Archive for July, 2014


Posted: July 31, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Amer Mayen, Poems.

By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Brisbane

Amer Mayen Dhieu

Amer Mayen Dhieu

Don’t know where it came about
Don’t know how it came to existence
But it has become my cage
Somewhere that I am separated from my wisdom
I have been robbed of my dreams
For there is darkness with strength
That forbids me from reaching my thoughts
Yet it sounds like me.

I feel like I don’t know what I am robbed of
For everything seem to be missing
My memories are distorted
Can’t remember all my interests
I am seized by unforeseen number of changes
Changes that have powers all over me.
Yet it sounds like me.

I love “black” colour for it suits me perfectly
Because I am black but that is not why I like it
Historically, in ancient societies
Black has always been a close cousin to sadness
Over million of people in the world, wear black to demonstrate sadness.
Yet that doesn’t sound like me.

I love black because I am all black
My dreams are black
My goals are black
My room is black
Even my little white Teddy Bear has gone black
Yet it sounds like me.

As I lie in my fatal little room
I position myself every evening
To stare at the dark corner
Recently built in my room
It is beautiful!
It is where my wisdom, my thoughts and my strength are buried
And it is where my eyes will forever gaze
For I have lost something significant in it
Yet it sounds like me.

My bones ache because my soul cries
My thoughts have scattered because consciousness has left me
My knowledge left me because my wisdom have gone
I am plain black young woman
That will return plainly
The empty she came
The empty she returns
Yet it sound like me.

#‎Dedicated‬ to people with Cardiovascular diseases

The 9th Commemoration of Martyr’s Day in South Sudan

Posted: July 31, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary

The 9th commemoration of Martyrs’ Day
By Bol Garang
The Martyrs

The Martyrs

The day 30th of July every year is the day we people of South Sudan commemorated the death of our founder, the father, the vice President of Sudan and the president of Republic of south Sudan Dr. John Garang with his Comrades who lost their lives for our lives.

They compatriots who fought for 21 years in the bush have not died in futile. Their sacrifices have given us the independent of our beloved country the Republic of South Sudan, which we’re all proud. The people of South Sudan need to have senses to identify themselves from struggled years and current periods of pounds.

Today’s the day we all South Sudanese notwithstanding of religion, identity, age and pagan have come to memorized our heroes or heroines who have sacrificed their lives to give as this freedom we enjoy. Although, the recently incident took more lives again we’re still proud to celebrate this wonderful day. It is cherished day in the history of Black people in Sudan and South Sudan.

Our brothers from the Darfur, Kordufan, Nuba Mountain, Blue Nile and Eastern of Port Sudan. They have contributed during our struggled eras of war. We can’t forget them because we got our independent; we need to stand strong enough with them to let them also get the freedom they want like what we have accomplished in our country today.

The day is very significant to people of South Sudan especially wounded people, Orphans, Widows and widowers because all the above mentioned were having a mission and vision, hopefully their mission is achieved. Although, children of the deceased or wounded, orphans, widows and widowers are anguish everyday people need t put hope because God will still give them his encouragement to raise them to accomplish their goal because that situation was caused by the war.

The day is very vital to people of South Sudan because of John Garang. Dr. John Garang de Mabior has used his mind to unite the SPLA/SPLM in the bush without payment and that was a critical time to manage the movement although situation was horrendous he managed until today. Moreover, SPLA was the only moment that I have seen unity and understanding in it that let to great achievements during liberation time.

However, I don’t know why Salva Kiir failed to unite the army while he has money to pay the army? We need to unite ourselves to develop our country.

By Bol Garang “Man far away from Corruption” and “Knowledge is Power”

The Ruling SPLM and Party Internal Democracy

Posted: July 31, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Featured Articles, Malith Alier

By Malith Alier, Juba

Demo-cracy or Demo-crazy?


The current war raging in the country is directly attributable to the SPLM internal struggles for leadership and democracy. The SPLM as a party has not come to terms with its new status as the ruling party in independent Republic of South Sudan. It continues to operate as in the years before CPA and independence. It unfortunately continues to wear past two faces, the bush and NCP faces. The NCP face was acquired through the interim period union.

It is not hard to highlight a few instances that make it extremely hard for the SPLM to adapt to the new environment. Naturally, some changes happened to the party of liberation but it has altered little on the ground. Its late and former leader and many others who were the stalwarts of the movement are no more. However, the bunch who remained continues to stand steadfast to the bush ideals, something that is dearly destabilising and costing the country today.

Democracy in the SPLM these days is like a verse from the bible. The devil can quote any biblical verse for his own ends. That is what is happening around the world, South Sudan under SPLM included. Democracy is a mobilisation catchphrase used to gain legitimacy and attraction of western aid to poor and least developed countries mostly in Africa. A poor country such as South Sudan has no choice but to feign democracy along with all imaginable conventions like human rights, child convention, gay rights and religious rights.

These are but on the paper. The ground for implementation is lacking. The SPLM, the lead party has sadly failed democracy internally as under its various organs which exist by name only. The SPLM National Convention (NC), Political Bureau (PB), the National Liberation Council (NLC), the Youth League and the Women League are all democracy deficient. Two organs, the Political Bureau (PB) and the Youth League (SPLM YL) are in the close scrutiny of this article.

The Political Bureau (PB) is the highest political organ of the party. It consists of 27 members representing regions of the country according to It’s chaired by the party Chairperson, and two deputies to the Chairperson. Its main function is to formulate policies, plans and programmes in according to the vision and mission of the SPLM. It also has the final say in party matters including selection of members for national election as was the case in 2010 elections. It was accused in this task of cherry picking members contrary to their popularity. This was the beginning of the SPLM woes.

Another problem that afflicted the PB is the recycling of members in the government ministries. The PB members served at senior level officials in the government. Having been in the government for a long time made many officials developed a sense of entitlement. They didn’t prepare themselves for a day outside the government. This fact was shown by their coalescence around a less unify character immediately after dissolution of government in July 2013. They pretended to have woken up from their deep slumber and accused the same government they were a part for so long.

Corruption, tribalism, economic collapse, foreign policy failure, dictatorship and party loss of vision and direction were some of their belated clarion calls. This late call prompted the government to brand them as disgruntled former officials who also imagined that if they are not in the government then it must be a bad government. “if I am not there, it must be a bad government” according to minister of Information and government spokesman.

Clearly and according to the outburst of the former senior officials, it is easy to see well if one is outside the government. This is perhaps the very reason why people outside the government complain incessantly. The command a better view of the government while outside. On the other hand, the ones in the government see less clearly because they are part of the coalition of self-serving bunch of privileged few.

The SPLM Youth League is simply a one man’s show since its inception. The current chairman has all characteristics of a strongman that democracy doesn’t need. The manner he assumed the Youth League office is obscured at best. The information available is that, he was handpicked by the SPLM Chairman in Nairobi in the 90s to serve for a definite period of time. He is apparently now a chairman of the Youth League for life. It is bad for democracy and the future of this country. The Youth League is the last nail on the coffin of democracy.

It is always said that the future of the country is the youth. The youth of this country does not fit this proclamation based on the trend it exhibits. The youth is militarised, undemocratic and above lazy. The youth in form of white army kills, maims and loot civilian properties of neighbours. The Murle youth is engaged in child abduction and cattle raids of neighbours. The Lakes State’s youth is involved in revenge killings and intra cattle raids.

This is happening under the watch of the SPLM YL which lost vision, mission and direction long time ago prior to CPA. It has lost vision, mission and direction because the undemocratic leadership which at one point mobilised Kenyan police to beat up its members in Nairobi who were calling for fresh elections in early 2000s.

The despite the undemocratic nature, YL status quo seems maintainable even in 2014. The chairman continues to dominate every spectrum of the YL activities. He represents the YL on SPLM Political Bureau (PB) and parliament or NLA. Nobody wants to “educate” him on democracy and inclusivity in the affairs of the YL. Even the party leaders have come to accept this lack of democracy, lost of vision and mission in the YL as normal.

The SPLM YL chairman is the Alpha and Omega full stop. This is the genesis of the problems of the party and by extension the country. They begin in the Youth League which resembles the defunct League of Nations.

Hilde Johnson the former UNMISS chief sum up the problems facing the country as the responsibility of all the SPLM leaders. Corruption, rule of the gun with impunity and self-serving elites are in the heart of it all. That is an independent view from somebody outside the government. Until this is done, the country will still meet more trouble ahead.

The SPLM dominance is hardly a blessing for this country. The events of last December confirm this view of the citizens who see through the SPLM party. Liberation alone does not pay bills and so is rewarding impunity. Liberation is not a source of satisfaction by its self. The tragedy of corruption, rule of gun and finally rule for the elites are killing this country in its entirety.

It is up to the SPLM in which the people of South Sudan have put their trust in to revisers this unfortunate trend. it should endeavour to reverse the negative trend right away. It requires leadership, stupid!

Provisional Agenda for the 5th session of Phase II[1]


Process to Rectify the Question of Representation[2]

Budget Speech for the fiscal year 2014-15


Budget Speech 2014-15



Party leaders and their respective signatures

Party leaders and their respective signatures


  1. Basis of the Resolution of the Conflict

This position paper is based on the following facts and realities in the country:

  1. This war is devastating in terms of human loss, suffering, displacement and destruction of property as well as disruption of the social fabric between our communities. Hence, our priority is to bring it to a speedy end;
  2. The immediate trigger to this senseless war was a struggle over power within the ruling party, SPLM;
  3. There are factors that led to the rapid spread of the war the way it did. These are rooted in deficiencies in our governance system, security organs that lack a national character, weak infrastructure and absence of service delivery to our people outside towns.
  4. The resolution of the conflict demands national action by all the stakeholders in the country;
  5. Tragic as it is, this war provided an opportunity for the South Sudanese to resolve all the outstanding issues facing the country once and for all in order to bring about sustainable peace and nation-building;
  6. The transitional government of national unity suggested by the principals of the warring parties to offer the best chance for the people of South Sudan to take the country forward, is meant to prepare a level ground for a healthy democratic practice in our country after the transitional period by carrying out the necessary reforms in the system. In other words, to create Good Governance that is good for those in government and those outside it.
  7. In suggesting a resolution to the current conflict we need to be mindful of the following:

(a)- The armed rebellion led by a faction of the SPLM, SPLM/A-IO, has no legitimacy whatsoever. The only “legitimacy” it could claim stems from the fact that the government could not crush the rebellion militarily.

(b)- legitimacy is a covenant between the people and their government. Both must deliver on their part of the bargain. Therefore, if the government fails to provide security to its citizens resulting in death of thousands, displacement of a million plus, and destruction of their properties; or falls short in delivering services to them to promote their welfare, it should not behave as if it is “business as usual”. As much as the government can claim legitimacy not to be overthrown by force, it must also admit to have failed in carrying out its main responsibility in providing security (both from fear and from want) to its people and consequently must be ready to accept unavoidable changes within the government institutions, structure and leadership dictated by the need to bring this war to an end.

(c)- Sovereignty of the country is currently contested between the two warring parties; each has claim over some territories of the country. Only a Peace Agreement will restore the exercise of sovereignty to the legitimate government that enjoys the confidence of all its people.

(d)- It is the two warring parties that are capable of stopping the war since it is only they who control the means of violence. Hence, their consent to and/or involvement in the Peace Agreement is unavoidable.

(e)- However, the two parties were together in ruling South Sudan for the last eight years. This is a period characterized by failure to deliver services and to build a national security sector, just to mention two critical areas. The same period saw some SPLM leaders and government officials growing into millionaires overnight and corruption became rampant. Hence, the two warring parties alone (which are actually one political party) are incapable of playing the role of the midwife to the genuine reforms the transitional government is meant to bring about.

(f)- Hence, the transitional government of national unity must involve all stakeholders.

8.   The peace Agreement to be concluded by the negotiators is to be formulated by them

into a Constitutional and Legal Framework.

9.   The regional organizations, especially IGAD and AU, and the international

community, particularly IGAD partners, EU and China, stood with the people of

South Sudan at their time of need. They are grateful for this stand and expect them to

support all efforts to arrive at a resolution of the armed conflict and assist in the

implementation of the Peace Agreement.

  1. Tasks/Functions of the TGoNU

The purpose of the transitional government is to establish and consolidate peace, instil confidence of the people in their government and lead the country to a genuine multi-party democracy. It is of vital importance that the forthcoming transitional government should be depicted in the minds of the people of South Sudan as a Government of Reform Programme and should practically be seen as such.

The tasks/functions of the Transitional Government of National Unity shall be as follows. These tasks shall be transformed into programmes that the TGoNU shall implement:

1-    carry on all the normal functions of government during the transitional period   predicated on good governance;

2-    implement the Peace Agreement. This includes critical reforms in the security sector, civil service, national economy, etc…These reforms will be spelt out in detail.

3-    oversee an integrated process of national reconciliation and healing;

4-    carry out a population census (if time allows);

5-    convene the national constitutional conference that shall discuss and agree on the principles of the permanent constitution for the country;

6-    produce a draft permanent constitution and put it to a popular referendum for       adoption;

  1. facilitate registration of all the political parties and ensure a level democratic field for them consistent with the basic principles of multiparty democracy;
  2. ensure the active participation of the people, as citizens, in politics and civic life through the exercise of fundamental freedoms, independent judiciary and the media;
  3. revitalize agriculture and create sustainable rural livelihoods by directing oil revenues to rural infrastructure and agricultural development;
  4. invest in service delivery such as health sector, education, water and infrastructure;
  5. the diplomatic service, consolidation of relations with countries and regional and international bodies;
  6. expedite the repatriation, relief, rehabilitation, and resettlement of the refugees and IDPs, and reconstruction of conflict-affected areas, while healing the trauma from conflict; and
  7. conduct free and fair elections towards the end of the interim period on the basis of the permanent constitution.
  1. Duration of the TGoNU

The transitional period shall commence as soon as the institutions and structures agreed upon in the Peace Agreement are set in place and the transitional government of national unity constituted. A reasonable balance needs to be struck between the necessity for a short period before the elected organs thereafter take control, and a longer one to implement the most essential reforms that must be effected so as to ensure a stable democracy after the transitional period.

It is suggested that the transitional period be three years commencing on the conclusion of the Peace Agreement.

  1. Structure and Composition of the TGoNU

4.1 Ending the war

It is our considered opinion that a power sharing formula inclusive of all the stakeholders that puts the warring parties in key roles in the country is the only realistic way to stop the current devastating war. However, since both are incapable of implementing the anticipated reforms, given their track record in power for eight years in addition to vested interests, we believe that that task must be put in more capable hands. It will be a false peace that puts power only in the hands of the warring parties. Therefore, all political parties should be part and parcel of the TGoNU.

It cannot be overemphasized that our country will enjoy sustainable peace, not just a stop of war, when and only when the suggested and agreed reforms are implemented during the transitional period.

In order to translate the Reform Programme into tangible reality, we believe that, despite the obvious differences, the experiences of: Cote D’Ivoire between President Laurent Gbagbo and Alassane Quattara, Zimbabwe between President Robert Mugabi and Prime Minister Morgan Changerai, and the Kenyan experience of President Mwai Kibaki and Prime Minister Raila Odinga are examples that can inform the situation in South Sudan since December 15, 2013 and the way forward.

4.2  Structure of the TGoNU

The structure of the TGoNU shall be as follows:

  1. The executive of the new transitional government of national unity (TGoNU) on the national and State levels shall be constituted from all political parties in proportions shown below.
  2. On the national level, executive power shall be shared between a President who shall be the Head of State, assisted by a Vice President, and a Prime Minister who shall be the Chief Executive. The Council of Ministers shall comprise of twenty-one (21) line Ministers as detailed below.
  3. There shall be no more than five Deputy Ministers to be limited to a few ministries such as Foreign Affairs (one), Finance and National Economy (two).
  4. There shall be a national single chamber Parliament composed of 250 members and a State Assembly in each State composed of 48 members.
  5. Women shall comprise at least 25% of the executive and legislative organs.

4.3 Power Sharing Formula

  1. The Council of Ministers, Parliament, State Assemblies and State governments shall be composed of political parties as follows: SPLM factions, 60% and other political parties, 40%.
  2. Representation of the political parties in the national Council of Ministers shall be in the same proportion above in the three ministerial sectors of governance, economy and services.
  3. The actual composition of the national Council of Ministers and governments of the States shall be subject to negotiations and included in the Peace Agreement.
  4. Independent Commissions, Institutions and Authorities shall be revisited and whatever is agreed upon shall be reconstituted in the same proportions as in (1) above.
  5. The President and Prime Minister shall, respectively, be from SPLM-IG, and SPLM-IO. The Vice President shall be from the political parties other than the two mentioned.
  6. The Speaker of the national Parliament shall be an agreed national figure.
  1. The Council of Ministers

The Council of Ministers will be presided over by a Prime Minister who will be the head of government. The PM is responsible for running the day-to-day affairs of government but reports to the President in the conduct of government business.

The Cabinet shall comprise the PM and twenty-one (21) Ministers. The Deputy Ministers shall not exceed five. The composition of the Council of Ministers shall reflect competence and regional balance.

Similar arrangements shall apply on the State level. The State Council of Ministers shall comprise the Governor, Deputy Governor (who shall also hold a ministerial docket) and six Ministers, two of whom shall be women.

The national Council of Ministers shall comprise of the following portfolios:

No Line Ministry Ministerial Sector
1 Cabinet Affairs (including Inter-state Coordination) Governance
2 Foreign Affairs
3 Defence
4 Interior
5 Justice
6 Information and Communication
7 Parliamentary Affairs
8 Finance and National Economy Economy
9 Energy and Mining
10 Commerce, Industry and Investment
11 Agriculture
12 Animal Resources and Fisheries
13 Transport and Roads (including bridges)
14 Water Resources and Irrigation
15 The Environment (including Forestry, Wildlife Conservation and Physical Planning)
16 Civil Service and Administrative reform Services
17 General Education
18 Higher Education and Scientific Research
19 Health
20 Culture, Tourism and Sports
21 Social Welfare and Humanitarian Affairs (including gender, veterans’ affairs, etc.)


  1. Commissions and Authorities

The following independent commissions and authorities are the most essential:

  1. General Audit Chamber
  2. South Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Commission
  3. National Revenue Authority
  4. Anti-Corruption Commission
  5. National Bureau of Statistics
  6. National Elections Commission
  7. Political Parties Council
  8. National Reconciliation and Healing Commission

9. Electric Power Authority

10 Human Rights Commission

11. Civil Service Commission

12. Fiscal and Financial Allocation and Monitoring Commission

13. National Land Commission

14. Refugees Commission

15. Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration


16. National Corporation for Radio and Television

17. National Petroleum and Gas Corporation

18. Bureau of Standards.


Negotiating Peace through Federalism: A Proposal for Good Governance in Post-Conflict South Sudan


Negotiating Peace through Federalism

The Eagel Eye: Be the Judge of your Own

Posted: July 31, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary

Be the judge of your own

By Dut Lual Anei

This is a wakeup call to revise your understanding on the previous article by the same writer titled, “an eagle eye.” Here is a continuation of the eagle eye, many illusions are accorded to politics and service delivery as to what each definition stands for, many scholars have defined politics as a domain of interests or contest of egos peacefully without traditionally attributing it to your culture or traits while service delivery is getting services as effectively and quickly as possible to the intended recipient by implying a degree of excellence.

The “will” was discussed in depth, not political but factual and in reference to that, anybody who will allude it to politics, marginalization or any sorts of your understanding will favor your intelligent, is in your own view. The Korean “will” which many people wish to be clarify, as to whether it’s a project, business, donation or free gift of the person before having perish. Whether it is in any context subjected to alteration or political polarization?. Nonetheless, to the dismay, the “will” from Tonj is different in the way it sounded. Politics literally can be approach in many theories which include traditional, behavioral or both, name it, and therefore, the “will” diversion is a total subversive act of blockage.

Let me quote an official who said, “this John Lee memorial hospital is not going to be build in Tonj because of many politics citing its capacity”, the official declined to be named here. Critically, who can substantiate the connection of the “will” and the alleged politics interference?. In your own observation, was this a government or community work that brought this memorial will?. you decide but the truth is, the missionaries came to spread Christianity in whatever dominations in Africa but Tonj is geographically part of the South Sudan and incase some missionaries happened to be Korean, then John Lee was in Tonj, meaning there is no wonder, if it pains you discussing this, then you are jealous or naïve.

The grounds satisfying this were in the “will” which many could believe if they are liberal. Diocese of Rumbek is where Tonj parish belongs and the Italian as well as Korean priests were there during the war until some of them were either conscripted into the movement or voluntarily did it on their own. What is political about the “will” that was left in the name of Tonj?, concepts of making money and gaining popularity at the expense of community welfare is a wait and see case to be tested scientifically to prove it success to whichever level. The concern authorities in this matter are, the honorable area members of parliament, government of warrap state, the family of the late Fr. John Lee, the living priests of Tonj and entirely the central government to spear head the “bring back our “will” campaign” to the designated people.

Opinions of the public are not restricted, it’s up to the mentioned authorities and more specially the area mps to follow it or else I will continue to advocate so that, what belongs to Caesar is given to him, each for himself or herself and God for all of us, nobody reign like God but justice does. The representative democracy of the current South Sudan has created a custom where speaking the truth is seen on the sectional understanding while unearthing the truth becomes a matter of your boldness.

If there is no politics in delivering services especially the church mission, than where is the role of the church in fighting for the right of underestimated when there is already a solid or even liquid evidences to justify the case of the Korean Fr. John Lee’s “will”. Wonders are there but South Sudan could be an exception especially in term of respecting the spirit of the dead or will. Anybody who is conscious can even conclude, why can’t the spirit of the late Fr. John Lee judges us all and call anybody only to be interrogated in short time of three to four hours, whether you will not speak the truth later on your resurrection, dead is immortal but compromising your integrity for short term gains is a blunder.

Act or response by televising the tapes recorded during the visit and educate us more on the challenges hindering the progress or else fragmenting it into projects is not the solution.

For any clarifications, contact the writer through


Tel: 0955953920

Press Release SPLM Leaders on the Martyr’s day

Posted: July 31, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Press Release

Press Release SPLM Leaders on the Martyr’s day


PRESS STATEMENT-splm leaders

Dr. Riek’s Martyrs Day Press Statement

Posted: July 31, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Press Release, South Sudanese Rebels

Dr. Riek’s Martyrs Day Press Statement

Dr. Riek's Martyrs Day Press Statement  (1)

By Jacob K. Lupai

The 21 federal states proposed by Riek Machar

The 21 federal states proposed by Riek Machar

When the demand for federalism first surfaced it was met with outright hostility and rejection. That was because federalism was apparently associated closely with the experience of kokora in the 80s. Federalism was also being associated with the recent rebellion that sparked off on 15 December 2013. This might explain why the demand for federalism was about to become a criminal offence. People who were genuinely calling for a federal system were alleged to be supporters of the rebellion. However, there was no grain of truth in such allegation. Instead there was a support to the government.

Outright hostility and rejection of the demand for federalism reached unexpected level when newspapers were being confiscated and journalists taken for questioning. However, opinions in favour of federalism persisted and were expressed openly in newspapers and in the Internet. Intimidation did not work as the call for respect for freedom of expression was very loud. As expected the hostile stand against federalism fizzled out as the expressed opinion for federalism was coming from many angles.

Notable and of importance was the opinion expressed by concerned Jieng community elders in favour of federalism for South Sudan. It was a giant step forward that couldn’t have been ignored. Things were moving faster against the minority opponents of federalism. The National Community Leaders’ Forum comprising representatives of Equatoria and Jieng from Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile States met and passed resolutions, adding their voices positively on federalism.

In one of their resolutions the National Community Leaders’ Forum calls upon the President to form a High Level National Technical Committee to study Federalism and Governance to inform and enhance the Constitutional making process without prejudice to individual or group discussions. Clearly federalism has become no longer a taboo but an accepted fact to be discussed openly for a consensus.

Jieng giant leap for federalism

In seeking a solution for acceptable administration to the people of South Sudan, the concerned Jieng community elders have proposed that South Sudan should be administered as a federation of 23 states. This is yet a clear endorsement of federalism as a solution to problems of governance and development in South Sudan. The proposed states are the equivalent of the 23 districts in South Sudan in the colonial era. This is nothing but a giant leap for federalism by the concerned and visionary Jieng community elders.

The proponents of federalism must be delighted. This is because some of the fierce critics and opponents of federalism were the Jieng. This must have been an objective change of direction because the Jieng must have come to the conclusion that federalism is the only solution to the mess in which South Sudan finds itself. The implication is that no single ethnic group or region should dream of an empire in this modern world of science. Imposing a system that only favours an ethnic group or region disguised as the preservation of national unity is an old game of politics that has long been thrown into the dustbin of history when federalism has been gaining currency.

It is through a consensus that people may agree to be united. The concerned Jieng community elders have timely recognized this when they are saying, “Many people of South Sudan are demanding for application of federal system as one of the solutions to govern the country peacefully”. This obviously seems to be the beginning of better times ahead for the people of South Sudan. At least there will be no war over federalism. The demand for federalism is gaining adherents among the Jieng and this can only be a positive thing. This is encouraging because equating federalism with kokora may soon be a thing of the past.

When federalism is not equated with kokora the fear of eviction from Equatoria will also disappear. Jieng support for federalism has far reaching implication. One major implication is that when the Jieng support federalism hostility towards the people of Equatoria may reduce drastically. This is in contrast to when the Jieng were opposed to federalism. Clearly the concerned Jieng community elders proposed federalism suggests that the Jieng have moved on and therefore share the same national aspirations for peace, freedom and development as their other fellow citizens in the country instead of dreaming of their hegemony in South Sudan.

Application of federalism in South Sudan

The concerned Jieng community elders are of the opinion that ethnic administration in line with the 23 former colonial districts as states is the solution to tribal rivalry over resources. However, tribal rivalry is not only over resources, but it is also over power as well. The concerned Jieng elders have acknowledged that the demand for federalism is the wish of the majority and that the federal system should be introduced now.

As mentioned above and according to the Jieng elders, South Sudan should be a federation of 23 states based on the 23 former colonial districts. This is instead of adopting the existing 10 states. One would disagree with the proposal for 23 states in South Sudan but the Jieng elders should be highly commended for their collective efforts in trying to work out a solution to the problem of governance and theirs is a national aspiration for the stability of South Sudan.

Looking at the highlighted 23 former colonial districts in the proposal, there seems to be a little bit of confusion. Equatoria, Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile each had 7, 7 and 9 districts respectively. This of course makes a total of 23 districts which are the 23 proposed future states of South Sudan. However, unlike its 7 districts, Equatoria has only 6 proposed states and unlike its 7 districts, Bahr el Ghazal has 9 states. For Upper Nile, unlike its 9 districts it has 8 proposed states. There is something strange here.

It is not clear why the 7 districts of Bahr el Ghazal have been blown up into 9 states while the 6 states for Equatoria do not correspond to its former 7 districts proposed to be the states. Something somewhere is not right. Confusion continues as Upper Nile which had 9 districts is only allotted 8 states. This clearly does not show that the 23 states are the duplicate of the 23 former colonial districts in South Sudan. Some explanation may be needed.

There may not be any need to return to the former 3 regions of Bahr el Ghazal, Equatoria and Upper Nile to form a federation. However, there is nothing wrong with adopting the 10 states as a federation for a start. The adoption of the former colonial districts as states should be at the latter date and at the discretion of each of the 10 states. Federation of 23 states should not be done in a rush in view of economic austerity measures. This means that higher economic growth should first be recorded before creating new states. For example, it should be Central Equatoria State to decide in future either to break up into Yei River State and another state the name to be decided on later or not.

Development of natural and mineral resources, prospecting for more oil production to increase revenue and development of hydro-electric power should be undertaken for higher economic growth before creating new states. The proposal for 23 states is a noble one. However, in practice it is not only a mammoth task but an economic nightmare. I hope the architects of such a noble proposal do not want people to depend on foreign aid to finance the additional 13 states. One way of creating a state is that a former colonial district in any of the 10 states must justify itself to be a viable state through its own resources. We do not want to see states that are nothing but liabilities.

Different federations

South Sudan may need to learn about the different federations. For example, some federations are called asymmetric because some states in the federation have more autonomy than others. However, the histories of countries vary. One federal system of a country can be different from that of another country. The Republic of India is federal, comprising individual states. The central (federal) government of India has authority over the states and even has the authority to change the boundaries of the states.

It can be seen that the Indian federal system has strong centralizing tendencies where the federal government remains intact but the physical existence of states can be modified. In contrast, the federal system in the United States of American (USA) is characterized as indestructible union of indestructible states. This means the states in America are intact and the federal government does not make any alteration in the states as is the case in India.

The often asked question is what type of a federal system South Sudan should adopt. Well, people may need to understand that there is no particular federal system unique to South Sudan that can be copied. People will have to agree on the type of a federal system that will address what is seen as the problem of governance in South Sudan. The main problem is equitable power and wealth sharing, and equitable development. To address the problem, a federation should first be defined for people to be clear of what a federation entails.

Many people will tend to agree that a federation is characterized by a union of partially self-governing states united by a central (federal) government as in India or in the USA. It is so simple, isn’t it? However, the devil is in the details. The federal model in India may be unattractive because South Sudan has been virtually under a centralized system that is abhorrent hence the loud demand for a federal system.

In contrast, the USA federal model may be of too much independence to the states when, for example, one state allows capital punishment while the other doesn’t. For South Sudan a balance has to be struck. People may need to look at the Switzerland or German federal model which may be of interest to study. However, cut and paste may not work but adaptation to the felt needs in South Sudan may not be a bad idea.


The concerned Jieng community elders have made a giant leap for federal system to be adopted in South Sudan. This is an encouraging move that should be appreciated by any fair-minded individual. Unlike those who only care for their stomachs, and kith and kins, the Jieng elders have shown that leading from the front is necessary at times for a better South Sudan.

One reservation, though, is about the proposal for 23 states in the federation. The proposal is an economic nightmare particularly in the short term. However, it may be appropriate in the long term when economic growth is picking up at a higher rate but it should also be the prerogative of each state in consultation with the central government either to break up into more states or not. For now let’s stick to 10 states federation as the most convenient for a start.

In conclusion, adoption of a federal system of government is the only way forward in building a strong united and prosperous South Sudan where no single ethnic group, no single region and no single individual will be supreme in grossly mismanaging the affairs of the nation. Federalism as the utilization of diversities to the maximum will likely accelerate development and this, hopefully, will turn South Sudan into a paradise on earth for all as living standards improve tremendously.

The author can be reached at

The 9th Anniversary: R.I.P Dr. John Garang de Mabioor

Posted: July 30, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Editorials

vol 3 foto cover

People accuse me of killing our sons and eating up people’s farm produces for nothing, but let me tell you this, our blood will be shed because I hate oppression and marginalization of our people but I will not even enjoy the fruits of this struggle. There are people sleeping comfortably right now; they don’t know the hunger or the sound of a gun. After our job is done that generation will take over; they will cut a large piece of land with pangas and sell it cheaply for a bottle of beer…I have been commanding the SPLA officers and men of various ranks in this war, many of them have paid the ultimate sacrifice. If my turn comes to pay the ultimate sacrifice, and indeed it comes, then be it. We are in this war to win or die for the national goals and objectives we believe in. I am just an officer; a commander-in-chief of a patriotic army and one officer just like many of you. If death comes my way I shall die like many of our compatriots who have already laid down their lives in this war….Cdr. Dr. John Garang de Mabioor Atem Aruai, speaking about his own mortality during the SPLM/A war

Our Heroes, you are lives in us!!!

Posted: July 30, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Featured Articles

William Deng Nhial, Abel Alier Kwai, Joseph Lagu, Samuel Ghai Tut, Joseph Oduho, Dr. John Garang, William Nyuon Bany, Arok Thon Arok, Salva Kiir Mayaardit, Martin Majier Ghai, (Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, Akuot Atem de mayen, both not shown)

William Deng Nhial, Abel Alier Kwai, Joseph Lagu, Samuel Ghai Tut, Joseph Oduho, Dr. John Garang, William Nyuon Bany, Arok Thon Arok, Salva Kiir Mayaardit, Martin Majier Ghai, (Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, Akuot Atem de mayen, both not shown)

By Daniel Machar Dhieu

Today 30th July 2014 we are remembering our heroes who lost their lives just because of independence of South Sudan, mostly Dr. John Garang De Mabior who sealed this day on 30th July 2005, we will not forget you at all. When our nation thinks of a hero, we usually think of someone who has risked their life for the sake of others and showed courage in the face of fear. They show resiliency and stand up for something bigger than themselves.

While we honor our South Sudanese Military and celebrate their devoted service to our country, let us not forget that those who serve us in reach this situation of independence. They are men, women, fathers, sons, and children. They were all drawn to cause, a patriot’s cause. Those who died are remembered by their families, friends and by their country. While we honor our military, let us always remember to separate the war from the warrior. Not all who serve and sacrifice are our ages, are from our hometowns, or carry our names. But they are people who put their lives on the line for our country and they deserve to be remembered. Here is a beautiful tribute honoring a fallen hero Dr. John Garang De Mabior the founder of SPLM/A that led to formation of new nation of South Sudan.

We remembered you when you were just a captain during the first of Sudan and Southern part of Sudan of 1972 Ethiopia Capital Addiss ababa first test agreement. You therefore, analyzed what was signed as fully not suitable for the people of Southern Sudan and humbly wrote the first letter to Mr. Kur Chol who was in Upper-Nile province as the governor to study the agreement and to analyze the outcome of the peace agreement that was signed by Southern Sudan Son’s Joseph Lagu and Sudan president Nimeri. From that year you started organizing yourself and planed to liberate your people and we remember thinking about you as if we were there by then we could have joined you in struggle.

The news of your rebellion were loud important as the liberty bell itself. It was as if it rang as you wailed your first cry to your owned people. When some people including me listen to your first audio of 1984 may 16th I was very young in 2000 I hear of it, your speech loud out the reason why you choice to be rebel than collaborator in the country and why you chosen Sudan People Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) as the party. The aim was to transform the country at large and to make those who were colonized and doom in politically, socially, and economically by fellows country mates as you’re though was to free them from poor governance and make them learned their impotency in the nation.

We were a little concerned. You were so fast with your group defeating government troops; you took control of many towns so fast with late comrade Kuanyin Bol and you were joined by comrade William Nyuon Bany in Bilpan. We remember when you could barely talk, but you could kick really hard, our knees still hurts from those boots. All you really ever had to say was victory and off we went to get or remembered those years we always feel vision should not be waste out people should learned your vision.   We remember when every Southerner believed in you and invest more loved to dress up and drive everyone.

We thought for sure you would lives forever within us we were having no idea of natural law that we would lost you at anytime, it was surprise and dangerous to lost you like that, but thanks God you have already liberated us out of lion den. We remember when you started to drive peace process in 2004, we think everyone remember when you started to preach peace across the internal displace people (IDP). Mostly people think and believed the modality that you putdown to finalize the peace agreement in Naivasha Kenya. We believed you are wiser than Solomon of Old Testament, you make perfect in transforming the peace chapter.

We remember you so much. We remember when everyone wanted to rebel against you in the bush, but you manage till you signed an agreement with Khartoum government. We will always remember you and our national’s heroes and ensure their sacrifices are never forgotten with our future.

Civil War: Dinka and Nuer in the barbed wire cages

Posted: July 30, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary

By Kur Wel Kur
Bentiu, UNMISS Camp

Bentiu, UNMISS Camp

Every civil war differs from other civil war; the Americans’ civil war differs from British’s. The Somalia’s civil war differs from Uganda’s. For this reason, we wish not the horrors we saw in Somalia and wishfully long for the maturity the Americans attained after their civil war.
An impractical wish, but we do pray because with God, no impossible thing. Impractical in a sense that in 1861, the education the Americans have exceed our education we have in 2013, the politics they practised in 19th century exceeds our politics we exercise in the 21st century and they fought for an economical ideology not along tribal lines.
All wars, whether six days or half a century war, devastate; all things, yes, livings and non-livings change for ever. The forest that gives us timber, wild fruits and tubbers, stop its supplies because it trusts us not, and we don’t any more trust it either! The roads we once used, the grasses and shrubs reclaimed. Wild animals hate that foreign sound, a thunder without the clouds so they left us, we, the stupid humans to roast ourselves for vultures.
They (animals) take asylum in the foreign lands, where one way traffic cages open for them. There, in cages, foreign kids with their parents glare, touch them with sticks in fear of any contagious disease and shout to them in their foreign languages in the hopes of understanding.
In cages, enemies become neighbours, a goat avoids eyes contact with the leopard, though in different cubes in the cage, they can see each other’s moves, they can smell each other’s food, and they can hear each other’s whines about the war. Foreign guards take springboks with the wild dogs for a stroll, they warn them, different territories, different rules.
In war, people forget their pride and dignity; they loot materials, they nibble foods while running and die scavenging. However, in spite of all, we aspire in gaining our peace back, we long for our freedom, prosperity and dignity.
War prepares people for peace, people matures in war to realise how peace produces unity, prosperity and love. Without peace, instead of working as a team, we work against one another, instead of building, we destroy, instead of nurturing and tolerate our different habits and traditions, we malnourish and forbid them, as a result, we kill ourselves.
The war shrinks the population; bullets take kids and adults’ lives; war’s associates: diseases, famine and hunger take lives of both young and old people. At the end of war, politicians lose elections for lack of numbers.
Fake democracy, fake religions and God-buried minerals cause the prolonged sufferings across none or less educated worlds, they cause sufferings in the land of plenty, where exotic animals and plants exist. The intelligent few, less than 30% of the world’s population, sieve diamond, gold, copper and silver out of the barbarians’ blood as raw materials for their smart phones.
The more their blood flow, the more the people from awaken worlds, sign cheap contracts, and the more they put into test their latest discoveries and inventions; then their economies enjoy exponential growths. They afford to pay for explorations to other planets, while the owners of the oil: Dinka and Nuer cannot afford bus fares from their villages to their state’s capital.
They trek to the capital so their flimsy sandals or slippers fail them but they bare-footed drag their exhausted bodies to the capital. You can blame this abject poverty on functionaries’ corruption, but nothing sends the country thousand years back economically than war.
So why do we work for others who suck our blood?
Until, we answer right this question million times, they will keep exchanging a brother’s or sister’s head for oil’s markets.

An analysis by Kuer Garang Manyok and Gabriel Pager Ajang after having listened to Riek Machar interview on SBS Dinka Radio


Riek Machar Failed Miserably to Justify his Rebellion on a Simple SBS Radio Interview

By Kuer Garang Manyok

After listening to Dr Reik Machar interview on SBS Radio Dinka by Ajak Deng Chiengkou, am pretty much in agreement with so many other listeners who’ve already expressed their opinions with respect to how the controversialized interview played in audience ears. While the interviewer might have been overcome by hyped self-esteem (of interviewing the highest figure in South Sudan politics) otherwise, anxiety I tend to take it relatively easy on Ajakguong Deng. Perhaps Ajak should take it easy on his staunch critics and, advisably, turns such into opportunities for potential improvement for next time.

My biggest surprise however, was how Dr Reik Machar, the rebels leader, failed to capitalize on a perfect opportunity that would otherwise be very hard to repeat itself sometimes soon. Reik Machar could not produce even one credible point besides his ‘run for dear life’ which is already a giveaway!

Despite restlessness and unnecessary interruption by the interviewer, I think Reik Machar should have still find ways to credibly communicate his part of the story. Remember the interviewer has monopoly on the questions but the interviewee reserves the right to answer ANY question the way he/she deems suitable to his intended message. Reik, the interviewee, failed this simple logic. Perhaps Dr Machar is exactly what his archrivals and other political opponents say he is: just a ‘paper doctor’.

Not to mention his doctoral dissertation/major that’s Strategic Planning, how can the most controversial leader; with much more to prove, in the country not swayed even a single listener – am well aware though that majority of the SBS Radio Dinka program listeners dislike him anyway. But, still that does not mean the truth would have refused its way into their ears. After all, the benefits of saying the truth would have outweighed his calculated thoughts of reservation – I believe Reik Machar was judgmental and that he wasn’t bothered convincing whoever was listening.

Machar’s denial of who orchestrated killing in Mading-bor was rather disturbing. If Gadet didn’t initiate it, who did? Being Reik’s right hand man, inarguably, Gadet started the rebellion in Mading-bor; summarily killing the Dinka soldiers including (General?) Ajak Yen after Reik Machar announced his rebellion and called on the military to topple Kiir government. Least, if any, is there to be defended about this ‘must die’ bastard call Gadet. The man (Gadet) is indefensible and Mr Machar should have worried more about himself than defending the already-on-deathbed criminal.

Comparatively, this was Mr Machar’s worst interview. The rebel leader should know that if he ever wants South Sudanese citizens to take him seriously, he must redeem himself trustworthy otherwise, he remains the worst murderer in the country despite having ‘ran away from Juba to save his life’. Why does his life worth more than any other citizen’s life or why should citizens worry about what would have happened to him when he doesn’t give a crap about their thoughts of him.


My Reactions to Ajak Deng Chiengkou Interview With Dr. Riek Machar Teny

By Gabriel Pager Ajang

In the beginning of August, the president of South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit will arrive in Washington to probably present his road map to peace in South Sudan, and potentially lobby the United States president and congress. I hope he enunciates chapter that would heal the country, peace, unity, and way forward. I will analyze president speech after he had delivered it but I will focus on Riek interview with Ajak Deng Chiengkou.

Last week, the radio talk host, Ajak Deng Chiegkou had an interview with rebels’ leader, Dr. Riek Machar Teny. This was an impeccable opportunity to siege and convince the people of South Sudan on what happened December 15th, 2013. However, Riek admits massacred in Juba and deny atrocities in the Greater Upper Nile towns, and failed to present his peace proposal and way forward.

He squandered given opportunity, and categorically denied the mayhem unleashed in Bortown killing 2,500 led by Peter Gadet Yak, and White Army. He also denied massacre orchestrated by James Koang in Baliet, Panakuac, leer, Jau, Bongki, and Pariang in Pariang County where more 500 civilians were killed in a hospital and church in Baliet (Bentiu area). Riek denied massacre led by Gen. Gathoth Gatkuot led in Malakal Town, and especially Hospital where sick slayed, and elders were killed (all reported by UN personnel).

Dr. Riek quests for top leadership in South Sudan surfaced in 1991 when he rebelled against the late chairman of the SPLM/A, Dr. John Garang de Mabior. Surprisingly, in an interview, he told Ajak Chiengkou that his 1991 rebellious agendas detailed in Khartoum Agreement would be implemented to bring peace and democracy in South Sudan today. For those who do not have an idea of Nasir declaration or Khartoum Agreement, Riek calls for: Right of self-determination, Democratization of SPLA, and Society, Respect of Human Rights.

1. Right of self-determination: The problem is this not South Sudan, Riek plagiarized from 1954, and Addis Ababa Peace Agreement, all these Peace accords call for Right of Self-determination. The right of self –determination denied people of South Sudan a chance to vote in Referendum. It impedes CPA. Had Garang agreed, and joined Riek in Khartoum, we would have not had independent South Sudan today. The right of Self-determination was part of New Sudan vision. John Garang de Mabior calls for democratic transformed Sudan, where people of South Sudan will be allowed to vote for UNITY OR SCESSION, again NOT SELF-DETERMINATION.

2. Democratization of SPLA, and Society: Here I am not sure whether Riek is trained military but there is no democracy in Military. SPLM/A was a rebel movement and it would be difficult to democratize movement in the bush or under the trees.

3. Respect of Human Rights: in my humble opinion only a moral leader can call for respect of human right in South Sudan. Again and again in 1991, and in December of 2013, Dr. Riek Machar called on all the SPLA generals to overthrow democratic elected government. He singlehandedly incites violence and perpetrates massacre killing. He establishes SPLA/M in Opposition, which validated rebellion and affirmed that he intends to kill innocent people of Greater Upper Nile. Riek had somehow deceived Nuer, and especially Adok community where he hailed that they can capture South Sudan. Sad thing to write but it is true in Nuer community.

Riek proposal of 22 states suggests that he is declaring himself as a tribal leader. The proposed 22 states could cause more conflict than it can solve if his proposal were implemented. It is not ethnic federalism, let us call it what it is, TRIBALISM at its best.

Riek was born in Greater Upper Nile, and I could not conceive why he helps in destructions of his hometowns? 1.5 million people are internally displaced, and 50,000 will die by August, and 5 million almost half of the South Sudan population is at risk of starvation (BBC). Where is your Human side?

Bor Town, Bentiu, Malakal have exchanged hands more than five times, why would anyone who want to lead South Sudan takes war in ruin and cities laid wasted by artilleries? Why would he turn to his own region, and killed innocent people? Lots of questions but no answers.

Ethiopian Church Names South Sudanese ‘Peace Ambassador’

Posted: July 29, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary

By Anteneh Yilma, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

As South Sudan entered crisis in December 2013, Ethiopia as a sisterly Country received more than 100,000 refugees from South Sudan. Some refugees are believed to move toward Uganda and Kenya while similar numbers of refugees are expected to settle in Sudan. Gatwech Koak Nyuon, a young man from South Sudan launched his campaigns to end 8 months conflict in his Country through ‘power of prayer’, a campaign which has been publicly supported by Christians communities around the World.

In three days conference organized by Youth of Lebu Kale Hiywot Church in Addis Ababa, Gatwech strongly urged the Christian Communities around the World to pray for South Sudan. He did not blame the warring parties but term the crisis as leadership struggle and it should simply be solved through dialogue and nonviolence. He added that thousands of deceased who lost their lives in the conflict will never be rose again. Meanwhile; the continuation of war between warring parties will swipe the productive ages and hinder the development in South Sudan. Both warring parties are due to kick-off next round of talk on July 30th, 2014. So far, IGAD had given 60 days to cease the fighting but both parties trade an accusation on battle of Nasir last weeks.

In a very emotional, provoking, charismatic speech attended by more than 200 youth, he hotly elaborated that “Christian Communities must bring this issue to an end through the power of prayer”. The audiences were so applause!! A 28 years old young man stood tall with purple suit was alone in the conference; I found him friendly and compassionate. Gatwech is the first South Sudanese to visit Lebu Kale Hiywot Church for the first time in history since its establishment in 1920s.

Ethiopian Kale Hiywot (Word of Life) Church (KHC) is the largest evangelical denomination in Ethiopia. Started in the early 1920s by pioneering Serving In Mission, formerly, Sudan Interior Mission, (SIM) missionaries, Kale Hiywot Church thrived in the South Central and South Western corners of the country during the five-year Italian occupation in the 1930s (Wikipedia).

Some audiences described Gatwech as the best motivational speaker ever. “He is so young; I didn’t expect this campaign to be initiated by him. His words inspired me. God loves him indeed!!” Mindaye Yohannes described.

Lebu Kale Hiywot Church’s elders received prayer request to continue with it until a change is seen through power of prayer in South Sudan. Currently the overall Ethiopian Kale Hiywot Church has about or more than 7,774 local congregation and estimated 6.7 million members and adherents.

South Sudan problem is our problem as Africans, as children of God and as member of entire Human family. I also urge the Christian Communities to put this very hot issue to their concern either at family level or at church level wherever they reside.

On their parts, the Lebu Kale Hiywot Church conference facilitator congratulated Mr. Gatwech for his roles as a peace maker and forwards the prayer request voluntarily.

Consequently, one of an Evangelist declared him to be an Ambassador for Peace on their prayers. “On behalf of my congregations, I declared Mr. Gatwech to be an Ambassador for Peace and South Sudan will soon recover from the dust”. An Evangelist Teshome.

Gatwech said that he would not give up. Instead he urged more prayers so that he should extend his visit to other African, European and US Countries for more prayers.

“As I started my campaign in Addis Ababa, this is just the beginning. I need more help from people so that this message should reach out globally and the only way to make this happen should be through prayers”. He calls on willingly people to pray for Ukraine, Syria, Central Africa Republic, Congo, Libya, Somalia etc…

Gatwech speaks ‘Amharic’ and currently schooling in Mekane Yesus Management and Leadership College, a College administered by Ethiopian Evangelical Mekane Yesus Church in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

He disclosed that he is working on Documentary to be released on YouTube so that people will pray bases on real situation.

The Author is an independent writer on Education and other Human Rights Issues based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. He should be reach on:

Lies Versus Truth Propagates by Mabior Garang and Adwok Nyaba

Posted: July 29, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in David Aoloch

Lies versus Truth: Despite Dr Peter Aduok and Mabior Garang ‘’ Appeal to Fear ‘’, the Truth will finish putting on it shoes

By David Aoloch Bion

“A lie can travel half way around the world while the truth is putting on its shoes’’ …..Mark Twain

Fighting broke out on December 15, 2013 in South Sudanese capital, Juba. On December 16 in the afternoon, President Salva Kiir announced it was a coup. In the evening the same day on BBC focus on Africa , former Minister of Education ,Dr Peter Aduok Nyaba ,using his persuasive powers he acquired in philosophy , he launched the coup plotters propaganda . He applied the ‘’ appeal to fear and pity ‘’ fallacy in propaganda

Propaganda is always communication aim at influencing the attitude of the community toward some cause or position by presenting only one side of the argument, it presents the facts selectively, that is by lying or omission to encourage a particular cause or uses loaded messages to produce an emotional rather than reasonable response to information presented .it is form of ideological warfare.

On BBC World Service, Mr .Aduok dismissed Mr . Kiir’s coup version of the event , he said there was no coup , but mutiny triggered by the disarming of Nuer soldiers by the Dinka soldiers , in the ensuing fighting 20, 000 Nuer women and children were killed in door to door searches . This is what Mr. Aduok told the BBC

‘’yesterday in the evening ,President Salva Kiir ordered Maj Gen .Marial Ciennoung, commander of the Presidential Guard (The Tiger Battalion) to leave the meeting venue and return to the barracks to disarm the troops. After disarming all ethnicities within the guard, Marial ordered that the Dinka members be re-armed. The officer in charge of the weapons stores opened them and rearmed only the Dinka soldiers. A Nuer soldier passing by questioned this and a fistfight then ensued between the two and attracted the attention of the commander and his deputy to the scene. His deputy, from the Nuer ethnicity, began to question this order too and a fight ensued when surrounding officers saw the commotion. The Nuer soldiers also re-armed themselves. Fighting erupted between the Dinka elements of the Presidential Guard and the Nuer elements.. Civilian casualties began when the Dinka elements of the SPLA began targeting Nuer civilians in the capital city of Juba , killing 20 000 Nuer women and children in door to door execution. This is not a coup but a mutiny ‘’

On December 18, Dr Riek echoed Mr Aduok version by coining it as the Juba Massacre of 20, 000 Nuer women and children without giving any details

What Mr Aduok did is an ‘’ appeal to fear and pity ‘’ fallacy and nonsense in the argument and propaganda. The appeal to fear propaganda seeks to build support by instilling anxieties and panic in general population. Indeed, the false claim of killing of 20, 000 Nuer women and children caused fear and panic among the Nuer . This force the Nuer to rise up in self –defense against the imaginary enemy Dinka. This was the reason the Nuer in the name of White Army mobilized themselves voluntarily to come to Juba to avenge.

The question is, Are the 20, 000 Nuer women and children killed in Juba? Time will separate propaganda and lies from facts and truth

What Mr Aduok did was what the Germany Minister of Propaganda, Mr Joseph Goebbel did during World War 2 , when he exploited Theodore Kaufman fictitious story ‘’ Germany must perish ‘’ . This was to claim the Allies sought the extermination of the Germany people.

Now the rebels are claiming that the Dinka Regime of Salva Kiir is seeking to exterminate Nuer

Is this claims true or just negative propaganda?. The answer is the truth is putting on it shoes
Mabior Garang de Mabior is second ,rebel propaganda machine , using his father legacy to blackmail the South Sudanese State . The rebels believe that when Mabior disagree with government of Salva Kiir and sided with rebels, Therefore the rebel are right and just and will win as John Garang won And whole world will stand with Rebels . Mabior is always preaching using ‘’ appeal to pity and fear ‘’ fallacy too .

Mr Mabior is demonizing President Kiir by saying he ordered the execution of the Nuer women and children in Juba on December 15 to 18 . This is what Mabior always write in Paanluel Wel and Nyamilepaedia blogs

‘’’a private army trained, armed and financed by the President Kiir conducted a house to house search, murdering 10,000 Nuer women and children) between the 15 and 18 of December, 2013’’

Is this claim true? . NO, NO HUNDRED TIMES NO! , this is negative propaganda. These are just glittering generalities, they are just emotionally appealing words that the rebels applied to mobilize Nuer to commit military suicide and gain sympathy from the International Community.

Mabior should know that demonizing someone is unhelpful to any cause. When Cdr Kerbino Kaunyin Bol dehumanized Dr John , he appealed to Dinka Bare el gazal to leave John Garang and join him , this never help Kerbino , this was his ‘’appeal to fear and pity’’ on BBC ,

‘’ Sons of Bare el gazal , sons of Bare el gazal , Garang is using you like a fire wood , stop fighting for him’’ ,

Kerbino repeated this until he came back to Garang , You too , Mabior and Aduok will vilify Mr . Kiir until you will come back and call him a boss for one minute before you attempt the third coup

This is not the first time Mr . Aduok misinforms and disinforms the world. He did it in the liberation struggle, in his book, ‘’South Sudan: the politic of Liberation’’ Mr Aduok dehumanized Dr . John Garang de Mabior by saying , Garang manage the movement like personal enterprise , he said Garang ordered the Dinka soldiers of Koryom to attack Mundari civilians , looted cattle , raped women , he prophesized that the Movement ran as personal enterprise and killed Mundari civilians could not win and would not win .

The history showed us that John Garang won.

However, did any South Sudanese see any achievement of Nasir CUOP and KHARTUOM PEACE agreement? But all of us can see the achievement of Garang whom Riek and Aduok demonized before the world like they are doing to Salva Kiir now

Another question is Salva Kiir misrule the country so Riek has the right to overthrow him . That is correct. What about John Garang what has he done for Riek to try to overthrow him in 1991?.
The road of lies is nearing to end, the lies started in 1991, but they ended in 2002 when Riek came and confess to Garang de Mabior . History repeat itself, Again the lies started in 2013 and will end when Riek come and apologizes before Salva Kiir.

Finally, the propaganda of appeal to fear and pity never helped the German People during World War 2 .

In the Bible, it is said, the dog vomit and eat it vomit again, . Now Dr Peter Aduok Nyaba and Mabior Garang de Mabior are vomiting but they will eat their vomit when the lies ends and truth arrive after delaying from putting on it shoes

President Salva Kiir is weak but morally right. He must go but ceremonially not violently as you think.


Posted: July 28, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, Featured Articles, Kiir Agou

By Job Kiir Garang, Edmonton, Canada


Dear readers, I must say that the political situation in South Sudan has, over the past seven months or so, been very toxic. In fact, I have almost come to a conclusion that for most of us who participate in various social media, we are not helping at all in trying to solve our problems as South Sudanese. We are immersed in senseless and ultimately endless tribal dog-fight. No tribes bring that fight to the forefront than the two biggest tribes in the country i.e. the Dinka and the Nuer. I happen to be a Dinka myself and I am sure there are many from my side of the great tribal divide who might be shocked by my apparent full support for Dr. Riek as the only man who can pull us out of the abyss of dark ages into a more prosperous and brighter future for our beloved country.

My heading does not need an explanation as to what my stands are. Being a veteran myself, I must admit that the country we so heartily fought for against a faith-driven regime is ever falling behind. The hopes and aspirations we had are ebbing out. The future looks bleak and there seems to be nothing but absolute hopelessness at the end of the tunnel. Reason? A bunch of thugs and political hustlers have decided to run the country as a personal property and the sad part, and probably the reason behind the sudden eruption by our nation into civil conflict, is the fact that a small faction of the country (infact a sub-tribe of Gokrial) is running the show in every department within the government. Anyway, let me not get ahead of myself. Having stated where I stand politically, I have the burden to try and explain why I think Dr. Riek is the only hope we have right now and not the cowboy.

First and foremost, I will start with Salva Kiir Mayardit. They always say, give credit where it is due. Having fought in the SPLA liberation war alongside the like of them, I must say that he was one of the best in the business. No one would come second to Dr. John Garang if they were a bunch of numb nuts. He was, during the struggle, our proverbial Moses of the Bible. He was supposed to take us all the way to the promise land and he sure did try. Sadly for most of us, he never learned from the master. Instead of following the scripts left behind, he chose to do it his own way: the failed ways as we have come to know them. Firstly, he has no vision for the country. He is non-ideologue.  The worse of them all is the fear mongering tactics that his government has employed during his office tenure. Instead of acknowledging the fact that a healthy government can only grow out of nuances or differences debated with civility, he shamelessly fires and dissolved his cabinet.His constant belief that the problems in South Sudan are mainly being propagated from outside (UNMISS to be exact) is utter ignorance. Clean your own mess Mr. before you start pointing fingers. I am sure the many South Sudanese who lost their jobs, and notably, those in the government never got fired by an external body. It was all up to the president himself.

And when war broke out, he did very little to help bring the fighting to a sudden halt. If anything, members of his inner circles masterminded some of the worse killings in the capital, Juba where many Nuer civilians as well as soldiers got murdered in cold blood. Some innocent brothers of Dinka origin who happened to have the same facial marks as Nuer were also brutally killed. Many of the South Sudanese, with sound ideas to help move the country in a better direction are always suppressed and in worse case scenario, intimidated and offered death threats. A persistence of any kind would cost someone a job and even worse, their lives. Autocracy is a crazy form of government in my opinion or even the opinion of any sensible human beings. Salva Kiir has exercised it to the fullest and the results are out there for everyone to see. The country is a failed state even at its apparent infancy: the proverbial flower nipped in the bud. The civil society has been unjustly destroyed and denied every bit necessary for survival. Kiir’s brothers and sisters have become the vultures of the wild that feed off the land and the people for their selfish gains. The Dinka tribe has become a bad taste in the mouth these days. A mentioning of the word itself seems to make smaller tribes cringe detestation. Every Dinka is guilty by association.

Some States within the country have been fighting grounds for many years during the struggle and even today. Kiir has done very little to try and clean up those states in order to bring about peace. Jonglei and Upper Nile States are being systematically destroyed by turning the Nuer against their Dinka counterpart and other tribes in their surroundings and the government has always turned a non-sympathetic eye. It has often thrown the tribal crisis into the woodwork. The innocent majority continue to be voiceless. Sadly for them, there seems to be very little hope insight. The younger generation has no hope. The old guards are holding on to power that they cannot even handle with any sensible approach.No provision of public services to the people that need them the most, neither international intelligence, or domestic intelligence and most journalists are hiding in fear that they might be convicts of the regime if they express their ideas i.e. no freedom of the press.  Kids of the less fortunate are becoming the mattresses upon which the powerful and the self-made greedy millionaires sleep on. They are the used and reusable tools by the wealth-thirsty few in association with the president. Comes the hour, comes the man, this greed to remain in power will surely be tested.

Turning my argument in support of the man: Dr. Riek Machar, I must say in advance that we are living in an age where the last thing we need is division. I have a deep conviction that if the Dinka and the Nuer could live in harmony without political fear mongering and distractions, South Sudan would be a peaceful country. Riek might have come from a tribe in South Sudan where members easily pick up arms whenever one of their guy (Riek in particular) has had difference in opinion with the Dinka leaders but am sure given the chance to lead, he might settle the dust that is ever blowing in the air of that beautiful country. Below are some of the reasons why I feel Riek can make a good if not better leader: Firstly, just have a quick glance at his opposition cabinet. Despite his movement being predominantly Nuer in manpower, it surely does look very inclusive. It is what few or indeed many would describe as the microcosm of South Sudanese future. His cabinet is representative of many if not everyone in South Sudan. You have the Equatorians, the Dinka, the Nuer, the Shilluk and many more are expected to be part and parcel of his vision for South Sudan and I am sure the youth will have a say in his government. That would be a country worth building and caring for.

Secondly, Riek has always fallen short of recognition on a number of occasions.  He has been a victim of political rigidity by his Dinka counterparts either during the political struggle or in the aftermath. His desire to drive the country in a more unified direction has always been perceived by those above him as a secret agenda to overthrow them. He has always been portrayed as someone greedy for power. He is always victimized as a tribalist when in truth, we do have proven tribalists in the shape of Kiir and his cohorts. False claims of coup have been blamed against him while the truth remains the same old fear mongering tactics by the president who owns every single power in the country.  When there was a dire need to sign the Addis Ababa cease fire, the president dragged his feet while those that he accused of having planned a coup against him (Riek included) were desperate to get it done and bring an end to the appalling bloodshed of the innocent civilians. The brief message to all South Sudanese is this; if you believe in democracy and peaceful co-existence, the wise thing to do right now is join forces in turning the pages of an old-fashioned, non-progressive, greed-driven, divisive politics and replace it with (although never tested) alternative form of the government that seems on paper the opposite of what we have been accustomed to over the last 9 years.  I’m sure, given the opportunity, Riek and his political crew might be able to tackle some of the issues of our time for I do believe that with the help of nationalists like Hon. Pagan Amum, Dr. MajakD’Agoot, Cde MabiorGarang de Mabior and the rest of the regiments, he might be in the right position to help solve the main problems such as Education for all, poverty, political corruption, war, famine and so on.

As a message of intent for a better South Sudan, I call upon those that dare to dream and change our country for the best. This must start with a public outcry (not that we have not been doing so) but this time we have to be loud and clear. To all my brothers and sisters who feel left out, this is the time. We have to gather efforts and make our voices are heard. We have been silenced for long and I am sure everyone is beginning to feel the pinch. I know there are lots of people that feel the president still has some gas in his tank and would be disappointed by our message, but I can just urge you to look at this issue from a different angle: an angle that looks at ourselves as nothing but good neighbours with our counterparts on the other side and the only way forward is to try and prevent Political leaders setting us apart. If these six major States of Jonglei, Upper Nile, Unity, Central, Western and Eastern Equatoria do unite, I can assure you that there will be stability and an eventual birth of a long lasting peace. Fighting does not solve any problem. The president has supported Murle especially YauYau’s group. Most of the people in Jonglei state got disarmed except the Murle who carry out attack on civilians in Twic East, Duk, and Nuer. The government (under the leadership of Kiir) never intervened. He ignored the assault on the people aforementioned as though nothing happened. We are hereby throwing our full support for Riek Machar. He might not have totally clean hands but give him the office of the president and the rest will be judged afterwards. The events of December last year leading into 2014 have convinced many that Kiir is a failed leader and the last thing we need is to stick with him and hope that things will change in the future. No country should be governed within the confines of a bar (better known in Juba as Home and away).

I, or as better known as Kiir-Agou and a veteran of the struggle, live in a country where voices are heard regardless of your status. I would love to see a South Sudan that images or exhibits the same kind of life that I experience here. I am sure deep down every South Sudanese feel the same way. I was a loyal servant to that country for 14 years and it is sad to see it goes into the drains. I am not writing to please anyone but I have a group of people that have decided to petition my decision. They are about sixty right now to be exact and the main call is we have to all man up and take a stand to make our country a better one.

RIEK Tosha!

Pressure Mounts for the interim government’s positions

Posted: July 28, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary

Where will I work If interim government starts-off? Some people at pressure now

By Daniel Machar Dhieu
In this crisis, there are people with ideology of where they will be place by new era of interim government that seem to be appropriate system for at least three years as IGAD is working hard and make peace is prevail in South Sudan despite of who would lead the interim government.
Many people found of asking themselves that, what my position in that coming government in-case peace reach now? Where will I work? All these question and doubted has blocked the peace progress in Ethiopia Capital. Some people already concluded by withdrawing on preaching peace in country and turned to delaying tactics in-order to maintain their positions because if there is peace then he would be removing.
The phenomena of maintaining stability is at lost, our leaders have generally risk the philosophy of leadership. They failed completely to govern us people in this beloved nation South Sudan and greedily killed their own people whom they claimed to be their supports.
Do good leaders murder their people just because of power struggle? It impossible, South Sudan should not be ruled by interest and rumors from virus people that are parasite to the government and rebel at large. South Sudan is already a sovereign state with independence constitutions that government the State and people at large.
In my views, our leaders are not interesting in peace process otherwise absent of co-existence of people in the nation is their thought. Therefore, I’m requesting the entire citizens to note in their mind that no stability or peace will come if we keep silence.
Let wake up and look for solution to calm the situation. Almost, hunger is on its way   attacking our local people across the country. Will Kiir and Riek defeat hunger in any sense? No.

Why the Dinka don’t trust Nuer !

Posted: July 28, 2014 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, Featured Articles

Bentiu, UNMISS Camp

Bentiu, UNMISS Camp

By Kur Wel Kur

Dinka and Nuer tribes acquired the hatred from the years of successive struggles for the stolen dignity and land, their pride occupy the central place in their lives. However, when it comes to consistency, Dinka people strode into burning sulphur, choosing death than to surrender their dignity; a decision termed by others as stupid and arrogant.

Most Dinka people holds their dignity close to their hearts because of thousand reasons, but the pride of owning a country today tip-topped these reasons. Nuers oscillated thousand times. For this reason, Nuers, calling for a “change of governance”, “democracy”, “federalism” or creating “21 or 23 states” will relieve us not! But desperate moves in attempt of permanently burying the Dinka tribe in the depth of the ocean.

A crystal clear message for every Dinka to digest; though we must critically and creatively do something about it, the Dinka people must absorb information in our current situations and operate in the parameters of saving our beloved country. Nevertheless, those citizens or tribes that preach hatreds or a country or leadership free of Dinka must challenge themselves with the task to accomplish their wishful thinking if they can.

This article will discuss why Dinka don’t trust Nuer today. In successive years, Dinka and Nuer people led liberation struggles and waged wars against the Khartoum governments. The liberation struggles came in phases: first Sudanese civil war (phase Ⅰ), and the second Sudanese civil war (phase Ⅱ).

I will concentrate on the second Sudanese civil war (phase Ⅱ) for sake of this article. PhaseⅡ: in 1975, dissatisfied ex-soldiers took arms in eastern Upper Nile and formed AnyanyaⅡ, the majority of Nuers with negligible numbers of Dinka led this movement and Gai Tut as its leader. The 1972 Peace Agreement disintegrated gradually because Jafaar Nimeiri’s government began conducting policies that violated the Addis Ababa Agreement as Abel mentioned in his book. The Agreement finally collapsed in 1983 when fully trained soldiers with some officers defected from the government army. They then, moved to Ethiopia, which became the SPLM/A (some called it phase Ⅲ of liberation struggle) nursing home.

The SPLM/A and Anyanya Ⅱ disagreed over who to lead the movement, in that incident, Gai Tut (Nuer) lost his life. Akuot Atem, a Dinka, lost his life too in the hands of Nuers as a revenge for Gai Tut’s death. As a result, AnyanyaⅡ split, some soldiers led by commander Gordon Kong Chuol joined the SPLM/A and some soldiers opted to join the Khartoum government, where the Khartoum used them to fight the SPLM/A, they attacked SPLM/A recruits on their way to BilPam, Ethiopia. SPLM/A with the help of Ethiopia trained thousands of soldiers so SPLM/A liberated most towns in the south Sudan except Juba, Wau and Malakal.

With South Sudan in the horizon of falling altogether into the hands of the SPLM/A, SPLM/A concentrated all its operations around Juba! The Nuers freedom fighter, Riek Machar defected from the SPLM/A in 1991, a defection, which devastated Bor people. Most of Nuers’ officers including a highly valued high commander, William Nyuoon Bany followed Riek. The Khartoum government capitalized on the split and recaptured most towns in S.Sudan including the SPLM/A’s headquarters, Torit.

The movement in a weak state deployed two guerrilla tactics: • Moved its headquarters into poorly defined borders of Sudan-Uganda (e.g. Pogee) and Sudan-Kenya (e.g. Nadapal and Key Base). • Set up army barracks and internally displaced camps in mountainous terrains, for instance, New Cush, Natinga, omerie and lobone The tactics worked because the enemy couldn’t dare to aerial bombarded the SPLM/A in these poorly defined borders and their ground offensive was always a disaster on their sides as they could not accessed the camps and barracks because of the terrains.

Meanwhile, Riek signed peace deal with The Khartoum, 1997 peace Agreement. An agreement, which the Khartoum dishonoured, yet again. Riek prodigally returned to SPLM/A head down leaving some Nuers working and fighting for the Khartoum government. Thereafter, in 2005, SPLM/A and Khartoum government signed a Compressive Peace Agreement under vigilant eyes of Dr. John Garang Mabior. So why hate Dinka? In the Second phase of liberation process, Dinka and Nuer obtained much of bitterness and hatred we see today.

So most of harsh writings, which denounced Dinka received their energies from such histories facts; writings such as Lul Ruai Koang’s, regarded the defectors and power-minded likes of Gai Tut. However, the Dinka despised the Nuers because they killed Akuot Atem, a politician who collaborated with them in AnyanyaⅡ; and that’s why, some Dinka people are worried about Mabior Garang because he occupies the same situation as Akuot did!

The history repeats itself, we saw it in 1991 and saw it again in 2013 when a mad man ran away with his same fake democracy as reason in both rebellions. So if one of them, Gatdet or Riek, loses his life today in the hands of government forces, Mabior will lose his in the hands of Nuers, his friends, God forbids but that’s Nuers’ nature.

In conclusion, my South Sudanese, I know Mr. Kiir must shoulder the blame, the cross, regardless of the heavy criticisms from the world, regardless of public humiliation, regardless of exhaustion, regardless of how many times he fell, he must get on his feet before the Simon of Cyrene comes to his rescue because he is the PRESIDENT However, his failures as a person, weigh less than being a Dinka; he committed no crime as a citizen than a crime he ‘committed’ for having come from the Dinka tribe.

This, represents the true nature of our problems today. Dinka must think twice every time they join the dance of pseudo-democracy, pseudo-federalism and pseudo-21 states because most people from other tribes covet a country or leadership free of Dinka.

N/B, Readings: Sudan: Independence through Civil Wars, 1956-2005 (by Mollie Zapata) and too many agreements dishonoured (by Abel Alier Kwai).