Archive for March, 2018

By Abuoi Jook Alith, Sydney, Australia          


March 31, 2018 (SSB) — The significant origin of Jesh Al Hamer is dated back to 1987 after the idea was reported to SPLA leader Dr John Garang De Mabior by one of his zonal commanders around 1986-7. That commander (name withheld) raised the issue to Dr John Garang that schools have gone none operative across Southern Sudan for over 4 years since the onset of liberation war in 1983. Dr Garang wholeheartedly received such proposal a brilliant idea and wasted no time in sending the message to all units, ordering his zonal commanders to immediately mobilize boys and sent to refugee camps, to be established at Ethiopian border late 1987-1989.

Subsequent group mainly from Bor and Nuba Mountain areas only was later sent to Polataka in Eastern Equatoria in 1989. Those zonal commanders comprised of Cdr. Kuol Manyang Juuk commanding the Southern Upper Nile mainly Bor area, Cdr. Daniel Awet Akot for the entire Bhar Al Ghazal region, Cdr. Riek Machar Teny in Western Upper Nile mainly Bentiu and Cdr. Yousif Kuwa Mekki for the Nuba Mountain. All responded positively and sent massive numbers of boys to Ethiopia as per orders from their Commander in Chief Dr Garang.

Although the numbers were not the same across those zones, this author could squarely assert the named commanders contributed overwhelming in sending the current jesh al hamer, unaccompanied minors or lost boys as they later became to school as communicated then. The vast number of those boys largely settled at Fugnido and Dima refugee camps though few went to Itang at later years of settlement.


By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

Bior-Matoto, Gier Chuang, and Telar Ring Deng

Bior-Matoto, Gier Chuang, and Telar Ring Deng, December 1984


March 31, 2018 (SSB) — When the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, made remarks at the Consultative Meeting on South Sudan, with UN, IGAD and the African Union that—“first of all, it is clear to me and, I’m sorry to say so, but I’ve never seen political elite with so little interest in the wellbeing of its own people” some people expressed outrage that it was against the sovereignty of South Sudan for him to make such remarks.

However, he was and he is still right up to now. In my opinion, he made a very precise observation about the conduct of South Sudanese leaders. The leaders of South Sudan do not have any interest in serving citizens as their interests solely lie in power and wealth.

 The desire by the leaders to have power and resources has reduced the human values in South Sudan to nothing. This is because South Sudanese have become less human beings since what the leaders look at is not how to improve their welfare but how to enhance their power and acquire more and more wealth.

Thus, citizens have been reduced to objects and because of that they have lost intrinsic human values due to the indifferent conduct of the leaders of South Sudan. In other words, in the politics of South Sudan, welfare of the citizens no longer matters.


H.E. The Vice President

Republic of South Sudan

RSS- Juba

Subject: Resignation Letter

Mayen Ayarbior

David Mayen Ayarbior is the spokesperson of the South Sudanese Vice President, Hon. James Wani Igga

March 30, 2018 (SSB) — Sir, in reference to the subject noted above, I must begin with expressing my gratitude to You, Cde. James Wani Igga, H.E. Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan, for being such a good mentor and political father figure to me.

As Rt. Hon. Speaker of NLA, ten years ago you employed me as Director for Legislation and five years later as Press Secretary in your esteemed Office upon assuming this great challenge. I have since learned so much.

I must also make it clear that your leadership style makes the office working environment such an easy place to be in. No one in his right mind would want to leave such a great environment. Furthermore, the group (my colleagues) whom you carefully chosen to be in your Office make that working environment even easier.


SPLM/A (IO) Deputy Chairman Open Letter

To: H.E. Dr. Abiy Ahmed Ali Prime Minister,

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


riek wife

Riek Machar and his wife, Angelina Teny


Your Excellency,

March 30, 2018 (SSB) — On behalf of the SPLM/SPLA (IO) and on my behalf, I would like to express my profound appreciation for the tireless efforts the leadership of your country has exerted in leading IGAD and its Assembly of Heads of State and Government in the search for a lasting peace in South Sudan. Complementary to the above have been the IGAD Council of Ministers’ efforts to remain seized in bringing peace to South Sudan. I also take this opportunity to applaud H.E. Ambassador Dr. Ismail Wars, IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan and his team, for the magnificent work done in facilitating and guiding the HLRF peace talks.

Your Excellency, I however would like to express serious concerns regarding decisions in the IGAD Council of Ministers’ Communique issued on March 26, 2018 in Addis Ababa, that we believe could prove detrimental to HRLF process. First of which is, and I quote: “Decides the house arest of SPLM/ IO leader Dr. Riek Machar be lifted as soon as possible, on conditions that ensure he will renounce violence and not obstruct the peace process and he be allowed to

relocate to any country outside the region and are not neighboring !South Sudan; designated IGAD Ministers will propose and decide a possible location.”


SPLM Reunification Has been Sneezed at Three Times

Posted: March 30, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan, Malith Alier

By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

SPLM reunification4

SPLM Reunification: President Museveni meets President Kiir and G-10 leaders in Kampala

March 30, 2018 (SSB) — If anything, the so-called SPLM reunification is more distant than the peace talks prospects currently underway in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. More water has gone under the bridge and it is getting harder and harder for anyone to imagine that SPLM in its former self will be reincarnated. Some people still harbour the notion that the current upheaval began in the party and would be corrected by up the ante or going back to stage one.

In my Dinka understanding if you say something amid sneezes, obviously, I don’t say bless you, instead, I say you can’t be serious! The first thing people thought about immediately after the eruption of conflict was reunification of the SPLM as a party. One of the root causes to me was the question of the group formation that was halted at the second stage by actions of factions or individuals within the party.


The UNMISS should safeguard against some of the Gok state authorities using it as a vehicle for corruption

By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

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March 29, 2018 (SSB) — Since the creation of Gok State on 2 October 2015, I have written a lot about it. I have written on both good and bad things, praises and attacks on some of the authorities. Despite others and my efforts to fight for change that may benefit the people, things appear not to be moving towards right directions as the state keeps on fluctuating between progress and digression.

The problem that keeps Gok State at the same level or even at the worse level is the fact that the authorities have become enemies to the truth. This automatic means that were darkness is valued over light, the evil flourishes undercover.  This is because, in a situation where the people who talk against evil are viewed as enemies, it is not easy to bring the change in the society as truth is the first causality.


By David Matiop Gai, Juba, South Sudan

Lakes state Youth in Kenya

Lakes State Youth Consultative Council in Kenya

March 29, 2018 (SSB) — Power and leadership what do they represent in the leadership development? In part one we have discussed youth leadership and why it is referred to young people as leaders of tomorrow? In part two, we have discussed identifying youth leaders by those who are already in leadership and prepared them for future leadership.

And in part three, we also discussed the definition of leaders, and leadership as an opportunity and how to develop young leaders into that leadership, but in part four, we are going to discuss power and leadership on how young leaders are brought up by authorities in power.

For us as South Sudanese youths, what does power means and to those who can develop youths?  In worldwide today, the word ‘power ‘is defined in many dimensions. In an organizational behavior management, the word ‘power’ is called and used as a ‘management power’ which is used more than the use of force. It is an influencing other to TRULY WANT to achieve a goal. A planned power simply forces others to achieve a goal.


By Pal Chol Nyan, Juba, South Sudan


Diktoor Dau Riak, Palotaka

March 29, 2018 (SSB) — Thank you brother Michael Koma for your kind compliments. We appreciate your acknowledgment of the services we offer to our needy people especially the sick for which we have been trained. The Administration is grateful to the Dawn newspaper for advertising how we render the medical services.

We didn’t just choose to treat people out kindness. It is our noble profession with rules governing us in how we carry out our medical duties.

Medical ethics and Hippocratic Oath provide that practicing medicine is first and foremost about saving lives. The money comes second. Sick people deserve to be treated without fear or favour. That is what the Hai Mawuna Medical team is trying to do. The Administration of Mawuna Medical Complex understands and knows the current imposed economic hardships the people face.


Ministry for information in Gok State will one day paralyzed the political vision of H.E. Madhang Majok Men

By Awet Benjamin Maker, Nanjing, China

28 governors swearing in ceremony in Juba

The swearing-in ceremony of 28 governors in Juba, South Sudan, 29 Dec 2015

March 29, 2018 (SSB) — It has come to my attention on several notices that this is the third time in third reshuffling in the cabinet of governor Madhang Majok Men he is giving the information seat to people of Abiriu County. Any honest person would wonder about his recycling mechanism whether it’s difficult in other eight counties for our able governor to find someone who can perfect this job rather than those of Abiriu community beats my understanding. Or is it just a move aimed at draining of his recent dug lagoons, protecting and maintaining his political vapor off from exposure to the public or is it either dwsmisat designed for this particular county in his regime I still cannot figure out the substance in it.

Ministry for information is one of the finest branch of any cabinet which is the headquarters of government secrecy and media affiliation that is not bad for this county to be honored with it trusted productive management but is rather not healthy politically to switched the seat between people of the same county for it might be posed a huge conspiracy and wrangles between them. I’m writing about it because the government seems to be lacking strategies in the formation of the cabinet.


By Michael Chol Tor, Juba, South Sudan

Bior-Matoto, Gier Chuang, and Telar Ring Deng

Bior-Matoto, Gier Chuang, and Telar Ring Deng, December 1984

March 29, 2018 (SSB) — Pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli. The International Association for the study of Pain’s widely used definition defines pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage” however; due to it being a complex, subjective phenomenon, defining pain has been a challenge. In medical diagnosis, pain is regarded as a symptom of an underlying condition.

Pain motivates the individual to withdraw from damaging situations, to protect a damaged body part while it heals, and to avoid similar experiences in the future. Most pain resolves once the noxious stimulus is removed and the body has healed, but it may persist despite the removal of the stimulus and apparent healing of the body. Sometimes pain arises in the absence of any detectable stimulus, damage or disease.


Hon. Michael Makwei: Why Vivacell was Closed Down by the Government

Posted: March 29, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By Benjamin Guarken Chiman, Juba, South Sudan



March 28, 2018 (SSB) — War by definition, is a state of armed conflict between different nations or states or different groups within a nation or state whereas, senseless, simply means, being unconscious of comatose. The world wars that have been fought many times were either justifiable or were simple being fought with comatose minds. Many leaders resort to war as last option when either table negotiation or mediation fails. Sometimes, these kinds might be accepted to be called justifiable wars.

However, some leaders drive their nations to war with other nations or with herself, maybe through internal influences or external influences. This type of war qualifies to be generously termed a senseless war, the war without benefits the war brought about by being comatose of ideas or leadership strategies. Many wise leaders or Politicians on varies occasions tend always to avoid wars as much as possible so that bitter war consequences are never tasted by themselves or by their fellow citizens. Nonetheless, this contemplation always requires experiences or free minds from all kinds of world’s vinegars!


The Unfortunate Orphans of the Vivacell Saga in South Sudan

Posted: March 28, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan, Pal Chol Nyan

The government of Juba shut down Vivacell operator Network Company

By Pal Chol Nyan, Juba, South Sudan


March 28, 2018 (SSB) — The government of Juba has shut down Vivacell network yesterday. The closure seems to be connected or marred by conflict of interests.  I was amazed at the fastest pace out of which the Vivacell operator network was shut down by the NCA on the stern orders from the above; rendering hundreds of thousands jobless and cutting of communication and business deals.

It was abruptly done as if the end was here with little did they know that it will have deleterious impacts on the employees. Now the employees will not be able to pay school fees for their children, feed their families, rent houses and meet other amenities.

Highly placed government source says the Company is supporting the FDs and they use their shares to fund what the source called their “subversive activities. The government spokesman said they were closing it down because the company does not want to reduce the calls tariffs and that it is not complying with the regulations of the government. The other narrative says the company owes the government some arrears of taxes.


The Choking Smoke of Hepatitis in South Sudan

Posted: March 28, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Awuol Gabriel Arok, Junub Sudan

By Awuol Gabriel Arok, Juba, South Sudan

food poisoning in Bor10

March 28, 2018 (SSB) — The word Hepatitis is derived from the Greek hepar meaning “liver” and itis meaning “inflammation”. According to Wikipedia Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver tissue. Some people have no symptoms whereas others develop yellow discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes, poor appetite, vomiting, tiredness, abdominal pain and diarrhea.

Hepatitis may be temporary (acute) or long term (chronic) depending on whether it lasts for less than or more than six months. Acute hepatitis can sometimes resolve on its own, progress to chronic hepatitis, or rarely result in acute liver failure. Over time the chronic form may progress to scarring of the liver, liver failure, or liver cancer.

The most common cause of hepatitis worldwide is viruses. Other causes include heavy alcohol use, certain medications, toxins, other infections and autoimmune disease.


A youth leader, Justine Woje:  “If you people are not able to run the government, hand the government to the youth, the youth are ready to run this government tomorrow.”

Information Minister Michael Makwei: “There is no way you take away without learning from us first you must acquire the experience from us first. The fact that you are educated does not mean that you are experienced, so please don’t hurry little by little you take over because it is also a process, it is not an event.”

By Philip Thon Aleu, Juba, South Sudan

Information Minister Michael Makwei Lueth in full old SPLM/A military uniform

Information Minister Michael Makwei Lueth in old SPLM/A military uniform

March 28, 2018 (SSB) — Information Minister Makuei Lueth is quoted to have told reporters that youth have to learn before taking leadership from elders, triggering fierce criticism.

But looking at the basic requirements that may boost ‘youth’ as an alternative to elders, I don’t see anything. For starters, South Sudanese youth only meet in tribal, clans and regional associations. There’s no national, nongovernmental association control, run and own by youth without the support of elders.


President Kiir Mayardit admits Leadership Failure: Is this declaration sufficient enough to help solve South Sudan’s economic collapse?

By Gen. Lemi Logwonga Lomuro (PhD)

President Kiir's speeches after independence

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan. Grab your copy at

March 28, 2018 (SSB) — While overseeing the swearing-in ceremony of Mr Salvatore Garang Mabiordit as the new minister of finance on the 14th March 2018, President Salva Kiir took valour to admit the collapse of South Sudan’s currency and, with it the leadership that administered the collapse. The President declared in a personalized statement that “We have lost the value of our currency, and there is nothing we can do soon to regain our currency’s value unless we produce”.  Wow, What a courage! Has the president roused up from his lax slumber to make this discovery, or what must have triggered him to make this announcement this time around after years of economic malady?

Although this admission is indeed encouraging Mr President, it has taken too long for you to have woken up to the realisation that the ship under your command has lost its navigation lens, a fact that some of us had foreknowledge which was brought forward to your attention, but because in your domain, the culture of critical advice is alien and, often beckons recrimination instead of appreciation. That is why you chose to ignore most advices from those considered outside your trusted clique of cronies.


The Root Cause of the December 2013 Crisis in South Sudan: The SPLM/SPLA Factor– A Response to Hon. Arop Madut Arop’s Article “How Political Wrangling in the Ruling SPLM Party Wrecked South Sudan Apart In 2013

By Mabior Garang De Mabior, Nairobi, Kenya

in the company of Dr. John Garang: once upon a time, we were united.


March 28, 2018 (SSB) — The December 2013 conflict in South Sudan has often been portrayed as a power struggle between the President Salva Kiir and his then Vice President Riek Machar – a Vice President who was seen as and continues to be depicted as a power-hungry individual. We have branded this as “The Riek Machar Factor”. The conflict has also been portrayed as a tribal war between the Dinka and the Nuer. This is not true. It is a known fact that the causes of war are economic in nature; and war, as theorized by Carl Von Clausewitz is, “the continuation of politics by other means”. The attempts to politicize the root causes of the current conflict are an attempt by a regime, waging a war of attrition on its own civil population, to hide the heinous crimes which led to the outbreak of war.

The following is an attempt by the author/s to discuss the failure of the SPLM/SPLA as one of the many factors leading up to the December 2013 conflict. It would be important to define some terms in order to avoid confusion. The abbreviation SPLM/SPLA shall be used here to refer to the liberation struggle during the first civil war in the old Sudan (1983-2005) and the term SPLM/SPLA (IO) refers to the movement currently spearheading the struggle against the regime in Juba.


Why the Government Shutdown Vivacell Mobile Operator

Posted: March 28, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Reposted from The Bell: Vivacell shutdown: Reasons!


According to NCA, Vivacell was shut down because it refused to comply with the National communication Act, 2012 which stipulated that all the telecom operators must obtain a new operating license from the Government of the Republic of South Sudan.

Secondly, Vivacell is currently operating with the license of the Network of the World (NOW) which belongs to SPLM on the condition that they will pay SPLM 7.5 M USD in 2007 and SPLM will have 25 percent shares. Vivacell paid 0nly 1.5 M USD while the SPLM fulfilled its obligations by giving them free land and exemptions for 10 years.

Now the Ministry of Telecommunications and Postal Services is trying to implement the National Communication Act, 2012.

To cut the story short. Vivacell is refusing to run its international voice traffic through the Government’s International Gateway where the Government would be monitoring all the voice traffics passing through the Gateway and be able to collect its share of revenue directly without asking Vivacell…

Vivacell is also refusing to pay SPLM its balance of 6 M. USD and register to obtain the new operating license according to the law. So the Government is losing 66 M. USD for the operating license that should be paid once + 2 million minutes × 0.34 cents × 12 =7.2 M USD.( for the voice traffics annually) + 6 M for the SPLM license + 25 percent shares.

Eulogies and Tributes to the Revolutionary Life of Gen. Andrew Makur Thou

By Atem Yaak Atem, Sydney, Australia


March 26, 2018 (SSB) — Glowing tributes have been paid to General Andrew Makur Thou, who died last week. As will be seen later in this appreciation, Makur was a freedom fighter, a decorated military officer, a politician, a diplomat, a community leader, and towards the end of his life, an honest broker in peacemaking process to end the debilitating armed conflict in his country.

Reacting to the news of the death of General Makur Thou, one of the Eminent Personalities working to resolve the armed conflict in South Sudan, the office of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanism (JMEC)- headed by the former president of Botswana, Festus Mogae- released a statement to express the body’s condolence.

“Ambassador General Makur was a patriot, a champion of peace and indeed a key pillar in the 2015 Peace Agreement of the Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS)”, read the release in part. It went on to describe late Makur’s contribution as “sober and honest”, and with the general death “the entire South Sudan Peace process” will miss his role.

As chair of Security Working Committee, retired General Andrew Makur worked alongside the Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements Monitoring Mechanism (CTSAMM) team. The organ’s head, Major General Ibrahim Abduljellil, has recognised late Makur as a leader who “had an ability to instil great understanding amongst CTSAMM forum”.