Archive for February 21, 2015

The Feather of Glory ( a Novella)

Posted: February 21, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in David Aoloch

By David Aoloch Bion

Chapter Five

Before the dry season came, Kuol Madut last born daughter was eloped by a young man called Pac. Kuol, his son Madut and the whole Riet clan followed the girl. It was found that the husband of their daughter Acueu was a poor man who had no single cow. His relatives refused to get bride price through contribution.

“You guests of my daughter, can’t you help your son’ Kuol asked.

“You start with your goat so that other should follow you with their cattle as bride price” the uncle of Pac said.

“ is this your position all the guests of my daughter’ Kuol asked again.

“yes we have no cattle to give”

“Okay, I will take my daughter, I will let her be married by another man, but tell your son, don’t, don’t and don’t let him come to my home again. If he comes I will let him be killed” Kuol said angrily and he told his clan that they should leave and they left immediately.

After sometimes, Pac started lobbying for his uncle to support that his marriage. His uncle should go to his father-in-law kuol and make a marriage agreement.

“How are we going to make it?” one of the elders asked

“You just go” Pac argued to them.

“Should we go and make it with our tongue?” one man asked.

“Yes, just your tongue please” Pac said

The daughter of kuol can not be married by cunning eyes and flattering tongues.

“You just go and make your alone with your tongue and we shall see if you will real have a wife with your red tongue without a cow support”. One of the elders explained to Pac.

Pac went to his father-in-law’s home alone. When his brother-in-law Madut saw him, ha attacked him but his father stopped him. “Let him come and say why he came to our home” Kuol said.

“Pac, why have you come here?” Pac started crying, when his wife Acueu saw him crying, she started crying also. Madut insisted and he wanted to beat him but his father said “look he is in your home and the community will blame you if you harm him, it will give a bad proverb to you if you kill him.

Why did you say last time if he come he would be killed

“I was just threatening him”

“Why have you come to my home Pac?” His father-in-law asked. Pac didn’t talk but howled like a dog without saying any word. His wife Acueu was also crying. Kuol called his son Madut and said “My son, there is hunger that will kill us if we give Pac your sister” you see your sister is crying because she loves him.

At that time, the dry season had just come and Madut took cattle to toc. Kuol was now with his wife Akur at home. They were to spend the dry season at their homestead. The homestead had Luak the largest circular grass-thatched hut for cows, mainly the milked cows for elderly people and children who couldn’t bear the harsh condition of hotness in dry season and coldness in rain season; luak is divided up into cows, calves, goats and sheep.  Fire places parts by ropes and poles. Upon the poles, swings the calabashes of fried sorghum, butter, and dried powder of meat mixed with fat for gods to eat from and bundles of root and bucks for treating cattle.

At the entrance, it is a bed, where the herdsman and his dog sleep in order to detect early the in-coming enemy and near it is the dung hearth; where it is set on fire to give out smoke, smoke is the eye-biting and throat-shocking air for all dangerous insects like mosquitoes at night. A cow dung ash is powder for grooming the cows to remove tick.

In front at Luak is a circle of poles with small trunk on them. Around them are clubs for tying down the cows and calves in the morning to get sunshine. In the centre of the pole is the fire place.

Next to Luak is hotdit, the second largest grass-thatched hut with a small hut attached to it, from where the mother cook and keeps pots, calabashes for serving food and milking cows. The large part is for daughters and their men who come to engage them. There is Kuduk, where the father and the mother sleep, the granaries and the small plot of land for sowing maize, sorghum, simsim, and ground nuts.

By Amer Mayen Dhieu, Australia

Dr John Garang


February 21, 2015 (SSB) —  I often argue that for a prospective scholar to be an effective political scientist, he/she has also to be a social scientist. This is for the reason that some of the political riddles such as war and conflict are inherently social, rather than political, controversies. Consequently, such fundamentally complex problems can hardly be defined and unraveled using one theory or perspective. In most cases than not, the rising scholar would invariably end up addressing one cause of the puzzle, leaving the rest unattended.

Politics, unlike other professions in academic endeavors, is broad. For instance, there is no one, single lens to look at, summarized and debate political issues independently without considering some other factors that could be potential contributors to the issue at hand. Therefore, this critical review examines a new political theory recently proposed by one of the South Sudanese upcoming scholars in his two-part article: “The Principle of Tribocracy”. The theory is tantalizingly christened ‘tribocracy’ and it is billed as the panacea for all of our troubles in South Sudan.

PaanLuel Wël, the managing editor of PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) and the author of “The Genius of Dr. John Garang” and “Return In Peace (R.I.P) Dr. John Garang“, has written several articles about South Sudan politics and history. In his new theory, PaanLuel Wël, who graduated from the George Washington University (USA) with a double major in Economics and Philosophy, argues that tribocracy is the only salvation for realizing equality, justice and fairness in power sharing, and thus achieving political stability in the young republic of South Sudan.

Summary of the Author’s Arguments

In part one of “The Principle of Tribocracy, PaanLuel Wël defines his theory as a “political system where representatives of a particular ethnic group hold a number of government posts proportionate to the percentage of the total population that the particular ethnic group represents in order to promote and achieve fair and equitable political representation across all ethnic groups comprising that particular nation”. The author gives a second interpretation that define tribocracy as a “system of governance in which equality in political representation in the national government and/or at the state level is achieved through the principle of equitable and fair tribal representation”.

Why and how tribocracy would salvage the young nation embroiled in a deadly civil war is yet to be fully understood. However, part of it can be glimpsed in part two of “The Principle of Tribocracy where the author meticulously employs the census numbers of 2010 to arrive at what he called ‘the four tribes of South Sudan’ from the known sixty-four tribes. He inventively re-interprets the meaning of political caucus and political constituency to chart a new political theory that can, assuming his methodology is accurate, be used to share power equitably among the sixty-four tribes of our country.

Generally, PaanLuel Wël’s newly invented political theory of tribocracy is indeed one way forward in an attempt to provide ideal solution to the tribally-motivated wars and conflicts that are threatening the political stability of numerous countries in Africa. To be noted well is the fact that PaanLuel Wël’s political theory is coming against the backdrop of other invented political theories from South Sudanese scholars such as the New Sudan Vision of Dr. John Garang, the Garangism of Dr. Lual Achuek, the House of Nationalities popularized by Jacob Jiel Akol and Dr. Adwok Nyaba, among others.

Nevertheless, PaanLuel Wël’s political philosophy of tribocracy explains in depth how the theory could bring political changes. The best part of the theory is in part two of the article where the author has invested mush of his time and effort breaking down sixty-four tribes into four. Part two reflect a lot of logic and how well the author has stayed true to his theory. He correctly explains how the sixty-four tribes would be represented and how power could be shared among them.

His graphic work is very suggestive of a well researched work, which can inform us about the importance of using census numbers to govern ourselves better. I think his narrative skills, as well his intellectual capability to put together such unique ideas, is great work

Evaluative Criticism of Tribocracy

However, as I mentioned it at the beginning of this critical review, in order to be an effective political problem solver, one has to be open-minded about all the possibilities pertaining the problem at hand. In my opinion, tribocracy is a tunnel build to aim at finding the gold at rainbow’s end without studying the actual colours of the rainbow, the colours of which are so bright enough for driver to see the road toward the location of the gold. In simplest form, Tribocracy is designed to address one contributor to South Sudanese conflict and that is ethnicity, leaving hundreds of other contributors untouched.

Theoretically, finding a particularized solution to a particularized political problem begin with definition of the problem itself. In doing so, a prospective scholar has to ask him- or her-self the following question: what is the fundamental problem of South Sudan? For further illustration, the scholar must ask why there are no roads, hospitals, schools and good sanitation in South Sudan? Secondly, the scholar can then ask if the current appalling living condition is remotely related to why people kill themselves in our nation? Is this related to why government officials cannot govern the country in harmony?

If the problem is power as cited by many people, then what is power? How do you major power? Is it about position or physical infrastructure? Is about military power or economic power and if so how is it suppose to be shared by all the sixty four tribes of South Sudan and what level of power can be given to each tribe and region for them to feel satisfied and well represented under a tribocratic government?

Generally speaking, PaanLuel Wël’s theory of tribocracy is great and well illustrated. However, one weakness is that the theory downplays some of the major contributing factors that any political analyst should never have overlooked. One major contributing factor to the troubles in South Sudan that PaanLuel Wël didn’t bother to consider is the impact that social factors play in politic. Although tribocracts like PaanLuel Wël may view politics as nothing more than haggling over power, there is indeed a strong correlation between power, social discourse as well as culture.

Misguidedly, tribocracy forecast ethnicity has the main cause of political chaos in South Sudan. Tribalism is one of our problems, it is not the only problem we have in South Sudan. There is corruption, nepotism, mismanagement of national resources and bad leadership in general.

Moreover, I believe there are only few individuals in South Sudan who care much about having their tribes represented in politic. The reason that tribalism is seen as the main factor is because there is no real great leader that is well equipped with knowledge to lead all the sixty-four tribes of South Sudan in a fair and transparent way. Should there be a leader who cares about giving journalists their freedom of expression, elderly people a sense of security, women their share in high positions, schools for children, roads for businessmen, hospital for the sick and academic institutions for intellectuals, it would be only few people who cares about having their tribes represented in a tribocratic governance.

Although there is higher level of illiteracy in South Sudan, current generation of youth is emerging with some promising perspectives of looking at South Sudan contemporary politics. Many of them have different expectations about what they want from the government. Essential services such as building schools for school going children, roads for business people to transport their goods and make profit, and healthcare centres for the sick people, are top on their expectations from the government. Roughly, around 62% of young people do not care about which tribe should have the presidential seat as long as the person in charge knows about the importance of service delivery to all the disadvantaged citizens and have the skills to make it a priority.

When President Kiir lied to himself in 2011 that he will form his first cabinet not by tribal representation but through qualifications, I was delighted. However, the president didn’t follow his promises, but rather took a wrong turn by handpicking members of his cabinet through loyalty and friendship rather than qualifications. PaanLuel Wël’s referenced this in part one of his tribocracy theory and argue that qualification do not matter in South Sudan. I don’t agree with that view because I believe that our leaders should be selected and appointed based on their qualification, not tribal representation.

Tribocracy theory does not fit well in the contemporary era where skills matter. What if we were to represent all the sixty-four tribes with unskilled persons; would that make scholars, businessmen, school kids, sick people, feel satisfied? What if there were Salva Kiir of Greater Bahr el Ghazal, Riek Machar of Greater Upper Nile and Wani Igga of Greater Equatoria, would that still move South Sudan forward? We are in era where human brain is the most powerful thing on top of tribes. It is important for South Sudanese young population to start looking beyond tribes and begin to invest on ideas, skills and qualifications.

The reason why some people are optioning for political representation is that government officials turn to be in favour of intellectual youth from their tribes, and businessmen from their states. For instance if you are a degree holder and have no one in the government, it is unlikely that you get a government job. And if there is a big project from a foreign government like the Chinese to build road or hospital or schools, the first thing that come to our politicians minds is to build it in his or her home state. It is this desperation that lead people to favour political representation for all ethnic tribes so everyone can have equal share of government utilities. But this is failure in leadership, not because of ethnicity.


In conclusion, PaanLuel Wël has done well in proposing an all-inclusive system of governance that could, if build upon by others, help South Sudan achieve political stability. The argument presented in the theory is logical and the illustrations are interesting.

However, given our current century, any theory align with tribalism is doing more harm than good to our nation. I personally think that political theory of tribocracy in this case has ignored major elements that are important in creating South Sudanese national identity as well as ignoring main contributing factors that are the root cause of political chaos.

It is recommended the author should look far beyond ethnicity as the main cause of political instability in South Sudan. PaanLuel Wël would be better off considering social factors when looking for solutions and be political scientist as well as social scientist when addressing them.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

Understanding Arusha Agreement and the IGAD Process for South Sudan

Posted: February 21, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Featured Articles, Reports

By Beny Gideon Mabor, Juba

February 21, 2015 (SSB) —   Today is another important day once again to stand before you and discussed agenda of public interest-the interest for peaceful settlement of the emerging deadly armed conflict in South Sudan. Without further ado, I am asked to have comparative and analytical understanding of the Arusha Agreement on the reunification of the SPLM party and how does it relate to the IGAD-led peace process for South Sudan. Second, I will also briefly walk you through the IGAD-led peace process particularly the latest protocols on transitional arrangements that may lead to the establishment of the Transitional Government of National Unity and possible institutional reformed expected therefrom; and possibly any other areas or procedures that the stakeholders at the negotiating table or IGAD mediation leadership and their international partners might have missed in the twin peace processes in finding lasting solution to the emerging deadly armed conflict.

In order to find solution to any problem, it is better first to find what is the root cause of the problem? In this case, what is the genesis of the crisis in the SPLM, its effect and attempt to reconcile ranks and files of SPLM in relation to IGAD-led peace process for South Sudan? These crises within the SPLM were obvious to tear apart the country if mismanaged and it was just a matter of time bomb! As a result, SPLM passed through what I called six stages of turbulence growth from its formation in 1983 with immediate start of power struggle which later after nine years of forceful union emerged into 1991 famous split into SPLM Nasir led by Dr. Riek Machar, SPLM Torit by Dr.John Garang and later SPLM/A United by Dr. Lam Akol respectively. After first reunification agreement in 2002, again the power struggle rejuvenates in 2004 with another famous Rumbek Leadership Conference where the looming disaster was materially resolved.

Exactly four years down the line in 2008, the SPLM faced another power struggle during the general convention which led to the compromise by maintaining the status quo of SPLM leadership in totality. In other words, Chairman Salva Kiir, Riek Machar, Wani Igga and Pagan Amuom were all maintained in their respective positions. In 2010, SPLM continue to inherit power struggle syndrome with candidates’ nomination to stand general elections throughout the country. The partial mishandling of the nomination procedure allow others to reject the results of elections and create or join their rebellions including late George Athor Deng, late James Gatluak Gai, Divid Yau Yau to mention a few.

Finally in December 2013, the time bomb blast with full gear! This came at a time when all activities for the ruling party to organize itself according to the party’s constitution and basic rules has elapsed so far for reason (s) best known to the party leadership. On December 6, 2013, the faction of leaders of SPLM at Political Bureau and National Liberation Council levels led by Riek Machar hold their first press conference where they highlighted issues facing SPLM and the country. In that press statement, the group says “the crisis reached boiling point in March 2013 when General Salva Kiir cancelled the meeting of the National Liberation Council; issued a Presidential Decree withdrawing the delegated powers from his Vice President and First Deputy Chairman.

They went on and say “the deep-seated divisions within the SPLM Leadership, exacerbated by dictatorial tendencies of the SPLM Chairman, and the dysfunctional SPLM structures from national to local levels are likely to create instability in the party and in the country”. End of quote. A similar press conference was done on 8 December, 2013 by second Deputy Chairman James Wani Igga either by what many people called press conferences by default or design. The objective of the latter press conference was to clarify few critical issues that will help shed light on the real situation unlike ill intention of the disgruntled Group 6th December who were described to have lost power in the SPLM and in the Government.Therefore, these statements of counter accusation were prima facia evidence attributable to both parties indicating share of greatest responsibility of the current crisis in the SPLM and South Sudan.

As all of you are aware of the December 13-15, 2013 extraordinary meeting of the SPLM National Liberation Council convened in Juba to discuss the SPLM basic documents, the same section of senior SPLM officials after having attended the first day of the deliberations with observation of what they called “decision on mechanical majority procedure did not show up on the second day, something another section of SPLM leadership under Chairman Salva Kiir considers as ill intention and attributed to them the charge of the alleged coup attempt when violence broke out on 15 December 2013.


After chronically finding of the mess in the SPLM as numerated above, the African countries with shared history of liberation struggle namely: Ethiopia, South Africa and Tanzania thought wise to nurse the ailing SPLM party for the interest of peace and security of South Sudanese and the region for that matter, which gave birth to the SPLM-interparty dialogue in Arusha, Tanzania under auspices of the ruling Chama Cha Mapiduzi.

The strategic objective of the Arusha SPLM reunification agreement is that the parties accept having failed the people of South Sudan. The framework agreement creates a road map to help move IGAD peace process without delay since they have eventually become one SPLM family. The Agreement focuses on well-defined 44 reforms broadly classified as political, organizational, and leadership matters. Again, the SPLM politically commits to implement cessation of hostilities (CoH) agreement and all the additional protocols signed in Addis Ababa, and promise to apologize to South Sudanese for failing their liberation aspirations and instead assault them.

In fact the loss of ideological direction was recognised. Therefore, I honestly believe that the return of the SPLM political ideology, if any, is only based on rectification of previous and current errors and return to the vision and project of state and nation building for provision of human security, service delivery, and protection of territorial integrity, economic development and physical development amongst others. All this will resolve the national crisis and achieve a transition to sustainable peace and stable democracy. Section 7 on political issues of the Arusha agreement is to “redefine its political ideological direction, developed path, the nature of it democracy, system of governance and the nature of society and state it inspire to build. This is a very big responsibility. It must be implemented in order to salvage the country from collapse along ethnic lines.

In other words, both discussion in Arusha SPLM Inter-party dialogue and the IGAD-led peace process must simultaneously focus on ensuring a functional application of the doctrine of separation of powers both in the SPLM party and the government with designed flexible practice of internal democracy. However, the primary focus should be that the Government ensures three arms of government not only enhance and consolidate its individual functional capacity but also be able to exercise its constitutional mandates of checking the other arms.

While the IGAD-led peace process is keen to make the peace process more inclusive of negotiating parties; the civil society organizations and other non-state actors on the other hand also supported that clarion call for inclusivity in order to have people-centered political settlement that will guarantee its popular acceptability and local ownership. The peace agreement must ensure constitutional safeguards to be agreed in the peace agreement that will necessarily make the executive accountable to the other arms of government and thus enable a functional application of the doctrine of separation of powers between three organs of government. At instant, there are reasons to believe that without such safeguards in place, the already powerful executive in place will be much more powerful and continue to be powerful and will never listen or be tamed to culture of constitutionalism again.


The Arusha Agreement on reunification of SPLM is best placed and at right time to resolve South Sudan crisis both in the party and the government. Unfortunately, the agreement is not an independent peace deal per se. It is only successful and conditional on peace if it is signed in Addis Ababa under the IGAD-led process. The difference between IGAD peace process and Arusha SPLM Re-unification agreement is that the former have elements of military and security arrangements which the latter do not have. Another serious challenge is that some visible hands in the regional and international community are not happy with the reunification of SPLM as this will consolidate the rank and file of the ruling party and continue to lead the political authority which is a threat to the neighboring hostile countries and beyond in as far as geopolitics is concern.

It is also seen as a substitute to the IGAD peace process which create room to believe the failure of the IGAD mediation leadership and the international community specially the TROIKA organizations that are funding the peace process. That is why Ethiopian Prime Minister H.E Halie Mariam Deselgn did not show up at Arusha nor even sent an official representative of the Government to witnesses the signing of the SPLM reunification agreement.

The Arusha Agreement also stands high chances of disowning or throwing it to the dustbin by South Sudanese leaders and citizens themselves if not well managed again just like other agreed protocols in the IGAD peace process and were violated. This is because there is no clear link between Arusha SPLM reunification agreement and the IGAD-led peace process, whether the same spirit and humility widely seen in Arusha during the signing ceremony will be devolved in the IGAD-led peace process. Apparently, there is observation on the disconnection between the SPLM-In Opposition’s political units that have signed the SPLM reunification agreement and the military commanders of the armed SPLM/A in opposition on the ground.

Just few days upon arrival in Nairobi, Kenya from Arusha after signing the SPLM reunification agreement, Riek Machar, a partner in the Arusha agreement clearly stated that “since Salva Kiir has acknowledged being responsible for causing the crisis in the country, he should just resign. He repeated this in several other media interviews, and it is not very clear whether this statement is meant to appeal to the president to step down from both party chairmanship and the presidency of the country or a condition to the reunification path. Dr Riek continues to say that “the Agreement will not deliver if Salva Kiir Mayardit remain the chairman of the unified party.

On the other hand, President Salva Kiir in response said “he might not allow all the officials who were dismissed from the SPLM to return to the party or to government. And add on by saying “it has become a fashion in South Sudan that, if you want a position, you rebel. When you return tomorrow, you will be given a position. I don’t think I will continue doing this thing”.

In fact, such statements alone show an element of bad faith the implementation of the agreement. President Salva Kiir insisted that the word “reconsideration” of those dismissed has been changed to “revocation” because by revocation, they must go back to their positions which they occupied prior to the conflict. In this case, it is mindboggling why President Salva did not issue SPLM party order up to now according to the SPLM agreement to reinstate the said dismissed members back into the rank and files of the SPLM nclduing his first deputy Dr. Riek Machar. Is it related to this cloud of doubts in the counter accusatory statements between the two SPLM leaders or what? There is something fishy and may endanger the implementation of the SPLM reunification agreement.


Heads of State and Government Summit

In practice, events involving Heads of State and Government are so tightly arranged and usually well planned ahead of time. Surprisingly, recent IGAD summits have suffered total lack of step design. There needs to be a clear plan of action for the summit, to deliberate and take a bold action on it as a countable achievement. It is critical that Heads of State and Government are adequately prepared and briefed before they arrive in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia or elsewhere agreed. Otherwise, the summit will make little progress, and at worst, go backward as the case being witnessed for the last seven IGAD summits starting from 23rd to 29th extraordinary summit of Heads of State and Government on South Sudan crisis but all without proper achievement.

Dialogue With South Sudanese
At this stage, the occasional press releases or press conferences or summit resolutions are not enough for the people to understand what is happening in the peace process. The mediation needs to rationalize the full force of South Sudanese society towards an irreversible peace. Most South Sudanese – even those stakeholders at the negotiating table have little idea of what is going on the IGAd peace process for Sudan. So far, it is the church leaders and some few civil society activists who have demonstrated willingness to stand up and stated the uncompromised truth about the dilemma of IGAD-led peace process. Therefore, IGAD should more actively compliment these efforts, and practically come to towns and villages of South Sudan to preach language of peace and solicit their views for consideration.

Representation of Political Parties, and Role of Civil Society Delegates

There is no legitimate peace process if it excludes the diversity of political forces in the country. Although most political parties are weak, exist only by names and at worse lack premises but carry their identity in the personalities of the political leaders, yet the exclusion of the official opposition party like SPL-DC and other registered functioning political parties is a discredit and violation of the 9 May agreement that call for an inclusive multi-stakeholder peace process. The recent 29th session of IGAD Heads of State and Government also exclude the SPLM leaders’ former political detainees and civil society on the request of the warring parties.

On civil society, much has been said about our participation in the IGAD peace process. Regrettably, the most useful contributions from civil society have come from Citizen for Peace and Justice CPJ delegates and some other colleagues outside the peace process including mualana David Kuol Deng and his wife Elizabeth Ashamu and many of our colleagues at the South Sudan Law Society; the Development Policy Forum DPF and the Sudd Institute to mention a few who have authored some documents for us to push them into consideration at the negotiable table.

This is not because the rest have no capacity to contribute, but the representatives of South Sudan Civil Society Alliance and the Diaspora Civil Society was a real mess as both are direct or indirect associates of the government and the SPLM/A in Opposition respectively. Of course nobody amongst non-state actors is deemed an enemy of the state but as neutral body with no political color and interest, we must show the sense of middle ground in search of truth, nothing else but the truth to make a difference. Therefore, IGAD this time round in the spirit of multi-stake holder format, should allow stakeholders including civil society who want to change their delegation in order to meet representative and technical capacity if there is reason to delay the peace process not later than now.

Avoid CPA as the Template for the Mediation

The comprehensive peace agreement CPA in 2005 between Sudan and the SPLM/A should not be a wholesale out of context. Yet, there are good things in it to learn. However, the IGAD mediation, and most prominently its former chief Mediator General Lazuro Sumbeyo and his staff, some of whom are still staff to date in Addis Ababa have let the CPA model took control of their thinking and their tactics of achieving peace. How the peace was achieved in 2005 should not be the rule of procedure in 2015 as time, circumstances and parties involves in the armed conflict are different from the previous ones. In other words, I am recommending that CPA model should be used as an advisory guide for the ongoing IGAD-led peace process, but not carryover the old guide.

In this armed conflict, the mediators should understand where they have gone wrong, and quickly take corrective action. Negotiation is a diplomatic engagement. It is not a divine work and if you fail to make peace, you can honorably step aside. All of you have witnessed the innumerable attempts by mediators who have tried to resolve the armed conflict in Palestine but all in vain. The failure of both UN former chief Kofi Annan and Lakhdar Brahimi to resolve the Syrian crisis is considered normal and they are backed to the UN systems. The mediators or IGAD should declare it failure and allow other persons or institutions to take over the South Sudan peace process.


As I speak for the civil society, on behalf of common men and women, we are asking the warring parties, the IGAD mediation leadership and international community that the following specific asks be immediately consider and include them in the peace agreement:

(1) Call on the warring parties and other stakeholders with direct political color to quickly operationalize the terms and conditions of the Arusha SPLM reunification agreement in order to help move the IGAD led peace process without delay. This will greatly help as the question of power sharing will not be an issue for discussion since SPLM has come back into one party that cannot divide power amongst itself, but will only allocated proportionate seats to other political parties. The IGAD peace process should focus on permanent ceasefire and implementation modalities.

(2) We know and regret that the negotiation has now shifted from national transformation to sharing cabinet positions. This is clearly evident in both the Arusha and Addis Ababa protocols. It should be noted that the civil society strongly hold different opinion and ask the agreement and eventually post-conflict constitution to abolish the practice of appointing cabinet ministers from among parliamentarians. By doing so, parliament’s ability to impeach a president or a rogue member of the cabinet would be enhanced.

The post conflict constitution should further enhance the institutional check on all appointees by ensuring that every presidential appointment is subjected to parliamentary scrutiny, vetting and approval. This should be applicable to all political beneficiaries of the expected peace agreement. The civil society also proposes that the post conflict constitution limits the number of ministers to at least 27 Ministries and that it abolished the position of deputy ministers.

(3) We are deeply concerned about non-adherence to protocols signed by the parties so far. A clear and flagrant violation has been frequently coming from the SPLM/A in Opposition in attacking government position in different areas in grater Upper Nile. Therefore we propose that the agreement after having established Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission, include reasonable number of civil society to help transitional government of national unity and the international community in the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the agreement. We emphasize that the president and his entire cabinet should abide by the requirements of the peace agreement and the constitution should have provision that subject senior government officials for impeachment by the legislature for violating it. This can happen when citizens are granted enormous powers to demand good governance and accountability from their leaders, especially elected leaders. It should grant citizens to have the power to recall their MPs.

(4) Both Arusha and IGAD-led peace processes have now radically shifted from the people’s clarion call for a redefinition of the political structure to a debate on renegotiating themselves into political power. We are calling upon the government and the SPLM in Opposition to give people a change for consultation on system of governance, while strongly emphasizing federal structure as the best option. This governance arrangement will deconcentrate state power from the institution of the presidency or central government and create myriad level of governance based on broad representation. It will mark a new beginning of competitive politics based on political ideology

(5) While both Arusha and Addis peace talks seem to restructure the executive arm of the government alone, we in the civil society are of the opinion that this restructuring process should include the restructuring of the other two arms of the government – the judiciary and the legislature. We noted with concern that the current judiciary is the weakest, least trusted and the most dysfunctional of the three arms of government. To correct this, the structure of the judiciary should be changed through the establishment of a constitutional court whose function shall be discussed in the peace agreement and the transitional constitution

(6) The peace agreement should include constitutional amendments that establish an independent office of Director of Public Prosecutions separated from the Ministry of Justice where it is suffering from vertical and horizontal interference, with the responsibility of delivering rule of law and administration of justice in the country. The DPP should have powers to direct the Inspector General of the National Police Service to investigate any case, and further provide that in such an event the latter must comply. This will reduce the number of politically motivated selective prosecutions and acquittals.

(7) On legislative reform, the civil society would like to see an agreement that does not over burden the executive with the monopoly of control of state power. Power should also be diffused to the legislature. Therefore, the peace talks should enable constitutional amendments that will make the National Legislature to become an effective institution of representation, conflict resolution and lawmaking body.

One fundamental recommendation in this regard is that the national legislature should move from a joint – chamber house properly defined two-chamber House. This will be necessary if a federal political structure is adopted. The post conflict constitution should bestow upon the senate the responsibility of not only representing the federal states but protecting the interests of state governments and ensuring conflict resolution.

The two chamber-houses (the National Assembly and the Senate), should take into consideration concerns about good governance, equality and gender parity.30% of seats in the National Assembly and the senate should be reserved for women. A slot of 15 % nominated seats should be set aside to represent special interests such as the youth, the minority and persons with disabilities. This will enhance the system of representation and bring services closer to the people. The two houses will form an important check and balance not just for the executive, but also for one another. In addition, it will facilitate an extra check and balance on the powers of the executive.

(8) The civil society want a peace deal that defines the roadmap to the next general elections, clearly define the process of being declared president, Governor, commissioner or member of the national legislature. In this case, the peace agreement should clearly define the roadmap on how general elections will be done at the end of the transition period. These procedures include a clear definition of how the president, governor, commissioner or members of parliament are elected and sworn including how election petitions against any president-elect, Governor-elect or commissioner-elect are addressed. This further emphasis the need for an independent judiciary that can act as an arbitrator in the event of unfairness or disagreement

Beny Gideon Mabor work for South Sudan Law Society as JEPDG Liaison Officer to IGAD Peace Mediation for South Sudan. He can be reached via He delivered this speech at the public lecture organised by South Sudan Law Society JEPDG Program on Friday 13 February, 2015

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

Chiefs rule as criminals kill

Posted: February 21, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, Contributing Writers, Featured Articles, Philip Thon Aleu

By Philip Thon Aleu, Juba

February 21, 2015 (SSB) —  There was confusing in the land. After the good chiefs died during the long famine and the bad ones took over the rule in the aftermath of the famine. There complete was terror in the land.

The short tempered people left the village and engaged in attacks on the people. They were called criminals. In fact, they accepted being called criminals because, to them, they were fighting for a course. The terror rate surged in the area. There was death and services delivery to the people was completely no more. In fact before the criminals took to the bush, services were not being delivered to the people because the bad chiefs did not feel obliged to serve the people. They wanted to be solely served and that is why the arrest farmers for gardening.

So there were deaths — this time, not from natural famine. But from human’s leadership drought. The leaders were not leading. Leadership position was meant to access taxes from the farmers, cattle keepers and hunters to feed rulers and members of their families.

They remained at the helms of leadership because other people — the majority, felt that it was unnecessary to take arms against their ancestral land. The land gods served from natural drought. Gods will intervene and salvage the situation, the majority of the people thought. This helped to prolong the reign of bad chiefs. The chiefs did not know this resilience and tolerance from the people. The chiefs’ assumed that the majority of the people support them. They were wrong.
And so the suffering continue unabated for years. Some citizens of the land went to their maternal uncles and became nationals of those lands. They could visit their village once in awhile and retreat. Obvious, after returning to their uncles and friends, all they say is the bad leadership they had witnessed. So the land was known by bad names. Fortunately, the majority that did not leave were closing in on the bad chiefs. These majority educated their sons and daughters on how to go about their surroundings — during the nights and in daylight. It was funny.

The bad, poor chiefs, decided to test the people by calling for elections. They did not know that the majority of the people had yearned for their rights to vote.

In their thousands, voters queued under trees shades. To make counting easy, they were told to be in straight lines. After several hours of repeated counting, new chiefs were declared victorious to the surprise of the bad chiefs who had survived the natural famine. The bad bad chiefs survived by taxing people during the natural famine. The good chiefs died by honoring their names. A ”stealing chief” the name the good chiefs never dared.

The secret of defeating the bad chiefs in the elections was that the villagers had known that there was leadership drought.

The criminals, those short-tempered, were negotiated with by the new chiefs and recalled to the community. The deposed chiefs were not jailed but never had dignified burial after dying in the aftermath of losing elections. They died of unknown diseases. Their wives only reported their deaths every morning — some sudden deaths from unknown illnesses.

The bad reign ended and the land of gods, great gods of the universe, was restored. The name of the deserted land, known by all bad names was not changed – thanks to the patient citizens. Thanks for non-violent citizens.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

Wild night out: Listen to elders! To survive the cruelty

Posted: February 21, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, Contributing Writers

By Mamer Deng Jur

February 21, 2015 (SSB) —  Before the New Year eve, my cousins, brother, and I went out to celebrate the beginning of the year, 2015. The celebration took place around night club or in the night club. The group were made up of three ladies, and the two gentlemen. The group left Hai – Amara by boda-boda to a night club called Signature, as I was told by one of my cousin. On the bike, I was really happy and my thoughts were flying high. I could not wait to reach this club (Signature). Arriving at the club, the place was filled by many people as if they were stranded at the freedom square protesting for a change. We suddenly arrived and stepped off the bikes. When we walked toward the club’s gate, and from the distance; then we were welcomed by an aggressive queue. These poor people were having a go at one another; they were pushing one another seriously.

They were tirelessly wrestling one another for a turn to pay, in order to get inside the club. We joined the queue, and it was not moving for sometimes. Some of the people were squeezing themselves into the queue; as if they were packaging their bags for travel. While innocent people like us were just waiting patiently to get to the pay desk. The reason why many people were fighting their ways through was that, they didn’t want to be locked out. The club’s administration lock out people once the club reach its capacity – meaning that when the club is full! After sometimes, we were near the pay counter desk, and the New Year was approaching. We were looking at one another happily, we could not wait to tell one another happy new year, and be glad to have reached 2015 with no worries. In just short time, we found ourselves being caught by the New Year; while still waiting humbly in that bloody queue.

I was woke up by a noise made by the people in the queue, that it was 2015! Noise erupted as if bomb had exploded around the club. Hugging and wailing were the common attitudes of the night. But I did believe that, such behaviour was ‘heavily motivated by alcohol’. I was happy and calm in my own comfort zone, saying not much to myself. I heard a crack of AK – 47 and it seemed to be looming within the club precinct. But I was not certain about the crack, whether it was coming around the club or it was coming from a far distance. In few seconds, I heard it again and this time; the gunfire seemed to grow closer. My heart began to pound, I bowed down, and I saw a few individuals crept by their knees to where we were standing. I stood and looked up. But I could see tracers lighting up the night sky of Juba, illuminating the rooftops of Juba in spectacular view of red colour. But it was less of a full scale fireworks. Why are they firing? That how South Sudanese celebrates their New Year eve!

It felt as if the capital Juba was under bombardment like a warzone Baghdad and Aleppo. In few minutes, sound of guns lull; and talks were resumed again. Shit! What was all that bullshit about? Asama! Let me tell you this. They are very scared. Rumours had flooded the country that, the rebels would attack Juba. Especially in this time of the year. Our eyes looked as if we were going to run into the reed on the river bank. Oh! Well less we cared. ‘Fuck the Rebels and David Yau Yau for their updates.’ Then we reached the pay counter, we were counted and the bill to enter was 310 SSP excluding refreshment. It was not cheap at all! The bill was paid, and upon entering we were stamped, each on the arm to show at the screening point that we had already paid.

The club was full from non – V.I.P to V.I.P, which made it very difficult to move from one place to another. If you really want to move to another side of the club, you had to force yourself through the groups to get a way through. Otherwise, if you don’t do that, you would be stranded in one place for all night.

Attitude towards women: Hunt Game is on!

People in this club (Signature) were less of charm, but they were scumbags. Their behaviours towards women were not acceptable in any way possible. I was very worried and had a concern that women in South Sudan, will suffer terribly for quiet sometimes in the hands of men. If the government doesn’t come to its senses and act as soon as possible. Before these retarded individuals extend their attitudes to our calmed and intelligent women, who usually stroll on Juba roads in the evening. It is a crime to force someone to do something they don’t like.

These whore males in Juba were just undermining autonomy of will of women. Their freedom of movement, and their association had been taken, by some of the men as for granted. Some of the women I saw that night were not happy with the way these losers were treating them. Some of the women did really put up/condone with this attitude in the club. That night, I saw some of the women were being grinded by the mob, and they were so happy.

They were treating these women badly all night long, as if they were scumbags. They treated them as if they were prostitutes. But the best term to describe theirs perception in mind about these women was ‘sluts’. Even though some of the women dressed like they were going to bed with their partners. There should always be a permission from them, whether you want to hold their hands or you want to do other things. Respect is everything above all. Even if a woman had levelled herself to be a ‘slut’ she would still deserve permission to allow anyone to explore her body or ‘she has a key to the gate’.

That night. Unwelcome touching from some useless men, loomed girls’ happiness brought by the New Year 2015. Myself, I was not happy with some of men who were disrespecting my cousins. I had even nearly punch one idiot in the face for forcing my cousin to dance with him. My cousin made herself very clear to this idiot that she didn’t want to dance. But he insisted, he wanted to. I told him mate! “The girl doesn’t want to dance with you”. “So do her favour, to leave her alone!” But the scumbag was very rude. His argument was that, “why did she come to the night club, if she doesn’t want to dance?” I told him to fuck off. And get a life.

That night, women became prey for men. All drunken men were grabbing any girl that passed their sight. They were like an army of mosquitoes biting and sucking bloods from their victims for all night/day. Such behaviour in this club was out of touch and it was uncivilised in any sense.


Freedom is very important in all the aspects of humans’ lives. My advice to some prudent women. Don’t go to a night club in Juba by yourself. If you risk to do so! God be with you. You may be a victim of gangs/mob rape. Which may result into contracting sexual transmitting diseases (STD) and perhaps there are 99% chances of someone being pregnant by unknown person is not out of question. Which I would rank no. 2 on my list of bad things that could happen to an innocent woman in the night club. But don’t go to the police for help, they are worst nightmare for the shelter, especially for women.


The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.


Dut-machine De Mabior, Nairobi, Kenya

February 21, 2015 (SSB) —  My dear country men and women, it’s that difficult as some of them might hurt your political interest but the realism of the situation must prevail despite different thinking. The nation belongs to us all.

When a few members of the society live luxurious life and eighty percent is dwindling below the poverty line, then we have so many things to correct. When many of us sleep not being very sure of waking up the next day due to fault in the security apparatus, then we have something to adjust, when one feels inferior because of his/her tribe; something we had not opted for at birth, then we are wrong.

When one risks losing a life after airing out a harmless opinion against the rulers of the nation, then our tolerance has not become of age. When a woman has to die for committing no crime other than partaking the Godly duty of giving life; then we are not taking our work seriously. When a cattle keeper doesn’t feel the sense of ownership because raiding is the daily business by criminals, then we are not protecting property.

When a common man has no belief of winning a court case against the financially advantaged; then rule of law is not in place. When a corrupt minister is only reshuffled to the next docket; then we are neglecting technocrats. When a young man of marriageable age can’t get the one he loves due to lack of a hundred thousand South Sudanese pounds and our national and state assemblies are quite about it; then we are not protecting our social laws.

When we have tribal councils of elders talking about national issues instead of protecting their respective cultures which are indeed being encroached; then we don’t know our roles in development. When a young child of school-going age does not attend to elementary education due to lack of schools and fees either; then we are not taking care of our future generation.

When a sick person has to die of malaria due to lack of medicine and the country is very rich; then we are very corrupt. When $1 trades at 2.73 spp and below at the central bank and the same goes at 5.6 ssp and above in the black market and we complain of a crashing economy; then we don’t have the right man doing the right job. When the work force is only employed on the basis of who you are not what you are; then we don’t need to develop.

When masters and bachelor’s graduates are complaining of joblessness and the country has over two hundred thousand foreign workers; then we don’t believe in ourselves. When the media is gagged for simply doing its job (informing the masses); then we don’t value information. When the big ‘fishes’ in the country do not tolerate and take into account positive criticism; then we are dictators. When we can’t see a sense in what a politician beyond our political inner circle does, then we are sycophants.

There can never be national coexistence when the above points (pointed in part 1-3) are not catered for. Not unless we understand that our importance in deciding and driving national agendas is the same despite our tribal lines, we shall not have the South Sudan that we all fought for. Whether we like them or not, we must eradicate the poor practices that we undertake. Mind you, this is not about leadership, it’s about what we do at our personal capacities even. We all have a role to play in changing the nation and this wanted change so much begins with me and you.

I pray that we understand the youngness of our country is not to be compared with the independence of the 1960 (s). The country is three years old but in the twenty-first century. We should not always think of how the rest struggled to get where they are. We must act very fast because our level of know-how and doing things must conform to the current generation of technology.

South Sudan Oyeeeeeee!!!

The author is a student of Electrical and Electronics Engineering in Kenyatta university; Nairobi Kenya.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

Hub of Weapons: Guns in South Sudan Are Like Smart Phones

Posted: February 21, 2015 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Commentary, Contributing Writers

By Mamer Deng Jur

February 21, 2015 (SSB) —  Today in South Sudan, thousands of guns if not millions; are rolling in the hands of good people and the bad people. The government is doing nothing to stop such criminality. Some of the people are carrying guns for no good reasons or purposes. Guns should only remain in the custody of the military barracks. But not in everyone’s house.

This fear of inability to control guns in South Sudan is one of the factors threating the stability in this country. If guns were under control in South Sudan, then many people may have had started again to live normal life as usual. Currently, many people are unsure where to start and finish, because everything is crazy in this country. They fear that, their lives and lives of their relatives would always be in danger. If the government doesn’t accept to act responsible to bring peace and unity in the country. I know today, guns control policies are failing many countries’ administration, especially in the West. Where many citizen are clung to their guns and refused guns reform policies.

After South Sudan went back to war on 15th of December 2013. Killing one another for only one thing: ‘Greed of power’. Giving numerous excuses to the international community that, their war was tribal motivated war: between Dinka and Nuer. And that Dinkas were killing Nuers. These statements where coming from those who were at first loyal to comrade Salva. And for some reasons they chose to replace him by an attempted coup, which many of them and their supporters deadly argued that, it was not a coup. They were trying to convince the citizens and the international community that there was no ‘coup’. People who were on the government side were arguing that, those terrorist knew what they were doing, so they did plan such unsuccessful coup. Sorry to them! They defected from the leadership they had formed. And they had failed to topple it, after they chose to take that power by arms force.

It was just senseless war motivated by the greed of power. Brainwashing young South Sudanese to attack the government that had unchained them from the selfish Arabs in the North. A government that had worked tirelessly to end the direct discrimination, and the indirect slave.

Such ideologies of taking the power by force, came from one man (?), who will never be forgiven by the citizen of South Sudan; for his evil heart. A man who loves to kill innocent people for the power. But he doesn’t know because of his lowest capacity. That the people he was murdering to get what he desire, are the power he needs so bad. Leaders governs the people, but not the land. There would be no land to call, if there were no people in that land. A leader can’t be leader without the people. Otherwise he/she could be fucking demon who controls underworld/dark world.

Oh! Well who educated “Mr” Who care less about the humanity? Maybe he was taught by those fucking atheist who question the existence of God. Which made me to believe that they do even question the evolution of creation itself. They don’t believe in God, but they are human beings. They should question themselves why are they human beings? The only man who had a good sense of humanity was Emmanuel Kant, a greatest philosopher of all time. Who emphasis the autonomy of a human beings. That people should control their own thoughts, and exercise them without interferences from other people. Saying that, people have an ability to say what they think is wrong or right. To be free from dictatorship.

Why Guns are like Smartphones

Mobility and availability of guns in South Sudan are other worried sagas in this new nation. Every corner you may come across, you could see that, young people are –armed to the teeth. Affordability of AK -47 nowadays is not like buying a rare diamond. Thousands of people are less concerned with the responsibilities that come with carrying a cheap AK -47 and deadly to kill in less than twelve seconds.

Currently, in Western countries, developed and developing nations, technologies are changing the daily lives, whether it is making their lives difficult or making their lives much more simply. Then, that how technologies are operating currently in the modern society. But these technologies are not only just rolling in the market by themselves. They are being monitor by the government. The government regulates all the technologies whether it was old or new.

The reason, I referred guns in South Sudan as smart phones was that, many people in South Sudan had guns or want to own one. Smart phones in Western countries had meaning in terms of technologies upgrade. They help people in these nations for their daily family life, and for daily business activities. These phones are working effectively because (Wi –Fi) are getting upgrade every year from 1g to 4g. So their uses in these countries have meaning. If I talk about South Sudan, in terms of smartphones (Guns) I don’t see any reasons why many people are in possession of guns, or want at least to own one. Number one, many of them are not soldiers, so they can’t be entrusted to own guns, when they aren’t given that authority to own one. Number two, these guns are purchased in the black market, and in many cases such black markets for guns are created by some idiots in the government.

So owning a weapon in South Sudan in my opinion is useless. Especially when the gun owner was not a solider. Availability of guns in South Sudan had created a greater insecurity in the nation. It had created a number of outlaws in the country who called themselves to be militia. Terrorism in South Sudan will never come to an end, if guns control are always being ignored. We need a law that disarmed anyone who is not a solider, and a law that punish criminals who refuse to hand over their weapons.

On 23rd of December 2014, I left Nairobi, Kenya for Juba, South Sudan’s capital. I boarded flight 540 from Jomo Kenyatta International Airport to JIA. I arrived safely into Juba. From the airport, I took a cab to take me to the motel. I spent one night at South Sudan motel no.2. I woke up early in the morning of 24th December, and I packed all my belonging. After I had finished packing, I picked up my room keys and I went to the reception to check out. That morning, it was 6:00 a.m. and it was still dark outside, so I had to wait at the reception until my cousin come to give me a lift to the bus station.

In Juba, you can only book your seat, once you have arrived at the bus station. That was the only way to get a seat. At 6:30 a.m., I was picked up by my blood cousin, and at 6: 40 a.m. we arrived at the bus station. Then we booked my seat. Because I had arrived very early in the morning, I was able to secure a front seat. But at cost, front seats are much dearer compares to the other normal seats. The bus fare was 150 (SSP) South Sudanese pounds. But I had to pay 160 SSPs because of the front seat. There at the station, I waited for 2 hours before the bus left at 8:40 a.m. We left the station, and then we arrived at the first road block after we had crossed the bridge. It wasn’t a smooth journey after all, the road was too bumpy! But I was well aware of Juba – Bor’s road. That was my second time to travel on it again.

After one and half hours, our bus’s driver made a first stop in Mangala town. There in Mangala, all the passengers got off the bus. Many of them went to the small kiosk to buy themselves food, drinks and water. Some of them were stretching their legs. After half an hour, we left Mangala town. On the way we spotted a number of people marching celebrating the upcoming birth of Jesus Christ. Number of the youth who were lined up in the front row were armed with AK-47 rifle, and also the last row were also armed. All eyes of the People on the bus were on these groups. The looks we got from these youth weren’t friendly – all armed to the teeth, we were happy to withdraw our looks, and start talking to one another.

I was shocked, and I asked myself quietly, what was going on with these people? Carrying weapons, while they were celebrating the upcoming birth of Jesus. But the fact was crystal – clear, they were doing that, to protect their innocent fathers, mothers, sisters, brothers and the children. Due to the failure of the government to restore law and order in the country. That was normal attitude around South Sudan. All the strong gentlemen were doing that to protect their people. Two hour on that rough and bumpy road. Lastly, I got into Malek and I went home to clean up myself. At home I was welcomed by my brothers and their families, we had a bit of chat, but then I told them that, I needed to go and watch the groups who were preparing to march. My nephew informed me that she had took the water to the bathroom for me to wash up. I finished bathing and I dressed up myself. Then I walked to the church’s compound to watch the gathering groups who were preparing to march. I came to the compound, but I was told that the groups were organising their marching, under one of the big tree on the edge of the river bank. I knew the place they were talking about, I went there and I stood under the tree. But when I looked around the surrounding, I spotted a number of armed youth scattered around that area. They were posted a distance away from the place where these groups were organising themselves. On that day, people in Kolyang Payam who were marching for the upcoming birth of Jesus had to march to Malek Diocese. All the prayers were held by the Bishop of Malek Peter Joh Mayom under this big tree called quiel.

Marching was not done according to the way it was done years back, because of the insecurity in the country, people didn’t march for long distance as usual. Rumours were running, and flooding the country like water that Nuer/rebels were going to attack Bor in December, especially in Christmas.

But I felt that, it was very dangerous in any country, where by many people had controlled or are in possession of guns. Many of those guns were illegal, and of course you could say that ‘they were illegal guns’ not registered at all. The registration I meant is when I am entrusted by the authority (government) to carry/possess a gun. I am not talking about a registration whereby a person go to the authority and register their weapon. In South Sudan, no one care about registration of guns. People who are supposed to control the flexibility of guns in the country, are the people who are selling the guns to the thugs instead of controlling the outbreak of guns. Some People and the government do only care about smuggling money out of the country as if they were drugs dealers, but give less attention to the compelling issues dragging the country to be below average in the world.


For better South Sudan, we all need to act in sensible way, wherever we are breathing around the globe. For better South Sudan, we need law and order in the country. This country is ‘too thirsty of laws and orders’, South Sudan at moment is above anarchy; let me put it that way. Laws are floating in everyone’s hands. People who are entrusted to keep peace and order in the country, are the worst nightmare; believe me or not. Don’t even trust the police, they are fucking thieves.


The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.


Lul Ruai Koang at Juba International Airport, one day after his defection from Riek Machar's rebel

Lul Ruai Koang at Juba International Airport, one day after his defection from Riek Machar’s rebel

BY Capt. Atem Mangar Majak, Northern Upper Nile Front Lines.

February 21, 2015 (SSB) —  It has been a while since i left my resident in Washington DC to join the movement against the tyranny and dictator regime of Salva Kiir Ayandiit and his surrounded national resources looters . I have been to the front lines since 7 months to make sure that change is brought back to our beloved country and nation .

I am today here in Kosti , White Nile State of Sudan after a permission from my commander in the field just to get updated and update others of a foolish decision taken by my beloved former comrade Lul Ruai Koang whom I knew for the past 13 months . Lul within the past 13 months of struggle was my closest comrade whom we shared different ideas and worked closely together to make sure that the system of governance in our country is back to the right leaders and decision makers ..

Coming to the question of why Lul Ruai took that very foolish decision of abandoning the movement to join “The Genocidal Regime “( this is how he himself describes Juba government ) ‘ Lul must have been encouraged by the best of his closest friends whom he condemned yesterday of turning their backs against his foolish decision. .

The reason behind Lul’s decision was a long history since November 2014, he himself approached me and told me , Atem , things are not moving well in the movement. We the people of Jonglei in large and in both greater Akobo and greater Bor especially are being mistreated and marginalized by Dr Riek Machar. He told me that he is working hard to get confident of some Lou Nuer youth in the movement and in Diaspora to forward their grievances to the high command of the SPLM_ IO . He also told me that I should also have to convince within the movement youth from the greater Bor to get rid of comrade Mabior Garang de Mabior in order to make changes in the movement.

In January , Lul forwarded me a petition which he told me was written by some of the influential Lou Nuer youth who totally agreed with his ideas and ready to take any decision once their demands in the petition are not met . I just realised that some of the best of closest friends of my former comrade Lul Ruai condemned him strongly here in Facebook ( because some of them are my Facebook friends ) .. People like David Mai Tang , Steve Goi Gatluak , Nhial Chung ( he unfriended me ) , Kuajien Lual were behind defection of former Cde Lul Ruai by accepting his ideas and prepared a below petition although they are today against his foolish decision, they were the ones encouraged him and should firstly blame themselves for why they were first deceived by Lul Ruai. ..


Below is the petition written by Lul Ruai and his closest friends to the SPLM/SPLA_ IO high command.

Dr. Riek Machar Chairman of SPLM/IO and Commander in chief of SPLA/IO

Subject: Petition from Lou Nuer Youth.


First and foremost, we, the Lou Nuer youth would like to extend our regards and congratulations to SPLM/IO leadership under Dr. Riek Machar and our also gallant forces and their field commanders in all fronts for the join commitment and the sacrifices to bring about justice, freedom, equality and democracy for all in South Sudan. Our forces took up arms in order to change the totalitarianism system, dictatorship and corruption of Juba based govt. to adopt and build strong and effective institutions based on democratic principles and federal system of governance.

Since December 2013 when fighting flared up in Juba things became static due to the fact that we were on the run for our dear lives, our youth in Lou Nuer areas abruptly took courage, mobilized themselves and wage an absolute resistance as a rescue mission to rescue the remnants of Juba massacre, they fought and thousands of Lou Nuer youth lives were lost all along in Jonglei State since then, our quick response to any situation has made us target to all our neighbors and govt, as Salva was quoted in his speech just days after eruption of fighting , he warned Lou Nuer by saying, what will be the future of this community[Lou Nuer] , this statement resulted to the dropping of internationally banned cluster bombs to our youth, this was meant to destroy us. Days after you settled and based in Gadiang, you met Lou Nuer youth and made some promises that boosted the hopes and the morale of our youth , subsequently, things have declined and gone opposite direction as per your promises , your first promise was to make Waat your main base for the resistant movement, so that our people realize and enjoy the dividend of their sacrifices, that didn’t materialize, Now you have moved the headquarter to Nasir which is currently under enemies control, instead of relocating it back to waat you finally moved it to pagak for the best reasons known to you, this has thrown doubts , because if our main goal is topple that genocidal regime in Juba either militarily or the way , you shouldn’t be far from the centre of your strength like Lou Nuer area and move at the periphery where the target is far from.

All Nuer homes areas that under govt control are destroyed and burned down to ashes by the govt forces, Lou Nuer areas became the next target for the govt to invade, should our concern is not addressed we shall experience what happened in other Nuer areas , which we think for the sake resistant movement to survive and uphold its legitimate strength and position.

This is the second scenario after 1991 when the same Lou Nuer backed up your split from SPLA/SPLM, the same sacrifices were done, which exposed us to be the target and common enemy to all Dinka, that scenario had negative impact on us as a community which you didn’t give attention when you were vice president for the last eight years, the history denied us of basic services, no roads, schools and health centers for the community. Our people haven’t enjoyed the dividend of our long struggle for our independence due to our usual support to your political ambitions; this situation resulted to under development of our areas since then.

Our grievances and concerns for this petition came in after Nasir convention that was held early this year, where all movement leaderships and structures came into existence, our observation on how SPLM/IO leadership handled movement affairs have casted doubt on our minds, our representations in all sectors have not satisfied us given the fact that we are exposed to due to our full support to SPLM/IO rebellion, there we have seen that the scenario we have gone through in 1991 split will backfire to us in the current movement, because we had experienced , the more we are involved in something the more we become the victims of tomorrow repercussions, so we can’t afford going through these hardship without recognition and well representation in the leadership.

11 months elapsed now y since conflict erupted in Mid December last year, we are yet not sensing a tangible move that can assure our people who are badly affected and living in precarious situation

Our points of concern are as follow’

Ø Representation in the movement, we the Lou Nuer have embraced, engaged and fully participated in this war without objection, in the current structures of SPLM/IO, we are not contented and well represented in leadership structures being in political leadership, various national committees, security, and foreign missions, we are totally underrepresented despite the huge and ultimate sacrifice we have made so far to maintain this movement, therefore, our representation compare to our contribution to this movement is really worrisome. Besides, we have all our areas MPs who have joined the movement to politically represent the youth that are engaged in the fight in the name of SPLM/IO. So those MPS are symbols of Lou Nuer leadership because they were representing us in both state and national parliament before crisis but now dumped and left wallowing in the middle of nowhere. Hence, if our leaders are not fully recognized and engaged in the movement leadership activities. This will bounce back to us as victims of our own making like what happened in 1991. Therefore, our position on this note is to ensure that we are all represented in all sectors so that our not in vain and to strengthen our movement and adopt principles of building strong and effective institutions based on equality and democratic values.

Lou Nuer sons that are currently serving in the movement leadership structures are;

1. Hussein Mar Nyuot, Chairman of humanitarian

2. Goi Joyuul ; political representative in Ethiopia

3. Molana Dong Samuel, deputy chairman for legal affairs

4. Monawa peter Gatkuoth; Deputy chairman for public relation

5. Dr,Gai representative?

Security and Army, there is a great military leadership vacuum, since then, all field commanders are working independently, no military leadership council hierarchy under one umbrella installed to monitor the military strategies, supplies and orders, our representation in security areas is not there, if for the sake of well experienced security personnel, we have Keat Gang who was serving a senior security officer in the govt before crisis

Ø Military supplies; Lou Nuer territory is currently the main stronghold purely under opposition forces, it has become a centre of resistance for SPLM/IO since December, our main concern is all about the logistical and military supplies to the forces that are in Lou Nuer , we have clearly noticed and seen that there is disparity in military supports and the fact remained that all supplies of SPLM/IO are channeled to Pagak and Bentiu without single military support to the forces in Lou Nuer. This in fact enhanced our worries about the status of Lou Nuer areas, given the fact that its adjacent to the areas under govt control, which exposes our areas to eminent threat of invasion as dry season is approaching, because other areas are being supported militarily. Our areas remain venerable to invasion by govt forces and their foreign forces , therefore, we are bringing this calls to your attention to consider all the possibilities for Lou area to remain strong as before

In conclusion, we are appealing to the leadership of SPLM/IO to look into our concerns and to ensure our dissatisfactions are fully addressed to avoid further consequences that may arise as a result of one section monopoly over public affairs. to add an insult to injury, your absence in the field has contributed negatively , since you left the field and engaged in negotiations, causes due to lack of assurances and moral boosting to the forces on the ground, this has implicated and complicated things because forces on the ground especially in hot spot like Lou Nuer have no idea of what is going on exactly they are fighting without assurances from the leadership , lastly, to avoid many problem that may arise, you should fully base in the field not Addis Ababa so that issues to do with accommodations’, appointments and communications gap is avoided. Also to ensure equal distribution of movement supplies

Furthermore, to strengthen the position of this movement,

Last but not least, we suggest that SPLM/IO leadership relocated to Waat as this will enhance our movement strength in term of military and political strategies , Waat is a good centre due to it proximity with Bor and Juba .


Lou Nuer youth Members.

Long Live Dr. Riek Machar

Long live SPLM/IO

Long live freedom fighters.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.

Patriotism: Napadal South Sudan, and Nadapal, Kenya. Love your country; love your mother/fatherland

By Mamer Deng Jur

February 21, 2015 (SSB) —  In every country in the world, the most fundamental, and the unifying symbol of love is to have a sense of patriotism. When people love their country they defend it, from externally affairs; and when they love one another, they don’t kill one another, when they misunderstand one another. But they would rather table their issues and differences in a peaceful manner. Rather than by AK – 47. This is when there is a sense of patriotic in people minds and hearts.

I do know that, many South Sudanese country men and women are very concerned about South Sudanese issues. And that why they are strongly, encouraging their tribes and the other tribes across the country to welcome and appreciate what is called peace, unity, and the love. What is most important above all is love. A community that had a sense of solidarity is the community that supports one another in times when there is a need. Standing together and sharing the same feelings is the greatest symbol of love. We must train ourselves, and learn to love our fellow countrymen and women in their own rights. If we had a dream that, one day South Sudan would be prosperous country in knowledge and wealth, we must always pray to God to bless us with more wisdom, so that we could develop peaceful South Sudan. Love is not only in words we may express to one another. But it must be in action, we take when there are crisis. Peace and solidarity are not only for weak tribes. They are needed by the strong and the weak tribes. Majority tribes should always work tirelessly for love, peace, and the unity. For the greatest prosperity of South Sudan. If they don’t preach peace, then the country would always have a number of enemies breaking away, and cause instability in the country. Majority tribes have a power to bring stability into South Sudan. A power to unite all the citizens in South Sudan. But not a power to discriminate minorities’ or people who are crying for better governance for common good.

If we love our country, then we must need to lay down our guns. And let begin to solve our differences in a peaceful manner. We all know very well that, there would be no day Obama and Ban Ki-moon would solve our country issues. We need to read between the lines. Barrack Obama is an American citizen by birth. He is the president of American and a businessman, selling his country’s policies to the world. We are boosting Western economy, every time we had misunderstood one another, and such misunderstanding is always solved by AK-47. Instead of dialogue. This in my opinion, prove that we are idiots’ beings.

Encroachment –a coward move!

Kenyan encroachment into South Sudan’s territory, I think it was a coward move by so current president of Kenya. Uhuru Kenyatta to allow his government to stroll into South Sudan areas in such a funny way. Currently, situation in South Sudan is volatile and no one actually have time to waste to focus on external issues facing the country. All our neighbours had moved their borders into South Sudan. And citizens of these countries are very arrogant. I remember when I got off at Kenya, Napadal on 5th of January 2015. Which was about ten to fifteen minutes’ drive from South Sudan, Nadapal. We Arrived at Kenya Nadapal, we were ordered to proceed to the registration desk. This where they recorded all the passport numbers before you could be allowed to enter immigration office to buy entry visa. On that day, we South Sudanese at Kenya’s borders were more than fifty in the line. The line was moving very slow, and the sun wasn’t giving in. People were sweating badly but they couldn’t change anything. My turn came and I handed over my South Sudanese passport to police officer who was recording the passports numbers. While he was jotting down the passport digits and was about to finish. He asked me, hey Bwana (Kiswahili word for mister)! You need to pay 100 Kenyan shillings. I replied, yea what for? You know bwana, it is for the exercise book. What exercise book?” I asked him. “We need to replace this exercise book we are recording your passports numbers on it”. I told him, “it was not my job and I don’t care if you don’t have an exercise book, to record our passports numbers”. “In addition, I reckon you should ask your president Uhuru Kenyatta to provide you guys with more exercise books”. I left the donkey shed, and I was directed to this temporary immigration office. At the door there was another officer waiting there. He approached me, “hi there boss!” “Do you have any spares note for a soda?” he asked me! I told him, “well I need to get a visa first, and then I will see if I had any spare notes”. He replied, “All good boss”. I went in and I got a visa. So I came to the officer who was waiting at the door, and I gave him 100 Kenyan shillings, and I gave another 100 Kenyan shilling to the guy who wanted to buy an exercise book. They were all appreciative.

I walked to the waiting area. The waiting area had two purposes; it was a place whereby all the cars, and their passengers had to wait for an escort to Loki due to the insecurity on the way. It was a custom area too, where they check all the bags, and the goods going to Kenya. Checking was very slow, and I became tired of sitting in one place, so left where I was seated and I went for walk, I was just strolling within the immigration precinct. When I looked on my left hand while walking, I saw a big army barrack divided by fence to the immigration department. I saw large – calibre weapons pointing to South Sudan. Fuck! “What’s this?” “Oh yea, they are trying now to scare Southerners”, I said to myself. I met this guy, he was an officer working on the side of immigration. We went into conversation and I asked him, why did they move into South Sudan? He laughed, and he told me, “Look my friend there is something that South Sudanese don’t get at all”. “This is not South Sudan’s territory; if you don’t know that! It is Kenya’s territory brother”. But we Kenyans are capable to ‘sort out’ anyone who think that, this territory belongs to South Sudan”. He continued.

I know, it may not be an easy saga to get over it very soon. But I had hoped that, when everything is settle in South Sudan; there would be a time South Sudan would start disputing the borders with her neighbours. Currently, her neighbours are taking advantage of the instability in this country. Otherwise if South Sudan didn’t go back to war, killing one another for the power; then these countries, would never had a chance of moving their borders into South Sudan. During the war, the border of Kenya and South Sudan was keybase (Keibase), but it wasn’t Nadapal. Currently, South Sudan, and Kenya are sharing Nadapal.

IN CONCLUSION, WE NEED PEACE, UNITY, AND LOVE SO BAD. These are important elements of patriotism.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made are the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël: South Sudanese Bloggers (SSB) website. If you want to submit an opinion article or news analysis, please email it to SSB do reserve the right to edit material before publication. Please include your full name, email address and the country you are writing from.