Archive for May, 2019


By Manyuon Dhieu Chol, Kongor, Jonglei State

The body of the late Maj. Gen. Atem Aguang Atem being received at Juba airport by the national army; he passed away in kampala on 27 May 2019 after a short illness

Friday, May 31, 2019 (PW) — It is the saddest and huge blow to our beloved country South Sudan, our national army, South Sudan People’s Defense Forces (SSPDF), Jonglei State and the Greater Bor Dinka community to lose an icon of liberty, a powerful pillar of freedom, a revolutionist, a bold protector for the marginalized people from the hands of successive oppressive regimes in Khartoum, Maj. Gen. Atem Aguang Atem Deng who fall on Monday, 27/05/2019 in Kampala.

Gen. Atem was a significant commander and a fierce fighter who was cherished by his troops and comrades in arm. The unfortunate demised of Gen. Atem at this critical juncture where our country is at a cross-road in need of peaceful settlement of conflict leading to national stability is a tragedy. Our borders are still being encroached in by neighboring countries, the socio-political and economical institutions still need strengthening and presence of skilled human resources personnel like Gen. Atem.

Maj. Gen. Atem Aguang Atem
Maj. Gen. Atem Aguang Atem

The greatest part of his contribution is that he wholeheartedly achieved the missions entrusted upon him. Gen. Atem won many battles against the enemy and most importantly during deadly battles of Pagei, Ashwa Bridge, Parajok, Raja, Kurmuk and Maban.

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An Open Letter to H.E Salva Kiir Mayardit, the President of the Republic of South Sudan on the Deteriorating Insecurity between Apaak community of Eastern Lakes State and Agaar community of Western Lakes State.

By Majok Gang Nek Lang, Nairobi, Kenya

Friday, May 31, 2019 (PW) — Your Excellency, I believe you will not mind my scant courtesy. It is due to the sense of urgency with which I am writing this letter. However, it does not take away from you the very high regards that many peace loving youth of this country have for you. That is not to say that there are not many who are pathologically opposed to your person and will therefore not see anything good in your policies and efforts in making South Sudan a peaceful and cohesive nation for her people with diverse religious and socio-economic backgrounds.

While one may ignore this category of naysayers, there is this other category you must not ignore. They are those who wear faces that make them identify with you and what you are advocating for. Peaceful South Sudan when they found themselves in an unfortunate situation of having to see you in the eye, and after they successfully make you believe that they are true to your course (I am by no chance accusing you of being a poor judge of character Mr. president), they retire to their bases and take off their masks and do contrary things that make you look like a failed leader in the eyes of pessimists and the aliens.  

Mr. president, I am pretty sure you must have been made to believe that all is the way you would want it to be across the 32 states and in particular in Eastern Lakes State by my governor, Gen. Mangar Buong Aluenge in his recent visit to Juba but as I write this, vulnerable people of Aluak-luak and Geer counties of Eastern Lakes State which domicile the Apaak people are being slain, houses burned and property looted by the neighboring community of Agaar and nothing is being done by the state’s government to suppress the situation.

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Has the position of Bari Community regarding the relocation of the Capital City from Juba to Ramchiel changed?

By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, Kampala, Uganda

Monday, May 27, 2019 (PW) — In March 2011, Bari Community BC issued their position rejecting to offer land to the South (thern) Sudan government to build a national capital in or around Juba.

Gen. Alfred Lado Gore, who was the chair of BC at the time, officially submitted the document containing the Community’s stance on the government’s proposal to establish a Capital City in Juba, to Gen. Oyay Deng Ajak, the then GoSS Minister of Investment who led the committee to investigate the site for the new capital, in the presence of the then Minister of Housing and Infrastructure, Jema Nunu Kumba, the then Minister of Culture and Heritage, Gabriel Changson Chang, Juba Paramount chief and other government officials, at Kator B Court.

The territory for the Capital City in Juba proposed by the government was 19,000 km sq. It is important to note that the five largest cities in the World by land area, according to worldatlast, are New York (8,683 km sq.), Tokyo (6,993 km sq.), Chicago (5,498 km sq.), Atlanta (5,083 km sq.), and Philadelphia (4,661 km sq.).

In comparison with South Sudan’s neighbours, Addis Abba is just 527 km sq., Nairobi is 696 km sq., and Kampala is 189 km sq., according to Wikipedia. So, anyone can clearly see that the proposal by the South (thern) Sudan government to establish a 19,000 km sq. Capital City in Juba was completely unreasonable.

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WHAT DOES THE STATE RESPONSIBILITY CONSTITUTE IN THE CONTEXT OF SOUTH SUDAN IN THE EXISTING COMMUNAL VIOLENCE?

By Daniel Juol Nhomngek, Kampala, Uganda

Monday, May 27, 2019 (PW) — One of the problems facing citizens in South Sudan is the extent of the duty of the government towards citizens. This problem has also made government to terribly fail in her duty to protect citizens as understood in the modern context.

According to Evan Centanni on Duties and Responsibilities of a Government, modern thinking is that a government’s right to rule comes from a “social contract” with the people, who trade some of their independence for protection and other services. The basic idea of the government duty including the duty to protect which the government owes to citizens has been around for a long time. Even the time for “Mandate of Heaven” that backed ancient Chinese Emperors could be revoked if those emperors did a bad job.

The Mandate of Heaven or Tian Ming literally means “the will of the sky” which was a Chinese political and religious doctrine used since ancient times to justify the rule of the King or Emperor of China. Mandate of Heaven was the theory that heaven embodies the natural order and will of the universe, which bestows the mandate on a just ruler of China, the “Son of Heaven” of the “Celestial Empire”. Hence, if a ruler was overthrown, it was interpreted that the ruler was unworthy, and had lost the mandate.

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Power: The Most Misunderstood and Misused Word in South Sudan

Posted: May 27, 2019 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

Power: a Misunderstood and misused five-letter word that needs to be properly Understood and used so as to forge a peaceful coexistence in South Sudan.

BY Peter Makuach Manyuat, Juba, South Sudan

Sunday, May 26, 2019 (PW) — The word power is something we hear a lot in everyday life. It has a wide range of meanings. In physics for instance, it has a very explicit meaning. It is a measure of the rate at which work is done. In social science, it is defined as the ability to influence others to believe, behave, or to value as those in power desire them to or to strengthen, validate, or confirm present beliefs, behaviors, or values. Power is the social force that allows select persons to mobilize and to organize others to act in concert. 

In this article, the author will attempt to give better view of social and political power, its different forms and where each form applies while maintaining that the best way for our leaders to win back the dwindling trust from the populace is to align the political power with servant leadership. A servant leader is someone whose intention of holding a public position of power is to serve the people and not the other way around. That way, any decision a servant leader takes is tailored towards meeting the idea of serving people’s interests and not the leader’s. 

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South Sudan: Stop being used as double agent Mr. Paytriot

Posted: May 25, 2019 by PaanLuel Wël Media Ltd. in Junub Sudan

By Pal Chol Nyan, Juba, South Sudan

Saturday, May 25, 2019 (PW) —- There is nothing hidden that cannot be uncovered.  Fire cannot be lit and expected not to be seen. If you are a wicked,the people will definitely talk about it and expose you; your weaknesses, be they material , social or moral.

This country is ours. Just enjoy your stolen riches;but rein in on these lackeys and charlatans of yours that you employed with petty cash to inform on innocent peace loving citizens.

I am referring to these hungry,thick-headed, uninformed and poor youth who destroy their future and governed by their stomachs. They think solace is found in smartphones and gadgets. 

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Possible collapse of revitalized peace agreement after Vatican retreat, are we not like dusted devil in the house of God?

By Dut Kuot Akok, Aweil, South Sudan

Friday, May 24, 2019 (PW) — South Sudan is the only country where the numbers of churches are more than the numbers of schools, health centers, boreholes and perhaps restaurants. We do often flood churches every Sunday with cunning faces that we are believers when we are not including our so-called priests or Bishops. We are completely ugly like sin not in our physical appearance but in our perceptions, actions and attitudes characterized by hostile attitudes towards our fellow human we used to worship with every Sunday. We used to pray using footballers language of which everything does completely ended up in the field.

Currently the languages and faces we used in the church are completely different from the ones we used after stepping out of church gates in our various churches where we speak devil words.

And according to my personal observation, the current manmade debacle will never be overcomes through prayers or kissing the feet of the incumbent and the former during Vatican retreat. His holiness humbleness has surprised the world and I in particular was left perplexing. His humbleness should had been responded in to by our leaders in positive manner but to his surprise and perhaps regret, one among those he kneeled to kissed their feet demanded the extension of the formation for another six months in Rome followed by alleged recruitment with the intention of engineering another war as said by the president.

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The politics of road building in South Sudan: There are more questions than answers in the oil for road deal between the Republic of South Sudan and the People’s Republic of China

By Mamer Deng Mamer, Bor, South Sudan

oil for road in South Sudan

Thursday, May 23, 2019 (PW) — At the end of March, President Salva Kiir Mayardit witnessed the signing of a contract for construction of roads from Juba to Terekeka and onwards to the Bahr Ghazal region. The contract was signed by officials from the Ministry of Petroleum and Chinese firm, Shandong Hi-Speed Group Co. ltd (SDHS).[1]  Given that similar ceremonies did not progress beyond the signing of documents or pronouncements in front of the media, I am doubtful that this latest event for the “oil infrastructure” project will make any difference.

How did we arrive at “oil for infrastructure” project?

The March 25, 2019 ceremony was a culmination of a new strategy adapted by President Kiir’s administration to use oil revenues for road construction, which he announced in 2018 during a trip to the Forum on China-Africa Corporation (FOCAC) in Beijing.  Chinese President Xi Jinping told Kiir that China was “ready to strengthen cooperation with South Sudan in areas such as infrastructure and to encourage more Chinese enterprises to participate in the country’s economic and social development.”[2]  President Kiir also told his Chinese counterpart that infrastructural development was his priority. 

President Kiir expanded on reasons behind his strategy when he told a Catholic congregation that “I decided that the infrastructure or whatever that we want to be done by foreign companies has to be done in exchange for crude oil because our people don’t want to see money.  If they see money, their hands start shaking,”[3] implying that corrupt officials were likely to siphon off money earmarked for projects.

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How many South Sudanese “read?” This is the “Bridge” generation’s responsibility

By Francis Mabior Deng, Melbourne, Australia

Francis Mabioor Deng Mabioor, Former Lost, South Sudanese Australian and Author of "A Child Escape."
Francis Mabioor Deng Mabioor, Former Lost boy, South Sudanese Australian and Author of “A Child Escape.”

Thursday, May 23, 2019 (PW) —- Arguably and perhaps controversially to some, the “Red Army Generation,” which is also referred to as the “Lost Boys and Girls” of Sudan Generation is the “Bridge” between the “Old” and “New” Sudan. They are the generation who from their childhoods witnessed and experienced the devastating protracting Sudanese civil war from its onset in May 1983 to its major end, the birth of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, CPA, in January 2005. They are the generation in the history of South Sudan to begin schooling (although under trees in camps and warzone locations) in considerably great numbers!

In late 80s and early 90s, thousands of this generation were robbed of their childhoods in the name of the Liberation Struggle. They were denied their carefree spirit and playfulness. They were too young to be separated from their families. After about five years living in rebel-controlled camps in both Southern Ethiopia and South Sudan, and often escaping enemy’s jaws, thousands of them fortunately crossed the border and later in August 1992 established Kakuma refugee camp in northwestern Kenya. Half of them had joined SPLA rank and file. In contrast to the mediocre schools they had in South Sudan, UN constructed better schools and their humble schooling resumed. Majority focused on their learning and did well against all odds and despite terrible health conditions at the time.

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By Nyawech G. G. Riak, Nairobi, Kenya

Augustino Jadalla Wani, Governor of Jubek State, South Sudan
Augustino Jadalla Wani, Governor of Jubek State, South Sudan

Thursday, May 23, 2019 (PW) — The Governor of Jubek State recently regaled the public with new morality laws. First of all, there is simply no way to fully regulate morality fit for a society that is rapidly getting exposed and adjusting to western secularism as opposed to maintaining the statically traditional it had in the past decades. Culture and society evolve.. These laws may fail to achieve their purpose because they are the same laws that were part of our motivations to fight the jallaba for 22 years when Nimeiri introduced them in September 1983.

The laws revolved around Islam as the source of moral conduct and law. Imposing such a strict form of sharia law contributed to our struggle, which insisted upon secularism. Looking back on those 22 years that we fought a war of liberation it is ironical to prohibit simple things like discos and nightclubs. Therefore this sort of shows an element of confusion as to why we fought for liberation in the first place. It is important to remember what the late Dr John Garang used to teach us. Dr John used to tell our northern allies that we were not fighting a war of liberation from “who” but from “what”.

We never fought against the northerners as a people; we fought against the conditions they imposed. Dr John said we fought against conditions that wanted to make all of us Arabs. In fact he added that “God in his infinite wisdom created Dinka, Nuer, Nuba, and Arabs. We cannot all be Arabs.” He also said, “if you reduce the distance from which a woman in rural Southern Sudan fetches water from 2kms to 2 metres then you have liberated her.” That is what we fought against. We fought against the same conditions our leadership wants to replicate.

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By Dut Kuot Akok, Aweil, South Sudan

Salva Kiir Mayaardit: The Joshua of South Sudan. Grab your copy at Amazon.com

Thursday, May 23, 2019 (PW) —- South Sudan is being inhabited by more than 64 tribes with outstanding sense of valor. They fought for more than fifty years collectively to liberate themselves from persecution, prosecution, oppression, servitude and inhuman marginalization under the successive regimes in the former Sudan. And after the hoisting of the flag in July 2011 with countless applauses and ululation, they thought like to have put an end to unbearable suffering they were enduring and acts this time as masters of their own affair in their blessed nation.

Their expectations by then were very high after they were free at last, their expectations ranged from smooth transformation of their living standards, infrastructural development, establishment of standards schools and health facilities and provision of clean drinking water just mention few. But to their dismay including the friends of south Sudan, their above mentioned expectations were made impossible to be achieves after their trusted leaders did selfishly turned against them.

Currently, majority of our people have deserted the country while others have camped in protection of civilian site (POC) for their safety. They are there not because of their willingness to be but they have no option since the company have unknowing or selfishly defiled all the promises they used to preach during liberation days.  They are antagonizing any opposite views and treat the engineers of these views with cruelty as if we are still under the diabolic regime of Omar basher.

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By Bek Dhuorjang Chol, Juba, South Sudan

Deng Bol of the Red Army Foundation, Bol Dhieu of the National Youth League and Abraham Awolic of Sudd Institute

1. Introduction

Tuesday, May 21, 2019 (PW) — Young people are a major force in the contemporary world and are often at the front of global, social, economic and political developments. Young people are part of the solution to the difficulties developing democracies face. The paper looked at the role of youth and the challenges of their participation in leadership, democracy, and good governance. The paper presents a general overview of the situation of youth in South Sudan, youth development policy, the existing gap in the policy and then offers some recommendations. According to 5th housing and population census conducted in 2008, more than 72% of the population in southern Sudan are under 30 years of age, and 51% under 18th years respectively. With Regards to education, the literacy rate was 27%.

2. The Evolution and Inception of South Sudan National Youth Union

On 15/8/ 2011 the Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports issued establishment order for the formation of South Sudan National Youth Union. Stephen Puoc was appointed as the first interim youth leader. During the interim period, due to lack of independent guiding principles the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports had the overall powers over the South Sudan National Youth Union (SSNYU) but after the order the union leadership was tasked to develop the constitutional policies and principles for the national youth union that democratically guide the leadership system.

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By Akol Abiong, Juba, South Sudan

2 Dinkas, 3 Nuers, and one Equatorian - The Proposed Presidency of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGONU)
2 Dinkas, 3 Nuers, and one Equatorian – The Proposed Presidency of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGONU)

Tuesday, May 21, 2019 (PW) — During 2010 Sudan national elections, South Sudanese citizens were having high expectations from their leaders in person of Salva Kiir Mayardit. After a while South Sudanese leaders willingly took unexpected path, which has left ordinary citizens in dilemma about the future of their country. In March 2018, the government led by Salva Kiir decided to shut down the Vivacel operator company, citing failure to comply with regulations and policies.

Information minister and government spokesman Michael Makuei Lueth told media outlets that the largest telecom company had failed to pay over $60 million in tax since its establishment, prompting the government to shut it down. However, multiple sources told the news that the government wanted shares owned by top opposition officials in the firm stopped immediately and then transferred to officials supporting the government in Juba, a demand reportedly rejected by the management of the mobile network operator.

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Hon. Governor Jadallah’s Order: A State’s Quest For Private, Public, Political And Legal Morality Or Banalisation Of The Real Issues?

By Wol Deng Akech, Juba, South Sudan

Augustino Jadalla Wani, Governor of Jubek State, South Sudan
Augustino Jadalla Wani, Governor of Jubek State, South Sudan

1. Introduction

Monday, May 20, 2019 (PW) —- For the last few days, the South Sudanese general public and the discussants in the social media platforms in particular has witnessed a sharp debate on matter of socio-legal concern. This debate has been ushered in by the recent Gubernatorial Order (hereinafter referred to as GO) issued by Hon. Augustino Jadallah, Governor of Jubek State. The GO is purported to prohibited nightclubs and imposed restrictions on the hotel entries on conditions that the couple, lovers or paramours of the opposite sexes who wish to afford hotel room have to produce marriage certificate. Perhaps, the intention is to restrict or control pre marital sex, intimacy or physical relationship or outside marriage affairs.

This author has made a great deal of attempt to access the copy of the said GO but to no avail. But the non availability of the GO in the public domain cannot be cited to justify the non issuance of the order. This is partly because the Hon. Governor made it public by words of his own mouths in his media statement upon and after having visited and briefed H. E. President Gen. Salva Kiir Mayerdit in the State House (J1) where he expressly stated that he has issued an order banning the nightclubs and rampant hotel visits and that he visited the President to brief him on the same.

For him, the banning of nightclubs and rampant hotel accommodation would minimize the crime rate in the national capital. The Hon. Governor perceives that nightclubs have introduced immoral activities in the society which are criminal in nature (trafficking in humans for sexual purposes) in which young women as youngest as 14 years are sexually exploited. This happens through what he called “take away” where these young women are drove into nearby hotels by the sexually depraved and financially powerful or influential individuals.

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Not Yet Uhuru for South Sudan

Posted: May 18, 2019 by aljokd in Junub Sudan

By Malith Alier, Perth, Australia

South Sudan’s coat of arms, in which the eagle symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty, and the shield and spear the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.

Saturday, 18 May, 2019 (PW) – This may come as a shock to the few South Sudanese who belief that the independence from Sudan in 2011 translated to freedom. The world does not see it that way. Believing that simply moving away from the old Sudan amounted to freedom is a subjective faith in deed.

Mzee Jaramogi Oginga Odinga discovered many years ago that the departure of the British and the subsequent independence of Kenya did not amount to freedom as claimed by some guys in the new government. He therefore, authored a book whose title I used for this piece.

The same scenario, I believe, happened to many other African nations including South Sudan the newest country in the world. For those who have not come into contact with Kiswahili, “uhuru” means freedom as the equivalent in English language.

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By John Deng Diar Diing, Mombasa, Kenya

Thursday, May 16, 2019 (PW) —– When my dad, who was then residing part-time in our Court Centre, Pawel (Kongor Centre) came that particular evening to tell my grandmother that a war had broken out in Mading (Bor) between South Sudanese soldiers and the Arabs and that there was a mass exodus of students, soldiers and civil servants from Bor. I thought it was an intermittent event that was going to come to a quick halt. These students and soldiers formed the first Battalions of Jamus, 105 and Tiger.

When he came back five days later to inform us that the leaders of the soldiers were around and that Arabs were chasing them, I thought it was just a government chasing criminals. But then he talked of this balded plump and stoic man who was the leader of the soldiers. He called and advised them to look after the population and went on to inform them that a war that needed human and materials support had just begun. They should therefore be ready to mobilize human and material resources for the cause.

It was when my dad came back a month later to tell us that all the teachers and students had followed soldiers and their leaders to the East, and that all the schools were closed when I realized that something serious was going on because uncle Daniel Ajith Garang Bior and nephew Bior-bedru were not going to continue with their schooling which I enjoyed seeing them doing.

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President Salva Kiir addressing the nation in Juba, 15 May 2019: Speech of H.E President of the Republic on the occasion of the May 16th Celebration – 2019

Dear Compatriots,

Thursday, May 16, 2019 (PW) — Today marks 36 years since the founding of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement. On this historic occasion, I want to congratulate the people of South Sudan in general and the men and women of the South Sudan People’s Defense Forces (SSPDF) and the SPLM in particular.

As we commemorate this important national day, it is important that we pay respect to our fallen heroes and the heroines.

More especially, we are eternally indebted to the memory of our late leader, Dr. John Garang de Mabior, Cde Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, Cde William Nyuon Bany, Joseph Oduho and all the fallen founding members of our great movement.

Compatriots,

In commemorating the founding of the SSPDF/M this year, I have a simple message:

I want to remind my comrades in the SPLM and those in various opposition groups that the vision for which we offered our lives is now realized; we have a country, we have set up a government, and we are fully in control of our destiny.

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By Longar Mathiec Wol, Juba, South Sudan

Wednesday, May 15, 2019 (PW) — As Junubin culture of copy pasting has reached it climax, it emerged the Red Card Movement (RCM) the copy paste of Sudan revolution. Based on the whatsApp leaks documents in hot of Juba website the WhatsApp group was created by someone in Sudan, that confirmed the origin of the movement.

In the next few days, that is the 16 May which collide with the SPLM/A revolution of 1983; people of Juba are anticipating the unlikely mockery protest. What is so funny about this protest is that, there has never been a clear leader (s) spearheading it. Compare to Sudan the Sudan protest was led by Sudanese Professional Association. That itself shows the level of disorganization within the red card movement.

However, the question many people have been contemplating or lingering in people’s minds is; who is behind the red card movement and what is it trying to achieve. In my opinion, the perceived movement is being pampered by disgruntle international community and the disoriented opposition leaders. So pathetic.

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By Majok Arol Dhieu, Juba, South Sudan

Governor Augustino Jadalla Wani of Jubek State.jpg
Governor Augustino Jadalla Wani of Jubek State.jpg

Wednesday, May 15, 2019 (PW) — As the number of political critics soared on the social media, however, this has pushed the governor of Jubek State to banned night’s clubs without considering the disastrous effect it will cause on both economics and political activities.

The government seem to have panicky feeling by clinging to every word from opposition groups but the importance of these strategic outsourcing by political outcasts through their political kinship members in the social media has already begun to wane because of the distance and other circumstances. These radical thinkers look at many ways they’ll attract the attention of more supporters to effect the change that they’ve been longing for.

There’s a tremendous sense of camaraderie when I realized from my admired writers that the Red Card Movement—-a socio-economic groupings against vagaries of civil war—is only the group of scaremongers whose ideas are a hodgepodge of overthrowing Dinka, overthrowing president Salva Kiir and many confused strategies seeking to make political capital out of the situation by peddling such malicious and unjustified rumours. 

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