Archive for June 6, 2014

By PaanLuel Wel, Juba.



The rebels are calling for a federal system in South Sudan; Equatorian intellectuals have renewed their advocacy for federalism. Governor Wani kong’a of Central Equatoria State  is forming a delegation to represent their views in the Addis Talks.

Bahr el Ghazal Youth have released a press statement denouncing the call for federalism, but instead back decentralization.

President Kiir has concluded that the decision whether or not to adopt a federal system in South Sudan belongs to the people, not leaders alone. Apparently, he is calling for a referendum on the issue.

Given this uptick on the call for “Federalism” in South Sudan, some people might be wondering/interested to know what Dr. John Garang take would be, if any, on the current debate, long preferred by Equatorians and now being half-heartedly championed by the rebels under Dr. Riek Machar.

Fortunately, Garang had touched on it, and he appeared to have suggested decentralization as the solution to the fundamental problem of governance in South Sudan, what he called a new Sudanese political dispensation characterize by full inclusiveness of all and marginalization of none.” (Garang, 2005).

First, however, Garang, too, was very explicit, if not prophetic, about the future problem of the republic of South Sudan if it would not be governed well. By referencing the problem of the historical Sudan, Garang foretold the fundamental problem of South Sudan in the following startling words:

By now, it should be clear to all that what is important—the challenge and the solution to the Sudanese’ fundamental problem—is not this category of people such as the Arabs, the Africans, the Christians and the Muslims. No, it is not. The solution to the Sudanese’ fundamental problem is to create a stable Sudanese state with a self-sustaining economy and a stable all-inclusive governance or government, in which all different ethnic groups, different tribes, various religious groups, agree upon that form of governance and are equal stakeholders with equal opportunities in the political, economic and social fields—a state in which they are able to coexist with harmony and developmentThis challenge is equally true of the whole of the Sudan as it is of Southern Sudan, because we are going to form a government of Southern Sudan. It must be inclusive—an all-inclusive government—of all ethnic groups, of all tribes, of all religious faiths, so that they are equal stakeholders with equal opportunities in the political, economic and social fields—a state in which all Southern Sudanese are able to coexist with communal harmony, economic development and social prosperity.Otherwise, you will also have a problem of Southern Sudan: you will now really have the problem of Southern Sudan, not before. (Garang, 2004)

And here is the relevant part on what Garang had to say/contribute to the current debate on Federalism:

As a Movement that has been fighting against the marginalization of others, we shall not tolerate the exclusion of anybody from this process…surely, by democratic, we do not mean return to the sham procedural democracy of the past, which was but a camouflage for the perpetuation of vested interests. In that sham democracy, civil rights were subject to the whims of rulers; the majority of Sudanese in the regions remained peripheral to the center of power and was treated as an expendable quantum only to be manipulated through political trickery and double-dealingdemocracy, whether in the North or South, should no longer be viewed as solely a struggle for power but rather as a competition on providing good governance, development and delivery of social services for our people and restoring the dignity and worth of every man and womanthe SPLM views the agreement as a prelude to the beginning of the process of democratic transformation, a paradigm shift in socio-economic development of the country, and observance of human rights and freedoms…as regards the GOSS, it is our intention to devolve power to the maximum so that decisions shall be taken at the lowest possible level of governance. We have not wrested power from a hegemonizing national centre to allocate it to another centre that is based on the political elites of the South. Power shall be exercised by the states and indeed by local governments within the states. Armed with the necessary powers and equipped with the needed resources, this style of governance shall ensure a more efficient delivery system of development and services. The principle of decentralization of power is a time-honored principle since it responds to local social and economic situations, not least amongst which is the neutralization of the centrifugal forces to which I have just alluded and which are generally the consequence of failure by Central Authority to address local problems and concerns. Such local problems and concerns cannot be effectively addressed from the Centre since such Authorities are far away from the people; they can only be effectively addressed by empowered local authorities that have both the necessary power of decision-making and the necessary resources to implement such decisions. In the words of Alexander Hamilton: ‘There are certain social principles in human nature from which we may draw the most solid conclusions with respect to the conduct of individuals and communities. We love our families more than our neighbours; we love our neighbours more than our countrymen in general.’ ‘The human affections’, Hamilton says, ‘like the solar heat, lose their intensity as they depart from the centre and become languid in proportion to the expansion of the circle on which they act.’ This is the vision that has guided one of the foremost proponents of government decentralization. As you can see the principle of decentralization is common sense, but unfortunately common sense is not common. (Garang, 2004/2005)

So, the pertinent question is: was Garang for federalism or just decentralization? What is the difference between decentralization–taking towns to the villages–and federalism? Some people are arguing that South Sudan is already a federal state and what the advocates of federalism are calling for is nothing less than a Confederacy–a union of two or more fully independent nations.

So, what is the what, to quote Valentino Achaak Deng’s book? Is it all about neo-Kokora-ism as Dinkas tend to perceive it or are they simply overreacting to a genuine call for good governance and democracy in South Sudan?

Is Riek Machar, by advocating for a federal system, just being opportunistic? Is he trying to claim the title of the father of federalism in South Sudan just as he had done with the call for self-determination?

Is this all about politicians at their best or a real debate on a substantive topic as a way forward to the current turmoil in our country?

I will try to provide a deeper analysis of this subject at a later date if federalism would indeed be picked up by the IGAD mediators in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Otherwise, my preferred system of governance is Tribocracy, not just for South Sudan but the Sub-Saharan Africa.

Why are you so Critical of SBS Dinka Radio?

Posted: June 6, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, Featured Articles

By David Ajak Deng Chiengkou
Executive Producer-SBS Dinka Radio Program

Ajak Deng Chiengkou, the SBS Dinka Radio producer and presenter with James Hoth Maai.

Ajak Deng Chiengkou, the SBS Dinka Radio producer and presenter with James Hoth Maai.

Get us right 06/06/2014

Wow; i was not on Facebook for the last few hours but i just realised that Mr Ajak with the SBS Dinka Radio has became the topic of the day from very specific audiences. Guys i am off work but i just wanted to let you know that you have legitimate points but the problem with you is that you fail to see the limit of our work or able to understand our role as media organisation but not community forum

Since some of you became aware of the existence of the program recently; i think you still need enough time to understand our role and how we do our program segementation and from there you will see SBS Dinka like any other media agencies outside there. We are not a channel for 10 critics but only competent media organisation able to bring impartial coverage of news like no any other. I have children in Australia and i personally face challenges that i can reflect to our audiences leave alone being reminded of what i know best but i will have to approach them as journalist not as an advocate.

I need to let people know that i came from the background where i understand every problem that is affecting our communities across Australia. We will not shift our role as a media organisation to a community education centre or interpreting organisation but we will stick with the provision of information which is appreciated by thousands already here at home(Australia) and overseas in Canada, UK, Denmark, United States, South Sudan and even Indonesia where we have Dinka speakers listening.

We do have an absolute independence to gather information wherever across Australia or around the globe without forgetting our codes and guidlines. We do that in order to give our audiences a space to understand the context of the story that we are covering or the background of that particular story.

Our coverage on South Sudan; came as a wake up call because we could see our program as the only available symbol of hope to provide very balanced information without alteration and we managed that since December of 2013. In this case; many of the South Sudanese-Australian have been affected by the current crisis and SBS took a lead in providing information from the stakeholders in that particular crisis. These includes forums, interviews that were done here at home in various states, territories and even in western countries like United States and Canada were the huge number of our overseas audiences are listening.

Since South Sudanese crisis or the level of debate was so sensitive; SBS Dinka Radio avoided referencing unrealisable sources but opted for the interviews with the right people at the right time in order to give our audiences an realistic information. it will be ridicules for any person to think that we will have the solution for everything happening outside there. But our team is aware of the level of criticism that each of us will face since impartial coverage or balancing different views is alone an invitation of the problems but we chose to face the devil from the front.

According to the feedback that we have received and still receiving from our audiences; it indicate that we are doing alright and progressing well from the points of their concerns. We acknowledged their recommendations and we have promised to climb the ladder of improvement in areas that fall under our role especially on topics. In other hands; we are aware that the level of expectations are too high to be handle by one Radio.

My advice to you is that you need understand that I am also a member of the community and you shouldn’t expect me to be intimidated by the information fabricated by those seeking fame on social media. I have the responsibility to follow my job descriptions as well as maintaining the organisational integrity and codes of conducts but not as presented by the crictics.

Just in less than a year on air; SBS Dinka Radio managed to reach the right number of audiences across the States and territories of Australia because we have been able to cover issues from education, healthy, budget, traffic, domestic violence, loans, children on street, settlement, alcoholism, police and event dowries and these topics are the most daring for our community. Our coverage of news or current affairs is alway impartial to reflect the values of the SBS as the world largest multicultural media organisation with a great reputation in media community. The culture of impartial coverage have been practiced for over 30 years and we are not going to be the first program to abandon it.

We cover stories on both sides be it pro or against because both have their own story about the particular incident. I know many have asked me to blame Australia Government or be rival of other media agencies but that is not what we stand for. Others have asked me if i can add them to the telephone line to ask questions at the time i am doing interviews with my guest but i wonder where is that done?

Meanwhile; South Sudanese community across Australia do have over 100 registered not for profit organisations whose roles will be defined by the owners but their work shouldn’t be confused with what we do. some of the young men whose their voices are very loud here now, should also take into their account the feedback coming from the majority of our listeners across the country but their own self interest may be playing a big role in their loud voices.

I am aware of two of them who requested to be interviewed but after realising their request was not going to succeed; they took up the best weapon to write notes on Facebook and refused to email in their concerns despite our email being available publicly or our telephone number.

I know our community very well to the core and i can see our coverage is going to the right direction. We are not broadcasting to 10 unsatisfied Dinka speakers but thousands of Dinka speakers across Australia but we wouldn’t please everyone. Our audiences are happy with us and we will continue to provide them with the right information and topics here at home(Australia) and internationally. It is a practice vested in our codes of conducts and we will not abandon it because of what few individuals want but of course we are still open to their clear understanding of our roles.

Furthermore; I’m well aware that many South Sudanese organisations have collapsed because of the confusion of who is doing what and what is needed to be done. This culture of mixing organisational responsibilities created a deadlock within the community because roles are confused and people fail to realise the independence of media organisations. This program is different from these organisations; because we are not a Dinka tribe owned Radio but a language program provided by the Special Broadcasting Services(SBS) and broadcasting in Dinka language to Dinka speakers and i need to be very clear about that.

Note to our young audiences: I have a clear guidelines to follow and such guidelines are monitored and managed by our great team for the last over 30 years before Dinka program was on air. But many of you choose to make up information because of the reasons that they can best tell; I will not allow you to tarnish the reputation as you choose to but to correct you there. This program is not about Ajak Deng Chiengkou.

SBS as an organisation respected for its coverage and valuing parties views. We uphold that and we will protect without the fear or whatsoever. As long as i am here; i will continue to play my role with my colleague without fear of challenge but we will get there. I am aware that SBS Dinka Radio is the only source of the authentic news during South Sudanese crisis and i wouldn’t take that as a vice but a great credit for the organisation and those behind it. Ajak will one day go but SBS Dinka Radio or the whole organisation will still operate but 2013-2014 will coverage of South Sudanese crisis will be reference in the history by the Dinka speakers across the globe.

Week cïï piɛ̈l ke yök wɛ̈tkɛ nëŋö; we cë randɛ̈ ye piɔu anuet yök.

David Ajak Deng Chiengkou
Executive Producer-SBS Dinka Radio Program

Riek Machar, not Benydit Kiir, is the Problem in South Sudan

Posted: June 6, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary

By Mayen Mangok Mayen, Juba

President Salva Kiir Mayaardit and his former Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny

President Salva Kiir Mayaardit and his former Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny

Dear South Sudanese, Bεnydit Kiir is not a problem but his surrounding is the problem

It has come to my concern that Mr. President is not our country’s problems but his ministers, undersecretaries, directors, up to their clerks who failed to executed their assigned duties are the problems.

To begin with, since 2005 when Bεnydit Kiir formed his government H.E. former vice president Riek Machar was appointed VP. with roles of overseeing government activities that included daily running of government business, overseeing which ministry is not performing well, overseeing government projects with international bodies but he failed to execute his roles.
what he did was campaigning illegally against his boss then concentrating on government projects, creating weakness against his boss by failing to execute all government projects and he then started campaigning against his boss by accusing him of tribalism, corruptions, nepotism, dictatorship and so much more.
my question is, what is corruption? In this case, the term “corruption” means the abuse of a public office for personal gain or other illegal or immoral benefit. Political corruption is a recognized criminal offense, along with bribery, extortion, and embezzlement. Some forms may escape legal notice, such as the hiring of relatives for key positions, but they may not escape the scrutiny of voters on election day.
with that definition is H.E. former VP far way from word corruptions when he was Vice President. let not put blamed on one shoulder…all must carry the same cross.
Tribalism is the state of being organized in, or advocating for, a tribe or tribes. In terms of conformity, tribalism may also refer in popular cultural terms to a way of thinking or behaving in which people are more loyal to their tribe than to their friends, their country, or any other social group

Dr. Riek during tribal clashes between ‘Murles’ and Nuer when white army invaded Murles’ land, he personally visited them, communicated to them until they went back to Nuerland, against during December crisis the same white army joint him and devastated Bor land killing old, blinds, and women in the church and many others bad things. so my question is, why is Dr. Riek rebellion made off one tribe? to me our former VP is a leader of tribe.

To rest my point, not only our former VP who failed our President and our country even they 12 detainees or politicians who denounce they current government claiming that this government have lost her legitimacy are also failure.
starting from our former secretary general for the party, he was assigned with all party’s work so if SPLM failed as party then he partly carried a blames not mentioning former ministers who also failed to execute their ministerial duties and they keeping blaming President…

Our president’s problem is that he take long time to action, he is so good to wrong guys who had bad heart about our country and our diversity.

How can one hand do the whole work alone? it was joint effort for us to developed our country but everything was push to president.

“our diversity is our strength..if we divides shall fall”

Whose head is this?

Posted: June 6, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Malith Alier

By Malith Alier

whose head?

whose head?

This is a folkloric song among the Bor Dinka, sang from time immemorial. The song is applicable even today and one can apply it in the current setting in the country. Here it goes,

Whose head is this?
It is the head of the greedy
The greedy you already gone
And our grains are ripe

Whose head is this?
It is the head of a killer
The killer you already gone
And peace is here after you

Whose head is this?
It is the head of a cattle rustler
Cattle rustler you already dead
And leave your children behind

Whose head is this?
It is the head of a child abductor
Child abductor you already perished
And leave your God given children

Whose head is this?
It is the head of a white army
White army you already defeated
And IGAD has brought peace to South Sudan
Whose head is this…………………