Archive for August, 2018

IGAD applauds the initialing of Khartoum Declaration Agreement

Posted: August 31, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in IGAD, Junub Sudan


(Khartoum – August 30, 2018) The IGAD High-level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) for South Sudan has registered another milestone with the parties initialing the text of the Revitalized Agreement of the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS). The initialing ceremony was witnessed by H.E. Al-Dirdeiry Mohamed Ahmed, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Sudan and Amb. Ismail Wais, IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan. Mediation team from Kenya and Ethiopia as well as representatives from the international partners were also present.

The IGAD Special Envoy, Amb. Ismail Wais, welcomes the initialing of the agreement and congratulates the parties for signing the agreement. “This is step in the right direction to help the reconciliation and rebuilding of South Sudan,” he said. He called on the parties to demonstrate their commitment to start implementing the revitalized ARCSS as a matter of priority and to prepare for the upcoming IGAD Summit.

The High-level Revitalization Forum was established after the decision of the 31st Session of IGAD Heads of State and Government for the parties of the ARCSS including the estranged groups to discuss concrete measures, restore permanent ceasefire, to full implementation of the Peace Agreement, and to develop a revised and realistic timeline and implementation schedule towards democratic election at the end of the transitional period.

The opinion expressed here is solely the view of the writer. The veracity of any claim made is the responsibility of the author, not PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website. If you want to submit an opinion article, commentary or news analysis, please email it to PaanLuel Wël Media (PW) website do reserve the right to edit or reject material before publication. Please include your full name, a short biography, email address, city and the country you are writing from.

By Simon Yel Yel, Paloich, South Sudan

Corruption genesis.jpg

Thursday, August 30, 2018 (PW) — Unless it is breaking news, there is no civil servant in the government of South Sudan that has been derisively dragged through the mud and unreasonably disparaged more than Ateny Wek Ateny on both social and print media outlets. Unimaginably, even the Facebook is heavily littered to the brim with Ateny’s name and I am sure you too do find it; that the Presidential Press Secretary either is a wrong man in the right place or a curse to the Presidential palace in disguise.

That is their opinion. And I have mine too. The gist of writing this piece of article is neither to glorify him nor vilify his critics; nor even to put his reputations into ignominy. Rather I have picked up my pen to share my thoughts with the readership about this very man in the Presidential press room.

To jog your memory, Ateny Wek’s oath of office neither extends across the entire executive branch of government nor parliament, but just to the President Salva Kiir and his office, and thus, he doesn’t speak for the government as a whole.  It’s only once you acknowledge this fact that you can be able to fairly judge his performances and passion for work. (more…)

SPLM-FDs Condemn Deng Aloor for initialing the Khartoum deal

Posted: August 29, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan


What is known by the name of justice in common parlance relates to the settlement of disputes through judicial bodies? (Part one)

By Mading Abraham Majur, Juba, South Sudan

Abel Alier and Atem Yaak Atem

Hon. Abel Alier and Atem Yaak Atem in Nairobi, Kenya, 2005, at the signing of the CPA

Tuesday, August 28, 2018 (PW) — It is in this respect that this term has a positive character and by desirable quality of which the law of the state and the justice of the courts become very close affairs. However, with the infiltration of democracy into social and economic spheres, the meaning of justice has expanded itself so as to cover all ambles of human life.

A new awareness has developed that informs that the rights of an individual should be reasonably constrained in the wider interests of his community so that the ends of social justice are properly achieved.

In other words, it is widely standard that the well being of society depends on the coordination and reconciliation between the rights of individual and interests of the community. Not only this, if there is a conflict between the two, the latter should prevail over the former, consequently facts in the issue of justice in social, economic and political spheres.  (more…)

South Sudan: The jealous people always have a rough end

Posted: August 28, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan, Majok Arol Dhieu

By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan


Tuesday, 28 August 2018 (PW) — There was once a man who had two wives and they lived happily together with other members of the clan in a cattle-camp. His name was Loch. His first wife was Nyiker and another was Amukpiu, the second wife. Please, if the names coincided with your name in the social media or in the hard copies, make sure that, there’s nothing that have been intended for you.

Loch’s first wife, Nyiker had mothered only one child, a baby boy while Amukpiu, his second wife had mothered six children, four boys and two girls. Nyiker’s boy grew up, became head of bailiffs and quickly rose to fame because his father had bought him a colourful bull, a hornless bell’s carrier bull and other beautiful cows.

Amukpiu’s sons were having their kraal nearby their step-brother byre but because they are four boys in number and according to their custom, the elder would first become the owner till he married so that the follower takes over and vice versa, no one among them had run into fame as much as Nyiker’s son.


27 years later, the poisoned legacy of the 1991 Nasir coup

Posted: August 28, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in History, Junub Sudan

1991 Nasir Coup

By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

President Kiir's speeches after independence

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan. Grab your copy at

Tuesday, August 28, 2018 (PW) – This piece is neither a biography, critique or praise of Salva Kiir and his regime. We’re aware that there are attempts by certain individuals to author a biography of President Kiir unilaterally. This piece is a common man’s view that only narrates the path Kiir negotiated to the top of the SPLM/SPLA and therefore to that of the country called South Sudan.

The man, fondly referred to as Joshua by his ardent followers takes us to the Biblical times when Moses, the leader who led Israelites out of Egypt went over the mountain not to return to taste the fruits of the promised land. Moses and Joshua story is found in the old testament of the Holy Bible and is used by Christians to illustrate stories similar in nature such as the one of Southern Sudanese.

History tells us that when the dissident southern soldiers rebelled in 1983, Salva Kiir was a mere captain in the Sudanese army. Stationed in Malakal, Upper Nile, he was an intelligence officer who tasked to report to the military headquarters subversive activity in the South. (more…)

By Madol Chien Achieny, Juba, South Sudan


Telar Ring Deng, later South Sudan President Salva Kiir’s nominee to become the new justice minister, 21 June 2014

Friday, August 24, 2018 (PW) — Before I could rush in listing the names of the architects of two wings of Atuot who need to tear the community apart, it is important to bring my readership to light of what has ensued over the last months. On 1st Jan 2018, Atuot Youth in Juba convened in Millennium Hotel to form an organization that would have been called ‘’Atuot Youth Association-AYA’’ for purposes of unity and social organization.

That noble idea was hijacked, politicized and used against an intact community to incite their ignorance to maneuver political ambitions by Juba politicians. Atuot, time immemorial, was a union of 6 Jieng subsections of Apeek, Rorkech, Jilek, Kuek, Luac and Akot, the order is random. Geographically, they live in the western part of Yirol.

The whole idea was taken out of context to divert the purpose as contentions of whether Atuot is a subsection of a bigger Jieng or not and whether Apeek is a subsection of Atuot or not were created by two prominent Atuot politicians and picked by few hired naïve youth to give their political calculation popularity. The idea was to divide the bigger tent (Atuot) into smaller sections that could be accommodated by the politics of sectarianism that is practiced in Juba so as they remain relevant to the policy of tribal representation in national cabinet. (more…)


By Jacob Jokmagai Dengadiit, Juba, South Sudan

 old map of jonglei counties


Wednesday, August 22, 2018 (PW) — I recently wrote an article entitled, ‘WHERE IS THIS OLD MAN CALLED BOR?’ I was addressing the name that has been taken as our daily topic of discussion while in real sense, we have issues of concern like poverty, insecurity, lack of infrastructure, poor healthcare, and lack of jobs topping the list of our daily utopian needs.

I was marveled later by some of the comments I received under my article. I saw that this problem is more of an ethnic identity crisis. I remembered the disagreements between #Team_Magot and #Team_Gongic_Lualmawut back in Juba during the wrestling tournament in the middle of this year. I also recalled the ditching songs between Bor and Twi especially. I still see them going live on the same matter. I see a push and a pull between the name ‘Bor’ and ‘Jonglei.’

Because of the above reasons, I recoiled back into my world of thoughts and I was like, “Ureka! History will settle this matter once and for all.” I went into research only to discover the one and only thing that many of my friends have been always bothering me about. “Jokmagai, please write a book.” That is one of the constant words I hear when I talk to some of my relatives and friends. To my friends I discovered that I can really write a book.

My research was on the names; ‘Dinka Bor, Bor Asili and The Dinka of Jonglei.’ I had promised to write an article and published it here as a point of debate and discussion. The title of my research was: “JONGLEI MERRY-GO-ROUND OF POLITICAL GAMBLES THROUGH ETHNIC ASSIMILATION SUPERIORITY SYNDROME: FROM NYARWENGIZATION THROUGH KONGORIZATION TO BORIZATION.” As I was doing that research, I addressed the issue at hand and when I later finished, I discovered that I had already written 44 pages. The ideas were still jumping in from the creative side of the brain and I was like, “Let me write a book on this then.” Look! Already 44 pages in about a week!


By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia


Wednesday, August 22, 2018 (PW) — With the likely advent of peace in the coming months, all the attention now turns to implementation of the agreement and the elections to crown it all. In the meantime, the parties preemptively vowed to implement the agreement in letter and spirit. Possibly they are aware of the lost opportunities by not implementing the previous agreement.

Had all gone well, by now, the country would have been a different place and no one would be in this mirage any more. This country has gone through difficult periods, characterised by famine, disease such as cholera and other preventable disasters since resuming atrocities 5 years ago.

One of the advantages of having peace is the potential to innovate and grow albeit gradually with time. The advanced nations we see and look up to today in the world ceased wars and conflict many decades ago. In the absence of war a nation is able to develop and channel its human capital solely for development. It also uses its resources exclusively for this purpose. (more…)


 Wednesday, August 22, 2018 (PW) — With a great deal of deliberation and community engagement, the people of Jonglei State in the United States of America have something to share with the world at large. Today, the Committee tasked with the setup of the inclusive community based organization for all the subtribes of the Jonglei State is hereby announcing the formation of Jonglei State Community-USA.

There has been a lot of soul searching and reflection in the greater goal of a union that will be representative of the diverse and unique subtribes of Jonglei State namely: Hol, Bor, Nyarweng, and Twic. The history of these four Jieng’s subtribes is rich in tradition and cultural similarity that date back many generation. In fact, they’re inseparable through shared values and common identity.

With all that in mind, there has been a lot of confusions in recent times about what should be the common identification for the four Jieng’s subtribes (Hol, Bor, Nyarweng, & Twic) in the Jonglei State. The name Jonglei State belongs to all the subtribes and no one group claims that name, therefore it’s imperative that the state name should be adopted as our common name for all the Jieng’s subtribes in the Jonglei State. (more…)

By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

jmec chairman festus mogae


Tuesday, August 21, 2018 (PW) — President Mogae could not be thanked enough. He had endured the unforgiving high expectations of the South Sudanese people for the dishonoured 2015 peace agreement reluctantly entered into by the SPLM opposing sides.
Had the 2015 peace agreement held as agreed, Festus Mogae, the former president of Botswana would have to leave in 2018 or soon thereafter.

It was Chairman Mogae after 2016 debacle who, claimed that the peace agreement was wounded but not dead. He was trying to salvage the images of the peace guarantors and that of his organisation, The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC).

The Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission was created to monitor the ill-fated peace agreement between SPLM IO and Government of the Republic of South Sudan from 2015 through to 2018 after which agreed reforms would have been made and elections conducted under a new constitution. (more…)

Plagiarism, and copyright infringement: a Wakeup call for South Sudanese

By Atem Yaak Atem, Sydney, Australia

Atem Yaak Atem

Atem Yaak Atem is the former deputy minister for information and a veteran South Sudanese journalist who was the founding director, chief editor, and trainer of Radio SPLA (1984-1991). He is the author of a new book, “Jungle Chronicles and Other Writings: Recollections of a South Sudanese, a four-volume memoir, of which Jungle Chronicle is the first instalment.

The premise

Tuesday, August 21, 2018 (PW) — When a country is in the grip of a crippling and divisive war as is the case with South Sudan now, those who discuss matters, for example, such as the arts, promotion of environmental awareness, the value of having national archives, and so forth, can be seen as heartless creatures, indifferent to the suffering of millions of their compatriots and the future of the country. It is a universally acknowledged fact that what we as South Sudanese need is to hammer out an agreement that addresses the root causes of the conflict to be the basis for reconciliation and a lasting peace that provides justice not only for the parties concerned and members of the educated elite but all the citizens and the future generations.

There is no doubt about the validity of this observation. But the pursuit of peace does not prevent people doing what is apparently the norm or mundane. In defence of my erstwhile column, “Far Away from War”, which the SPLM/Update weekly newsletter carried in the 1990s, I argued that in war as well as in peace, people continue to carry on with their lives with a semblance or normality, where and when that is possible. Under any prevailing armed conflict situation, young people even those at the warfront marry, women give birth to children and nurture them, able-bodied persons work for a livelihood, and so forth. It is impossible for people to put on hold every day activity until the advent of peace. That is impossible; the society will simply collapse. This is why I write and read virtually every day despite the persistent agony gnawing one inside because of the tragedy that is threatening the very existence of South Sudan as a burgeoning and independent nation. (more…)

HIV/AIDS is Real; Don’t COMPROMISE your life away

Posted: August 20, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Health, Junub Sudan


By Alaak Daniel Atem, Juba, South Sudan

Monday, August 20, 2018 (PW) — First of all I want to applaud those who openly discussed the recent trend and report on the number of people living with HIV virus in Jonglei state in particluar, knowledgeably or ignorantly. Knowledgeably, I mean people who have tested and are aware about their status and taking medication or being taken care of by health professionals. Ignorantly, I mean those who are living with the virus without knowing. You can only know about your HIV status only through Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT).

I know there is a lot of stigma in our society in regards to how we deal with people living with HIV. There are still a lot of assumptions about HIV, other believe that it is caused by being bewitched or bad luck. While others believe that it doesn’t exist, that it is a conspiracy by he west to discourage sex. Notably, there are no guiding principles governing sex worldwide though there are some cultural norms to be adhered to depending on a particular community you are dealing with.

It is absurd that sex education and reproductive health is still treated as obscene and taboo in our community that has encountered a lot of dynamic changes due to our exposure to different parts of the world with diverged cultures. Our natural culture of #TRUST has always put us to the edge of the world’s deadliest stuff like diseases and worst part of civilizations. (more…)


                                  (FOR IMMEDIATE PUBLICATION)
Festus Mogae in Malakal

Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC) Chairperson Festus Mogae visits Malakal.

Monday August 20, 2018, Juba, South Sudan




The Chairperson of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC), His Excellency Festus G. Mogae, also Former President of the Republic of Botswana, informs the general public that he has written to the Chairperson of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Heads of State and Government, His Excellency Abiy Ahmed Ali, the Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, informing of his intention to step down as Chairperson at the end of September 2018.

His Excellency Festus G. Mogae, who recommended the revitalization of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan to the IGAD Heads of State and Government during their 31st Extra-ordinary Summit on South Sudan held on 12th of June 2017 in Addis Ababa Ethiopia, has said that:

“…as the process to revitalize the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan draws to a close, I have adjudged it appropriate to allow for the new phase of the transition period for South Sudan to be in fresh hands.”

The Chairperson will address the subject publicly in due course.




After violent conflicts, in what ways are apology and forgiveness difficult, but necessary, in furthering reconciliation?

By Manyang Mador Koch, Melbourne, Australia


Bentiu, UNMISS Camp

Monday, August 20, 2018 (PW) — Discussing apology and forgiveness in a post violent conflict can be difficult if not impossible in most cases, it doesn’t work at all. However, there are needs for apology and forgiveness, which will advance reconciliation in any given society.

This essay will explore the implications surrounding apology and forgiveness and how difficult they are to achieve after violent conflicts on a societal scale. This means it will examine the role of ethnicity in political system by choosing Rwanda as case study. The paper will also consider the political establishment and the implications surrounding the Rwandan genocide in 1994.

Therefore, the definition of ethnicity which can be refers to an outdate terminologies such as the tribalism; cleansing conflict and even sub-clan were commonly used in the 1950-1960s during the Cold War (CW) period.[1] It is also significant to paraphrase colonial history and its connection to the Rwandan genocide of the 1994. The historical connection between Hutu and Tutsi, that this paper will technically consider the role of ethnicity in political context in Rwanda. (more…)

IGAD proposal: Referendum options on the status of 32 states

Posted: August 19, 2018 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

“Today marks 63 years since the Torit Mutiny took place when a group of Southern Sudanese soldiers of the Southern Equatoria Corps revolted against the Sudan government. The rebellion of August 18th, 1955 led to decades of armed conflict between South and North Sudan which ended when South Sudan gained its independence from North Sudan in July 2011,” Hon. Mangar Marial Amerdid, Juba, South Sudan.

By Prof. Peter Tingwa, Nairobi, Kenya  

Torit Mutiny

The 63rd anniversary of the August 18, 1955, Torit Mutiny that launched the 50 years revolutionary struggle of South Sudanese against Khartoum, culminating in the independence of South Sudan in July 2011

Situation in South Sudan before the Uprising

Saturday, August 18, 2018 (PW) — In order to understand the causes and events that led to the Uprising, a brief look at the situation obtaining in the Sudan, particularly Southern Sudan, both politically and administratively is necessary. Those were as follows:

Firstly, Sir Alexander Knox Helm, the British Governor General was still the supreme power in the country. Secondly, The British army was still in the Sudan, in Khartoum and Port Sudan. Thirdly, Ismail El Azhari was the Prime Minister (PM) in charge of the Self- Government (Executive).

Fourthly, the National Unionist Party of PM El Azhari was the majority in the Parliament of 97 members. For Southern representation in the Parliament, there were 23 seats. Out of those 23, 11 were members of the Liberal Party while the other 12 were either Independents or members of Northern political parties, especially of PM El Azhari’s National Unionist Party.

Fifthly, Sudanization of senior posts in the administration, police, military, and prisons had been completed. But Southerners were very disappointed with the outcome because, out of about 900 such posts, only four went to the South. (more…)

The “SPLM/SPLA Factor” in the fundamental root causes of the December 2013 Crisis and the present civil war in the Republic of South Sudan (Part 4)

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

The Flag of the Republic of South Sudan

The Flag of the Republic of South Sudan

  1. Introduction

Saturday, August 18, 2018 (PW) — “Politics,” declares Carl von Clausewitz, the former Prussian general and military theorist, “is the continuation of war by other means.” The great Athenian historian and general, Thucydides, the author of The History of the Peloponnesian War, added that, in warfare, as in politics, “the strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must.” And like any other forms and means of warfare, politics invariably produces both losers who “suffer what they must” and winners who “do what they can”. The acrimonious political fallout within the ruling SPLM party, which preceded and triggered the December 2013 crisis and the present destructive civil war in South Sudan, is a classic case study of Carl von Clausewitz’s aphorism that politics is war by other means, with sullen losers and haughty winners.

Underpinning the power struggle that precipitated the ongoing civil war is the prevailing contention from the opposition groups, as advanced and defended by Comrade Mabioor Garang de Mabioor, that the December 2013 crisis was generated by President Kiir’s fateful decision to eschew democratic institutions and processes by resorting to draconian and undemocratic means to preserve and exercise power in the country. To the government, the seditious machinations by the power hungry Riek Machar to take power by force define and constitute the fundamental root cause of the December 2013 crisis and the raging distractive civil war. In contrast, the veteran South Sudanese journalist, author and politician, Hon. Arop Madut Arop, maintains that the fundamental root cause of the December 2103 crisis was the institutional failure by the SPLM party to attain democratic transformation, as exemplified by the ambiguity of the presidential term limits which triggered political wrangling within the ruling party.

Therefore, this article will constructively respond to, and critically analyze, both Hon. Arop Madut Arop’s article, “How Political Wrangling in the Ruling SPLM Party Wrecked South Sudan Apart in 2013” and Comrade Mabioor Garang de Mabioor’s article, “The Root Cause of the December 2013 Crisis in South Sudan: The SPLM/SPLA Factor.” The evaluation and critiquing will be done on the basis of what is legal and democratic as the opposition leaders are fond of presenting their political actions preceding the December 2013 crisis, and what is a threat to national security as the government often portrays the political maneuvers of the opposition leaders on the eve of December 2013 crisis and the current conflict.


“The most treasured resource in South Sudan can be found in the spirit of the youths,” Kerbino Wol’s Quote

By Awut Mayom Agok, Rumbek, South Sudan

Kerbino Wol

Kerbino Wol

Saturday, August 18, 2018 (PW) — Young people are increasingly recognized as the best agents for change across the globe because they place a greater hope in their power and ability to shape our future. However, in South Sudan, majority of young people are trapped in poverty and tribalism with few opportunities to learn or to earn a decent living.

In South Sudan, about 72% of the total population are young people below the age of 40 years making them the majority in the country. South Sudan is a youthful nation that is expected to to develop at a faster rate but this is not up-to-the-minute. ​

Nearly about 85% of the youths in South Sudan below 40 years of age are unemployed. In addition, over 70% South Sudanese are illiterate. The economy of the nation is declining to negative figures on daily basis and the security of the citizens is a nightmare.

Peter Biar Ajak is a South Sudanese PhD student of politics and world affairs at Cambridge University in the UK; he was detained by agents of the national security at Juba International Airport on his way to Aweil for the celebration of Red Army Day.

Peter Biar Ajak is a South Sudanese PhD student of politics and world affairs at Cambridge University in the UK; he was detained by agents of the national security at Juba International Airport on his way to Aweil for the celebration of Red Army Day.