Archive for August 18, 2018

“Today marks 63 years since the Torit Mutiny took place when a group of Southern Sudanese soldiers of the Southern Equatoria Corps revolted against the Sudan government. The rebellion of August 18th, 1955 led to decades of armed conflict between South and North Sudan which ended when South Sudan gained its independence from North Sudan in July 2011,” Hon. Mangar Marial Amerdid, Juba, South Sudan.

By Prof. Peter Tingwa, Nairobi, Kenya  

Torit Mutiny

The 63rd anniversary of the August 18, 1955, Torit Mutiny that launched the 50 years revolutionary struggle of South Sudanese against Khartoum, culminating in the independence of South Sudan in July 2011

Situation in South Sudan before the Uprising

Saturday, August 18, 2018 (PW) — In order to understand the causes and events that led to the Uprising, a brief look at the situation obtaining in the Sudan, particularly Southern Sudan, both politically and administratively is necessary. Those were as follows:

Firstly, Sir Alexander Knox Helm, the British Governor General was still the supreme power in the country. Secondly, The British army was still in the Sudan, in Khartoum and Port Sudan. Thirdly, Ismail El Azhari was the Prime Minister (PM) in charge of the Self- Government (Executive).

Fourthly, the National Unionist Party of PM El Azhari was the majority in the Parliament of 97 members. For Southern representation in the Parliament, there were 23 seats. Out of those 23, 11 were members of the Liberal Party while the other 12 were either Independents or members of Northern political parties, especially of PM El Azhari’s National Unionist Party.

Fifthly, Sudanization of senior posts in the administration, police, military, and prisons had been completed. But Southerners were very disappointed with the outcome because, out of about 900 such posts, only four went to the South. (more…)

The “SPLM/SPLA Factor” in the fundamental root causes of the December 2013 Crisis and the present civil war in the Republic of South Sudan (Part 4)

By PaanLuel Wël, Juba, South Sudan

The Flag of the Republic of South Sudan

The Flag of the Republic of South Sudan

  1. Introduction

Saturday, August 18, 2018 (PW) — “Politics,” declares Carl von Clausewitz, the former Prussian general and military theorist, “is the continuation of war by other means.” The great Athenian historian and general, Thucydides, the author of The History of the Peloponnesian War, added that, in warfare, as in politics, “the strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must.” And like any other forms and means of warfare, politics invariably produces both losers who “suffer what they must” and winners who “do what they can”. The acrimonious political fallout within the ruling SPLM party, which preceded and triggered the December 2013 crisis and the present destructive civil war in South Sudan, is a classic case study of Carl von Clausewitz’s aphorism that politics is war by other means, with sullen losers and haughty winners.

Underpinning the power struggle that precipitated the ongoing civil war is the prevailing contention from the opposition groups, as advanced and defended by Comrade Mabioor Garang de Mabioor, that the December 2013 crisis was generated by President Kiir’s fateful decision to eschew democratic institutions and processes by resorting to draconian and undemocratic means to preserve and exercise power in the country. To the government, the seditious machinations by the power hungry Riek Machar to take power by force define and constitute the fundamental root cause of the December 2013 crisis and the raging distractive civil war. In contrast, the veteran South Sudanese journalist, author and politician, Hon. Arop Madut Arop, maintains that the fundamental root cause of the December 2103 crisis was the institutional failure by the SPLM party to attain democratic transformation, as exemplified by the ambiguity of the presidential term limits which triggered political wrangling within the ruling party.

Therefore, this article will constructively respond to, and critically analyze, both Hon. Arop Madut Arop’s article, “How Political Wrangling in the Ruling SPLM Party Wrecked South Sudan Apart in 2013” and Comrade Mabioor Garang de Mabioor’s article, “The Root Cause of the December 2013 Crisis in South Sudan: The SPLM/SPLA Factor.” The evaluation and critiquing will be done on the basis of what is legal and democratic as the opposition leaders are fond of presenting their political actions preceding the December 2013 crisis, and what is a threat to national security as the government often portrays the political maneuvers of the opposition leaders on the eve of December 2013 crisis and the current conflict.


“The most treasured resource in South Sudan can be found in the spirit of the youths,” Kerbino Wol’s Quote

By Awut Mayom Agok, Rumbek, South Sudan

Kerbino Wol

Kerbino Wol

Saturday, August 18, 2018 (PW) — Young people are increasingly recognized as the best agents for change across the globe because they place a greater hope in their power and ability to shape our future. However, in South Sudan, majority of young people are trapped in poverty and tribalism with few opportunities to learn or to earn a decent living.

In South Sudan, about 72% of the total population are young people below the age of 40 years making them the majority in the country. South Sudan is a youthful nation that is expected to to develop at a faster rate but this is not up-to-the-minute. ​

Nearly about 85% of the youths in South Sudan below 40 years of age are unemployed. In addition, over 70% South Sudanese are illiterate. The economy of the nation is declining to negative figures on daily basis and the security of the citizens is a nightmare.

Peter Biar Ajak is a South Sudanese PhD student of politics and world affairs at Cambridge University in the UK; he was detained by agents of the national security at Juba International Airport on his way to Aweil for the celebration of Red Army Day.

Peter Biar Ajak is a South Sudanese PhD student of politics and world affairs at Cambridge University in the UK; he was detained by agents of the national security at Juba International Airport on his way to Aweil for the celebration of Red Army Day.


By James Thon Atem Ayiei, Juba, South Sudan

CEPO Fact Sheet on the Signed Khartoum Peace Agreement on the Revitalization of the 2015 ARCSS

Saturday, August 18, 2018 (PW) — Let me start with the quote of Late Martin Luther King, Jr, Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that. This freelance writer will bring to you the highlights of the presidency statements and his personal observation toward the Khartoum Peace Agreement (KPA).

South Sudan as the only resourceful nation within the region fell into a war of power struggle within the ruling party Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) in 2013, the war continued until a peace agreement was signed between the government and oppositions groups, in the process of its implementation, another war broke out in the presidential palace which is commonly known as J1. The clash that came to be known as “J1 dog fight”, more lives were lost, properties lost and thousands displaced again

The Khartoum Peace Agreement is the end of war in the Republic of South Sudan as the trio-H.E. President Salva Kiir, H.E. FVP Gen. Taban Deng Gai and H.E. VP Dr. Wani Igga in their recent addresses to the citizens of South Sudan who want PEACE more than anyone in the whole world. This spirit of peace demonstrated by the presidency is the true definition of good leadership, which is the most desired trait of leaders in the entire world. (more…)

By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, Kampala, Uganda

CEPO Fact Sheet on the Signed Khartoum Peace Agreement on the Revitalization of the 2015 ARCSS

Saturday, August 18, 2018 (PW) — After armed conflict erupted in South Sudan in July 2016, one of the main issue of contention that led to the resumption of a full-scale war was the question of whether or not the replacement of Dr. Riek Machar as First Vice President was valid (in line with the Igad-brokered Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan ARCSS.)

Though the question has not been satisfactorily answered by the relevant authorities up to date, the ongoing Igad-led ARCSS revitalization (Khartoum process) aimed at ending the South Sudan civil war should use the current chance and make clear provisions on the procedures for removal of post holders in the agreed transitional government which shall be formed under the revitalized ARCSS.

The senior post holders in the transitional government to be formed per the revitalized ARCSS include the President, the First Vice President, Four Vice Presidents, Speakers and Deputy Speakers of the two houses of the National Legislature, Members of the Legislative Assembly and Members of the Council of States, National Cabinet Ministers, State Governors, State Members of Parliament and State Cabinet Ministers, etc. (more…)


Apaak Resolutions – Declaration of Apaak community to be considered as a subsection of the Dinka Tribe in South Sudan (PDF)

Date: July 27Th, 2018














Saturday, August 18, 2018 (PW) — Apaak Community is found in Bahr el Ghazal Region, Lakes Province. Presently it falls within western part of Eastern Lakes State. Apaak Community inhabits Greater Aluak-luak which currently comprises of two counties namely:

  1. Aluak-luak County, headquarter in Aluak-luak.
  2. Geer County, centered at Geer