Archive for June 12, 2014

By Uncle Sam


I have been observing for a while, that many people including the rebels themselves plus other lost-sheep in the wilderness do confused the call for federal system with the motive of the rebellion.

The following were the songs sung by the rebel during their early stage of their rebellion:-

•The rebel did refer the government as the Dinka dominated government, so they were calling upon the other tribes to joined hands to fight Dinka in South Sudan.
•They did also describe the government full with rampant corruption, Bad foreign relations with poor diplomatic image and gross violation of human rights.
•They referred rebellion as for ethnic fighting as it was prophesized by Ngun Deng that Dr. Riak would topple the government and definitely would be the president as prophesized.
•The government of Salva turned against its own people in Juba, so the Nuers were running away for their live being killed.
•The rebel need upper Nile Independent as a country by its own (Prof Dechan refer it as Nuer Nation) because of its black-gold (oil) taps by the current govt.

After the rebel have seen some people from other tribes joining them, they are trying to switched their motive of rebellion to Federalism as their main slogan to why they rebelled, to me majority of those who supported the call for federalism do not support the rebellion what so ever because, the kind of governance or authority was the main problem in the country, it was not about system to be use in the country because federalism is system, assumed federalism is given to Kiir’s and his supporters today in the national government, we will still be yawning tomorrow.

Secondly, Ngun Deng misled Nuer that, someone with whose teeth has a gap would grasp the power and he would lead the country into total freedom, this was the main motive of the rebellion to Ngun Deng’s believers.

The supporters of federalism think that, the federal system will be discussed and agreed in Addis Ababa accord, this is a matured lie because, the country would needs to go for referendum in order to midwife the kind of system to be used country wide however, the chance of discussing this and agreed in Addis are nearly one to zero because federalism should be distinguished clearly with rebellion; some thought that, if they support federal system they automatically joined the so called mass rebellion which is not.

The precious time to talk about federalism or centralized system is yet to come because the kind of the system to be use in the country could be amongst the mandates of the upcoming interim government and who knows, this idea may be supported by many including the people in the current government leave alone the people in the oppositions and their likes within.

Lastly; federalism is a good idea but at a wrong time or simply it’s an idea whose time is yet to come. For someone to ask for federalism at this stage is like asking for the impossible to happen at a sightless hours or days. Let’s settle the disputes amongst ourselves in order to choose what kind of system that will suit our republic – South Sudan through a peaceful ballot.


Uncle Sam

Dr. Lam Akol on Federalism

Posted: June 12, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, Featured Articles

By Lam Akol, Addis Ababa

The pastor is either misled or, I quiver to say, is distorting the facts about what is going on in the peace talks here in Addis Ababa. The two delegations never discussed federation or any substantive matter, other than the cessation of hostilities. They were battling with how to produce an agenda all this time.

In fact since an agreement on the Ceasation of Hostilities (CoH) was signed on the 23rd of January, no agenda for the talks has been agreed by the two delegations up to the time of writing. One and a Declaration of Principles were agreed on the 31st of March and were to be signed on the 1st of April when in the last minute Dr Riek instructed his delegation not to (This piece of information, Riek’s instructions, was provided officially by the mediators).

Thereafter, the two delegations went on recess for consultation. It was during that time that the Nasir meeting by the SPLM/A-IO took place and came out with the current hullabaloo about ‘federation’ and the like. I will come back to this point.

The government delegation comprised of a number of political parties with a clear agenda that the talks shall be in two stages: the first would aim at attaining a permanent ceasefire which, logically, should be between the two warring parties.

The second, would be an all-inclusive national dialogue conference in which all stakeholders shall take part each on its own right. It will be in this conference that each and every political party shall table its position on not only the system of governance (federalism, etc.) but all the challenges facing the country.

It was on the basis of this understanding that SPLM-DC and USAP represented the political parties in the delegation of the Republic of South Sudan (call it the government’s delegation if you like). The participation had nothing to do with supporting or otherwise the idea of federation, because that simply did not arise.

With the 9th of May agreement that combined the two stages together, SPLM-DC and the other registered political parties (a total of 18) were represented on their own and came to Addis Ababa for the symposium. Now, they have selected seven as demanded by IGAD to go to the next round of talks. SPLM-DC is leading the seven. This separate representation is totally in line with our agenda as above.

To come back to the Nasir meeting of SPLM/A-IO, one must highlight a point rarely talked about. The Nasir documents including their suggested amendments to the draft Agenda and DoP (the two documents that were to be signed in April) all were for a bilateral deal between them and the government to share power in Juba.

They did not envisage a role for the political parties and the civil society. In other words, the were for a CPA-2 or Naivasha-2! This talks volumes about the democratic claims of the group.

Nobody will be fooled by the loud noise; the documents are available to all. One must add that Riek recently came out with a ridiculous demand that he must send his own political parties to the talks equal in number to those coming from Juba!! I am not making this up: it was revealed to us by the Special Envoy Lazaro Sumbeiywo who was chairing the symposium.

The stand of SPLM/A-IO on federalism is not original but an attempt to rise on the tide of a popular demand. Yet, the way it is being presented is so clumsy that it may boomerang against such a noble idea if left to these new converts alone. Empty jargons have never helped a genuine cause!

A good advice was given by James L. Simon that ‘the taste of the pudding is in the eating’. If you do not trust SPLM-DC, just ask the IRI to share with you a copy of the draft federal constitution we gave them in 2013, as came in the public statement.

My sincere advice to the pastor and those who support SPLM/A-IO is that if they are genuine in working to bring about federalism in South Sudan, they should better concentrate their energies on developing what kind of federation they are offering and try to build a consensus on it rather than busying themselves questioning the commitment of those who say they support the idea.


Draft Alternative Constitution of the RoSS from SPLM-DC


Explanatory Note to the draft alternative constitution of RSS


The Case for the Parliamentary System-HP

On Federalism: Bravo Equatorians for your Bold Decision!!

Posted: June 12, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary

 “Those who opposed to the idea of Federalism will and cannot not be allowed to deny Equatorians their call for Federalism” Clement Wani Konga, Governor, CES. 


               By Bol Khan Rom          

The people of Greater Equatoria Region deserve thousands congratulations for having openly in a broad daylight declared their embracement for a Federal system of governance. Many people took Equatorians for granted that they are just the kind of human beings in South Sudan who would never ever sayNO for any tabled idea even the one which isn’t in their interest.

Particularly, in a sensitive or threaten atmosphere like this. Unpredictably here they are, openly saying NO at the watch of the destroying machine. Ironically, it is not a lightly burden as I said, nowadays in Juba for one to express his/her dire need bravely in front of sitting individuals. Squarely, the three states’ Governors of Greater Equatoria region together with their governments’ officials and all grassroots have anonymously declared to go for federalism.

By summing this up, Greater Upper Nile region is for federalism. Approximately, 50% of Greater Bhar el Gahazal region has also decided to go for federalism. Then South Sudan is here for Federal system of governance. There should not be question about that. Clearly, a need for federalism is not necessarily an expulsion of other citizens from Equatoria or ways for certain region to control own resources. It is for the reason that federal system of governance had been a grave demand by all South Sudanese for years of struggle.

So, Equatorians cannot be categorized as rebels just because they demand Federalism. It is not even the first time for Equatorians to favored or call for Federalism. Vividly, after Independence Equatorians held regional conferences in late 2011, 2012 & 2013 consecutively and called for federalism. Alas, their call had always been turned down by the government of South Sudan. Because, some people within the bureaucracy call it a new-kokora (division) or regionalism. However, during the closure of the last Equatoria conference in 2013 it was accepted by the government for the first time.

Dr. Riek Machar, the then Vice President accepted the call but implementation was not made. Afterward, the bureaucracy had to oppose itself on how South Sudan can be governance peacefully. And it has embroiled itself alone into present abyss, promptly led to peace negotiations in Addis Ababa. This is also a golden and last chance for other South Sudanese and Equatorians to forward their demands that had been turned down by the self embattled bureaucracy. Greater Equatoria, Greater Upper Nile and fifty percent of Greater Bhar El Ghazal region are for federal system. This was an accessed fact.

More so, Federalism isn’t a means of dividing the people of South Sudan as it has been misinterpreting. Rather, a means of dividing the powers, functions of government between a central government and a specified number of geographically defined regional jurisdictions. A federal system falls somewhere between the unitary and confederate forms in the method whereby it divides powers among levels of government.

It has a minimum of two governmental levels, each of which derives its powers directly from the people (not from person or clique) and each of which can act directly on the people within its jurisdiction without permission from any other authority. Each level of Government is supreme in the powers assigned to it, and each is protected by a constitution from being destroyed by the other. Thus federalism is a means of dividing the powers and functions of government between a central government and a specified number of geographical defined regional (state) jurisdictions.

So it is not a call that divides the South Sudan according to tribes or regions. Instead it is a way of drawing a clear separation of powers or protecting constitutions of different levels of government from being destroyed by other. Even in one region, Greater Bhar el Ghazal, for instance; the powers ofNBGState will be divided with that of WBG state. Each of these states government is supreme in the powers assigned to it. Mr. X or Y cannot interfere within the jurisdiction of one of these two states for the simple reason that they share Greater Bhar el Gazal Region.

No!  Again, if the people of NBG state have elected Gen. Paul Malong as their governor in elections, Paul Malong must not be removed by Dr. Dhieu Mathok the President of central Government, for example, who would be seated in Ramciel, the National Capital. There will be no interference from other level of government at all. This is how federal system works/separates powers.

And that is why it is being demanded by majority of South Sudanese. Hence, it should not be twisted as Kokora—division or something else. It is the same federal system South Sudanese have been searching for, since 1950s.

Therefore, to the best of my knowledge Equatorians are not demanding it because they want to target or eliminate particular region/tribe based on proposed interim constitution. Nor it is a mechanism to join rebellion. Australians are not Americans but both nations use or share an ideology of federalism. Likewise, rebels shouldn’t be seen as Equatorians and Equatorians shouldn’t be considered as rebels—Greater Upper Nilians for reason that they both demand Federalism.

After all, Equatorians are human beings in a democratic country, so they cannot swallow their dire need simply because somebody is opposed it/somebody is demanding it somewhere. IGAD led peace process in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, must be utilize by all stakeholders ofSouth Sudan to settle and achieve what our bureaucracy failed to implement, right after independence in 2011. That is, an equitable sharing of national resources; federal system of governance and genuine devolution of powers.

“How many of South Sudanese need federal system of governance to be installed in up coming permanent constitution?” This question was accessed by IGAD—mediators and the result was a populace need to install federal system of governance in South Sudan. All Greater Equatoria and Greater Upper Nile are the leading regions in favor of federalism. Additionally, Greater Bhar El Gahzal favors the idea with about 50%. Moreover, with this statistic in mind, South Sudanese people by majority have declared support for federalism.

Paved by Equatorians, for if Equatorians had decided to side with the opposite party, ideologically; federalism would have failed legally/democratically. Because, Greater Upper Nile alone plus 50% of Greater Bhar el Gahazal could only give us less than 50+1 of the (majority) whole country population needed.


The author is on

South Sudan Symposium


Presentations from last week’s stakeholder symposium in Addis Ababa on the South Sudanese conflict


1. South Sudan Symposium – Modalities for Inclusion (1)


2. South Sudan Symposium – Interim Arrangements


3. South Sudan Symposium – Transitional Justice and Reconciliation


4. South Sudan Symposium – Security Arrangements

5. South Sudan Symposium – Monitoring of Arms and Armies

6. South Sudan Symposium – SSR in Peacebuilding

7. South Sudan Symposium – Constitutional Reform and Development (1)

8. South Sudan Symposium – Towards Constitutional Reform – Fasil Nahum

Is the Call for Federalism a Trojan Horse for Kokora-ism?

Posted: June 12, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, David Aoloch

Is Federalism a real Federalism or a Codename for something else? (Part one)

Risk Machar

Risk Machar

By David Aoloch Bion

From December 15, 2013 to May 9, 2014, the South Sudanese had been busy drawing sand models and redrawing them. Had been planning killings and replanning killing of themselves. The Government could defeat the Rebels at town A. The Rebels could defeat the Government troops at town B.

The one objective of the Government is to defeat the Rebels once and for all. The one objective of Rebels is to overthrow the Government once and for all. The Government never defeats the Rebels. The Rebels never overthrow the Government. This is win –win situation.

Thus, the chapter of the military approach is now almost closed. However, the new chapter of peaceful, political strategy is adopted .In this strategy, one issue is now contentious. What is that issue? It is federalism. Federalism is talking point now at both side of the political spectrum – conservative and liberals, the Government and the Rebels.

In the argument, the proposers of the federal system of governance have been giving the strengths and blessings of federalism. On the other hand, the opposers of federalism have been giving the curses and weaknesses of federalism.

The leading question is “Have the proposers and opposers of federalism read the Interim Constitution of South Sudan? In chapter three it talks of “Decentralized System of Governance’’ and “Devolution of Powers’’. What is the different between Decentralized system of governance and federal system of governance? There is no different, it is just paraphrasing.

The proposers of the federalism are proposing nothing new. The opposers are opposing nothing new. South Sudan is federal state already. So the proposers and opposers of federalism don’t know what they are talking about. If they know what they are talking about. What is the meaning of the 10 states, 10 governors, 10 parliaments, and 10 constitutions in South Sudan? Federalism exists already. What is needed is an adjective of comparative and superlative, adding the words ‘’ more’’ and ‘’most’’ to existing decentralization or federalism.

Decentralization and federalism is like the story of two men who had meat and speaks different languages. One man said in his language, this meat will be’’ bul’’. The other man said no in his language, this meat will be ‘’nyop’’. The two men argued over should be ‘’bul’’ and should be ‘’nyop’’ until they ended up fighting. Later on, it was discovered they were meaning ’’ roast of meat ‘’ in different languages.

Or on contrary, the proposers and opposers of federalism know very well what they are talking arguing about. The proposers are using federalism as codename of breaking up the country into independent small countries. The opposers are opposing this call for separation.

All of them euphemistic in the language. Federalism, that people from Upper Nile and Equatoria are calling for is not a plain federalism but a codename for breaking up South Sudan into three independent countries. They want Upper Nile, Equatoria and Bahr el Ghazal be independent country.

South Sudan has a problem. People from Equatoria and Upper Nile have secretly identified the problem of South Sudan as ‘’ one ethnic group’’. That is dominating and monopolizing the economy and politic of country.

This ethnic group has been tried by military mean to rid off but it failed. What do you do with such people who are burden on you and you can’t get rid of them, you just separate from them. For example, when the Arabs in the Northern were burden to Blacks in Southern Sudan. Southerners separated from them.

Politicians uses euphemism, sugarcoat, codename when they know their ideas will be unpleasant to hear. These politicians in South Sudan are using federalism as euphemism to get rid of ‘’ one ethnic group ‘’ that has nothing but looting the wealth of nation. As Prof. Peter Aduok Nyaba said in New Nation June 7-27, 2014 ‘’ A lot of the wealth has gone to Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Warrap and Aweil. In Bentiu, there is nothing to show for it ‘’

This is the conspiracy. When federalism is achieved, the police, fire brigade, prisons, wildlife will be locals from the state. Therefore the politicians from Upper Nile and Equatoria will make secret deal without informing Bahr el Ghazal, where the problematic ethnic group is. They will set the date and they declare themselves independent countries, should the most hated ethnic group still holding power and looting resources in the country.

If this scenario happens, the national army will not defend the sovereignty of state, because   the police, prisons etc will lead operation and will be joined by defectors in army   as it happen last year 2013.

Therefore the National army will not put down the separatists both in Equatoria and Upper Nile, who will go to different direction at the same. They will not talk about it but they will surprise the world.

Sharing the Carcass: Composition of the Interim Government

Posted: June 12, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By Gordon Buay

Addis Ababa Nimir-II

Addis Ababa Nimir-II


Dear people of South Sudan,

I want to inform you that Riek Machar agreed to become the ASSISTANT PRESIDENT in the interim government that would be formed. IGAD countries agreed that President Kiir shall form an interim government that will include the followings:

1. SPLM-Alqaeda of Riek Machar will get 15% of power-sharing. Riek Machar will become the ASSISTANT PRESIDENT because Wani Igga will remain in his place as the VICE-PRESIDENT;

2. SPLM-detainees will get 2% of power-sharing;

3. SPLM-DC will get 10% of power-sharing;

4. SPLM-in-Government will get 53% of power-sharing;

5. Other parties will get 20% of power-sharing

Finest Witness: a short story

Posted: June 12, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in David Aoloch

By David Aoloch Bion

One day he went to the forest, he found a Fox trapped in the trap, he came running with loudest alarm “Elephant, Elephant … is trapped by the trap’’.
About 40 men went out with spears and they found no elephant but a Fox. They returned with the hilarious story.

On another day, he moved from the village to cattle camp. when the man called Mabior in the camp asked him about the health and condition of their kin and kith in the village, Agot told him “Your mother had stolen a goat and slaughtered it.”
Mabior came to village and found it was not true.

When Agot returned to the village he was asked about the cattle camp, he said the cattle had been raided and were taken away, many young were killed.
The villagers were shocked, a woman fainted, all people ran to the cattle camp. they found it a lie.

Agot became notorious for his hilarious and tragic lies in the villages all around.
Mabior became regularly opposed to anything Agot said. Mabior swore that if Agot said that an enemy is coming he would not run.

One day, Agot was collecting dry stalk in his farm. Mabior, who he deceived some years back, came running being chased by some people who caught him committing adultery with a woman.
“Agot, I don’t want to be killed, what shall I do” Mabior asked
“You hide in this stalk”
Mabior hid in the stalk. Agot covered him with more stalk.
When the men chasing him arrived, they asked
“Where is the man who came running?” one man among those men asked

‘’He is in this stalk?‘’ Agot showed

“No .‘’ one man said ‘’Agot is a great liar.’’ he added
‘’the man is not hiding in the stalk, let us go, he is delaying us” another man echoed.

All the men agreed because they had known him as a liar and they left and ran away and left the man hiding in stalk.
After the men had gone. Mabior came out from the stalk and asked,
“Why did you tell me those people?”
“I told them because, you were there” Agot answered
“What if they killed me?”
“Should they kill you, it would have been a testament to the community that I speak truth”
“Now, God save me, I am not killed and you remain the greatest liar to the whole world”
“Yes, of course, I will be a liar to the whole World, but you will bear witness about me and you will be my Ace witness.