throughout his entire school years in primary, junior secondary, and senior secondary schools. He scored high marks in science and social science classes in both Arabic and English languages.

Gen. Dau was very much involved in student organizations and sporting activities. He played football (soccer) and volleyball during his times in schools. Some of his former schoolmates who are currently high ranking generals in the SPLA military view Gen. Dau as caring, courageous, determined, fair-minded, intelligent, honest, and loyal. These inspiring characteristics of quality leadership were evidenced during Gen. Dau’s service in the SPLA and in Mading Aweil when he was assigned to command SPLA military and conducted successful operations in Aweil and other areas in 1990s. Gen. Dau was the architect of the first peace agreement between Dinka-Malual and neighboring Messiria tribes. This peace agreement was signed in Wardong, NBGS in 1991, and consequently created a positive peace between Dinka and Messiria tribes. These characteristics are the fundamental core values of Gen. Dau’s leadership quality, and this is why Aweil citizens called on him to serve and bring back hope to the people he loves and cares for dearly.

Shortly after Gen. Dau began his studies at Nyemellel Senior Secondary, the second civil war erupted in Sudan between Anya-nya II and Khartoum regime after President Nimieri failed to implement the Addis Ababa Peace Accord. To end Khartoum exploitation and marginalization of the people of Southern Sudan and other areas, several students, political elites, military officers, and ordinary citizens from Southern Sudan and other marginalized areas joined the Anya-nya II Movement that later became known as the SPLA/SPLM. As a result, Dau joined the Anya-nya II Movement to add his voice in call for democracy, equality, freedom, and liberty in Sudan. This move cut Dau’s intention to pursue higher education short, and he began a new career in military service in which he spent his youth and manhood in the SPLA military uniforms. His unwavering commitment, courage, and dedication earned him a rank of the Major General in the SPLA military and also promote his popularity, making him a likeable and trusted leader in Aweil.

Language proficiencies:

Gen. Dau is fluent in his native ‘Thongmonyjang (Dinka)’, Arabic, English, and conversational in Nuer dialect.

Military Career Highlights and Accomplishment During the SPLA Struggles and Post CPA:

• Gen. Dau attended the SPLA Military College in 1984 in Bonga, Ethiopia. He was graduated as a 1st Lieutenant in Shiled One cadres. As an officer, 1st Lt. Dau was deployed to great Upper Nile region and fought numerous successful battles against enemy in Jekou and Malual Gaouthoi.

• In 1985, Dau was deployed to Eastern Bahr El Ghazal region of Abyie and Twic areas as a Deputy Commander of Nile Battalion.

• In 1987, Gen. Dau became Commander of the Nile Battalion.

• Gen. Dau participated in several battles in Equartoria in 1991.

• He was a commander of the Mobile Forces that fought in Morobo and other areas in Central and Western Equartoia from1994-95.

• Gen. Dau participated in the last and major battle war in Raja, Western Bahr el Ghazal.

• He was the only commander who managed to withdraw with all military equipment when SPLA decided to withdraw after months of recapturing and losing Raja City to the Sudanese Armed Forces.

In summary, Gen. Dau has been a combat officer for 22 years. Below are the some of military positions he had held in the SPLA from 1984 to 2010:

• Commander of the SPLA 7th Brigade.

• Commander of the SPLA 10th Brigade.

• Commander of the SPLA 11th Brigade.

• Commander of the SPLA 12th Brigade.

• Commander of JIUS Unite in Khartoum.

• Commander of the SPLA Heavy Artilleries.

Military Trainings and Administrative Courses:

• Graduated from the SPLA Military Academy as a 1st Lt. in Shield One, Bonga, Ethiopia (1984-1985).

•Completed general Military Administrative Training at Iowa State University in Iowa, USA (2004).

• Completed courses in International Humanitarian Law, Human Rights, and Conventional Military Training in Khartoum, Sudan (2007-2008).

•Completed Conventional Military Training at John Garang Memorial Military Academy, Juba, South Sudan


Posted: May 31, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Poems.

By Garang Chawuoch


My country is a funny one, so funny to the word
It will crack you up even even if in low spirits
Yes-it will force you to laugh off your head hysterically
Yes or Not ,it will pull your cheeks apart
And before you know it, you burst out laughing Hahaha
Laughing a ‘forced laughter’ though

My country is a funny one,so funny to the word
Guess what? It has the rarest medal world over
They call it the ‘SINISTER’S TROPHY’, cherished,adored
‘Gangsters’ medal’, you could also call it
Gangsters’ trophy’ is not for everybody,anybody-No
It’s not for ordinary men, it’s awarded to the ‘chosen few’,the rare breed
It’s bestowed upon few extraordinary boys and girls, ‘the war lords/ladies’
Those who butcher,slaughter,mutilate and slice innocent bodies happily
Yes-those who terminate life, the only freeborn right of any citizen
Those bloody sadists who kill people at pleasure, these clique own it

To earn it,all you do is rebel against authority-a precise formula,isn’t it?
Run to Jonglei jungles and commit unspeakable atrocities on people
Let the hell break loose….let terror reign
kill,kill and kill any creature on two legs,don’t spare
Widows,widowers,young and old,kill,don’t spare
Then come to Juba ,meet the so-called ‘custodians of the masses’
And no doubt, you’ll get that priceless ‘Sinister’s trophy’
They will receive you ceremoniously in a ‘red-carpet welcome’
You become the darling of everybody,a champion
There you are,general,captain,or brigadier somebody almost effortlessly

My country is a funny one, so funny to the word
Adores,cherishes,idolize,criminals officially in a broad day light,that’s what it does
Should you raise an eyebrow and condemn the evil,someone runs after your soul pants funny,strange,so odd!

My country is a funny one, so funny to the word
Like the biblical hypocrites who preach water only to drink wine
My country pretends to protect her people yet rewards their killers
It appears in the international scenes almost for every wrong show
It drags and limbs on with stinking shame
Hipocrisy is the king
Some disgruntled political animals pick up arms and shoot,shoot
Shooting at the civilians,set ablaze their property,kill them
And do you know what they say? Ati they want to liberate them
What’s liberation?,if I may shoot a question,tell me what’s it?
No wonder,my country is a funny one,so strange
It can always amuse you?
By the way,Where is David Yau Yau these days?


Is Nhial Deng Nhial Ripping Off South Sudan in Addis Ababa?

Posted: May 30, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary

Peace Is Not On The Table For The Gangs of Self Service In Juba!

By Berna Riek

It has been leaked that the man is receiving what is apparently known as “daily subsistence allowance (DSA)” of over $2000 per day, which if true, sees him go home with nearly a whopping $60,000 a month!  Where else in the world would a public servant make that money in a month? These are the reasons our country is not getting anywhere because the people responsible on the side of the government are only too concerned about their pockets above our lives.

In consideration of newly leaked information, what then is the incentive of government of South Sudan’s chief negotiator, Mr. Nhial Deng Nhial, to bring peace to this already malnourished country? To those of us whose sanity is still intact would agree that the man has a ZERO incentive to speed up any process that will see this country go back to its normalcy, where there would for once be some kind of accountability.

Meanwhile, this same body allegedly contracted a very well-known private military/security firm based in South Africa. This firm is famous for lending its services (for large sum of money) to those who  want to get away with something they are not entitle to, pretty much what Kiir and his group of businessmen are doing to our beloved  county to date.  This firm can carry out anything from assassinating political opponents to lending their spectacular combating skills gained over the years as these people are alleged to be military personnel to join forces in a mercenary to being becoming hit men, according to the arrangements.

In the case of South Sudan, those “gangs of self-service” currently in charge of genocide and disappearance of South Sudan’s assets and its complete destruction before our very own eyes, have allegedly, (with the help of a renowned international author who has dipped his nose deep in the affairs of south Sudan, and conveniently employed as a payroll officer of one of the Juba killers) wired $5 million of your money to this military/security firm, to get rid of Kiir’s political opponents, regardless of their tribal background so long as they are not in the good books of Kiir.

You’d have to be a silly duffer if you won’t show concerns of the successful implementation of this deal because your sons, mothers and husbands are being hired ‘hit men’.

First and foremost, warning goes to Nuer people. Whilst this plan was primarily set up to target those known Nuer rebels, it is also alleged that it will take care of those Nuer who have been brain washed to call themselves ‘the best of the bad bunch’, as well as those other few and brave men and women from other communities who stood up for the truth.  Needless to state the obvious that those in the circle of Kiir’s “friendship of benefits” should start getting in the habit of checking that your heads are still attached as Malong Awan, Kuol Juuk, Telar Deng, Makuei, Akol Koor Kuc, and company have only few nerves left and therefore do not give a feather about who is siding with Kiir/kill.

Coming to the deal of century between the government and Yau Yau, Reverend General David Yau Yau, what a useful man in the history of South Sudan? This man was a rebel and tormented the government for years since he was overstepped in the 2010 election results, have been denied any recognition at all and as far the government is concerned, have collaborated with the enemy to destabilised South Sudan; were sent countless battalions of the mighty SPLA to capture and destroyed, THEN miraculously, his cause is recognized after the government’s failure to capture the very same state he was denied victory of?

Would this have anything to do with the government’s needing to use the lives of those Murlees that Kiir wished could crush to their last bones only 12 months ago, the Cobra battalion to destroy Jonglei?..You bet! So then, if I were Yau Yau I’d be asking, why should my bribe prize be to destroy my state, the very same state I was denied leadership of only a few years ago? I hope (he) Reverend General David Yau Yau still remembers very well what had happened to his dear friend George Athor, like Dr John, both men perished between the hands of Kiir and Museveni’s UPDF!

This demonstrates the level of desperation the gunmen in Juba are willing to go to finish our country to it is last man standing so long as they still guarantees them ‘leadership’.

Kiir and co know that they are going down as can be seen in their desperation trying everything under the sun in a hope to cling to power; even if that means lighting the first fire that will start the third world war. I could not conclude without drawing your attention to the recent diplomatic ploy of sending Marial to Russia in demonstration of this point….yes, Russia he paid a diplomat visit to… of all places?

In all honestly I have nothing against Russia, I think the guy (Putin) has done great for his country and deserve to be applauded but, if I remember correctly, South Sudan was brought into existence by many factors but jees, I think forming friendship with Russia on your last bit of pickle with America is an obvious attempt to start chopping off the hands that are feeding!

The monster that US itself raised has now flexed its muscles destroying everything made for it.  If this is not daring its master to pull the last plug attached to its power, then I don’t know what is. So much for legitimately demon-structured gunmen show!

Berna Riek lives in Australia. She can be reached at

By Garang Atem Ayiik, Juba

town to people

  1. Introduction

On 22 May 2014, I was on ‘Wake Up Juba’, a radio program that discusses current issues in South Sudan.  On this day, the topic for discussion was what does ‘taking towns to the people’ means? a concept popularized by Dr. John Garang, the late SPLM leader. Taking towns to the people and water agriculture with oil money, demonstrated Dr. Garang intention for a strong decentralized economic and governance system for delivery of ‘peace dividends’ in term of services.

On 5 June 2005, on the occasion of signing Nairobi declaration on launching final phase of peace in the Sudan in Nairobi, Dr. Garang De Mabior, said, ‘it is SPLM intention to devolve power to the maximum so that decisions shall be taken at the lowest possible level of governance’.

Taking towns to the people can be view in the context that people needs’ shall be met at their rural locality. Immediately after signing Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005, SPLM formed strong decentralized states’ base governments with each of the 10 states headed by ‘who was who’ during the liberalization struggle. During the interim period, and after independent, much of government revenues are spent in Juba.

The ‘who was who’ in the first SPLM governors flocked back to Juba for jobs in accordance with the same wisdom fish flow water when river dries. On 15th December 2014, power struggle between His Excellency President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Dr. Riek Machar pulled the country into chaos. Now the nation is grabbing every twig or calling every help to remains above water.

The aims of this article are to examine economic reality of taking towns to the people – how it can be done in term of perquisite policy conditions; and proposes policy positions on reality of ‘taking towns to the people’ beyond rhetoric.

  1. Taking towns to the people in reality

It is easy to hear people and mostly politicians talking about taking towns to the people. This article argues that taking towns to the people is an ingredient of three key deliverables from the central government, and citizens to the decentralized units of governments a) resources – money and human capital; b) minimum services delivery from the centre ; and c) constitutional mandate and governance.

2.1  Resources – Financial and human capital

The concept of ‘taking towns to the people’ can be understood well if answers are provided to why people move to towns. There is huge literature on rural-urban migration which is beyond the scope of this article. However, the main reasons why people move towns are primarily for employments, and services. Therefore, taking towns to the people is to provide employments and other vital services at the grass-roots.

The first condition to be met in taking towns to the people is to decentralized resources to states and counties. The resources include both financial and human capital resources. As it is today, huge government budget is spent in Juba according. However, huge population resides outside Juba and continued centralization of resources in Juba, attracts to Juba the educated, and uneducated. This becomes critical given high dependency and socialistic life of South Sudanese.

With the current low resources-envelop going to the states, counties, and other lower decentralized units, it is difficult to find at the counties and in other lower units graduates with a bachelor’s degrees unless a county commissioner. At the states’ ministries, the graduates are exceptionally few. With low resources in term of human and finances flowing to the states, counties and other lower units, who and with what are services provided to decentralized units of government?

It is critical too to note that service is not an abstract, it is a reality, planned and deliver. To hold people in their village and create towns for them mean buying and delivering sustainable services to them.  This means providing education, health, water, security, house, electricity and jobs at their rural homes. In our case, with our huge resources spent in Juba, taking towns to the people becomes an empty rhetoric. Policy correctness is to take huge resources to decentralized units of government.

The questions remain how do you provide services at the grass root without right employees and no financial resources to buy services and/or ingredients of services?  Aware that resources are spent in Juba and to some extent at the states, citizens act rationally by moving closer to services/resources in towns leaving taking towns to the people as policy contradiction or historical statements.

As citizens migrated towards the resources and services, employment and deployment opportunities in centres are based on patronage, nepotism, and tribalism which have strengthen tribal commitment and loyalty. The crisis of December 2013 points to this hypothesis.

2.2  Minimum services from the central government

Even within the premises of a decentralized system of governance, there are services that are keys to success of the decentralized administration. Author believes these services can be provided by decentralized units of government but the complexity, financial demand and unwilling of the private sector to invest in these services, make it difficult for smaller units of government to deliver these services. However, delivery of these services is crucial for creation of towns in villages.

Services like security, road, electricity, water, and sewage require mega financial muscle or/and mobilization that is above the capacity of states and counties governments. Without these services, taking towns to rural areas is near impossible for the states and counties governments.

After signing of CPA, we have witnessed growth of private schools, health facilities and farms. However, none of what author’s call ‘minimum services’ can be sufficiently provided by private entities in current set-up of South Sudan.  It is author believes that initiations of these should be started by central government because of its capacity and ability; and maintenance and linkages of these services should be left to lower units of government.

Without these minimum services, flow of cash and human capital to rural areas is not sustainable and hence ‘taking towns to the people’ without these minimum services is not sustainable. December 2013 crisis almost uprooted all government agencies and people in greater Upper Nile. This points to how central security is to towns’ creation and sustainability.

Though other services like education, health and farming are important, private sector and lower units of governments easily fill up these roles in an environment where human capacity and financial resources are decentralized. This view is not intended to undermine importance of these services but only to show preferential roles of different levels of government.

2.3  Good governance and constitutionalism

Another pre-condition for taking towns to the people is institutionalization of government procedures where citizens are central to national decisions-making, transparency in employment and revenue management processes. Adequate resources taken to states and counties must be managed in transparent, with auditable procedures and adequate oversights.

States and counties must be given adequate resources with capacity and ability to make decisions. These decisions involve deciding leadership in open and transparent process; held leaders accountable through oversight mechanism; strong parliament and other bodies like procurement authorities, anti-corruption agencies, audit chambers, and other ad hoc vetting mechanism.

The peripheries must decide who to lead and where; where to spend resources with little interference from the centers. These mechanisms will eliminate patronage, nepotism and tribalism as jobs will be given according to qualifications and competencies. The constitution must not leave issues of appointment, deployment, employment, elections and other decisions without check and balance. Experience has shown relying on robust systems is better than relying on individuals good will.

  1. Conclusions and recommendations

As evidenced in the above analysis, taking towns to the people and other decentralized governance must be planned.  As South Sudan struggles to bridge differences created by December 2013 crisis with possibilities of transitional government, the following are key conclusions and recommendations that might be useful in forming an interim government and fulfilling pledge of taking towns to the people:

  • Adequate resources must be decentralized to states, counties and other lower units of governments. A government that will address needs of the people must take resources where the people are. As Dr. Garang asked in his 5 June 2004, just to paraphrased, why would South Sudanese fight for twenty years just to transfer resources to few elites in Juba?
  • Create accountable systems of government between agencies including percentage resources to transfer to the states and counties. This should be supported by strong and independent oversight from the center to the lower levels of governments;
  • The government at the center must and should support provisions of minimum services at the lower levels of government as basis to build solid foundation for decentralization. Security, and infrastructure must not wait;
  • There should be transparency in employment, deployment and promotion to reduce tribalism, patronage and nepotism that has strengthened tribal loyal. This will reduce the collective incentives for tribal efforts to work together for power but encourage individual performance as basis for career growth and personal prosperity.

Garang Atem Ayiik is an independent South Sudan economic policy commentator who lives in South Sudan and can be reached at

Nothing to Smiles About Ahead in South Sudan

Posted: May 30, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Heskey Deng

By Heskey Dzeng

Blood and corpses have flooded all the soils of South Sudan, but no permanent ink split out to stop the heartless killing of innocent people, but no justice have planted to questioned the killers, culprits, perpetrator, bloodsuckers, or murderers.

Nothing to smiles, as the entry and exit are broadly unbolt, you can revolt, then killing the number of people you wants, and then put inks on page and come in, you can be broadly forgiven and forget, you should not be held accountable for the destruction, and lives’ butchered, that is new life in South Sudan, oh God!

Nothing to smiles, where the killer [s] is/are first citizen, so in politics, everything is possible, do not panic when you see your killer [s] sitting next to you, they are first class citizens, maybe you are second or third, I do not know, but do not talks, instead for them to face justice, they are one ordering us, if you talks, they are one to tells you, keep quiet, shut up your mouth…………continues….pliz nothing to smiles.

How will the country change, if the killer [s] is not held accountable of what he/she did, if the killer [s] is not bringing to a book, if the killer [s] is honoring as heroes, just rewarding he/her with higher ranks in the national army, appointed as the Ministers, overlook a lives, he/she butchered for unseen reasons or senseless war.

Nothing to smiles, when I seen rebel David Yau Yau, home welcoming with enjoys and excitement, ululating singing and dancing, accommodated in one of standard hotel [Panorama] in Juba, smiling and happy, like baby, who always laugh to everybody, knowing nothing on this earth.

Feel death, [as rebel David Yau Yau], coming back home with reward, with food on his hands, while thousands of bodies of national armies’ remained in his motherland without reward, without accountability, without justice….what the hell!!!

Well I want peace and stability but he could not be done like that, elapsed what he did, him and his commanders must to face justice.

Nothing to smiles ahead, if the murderer [s], called him/themselves, ‘the heroes’, do you thinks, this country will progress well, it even create rebellion vacancy.

Well, David Yau Yau, quoted says, called it ‘great achievement to his tribesmen [Murle], Pibor is not mere Pibor like before, it is greater Pibor, have got Special Administrative, separate from Jonglei State.

In his body languages and eyes contact, told me that he have liberated Murle and he become a first world murderous heroes in history.

But David Yau Yau, feels happy everywhere, claiming to be heroes, with his rewarding, forgetting thousands of innocent lives, he slaughtered in Jonglei State, forgetting that he was diseases of Jonglei State, cause of insecurity.

Indeed, nothing to smiles, if the materialistic and power greedier, who waged war against the government, is/are well-recognizes as the heroes, as liberation fighter.

Nothing to smiles, if the murderer [s], who ruin the families, massive wrecked the building, abusive human rights, committed atrocities – abducted somebody child, looting somebody properties, raping women and carrying indiscriminately killing, is/are being praising as the good person, heroes, liberator and leader, or as the man of peace and peace lover.


The Family of Nuer Prophet Ngundeng Congratulates Pagan Amum and his colleagues For Rejecting Riek Machar’s Rebellion

For Immediate Release

The Family of Nuer Prophet Ngundeng


Family members of Nuer Prophet Ngundeng are profoundly delighted by the strong message of Hon. Pagan Amum Okiech and his colleagues in rejecting the armed rebellion of renegade Riek Machar who staged a failed coup on December, 15, 2013. The position taken by the former Secretary General of the SPLM and the former detainees is in line with the opinion of the people of South Sudan in regard to the senseless war Riek Machar imposed on South Sudan. There is no rational South Sudanese who could support the rebellion of Riek Machar that has resulted in the death of innocent women and children throughout the country. Only militant tribalists whose foresight is compromised by tribal hatred would support a war that has no clear national agenda apart from Riek Machar’s promise that “it is Nuer turn to eat the national cake”.

The people of South Sudan, who fought successive Khartoum regimes from 1983 to 2005, cannot agree with a power-hungry politician like Riek Machar who believes in violence as the means to achieve his political interests. After the conclusion of the CPA in January, 2005, the only thing the people of South Sudan want is peace in order for their children to go back to schools and for the parents to rebuild their livelihoods. Peace was the gift promised by the SPLM/A when the people’s Movement reached a deal with the Government of Sudan in Naivasha, Kenya. Dr. John Garang, in his speech on January, 9, 2005, told the people of South Sudan that “from now on peace will reign supreme and war will no longer kill the people of South Sudan”.

Hon. Pagan Amum Okiech, who was a signatory of one of the protocols of the CPA, witnessed the happiness and the celebrations conducted by the people of South Sudan at Nyayo Stadium in Nairobi on January, 9, 2005. The people of South Sudan, who danced that day, were celebrating the coming of peace and the end of war. They were not dancing for the position of Dr. John Garang in the Government of National Unity. But they were sending a message to the world that the children of South Sudan would not experience war again.

Hon. Pagan Amum’s rejection of Riek Machar’s rebellion is something expected because no rational South Sudan politician would wish to plunge the country into perdition two years after the independence except Riek Machar who has a history of staging coups and rebellions to achieve a political interest. Despite what he did in 1991, many South Sudanese could not anticipate Riek Machar to plunge the country into abyss because he failed to secure the chairmanship of SPLM party.

When Riek Machar returned to the SPLM/A in 2002 after running away from Khartoum, he apologized to the people of South Sudan in Nairobi and declared that he would never start another war in South Sudan again. He reiterated the same when he personally apologized to Dinka Bor victims of 1991 at the residence of Rebecca Nyandeng Mabior in Juba in November, 2011 where he wept before a crowd of South Sudan dignitaries to show remorse. Nobody could believe that he was shedding crocodile tears to placate the unsuspecting Dinka as a strategy to get the political support of Greater Bor politicians to start another war in the country as he did on December, 15, 2013.

As Hon. Pagan Amum correctly delineated, Riek Machar should be regarded as the fundamental problem of South Sudan because he started a war twice in South Sudan that led to the death of thousands of innocent women and children. His 1991 coup led to the death of not only the civilians but also the heroes of South Sudan such as William Nyuon Bany (killed in 1995 by his orders) and Kerubino Kuanyin Bol (murdered in cold-blood by warlord Peter Gatdet Yak).

It could have been a colossal mistake if Hon. Pagan Amum Okiech and his colleagues had joined the rebellion of a man whose hands have been saturated with the blood of the people of South Sudan since 1985. The political history of Riek Machar in South Sudan is written in blood because most of his political and military decisions have never been free from death and destruction. When he led SPLA Muor Muor Division in 1985, his first action was to burn down thirteen villages in Nasir, displaced thousands of civilians and killed innocent souls in the name of fighting Anya-Nya Two militias. He repeated the same thing in Bentiu where he intentionally destroyed twenty-three villages of Bul Nuer and killed innocent civilians including three chiefs. His penchant for human blood and corpse went too far when he cut off the head of Maliny Kawai in 1987 and hanged it on a tree at his Headquarters in Tharkuer for everyone to see.

Now that Hon. Pagan Amum and his colleagues took a nationalistic stance to distance themselves from South Sudan’s Jonas Savimbi, the family of prophet Ngundeng would advise them to negotiate with the Government of South Sudan to bring peace without the prophet of doom. As a signatory of the one of the protocols of CPA, Hon. Amum has an obligation to bring peace by mobilizing the world to isolate Riek Machar whose lust for power has no regard for human life.

In 1991, he started a rebellion against Dr. John Garang that killed thousands of innocent souls in the name of democracy. Within three months of 1991 Nasir Declaration, he mobilized 30, 000 Nuer White Army and ordered them to attack Dinka Bor civilians. That resulted into what is known today as 1991 Bor genocide. He repeated the same act in December, 2013 and the death toll of his rebellion is still rising and his use of the White Army to wipeout villages is still in place.

It is the obligation of the people of South Sudan to protect themselves and the country from Riek Machar’s rebels whose only objective is to turn South Sudan into Somalia where each clan is administering its own territory without loyalty to the central government. Members of Ngundeng’s family congratulate Maj. General David Yauyau for signing a peace agreement with the Government of South Sudan to cement the unity of various tribes of the country in the process of state-making and nation-building. The decision Gen. David Yauyau has taken should be emulated by Nuer renegade Generals who had been deceived by Riek Machar but have now realized that he was using them as cannon fodders to parachute himself to Presidential Palace in Juba through the backdoor.

The violent record of Riek Machar is something that should be seriously taken into account by the IGAD and the Western countries in devising a solution for a permanent peace in South Sudan. The bloody history of Riek Machar does strongly suggest that power-sharing with a character like him is a recipe for another war down the road in South Sudan should any political agreement include him in the interim government arrangement. In order to avoid war in the future, regional and international isolation of Riek Machar should be the best solution that would be consistent with historical facts that the people of South Sudan have witnessed since 1991. The international community should support the Government of South Sudan militarily to crush Riek Machar’s rebellion the same way M-23 was crushed last year in the Democratic Republic of Congo. No reasonable person would expect South Sudan to enjoy peace if Riek Machar and his loyal rebels return to Juba and enjoy the same government privileges as he did prior to his removal in July last year. It is a fact that Angola has experienced sustainable peace since the demise of Jonas Savimbi in 2002.

The family of Ngundeng is tirelessly talking to various Nuer rebel Generals to have a direct peace talks with the Government of South Sudan because their grievances are unrelated to greed and political madness of Riek Machar. The IGAD and the international community should work together with Ngundeng family to reconcile Nuer and Dinka in the grassroots level because such an approach is the only way to bring sustainable peace as it was done in Wunlit Peace and Reconciliation Conference between the Nuer and Dinka in 1999. The Nuer and Dinka civil population should be sensitized and educated by non-political actors to find their own reconciliation and peace by relying on traditional methods of conflict resolution that the two tribes used for thousands of years before the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium rule. Historically, prophet Ngundeng brought peace between Nuer and Dinka in the 19th C and was instrumental in discouraging cattle rustling between the tribes.

Therefore, the IGAD mediators and the international community should not focus on power-sharing between the rebels and the Government of South Sudan because such an approach is a recipe for another war down the road. No rational person can think that Riek Machar who has armed rebels would peacefully coexist with President Salva Kiir in the same government in a tribally-charged atmosphere. Such an arrangement did not bring unity between the North and the South but separation on July, 9, 2011. If the international community has no intention of polarizing South Sudan like Somalia, the best solution to achieve a long-term peace is for the Government of South Sudan to be supported militarily to crush Riek Machar’s rebellion.


For contact:

Hon. Gai L. Ngundeng

Chairman of Ngundeng Historical Society

Leader of Prophet Ngundeng Family

Advocate for sustainable peace in South Sudan


Tel. +1 (613)501-3317 (cell)

Tel. +1 (613)421-4504



Posted: May 30, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, Reng'o Gyyw Reng'o

By Rengo Gyyw Rengo Jr.


Some things have been bothering me. In the 2000, I toyed with the idea of becoming a Christian missionary. But I could not stand the strict religious laws and their observations. I kept saying I wanted to study a PhD level to become a doctor. I did not like the title Professor although my friend Robert Gichuhi adamantly kept calling me a ” Professor” because of my association with books.

We were subjected to prayers after prayers. We were also barred from watching or listening to secular movies, music and even secular news [national news]. Our world was supposed to rotate around spiritual things. One day, my Director who seemed not happy with the urge I had for books, gave me the following warning. ” Do not study high you will oppose God!”. I was not happy with the statement because I developed the notion that these people had got a bad intention for me and wanted to keep me down.

I did not protest or debate or question the revered pastor who himself had a master degree in religious studies. He was someone highly educated and could not be questioned. Advising me not to go for higher studies when he had a master’s degree gave me a reason to question his statement. “Why me, when he has gone to that level?” Alternatively, “does it mean only illiterate or uninformed people can serve God?”

“Then, there is a problem.” I concluded. ” If God is truly there, why would my perspective change with education?” Those were questions that kept haunting me alone. I resolved to study and find out the truth for myself. Recently, a young cousin, who had just completed his B.A. degree made a decision to continue with his graduate studies.

However, a GOSS Minister told him,” you should not study master when you are young, you will be forced to oppose the Government.” These two statements have converged in my mind. They have created a new world for me. I now understand why majority of our informed people are being condemned or being called “rebels”.

The world is being kept deliberately in ignorance for few to ride on its back. Ignorance is preferable to knowledge, to be born with a clean-slate head and to be buried knowing nothing.

All human institutions are not up to the Truth.

How politician like Pagan Amum can regains your trust?

Posted: May 30, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary

By Lam Wuor

Political actors make past, but they do not do so in situations of their own making. Instead, they meeting constraints and are presented with opportunities configured by the institutional arrangements and the prevailing patterns political power which are the inescapable contexts of political action.

There has recently been a tendency to refer to these contexts of action as political opportunity structures which I observed from Pagan Amum writings and speeches , I review the development of the political opportunity or political process perspective, so can refers this situation into sociologists even political sociologists have inclined to undervalue the importance of political institutions, and it may be advantageous, particularly in comparative to current situation in South Sudan, to give more weight to the structural dimensions of the political contexts of collective action than sociologists have been accustomed to do.

Nevertheless, the usage of the term political opportunity structure has become clear now from those who called themselves clean groups while they are a part of political uprising, instead we confine it to those elements of the political context of collective action which are not genuinely structural that we called political elite or bureaucracy. However, we need federalism which will bring democratic system of which the people can exercise a controlling influence over public policy and policy makers, enjoy equal treatment at their hands and have their voices heard and also each state should manage its natural resources. Federalism is good because it will generate mechanisms exist to aid citizen involvement in decision making on institutional means to bring about positive change for all toward equality.

Earlier, this month the former secretary general has publicly shown us his true nature by saying that “ Killing of Nuer Should Not Be Used As The Mean To Fight” In this statement, has created a great damage, mix reaction and political mistrust so that many readers labelled Pagan as opportunistic politician that does not care about people. Now, the question is can anyone trust Pagan to lead the interim government? The answer is NO I believe a man has cut himself with sharpening object.

Therefore, Fake friends in politics are people, who deceive you and break your trust somewhere down the line. It pains me to read Pagan Amum’s article by saying “Killing of Nuer Should Not Be Used as the Mean to Fight” there is says all human are equal, but some human are more equal than others, is that what you mean? Who controls the past controls the future and who controls the present controls the past. Now I will tell you the answer to my question. It is this.

If your intentions is seeks power entirely in the party, We are not interested in making a good relationship with others who are betraying us; we are not interested solely in power rather than fighting for people who murdered our innocent people. I asked myself why should I waste my time going out in coldest weather which was minus 50 in the winter to aware the world for his release?

If he is a man who will not value my contribution, I think politician like Pagan cannot rule the country too if he didn’t felt sad for the loss of thousands Nuer who were brutality killed with no reason .this statement convinced me and others that people like Pagan are concerning for the leadership not for reformation of country system if he has publicly used the insults words to victims’ families to undermining their respective morals in south Sudanese society. I believe that such unhealthy and sensitive article has given many people a low opinion on pagan‘s political future.

For me, I don’t understand how anyone could make such a political hurtful even after seeing many people were murdered of being burnt alive, some were ugly execute and women raped in front of their children.Mr. Former secretary many people felt very disheartened by the words you used.

I would say that fake friend is like a bad tooth ache, annoying and eventually you get rid them. Now I will tell you the answer to my question. It is this. If your intentions is seeks power entirely in the party, We are not interested in making a good relationship with others who are betraying us; we are not interested solely in power rather than fighting for people those who murdered our innocent people. Moreover, there is incongruity between conceptual statements trust in politics, do you have confidence in the work he will do on your behalf?

Surprisingly, after independent kiir has created a hand-picked policy which introduces a division among people of south Sudanese, the policy of which the primarily beneficiary are from his own tribe. Instead of engaging in normal promotion the country runs through decree which has polarize the state into ethnic line. The president doesn’t know that he is working for people not people working for him.

As we speak, the Dinka Bhare El-Gazal government has shaped the disunity among the people south Sudanese, all institutions government and none governmental organization are occupied by Dinka Bhare El-Gazal the party and government remain under stage of no political vision and the country foreign policy has destroyed, you can hear the information minister speaking like a mad dog.

The author is the concern citizen of south Sudan). He can be reached through:


Posted: May 30, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary


This was a long time coming. South Sudan is ripe (and has been for a while) for a civil war. The international community needs to change how it operates in South Sudan if it wants to avoid a protracted conflict. The government of South Sudan needs to be given the tools to develop the country, rather than be a passive partner, watching the influx of agencies and foreign governments do its job for it. Government decentralization will help this happen, as will capacity-building programmes at the local levels of governance. Until this occurs, the government of South Sudan will never be the legitimate representative of the people.

The politicians in Juba attempted to consolidate legitimacy for the South Sudanese Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the nascent government through ideological methods, it became clear that in the rural areas the government did not have support because of its inability to provide for the needs of the populace. The government of South Sudan lacks legitimacy, plain and simple, and this is why we are witnessing the current violence in the country.

In political theory, a regime or leader holds power through consolidating and maintaining legitimacy. The inculcation of legitimacy is probably the most effective device for regulating the flow of diffuse support in favour both of the authorities and of the regime.

The process of cultivating legitimacy and its promotion is of vital importance to the survival of any system or government. How a government or leader maintains legitimacy is in many ways up to the population. Sometimes the personality of a leader works well, other times only democratic or structural legitimacy suffices. In South Sudan the populace needs to be taken care of by the government.

While the main political party, the SPLM, focused on how it had ‘ended the war’ through an idealization of the past, this attempt at creating ideological legitimacy fell short. The people of South Sudan craved material benefits from the peace: clean water, roads, education, health care. food security.

In the end, that Achilles Heel of Africa- tribalism- has prevented a successful state from emerging. Tribalism and patrimonialism is nothing new in Africa. However, there was hope that the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) could rise above tribalism for the good of the new country. The political rhetoric and ideology of the SPLM claimed to step above these debilitating forces. In the end, tribal loyalties overtook any sense of unity that the leaders of the SPLM sought to paint through their rhetoric.

Even if this current crisis is resolved, the experiment is that South Sudan is failing. The government has failed to consolidate legitimacy because it cannot provide for the needs of the populace, and the top officials know no better than to turn to tribalism for support.

At the end of the day, the majority of the South Sudanese population feel that the government of South Sudan, and by extension the SPLM, has failed to live up to expectations. These expectations were dependent on the development of the country. This lack of eudaemonic legitimacy, and the general poor state of people’s lives, has led the South Sudanese population to rely on local politics and tribalism.

Has James Hoth Mai Gone into Political Exile in Australia?

Posted: May 29, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary

James Hoth Mai Betrayed His Country and Went into Exile in Australia.

Chief of Staff of South Sudan's army, General James Hoth Mai speaks during a media update in Juba

Chief of Staff of South Sudan’s army, General James Hoth Mai speaks during a media update in Juba

By Pal Kuoth Khor.

“He is here, he has been sneaked into that car by his relatives” A voice shouted at Melbourne Airport in Australia

James Gathoth Mai, a South Sudanese who was once trusted as the only third party in the country to protect his nation from internal and external attacks has gone to exile after his former Dinka president replaced him with a fellow dinka. Hoth Mai betrayed his country long before December 2013 when he started to conspire with a brutal dictator to champion the genocides in attempt to transform South Sudan from a democratic state into a military regime. Salva Kiiir, who was a brutal killer in the Sudanese rebels of SPLM/A before he became a president wanted to turn South Sudan to a military regime like that of old Sudan against the will of South Sudanese people who fought to be free for fifty years.

Hoth Mai, a voiceless vulnerable veteran, suffering from identity crisis, was appointed to the position of the army’s Chief of General Staff in 2009 to replace Gen. Oyai Deng Ajak from Shilluck Tribe. Hoth was appointed because he is a diehard Dinka loyalist, who is never expected to betray his dinka counterparts at any cost. Hoth has proven that he is more interested to serve the dinka people as a tribe or a nation for a long time but now the dinka leaders have betrayed him and he has to leave his country like a dog, with his shameful face down as he was being sneaked into a private car by family members in Australia.

Hoth betrayed his family and the Nuer.

During his daughter’s weeding to a dinka son in 2011, the uncle of the boy openly announced while looking at Hoth’s face that he gave away his daughter to a dinka to prove his over 30 years loyalty to the dinka people. The former central bank governor, Elijah Malok, was referring to Hoth’s support for the SPLM/A movement, when majority the senior SPLM/A officials such as Kerbino Kwanyin Bol, William Nyuon Bany and others followed Machar’s South Sudan Independent Movement. Hoth accepted that his daughter, Nyathon, was married off to serve tribal interest but not love.

Gathoth, as he was initially named at birth, has changed his name to Hoth or Oath. Gathoth dropped the prefix “gat” because it easily identifies him as a Nuer and not a dinka. “Gat” which means son and “Nya”, a prefix for a girl name, are commonly identified as Nuer names but Gathoth did not want to be identify as such. He is now stuck with “Nyathon” because if “Nya” is dropped the resulting name (Thon) would be for a male and not a female any more. Nyathon is married to a dinka and she is now a full dinka, with dinka culture and language.

Hoth is doing everything to continually betray his people, the Nuer people. This fully demonstrates that Gathoth is no longer Gathoth but oath to serve Dinka.

Hoth betrayed South Sudan

5 Dinka Deputies: Gen. Hoth Mai watched Salva Kiir transforms the country from a democratic state into a military regime but chose to praise him and worship South Sudanese Pound(SSP). Gathoth never say anything that would disappoint Salva Kiir or his the dinka tribe. He was fooled to believe that is how you serve a country but only in Dinka culture. He has been instructed to kill his people for him to be on the “right side of the history” and be recognized as a hero. Now, Gathoth is a hero but he can’t keep his face among his people. He is too shame, he has to kill his own brother to be called a dinka hero. Gathoth never knew that he was only serving a short-term tribal political marriage. Even Nyathon will one day be divorced and dumped like Oath himself. Hoth denied the tactic (coup), which was driven to kill the Nuer people but only after he was removed from the important position.

Maybe Hoth will be recalled back to service after this article.

The president deputized Gathoth with five dinkas, 4 from Bahr el Ghazal. The loyalist Hoth never questioned anything. He accepted the mandate as it was. The president removed all the non-dinka from the top positions and only kept Gathoth to be used as a bloody rubber stamp and he never complaint. Oyai Deng, from Shilluck and Mabuto Mamour from Equatoria were removed, just because they are non-dinka. To make it worse they had to be disciplined through arrests to ensure that they become loyal civilians. Both were accused of a coup and corruptions, and were arrested. Mabuto served nearly 2 years in jailed and Oyai recently served 4 months. Gathoth may face the same arrest charges because he denied a coup and that is why he has to run away to Australia.

Hoth has betrayed his country at large.

Gelweng: Despite Hoth was the chief of staff, the president recruited a tribal gelweng militia but he chose to applause it and kept quiet. The militia was equipped and trained using the national resources just to kill and displace innocent Nuer people. The main aim of recruiting a tribal militia was to revenge the 1991, which Hoth knew but still chose to do nothing. The killing of Nuer and assassination attempt on Dr. Riek Machar and other politicians, led by Hoth Mai, was meant to rubber stamp a military regime in the country.

Hoth shamelessly politicize the killing of his own young brother by Gelweng militoa, and adopted to use it as an example to convince more Nuer to approach their dinka enemy and be killed or fed with human fled like his brother. Hoth is suffering from inferiority complex.

Nasir:When Hoth failed to kill his own people in Ulang and Nasir, the birth place that he never visited for more than 30 years, he was replaced with the killer Malong Awan who recruited and trained Gelweng militia. Hoth again came out to tell the public that Malong deserves his position.

In less than a week, Malong’s Gelweng invaded Nasir, rapped, looted, killed elderly and burned down the entire Gikany Nuer. Hoth was still happy to announce that he has not betrayed his people, the Dinka Bor. But it was not long before Hoth realizes that he has nowhere to hide his shame anymore in the country. Hoth sneaked to Australia but that won’t be the safe haven for long. Hoth is on the run.

Coup: Although Gathoth knows that there was no coup; he never came out to dismiss the fictitious idea that was engineered to wipe out his own tribe. Hoth knew there was no coup but he continued to butcher his own people who were set up to be killed and humiliated so that the brutal dictator can build a tribal palace using the Naath’s resources. Hoth was the best tool to kill the Nuer because he is identified as a Nuer although he is a dinka in heart. After he was used and damped, Hoth came out to deny that there was no coup shamelessly through a dinka radio. But that was too late, more than 20,000 Nuer people have been killed in Juba at his orders. South Sudan is still bleeding from the genocides and retaliations from the victims because Hoth Mai betrayed the nation for the love of money.

Foreign Invasion: The helpless Oath Mai saw his country invaded by the brutal dictator of Uganda Yoweri Museveni, the enemy of South Sudan who killed Dr. John Garang de Mabior to install an illiterate leader Salva Kiir. Again Hoth Mai did nothing. The Ugandan army came into the country in July when Kiir forcefully overthrow his own cabinet in a silence coup and expected retaliation from the South Sudanese people but Riek Machar came out and save the nation. Hoth Mai just watched the mess and continued to conspire with the enemy of South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit. The Ugandan army from July to December remained in the country yet James Mai did nothing as the most powerful militant in the country.

Hoth Mai watched the Sudanese rebels being hired by Salva Kiir to kill his Nuer tribe in Unity state and Upper Nile state but Hoth Mai conspired with the idea. His president hired M23 and Egyptians but again Hoth Mai did nothing. Now, the embarrassed Hoth Mai has gone into exile to hide his face from his own people. A big shame indeed for a son of Nuer.

Did Hoth Mai try anything? NO.

When governor Malook publicly announced the assimilation of Hoth Mai’s family through the marriage of his daughter it was Riek Machar who openly refuted the dinkilization of Gathoth. Riek warned that the marriage between Nyathon and Ajak must not be politicized because it was based on love. But the father of the daughter did not want to betray his people and his dinka nation. He accepted that Nyathon was married off to please Dinka tribe but not for love.

At his capacity as the chief of staff Hoth Mai saw 171 SPLM Generals under his command remove from the army because they were suspected to affiliate with Riek Machar. Hoth Mai did nothing. A patriotic citizen could have resigned but Hoth Mai was happy as long as he gets paid.

In sum, Hoth Mai was a spectator in his position as the chief of staff but more than a spectator he assigned and took devilish orders from Salva Kiir that killed many innocent lives. Hoth tolerated all the dictatorial tendencies but continued to conspire with the killer.  Hoth Mai should have resigned or refused to take unnecessary orders from Salva Kiir. He should have enforced the orders that he feels appropriate for the nation and down play Salva Kiir’s dictatorial fallacies. He had the opportunity to restore the nation by being neutral between the politicians but chose to side with the killers of Salva Kiir. He should have arrested Riek and Kiir but he wanted to arrest Riek and leave the dictator on his seat to kill Riek Machar in return. Riek only wants to restore the vision of people of South Sudan but Salva Kiir and James Hoth Mai wants to restore the Khartoum military regime system.

The author, Pal Kuoth Khor, holds masters degrees in criminal justice. He can be reached at

President Kiir with President Obama of the USA at the White House, Washington DC

President Kiir with President Obama of the USA at the White House, Washington DC

By Chris D.,

This kind of speculation is totally ignorant, blaming superpowers December 2013’s eruption of violence among militias and dissatisfied domestic political actors. The only people who are manipulating events in South Sudan for natural resources are South Sudanese warlords and political elites and their neighboring partners – those are the people making millions of dollars off of the sale of timber, oil and gold, profiting off of black market currency.

The United States is ignorant and incompetent in South Sudan, not malicious. President Obama does not care about South Sudan, except when it matters to United States voters, which it does not.

This is not the Cold War and the United States is not competing with China as it did with the USSR. The USA does not have a large mineral industry compared to South Africa, the U.K., China and Australia. The USA’s use of “fracking” technology and relations with the Middle East mean it does not have a “deficit” of petroleum that would require forcing a regime change in South Sudan.

The USA’s interest in South Sudan was mainly because of the War on Terror – they did not want to see South Sudan’s oil and minerals used to fund radical Muslim groups in East Africa. This was a threat because Khartoum had already hosted Osama Bin Laden and other Islamist militias, and attempted to assassinate the leaders of neighboring countries. The USA also did not want to see South Sudan turn into another Somalia, a safe haven for groups like Al Shabab.

The USA’s other interest was the evangelical Christian community, which has strong influence in U.S. foreign policy. They were highly invested in stopping the slave trade and opposing radical Islam – humanitarian support was a secondary objective.

You should know who your enemies are. The world is not conspiring against South Sudan – South Sudan is conspiring against itself.

And another thing about this “USA sponsored South Sudan’s instability” nonsense. Between Washington D.C. and Beijing, it is guns and ammo provided by Beijing to Khartoum/Sudan that are arming the rebel militias. It is Beijing oil companies colluding with corrupt politicians stealing money. It is Beijing-owned oil wells that are polluting the lands and waters in the northern states, which forces pastoralists to compete more with each other over less healthy land.

The United States government’s guilt in South Sudan is for what it *doesn’t* do. It *doesn’t* invest in South Sudan. It *doesn’t* trade with South Sudan. It *doesn’t* hire South Sudanese. It *doesn’t* do these things because the the U.S. government *doesn’t* care.

But Americans care about South Sudan. We care about a young nation that has to fight for its independence. We care about your security because it affects our own. We care about your economic growth because it affects our own. We care about personal health and environmental protection in your country because it affects our own (we don’t want to see another Ebola or a new disease, and we don’t want to see more global warming from pollution).

Do not blame the United States for causing your instability. But you can criticize the United States government for not doing enough to help.

Is the Rise/Fear of Pagan Amum Uniting Kiir and Riek Groups??

Posted: May 29, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Letters

“Mr. Pagan Amum shot himself in the head, once again, by publishing his article “Reflections on a Detainee’s Conundrum.” Pagan tries to make himself looks innocent and grabs leadership of interim government from the hands of Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon and Salva Kiir Mayardiit. Pagan forgot that South Sudanese knew that he was the source of the problem before war erupted in term of corruption and treating other people bad in the system. In my opinion, peace will come between only two people (Dr. Machar & Kiir) who are currently fighting in the South Sudan. If Pagan sees himself as an innocent person, let him sits in his house like any other South Sudanese. Otherwise, I see him (Pagan) as Dr. Machar enemy as well as Salva Kiir enemy at the same time. Where will he fit himself? No, leader without people. Pagan has no people behind him. All Shilluk are rallying behind Dr. Lam Akol Ajawin. I thought Pagan escaped death from the hand of Salva Kiir. Now,  it looks to me like he is going to get into  another gruesome darkness. Do you think Pagan will ascent into power by passing these two powerful leaders (Machar and Mayardit)?” Writes Tut Makuac Luot Koway


By Malueth Jacob Guet

Our south Sudanese society and especially the dinka are deeply immersed in many superstitious beliefs.they have been tied/glued to these beliefs to the extent that any enlightened person /scientist finds it very hard to demystify such long held beliefs as such individuals have and continue to live in fear.

Some of them are harmful because they create unnecessary fear while others are harmless. Here are some of the major superstitious beliefs in Dinka & by the way some of these are common across many tribes in South Sudan

‘Peeth/ Beny e nyin’: it is widely believed by many dinka that some people have evil eyes/ piercing eyes.these people who are called apeeth are thought to be the causes of diseases/ such they believe they can put gravels into someone’s eyes to make that person blind or into the stomach to make her/him have abdominal discomfort

When a epidemic strikes like the current cholera outbreak in Juba, it’s considered a curse from the deadancestors which might be angry for one reason or the other

Sudden death is explained as the work of an evil, jealous brother, relative, friend, former business associate or a perceived curse by angry grand parents

When any person experiences visual or auditory hallucinations (seeing things and hearing sounds that are not real , its believed he /she is being tormented by angry dead relatives , in laws , parents, for not either carrying out certain obligations or other reasons

When a person is born with any gross congenital abnormality like deformed fingers, ears, six fingers, they call it ‘chieek’. The elders usually go head to carry out a ritual to appease ‘chieek’ less the child dies

Some of the minor ones are

Don’t cross the body of a person lying down or you will be wishing her /him death

Don’t whistle at night or you will invite ‘kaa pinny’ or snakes

When you stumble using your right or left foot , something bad or good awaits you some where

Don’t beat a child with a broom or child becomes a bed wetter and to stop the bed wetting habit, cane the child using electric fish (deer)

If your teeth fall off, throw them on top of a roof ( i have forgotten why )

That when a child fails exams , it’s the result of someone’s evil plan against the child or jealousy of a co-wive , relatives

An itchy hand means you will soon touch some money / get some money from relatives/friends

When one’s ear rings , there’s someone talking about them some where or some one is backbiting them

Burry a razor blade at your goal post during a match and you wont conced a goal

These are just a few of the many superstitions. I guess most of those who grew up in rural settings in south Sudan might have heard some if not all. I don’t blame our people because superstitions have been there for centuries for example the Italians thought malaria was caused by bad air hence the name ‘MAL’ meaning bad and ‘aria’ meaning air. How ever some are harmless while others are not.

Take for example peeth ,an irrational explanation for cause of some diseases . you get a person who has a staphyloma ,cataract that may require surgical treatment or stomach discomfort that may be sign of irritable bowel syndrome , gastric ulcers , chron’s disease, ulcerative colitis but he/she may instead seek attention from witch doctor therefore not getting the required medical intervention from a qualified health personnel at the right time.

Take another example: an alcoholic, orphaned young man (Deng) in his 20’s, traumatisedby the decades long Sudanese civil war and death of her fiancée,…who begins to present with bizarrebehaviour, aggressiveness together with visual , auditory , olfactory hallucinations( seeing , hearing ,smelling things that are not there).

Though this could be a possible psychiatric case/ schizophrenic case, the relatives may think that Deng is being tormented by his grandparents that he didn’t burry in 1991…further saying the people Deng is seeing are his grandparents. very absurd!

The resulting effect of such beliefs is health care is delayed then finally health denied to the one who’s in need…. It is therefore of paramount importance to educate our people, sensitise them through awareness programs.

Tell them that diseases /illnesses are caused by microbes (small living organisms) and body’s physiological changes. When we don’t get rid of such, we are still a long way from achieving proper health care

Regional and Global Actors should Learn How Slava Kiir Dictates!!

Posted: May 29, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary

I am the president of South Sudan, and I must always remain in that position as the president, the leader of that country forever declared President Salva Kiir in Addis Ababa during the peace deal with Riek Machar

                       By  Bol  Khan

The Regional and Global Communities are already in total mystification about Mr. Salva Kiir Mayardit. That is why they are still bothering themselves by persuading Kiir Mayar to resolve the crisis and negotiate peace. This is not Kiir’s personal interest!! Had it been his interest, the current catastrophic situations in South Sudan could have been prevented. I clearly narrated this point in my first article I authored after Juba Massacres, titled. “The responsibility for the current South Sudan’s turmoil: It’s Solution”. So the Regional & International Communities which already in mystification about Kiir Mayar are IGAD, AU, US, EU, UK, Norway, France, UNSCetcetera. Rationally, these Communities or Organizations can be mystified by Kiir Mayar, for variety of reasons.

First, they weren’t in Juba in 2013, when Salva Kiir was visibly pushing/setting the nation (South Sudan) onto ablaze, it is today. Because, if they were in Juba, they would have acquainted for themselves whether Salva Kiir was a kind of South Sudan’s President who had a need to prevent the present crisis from happening or not.  Thus, they don’t know, up to now, that “Slava Kiir was a total failure beyond repair” as charismatically stated by Hon. Alfred Lado Gore. And, that the people of South Sudan aren’t entirely expecting him to resolve the current crisis. Due to what they, as ordinary, South Sudanese have been witnessing.

Second, Kiir is (a President) 63 years old and so they assume that he has ethics. The ethics tells human when to immediately respond to any disaster endangering civilians lives and end your people bloodshed.  Or where are a right thing and the wrong ones.

Third, Kiir was elected President, in autonomous interim hilarious elections held in 2010 and he may bring drastic solution to current crisis which kills innocent civilians, indiscriminately.

Fourth, they may think that the percentage, 93% given to him (Kiir) in those elections was his precise popularity. While much of Kiir’s leadership success contributed by Riek Machar. They don’t know that electorates (80% of 93%) were painfully persuaded to vote for Kiir during 2010 elections. By none other than former Vice-President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny Dhurghon, every South Sudanese knows this truth. Dr. Machar a Kiir’s running mate in 2010 elections. An old man from Western Equatoria State, during campaigns, in 2010 general elections asked this question (s) “Dr. Riek where is your picture?  Aren’t you standing? If you are standing then we will vote for you not him (kiir).” No my box and Kiir’s is one, therefore, if you want to vote for me vote for Kiir” Dr. Riek replied.

The similar skeptical questions could be occasionally asked during elections process in every county. So a lot of electorates weren’t ready (80%of 93%) enough to vote for Kiir. Even the rest of the voters totally refused to casted their ballot papers. All the SPLM’s Leaders who had grassroots popularities were told to campaign for/walk together with unpopular ones. This is pure truth. No SPLM leader can deny it, including Mayarid himself.

Fifth, they think Salva Kiir knows the importance or difference between innocent thousands lives being lost and the simple seat in the Presidency. That the saving of thousands innocent lives which may re-elected him in next elections is better than maintaining the current contaminated Presidential palace. The former Presidents of Tunsia, Egypt, Yemaen,CAR etc had to leave Presidencies. Mr. Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Hosni Mubarak,Ali Abdullah Saleh and Michel Djotodia respectively. They left during those deadly social uprisings erupted in their countries.

However, those countries’ leaders were constitutionally and nationally (in their Republics) elected not ambiguously like Kiir, who was elected not as Republic President. CPA rules were constitutionally effective from July 9, 2005 and ended constitutionally on 9 July, 2011. A saying goes; “A President who made his way to Presidency through political consensus or barrel may have no sympathy for the country’s citizens”.

These may be the reasons why International Community is mystified—lost between Salva Kiir and quick solution to South Sudan’s current crisis. Solution is not Salva Kiir and Salva Kiir is not a solution to South Sudan’s current problem. This is what the International Community should know.  Now that talks are ongoing in Addis Ababa, where the aforementioned Organizations have indirectly or directly involve in peace process. So we would like these regional and International organizations to prove to South Sudanese that Salva Kiir is there to solve this deadly problem.

Evidently, the first Cessation of Hostilities Agreement was signed on 23, January, 2014, in Addis Ababa and so the Agreement on Political Detainees on the same day. But a day later, before the ink could dry up Kiir broke it by removing articles 10 & 11 of APD respectively which guaranteed the right of SPLM-G7 to take part in the talks. Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba, former Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, is still in detention—under house arrest. UPDF, JEM, SLA-Minawi, SPLA-N and SLA-Abdel Wahab are all still on the ground in South Sudan.

As time goes, President Kiir will also be the one to cancel the Peace deal reached and signed in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on 9 May, 2014. The participation of other stakeholders as well as that of SPLM- Former Detainees, for second time, may be rewrite before question mark by Kiirians’ undiplomatic team. The nature of Transitional Government of National Unity, who to head it, is not yet defined. A point at which Kiirians shall angrily stone the mediators with the same document signed in Addis, on 9 May, 2014.

Another phase why President Kiir mystifies the actors is, once he meets any visiting Diplomat or head of state, he always talks as if he is going to put into action what he says. Subsequently, he does different thing. For instance, in his speech he delivered shortly after the signing of May 9, 2014 peace deal, in Ethiopia.

He semi-eloquently said these statements and I quote “I personally know that I was elected by all these people who are dying today. These are the people who voted for me. I have no reason to turn against them, to kill them. I have no reason to leave them to continue to bleed when I am responsible for the whole nation. The country called South Sudan; I am the president, to everybody. I accept whatever bad or good that can happen to that country, and I must also get a solution to it. Had we stopped this thing, very early from the beginning, more lives could have not been lost. End quote.

Given these statements, somebody who doesn’t know Salva Kiir would just conclude that Salva is a President who knows that his own people who voted for him are dying. And he will soon get a quick solution to the mater as he said. Nonetheless, what has been so strange throughout is because there is no concrete solution being brought practically to bring to an end what kills the people. Innocent people are just dying in hundreds or thousands every day. So far he (Salva) directly or indirectly turned against them.

About 20,000 innocent civilian’s lives lost in Juba, hundreds in Bor, Mapel, thousands in Upper Nile, Unity state and so on and so forth. When you sum up the number of people who died in South Sudan’s crisis irrespective of their ethnicity, in 2013/2014, you may get about 40, 000 of them or more. And death is continuing/more will continue to die either of hunger, diseases or in this weaponry war, which they call crossfire.

In fact, the nation has been bleeding for five good months now while he (Kiir) is still responsible, in the Presidency. If he thinks that the people who are dying or displaced are the people of Greater Upper Nile. And his district—Gogrial is not affected. The fight may reach there in the long run. Kiir should end rampant death in Lakes state. What an imposed care-taker military Governor, General Matur Chut, doing in Lakes state is not good at all. Where, 10-15 or even beyond sentence and die every single day. The untold suffering in Lakes state’s Awerial IDPs camps, Malakal, Nimule, Bentiu, Bor,Wau, Juba IDPs camps plus those camps in the neighboring countries.

All these are happening in front of Slava Kiir. Wow, who should alleviate such sufferings of these cursed-like innocent people of South Sudan? Traditional Kings, Joseph Lagu or who has a power to end the sufferings? Is it not Slava Kiir? I learned an interesting statement when I was in Secondary school. In military science “A President of any country has every power to change the country he/she heads from war-torn, dictatorship to peaceful and democratic country “and vice-versa.

The third phase is that, Salva Kiir doesn’t know the meaning of being a head of state. I’m not insulting him. It is a fact. He is far from being a statesman; he has no integrity and leadership confidentiality as well. Just try to attentively listen to his next or the speeches he delivers. Would you find anything which could strengthen the unity of this nascent nation he leads? I doubt.  His interaction with other people like foreign actors is also defective. You might have heard or read his utterances consistently against UN, US, Secretary of state, John Kerry, Ethiopia Prime Minister, Hialemariam or anybody who happen to tell him: solve the South Sudan’s current crisis.

Several of which I can also quote here. Kiir indirectly to UN: “The UN Secretary General, Mr. Ban Ki-moon, should come to Juba in person with his wife Hilde Johnson so that to run the Government of the Republic of South Sudan herein, instead of running it outside the country”.  Kiir to Stephen Saka: “No! I was not the one who postponed 2015 general elections to 2018”. “They were Americans”. “It was pushed into my mouth by John Kerry, the US’s Secretary of State”. Kiir to his audiences in Juba: “I signed their agreement of 9 May under threat from Prime Minster of Ethiopia, Haile Mariam”. “Who told me that (Salva) you either sign the peace deal or risk being a prisoner in Addis, you won’t leave for Juba, unless you signed this deal”. “I said ok if you’re going to imprisoned me I hope I will get delicious foods here in Addis Ababa”. End quote.

There is no reflection of leadership integrity, confidentiality, in aforesaid utterances. Read, the third to the last two utterances shows Kiir’s hesitation that he doesn’t want to negotiate peace which can bring the country out of the current turmoil. He called it their Agreement. Can we say President Kiir wants to bring peace really to South Sudan’s citizens who are dying, if he could be pressurized by somebody else in order to sign peace for South Sudanese? I don’t think so.

The later utterance intuitively also indicates the whole case why Kiir likes to remain in power for life. Delicious foods!! In addition, we always hear the same thing (hesitated statements) from his undiplomatic team. “We have no agenda, as Government’s delegation, to be tabled for discussion”. “We have to go to Addis Ababa and see what agenda rebels will have to table and discuss” This, either, seems impossible for a claim responsible Government’s delegation which its people are dying in such a established civil war, to say we have no agenda for discussion.

Instantly, as we speak, I think all regional and Global actors will begin to ease their being optimistic about Kiir- Government (GRSS). The third round of talks is approaching. Is this leader, Kiir, pondering position (the Presidency) more than the lives of innocent people who are dying?  We shall see in upcoming last round of talks. In this last round of talks both sides should reconsider their burning need. “I must head the Transitional Government of National Unity”. Either side should be told to stand up for what will stop the bloodshed and save the lives of innocent people, dying. Not what he personally wants. That is ordinary people desire.

In conclusion, I have one important point that I would want regional and Global Community to take. Kiir is a fresh and fatal dictator of twenty first century. Who violently dismantled all the democratic, peaceful processes and almost arrested or killed his main political rival (s) in Juba. And we know always dictators only understand a language of bullet not a language of mouth, as such. That is why he cares less of incessant civilians’ deaths in South Sudan. Setting South Sudan onto ablaze was his primary ambition. He is now pushing yet for regional war. Kiir wants to remains in power for life as you can read in his statement he said in Ethiopia.

That he will always remain a President of South Sudan. I am the president of South Sudan, and I must always remain in that position as the president, the leader of that country forever”. Therefore, a question which remain now or Kiir will push the region to; very soon, is a question of who wants (if any) to join SPLM/A—Rebels and who wants to join GRSS—Uganda’s Government, their allies, in that pending regional war.

The author is a concern South Sudanese. He can be reached at

Hon. Makwei Lueth Should Slow Down a Little Bit

Posted: May 29, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, Featured Articles, Tearz Ayuen


By Tearz Ayuen, Nairobi

While you execute your duties as the national minister of information and broadcasting, and the official spokesperson of the government of South Sudan, you’re making two grave mistakes. One, you’re becoming a stigmata on the reputation of Bor community. And two, you’re doing yourself a great harm – digging your own grave.

I will not dwell much on the fact that you and some of your peers are, in so many ways, tainting the already ‘vandalized’ face of Bor. We will talk about that some other day.

Uncle Makuei, do you know your leadership net worth? Do you know how much you weigh on the political scale? In case you didn’t know, you mean a lot, Uncle. You’re a great man. You’re a freedom fighter, a liberator. You are a senior government official, a minister. You’re one of the members of parliament representing Bor people in the national legislative assembly.

Your contributions in attaining and bettering South Sudan is inestimable.

Again, you’re one of the highly educated Bor elders. You’re an idol in the eyes of Bor people; they celebrate you. Musicians have composed songs about you. They sing your name.

All that puts you in a critical position whereby you have to watch what you say. You represent. That means anything that flies out of your mouth can either kill or save lives. It can either heighten or lessen tensions, violence.

Why are you everywhere falsely accusing everyone of rebellion? What happened to political correctness? What happened to diplomacy? A rebel is a person who takes part in an armed rebellion against the constituted authority, especially in the hope of improving conditions.

Uncle Makuei, these are modern times. The whole world is watching every move each and every South Sudan’s leader makes. You don’t have to personally pick an EX-34 Chain gun and shoot down a whole village in order to be indicted.

This is 2014. This is digital age. Anything dangerous one wishes, thinks or does is recorded and used against him or her in future.

There is something called hate speech. A hate speech maker can be defined as any person who utters words intended to incite feelings of contempt, hatred, hostility, violence or discrimination against any person, group or community on the basis of ethnicity or race.

In your book, media houses are rebels. Church leaders are rebels. Innocent displaced bereaved hungry women are rebels. Even malnourished dying babies are rebels! What sense does that make? What happened to morality?

I think many could categorize most of your statements under hate speech. You cannot refer to a baby a rebel just because it hails from a particular community whose some members have staged an insurgency.

You and your comrades can say anything about anyone, about any community, anytime, with impunity. That’s okay inu you rule. But for me, I call it short-term impunity inu there comes a time when one has to account for everything he had said or done or not done during his heyday.

Don’t ever think that you’re untouchable, forever. None of your colleagues is, either; including your boss, Kiir Mayardit. Hate speech might not have been constituted in the South Sudan interim constitution but it’s under international law. And the powers you think you have do not exist in the global village.

I hear members of the ruling clique cheer you on as you ‘defend’ the government. I hear them clap their hands every time you come on TV to speak against the West. I read Facebook and Twitter posts by your ‘supporters’ in which they pat you on the shoulder, encouraging you to keep ‘defending’ the legitimate government. Cool.

However, Uncle, what you don’t know or seem to be inconsiderate or negligent about is that, when that day comes, Salva Kiir will not be there for you, Buor will not be able to protect you, your colleagues will giggle and some will, in fact, throw parties to celebrate your descent.

I’m not telling you to stop supporting your regime, Uncle. I am not telling you to join Dr Riek, to be a rebel. Nor am I asking you to resign. No. What I am trying to say is that, carry on with your work but tread carefully. Your mouth. Your tongue. Your lips. I repeat: t-r-e-a-d c-a-r-e-f-u-l-l-y.

Summarily, in your quest for cleansing the skunk-stinky face of the Government of the Republic of South Sudan, do not be like a man who takes off the only clothes he possesses to clothe another naked man.

Tearz © 2014


UNSC Resolution on Extension of UNMISS Mandate in South Sudan

Posted: May 29, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Press Release

UNSC, May 27, 2014 



Permanent Representative Acknowledges Constraints in Protection of Civilians


The Security Council today extended the operation of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) until 30 November under a restructured mandate intended to quell the violence, especially against civilians, and support implementation of the recent Cessation of Hostilities Agreement, increasing troop and police strength in order to fulfil its terms.

Unanimously adopting resolution 2155 (2014), the Council authorized the Mission — under a ceiling of 12,500 military troops of all ranks and a police component of up to 1,323 personnel — to “use all necessary means” to perform the many tasks detailed in its text.

Among those was to protect civilians and deter violence against them; implement a Mission-wide early warning strategy; foster a secure environment for the eventual safe return of internally displaced persons and refugees; monitor, investigate, verify and report specifically and publicly on violations and abuses against children and women; coordinate with, and offer technical support, where appropriate, to the African Union’s Commission of Inquiry for South Sudan; and, among others, create the conditions necessary for delivery of humanitarian aid.

Further to the resolution, the Mission would protect civilians under threat of physical violence, irrespective of the source, through proactive deployment and active patrolling, particularly when the Government of South Sudan was unable or failing to provide such security.  It would foster a secure environment for the eventual safe, voluntary return of internally displaced persons and refugees through ensuring maintenance for international human rights standards.

The 15-member body condemned in the strongest terms attacks on and threats made to Mission personnel, stressing that they could constitute war crimes, and demanded that all parties respect the inviolability of United Nations premises and immediately desist from any violence against those gathered there.  Efforts to undermine the Mission’s ability to implement its mandate and attacks on United Nations personnel “will not be tolerated”, the text said.

Demanding the halt to all forms of violence, human rights violations and abuses, violations of international humanitarian law, including gender-based violence, rape and other forms of sexual violence, and violations and abuses against children, the Council strongly urged the Government to implement its action plan to end and prevent child recruitment signed on 12 March 2012, and for the opposition forces to implement their commitment to end grave violations against children signed on 10 May.  It also called for specific and time-bound commitments to combat sexual violence.

Speaking after the action, Francis Mading Deng (South Sudan) said his delegation greatly appreciated the renewal of the Mission’s mandate.  Despite a shared interest in the continuation of UNMISS, challenges had required constructive engagement to reach a mutual understanding.  He was concerned at seeing anti-United Nations demonstrations, which were due, in part, to misunderstandings and to specific issues that he had addressed with both sides.  The Council, the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations and the Government of South Sudan had worked to resolve misunderstandings and he hoped that cooperation would be enhanced, given shared concerns and improved communications.

He acknowledged his Government’s limitations in meeting its commitments to protect its citizens and said the legacy of a war stretching over half a century would take time to heal.  The United Nations should reconsider its priorities, with building State capacities high on its list.  Failure to help to build a functioning State could lead to serious problems, which the international community could be called upon to address, he warned, hopeful that capacity-building would be considered in future mandates.

He also expressed hope there would be no more tragic crises now that the parties were striving to restore peace and reconciliation through the Intergovernmental Authority for Development-led negotiations.  In addition, he hoped peacekeepers, who had put their lives at risk to protect civilians, would be adequately equipped to continue their work

The meeting began at 2:37 p.m. and ended at 2:45 p.m.


The full text of resolution 2155 (2014) reads as follows:

The Security Council,

Recalling its previous resolutions 1996 (2011), 2046 (2012), 2057 (2012), 2109 (2013) and 2132 (2013),

Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and national unity of the Republic of South Sudan, and recalling the importance of the principles of non-interference, good-neighbourliness and regional cooperation,

Recalling its resolution 2086 (2013) and reaffirming the basic principles of peacekeeping, including consent of the parties, impartiality and non-use of force, except in self-defence and define of the mandate, and recognizing that the mandate of each peacekeeping mission is specific to the need and situation of the country concerned,

Expressing grave alarm and concern regarding the rapidly deteriorating political, security and humanitarian crisis in South Sudan resulting from the internal Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) political dispute and subsequent violence caused by the country’s political and military leaders,

Strongly condemning reported and ongoing human rights violations and abuses and violations of international humanitarian law, including those involving extrajudicial killings, ethnically targeted violence, sexual and gender-based violence, rape, recruitment and use of children, enforced disappearances, arbitrary arrests and detention, violence aimed at spreading terror among the civilian population and attacks on schools and hospitals, as well as United Nations peacekeeping personnel, by all parties, including armed groups and national security forces, as well as the incitement to commit such abuses and violations, and emphasizing that those responsible for violations of international humanitarian law and violations and abuses of human rights must be held accountable and that the Government of South Sudan bears the primary responsibility to protect civilians within its territory and subject to its jurisdiction, including from potential crimes against humanity and war crimes,

Expressing deep concern over the large-scale displacement of persons and deepening humanitarian crisis, stressing the responsibility borne by all parties to the conflict for the suffering of the people of South Sudan, and the necessity of ensuring that the basic needs of the population are met, commending United Nations humanitarian agencies and partners for their efforts to provide urgent and coordinated support to the population, calling upon all parties to the conflict to allow and facilitate, in accordance with relevant provisions of international law and United Nations guiding principles of humanitarian assistance, the full, safe and unhindered access of relief personnel, equipment and supplies to all those in need and timely delivery of humanitarian assistance, in particular to internally displaced persons and refugees, condemning all attacks against humanitarian personnel and facilities, and recalling that attacks against humanitarian personnel and depriving civilians of objects indispensable to their survival may amount to violations of international humanitarian law,

Commending the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) initiative, as supported by the United Nations and African Union, in establishing a forum for political and security dialogue, and expecting all parties to participate in this process and respect the decisions reached by IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government on 13 March,

Welcoming the IGAD-mediated 23 January Cessation of Hostilities (CoH) and Status of Detainees Agreements, consensus on the Declaration of Principles between the parties, the establishment of the ceasefire Monitoring and Verification Mechanism (MVM) and the 9 May “Agreement to Resolve the Crisis in South Sudan”, while condemning repeated violations of the CoH by all parties which undermine peace efforts,

Expressing its deep appreciation for the actions taken by United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) peacekeepers and troop- and police-contributing countries to protect civilians, including foreign nationals, under threat of physical violence and to stabilize the security situation, and further expressing appreciation for those Member States who have responded immediately to expedite the deployment of troops and police immediately after the adoption of resolution 2132 (2013),

Taking note with interest the 21 February UNMISS Interim Human Rights report, and 8 May ‘Conflict in South Sudan:  A Human Rights Report’,

Expressing grave concern that according to the 8 May ‘Conflict in South Sudan:  A Human Rights Report’, there are reasonable grounds to believe that war crimes and crimes against humanity, including extrajudicial killings, rape and other acts of sexual violence, enforced disappearances, and arbitrary arrests and detention have been committed by all parties to the conflict in South Sudan,

Stressing the urgent and imperative need to end impunity in South Sudan and to bring to justice perpetrators of such crimes,

Welcoming the 12 March inaugural meeting and the initiation of work of the African Union Commission of Inquiry as critical steps in independent and public human rights monitoring, investigation and reporting,

Strongly condemning the use of radio to broadcast hate speech and transmit messages instigating sexual violence against a particular ethnic group, which has the potential to play a significant role in promoting mass violence and exacerbating conflict, calling on the Government to take the appropriate measures in order to deter such activity, and further urging all parties to desist from these actions and instead contribute to promoting peace and reconciliation among the communities,

Emphasizing that persisting barriers to full implementation of resolution 1325 (2000) will only be dismantled through dedicated commitment to women’s empowerment, participation and human rights, and through concerted leadership, consistent information and action and support, to build women’s engagement in all levels of decision-making,

Expressing deep concern at persistent restrictions placed upon the movement and operations of UNMISS, strongly condemning the attacks by Government and opposition forces and other groups on United Nations personnel and facilities, including the December 2012 downing of a United Nations helicopter by the SPLA, the April 2013 attack on a United Nations convoy, the December 2013 attack on the UNMISS camp in Akobo, and the 2014 attacks on the UNMISS camp in Bor, and calling upon the Government of South Sudan to complete its investigations of these attacks in a swift and thorough manner and to hold those responsible to account,

Expressing grave concern regarding the threats made to oil installations, petroleum companies and their employees, and urging all parties to ensure the security of economic infrastructure,

Recalling its resolution 2117 (2013) and expressing grave concern at the threat to peace and security in South Sudan arising from the illicit transfer, destabilizing accumulation and misuse of small arms and light weapons,

Noting with serious concern reports of the indiscriminate use of cluster munitions, made by the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) in Jonglei State in February 2014, and urging all parties to refrain from similar such use in the future,

Welcoming IGAD’s initiative for the deployment of the MVM, calling for the redeployment and/or progressive withdrawal of armed groups and allied forces invited by either side, consistent with the 23 January Cessation of Hostilities Agreement, and warning of the serious consequences that could result from any regionalization of the conflict,

Reaffirming its resolutions 1265 (1999), 1296 (2000), 1674 (2006), 1738 (2006) and 1894 (2009) on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, and 1502 (2003) on the protection of humanitarian and United Nations personnel; resolutions 1612 (2005), 1882 (2009), 1998 (2011), 2068 (2012), and 2143 (2014) on children and armed conflict; and resolutions 1325 (2000), 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009), 1889 (2009), 1960 (2010), 2106 (2013), 2122 (2013) on women, peace, and security; resolution 2150 (2014) on the Prevention and Fight against Genocide; and resolution 2151 (2014) on security sector reform,

Taking note of the 6 March Secretary-General’s report (S/2014/158) and the recommendations contained therein,

Determining that the situation in South Sudan continues to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region,

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

“1.   Endorses the CoH Agreement accepted and signed by the Republic of South Sudan and the SPLM/A (in Opposition) on 23 January, further endorses the Agreement to Resolve the Crisis in South Sudan signed on 9 May by the Republic of South Sudan and the SPLM/A (in Opposition); calls for immediate and full implementation of the agreements by both parties, and expresses its readiness to consider all appropriate measures against those who take action that undermines the peace, stability, and security of South Sudan, including those who prevent the implementation of these agreements;

“2.   Urges all parties to engage in an open and fully inclusive national dialogue seeking to establish lasting peace, reconciliation and good governance, including through the full and effective participation of youth, women, diverse communities, faith groups, civil society and the formerly detained SPLM leaders, encourages the efforts of IGAD and the United Nations to reach a peace agreement between the parties, and further urges them to ensure that child protection provisions are integrated into all peace negotiations and peace agreements;

“3.   Decides to extend the mandate of UNMISS until 30 November, and further decides that UNMISS shall, within the authorized troop ceiling of 12,500 set out in paragraph 8, include a component consisting inter alia of three battalions, with additional responsibility for protecting IGAD’s MVM as set out in paragraph 4(d), as well as implementing the mission’s overall mandate as set out in paragraphs 4(a), 4(b) and 4(c) below, consistent with paragraph 5;

“4.   Decides that the mandate of UNMISS shall be as follows, and authorizes UNMISS to use all necessary means to perform the following tasks:

“(a)  Protection of civilians:

i.   To protect civilians under threat of physical violence, irrespective of the source of such violence, within its capacity and areas of deployment, with specific protection for women and children, including through the continued use of the Mission’s child protection and women’s protection advisers;

ii.  To deter violence against civilians, including foreign nationals, especially through proactive deployment, active patrolling with particular attention to displaced civilians, including those in protection sites and refugee camps, humanitarian personnel and human rights defenders, and identification of threats and attacks against the civilian population, including through regular interaction with the civilian population and closely with humanitarian, human rights and development organizations, in areas at high risk of conflict including, as appropriate, schools, places of worship, hospitals and the oil installations, in particular when the Government of the Republic of South Sudan is unable or failing to provide such security;

iii.To implement a Mission-wide early warning strategy, including a coordinated approach to information gathering, monitoring, verification, early warning and dissemination, and response mechanisms, including response mechanisms to prepare for further potential attacks on United Nations personnel and facilities;

iv.  To maintain public safety and security within and of UNMISS protection of civilians sites;

v.   To exercise good offices, confidence-building and facilitation in support of the Mission’s protection strategy, especially in regard to women and children, including to facilitate inter-communal reconciliation in areas of high risk of conflict as an essential part of long-term State-building activity;

vi.  To foster a secure environment for the eventual safe and voluntary return of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees, including, where compatible and in strict compliance with the United Nations Human Rights Due Diligence Policy (HRDPP), through monitoring of ensuring the maintenance of international human rights standards by, and specific operational coordination with the police services in relevant and protection-focused tasks, in order to strengthen protection of civilians;

“(b)  Monitoring and investigating human rights:

i.   To monitor, investigate, verify and report publicly and regularly on abuses and violations of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, including those that may amount to war crimes or crimes against humanity;

ii.  To monitor, investigate, verify and report specifically and publicly on violations and abuses committed against children and women, including all forms of sexual and gender-based violence in armed conflict by accelerating the implementation of monitoring, analysis and reporting arrangements on conflict-related sexual violence and by strengthening the monitoring and reporting mechanism for grave violations against children;

iii.To coordinate with, and offer technical support to, where appropriate, the African Union’s Commission of Inquiry for South Sudan;

“(c)  Creating the conditions for delivery of humanitarian assistance:

i.   To contribute to the creation of the conditions for the delivery of humanitarian assistance, including by helping to establish the necessary security conditions and by exercising its good offices, confidence-building and facilitation, so as to allow, in accordance with relevant provisions of international law and United Nations guiding principles of humanitarian assistance, the full, safe and unhindered access of relief personnel to all those in need in South Sudan and timely delivery of humanitarian assistance, in particular to internally displaced persons and refugees;

ii.  To ensure the security and freedom of movement of United Nations and associated personne,l where appropriate, and to ensure the security of installations and equipment necessary for implementation of mandated tasks,

“(d)  Supporting the Implementation of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement:

i.   To ensure proper coordination with the Joint Technical Committee (JTC), MVM, and Monitoring and Verification Teams (MVTs), as appropriate;

ii.  To provide mobile and dedicated fixed site security to IGAD’s MVM, as established in line with the decisions of the 31 January and 13 March meetings of the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government; and

iii.To provide support to the work of the MVM as described within the CoH;

“5.   Emphasizes that protection of civilians, as described in paragraph 4(a), must be given priority in decisions about the use of available capacity and resources within the Mission;

“6.   Requests the Secretary-General, through his Special Representative, to continue to direct the operations of an integrated UNMISS, coordinate all activities of the United Nations system in the Republic of South Sudan, and support a coherent international approach to achieving peace in the Republic of South Sudan;

“7.   Endorses the recommendation made by the Secretary-General in his 6 March report to increase the overall force levels of UNMISS to support its restructured mandate as defined in paragraph 4 of this resolution;

“8.   Decides that UNMISS will consist of a military component of up to 12,500 troops of all ranks and of a police component, including appropriate Formed Police Units, of up to 1,323 personnel; and that the civilian component will be reduced accordingly to tasks outlined in paragraph 4; requests that the Secretary-General provide detailed information on force generation, restructuring of the UNMISS force, logistical support and enablers, including as part of his regular reports; and requests the Secretary-General to review needs on the ground, and provide an updated assessment of the force’s operations, deployment and future requirements 120 days after this resolution;

“9.   Requests UNMISS to focus and streamline its activities, across its military, police and civilian components in order to achieve progress on the tasks outlined in paragraph 4, recognizes that certain Mission tasks will therefore be ceased, and in this regard, requests the Secretary-General undertake a full personnel review in June 2014 and to include the details in his next regular report on UNMISS;

“10.  Expresses its intention to keep the requirements of and composition of UNMISS components under active review, and to review this mandate and make any necessary adjustments, at an appropriate stage in the implementation of a credible peace agreement between the parties;

“11.  Authorizes the Secretary-General to take the necessary steps, in accordance with paragraph 8, to expedite force and asset generation, and as necessary, discontinue the inter-Mission cooperation already authorized under resolution 2132 (2013);

“12.  Requests UNMISS to increase its presence and active patrolling in areas of high-risk of conflict, high concentrations of IDPs, including as guided by its early warning strategy and key routes for population movement, and to conduct regular reviews of its geographic deployment to ensure that its forces are best placed to protect civilians, and requests the Secretary-General to provide updates on these reviews as part of his regular reports;

“13.  Furtherrequests that UNMISS continues to ensure full compliance with the United Nations zero tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse and to keep the Council fully informed about the Mission’s progress in this regard, and urges Troop Contributing Countries to take appropriate preventive action including pre-deployment awareness training, and to ensure full accountability in cases of such conduct involving their personnel;

“14.  Encourages UNMISS to fully implement the HRDDP and requests the Secretary-General to include progress made in implementing the policy in his reports to the Council;

“15.  Condemns in the strongest terms attacks on and threats made to UNMISS personnel and United Nations facilities, including violations of the Status of Forces Agreement, stresses that such attacks may constitute war crimes, demands that all parties respect the inviolability of United Nations premises and immediately desist and refrain from any violence against those gathered at United Nations facilities, and stresses that efforts to undermine the ability of UNMISS to implement its mandate and attacks on United Nations personnel will not be tolerated;

“16.  Demands that the Government of the Republic of South Sudan and all relevant parties cooperate fully in the deployment, operations, and monitoring, verification, and reporting functions of UNMISS, in particular by guaranteeing the safety, security and unrestricted freedom of movement of United Nations and associated personnel, throughout the territory of the Republic of South Sudan, and further calls upon the Government of South Sudan to ensure freedom of movement for IDPs, including those leaving and entering protection of civilian sites, and to continue to support UNMISS by the allocation of land for protection of civilian sites;

“17.  Demands all parties allow, in accordance with relevant provisions of international law and United Nations guiding principles of humanitarian assistance, the full, safe and unhindered access of relief personnel, equipment and supplies, to all those in need and timely delivery of humanitarian assistance, in particular to internally displaced persons and refugees and stresses that any returns of IDPs or refugees must be undertaken on a voluntary and informed basis in conditions of dignity and safety;

“18.  Further demands that all parties immediately cease all forms of violence, human rights violations and abuses, violations of international humanitarian law, including gender-based violence, rape and other forms of sexual violence, and violations and abuses against children in violation of applicable international law, such as those involving their recruitment and use, killing and maiming, abduction and attacks against schools and hospitals, strongly urges the Government to the fully and immediately implement its action plan to end and prevent child recruitment signed on 12 March 2012 further strongly urges the opposition forces to fully and immediately implement their commitment to end grave violations against children signed on 10 May, and calls for specific and time-bound commitments to combat sexual violence in accordance with resolution 1960 (2010) and 2106 (2013);

“19.  Calls upon the Government of South Sudan to move forward expeditiously and transparently to complete the investigations of allegations of human rights violations and abuses consistent with international standards, to hold to account all those responsible for violations and abuses of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, and to ensure that all victims of sexual violence have equal protection under the law and equal access to justice, and to safeguard equal respect for the rights of women and girls in these processes;

“20.  Emphasizes the importance of the full and effective participation of women at all levels in the implementation of agreements and in the prevention and resolution of conflict and peacebuilding more broadly, calls upon all parties to take measures to ensure women’s full and effective representation and leadership in all conflict resolution and peacebuilding efforts, including through support to women’s civil society organizations and incorporating gender expertise in peace talks, and encourages troop and police contributing countries to take measures to increase the deployment of women in the military, police, and civilian components of the Mission, and reaffirms the importance of appropriate gender expertise and training in all missions mandated by the Security Council;

“21.  Condemns attacks on oil installations, petroleum companies and their employees and the continued fighting around these facilities, and urges all parties to ensure the security of economic infrastructure;

“22.  Requests that the Secretary-General report to the Security Council on the implementation of the UNMISS mandate every 60 days following the adoption of the resolution;

“23.  Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.”

By John Adoor Deng, Australia

Equatorian intellectuals debating federal system

Equatorian intellectuals debating federal system

The recent unexpected conflict in South Sudan has surprised many foreign nations and organizations especially those that have played crucial roles in both, nursing and creating the world newest country. The expectations of these nations were that South Sudanese given their experience in protracted wars were to be the last group on earth to take part in any conflict at a distance let alone the war within itself. They thought that South Sudanese people were only yelling for developments, education and the civilization of the entire nation. However, we proved them wrong that we were not a very people they had expected. Internally, South Sudanese were not at all surprised by this outrageous conflict. The signs and symptoms of such explosion were indeed a visible fact at the very eye of South Sudanese in the country and in the diaspora. Figuratively, Dr Majak Agoot (2014) referred to this as boiling container of milk (known in Dinka as Ajop cui) when it has pressure inside it, and if such container’s top is not taken off, there is likelihood of bursting and explosion. This was what had occurred!! Not body was able to open the container’s top unfortunately.

These signs and symptoms of than emerging conflicts were daily felt; from speeches among parliamentarians, incited cattle raiding such as in Warrap and Jonglei states, political incited ethnic and clans conflicts such as in Lakes State, Twic East County, land grabbing such as in Juba and in other major cities, disappearance or murder of journalists and outspoken civil society activists such as late Isaiah Abraham and Deng Athuai who narrowly scape death, employment of civil servants based on their tribal alignment such as in many ministries in central government and states, and of course, the obnoxious uninterrupted corruption, etc. Interestingly, these unexpected levels of hatred that grew thick just within two years after independent precipitated what many analysts referred to as an ethnic war waged and spearhead by politicians and army generals. South Sudanese from all political spectrum and communities appeared to have not fully understood the facts behind having an independent state and what it entails. Many people (outsiders) are asking whether South Sudanese were emotionally, tribally and politically ready for an independence country or they each thought that South Sudan was to be their tribe owned state. Of course, each South Sudanese has the answers to these perhaps.

Optimistically, although we have lost thousands of our own brothers and sisters, uncles, mothers, grandfathers, etc, in this baseless and needless conflict, we can still in effect forgive each other’s prodigality and embrace oneness in the spirit of heavenly reconciliation. However, the process of reconciliation cannot be reach without a well calculated framework; otherwise we can end having what could be referred to as Archbishop Deng-MaJak Agoot and George Athor, Peace Initiative. For those who have might not have come across this phrase. Dr Majak and Archbishop Deng once offered in good faith with the blessing of President Kiir to reconcile Athor with the government, they reached out to late General Athor to convince him to rejoin the government. Surprisingly, while they were at the edge of finishing negotiation, these peacemakers plus late George were targeted for an Assassination by men of evil, and Athor has to rush them (Archbishop Deng and Dr Majak’s delegation) to their plane before bullets were to be rains on them. And indeed attack was launch in General Athor’ hide out while the plane was taking of air.

In order not fall into the above scenario, the recent conflict must be solved amicably and truthfully within its right context. This brings me to my subject title which states that Rush to Federation Can Not Help South Sudan Grown Chronic Situation. In the media circles, especially from individuals and think tanks, suggestions are made on possible ways that the conflict in South Sudan could be best solved. For example, Equatorians are calling for Federalism (Clement Wani, 2014), also in recent media release of the SPLM-O led by Dr Machar, Presidential Federal system is echoed (March 14,204). Thus, in this paper and in the following paragraphs I will briefly unpack how this notion of the so-called Federalism cannot help, molds this conflict. Hence, in this context, it is important to understand what a federal system is and how it is in most cases install and applied.

Federalism is defined as a political concept in which a group of members is bound together by covenant (known in Latin as foedus, covenant) with a governing representative head. The term “federalism” is also used to describe a system of government in which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central governing authority and constituent political units (such as states or provinces). Federalism is a system based upon democratic rules and institutions in which the power to govern is shared between national and provincial/state governments, creating what is often called a federation. Generally speaking, Federalism may encompass as few as two or three internal divisions, as is the case in Belgium or Bosnia and Herzegovina. In general, two extremes of federalism can be distinguished: at one extreme, a strong federal state is almost completely unitary, with few powers reserved for local governments; while, at the other extreme, the national government may be a federal state in the name only, being a confederation in actuality.

From this definition, one is convinced that South Sudan is not yet ready for federation and I have the following reasons to speculate. Firstly, South Sudanese does not have a collective bound of their own. They instead adhere to their tribal bounding. So there is the covenant within the tribal grouping then it would have on national identity. Thus if federation is enforced, there is likely going to be a country with people that have no commonality at the national level.

Secondly, South Sudan at present is not democratically instituted; all we have are a bunch of cut and paste rhetoric statements of democracy. For example, in the last elections, there were rumors of rigging and subsequent rebellions as a result. The formulation of the transitional constitution was basically exclusive of the civil population; it thus became the document of the few elites, serving their entire political interests. In this situation, you cannot install federalism on thorny ground.

Thirdly, South Sudan has grown in recent few years, knowing that excessive use of power by the executive (especially President, governors, commissioners), experimented on daily cruel decrees of un- evaluative changes, dismissal of civil servants and subordinate executives with no publicly specified reasons. If this culture of baseless misuse of power is not first abolished nationally, then the federation will spread such obnoxious culture to all units of governments respectively. In Canada, Australia, USA and European, it is to be argued that as the years went on and these countries became bigger nations with absolute democratic rules, the citizens of these countries through their representative requested a better way to govern them that was when federalism was chosen and install after thorough public consultations.

South Sudan in my view is not yet ready for Federalism and so frankly imported system of federation cannot help South Sudan from its grown chronic situation. Alternatively, I believe that the recent conflict that have engulfed our entire can and is solvable if the following are observed and implemented.

1-    Immediate unreserved adherence to recently agreed Cessation of Hostilities (COH). This could be well achieved through the installation of aggressive monitoring Mechanism

2-    Full acknowledgement of responsibilities attached to the massacres on both sides of the conflicts. This includes surrendering evils perpetrators to relevant authorities for persecution. Although, the dead will not be resurrected, this gesture shall demonstrate a degree of honesty and accountability.

3-    Formation of a Technocrats Interim Government (TIG) charged to expedite: reconciliation and national healing, permanent people’s constitution, institutes good governance by restructuring institutions especially the national security and the entire organized forces. I agreed with Biar Ajak Deng Biar, that both Kiir and Machar plus their fanatics’ stooges must not take part in the interim government. However, they shall still be regarded as heroes who brought us freedom but failed their tasks on finishing- line.

4-    Cooperate fully with world bodies requesting war crimes candidates and de-hostile neighboring countries who have for some reasons meddled themselves in the conflict of the South Sudanese people.

5-    Reduce the current extravagant and huge level governments in the Country, some departments in central government as well as counties and state programs must be amalgamated to give rise to development and effective provision of Social services.

6-    Establishment of multicultural Ministry or department to cater for various cultures activities as a way to foster unity in diversity and parade yearly cultural days in the nation.

7-    Install anti-corruption commission as directorate within the ministry of Justice so that it has the tools and mandate to persecute vices in the country. 

Finally, I believe that we are more than capable to resuscitate from the recent death and take our gloried place as a nation within the world of nations. We cannot afford to be a laughing stock in Africa and around the world. By all indicators, rush to Federation cannot help South Sudan from it grown chronic situation.

The Author is John Adoor Deng, Director of South Sudan Support Foundation (SSSF). He is reachable at 


From rags to riches: the amazing transition of the South Sudanese Minister

From rags to riches: the amazing transition of the South Sudanese Minister

By Tearz Ayuen, Nairobi

I think South Sudan’s semi-politicians and their unreasoning supporters are sick in a peculiar way. They’ve ceased to think. Their skulls are devoid of that white stuff. Something must have eaten up their brains. Or perhaps they still think but not with their heads any more. They think with ‘kelil’.

Who are those ‘patriots’ angrily reacting to Ugandan President Museveni’s utterance that he would reportedly ‘hang himself’ if his country’s security situation reached South Sudan’s level?

It’s a plain undeniable truth. Actually, if South Sudan had true leaders, those with people-driven interests, some of them would have handed themselves to the International Criminal Court or committed suicide. This is because, one; they caused the mess the country is in right now. And two, they can contain it but they’ve chosen not to.

Why are they taking Mr Kaguta’s statement for an insult? Or have they already forgotten what they just did, what they’re doing to South Sudan and her citizens?

First, the government officials, SPLM fat cats to be precise, concentrated on ‘stomach-filling’ sport. They looted public funds for 8 years. 8 goddame 8 years. They stole all the petrodollars. They fattened their wives and concubines with it, and stashed millions in foreign banks.

No roads. No health facilities. No electricity. No running water. No nothing. Schools are 19thcenturial. Those are the results of their selfishness, their insatiable want for more money, people’s money.

And when they had had enough, when their bellies were about to burst open, they changed the game. They shifted to It’s-my-turn-to-be-the-president game, the new scramble. Any man who is greedy with anything is greedy with everything. Like starved hyenas, they fought over SPLM party.

Civilians then bore the brunt of the violent disagreement. The infrastructure that was put in place by the patriotic few is gone – set ablaze, shelled. Over 10,000 people are dead. A million have been displaced. And out of hundreds of thousands who have sought refuge in the neighboring countries, about 70,000 are in Uganda, President Museveni’s country.

And these pseudo-diplomats are shamelessly trying to attack Museveni for stating facts, for saying the truth? They’re trying to talk bad of the man who stopped the White Army from over-running Juba, the man who sacrificed his own soldiers for a leadership of an ‘un-leaderily’ bunch of political fraudsters. Had he not come for their rescue, some politicians’ heads would have now reached Egypt via the Nile.

The statement is not an insult. It’s not a verbal attack on the sovereignty of the Republic of South Sudan. But it’s a challenge. It simply says: If you don’t like the statement, if don’t want South Sudan to be cited for the wrong reasons, stop butchering your citizens, stop the violence, stop fighting over SPLM leadership, stop stealing from public coffers, stop running to Dubai to seek malarial treatment. Put down all the guns and start building the new nation.

Farting loudly and threatening to shoot dead laughers is not acceptable. By the way, it invites more laughter. If you don’t want to be laughed at, take full control of your political bowels. Period.

Tearz © 2014